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How to DESIGN ?

Mihoko Goto Brethvad, architect - CAAR4sem-S13

Step 1 : How to start “DESIGN”?
How do we start “Design”? “Design Concept (Strategy)” --- What kind of multi-storey building do you want to design ? “Inspiration” --- get some ideas and solutions
see another PDF-file “Inspiration of Modern Multi-storey Apartment”


PROBLEMS (Present situation)

Design factors Climate Landscape Culture Society Political situation Economy Life style Communication Flexibility Future…


Illustration : Study of Human Proportions according to Vitruvius, Leonardo da Vinci


Step 2 : Analyze the area .Lisbjerg Lisbjerg school Lisbjerg school Existing road Semester project VIEW 2 .

Step 2 : Analyze the area .Lisbjerg Aarhus municipality´s idea 3 .

63.8 m app. 67.3 m app.Lisbjerg Check the terrain level app. 120 m 4 .Step 2 : Analyze the area .

terrain and building . green area. etc) . etc) zoning example example Sun orientation 5 .shadow (also from other buildings. bus. etc) . etc) .you will get lecture “sunlight analysis” .sun orientation --.traffic access (pedestrian.zoning (building.view from the building (town. car. parking. bicycle.Step 3 : How to place the building ? How to place the building in the landscape ? . nature.

Step 3 : How to place the building ? How to place the building in the landscape ? .building and terrain building and terrain building height and neighboring building building height 6 .building height (and neighboring building) .

how the building should look ? .proportion .express multi-storey building .others 7 .Step 4 : Building Form How to create the building form ? .materials and color .how the building harmonizes with surrounding ? .

Step 4 : Building Form Facade glass ceramic cladding stone brick wood green facade corten steel copper zinc 8 .

Large scale development It creates large forms streaching out over a wide area and it is possible to develop large tracts.Step 4 : Building Form General types of multi-storey buildings Row / Linear arrangement The depth of the row as a basic urban form varies according to its orientation. Coupled with the need to orient with respect to the sun this results in different floor plan zoning for the respectie sides of the block. Slab. Point.blocks This building form is often used in an isolated configuration. The piece that joints together two separate buildings has to accommodate the height and depth of each of its neighbours. this building type is frequently designed in combination with low-rise developments. Blocks A compact. Infill The infilling of a vacant lot is a traditional design task in the city.blocks These are distinctive individual buildings. 9 . layered building from that gives high occupancy densities. A spacious building configuration: either group of indentical block types or buildings of comletely different designs. A dominant element in town planning. It can be extended both in lenght and height but allows little scope for variety among the room layouts. often standing isolated in open space.

General Typical apartment layout Other types of layout 10 .Step 5 : Plan Solution .

function (needs and demands) .Step 5 : Plan Solution .daylight will get lecture “sunlight analysis” Access line 11 .General How to arrange the room layout ? .room size and proportion .simple access line .how each rooms connect together ? .access from outside to inside .

suitable layout and furnishing .Step 5 : Plan Solution .daylight (size and position of window) it is basis of “Design Module” ? Examples of layout ? Enough space for walking/standing ? Wardrobe Size of bed Enough space for walking/standing ? Wardrobe ? Enough space ? (*) Dimesions are in inches.suitable size of bedroom .Bedroom Bedroom . with their metric quivalents in millimeters (show in parentheses). ? it is basis of “Design Module” 12 .

daylight (size and position of window) ? ? it is basis of “Design Module” 13 .different types and suitable size .Step 5 : Plan Solution .Kitchen see another PDF-file “Kitchen” Kitchen .study of function of kitchen (with living room and dining room) .

Step 5 : Plan Solution .Kitchen Single-wall kitchen U-shaped kitchen Corridor kitchen G-shaped kitchen L-shaped kitchen Island kitchen 14 .

Bathroom Bathroom . with their metric quivalents in millimeters (show in parentheses). window or not. door) Examples of layout Suitable space and layout ? Width Depth Hejght ? ? ? it is basis of “Design Module” (*) Dimesions are in inches.suitable layout and size (pipe shaft.Step 5 : Plan Solution .study about Danish style of bathroom (what is in the bathroom ?) . ? see another PDF-file “Bathroom” 15 .

? ? Zoning and Room connection (access line) It is basis of “Design Module” 16 .“Design Module” You should form your ideas from sketching to the final plan.Step 6 : Integrate all ideas . This is “Design Module” which is based on suitable room size and layout.

17 .“Design Module” This is “Design Module” which is based on suitable room size and layout.Step 6 : Integrate all ideas . Constructing Architect adjusts it to “Project Module” (brick module and prefabricated element module). After Outline Proposal (Tender proposal). This is based on the suitable room size and layout.

Step 6 : Integrate all ideas into the “ONE” by hand sketches by computer 3D model by cardboard model materials 18 .

arkfo.og boligstyrelsen 19 . #2 Housing / Boliger Archipress M Language : English Experiencing Language : Danish Arkitektonisk Kvalitet 1975 – 1995 om dansk boligbyggeri Boligministeriet Bygge. Steen Eiler Rasmussen The MIT Press Language : English danish architecture since 1754 The Danish Architectural Press www.Useful Literature Language : English and Danish Arkitektur DK Arkitektens Forlag Language : English and Danish Global Danish Architecture .

A Housing Typology / Birkhäuse Global Danish Architecture #4 Tradition & Crisis / ARCHIPRESS M Living Architecture No. INTERIOR DESIGN Illustrated / John Wiley & Sons. Inc. THE WINDOW – a light source / VELFAC 20 .Literature List The Constructing Architect’s Manual Boligers tilgængelighed / Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut 2000 Arkitektur DK 4 2007 / Arkitektens Forlag Arkitektur DK 8 2004 / Arkitektens Forlag Arkitektur DK 3 2002 / Arkitektens Forlag Arkitektur DK 8 2001 / Arkitektens Forlag Arkitektur DK 7 1997 / Arkitektens Forlag TOWN Houses. Inc.13 / Living Archtiecture ApS A Visual Dictionary of Architecture / John Wiley & Sons.

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