1933.Japan’s Emperor Akihito who was born on December 23. . is the current Emperor of Japan and the 125th emperor.

GOVERNMENT Legislature House of Representatives (480 members) House of Councilors (242 members) Administration Cabinet Office and 11 ministries and agencies under a prime minister Judiciary Supreme Court. High Courts. District Courts. and Family Courts . Summary Courts.

. When the outside screens are open.A Japanese home is a wooden building that is raised slightly above the ground. Upon entering a house or apartment. and the rooms are usually separated by moveable paper partitions called fusama that can be rearranged to change the size or shape of the room. it is customary to take off your shoes. the gardens can be seen from every room in the house. Most Japanese homes are small. At dinner families often kneel on cushions surrounding a low table.

. and as such the use of cuts or glue are not considered to be origami. and kami meaning "paper“. It is the traditional Japanese art of paper folding. Paper cutting and gluing is usually considered kirigami.ORIGAMI Origami. an old Japanese art form. Origami from ori meaning "folding". The goal of this art is to transform a flat sheet of material into a finished sculpture through folding and sculpting techniques. is taught to children in Japan.

SUMO Sumo is a Japanese style of wrestling and Japan's national sport. loses. called a "dohyo". The basic rules of sumo are simple: the wrestler who first touches the ground with anything besides the soles of his feet. Fights take place on an elevated ring. about a minute. The fights themselves usually last only a few seconds. which is made of clay and covered in a layer of sand. . or who leaves the ring before his opponent. or in rare cases.

Tea Ceremony The tea ceremony (sado: "the way of the tea") is a ceremonial way of preparing and drinking tea. . The custom has been strongly influenced by Zen Buddhism.

It is the oldest type of Japanese.Gagaku Ancient court music from China and Korea. . traditional music.

pure and clean hot water. submerged to the chin. it is a time for relaxation and contemplation. Soaking. . scrubbed and rinsed oneself thoroughly. Having shed one’s clothes and daily concerns. one steps into the ofuro and sinks slowly into the deep.Ofuro is a traditional Japanese hot bath The Japanese bath means much more that just getting oneself clean. then lathered.

or the celebration of naming. a woman wears a cotton abdomen band called a Iwata-obi.Traditional Japanese Childbirth Customs Customarily. After birth. It is given by her family for protection. although the baby does not leave the house for one month. Her family would care for her for one month then she'd return to her husband with the child. a practice widely held is "seventh night". return to her parents home and give birth. good luck and an easy birth. a woman would leave her husband. a month before birth. After the fifth month of pregnancy. . On this day the child is named and introduced to the world.

obi and uchikake.Traditional Japanese Marriage Customs The Japanese bride wears a kimono. The kimono can be of any color and print and usually has the family crest on it. The uchikake is a white heavy upper coat that is worn over the kimono. The kimono has long sleeves (furisode) that reach the floor. arms and hands white. neck. . The groom wears a hakama (pleated skirt) or a haori (black cloak) with white house crests. The make-up process includes painting the face.

The most common reason people get shiatsu is to treat backaches.Shiatsu Shiatsu is an ancient art of health. . the word "shiatsu" means finger pressure: shi (finger) atsu (pressure). In Japan. relieve fatigue and relax aching shoulders & backs. Shiatsu is used to relax the body. guard against colds.

geisha are not prostitutes. "Maiko". Because they entertain men behind closed doors in an exclusive manner. for apprentice geisha. The Kansai region the terms geigi and. Strictly speaking. Although a geisha may choose to engage in sexual relations with one of her patrons. . The word Geiko is also used to describe such persons.Geisha Geisha ("person of the arts") are traditional Japanese artistentertainers.

However. and were influenced by the religious philosophies of Buddhism. Shinto. Zen. Samurais were expected to be educated.Samurai Samurai were the military nobility of feudal Japan who served overlord Shoguns. and Confucianism. The Samurais were disbanded in the late 1800s during the Meiji Period. Samurai culture was at the base of the Japanese national identity as a martial nation .

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