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Bill Gates

William Henry "Bill" Gates III is an American programmer, inventor, business magnate and philanthropist. Wikipedia

Born: October 28, 1955 (age 57), Seattle Full name: William Henry Gates III Children: Jennifer Katherine Gates, Rory John Gates, Phoebe Adele Gates Education: Lakeside School (1973), Harvard College Parents: Mary Maxwell Gates, William H. Gates, Sr.

Entrepreneur Bill Gates, born on October 28, 1955, in Seattle, Washington, began to show an interest in computer programming at the age of 13. Through technological innovation, keen business strategy, and aggressive competitive tactics, he and his partner Paul Allen built the world's largest software business, Microsoft. In the process, Bill Gates became one of the richest men in the world. CONTENTS
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Synopsis Early Life

Early Career The Rise of Microsoft

The Invention of Microsoft Windows  Personal Life

Philanthropic Efforts

QUOTES "Success is a lousy teacher. It seduces smart people into thinking they can't lose."
– Bill Gates « prev1 / 2next »

Early Life
Born William Henry Gates III, on October 28, 1955, in Seattle, Washington. Gates began to show an interest in computer programming at the age of 13 at the Lakeside School. He pursued his passion through college. Striking out on his own with his friend and business partner Paul Allen, Gates found himself at the right place at the right time. Through technological innovation, keen business strategy, and aggressive competitive tactics he built the world's largest software business, Microsoft. In the process he became one of the richest men in the world. Bill Gates grew up in an upper middle-class family with two sisters: Kristianne, who is older, and Libby, who is younger. Their father, William H. Gates, Sr., was a promising, if somewhat shy, law student when he met his future wife, Mary Maxwell. She was an athletic, outgoing student at the University of Washington, actively

involved in student affairs and leadership. The Gates family atmosphere was warm and close, and all three children were encouraged to be competitive and strive for excellence. Bill showed early signs of competitiveness when he coordinated family athletic games at their summer house on Puget Sound. He also relished in playing board games (Risk was his favorite) and excelled in Monopoly. Bill had a very close relationship with his mother, Mary, who after a brief career as a teacher devoted her time to helping raise the children and working on civic affairs and with charities. She also served on several corporate boards, among them First Interstate Bank in Seattle (founded by her grandfather), the United Way, and International Business Machines (IBM). She would often take Bill along on her volunteer work in schools and community organizations. Bill was a voracious reader as a child, spending many hours pouring over reference books such as the encyclopedia. Around the age of 11 or 12, Bill's parents began to have concerns about his behavior. He was doing well in school, but he seemed bored and withdrawn at times. His parents worried he might become a loner. Though they were strong believers in public education, when Bill turned 13 they enrolled him in Seattle's Lakeside School, an exclusive preparatory school. He blossomed in nearly all his subjects, excelling in math and science, but also doing very well in drama and English. While at Lakeside School, a Seattle computer company offered to provide computer time for the students. The Mother's Club used proceeds from the school's rummage sale to purchase a teletype terminal for students to use. Bill Gates became entranced with what a computer could do and spent much of his free time working on the terminal. He wrote a tic-tac-toe program in BASIC computer language that allowed users to play against the computer. It was at Lakeside School where Bill met Paul Allen, who was two years his senior. The two became fast friends, bonding on their common enthusiasm over computers,

even though they were very different. Allen was more reserved and shy. Bill was feisty and at times combative. They both spent much of their free time together working on programs. Occasionally, they disagreed and would clash over who was right or who should run the computer lab. On one occasion, their argument escalated to the point where Allen banned Gates from the computer lab. On another occasion, Gates and Allen had their school computer privileges revoked for taking advantage of software glitches to obtain free computer time from the company that provided the computers. After their probation, they were allowed back in the computer lab when they offered to debug the program. During this time, Gates developed a payroll program for the computer company the boys hacked into, and a scheduling program for the school. In 1970, at the age of 15, Bill Gates went into business with his pal, Paul Allen. They developed "Traf-oData," a computer program that monitored traffic patterns in Seattle, and netted $20,000 for their efforts. Gates and Allen wanted to start their own company, but Gates' parents wanted him to finish school and go on to college where they hoped he would work to become a lawyer.

. and its president Ed Roberts asked the boys for a demonstration. Allen showed Gates an edition of Popular Electronics magazine featuring an article on the Altair 8800 mini-computer kit. MITS was. they didn't have an Altair to work with or the code to run it. Allen was hired at MITS and Gates soon left Harvard to work with him. Massachusetts. never having tried it out on an Altair computer. He saw the free distribution of software as stealing. Gates and Allen scrambled.Bill Gates graduated from Lakeside in 1973. originally thinking of a career in law. Early Career Gates enrolled at Harvard University in the fall. Instead. Bill Gates thought differently. In February of 1976. he could get by on a few hours of sleep." In essence. But they wanted to know if MITS was interested in someone developing such software. He scored 1590 out of 1600 on the college SAT test. pirating software would discourage developers from investing time and money into creating quality software. The letter was unpopular with computer enthusiasts. a blend of "micro-computer" and "software. and spent the next two months writing the software at Harvard's computer lab. after attending Washington State University for two years. called Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems (MITS). a feat of intellectual achievement that for several years he boasted about when introducing himself to new people. much of the personal computer enthusiasts were people not in it for the money. They felt the ease of reproduction and distribution allowed them to share software with friends and fellow computer enthusiasts. Gates joined Allen at Honeywell. but Gates stuck to his beliefs and would use the threat of innovation as a defense when faced with charges of unfair business practices. to work for Honeywell. In reality. At this time. But his freshman year saw him spend more of his time in the computer lab than in class. According to Gates' later account. New Mexico. Allen traveled to Albuquerque for a test run at MITS. and pass with a reasonable grade. During this time. Though their BASIC software program for the Altair computer netted the company a fee and royalties. Gates wrote an open letter to computer hobbyists saying that continued distribution and use of software without paying for it would "prevent good software from being written. Microsoft's BASIC software was popular with computer hobbyists who obtained pre-market copies and were reproducing and distributing them for free. Gates and Allen formed a partnership they called Micro-Soft. much to his parents' dismay. dropped out and moved to Boston. It worked perfectly. it wasn't meeting their overhead. In 1975. only about 10 percent of the people using BASIC in the Altair computer had actually paid for it. Gates and Allen contacted the company proclaiming they were working on a BASIC software program that would run the Altair computer. Both boys were fascinated with the possibilities this computer could make toward personal computing." Microsoft (Gates and Allen dropped the hyphen in less than a year) started off on shaky footing. The Altair was made by a small company in Albuquerque. In the summer of 1974. especially when it involved software that was created to be sold. Gates did not really have a study regimen. cram for a test. Gates remained in contact with Paul Allen who.

Gates had a more acrimonious relationship with MITS president Ed Roberts. The company later sued Microsoft and Gates for withholding important information. Gates did look very young. instead proposing that IBM pay a licensing fee for copies of the software sold with their computers. but neither Gates nor Microsoft admitted to any wrong doing. and threw himself into his work. making Microsoft the exclusive licensing agent and later full owner of the software but not telling them of the IBM deal. Microsoft settled out of court for an undisclosed amount. As the computer industry began to grow with companies like Apple. and marketing. He often took his mother with him. Gates bought an operating system that was developed to run on computers similar to IBM's PC. Gates moved the company's operations to Bellevue Washington. The pair had to sue the new owner of MITS to retain the software rights they had developed for Altair. The Rise of Microsoft Gates' acumen for not only software development but also business operations put him in the position of leading the company and working as its spokesperson. at the end of 1978.000 fee.  Bill was continuously out on the road touting the merits of Microsoft software applications. Gates placed himself as the head of Microsoft. the same price he had paid for the software in its original form. Gates and Allen were on their own. Microsoft wrote software in different formats for other computer companies and. which would have given them the information to the operating system. He delivered it for a $50. which grossed $2. It was through Mary that Bill Gates met the CEO of IBM. just east of Seattle. Roberts considered Gates spoiled and obnoxious. IBM wanted to buy the source code. He made a deal with the software's developer. Gates was only 23. business development. In 1977. Bill Gates was glad to be home again in the Pacific Northwest. and IBM developing hardware and components. product development. Gates had to adapt the newly purchased software to work for the IBM PC. convincing them that he and his company could meet their needs. and went back to Georgia to enter medical school and become a country doctor. Mary was highly respected and well connected with her membership on several corporate boards including IBM. The combative Gates clashed with Roberts on software development and the direction of the business. The only problem was that Microsoft had not developed the basic operating system that would run IBM's new computers. Not to be stopped. Legend has it that at the first meeting with Bill Gates someone at IBM mistook him for an office assistant and asked him to serve coffee. In November 1980. often rewriting code when he saw it necessary. All 25 employees of the young company had broad responsibilities for all aspects of the operation. He personally reviewed every line of code the company shipped. Intel. Gates refused. IBM was looking for software that would operate their upcoming personal computer (PC) and approached Microsoft. Doing this allowed Microsoft to license the .5 million in 1978. but he quickly impressed IBM. often resulting in shouting matches. Roberts sold MITS to another computer company. With his acumen for software development and a keen business sense.

Allen resigned from company that same year. The collaboration could be seen in some shared names between the Microsoft and Macintosh systems. Without people willing to change formats. Microsoft and Apple shared many of their early innovations. For the unsophisticated user—which was most of the buying public—the graphic imagery of the VisiCorp software would be so much easier to use. Some developers were involved in both Microsoft develeopment. Bill Gates quickly recognized the threat this kind of software might pose for MSDOS and Microsoft overall. Between 1978 and 1981. In mid-1981 Gates and Allen incorporated Microsoft. In November 1985. and Gates was appointed president and chairman of the board. But as a marketing tactic it was sheer genius as nearly 30 percent of the computer market was using the MS-DOS system and would wait for Windows software rather than change to a new system. in that Microsoft had no such program under development. By 1983. and the development of Microsoft applications for they called MS-DOS to any other PC manufacturer. and staff increased from 25 to 128. software developers were unwilling to write programs for the VisiCorp system and it lost momentum by early 1985. which allowed Microsoft BASIC to operate on Apple II machines. Paul Allen was diagnosed with Hodgkin's disease. Gates announced in an advertising campaign that a new Microsoft operating system was about to be developed that would use a graphic interface. The Invention of Microsoft Windows Though their rivalry is legend. It was to be called "Windows. In 1981 Apple invited Microsoft to help develop software for Macintosh computers. Though his cancer went into remission a year later with intensive treatment. displaying text and images on the screen. A system was that used a mouse to drive a graphic interface. but many say it was a life-changing experience for Allen and he saw there were other opportunities that he could invest his time in. Bill Gates and Microsoft launched Windows. Rumors abound as to why Allen left Microsoft. which they soon did. Microsoft was going global with offices in Great Britain and Japan. Microsoft also released software called Softcard. Revenue also shot up from $4 million to $16 million. Apple had earlier given Microsoft full access to their technology while it . Microsoft's growth exploded. nearly two years after his announcement. But 1983 also brought news that rocked Microsoft to its very foundation. The announcement was a bluff. Some say Bill Gates pushed him out. Allen was named executive vice-president. and with 30 percent of the world's computers running on its software. Visually the Windows system looked very similar to the Macintosh system Apple Computer Corporation had introduced nearly two years earlier. It was through this knowledge sharing that Microsoft was to develop Windows." and would be compatible with all PC software products developed on the MSDOS system. This differed greatly from the text and keyboard driven MS-DOS system where all text formatting showed on the screen as code and not what actually would be printed. should other computer companies clone the IBM PC.

This left Microsoft with a virtual monopoly on operating systems for PCs. Gates has been on the top or near the top of Forbes' 400 list of the world's wealthiest people. Yet. Over time. Bill Gates was gaining a reputation as a ruthless competitor. he developed a white hot drive and competitive spirit. Bill Gates became a billionaire when the stock raised to $90. Rather than give into the pressure. Gates took full advantage of the situation and created a software format that was strikingly similar to the Macintosh. In the end. Always having to look over his shoulder to see where the competition was.75 a share. Gates' stake at that time was $234 million of Microsoft's $520 million. being more interested in selling computers. he would develop a profile of all the possible cases and run through them. One story goes that one of Gates' assistants had come to work early to find someone sleeping under a desk. Once again.was working on making Microsoft products compatible for Apple computers. He was constantly testing the people around him to see if they were really convinced of their ideas. Bill Gates' intelligence allowed him to be able to see all sides of the software industry—product development and corporate strategy. improving its operation and expanding its uses. Gates held 45 percent of the company's 24. Gates' wealth briefly topped $101 billion. Microsoft introduced Microsoft Office which bundled office productivity applications such as Microsoft Word and Excel into one system that was compatible with all Microsoft products. Microsoft faced a string of Federal Trade Commission and Justice Department investigations throughout the 1990s. In 1987. Outside the company. Microsoft prevailed in the courts because it could prove that while there were similarities in how the two software systems operated. She considered calling security or the police when she discovered it was Gates. Gates had advised Apple to license their software but they ignored the advice. His confrontational management style became legend as he would challenge employees and their ideas to keep the creative process going. with stock prices at an all time high and the stock splitting eight-fold since its IPO. An unprepared presenter would hear. Gates pushed ahead with the Windows software. Gates expected everyone in the company to have the same drive and dedication. Microsoft's new version of Windows sold 100. When analyzing any corporate move. Apple threatened to sue and Microsoft retaliated.000 copies in just two weeks and OS/2 soon faded away. But this was as much a test of the rigor of the employee as it was Gates' passion for his company. In 1999. Soon the Federal Trade Commission began to investigate Microsoft for unfair marketing practices. In 1986. the company's stock increased in value and split numerous times. saying it would delay shipment of its Microsoft compatible software for Macintosh users. Some related allegations that Microsoft made unfair deals with computer manufactures who installed . In 1989. Bill Gates took Microsoft public with an initial public offering (IPO) of $21 per share. Since then. each individual function was distinctly different. The applications were not as easily compatible with OS/2. asking questions about anything that could possibly happen. "That's the stupidest thing I've ever heard!" from Gates. Several tech companies led by IBM began to develop their own operating system called OS/2 to replace MS-DOS.7 million shares and became an instant millionaire at age 31. Bill Gates never felt totally secure about the status of his company.

Other charges involved Microsoft forcing computer manufactures to sell Microsoft's Internet Explorer as a condition for selling the Windows operating system with their computers. Gates took an interest in filling his mother's role as a civic leader. Personal Life In 1989. Gates was devastated. it is said to be a very cozy home for the couple and their three children. then 37. He still remains chairman of the board. Rockefeller. In time. Being the consummate student he was. Gates announced he was transitioning himself from full-time work at Microsoft.the Windows operating system on their computers. titans of the American industrial revolution. was born. 2008. In 2006. His last full day at Microsoft was June 27. Microsoft was able to find a settlement with the federal government to avoid a breakup. harking back to Bill Gates' earlier battles with software piracy. Though the house serves as a business center. A year later. On January 1. In 2000. But only a few months later heartbreak struck Bill Gates as his mother was diagnosed with breast cancer. Over the next few years. Gates Foundation which was dedicated to supporting education. to devote more quality time to the Foundation. $54 million house on the shore of Lake Washington. Spock. and investment in low-income communities. Gates found some inventive ways to deflect the pressure with light-hearted commercials and public appearances at computer trade shows posing as Star Trek's Mr. Gates and his wife established the William H. In 1994. a 28-year-old Microsoft executive named Melinda French caught the eye of Bill Gates. Gates studied the philanthropic work of Andrew Carnegie and John D. their relationship grew as they discovered an intimate and intellectual connection. world health. 1994. Bill and Melinda took some time off in 1995 to travel to several countries and get a new perspective on life and the world.000 sq ft. Bill Gates stepped down from the day-to-day operations of Microsoft in 2000. Gates continued to run the company and weather the federal investigations through the 1990s. Philanthropic Efforts With the influence of his wife Melinda. In 1996. The very bright and organized Melinda was a perfect match for Gates. Jennifer. At one point. the couple combined several family foundations to form the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Melinda and Bill were married in Hawaii. She died in June 1994. He positioned himself as chief software architect so he could concentrate on what was for him the more passionate side of the business. He began to realize that he had an obligation to give more of his wealth to charity. Through it all. Microsoft defended itself. Microsoft faced a possible break up of its two divisions—operating systems and software development. his involvement with the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation occupied much of his time and even more of his interest. turning over the job of CEO to college friend Steve Ballmer who had been with Microsoft since 1980. . Gates moved his family into a 55. and proclaiming that such restrictions were a threat to innovation. Eventually. their first daughter. They started out by making a $28 billion contribution to set up the foundation.

General Information Twitter Birthdate Degrees Companies Microsoft Founder. Chairman bgC3 Founder @billgates 10/28/55 Financial Organizations Gates Foundation Co-Chair .In addition to all the accolades of being one of the most successful and richest businessmen in the history of the world. his wife Melinda. Time magazine named Gates one of the most influential people of the 20th century. Gates also holds several honorary doctorates from universities throughout the world and an honorary Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth II. Bill Gates has also received numerous awards for philanthropic work. The magazine also named Gates. Gates and his wife were awarded the Order of the Aztec Eagle by the Mexican government for their philanthropic work throughout the world in the areas of health and education. and rock band U2's lead singer Bono as the 2005 Persons of the Year. In 2006.

Gates II. 1955. Gates developed a version of the programming language BASIC for the first microcomputer . 2006. was a schoolteacher. and employs more than 78. Guided by a belief that the computer would be a valuable tool on every office desktop and in every home. In 1973. . Ray Ozzie has assumed Gates’ previous title as chief software architect and is working side by side with Gates on all technical architecture and product oversight responsibilities at Microsoft. There. Microsoft announced that effective July 2008 Gates will transition out of a day-to-day role in the company to spend more time on his global health and education work at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Gates left Harvard to devote his energies to Microsoft. now Microsoft’s chief executive officer. Gates entered Harvard University as a freshman. services and solutions that help people and businesses realize their full potential. After July 2008 Gates will continue to serve as Microsoft’s chairman and an advisor on key development projects. Their late mother. On June 15. Born on Oct. In his junior year. Their father. is a Seattle attorney. where he lived down the hall from Steve Ballmer. 28.Web Presences Tags microsoft-windows-microsoft Bill Gates William (Bill) H. Craig Mundie has assumed the new title of chief research and strategy officer at Microsoft and is working closely with Gates to assume his responsibility for the company’s research and incubation efforts.the MITS Altair. The two-year transition process is to ensure that there is a smooth and orderly transfer of Gates’ daily responsibilities. they began developing software for personal computers. While at Harvard. University of Washington regent. Mary Gates. Gates was chairman of Microsoft Corporation. Gates grew up in Seattle with his two sisters. a company he had begun in 1975 with his childhood friend Paul Allen.12 billion for the fiscal year ending June 2007. he discovered his interest in software and began programming computers at age 13. Microsoft had revenues of US$55. Gates’ foresight and his vision for personal computing have been central to the success of Microsoft and the software industry. the worldwide leader in software. Gates attended public elementary school and the private Lakeside School. William H.000 people in 105 countries and regions. and chairwoman of United Way International. Effective June 2006.

The book was published in 25 languages and is available in more than 60 countries. Marc McDonald. and enjoys playing golf and bridge. with the hope that in the 21st century.8 billion (as of January 2005) to support philanthropic initiatives in the areas of global health and learning. They have three children.. 1978. and to make it easier. Bottom row: Bill Gates. In addition to his love of computers and software. Gates is an avid reader. more than $477 million to community projects in the Pacific Northwest. 1 spot on the New York Times’ bestseller list for seven weeks. Jim Lane. held the No. a book that shows how computer technology can solve business problems in fundamentally new ways. Jim Lane. Marc McDonald. December 7. Marla Wood. to Melinda French Gates. In 1999. Top row: Steve Wood (left). Bob Greenberg. USA Today. which invests in companies engaged in diverse business activities. . Bottom row: Bill Gates. Bob Wallace.6 billion to organizations working in global health. Bob Wallace. The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation has committed more than $3. He and his wife. Middle row: Bob O’Rear. Business @ the Speed of Thought has received wide critical acclaim. and more than $488 million to special projects and annual giving campaigns. 1. which is developing one of the world’s largest resources of visual information . more cost-effective and more enjoyable for people to use computers. Andrea Lewis.a comprehensive digital archive of art and photography from public and private collections around the globe. The company is committed to a long-term view. Paul Allen. and was listed on the best-seller lists of the New York Times. Marla Wood. the Wall Street Journal and Amazon. December 7. Philanthropy is also important to Gates. Gates founded Corbis. Top row: Steve Wood (left).Under Gates’ leadership. 1978. Microsoft’s mission has been to continually advance and improve software technology. advances in these critical areas will be available for all people. He is also a member of the board of directors of Berkshire Hathaway Inc. 1994. published in 1995. Melinda.1 billion on research and development in the 2007 fiscal year. Middle row: Bob O’Rear. Gordon Letwin. Bob Greenberg. Gates was married on Jan. The Road Ahead. Internet Access and training to public libraries in low-income communities in the United States and Canada. Gates’ previous book. reflected in its investment of approximately $ Gates has donated the proceeds of both books to non-profit organizations that support the use of technology in education and skills development. more than $2 billion to improve learning opportunities. have endowed a foundation with more than $28. including the Gates Library Initiative to bring computers. Gates wrote Business @ the Speed of Thought. Paul Allen. Andrea Lewis. Gordon Letwin.

Wait . and how they can achieve the kind of freedoms that they're interested in. End. Bill Gates Good. Important I'm a great believer that any tool that enhances communication has profound effects in terms of how people can learn from each other. at least make it look good. Bill Gates Nice.crunchbase. Great. It seduces smart people into thinking they can't lose. Bill Gates Success. wait until you get a boss. Failure. Tough. Teacher. Bill Gates Success. Kind If you can't make it good. Least If you think your teacher is tough. He doesn't have tenure.Read more: http://www. Smart Be nice to nerds. Bill Gates Teacher. Follow us: @crunchbase on Twitter | crunchbase on Facebook Success is a lousy teacher. Working It's fine to celebrate success but it is more important to heed the lessons of failure. Chances are you'll end up working for one. Bill Gates Communication.

Next Your most unhappy customers are your greatest source of learning. Bill Gates Believe. Technology. In terms of getting the kids working together and motivating them. Used Life is not fair. Bill Gates Look. get used to it. Fair Technology is just a tool. the teacher is the most important. Bill Gates Technology. Teacher. Used. Bill Gates Life. Without As we look ahead into the next century. I don't think anybody can talk meaningfully about one without the talking about the other. Important Information technology and business are becoming inextricably interwoven. Bill Gates Technology. Bill Gates Business. Problems. leaders will be those who empower others. The second is that automation applied to an inefficient operation will magnify the inefficiency. Others. Bill Gates .I believe that if you show people the problems and you show them the solutions they will be moved to act. Show The first rule of any technology used in a business is that automation applied to an efficient operation will magnify the efficiency. Business.

. Bill Gates Great. Time. they're tools of creativity. Dreams. people will come to accept their silicon masters. they feared gas-powered engines. Bill Gates Change.Greatest. Unhappy I think it's fair to say that personal computers have become the most empowering tool we've ever created. Yourself. Fear I really had a lot of dreams when I was a kid. Ever. But with time. Bill Gates Computers. Religion We always overestimate the change that will occur in the next two years and underestimate the change that will occur in the next ten. and they can be shaped by their user. They're tools of communication. Learning. There's a lot more I could be doing on a Sunday morning. Don't let yourself be lulled into inaction. There will always be ignorance. Creativity Just in terms of allocation of time resources. Morning. Bill Gates Change. and I think a great deal of that grew out of the fact that I had a chance to read a lot. Two People always fear change. Bill Gates Time. Chance . didn't they? People feared coal.. religion is not very efficient. and ignorance leads to fear. People feared electricity when it was invented.

Yourself .000 MPG. In real life people actually have to leave the coffee shop and go to jobs. Bill Gates Car. to make money? Are you gonna somehow get confused about what you're trying to do? Bill Gates Life. Anybody.I'm afraid that's not quite right. you know. Technology. Ideas I actually thought that it would be a little confusing during the same period of your life to be in one meeting when you're trying to make money. Bill Gates Time. Coffee At Microsoft there are lots of brilliant ideas but the image is that they all come from the top .Television is not real life. Business. we would all be driving $25 cars that got 1. Afraid. I mean is it gonna erode your ability. Money. by the time you realize you're in trouble. Bill Gates Enough. you're gone. Mean If GM had kept up with technology like the computer industry has. Bill Gates Come. Ought In this business. it's too late to save yourself. Bill Gates Life. Unless you're running scared all the time. and then go to another meeting where you're giving it away. Real. Cars 640K ought to be enough for anybody.

And so. what we're going to have to do at a global scale. Energy Bill Gates From Wikipedia.Almost every way we make electricity today. puts out CO2. And so. the free encyclopedia For other people named Bill Gates. Need. Bill Gates Gates in 2012 . except for the emerging renewables and nuclear. is create a new system. Bill Gates Today. see Bill Gates (disambiguation). we need energy miracles.

S. Washington. U. U. Sr. Washington.S. Gates.Born William Henry Gates III October 28. Mary Maxwell Gates Signature . Nationality American Alma mater Harvard University (dropped out) Occupation Co-founder and Chairman ofMicrosoft Co-Chair of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation CEO of Cascade Investment Chairman of Corbis Years active 1975–present Net worth US$ 66 billion (2012)[1] Board member of Berkshire Hathaway Religion Agnostic[2][3] Spouse(s) Melinda Gates (1994-present) Children 3 Parents William H. 1955 (age 57) Seattle. Residence Medina.

chief software architect. an opinion which has in some cases been upheld by the courts. He remained as chairman and created the position of chief software architect.Website Bill Gates William Henry "Bill" Gates III (born October 28. Gates is the former chief executive and current chairman of Microsoft. established in 2000. the world’s largest personal-computer software company. business magnate and philanthropist. Gates's last full-time day at Microsoft was June 27. Gates is one of the best-known entrepreneurs of the personal computer revolution. excluding 2008. . with 6. which have been considered anti-competitive.[9] He has also authored and co-authored several books.[12] Gates stepped down as chief executive officer of Microsoft in January 2000. chief research and strategy officer. which he co-founded with Paul Allen. inventor.4 percent of the common stock. Gates held the positions of CEO and chief software architect. Gates has pursued a number of philanthropic endeavors. and full-time work at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. andCraig Mundie. and remains the largest individual shareholder. 2008.[10][11] In the later stages of his career. In June 2006. He is consistently ranked among the world's wealthiest people[5] and was the wealthiest overall from 1995 to 2009. He gradually transferred his duties to Ray Ozzie. He remains at Microsoft as nonexecutive chairman. Gates announced that he would be transitioning from full-time work at Microsoft to part-time work. 1955)[4] is an American programmer.[6] in 2011 he was the wealthiest American and the second wealthiest person. Gates has been criticized for his business tactics. when he was ranked third. [7][8] During his career at Microsoft. donating large amounts of money to various charitable organizations and scientific research programs through the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

and one younger sister. Gates's maternal grandfather was J. to William H.4 Management style 2.2 IBM partnership 2. His ancestry includes English. and Scots-Irish. and Mary Maxwell Gates.2 Recognition 4. an exclusive preparatory school. Libby. Sr. Gates has one elder sister. German.5 Antitrust litigation 2.[17][18][19] At 13 he enrolled in the Lakeside School.[16] When Gates was young. and his mother served on the board of directors for First Interstate BancSystem and the United Way.[21] Gates took an interest in programming the GE system in BASIC. the Mothers Club at the school used proceeds from Lakeside School's rummage sale to buy a Teletype Model 33 ASR terminal and a block of computer time on a General Electric (GE) computer for the school's students.[13][14] His father was a prominent lawyer. and was excused from math .1 Philanthropy 4. Kristi (Kristianne). Maxwell. Washington.1 Books 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External links Early life Gates was born in Seattle. but was known as William Gates III or "Trey" because his father had the "II" suffix.3 Windows 2. Gates's parents had a law career in mind for him. a national bank president.6 Appearance in ads 3 Post-Microsoft 4 Personal life o o o   4. Gates.3 Investments 5 Books and films 6 See also o    6.Contents   1 Early life 2 Microsoft o o o o o o   2.1 BASIC 2. W.[20] When he was in the eighth grade. He was the fourth of his name in his family.[15] Early on in his life. his family regularly attended a Congregational church.

Paul Allen. which banned four Lakeside students—Gates.S.[26] Gates graduated from Lakeside School in 1973. Gates went to CCC's offices and studied source code for various programs that ran on the system. The Poker Room in Currier House atHarvard University. "There was just something neat about the machine. Bill Gates served as a congressional page in the U. He scored 1590 out of 1600 on the SAT[27] and enrolled at Harvard College in the autumn of 1973. Ric Weiland. to make traffic counters based on the Intel 8008 processor. Gates devised an algorithm for pancake sorting as a solution to one of a series of unsolved problems[29]presented in a combinatorics class by Harry Lewis. the four students offered to find bugs in CCC's software in exchange for computer time. House of Representatives. one of his professors. Inc. Information Sciences. he metSteve Ballmer. called Traf-O-Data.[28] While at Harvard. hired the four Lakeside students to write a payroll program in COBOL. The arrangement with CCC continued until 1970.[25] In early 1973. and machine language. he and other students sought time on systems including DEC PDP minicomputers. he said. where Gates and Allen formed Microsoft In his sophomore year. When he reflected back on that moment. providing them computer time and royalties."[22] After the Mothers Club donation was exhausted. One of these systems was a PDP10 belonging to Computer Center Corporation (CCC). After his administrators became aware of his programming abilities. who later succeeded Gates as CEO of Microsoft."[22] At age 17.[23][24] At the end of the ban. He later stated that "it was hard to tear myself away from a machine at which I could so unambiguously demonstrate success. Gates formed a venture with Allen. The following year. when the company went out of business. Rather than use the system via Teletype. LISP. Gates was fascinated by the machine and how it would always execute software code perfectly. Gates wrote the school's computer program to schedule students in classes. and Kent Evans—for the summer after it caught them exploiting bugs in the operating system to obtain free computer time. He wrote his first computer program on this machine: an implementation of tictac-toe that allowed users to play games against the computer. including programs in FORTRAN. He modified the code so that he was placed in classes with mostly female students. Gates's solution .classes to pursue his interest.

They named their partnership "Micro-Soft" and had their first office located in Albuquerque. and over the course of a few weeks they developed an Altair emulator that ran on a minicomputer.[31] Gates did not have a definite study plan while a student at Harvard[32] and spent a lot of time using the school's computers. Gates and Allen did not have an Altair and had not written code for it. they merely wanted to gauge MITS's interest.[32] Microsoft Main articles: History of Microsoft and Microsoft BASIC MITS Altair 8800 Computer with 8-inch (200 mm) floppy disk system After reading the January 1975 issue of Popular Electronics that demonstrated the Altair 8800. and on November 26. who were supportive of him after seeing how much Gates wanted to start a company.[37] Within a year.[35] He had talked this decision over with his parents. the creators of the new microcomputer.[36] In reality. Gates remained in contact with Paul Allen. to inform them that he and others were working on a BASICinterpreter for the platform. MITS president Ed Roberts agreed to meet them for a demo. and Gates and Allen saw this as the opportunity to start their own computer software company.[29] His solution was later formalized in a published paper in collaboration with Harvard computer scientist Christos Papadimitriou. 1976. and he joined him at Honeywell during the summer of 1974.[37] and Gates took a leave of absence from Harvard to work with Allen at MITS in Albuquerque in November 1975. Paul Allen was hired into MITS. the trade name .[33] The following year saw the release of the MITS Altair 8800 based on the Intel 8080 CPU. held at MITS's offices in Albuquerquewas a success and resulted in a deal with MITS to distribute the interpreter as Altair BASIC.[29][30] its successor is faster by only one percent. Gates contacted Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems (MITS). and then the BASIC interpreter.[34] Gates dropped out of Harvard at this time. the hyphen was dropped.held the record as the fastest version for over thirty years. The demonstration.

1979. Gates referred them to Digital Research (DRI). and often rewrote parts of it as he saw fit. because he believed that other hardware vendors would clone IBM's system.[36] During Microsoft's early years.[36] Windows Microsoft launched its first retail version of Microsoft Windows on November 20. after the former rejected his loan application. and they did not reach a licensing agreement. Gates oversaw the business details. and it continued to develop programming language software for various systems. When IBM's representatives mentioned that they needed an operating system. Gates wrote an Open Letter to Hobbyists in the MITS newsletter saying that MITS could not continue to produce. Although the two . makers of the widely used CP/M operating system.[43] Despite IBM's name on the operating system the press quickly identified Microsoft as being very influential on the new computer. of 86-DOS. with PC Magazine asking if Gates were "The Man Behind The Machine?"[40] He oversaw Microsoft's company restructuring on June 25.[42] They did. which re-incorporated the company in Washington state and made Gates President of Microsoft and the Chairman of the Board. and the sales of MS-DOS made Microsoft a major player in the industry. In the first five years.[37] Gates never returned to Harvard to complete his studies. Microsoft became independent of MITS in late 1976.[40] The computer company first proposed that Microsoft write the BASIC interpreter. IBM representative Jack Sams mentioned the licensing difficulties during a subsequent meeting with Gates and told him to get an acceptable operating system. an operating system similar to CP/M that Tim Paterson of Seattle Computer Products (SCP) had made for hardware similar to the PC. but Gates discovered that a pre-market copy had leaked into the community and was being widely copied and distributed. the company struck a deal with IBM to develop a separate operating system called OS/2. and in August.[39] IBM partnership IBM approached Microsoft in July 1980 regarding its upcoming personal computer. Microsoft's BASIC was popular with computer hobbyists. and maintain high-quality software without payment. all employees had broad responsibility for the company's business. In February 1976. Microsoft made a deal with SCP to become the exclusive licensing agent.[41] IBM's discussions with Digital Research went poorly.[42] Gates did not offer to transfer the copyright on the operating system. Washington on January 1. After adapting the operating system for the PC. Gates personally reviewed every line of code the company shipped.000. the IBM PC. Microsoft delivered it to IBM as PC-DOS in exchange for a one-time fee of $50.[37] The company moved from Albuquerque to its new home in Bellevue. but Gates persisted in his belief that software developers should be able to demand payment."Microsoft" was registered with the Office of the Secretary of the State of New Mexico. distribute. A few weeks later Gates proposed using 86-DOS (QDOS). and later the full owner.[38] This letter was unpopular with many computer hobbyists. 1981. 1985. but continued to write code as well.

hopefully. "I'll do it over the weekend.[44] Management style Bill Gates in January 2008 From Microsoft's founding in 1975 until 2006."[51][52][53] Gates's role at Microsoft for most of its history was primarily a management and executive role. he was an active software developer in the early years.[49] When subordinates appeared to be procrastinating. Gates met regularly with Microsoft's senior managers and program managers. However. mounting creative differences caused the partnership to deteriorate.companies successfully developed the first version of the new system. as early as 1981 an industry executive complained in public that "Gates is notorious for not being reachable by phone and for not returning phone calls. He gained a reputation for being distant to others. Firsthand accounts of these meetings describe him as verbally combative. He had studied the game until he solved it. Gates was fully convinced."[45] Another executive recalled that after he showed Gates a videogame and defeated him 35 of 37 times. and wherever Microsoft achieved a dominant position he vigorously defended it. particularly on the company's programming . "That's the stupidest thing I've ever heard!"[49] and. when they met again a month later Gates "won or tied every game. "Why don't you just give up youroptions and join the Peace Corps?"[50] The target of his outburst then had to defend the proposal in detail until. He aggressively broadened the company's range of products. Gates had primary responsibility for the company's product strategy. berating managers for perceived holes in their business strategies or proposals that placed the company's long-term interests at risk. That is a competitor.[47][48] He often interrupted presentations with such comments as. It ended in 1991. he was known to remark sarcastically."[46] As an executive. when Gates led Microsoft to develop a version of OS/2 independently from IBM.

[55] Antitrust litigation Further information: United States Microsoft antitrust case and European Union Microsoft competition case Gates giving his deposition at Microsoft on August 27. Microsoft case. "concerned".[58] Appearance in ads . and "we". 1998 Many decisions that led to antitrust litigation over Microsoft's business practices have had Gates's approval. "Did I fence with Boies? . He argued with examiner David Boiesover the contextual meaning of words such as. many of the technology chief's denials and pleas of ignorance were directly refuted by prosecutors with snippets of e-mail that Gates both sent and received. He divided his responsibilities between two successors."[58] Despite Gates' denials. He has not officially been on a development team since working on the TRS-80 Model 100.. Gates announced that he would transition out of his day-to-day role over the next two years to dedicate more time to philanthropy. Whatever that penalty is should be levied against me: rudeness to Boies in the first degree. Gates gave deposition testimony that several journalists characterized as evasive.[54] but wrote code as late as 1989 that shipped in the company's products.language products. the judge ruled that Microsoft had committed monopolization and tying. "compete".' so many times that even the presiding judge had to chuckle. and blocking competition.[56] BusinessWeek reported: Early rounds of his deposition show him offering obfuscatory answers and saying 'I don't recall. I plead guilty. As to his demeanor during the deposition.[52] On June 15. [57] Gates later said he had simply resisted attempts by Boies to mischaracterize his words and actions. he said. both in violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act.. In the 1998 United States v. Worse. placing Ray Ozzie in charge of day-today management and Craig Mundie in charge of long-term product strategy. 2006.

Post-Microsoft Since leaving day-to-day operations at Microsoft (where he remains Chairman[61]). Gates was invited to visit and speak at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology where he asked the students to take on the hard problems of the world in their futures. Gates continues his philanthropy and.[62][63] In April 2010. purchased the video rights to the Messenger Lectures series called The Character of Physical Law. Some say that this is an homage to Seinfeld's own show about "nothing" (Seinfeld). among other projects. As Gates is buying the shoes. Seinfeld asks Gates if he has melded his mind to other developers. The videos are available online to the public at Microsoft's Project Tuva.[64][65] Personal life . after getting a yes. The first commercial. co-starring Jerry Seinfeld. is a 90-second talk between strangers as Seinfeld walks up on a discount shoe store (Shoe Circus) in a mall and notices Gates buying shoes inside.Gates mugshot of his 1977 arrest in New Mexico Gates appeared in a series of ads to promote Microsoft in 2008. given at Cornell University by Richard Feynman in 1964 and recorded by the BBC.[59] As they are walking out of the mall. again getting a yes. Gates and Seinfeld are at the home of an average family trying to fit in with normal people. which uses a slightly altered version of his own mugshot of his arrest in New Mexico in 1977 for a traffic violation. he then asks if they are working on a way to make computers edible. The salesman is trying to sell Mr.[60] In a second commercial in the series. Gates shoes that are a size too big. he holds up his discount card.

In a May 2006 interview.[72] Since 2000.8 million at an auction in 1994. Gates commented that he wished that he were not the richest man in the world because he disliked the attention it brought. [73] Gates has several investments outside Microsoft. Philanthropy . In 2004 he became a director of Berkshire Hathaway. 2002) and son Rory John (b. a collection of writings by Leonardo da Vinci.100 m2) estate has a 60-foot (18 m) swimming pool with an underwater music system. His 66. tennis. as of 2006 the total assessed value of the property (land and house) is $125 million.[68] He also enjoys playing bridge. The family resides in the Gates's home. which Gates bought for $30. 1996) and Phoebe Adele (b.000 sq ft (6.000. 1994. a digital imaging company. According to King County public records.[74] He founded Corbis.[69][70] Gates was number one on the Forbes 400 list from 1993 through to 2007 and number one on Forbes list of The World's Richest People from 1995 to 2007 and 2009. In 1999. June 2009 Gates married Melinda French on January 1.Bill and Melinda Gates.500 sq ft (230 m2) gym and a 1. the investment company headed by long-time friendWarren Buffett.[71] Despite his wealth and extensive business travel Gates usually flew coach until 1997. as well as a 2.[66] Also among Gates's private acquisitions is the Codex Leicester.[75] In March 2010 Bill Gates was bumped down to the second wealthiest man behind Carlos Slim.667. an earth-sheltered house in the side of a hill overlooking Lake Washington in Medina. which in 2006 paid him a salary of $616.000 bonus totalling $966. and the ceiling of his large home library is engraved with a quotation from The Great Gatsby. They have three children: daughters Jennifer Katharine (b. the nominal value of his Microsoft holdings has declined due to a fall in Microsoft's stock price after the dot-com bubble burst and the multi-billion dollar donations he has made to his charitable foundations. 1999).667 and $350. his wealth briefly surpassed $101 billion. in 1989. causing the media to call Gates a "centibillionaire". when he bought a private jet.[67] Gates is also known as an avid reader. and golf.000 sq ft (93 m2) dining room. and the annual property tax is $991.

and Mark Zuckerberg (Facebook's CEO) signed a promise they called the "Gates-Buffet Giving Pledge". Gates and his father met with Rockefeller several times.[80] They plan to eventually give 95% of their wealth to charity. former British Prime Minister Gordon Brown. Rockefeller. the foundation announced in 2007 a review of its investments. as detailed in The Power of Half. In 2000.[79] As of 2007. and on December 9. President Umaru Yar'Adua of Nigeria and others during the Annual Meeting 2008 of the World Economic Forum in Switzerland Further information: Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Gates began to appreciate the expectations others had of him when public opinion mounted suggesting that he could give more of his wealth to charity. investor Warren Buffett. Gates and his wife combined three family foundations into one to create the charitableBill & Melinda Gates Foundation.[82] In response to press criticism. while using voting rights to influence company practices.[81] The foundation was at the same time criticized because it invests assets that it has not yet distributed with the exclusive goal of maximizing return on investment. Queen Rania of Jordan.[77][78] The generosity and extensive philanthropy of David Rockefeller has been credited as a major influence. 2010.[87] Gates and his wife invited Joan Salwen to Seattle to speak about what the family had done.[84] The Gates Millennium Scholars program has been criticized for its exclusion of Caucasian students. in which they promised to donate to charity at least half of their wealth over the course of time. and in 1994 sold some of his Microsoft stock to create the William H. having given over $28 billion to charity. Gates studied the work of Andrew Carnegie and John D. namely those global problems that are ignored by governments and other organizations.[85][86] Gates's wife urged people to learn a lesson from the philanthropic efforts of the Salwen family. unlike other major charitable organizations such as theWellcome Trust. which had sold its home and given away half of its value. As a result. which is the largest transparently operated charitable foundation in the world.[83] It subsequently canceled the review and stood by its policy of investing for maximum return. [88][89][90] Recognition . and pharmaceutical companies that do not sell into the developing world.Gates with Bono. its investments include companies that have been charged with worsening poverty in the same developing countries where the Foundation is attempting to relieve poverty. and modeled their giving in part on the Rockefeller family's philanthropic focus.[76] The foundation allows benefactors access to information regarding how its money is being spent. Bill and Melinda Gates were the second-most generous philanthropists in America. Gates. to assess social responsibility. Gates Foundation. These include companies that pollute heavily.

The Netherlands. he and his wife were awarded the Order of the Aztec Eagle for their philanthropic work around the world in the areas of health and education. named CEO of the year by Chief Executive Officers magazine in 1994.[104] In October 2009. Tsinghua University.[102] in addition to having entomologistsname the Bill Gates flower fly. just days before his 32nd birthday. in January 2008. China. 2005.[98] the Karolinska Institutet. particularly in Mexico. Eristalis gatesi.Gates and Steve Jobs at the 5thD: All Things Digital conference (D5) in 2007 In 1987.[100] He was also made an honorary trustee of Peking University in 2007. Stockholm.[93] Gates was listed in theSunday Times power list in 1999. ranked number two in the Upside Elite 100 in 1999 and was included in The Guardian as one of the "Top 100 influential people in media" in 2001. in his honor. he was voted eighth in the list of "Heroes of our time". ranked number one in the "Top 50 Cyber Elite" by Time in 1998. Japan.[91] Time magazine named Gates one of the 100 people who most influenced the 20th century. and 2006. Sweden. Breukelen. he was honoured as the twentieth Distinguished Fellow of the British Computer Society.[99] and Cambridge University in June 2009. it was announced that Gates will be awarded the 2010 Bower Award for Business Leadership ofThe Franklin Institute for his achievements in business and for his philanthropic work. and specifically in the program "Un país de lectores". Gates has received honorary doctorates from Nyenrode Business Universiteit. Beijing. Time also collectively named Gates. in 2005. in 2000.25 billion.[92] In 2006.[103] In November 2006.[105] . as well as one of the 100 most influential people of 2004.[101] Gates was also made an honorary Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE) by Queen Elizabeth II in 2005. Stockholm.[96] Waseda University.[95] the Royal Institute of Technology. when he'd debuted on the list. for his service to youth. its highest award for adults. In 2010 he was honored with the Silver Buffalo Award by the Boy Scouts of America. in April 2007. his wife Melinda and U2's lead singer Bono as the 2005 Persons of the Year for their humanitarian efforts. As the world's youngest self-made billionaire. over $900 million more than he'd been worth the year before. in 2002.[94] In 1994. he was worth $1.[97] Harvard University in June 2007. Tokyo. Gates was listed as a billionaire in the pages of Forbes' 400 Richest People in America issue.

Bill Gates has authored two books. a nuclear reactor design company. incorporated in United States. He was portrayed by Anthony Michael Hall. Books and films To date. Bill Gates was ranked as the fifth most powerful person in the world. Bloomberg BusinessWeek. a private investment and holding company. written with Microsoft executive Nathan Myhrvold and journalist Peter Rinearson. Washington. Retrieved June 9. and is headquartered in the city of Kirkland. a 1999 film which chronicles the rise of Apple and Microsoft from the early 1970s to 1997. See also Biography portal Microsoft portal  List of billionaires (also see List of college dropout billionaires and List of wealthiest non-inflated historical figures)   Paul Allen – Microsoft's co-founder. The Road Ahead. a new think-tank company founded by Bill Gates.    bgC3. Business @ the Speed of Thought was published in 1999. 2004).In 2011. 2010.[107] and the BBC documentary series The Virtual Revolution. and it summarized the implications of the personal computing revolution and described a future profoundly changed by the arrival of a global information superhighway.[106] Investments  Cascade Investments LLC. Corbis. according to rankings by Forbes magazine. friend. was published in November 1995. and discusses how business and technology are integrated. including the 2010 documentary film Waiting for "Superman". a digital image licensing and rights services company. is controlled by Bill Gates. TerraPower.  Big History—academic discipline advocated by Bill Gates . "The Man Who Could Have Been Bill Gates". Gates was prominently featured in Pirates of Silicon Valley. and fellow billionaire Gary Kildall (October 25. Gates has appeared in a number of documentaries. and shows how digital infrastructures and information networks can help getting an edge on the competition.