Capacitor and Inductor (Revision

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– – – – 2 .Capacitor and Inductor ● Capacitor – ● Inductor – As temporary voltage source. Slow down the voltage change Analogy: Water tank. Slow down current change. Analogy: Heavy water wheel. As temporary current source.

Capacitor Charging Constant Voltage Capacitor Discharging Water Water Pressure Water Pressure 0 Water flow Water flow 3 .

Inductor Charging Heavy water wheel Pressure Water Accumulated water Water Water flow 0 Water 4 .

Inductor Discharging Heavy water wheel (1) (3) Continue rotate Water Heavy water wheel (2) (Stop) Water Accumulated water (4) Stop Stop (Stop) Pressure Water (Stop) Water flow Water (Stop) 5 .

Common Waveforms Is i(t) = Is (1-e-t/τ ) 0 Is i(t) = Is e-t/τ 6 .

Common Waveforms Is i(t) = Is (1-e-t/τ ) 0 Is i(t) = Is e-t/τ 7 .

Common Waveforms-2 Is i(t) = (Is – I0)(1 .e-t/τ ) + I0 or i(t) = Is + (I0 .Is )e-t/τ I0 Is i(t) = (Is – I0) e-t/τ + I0 I0 8 .

Initial value i(t) = I(∞) + [ I(0) .I(∞) ]e-t/τ Final value 9 .

I(∞) ]e-t/τ i(t) = Is + [ 0 .0 ]e-t/τ i(t) = Is e-t/τ ) 10 .Is ]e-t/τ i(t) = Is (1-e-t/τ ) 0 Is i(t) = Is e-t/τ i(t) = I(∞) + [ I(0) .I(∞) ]e-t/τ i(t) = 0 + [ Is .I(∞) ]e-t/τ Is i(t) = Is (1-e-t/τ ) i(t) = I(∞) + [ I(0) .i(t) = I(∞) + [ I(0) .

Is)e-t/τ Is i(t) = (Is – I0) e-t/τ + I0 I0 i(t) = I(∞) + [ I(0) .I(∞) ]e-t/τ Is i(t) = (Is – I0)(1 .Is )e-t/τ I0 i(t) = I(∞) + [ I(0) .I0)e-t/τ 11 .I(∞) ]e-t/τ i(t) = Is + (I0 .i(t) = I(∞) + [ I(0) .e-t/τ ) + I0 or i(t) = Is + (I0 .I(∞) ]e-t/τ i(t) = I0 + (Is .

12 .Capacitor R Vs + - IR C + Vc - Assuming the capacitor is initially uncharged. the switch is closed at t=0. Then. Find the expression and waveform for Vc and IR.

Then. Find the expression and waveform for Vc and IR. 13 . the switch is closed at t=0.Capacitor IR + Vc C R Assuming the capacitor is initially charged to V0.

When Vs1 < Vs2 c. When Vs1 = Vs2 14 . the switch move to b. Then at t=0.Capacitor R1 a b R2 Vs1 + - + Vc - + V s2 - Assuming the switch is at point a at t<0 and the capacitor is charged to Vs1. When Vs1 > Vs2 b. Find the expression and waveform for Vc for: a.

the switch is closed. Find the expression and waveform of IR. 15 . At t=0. IL and VL.Inductor IL Is IR R L + VL - Assuming no current flow through the inductor initially.

IL and VL for both charging and discharging behavior. the switch move to position b at t=5τ. 16 . Find the expression and waveform of IR2. Then.Inductor a b Is R1 R2 IR2 IL L + VL - Assuming the switch is at position a initially (t=0).