MAE Capstone Design Project Introduction and Overview

Prof. Jeremy Laliberté MAE Capstone Project Coordinator
Winter 2012

■ Background and administrative information ■ Learning Objectives ■ Project list and sign-up process ■ Individual project summaries and discussion


Capstone Project Background
■ Based on Cranfield University Group Design Project ■ Originally two projects (1992)
– Aircraft and Spacecraft

■ Success of team-style projects led to adoption across Department (early 2000’s) ■ Evolved into multi-year projects often with external collaborators and links to graduate research ■ Widely emulated (e.g. Ryerson, RMC, Ecole Poly.)


Administrative Info
■ Capstone Project Coordinator
– Prof. Jeremy Laliberté ( – Ext 1128, rm 3148ME

■ Learning Objectives
– Provide a realistic design learning environment to expose students to the complexities of modern engineering design processes, tools and practices.

■ Each project has its own “corporate” approach dictated by the industry-specific design process


MAE Capstone Design Project
■ Total of 8 projects aligned to programs/streams ■ Aerospace (AERO 4907A, B, C)
– Fixed Wing UAV, Helicopter UAV and Spacecraft

■ Mechanical (MECH 4907A, B, C)
– Gas turbine, FSAE Hybrid and CUSP

■ Biomedical-Mechanical (MECH 4917A)
– Crash test dummy

■ Sustainable and Renewable Energy (SREE 4907A)
– High efficiency house


Sign up Process
■ Web-based sign-up (open 26 March-27 April)
– Link to be posted on MAE website and emailed to 3rd year, 4th year and co-op mailing lists – Select 1st, 2nd, 3rd preference

■ Sign-up even if you might be on co-op
– In May-June you can decline and postpone to next year

■ Assignments based on:
– Degree program, project needs, scheduling, time of sign-up, volunteer experience – Each project will be restricted first to those students in that specific program/stream then opened up if space/schedule permits


Selection Website and Assignment Process
■ Login using Connect userid/password ■ Time stamped entries ■ List will be posted and students assigned to specific project sections by Dean’s Office when registration opens up in June


Undergraduate Directed Study MAAE 4917 (0.5 credit)
■ For students seeking additional “research” experience ■ Calendar description:
– Student carries out a study, analysis, and solution of an engineering problem. Results presented in the form of a written report. Carried out under the close supervision of a faculty member. Intended for students interested in pursuing graduate studies. Requires supervising faculty member and proposal from student. – Prerequisite: permission of the Department and completion of, or concurrent registration in, AERO 4907 or MECH 4907.

■ Approach individual faculty in your area of interest first


Carleton University Fixed Wing UAV Project
Prof. Jeremy Laliberté

What is a UAV?
▪ Uninhabited Aerial Vehicle
• No on-board pilot
– Controlled remotely or autonomously

• Can be very large or very small • May be less expensive than a piloted aircraft • Dull, dirty, dangerous jobs

▪ Carleton’s UAVs
• Corvus • GeoSurv II • Avionics test beds (ATBs)

Carleton University’s GeoSurv II Prototype UAV

Corvus UAV Overview
▪ High performance, long endurance multi-mission small UAV (<20 kg MTOW) ▪ Fixed wing platform sized for 7.5 kg payloads ▪ Demonstrator under construction
Wingspan Maximum Takeoff Weight Cruise Speed Comms Limited Range Endurance 4 m [13 ft] 20 kg [44 lbs] 100 km/h [54 kts] 20 km [11 nm] 4 hrs (gas)/45 min (LiPo)

GeoSurv II Prototype UAV Overview
Empennage Engine

Landing gear

Magnetometers in wing tips

▪ ▪ ▪ ▪

Geophysical survey UAV 200 lb MTOW 60/100 kts cruise speed 30 hp engine with pusher prop

▪ All-composite airframe ▪ Partnership with Sander Geophysics Ltd (SGL)

Team Organization – Matrix Structure
▪ Functional groups
• • • • Mission Analysis and Design Integration Aerodynamics Structures Avionics

▪ Cross-functional groups
• Flight Testing • Advanced Design

Major Project Goals for 2012/13
▪ Current GeoSurv II (detailed design)
• Continued flight and ground testing of current prototype • Lightweight data acquisition system and autopilot integration

▪ NextGen GeoSurv (conceptual and preliminary design)
• “Advanced Design Group” to begin studying new GeoSurv UAV to address deficiencies in current design • Two “competing” options to be developed to preliminary design stage
– Updated and improved “GeoSurv II Mk2” – Completely new “clean sheet” design “GeoSurv III”

▪ Corvus (preliminary and detailed design)
• Wind tunnel testing of airframe and propulsion system • Hardware-in-the-loop ArduPilot autopilot system testing and development including flight testing on an Avionics Test Bed aircraft • Complete detailed design, CFD and FEA analysis and manufacturing

What do you get to do?

Air vehicle Design and Analysis

Manufacturing and Testing

Avionics design and development

Integration and Project Management

Questions? UAV Project Winter Design Review 23 March – Senate Room

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