# SECTION A

At which temperature is the end of the mercury thread 15 cm from the –10C mark? A 50C C 62C B 60C D 72C 3. Which of the following is the correct way to take the thermometer reading? A. Diagram 16 shows a thermometer. Rajah 16 menunjukkan sebatang termometer. The diagram shows a student taking a temperature reading from a thermometer incorrectly. B. Using a more sensitive thermometer Menggunakan temometer yang lebih peka Repeating the measurement and calculating the mean value Ulang pengukuran dan kira nilai purata Using a magnifying glass to take the reading Menggunakan kanta pembesar untuk mendapatkan bacaan Keeping the observer’s line of sight perpendicular to the scale when taking the reading 2.MODULE 3/WEEK 3 [HEAT] 1. C. D. Diagram 39 shows a mercury – in – glass thermometer. The distance between the –10C and the 110C markings is 25 cm. Bulb/bebuli Capillary tube/ Tiub kapilari Which design features will increase the sensitivity of this thermometer? Ciri-ciri reka bentuk manakah yang akan meningkatkan kepekaan termometer ini? Bulb Capillary tube bebuli Tiub kapilary thin glass narrow A kaca nipis halus B thin glass wide Department of Physics 2010 [ALL A’s] Page 2 .

MODULE 3/WEEK 3 [HEAT] C D kaca nipis thick glass kaca tebal thick glass kaca tebal kasar narrow halus wide kasar 4. specific heat capacity of vapour/haba pendam pengewapan B. specific heat capacity of liquid/muatan haba tentu cecair C. 1050 E. latent heat of vaporization/haba pendam pengewapan D. Rajah menunjukkan suatu proses air bertukar kepada stim The heat absorbed during the process is called Haba yang diserap dalam proses ini dipanggil A. The diagram shows a process in which water is changed to steam. 840 D. is left in an area at room temperature. water alloy What is the specific heat of the alloy in J kg-1 ° C-1? Apakah muatan haba alloy dalam JKg-1oC-1 A. The diagram shows an alloy in the water. When an ice cube. the ice cube will melt because A no energy is required for this process to occur B the molecules within the ice lose kinetic energy C the molecules within the ice gain potential energy 6. 3360 C.The specific heat of water is 4200 J kg-1 ° C-1. 2520 B. Tenaga haba yang dibebaskan oleh 300g aloi menyebabkan suhunya menurun sebanyak 50 °C dan menaikkan suhu 300g air daripada 30° C kepada 40 °C. Rajah menunjukkan sebuah aloi dalam air. initially at 0C. Why do people feel cool if they do not dry themselves after swimming in the sea? A Water is evaporated and causes cooling B Water insulates them from the warm air C Water is a good conductor of heat D Water is cooler than the air 7. latent heat of fusion/haba pendam pelakuran Department of Physics 2010 [ALL A’s] Page 3 . The energy given off as heat by 300 g of the alloy as it cools through 50 °C raises the temperature of 300 g of water from 30° C to 40 °C. 1400 5.

Water takes a shorter time to boil when heated at high regions than at low regions. D. It is a measure of the capacity of an object to absorb heat energy. C. It is a measure of the quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of an object by 1K. 9. Untuk mengukur kuantiti haba yang diperlukan bagi menaikkan suhu objek sebanyak 1K. Yang manakan kenyataan dibawah adalah betul? A.. It is a measure of the degree of hotness of an object. Graf menunjukkan lengkung pemanasan suatu bahan. Untuk mengukur pengaliran tenaga haba daripada satu objek kepada objek yang lain. we feel that they are "hot" while others are "cold". Which statement about temperature is correct? Bila kita menyentuh suatu objek . although the same amount of energy is used. Untuk mengukur darjah kepanasan sesuatu objek. Pemerhatian ini disebabkan oleh A B C D the temperature is lower at high regions suhu lebih rendah di kawasan tanah tinggi the atmospheric pressure is lower at high regions tekanan atmosfera lebih rendah di kawasan tanah tinggi the air is less damp at high regions kelembapan udara lebih rendah di kawasan tanah tinggi the rate of heat lost is faster at high regions kadar pembebasan haba lebih cepat di kawasan tanah tinggi 10. When we touch some objects. The graph shows the heating curve of a substance. B. This observation is due to Air lebih cepat mendidih apabila dipanaskan di kawasan tanah tinggi berbanding di kawasan rendah walaupun menggunakan jumlah tenaga yang sama. It is a measure of the flow of the thermal energy from one object to the other. Department of Physics 2010 [ALL A’s] Page 4 .MODULE 3/WEEK 3 [HEAT] 8. Untuk mengukur kapasiti objek menyerap tenaga haba. kita akan rasa “panas” selain rasa ”sejuk”.

Diagram 12 shows cold milk being added to hot tea.0 kg dan muatan haba tentu 400 J kg–1 oC–1.20 oC 0. Which statement is correct if there are no heat losses to the surroundings? Pernyataan yang manakah betul jika tiada haba hilang ke persekitaran? A Heat gained by cold milk is less than heat lost by hot tea Penerimaan haba oleh susu sejuk adalah kurang daripada kehilangan haba oleh teh panas Heat gained by cold milk is greater than heat lost by hot tea Penerimaan haba oleh susu sejuk adalah lebih banyak daripada kehilangan haba oleh teh panas Heat gained by cold milk is equal to heat lost by hot tea Penerimaan haba oleh susu sejuk adalah sama dengan kehilangan haba oleh the panas B C 15.00 oC Page 6 Department of Physics 2010 [ALL A’s] .25 oC 5.80 oC 1.MODULE 3/WEEK 3 [HEAT] 14. What is the temperature rise of the cylinder 10 seconds after the heater is switched on? Berapakah kenaikan suhu silinder itu 10 saat selepas pemanas itu dihidupkan? A B C D 0. Diagram 13 shows a metal cylinder of mass 5. Rajah 12 menunjukkan susu sejuk ditambahkan kepada teh panas.0 kg and specific heat capacity 400 J kg–1 oC–1. Rajah 13 menunjukkan satu silinder logam berjisim 5.

Rajah 14 menunjukkan tangan seorang disimbah air panas and tangan seorang lain yang terdedah kepada stim. 17. The scalding on the skin caused by steam is more serious than the scalding caused by boiling water because Kelecuran kulit yang disebabkan oleh stim lebih serius daripada kelecuran kulit yang disebabkan oleh air mendidih sebab P : steam has a higher temperature / stim mempunyai suhu yang lebih tinggi Q : steam has a higher heat content / stim mengandungi lebih banyak haba R : steam has a higher specific heat capacity / stim mempunyai muatan haba tentu yang lebih tinggi A B C D P only / P sahaja Q only / Q sahaja P and Q only / P dan Q sahaja P. Diagram14 shows the arm of a person being splashed by boiling water and the arm of another person being exposed to steam. Which graph shows the relationship between the volume and absolute temperature of a fixed mass of gas at constant pressure? Graf yang manakah menunjukkan hubungan antara isipadu dan suhu mutlak bagi satu jisim tetap gas pada tekanan malar? Department of Physics 2010 [ALL A’s] Page 7 . Q dan R. Both the hot water and steam have the same mass. Kedua-dua air panas dan stim mempunyai jisim yang sama.MODULE 3/WEEK 3 [HEAT] 16. Q and R / P.

......1 Name the liquid P used in the thermometer....... [ 1 mark] (b) Diagram 1...... DIAGRAM 1. (a)(i) DIAGRAM 1........2 shows two types of thermometers.............. .......................... [ 1 mark] (ii) State the physical change in the liquid when the temperature increases................MODULE 3/WEEK 3 [HEAT] SECTION B 1 Diagram 1.............................................1 shows a liquid-in-glass thermometer..................................................2 Department of Physics 2010 [ALL A’s] Page 8 . ......

............ Rajah 3..................2 menunjukkan graf suhu melawan masa bagi bongkah P sehingga ia mencapai keseimbangan termal...............1 20 40 60 80 100 120 DIAGRAM 3................................................................................ (ii) 2........ [1 mark] State one reason for your answer in 1 (b) (i).............................................................. [1 mark] Explain how block P achieve thermal equilibrium........................................ Diagram 3............................................................................................ ..............1 menunjukkan bongkah logam P berjisim 300 g pada suhu awal 100 oC direndamkan ke dalam air pada suhu bilik................................................................................................................................................. Terangkan bagaimana bongkah P mencapai keseimbangan termal.....MODULE 3/WEEK 3 [HEAT] (i) Which thermometer is more sensitive? ......................2 shows the graph of temperature against time of block P until it achieve thermal equilibrium.1 shows a metal block P of mass 300 g at initial temperature 100 oC is immersed into the water at room temperature..2 time / s (a) (b) What is meant by thermal equilibrium? Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan keseimbangan termal? ................................... Rajah 3... Temperature / oC 100 90 80 70 60 P 50 water 40 0 DIAGRAM 3............................................................... ..................... [1 mark] What is the temperature of block P when it is in thermal equilibrium? Berapakah suhu bongkah P apabila ia mencapai keseimbangan termal? ............................................. [ 1 mark] Diagram 3.. Page 9 (c) Department of Physics 2010 [ALL A’s] ....

..............2 shows a part of the calibrating process of the thermometer ..2 menunjukkan sebahagian dari proses untuk menentukurkan termometer itu......... Diagram 3.. ......................... [ 1 mark] (ii) Give one reason for the termometer to placed in the ice and in the steam state......MODULE 3/WEEK 3 [HEAT] (d) ................1 menunjukkan sebatang termometer yang belum ditentukur..................................... ………………………………………………………………………………………............................[ 1 mark] Department of Physics 2010 [ALL A’s] Page 10 ................ [2 marks] 3................1 shows a thermometer which has not been calibrated.. Diagram 3.......................................................... Hitungkan kuantiti haba yang dibebaskan oleh bongkah P apabila mencapai keseimbangan termal....................................... (a) (i) State the SI unit for the physical quantity measured by the thermometer? Nyatakan unit SI bagi kuantiti fizikal yang diukur oleh termometer itu? ......................... [2 marks] Calculate the amount of heat lost by block P when its achived thermal equilibrium................................................................................... Rajah 3............. Rajah 3..... Berikan satu sebab termometer itu diletakkan ke dalam ais dan kemudiannya ke dalam stim......

. Rajah 4.6 cm at 0oC and 22.................... panjang turus merkuri adalah 16.............. Panjang turus merkuri di dalam termometer ialah 2........[1 mark] (b) The length of the mercury column in the thermometer is 2.9 cm Apabila termometer itu diletakkan pada minyak panas.. [ 1 mark] (ii) When the thermometer is placed in hot oil..1 Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan tekanan? ………………………………………………………………………………….....9 cm Calculate the temperature of the hot oil Hitungkan suhu minyak panas [ 2 marks] [2 markah] 4................... (i) What is the length difference between the mercury columns at 0oc and at 100 oC? Berapakah perbezaan panjang turus merkuri antara 0 oC dan pada 100 oC? .... Diagrams 4.....................MODULE 3/WEEK 3 [HEAT] (iii) Why mercury is used in the thermometer ? Mengapakah merkuri digunakan dalam termometer itu? ……………………………………………………………………………………………….....1 menunjukkan sebuah periuk tekanan untuk memasak makanan pada suhu tinggi..1 shows a pressure cooker for cooking food at high temperature.........1 (a) What is meant by pressure?Rajah 4....6 cm pada 100 oC..6 cm pada 0oC dan 22...... Safety valve Injap keselamatan Lid Penutup Main valve Injap utama Steam Stim Handle Surface of liquid Permukaan cecair Pemegang Diagram 4...................6 cm at 100oC.... the length of the mercury column is 16.... Page 11 Department of Physics 2010 [ALL A’s] ......

Terangkan mengapa tekanan gas meningkat dengan pertambahan suhu... [1 mark] [1 markah] The air pressure of the pressure cooker is 1 x 105 Pa........ when the air pressure is 1....5 x 105 Pa? Tekanan udara dalam periuk tekanan ialah 1 x 105 Pa. [1 mark] (iii) (c) State the effect of high gas pressure on the boiling point. ……………………………………………………………………...... ……………………………………………………………………….....MODULE 3/WEEK 3 [HEAT] (b) (i) (ii) [1 mark] [1 markah] Explain why the gas pressure increases with the increase of the temperature... nyatakan hukum gas yang terlibat..... Berapakah suhu bila tekanan udara menjadi 1....5 x 105 Pa? [2marks] [2 markah] Department of Physics 2010 [ALL A’s] Page 12 .. …………………………………………………………………………………............ What is the temperature of the air.... at the temperature of 27 °C. Berdasarkan jawapan dalam 4(b)(i).......... Nyatakan kesan tekanan gas yang tinggi kepada takat didih. ………………………………………………………………………. pada suhu 27 °C. [2 marks] [2 markah] Based on the answer in 4(b)(i). state the gas law involved.

.........2 Rajah 1........... Jadual 1 menunjukkan maklumat berkaitan blok logam P dan Q.....1dan Rajah 1...2 Heat energy supplied / J Tenaga haba dibekalkan Specific heat capacity / Jkg-1 ° C -1 Muatan haba tentu P Q 1..1 Metal block Blok logam Mass/ kg Jisim Diagram 1.... To 12 V power supply Ke bekalan kuasa 12V Thermometer Thermometer Metal block P Blok logam P Felt Metal block Q Blok logam Q Diagram 1.......1 Rajah 1.0 1........2 menunjukkan dua blok P dan Q dipanaskan oleh pemanas rendam 50 W yang serupa selama 5 minit..1 and Diagram 1...........0 875 103 Table 1 Jadual 1 658 1740 (a) What is meant by specific heat capacity? Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan muatan haba tentu? ................... P and Q being heated by 50 W immersion heater for 5 minutes..2 show two types of metal blocks ................MODULE 3/WEEK 3 [HEAT] 1...... P and Q.................... Department of Physics 2010 [ALL A’s] Page 13 .. Rajah 1.Table 1 shows information related to metal blocks. Diagram 1....

........................ bandingkan kenaikan suhu bagi blok logam P dan blok logam Q.............. [3 marks] (c) Based on your answers in 5(b)...........MODULE 3/WEEK 3 [HEAT] [1 mark] (b) Calculate the rise in temperature for Hitung kenaikan suhu bagi (i) metal block P................... blok logam Q..................................... (i) compare the specific heat capacity of metal block P and metal block Q................................. Berdasarkan jawapan anda dalam 5(b).................................... Berdasarkan maklumat dalam Jadual 1........ [1 mark] Department of Physics 2010 [ALL A’s] Page 14 .... hubungkaitkan antara kenaikan suhu dan muatan haba tentu blok logam............. [1 mark] (d) Based on the information in Table 1............................................. (ii) metal block Q................ ........ ............. [1 mark] (ii) relate the rise in temperature to the specific heat capacity of the metal block....... ............................................ bandingkan muatan haba tentu blok logam P dan blok logam Q...... blok logam P........... compare the rise in temperature for metal block P and metal block Q......................

..1 dan Rajah 2.4 menunjukkan perubahan suhu air itu selepas 5 minit disejukkan.4 shows the changes in temperature of the water after 5 minutes the water are cooled. Rajah 2.. Nyatakan sebab.................. Dalam eksperimen ini..2 show two identical polystyrene glasses are filled by hot water at the same temperature............ Diagram 2..3 Diagram 2............... ......1 Diagram 2........ Diagram 2.................4 Department of Physics 2010 [ALL A’s] Page 15 ...1 and Diagram 2...........MODULE 3/WEEK 3 [HEAT] (e) In this experiment.......... bacaan suhu dicatatkan apabila bacaan pada termometer mencapai suatu nilai tetap....... State the reason why.2 Diagram 2..3 and Diagram 2..... [1 mark] 2.3 dan 2... the temperature is recorded when the reading on the thermometer has achieved a constant value.. Rajah 2.2 menunjukkan dua biji gelas polisterina diisikan dengan air panas pada suhu yang sama... Diagram 2.......

..3 and 1...... compare Menggunakan Rajah 1. [1 mark ] (c) Using Diagram 1.[1 mark] (ii) the rate of loss of heat from the water in the glasses after 5 minutes.. …………………………………………...... ... [1 mark] (e) Based on your answer in (a) and (d)......3 dan Rajah 1..4......... compare the mass of water in the both glasses.... Menggunakan Rajah 1........ [1 mark ] (d) Based on your answer in c(ii) compare the quantity of heat in the water in the glasses in Diagram 1.... Department of Physics 2010 [ALL A’s] Page 16 .MODULE 3/WEEK 3 [HEAT] (a) State the working principle used in the thermometer....1 dan Rajah 1.....1 and Diagram 1......... state the relationship between mass and quantity of heat in the water.bandingkan jisim air dalam kedua-dua gelas.....……………………………………………………………………………………..4 .... Berdasarkan jawapan anda di c(ii) bandingkan kuantiti haba dalam air dalam keduadua gelas pada Rajah 1........ kadar kehilangan haba daripada air dalam kedua-dua gelas selepas 5 minit............... [1 mark ] (b) Using Diagram 1.……………………………………………... ……....4.………………………………………………………………………………………...................... bandingkan (i) the reading of the thermometer / bacaan termometer .....2 ....................3 and Diagram 1......... Nyatakan prinsip kerja yang digunakan dalam termometer itu ....2 ..…………………………………………………………………………………....3 dan Rajah 1......4...

.2 Page 17 .1 Rajah 6.1 Department of Physics 2010 [ALL A’s] Volume of soup = 1. .………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] (f) Sketch the graph temperature against time when the water in the glass in Diagram 1. metal pot periuk logam glass pot periuk kaca Volume of soup = 1.5 litre Initial temperature = 28 0C Suhu awal =28 0C Time taken to be boiled = 5 minutes Masa untuk mendidih = 5 minit Specific heat capacity = 500 Jkg-1 oC-1 Muatan haba tentu = 500 Jkg-1 oC-1 Diagram 6. nyatakan hubungan antara jisim dan kuantiti haba dalam air.2 Rajah 6.5 litre Initial temperature = 28 0C Suhu awal =28 0C Time taken to be boiled = 8 minutes Masa untuk mendidih = 8 minit Specific heat capacity = 670 J kg-1 oC-1 Muatan haba tentu = 670 J kg-1 oC-1 Diagram 6. Diagram 6(b) shows the same type of soup is being heated in a glass(Pyrex) pot. Rajah 6(a) menunjukkan sup yang dipanaskan di dalam periuk logam...1 dibiarkan sejuk untuk suatu jangka masa yang panjang..1 is cooled for a long time. Diagram 6(a) shows a soup that is heated in a metal pot.MODULE 3/WEEK 3 [HEAT] Berdasarkan jawapan anda di(a) dan (d) .. [2 marks] 3.5 litre Isipadu sup = 1. Rajah 6(b) menunjukkan sup yang sama dengan isipadu yang sama dipanaskan di dalam periuk kaca.5 litre Isipadu sup = 1.. Lakarkan graf suhu melawan masa apabila air di dalam gelas padaRajah 5.

....................... kenaikan suhu sup di dalam periuk logam dan periuk kaca........ …………………………………………………………………………………......... [1mark] [1 markah] (c) Water with a mass of 1500 g at 90 0C is mixed with 3000 g of water at 30 0C............. 4200 J kg-1 0C-1] (i) What is the maximum temperature of the mixture observed? Berapakah suhu maksimum campuran yang diperhatikan ? [2 marks] Department of Physics 2010 [ALL A’s] Page 18 ...................................... [1mark] [1 markah] (iii) state the relationship between the temperature rises and the specific heat capacity of material... [Specific heat capacity of water. [1mark] [1 markah] (ii) the temperature rises by the soup in metal pot and in the glass pot.... 4200 J kg-1 0C-1] Air berjisim 1500 g pada suhu 90 0C dicampurkan dengan 3000 g air pada suhu 30 0C. Berdasarkan Rajah 6............................... ................................ Campuran itu kemudiannnya dikacau.... [1 mark] [1 markah] (b) Based on Diagram 6..................2 compare..................... (i) the time taken to boil the soup in the metal pot and in the glass pot.....MODULE 3/WEEK 3 [HEAT] (a) What is meant by specific heat capacity? Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan muatan haba tentu? ... The mixture is stirred. nyatakan hubungan antara kenaikan suhu dan muatan haba tentu bahan..... [Muatan haba tentu air................... masa yang di ambil untuk mendidihkan sup di dalam periuk logam dan di dalam periuk kaca...1 dan Rajah 6........................1 and Diagram 6...... ………………………………………………………………………………….........2 bandingkan....

........................................................................................................................................................ [1 mark] [1 markah] (d) Why is the handle of cooking pot usually made of plastic? Mengapakah pemegang periuk biasanya dibuat daripada plastik ? ........................................ ............... [1 mark] [1 markah] Department of Physics 2010 [ALL A’s] Page 19 .....MODULE 3/WEEK 3 [HEAT] [2 markah] (ii) What is the assumption made in your calculation for (c)(i)........... Apakah andaian yang anda buat untuk pengiraan (c)(i).....................................