Robert Venturi

1

Robert Venturi
Robert Venturi
Born June 25, 1925 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Awards Pritzker Prize (1991), Vincent Scully Prize (2002)

Robert Charles Venturi, Jr. (born June 25, 1925) is an American architect, founding principal of the firm Venturi, Scott Brown and Associates, and one of the major architectural figures in the twentieth century. Together with his wife and partner, Denise Scott Brown, he helped to shape the way that architects, planners and students experience and think about architecture and the American built environment. Their buildings, planning, theoretical writings and teaching have contributed to the expansion of discourse about architecture. Venturi was awarded the Pritzker Prize in Architecture in Vanna Venturi House 1991.[1] He is also known for coining the maxim "Less is a bore" a postmodern antidote to Mies van der Rohe's famous modernist dictum "Less is more". Venturi lives in Philadelphia with Denise Scott Brown. They have a son, James Venturi.

Early life and education
Venturi was born in Philadelphia to Robert Venturi, Sr. and Vanna (née Luizi) Venturi and was raised as a Quaker.[2] Venturi attended school at the Episcopal Academy in Merion, Pennsylvania.[3] He graduated summa cum laude from Princeton University in 1947 where he was a member-elect of Phi Beta Kappa and won the D'Amato Prize in Architecture.[2] He received his M.F.A. from Princeton in 1950. The educational program at Princeton in these years was a key factor in Venturi's development of an approach to architectural theory and design that drew from architectural history in analytical, as opposed to stylistic, terms.[4] In 1951 he briefly worked under Eero Saarinen in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, and later for Louis Kahn in Philadelphia. He was awarded the Rome Prize Fellowship at the American Academy in Rome in 1954, where he studied and toured Europe for two years. From 1954 to 1965, Venturi held teaching positions at the University of Pennsylvania, where he served as Kahn's teaching assistant, an instructor, and later, as associate professor. It was there, in 1960, that he met fellow faculty member, architect and planner Denise Scott Brown. Venturi taught later at the Yale School of Architecture and was a visiting lecturer with Scott Brown in 2003 at Harvard University's Graduate School of Design.

Venturi introduced new lessons from the buildings of architects both familiar (Michelangelo. Venturi. In 1972. and . Scott Brown and Izenour published the folio. Rauch and Scott Brown adopted the latter strategy. modernism in the 1960s to a more exploratory. Venturi has been considered a counterrevolutionary. completed 1964. and the resulting richness and interest. an approach to designed by Venturi in 1980 understanding architectural composition and complexity. This "inclusive" approach contrasted with the typical modernist effort to resolve and unify all factors in a complete and rigidly structured—and possibly less functional and more simplistic—work of art. elements and aims. and ultimately indubitable. to acknowledge the conflicts often inherent in a project or site. Venturi received a grant from the Graham Foundation in 1965 to aid in its completion. design approach that openly drew lessons from architectural history and responded to the everyday context of the American city.Robert Venturi 2 Writings A controversial critic of the blithely functionalist and symbolically vacuous architecture of corporate modernism during the 1950s. The book has been translated and published in 18 languages. Venturi went to teach a series of studios at the Yale School of Architecture in the mid-1960s. D. was book demonstrated. The diverse range of buildings of Venturi's The Guild House. Though he and his wife co-authored several additional books at the end of the century. The book coined the terms "Duck" and "Decorated Shed"--descriptions of the two predominant ways of embodying iconography in buildings. helped redirect American architecture away from a widely practiced. Alvar Aalto) and then forgotten (Frank Furness. of 1923. through countless examples. Immediately hailed as a theorist and designer with radical ideas. complex and often shocking ornamental flourishes. although perhaps not as familiar today as his books. Philadelphia early career offered surprising alternatives to then current architectural practice. led a team of students to document and analyze the Las Vegas Strip. The most famous of these was a studio in 1968 in which Venturi and Scott Brown.[5] Architecture The architecture of Robert Venturi. The work of Venturi.C. This second manifesto was an even more stinging rebuke to orthodox modernism and elite architectural tastes. producing formally simple "decorated sheds" with rich. on Spring Garden Street. "Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture" in 1966. and included examples—both built and unrealized—of his own work to demonstrate the possible application of the techniques illustrated within. apparently casual asymmetries (as at the Vanna Venturi House). A Significance for A&P Parking Lots. He published his "gentle manifesto. with "impure" forms (such as the North Penn Visiting Nurses Headquarters). Edwin Lutyens)." Derived from course lectures at the University of Pennsylvania. often banal. together with Steven Izenour. or Learning from Las Vegas later revised in 1977 as Learning from Las Vegas: the Forgotten Symbolism of Architectural Form using the student work as a foil for new theory. Drawing from both vernacular and high-style sources. these two have proved most influential. perhaps the least likely subject for a serious research project imaginable. described in the introduction by Vincent Scully to be "probably the most important writing on the making of architecture since Le Corbusier's 'Vers Une Architecture'. The Freedom Plaza in Washington. He made a case for "the difficult whole" rather than the diagrammatic forms popular at the time.[6] Venturi's buildings typically juxtapose architectural systems.

Ohio (1976) • BASCO Showroom. the American Institute of Architects. The playful variations on vernacular house types seen in the Trubeck and Wislocki Houses offered a new way to embrace. 1967 in Santa Monica. Philip Johnson. and the sailboat-shaped window on one side. It is best known for the huge number 9 on its front. New Jersey was designed by Venturi and his wife Denise Scott Brown and built in 1967. M. Philadelphia (1976) • Franklin Court. The firm. Oberlin. New York Sainsbury Wing of the National Gallery. Philadelphia (1964) won the AIA Twenty-five Year Award and was recognized as a "Masterwork of Modern American Architecture" by the United States Postal Service in May 2005. New Haven. beginning in the 1960s with the dissemination of the broken-gable roof of the Vanna Venturi House and the segmentally arched window and interrupted string courses of Guild House. The firm's name became Venturi. Graham Gund and James Stirling. familiar forms. Michael Graves. Venturi created the firm Venturi and Short with William Short in 1960. Venturi is a Fellow of the American Academy in Rome. and civic buildings in London. The firm's name changed to Venturi and Rauch. Scott Brown joined the firm as partner in charge of planning. Columbus. Venturi's work arguably provided a key influence at important times in the careers of architects Robert A. (2010) Venturi's architecture has had world-wide influence. and in 1969. Connecticut (1972) • Dixwell Fire Station. including campus planning and university buildings.[7] • Fire Station #4. Nantucket. California. PA. Philadelphia (1976) . The American Academy of Arts and Letters and an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects.Robert Venturi pop-style supergraphics and geometries (for instance. Indiana (1968) • Trubek and Wislocki Houses. but transform. Philadelphia (1964) • The Lieb House located in Barnegat Light. In 1980. A Long Island. 3 Chapel at the Episcopal Academy. London couple purchased this home in early March 2009 for just $1 to save it from demolition. among others. paying at least $100. Greenwich. based in Philadelphia. Venturi married Denise Scott Brown on July 23. Venturi. Scott Brown and Associates. Toulouse and Japan. CT (1974) • Allen Memorial Art Museum modern addition. the Lieb House). drawing from vernacular and historic architecture while still being modern. Oberlin College. Selected works • Vanna Venturi House. Recent work has included many commissions from academic institutions. Stern. Rauch and Scott Brown. • Guild House. was awarded the Architecture Firm Award by the American Institute of Architects in 1985. Newtown Square. Massachusetts (1971) • Brant House. and after Rauch's resignation in 1989. Long Island.000 to move it on a barge to Glen Cove. After John Rauch replaced Short as partner in 1964. The facade patterning of the Oberlin Art Museum and the laboratory buildings demonstrated a treatment of the vertical surfaces of buildings that is both decorative and abstract.

France (1999) • Frist Campus Center.Sunbury. Newtown Square. Hanover. University of Kentucky. Bard College.Robert Venturi • Best Products Catalog Showroom. (2005) • Undergraduate Science Building. D. New Hampshire (2000) • Perelman Quadrangle. Pennsylvania (2008) . United Kingdom (1991) • Seattle Art Museum. Los Angeles. Dartmouth College. New York (1994) • University of Delaware. Rhode Island (1981) • Gordon Wu Hall. Houston. California (1996) • Mielparque Nikko Kirifuri Resort. Harvard University. Kentucky (2005) • Congregation Beth El Synagogue . Annandale-on-Hudson. at Princeton University • Baker/Berry Library. designed by Robert Venturi. University of Delaware 4 Inside the Seattle Art Museum Wu Hall (left). London. Philadelphia (1991) • Children's Museum.C. Philadelphia (2000) Trabant Student Center. Life Sciences Institute and Palmer Commons complex. New Jersey (1983) • House in New Castle. UCLA. Block Island. UCLA. Long Island. Japan (1997) • Gonda (Goldschmied) Neurosciences and Genetics Research Center. PA. Texas (1992) • Charles P. Toulouse. Dartmouth College. Langhorne. Washington (1991) • Restoration of the Fisher Fine Arts Library. Stevenson. National Gallery. Pennsylvania (1978) • Coxe-Hayden House and Studio. New York (1990) • Gordon and Virginia MacDonald Medical Research Laboratories. Seattle. Jr. Trabant Student Center (1996) • Museum of Contemporary Art. Library. New Hampshire (2002) • Dumbarton Oaks Library. California (1998) • Provincial Capitol Building. University of Michigan. Lexington. Hanover. San Diego. Michigan (2005) • Biomedical Biological Science Research Building (BBSRB). Washington. San Diego. California (1991) • Sainsbury Wing. (2007)[8] • Episcopal Academy Chapel. Princeton University. New Jersey (2000) • Rauner Special Collections Library. Delaware (1983) • Lewis Thomas Laboratory. University of Pennsylvania. New Jersey (1986) • House in East Hampton. Ann Arbor. University of Pennsylvania. Los Angeles. Princeton University. Princeton University. Nikko National Park.

. The Museum of Modern Art Press. pp. Rauch and Scott Brown. [9] Directory 1951 to 1960 (http:/ / www. gov/ honors/ medals/ medalists_year. archdaily.rutgers. Gentle Subverter of Modernism" (http:/ / query. ISBN 1-56898-220-8. Retrieved 2012-04-30. Harvard University Press. 2004.libraries. ISBN 0-262-72006-X • Iconography and Electronics upon a Generic Architecture : A View from the Drafting Room. 1978 AIA Architecture Firm Award. New York 1966. Arts and Crafts to Modern Design (http:/ / books. (2000). 2000 • Vincent Scully Prize. United States Presidential Award. 1972. to Venturi. pritzkerprize.Robert Venturi 5 Awards Rome Prize Fellow. . Robert. html?_r=1). org/ support-us/ awards__honors/ scully-prize/ ) National Building Museum [13] Design Mind Award (http:/ / www. Oxford Art Online. 1998. html?res=9D0CEEDD1338F937A25757C0A967958260). [8] "Congregation Beth El Website" (http:/ / www. Republic of Italy. 362. [6] Interview: Robert Venturi & Denise Scott Brown (http:/ / www. beth-el-sunbury. revised 1977. html) Pritzker Architecture Prize [5] Mark Alan Hewitt. nbm. org/ synagogue/ ). Robert Venturi.oxfordartonline. Republique Française. google. National Building Museum. 1989[10] Elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters. Princeton University yearbook [3] Thomas. Cambridge MA.com. 1992 (with Denise Scott Brown)[11] Commandeur de L'Ordre des Arts et Lettres. Tammy (2009-03-13). Price. MIT Press.edu/subscriber/article/grove/art/T2086166>. ISBN 0-262-72029-9 • Architecture as Signs and Systems: for a Mannerist Time (with Denise Scott Brown). 2011 <http://www. 2002 (with Denise Scott Brown)[12] • Design Mind Award. asp?catID=dm& nameID=dsbrv) Cooper-Hewitt National Design Awards. 1986 AIA Twenty-five Year Award to the Vanna Venturi House. org/ awards_25yearrecipients) The American Institute of Architects [11] List of Medalists (http:/ / arts. The New York Times. html) National Medal of Arts [12] Vincent Scully Prize (http:/ / www. com/ ) [7] La Gorge. Retrieved 2009-03-15. ISBN 0-87070-281-5 • Learning from Las Vegas (with Denise Scott Brown and Steven Izenour). New York Times. It Is Moved" (http:/ / www. . html) Society of Fellows of the American Academy in Rome [10] Twenty-five Year Award Recipients (http:/ / www. 28 Nov. archdaily. org/ NDA/ 2007/ award. com/ books?id=m19alHeSKVwC). 2007 . "Venturi. com/ 130389/ interview-robert-venturi-denise-scott-brown-by-andrea-tamas/ ) April 25. com/ gst/ fullpage. George E. org/ sof_dir_1951_1960. 1990 The Pritzker Architecture Prize. in Introduction by Robert Venturi [4] Robert Venturi 1991 Laureate (http:/ / www. 1978 Fellow in the American Institute of Architects. "ARCHITECTURE VIEW." Grove Art Online. com/ 2009/ 03/ 14/ nyregion/ 14lieb. 2011 at Archdaily. com/ laureates/ 1991/ bio. "To Save a Venturi House. Ministère de la Culture et de la Communication. 1956[9] AIA Medal for Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture. MIT Press. . [2] The Nassau Herald 1947. aia. ISBN 0-674-01571-1 References [1] Goldberger. sof-aarome. American Academy in Rome. Princeton Architectural Press. Paul (14 April 1991). William L. 1991 [4] National Medal of Arts. 1985 Commendatore of the Order of Merit.proxy. nytimes.com (http:/ / www. nytimes. Cooper-Hewitt National Design Awards. cooperhewitt. endow. 2007 (with Denise Scott Brown)[13] • • • • • • • • • • Bibliography • Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture.

by Robert Venturi (http://storiesofhouses.com/ people/robert.imdb.com/go/people/ profiles/venturi-scott-brown-associates) • Stories of Houses: The Vanna Venturi House in Philadelphia. Inc.denise. blogspot.com/name/nm3634001/) at the Internet Movie Database • Works by or about Robert Venturi (http://worldcat.html) • Robert Venturi and Denise Scott Brown tell their life stories at Web of Stories (http://www.com/) • Online profile of Venturi. firm web site (http://www.archdaily.Robert Venturi 6 External links • Venturi.scott.vsba.and.brown) (video) • Robert Venturi (http://www.html) • Design Strategies of Robert Venturi and Denise Scott Brown (http://www.com/guest/view/2434) on Charlie Rose • Robert Venturi (http://www.com/130389/ interview-robert-venturi-denise-scott-brown-by-andrea-tamas/) . (http://www.charlierose.venturi. Inc. Scott Brown and Associates.com/2005/11/vanna-venturi-house-in-philadelphia-by.org/identities/lccn-n79-64990) in libraries (WorldCat catalog) • Robert Venturi interview (http://www.architecture-page.com/blog/ robert-venturi-and-denise-scott-brown.webofstories.archinomy. Scott Brown and Associates.

T. Kanabekobaton._DC. Rockpocket. Capecodeph. Connormah. AgnosticPreachersKid.jpg  Source: http://en. Infrogmation. DutchTreat. Tadanisakari. D6. Gamaliel.Washington. DavidLevinson. Dthomsen8.org/w/index.jpg  Source: http://en.php?title=File:National_Gallery_London_Sainsbury_Wing_2006-04-17.wikipedia. Athaenara.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3. Rawg89. DC. James Russiello. Amedi007.org/w/index. Tassedethe. Aufrette. Dogears.wikipedia.wikipedia. Lockley. Licenses and Contributors File:V Venturi H 720am. The architect.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.JPG  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Smallbones File:Freedom Plaza .php?title=File:SAM_Art_Ladder_02. Christophe Krief. 84 anonymous edits Image Sources. Kevinlynch97. Iwmills.0 Unported  Contributors: Richard George Image:SAM Art Ladder 02.org/w/index. King of Hearts.org/w/index. Flatterworld. Tanet. Superbret. Pburka. Dc. Blahm. Ahoerstemeier. Joffle.php?oldid=539531413  Contributors: 777sms. Joel7687. Cohesion. Sullivanesque. Elekhh. Eyedubya.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3. Trorov.org/w/index. Boardandbatten.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3. Dantadd. JaGa. Yamamoto Ichiro. Stirling Newberry.php?title=File:Udel_-_Trabant_center1.wikipedia File:Venturi Guild House. Waacstats. BoringHistoryGuy.jpg  Source: http://en. Srini81. Nlu.wikipedia. Rich Farmbrough.org/licenses/by-sa/3.jpg  License: Creative Commons Zero  Contributors: User:Smallbones File:Espicopal Acad int. CommonsDelinker. Mettimeline.Article Sources and Contributors 7 Article Sources and Contributors Robert Venturi  Source: http://en. DVD R W.jpg  License: GNU Free Documentation License  Contributors: Photo: Andreas Praefcke File:Udel .org/w/index. Shawn in Montreal. Sparkit. The wub. Camerafiend.0 Unported  Contributors: Joe Mabel Image:Wu and 1915 Halls Butler College Princeton.jpg  Source: http://en.php?title=File:Wu_and_1915_Halls_Butler_College_Princeton. Kingpin13. Pethan.php?title=File:Freedom_Plaza_-_Washington. Bunnyhop11. Fionatempleton.JPG  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Smallbones Image:National Gallery London Sainsbury Wing 2006-04-17. McNoddy. Vegaswikian.Trabant center1. Cribananda.0/ . Arxiloxos. SDC. Aka. Brian Kendig. Pablitochumm2.jpg  Source: http://en. GiantSnowman. BooksXYZ. Fitzrovia calling. Kleeingram. Hewittarch. KennethSides. Joey80. Raul654.org/w/index. Brazzouk.wikipedia. Redcabin21. Ulric1313.wikipedia.wikipedia.0  Contributors: AgnosticPreachersKid at en.php?title=File:Espicopal_Acad_int. Sicilarch.org/w/index. Arakunem. Buckyboot. CCS81. PDH.php?title=File:Venturi_Guild_House. TTKK. Y.jpg  License: GNU Free Documentation License  Contributors: Grenavitar License Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3. Martarius. P.wikipedia. Dargomyzhsky.0 Unported //creativecommons. Architectcheck. Hu12. Look2See1. Wizardman.php?title=File:V_Venturi_H_720am.JPG  Source: http://en. Johnpseudo.JPG  Source: http://en. Lonelymiesarchie. Materialscientist.org/w/index. Ken Gallager. Jetman. Smallbones. AndreasPraefcke. Mcginnly. KRS.