You are on page 1of 39


Information technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is "the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware." IT deals with the use of electronic computers and computer software to convert, store, protect, process, transmit, and securely retrieve information. Recently it has become popular to broaden the term to explicitly include the field of electronic communication so that people tend to use the abbreviation ICT (Information and Communications Technology).Basically IT is a valuable set of tools because it benefits you immediately and directly. Knowledge of IT is important because:    

IT is everywhere IT can help you to be more productive IT will enhance your career IT will give you a word of opportunity

Today, the term information has ballooned to encompass many aspects of computing and technology, and the term has become very recognizable. IT professionals perform a variety of duties that range from installing applications to designing complex computer networks and information databases. A few of the duties that IT professionals perform may include data management, networking, engineering computer hardware, database and software design, as well as the management and administration of entire systems.When computer and communications technologies are combined, the result is information technology, or "InfoTech". Information technology is a general term that describes any technology that helps to produce, manipulate, store, communicate, and/or disseminate information. Presumably, when speaking of Information Technology (IT) as a whole, it is noted that the use of computers and information are associated.



“Development is neither a simple, nor straightforward linear process. It is a multi-dimensional exercise that seeks to transform society by addressing the entire complex of interwoven strands, living impulses, which are part of an organic whole”. (Haqqani 2003:xi) Even now, rural development defies any clear definition as it has gone through a number of changes over a period of time. Hence, there is no comprehensive universally accepted definition of rural development. Earlier, we have taken rural development as commonly understood and expressed by political leaders, academics and a whole lot of UN bodies as an enabling force for improvement of the quality of life of rural people. Development, as a process meant to empower the poor, reduce exploitation, and oppression by those having economic, social, and political power. It also means an equitable sharing of resources, improved health care and education for all.

It may seem paradoxical that modern information technology (IT), associated inour minds with developed country markets and capital-intensive methods of production,has any relevance for a country where many millions still lack basic needs. Nevertheless,there are many efforts underway in India and other developing countries to demonstrate the

IT FOR RURAL PROGRESS concrete benefits of IT for rural populations, and to do so in a manner that makes economic sense.


Human dimension
The bases of all rural development are people. The human dimension also includes the educational level of the population, their cultural identity and their social are not only relevant in the rural areas: we also have to consider the impact of urban structure.

Science &Technology Today. EconomicDimension Essential for the economic analysis is a broad perspective. We already can see the impact of modern information technology in some sectors of the rural economy. . and this clearly requires analyses of the power balance between various political actors of rural development. For instance. Agriculture and forestry are often not the most important economic activities in rural areas. where they seem to open-up new chances for economic development. For instance. every sector in a modern society is affected by the breathtaking development in science and technology. rural areas in the fringe of big cities might see a new suburbanization due to an increase in tele-commuting. such as in direct marketing and tourism.IT FOR RURAL PROGRESS Human factors lifestyle change on rural areas. livestock production and in the food industry. we must certainly study the impact of modern bio-technology on agriculture. and how they might impact on rural development. Important questions in this study will be which new technologies can be expected. such as changes in leisure activities or food consumption of the urban majority. The rural areas are no exception. Political Dimension The public opinion and the participation of various social and economic groups in the political debate about development priorities is probably one of the most important dimensions of rural change. Rural development scenarios cannot be based solely on objective bio-physical conditions or economic rationality – they must also take into account political pressures.

5 households per 1. The report showed that the total number of active internet users in rural area is projected to rise by a whopping 98%. the rural areas depend to a much greater extent on natural resources and a healthy natural environment for many of their economic activities. if it does not pollute soils. Without information there can be no growth. because without its presence there. if it does not waste essential natural resources (such as water). food production.4 per cent of rural households had access to Internet at home as compared to about 6 per cent of urban households. or forestry. rural development is only possible. where we can live and work in a highly artificial environment.  At all India level only about 0. such as for tourism. had access to Internet services at home in rural areas in the year. and if it safeguards the biological diversity of plants and animals. we cannot think about development of the entire country. Reflecting the digital divide in India. from 12. The Internet and Mobile Association of India (IAMAI) and IMRB International have provided an insightful research about the internet in rural India. Every new policy measure for the promotion of rural development has to be evaluated in its impact on the natural environment.1 million in December 2010 to 24 million by December 2011. Now information is penetrating into rural India as well. Role of Information Technology in Development of Rural area  Information is power and power is information. Other than in cities.IT FOR RURAL PROGRESS Environment & Resources In the long run. if it preserves the cultural landscape. the study said just 3. water and air.000 families. Government initiative was also conducted to facilitate internet networks and .” said the National Sample Survey Organization (NSSO) report on expenditure in 2009-10.  An improved internet awareness in rural areas was credited to the fast growth experienced.

Facilitating the establishment of IT institutes and improving the quality of IT education in the State.IT FOR RURAL PROGRESS „common service centers‟ (or cyber cafes) both of which increased in 2010However. Internet connectivity was much better in 2009-10 as 59. in urban areas.  Information technology's main role in rural development is to provide people with information of any kind they require because information is necessary for development. Internet connectivity was much better in 2009-10 as 59. information and communication technology can help educate child by using distant learning methodology and many more. for example information and communication technology can help farmers in rural areas to know about new means and techniques of farming that leads in more production and million by December 2011. information and communication technology can help people consult doctors in urban areas thus reducing health issues. in urban areas.  Improved internet awareness in rural areas was credited to the fast growth experienced. The Department would strive for Encouraging investments in the IT sector industries in the State.  The Department of Information Technology (DoIT) has been created in January.  For example information and communication technology can help farmers in rural areas to know about new means and techniques of farming that leads in more production and thus more income. Information technology's main role in rural development is to provide people with information of any kind they require because information is necessary for development. Information Technology play a Important role in Rural Development. Government initiative was also conducted to facilitate internet networks and „common service centers‟ (or cyber cafes) both of which increased in 2010However. 2004 to ensure the process of furthering the development of IT in the State.5 families out of every 1000 households had the facility at home. . Information Technology play a Important role in Rural Development.5 families out of every 1000 households had the facility at home.

HRTC Online Ticket Booking etc It provides different kind of services to the rural masses to improve their quality of life. Social relation.8. social and economic development. followed by Kerala and Himachal Pradesh at 95 each and Haryana at 81. As we know development is a process which takes couple of years to change the rural life. Maharashtra was on top with the 104 out of 1. AGRISNET. SMS Gateway.000 families had Internet in cities. Arunachal Pradesh had the best reach of the Internet service in rural areas with 19 out of 1. administration. product marketing. HMIS.  The information technology is not a magic stick by which one may go to bring miracle change in the rural masses. If we see developed nations then we come to know that we are lagging so behind.Governance Related Projects like SUGAM Lokmitra.IT FOR RURAL PROGRESS Impact of IT In Rural People Life  The present study is an attempt to know how information technology is playing a Significant role in the development of the rural society.5 Among the hilly States. education. Among the major States. It may be one of the essential institutional structures contributing to modernization of agriculture.  Thus information technology will definitely be in a position to change the scenario of rural life and create a better path for rural development. followed by Himachal Pradesh at 16. health. We are living in IT world. education. Government has to make access of each facility as simple as possible. Every citizen wants transparency and fast and timely services from Government Departments.  There are many IT and e. Making all the Government Departments IT enabled is the demand of today. . planning and current information needs. This can be achieved only by using internet and other IT based services like different IT tools and customized software.  The services are concerned with their regular routine such as agriculture. More and more information should be available on websites of Government Departments. health. Telemedicine Project.000 households have such facility at home.

especially in the IT sector. as well as newer digital technologies such as computers and the Internet have been touted as potentially powerful enabling tools for educational change and reform. we would witness a complete revolution.IT FOR RURAL PROGRESS  The study further states that among the major states. Encourage the use of Information Technology in schools. But Government should to improve the quality of education. Maharashtra reported the highest percentage of household having access to Internet connection (10 per cent) followed closely by Kerala. (Note: Hundreds of middle. knowledge and job prospects and enable them to obtain employment in this sunrise industry. Kerala had by far the highest proportion of households with Internet access in the rural areas at 3 per cent followed by Himachal Pradesh at 2 per cent. Today‟s.  The IT companies may start this trend of providing quality IT education in the senior schools. In cities. is globally recognized as topnotch and competitive. IT in Rural Education  This could all be summarized in just three words – “Knowledge is Power”. high and senior secondary schools have already been computerized and computer aided learning is being provided besides imparting basic skills in operating computers). Also. Internet is just a source of information and it depends on the user on the kind of information he chooses. education are using IT and ICT. India is one country where skilled labor. The scope for IT companies looks promising as the education sector is a massive one and can support a lot of such initiatives. Himachal Pradesh and Haryana.. The English .  Now Information technology is available in all rural school. Information and communication technologies (ICTs) which include radio and television.Our State Govt.  Information Technology Play a important role in Rural School . Thus with the penetration of Internet in rural schools. implementing the procedures and building up the infrastructure can help the students to be better prepared for a promising career.. colleges and educational institutions so as to enable students to improve their skills.

 The internet possesses a much more pervasive impact than any other electronic media and is also the present day engine most typically associated with progress. but it was being felt that these banks were not paying necessary head to the credit requirements of common masses. Internet and the World Wide Web utilization open up the modern world of information. Gramin Bank 2. Role of IT in Rural Bank  The Bank in rural area are playing important role for improving people life in rural area. the students that are soon going to start their professional lives. commercial banks and Regional Rural Banks in India are penetrating every corner of the country are extending a helping hand in the growth process of the rural sector in the country. Students can easily gain access to libraries from any city of the world at any time any day or night. Punjab National Bank . Rural Banks:- 1. The commercial Banks were operating for the years. Rural banking in India started since the establishment of banking sector in India.IT FOR RURAL PROGRESS speaking IT professionals in India are preferred in the South Asia. simple fact is that it is the new model of thinking that will present an innovative approach to online education. Parvatiya Gramin Bank 3. IT companies can further help their own growth and sustenance by investing in this sector. Further the commercial banks. Rural Banks in those days mainly focused upon the agro sector.  Information Technology and System play important role to interconnected the rural banks with urban banks. School education is a cyclic process and its span is ever continuing by striking a good balance with the school institutions. Co-operative Bank 4. facts and communication with respect to students. Today. were mainly concentrating their business in the urban area and the banking facilities to rural people were not available. Considering such an asset. the companies can do much better and for a long time.

you can keep an eye on those stocks or mutual funds here. View balances: Checking your balance doesn't require much work. In the Pay Bills section. and the amount. you just need to add to your account the names of the companies you wish to pay bills to. Now people can easily transfer their money from one place to another. you'll be asked where to transfer the money to and from.IT FOR RURAL PROGRESS 5. select Add payees. Transfer funds: When you select Transfer Funds. when. Banking in the age of Information Technology has improved the lifestyle of people in rural area. . it might be convenient to set up an automatic withdrawal from your account. If you have more than one account. You can also sign up for the E-bills service that sends you a bill by e-mail instead of a printed one by regular mail. the time interval in process of getting loan approved from the bank has also been reduced. Pay bills: To pay your bills online. or set up transfers from your account to someone else's. Set up recurring bill payments or transfers: If you make a regular payment every month. search for the name of the company and fill in the account number for each company. You simply select Account balances and take a look at your balance and past transactions. Monitor CIBC investments: If you have any CIBC investments. The recipient will get an e-mail notifying them of the transaction. you can also do transfers between accounts. Send and receive an INTERAC e-TransferTM2: This could be the end of the birthday cheque! You can receive transfers from other people's accounts. State Bank of India Information System plays an important role in the development of rural banks.

for the first time in history a small to medium sized company now can reach all over the globe to share information about it's products and services. Why Internet Advertising and Marketing is Essential for Development of Rural area Which rural Sector. You can make your credit card payments online. Floriculture Tourism Agriculture Information System  We are living in IT world. you can order them directly from the CIBC website..  With the number of Internet users increasing manifold. right from your account. Your businesses image is shared 24 hrs a day 7 days a week.. One advantage to advertising on the internet is the fact that the it is always on. Shoppers can . but if you still use cheques. Order cheques: We don't need them much anymore due to online banking and debit purchases. We can Focus through Internet Market:      Handicraft. Handloom. Internet is fast emerging as a powerful medium of advertising in the new millennium. Now your business can advertise and reach customers on a global scale that just a few years ago was available to only a hand full of large corporations. the new medium is viewed as the advertiser's dream. The Internet is redefining the relationship between businesses and consumers. The Internet is a tool enabling businesses to reach literally millions of new customers each month.IT FOR RURAL PROGRESS View CIBC VISA accounts: Always a good place to monitor your spending. If we see developed nations then we come to know that we are lagging so behind.

It is like having your doors open 24 hrs a day 7 days a week. The information is being shaped by advances in digital telephone networks. personal computers. is the marketing of products or services over the Internet. Internet marketing also referred to as I-Marketing. marketing methods for people like you – marketing managers. . which leads an extensive competition among the various players to achieve better performances. web marketing.  With the increased globalization. Today.IT FOR RURAL PROGRESS visit your site at their Convenience from the comfort of their own homes. regional and global basis.  Web based system can help in achieving it more easily and effectively. and online services and. online marketing. or EMarketing. business owners and entrepreneurs has found wide opportunities of marketing their products. many items that were once available only in certain areas now are available worldwide thanks to the Internet. innovative managers are looking for unique ways to compete more effectively on a local. the Internet. in the competitive world the survival of the company depends on the innovation of the managers.  Another advantage is the Internet is enabling consumers to purchase from companies outside their geographical location. interactive cable television. finally.

Kullu. At 5 places NMLLN is being used for the time being and these would also be shifted to ISDN now. Rohroo. Mandi. Thus Telemedicine has been a great help in providing the services of Medical Implemented in IGMC and 19 remote locations: CH. Nahan. CHC. Microscope 1No. PCs. Dharamshala. CH.The following infrastructure has been provided at every telemedicine location/PHC:4Nos. RH. Rampur. Karsog. X-Ray/ Document Scanner 1No.IT FOR RURAL PROGRESS Telemedicine Telemedicine was implemented in the state to improve the health services of the State by providing access of Medical Specialists/ experts from PGI/ IGMC to common man even at PHC/CHC level remotely. CH. Janjehli. CHC. CHC.. Bharmaur. Kyelong. Sangrah. . Chamba. TV 1Nos. ZH. Shialai. RH. RH. IGMC Shimla is the only referral hospital and medical institution. Rekong Peo. CHC. CHC. ZH. CHC. 20 remote locations to be connected to IGMC Shimla which will be further connected to PGI Chandigarh. Kyelong. Banjar. CHC. RH. The people have to travel large distances on foot or by road to reach the appropriate level of administration to get their jobs done.Connectivity to these locations has been made over ISDN from BSNL. Sanjivani Software is being used for sending/ receiving the data of the patient to PGI/ PHCStaff CPC (Clinical Pathological Conference) from PGI Chandigarh is broadcasted through telemedicine network every wednesday for the use of PG students/ Resident Doctors of IGMC. ZH. Himachal Pradesh is a sparsely populated State with difficult topographical and climatic conditions. CHC. VC equipment. Tissa. Hamirpur. Pooh. RH. and ECG Machine 1No.


. To set up integrated natural resources data management system. To facilitate Monitoring and Evaluation of Government Schemes & Programmes.informatics for the purposes of developmental planning and decision making in the State. The following objectives were envisaged for the State Centre:    To facilitate decentralized planning and decision making.IT FOR RURAL PROGRESS OTHER SERVICES OF IT TO PEOPLE AGiSAC: Aryabhata Geo-informatics & Space Application Centre (AGiSAC) has been set up under the aegis of State Council for Science. Technology & Environment with an objective to facilitate the use of Geo.

To provide wider usage of geo-spatial applications through simultaneous support systems/ software. Decision Support Systems (Desktop as well as Web based). Remote Sensing For Inventorization. . Developmental Planning and Monitoring of Natural & Manmade Resources. Cartography For Thematic Mapping and Value added maps. Engineering Application and Research. Global Navigation Satellite System For Location based services. Geo-referencing.IT FOR RURAL PROGRESS    To provide services/consultancy based on specific user needs in the field of Remote Sensing and GIS. Domain of Services Geo-Informatics AGiSAC shall endeavour for conceptualization. Mapping. Software Development For wider usage of Geo-spatial applications. creation and organization of multi-purpose common digital database for sectoral/integrated decision support Systems. Photogrammetry For creation of Digital Elevation Models. To promote the use of SATCOM networks for distant interactive training and education in the State. Terrain Characteristics & Resource Planning.

). . PMIS(Personnel Management Information System) The PMIS (eService Book) is a web based application where the Service book of all the Regular Employees of all the Departments is maintained. The specific department can enter/update the Personnel records of their employees on this application. Mapping solutions to the Governments and Non-Governments Organizations for the purpose of EIA and EMP preparation and implementation monitoring. (Joining. documentation and other purposes. Promotions.g.IT FOR RURAL PROGRESS Mapping services Mapping services to the Governments and Non-Governments Organizations for planning. Mapping services for Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) and Environment Management Plan (EMP). It covers the detail of the employee e. Leave details etc.

. Conductors and Drivers.IT FOR RURAL PROGRESS VAHAN & SARATHI Vahan is a workflow based application being used for issuance of Registration Certificates and Permits for Vehicles whereas Sarthi is used for issuance of all types of Licenses related to Learners. These applications are running at all eGovernance Centers .

The accounts preparation work has also become easy and accurate. The acknowledgements are also recorded and monitored subsequently. It also generates various other MIS reports required by the higher authorities from time to time. The purpose of the application is to maintain the Pensioners details and generating the MOs. are also generated in the system. the computerisation has . And keeping track of their acknowledgements etc.000 in the whole State).Os. Quarterly.IT FOR RURAL PROGRESS E-Kalyan (Welfare Pension Disbursement MIS) District Welfare Office has one of the main responsibilities of disbursing the Welfare Pensions to Widows. The Money Orders are sent quarterly to all the pensioners. for these many pensioners manually is a very laborious and time-consuming activity. for dispatch.It has proved to be of immense use to the staff in the District Welfare Office by way of eliminating their drudgery involved in preparing the M. and Lepers. Handicapped. The monitoring of returned and not received money orders is also done effectively. The requests from eligible pensioners are received in the DWO offices through the Tehsil Welfare Officers.57. The financial statements required to be prepared for the money disbursed or returned etc. Preparation of MOs. Not only the Welfare Department. which on average are around 3500 in the Kinnour district (total about 1. Old Aged.

IT FOR RURAL PROGRESS benefited the Department of Posts also. reports at Departmental level are available to the Heads of Departments for Monitoring. This HoD wise Budget data is used in the eVitran SW for distribution to various Departmental DDOs by the HoDs. and delivering them to the dire needy pensioners in time.. Similarly. The bills presented by DDOs against the budget distributed to them by the HoDs are booked in the treasuries and MIS reports are generated by matching the expenditure with allocated budget and its distribution. Therefore. eVitran The eVitran SW picks up Budget from the eBudget Software implemented for the HP Finance Department for generation of various Budget Books.Os. Onilne Treasury Information System and eBudget software. This data is very helpful in preparation of the supplementary budget which is generated automatically through surrender and additional allocation. The most important part is that the Budget Section of the Finance Department uses eKosh reports to find out the departments who are unable to spend their budget and hence these unspent or unused amounts are used to reallocate the budget to other departments. Control and Reconciliation of their budget. eKosh The eKosh SW is an integrated web-version SW comprising of eVitran. all reports are accessible to the respective DDOs also. The online copy of the distributed budget is used in the Treasuries for controlling the expenditure as the budget distributed to the DDO is matched against the balance budget available to the . in efficiently dealing with the so much bulk of M.

of markets. etc. It is important to differentiate development in a rural area from development of a rural area. They suggest that “…telecommunication strategies cannot be deployed without reference to the form of development one obtains in a particular region. 1980). and define own goals for development. and that is more than an arena of trends that is ubiquitous” (Storgaard et al. Technology and rural development  There is an ongoing scientific discussion concerning the theoretical concept of rural development. through cooperation and mutual assistance. The latter implies “defining it as a specific rural community that has a political and cultural identity. Or will it lead to more local based. and not accept „split and rule‟ tactics from outside (Galtung et al. the dominant form of development in less favored regions is that of the . e. and by that creating more sustainable local economies? Indigenous development is related to self-reliance.e. For example. businesses. The first defines a rural area as a place of development.IT FOR RURAL PROGRESS DDOs for passing the various expenditure bills presented in the Treasuries. i. however. Gillespie and Goddard (1990) argue that telecommunications is a necessary.  It may imply reduced trade and a slowdown of industrialization and other modernization processes. by increasing the utilization of own physical resources. and not things to develop a region through autonomy. • to aim at breaking down outside controlled structures. 1993). butfar from sufficient mechanism for regional development. knowledge and creativeness. Such consequences require counter measures that can stimulate trade and industrial development such that local economies can increase their internal coherence.g. Some research findings suggest that the positive visions of progress in rural areas through new technologies have proven difficult to realize.  A key question is whether diffusion of technology into rural areas will imply increased dependence of the national economy. as new and enduring economic crisis has falsified visions in face of reality and facts. There are. which can be associated to three basic ideas to work for development of people. a number of problems related to this strategy. indigenous developments. etc.

storage and communication of information. without having to commit to a particular position on the relationship between inequality and growth. at least on the surface. In both cases. First. This form. Thus news. One kind pertains to increases in operating efficiency. The two types of gains may conflict. supportive of reduced inequality along with increased efficiency and growth. the channel for gains is through more effective and lower cost information storage. It is useful to distinguish two kinds of static efficiency gains. described as fordist. entertainment. associated as it is with high level of external control. where anything that can be represented in digital form is included in the term „information‟. or they may be mutually reinforcing. low local multipliers and a narrow range of technical skills. . note that IT involves the electronic processing. there are both static and dynamic efficiency gains: Static gains are one-time. where broad sharing of the benefits of growth enhances the rate of growth. if growth requires increased inequality. personal communications. to the extent that such reductions are an agreed-upon social goal. while the other comes from reduced transaction costs. the internal economic structure of the region is highly fragmented and incoherent in terms of indigenous linkages. allowing higher consumption in the present. We can discuss the role of IT in achieving greater economic gains along both dimensions. Economics and Development In abstract.  Dynamic gains come from higher growth.IT FOR RURAL PROGRESS branch plant economy. However. The second type of potential benefit comes from reductions in economic inequality. and therefore a social benefit. Turning to specific impacts. a focus on using IT for rural development is. potentially raising the entire future stream of consumption. processing and communication.” IT. and come from more efficient use of scarce resources. there are two types of potential economic gains from the use of IT.

blank and filled-out forms. and so on are all information. or some kinds of news (weather news for farmers. courier. time and paper saved must be weighed against the costs of installing and maintaining the new infrastructure. maintaining accounts. are final goods. Efficiency gains from Internet use are not automatic: the telephone. and sometimes news. Information that would otherwise be conveyed through face-to face contact. post. tabulating. Software programs that process data (searching. this investment in people (human capital acquisition) is also likely to lead to higher growth. typically used for improving incomeearning opportunities. and this affects the economics of private provision of information goods and services. telegraph or telephone may instead be communicated in digital electronic form via the Internet. and other such activities that may not require long-distance communications are also made more efficient by IT. IT dramatically increases share ability of information.  Word processing.  IT increases the efficiency of education delivery to the broader population. is an efficient means of communication for many types of information. . personal communications. schedules. for example) are intermediate goods.  Efficiency benefits of IT are not restricted to the communication itself. and calculating.IT FOR RURAL PROGRESS educational material. so the benefits of trips. inventory management. and it can make it possible to track and analyze communications. print delivery. in particular. announcements. entertainment. Educational material. one of IT‟s main direct benefits is in Increasing efficiency by economizing on resource use in the operations of firms as well as in market transactions. For example. job announcements.  IT can improve the efficiency of the telephone network. We can use standard economic characterizations to classify the different kinds of information. representing a particular kind of intermediate good. ROLE OF GOVERNMENT For both government and private provision.  IT also requires new investment. for example) are also information in this sense.

whichmay stimulate further innovation – though this last channel is speculative. IT can make innovation easier by allowing simulation and low-cost testing ofnew designs or searching through possible chemical compounds for beneficial drugs. . The main objective of the scheme is to connect all the habitations with more than 500 individuals residing there.  Finally. IT may speed the diffusion of innovations through better communications. organizing self help groups. and subsidies. human resource development. Indira Awaas Yojana (Rural Housing): This scheme puts emphasis on providing housing benefits all over the rural areas in the country. planning of activities. Rural Development Schemes in India Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY): This is a scheme launched and fully sponsored by the Central Government of India. credit from banks. Sampoorna Gramin Rozgar Yojana (SGRY): This scheme aims at increasing the food protection by the means of wage employment in the rural areas which are affected by the calamities after the appraisal of the state government and the appraisal is accepted by the Ministry of Agriculture.IT FOR RURAL PROGRESS  IT may also have positive impacts through impacts on the innovation process. Forexample. in the rural areas by the means of weatherproof paved roads. Rural Development in India-Organizations Department of Rural Development in India: This department provides services such as training and research facilities. financial aid. development of infrastructure. oversees the execution of projects and schemes. functional assistance to the DRDA. Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY): This was implemented as a total package with all the characteristics of self employment such as proper training.

popular in developed countries. rural crafts. Sindhanur Urban Souharda Co-operative Bank: The main purpose of the Sindhanur Urban Souharda Co-operative Bank is to provide financial support to the rural sector. National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development: The main purpose of the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development is to provide credit for the development of handicrafts. cottage industries. small scaled industries. the potential of information technology (IT) can be assessed broadly under two heads : (a) as a tool for direct contribution to agricultural productivity and (b) as an indirect tool for empowering farmers to take informed and quality decisions which will have positive impact on the way agriculture and allied activities are conducted. geographical information systems. extensively uses IT to make direct contribution to agricultural productivity. agriculture. farmers and agrarian unskilled labor. Role of IT in Agriculture (rural area) In the context of agriculture. and other related economic operations in the rural sector. and agronomy and soil sciences are used to . which is emerging between the Government of India and the voluntary organizations pertaining to the development of the rural sector. village industries. Rural Business Hubs (RBH): RBH was set up with the purpose of developing agriculture. The Rural Business Hubs Core Groups helps in the smooth functioning of the Rural Business Hubs Council for Advancement of People's Action and Rural Technology (CAPART): The main purpose of this organization is to promote and organize the joint venture. Precision farming. The techniques of remote sensing using satellite technologies. small and big rural entrepreneurs of Haryana.IT FOR RURAL PROGRESS Haryana State Cooperative Apex Bank Limited: The main purpose of the Haryana State Cooperative Apex Bank Limited is to financially assist the artisans in the rural areas.

Apart from development. The Indian farmer urgently requires timely and reliable sources of information inputs for taking decisions. drinking water. concerted efforts have been made to ameliorate the living standard of rural masses. EXPECTED Role of ICT in Rural Development Since the dawn of independence.IT FOR RURAL PROGRESS increase the agricultural output. schools. electrification etc. The changing environment faced by Indian farmers makes information not merely useful. So. but necessary to remain competitive. Assistance to individual families and Self Help Groups (SHG) living below poverty line by providing productive resources through credit and subsidy. the farmer depends on trickling down of decision inputs from conventional sources which are slow and unreliable. Consequently it is more suitable for farming taken up on corporate lines. At present. the introduction of communication in the educational process for open and distance learning is seen as step towards improving the quality of education and bridging the social and educational gap.    Provision of social services like health and education for socio-economic development. roads.g. Implementing schemes for the promotion of rural industry increasing agriculture productivity. and poverty elimination has been of paramount concern in all the five year plans. health facilities. providing rural employment etc. Rural Development (RD) programmes comprise of following:  Provision of basic infrastructure facilities in the rural areas e. rural development is an integrated concept of growth. The indirect benefits of IT in empowering Indian farmer are significant and remains to be exploited. Improving agricultural productivity in the rural areas. ICT . Communication has been seen by a large number of development planners as a panacea for solving major social evils and problems. This approach is capital intensive and useful where large tracts of land are involved.

before 1992 broadcast media were used to reach the large rural population or target groups for the rural development projects. Primarily the responsibility of rural development remained with the government. experience indicates that those rich who could afford to have access to private resources have hogged the advantage whether development or education. as outlined in the previous sections.e.  It is possible to create dedicated networks or harnesses the powers of Internet to make these services are available to all parts of the country. In this respect it seems that communication technology has. rural development projects added information and communication technology (ICT) to provide individual need based information in broad development areas through Internet. in no way has helped the poor for improving their socio-economic condition. can generate interest in the farmers and others working at the grassroots. agriculture. social awareness and health and hygiene. Apart from development. User friendly systems. . In the pre-economic liberalization period. Experiences and experiments Communication has been seen by a large number of development planners as a panacea for solving major social ills and problems.IT FOR RURAL PROGRESS can be used towards betterment of education. the introduction of communication in the educational process for open and distance learning is seen as step towards improving the quality of education and bridging the social and educational gap. In the post economic liberalization period. to cater to the information needs of Indian farmer. However. particularly with content in local languages. i. IT and Indian Agriculture in the Future  Technologically it is possible to develop suitable systems.

These institutions can play a crucial role in designing the necessary applications & databases and services. This will facilitate modularization of the task better control and help in achieving quick results.IT FOR RURAL PROGRESS Our country has the advantage of having a large number of specialized institutions in place catering to various aspects of Indian agriculture. . As it is. several institutions have already developed systems related to their area of specialization.

with their intuitive approach. the central and state governments carried out development projects. the government took upon itself the major responsibility of development. A beginning in precision farming can be encouraged in larger tracts of land in which export potential can be tilted in our country‟s favour. This places premium on user friendliness and it may be useful to consider touch screen technologies to improve user comfort levels. Hence.IT FOR RURAL PROGRESS  Challenges of crop stress.   Once the required application packages & databases are in place.  While developing these systems it is necessary to appreciate that major audience that is targeted is not comfortable with computers. After independence. Two such projects are briefly described. natural disasters can be tackled effectively through these technologies. . It is also necessary to provide as much content as possible in local languages. a major Challenge is with respect to dissemination of the information. provide a means for quick learning and higher participation.  It is often observed that touch screen kiosks. soil problems.

seldom less. The summative impact evaluation indicated positive outcome of radio rural forum. Madhya Pradesh. They were also able to view news. “The group then stayed together for discussion of what they had heard. However. which did not discriminate between rural poor and urban rich for information and communication. agriculturists and nonagriculturists.m. It had given 50 years communication lead to rural poor of the country.July1976) aimed to provide direct broadcasting of instructional and educational television in 2400 villages in states of Andhra Pradesh. Orissa and Rajasthan. Bihar.  SITE provided telecast for rural primary school children in the age group 5 . the discussion lasted usually. Impressive knowledge gains as a result of radio listening were reported across illiterates and literates. Satellite Instructional Television Experiment (SITE)  It is considered to be one of the biggest techno-social communication experiments in education and rural development. The telecast reliability was above . Satellite technologists had called SITE as leap fogging from bullock cart stage to satellite communication.IT FOR RURAL PROGRESS Radio for Rural Development Popularly known as “Radio Farm Forum” was one of the earliest efforts in the use of radio for rural development. Karnataka. for half an hour. Rural adults viewed television programmes on improved agricultural practices.12 years studying in grades 1-5. Gujarat was also part of SITE. about half an hour. Over 500 conventional television sets spread over 335 villages in Kheda district. who would listen to radio broadcasts twice a week at 6. frequently more”. The one-year experiment (August 1975 . over a period of time the project withered away. Television was considered as window to the world.30p. The experiment was carried out from February to April 1956 in five districts of Maharashtra State by All India Radio (AIR). health and family planning. Rural listener groups were organized. village leaders and others.

More than 90 per cent direct reception television sets were in working. INSAT satellite was launched in 1981. not enough resources have been budgeted by the Government to change this scenario. I am sad that my prediction came true that satellite television will be used for entertainment and not rural development. whereas no gain or negative gain in other areas. Communication Technology and Rural Development in India could not be operationalised for large-scale implementation in one form or the other. Since then a series of INSAT satellites have been launched and used for nationwide television telecast for education and development. Even though uninterrupted power supply systems are used. Based on the experiences and positive gains. Even though technology is available to upgrade the band-width. The sad part is that. Lack of political will and indifference of bureaucracy killed the rural development project even before it could help poor to take advantage of radio broadcast.  Both quantitative (survey) and qualitative in-depth (anthropological holistic study) evaluation indicated modest gains in some areas. in spite of best efforts. there should be a significant improvement in the connectivity. However once a few projects for the up gradation of the band-width on the anvil get commissioned. The basic challenges that usage of IT for rural development faces are Illiteracy amongst the vast multitude of people  Major power-cuts and 'brown-outs' affecting the country-side ranging from 5 to 12 hours every day. satellite television has been used for entertainment more than rural development. yet they prove insufficient to cope up with the power breakdowns  Serious band-width issues and connectivity problems.IT FOR RURAL PROGRESS 99 per cent during the experiment period. . The one-year duration was thought to be too little for any positive results.

Unfortunately most professionals want to work in the urban areas where there are ample opportunities available to them for growth as well as prosperity. Cost advantages enable network deployment in areas . This paper argues that the new generation of WLAN technologies can significantly alleviate the constraints that limit Internet connectivity in Latin America to the wealthy. Drastic steps are needed to inject funds for the development of the ICTs in the rural areas. urbanized areas.  Extending Internet connectivity to rural areas in the developing world involves a delicate cost-benefit balance. Given the appropriate regulatory environment. Wireless Networks and Rural Development:  Recent developments in wireless local area network (WLAN) technologies areraising new hopes for sustainable Internet diffusion in the rural areas of thedeveloping world. While affordable access must be provided (and in some cases strongly subsidized). Yet for this potential to be realized governments must rethink current assumptions about spectrum management and universal service policies. The costs and deployment models associated with wired access technologies have often proved inadequate to strike this balance. the social and economic returns must be high enough to enable long-term sustainability. These technologies allow drastic reductions in networkdeployment costs.IT FOR RURAL PROGRESS  Financing difficulties encountered by the local grass root level institutions as well as by the state governments. increasingly by the participation of the private sector  Acute shortage of project leaders and guides who could ensure implementation of the ICTs at the grass root levels. the technologies make possible an infrastructure development model based on community-shared resources.  More important. WLAN technologies can significantly alleviate his problem. In the absence of these 'techno-catalytic' resources. particularly for last-mile connectivity in low-density areas. and user experimentation. small-scale investments. development of IT in the rural areas will always be very slow.

Besides having several constraints from service providers. social relation. Rural Development through Information Technology : (A Case Study of Dhar District of Madhya Pradesh. It is a case study of gyandoot of Dhar district of Madhya Pradesh. This brings muchneeded sustainability to ICT development initiatives. rural people are availing required information like mandi rates (marketing of agricultural products).IT FOR RURAL PROGRESS previously deemed unprofitable and these technologies also allow local actors to gain an important role in the roll-out of infrastructure and services. gyandoot samiti. village . health. government officials. In this system gram panchayat and zilla panchayat both the bodies play important role in the establishment of the kiosks.  Kiosks managers are basically computer operators and works as a facilitator between information system and servcies rendered to rural people. The services are concerned with their regular routine such as agriculture. It provides different kind of services to the rural masses to improve their quality of life. To fulfil the objectives of the study the views of kiosks managers and rural people and government officials were taken and analysed thereafter. The findings of the study are as under: The use of information technology in rural areas of Dhar district of Madhya Pradesh is definitely fruitful for the development of the rural society. for such actors are typically best positioned to understand the characteristics of local demand for ICT services. India)  The present study is an attempt to know how information technology is playing a significant role in the development of the rural society. certificates (caste. administration. product marketing. complaints (government employees. planning and current information needs. They are involved in the selection of Kiosks Manager and providing finance regarding the establishment of the kiosks. education. as well as to leverage existing social networks and resources. Information Kiosks/Gyandoot is based on a PCO model. domicile).

education. land records (khasara. It may be one of the essential institutional structure contributing to modernization of agriculture. marraige proposal. B1). Suggestions The service providers are facing several problems like connectivity. Conclusion of case study The information technology is not a magic stick by which one may go to bring miracle change in the rural masses. up-to-date knowledge of computer and familiarity with the rural environment. patwari etc. beaurocrates should be there so that soochak may be able to do their job.  As far as transparency in administration is concerned. The cooperation from administrators. the role of information system is positive but beaurocrates are not playing their role in such manner as desired. complaints and land records but have grievances for some services and persons involved the the information system.IT FOR RURAL PROGRESS problem). social and economic development.). gram haat. Kiosk managers must be sincerely to their job. The minimum infrastructural facilities should be available so that kiosks may be function smoothly. gram dak. modest. electricity and other infrastructural facilities. sawaliram (education) and driving license. teevradoot tatkal bulayen (doctor. well trained. . health. As we know development is a process which takes couple of years to change the rural life. There must be a system to monitor the services of system every six month involving low profile people rural masses. Thus information technology will definitely be in a position to change the scenario of rural life and create a better path for rural development. The rural people are satisfied with some sort of servcies available with the centre like certificates.

. If implemented properly ICT can surely bridge the gap between economically and technology backward and forward classes. There Should be a Proper Monitoring team to monitor E-Governance Project in Rural area. we will have to propagate Information Technology (IT) in rural India.IT FOR RURAL PROGRESS CONCLUSION AND NEED OF IMPROVEMENT Information and Communication Technology has great relevance in today‟s world. Without information there can be no growth. Without heavy funding. Information is power and power is information. Thus. Now information is penetrating into rural India as well. Even maintenance of hardware and software is not easy and cost effective. The following Point need to be looked into for development of rural area:    First of all.For example ITC introduced e-Choupal Scheme (Internetbased interventions in rural Farmers)  Licensed software is not cost effective. Need of Improvement: For Making a developed State. So need big budget for rural area. we cannot think about development of the entire country. With the IT boom in India technology is easily accessible to the government machineries with relevantly cheaper and convenient manner. there is a great need to make a policy for promoting IT in rural area. Broadband facility is still non-existent for rural people. There should be a strong infrastructure for IT. Should to start E-Business Scheme in Rural area . technological advancement is necessary for every nook and corner.So Need Professional Teacher. we cannot provide facilities of IT to rural Area. because without its presence there..  Lack of knowledge of English is also a big obstacle in Rural Area. Proper training and implementation of ICT programmes in simple way and language which is easily understandable by the rural people can surely bring about revolution in rural development. Agriculture is the main source of Rural Area So Govt.

primary education is still vital. Improve the quality of IT education in rural areas. testing and certification in computer education. If we are speaking about development of rural Area.IT FOR RURAL PROGRESS    Connecting the unconnected Panchayats & villages with Urban area and to improve the quality of State highways & district roads. Provides Multimedia Content in regional language. monitoring and supervision.  IT related tools are very successful in making Connecting between rural hospitals and city hospitals. All offices of public dealing should be connected with computer and internet facilities. In rural areas. In Rural School there should be Provision of Digital Teaching System or Digital Class Room All Departments should be connected with website right from State Headquarters to Panchayat level and trained computer operators should be put on services with good pay scales  on regular basis. full time assistants as well as teacher training. Communications through e-mails should be entertained in every office as this is the only transparent and efficient mode of communication all over the world. Should to sets up Computer Labs in Government Schools. Regular workshops and multiplicity of training programs may also support the use of IT as a device for employment.. The Govt. For this there should be proper internet connection. Because Rural healthcare is a prime source of concern to improve social structure of rural Area. Therefore public can receive all information regarding their works/grievances without filing application in RTI cell. IT may be an effective tool for development of agricultural output. Departments should address public queries about problems in implementing different Government pilicies through websites etc.       Development of effective websites to enable rural youths to learn everything at the click of a mouse. . it cannot be comprehensive without development of agriculture..  The Govt.

. Generate maximum employment opportunities to the people of the State. Should to provide low cost computer to rural student. Hotels. Power.   Area Govt..Govt should to start some good e-Goverrance Scheme in rural area like "e-Choupal" "Kisan Soochna-Vyapaar Kendra" “RuralBazar”. Should To Promote E-Learning System in Rural School.Govt should to act as a Middel Man between Farmers and Buyer . Govt.IT FOR RURAL PROGRESS    Govt. Should to start Digital Learning Resources in Rural School. Should to establish an IT infrastructure based Rural Business Centers with all the facilities. water or time saving air travel.  Agri-Horti Business which could never grow in Rural Area or India due to lack of proper infrastructure of Roads.  Area Govt. IIT has developed low cost computers which can work on low power consumption and are suited to Indian rugged conditions.. DIGITAL LEARNING RESOURCES . Should to focus on Rural Tourism Scheme like "Rural Tourism" Govt.


Rohini. INNOVATION AND CHANGE – MS 102 MBA 2nd Semester (2012-13) GROUP ASSIGNMENT (Project) On INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY FOR RURAL PROGRESS Submitted By: PRERITHA M (04814803912) TIMSY DHINGRA (04914803912) PRACHI GUPTA (05014803912) NIKHIL GUPTA (05114803912) PARINITA POPLI (05214803912) GOLDIE NISCHAL (05314803912) Submitted To: Dr. Sector-22. Delhi . Khurana Maharaja Agrasen Institute of Technology MAIT. Vijay Kr.IT FOR RURAL PROGRESS MANAGEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY. Delhi-110086 Affiliated to GGS IP University.