Technical Reference

Determining Metric Tolerances
Table 1: Description of Preferred Fits
Table 1 is pulled from the ANSI metric tolerances section of thee machinists’ handbook, which conforms to the ISO and DIN tolerances for hole
basis and shaft basis fits. Table 1 provides an overview of the hole basis and shaft basis fits that make up clearance fit, transition fit and interference fit combinations.

ISO SYMBOL

C11/h11

H9/d9

LOOSE RUNNING FIT

FOR WIDE COMMERCIAL TOLERANCES OR
ALLOWANCES ON EXTERNAL MEMBERS.

D9/h9

FREE RUNNING FIT

NOT FOR USE WHERE ACCURACY IS ESSENTIAL,
BUT GOOD FOR LARGE TEMPERATURE VARIATIONS, HIGH RUNNING SPEEDS, OR HEAVY
JOURNAL PRESSURES.

H8/f7

F8/h7

CLOSE RUNNING FIT

FOR RUNNING ON ACCURATE MACHINES
AND FOR ACCURATE LOCATION AT MODERATE
SPEEDS AND JOURNAL PRESSURES.

H7/g6

G7/h6

SLIDING FIT

NOT INTENDED TO RUN FREELY, BUT TO MOVE
AND TURN FREELY AND LOCATE ACCURATELY.

H7/h6

H7/h6

LOCATIONAL CLEARANCE FIT

PROVIDES SNUG FIT FOR LOCATING STATIONARY PARTS; BUT CAN BE FREELY ASSEMBLED
AND DISASSEMBLED.

H7/k6

K7/h6

LOCATIONAL TRANSITION FIT

FOR ACCURATE LOCATION, A COMPROMISE
BETWEEN CLEARANCE AND INTERFERENCE.

H7/n6

N7/h6

LOCATIONAL TRANSITION FIT

FOR MORE ACCURATE LOCATION WHERE
GREATER INTERFERENCE IS PERMISSIBLE.

H7/p6*

P7/h6

LOCATIONAL INTERFERENCE FIT

FOR PARTS REQUIRING RIGIDITY AND ALIGNMENT WITH PRIME ACCURACY OF LOCATION
BUT WITHOUT SPECIAL BORE PRESSURE
REQUIREMENTS.

H7/s6

S7/h6

MEDIUM DRIVE FIT

FOR ORDINARY STEEL PARTS OR SHRINK
FITS ON LIGHT SECTIONS, THE TIGHTEST FIT
USABLE WITH CAST IRON.

FORCE FIT

SUITABLE FOR PARTS WHICH CAN BE HIGHLY
STRESSED OR FOR SHRINK FITS WHERE THE
HEAVY PRESSING FORCES REQUIRED ARE
IMPRACTICAL.

H7/u6

U7/h6

Excerpt from Machinists’ Handbook, pg. 661, 25 Ed., Industrial Press.
*The H7/p6 Hole Basis fit is a transition fit for basic sizes in ranges from 0 through 3mm.

Determining Metric Tolerances

INTERFERENCE
FITS

H11/c11

|

TRANSITION
FITS

SHAFT BASIS

Technical Reference

CLEARANCE
FITS

HOLE BASIS

Technical Reference

Determining Metric Tolerances
Table 2: Commonly used Hole-Basis System of fits
Table 2 shows closer detail on the hole-basis system of fits than Table 1. When using the hole-basis system of fits, the smallest diameter in the
hole tolerance range is fixed to the zero line (basic nominal hole size or diameter), and the clearance between the shaft and hole extends below
the zero line, or negative relative to the basic nominal hole size.

LETTER SYMBOLS AND GRADE NUMBERS OF SHAFTS
BASIC
HOLES

CLEARANCE FITS
b

c

d

e

TRANSITION FITS
f

H5

H10

9

js

k

m

4

4

4

4

n

p

f

s

t

u

x

5

5

5

5

5

6

6

6

6

6*

6*

6

6

6

6

6

6

6

6

6*

6*

6

6

6

6

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

7*

7*

7

7

7

7

7

7

8

8

9

9

8

8

8

9

9

9

9

9

9

|

*Exceptions occur in some steps of dimensions.

Table 3: Commonly used Shaft-Basis System of fits

Technical Reference

Determining Metric Tolerances

H9

h

4

6

8

H8

g

6

H6

H7

INTERFERENCE FITS

Table 3 shows closer detail on the shaft-basis system of fits than Table 1. When using the shaft-basis system of fits, the largest diameter in the
shaft tolerance range is fixed to the zero line (basic nominal shaft size or diameter), and the clearance between the shaft and hole extends above
the zero line, or positive relative to the basic shaft size.

LETTER SYMBOLS AND GRADE NUMBERS OF HOLES
BASIC
SHAFTS

CLEARANCE FITS
B

C

D

E

TRANSITION FITS
F

G

h5
h6

h7

8

h8

h9
h10

10

H

Js

K

M

5

5

5

5

6

6

6

6

N

P

6*

6

F

S

T

U

X

7

7

7

6

6

6

6

6

6

6

6*

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

7*

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

7*

7

8

8

8

8

8

9

9

9

8

8

8

9

9

9

9

10

10

*Exceptions occur in some steps of dimensions.

INTERFERENCE FITS

Technical Reference

Determining Metric Tolerances
Table 4: IT Standard Tolerances
Table 4 details the ISO-basic tolerances (International Tolerance Grades, or, “IT”) which apply to all linear sizes (external and internal sizes, diameters, lengths, widths and thicknesses). An IT-grade number establishes the magnitude of the tolerance zone, while the tolerance position letter
determines where the tolerance zone is in relation to the zero line. The combination of tolerance position letter (A-X, a-x) and IT-grade number
(01-8) creates the overall tolerance symbol (i.e., F8/h7 when using the shaft-basis system of fits).
For nominal size range up to 500mm according to DIN 7151/ISO 286, and for nominal size range over 500mm, according to DIN 7172/ISO 286.

IT STANDARD TOLERANCES (UNITS IN 0.001MM)

OVER

TO

IT01

IT0

IT1

IT2

IT3

IT4

IT5

IT6

IT7

IT8

IT9

IT10

IT11

IT12

IT13

IT14

IT15

IT16

IT17

IT18

0

3

0.3

0.5

0.8

1.2

2

3

4

6

10

14

25

40

60

100

140

250

400

600

3

6

0.4

0.6

1

1.5

2.5

4

5

8

12

18

30

48

75

120

180

300

480

750

1500

6

10

0.4

0.6

1

1.5

2.5

4

6

9

15

22

36

58

90

150

220

360

580

900

10

18

0.5

0.8

1.2

2

3

5

8

11

18

27

43

70

110

180

270

430

700

1100 1800 2700

18

30

0.6

1

1.5

2.5

4

6

9

13

21

33

52

84

130

210

330

520

840

1300 2100 3300

30

50

0.6

1

1.5

2.5

4

7

11

16

25

39

62

100

160

250

390

620

1000 1600 2500 3900

50

80

0.8

1.2

2

3

5

8

13

19

30

46

74

120

190

300

460

740

1200 1900 3000 4600
1400 2200 3500 5400

120

1

1.5

2.5

4

6

10

15

22

35

54

87

140

220

350

540

870

180

1.2

2

3.5

5

8

12

18

25

40

63

100

160

250

400

630

1000 1600 2500 4000 6300

180

250

2

3

4.5

7

10

14

20

29

46

72

115

185

290

460

720

1150 1850 2900 4600 7200

250

315

2.5

4

6

8

12

16

23

32

52

81

130

210

320

520

810

1300 2100 3200 5200 8100

315

400

3

5

7

9

13

18

25

36

57

89

140

230

360

570

890

1400 2300 3600 5700 8900

400

500

4

6

8

10

15

20

27

40

63

97

155

250

400

630

970

1550 2500 4000 6300 9700

500

630

4.5

6

9

11

16

22

30

44

70

110

175

280

440

700

1100 1750 2800 4400

|

80
120

Technical Reference

NOMINAL SIZE RANGE

ITEMS IN MM

800

5

7

10

13

18

25

35

50

80

125

200

320

500

800

1250 2000 3200 5000

800

1000

5.5

8

11

15

21

29

40

56

90

140

230

360

560

900

1400 2300 3600 5600

Determining Metric Tolerances

630

Technical Reference

Determining Metric Tolerances
Table 5: Fundamental deviations of holes and shafts
Table 5 details fundamental deviations between holes and shafts, and is provided for reference.

IT6 TO IT16

LETTER SYMBOLS

D

E

F

G

SIGNS

+

+

+

+

260

145

76

22

0

290

160

80

24

320

170

86

350

195

98

UP TO

500

560

560

630

630

710

710

800
900

900

1000

1000

1120

1120

1250

1250

1400

1400

1600

1600

1800

1800

2000

|

ABOVE

800

2000

2240

2240

2500

2500

2800

2800

3150

ABOVE

UP TO

SHAFTS

FUNDAMENTAL DEVIATIONS
(UPPER DEVIATIONS)

FUNDAMENTAL DEVIATIONS
(LOWER DEVIATIONS)

DIVISIONS

Technical Reference

Determining Metric Tolerances

HOLES

GRADE

H

Js

K

M

N

P

R

S

T

U

0

26

44

78

150

280

400

600

155

310

450

660

0

0

30

50

88

175

340

500

740

185

380

560

840

26

0

0

34

56

100

210

430

620

940

220

470

680

1050

28

0

0

40

66

120

250

520

780

1150

260

580

840

1300

300

640

960

1450

330

720

1050

1600

370

820

1200

1850

400

920

1350

2000

440

1000

1500

2300

460

1100

1650

2500

550

1250

1900

2900

580

1400

2100

3200

DEVIATIONS
(+/–) IT/2
390

220

110

30

0

0

48

78

140

430

240

120

32

0

0

58

92

170

480

260

130

34

0

0

68

110

195

520

290

145

38

0

0

76

135

240

SIGNS

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

LETTER SYMBOLS

d

e

f

g

k

m

n

p

r

s

t

u

DIVISIONS
GRADE

h

js

FUNDAMENTAL DEVIATIONS
(LOWER DEVIATIONS)

FUNDAMENTAL DEVIATIONS
(UPPER DEVIATIONS)
IT6 TO IT16

Technical Reference

Determining Metric Tolerances
Table 6: Tolerances for inside dimensions (holes)
Table 6 details tolerances for inside dimensions (holes) based relative to the tolerance symbol. Upper and lower values are provided as either positive or negative (or zero) values relative to the nominal size chosen. Pick the range in which the desired nominal value falls into, and then either
add or subtract the tolerances to find the upper and lower tolerance range for the desired nominal size.
UNITS IN MM
OVER

TO

A11

B8

B11

1




C11

D9

D10

D11

E8

E9

F6

F7

F8

G6

G7

H5

H6

H7

H8

H9

H10

+120
+60

+45
+20

+60
+20

+80
+20

+28
+14

+39
+14

+12
+6

+16
+6

+20
+6

+8
+2

+12
+2

+4
0

+6
0

+10
0

+14
0

+25
0

+40
0

3

3

6

+345 +158 +215 +145
+270 +140 +140 +70

+60
+30

+78
+30

+105
30

+38
+20

+50
+20

+18
+10

+22
+10

+28
+10

+12
+4

+16
+4

+5
0

+8
0

+12
0

+18
0

+30
0

+48
0

6

10

+370 +172 +240 +170
+280 +150 +150 +80

+76
+40

+98
+40

+130
+40

+47
+25

+61
+25

+22
+13

+28
+13

+35
+13

+14
+5

+20
+5

+6
0

+9
0

+15
0

+22
0

+36
0

+58
0

+400 +177 +260 +205
+290 +150 +150 +95

+93
+50

+120 +160
+50 +50

+59
+32

+75
+32

+27
+16

+34
+16

+43
+16

+17
+6

+24
+6

+8
0

+11
0

+18
0

+27
0

+43
0

+70
0

+430 +193 +290 +240 +117 +149 +195
+300 +160 +160 +110 +65 +65 +65

+73
+40

+92
+40

+33
+20

+41
+20

+53
+20

+20
+7

+28
+7

+9
0

+13
0

+21
0

+33
0

+52
0

+84
0

+470 +209 +330 +280
+310 +170 +170 +120 +142 +180 +240
+480 +219 +340 +290 +80 +80 +80
+320 +180 +180 +130

+89
+50

+112
+50

+41
+25

+50
+25

+64
+25

+25
+9

+34
+9

+11
0

+16
0

+25
0

+39
0

+62
0

+100
0

+530 +236 +380 +330
+340 +190 +190 +140 +174 +220 +290 +106 +134
+550 +246 +390 +340 +100 +100 +100 +60 +60
+360 +200 +200 +150

+49
+30

+60
+30

+76
+30

+29
+10

+40
+10

+13
0

+19
0

+30
0

+46
0

+74
0

+120
0

+600 +274 +440 +390
+380 +220 +220 +170 +207 +260 +340 +126 +159
+630 +294 +460 +400 +120 +120 +120 +72 +72
+410 +240 +240 +180

+58
+36

+71
+36

+90
+36

+34
+12

+47
+12

+15
0

+22
0

+35
0

+54
0

+87
0

+140
0

+68
+43

+83
+43

+106
+43

+39
+14

+54
+14

+18
0

+25
0

+40
0

+63
0

+100 +160
0
0

+79
+50

+96
+50

+122
+50

+44
+15

+61
+15

+20
0

+29
0

+46
0

+72
0

+115 +185
0
0

+1240 +561 +800 +620
+920 +480 +480 +300 +320 +400 +510 +191 +240
+1370 +621 +860 +650 +190 +190 +190 +110 +110
+1050 +540 +540 +330

+88
+56

+108 +137
+56 +56

+49
+17

+69
+17

+23
0

+32
0

+52
0

+81
0

+130 +210
0
0

+1560 +689 +960 +720
+1200 +600 +600 +360 +350 +440 +570 +214 +265
+1710 +769 +1040 +760 +210 +210 +210 +125 +125
+1350 +680 +680 +400

+98
+62

+119 +151
+62 +62

+54
+18

+75
+18

+25
0

+36
0

+57
0

+89
0

+140 +230
0
0

+1900 +857 +1160 +840
+1500 +760 +760 +440 +385 +480 +630 +232 +290 +108 +131 +165
+2050 +937 +1240 +880 +230 +230 +230 +135 +135 +68 +68 +68
+1650 +840 +840 +480

+60
+20

+83
+20

+27
0

+40
0

+63
0

+97
0

+155 +250
0
0

14
18

18

24

24

30

30

40

40

50

50

65

65

80

80

100

100

120

120

140

+710 +323 +510 +450
+460 +260 +260 +200

140

160

+770 +343 +530 +460 +245 +305 +395 +148 +185
+520 +280 +280 +210 +145 +145 +145 +85 +85

160

180

+830 +373 +560 +480
+580 +310 +310 +230

180

200

+950 +412 +630 +530
+660 +340 +340 +240

200

225

+1030 +452 +670 +550 +285 +355 +460 +172 +215
+740 +380 +380 +260 +170 +170 +170 +100 +100

225

250

+1110 +492 +710 +570
+820 +420 +420 +280

250

280

280

315

315

355

355

400

400

450

450

500

Determining Metric Tolerances

10
14

|

1

+330 +154 +200
+270 +140 +140

Technical Reference

NOMINAL SIZE RANGE

0

TOLERANCES FOR INSIDE DIMENSIONS (HOLES) (UNITS IN 0.001MM)

Technical Reference

Determining Metric Tolerances
Table 6: Tolerances for inside dimensions (holes) — continued

NOMINAL SIZE RANGE

Technical Reference

|

Determining Metric Tolerances

UNITS IN MM

TOLERANCES FOR INSIDE DIMENSIONS (HOLES) (UNITS IN 0.001MM)

OVER

TO

H11

H12

H13

J6

J7

J8

K6

K7

K8

M6

M7

M8

N6

N7

N8

R7

JS6

JS7

JS8

JS9

0

1

1

3

+60
0

+100 +140
0
0

+2
-4

+4
-6

+6
-8

0
-6

0
-10

0
-14

-2
-8

-2
-12

-2
-16

-4
-10

-4
-14

-4
-18

-10
-20

+3
-3

+5
-5

+7
-7

+12.5
-12.5

3

6

+75
0

+120 +180
0
0

+5
-3

+6
-6

+10
-8

+2
-6

+3
-9

+5
-13

-1
-9

0
-12

+2
-16

-5
-13

-4
-16

-2
-20

-11
-23

+4
-4

+6
-6

+9
-9

+15
-15

6

10

+90
0

+150 +220
0
0

+5
-4

+8
-7

+12
-10

+2
-7

+5
-10

+6
-16

-3
-12

0
-15

+1
-21

-7
-16

-4
-19

-3
-25

-13
-28

+4.5
-4.5

+7.5
-7.5

+11
-11

+18
-18

10

14

14

18

+110 +180 +270
0
0
0

+6
-5

+10
-8

+15
-12

+2
-9

+6
-12

+8
-19

-4
-15

0
-18

+2
-25

-9
-20

-5
-23

-3
-30

-16
-34

+5.5
-5.5

+9
-9

18

24

24

30

+130 +210 +330
0
0
0

+8
-5

+12
-9

+20
-13

+2
-11

+6
-15

+10
-23

-4
-17

0
-21

+4
-29

-11
-24

-7
-28

-3
-36

-20
-41

+6.5 +10.5 +16.5
-6.5 -10.5 -16.5

30

40

40

50

+160 +250 +390
0
0
0

+10
-6

+14
-11

+24
-15

+3
-13

+7
-18

+12
-27

-4
-20

0
-25

+5
-34

-12
-28

-8
-33

-3
-42

-25
-50

50

65

+190 +300 +460
0
0
0

+13
-6

+18
-12

+28
-18

+4
-15

+9
-21

+14
-32

-5
-24

0
-30

+5
-41

-14
-33

-9
-39

-4
-50

+220 +350 +540
0
0
0

+16
-6

+22
-13

+34
-20

+4
-18

+10
-25

+16
-38

-6
-28

0
-35

+6
-48

-16
-38

-10
-45

-4
-58

65

80

80

100

-30
-60

+23
-23

+37
-37

+11
-11

+17.5
-17.5

+27
-27

+43.5
-43.5

+12.5
-12.5

+20
-20

+31.5
-31.5

+50
-50

-63 +14.5
-109 -14.5

+23
-23

+36
-36

+57.5
-57.5

+26
-26

+40.5
-40.5

+65
-65

+18
-18

+28.5 +44.5
-28.5 -44.5

+70
-70

+20
-20

+31.5 +48.5 +77.5
-31.5 -48.5 -77.5

-38
-73
-41
-76

120

140

140

160

160

180

-53
-93

180

200

-60
-106

200

225

225

250

250

280

315

355

355

400

400

450

450

500

+31
-31

+15
-15

120

315

+12.5 +19.5
-12.5 -19.5

+26
-26

+9.5
-9.5

-32
-62

100

280

+8
-8

+13.5 +21.5
-13.5 -21.5

-48
-88
+250 +400 +630
0
0
0

+290 +460 +720
0
0
0

+18
-7

+22
-7

+26
-14

+30
-16

+41
-22

+47
-25

+4
-21

+5
-24

+12
-28

+13
-33

+20
-43

+22
-50

-8
-33

-8
-37

0
-40

0
-46

+8
-55

+9
-63

-20
-45

-22
-51

-12
-52

-14
-60

-4
-67

-5
-77

-50
-90

-67
-113
+320 +520 +810
0
0
0

+25
-7

+36
-16

+55
-26

+5
-27

+16
-36

+25
-56

-9
-41

0
-52

+9
-72

-25
-57

-14
-66

-5
-86

+360 +570 +890
0
0
0

+29
-7

+39
-18

+60
-29

+7
-29

+17
-40

+28
-61

-10
-46

0
-57

+11
-78

-26
-62

-16
-73

-5
-94

+400 +630 +970
0
0
0

+33
-7

+43
-20

+66
-31

+8
-32

+18
-45

+29
-68

-10
-50

0
-63

+11
-86

-27
-67

-17
-80

-6
-103

-74
-126
-78
-130
-87
-144
-93
-150
-103
-166
-109
-172

+16
-16

Technical Reference

Determining Metric Tolerances
Table 6: Tolerances for inside dimensions (holes) — continued

TOLERANCES FOR INSIDE DIMENSIONS (HOLES) (UNITS IN 0.001MM)

TO

JS10

JS11

JS12

JS13

JS14

JS15

JS16

JS17

JS18

0

1

1

3

+20
-20

+30
-30

+50
-50

+70
-70

+125
-125

+200
-200

+300
-300



3

6

+24
-24

+37.5
-37.5

+60
-60

+90
-90

+150
-150

+240
-240

+375
-375



6

10

+29
-29

+45
-45

+75
-75

+110
-110

+180
-180

+290
-290

+450
-450

+750
-750


10

14

14

18

+35
-35

+55
-55

+90
-90

+135
-135

+215
-215

+350
-350

+550
-550

+900
-900

+1350
-1350

18

24

24

30

+42
-42

+65
-65

+105
-105

+165
-165

+260
-260

+420
-420

+650
-650

+1050
-1050

+1650
-1650

30

40

40

50

+50
-50

+80
-80

+125
-125

+195
-195

+310
-310

+500
-500

+800
-800

+1250
-1250

+1950
-1950

50

65

65

80

+60
-60

+95
-95

+150
-150

+230
-230

+370
-370

+600
-600

+950
-950

+1500
-1500

+2300
-2300

80

100

100

120

+70
-70

+110
-110

+175
-175

+270
-270

+435
-435

+700
-700

+1100
-1100

+1750
-1750

+2700
-2700

120

140

140

160

+80
-80

+125
-125

+200
-200

+315
-315

+500
-500

+800
-800

+1250
-1250

+2000
-2000

+3150
-3150

160

180

180

200

200

225

+92.5
-92.5

+145
-145

+230
-230

+360
-360

+575
-575

+925
-925

+1450
-1450

+2300
-2300

+3600
-3600

225

250

250

280

280

315

+105
-105

+160
-160

+260
-260

+405
-405

+650
-650

+1050
-1050

+1600
-1600

+2600
-2600

+4050
-4050

315

355

355

400

+115
-115

+180
-180

+285
-285

+445
-445

+700
-700

+1150
-1150

+1800
-1800

+2850
-2850

+4450
-4450

400

450

450

500

+125
-125

+200
-200

+315
-315

+485
-485

+775
-775

+1250
-1250

+2000
-2000

+3150
-3150

+4850
-4850

|

OVER

Technical Reference
Determining Metric Tolerances

NOMINAL SIZE RANGE

UNITS IN MM

Technical Reference

Determining Metric Tolerances
Table 7: Tolerances for outside dimensions (shafts)
Table 7 details tolerances for outside dimensions (shafts) based relative to the tolerance symbol. Upper and lower values are provided as either
positive or negative (or zero) values relative to the nominal size chosen. Pick the range in which the desired nominal value fall into, and then either
add or subtract the tolerances to find the upper and lower tolerance range for the desired nominal size.

NOMINAL SIZE RANGE

Technical Reference

|

Determining Metric Tolerances

UNITS IN MM

TOLERANCES FOR OUTSIDE DIMENSIONS (SHAFTS) (UNITS IN 0.001MM)

OVER

TO

a11

b8

b11

c11

d9

d10

d11

e7

e8

e9

f6

f7

f8

f9

g5

g6

g7

h4

h5

h6

h7

0

1




-60
-270 -140 -140 -120
-330 -154 -200

-20
-45

-20
-60

-20
-80

-14
-24

-14
-28

-14
-39

-6
-12

-6
-16

-6
-20

-6
-31

-2
-6

-2
-8

-2
-12

0
-3

0
-4

0
-6

0
-10

1

3

3

6

-270 -140 -140 -70
-345 -158 -215 -145

-30
-60

-30
-78

-30
-105

-20
-32

-20
-38

-20
-50

-10
-18

-10
-22

-10
-28

-10
-40

-4
-9

-4
-12

-4
-16

0
-4

0
-5

0
-8

0
-12

6

10

-280 -150 -150 -80
-370 -172 -240 -170

-40
-76

-40
-98

-40
-130

-25
-40

-25
-47

-25
-61

-13
-22

-13
-28

-13
-35

-13
-49

-5
-11

-5
-14

-5
-20

0
-4

0
-6

0
-9

0
-15

10

14

14

18

-290 -150 -150 -95
-400 -177 -260 -205

-50
-93

-50 -50
-120 -160

-32
-50

-32
-59

-32
-75

-16
-27

-16
-34

-16
-43

-16
-59

-6
-14

-6
-17

-6
-24

0
-5

0
-8

0
-11

0
-18

18

24

24

30

-300 -160 -160 -110 -65 -65 -65
-430 -193 -290 -240 -117 -149 -195

-40
-61

-40
-73

-40
-92

-20
-33

-20
-41

-20
-53

-20
-72

-7
-16

-7
-20

-7
-28

0
-6

0
-9

0
-13

0
-21

30

40

40

50

-50
-75

-50
-89

-50
-112

-25
-41

-25
-50

-25
-64

-25
-87

-9
-20

-9
-25

-9
-34

0
-7

0
-11

0
-16

0
-25

50

65

65

80

-60
-90

-60 -60
-106 -134

-30
-49

-30
-60

-30
-76

-30
-104

-10
-23

-10
-29

-10
-40

0
-8

0
-13

0
-19

0
-30

80

100

100

120

-380 -220 -220 -170
-600 -274 -440 -390 -120 -120 -120 -72 -72 -72
-410 -240 -240 -180 -207 -260 -340 -107 -126 -159
-630 -294 -460 -400

-36
-58

-36
-71

-36
-90

-36
-123

-12
-27

-12
-34

-12
-47

0
-10

0
-15

0
-22

0
-35

120

140

-460 -260 -260 -200
-710 -323 -510 -450

140

160

-520 -280 -280 -210 -145 -145 -145 -85 -85 -85
-770 -343 -530 -460 -245 -305 -395 -125 -148 -185

-43
-68

-43
-83

-43 -43
-106 -143

-14
-32

-14
-39

-14
-54

0
-12

0
-18

0
-25

0
-40

160

180

-580 -310 -310 -230
-830 -373 -560 -480

180

200

-660 -340 -340 -240
-950 -412 -630 -530

200

225

-740 -380 -380 -260 -170 -170 -170 -100 -100 -100
-1030 -452 -670 -550 -285 -355 -460 -146 -172 -215

-50
-79

-50
-96

-50 -50
-122 -165

-15
-35

-15
-44

-15
-61

0
-14

0
-20

0
-29

0
-46

225

250

-820 -420 -420 -280
-1110 -492 -710 -570

250

280

280

315

-920 -480 -480 -300
-1240 -561 -800 -620 -190 -190 -190 -110 -110 -110
-1050 -540 -540 -330 -320 -400 -510 -162 -191 -240
-1370 -621 -860 -650

-56
-88

-56 -56 -56
-108 -137 -186

-17
-40

-17
-49

-17
-69

0
-16

0
-23

0
-32

0
-52

315

355

355

400

-1200 -600 -600 -360
-1560 -689 -960 -720 -210 -210 -210 -125 -125 -125
-1350 -680 -680 -400 -350 -440 -570 -182 -214 -265
-1710 -769 -1040 -760

-62
-98

-62 -62 -62
-119 -151 -202

-18
-43

-18
-54

-18
-75

0
-18

0
-25

0
-36

0
-57

400

450

450

500

-1500 -760 -760 -440
-1900 -857 -160 -840 -230 -230 -230 -135 -135 -135 -68 -68 -68 -68
-1650 -840 -840 -480 -385 -480 -630 -198 -232 -290 -108 -131 -165 -223
-2050 -937 -1240 -880

-20
-47

-20
-60

-20
-83

0
-20

0
-27

0
-40

0
-63

-310 -170 -170 -120
-470 -209 -330 -280

-80 -80 -80
-320 -180 -180 -130 -142 -180 -240
-480 -219 -340 -290
-340 -190 -190 -140
-530 -236 -380 -330 -100 -100 -100
-360 -200 -200 -150 -174 -220 -290
-550 -246 -390 -340

Technical Reference

Determining Metric Tolerances
Table 7: Tolerances for outside dimensions (shafts) — continued

UNITS IN MM

TOLERANCES FOR OUTSIDE DIMENSIONS (SHAFTS) (UNITS IN 0.001MM)

TO

h8

h9

h10

h11

j5

j6

j7

k5

k6

k7

k8

m5

m6

m7

n5

n6

n7

r6

js6

js7

0
-14

0
-25

0
-40

0
-60

+2
-2

+4
-2

+6
-4

+4
0

+6
0

+10
0

+14
0

+6
+2

+8
+2

+12
+2

+8
+4

+10
+4

+14
+4

+16
+10

+3
-3

+5
-5

0

1

1

3

3

6

0
-18

0
-30

0
-48

0
-75

+3
-2

+6
-2

+8
-4

+6
+1

+9
+1

+13
+1

+18
0

+9
+4

+12
+4

+16
+4

+13
+8

+16
+8

+20
+8

+23
+15

+4
-4

+6
-6

6

10

0
-22

0
-36

0
-58

0
-90

+4
-2

+7
-2

+10
-5

+7
+1

+10
+1

+16
+1

+22
0

+12
+6

+15
+6

+21
+6

+16
+10

+19
+10

+25
+10

+28
+19

+4.5
-4.5

+7.5
-7.5

0
-27

0
-43

0
-70

0
-110

+5
-3

+8
-3

+12
-6

+9
+1

+12
+1

+19
+1

+27
0

+15
+7

+18
+7

+25
+7

+20
+12

+23
+12

+30
+12

+34
+23

+5.5
-5.5

+9
-9

0
-33

0
-52

0
-84

0
-130

+5
-4

+9
-4

+13
-8

+11
+2

+15
+2

+23
+2

+33
0

+17
+8

+21
+8

+29
+8

+24
+15

+28
+15

+36
+15

+41
+28

+6.5 +10.5
-6.5 -10.5

0
-39

0
-62

0
-100

0
-160

+6
-5

+11
-5

+15
-10

+13
+2

+18
+2

+27
+2

+39
0

+20
+9

+25
+9

+34
+9

+28
+17

+33
+17

+42
+17

+50
+34

0
-46

0
-74

0
-120

0
-190

+6
-7

+12
-7

+18
-12

+15
+2

+21
+2

+32
+2

+46
0

+24
+11

+30
+11

+41
+11

+33
+20

+39
+20

+50
+20

0
-54

0
-87

0
-140

0
-220

+6
-9

+13
-9

+20
-15

+18
+3

+25
+3

+38
+3

+54
0

+28
+13

+35
+13

+48
+13

+38
+23

+45
+23

+58
+23

10

14

14

18

18

24

24

30

30

40

40

50

50

65
80

80

100

+12.5
-12.5

+9.5
-9.5

+15
-15

+11
-11

+17.5
-17.5

+12.5
-12.5

+20
-20

+109 +14.5
+80 -14.5

+23
-23

+60
+41
+62
+43
+73
+51

100

120

120

140

140

160

160

180

+113
+84

180

200

+106
+77

200

225

225

250

250

280

280

315

315

355

355

400

400

450

450

500

+88
+63
0
-63

0
-72

0
-100

0
-115

0
-160

0
-185

0
-250

0
-290

+7
-11

+7
-13

+14
-11

+16
-13

+22
-18

+25
-21

+21
+3

+24
+4

+28
+3

+33
+4

+43
+3

+50
+4

+63
0

+72
0

+33
+15

+37
+17

+40
+15

+46
+17

+55
+15

+63
+17

+45
+27

+51
+31

+52
+27

+60
+31

+67
+27

+77
+31

+90
+65

+113
+84
+126
+94

0
-81

0
-130

0
-210

0
-320

+7
-16

+16
-16

+26
-26

+27
+4

+36
+4

+56
+4

+81
0

+43
+20

+52
+20

+72
+20

+57
+34

+66
+34

+86
+34

0
-89

0
-140

0
-230

0
-360

+7
-18

+18
-18

+29
-28

+29
+4

+40
+4

+61
+4

+89
0

+46
+21

+57
+21

+78
+21

+62
+37

+73
+37

+94
+37

0
-97

0
-155

0
-250

0
-400

+7
-20

+20
-20

+31
-32

+32
+5

+45
+5

+68
+5

+97
0

+50
+23

+63
+23

+86
+23

+67
+40

+80
+40

+166
+103 +126
+40 +172
+132

+130
+98
+144
+108
+150
+114

+16
-16

+26
-26

+18
-18

+28.5
-28.5

+20
-20

+31.5
-31.5

Determining Metric Tolerances

+76
+54

|

65

+8
-8

Technical Reference

NOMINAL SIZE RANGE

OVER

Technical Reference

Determining Metric Tolerances
Table 7: Tolerances for outside dimensions (shafts) — continued

UNITS IN MM

Technical Reference

|

NOMINAL SIZE RANGE

Determining Metric Tolerances

OVER

TOLERANCES FOR OUTSIDE DIMENSIONS (SHAFTS) (UNITS IN 0.001MM)

TO

js8

js9

js10

js11

js12

js13

js14

js15

js16

js17

js18

+7
-7

+12.5
-12.5

+20
-20

+30
-30

+50
-50

+70
-70

+125
-125

+200
-200

+300
-300



0

1

1

3

3

6

+9
-9

+15
-15

+24
-24

+37.5
-37.5

+60
-60

+90
-90

+150
-150

+240
-240

+375
-375



6

10

+11
-11

+18
-18

+29
-29

+45
-45

+75
-75

+110
-110

+180
-180

+290
-290

+450
-450

+750
-750


+13.5
-13.5

+21.5
-21.5

+35
-35

+55
-55

+90
-90

+135
-135

+215
-215

+350
-350

+550
-550

+900
-900

+1350
-1350

+16.5
-16.5

+26
-26

+42
-42

+65
-65

+105
-105

+165
-165

+260
-260

+420
-420

+650
-650

+1050
-1050

+1650
-1650

+19.5
-19.5

+31
-31

+50
-50

+80
-80

+125
-125

+195
-195

+310
-310

+500
-500

+800
-800

+1250
-1250

+1950
-1950

+23
-23

+37
-37

+60
-60

+95
-95

+150
-150

+230
-230

+370
-370

+600
-600

+950
-950

+1500
-1500

+2300
-2300

+27
-27

+43.5
-43.5

+70
-70

+110
-110

+175
-175

+270
-270

+435
-435

+700
-700

+1100
-1100

+1750
-1750

+2700
-2700

+31.5
-31.5

+50
-50

+80
-80

+125
-125

+200
-200

+315
-315

+500
-500

+800
-800

+1250
-1250

+2000
-2000

+3150
-3150

+36
-36

+57.5
-57.5

+92.5
-92.5

+145
-145

+230
-230

+360
-360

+575
-575

+925
-925

+1450
-1450

+2300
-2300

+3600
-3600

+40.5
-40.5

+65
-65

+105
-105

+160
-160

+260
-260

+405
-405

+650
-650

+1050
-1050

+1600
-1600

+2600
-2600

+4050
-4050

+44.5
-44.5

+70
-70

+115
-115

+180
-180

+285
-285

+445
-445

+700
-700

+1150
-1150

+1800
-1800

+2850
-2850

+4450
-4450

+48.5
-48.5

+77.5
-77.5

+125
-125

+200
-200

+315
-315

+485
-485

+775
-775

+1250
-1250

+2000
-2000

+3150
-3150

+4850
-4850

10

14

14

18

18

24

24

30

30

40

40

50

50

65

65

80

80

100

100

120

120

140

140

160

160

180

180

200

200

225

225

250

250

280

280

315

315

355

355

400

400

450

450

500

Technical Reference

Determining Metric Tolerances
Table 8: Tolerances for inside dimensions (holes)
Table 8 details tolerances for inside dimensions (holes) based relative to the tolerance symbol. This table works the same way as Table 6, but is
pulled from a different source (ANSI standards) and details S7 and U7 fits. Pick the nominal size value that is closest to the desired nominal size to
determine the required tolerance range relative to the chosen tolerance symbol.

HOLE BASIS FIT
Example:

This Gives:

[mm]
60
50 to 65
IT7 (hole), IT6 (shaft)
H7/k6
Locational Transition Fit
0.030mm
0.019mm

Nominal size:
Size range to be used:
ISO-Grade No.:
Tolerance Symbol:
Desired Fit:
Allowance for hole:
Allowance for shaft:

Hole:
[mm]
H7

+0.030
-0

(0.030mm range)

k6

+0.021
+0.002

(0.019mm range)

60
Shaft:
[mm]
60

S7

U7

1

-14
-24

-18
-28

1.2

-14
-24

1.6

PICK CLOSEST VALUE TO DESIRED
DIMENSION (UNITS IN MM)

U7

25

-27
-48

-40
-61

-18
-28

30

-27
-48

-40
-61

-14
-24

-18
-28

40

-34
-59

-51
-76

2

-14
-24

-18
-28

50

-34
-59

-61
-86

2.5

-14
-24

-18
-28

60

-42
-72

-76
-106

3

-14
-24

-18
-28

80

-48
-78

-91
-121

4

-15
-27

-19
-31

100

-58
-93

-111
-146

5

-15
-27

-19
-31

120

-66
-101

-131
-166

6

-15
-27

-19
-31

160

-85
-125

-175
-215

8

-17
-32

-22
-37

200

-105
-151

-219
-265

10

-17
-32

-22
-37

250

-123
-169

-267
-313

12

-21
-39

-26
-44

300

-150
-202

-330
-382

16

-21
-39

-26
-44

400

-187
-244

-414
-471

20

-27
-48

-33
-54

500

-229
-292

-517
-580

Determining Metric Tolerances

S7

|

NOMINAL SIZE RANGE

PICK CLOSEST VALUE TO DESIRED
DIMENSION (UNITS IN MM)

Technical Reference

TOLERANCES FOR INSIDE DIMENSIONS (HOLES) (UNITS IN 0.001MM)