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# LAB REPORT

EE 361 – Applied Electromagnetics

Lab Number 1 Simple Frequency and Time Analysis

Names:

Hieu Nguyen Iman Daneshnia

Section Number AC & AB

and becoming almost DC with approximate value of 10 mA. were given in the lab manual. Source Current and Voltage Graphs: The Figure 2 below showes the plot of the Source current. As frequency increase. and Vload corresponds to load voltage. Then. we chose the frequency in a range of 100MEG to 10G. we monitor our output results and behavior of the circut due to Transmission Line. the current amplitude varies less. Procedure 1 We used the Pspice to build the schematic for the given circuit as shown in the figure 1 below: Figure 1: Schematic of first circuit The values of the component are as shown in the fiqure 1. The following graphs shows our output: Note: In all the following graphs. Figure 2: Source current . Then. by plotting parameters such as current or voltage. I(RL) corresponds to load current. I(RS) corresponds to source current. Vsource corresponds to source voltage.I.

Load Current and Voltage Graphs: The Figure 4 below showes the plot of the load current.and reaches an almost constant value of 500 mV. As frequency increase. Figure 4: Load current The Figure 5 below showes the plot of the load voltage. Figure 3: Voltage source The picture make sense. we decided to make seperate plot for cuurent and voltage. As frequency increase. the current amplitude decay up. the voltage amplitude varies less. and becoming almost DC with approximate value of 500 mV. and as the frequency increases.The Figure 3 below showes the plot of the source voltage. Since the wave form of the current is too small compare to voltage amplitude.and reaches an almost constant value of 10 mA. because we know that the source will have the wave form of cosine function. As frequency increase. became close to DC. the pk-to-pk amplitude in the plot varies less. Figure 5: load voltage . the voltage amplitude decay down.

show the Magnitude of current source and voltage source. Figure 8: Phase current source . the amplitude decays out. still sinusoidal. below. P() .M()-Magnitude of Source Current and Voltage: Figure 6: Magnitude current source Figure 7: Magnitude voltage source The Figure 8 and 9. by increasing the frequencies. As before.Phase of Source Current and Voltage: As you can see in the Figure 8 and 9. the current source and voltage source are out of phase. above. but decreasing pl-to-pk value.

Figure 9:Phase voltage source M()-Magnitude of Load Current and Voltage: The Figure 10 shows the Magnitude of the load current. the current decay down exponentioaly and reaches a constant value of 500 mV. Figure 11: Magnitude load voltage . As frequency increases. the current decay up exponentioaly and reaches a constant value of 10 mA. As frequency increases. Figure10: Magnitude load current The Figure 11 shows the Magnitude of the load voltage.

Figure 14: BODE_plot Voltage source . Figure 12: Phase load current Figure 13: Phase load voltage BODE-type of voltage source and voltage load: Then. both current and voltage are in phase with each other at the load side. we used the function 20*LOG10( ) to make plotted the BODE-type plot of voltage source and voltage load. which is shown in Figure 14 below.P() . As seen in the plots.Phase of Load Current and Voltage: The Figure 12 and 13 show the phasor plot of the current source and voltage source.

The figures 16 and 17 below. our voltage source and load voltage has value of almost zero. show our new BODE-type plots of voltage source and voltage load for the new simulation. we repeat the simulation for frequencies 100kHz to 100MHz.Figure 15: BODE_plot Voltage Load Then. Figure 16: Changed Frequency bode-plot Voltage source Figure 17: Changed Frequency bode-plot Voltage Load . As seen in the plots. from 100KHz to 300Khz.

Figure 19: Transient voltage source . As a result. we replaced the Vac to VSIN.In this passive network. the tranmission line have impedance of inductance and capacitance. We use the transient analysis to obtain plots of the transient voltage waveforms VSOURCE and VLOAD for 5 periods of the wave. and DC offset of zero volt. Procedure 2 In this part. The reason for this increase in the load voltage is due to capacitane of the Tranmission Line of the circut. the capacitance decreases. As we know from the book and discussion in class. how can the voltage at the load be higher than the voltage at the source? We can see from the picture that first the voltage load and voltage source are equals. but with increasing the frequency. because the capacitance of the voltage source is decreasing along with it. The resulting output can be seen in the folllowing Figure 19 and 20 below. the voltage load will be slightly greater than voltage source. II. the voltage load values gets higher than voltage source. Our new circutschematic can be seen in Figure 18 below: Figure 18: Schematic with new source We ran a Time Domain Response (Transient) simulation. When the frequency increases. with amplitude of 1 volt.

Figure 20: Transient voltage load What is the phase delay (in degrees) at 0.5 GHz due to the transmission line? The phase delay at 0. which has the same time period as we calculated. given the transmission line parameters? Yes. we set the frequency of the line to be 0. It is because. .5*109) = 2ns We also can verify our period by looking at the plot.5 GHz due to the transmission line can be calcultaed using the following equation: t Delay  Delay   360 TPeriod tDelay=1 nS TPeriod=2 nS Ө Delay=(1/2)(360)=180 degree Does this make sense. the period for that will be: T = 1/(0. therefore.5GHz. It does makes sense.