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HOT SURFACE IGNITION SYSTEM (HSI

)

TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

50E47-1XX OR 50F47-1XX IGNITION/DETECTION CONTROL MODULE
Qualified Serviceman’s ALL HSI Troubleshooting Guide
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INGPOWER G RN NECT RVICIN ABLEIR WA SCON RE SE
DI FO BE

ITH . PA ER RE LY W MB OUS LD RI LT E ON L NU FIE SE AC -NOT PL MODE AND RESU RE T ION ULD AC EX OS CO PL EX JURY IN

TROUBLESHOOTING PROCEDURE
MODELS WITH DIAGNOSTIC LIGHT have self diagnostic capabilities. If the light on the module is on continuously, the fault is likely to be internal to the module. To make sure, interrupt line or 25 volt thermostat power for a few seconds and then restore. If internal fault is indicated again, and flame sensor is not shorted to ground, replace control. A flashing light indicates the problem is most likely in the external components or wiring. Proceed as follows: FOR ALL 50E47 OR 50F47 CONTROL MODULES Three Visual Checks ) The ignitor will warm up and glow red (see Chart ) 2) The main burner flame will ignite (see Chart 2) 3) The main burner flame will continue to burn after the ignitor is turned off (see Chart 3) Troubleshooting the system consists of checking for these three visual indications. The following charts define the proper action if any of these indications do not occur.

! WARNING
Failure to read and follow all instructions carefully before installing or operating this control, could cause personal injury and/ or property damage.

! WARNING
50E47 and 50F47 controls contain no serviceable parts – replace with exact model and type number to prevent a possible flame rollout and resulting injury.

! WARNING
Turn power off before servicing. Line voltage (20 VAC) could be present on the surface of the ignitor, if the system is not correctly wired. Such voltage can cause serious injury or death. The following 4 steps must be performed first before any troubleshooting begins. ) Disconnect electric power to system at main fuse or circuit breaker. 2) Remove draft shield (if necessary to gain access to the ignitor. 3) Visually inspect equipment for apparent damage. Check wiring for loose connections. 4) Check for Reversed Polarity. (HSI models with diagnostic light are polarity sensitive and may lock out if 20 volt service wiring is reversed.) A. Disconnect the ignitor socket from the wiring harness. Connect an AC voltmeter across the terminal connected to the white wire and chassis ground. B. Re-connect electric power to system. If no voltage exists, polarity is correct; proceed to step 4D. C. If voltage exists between the terminal connected to the white wire and the chassis ground, the main power supply lines are improperly connected to the furnace (Reversed Polarity). Again disconnect electric power to the system; then reverse incoming line voltage leads and repeat step 4B. D. Re-connect the ignitor socket to the wiring harness. Re-check the system for proper operation. If neither apparent damage, loose connection nor reversed polarity is the problem, proceed to the visual check chart (st, 2nd or 3rd) that is suggested by the actual condition.

SYSTEM COMPONENTS
50E47/50F47-XXX Ignition Detection Control 36EXX-XXX Redundant Gas Valve 767A-XXX Silicon Carbide Ignitor 760-XXX Sense Electrode F115-XXXX Harness
TYPICAL SYSTEM WIRING DIAGRAM
Line Voltage Hot
GND

Neutral

TECHNICAL HELP

Transformer 25 VAC, 60 Hz W
Limit

R

Common (“C”)

Thermostat

50E47/50F47
MV
White

Black

Redundant Valve

Main Valve MV TR TH FP

Terminal Legend MV – Main Valve TR – Transformer TH – Thermostat FP – Flame Probe GND – Burner Ground L – Line IGN – Ignitor

Flame Sensor Probe GND L IGN

Silicon Carbide Ignitor Black

Line Voltage Low Voltage

278

www.white-rodgers.com

Energize system and check for proper operation. www. Is resistance within equipment manufacturer’s specifications? No Replace ignitor. Does continuity exist between IGN & L after prepurge duration? (see module label) Yes No Correct discontinuities in ignitor harness or connections. DISCONNECT ELECTRIC POWER TO SYSTEM AT MAIN FUSE OR CIRCUIT BREAKER! Replace open 25 volt limits or thermostat. Replace transformer. Energize system and check for proper operation. Replace module.com Unplug ignitor from wire harness and connect ohmmeter across ignitor leads. 50E47/50F47 FIRST VISUAL CHECK (Does ignitor glow bright red?) Does silicon ignitor warm up and glow bright red after prepurge duration? (see module label) No Is 25 volts present across module terminals TH & TR? No Is 25 volts present across secondary of transformer? No No Is 120 volts present across primary of transformer? Replace open limits or fuses in 120 volt supply. Does ignitor deenergize after trial for ignition period? (see module label) Yes System is functioning properly. Energize system and check for proper operation. Replace module. TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE Yes Yes Yes Yes Go to Chart 2. Energize system and check for proper operation.15% HOT SURFACE IGNITION SYSTEM (HSI) 279 TECHNICAL HELP . Connect electric power to system at main fuse or circuit breaker. Energize system and check for proper operation. Connect electric power to system at main fuse or circuit breaker.white-rodgers. No Yes Connect ohmmeter across IGN & L terminals of module. NOTE: All voltage readings +10% .CHART 1 Call for heat. Energize system. Energize system and check for proper operation. Energize system. Thermostat contacts close.

Energize system. Energize system.white-rodgers. Connect manometer to outlet pressure tap.15% Yes Go to Chart 3 Turn manual knob on gas valve to “ON” position. Energize system and check for proper operation. Turn manual knob on gas valve to “ON” position. Energize system and check for proper operation. Energize system and check for proper operation. NOTE: All voltage readings +10% .com No Is gas available at source? Yes Restore gas supply at source. Is 25 volts present across leads after ignitor warm up duration? (see module label) No Replace gas valve. Energize system and check for proper operation. . Is outlet pressure detected? No Correct supply pressure. No Purge system of air. With system energized. TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE Yes Replace leads. Energize system and check for proper operation. HOT SURFACE IGNITION SYSTEM (HSI) Yes No www.TECHNICAL HELP 280 50E47/50F47 SECOND VISUAL CHECK (Does main burner ignite?) CHART 2 Does main burner ignite? No Is manual knob on gas valve in “ON” position? Yes Yes Is outlet pressure at nameplate rating? Yes Turn manual knob on gas valve to “OFF” position. Disconnect leads at gas valve. Energize system and check for proper operation. Energize system and check for proper operation. is 25 volts present across MV & MV terminals of module after ignitor warm up duration? No Replace module.

then reinstall. Energize system and check for proper operation. Reposition flame sense probe to achieve 1µa or greater sense current. Microammeter reads1µa or greater. Connect ohmmeter across sensor lead terminal and burner ground. NOTE: All voltage readings +10% . Yes Yes Replace 50E47/50F47-XXX control. Clean surface of flame sense rod with fine steel wool or emery cloth. Does continuity exist? No No Yes Correct ground wiring. Replace 50E47/50F47-XXX control. HOT SURFACE IGNITION SYSTEM (HSI) 28 TECHNICAL HELP . or.50E47/50F47 THIRD VISUAL CHECK (Does main burner remain lit?) CHART 3 TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE Does main burner remain lit after trial for ignition period? (see module label) No No Yes No Does flame sensor probe have carbon or dust build-up? Is control box GND terminal wired to burner ground? Deenergize system and disconnect sensor lead from module. Energize system and check for proper operation. if unattainable. Yes Yes Yes www. Is flame sense probe located properly in flame? Proper location No would provide adequate flame current yet not exceed maximum rod temperature. Does ignitor turn off with main burner flame still present? No Ignitor remains heated (bright red) with main burner flame present. Thermostat satisfied. Is resistance less than 50 meg ohms? Connect ohmmeter across sensor lead terminal and sensor probe.com Replace sensor. replace 760-XXX sensor.15% Yes HSI system cycle complete. Replace sensor.white-rodgers. Remove flame sensor.