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D1 18-Feb-08 D2 01-Jul-08





SPC-0804.02-50.05 REV.D2




........................ DRAIN AND SAMPLE CONNECTIONS ...........PIPING LAYOUT PTT PUBLIC COMPANY LIMITED ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION CONTENTS SPC-0804.................................... 3 BOLT AND NUT...............0 6........ 9 INSTRUMENTS .................. 7 SERVICE PIPING..........0 5.............................. 13 ................................ 3 GENERAL LAYOUT REQUIREMENTS .......................02-50...............................0 4.......................0 3................................................. 11 EQUIPMENT PIPING ...........................................05 PAGE: 2 of 16 REV: D2 SECTION 1......0 SCOPE .................................... VENT......................0 2...........

a 90o bend and a 45o bend may be used. - - In pipe tracks and pipe racks hot lines shall be grouped together and expansion loops shall be nested. Flat turns at changes in direction shall be avoided on elevated pipe racks. except lines requiring a slope and/or no pockets (e. Piping furnished as a regular part of proprietary equipment shall be in accordance with the requirements of this Standard. Flare. and change elevation when changing direction.). maintenance. proposed deviations shall be submitted for PTT/CONSULTANTS approval.PIPING LAYOUT 1. accessibility for operation. ventilation air and water services within buildings. .1 GENERAL LAYOUT REQUIREMENTS Piping Arrangement Piping shall be arranged in an orderly manner and routed as directly as practical. Relative elevations of pipe ways shall be set to provide sufficient clearance between lines at intersections.0 2. Dead ends and pockets in lines are to be avoided. Blow Down etc.g. Piping on elevated racks shall run at different elevations designated for north-south and east-west banks. The number of expansion loops should be kept to a minimum. Excluded are a) All instrument control piping downstream of the first piping block valve.0 SCOPE PTT PUBLIC COMPANY LIMITED ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION SPC-0804. 2. considering economy. in established banks or pipe ways.02-50. b) All heating.05 PAGE: 3 of 16 REV: D2 This Standard covers the requirements for piping design and piping layout. construction and safety. Where local plant conditions or space limitations dictate that this Standard cannot be applied. Combined changes in direction and level in pipe ways shall normally be made with 90o bends. Where necessary. consistent with the stress requirements.

the arrangement and clearances should permit removal of any pipe. however. the use of flanges in piping shall be limited to connection at flanged equipment. the valves being suitably grouped as far as practicable. lines shall be run horizontally. Where pipe work is laid on overhead structures. or valve without the necessity to disturb adjacent pipe work. the piping shall be sloped and fitted with drainage points. Piping arrangements shall ensure that installed valves are readily accessible and easy to operate.g. Valve with extended stems in cold services that may contain liquids shall have their stems located in a vertically upwards position to ensure that cryogenic . and shall normally be done by the use of a removable spool piece or on long lines with a line size flange and blank at the end of the line.02-50. where lines need to be drained completely. (in) tracks or in permanent trenches and requires dismantling for process reasons. Except when required for frequent maintenance or commissioning and testing. the effect of removing the adjoining pipe work shall be taken into account. Branch connections from horizontal air mains shall be taken from the top of the main. e. - - Generally. Overhead lines for acid. Where valves are secured in position only by being clamped between pipe work flanges. caustic or other corrosive services must not have flanged joints located above access ways or platforms.05 PAGE: 4 of 16 REV: D2 Provision shall be made for the flushing of all lines after hydrostatic testing. Lines to be sloped shall be indicated on the Piping and Instrument Diagram. Valves shall not be installed with their stems below the horizontal. Underground lines shall have means for testing. wafer valves. All safety valves inlet lines shall slope and free drain towards the process line and all flared lines shall slope towards the knockout drums with the minimum slope as required on PD-10-13240-3515-01. draining and flushing. Access shall be provided for valves in ground level pipe tracks.PIPING LAYOUT PTT PUBLIC COMPANY LIMITED ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION SPC-0804. fitting.

Passage ways between pumps Passage ways between exchangers Clearance between piping and equipment One side of the control valve piping 800 mm 800 mm 50 mm 600 mm 2.2 Clearances Piping systems shall be designed and equipment laid out to provide access by mobile equipment.1 Clearance between Pipelines and between Pipe and Concrete and Steel Constructions The minimum distance is generally 50mm. 3.2 Clearance to the Bottom of Piping Minimum clearance to the bottom of piping shall generally be as follows: 1. the thermal expansion and contraction must be considered. 2. The following minimum clearance shall be provided between piping and equipment. 2. 3. 4. Space shall be left around equipment and piping to facilitate maintenance (tube bundle removal. Valves in insulated lines shall be designed to allow unrestricted operation.100 mm 2.000 mm 6. When deciding the spacing of the pipes. 2. etc). Exceptions may be made for vent/ drain and instrumentation block valves. Clearance between the outside diameter of flange and the outside diameter of pipe or insulation: 25 mm.100 mm 6. 5.PIPING LAYOUT PTT PUBLIC COMPANY LIMITED ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION SPC-0804.2.000 mm 250 mm . Valves shall generally be at a preferable working height between 1.2. considering the thickness of insulation of either one. 4. cleaning. It may be necessary to install extended stems so that the hand wheel is located clear of the insulation cladding.350 mm to centerline of hand wheel.02-50. Above platforms and walkways: Inside buildings: Above plant roads: Above mobile lifting equipment access areas: Intersections at pipe ways 2.05 PAGE: 5 of 16 REV: D2 liquids will not come into contact with the stem packing area.000 mm and 1. if any: 1. 2.

except for the flare and relief systems. vibration or noise. Pipes run in culverts shall be accessible for inspection. Permanent platform access shall be provided. Lines at ground level shall be grouped together. the above-ground lines shall not be laid directly over the underground lines.3 PTT PUBLIC COMPANY LIMITED ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION SPC-0804.5 Piping Flexibility Piping shall be designed with sufficient flexibility to absorb any excessive stresses. Expansion loops shall be used to absorb excess stresses where the normal pipe routing is too rigid.4 Outside Process Areas This pipe work shall run on pipe ways at ground level or in overhead pipe racks. mechanical strength.500 mm Under main pipe racks: Inside Process Areas Pipe work shall be carried on overhead pipe racks wherever practicable. When above-ground lines and underground lines run parallel to one another. Battery limit valves. separate utility headers provided with isolation valves shall be required for any unit which is not fully integrated. supports and restraints will prevent excessive stress. or other severe service conditions apply. . to give the lines on the same bottom elevation. 2. minimal flow conditions. configuration. to form grade tracks and shall be run on supports.6 Critical Piping Where dynamic loading. pressure drop. 2.PIPING LAYOUT 6. spades and drains may be located in vertical or horizontal.02-50. Expansion bellows shall only be used in special cases and shall be subject to written approval from the PTT/CONSULTANT. 2. and clear ways provided where necessary to allow the operation of cranes and other mobile equipment for maintenance purposes. 2. Where more than one unit is located within the same process area battery limit.05 PAGE: 6 of 16 REV: D2 4. piping shall be designed and checked to ensure that its size.

DRAIN AND SAMPLE CONNECTIONS Bolt and Nut After bolt and nut had been tighten at correct torque (prior to insulate. Intermediate supports consisting of a horizontal member bolted to clamps on large lines shall be provided. if required). 1½ inch or smaller diameter lines may be supported by large diameter lines where support spacing exceeds allowable spans for small lines.05 PAGE: 7 of 16 REV: D2 Dynamic loading may be expected when pulsation flow (such as at reciprocating compressors). are to be located on the isometrics and piping plan. heater transfer lines. Anchors and Guides All piping must be adequately supported and restrained to prevent undue vibration. grease or oil by using degreaser then two pack surface tolerant-high solid epoxy ( Jotamastic 87) shall be applied to the bolt and nut at least two layers: 1st. The operating temperature of the supporting lines shall not exceed 65oC.7 Pipe Supports.0 3. pump suctions. or mechanical vibration (including wind) conditions exist. re-boiler circuits. fluctuating temperature or pressure. deflection and stresses or loads on equipment.1 BOLT AND NUT. Piping sections requiring frequent dismantling shall be provided with permanent support for the dismantled condition. CONTRACTOR shall propose other appropriate paint for such temperature to PTT for prior approval. All pipe supports. Limited pressure drop conditions may be expected in large vapor lines. 3.PIPING LAYOUT PTT PUBLIC COMPANY LIMITED ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION SPC-0804. As a last resort.02-50.Jotamastic 87 with 25% thinner solvent 2nd-Jotamastic 87 with less thinner solvent Bolt and nut which serviced at temperature (design temperature) higher than 100 deg C or lower than -10 deg C. they shall be degreased to remove any contaminated fat. VENT.and outlet lines. flashing fluid. Small lines shall be grouped to run on this member between the two larger lines. Such piping to be routed as directly as practical. . 2. etc. safety valve in. guides. high-velocity flow. and gravity flow lines. During maintenance shutdowns temporary supports shall be used.

- - - . Bolt and nut shall be Fluoropolymer Coating. Casing vents and drains for pumps in services handling material near the flash point shall be piped to a cooler and from the cooler to a sewer. 3.PIPING LAYOUT PTT PUBLIC COMPANY LIMITED ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION SPC-0804.02-50. Protection system including grease shall be from HDRATIGHT SWEENY (UK) or NUT-SEAL (USA).with special grease . to be used. Drains shall be fitted with valve (s) and blind flange and have a minimum clearance of 250 mm below the drain. A minimum of 5D short pieces shall be provided between flange and elbow. Nut.2 Vents and Drains Vents and drains shall be located as follows: All high points of lines shall be vented. Process vents to be indicated on the piping and instrument diagram. plugged and back-welded after testing. flange and gap between flange shall also be protected. Under no circumstances are half couplings or similar. Note that where the drain is to a closed system. relief or blow-down line or to a safe location. clearance for insulation is to be considered. uninsulated flange ( size 4” and above )shall be protected with “CORROSHIELD” flange protection system. Casing vents and drains for pumps in non-volatile services shall be valved and piped to the pump base plate or into a gutter or sewer. For ease of bolt and nut removal. All low points of lines shall be drained. facilities shall be provided for installing blinds for test purposes.05 PAGE: 8 of 16 REV: D2 After painting. All vents to be fitted with valves and blind flange. Only flanged valve shall be used for amine service or line where Post Weld Heat Treatment is required. bolt shall be protected by using metal or UV stabilized prolypropylene cap . or alternatively piped to an operating line. flange shall not be connected directly to elbow. Vents for pressure tests shall be indicated by the Contractor.

PIPING LAYOUT 3. including the primary isolation valve. Connection to flare or other appropriate drainage system shall be subjected to PTT for approval. One cooler may be used for grouped sample outlets. which are tapped from a horizontal main pipeline.0 4. All operational parts of the sampling system shall be easily accessible. Sample points shall either be approximately 1 m above ground level or 1 m above a platform level. All sampling vents/drains shall be arranged as a close system as follow : (with isolation valve) Connection to the same system but lower pressure destination.1 SERVICE PIPING Steam Piping Steam piping shall be designed for complete condensate removal. Cooling shall be provided for sample outlets in piping or equipment operating at 66oC or higher. shall be connected from the top of pipe for vapour contents and from the bottom of pipe for liquid(with isolation valve). . The effect on the area classification shall be considered when arranging the position of the sample point. Sample connection inlet lines. Connection between sampling storage with process piping shall be locking dog mechanism with large contract area used to stem retention stainless steel quick coupling. which shall be provided with a stairway access but subject to PTT approval. Drip legs shall be provided on all steam lines at low points and dead ends.3 Sample Connections PTT PUBLIC COMPANY LIMITED ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION SPC-0804.05 PAGE: 9 of 16 REV: D2 Requirements for sample connections and sample coolers shall be indicated on the Piping and Instrument Diagram. 4.02-50. Branch connections shall be taken off the top of the headers and shall be 1” minimum size. Length of sample piping shall be kept as minimum length.

Stainless steel quick coupling shall be furnished. Utility air. Valves shall be located on each side of a steam trap for trap removal on closed systems.02-50. .PIPING LAYOUT PTT PUBLIC COMPANY LIMITED ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION SPC-0804. Utility for vessel man hole shall be provided air and inert gas. They shall be accessible for maintenance from grade or platform firmly supported. Traps shall be located adjacent to the equipment they serve. WHRU.2 Steam Traps Steam traps shall be provided at low points and drip legs of steam lines. 4.05 PAGE: 10 of 16 REV: D2 Block valves shall be installed in the horizontal run of each branch line unless otherwise shown on Piping and Instrument Diagrams. Each utility type in station shall be clearly marked.3 Utility Stations Utility hose stations shall be installed throughout the process area to provide water. furnace. air and inert gas (normally will be Filtered water. Nitrogen). ¾” size) and hose rack shall be provided per each utility station. These utility stations shall be located so that working areas at grade. 4. Demin water and Steam utility may be provided additionally in some utility station where necessary. vessels or structures can be reached with a 15m length of hose. tank. One utility station shall be provided at each manhole of pressure vessel. station end shall be male. hose ends shall be male and female. No steam trap shall be connected to more than one steam line nor to more than one section of the same line. Steam traps discharging to the atmosphere shall have upstream block valves only. Utility stations shall be installed such that they remain in service during unit shutdown. Two (2) hoses (15 meter length each.

0 5. Where possible. control valves operated in conjunction with remote instruments. Control valves shall be adequately supported to avoid pipe loads or movements being transmitted to the control valves. The actuators shall be installed in a vertical position in horizontal lines. Concentric reducers shall be used on socket weld and screwed fittings. 4. Emergency showers shall be arranged for overhead delivery of water spray. Supports shall be located so that the assembly is self-supporting when control valve is removed. The fixtures shall be installed at locations conveniently accessible for emergency use. reducers shall be placed adjacent to the valve. Control valve manifolds shall be designed to allow for easy removal of the control valve. or other hazardous services.1 INSTRUMENTS Control Valves Where control valves size are less than line sizes. should be located so that gauge or transmitter is visible from the control valve position. Spools or reducers between flanged block and control valves shall be made long enough to permit bolt removal. phenol. caustic.02-50.4 Air System Piping PTT PUBLIC COMPANY LIMITED ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION SPC-0804. . eccentric reducers (bottom flat) on butt-weld fittings.PIPING LAYOUT 4. All control valves shall be accessible and preferably be located at grade level for operation and maintenance convenience. Self-closing valves and self-draining hydrants shall be furnished. Sufficient clearance shall also be provided above and below the control valve for removal of the actuator plug. 5.5 Emergency Showers Eye-washing fountains and emergency showers shall be provided near equipment or pipe manifolds in acid. Drain valves and drip legs shall be provided at the low points of systems. Water for eye-washing fountains and emergency showers shall be supplied from the drinking water system and shall be maintained at suitable constant temperature.05 PAGE: 11 of 16 REV: D2 Air system piping design shall allow for good drainage. Branch connections shall be from the top of the header. They shall be made from stainless steel.

05 PAGE: 12 of 16 REV: D2 A depressurizing valve is to be located between the upstream block valve and the control valve. 5.PIPING LAYOUT PTT PUBLIC COMPANY LIMITED ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION SPC-0804. and so that the thermowell element can be easily withdrawn. and upward flow for liquids near their boiling points. 5.5 Pressure Instruments Connection for local pressure gauge shall be located so instruments can easily be read from the grade or platform or ladder.4 Temperature Instruments Connection for dial thermometers in piping or equipment shall be located so that the instrument can be easily read from grade or platform or ladder. emergency shut down valve etc.3 Level Instruments The level in level gauges shall be visible from grade ladder or a platform and its associated level control instrument and level switches. Vertical runs with downward flow may be used for steam and condensibles.g. All above requirements shall be applicable to all other automatic valve. where possible. 5. manifold and instrument housing. Level gauges and control instruments shall not penetrate platforms. e.2 Flow Instruments Horizontal metering runs shall be provided for liquid flow measurement and in all cases where segmental orifices are used. . 5.02-50. Orifice flange taps (in horizontal pipelines) shall be orientated as follows: Liquid service: Gas service: 45o below the horizontal 45o below the vertical Steam/ condensation service: horizontal A minimum clearance of 750mm shall be allowed above and to one side of orifice flanges to allow for the installation of impulse piping.

02-50.2 Air Cooled Exchangers Piping on mixed phase duty to air coolers shall be arranged symmetrically in order to provide an even distribution to the header. To access 1. Man-way centerline elevations above platform levels shall be between 600mm and 1. Man-way hinges shall be orientated so that the man-way cover opens away from ladder and instrument access. hand valves (size 2 inch and above) and relief valves. channels and bundles.1 Shell and Tube Exchangers Process and water piping to shell and tube exchangers shall be arranged to permit easy removal of shell covers. Platforms on towers and vessels shall be kept to a minimum consistent with adequate access to man-way. there is a clear space for lowering equipment to the ground. Man-way shall be located to give reasonable access to tower drop out areas so that tower internals require minimum handling to the davit lifting tackle.PIPING LAYOUT 6. block valves shall be located directly against the vessel nozzles.0 6.05 PAGE: 13 of 16 REV: D2 Vessel and Column Piping Piping and platforms around columns and vertical vessels shall be arranged so that. and 2” and smaller or instruments should be from a permanent ladder. Adequate clearance shall be allowed for mobile handling equipment. where necessary.1 EQUIPMENT PIPING PTT PUBLIC COMPANY LIMITED ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION SPC-0804. Valves and flanges are not to be located inside vessel skirts.2. Piping shall be arranged so that. davit operation.200mm. . Where possible. 6. blinds. blinds installed during maintenance to ensure that vessels are completely isolated.2.2 Exchanger Piping 6. Piping shall be adequately supported such that bundles can be removed without the use of additional supports. blinds can be readily installed at vessel nozzles for maintenance. channel covers. control valves. where practicable.5” valves and smaller. 6. hand-holes.

Pipe shot spool on that point shall be provided.05 PAGE: 14 of 16 REV: D2 Piping should not be routed in air fin areas in such a way that would obstruct maintenance. Unless otherwise specified piping header for air cooler shall be arranged as below.2.2 Plate fin heat exchanger Inlet piping shall be provided inline strainer with isolation valve and spectacle blind. the headers which serviced at high temperature or having long distance may be split into two or more separated symmetrical headers 6. . Note: When thermal expansion have been taken into account.02-50.PIPING LAYOUT PTT PUBLIC COMPANY LIMITED ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION SPC-0804. Platforms shall be provided to cover all bundle and header areas.

If pocketing of the suction line is unavoidable. 6. Accessibility to remove pipe shot spool like lifting advise equipment and platform shall be provided.PIPING LAYOUT PTT PUBLIC COMPANY LIMITED ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION SPC-0804. .e. A length of straight pipe specified by the compressor VENDOR shall be used at the centrifugal compressor suction inlet to ensure stable flow to the compressor.05 PAGE: 15 of 16 REV: D2 Outlet piping shall be provided pipe shot spool with inert gas connection 2 inch with valve and provide isolated valve with spectacle blind.3 Compressor Piping 6. 6. piping shall slope from the valve to compressor suction inlet on one side from the valve to the knockout vessel on the other side. i.3.02-50. 6.4. suction lines shall be as short as possible and drain towards the pump nozzle without pockets. 6. An alternate arrangement depending on compressor suction valve location.1 Suction Piping Suction piping shall slope continuously downward from the knockout vessel to the compressor inlet.2 Removable Piping for Maintenance Removable spool pieces are to be provided at compressors where needed to permit maintenance without major piping disassembly. Centrifugal compressor piping shall be designed and supported such that the load on the nozzle is in accordance with that allowed by the compressor VENDOR.3.1 Pump Piping Subject to requirements for sufficient flexibility. Valves in suction lines shall be located only in horizontal piping.4 Pump and Turbine Piping Piping at pumps and turbines shall be designed to allow for sufficient flexibility of the equipment nozzles and supported so that the equipment can be dismantled or removed without adding temporary supports or dismantling valves and piping other than spool piece or reducers adjacent to the equipment connections. when centrifugal compressors have bottom inlet nozzle. provision shall be made for the drainage of the liquid to a collection pot.

Concentric reducers are preferred where size changes are necessary in pump suction lines. Eccentric reducers are to be used only where unvented pockets cannot otherwise be avoided.02-50. Eccentric reducers in horizontal lines shall have straight side up. Piping shall be designed to avoid interference with operation or maintenance access.PIPING LAYOUT PTT PUBLIC COMPANY LIMITED ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION SPC-0804. . Removable spool piece is to be provided at suction and discharge to permit maintenance without major piping disassembly. Pump suction piping is to be arranged with particular care to avoid unnecessary pressure drop and vapour pockets.05 PAGE: 16 of 16 REV: D2 Block valves in suction and discharge shall be located as close to the pump nozzles as possible. If vapour pockets cannot be avoided they shall be vented.