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Author Guidelines for Final Papers

Author(s) Name(s) Author Affiliation(s) E-mail Abstract
The abstract is to be in fully-justified italicized text, at the top of the left-hand column as it is here, below the author information. Use the word “Abstract” as the title, in 12-point Times, boldface type, centered relative to the column, initially capitalized. The abstract is to be in 10-point, singlespaced type, and not more than 200 words in length. Leave two blank lines after the abstract and begin the main text.

4. Author name(s) and affiliation(s)
Author names and affiliations are to be centered beneath the title and printed in Times 12-point, nonboldface type. Multiple authors may be shown in a two- or three-column format, with their affiliations italicized and centered below their respective names. Include e-mail addresses if possible. Author information should be followed by two blank lines.

5. Second and onwards pages
The second and onwards pages should begin 1.0 inch (2.54 cm) from the top edge. On all pages, the bottom margin should be 1-1/8 inches (2.86 cm) from the bottom edge of the page for 8.5 x 11-inch paper; for A4 paper, approximately 1-5/8 inches (4.13 cm) from the bottom edge of the page.

1. Introduction
All manuscripts must be in English. The final version should be squeezed to at most 8 pages. However, examples may be added in other languages when appropriate. These guidelines include complete descriptions of the fonts, spacing, and related information for producing the final papers.

6. Type-style and fonts
Wherever Times is specified, Times Roman or Times New Roman may be used.

2. Formatting instructions
All printed material, including text, illustrations, and charts, must be kept within a print area of 6-1/2 inches (16.51 cm) wide by 8-7/8 inches (22.51 cm) high. Do not write or print anything outside the print area. All text must be in a two-column format. Columns are to be 3-1/16 inches (7.85 cm) wide, with a 3/8 inch (0.81 cm) space between them. Text must be fully justified.

7. Main text
Type your main text in 10-point Times, singlespaced. Do not use double-spacing. All paragraphs should be indented 1/4 inch (approximately 0.5 cm). Be sure your text is fully justified—that is, flush left and flush right. Please do not place any additional blank lines between paragraphs. Figure and table captions should be 10-point boldface Helvetica (or a similar sans-serif font). Initially capitalize only the first word of each figure caption and table title. Figures and tables must be numbered separately. Table titles are to be centered above the tables. Examples from languages such as Urdu and Pashto should be numbered (1), (2), (3) and so on. These should consist of four lines, with the first line containing the phrase or the sentence in its own script such as Urdu, the second line containing the transcribed (recommended) or transliterated sentence,

3. Main title
The main title (on the first page) should begin 13/8 inches (3.49 cm) from the top edge of the page, centered, and in Times 14-point, boldface type. Capitalize the first letter of nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs; do not capitalize articles, coordinate conjunctions, or prepositions (unless the title begins with such a word). Leave two 12-point blank lines after the title.

initially capitalized. day.B.”) after the heading number. When referenced in the text.B.“1. Shah.1. Naqvi. Naqvi. C. Book Title.F. should be Times 12-point boldface.D. Book Title. Location. though transliteration is also acceptable. 8. Naqvi. Khan and E. they should be Times 11-point boldface. "Article Title". C. A. In case of transliteration. Khan. day. "Article Title". (edition).B. Location. Shah and E. submitted to Conference. at the end of your paper.1. Shah and E. initially capitalized. these changes must be explicitly mentioned. flush left. C.gov/catdir/cpso/roman.D. Date. with one blank line before. Date. Shah. Shah and E. Khan. Books and Journals: [1] A. These are available on the website: http://www.F. single-spaced. Naqvi. Khan. Naqvi. enclose the citation number in square brackets.F. Shah and E. Khan and E. boldface. Second level headings As in this heading. with one blank line before. Shah and E. First level headings For example. PhD/MS/MPhil/MA/MSc etc thesis. Naqvi. flush left.1.B. Date. Date. Introduction”. A. Conference. and one blank line after. use 10-point Times.F. Date. for example [1]. In third level headings.F. University.B. Presented at Conference title. volume (issue).D.D. 9. [Online]. Location.F. (submitted to a conference) [4] C. not a colon. the IPA phonetic alphabet symbols are to be used.D. Location. pp. [Online]. Location. is recommended. For phonetic transcription. Date. Khan. preceded by one blank line. year). and one after. Retrieved (month. Available: website (Journals) [7] A. initially capitalized. 8. pages. Khan.” Phonetic transcription of the words and sentences. Retrieved (month.B.D. Publisher. Third level headings.D. C. day. Naqvi. List and number all bibliographical references in 9point Times. Available: website (Papers Presented at Conferences) [8] A. followed by a period and your text on the same line.B. Date. Journal. Publisher. References . Available: website 8. Conference papers: (In proceedings) [3] A. the transliteration schemes from the library of congress must be used. "Article Title". from languages other than English.loc. An example is given below: (1) ‫زۀ خط ليکم‬zә xәt likәm I-Dir letter-Dir write-(PRES IMPERF) “I am writing a letter. [2] C. enclosed in double quotes. Thesis title. The font to be used for phonetic transcription is Doulos SIL. Use a period (“. year). [Online]. for his/her convenience. Date. "Article Title". Electronic Resources: (Books) [6] A.the third line containing meanings of individual words below each word and the fourth line containing the complete English translation of the phrase or sentence. 1-10. Journal. Shah. In case the author makes changes in these schemes. Department if any. flush left. year). Theses: [5] C.D.html. Retrieved (month. “Article Title”.F. volume (issue). in proc. C.