Physical Education Project

TOPIC - BADMINTON

SUBMITTED BY - LOKESH SONI SUBMITTED TO - Mr. MOIN KHAN
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CLASS – 11 C
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Acknowledgement
I would like to express my special thanks of gratitude to my physical education teacher Mr. Moin khan who gave me the golden opportunity to do this wonderful project on the topic BADMINTON, which also helped me in doing a lot of Research and I came to know about so many new things. I am really thankful to them. Secondly I would also like to thank my parents and friends who helped me a lot in finishing this project within the limited time.

Badminton
Badminton Badminton is a racquet sport played by either two opposing players (singles) or two opposing pairs (doubles), on a rectangular court that is divided by a net. Players score points by striking a shuttlecock with their racquet so that it passes over the net and lands in their opponents' half half of the court. Each side may only strike the shuttlecock once net. before it passes over the net.
Shuttle cock Since 1992, badminton has been an events: Olympic sport with five events: men's and women's singles, men's , women's and mixed doubles. doubles. Badminton’s highest governing body is International the International Badminton Federation (IBF) and has about 140 member nations. The IBF about estimates that about 200 million people play the game worldwide.

History
Badminton used to be played in 17th century in Gloucestershire in England at the place called badminton. In India it was played in pune, Maharashtra in around 18th century. badminton First badminton club was formed in bath, England in 1873. In 1893 badminton association of England was formed. Badminton The All England Open Badminton Championships, Championships, the first badminton competition in the world, in 1899. The International Badminton Federation (IBF) (now known as Badminton World Federation) 1934. was established in 1934. The badminton association of India was formed championship and all India championship was organized in 1934 in Calcutta (Kolkata). The Thomas cup was started in world championship in 1948 and women’s equivalent Uber cup was started in 1954.

Latest General Rules
Playing Court -The Badminton court is
divided rectangular and divided into 2 halves by a net. The length of the court is 44 ft.The width of the court for doubles is 20ft and in singles this width is reduced to 17 ft.

Post - There will be 2 posts with height as 1.55m
above floor.

Net - Color of net should be dark and its mesh
15should be 15-20mm. width of net should be 760mm.

Toss -The winner of toss decide the end of court or to winner
serve first.

Scoring - When the server serves, the shuttlecock
must pass over the short service line on the opponents' court or it will count as a fault. There will be best of three games. The winner of 2 games will be winner. Each game consists of 21 points. This applies to both doubles as well as singles.

Players- A singles is played with 1 player on each
side and in doubles it is 2 players on each side.

Interval - Between 1st and 2nd game there will be an
interval of 90seconds and interval between 2nd and 3rd game should not exceed 5 minutes.

Let - If a let is called, the rally is stopped and f
occur replayed with no change to the score. Lets may occur disturbance. because of some unexpected disturbance.

Equipment Rackets - A racket is usually made of steel,
aluminum, and graphite. The ideal length is 27 inches and weight 85 to 140 gm for rackets.

Shuttlecock - A shuttlecock is a high drag projectile, projectile,
shape: with an open conical shape: the cone is formed from sixteen overlapping feathers embedded into a rounded

cork base. The weight of a 4.73-5.5gm. shuttle should be 4.73-5.5gm. The feathers should have 62a length of 62-72 mm

.

Fundamental skills
1. Racket grip
1. Forehand grip
2. Backhand grip

2. Shuttlecock grip
1. Base grip 2. Mid grip grip 3. Out of hand grip

3. Service
1. Flight service 3. Backhand net service Forehand 2. Forehand net service 4.Drive service

4. Strokes
the 1. Smash - hitting the shuttle down fast and steeply to finish a rally. 2. Drop shot - hitting the shuttle so that it falls into the other players front court. 3. Net roll - hitting a shot from the net net. that spins over the net. 4. Clear - hitting the shuttle from the back of your court, high into the other court smash players back court. 5. Lift - hitting the shuttle from the net, court. up high into the opponents back court. Drive6. Drive- hitting the shuttle flat across the top of the net. net. hitting 7. Block - stopping a smash from hitting the ground on your side and hitting back over the net. 8. Lob – It sends the shuttle high and deep towards base line of opponent. 9. Forehand stroke – played from same side of playing hand. 10. Backhand stroke – played from opposite side of playing hand. 11. Block - a defensive stroke in response to smash.
Forehand stroke

Badminton terminology
1.Back gallery- area included
between the long service line and back line.

2.Service court- portion of
court from where service is delievered.

3. Rally- sending shuttle
Over the net.

4.Server- player who puts
Shuttle in play.

5.Match point- the point
Which won by server makes him Winner of match.

service court

6.Inning- time during which a player holds service. 7.Rotation- in doubles, players keep changing
their position during the play.

Specific exercises
Exercises of warming up
forward, 1. Short running forward, backward and sideways. 2. Sideways bending 3. arm circles 4. trunk twist 5. hamstring stretch 6. to do service, smash, shots.

Exercises of conditioning
1. continuous slow running for raising endurance 2. short accelerations for improving speed. 3. weight training exercises

Common sports injuries
1. sprain in ankles and knees. 2. strain in arm, hamstring, elbow and shoulders 3. muscle cramp 4. dislocation of shoulder joint 5. fracture 6. tennis elbow

Prevention of injuries
1. Proper warming up prior to tournament general 2. specific warming up after general warming up 3. proper shoe and dress 4. proper skill while playing 5. don’t play until physically fit

Strain

Important tournaments
The BWF organizes several international competitions, Cup, including the Thomas Cup, the premier men's 1948–1949, international team event first held in 1948–1949, and Cup, the Uber Cup, the women's equivalent first held 1956–1957. in 1956–1957. The competitions take place once every two years. More than 50 national teams compete in qualifying tournaments within continental confederations for a place in the finals. The final tournament involves 12 teams, following an increase from eight teams in 2004. Cup, genderinternational The Sudirman Cup, a gender-mixed international team event held once every two years, began in 1989. Teams are divided into seven levels based on the performance of each country. To win the tournament, a country must perform well across all five disciplines doubles (men's doubles and singles, women's doubles and singles, and mixed doubles). Badminton was a demonstration event in Olympics. the 1972 and 1988 Summer Olympics. It became an official Summer Olympic sport at the Barcelona Olympics in 1992 and its gold medals now generally individual rate as the sport's most coveted prizes for individual players. Championships, 1977, In the BWF World Championships, first held in 1977, currently only the highest ranked 64 players in the world, and a maximum of four from each country, can participate in any category.

At the start of 2007, the BWF introduced a new tournament structure for the highest level tournaments aside Series. aside from those in level one: the BWF Super Series. This level two tournament series, a tour for the world's elite players, stages twelve open tournaments around with the world with 32 players (half the previous limit). The players collect points that determine whether they can play in Super Series Final held at the year end. Among the tournaments in this series is the AllChampionships, venerable All-England Championships, first held in 1900, which was once considered the unofficial world championships of the sport.[13] Level three tournaments consist of Grand Prix Gold event. and Grand Prix event. Top players can collect the world ranking points and enable them to play in the BWF Super Series open tournaments. These include the regional competitions in Asia (Badminton Asia (Badminton Championships ps) (European Championships) and Europe (European Badminton Championships), Championships), which produce the world's best players as well as the Pan America Badminton Championships. Championships. The level four tournaments, known as International Challenge, International Series and Future Series, players. encourage participation by junior players. Some Major International Tournaments are as under:

Sports personalities
1.Nandu natekar – winner of men’s Singles of national badminton championship for 6 times. He has also got lifetime achievement award. national 2.Prakash padukone – won 9 national Titles.he got gold medal in CWG games In 1978. he was also awarded Padmashri award in 1982.

3.Syed modi - Syed Modi was an Indian eightbadminton player, and an eight-time National Badminton champion. He won gold medal in Commonwealth Games, Men's Men's singles title and was awarded Arjuna Award in 1980.

4.P.gopichand - Pullela Gopichand is an
Indian Badminton player. He won the All England Open Badminton Championships in 2001 and got Arjuna award in 1999 and rajiv Gandhi khel rattan award in 2000. 2000.

5.Madhumita Bisht Madhumita Bisht is a former badminton player from Uttarakhand, India. She is an eighteight-time National singles ninechampion, nine-time doubles twelvewinner and a twelve-time mixed doubles winner. She received the Arjuna Award in 1982.

6.Saina nehwal - Saina Nehwal is an

Indian Khel Ratna badminton player who attained a career best ranking of #2 in December 2010 by Badminton World Federation. Saina is the first Indian to win a medal in Badminton at the Olympics.

National sports awards
1.Arjuna award

- The Arjuna Awards were instituted

in 1961 by the Government of India to recognize outstanding achievement of sportsmen in different games. The award carries 1. A cash prize of 5 lakh 2. A bronze statuette of Arjuna , 3. A scroll

Some Arjuna awardees in badminton
1. Syed modi 2. P. kashyap
3. Saina nehwal

2.Dronacharya award - Dronacharya Award is an Award
award presented by the government of India for excellence in sports coaching in memory of guru Dronacharya of Mahabharata This times . This award was instituted in 1985. The award comprises Dronacharya, 1. A bronze statuette of Dronacharya, 2. A scroll of honour and Rs. 3. A cash prize of Rs. 5 lakh.

Dronacharya awardees in badminton
1. P. Gopichand

2. S. M. Arif

3. Rajiv Gandhi khel ratna award - The Rajiv
Gandhi Khel Ratna (RGKR) is India’s highest honour and is given for outstanding performance in sports. This award was instituted in year 1991. This award carries 1. A medal, 2. A scroll of honour component 3. A cash component of Rs.7.5 lakh

the

Rajiv gandhi khel ratna awardees in badminton
1. P. Gopichand 2. Saina nehwal

4. Dhyan Chand award – Dhyan
India's Chand Award is India's highest award for lifetime achievement in sports and games, given by the India. Government of India. The award instituted was instituted in 2002.

The award carries 1. A cash prize of Rs 5 lakh 2. A statuette, 3. A scroll of honour.

5. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Trophy – This trophy is
given to university with best performance in sports. 1956This trophy was instituted in 1956-57. This award carries a trophy and cash prize.

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Trophy

BIBLIOGRAPHY
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_National_Badminton_Champion http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_National_Badminton_Champion ships http://www.badmintonindia.org/ http://www.bwfbadminton.org/ http://bwfbadminton.visualclubweb.nl http://mybadmintonbook.blogspot.in http://www.allsportsmedals.com/badmintonhttp://www.allsportsmedals.com/badminton-medals.html