You are on page 1of 17

Tourism

Tourism is travel for recreational, leisure, or business purposes. The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people "traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes".[1] Tourism has become a popular global leisure activity. In 2011, there were over 983 million international tourist arrivals worldwide, representing a growth of 4.6% when compared to 940 million in 2010.[2][3] International tourism receipts (the travel item of the balance of payments) grew to US$1.03 trillion (€740 billion) in 2011, corresponding to an increase in real terms of 3.8% from 2010.[2] In 2011, international travel demand continued to recover from the losses resulting from the late-2000s recession, where tourism suffered a strong slowdown from the second half of 2008 through the end of 2009. After a 5% increase in the first half of 2008, growth in international tourist arrivals moved into negative territory in the second half of 2008, and ended up only 2% for the year, compared to a 7% increase in 2007.[4] The negative trend intensified during 2009, exacerbated in some countries due to the outbreak of the H1N1 influenza virus, resulting in a worldwide decline of 4.2% in 2009 to 880 million international tourists arrivals, and a 5.7% decline in international tourism receipts.[5] Tourism is important, and in some cases, vital for many countries. It was recognized in the Manila Declaration on World Tourism of 1980 as "an activity essential to the life of nations because of its direct effects on the social, cultural, educational, and economic sectors of national societies and on their international relations."[1][6] Tourism brings in large amounts of income in payment for goods and services available, accounting for 30% of the world's exports of services, and 6% of overall exports of goods and services.[2] It also creates opportunities for employment in the service sector of the economy, associated with tourism.[3] These service industries include transportation services, such as airlines, cruise ships, and taxicabs; hospitality services, such as accommodations, including hotels and resorts; and entertainment venues, such as amusement parks, casinos, shopping malls, music venues, and theatres.

Chandigarh Tourist Attractions
In the contemporary times, tourism in Chandigarh is on peak. Nature lovers from different parts of the country flock here to view the beautiful theme gardens of the city. The reservoir of places to see in Chandigarh is very large. In this section, we will provide you with Chandigarh tourist attractions guide that will help you explore the various sightseeing places in Chandigarh. We will brief you on the following popular places to visit in Chandigarh:
  

Leisure valley Rock garden Sukhna lake

  Open hand monument Capitol complex  Leisure Valley  Leisure valley is the most beautiful and popular tourist attraction destination in Chandigarh. yoga and other fitness workout activities and stretches till the Bougainvillea garden in Sector 3. India that different kinds of theme gardens are set up. It begins from Rajendra Park in Sector 1 that is basically used for long walks. Leisure valley takes a curvaceous turn. Chandigarh Leisure valley is like a garland of gardens that beautifies the entire city. . It also covers the splendid garden of roses in Sector 16. It is in the Leisure valley in Chandigarh. when it enters Sector 23.

play marbles. forks. who was the then Road Inspector in the Engineering Department of Chandigarh Capital Project.  . Rock garden in Chandigarh. mudguards. India is a unique creation and connoisseurs come from different parts of the world to see this amazing garden. porcelain. The garden houses sculptures made by using a variety of different discarded waste materials like frames. broken bangles etc. But the best part about the rock garden is that each of its artwork has been made by using industrial & urban waste. metal wires. auto parts. Rock garden has been established in the form of an open-air exhibition hall. handle bars.  Rock Garden Location: in Sector 1 between the Capitol Complex and Sukhna Lake Highlights: exquisite artwork made from industrial and urban waste Chandigarh rock garden is an epitome of creativity and innovation. It is located in Sector 1 between the Capitol Complex and Sukhna Lake. It is a unique garden that consists of various art objects. The credit for laying its foundation goes to Nek Chand.

then Sukhna Lake is the perfect destination for you. Also. .  Sukhna Lake Location: in the foothills of Shivalik range Highlights: manmade lake Sukhna Lake is a beautiful lake that lies in the foothills of Shivalik range. So. Chandigarh Sukhna Lake serves as a great picnic spot and an apt place for pursuing water sport activities like boating. if you want to rejuvenate yourself. which is a seasonal stream flowing down from the Shivalik hills. It was done by damming the Sukhna Choe. yachting and water skiing etc. you can savor the melodious humming of birds. It is a 3 km long lake that was created in the year 1958. Sukhana Lake of Chandigarh. India has become an integral part of the city People visit this place in the morning to enjoy the cool breeze and the beauty of nature. The atmosphere over here is very serene and thus apt for meditating. People come here in the evening time to forget their worries and relax for a while. The unique thing about Sukhna is that it is a manmade lake.

It is located in sector 1 in the Capitol Complex. This giant hand is 14 metres high and weighs around 50 tonnes. India is one of the most significant monuments of the city. indicating the direction of wind. Chandigarh open hand monument has been designed in the form of a giant hand made from metal sheets that rotates like a weathercock. ." Open hand is the city's official emblem. The credit for laying down its plan goes to Le Corbusier. The significance of open hand is that it conveys the social message of peace and unity that is "open to give & open to receive.  Open Hand Open hand in Chandigarh.

namely. till yet. The three buildings of the Capitol complex stand majestically representing themselves as the temples of democracy of free India. the Secretariat. capitol complex in Chandigarh. India consists of three main edifices. which is going to be the Raj Bhavan. it served as the seat only for the Govt of Punjab. the Govt of Punjab and Haryana. . There was a plan to build a fourth building also. Located in Sector 1. the Legislative Assembly and the High Court. Initially. it has not come into existence. as in the Governor's Palace or a Museum of Knowledge. The credit for the awesome designing of the Capitol complex goes to Le Corbusier.Capitol Complex Chandigarh capitol complex houses the seat of Government. However. but now it has the headquarters of both.

India. where you'll be able to find indigenous plant species and trees of medicinal value. you can find cacti and succulent plants. The best part about this garden are the rare species of plants and small lily pools. On one corner. Apart from these two botanical gardens. The botanical garden that lies between the rock garden and Sukhna Lake is spread on an area of 88 acres. the other corner contains several evergreen and exotic plants. There are two botanical gardens in Chandigarh. one more garden of such kind is in the process of establishment. one located in the Punjab University and another between the Rock Garden and Sukhna Lake in Sector 1. . Also. The botanical garden of Punjab University has distinctive varieties of plants. you can find gorgeous lotus flowers over here. while.Chandigarh Botanical Gardens Chandigarh Botanical gardens are one of the main tourist attraction places of this beautiful city.

but also trees of medicinal value. India is the largest of its kind in Asia. Named after India's former President. Some of the medicinal plants that can be spotted here are bel. Zakir rose garden not just consists of the gorgeous roses. It is a spacious garden covering an area of 27 acres. bahera.000 plants. this beautiful garden was set up in 1967 with the support of Chandigarh's first Chief Commissioner. Rose garden serves as the venue for hosting the annual festival of gardens.Chandigarh Rose Garden Rose garden of Chandigarh. Dr.600 varieties of roses over there. Chandigarh rose garden contains more than 17. Zakir Hussain. There are nearly 1. a major cultural event of the city. camphor and yellow gulmohar. late Dr M S Randhawa. harar. .

In this section. When it comes to Chandigarh excursions. visiting the Chandi Devi mandir is like a must. It is situated about 10 kms away from the Mansa Devi Shrine. Chandi Devi temple near Chandigarh. mainly consisting of Gurudwaras. We will brief you on the following pilgrimage destinations in Chandigarh:       Chandi mandir Mansa devi mandir Nada sahib gurudwara Amb sahib gurudwara Baoli sahib gurudwara Koohni sahib gurudwara  Chandi Mandir  Location: 15 kms from the city on the Chandigarh Kalka road Dedicated to: Chandi. a place where wishes are believed to come true. People come from different parts of the country to offer prayers. we will provide you with information on the famous places of worship in Chandigarh. . thousands of people visit this temple. Chandi Mandir is dedicated to Chandi. India is basically a Siddh Peeth. the goddess of power Chandigarh chandi mandir is a very famous temple located at a distance of about 15 kms from the city of gardens. During the festivity of Navratras.Religious Places In Chandigarh There is a plethora of religious places in Chandigarh. the goddess of power. The city of Chandigarh was named after this temple.

The credit for setting up the relatively new temple goes to the Maharaja of Patiala. The temple that is located near the parking lot is said to be the main temple. Mansa Devi Temple near Chandigarh basically houses two temples. It was established in the year 1815 A. According to the Hindu mythology. there is a beautiful garden consisting of sacred plants. the head of Devi Sati had fallen over here. which is about 8 kms away from the city. During Navratras.D by the ruler of Mani Majra. . This holy Siddh Peeth is dedicated to Mata Mansa Devi.     Chandigarh Mansa Devi Temple Location: 8 km from the Chandigarh Dedicated to: Mata Mansa Devi Chandigarh Mansa Devi temple is a very famous shrine located at Panchkula. People come from all over the world to pay homage to the goddess. Adjoining to the Chandigarh Mansa Devi mandir. fairs take place in the surrounding areas of Mansa Devi temple.

  Nada Sahib Gurdwara Location: 15 kms from Chandigarh in Panchkula district on the banks of river Ghagar Significance: it is here that Guru Gobind Singhji along with his victorious fellow warriors had .

One among them is the Chandigarh Nada Sahib Gurudwara.   Amb Sahib Gurdwara Location: Phase 7. they were given a warm welcome by a follower of Guru Gobind Singh Ji. Guru Gobind Singhji along with his victorious fellow Sikh warriors had stayed over here. There are a number of religious places in and around Chandigarh. India has a lot of reverence for Sikhs. Mohali near Chandigarh Significance: there is a mango tree over here that bears the fruit even during the winters . Situated at the Panchkula district on the banks of river Ghagar. as after having fought the battle with Mughals. while on their way back. The Guru showered his blessings on him and also said that the Gurudwara would be named after him. after having fought the battle with Mughals.taken a halt while on their way back. named Nadu Shah. it lies at a distance of 15 kms from the city of gardens. Here. Lakhs of worshippers visit the Nada Sahib Gurdwara on the full moon day (Pooranmashi) of every month. Gurdwara Nada Sahib in Chandigarh.

Here is given a list of museums in Chandigarh:   City Museum Government museum & art gallery . The reservoir of Chandigarh museums is very comprehensive and each museum is worth watching. we will provide you with information on museums of Chandigarh. India. There is something unique about each museum. Guru Har Rai. On the occasion of Sakrant that falls in the month of January. It is located in Phase 7 in the Mohali district.Chandigarh Amb Sahib Gurdwara is a prominent pilgrimage spot. India is that it has a mango tree. a fair is held in the Amb Sahib Gurdwara in the memory of the Guru and thousands of devotees flock here. which bears the fruit even during winters. the seventh Guru of Sikhs visited this place to meet his disciple. It is said that in 1659. as commanded by the Guru. The unique thing about Gurudwara Amb Sahib near Chandigarh.  Chandigarh Museums In this section. These mangoes are distributed as Prasad to the Sangat. Bhai Kooram.

miniature paintings. And the first floor focuses on the growth aspect and exhibits the things based on the theme of "Chandigarh today and tomorrow. Government Museum & Art Gallery came into existence in the year 1968.  International dolls museum Museum of evolution of life  City Museum  Year of establishment: 1997 City museum in Chandigarh. Decorative Arts and Coins & contemporary art gallery. City museum contains the original sketches. It houses a number of art galleries. The museum also has a spacious reference library to meet the intellectual needs of scholars and students. Miniature Paintings. The purpose of setting up Chandigarh City Museum was to collect. which can be broadly classified as Gandhara and Hindu Sculptures. India is a very popular museum. plans. preserve and display the planning and architectural development that went into the unique urban designing of the city. It was established by the Chandigarh administration at the time of the 50th Anniversary of India's independence in December 1997. The credit for the wonderful designing of this museum goes to Le Corbusier. The displays that are stored at the basement explain the story of India's partition and the need to build the new Capital city of Chandigarh. Chandigarh Government Museum and Art Gallery is a perfect place for viewing the prehistoric fossils and artifacts. You can also find beautiful miniature paintings over here. Government Museum & Art Gallery in Chandigarh is a very famous tourist attraction place that houses magnificent Gandhara period stone sculptures. This museum is open on all days except for Monday. photographs and all such documents that explain the evolution of city from the stage of rough paper sketches to its realization.  . models."  Government Museum & Art Gallery  Year of establishment: 1968 Highlights: Gandhara period stone sculptures. decorative arts and coins Located in Sector 10.

It is a must visit place of the city. Spain. . It houses splendid dolls and puppets gathered from all over the world. India is one of the best museums of our country. Germany. Netherlands. It was set up for the purpose of entertaining the kids. Russia and Korea etc. In the Chandigarh International Dolls Museum. International Dolls Museum was established in the year 1985 by Chandigarh administration in collaboration with the Rotary Club of Chandigarh. you can find about 250 different kinds of dolls collected from countries like Denmark. International Dolls Museum in Chandigarh. An added attraction for children is the toy train. It serves like an amusement park for children.     International Dolls Museum Year of establishment: 1985 Highlights: toy train and beautiful dolls collected from all over the world Located in Sector 23.

It explains the history through various paintings that portray the origin of life. history and geology.    Museum of Evolution of Life Year of construction: 1973 Located in Sector 10. There is a big reference library. where you can find a plenty of useful books. Museum of Evolution of Life is an apt place for those who are interested in evolutionary studies. biology. it depicts the evolution of life from the unicellular organism to the biological diversity of today. The museum has different art galleries in the fields of astronomy. Chandigarh Museum of Evolution of Life was made open for public viewing on 13th August 1973. Museum of Evolution of Life in Chandigarh is an awesome museum that gives a fabulous recap of the history beginning from the time of Indus valley civilization till date. the variety and diversity of plants and animals. archaeology. . extinct races of man etc. As the name only suggests. botany.