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SUGARS AND SWEETENERS
SAFE TO EAT
Acesulfam potassium (Nutrinova, Sweet One, Sunnett, Ace-K, Acesulfame K), dextrin, erythritol, glucose (dextrose, glucodin), glycogen, maltodextrin (modified starch), moducal, trehalose.
TO TRY (IN MODERATION)
Barley malt syrup, brown rice syrup, brown sugar, corn syrup (if no fructose is added), grape syrup, maple syrup, sorghum syrup, sucrose (table or cane sugar). Sugar substitutes: dulcitol, isomalt, lactalol, lacticol, litesse, lycasin, maltitol, mannitol, saccharin (Sweet ‘n Low), sucanat, trimoline, xylitol.
Cumquat, grapefruit, lemons, limes.
Avocado, bananas, blackberries, boysenberries, blueberries, cantaloupes, cranberries, grapes (white), jack-fruit, kiwi, mandarins, oranges, passion fruit, pineapple, rhubarb, strawberries, raspberries, tamarillo, tangelo;Apricots, nectarines, peaches, (not for persons sensitive to sorbitol).
Bouillon, celery, escarole, hash-browns, Asparagus, beets, carrots, dandelion greens, mustard greens, pea pods (immature), potatoes cauliflower, endive, legumes (beans, peas and (white), pumpkin, shallots, spinach, Swiss chard. lentils), lettuce, mushrooms, onions, green onions, soy, sweet potatoes, turnip greens, zucchini. Barley, breads and pasta without fructose or gluten-free, wheat-free rye bread, corn meal (degermed), cornflakes (non-flavored), grits, grouts, oatmeal, porridge (cooked oatmeal), plain muffins, rice (white), rice or buckwheat noodles, rye flour, tortilla Meat (fresh, not commercially breaded), fish (fresh or tinned without sauce), other seafood, eggs, grains, nuts, seeds: amaranth, flax seed, millet, poppy, pistachios, sesame, tahini, sunflower Plain, unsweetened milk, yogurt, cheese. Basil, bay, cinnamon, cumin, curry, marjoram, oregano, parsley, rosemary, thyme. Wheat (including dinkle, kamut, sourdoughs, spelt, wholemeal and wheat products: biscuits, noodles, pasta, pastry).
BREADS AND CEREALS
PROTEINS (MEAT, FISH, EGGS, NUTS)
Legumes: chick peas, lentils, lima, mung, soy (including tofu); Nuts
DAIRY SAUCES AND SPICES
Distilled vinegar. Coriander, garlic, onions, parsnip, spring onions.
Water: tap water, non-flavored bottled water, mineral water, tea, coffee (not chicory based coffee substitutes).
Fruit juices: blackberry, cranberry, white grapes; Alcohol: dry white or red wine (1 glass/serving).
WHEAT (containing Individuals with FM who cannot safely eat wheat (white bread, pasta, breakfast cereals etc) may also have problems with artichokes, asparagus, fructans) chicory roots, chicory greens (whitlof, Belgium endive), chicory based coffee substitutes, dandelion greens, leeks, onions (after cooking, throw onions away and enjoy the taste), radish, spring onions. Tiny amounts of wheat in wheat thickener, maltodextrin and dextrose are not problematic. BEANS (containing Individuals with FM who cannot safely eat beans may also have problems with other legumes (peas, soy, lentils), broccoli, Brussel’s sprouts, raffinose, cabbage, cauliflower, kale, turnip greens, and whole grains. galactans) ADDITIONAL LOW Cooked vegetables (like carrots) may have higher fructose content then raw ones. Whole-grain bread has more fructose than refined bread. Brown FRUCTOSE DIET rice has more fructose than white rice. New potatoes have more fructose than old ones. Medications like antibiotics, vitamins and supplements, TIPS often contain fructose or sorbitol, so it is suggested to find their fructose/sorbitol free alternatives. NOTE: the above list of safe foods is pretty strict. A person with mild fructose malabsorption will be probably able to safely eat most foods from to try list and even some foods from to avoid lists.
so they might need an additional lactose-free. gluten-free or FODMAP diet.Individuals with fructose malabsorption often have lactose. glucose or gluten intolerance. . sugar-free.
balsamic). ole-grain bread has more fructose than refined bread. broccoli. Apples. licorice. watermelon. eggplant. sweet cucumbers). guava. soy sauce. Brown s. leeks. Sugar substitutes: hydrogenated starch hydrolysates (HSH). lentils).TO AVOID Agave syrup (in Tex-Mex foods. fruit compotes and jams in general. soft drinks with sorbitol or HFCS. vitamins and supplements. corn syrup solids. or commercially breaded). coconut milk/cream. honey). pumpkin pie seasoning. quince. stevia. raw sugar (Turbinado. honey. green cabbage. b fruit juice concentrate. Brussel’s sprouts. cherries. s. maltodextrin and dextrose are not gumes (peas. pickles (e. soft drinks). fish (if processed. sucralose. palm sugar – gur). lettuce (iceberg). apricot. prunes. turnips. sweetened breakfast cereals (or with raisins. sweetened milk/vegetable/soy drinks. ketchup. radishes. invert sugar (treacle). hot chili pepper. margaritas. pear. soft drinks with sucrose (>375 mL). watercress. prune. molasses. tomatoes. throw at thickener. peach. Chinese rock sugar. honeydew melon. mango. sultana. chutney. grapes (black). squash. Sweetened milk products. alternatives. relish. nashi fruit. figs. dandelion greens. lychee. leeks. onions (after cooking. sweat cherry). Spices: chervil. sweetened. Hot mustard. Artichoke. ice cream Sauces: Barbeque’s. star fruit. Fruit juices (apple. mango. dill weed. Meat. golden syrup (cane syrup). s etc) may also have problems with artichokes. y able to safely eat most foods from to try list and even . raisins. dates. kale. caramel. Demerara. sorbitol. Brown rice. Medications like antibiotics. powdered sweetened beverages. coffee substitutes with chicory.g. alcohol (except dry white wine). ginger. Dried fruits. asparagus. persimmon. vinegar (apple cider. jaggery. orange. papaya. pears. green peppers. High Fructose Corn Syrup (HFCS). plumes. tequila. Sweet&Sour. soy. sweets in excess (>50g).
sugar-free.d an additional lactose-free. gluten-free or .