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Review: [untitled] Author(s): Anthony Luttrell Reviewed work(s): "Fideles Crucis": The Papacy, the West, and the

Recovery of the Holy Land, 1274-1314 by Sylvia Schein Source: The Catholic Historical Review, Vol. 78, No. 2 (Apr., 1992), pp. 285-286 Published by: Catholic University of America Press Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25023780 Accessed: 08/09/2009 07:40
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context. of the Holy Press. while in 1291 loss of Acre the Latins' a decline it did not in itself produce in enthusiasm opinion deeply. and political and Norman Housley. or its crusade. thesis of 1980. but the unrealistic dream of a few rather scholars.BOOK REVIEWS 285 "Fideles Crucis": The By 1274-1314. (p. by the 1370's gave priority sums in Italy while to the East a allotting a year for the defense IVs of Smyrna. for Jerusalem and was indeed. that itwas the Hospitallers the Temple. 310. F. This 1991. 234. that the Jerusalem She maintains catastrophe. the that there was no clear break between being employed "politically" crusades and that the latter was not and a "later" crusading movement. are fanatics. Philip on as almost "a local French affair" centered XI was enormous expending and problematic 3000 florins machine the crusade presented as its Spiritus movens the rex christianissimus (pp. and finance Gregory meagre media France who Clement Levantine genuine ambiguities was for the direction affairs and of crusading responsible V in 1309 and Clement VI in 1344. some popes. "public and how or certain popular de recuperatione of Western chroniclers effectively provided themes some consideration in Toscana An on of e The author could have opinion. doctoral subsequent publications. 259) with (p. 199). (New York: Clarendon University $82. which how far he was dependent revealing. Press. Louis" taxes. cle and other printed shocked Western to about 1986 but ignoring certain important updated an extremely broad and valuable range of chroni employs sources to argue that. while when the topic explored is not cited. 13) to Clement "lent steady V (p. Aragonese affair do not receive complexities Machinations situations and Templar more of developments consideration after really demands was more the papacy at Avignon. x. the facts were that there was no French Levantine crusade or crusading expenditure in the East. not seen by contemporaries as doing so or. and the Recovery Land. did encourage to Western crusades. Oxford Schein.) Pp. Cardini (Florence. Much of what she observations. and pertinent the treatises far the remarks really were. 8) and was prepared after 1305 "to support" in the footsteps follow of St. 1314. Philip badly needed crusading and he may also quite genuinely but have been convinced by his own propaganda. for example. to gauge be most of Philip LV of France's finances investigation clerical "crusade" incomes would probably the military and the still inexplicable orders. ment. coverage European involving produced papacy The the crusade operated within and overlapping complicated and much between confusion ideas policies. "proper" merely about Dr.00. 1982). Philip who destroyed the Levantine passagium launched of and that when 1309 which allotted the pope no and cru . as being a final and irreversible notably to some extent many says seems One may prophecies constituted "Jerusalem" Terrasanta it includes influential shrewd terminological. ed. Others wars. This book contains and motives opinions is critical of other Schein the differences acceptable. the but given established firmly of the Western is understandably selective. was to the crusading factor remained central its machinery idea." in private wills and of other legacies net Medioevo. wonder involved and how than a rehearsal of military of P. Sylvia the West. full treat which realities. Papacy. Throop a timely debate events. A. however widely in the West.

Durant life the Younger. to which his conciliar subor his subject's explicate proposal thought dinate. 416. 230). 1991. Although for the Council Fasolt of Vienne does this. to In this book Fasolt attempts. the Fair against local nobles allied with Philip on the papacy's weakness Vin to advance the defeat of Boniface following of written reforms.50. Constantin the Younger Fasolt already is best has written as a purported of concilia forefather of Durant's studies works. to be chosen to make certain points. received with This program little favor at the Council. they will Anthony Bath. $64. Using the this insight. refused about pretended king who whined had he himself the subsidies crusade (pp. By and Thought. amore personal book novel but less daring text. analysis embodied councils. of a French Episcopalist. which nature examination texts authorities ing ancient Neither gloss nor decretal from even the pope could not right which canons handed in the face of the conciliar the status These the measure of what affected became Antiquity. to and willing of Mende. however. moreover. This exposition of ancient ecclesiae. mak is revealed touch. which heart of Fasolt's most is an extensive ideas. England Luttrell Council and Hierarchy: Constantin Fasolt. weakens of the book. ignorant of the difference of Durant's idea of in their own counted Fasolt. was on reform. The structure end of the discussion ground if Durant Fasolt's behind were these differing emphases. largely successfully. Fourth Pp. anti-mendicant tradition which spawn conciliarism helped was and and Gallicanism. that a conservative brand of reform be applied where demanding received dispensations and privileges. to penetrate his subject's thick be abolished. insightful and Tractatus minor his Tractatus maior from what had been printed disentangling as a single book on councils. of the Tractatus maior. but book. had the mendicants law fits badly with .) William rism. especially by religious.] (New York: Durant The Political [Cambridge Cambridge Thought of William in Medieval Studies University known Press. xx. Series. between law. Historians need and actually will never sought agree the French influence. More fruitful as tautological. behind The author attempts celibacy to the method tissue of legal citations citations of argument These prove employed. Fasolt underlines carefully prohibition conflicting concepts in its broadest of hierarchy. Durant's emphasize can be seen as part (1311-1312). sense. including of begging. itwas sading tenths toWestern and the exclusion of French affronts promised. To penetrate as bishop capitalize his own Tractatus in context behind modern Fasolt places Durant presuppositions. down Durant's regulation of the papacy and a suggestion by a series of that clerical thought. can be dated from the composition of the Durant's gradual descent from prominence Tractatus The minor. 227. of the Tractatus maior any and of community in Durant's to the this point by deferring to describe the common effort as about hierarchy writes is and grace. not program maior. always to obstrua the Hospitaller in their estimations to consult this original and extremely informative of Philip IV.286 BOOK REVIEWS rulers.