PERENCANAAN PONDASI

PERHITUNGAN PONDASI
Perhitungan Daya Dukung
Daya dukung maximum sebuah tiang pondasi dihitung berdasarkan pada hasil Standard Penetration Test (SPT)
dengan menggunakan metode dari Luciano Decourt (1982).

 N
 
QL = Q p  Qs = N p . K . Ap   s  1 As 
 
 3
Dimana
QP =
QS =
NP =
NS =
AP =
AS =
K=

daya dukung dari unsur point bearing
daya dukung dari unsur skin friction
harga rata-rata SPT di sekitar 4B diatas dan dibawah dasar pondasi (B = diameter tiang pondasi)
harga rata-rata SPT di sepanjang tiang yang terbenam (D), dengan batasan 3 < N < 50.
luas penampang dasar tiang (m2)
luas selimut tiang (m2)
koefisien karakteristik tanah :
12 t/m2 , lempung
20 t/m2 , lanau berlempung
25 t/m2 , lanau berpasir
40 t/m2 , pasir

Kemampuan Tiang mini pile berdasarkan hasil test tanah oleh Petrosol adalah sbb :
Data Tanah Digunakan Bor log No.5
Diambil kedalaman rencana adalah :
8m
Berdasarkan Hasil test Tanah oleh diperoleh daya Dukung sbb :
Kedalaman
f 30
f 50
f 50
(m)
Q ijin
Q ijin
Q ijin
3
99.17
219.97
4
114.17
243.14
5
131.06
271.55
6
147.94
333.32
7
165.30
363.52
8
194.14
391.27
SF = 3
Perhitungan Beban Maksimum Pada Tiang Pancang
Gaya-gaya dalam dari SAP 2000
Joint nomor
127
Hx =
14960.50 Kg
Hy =
7307.20 Kg
Mx =
73701.63 Kg - m
My =
2515.54 Kg - m
P=
321361.80 Kg
Kedalam Pondasi Rencana =
8.00 m
Pijin tanah = 391,271.51 Kg
Diameter Pondasi =
50.00
cm
Dimensi Poer; B =
2.50 m
H=
2.50 m
t=
0.80 m
m=
2
n=
2
s=
75 cm
q=
33.69
h=
0.6257

satuan
ton
ton
ton
ton
ton
ton

Kontrol Gaya Horisontal Kemampuan tambahan tiang menahan gaya mendatar bila diijinkan adanya pergeseran posisi ujung tiang sebesar d -----------> d = 1 cm N= 5 (Nilai SPT) Eo = 28 N = 140 ko = 0.D/(4E.49 Diameter tiang D = 50.53 193.670.05 Mpa K-350 Mod.844 kg/cm2 Momen Inersia Tiang I = 290510.92 ton 18.51 12.49 k = ko. Eo.53 309.67 ton Gaya total H yang terjadi = Gaya H per tiang = 73.3.75 m 0.00 cm fc' = 29.25 (cm-1) b = 0.50 0.48 ton < Ha Ok 2.y^-0.56 m 0.000.1413 cm4 b = (k.250.003987972 (cm-1) Gaya mendatar ijin Ha = k.50 m 0.Pijin bahan = Pijin tiang = Pijin kelompok = Wpoer = SX2 = Xmax = Pmax = 309.5 = 1.00 kg kg kg kg 0.1.75 m 2.18 kg = 18.75 m .I))0.D.38 m 139.d/b kg Ha = 18.2 . Elastisitas tiang E = 4700 fc' = 253320.250.75 m 0.82 kg < Pijin kelompok Join Reakasi Max oke 6.487. D^-3/4 = 1.718.

Standard Penetration Test (SPT) si (B = diameter tiang pondasi) n batasan 3 < N < 50. .

ergeseran posisi ujung tiang .

.

.

5261 100.0295 0.0411 -3.5004 87.3072 0.3618 305.0821 -8.3648 5.51 -4.0535 1.3887 -0.5149 0.0362 F2 Tonf -13.8056 F3 Tonf 271.8481 50.4129 5.6369 -1.7994 56.9736 -2.2568 0.0936 126.1939 0.052 0.3157 0.3926 49.2257 0.7104 -0.3234 -14.2701 189.0301 0.8681 321.2306 50.TABLE: Joint Reactions Joint OutputCase CaseType Text Text Text 125 COMB1 Combination 127 COMB1 Combination 129 COMB1 Combination 131 COMB1 Combination 146 COMB1 Combination 148 COMB1 Combination 150 COMB1 Combination 152 COMB1 Combination 154 COMB1 Combination 156 COMB1 Combination 158 COMB1 Combination 160 COMB1 Combination 162 COMB1 Combination 163 COMB1 Combination 901 COMB1 Combination 903 COMB1 Combination F1 Tonf 7.1829 0.6208 0.2471 110.123 6.143 -0.9605 -9.7381 1.2283 -0.1557 -5.7923 -0.7208 .1697 -4.2202 -0.1296 96.5577 -0.4388 -6.

96728 2.0549 2.63586 -0.18609 0.32674 5.0005 0.15655 M3 Tonf-m 5.00284 -0.00004359 0.42274 45.00102 -0.00043 0.79211 5.32358 0.63469 3.20496 0.00035 .65176 5.98054 M2 Tonf-m 36.00162 -0.88003 1.80496 4.00111 0.09066 12.51554 2.96446 4.00212 0.26871 0.M1 Tonf-m 73.2064 -0.75161 0.26199 0.84042 0.61756 0.70163 44.31453 6.00004938 0.22468 73.82524 5.08611 0.00196 -0.33579 35.48425 0.85129 0.46016 2.66026 0.00141 -0.71592 4.84792 3.

00 2.00 18.000 -4.00 5.5 36.5 36.5 34.5 7.00 16.5 35.00 0.5 36.19625 0.00 29.8 34.07065 0.5 34.07065 0.5 34.000 -13.5 34.5 7.000 58 58 53 53 51 54 54 54 54 54 54 54 54 54 54 36.000 -12.07065 0.000 -5.5 35.00 9.00 15.5 34.07065 0.5 7.5 34.5 34.000 -17.00 17.5 34.000 -9.000 -3.000 -6.00 15.000 -1.ton) Diameter : 0.07065 0.ton) Diameter : 0.5 34.000 -8.19625 0.00 19.5 34.000 -14.0 34.07065 0.5 34.8 33.5 34.07065 0.0 34.07065 0.5 0 0 20 20 20 20 20 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 0.00 0.5 34.5 7.19625 0.000 -12.19625 0.19625 0.000 -11.ton) .5 34.5 34.5 34.5 34.000 -16.00 17.000 -5.5 34.5 7.5 34.19625 0.000 -14.00 14.7 33.5 7.000 -13.5 20 20 20 20 20 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 0.07065 0.19625 Bearing capacity of Single Pile Maximun (QL.7 34.5 7.5 34.Bearing capacity of Single Pile Maximun (QL.00 8.000 -2.000 -11.19625 0.07065 0.000 -2.5 34.07065 0.5 34.000 -10.00 10.00 6.00 12.000 -15.00 4.00 3.00 11.7 34.19625 0.00 7.5 34.000 -16.00 4.00 13.500 m Depth(m) Elevation(mLWS) N 1.5 36.07065 N' Np' K Ap 36.07065 0.000 -6.000 0.07065 0.19625 0.19625 0.00 5.00 13.8 34.5 34.19625 0.00 14.00 10.5 34.000 58 58 53 53 51 54 54 54 54 54 54 54 54 54 54 Bearing capacity of Single Pile Maximun (QL.00 8.5 34.5 25.5 34.5 34.5 34 34 33 34.5 34.07065 0.19625 0.19625 0.00 6.000 -10.000 -8.5 34.000 0.8 33.00 9.000 -7.7 33.000 -9.000 -3.5 34 34 33 34.000 -17.5 34.00 12.00 2.00 16.5 34.000 -7.19625 0.5 25.300 m Depth(m) Elevation(mLWS) N N' Np' K Ap 1.00 7.00 18.000 -15.000 -4.000 -1.00 11.5 7.00 3.

000 -34.5 7.000 -38.00 20.00 28.5 7.000 -26.5 7.5 32.00 14.19625 0.5 7.5 7.5 30.500 m Elevation(mLWS) -2.5 7.5 32.000 -10.000 -6.5 7.00 6.00 30.19625 0.000 -16.000 -18.000 -28.5 31.19625 0.00 4.5 36.19625 0.00 36.000 -22.00 26.00 24.000 N N' Np' K Ap 21 44 48 50 46 56 52 58 18 29.5 7.5 7.000 -20.8 26.00 0.00 38.000 -12.000 -14.5 33.5 23.2 35.Diameter : Depth(m) 2.3 31.00 16.00 18.19625 .000 -24.000 -4.00 12.19625 0.5 7.8 33.5 7.00 8.2 25.19625 0.2 31.00 10.8 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 0.000 -32.00 34.00 32.00 22.5 35.000 -8.000 -30.19625 0.000 -36.

2 114.0 0.0 50.60 7.0 50.71 6.83 3.0 50.0 136.0 50.9 60.0 50.3 50.0 243.4 .8 216.0 50.4 244.5 83.0 50.0 50.3 111.37 11.8 541.0 360.7 17.0 249.7 17.0 50.0 50.14 16.5 416.0 50.7 17.57 14.2 131.0 50.3 99.0 50.7 17.5 220.8 16.3 363.7 33.0 50.28 7.14 15.7 17.0 50.0 50.1 147.7 33.3 140.0 50.8 48.0 50.3 125.0 50.8 169.7 17.0 50.88 2.0 50.8 Qp Ns1 Ns qs As Qs B5 QL ( ton ) 143.0 138.0 50.42 21.57 3.2 149.8 227.3 169.6 47.0 50.7 17.0 50.0 48.2 47.5 183.3 419.1 132.28 18.0 66.0 50.8 474.71 5.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 49.1 260.0 50.0 50.3 169.14 4.7 17.0 50.0 50.8 166.5 194.25 13.8 277.7 60.5 391.1 50.8 166.7 17.B5 Qp Ns1 Ns qs As Qs QL ( ton ) 0.0 50.9 45.0 557.0 50.31 12.7 17.0 50.0 50.0 50.3 194.7 17.0 50.7 17.0 17.0 50.7 17.0 50.3 169.9 60.3 169.5 305.3 169.99 23.3 169.0 294.9 60.1 249.6 83.7 0.7 17.0 50.7 17.0 50.3 222.0 50.8 388.0 50.0 50.7 17.3 169.3 99.71 17.85 20.7 17.9 165.6 133.5 233.00 12.0 50.7 17.42 11.0 50.94 1.19 14.1 271.2 199.0 50.7 17.7 132.7 17.0 50.0 446.56 27.5 502.3 333.7 1.54 8.9 60.48 9.4 294.0 50.65 6.8 55.0 50.7 17.9 116.7 17.0 50.77 4.7 17.7 17.7 17.0 50.5 333.9 60.0 50.7 277.42 10.0 17.7 17.85 9.0 50.9 60.7 17.0 50.0 195.1 210.3 530.3 171.0 50.0 50.9 166.0 50.7 17.

0 50.0 0.8 48.00 0.8 48.3 17.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 17.3 17.0 49.8 48.6 128.0 48.3 123.00 0.0 0.3 17.9 17.0 50.2 138.00 0.0 50.3 17.9 130.4 21.4 .00 0.0 44.0 101.8 48.8 48.2 138.00 0.9 130.8 48.0 101.2 103.0 0.Qp Ns1 Ns qs As Qs B3 QL ( ton ) 93.0 46.3 17.00 0.0 93.0 50.2 103.3 123.3 0.00 0.3 17.0 48.4 122.00 0.4 122.6 128.0 0.

000 -6.000 58 58 53 53 51 54 54 .000 -5.000 -7.00 3.00 -1.000 -3.00 7.00 5.00 6.BH-5 : Depth (m) Elevation (mLWS) N 1.000 -2.000 -4.00 2.00 4.