Project Engineer Responsibility and Applications

October 15, 2009


Essential Skills for Project Engineering (PE/EPM)
• Description
– To lead technical projects, drive innovation, and influence others.

• What is Project Engineering responsibility:
1. Become more influential 2. Improve your ability to effectively lead projects and teams 3. Identify leadership development goals specific to your individual needs 4. Build relation with your boss and your peers


PE/EPM Manage Many areas?
• System Design
– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Tradeoff Studies Key Characteristics Cost as an Independent Variable (CAIV) Performance Analysis & Simulation Requirements Development/Management Electrical Design Mechanical Design Materials Selection Producibility/ Reliability/Maintainability/Testability Design to Cost (DTUPC) Requirements Analysis and Design SW Implementation S/W Integration & Test H/W & S/W Integration System Performance

• Hardware Product Design

The PE Manages Many Activities

• Software Product Design

• System Integration & Test

• Product Delivery Support

meaningful purpose Specific goals Well-defined roles and responsibilities Mutual accountability Collaborative approach Confidence Desire for continuous improvement .Characteristics of a Successful Project Team • • • • • • • • • • 4 Effective Leader Group of interdependent individuals Complementary skills Shared.

“Big M. cost & schedule) 5 . Little e” • • PE’s first and foremost responsibility is: Management of the engineering team’s effort Effective Project Engineers: – Are effective team leaders and team builders – Display commitment and passion – Employ right to left thinking and…planning – Show a sense of urgency – Are results oriented – Are detail focused – Have strong communication skills • The PE is responsible for program performance – Establishing and getting the program off to a good start – Managing engineering activities on a program – Keeping the program out of trouble – Reporting accurate program status (technical performance.

The PE/EPM Drives the Engineering Effort on a Program The Project Engineer is Responsible for all Engineering Execution on the Program Engineering Cost Performance Cost Engineering Schedule Performance Schedule Performance Engineering Technical Performance 6 .

PE/EPM is Key To Program Leadership… Program Manager. XYZ Program Business Management Operations Program Management Project Engineering Mission Assurance Material Management System Engineering Software Engineering Electrical Engineering Mechanical Engineering Optical Engineering Systems Test Test Engineering Configuration Management Reliability & F/A PE is Responsible for the Entire Engineering Team 7 .

The PE/EPM Interacts With Various Teams and Functions Engineering Management Business Management PMO Procurement Project Engineer Operations Quality Engineering Team Facilities Export Management 8 Security .

The PE/EPM. Leads the Team Developing Plans & Tracking Progress Balancing Priorities: • Cost • Schedule • Technical Preparing/Reviewing Presentations & Reports Solving Problems Leading. with the PM. Assisting & Mentoring the Team Clearly Communicating: • Roles & Responsibilities • Objectives/Direction • Providing Feedback 9 .

Functional Managers and Program Managers are aware of program performance issues (e.g. etc. and schedule for the assigned program(s). schedule.Role of the Project Engineer • The PROJECT ENGINEER is responsible for the technical performance... cost. This includes the following: – Organizing the engineering work to support the program schedule/plan – Provide leadership and guidance – Providing day-to-day direction of the assigned personnel – Responsible for the Engineering schedule – Ensure Group Leader.) through efficient communications 10 . technical scope. staffing.

Additional Roles • Recognize and support the Program Manager as the person ultimately responsible for the program. • Get the job done! 11 . • Provide timely input when the PE perceives the directed course of action will not achieve the division’s goals and if necessary. elevate the problem until it is resolved.

The PE Role in the Engineering Organization is an Extension of Program Management • Extension of program management – Interface with Customer PMO – Interface with Executive Mgmt • Adopts extended teams – Business Management – Manufacturing operations – Procurement – Quality Assurance – Associate Contractors • Manages Sub-Contracts – Scheduling Issues – Technical performance 12 .

Project Engineer Objectives • There is an obligation for Project Engineer to: – Keep functional managers informed when there are problems in the functional area (personnel. – Recognize that resources assigned to the program work for a functional manager who ultimately controls the person’s time (but functional manager must provide a qualified resource in a timely manner when a resource is reassigned such that program performance or goals are not put at risk!) – Insure an up-to-date forecast of resource requirements is available 13 . or equipment) affecting the success of the program – Provide periodic feedback on how assigned staff are performing. the PE has the responsibility of formally alerting Program Management when meeting program technical performance requirements are at risk. facilities. – Raise issues for resolution when program direction or performance seem to put program goals at risk – The PE along with the SE are viewed as the most technically qualified to make “performance assessments”.

including performance cost and schedule • Support and lead the Program Managers kickoff • Program responsibility for generating and maintaining program SEMP • Conduct the program efforts in accordance with the approved program SEMP • Responsible for decomposing requirements and concepts for compliance to contract requirements with the help from the CE & SE • Insure all “engineering” tasks and documentation are scheduled and completed on time • Technical lead for design and performance requirements 14 .Roles • Design adherence to customer SOW and specification requirements.Project Engineer .

• • • • • • • • • 15 Provide day to day direction for assigned engineers Responsible for hosting and leading design reviews In some cases act as the Cost Account Manager (CAM) Ensure performance to key parameters are monitored and met Review and approve drawings and Change Orders Participate in internal and vendor qualification and evaluation process Provides monthly Technical Project status and all related supports Provides Lessons Learned Supports program close-out ..Project Engineers – Roles Cont.

16 .Project Engineering Mission Statement Project Engineering Our shared mission is to work to achieve the cost. schedule. and customer satisfaction goals for each program assigned. technical.

How Should Others View PE’s? • The PM and others should look upon the PE/EPM as: – – – – – The leader and primary interface with the engineers working on the program The person to whom program direction on technical work should be transmitted Responsible for the Engineering schedule Cost account manager The key facilitator and in some cases technical advisor/problem solver on program issues 17 .

Fact based decision making • The quality of information is vital! 18 .Project Engineering • The Secrets of Success for PE’s  Organization  Planning  Communication  Vigilance .

and equipment) necessary to complete the program on time. to provide timely advice on. facilities. indirect labor goals. – Work through PE’s when getting involved in program work – Involved in programs.Functional Manager • There is an obligation for Functional Manager to: – Contracts with PM and PE to provide skills/expertise to meet program requirements during bid process – Provide the qualified resources (personnel. and program commitments 19 . and to take timely action when there are personnel or program problems – Responsible for meeting overhead budget.

Program Manager • There is an obligation for the Program Manager to: • Ultimate responsibility for successful program execution and customer satisfaction • Responsible for maintaining effective communication between team members • Establish appropriate program controls to insure cost & schedule objectives are achieved and work through PE to insure that technical objectives are achieved • • • • • • 20 Conduct periodic briefings on program status and related issues or problems Control Account Manager for PM Admin budget PM and PE signoff authority on all drawings and ECNs Facilitate overall efforts for cost/schedule Coordinate resolution of customer-identified issues & problems Customer interface on existing and related new business opportunities .

– Support and interface with the customer meetings/reviews.Chief Engineer • There is an obligation for the Chief Engineer to: – Chart and develop the Business Area roadmap. 21 . conferences to understand mission requirements and works to drive innovative system architectures to meet those requirements. – Work with the Project Engineer and System Engineer on existing programs and new development programs. – Interface with IRAD & BD to ensure efforts budgeted and planned support customer requirements – Supports programs concerns/issues (development/production). – Coordinates and drives customer requirements on key products – Support and strategize existing or new technologies. users. – Visits customers.

and schedule. and cost and schedule efficient manner throughout a system’s entire life cycle. 22 . trustworthy. Assess performance. design synthesis and verification. The systems engineering process is not sequential. and support of the product. iterative process of requirements analysis. and Reevaluate (SIMILAR). Systems engineering shall permeate design. test and evaluation. The approach shall consist of a top-down. • The Department of Defense (DoD) defines systems engineering as: – An approach to translate approved operational needs and requirements into operationally suitable blocks of systems. This process is usually comprised of the following tasks: State the problem. risk. functional analysis and allocation. and system analysis and control. Launch the system.Systems Engineering • International Council on Systems Engineering (INCOSE) defines systems engineering as: – Systems engineering is an engineering discipline whose responsibility is to create and execute an interdisciplinary process to ensure that the customer and stakeholder’s needs are satisfied in a high-quality. Integrate. cost. manufacturing. Systems engineering principals shall influence the balance between performance. The functions are performed in a parallel and interactive manner. Investigate alternatives. Model the system.

functional. and validation. 23 .Systems Engineer • There is an obligation for the Systems Engineer to: – Transform an operational need into a description of system performance parameters and a system configuration through the use of an iterative process of definition. and program interface. This shall be conducted in a manner that optimizes the total definition and design. analysis. test and evaluation. synthesis. – Integrate related technical parameters and ensure the compatibility of all physical. design.

Roles/Interface Chief Engineer Program Manager • • • • • • PM Checklist Uphold customer relationships Responsible Pgm cost & schedule Supports monthly Status Provides program oversight/leadership Attend customer meetings/reviews • • • • Strategize Attend customer meetings/reviews Develops technology roadmap Supports pgm concerns/issues System Engineer • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Establish requirements & flow-down Provides conceptual inputs Generates SEMP Defines Conops Manages operational modes Conducts system modeling Establishes system budgets Conducts sensitivity analysis Identifies KPP Establishes testability requirements Supports Qual/DVT Validates & reviews data Provide technical oversight Conducts/supports Peer reviews Supports program reviews Project Engineer • • • • • • • • • • • 24 Establish engineering schedule Assemble engineering team Conduct/oversee peer reviews Support program reviews Monthly Technical Project Status Provide program oversight Responsible for the SEMP Identify risk & uncertainty Responsible for Integration and Qual Attends customer meetings/reviews All documentation & program close-out .

Interaction • The Project Engineer. Chief Engineer. and Systems Engineer all have the same goals – to provide the best product for our customers. • All three groups must work together to achieve this goal Chief Engineer System Engineer Project Engineer Program Manager 25 .

Working With Your Customers Fosters a Winning Outcome • Know your customers – Internal – External • Anticipate customer requirements and expectations • Manage customer expectations • Translate customer needs into specific actions • Obtain and respond to customer feedback • Open. candid communication develops trust 26 .

PDR. SDR. CDR. schedule. each PE shall be held responsible for conducting the standard reviews (PSDR. and PRR) All PM support monthly All Program Reviews. PE shall communicate the health of their program at monthly Technical Program Review and/or Engineering Management Reviews If a program experiences significant interruption whether it cost. technical. PM checklist (30-day kickoff). or other this information needs to be communicated up the chain of command as expediently as possible • • • 27 . SRR. TRR.Meetings / Information • Based on the size and maturity of the program. The PE are asked to support their PM during Business Area Reviews In addition.

Integrity • The PE is the closest to the program and is typically knowledgeable across all the disciplines. It is the obligation of the team members and the PE to voice issues and concerns as they arise on programs. • Under NO circumstance shall the PE turn a blind eye on improper issues • The PE represent:  Quality  Customer Satisfaction  Leadership  Integrity  People  Suppliers 28 .

with a very difficult job Be a Leader… – Team builder that displays a commitment and passion – Results and detailed oriented. with a sense of urgency – Thinking about both today AND tomorrow • • • Recognize that you own all of the engineering activities. • • The PE is a KEY member of the Program Team.Closing Thoughts…. schedule and technical performance Learn how to balance and prioritize your time – Focus on ramifications if you chose incorrectly Become knowledgeable about your supporting functional organizations – Know the leaders and the experts – Know what they can do for you – Leverage them for your success 29 . including cost.

Summary • • Project Engineers wear many hats and typically do what is needed to get the job done It is not easy being a PE… – 90% of the program problems and issues are aired while only 10% of the good issues are ever raised • • Challenged budgets. and short schedules only contribute to the joy of PEs There is a great deal of satisfaction seeing a program successfully complete and transition to production or sustain production to support the war fighter But with all that said: • It takes a special individual to excel as a Project Engineer/Engineering Project Manager 30 . manpower issues.

3 Last Closing Thoughts 31 .