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MODEL PAPER

M. Sc. (Previous) Examinations, 2011-12 (Faculty of Science) SEMESTER-I BOTANY PAPER IV Plant Ecology and Phytogeography SECTION-A

Time: one and half hour (90 Minutes) Maximum Marks: 45

1.

Autecology refers to the study of the ecology of (A) (C) Community A species (B) (D) Animal population An individual

2.

Father of Indian ecology is (A) (C) Prof. S.B. Saxena Prof. V. Puri (B) (D) Prof. R. Mishra Prof. B. Sahni

3.

Species content of plants growing in an area is referred to as (A) (C) Population Vegetation (B) (D) Flora Community

4.

Synecology is the study of (A) (C) Individuals Animal Population (B) (D) Water Community in relation to environment

5.

Ecology takes into account (A) (C) Environmental factors Effect of plant an environment (B) (D) Plant adaptations All the above

6.

When a population is allowed to grow in a limited environment, it shows(A) (C) Exponential growth Unlimited growth (B) (D) Logistic growth None of these

7.

A population having more individuals of post reproductive stage, it shows that (A) (C) Birth rate is more Reduced birth rate (B) (D) Death rate is more None of these

8.

Asympote representing the limiting size of the population is found in (A) (C) Sigmoid growth curve Population crash (B) (D) Exponential growth curve None of these

9.

In a population an expression of the production of new individuals is expressed by (A) (C) Natality Fecundity (B) (D) Mortality Life table

10.

The study of plant community structure is called as (A) (C) Ecology Phytosociology (B) (D) Autecology Ecosystem

11.

Transitional zone between two vegetational types of regions is termed as (A) (C) Ecotone Ecoline (B) (D) Ecosystem Ecotypes

12.

Intermediate community between pioneer and climax communities is (A) (C) Biotic community Temporary community (B) (D) Seral community Ecosere

13.

Light loving plant are known as (A) (C) Heliophytes Lithophytes (B) (D) Xerophytes None of these

14.

Which of the following habitat would be ideally suited to sciophytes? (A) (C) Ponds and lakes Moist and shady place (B) (D) Dry and sunny place Desert

15.

The niche of a species is meant for (A) (B) (C) (D) The specific place where an organism lives The specific function of a species and its competitive power The habitat and specific functions of a species None of these

16.

The relationship between two species in which one is inhibited or harmed by the presence of the other is (A) (C) Commensalism Amensalism (B) (D) Mutualism Symbiosis

17.

Last stabilized community in plant succession is called (A) (C) Seral community Ecosere (B) (D) Ecotone Climax community

18.

Microclimate is (A) (B) (C) (D) Specific climate condition to which an organism is exposed in its habitat Climate during the particular season Climate during the given short period None of these

19.

Who coined the term ecosystem? (A) (C) A.G. Tansley Ernest Haeckel (B) (D) Alfred Wallace Charles Darwin

20.

Which living beings are tertiary consumer? (A) (C) Plants Carnivores (B) (D) Micro-organism Herbivores

21.

What is primary producer? (A) (C) Green plants and algae Herbivores (B) (D) Bacteria and fungi Carnivores

22.

When organism die, one of the following elements is released in several forms by bacteria (A) (C) Potassium Iron (B) (D) Sulphur Sodium

23.

Guano deposits, the excrement of sea birds and bats, are the major source of one of the following elements (A) (C) Phosphorous Zink (B) (D) Sulphur Nitrogen

24.

Biotic community along with its interacting physical environment comprises (A) (C) Ecology Phytogeography (B) (D) Ecosystem Phytosociology

25.

Food levels of an ecosystem are known as (A) (C) Producer levels Herbivore levels (B) (D) Consumer levals Trophic levels

26.

The pyramids which are always upright (A) (C) Pyramid of energy Both (B) (D) Pyramid of number None

27.

10% law of energy transfer in food chain was given by (A) (C) Tansley Weisman (B) (D) Lindeman Stanley

28.

Aquatic animals which can tolerate only a narrow range of salinity are said to be (A) (C) Euryhaline Poikilothermy (B) (D) Stenohaline Euryhydric

29.

The direct dominating factor of plant vegetation is (A) (C) Light Temperature (B) (D) Water Carbon dioxide

30.

Law of limiting factors in photosynthesis was given by (A) (C) Arnon Blackman (B) (D) R. Heep Calvin

31.

The concept of limiting factors was proposed by (A) (C) J.V. Leibig Julian Huxley (B) (D) Charles Darwin Claude Bernald

32.

In ecological succession from pioneer to climax community, the biomass shall (A) (C) Decrease No relation (B) (D) Increase continuously Increase and then decrease

33.

A community which brings succession in a habitat is called (A) (C) Pioneer community Seral community (B) (D) Biotic community Ecosere

34.

Primary succession is development of communities on (A) Cleared area (B) Newly exposed with no record of earlier vegetation (C) Freshly harvested crop field (D) Pond filled after a dry season

35.

Plants growing on sandy soils are (A) (C) Psycrophytes Oxylophytes (B) (D) Lithophytes Psammophytes

36.

A community which brings succession in a habitat is called (A) (C) Pioneer community Seral community (B) (D) Biotic community Ecosera

37.

IUCN headquarters are located in (A) (C) Switzerland India (B) (D) Japan America

38.

A taxon distributed continuously throughout the world is called(A) (C) Cosmopolitan Circumboreal (B) (D) Circumpolar Pantropical

39.

The theory of continental drift was proposed by (A) (C) Wegner Engler (B) (D) Du Toit A.P. de candolle

40.

The concept of endemic distribution of plants was given by (A) (C) A.P. de Candolle Vavilon (B) (D) Cain Willis

41.

Age and area theory was propounded by (A) (C) Willis Mason (B) (D) Good Lawrence

42.

Centre of origin of Curcuma longa is (A) (C) Indo - Malaya Middle East (B) (D) India China

43.

19% of the land surface is occupied by (A) (C) Grasslands Deserts (B) (D) Forests Tundra

44.

MAB was launched in the year(A) (C) 1970 1974 (B) (D) 1995 1962

45.

IBP is (A) (B) (C) (D) International Biological Programme Indian Biological Programme International Botanical Programme None of above