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**ISDYNA Version 971 2O1 (IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN)
**

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Purpose: The keyword *IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN provides a way of defining and solving

frequency domain vibration and acoustic problems. The keyword cards in this section are defined

in alphabetical order:

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2O2 (IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN) ISDYNA Version 971

öÚÎÛÏËÛÒÝÇÁÜÑÓß×ÒÁßÝÑËÍÌ×ÝÁÞÛÓÁ¦OPTION}Á¦OPTION}

Available options include:

ØßÔÚÁÍÐßÝÛ

ÐßÒÛÔÁÝÑÒÌÎ×ÞËÌ×ÑÒ

Purpose: Use boundary element method in frequency domain for acoustic problems. This

Keyword is only used if the option BIM = º·´»²¿³» in the ISDYNA run command is used:

ISDYNA I=·²º BIM=º·´»²¿³»

Card 1 1 2 8 4 5 b 7 8

Variable RO C IMIN IMAX NIRIQ DTOUT TSTART PRII

Type I I I I I I I I

Default none none none none O O O O

Remark 1 2

Card 2 1 2 8 4 5 b 7 8

Variable NSIDIXT TYPIXT NSIDINT TYPINT IITWIN TRSIT IPIIII IUNITS

Type I I I I I I I I

Default O O O O O O O O

Remark 8 4 5

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ISDYNA Version 971 2O8 (IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN)

Card 8 1 2 8 4 5 b 7 8

Variable MITHOD MAXIT TOIITR NDD TOIIR TOIICT IBDIM NPG

Type I I I I I I I I

Default 1OO 1O4 1 1Ob 1Ob 1OOO 2

Remark b 7

Card 4 1 2 8 4 5 b 7 8

Variable NBC RISTRT IIDGI NOII NIRUP

Type I I I I I

Default 1 O O O O

Remark 8 9 1O 11

Ý¿®¼ ë · ¼»º·²»¼ ÒÞÝ ¬·³»ò

Card 5 1 2 8 4 5 b 7 8

Variable SSID SSTYPI NORM BIMTYP IC1 IC2

Type I I I I I I

Default O O O O

Remark 12

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2O4 (IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN) ISDYNA Version 971

ß¼¼·¬·±²¿´ ½¿®¼ ï ¼»º·²»¼ ±²´§ º±® ÐßÒÛÔÁÝÑÒÌÎ×ÞËÌ×ÑÒ ±°¬·±²ò

Card 1 2 8 4 5 b 7 8

Variable NSIDPC

Type I

Default O

Remark 18

ß¼¼·¬·±²¿´ ½¿®¼ î ¼»º·²»¼ ±²´§ º±® ØßÔÚÁÍÐßÝÛ ±°¬·±²ò

Card 1 2 8 4 5 b 7 8

Variable PID

Type I

Default O

Remark

ÊßÎ×ßÞÔÛ ÜÛÍÝÎ×ÐÌ×ÑÒ

RO Iluid density.

C Sound speed of the fluid.

IMIN Minimum value of output frequencies.

IMAX Maximum value of output frequencies.

NIRIQ Number of output frequencies.

DTOUT Time interval between writing velocity or acceleration, and pressure at

boundary elements in the binary file, to be proceeded at the end of IS

DYNA simulation.

TSTART Start time for recording velocity or acceleration in ISDYNA

simulation.

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ISDYNA Version 971 2O5 (IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN)

ÊßÎ×ßÞÔÛ ÜÛÍÝÎ×ÐÌ×ÑÒ

PRII Reference pressure to be used to output pressure in dB, in the file

Press_dB. If PRII=O, the Press_dB file will not be generated. A file

called Press_Pa is generated and contains the pressure at the output

nodes (see Card 2).

NSIDIXT Node or segment set ID of output exterior field points.

TYPIXT Output exterior field point type.

IQ.1: node set ID.

IQ.2: segment set ID.

NSIDINT Node or segment set ID of output interior field points.

TYPINT Output interior field point type.

IQ.1: node set ID.

IQ.2: segment set ID.

IITWIN IIT windows (Default=O).

IQ.O: rectangular window.

IQ.1: Hanning window.

IQ.2: Hamming window.

IQ.8: Blackman window.

IQ.4: raised cosine window.

TRSIT Request time domain results:

IQ.O: no time domain results are requested.

IQ.1: time domain results are requested.

IPIIII Ilag for output files (default=O):

IQ.O: Press_Pa (magnitude of pressure vs. frequency), Press_dB

(sound pressure level vs. frequency) and bepres (ASCII database file

for ISPrepost) are provided.

IQ.1: Press_Pa_real (the real part of the pressure vs. frequency) and

Press_Pa_imag (the imaginary part of the pressure vs. frequency) are

provided, in addition to Press_Pa, Press_dB and bepres.

IQ.1O: files for IPIIII=O, and fringe files for acoustic pressure.

IQ.11: files for IPIIII=1, and fringe files for acoustic pressure.

IQ.2O: files for IPIIII=O, and fringe files for sound pressure level.

IQ.21: files for IPIIII=1, and fringe files for sound pressure level.

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2Ob (IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN) ISDYNA Version 971

ÊßÎ×ßÞÔÛ ÜÛÍÝÎ×ÐÌ×ÑÒ

IUNITS Ilag for unit changes

IQ.O: do not apply unit change.

IQ.1: MKS units are used, no change needed.

IQ.2: units (lbf s

2

/in, inch, s, lbf, psi, etc.) are used, changed to

MKS in BIM Acoustic computation.

IQ.8: units (kg, mm, ms, kN, GPa, etc.) are used, changed to MKS

in BIM acoustic computation.

IQ.4: units (ton, mm, s, N, MPa, etc.) are used, changed to MKS in

BIM acoustic computation.

MITHOD Method used in acoustic analysis

IQ.O: Rayleigh method (very fast).

IQ.1: Kirchhoff method coupled to IIM for acoustics (*MAT_

ACOUSTIC) (see Remark b).

IQ.2: variational Indirect BIM.

IQ.8: collocation BIM.

IQ.4: collocation BIM with BurtonMiller formulation for exterior

problems (no irregular frequency phenomenon).

MAXIT Maximum number of iterations for iterative solver (default =1OO) if

MITHOD 2.

TOIITR Tolerance for the iterative solver (default=1.I4).

NDD Number of domain decomposition, used for memory saving. Ior large

problems, the boundary mesh is decomposed into NDD domains for less

memory allocation. This option is only used if MITHOD 2.

TOIIR Tolerance for low rank approximation of dense matrix (default=1.Ib).

TOIICT Tolerance in factorization of the low rank matrix (default=1.Ib).

IBDIM Inner iteration limit in GMRIS iterative solver (default=1OOO).

NPG Number of Gauss integration points (default=2).

NBC Number of boundary condition cards (Card 5) (default=1).

RISTRT This flag is used to save an ISDYNA analysis if the binary output file

in the (bem=filename) option has not been changed (default = O).

IQ.O: ISDYNA analysis is processed and generates a new binary

file.

IQ.1: ISDYNA analysis is not processed. The binary file from

previous run is used.

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ISDYNA Version 971 2O7 (IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN)

ÊßÎ×ßÞÔÛ ÜÛÍÝÎ×ÐÌ×ÑÒ

IIDGI Iree edge and multiconnection constraints option (default = O).

IQ.O: free edge and multiconnection constraints not considered.

IQ.1: free edge and multiconnection constraints considered.

IQ.2: only free edge constraints are considered.

IQ.8: only multiconnection constraints are considered.

NOII Iocation where normal velocity or acceleration is taken (default = O).

IQ.O: elements or segments.

IQ.1: nodes.

NIRUP Preconditioner update option.

IQ.O: updated at every frequency.

IQ.N: updated for every N frequencies.

SSID Part, part set ID, or segment set ID of boundary elements.

SSTYPI Boundary element type:

IQ.O: part Set ID

IQ.1: part ID

IQ.2: segment set ID.

NORM NORM should be set such that the normal vectors point away from the

fluid.

IQ.O: normal vectors are not inverted (default).

IQ.1: normal vectors are inverted.

BIMTYP Type of input boundary values in BIM analysis.

IQ.O: boundary velocity will be processed in BIM analysis.

IQ.1: boundary acceleration will be processed in BIM analysis.

IQ.2: pressure is prescribed and the real and imaginary parts are

given by IC1 and IC2.

IQ.8: normal velocity is prescribed and the real and imaginary parts

are given by IC1 and IC2.

IQ.4: impedance is prescribed and the real and imaginary parts are

given by IC1 and IC2.

IQ.n: normal velocity (only real part) is prescribed, through load

curve n. An amplitude versus. frequency load curve (with curve ID

n) needs to be defined.

IC1 Ioad curve ID for defining real part of pressure, normal velocity or

impedance.

IC2 Ioad curve ID for defining imaginary part of pressure, normal velocity

or impedance.

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2O8 (IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN) ISDYNA Version 971

ÊßÎ×ßÞÔÛ ÜÛÍÝÎ×ÐÌ×ÑÒ

NSIDPC Node set ID for the field points where panel contributions to SPI

(Sound Pressure Ievel) are requested.

PID Plane ID for defining the halfspace problem, see keyword

*DIIINI_PIANI.

Î»³¿®µæ

1. TSTART indicates the time at which velocity or acceleration and pressure are stored in

the binary file.

2. This reference pressure is required for the computation of the pressure in dB. Usually,

in International Unit System the reference pressure is 2O micro_Pascal.

8. Velocity or acceleration (pressure) is provided by ISDYNA analysis. They are written

in a binary file (bem= filename). The boundary element method is processed after the

ISDYNA analysis. An IIT algorithm is used to transform time domain data into

frequency domain in order to use the boundary element method for acoustics. In order

to overcome the IIT leakage problem due to the truncation of the temporal response,

several windows are proposed. Windowing is used to have a periodic velocity,

acceleration and pressure in order to use the IIT.

4. If time domain results are requested, IMIN is changed to O in the code.

5. We change units used in BIM computation to international units (kg, m, s, N, Pa) so

that the reference pressure will not be too small. Ior example, it can be 2O.I15 GPa if

one uses the units (kg, mm, ms, kN, GPa) and this may pose potential truncation error

in the computation, especially in single precision version.

b. Rayleigh method represents an approximation for the BIM. It is very fast since there is

no linear system to solve. It can only be used for external radiation problem. Kirchhoff

method is a coupling between BIM and IIM for acoustics (*MAT_ACOUSTIC) with

Non Reflecting Boundary condition, see *BOUNDARY_NON_RIIIICTING. In this

case, at least one fluid layer with non reflecting boundary condition is to be merged to

the vibrating structure. This additional fluid is given in *MAT_ACOUSTIC by the

same density and sound speed as used in this keyword. Both methods constitute a good

approximation of BIM for external problems.

7. BIM formulation for large and medium size problems (more than 2OOO boundary

elements) is memory and time consuming. In this case, user may run ISDYNA using

the memory option. In order to save memory, domain decomposition can be used.

8. The binary file generated by a previous run can be used for the next run by using the

restart option. The restart option allows the user to use the binary file generated from a

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ISDYNA Version 971 2O9 (IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN)

previous calculation in order to run BIM. In this case, the frequency range can be

changed. User should keep the same time parameters as in previous calculation.

9. IIDGI option only applies to MITHOD=2, the Variational Indirect BIM.

1O. NOII decides if the elemental or nodal velocity (or acceleration) is taken from IIM

computation. NOII should be O if Kirchhoff method (MITHOD=1) is used since

elemental pressure is processed in IIM. NOII should be O if BurtonMiller

collocation method (MITHOD=4) is used since a constant strength element

formulation is adopted. In other cases, it is strongly recommended to use element

**Ú·¹«®» îðòï Tsection
**

11. The preconditioner is obtained with the factorization of the influence coefficient

matrix. It can be retained for several frequencies, to save CPU time. By default

(NIRUP=O), the preconditioner is updated for every frequency. Note that in MPP

version, the preconditioner is updated every NIRUP frequencies on each processor.

12. The Card 5 can be defined if the boundary elements are composed of several panels. It

can be defined multiple times if more than 2 panels are used. Iach card 5 defines one

panel.

18. The field points where the panel contribution analysis is requested must be one of the

field points for acoustic computation (it must be included in the nodes specified by the

NSIDIXT or NSIDINT). The panels are defined by card 4 and card 5, etc. Iach card

defines one panel.

14. Please note that in order to get accurate results, the element size should not be greater

than 1/b of the wave length ( =c/f where c is the wave speed and f is the frequency).

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2O1O (IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN) ISDYNA Version 971

öÚÎÛÏËÛÒÝÇÁÜÑÓß×ÒÁßÝÑËÍÌ×ÝÁÚÛÓ

Purpose: Define an interior acoustic problem and solve the problem with a frequency domain

finite element method.

Card 1 1 2 8 4 5 b 7 8

Variable RO C IMIN IMAX NIRIQ DTOUT TSTART PRII

Type I I I I I I I I

Default none none none none O O O O

Card 2 1 2 8 4 5 b 7 8

Variable PID PTYP

Type I I

Default none O

Card 8 1 2 8 4 5 b 7 8

Variable SID STYP VAD DOI ICID1 ICID2 SI VID

Type I I I I I I I I

Default none O O none O O 1.O O

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ISDYNA Version 971 2O11 (IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN)

Card 4 1 2 8 4 5 b 7 8

Variable NID NTYP IPIIII

Type I I I

Default none O O

ÊßÎ×ßÞÔÛ ÜÛÍÝÎ×ÐÌ×ÑÒ

RO Iluid density.

C Sound speed of the fluid.

IMIN Minimum value of output frequencies.

IMAX Maximum value of output frequencies.

NIRIQ Number of output frequencies.

DTOUT Time step for writing velocity or acceleration in the binary file.

TSTART Start time for recording velocity or acceleration in transient analysis.

PRII Reference pressure, for converting the acoustic pressure to dB.

PID Part ID, or part set ID to define the acoustic domain.

PTYP Set type:

IQ.O: part, see *PART.

IQ.1: part set, see *SIT_PART.

SID Part ID, or part set ID, or segment set ID, or node set ID to define the

boundary where vibration boundary condition is provided

STYP Set type:

IQ.O: part, see *PART.

IQ.1: part set, see *SIT_PART.

IQ.2: segment set, see *SIT_SIGMINT.

IQ.8: node set, see *SIT_NODI.

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2O12 (IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN) ISDYNA Version 971

ÊßÎ×ßÞÔÛ ÜÛÍÝÎ×ÐÌ×ÑÒ

VAD Velocity/Acceleration/Displacement flag:

IQ.O: velocity by steady state dynamics (SSD).

IQ.11: velocity by ICID1 (amplitude) and ICID2 (phase).

IQ.12: velocity by ICID1 (real) and ICID2 (imaginary).

IQ.21: acceleration by ICID1 (amplitude) and ICID2 (phase).

IQ.22: acceleration by ICID1 (real) and ICID2 (imaginary).

IQ.81: displacement by ICID1 (amplitude) and ICID2 (phase).

IQ.82: displacement by ICID1 (real) and ICID2 (imaginary).

DOI Applicable degreesoffreedom:

IQ.O: determined by steady state dynamics.

IQ.1: xtranslational degreeoffreedom,

IQ.2: ytranslational degreeoffreedom,

IQ.8: ztranslational degreeoffreedom,

IQ.4: translational motion in direction given by VID,

IQ.5: normal direction of the element or segment.

ICID1 Ioad curve ID to describe the amplitude (or real part) of velocity, see

*DIIINI_CURVI.

ICID2 Ioad curve ID to describe the phase (or imaginary part) of velocity, see

*DIIINI_CURVI.

SI Ioad curve scale factor.

VID Vector ID for DOI values of 4.

NID Node ID, or node set ID, or segment set ID for acoustic result output.

NTYP Set type:

IQ.O: Node, see *NODI.

IQ.1: Node set, see *SIT_NODI.

IPIIII Ilag for output files (default=O):

IQ.O: Press_Pa (magnitude of pressure vs. frequency), Press_dB

(sound pressure level vs. frequency) are provided.

IQ.1: Press_Pa_real (real part of pressure vs. frequency) and

Press_Pa_imag (imaginary part of pressure vs. frequency) are

provided, in addition to Press_Pa, Press_dB.

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ISDYNA Version 971 2O18 (IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN)

Î»³¿®µæ

1. This command solves the interior acoustic problems which is governed by Helmholtz

equation with the boundary condition

n

v i

n

p

, where, is the

acoustic pressure, is the wave number, is the round frequency, is the

acoustic wave speed (sound speed), is the imaginary unit, is the mass density

and is the normal velocity. This command solves the acoustic problem in frequency

domain.

2. If mass density RO is not given, the mass density of PID (the part which defines the

acoustic domain), will be used

8. PRII is the reference pressure to convert the acoustic pressure to dB

2

2

1O

ref

p

Note that generally Pa 2O

ref

p for air.

4. If the boundary velocity is obtained from steady state dynamics (VAD=O) using the

keyword *IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN_SSD, the part (PID) which defines the acoustic

domain has to use one of the following material models,

MAT_IIASTIC_IIUID

MAT_NUII (and IOS_IDIAI_GAS)

Since only the above material models enable implicit eigenvalue analysis. If the boundary

excitation is given by load curves ICID1 and ICID2 (VAD>O), the part (PID) which

defines the acoustic domain can use any material model which is compatible with 8node

solid elements, as only the mesh of the PID will be utilized in the computation. Ior

example, MAT_ACOUSTIC and MAT_IIASTIC_IIUID can be used.

5. If VAD=O, the boundary excitation is given as velocity obtained from steady state

dynamics. The other parameters in Card 8 (DOI, ICID1, ICID2, SI and VID) are

ignored.

b.

is considered. This happens usually when a node is on edge and shared by two or more

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2O14 (IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN) ISDYNA Version 971

PART, SIT_PART, SIT_NODI, or SIT_SIGMINT and different vibration condition

is defined on each of the SIT_NODI or SIT_SIGMINT.

Ú·¹«®» îðòî Nodes shared by two SIT_SIGMINT

7. Results including acoustic pressure and SPI are given in d8acs binary files, which can be

accessed by ISPrePost. Nodal pressure and SPI values for nodes specified by NID and

NTYP are given in ASCII file Press_Pa and Press_dB, which can be accessed by IS

PrePost. Press_Pa gives magnitude of the pressure. Press_dB gives Sound Pressure Ievel

in terms of dB.

8. If the boundary velocity condition is given by Steady State Dynamics (VAD=O), the

range and number of frequencies (IMIN, IMAX and NIRIQ) should be compatible

with the corresponding parameters in Card 1 of the keyword

*IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN_SSD

ÍÛÌÁÍÛÙÓÛÒÌ ï

ÍÛÌÁÍÛÙÓÛÒÌ î

ÒÑÜÛ ¸¿®»¼ ¾§

¬©± ÍÛÌÁÍÛÙÓÛÒÌ

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ISDYNA Version 971 2O15 (IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN)

öÚÎÛÏËÛÒÝÇÁÜÑÓß×ÒÁÚÎÚ

Purpose: Set IRI (frequency response function) controls.

Card 1 1 2 8 4 5 b 7 8

Variable N1 N1TYP DOI1 VAD1 VID INMAX MDMIN MDMAX

Type I I I I I I I I

Default none O none 8 O O.O O O

Card 2 1 2 8 4 5 b 7 8

Variable DAMPI ICDAM ICTYP DMPMAS DMPSTI

Type I I I I I

Default O.O O O O.O O.O

Card 8 1 2 8 4 5 b 7 8

Variable N2 N2TYP DOI2 VAD2 RIIATV

Type I I I I I

Default none O none 2 O

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2O1b (IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN) ISDYNA Version 971

Card 4 1 2 8 4 5 b 7 8

Variable IMIN IMAX NIRIQ ISPACI ICIRIQ RISTRT OUTPUT

Type I I I I I I I

Default none none 2 O none O O

ÊßÎ×ßÞÔÛ ÜÛÍÝÎ×ÐÌ×ÑÒ

N1 Node / Node set/Segment set ID for excitation input.

N1TYP Type of N1:

IQ.O: node ID,

IQ.1: node set ID,

IQ.2: segment set ID.

DOI1 Applicable degreesoffreedom for excitation input:

IQ. 1: xtranslational degreeoffreedom (positive or negative),

IQ. 2: ytranslational degreeoffreedom (positive or negative),

IQ. 8: ztranslational degreeoffreedom (positive or negative),

IQ. 4: translational movement in direction given by vector VID

(positive or negative).

VAD1 Ixcitation input type:

IQ.O: base velocity,

IQ.1: base acceleration,

IQ.2: base displacement,

IQ.8: nodal force,

IQ.4: pressure.

VID Vector ID for DOI1=4 for excitation input, see *DIIINI_VICTOR.

INMAX Optional maximum natural frequency employed in IRI computation.

MDMIN The first mode employed in IRI computation (optional).

MDMAX The last mode employed in IRI computation (optional).

DAMPI Modal damping coefficient, .

ICDAM Ioad Curve ID defining mode dependent modal damping coefficient .

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ISDYNA Version 971 2O17 (IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN)

ÊßÎ×ßÞÔÛ ÜÛÍÝÎ×ÐÌ×ÑÒ

ICTYP Type of load curve defining modal damping coefficient:

IQ.O: Abscissa value defines frequency,

IQ.1: Abscissa value defines mode number.

DMPMAS Mass proportional damping constant , in Rayleigh damping.

DMPSTI Stiffness proportional damping constant , in Rayleigh damping.

N2 Node / Node set/Segment set ID for response output.

N2TYP Type of N2:

IQ.O: node ID,

IQ.1: node set ID,

IQ.2: segment set ID.

DOI2 Applicable degreesoffreedom for response output:

IQ.1: xtranslational degreeoffreedom,

IQ.2: ytranslational degreeoffreedom,

IQ.8: ztranslational degreeoffreedom.

VAD2 Response output type:

IQ.O: velocity,

IQ.1: acceleration,

IQ.2: displacement,

IQ.8: nodal force.

RIIATV IIAG for displacement, velocity and acceleration results:

IQ.O: absolute values are requested,

IQ.1: relative values are requested (for VAD1=O,1,2 only).

IMIN Minimum frequency for IRI output (cycles/time).

IMAX Maximum frequency for IRI output (cycles/time).

NIRIQ Number of frequencies for IRI output.

ISPACI Irequency spacing option for IRI output:

IQ.O: linear,

IQ.1: logarithmic,

IQ.2: biased.

ICIRIQ Ioad Curve ID defining the frequencies for IRI output.

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2O18 (IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN) ISDYNA Version 971

ÊßÎ×ßÞÔÛ ÜÛÍÝÎ×ÐÌ×ÑÒ

RISTRT Restart option:

IQ.O: initial run,

IQ.1: restart with d8eigv family files,

IQ.2: restart with dumpfrf,

IQ.8: restart with d8eigv family files and dumpfrf.

OUTPUT Output option:

IQ.O: write amplitude and phase angle pairs,

IQ.1: write real and imaginary pairs.

Î»³¿®µæ

1. This command computes frequency response functions due to nodal excitations.

2. Natural frequencies and mode shapes are needed for computing the frequency response

functions. Thus, keyword *CONTROI_IMPIICIT_IIGINVAIUI has to be included in

input.

8. The IRI (frequency response functions) can be given as Displacement/Iorce (called

Admittance, Compliance, or Receptance), Velocity/Iorce (called Mobility),

Acceleration/Iorce (called Accelerance, Inertance).

4. INMAX decides how many natural vibration modes are adopted in IRI computation.

ISDYNA uses only modes with lower or equal frequency than INMAX in IRI

computation. If INMAX is not given, the number of modes in IRI computation is same

as the number of modes, NIIG, from the *CONTROI_IMPIICIT_IIGINVAIUI

keyword card, unless MDMIN and MDMAX are prescribed (see remark 5).

5. MDMIN and MDMAX decides which mode(s) are adopted in IRI computation. This

option is useful for calculating the contribution from a single mode (MDMIN =

MDMAX) or several modes (MDMIN < MDMAX). If only MDMIN is given, IS

DYNA use the single mode (MDMIN) to compute IRI.

b. Damping can be prescribed in several ways:

To use a constant modal damping coefficient for all the modes, define DAMPI

only. ICDMP, ICTYP, DMPMAS and DMPSTI are ignored.

To use mode dependent modal damping, define a load curve

(*DIIINI_CURVI) and specify that if the abscissa value defines the frequency

or mode number by ICTYP. DMPMAS and DMPSTI are ignored.

To use Rayleigh damping, define DMPMAS ( ) and DMPSTI ( ) and keep

DAMPI as O.O, and keep ICDMP, ICTYP as O. The damping matrix in Rayleigh

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ISDYNA Version 971 2O19 (IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN)

damping is defined as C = M ÷ K, where, C, M and K are the damping, mass

and stiffness matrices respectively.

7. There are two methods to define the frequencies.

The first method is to define IMIN, IMAX, NIRIQ and ISPACI. IMIN and IMAX

specify the frequency range of interest and NIRIQ specifies the number of frequencies

at which results are required. ISPACI specifies the type of frequency spacing (linear,

logarithmic or biased) to be used. These frequency points for which results are required

can be spaced equally along the frequency axis (on a linear or logarithmic scale). Or they

can be biased toward the eigenfrequencies (the frequency points are placed closer

together at eigenfrequencies in the frequency range) so that the detailed definition of the

response close to resonance frequencies can be obtained.

Ú·¹«®» îðòí Spacing options of the frequency points

The second method is to use a load curve (ICIRIQ) to define the frequencies of interest.

8. To save time in subsequent runs, user can use the restart option by setting RISTRT=1.

ISDYNA will skip the mode analysis and use d8eigv family files generated in the first

run, to compute IRI.

9. RISTRT=2 or 8 is used when user wants to add extra vibration modes to IRI

computation. After initial IRI computation, user may find that the number of vibration

modes is not enough. Ior example, in the initial computation, user may use only vibration

modes up to 5OO Hz. Iater it is found that vibration modes at higher frequencies are

needed. Then it would be more efficient to just compute the extra modes (frequencies

above 5OO Hz), and add the contribution from these extra modes to the previous IRI

results. In this case, user may use the option RISTRT=2 or 8. Ior RISTRT=2, IS

DYNA runs a new modal analysis, reads in the previous IRI results (stored in the binary

dump file dumpfrf) and add the contribution from the new modes. Ior RISTRT=8, IS

Mode n Mode n÷1 Mode n÷2

IMAX IMIN

(Biased spacing)

(Iogarithmic spacing)

(Iinear spacing)

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2O2O (IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN) ISDYNA Version 971

DYNA reads in d8eigv family files generated elsewhere and reads in also dumpfrf, and

add the contribution from the new modes.

1O. Ior excitation given as base acceleration (VAD1=1), the parameters N1, N1TYP are not

used and can be blank.

11. Ior nodal force response (VAD2=8), the same nodes or node set need to be defined in

*DATABASI_NODAI_IORCI_GROUP. In addition, MSTRIS in the keyword

*CONTROI_IMPIICIT_IIGINVAIUI must be set to 1.

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ISDYNA Version 971 2O21 (IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN)

öÚÎÛÏËÛÒÝÇÁÜÑÓß×ÒÁÎßÒÜÑÓÁÊ×ÞÎßÌ×ÑÒ

Available options include:

äÞÔßÒÕâ

ÚßÌ×ÙËÛ

Purpose: Set random vibration control options. When IATIGUI option is used, compute fatigue

life of structures or parts under random vibration.

Card 1 1 2 8 4 5 b 7 8

Variable MDMIN MDMAX INMIN INMAX RISTRT MITG

Type I I I I I I

Default 1 O.O O O

Card 2 1 2 8 4 5 b 7 8

Variable DAMPI ICDAM ICTYP DMPMAS DMPSTI DMPTYP

Type I I I I I I

Default O.O O O O.O O.O O

Card 8 1 2 8 4 5 b 7 8

Variable VAIIAG MITHOD UNIT UMIT VAPSD VARMS NPSD NITG

Type I I I I I I I I

Default none O 1 1

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2O22 (IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN) ISDYNA Version 971

Card 4 1 2 8 4 5 b 7 8

Variable IDTYP IPANIIU IPANIIV TIMPIR TIXPOS DSIIAG SNTYPI SNIIMT

Type I I I I I I I I

Default O.O O. O O O

³«´¬·°´» »¨½·¬¿¬·±² ¿®» °®»»²¬ò

Card 5 1 2 8 4 5 b 7 8

Variable SID STYPI DOI IDPSD IDVII IDIIW IDSPN CID

Type I I I I I I I I

Ü»º·²» Ý¿®¼ ê ·º ±°¬·±² ÚßÌ×ÙËÛ · «»¼ò

Î»°»¿¬ ½¿®¼ ê óÒ º¿¬·¹«» ½«®ª» ¿®» °®»»²¬

Card b 1 2 8 4 5 b 7 8

Variable PID ICID PTYPI ITYPI A B STHRIS

Type I I I I I I I

Default O O O.

ÊßÎ×ßÞÔÛ ÜÛÍÝÎ×ÐÌ×ÑÒ

MDMIN The first mode in modal superposition method (optional).

MDMAX The last mode in modal superposition method (optional).

INMIN The minimum natural frequency in modal superposition Method

(optional).

INMAX The maximum natural frequency in modal superposition method

(optional).

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ISDYNA Version 971 2O28 (IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN)

ÊßÎ×ßÞÔÛ ÜÛÍÝÎ×ÐÌ×ÑÒ

RISTRT Restart option.

IQ.O: A new modal analysis is performed,

IQ.1: Restart with d8eigv.

MITG Method for random fatigue analysis (for option _IATIGUI).

IQ.O: no fatigue analysis,

IQ.1: band method,

IQ.2: Dirlik method.

DAMPI Modal damping coefficient, .

ICDAM Ioad Curve ID defining mode dependent modal damping coefficient .

ICTYP Type of load curve defining modal damping coefficient

IQ.O: Abscissa value defines frequency,

IQ.1: Abscissa value defines mode number.

DMPMAS Mass proportional damping constant , in Rayleigh damping.

DMPSTI Stiffness proportional damping constant , in Rayleigh damping.

DMPTYP Type of damping

IQ.O: modal damping.

IQ.1: broadband damping.

VAIIAG Ioading type:

IQ.O: No random vibration analysis.

IQ.1: Base acceleration.

IQ.2: Random pressure.

IQ.8: Plane wave.

IQ.4: Shock wave.

IQ.5: Progressive wave.

IQ.b: Reverberant wave.

IQ.7: Turbulent boundary layer wave.

IQ.8: Nodal force.

MITHOD method for modal response analysis.

IQ.O: method set automatically by ISDYNA (recommended)

IQ.1: modal superposition method

IQ.2: modal acceleration method

IQ.8: modal truncation augmentation method

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2O24 (IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN) ISDYNA Version 971

ÊßÎ×ßÞÔÛ ÜÛÍÝÎ×ÐÌ×ÑÒ

UNIT Ilag for acceleration unit conversion:

IQ.O: use |length unit|/|time unit|

2

as unit of acceleration.

IQ.1: use g as unit for acceleration, and SI units (Newton, kg, meter,

second, etc.) elsewhere.

IQ.2: use g as unit for acceleration, and Ingineering units (lbf,

lbf second

2

/inch, inch, second, etc.) elsewhere.

IQ.8: use g as unit for acceleration and provide the multiplier for

converting g to |length unit|/|time unit|

2

.

UMIT Multiplier for converting g to |length unit|/|time unit|

2

.

VAPSD Ilag for PSD output:

IQ.O: Absolute PSD output is requested.

IQ.1: Relative PSD output is requested (used only for VAIIAG=1)

VARMS Ilag for RMS output:

IQ.O: Absolute RMS output is requested.

IQ.1: Relative RMS output is requested (used only for VAIIAG=1)

NPSD

times, one for each PSD load definition. The default value is 1.

NITG Number of S

number of times, one for each SN fatigue curve definition. The default

value is 1. If the option ¦IATIGUI} is not used, ignore this parameter.

IDTYP Ixcitation load (IDPSD in card b) type:

IQ.O: PSD.

IQ.1: SPI (for plane wave only).

IQ.2: time history load.

IPANIIU Number of strips in U direction (used only for VAIIAG=5, b, 7)

IPANIIV Number of strips in V direction (used only for VAIIAG=5, b, 7)

TIMPIR Temperature

TIXPOS Ixposure time (used if option IATIGUI is used)

DSIIAG IIAG for including displacement (and velocity and acceleration), stress

and strain results.

IQ.O: include only displacement, velocity and acceleration,

IQ.1: include displacement, velocity, acceleration and stress,

IQ.2: include displacement, velocity, acceleration, stress and strain.

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ISDYNA Version 971 2O25 (IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN)

ÊßÎ×ßÞÔÛ ÜÛÍÝÎ×ÐÌ×ÑÒ

SNTYPI Stress type of SN curve in fatigue analysis.

IQ.O: vonmises stress

IQ.1: maximum principal stress (not implemented)

IQ.2: maximum shear stress (not implemented)

IQ.n: The nth stress component.

SNIIMT Iatigue life for stress lower than the lowest stress on SN curve.

IQ.O: use the life at the last point on SN curve

IQ.1: extrapolation from the last two points on SN curve

IQ.2: infinity.

SID Set ID for the panel exposed to acoustic environment, or the nodes

subjected to nodal force excitation, or nodal acceleration excitation. Ior

VAIIAG=1, base acceleration, leave this as blank

STYPI Type of the set ID for the panel exposed to acoustic environment, orthe

nodes subjected to nodal force excitation:

IQ. O: Node

IQ. 1: Node Set

IQ. 2: Segment Set

IQ. 8: Part

IQ. 4: Part Set

DOI Applicable degreesoffreedom for nodal force excitation or base

acceleration (DOI= 1, 2, and 8), or wave direction:

IQ. O: translational movement in direction given by vector VID.

IQ. 1: xtranslational degreeoffreedom (positive or negative)

IQ. 2: ytranslational degreeoffreedom (positive or negative)

IQ. 8: ztranslational degreeoffreedom (positive or negative)

IDPSD Ioad curve for PSD, SPI, or time history excitation.

IDVII Ioad curve for phase velocity.

IDIIW Ioad curve for exponential decay for TBI in flowwise direction

IDSPN Ioad curve for exponential decay for TBI in spanwise direction

CID Coordinate system ID for defining wave direction, see

*DIIINI_COORDINATI_SYSTIM, or Vector ID for defining load

direction for nodal force, or base excitation, see *DIIINI_VICTOR.

PID Part ID, or Part Set ID, or Ilement (solid, shell, beam, thick shell) Set

ID.

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2O2b (IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN) ISDYNA Version 971

ÊßÎ×ßÞÔÛ ÜÛÍÝÎ×ÐÌ×ÑÒ

ICID SN fatigue curve ID for the current Part or Part Set.

GT. O: SN fatigue curve ID

IQ. 1: SN fatigue curve uses equation N S

b

= a

IQ. 2: SN fatigue curve uses equation log(S) = a b log(N)

PTYPI Type of PID.

IQ. O: Part (default)

IQ. 1: Part Set

IQ. 2: SIT_SOIID

IQ. 8: SIT_BIAM

IQ. 4: SIT_SHIII

IQ. 5: SIT_TSHIII

ITYPI Type of ICID.

IQ. O: Semilog interpolation (default)

IQ. 1: IogIog interpolation

A Material parameter a in SN fatigue equation.

B Material parameter b in SN fatigue equation.

STHRIS Iatigue threshold.

Î»³¿®µæ

1. This command evaluates the structural random vibration response due to aero acoustic

loads, base excitation or nodal force. This capability was originated from the

house code NIIARA, which is a NIKI8Dbased Iinite Ilement tool for performing

structural analysis with vibroacoustic loads. The main developer of NIIARA is

Mostafa Rassaian from the Boeing company.

2. The Numbers of strip in U and V direction are used to group the elements into smaller

number of integration domains to reduce computational time. This option is only

available for VAIIAG=5, b, and 7.

8. Restart option RISTRT=1 is used if mode analysis has been done previously. In this

case, ISDYNA skips modal analysis and reads in d8eigv family files generated

previously. Ior RISTMD=1, always use MDMIN=1 and MDMAX = number of modes

given by modal analysis (can be found from ASCII file eigout, or from d8eigv files by

ISPRIPOST).

4. DSIIAG defines the available output variables in binary plot file D8RMS and ASCII file

IIOUT_PSD. To get the stress results, DSIIAG should be 1 or 2, and MSTRIS in

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ISDYNA Version 971 2O27 (IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN)

*CONTROI_IMPIICIT_IIGINVAIUI should be 1, To get strain results, DSIIAG

should be 2 and STRIIG in *DATABASI_IXTINT_BINARY should be 1.

5. If MITHOD=O, ISDYNA uses modal superposition method for cases 4,5,b,7, Ior cases

1,2,8 and 8, ISDYNA uses modal superposition method when preload condition is

present and uses modal acceleration method when preload condition is not present.

b. In a set of consistent units, the unit for acceleration is defined as

2

Some users in industry prefer to use g (acceleration due to gravity) as the unit for

acceleration. Ior example,

2

or,

If the input and output use g as the unit for acceleration, select UNIT=1, 2, or 8.

If UNIT=8, a multiplier (UMIT) for converting g to |length unit|/|time unit|

2

is needed

and it is defined by

1g=UMIT |length unit|/|time unit|

2

Ior more information about the consistent units, see GS.21 (GITTING STARTID).

7. Number of points in the load curves IDSPI, IDVII, IDIIW, and IDSPN are same.

Number of points in the load curve IDDAMP can be different from those for IDSPI,

IDVII, IDIIW, and IDSPN.

8. Wave direction is determined DOI and VID.

9. RMS results are given for all nodes and elements.

1O. CID represents a local UVW coordinate system for defining acoustic wave direction,

only partially correlated waves (VAIIAG=5,b,7) need this local coordinate system. Ior

nodal force, base excitation, plane wave or random pressure, CID represents a vector ID

defining the load direction (DOI= 4).

11. Displacement, velocity and acceleration results are output into ASCII file

NODOUT_PSD. The nodes to be output to NODOUT_PSD are specified by card

*DATABASI_HISTORY_NODI_¦OPTION}.

12. Stress results are output into ASCII file IIOUT_PSD. The solid, beam, shell and thick

shell elements to be output to IIOUT_PSD are specified by the following cards:

*DATABASI_HISTORY_SOIID_¦OPTION},

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2O28 (IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN) ISDYNA Version 971

*DATABASI_HISTORY_BIAM_¦OPTION},

*DATABASI_HISTORY_SHIII_¦OPTION},

*DATABASI_HISTORY_TSHIII_¦OPTION}.

18. When IATIGUI option is used, binary plot file d8ftg is written. 5 plot states are included

in d8ftg:

State 1. Cumulative damage ratio

State 2. Ixpected fatigue life

State 8. Zerocrossing frequency

State 4. Peakcrossing frequency

State 5. Irregularity factor

These results are given as element variables in ISPRIPOST. Irregularity factor is a real

number from O to 1. A sine wave has irregularity factor as 1 and a while noise has

irregularity factor as O. The less the value is, the closer the process is toward a broad band

case.

14. below a certain threshold

stress STHRIS failure does not occur no matter how long the loads are cycled. SNIIMT

can be set to 2 in this case, Ior other materials, such as aluminum, no threshold stress

exists and SNIIMT should be set to O or 1 for added level of safety.

15. When IATIGUI option is used, same PTYPI (PART or SIT of IIIMINTS) has to be

used in case of multiple card 7.

1b. SN curves can be defined by *DIIINI_CURVI, or by the equations (ICID<O)

N S

b

= a or log(S) = a b log(N)

Where N is the number of cycles for fatigue failure and S is the stress amplitude.

Î»º»®»²½»æ

Mostafa Rassaian, |ungChuan Iee, NIIARA NIKI8Dbased II tool for structural analysis

of vibroacoustic loads, Boeing report, 985ONGKYO2O8b, December 5, 2OO8.

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ISDYNA Version 971 2O29 (IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN)

öÚÎÛÏËÛÒÝÇÁÜÑÓß×ÒÁÎÛÍÐÑÒÍÛÁÍÐÛÝÌÎËÓ

Purpose: perform response spectrum computation to obtain the peak response of a structure.

Card 1 1 2 8 4 5 b 7 8

Variable MDMIN MDMAX INMIN INMAX RISTRT MCOMB RIIATV

Type I I I I I I I

Default 1 O.O O O O

Card 2 1 2 8 4 5 b 7 8

Variable DAMPI ICDAMP IDTYP DMPMAS DMPSTI

Type I I I I I

Default none none O O.O O.O

Ý¿®¼ í ½¿² ¾» ®»°»¿¬»¼ ·º î ±® ³±®» ·²°«¬ °»½¬®¿ »¨·¬ ø³«´¬·°´»ó°±·²¬ ®»°±²» °»½¬®«³÷

Card 8 1 2 8 4 5 b 7 8

Variable ICTYP DOI IC/TBID SI VID INID INTYP INIIAG

Type I I I I I I I I

Default 1.O O

ÊßÎ×ßÞÔÛ ÜÛÍÝÎ×ÐÌ×ÑÒ

MDMIN The first mode in modal superposition method (optional).

MDMAX The last mode in modal superposition method (optional).

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2O8O (IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN) ISDYNA Version 971

ÊßÎ×ßÞÔÛ ÜÛÍÝÎ×ÐÌ×ÑÒ

INMIN The minimum natural frequency in modal superposition method

(optional).

INMAX The maximum natural frequency in modal superposition method

(optional).

RISTRT Restart option

IQ.O: A new run including modal analysis,

IQ.1: Restart with d8eigv family files created elsewhere.

MCOMB Method for combination of modes:

IQ.O: SRSS method,

IQ.1: NRC Grouping method,

IQ.2: Complete Quadratic Combination method (CQC),

IQ.8: Double Sum method,

IQ.4: NRISUM method.

RIIATV IIAG for displacement, velocity and acceleration results:

IQ.O: Use relative values,

IQ.1: Use absolute values.

DAMPI Modal damping ratio, .

ICDAMP Ioad Curve ID for defining frequency dependent modal damping ratio .

IDTYP Type of load curve for ICDAMP

IQ.O: Abscissa value defines frequency,

IQ.1: Abscissa value defines mode number.

DMPMAS Mass proportional damping constant , in Rayleigh damping.

DMPSTI Stiffness proportional damping constant , in Rayleigh damping.

ICTYP Ioad curve type for defining the input spectrum.

IQ.O: base velocity,

IQ.1: base acceleration,

IQ.2: base displacement,

IQ.8: nodal force,

IQ.4: pressure,

IQ.1O: base velocity time history,

IQ.11: base acceleration time history,

IQ.12: base displacement time history.

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ISDYNA Version 971 2O81 (IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN)

ÊßÎ×ßÞÔÛ ÜÛÍÝÎ×ÐÌ×ÑÒ

DOI Applicable degreesoffreedom for excitation input:

IQ. 1: xtranslational degreeoffreedom,

IQ. 2: ytranslational degreeoffreedom,

IQ. 8: ztranslational degreeoffreedom,

IQ. 4: translational movement in direction given by vector VID.

IC/TBID Ioad curve or table ID, see *DIIINI_TABII, defining the response

spectrum for frequencies. If the table definition is used a family of

curves are defined for discrete critical damping ratios.

SI Scale factor for the input load spectrum.

VID Vector ID for DOI values of 4.

INID Node ID, or node set ID, or segment set ID where the excitation is

applied. If the input load is given as base excitation spectrum, INID=O

INTYP Set type for INID:

IQ.1: Node, see *NODI,

IQ.2: Node set, see *SIT_NODI,

IQ.8: Segment set, see *SIT_SIGMINT,

IQ.4: Part, see *PART,

IQ.5: Part set, see *SIT_PART.

INIIAG Irequency interpolation option

IQ.O: Iogarithmic interpolation,

IQ.1: Semilogarithmic interpolation.

IQ.2: Iinear interpolation.

Î»³¿®µæ

1. This command uses modal superposition method to evaluate the maximum response of a

structure subjected to input response spectrum load, such as the acceleration spectrum

load in earthquake engineering.

2. Modal analysis has to be performed preceding the response spectrum analysis. Thus the

keywords *CONTROI_IMPIICIT_GINIRAI and

*CONTROI_IMPIICIT_IIGINVAIUI are expected in the input file.

8. MDMIN, MDMAX, INMIN and INMAX should be set appropriately to cover all the

natural modes inside the input spectrum.

4. To include stress results, modal stress computation has to be requested in

*CONTROI_IMPIICIT_IIGINVAIUI (set MSTRIS=1).

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2O82 (IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN) ISDYNA Version 971

5. Ior base excitation cases, user can choose relative values or absolute values for

displacement, velocity and acceleration results output.

b. RISTRT=1 enables a fast restart run based on d8eigv family files generated in last run or

elsewhere. ISDYNA reads d8eigv family files to get the natural vibration frequencies

and mode shapes.

7. Ior Double Sum method (MCOMB=8), earthquake duration time is given by INDTIM

in the keyword *CONTROI_TIRMINATION.

8. Three interpolation options are available for frequency interpolation when reading

response spectrum values

a. When INIIAG=O (default), logarithmic interpolation is used, e.g.

1 2

1 2

1

1

log log

log log

log log

log log

x x

y y

x x

y y

b. When INIIAG=1, semilogarithmic interpolation is used, e.g.

1 2

1 2

1

1

log log log log

x x

y y

x x

y y

c. When INIIAG=2, linear interpolation is used, e.g.

1 2

1 2

1

1

x x

y y

x x

y y

Iinear interpolation is used for interpolation with respect to damping ratios.

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ISDYNA Version 971 2O88 (IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN)

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Purpose: Compute steady state dynamic response due to given spectrum of harmonic

excitations.

Card 1 1 2 8 4 5 b 7 8

Variable MDMIN MDMAX INMIN INMAX RISTMD RISTDP RIIATV

Type I I I I I I I

Default 1 O.O O O O

Card 2 1 2 8 4 5 b 7 8

Variable DAMPI ICDAM ICTYP DMPMAS DMPSTI

Type I I I I I

Default O.O O O O.O O.O

Card 8 1 2 8 4 5 b 7 8

Variable NOUT NOTYP NOVA

Type I I I

Default O O O

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2O84 (IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN) ISDYNA Version 971

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Card 4 1 2 8 4 5 b 7 8

Variable NID NTYP DOI VAD IC1 IC2 ICIIAG VID

Type I I I I I I I I

Default none O none none none none O O

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MDMIN The first mode in modal superposition method (optional).

MDMAX The last mode in modal superposition method (optional).

INMIN The minimum natural frequency in modal superposition method

(optional).

INMAX The maximum natural frequency in modal superposition method

(optional).

RISTMD Restart option:

IQ.O: A new modal analysis is performed,

IQ.1: Restart with d8eigv.

RISTDP Restart option:

IQ.O: A new run without dumpssd,

IQ.1: Restart with dumpssd.

RIIATV Ilag for displacement, velocity and acceleration results:

IQ.O: absolute values are requested,

IQ.1: relative values are requested (for VAD=2 only).

DAMPI Modal damping coefficient, .

ICDAM Ioad Curve ID defining mode dependent modal damping coefficient .

ICTYP Type of load curve defining modal damping coefficient.

IQ.O: Abscissa value defines frequency,

IQ.1: Abscissa value defines mode number.

DMPMAS Mass proportional damping constant , in Rayleigh damping.

DMPSTI Stiffness proportional damping constant , in Rayleigh damping..

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ISDYNA Version 971 2O85 (IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN)

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NOUT Part set/ Part/ Segment set/Node set ID for response output (optional).

NOTYP Type of NOUT:

IQ.O: part set ID (not implemented),

IQ.1: part ID (not implemented),

IQ.2: segment set ID,

IQ.8: node set ID.

NOVA Response output type.

IQ.O: velocity,

IQ.1: acceleration.

NID Node / Node set/Segment set ID for excitation input.

NTYP Type of NID.

IQ.O: node ID,

IQ.1: node set ID,

IQ.2: segment set ID.

DOI Applicable degreesoffreedom for excitation input.

IQ.1: xtranslational degreeoffreedom,

IQ.2: ytranslational degreeoffreedom,

IQ.8: ztranslational degreeoffreedom,

IQ.4: translational movement in direction given by vector VID.

VAD Ixcitation input type:

IQ.O: nodal force,

IQ.1: pressure,

IQ.2: base acceleration,

IQ.8: enforced velocity (not implemented, see remarks 12),

IQ.4: enforced acceleration (not implemented, see remarks 12),

IQ.5: enforced displacement (not implemented, see remarks 12).

IC1 Ioad Curve ID defining real (inphase) part (ICIIAG=O) or amplitude

(ICIIAG=1) of load as a function of frequency.

IC2 Ioad Curve ID defining imaginary (outphase) part (ICIIAG=O) or

phase angle (ICIIAG=1) of load as a function of frequency.

ICIIAG Ioad Curve definition flag.

IQ.O: load curves are given as amplitude / phase angle,

IQ.1: load curves are given as real / imaginary components.

VID Vector ID for DOI=4 for excitation input, see *DIIINI_VICTOR.

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2O8b (IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN) ISDYNA Version 971

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8. This command computes steady state dynamic response due to harmonic excitation

spectrum by modal superposition method.

4. Natural frequencies and mode shapes are needed for running the modal superposition

method. Thus, the keyword *CONTROI_IMPIICIT_IIGINVAIUI has to be

included in input.

5. MDMIN/MDMAX and INMIN/INMAX together determine which modes are used

in modal superposition method. The first mode must have a mode number MDMIN,

and frequency INMIN, The last mode must have mode number MDMAX, and

frequency INMAX. When MDMAX or INMAX is not given, the last mode in

modal superposition method is the last mode available in IIIINM.

b. Restart option RISTMD=1 is used if mode analysis has been done previously. In this

case, ISDYNA skips modal analysis and reads in d8eigv family files generated

previously. Ior RISTMD=1, always use MDMIN=1 and MDMAX = number of

modes given by modal analysis (can be found from ASCII file eigout, or from d8eigv

files using ISPRIPOST).

7. Restart option RISTDP=1 is used if user wants to add contribution of additional

modes to previous SSD results. In this case, ISDYNA reads in binary dump file

modes. Ior RISTDP=1, the new modal analysis (RISTMD=O) or the d8eigv family

files created elsewhere (RISTMD=1) should exclude the modes used in previous

SSD computation. This can be done by setting IIIAG (and RIIAG, if necessary),

and setting a nonzero IITIND (and RHTIND) in

*CONTROI_IMPIICIT_IIGINVAIUI. The RISTDP option can also be used if

the frequency range for modal analysis is divided into segments and modal analysis is

performed for each frequency range separately.

8. Sometimes customers would like to add some acoustic field nodes and run

BIM/IIM acoustic computation after SSD. The RISTMD and RISTDP options still

work even if the number of nodes may get changed after previous modal analysis,

provided that the IDs of the old nodes are not changed.

9. Damping can be prescribed in several ways:

To use a constant modal damping coefficient for all the modes, define

DAMPI only. ICDMP, ICTYP, DMPMAS and DMPSTI are ignored.

To use mode dependent modal damping, define a load curve

(*DIIINI_CURVI) and specify that if the abscissa value defines the

frequency or mode number by ICTYP. DMPMAS and DMPSTI are ignored.

To use Rayleigh damping, define DMPMAS ( ) and DMPSTI ( ) and keep

DAMPI as O.O, and keep ICDMP, ICTYP as O. The damping matrix in

Rayleigh damping is defined as C = M ÷ K, where, C, M and K are the

damping, mass and stiffness matrices respectively.

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ISDYNA Version 971 2O87 (IRIQUINCY_DOMAIN)

1O. NOUT and NOTYP are used to define the nodes where velocity or acceleration are

command line. The velocity or acceleration data in this file can be used by BIM or

IIM acoustic solver to perform a vibroacoustic analysis.

11. When base acceleration (VAD=2), the parameters NID, NTYP are not used and can

be blank. The base acceleration case is treated by applying inertia force to the

structure.

12. Ior the cases with enforced motion excitation (e.g. nodal acceleration, velocity or

displacement), the large mass method can be used to compute the SSD results. A very

large mass m

I

, which is usually 1O

5

1O

7

(1O

b

is recommended for most cases) times of

the mass of the entire structure, is attached to the nodes where the enforced motion

excitation is applied (using the keyword *IIIMINT_MASS_¦OPTION}). A very

large nodal force is also applied to the degree of freedom of excitation to produce the

desired enforced motion. Then the problem is switched to the case with nodal force

excitation (VAD=O).

The large nodal force p is computed as follows,

Ior nodal acceleration,

I

Ior nodal velocity, u m i p

I

Ior nodal displacement,

18. Displacement, velocity and acceleration results are output into ASCII file

NODOUT_SSD. The nodes to be output to NODOUT_SSD are specified by card

*DATABASI_HISTORY_NODI_¦OPTION}

14. Stress results are output into ASCII file IIOUT_SSD. The solid, beam, shell and

thick shell elements to be output to IIOUT_SSD are specified by the following

cards: *DATABASI_HISTORY_SOIID_¦OPTION},

*DATABASI_HISTORY_BIAM_¦OPTION},

*DATABASI_HISTORY_SHIII_¦OPTION},

*DATABASI_HISTORY_TSHIII_¦OPTION}.

15. The phase angle is given in range (18O°, 18O°|.

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