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Aneta Przywara Annotated Bibliography Primary Sources: Abortion Rate per 1000 Women. Chart. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print.

This chart is a primary source from the Special Collection at UIC found in the Illinois Pro-Choice Alliance in box 1, folder 1. This graph shows different birth rates of women throughout the years after the legalization of abortion in the U.S. This is helpful towards my project because it represents the impact that certain events had over the years. The graph shows that the Hyde Amendment caused a decrease in abortion rates because poor women could not afford them. A Briefing Report to New Board Members on HERS' Activities. Rep. Chicago: HERS, 1986. Print. This source is primary and it is from the Special Collection at UIC found in HERS box 5, folder 52. This report is directed to the new staff hired in 1986 to work at HERS. This document gives a brief summary of the organization and it gives statistics of the progress that HERS made. This helps me with my project because it tells me the evaluation process that HERS used and its goals and how they met them. This document is unique because it is sectioned into different sections of the accomplishments HERS had and their future goals that they were trying to reach. "A Pointless Abortion Bill." The Chicago Tribune [Chicago] n.d.: n. pag. Print. This article states the issue on the legislation being unconstitutional. There is a controversy between antiabortionists and Pro- choice. This article was helpful towards my project because the article states one side, in favor of abortion, which gives me a different prospective on how to put both sides of the argument into my website. This is a primary source from the Special Collection at UIC found in the Illinois Pro-Choice Alliance in box 2, folder 18. Board Directors of HERS. Health Evaluation & Referral Service. N.d. Steps of Evaluation for Physcians. Chicago. This document is helpful towards my research and the creation of my arguments because it states the steps of how physicians were evaluated by HERS to ensure safety for their patients. This is a primary source from the Special Collections at UIC, found in HERS box 5, folder 47. The intended audiences for this source were the physicians that HERS referred women to receive abortions from. The document goes into great detail on how important it is to receive all information from the abortions that have been done which shows me that HERS’ job was serious and they did create an impact. Bornstein, Sarah. HERS' Healthline. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print. This is a primary source from the Special Collections at UIC, found in HERS box 5, folder 44. This announcement/ report inform the viewer on how HERS did their evaluations and their fundraisers in order to stay in business. This is helpful towards my project because it helps with the impact that HERS had in women because if their detailed evaluation which determined the safety of the women getting abortions. The intended audience for this source is anyone who read the Health line. "Dunne's Abortion Outrage." Chicago Tribune [Chicago] n.d.: n. pag. Print.

This article is significant towards my project because HERS helped refer women to the Cook County Hospital because of the affordability; however, after Cook County disbanded abortions it impacted HERS because women who couldn’t afford abortions didn’t have much of a choice. This article is a primary source from the Special Collection at UIC found in the Illinois Pro-Choice Alliance in box 2, folder 18. The intended audience is anyone with interest on abortion disbands and Chicago Tribune readers. Fact Sheet. N.d. Statistical data on Abortions. This fact sheet is useful towards my information because it gives specific information on abortion and percentages of pregnancies. This article is a primary source from the Special Collection at UIC found in the Illinois Pro-Choice Alliance in box 1, folder 1. This data can be used as a comparison to statistics of HERS which will evaluate the service more thoroughly. Health Evaluation and Referral Service. UIC Special Collections. Chicago: Health Evaluation and Referral Service, n.d. Print. This is a primary source from the Special Collections at UIC, found in HERS box 5, folder 50. This brochure signifies the effort that HERS did to become successful and have women reached out to them as their cry for help. The brochure gives a brief overview of what the service offered. This helps me with my project because it shows the impact that HERS was trying to create and their successes that they offered. The intended audiences for this brochure were women who were looking for a safe place to turn to for an abortion regardless of their financial status or age. HERS. History of HERS. N.d. Official Document of HERS. This is a miscellaneous document with information on the History of the Health Evaluation and Referral Service. This is a primary source from the Special Collections at UIC, found in HERS box 5, folder 51. This source has numerous pages and different sections containing different aspects of the service. This is helpful towards my project because it gives me reliable information straight from HERS and there is a lot of information regarding how HERS began and how it evolved throughout the years. In 1973, it states that HERS had issues they faced and it states how they fixed them by not giving up on the women. This also tells me that HERS informed women about their bodies and different health issues which made women more aware of different problems with pregnancies. "HERS News brief." HERS (1988): n. pag. Print. This newsletter explains HERS’ upcoming version of a new news brief. The logo from the newsletter was used for my website to represent HERS as a referral service and add visuals to my website. This is a primary source from the Special Collections at UIC, found in HERS box 5, folder 46. History of the HERS Organization. N.d. Different aspects of HERS. Chicago. This is a primary source from the Special Collection at UIC found in HERS box 6, folder 53. This document is intended for anyone interested in the history of HERS or wanted to use HERS as a referral service. This document helps me with my project because it increases the reliability of my information, because it is from the service itself, and it states their ways of empowering women and the steps that they took. In conclusion, this source states the goals the HERS wanted to achieve which made it a positive clinic which wanted to strive for better quality. Laiken, Amy. "Former HERS Member." E-mail interview. 20 Feb. 2013.

Conducting this interview with personalized questions helped with my project because I got a more general perspective of HERS. Also, the interviewee helped me put my thoughts together on the impact of HERS and abortion. The intended audience for this source was anyone who contributed with HERS or women seeking abortions and looking for further information about the referral service. This is a primary source from the Special Collections at UIC, found in HERS box 5, folder 44. "Most Poor Women Pay for Their Abortions." The Chicago Reporter [Chicago] Oct. 1980, 9th ed.: n. pag. Print. This is a visual from a newspaper article from the Chicago Reporter and the graphs indicate the affect of the Hyde Amendment being passed. This is helpful towards my research because it demonstrates the impact that cutting off government funding had on poor women. This visual is a primary source from the Special Collection at UIC found in the Illinois Pro-Choice Alliance in box 2, folder 17. In conclusion, there were less abortions being performed on women after the Hyde Amendment was passed and there was an increase in birth rates; however, there were still over 8,000 women which paid for their abortions regardless of the fact that they were provided with no funding. National Abortion Federation. Abortion Rates Vary According to Age. Chart. N.p.: n.p., 1989. Print. This chart is a primary source from the Special Collection at UIC found in the Illinois Pro-Choice Alliance in box 1, folder 1. The intended audience is anyone who reads the National Abortion Federation news letter. This graph displays the different age groups at which abortions were performed on. This is helpful towards my project because it is a useful visual to display on my website and it is a good way to tie in HERS and how it helped women despite their age and situation. Sarrio, Linda. "8-Year Rise in Abortion Levels." Chicago Tribune [Chicago] n.d.: n. pag. Print. This article is a primary source from the Special Collection at UIC found in the Illinois Pro-Choice Alliance in box 1, folder 1. The intended audience for this is Chicago Tribune readers or anyone with interest on abortion rates. This article is helpful towards my project because it demonstrates the statistics of abortions in specific years. This shows the affect that abortion had on women over time. Even though the Hyde amendment was passed, it didn’t decrease the amount of abortions being performed even though the government wanted that. Scheidler, Joseph. Pro-Life Action League. N.d. Photograph. Chicago. This visual contributes to my project because it shows an opposing side to abortion. It is a primary source and the intended audience is anyone who read the Chicago tribune because it is a part of an article. It is a useful picture for my website because it shows a person who was against abortion at that time and not only women fought for their rights, but others were fighting for the rights of the babies. This photo is a primary source from the Special Collection at UIC found in the Illinois Pro-Choice Alliance in box 2, folder 18. Secondary Sources: Abortion Is a Right. 1973. Photograph. N.p. This photograph represents pro-choice women and how women in the U.S. have the right to choose. This is a secondary source. The intended audience is anyone studying or looking into women’s rights and their

freedom to do what they choose. It is helpful towards my argument because it shows how women continue to fight for their rights despite other people’s beliefs. In conclusion, the photograph is a great visual to add to my website because it going with my thesis and my argument. "Amy Laiken Biography." Amy Laiken Biography. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2013. This is a specific part of the UIC website and it specifically includes information in Amy Laiken who was a big contribution in the HERS organization and in feminism in Chicago. This is a secondary source and the intended audience is anyone who is interested in a brief biography and the contribution in the CWLU of which Laiken participated in. This source is helpful because it states how Laiken became a part of HERS and the reasons behind her determination to make a change. This is from her point of view which is why it is a highly reliable source and the website itself is reliable itself. In conclusion the source and the information given in the article is useful to me because it states the events that occurred to her while she was a member of the HERS and how it changed her experience there. This information could be useful for me to find some short and long term impacts. Barounis, Cynthia. "HERS (Health Evaluation & Referral Service) RecordsAn Inventory of Its Records at the University of Illinois at Chicago Inventory." HERS (Health Evaluation & Referral Service) Records. University of Illinois, n.d. Web. 02 Jan. 2013. This inventory of records mostly contains the information about the special collections found at the University of Illinois. These records contain various amounts of sources about the CWLU and about HERS. This source will be helpful because despite the special collection information, there is also a small summary of the organization which can help evaluate the basic information of HERS. The intended audience for this is historians researching this organization and looking for a brief summary of the service. The abstract and the administrative summary of HERS is helpful because it states how HERS grew from a collective of health care activists into a larger social service organization and that was a big change which helped many women in Chicago. This is a guide to finding short information and getting a brief summary of HERS and how it changed over time. The information provided is by the people who contributed to the clinic and who were a part of it in any way which makes them credible and the summary is by the HERS organization itself making it reliable and not biased. The summary is a secondary source.

Beckwith, Francis. Politically Correct Death: Answering the Arguments for Abortion Rights. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1993. Print. This book is a secondary source. The intended audience is anyone who is interested in Abortion Rights and the different limitations that come with the law. The book helps me with my project because it gives specific information on the law of abortion and how it impacted women all over the country. The book also states different historical background information which was useful towards certain parts of my website. In conclusion, the book does a good job of explaining Roe vs. Wade. In conclusion, many great answers to different arguments are stated which helped me see both sides of pro-choice and anti-choice citizens. Bitler, Marianne, and Madeline Zavodny. "Did Abortion Legalization Reduce the Number Of Unwanted Children?." Did Abortion Legalization Reduce the Number Of Unwanted

Children? Guttmacher Institute, 1996. Web. 29 Jan. 2013. This is a secondary source which varies with information on abortion and the effects after legalizing it. The intended audience for this source is anyone with interest on birth rates and what happened after abortion was allowed. This website will be helpful towards research for my project because it talks about the significance and the numerous effects abortion had on many different aspects. This website is unique because it is categorized in ways that makes it easy for the reader to comprehend his or her ideas. In conclusion, the site will be helpful because I can use the debate on the site to interpret into my project. Costa, Marie. Abortion: A Reference Handbook. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-Clio, 1991. Print. This is a secondary source containing information on abortion and the abortion policy. The book provided me with significant information about the Chicago Women’s Liberation Union and its impact on legalizing abortion. The intended audience for this book is people who want to know deeper information about abortion and its policies. Information on the Hyde Amendment was useful towards historical background for my project as well as information on Roe vs. Wade. In conclusion, the book helped me understand more information on different clinics before and after legalizing it and how women were treated when abortion was finally decided. "CWLU Herstory." Chicago Women's Liberation Union Herstory Project. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. This is a general website of the Chicago Women’s Liberation Union. There are different categories in which one can obtain information regarding this topic and this organization. There is also a historical context page which really helps me confirm the reliability of my other sources because this source is one of the official websites for the Union. This source is a secondary source and there are also archives of different types that can help me with finding different point of views on the Liberation. Overall the whole site is useful towards my topic and my project because it gives me basic facts that I can use to expand in my research and it gives me a good basis and overview of the CWLU. "CWLU Herstory." Jane" Abortion Service. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Jan. 2013. This website on Abortion Services states information on how women dealt with pregnancies before Roe vs. Wade which was the legalization of abortion. This source will be helpful towards my research on feminism because it shows me how abortion changed women’s freedom and abortion is a big part of my research. The intended audience for this website is anyone with interest on the history of abortion and previous action women did before they had the right to legally get rid of their pregnancy. Some information what was helpful were the statistics of how many women received abortions before they had the right to do it. This piece of information can help me with realizing how the Health Evaluation and Referral Service helped women do abortions the right way and the impact that it had on Chicago women. The website is reliable because it is an organization that is dedicated towards informing others about the history of the CWLU. This is a secondary source. Davis, Nanette J. From Crime to Choice: The Transformation of Abortion in America. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1985. Print. This book is a secondary source and the intended audience is for anyone who wants to see the transformation of abortion in the United States. Throughout history abortion procedures have always been

done on women. Before the legalization of it many women committed a crime by doing it in secret or unsafely which could harm them. After Roe vs. Wade abortion became legalized but people still considered it a crime due to personal beliefs. This book was helpful with my research because it showed me the events leading up to abortions being legal and the aftermath. The author brings in different aspects of how abortion affected the country politically, economically, and medically. Echols, Alice. Daring to Be Bad: Radical Feminism in America, 1967-1975. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, 1989. Print. This book is useful because it has a lot of information on the Chicago Women’s Liberation Union. It is a secondary source. A lot of the information is specific which helps the reader know all the details about the movement. There is information about referral clinics before and after the legalization of abortion which is helpful towards my project. This helps me establish the significance of abortion for women and how numerous clinics helped emphasize the importance of women’s rights. This source is reliable because the book is factual and contains different aspects of the CWLU which prove to be true. Evans, Sara M. Born for Liberty: A History of Women in America. New York: Free, 1989. Print. The whole book consists of history of women, women’s rights, and different changes that women have caused in America. Many of the information in the book have to do with feminism and rights. There are also sections on abortion with can be useful towards the creation of my project because the book acknowledges feminists and the fight for political power. This source will be helpful because it brings in different criteria’s of women’s rights and how they fought for their right on abortions. The intended audience is anyone with interest towards the history of women in America. Evans, Sarah M. "Jane." Jane. Encyclopedia of Chicago, 1995. Web. 28 Jan. 2013. This article in the Encyclopedia of Chicago consists of a few brief facts on Jane, a secret abortion referral service which started in 1969. This source will be helpful in terms of my thinking because it sets a basic understanding of what abortion was like before the legalization of it. This is a secondary source and it is reliable because it comes from an encyclopedia and it is written by Sarah Evans who has written a book about Jane meaning the information is highly researched and factual. The intended audience for this article is anyone who is interested in researching abortions and the services that women were provided with. In conclusion, that source is useful towards my project and topic because abortion was a big controversy during the Chicago Women’s Liberation Union and this article can help me gather information on what led to the liberation. "Fund Abortion Now." National Network of Abortion Funds. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Jan. 2013. In 1973, when abortion was finally legalized, many women felt their freedom arise. This article is helpful in the sense that it gives the reader a handful of information on the Hyde Amendment which banned Medicaid to cover any abortion, unless one is a victim of incest or rape. That freedom from women was taken away and many women were not able to afford such high expenses. The intended audience for this article is anyone who is pursuing research on the history of abortions. This article informs me on how women went from having the freedom, which they wanted, to getting it taken away because of the highly expensive abortion procedures that Medicaid no longer covered. One of the special features on this website are quotes from Henry Hyde who was against any type of abortion and used Medicaid to prevent women from getting rid of pregnancies. This source is secondary.

Garrow, David J. Liberty and Sexuality: The Right to Privacy and the Making of Roe v. Wade. New York: Macmillan Pub., 1994. Print. This is a secondary source and the intended audience for this book is anyone interested in abortion rights and the different points of view to it. There is highly detailed information in this source about how women should have the right to privately make their choice with a pregnancy. There is also good detail on how Roe vs. Wade became an official law. This source helps me with the impact that abortion had on women and the opposing sides to the law. In conclusion, this book covers a lot of the aspects in my project; such as the CWLU and many clinics. Ginsburg, Faye D. Contested Lives: The Abortion Debate in an American Community. Berkeley: University of California, 1989. Print. This is a secondary source. This intended audience for are people who are interested in the legalization of abortion. This book does a good job of giving me information on how Roe vs. Wade came to a decision and the impact it had. Many people thought that the Supreme Court would go through multiple cases before deciding the final decision for Roe vs. Wade; however, instead the decision was made after only one case. This book informs me on how the Hyde Amendment worked and how it changed women’s lives. In conclusion, the book helps me wrap up my argument about abortion and how it affected women’s rights. Gordon, Linda. The Moral Property of Women: A History of Birth Control Politics in America. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois, 2002. Print. This book consists of information on birth control all the way back to about 130 years ago. Not only does this book only focus on the pill that changed women's lifestyles, but it also focuses on the fight for women's rights and how through many years women had no way out of pregnancies. There are also big debates on abortion through many years in history which can lead me to the significance it has today on women all over the world. This is a secondary source. The intended audience is anyone who is interested in the study of gender roles and many women’s rights movements from the past. Overall, this book is helpful in terms of my own thinking because it shows me both sides to abortion debates and and the significance that Liberation Unions have left for women today.

Gordon, Linda. Woman's Body, Woman's Right: A Social History of Birth Control in America. New York: Grossman, 1976. Print. This book is highly significant towards my research on abortion because it is rich with feminist beliefs and how women fought for their freedom. Specifically, the sections on abortion include information on how people researched the frequency of abortion because the legalization of it and the harm it caused to too many women who did it unsafely. This is a secondary source and the intended audience for this book is anyone interested on how women obtained freedom for their bodies and the fact that abortion and birth control had a huge impact on how women viewed themselves and their lives. The credibility of the book is highly reliable because the information seems highly researched, In conclusion, parts of the book will be helpful towards expanding my horizon on abortion and feminism not only in Chicago but in the whole United States.

Heist Moss, Emily. "Culture Politics." On This 40th Anniversary Of Roe v. Wade, Here's Why It's More Important Than Ever. N.p., 22 Jan. 2013. Web. 29 Jan. 2013. This website is a secondary source. The intended audience is anyone with the interest on how the abortion law is holding up with society today. This will be helpful towards my research and in terms of my own thinking because the website includes a lot of statistical data how what women are getting abortion in recent years. The article is about the fortieth anniversary of Roe v. Wade and how people judge women who get abortions. In the article there is also background information that could be useful towards my project because there is a lot of useful historical context. This is a reliable source because it is an organization. In conclusion, abortion seems to be a continuous controversy which can be included in the significance of my topic. "History of Abortion - Students for Life: Pro Life Youth, Anti-Abortion Facts, and Pro-Life Training." Students for Life. N.p., 2010. Web. 28 Jan. 2013. This website shows a timeline that briefly describes the events of abortion. What is unique about this timeline is the fact that is helps the reader understand what happened when and when abortion was legalized. This is a secondary source. The intended audience for this timeline is anyone who is interested in researching a brief history of abortion and wants to know what events occurred at what time period pertaining to abortion. What is unique about this website is that abortion events are listed all the way up to recent years which can be helpful towards the significance that abortion has today and the fact that there are people who are fighting to have abortion covered by Medicaid or have it completely be illegal. In conclusion, this source helps me identify the facts that prove abortion is still in debate and what led to the legalization of abortion. Jacobsen, Kimberly. "Storage Designation:." Chicago Women†™ Liberation Union s Records, 1954, 1967-78. N.p., Sept. 1994. Web. 09 Jan. 2013. This website is mostly contributed towards information on the special collections that are held in the Chicago History Museum. Despite those collections there is also historical information on the Chicago Women’s Liberation Union from 1969-1978. This source helps me understand on what the CWLU was and the reasons for it coming to an end. Also it helps the reader understand the different aspects that were included in the union and how they contributed to the organization such as The Liberation School. The intended audience for this website is researchers who are interested in primary sources and in women’s history in Chicago. The history part of the website is considered a secondary source. In conclusion this website is a great way to receive general information about the CWLU; however, when it comes to specifics it isn't very useful. "Jane Abortion Collective Oral History Collection An Inventory of Its Records at the University of Illinois at Chicago." Jane Abortion Collective, 1980. Web. 28 Jan. 2013. Despite the information on the primary sources about Jane, found at the University of Illinois, there is a small section on information about the service itself. The information on The Abortion Counseling Service of Women's Liberation is highly useful because it states how 100 feminists formed the CWLU in 1969 and it was because of abortions not being legal. The summary of Jane Abortion is a secondary source and it is reliable because it is based on primary sources and it is part of a college website. The

information is very short; however, it is indeed quite specific. It states how Roe vs. Wade made abortion legal during the first two trimesters in a woman's pregnancy. In addition it says how Jane Abortion got frustrated with giving women referrals to clinics for illegal abortions which is what cause then to decide to start doing the procedures on their own. The intended audience for this source is anyone looking for special collections on the abortion referral service and anyone with interest on the history of abortions. "Jane: An Abortion Service." Jane: An Abortion Service. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Jan. 2013. This source consists of deep information on Jane and the effects of its actions. Jane was a secret organization that provided women with abortions because it was legalized in 1973. This is a secondary source. The intended audience is anyone who is researching organizations that helped women feel like they have rights on what they want to do with their body and how they choose to live their life. This is helpful towards my research because it states why Jane eventually died out and how courageous women fought for others to have the rights that they deserved which ties to my research on feminism. Kaeton, Elizabeth. Choose Life. 2013. Photograph. Washington D.C. This photograph shows the opposing sides of protesters on the issue of keeping abortion legal. There are two different signs, one is supporting the legalization of abortion; however, the other one is not. This is a secondary source. The intended audience for this photo is anyone who wants to see what daily protesters are like and how they signify today’s argument on the legalization of abortion. It is helpful with my argument in my project because it shows the significance today and it shows that even after 40 years of having the abortion law there are still people against women having that right. Laiken, Amy. "Health Evaluation and Referral Service: HERS." The CWLU Herstory Website. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Jan. 2013. This article, which is a part of the Chicago Women’s Liberation Union website, is specifically about the Health Evaluation and Referral Service (HERS) organization which contributed to helping women with their pregnancies and health after the Civil War. This source is helpful because it contains specific information about how HERS was formed and what events caused it to become a popular health clinic in the 20th century. The main focus of this article is to tell the intended audience, which is anyone who is seeking for information about the CWLU, about the early and later years of HERS. One thing that is unique is how the articles are divided into two time periods and that helps the reader organize the information in a clear matter. The author of this articles, Amy Laiken, is a former HERS member; therefore, the information provided by her is credible and reliable. From this article, a lot of information was obtained, especially about the troubles that the organization went through and how they overcame their challenges to become a reliable clinic for women. The source is a secondary source and it is highly useful. Love, Barbara J. Feminists Who Changed America, 1963-1975. Urbana: University of Illinois, 2006. 267. Print. This book varies with names of different women who changed America. One of these feminists was Amy Frances Laiken, who took part in the CWLU and was a member of the Health Evaluation and Referral Service back in the 20th century. This small piece of the book helps the reader realize that Amy Laiken had a big part in the CWLU and her contribution to HERS was extraordinary. The intended audience for this book is anyone who is interested in what women caused change in America. This is a secondary source because it is information passed on from different time periods. It is useful information because

Laiken can be a great person to follow up on about HERS YES and research about her can tell a researcher more valuable information. In conclusion, it is a useful source with facts that can be researched more thoroughly from which I can obtain more knowledge. Marshall, Justice Thurgood. Quote about the Hyde Amendment. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 2013. This is an image I used for my website about the Hyde Amendment. Thurgood Marshall stated in quote that the Hyde Amendment affects women of minority or of love income. This helps me with my information and my project because it shows the turning point that the Hyde Amendment caused for poor women who wanted to have an abortion. The intended audience for this image is anyone who wants to know how famous people felt about the Hyde Amendment and different points of views on it. Ms. Foundation for Women. 40 Years After Roe vs. Wade. Chart. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print. The intended audience for this secondary source is anyone interested in the U.S. states and their hostility towards abortion. This helps me with my project because it is a good source with information gathered from the whole country and it helps show significance today even after 40 years of having abortion legal in America. "National Abortion Federation: History of Abortion." National Abortion Federation: History of Abortion. NAF, 2010. Web. 28 Jan. 2013. This website is a collaboration of different aspects of abortion. This source will be helpful towards my topic on the CWLU because it states events leading up to the legalization of abortion and the effect afterwards. Also, the CWLU was formed to receive those rights to let a woman choose to pursue with a pregnancy or not. The source is referenced off of a book by Tietze Henshaw which makes the source reliable and credible. The intended audience for this website is anyone with interest on the subject of abortion. What is unique about this source is that there are different categories on abortion which helps me organize my research. In conclusion this source is highly useful for my project because it states the effects after Roe vs. Wade and how the reaction of people was swift. "National Abortion Federation: Public Funding for Abortion: Medicaid and the Hyde Amendment." National Abortion Federation. N.p., 2006. Web. 28 Jan. 2013. This website is a great source containing basic and specific information on Medicaid, which was used to cover abortion fees. The website is unique because the information is categorized in ways to specify the certain topics. This is a secondary source. The intended audience is for anyone, specifically for anyone with interest on Medicaid and how it helped fund abortion. This is useful towards my research because it helps me build background knowledge on the Hyde amendment which caused abortion to not be free to women anymore. The information on the Hyde amendment is useful for my project because it is a part of abortion and what women fought for in the CWLU. This source is credible because it is a part of an organization. In conclusion, the Hyde amendment stigmatizes abortion care when really is should be looked as an essential to women’s rights and freedom and this can help me with significance today. "NCHLA." NCHLA: National Committee for a Human Life Amendment. N.p., 2002. Web. This credible source is provided by the NCHLA organization and it contains information on the Hyde

amendment. This website is a secondary source. It is useful towards my research and my project because it states how the law on abortion constantly is changing because of the controversy that still goes on. The main focus of this website is to provide the intended audience, which includes anyone interested in details on legalizing abortion, with information on the Hyde amendment and how it changed feminism. This is useful because my project revolves around feminists and Chicago women who fought for their rights. In conclusion, the author states that there were many changes to the amendment and it continuously messes with women’s rights to do whatever they choose to with their body. Pew Research Center. "Consistent Support for Maintaining Roe vs. Wade over the Past 20 Years." Chart. Pew Research Center. N.p.: n.p., 2013. N. pag. Print. This chart is a secondary source. It shows the opinion of registered voters in the United States and their view on Roe vs. Wade. There are numbers which represent people who want the law overturned and others want to keep the law. This helps me with my significance because over the past 20 years people still argue over the legalization of abortion and there are still arguments about it. In conclusion, this is a useful source because it shows the debate on what people think the Supreme Court should do regarding these rights given to women. Pro-Choice. 1973. Photograph. Liberation Newspaper, n.p. This is a secondary source and it is a photograph of a women holding up a sign stating that she is prochoice and she has the right to do whatever she likes with her own body regardless of what the government says. This ties into my project and my argument because the Hyde Amendment created a turning point in women’s rights because many poor women couldn’t afford to terminate their pregnancies because their financial status didn’t let them. Rachel Maddow Celebrates Roe v. Wade On Its 40th Anniversary. Perf. Rachel Maddow.Huffington Post. N.p., 23 Jan. 2013. Web. 2 Jan. 2013. This is a video on the inauguration of President Barack Obama and the 40th anniversary of the legalization of abortion. This video shows opposing sides of what would happen to legal abortion in the United States if the opposing side, Mitt Romney, had been elected. This helps me with my project because it shows significance today and it shows how women’s rights are still in doubt even after 40 years. The intended audience was everyone, specifically one who is interested in the inauguration and abortion rights. "Roe v. Wade." Roe v. Wade. N.p., 13 Dec. 1971. Web. 28 Jan. 2013. This is a secondary source that goes into specific information on the Roe vs. Wade law. The legalization of abortion was simple; however, it did come with many rules to when and how the abortions had to be performed. This article does a phenomenal job of stating how abortion became legal and who triggered the legalization. The intended audience is anyone with interest towards laws and women’s right for having an abortion. This is a credible website because it is for educational purposes. In conclusion, the website contains research on how Roe vs. Wade became official and it will be useful in terms of my thinking and the creation of the project. Rovner, Julie. "'Roe V. Wade' Turns 40, But Abortion Debate Is Even Older." NPR. NPR, 22 bJan. 2013. Web. 24 Jan. 2013.

This is a secondary source of the 40th anniversary of legalizing abortion. The intended audience is anyone who is controversial about abortion and wants to know about different debates about the law. This source will be helpful for my project because it shows how abortion is still significant today and after many decades it is still an issue that continues to be debated on both sides. The main focus of this article is that it states the debates of different people on how life was before abortions and after. In conclusion, this article will be useful to get some background knowledge on women’s lives before they had certain rights and knowledge on how legal abortion is signified today. Staggenborg, Suzanne. "Chapter Six." The Pro-choice Movement: Organization and Activism in the Abortion Conflict. New York: Oxford UP, 1991. 67-69. Print. This whole book consists of information on the Pro-Choice movement and the legalization of abortion. On one page there is information about the Health Evaluation and Referral Service and it briefly states how HERS became a part of the CWLU Abortion Task Force. This information is helpful because it states how HERS was affected by the CWLU Abortion Task Force and how the organization kept continuing and building its reputation even after the Abortion Task Force dissolved and kept feminists active in the pro-choice movement and they were one of the main reasons in why it became such an important movement. The book is a secondary source. Some of the information given about HERS is useful because it helps the reader understand it’s part in legalizing abortion. In conclusion the book is a great way to get background information about the CWLU and how HERS and other clinics and organizations help women get their rights. Strobel, Margaret. "Chicago Women's Liberation Union." Chicago Women's Liberation Union. Encyclopedia of Chicago, 2005. Web. 02 Jan. 2013. In the Encyclopedia of Chicago, the only article that contained information about HERS is the Chicago Women’s Liberation Union. This article gives a bigger overview of how the group contributed to that event. This source will be helpful to see how narrow the topic of HERS is and what HERS was a part of. The intended audience is historians or anyone interested in feminist movements. Given the fact that this article is in an encyclopedia the credibility of it is high and reliable. This article is a secondary source. An observation reached after reading this article is that HERS was not the only clinic for abortion services in the 1970’s however; it was one of the organizations that had the biggest impact on women after the Civil Rights movement, which occurred in 1955. In conclusion, when it comes to specific information about HERS it is not a good source and does not give any information about the organization other than the fact that it was a part of the CWLU. Ter Hor, Cheryl. "Jane: Abortion and the Underground." Jane: Abortion and the Underground. UIC, Sept. 1999. Web. 28 Jan. 2013. This is a secondary source with information on the Underground Jane Abortion. The intended audience for this source is for anyone with interest towards women’s illegal abortions before Roe vs. Wade. This website is reliable because it is a part of a college and it highly educational. What is unique about the information on this site is that there is a certain perspective from someone who used Jane as a referral service and got an illegal abortion due to the lack of rights. This information can be used in my project because the article makes women seem like the bosses and that they are capable of having fair rights. Also there is a Chicago connection with an author who found it fascinating that Jane was a big deal towards giving women a certain lifestyle. In conclusion, the author states how today abortion is slowly

eroding because of unfair treatment and other aspects which can be the significance in my project. "The Impact of the Hyde Amendment on Medically Necessary Abortions." Google Books. American Civil Liberties Union, n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2013. This is a secondary source containing information on the Hyde amendment, and how it affected abortions that were paid for by the government. After the Hyde amendment, abortion was no longer funded for which cause poor women to not have the choice to get an abortion. Many women chose to get unsafe abortions because of their low income. This is helpful towards my project because the Hyde amendment dramatically affected many pregnant women and clinic formed to help them without harming their lives. This book is a reliable source. It helps me with my research because it gives me different impacts that the Hyde amendment caused. In conclusion, many of this information can be used as long term and shortterm impacts. Weddington, Sarah. "ROE V. WADE." WEDDINGTON, SARAH. Texas State Historical Association, n.d. Web. 27 Feb. 2013. This is a secondary source and the intended audience for this website is anyone with interest on the Roe vs. Wade law. This article states how the Supreme Court passed the law and it gives background information that could be useful in my project. It speaks a lot about the fourteenth amendment and how women do have the right to their own choice on whether they want to terminate a pregnancy or not. Wessel, Elaine. Chicago Women's Liberation Union. 1974. Photograph. Chicago Historical Society, Chicago. This is a photograph from the Chicago Women’s Liberation Union. It was found in the Encyclopedia of Chicago History. In the photograph there are women holding a banner showing that they are a part of the CWLU. It signifies the women who were willing to fight for their rights and the women who started a feminist movement for a better and fair future. It is a secondary source. The intended audience for this photograph is anyone who is researching the CWLU and wants to see their ways of protesting. Women's Day. 20th century. Photograph. Web. This photograph shows women celebrating Women’s Day which is celebrated for the rights that women have obtained, including the right to choose abortion. This is a secondary source. It helps me with my project because it shows the empowerment that women have because of the rights they are given. The intended audience for this photograph is anyone who is researching Women’s Day or wants to know how women came far in fighting for their rights. Women's Equality. 1989. Photograph. Women's History, n.p. This photograph is a secondary source. In the photograph there is a banner that women are protesting with demanding free abortions. This demonstrates the fight that women put up in order to get equality for their rights. This is helpful towards my project and my thinking because it helps me show the viewer that abortion was a long battle and still continues to be debated. After the Hyde Amendment, women still fought for their own control and not the government making choices for them. The intended audience for this photo is anyone who is interested in the Hyde Amendment the government’s decision on abortion.

Women's Liberation Protest. 1969. Photograph. Chicago. This is a photograph of Women protesting for their rights. This is a secondary source. The intended audience is for anyone who is interested in women’s rights and liberation groups that fought to receive those rights. It is useful towards my project because it demonstrates how women fought for their rights in liberations; such as, the CWLU. In the photograph there are women holding a ‘Women’s Liberation’ sign. They are protesting for their freedom and equality.