Assignment 4 Dawna Berry Introduction to Biology – SCI 115 Professor Tamara Allen August 17, 2012

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fructose or sugar. due to these changes the amount of sugar increases in fruit and it becomes sweet. Normally a fruit contains the materials like cellulose. which will affect how they taste. When a fruit ripens and bursts open it literally throws or flings the seeds away or into the wind to spread them. The chemical changes take place inside the fruit during the process of ripening. All these materials are found in mixed form inside the fruit and they have different proportions in different fruits. Frugivores assist in the dispersal of seeds if they are not totally consumed. the raw fruits have more acids but on ripening the quantity of acids get decreases and the amount of sugar gets increase. A fruit that opens and releases seeds on a regular basis are called dehiscent and when the fruit does not open it is called indehiscent. Fruits of sweet taste have more fructose in them whereas the fruits of sour taste have more acids in them. Actually. the ability to maintain dispersal of seeds is contributed by Page | 2 .1. whereas others have no specific taste? It all depends on the chemistry of the fruits. Some fruits are sweet as well as sour in taste like orange. They contain all sorts of other compounds/vitamins/minerals as well. How does the ripening of fruit affect the process of seed dispersal? Ripening of fruits can cause a premature level of seed dispersal sometimes beforehand. proteins. the taste of a fruit depends on the compounds present in it. fruits contain different levels of fructose and glucose which will affects their sweetness and contain different levels of acids such as vitamin c/ascorbic acid and citric acid (in lemons and limes) which will determine how sour the fruit is. starch. the starch gets converted into fructose. as it has almost equal quantities of fructose and acids in it. 2. Normally. Why are some fruits sweet and some sour. Raw bananas have more starch but when the fruit gets ripen. This is the reason that raw mangoes are sour in taste but on ripening they become sweet. certain acids. vitamins. Fortunately.

everyone still thinks we can outsmart nature and invent our diet rather than eating the foods we evolved on and are built to thrive on.wind. lizards. How do humans interfere in this process by consuming grains and fruits? In theory. sucrose is the usual starting material in plants. tortoises. and. 10.000 years later. but we’ve made it much worse with the technological advances of food processing. Does the seed use the fructose or starch in fruits for its metabolism? Germinating seeds use aerobic respiration to obtain energy from their food reserves were provided by the parent plant. Starch is broken down into sucrose. These foods are bad for all of us regardless of the fact that many of us are unable to digest the grains that they’re derived from. 4. and contain toxins from pesticides and additives. But here is a little fact for your brain. 3. Most modern grain based foods are highly processed. Maybe our smaller brains are preventing us from realizing the flaw in this approach. mammals and humans that spread seeds more farther than they would have otherwise could. have excessive amounts of sugar and refined carbohydrates. Page | 3 . amphibians. However. Not only have we failed to recognize this significant problem. because the farmer would take care of the new and upcoming crop the following year. humans would disrupt dispersion because seeds we consume would only be "dispersed" to landfills and the sewage system or septic tanks. birds. it's not an issue. fish. ripening of fruits. in practice. since almost all of the plant-based foods humans consumed are farmed and cultivated.

Plants store glucose (which has fructose in it) as starch. Page | 4 . Like the cells of a potato contain granules where starch resides during the winter until energy is needed for growth in the spring.

2012 from. American Society of Plant Biologists. 2012 at.References: The Gemini “Genetic Regulation of Fruit Development and Ripening” retrieved August 2012 at: http://www. http://www. The Plant Cell. http://academicwritingtips. 2011 “Fruits” retrieved on August 17. J.thegeminigeek. March 2004.full Page | 5 . copy write 2012 “Why are some fruits sweet while others are sour?” retrieved August 17. March Giovannoni.

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