FAMILY’S INFLUENCE ON THE MAJOR CHARACTER’S PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT IN BARBARA CARTLAND’S A HAZARD OF HEARTS: A BEHAVIORIST APPROACH

RESEARCH PAPER

RESEARCH PAPER Submitted as a Partial Fulfillment of the Requirement for Getting Bachelor Degree of Education in English Department

INDRIWATI KILBAREN A 320 020 253

SCHOOL OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION MUHAMMADIYAH UNIVERSITY OF SURAKARTA 2007

410 (Mauly Halwat H. S.M.Hum) NIK.Pd. MS) NIK. Thoyibi. 037 ii . M.APPROVAL FAMILY’S INFLUENCE ON THE MAJOR CHARACTER’S PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT IN BARBARA CARTLAND’S A HAZARD OF HEARTS: A BEHAVIORIST APPROACH Presented by: INDRIWATI KILBAREN A 320 020 253 Approved to be examined by consultants Consultant I Consultant II (Drs.

surely. Yunus: 55) • Ibu adalah anugerah terbear yang tak tergantikan dengan apapun. all that is in the heaven and the earth belong to Allah. Sempatkanlah diri untuk terus mencintai dan menghargainya. karena kita takan pernah tau kapan dia akan meninggalkan kita. Kita baru akan merasakannya ketika dia telah pergi jauh dan takan pernah kembali. Allah’s promise is true. No doubt. (Writer) • Dan barang siapa meninggalkan rumahnya demi mencari pengetahuan.MOTTO • No doubt. (Q. surely.S. Tarmidzi) iii .R. sesungguhnya ia sedang di jalan Allah (H.

! My soulmate. My beloved “Ilam”. thanks for the endless love and prayer given to me. thanks for all happines and care.. My dear father and deceased mother. iv . they as my source of comfort. thanks for warmth. love and kindness. he has been soul emotional support and a source of comfort through this life. I love you my only brother.DEDICATION Islam (my way of life) and Allah SWT who gives power.. You are the most important in my life. apportunity and guidance. My beautiful grandma.

Sofyan Anif. Alhamdulillahi rabbil ‘alamin..Pd. I would like to extend the gratitude and appreciation to: 1.Hum. in order to make this research more qualified to read both in the correct sentences and the content. guidance. Drs.Si. in the name of Allah. information. The Lord of the Universe. 4. help. M. I can finish the research paper as a partial fulfillment of requirements for the graduate degree of education.. in this opportunity. Therefore. I fully realized that the research paper could not be finished well without the contribution. advice and guidance. The merciful and Compassionate. M. Mauly Halwat Hikmat. 3. Mrs. the most gracious.ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Bismillahirrahmanirrahim. It is entitled “FAMILY’S INFLUENCE ON THE MAJOR CHARCTER’S PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT IN BARBARA CARTLAND’S A HAZARD OF HEARTS: BEHAVIORIST APPROACH”. MS as the first consultant for the great help. The Dean of Teacher Training and Education Faculty Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta. S. S.Pd. encouragement and advice from others. The Head of English Department of Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta. Koesoema Ratih. Thoyibi. Drs. 2. v .Hum as the second consultant who has improved the writing and structure. It is because of his blessing and guidance. M. M. so I am finally able to finish my research paper. H.

And my sweetest. The beautiful grace. The best guys. vi . guidance and the sweet memories that hard to forget. for kindness and nice traveling. for her great love and care. 12. for true love and endless love. 10. For everything that is never paid. She is the most important in my life. M. My beloved brother. “I love you more than ever you know”. 6. “you are the good boy”. 13. “Bapa Mat and mama Inang”. My dear grand mother. 11. The far distance is not hindrance for true love. all of sweet memories about her become my spirit to grow up better. 7. 8. Liatun and Nic Nock. Especially Mony. for nice friendship and wonderful stories. The January’s Girls. Nilut and little Dyan. “IONE”. for kindness and the big contribution in my study. for coloring my life with care and joke. My dear. My great parents. 9. He is the nicer boy. for beautiful love and beautiful dreams. Ibicen. “AJ”.Hum as the academic consultant and all the lectures in English Department who have shared and given their knowledge to me in mastering English. for their big contribution. Drs. They become a sun in my life. Especially for my deceased mother. The only brother that always accompanies me on the phone. Anam Sutopo. care. who always colors my life. “Bula’s Club in Jogja. My beloved father and mother. Ilam.5.

“you are my inspiration in choosing English as my way”. knowledge and information about literature in my paper. Ika. especially those who are eager to give constructive criticism that can make this research paper better. My beloved friends. this research paper would be beneficial to everyone.14. For all of people that support me to face my life with beautiful smile. Pitruk. Hopefully. Vukada. Tante Ai. Bintul. I want to thank to the readers. For spirit and nice smile to make my paper finish better. For Mr. Thoy as my inspiration to develop my idea. “LDC”. Umi. Hexy. For everything better. Surakarta. class F and Mambu Edan Groups. Nyit2. 15. For my inspiration. Finally. October 2006 The researcher In vii . 16. 17.

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................................. ii ACCEPTANCE ....................... Limitation of the Study ……………………………… ……… E............ Background of the Study……………………………………… 1 B............ Behaviorist Assumption …………………………………… 1. ............... Objective of the Study ………………………………………...........TABLE OF CONTENTS TITLE ..... Benefit of the Study …………………………………………........ Research Paper Organization ………………………………..... CHAPTER II: UNDERLYING THEORY A................................... Research Method …………………………………………….................. 11 13 13 7 7 8 8 8 10 ............... i APPROVAL ....... G....................................... 7 C..... xii CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION A........... Behavior is Lawful ………………………………….... iv DEDICATION …………………………………………………………………… v ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ………………………………………………………... Literary Review ……………………………………………….. vi TABLE OF CONTENTS ………………………………………………………… ix ABSTRACT ………………………………………………………………….... iii MOTO ……………………………………………………………………………................................ Problem Statement …………………………………………… D....... H................................... Notion of Behaviorist ……………………………………… B. F...........

ii . b. Negative Reinforcement ………………………. a. Learning Process …………………………………… 3. 6. Point of View ……………………………………….. Theme ……………………………………………. Modeling …………………………………………… D.. d. 3.. Behavior can be Controlled ………………………… a.. a. b. Structure Elements of the Novel ………………………. Setting of Time …………………………………… 3. Resolution ………………………………………… 4. Plot …………………………………………………… Exposition ………………………………………… 13 14 14 14 16 16 16 17 19 19 20 20 21 21 21 22 22 23 23 23 24 24 24 b. Character and Characterization ……………………. Setting of Place …………………………………… b. Behavior can be Predicted …………………………. 1.. Positive Reinforcement …………………………. Principle of Behaviorism ………………………………. Setting ……………………………………………… a. C. c.2. Environment ………………………………………. Climax …………………………………………….. First – Person Narrative …………………………. 2.. Third – Person Narrative ………………………… 5. Complication ………………………………………. 2. 1. Style………………………………………………...

a.. Character and Characterization………………… a. Diction ………………………………………. Exposition…………………………………… b.. Setting …………………………………………… a. Minor Character ……………………………… 2.…. Climax…………………………………………. Plausibility…………………………………… 28 25 25 26 26 26 27 28 28 31 38 38 40 41 42 42 42 44 46 46 47 50 iii . Complication…………………………………. c. Structure Elements of the Novel…………………. Setting of Place………………………………… b. Rhetorical ……………………………………… 1) Figurative Language …………………. d. 2) Internal Conflict…………………………… c.. 1) External Conflict……………………… …. b. Theoretical Application …………………………… CHAPTER III: STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF THE NOVEL A.. 1. Setting Of Time………………………………. Causality……………………………………… f. Plot………………………………………………. … b. Resolution……………………………………… e. 2) Imagery ………………………………… E. Grammatical structure ………………………. a. Major Character……………………………. 3.

Sentence Construction………………………… c. Sources of Influence……………………………. CHAPTER IV: BEHAVIORIST ANALYSIS A... Theme …………………………………………. 6. 70 3.. Rhetorical……………………………………... Imagery……………………………………… 52 52 53 53 53 54 54 55 55 55 56 56 56 56 57 57 57 58 A. Style……………………………………………… a. d) Metaphor……………………………. Personality Development………………………… 74 B. Diction………………………………………… 1) Diction in Special Term…………………… 2) Diction in Special Expression…………….. a) Simile…………………………………. Grammatical Structure………………………… b.4... Discussion…………………………………………. 4) Diction in Special Dialect………………… d. b) Personification………………………… c) Hyperbole……………………………. 3) Borrowing…………………………………. 1. e. 1) Figurative Language………………………. Discussion…………………………………………… 76 iv . Values Learned…………………………………. 63 2. Point of View…………………………………… 5.

BIBLIOGRAPHY APPENDIX 80 82 v .CHAPTER V: CONCLUTION AND SUGGESTION A. Suggestion…………………………………………. Conclusion ………………………………………….. B.

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2006. Based on the analysis. . The major problem of this study is how the family influences the major character’s personality development based on behaviorist approach. the outcome of this study shows that the problems faced by major character is influenced by her family. A 320 020 253. In this research the writer employs the qualitative method. The secondary data sources are the books about behavior. some books about personality and also the other sources. she uses two data sources. The method of data collection is literary research and the technique of data collection is descriptive technique. She takes the values learned from all the influences that the family gives to her and those values influence her personality development. So. she tries to choose the best values that she learns from her family to make her life better. Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta. The influences that they give not only positive influence but also negative influence. Therefore.ABSTRACT Indriwati Kilbaren. namely primary data and secondary data sources. In this method. The primary data source is the novel itself. which are related to the analysis. namely Serena Staverly. the study focuses on the major character. FAMILY’S INFLUENCE ON THE MAJOR CHARACTER’S PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT IN BARBARA CARTLAND’S A HAZARD OF HEARTS: A BEHAVIORIST APPROACH Research Paper. All the stimuli are responded by her in the form of her attitude and behavior.