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(Not printed at (overnment expense

Corrected Testimony of . Mrs . Catherine P. Baldwin on the United Nations Charter


and see our boys drafted again and sent to tory of every country alien the people's siiante 14 very dangerous . tha Your corners of the earth to fight and to give away our substance, As in the Bible of old, it is said, "Put on the Under this charter you say we will distrib- taxes. Aa the people grumbled. Put oil ute the raw materials of the world . That is more takes . And the peopla grumbled . And EXTENSION OF REMARKS not new, either . You can find that in the so g as the people grumbled it was all OF 1803 edition of Andrew, Carnegie's book, r# t . But when they put on more taxes, and Triumphant Democracy, te last chapter, A -the people were silent, they knew it was the ICON . WILLIAM LANGER Look Ahead, or the Reunion of Britain and-, danger signal ." . . OF NORTH DAKOTA America . When I go to meetings of the highly financed pressure groups, as I went to that IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITEb STATES ; If you give away our raw materials, ; :you will be trespassing on States' rights.,; If you of the Women for Victory, or the Women's Saturday, July 28 (legislative day of give them away, you are sending the raw maAction Committee, and I hear Anne O'Hare Monday, July 9), 1945 terials of this country to foreign powers who McCormick say, "We women put over prowill manufacture them at the low European the last:war the boys were Mr. LANCER. Mr, President, I ask level, and the goods will be sent back here hibition in we woman *111 whileover the world away ; and put unanimous consent to have printed in for us to buy . It ciear~y tells us that because unanimous c government while tl'e boys are away in this the of the RECORD the Corrected England will control the seas she will supply war'; gentlemen, Is that fair? Is that testimony on the United Nations Charthe Atlantic States and the West, dr Pacific honest? Is that honorable? Is it American? You will probably hear from them. 'I have ter, given by Mrs. Catherine P . Baldwin, States, and our manufacturers can supply the Middle States . : We will nott like it at seen some of their members here. of New York City, before the Committee first they say, but we will soon find it is our And when I go to the meeting of the on Foreign Relations, duty country . . Ier~Smr _Organization of Peace There being no objection, , to you may that you s give. away biland I b ear Mr . Shotwell say "The postwar mOny W&S ordered t0, be prod in the lions of dollars of our money to England, world will not be governed by international RECORD, as follows: Russia, and the rest of the world, where are financiers; but by international cartels," I name is Mrs . Catherine Mrs. BALDWIN. My you going to get that money? Where is it say, gentlemen, under this charter' we are Madison Avenue: New York going to get international cartels, demagogic P . Baldwin, 1246 coming from? Or are You banking on the city. I represent, myself; an American government by five men . capital-levy tax that is in the making? I am sure that you will agree with me,that woman, a' mother, a grandmother . Those are things the people of the United The CHAIRMAN. Proceed. the honorable, honest way for the United States should know. States Senate to handle this matter Is by I am' willing to say that . if, under due Mrs. BALDWIN. ;I am objecting to this char constitutional means . No one can criticize process of law, you submitt this charter as an ter as given to us from San Francisco 'be= amendment to the constitution, to the peoyou for that, when you ,go . before your eleccause it -is in contradiction to our United torate and tell them the truth of what this Statue Constitution, which all of you Senaple of- this country-and after a full and tors, and the President of the United States, free and honest discussion of the merits document stands for and what it means . Mr . .CONNALLY, you, yourself, said it would and every man who holds office from the and demerits; of_ the matter-they vote to be done by constitutional means. The Re give away-their sovereignty and their subhighest to the lowest, in this country, is publican platform said it would be done by sworn to uphold . If you-sign this charter stance, then' T have nothing further to say . you are signing away the sovereign rights of But, until that is done, under the constf- constitutional means . The Democratic platthe people of this country, which you . are tutional process of the United States, then ; form said it would be done by constitutional means . not authorized to- do. You are given specific I do object, and object strongly . I am not instructions when you are sent here to repreMr . FuLSHIGar said it would be done by willing to have my ., sons or my grandsons . Those authorities are clearly de sent us drafted to be put under the authority of constitutional means ; I heard Mr. FULSaxcar, fined . at the luncheon for the Commission for the five men whom I do not know, or know anyOrganization for Peade, say, "We freshmen I do not concur with .Senator VANDENB .!a thing about, or know what their Idea of Congressmen went to Congress pledged to the when he says we should accept this because life is . world government." it was agreed upon by President Roosevelt at ' When the President of the United States Yalta-when we were told it was San Fran- - went before your, body, he did not tell you Gentlemen, did he forget that he took an oath of office to uphold the Constitution of Cisco. that this charter guaranteed one single iota The late Mr . Roosevelt is not here to speak of anything . He simply told you it "seeks" the United States, or does not an oath of for himself. And, furthermore, he had not to do this, It "seeks" to do this, it "seeks" office. mean anything any more? If it does the authority to promise anything in the . It means nothing ; nothing at not, then it, is time the American people to do this name of the American people without, the all . You cannot go before the American - knew it. concurrence of two-thirds_ of this bodyelectorate today with a lot of verbiage, and We are not children ; we understand what which has not been given . ask them to give away their substance, is going - on. We think it is just about time This is, to my mind, a very direct attempt This charter -guarantees nothing . But we got back to the founding fathers, and to sabotage the Constitution of the United under the Constitution of the United States, to the Constitution Of_ the -United States . States, to take away our sovereign rights, and the Bill of Rights, I am guaranteed life, I know that when you think of this in your It is not a new plan . It is one that has liberty, and the pursuit' of happiness, serious moments . yov_wiU--not - want to Put been going on for many, many years . Im- Some of, your colleagues=-challenged=have yourselves in the position of having the peomediately after tlte-1ase-war the- procession admitted on the public platform that this Is ple back home Roy tbat you were not true to started . The ' highly financed propaganda unconstitutional. . If It Is Unconstitutional, I your oaths. permeated our, schools, our , colleges, our do not see how you can even discuss it here d um n , to you put I beg of you, churches, tri fact, every phase of our Ameriin the Senate . your names to this document, to weigh it this . Attempts have been' made to de fn life Several of you Senators have e carefully . stroy the Star-Spangled Banner-they are the of you have said we moat circumvent e f This not a peace document ; this Is a still - going on. Our histories were rewritten the Constitution . document of force, of aggression, of grabso that you would not recognize American There are groups in' this country, highly . bing-grabbing the raw materials of this history . country ; grabbing our boys, grabbing our financed pressure groups, who are doing very Gentlemen, it is in fact the apex of the money. good propaganda work down here in WashIt is well pyramid we are facing today . We went to war in 1776 because of unfair ington . But you are not hearing from the known to the people throughout the length rank and file back home . taxes . What do you think we are going to do and breadth of this land. The women know when you try to tax us to send billions of I wish you could be in my place . I go to what is going on, and we do not intend to ' dollars to Europe and all over the world? stand by, and see our sons sent again to fight market and stand perhaps 2 hours to see-if Do are going for that? the another ' foreign war which is not of our I can get enough food for my family for talk And you think weyou going to stand it? These where are to get - day. The people are very bitter ; they making. are the things you must weigh, and think of Under this charter five men not elected, to me . The colored, the white, the Christian, carefully . . These are the things you must the Jew, and the Gentile . They say, "What merely appointed, whom we do not know and discuss . These are the things for which you does- it all mean? Of course, we know war whom we may not, trust, are given the ' des must answer to the American people. is in the making .- They are not fooling us . tiny of this country. It is a demagogic, oliSo, gentlemen, In all fairness, I, an Amergarchic project . It Is an instrument of war . What is the matter with the Senate down in icaai woman, a mother, and a grandmother, Washington? What are they down there You say 'that this is an instrument for I beg you-do not go down in history as the peace, but it is, well known throughout the for?" betrayers of your country . Gentlemen, the people of this country are length and breadth of this . land that, World I than you . War III is in the making . That war will be slow to arouse . They know they have been The CIi&IRMAN. Thank you very much, with Russia . That war will be in the Middle 'betrayed. They have talked, but you turned a silent ear . There comes a time in the hisMrs . Baldwin. East . We women are not willing to be silent 663324-12987 U .3 . GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE ; 1948