8 views

Uploaded by Erkinjon

Research paper on some non-local boundary value problems for mixed type equation with a parameter

- Business Mathematics - I (QTM-110)
- ECE Board 1998.docx
- Arms Race Models
- Geometry Optimization in Structural Design
- Balancing Chemical Equations - The Mass-Charge coefficient method
- Summary 4a.Unit step function.doc
- Challenge Set 2
- soal matekkim.pdf
- practiceproblems1_2083
- educ360lesson3
- System of Non Linear Equations
- Holtshausen_paper
- 11
- 04 - DYNSIM Modelling Objects Configuration.pdf
- 2.3 ALGEBRA-Simultaneous Equations
- Algebra 1 > Notes > YORKCOUNTY FINAL > YORKCOUNTY > factoring - continued
- Sep_Var_1
- Seminar Add Maths F4 1-4.pdf
- 1.1 Quadratic Equations
- photo summary-reflection for math-terpiece project

You are on page 1of 10

2478/s11533-007-0029-x

Research article

CEJM 5(4) 2007 741–750

special gluing conditions for parabolic-hyperbolic

type equations

1

Karshi State University, 700430 Karshi, Uzbekistan

2

Institute of Mathematics, Uzbek Academy of Sciences, 700125 Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Abstract: In the present paper we study the unique solvability of two non-local boundary value problems

with continuous and special gluing conditions for parabolic-hyperbolic type equations. The uniqueness

of the solutions of the considered problems are proven by the “abc” method. Existence theorems for the

solutions of these problems are proven by the method of integral equations. The obtained results can

be used for studying local and non-local boundary-value problems for mixed-hyperbolic type equations

with two and three lines of changing type.

c Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. All rights reserved.

Keywords: Parabolic-hyperbolic type equations, gluing conditions, boundary value problems, integral

equation, ”abc” method

MSC (2000): 35M10

1 Introduction

Boundary value problems (BVP) for mixed parabolic-hyperbolic type equations have

numerous applications in physics, biology and in other material sciences. For example,

the movement of gas in a channel surrounded by a porous environment can be described

by parabolic-hyperbolic equation [4].

It is known that some multi dimensional analogues of the main BVP can be reduced

by Fourier transformation to the BVP for equations with parameters. This is why interest

to study these types of equations grew. In this direction note the works [10], [11] and the

∗

E-mail: eshmatovb@mail.ru

†

E-mail: erkinjon@gmail.com

742 B.E. Eshmatov and E.T. Karimov / Central European Journal of Mathematics 5(4) 2007 741–750

references therein.

Many BVP for mixed type equations were considered in mixed domains.

Note that with “mixed domain” we mean a domain in which the equation will change

its type. To determine the solution of the considered BVP in the whole domain, the

desired function and its derivatives should be glued continuously or by a special gluing

condition on the lines, which separates various parts of the mixed domain. Special gluing

conditions sometimes generalize continuous gluing conditions; sometimes they are used

because of their physical meaning. The special gluing condition used in the present paper

generalizes the following gluing condition

x

ax

e uy (x, +0) = b eat uy (t, −0)dt, 0 < x < 1,

0

⎪

⎪

⎨ ux − uyy , y > 0,

0=

⎪

⎪

⎩ uxx − uyy , y < 0.

This is used in the work of N.Yu. Kapustin and E.I. Moiseev [5]. This special gluing

condition, according to the theory of parabolic-hyperbolic type heat equations [12], rep-

resents the equality of temperatures and streams on the boundary of oscillation bodies

with diﬀerent tenses.

In section 2 we prove the unique solvability of a non-local BVP for parabolic-hyperbolic

equations with non-characteristic line of changing type with spectral parameter. We note

the works [2], [6] and [13], which have results similar to ours.

The result, which is obtained in the second section, shows that when we give data

on left characteristics in any form (local and non-local, inside the integral or integro-

diﬀerential operator, see [2], [7]) of the hyperbolic part of the equation, we can get the

unique solution at any values of the parameter λ. This means that the problem does not

have eigenvalues.

In section 3 we consider another non-local BVP with special gluing condition. This

gluing condition on one hand generalizes the known gluing condition [5], and on the

other hand allows us to prove the unique solvability of the considered problem with less

conditions on the given functions and parameters, which is more suitable in an application.

We consider the equation

Lu = λu, (1)

in a domain Ω, in which λ = λ1 + iλ2 (∀λ1 , λ2 ∈ R) and

⎧

⎪

⎪

⎨u x − uyy , y > 0,

Lu =

⎪

⎪

⎩ uxx − uyy , y < 0.

B.E. Eshmatov and E.T. Karimov / Central European Journal of Mathematics 5(4) 2007 741–750 743

y < q}, BC = {(x, y) : y = q, 0 < x < p}, CD = {(x, y) : x = p, 0 < y < q}, and at

y < 0 by characteristics AE : x + y = 0, DE : x − y = p of the equation (1), where

p, q > 0.

We introduce the following notations:

with characteristic AE, i.e., θ(x/2, −x/2).

The Problem NP1 . Find a solution of the equation (1) from the set of functions

W1 ≡ C(Ω) ∩ C 1 (Ω) ∩ Cx,y 2,1

(Ω1 ) ∩ C 2 (Ω2 ), satisfying boundary conditions

and the non-local condition

Here a(x), b(x), ϕ(y), and ψ(x) are given, generally speaking complex-valued functions,

and moreover ϕ(q) = ψ(0), ϕ(0)(1 + a(0)) = b(0), a(x) = − 12 , and a(0) = −1.

Theorem 2.1. If ϕ(y) ∈ C 1 [0, q], ψ(x) ∈ C 1 [0, p], and a(x), b(x) ∈ C 1 [0, p] ∩ C 2 (0, p),

then there exists a unique solution to the Problem NP1 .

Proof. The solution of the second BVP for the equation (1) at y > 0 can be written as

[3]:

q x x

u(x, y) = ϕ(y1)G(x, y, 0, y1)dy1 + ψ(x1 )Gy1 (x, y, x1 , 1)dx1 + ν(x1 )G(x, y, x1 , 0)dx1 ,

0 0 0

(5)

in which

∞

eλ(x−x1 ) −

(2n+y−y1 )2

−

(2n+y+y1 )2

G(x, y, x1, y1 ) = e 4(x−x1 )

+e 4(x−x1 )

2 π(x − x1 ) n=−∞

From (5) we obtain

q x x

u(x, 0) = ϕ(y1 )G(x, 0, 0, y1)dy1 + ψ(x1 )Gy1 (x, 0, x1 , 1)dx1 + ν(x1 )G(x, 0, x1 , 0)dx1 .

0 0 0

(6)

and it is a functional relation between the functions u(x, 0) = τ (x) and uy (x, 0) = ν(x)

on AD.

744 B.E. Eshmatov and E.T. Karimov / Central European Journal of Mathematics 5(4) 2007 741–750

For this we use a solution of the Cauchy problem for the equation (1) at y < 0, which

has the form [9]:

⎧

⎪

⎨ x+y

1

u(x, y) = τ (x + y) + τ (x − y) + ν(t)I0 λ ((x − t)2 − y 2 ) dt

2⎪⎩

x−y

⎫

x+y

I1 λ ((x − t)2 − y 2) ⎪

⎬

+λy τ (t) dt , (7)

⎪

⎭

x−y λ ((x − t)2 − y 2 )

s

where Is (x) = (−i) Js (ix) is the Bessel function of the ﬁrst kind with imaginary argument

[1].

Using condition (4) we have

x

x ∂

τ (0) + [1 + 2a(x)]τ (x) + τ (t) I0 λt(t − x) dt

t ∂x

0

x

− ν(t)I0 λt(t − x) dt = 2b(x). (8)

0

Considering u(x, y) ∈ C(Ω) in (8) instead of τ (x), we substitute in its representation (6):

⎧ q ⎫

⎨ x ⎬

ϕ(0) + [1 + 2a(x)] ϕ(y1)G(x, 0, 0, y1)dy1 + ψ(x1 )Gy1 (x, 0, x1 , 1)dx1

⎩ ⎭

0 0

⎛ q ⎞

x t

⎝

x ∂

+ ϕ(y1 )G(t, 0, 0, y1)dy1 + ψ(x1 )Gy1 (t, 0, x1 , 1)dx1 ⎠ · · I0 λt(t − x) dt

t ∂x

0 0 0

x

− ν(z) I0 λz(z − x) − (1 + 2a(x))G(x, 0, z, 0) dz

0

⎛ ⎞

x t

x ∂

+ ⎝ ν(x1 )G(t, 0, x1 , 0)dx1 ⎠ · · I0 λt(t − x) dt = 2b(x).

t ∂x

0 0

⎛ t ⎞

x

⎝

x ∂

ν(x1 )G(t, 0, x1 , 0)dx1 ⎠ · · I0 λt(t − x) dt

t ∂x

0 0

⎛ x ⎞

x

⎝

x ∂

= ν(z) · I0 λt(t − x) G(t, 0, z, 0)dt⎠ dz,

z

t ∂x

0

we obtain that

x

ν(z)K1 (x, z)dz = Φ1 (x). (9)

0

B.E. Eshmatov and E.T. Karimov / Central European Journal of Mathematics 5(4) 2007 741–750 745

Diﬀerentiating (9) once with respect to x and taking G(x, 0, x, 0) = 0 and I0 (0) = 1

into account we get

x

ν(x) + ν(z)K2 (x, z)dz = Φ2 (x), (10)

0

in which

∂ λz

K2 (x, z) = K1 (x, z) = − I0 λz(z − x) + I2 λz(z − x)

∂x 2

x

∂

−(1+2a(x)) G(x, 0, z, 0)−λxa (x) I0 λz(z − x) + I2 λz(z − x) G(t, 0, z, 0)dt

∂x z

⎧ ⎡

⎪

⎨ λx x λz(z − x) + I2 λz(z − x)

λ ⎢ I0

−[1 + 2a(x)] G(x, 0, z, 0) + G(t, 0, z, 0) ⎣

⎪

⎩ 4 2 2

z

λtx

− I0 λt(t − x) + 2I2 λt(t − x) + I4 λt(t − x) dt ,

4

⎧ q

λx ⎨

Φ2 (x) = Φ1 (x) = + 2a (x) γ(x) + [1 + 2a(x)] ϕ(y1 )Gx (x, 0, 0, y1)dy1

4 ⎩

0

⎫

x x

λ ⎬

+ψ(x)Gy1 (x, 0, x1 , 1) + ψ(x1 )Gy1 x (x, 0, x1 , 1)dx1 + γ(t) t I0 λt(t − x)

⎭ 4

0 0

+2I2 λt(t − x) + I4 λt(t − x) + I0 λt(t − x) + I2 λt(t − x) dt,

q x

γ(x) = ϕ(y1 )G(x, 0, 0, y1)dy1 + ψ(x1 )Gy1 (x, 0, x1 , 1)dx1 .

0 0

From the representations of the functions K2 (x, z) and Φ2 (x), applying known prop-

erties of G(x, y, x1 , y1 ) [3], and using some properties of the Bessel function [1] based on

the general theory of integral equations [8], one can easily be sure that (10) has a unique

solution, which is represented as

x

ν(x) = Φ2 (x) + Φ2 (t)R(x, z)dz, (11)

0

Since the Problem NP1 reduced to the equivalent integral equation (10), from the

unique solvability of the equation (10) we can conclude that Problem NP1 has a unique

solution. This solution can be represented by the formulas (5), (7) in Ω1 , Ω2 respectively.

The theorem is proved.

746 B.E. Eshmatov and E.T. Karimov / Central European Journal of Mathematics 5(4) 2007 741–750

Consider the equation ⎧

⎪

⎪

⎨ uxx − uy − μ1 u, y > 0,

0= (12)

⎪

⎪

⎩ uxx − uyy + μ2 u, y < 0,

in the domain Ω.

The Problem NP2 . Find a solution of (12) from the set of functions

W ≡ C Ω ∩ C 1 (Ω2 ∪ AD) ∩ Cx,y

2,1

(Ω1 ∪ AD) ∩ C 2 (Ω2 ) ,

u(0, y) = u(p, y), 0 ≤ y ≤ q, (14)

√

0, μ

A0x 2 [u(θ)] + c(x)u(x, −0) = d(x), 0 ≤ x ≤ p, (15)

and the gluing condition

x

α √

uy (x, +0) = uy (t, −0)J0 [ μ2 (x − t)] dt, 0 < x < p. (16)

1 + 2c(x)

0

Here α ∈ R\{0}, c(x), d(x), and f (y) are given real-valued functions, c(x) = − 12 , and

√ x

0, μ ∂

A0x 2 [g(x)] = g(x) − g(t) J0 μ2 x(x − t) dt.

∂x

0

u(x, +0) = τ+ (x), u(x, −0) = τ− (x), uy (x, +0) = ν+ (x), uy (x, −0) = ν− (x).

Since u(x, y) ∈ C(Ω) one can easily see that τ+ (x) = τ− (x).

Theorem 3.1. If

p √

d(t) √ f (0)sh α + μ1

μ2 > 0, α + μ1 > 0, sh α + μ1 (t − p)dt = − ,

1 + 2c(t) α

0

d(0) = 0, c(0) = −1, c(x) ∈ C[0, p] ∪ C 1 (0, p), and f (y) ∈ C 1 [0, q],

then there exists a unique solution to the Problem NP2 .

Proof. Consider equation (12) in the domain Ω2 . The solution of the Cauchy problem

for (12) at y < 0 can be written as

⎧

⎪ x+y

1⎨

u(x, y) = ⎪τ− (x + y) + τ− (x − y) + ν− (t)J0 μ2 ((x − t)2 − y 2) dt

2⎩

x−y

B.E. Eshmatov and E.T. Karimov / Central European Journal of Mathematics 5(4) 2007 741–750 747

⎫

x+y

J1 μ2 ((x − t)2 − y 2) ⎪

⎬

+μ2 y τ− (t) dt . (17)

⎪

⎭

x−y μ2 ((x − t)2 − y 2)

Using condition (15), we obtain after some calculations

√
√

x J1 μ2 (x − t) x J1 μ2 (x − t)

ν− (x) = τ∗ (x)+μ2 τ∗ (t) √ dt−2d (x)−2μ2 d(t) √ dt, (18)

μ2 (x − t) μ2 (x − t)

0 0

Note that from (15), setting d(0) = 0, and c(x) = − 12 , we get that τ− (0) = 0.

Substituting (18) into (16) gives

⎧ x

α ⎨ √

uy (x, +0) = ν+ (x) = [τ∗ (t) − 2d (t)]J0 [ μ2 (x − t)]dt

1 + 2c(x) ⎩

0

⎛ t ⎞ ⎫

x √ ⎬

J [

⎝ [τ∗ (z) − 2d(z)] 1√ 2

μ (t − z)] √ α

+μ2 dz ⎠ J0 [ μ2 (x − t)]dt = (I1 + μ2 I2 ).

μ2 (t − z) ⎭ 1 + 2c(x)

0 0

We consider each piece separately. For I1 , using integration by parts and taking d(0) = 0

and τ− (0) = 0 into account, we have

x

√ √

I1 = τ∗ (x) − 2d(x) − μ2 [τ∗ (t) − 2d(t)]J1 [ μ2 (x − t)]dt.

0

For I2 , we change the order of integration, and then with the change of variable ξ = t − z

in the inner integral we get

x x−z

1 √ √ √ dξ

I2 = √ [τ∗ (z) − 2d(z)]dz J1 [ μ2 ξ]J0 [ μ2 (x − z) − μ2 ξ] .

μ2 ξ

0 0

η

dξ 1

Jp (cξ)Jq (cη − cξ) = Jp+q (cη), (η, (p) > 0, (q) > −1),

ξ p

0

we obtain

x

1 √

I2 = √ [τ∗ (z) − 2d(z)]J1 [ μ2 (x − z)]dz.

μ2

0

Hence we have !

2d(x)

ν+ (x) = α τ+ (x) − . (19)

1 + 2c(x)

Now we prove the uniqueness of the solution. For this we suppose that the Problem NP2

has two solutions (u1 (x, y), u2 (x, y)). Setting U = u1 − u2, we obtain the homogeneous

problem in which d(x) = 0 and f (y) = 0.

748 B.E. Eshmatov and E.T. Karimov / Central European Journal of Mathematics 5(4) 2007 741–750

Uxx − Uy − μ1 U = 0

as y → +0, we have

τ+ (x) − ν+ (x) − μ1 τ+ (x) = 0. (20)

Multiplying (20) by the function τ+ (x), integrating along Aε Bε = {(x, y) : y = 0, ε <

x < p − ε}, and then passing to the limit as ε → 0 we get

x p p

τ+ (x)τ+ (x)dx − τ+ (x)ν+ (x)dx − μ1 τ+2 (x)dx = 0. (21)

0 0 0

p p

τ+2 (x)dx + (α + μ1 ) τ+2 (x)dx = 0.

0 0

From this and setting α + μ1 > 0, we get that τ+ (x) = 0. Since U(x, y) is the solution to

the equation

Uxx − Uy − μ1 U = 0

satisfying conditions Ux (0, y) = 0, U(0, y) = U(p, y), and U(x, +0) = τ+ (x) = 0, we have

U(x, y) = 0 in Ω1 . Taking U(x, y) ∈ C(Ω) into account we get U(x, y) = 0 in Ω. This

means that the Problem NP2 has a unique solution.

Now we prove existence of the solution.

Substitute (19) into (20) to get

2αd(x)

in which d1 (x) = − . The solution of (22) at α + μ1 > 0, satisfying condition

1 + 2c(x)

τ+ (0) = τ+ (p) = 0, has the form

p

τ+ (x) = G∗ (x, t)d1 (t)dt, (23)

0

where

⎧

⎪

⎪ √ √

1 √ 1 (t −

⎨ sh α + μ

p)sh α + μ1 x, 0 ≤ x ≤ t,

G∗ (x, t) = √ sh α + μ1 √ √

α + μ1 ⎪

⎪

⎩ sh α + μ1 tsh α + μ1 (x − p), t ≤ x ≤ p,

⎧

⎪

⎪

⎨ τ (x) − (α + μ

+ 1 )τ+ (x) = 0,

⎪

⎪

⎩ τ+ (0) = τ+ (p) = 0.

B.E. Eshmatov and E.T. Karimov / Central European Journal of Mathematics 5(4) 2007 741–750 749

We satisfy (23) with condition ux (0, y) = τ+ (0) = f (0). For this it is enough to set

p √

d(t) √ f (0)sh α + μ1

sh α + μ1 (t − p)dt = − .

1 + 2c(t) α

0

⎧ x

⎨

1 √ √

τ+ (x) = τ− (x) = √ √ sh α + μ1 (x − p) d1 (t)sh α + μ1 tdt

α + μ1 sh α + μ1 ⎩

0

p

⎫

⎬

√ √

+sh α + μ1 x d1 (t)sh α + μ1 (t − p)dt⎭ . (24)

x

p y

u(x, y) = τ+ (x1 )G∗ (x, y, x1 , 0)dx1 + f (y1)G∗ (x, y, 0, y1)dy1

0 0

y

− u(p, y1)G∗x1 (x, y, p, y1)dy1 ,

0

where

∞ (x−x1 +2n)2 (x+x1 +2n)2

eμ1 (y−y1 ) − 4(y−y)

− 4(y−y)

G∗ (x, y, x1 , y1 ) = e +e

2 π(y − y1 ) n=−∞

(x−x1 −2p+2n)2 (x+x1 −2p+2n)2

− −

−e 4(y−y)

−e 4(y−y)

is the Green-function of the mixed BVP ux (0, y) = f (y), u(p, y) = g(y), 0 ≤ y ≤ q for

(12) at y > 0.

The solution of the Problem NP2 in Ω2 is determined by the formula (17), where the

function τ+ (x) can be deﬁned by (24) and the function ν− (x) by the formula (19).

References

[1] G. Bateman and A. Erdelyi: Higher transcendental functions. Bessel functions, func-

tions of parabolic cylinder, orthogonal polynomials (in Russian), Russian translation

of extracts from Volume II of the original English edition (McGraw Hill, New York,

1953), Nauka, Moscow, 1966.

[2] A.S. Berdyshev and E.T. Karimov: “Some non-local problems for the parabolic-

hyperbolic type equation with non-characteristic line of changing type”, Cent. Eur.

J. Math., Vol. 4, (2006), no. 2, pp. 183–193.

[3] A. Friedman: Partial diﬀerential equations of parabolic type, Prentice-Hall, Inc.,

Englewood Cliﬀs, N.J., 1964.

750 B.E. Eshmatov and E.T. Karimov / Central European Journal of Mathematics 5(4) 2007 741–750

[4] I.M. Gel’fand: “Some questions of analysis and diﬀerential equations” (in Russian),

Uspehi Mat. Nauk, Vol. 14, (1959), no. 3, pp. 3–19.

[5] N.Yu. Kapustin and E.I. Moiseev: “On spectral problems with a spectral parameter

in the boundary condition” (in Russian), Diﬀer. Uravn., Vol. 33, (1997), no. 1, pp.

115–119, 143.

[6] E.T. Karimov: “About the Tricomi problem for the mixed parabolic-hyperbolic

type equation with complex spectral parameter”, Complex Var. Theory Appl., Vol.

50, (2005), no. 6, pp. 433–440.

[7] E.T. Karimov: “Non-local problems with special gluing condition for the parabolic-

hyperbolic type equation with complex spectral parameter”, Panamer. Math. J.,

Vol. 17, (2007), no. 2, pp. 11–20.

[8] M.L. Krasnov: Integral equations. Introduction to the theory (in Russian), Nauka,

Moscow, 1975.

[9] J.M. Rassias: Lecture notes on mixed type partial diﬀerential equations, World Sci-

entiﬁc Publishing Co., Inc., Teaneck, NJ, 1990.

[10] K.B. Sabytov: “On the theory of equations of mixed parabolic-hyperbolic type with

a spectral parameter”, Diﬀerentsial’nye Uravneniya, Vol. 25, (1989), no. 1, pp. 117–

126, 181–182.

[11] M.S. Salakhitdinov and A.K. Urinov: Boundary value problems for equations of

mixed type with a spectral parameter (in Russian), Fan, Tashkent, 1997.

[12] A.G. Shashkov: System-structural analysis of the heat exchange proceses and its

application, Moscow, 1983.

[13] G.D. Tojzhanova and M.A. Sadybekov: “Spectral properties of an analogue of the

Tricomi problem for an equation of mixed parabolic-hyperbolic type” (in Russian),

Izv. Akad. Nauk Kazakh. SSR Ser. Fiz.-Mat., (1990), no. 5, pp. 48–52.

- Business Mathematics - I (QTM-110)Uploaded byShariqShafiq
- ECE Board 1998.docxUploaded byTahajan M. Hadjirul
- Arms Race ModelsUploaded byRmy Ramos Lo
- Geometry Optimization in Structural DesignUploaded byLuis Martins
- Balancing Chemical Equations - The Mass-Charge coefficient methodUploaded byTushar Malhotra
- Summary 4a.Unit step function.docUploaded byZaidoon Mohsin
- Challenge Set 2Uploaded byAlex Blacke
- soal matekkim.pdfUploaded bydila
- practiceproblems1_2083Uploaded byRamesh Sriram
- educ360lesson3Uploaded byapi-341209699
- System of Non Linear EquationsUploaded bysameer9j
- Holtshausen_paperUploaded bybpd21
- 11Uploaded byapi-332361871
- 04 - DYNSIM Modelling Objects Configuration.pdfUploaded byNicandroGonzales
- 2.3 ALGEBRA-Simultaneous EquationsUploaded byAmana IB
- Algebra 1 > Notes > YORKCOUNTY FINAL > YORKCOUNTY > factoring - continuedUploaded byapi-3776731
- Sep_Var_1Uploaded byArial96
- Seminar Add Maths F4 1-4.pdfUploaded byAnonymous bwVxI8Y8W
- 1.1 Quadratic EquationsUploaded byMonna Gimeno
- photo summary-reflection for math-terpiece projectUploaded byapi-287881226
- TEACHING SCHEMES FORM 3, SEM 1.docxUploaded byasyl
- Mathematical Competences of SIC BSCE StudentsUploaded byJames Neo
- C1BS02-C1902-MATHEMATICS-IIUploaded bySudhakar_08
- Math excercices LagrangeUploaded byyabdelhe
- co taught lessonUploaded byapi-270220688
- bloom gardner systems of equations-kristansUploaded byapi-136786052
- tws-section vUploaded byapi-302718130
- g8m4l11- standard form of a linear equation 2Uploaded byapi-276774049
- Algebraic Equation SolverUploaded byRam Singh
- 619-2006-systems of linear equations--explanation practiceUploaded byapi-258903855

- As 1275 Metric Threaded FastenersUploaded byJunnoKaiser
- Physics NomenclatureUploaded bysmithastella
- scanpath_cad99Uploaded byirinuca12
- bellowsUploaded byvalli raju
- Series 20 Weld HeadUploaded byKhyle Laurenz Duro
- Aeration Cabinet XlUploaded byAnton Funji DeLarge
- 51137Uploaded bySasidhar Bhagavan Sunkara
- Roman Siege Equipment and ArtilleryUploaded byCullen O'Connor
- Differential RCS of RFID tagUploaded byJason Lee
- The 1987 ConstitutionUploaded byKaye Ancheta Francia
- 1.Pit OptimizationUploaded byVladimir Cosme Torres
- pp200405cricchio_1_Uploaded bylalakun0097370
- Understanding The Adoption af A Voluntary Use System from The Perspective Of Health Care ProvidersUploaded byAnisah Herdiyanti
- science a1b - stage 2 - 3 lessons markedUploaded byapi-354168340
- Lecture-1Uploaded byyakesh
- IB Assignment 1Uploaded byZakiah Abu Kasim
- SWilliams Digital CitizenshipUploaded bySha1015
- The Application of ISO 9001 to Agile Software _(Gkh Comments_)Uploaded byAdhik Wahyu
- Zoning Real Estate by G. Gordon Whitnall Director City Planning Commission Los AngelesUploaded byreal-estate-history
- Roche PakistanUploaded byMahaAqeel
- Principles of Semiconductor Devices - ZeghbroeckUploaded byapi-3717353
- ENG421AA Wheeling 2018Uploaded byprofwheeling
- Smart Lights.pdfUploaded bysatishkvr
- S&G 6120 Safe Lock Management Reset InstructionsUploaded bySociety of Professional Locksmiths
- Things to LEARNUploaded byPrasanna Kumar
- A Few Remarks on Some Key Factors in Analysing Source Texts. a Response to Anna TrosborgUploaded byMatin
- 1_Attitude.pptUploaded bynayakya
- Aero Town (Bare Chassis)Uploaded byPhilippine Bus Enthusiasts Society
- Pages From Craig's Soil MechanicsUploaded bybakri2016
- Cyclone Design Equations Formulas Calculator - Radial VelocityUploaded bynaveenbaskaran1989