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The International Marine Contractors Association

Attachment of Loads to Lifting Hooks During Diving Operations

AODC 018 Rev. 1
December 1995

(see Sketch A)). the eye of the sling(s) can pass between the tip of the hook and the safety catch and slide free (see Sketch A).g. When the multi legged sling is disconnected. usually gravity or spring operated. cordage. sub sea protection/stabilisation mattresses. This can and does happen with any type of hook and safety catch. 3. It supersedes the original Guidance Note published in 1984 and takes account of the content of AODC Safety Notice 2/93. Water movement both at the interface and sub sea can. Alternatively. "bulkiness". cause movement of the load upwards.1 BACKGROUND Crane Hooks There is a potential hazard associated with the use of crane hooks for the deployment of equipment sub sea. either underwater or at the surface. both of which are now withdrawn. when the load drops downwards again. can re-attach themselves on being brought AODC 018 Rev. bolts etc.. water movement. etc. certain types of latch hooks (not dissimilar to the crane hooks discussed above. 3 3. 2 APPLICATION This guidance applies in any geographic area in addition to national regulations which must always be adhered to. Loads are usually attached to crane hooks by means of a sling or slings which are prevented from coming off by means of a safety catch or clip. the attachment of the lowermost part of which to the load can involve various devices. however. wires. including latch or snap hooks. 1 – December 1995 Page 1 . the stiffness of the slings(s) can allow the movement to be transmitted to the eye of the sling(s) which in turn can come free from the tip of the hook. even when "secured" with different devices such as ropes. the safety catch can be torn away. and that this must be taken into account when deciding on the appropriate method of attachment of the load to the crane so as to avoid the possibility of loads becoming detached or reattached accidentally.2 Sling Mounted "Latch" or "Snap" Hooks Certain types of loads require to be handled by multi "legged" slings e.Attachment of Loads to Lifting Hooks during Diving Operations 1 OBJECTIVES The objectives are to: make appropriate personnel aware that loads being deployed by crane sub sea behave in different ways depending on factors such as size.

1 – December 1995 . should be attached when using multi legged slings. In the case of cranes where it is not possible to attach a forged eye or shackle. This can result in a potentially hazardous situation which. consideration should be given to the following recommendations: 4. 2. provided it is reasonably practicable to do so. Page 2 AODC 018 Rev. etc. slings.2 Sling Mounted Loads A safety hook of the locked gate type such as Type BK. by vessel/barge movements exacerbating the swinging motion on deck. as illustrated in Sketch B.into contact with ropes. if it occurs underwater.1 Crane Hooks 1. will be aggravated by lack of visibility and if at the surface. This is fitted with a failsafe release trigger which is activated by the diver to release the load and is then snapped shut by him to prevent it becoming reattached. each case should be considered independently and suitable arrangements made to ensure the load cannot be released inadvertently as described above. The crane hook may be replaced by a forged eye or shackle. 4. 4 RECOMMENDATIONS In order to avoid the potential problems discussed above.

1 – December 1995 Page 3 .AODC 018 Rev.