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Sustainable Design and Construction Supplementary Planning Guidance

Contents Table 1 The Benefits and Opportunities of Sustainable Developments Introduction Purpose and Status of this Document Context The need for sustainable developments Location of new development Mix of Development Site Layout Accessibility and Movement Building Design, Water and Energy Consumption Building Form Passive solar design Insulation Materials Energy and water efficient appliances Renewable Energy Sustainable Drainage and wastewater Biodiversity and Landscape Health and wellbeing Glossary Further information and advice Page 2

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treating and pumping water Protect local ecology and enhance biodiversity Improved economic and environmental performance and competitiveness Demonstrate social responsibility Environmental enhancements Enhance community involvement and wellbeing Minimised risk of legal repercussions Reduced maintenance costs Flexibility in use Improved comfort Minimised risk of skin disorders from increased UV radiation Reduced risk of flooding Minimise waste Healthier environment Reduced nuisance Increased privacy Easier opportunities for recycling Easier opportunity for a resale 2 of 17 . cyclists and pedestrians Improved local environment Increased natural surveillance by designimproved security Reduced running costs – savings on energy bills Improved amenities Retention of countryside.THE BENEFITS AND OPPORTUNITIES OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENTS For Developers Compliance with planning guidance and policy Increased social equity through provision of accessible. enhanced open spaces and improvement of wildlife habitat and conservation of species Minimise the impact on the environment of using resources Create sustainable communities Reduced impact of storing. well integrated development/infrastructure Scope for high density. imaginative and attractive development Can increase the viability of Combined Heat and Power (CHP) provision Improve marketability and make properties more desirable Potential cost savings in construction Improved corporate image For Occupiers Improved access to facilities and services Increased travel choice For All Reduced demand for fossil fuels Reduced impact on global warming and climate change Reduced travel costs Reduced congestion. noise and pollution Improved safety for road users.

1 3. Councillors. this document aims to raise standards and encourage a holistic approach to sustainable building.1 1. Context This document has been produced in the context of an increasing commitment internationally. individual circumstances. Purpose and Status of this Document This document was adopted as Supplementary Planning Guidance by the Borough of Basingstoke and Deane on 22 July 2004 and complements the adopted policy GS1 of the Basingstoke and Deane Borough Local Plan 1991-2001 and policies E1 and A7 in the Revised Deposit Draft Local Plan Review 1996-2016. Whilst it is recognised that Building Regulations are increasingly requiring buildings to be more energy efficient. local residents and interest groups. and an increase in the use of renewable energy. with consideration given to the impact of the development throughout its lifetime. copies of their responses. All opportunities should be taken to maximise the sustainability of a development. to the encouragement of sustainable development.2 . This guidance establishes principles rather than being prescriptive. energy and water efficiency. potential occupiers of those developments. from the international to the local level. submitted with a planning application. When determining planning applications. and details of the Council’s consideration of the issues raised during the consultation period are available for inspection. or as supporting information. It is also acknowledged that there are many sustainability and design objectives to be addressed. and the available technology. This Supplementary Planning Guidance (SPG) provides advice to those seeking planning permission for development within the Borough.2 2.1 Introduction The Council is keen to facilitate an increased awareness of the impact that development has on the environment and to encourage proposals to have a minimal environmental footprint. International The Kyoto Protocol achieved commitment from developed countries to make legally binding reductions in their greenhouse gas emissions in order to address climate change. by appointment. consideration will be given to the use of legal agreements to secure sustainability measures. This Guidance has been subject to consultation with local agents. The theme of sustainable design and construction runs through a wide range of documents and protocols.1 2. some of which may be conflicting. and by the UK Government. The European Union has introduced a Strategy for Sustainable Development. recognising that the most suitable sustainable measures to incorporate will very much depend on the site. A full list of consultees. Applicants seeking planning consent for a development will be expected to demonstrate how they intend to minimise the environmental impact of a proposal either within a design statement. from the Forward Planning & Transport team. during normal office hours (tel: 01256 845464). The aim is to encourage a transparent and integrated process which reconciles the various considerations to achieve the most effective and sustainable approach for a particular development. and Parish Councils. and those considering making environmental improvements to a building. 3 of 17 2 2.3 3 3.

together with numerous Directives to address environmental issues in development: for example. minimise the impact of energy use. National The UK Strategy for Sustainable Development. SEERA produced proposed alterations to the energy efficiency and renewable energy policies in Regional Planning Guidance for the South East. in order to meet the Government’s target to produce 10% of the UK’s electricity from renewable resources by 2010. 3. on improving the environmental performance of buildings. This includes the following objectives: • • Develop a good stewardship of our environment Encourage a diverse and high quality built environment 3.5 3. the local Community Strategy for the Borough. Policy GS1 requires that developments accord with the sustainability objectives of the Plan (set out in para. necessary and appropriate street lighting and furniture. and avoiding pollution of watercourses. 2. the Energy White Paper.6 4 of 17 . The Sustainable Buildings Task Group produced a report which makes recommendations. such as reducing vehicle emissions. Policy A7 of the Revised Deposit Draft Local Plan encourages the generation of energy from renewable sources subject to the impact on the landscape. Furthermore. This guidance supplements policies GS1 of the Adopted Plan and policies E1 and A7 of the Revised Deposit Draft Local Plan. and 13 all require sustainability to be a fundamental objective of new developments. ‘Pride in our Place’. includes a Priority theme of “an environment that’s good to live in”. “A Better Quality of Life in the SouthEast” which aims to guide and monitor the quality of life within the region. Policy E1 states that development proposals should incorporate energy and water conservation features. and public art. In 2003.4 3. Regional Planning Guidance for the South East (RPG9) encourages development to be located and designed to enable the sustainable use of the region’s natural resources. The Council also has a Sustainability Policy. to both industry and the Government. public and private spaces. The policies aim to reduce the demand for energy. and provide guidance on how regional renewable energy targets will be delivered. In May 2004. amenities of the area etc. providing for potential opportunities to utilise renewable energy sources.300). Local The Basingstoke and Deane Adopted Local Plan and Revised Deposit Draft Local Plan Review seek to promote more sustainable patterns of development as well as encouraging the sustainable design and construction of individual developments. the South East England Regional Assembly (SEERA) published a Sustainable Development Framework for the South East. Environmental Impact Assessment. townscape. collection and recycling arrangements. The recently published Planning Policy Statement 22 consultation draft on Renewable Energy indicates the increasing commitment of the Government to the use of renewable energy.3 3. and Planning Policy Guidance Notes 1 (and consultation draft PPS 1). water and refuse storage. which sets out its aims towards. Regional In 2001. and principles of action for securing a more sustainable community.

7 Within the Councils Three Year Plan and Budget strategy 2004-7. and minimising greenhouse gas emissions produced through the burning of fossil fuels. Sustainable Housing Principles and Practice. A sustainable community is dependent on people acting together to create healthy. The design or layout of a building or site can minimise the energy requirements of the occupants. Sustainably located. Buildings contribute almost half (46%) of the UK’s carbon dioxide emissions (homes contributing 27%) (Source: Defra. Currently in the UK. work and play’ (Basingstoke and Deane Borough Council Sustainability Policy). with road traffic emitting a further 20%. New buildings can considerably impact on natural resources such as the use of timber. the incorporation of technology to harness renewable energy sources 3. safe places in which to live. tenants and landlords to improve the condition of the housing stock. recycling and storage equipment at the design stage facilitates a reduction in water usage by the occupiers. location.1 4. The design and construction of buildings plays a major role in contributing to sustainable developments and communities.4 5 of 17 . Giving consideration to the provision of water saving. building materials. designed and constructed buildings can play an important role in reducing carbon dioxide emissions. 2003). which provides urban design advice on the creation of more sustainable communities. land and water. 2000). Households account for up to a quarter of energy consumption (source: Defra. and in particular carbon dioxide. owners. therefore the Government has committed to reducing the production of greenhouse gases. Furthermore. Water is a renewable resource.2 4. 2003). such as coal and oil. 2003). and where possible for all housing development. The need for sustainable developments ‘Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.8 4 4. including energy efficient measures and disabled adaptations.• • • Promote sustainable approaches to housing developments by design. reducing the need for the use of finite energy resources. and seeks to enable developers. the rate of water consumption is rising whilst supplies are falling. More than half (56%) of the total water supplied is used by households (Source: Defra. type of construction and use of suppliers Increase the efficiency with which we use natural resources Plan for and reduce the negative impacts of climate change and its impact on the Borough 3.3 4. It is recognised that greenhouse gases are one of the main contributors to climate change. The Council has also produced Supplementary Planning Guidance entitled ‘Places to Live’ (adopted 18 April 2002). Climate change threatens the UK with increased risks of drought and flooding. Priority Objective 2 seeks to promote the EcoHomes Standards for all housing developed on Council owned land. and sustainable development should ensure that we are ‘keeping consumption within the limits of natural replenishment’ (Howarth.

The main provider of independent information on environmental and sustainable performance of buildings is the Building Research Establishment (BRE). that the new homes they fund achieve an EcoHomes accreditation “Pass” standard.1 5. Location of new development The location of new development can have significant implications on its sustainability and future use.6 4. Avoiding a net loss of biodiversity is a key test of sustainable development.8 5 5.2 . with priority given to previously developed land (in accessible locations) and 6 of 17 4. with household waste contributing a further 8% (Source: Defra. This guidance identifies the main issues that need to be considered for any new sustainable development. The location of new development will be assessed on the basis of a sequential approach. On-site burning of waste should be avoided. New buildings can also be designed and equipped to encourage the occupiers to easily recycle waste materials. One indicator which will be used to measure the success of the Plan is the percentage of new homes achieving an EcoHomes standard good or above. and the building process. as a condition for grant. for all housing development. The Housing Corporation already requires. The Council will therefore encourage developers to seek EcoHomes accreditation. 24% of this is from demolition and construction. as well as reducing the amount of waste material that needs to be disposed. the EcoHomes standard is becoming widely recognised as an accepted.within a development can provide energy without diminishing fossil fuel resources or contributing to greenhouse gas emissions. Well-located developments will be in accessible locations. and expected. For 2005/06 it is intended to make “Good” the minimum requirement. The Council’s Three Year Plan (2004-2007) has a priority objective to provide people with affordable decent homes within planned sustainable communities. It is based on many years of construction and environmental research carried out by BRE. Whilst there are a range of standards against which the environmental performance of developments can be measured. the construction industry and Government. To achieve this. where possible. Sustainable buildings offer healthier living conditions for the occupants. It is intended as a ‘signpost’ document. ranging from the location of development to the details of the building and its occupation. to flag up the main considerations and also provide further sources of information (Section 15). 2003). More information on this rating system can be obtained from the BRE (contact details in Section 15). Furthermore. the successful integration of existing and newly created wildlife habitats into development schemes can help to achieve an attractive living environment and can also play a role in reducing pollution and flooding. BRE has established “EcoHomes – The environmental rating for homes”. the EcoHomes standard will be promoted for all housing developed on Council owned land and.5 The total waste produced in the UK is estimated at around 430 million tonnes. standard.7 4. 4. with minimal impact on other built and natural resources. which minimise the use of the car (and the associated energy requirements and emissions). Converting buildings and reusing construction materials will minimise the need for further resources.

which will have a greater potential for the capture of passive solar gain in buildings than those which are north-facing. should be avoided wherever possible. but complementary uses can reinforce each other throughout the day and evening. Manage’ approach advocated by government.3 When considering the location of new development. This should not however preclude the use of appropriate Greenfield sites when circumstances dictate. This will ensure that the use of greenfield sites which have not been developed before is minimised. Such sites should only be released through the ‘Plan. rather than providing new build The archaeological interest of a site. the following issues should also be considered: • • • • • • • • • • • 6 6. making the area more attractive to residents. which will result in less energy loss from buildings than exposed sites Maximising the use of sites on south-facing slopes. which may need to be preserved and/or recorded The protection of listed buildings and sensitive development within Conservation Areas The likelihood of flooding on the site. etc in one location The creation of increased vitality and viability. 5. Public open spaces. and walking. with opportunities for people to live. and that development is located in accessible locations near facilities and services. particularly for any development within a floodplain The use of sheltered sites.sites within the urban area. which facilitates the provision and use of public transport. workers. shop. The close proximity of different. shoppers etc. cycling. work. and sites whose landscape character or nature conservation value makes them sensitive to change. North-facing slopes can result in significant overshadowing The location of existing services and facilities and transport links to the town centre The integration of opportunities for renewable energy The presence of wildlife habitats and species that are legally protected or otherwise of conservation concern The availability of adequate water supply and sewerage infrastructure including sewage treatment capacity The impact on the river water quality in local watercourses Mix of Development Developments incorporating a range of uses and designs can provide a number of potential advantages in terms of energy efficiency. and the impact that any development may have on this. Monitor.1 The potential to convert existing buildings. Opportunities for higher densities and intensive activity at accessible locations Increased natural surveillance throughout the day and evening 7 of 17 . then development on the edge of existing urban areas. and produce robust and sustainable developments: • • • • A reduction in the need to travel. Redevelopment of previously developed land also allows the materials to be reused where alternative use of existing buildings is no longer viable.

trees and buildings can provide shelter from northerly winds and create an attractive landscape. variety of house types. can also be situated on the north • Minimise overshadowing from trees and buildings through careful positioning of buildings within the existing landscape setting. Site Layout The layout of a site can make a significant difference to the energy used in buildings. and storage space should be on the northern side. in character with the area. location and design to encourage widespread use by all ages • Avoid isolating or fragmenting wildlife habitats or creating barriers to the movement of important species 7 7.2 8 of 17 .• • Ensuring a range of housing opportunities through the provision of a variety of dwelling types. The layout of any new development should: • Maximise use of land. with higher housing densities in appropriate locations. there can be conflict between the provision of shelter and overshadowing. Kitchens. and for access and movement within and outside of the site. sizes and designs to provide a range of housing opportunities • Make adequate and accessible provision for the storage of recyclable materials and separation of waste • Provide composting facilities • Provide open space of an appropriate size. size. whilst still providing sufficient amenity space for the occupants • Make positive use of the local topography and landscape features to allow best use of natural daylight. wind sheltering.1 7. and care needs to be taken to find an optimum solution that reconciles both objectives. Any layout should avoid the occurrence of wind tunnels (such as along uninterrupted road passages) • Encourage social contact and community responsibility • Integrate market and affordable housing to ensure a mixed community. solar energy. which are generally subject to heat generated from appliances. In order to maximise natural light and heat. or enhance the existing mix of uses in an area. Deciduous trees can provide shade from glare during the summer. affordability and accessibility Mixed use development can make CHP (Combined Heat and Power) more viable due to the different patterns of energy demand from the various users 6. the windows of the main habitable rooms should be orientated within 30 degrees of due south • Locate the main habitable rooms on the south side of the building. and create development that responds to its context • Orientate buildings to maximise the use of natural energy sources to provide light and heat. However. stairs. whilst bathrooms.2 Developments should therefore look to comprise mixed uses. whilst bare branches allow solar access in the winter • Topography.

cycle and public transport links both within and beyond the development area Provide appropriate levels of parking provision in accordance with the parking standards adopted by the Council. cycling and new technologies for transport as they arise Ensure integration with existing development and incorporate good pedestrian.1 Accessibility and Movement Transport usage results in significant energy demands and emissions of greenhouses gases. reuse and eventual demolition. volume and surface area. the smallest possible ratio of external wall and roof area to volume will give the most energy efficient results • Buildings should be versatile and adaptable to be capable of conversion and provide for different occupiers over time. maximising natural solar energy for heat and light. are difficult to light and ventilate naturally • To minimise heat loss through external walls.1 Building Design. use. In order to reduce dependence on the private car and its associated impacts. The location of homes.2 . shops and other facilities have a significant impact on transport usage. The Council’s parking standards are set out in Supplementary Planning Guidance Implement a Travel Plan where appropriate Provide convenient and secure cycle storage Provide accessible buildings for a wide range of users including people with mobility or sensory impairments. new developments should: • • • Ensure opportunities are taken to maximise use of public transport. There are many different elements of building design and construction that impact on the environment. plan depth and height • Pitched roofs have a number of advantages over flat roofs: (i) less maintenance and fewer leaks. Buildings should also be designed to include measures that will reduce water use. consideration needs be given to the energy requirements for its construction. The ‘robustness’ of a building depends on access arrangements. workplaces. and older people Ensure the safety of road. in terms of its shape. people with learning difficulties. parents with young children. and congestion with associated economic losses and stresses. as well as resulting in local air and noise pollution. reuse water and make use of rainwater.8 8. Water and Energy Consumption When designing a building. and (iii) additional rooms can be created in the roof space • Steep roofs facing prevailing winds can break up wind flow 9 of 17 9. whilst encouraging alternative modes of transport. In general: • Detached buildings can be inefficient whilst linked buildings reduce heat loss through the walls • Wide buildings. and allowing natural ventilation. as well as buildings that are too deep in plan. plays an important role in reducing costs and use of materials. walking. Similarly the availability of car parking. (ii) they allow for solar panels (if between 15 and 40 degrees of due south). those carrying luggage or shopping. Building Form The form of a building. cycleway and footpath users • • • • 9 9. and the attractiveness of other means of transport to the private car all contribute to individual’s transport choices.

and should be separated from the main house by doors or shutters Incorporating larger glazed areas on the south-facing façade to provide solar heat and light. prolong the life of a roof. construction and disposal. However. Windows and doors should also be adequately draught-proofed Hot water pipes and the hot water tank must be lagged • 9. it is more effective and cheaper to incorporate insulation during the original construction. Whilst some insulation can be added later. When evaluating the use of materials with respect to the environmental impact. resulting in lower heating costs throughout the life of the building. but these should not be heated Incorporating ‘light/sun pipes’ within developments which contain areas that are difficult to light naturally. In order to minimise the heating of a building: • • Thermal insulation to roofs. delivery. consideration needs to be given to the whole process of obtaining the raw material: processing. adequate ventilation needs to be provided to avoid condensation. moderate surface water run-off. The design of the building and all materials should be easy to maintain to save time. improve energy efficiency through maximising passive solar gain and minimising heat loss. However. and provide natural ventilation.3 Passive solar design Passive solar design entails the use of space and glazed areas within a building to enhance natural light.5 Materials Embodied energy is the energy used in obtaining the raw materials and manufacturing a product. costs. Passive solar design can be enhanced by: • • • • • • Locating conservatories on the east or west-facing walls to provide comfortable heat levels. 9.• • • Green roofs make buildings more thermally efficient.4 Insulation Good insulation can make considerable energy savings. Materials with very high embodied energy (such as PVC) should be avoided. help to reduce air pollution and noise. and provide greenspace for wildlife and people Buildings should be designed to enable the reuse and recycling of water through ‘grey water’ systems Water butts should be fitted on downpipes to enable rainwater harvesting 9. Triple glazing should be considered (provided the character of older buildings is not compromised). they should not be heated. walls and floors should exceed current building regulation standards Windows must be double glazed and have low emissivity glass to comply with current Building Regulations. and increase the longevity of 10 of 17 . although summer overheating and winter heat loss are to be avoided North-facing windows should be kept to a minimum to provide for natural lighting and ventilation only Appropriately sited rooflights and atria may increase opportunities for natural lighting and solar heat gain Providing lobbies and entrance porches which reduce heat loss through external doors.

Alternatives should therefore be used Timber from certified sustainable sources. The embodied energy and environmental impact of a building can be reduced by using: • • • • • • • Demolition materials Local and recycled building materials where available. to demonstrate compliance with the Buildings Regulations. and water (rather than from finite supplies of fossil fuels). 11 of 17 . have a natural finish or have a low solvent content. The benefits/disbenefits should be compared and considered for individual cases Paints and varnishes which are self-coloured. bioenergy. Avoid those whose production damages the environment Some plastics and UPVC can be environmentally damaging to produce and form highly toxic waste. including: • • • • • • • • Providing efficient boilers – condensing boilers are the most efficient “conventional” system Providing energy efficient appliances.1 Renewable energy Renewable Energy comprises energy generated from readily renewable. The Standard Assessment Procedure (SAP) provides the methodology for the calculation of The Carbon Index. The Government is proposing that 10% of the UK electricity needs should be met from renewables by 2010. Sources of sustainable energy include solar energy. wind. non polluting sources such as sunlight. fridges and lighting Fitting thermostatic valves to radiators and avoiding heating empty rooms Fitting sensors to minimise wasting electricity and waste Providing separate shower units. The Government is committed to increasing the amount of energy supplied from renewable sources in order to provide alternative energy sources to fossil fuels and reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases. such as those accredited with the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) trademark Off-site fabrication uses less time and materials and can lead to better quality control and less construction waste. geothermal energy. avoiding toxic volatile organic compounds (VOCs) found in many high gloss paints and varnishes • 9. wind power. Energy and water efficient behaviour by the occupiers should be encouraged. energy and other services are major consumers of energy. There are many ways in which energy and water consumption within a building can be improved. and avoiding power showers Using low flush or dual flush cisterns Incorporating low flow spray taps and sensor taps Specifying low-water use domestic appliances (such as washing machines) 10 10. to reflect the local character and minimise the energy used in transportation Materials that require low energy for manufacture Materials from renewable sources.the building. although it can result in greatly increased delivery distances and lessen the use of locally sourced materials. especially white goods such as washing machines.6 Energy and water efficient appliances The appliances that are used to provide heat.

5 10. Small scale wind turbines Wind turbines enable the harnessing of wind to generate electricity and may be suitable on sites with some open space. although this can be minimised through siting and design. The generated electricity can be stored in batteries. Once installed. Biomass can be an appropriate means of heating schools and community buildings.3 10. or other roof covering. cladding.4 10. which the Council encourages.and hydropower. Grants are available for some small-scale installations (see Energy Savings Trust contact details below). for example fuel crops. or incorporated into the National Grid supply. reducing groundwater 12 of 17 10. solar water heating systems require very little maintenance and should last for decades.6 10.7 10. Potential technologies that could be exploited in new developments include: Photovoltaic cells These convert the sun’s energy into electricity and can be incorporated on buildings as tiles.1 . This can involve the replacement of roof tiles (or other roofing material) with the photovoltaic system or solar panels. However. The incorporation of solar water panels and photovoltaic cells on buildings at the design/construction stage usually allows better integration with the materials and design of the building. tree chippings.2 Developers should consider the contribution that renewable energy technologies can make to meeting the energy requirements of a new development. Many schemes offer the opportunity for community involvement and ownership. these systems can also be retro-fitted on top of the roof of an existing building. Biomass Plant and animal matter can be used for fuel directly by burning or extraction of combustible oils. The installation of photovoltaic cells and solar water panels can have a visual impact. such as industrial or leisure sites including in and around the town. powered direct to some appliances. Solar water heating Solar water heating roof panels absorb solar radiation to heat water. Combined heat and power Combined heat and power schemes use the waste heat generated during the production of electricity to heat or cool buildings. and entails less wastage of materials.8 11 11. Medium sized turbines can generate an average of 15kWh per day which is comparable to a normal household consumption. 10. Surface water runoff can damage the environment by increasing the risk of flooding and pollution. Sustainable Drainage and wastewater New development often results in an increase in impermeable areas that reduce water infiltration and increase surface water runoff. Community heating schemes will work most efficiently when supplying a mix of nearby residential and commercial buildings due to the diverse heating and electricity requirements throughout the day. These panels are the most commonly used form of solar energy currently used today and a typical installed system can provide 50-70% of hot water needs over the year.

and control the discharge of surface water into the subsoil or a watercourse. should be minimised. sedimentation and biological degradation. Legal agreements for the maintenance and operation of SUDS also need to be secured early in the planning and design stages.4 Developers should also seek advice from the Environment Agency. French drains and swales Passive treatment systems – the use of natural processes to remove and break down pollutants from surface water run-off e. water and wastewater infrastructure is an important consideration. reed beds. a whole- 11. Water and wastewater service provision is an important consideration in the context of sustainability. altering the ecology of watercourses and damaging established habitats through sudden increases in water flow. the capacity of a treatment work is finite. This is to ensure that the system continues to operate successfully long-term. This will ensure that the environment is not adversely affected.g. provide treatment to collected surface water. However. and the use of hard surfacing materials such as tarmac and concrete that increase runoff.6 13 of 17 . ponds. highway authorities and sewerage undertakers to ensure that the design of SUDS is appropriate for the development. slow the velocity of runoff to allow settlement.5 11. and wetlands 11. There are a range of design options that should be considered by developers early in the design process: • • • Source control techniques – these are based on the principle of capturing water near to the source and enabling reuse or allowing direct filtration into the ground e. They should be located as close as possible to where rainwater falls. In cases where capacity is insufficient to meet the demand of new development.3 11. Infrastructure in this context refers to water supply pipes and sewers that convey wastewater. filtering and some loss through evaporation and infiltration. Road lengths.g. The Council also supports the use of sustainable foul water drainage systems. and extending the capacity (or building a new treatment works) often has a long lead-in time. so providing both attenuation and treatment using natural processes of filtration.2 Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems (SUDS) are a concept that focuses on the construction and maintenance of drainage systems with the aim of minimising any damage to the environment. e.levels to the detriment of vegetation. To ensure more sustainable infrastructure provision. They reduce the potential for flooding and provide an opportunity for improved water quality and environmental enhancements such as improved wildlife habitats and landscape quality. The main aims of SUDS are to: reduce the quantity of surface water runoff. SUDs involve a move away from traditional piped systems and generally involve physical structures or devices built to receive surface water runoff. soakaways Permeable conveyance systems – these allow the slow transfer of run-off water towards a watercourse allowing storage. 11. and excess surface water is prevented from infiltrating and overloading the public sewerage system. filtering and infiltration.g. phasing will be necessary so that provision of additional capacity coincides with development. rainwater reuse. Wastewater is treated at treatment works to remove pollutants and minimise harm to the environment. As well as treatment capacity.

should be an integral part of the development design process Links between green spaces and habitats should be maintained and. The Council had adopted a Landscape and Biodiversity Strategy and is due to produce separate Supplementary Planning Guidance on Landscape and Biodiversity. especially at large sites and sites in mixed ownership. soil. approach should be adopted. leisure and home. land and air pollution should be avoided Use appropriate plants for the future expected climate conditions and those that can mitigate against climate change 13 13. in terms of landscape and biodiversity. or disused brownfield. and provide appropriate amenities for the activities carried out. support a range of flora and fauna and have various landscape features which may be threatened by new development. BRE.1 Biodiversity and Landscape Many sites. The Council may require the preparation of a landscape strategy and management plans Water. comfortable environment. created The best practicable measures should be used to mitigate any impacts that cannot be avoided through layout design Provision should be made for the future management of the landscape and habitats within the development area. In order to minimise damage.1 Health and wellbeing ‘Buildings make a major contribution to our quality of life because of the environment they provide for work. therefore: • • Incorporate recommended crime prevention and safety measures in accordance with the principles of ‘Secure by Design’ Ensure appropriate use of landscaping and planting which takes account of personal safety and improved surveillance of public areas and play space 14 of 17 .site. New developments should. significant landscape features and wildlife habitats Interpretation of survey results in terms of development constraints and opportunities for landscape and biodiversity enhancement Assessment of ecological processes on which the nature conservation interest of the site and surroundings depends should be undertaken and provision made for their continuity if development is likely to have an impact on them Avoidance of impacts and maximising opportunities. where possible. the following should be carried out and/or adopted as part of any new development: • • • • • • • • • Surveys of the site and surroundings to identify protected and biodiversity action plan Priority Species. They must provide a healthy. Sustainable development requires avoidance of harm to semi-natural habitats or populations of species that are of conservation concern. whether greenfield. rather than piecemeal. 12 12. A whole-site approach will improve network performance. and enhance the local landscape character and ecology where possible.’ (EcoHomes. 2000). sustainable development should contribute to a net gain in biodiversity through the creation of new habitats and management/enhancement of existing ones. and allow the use of pumping stations to be optimised. Wherever possible.

particularly in high density developments Minimise wasteful ‘spillage’ from lighting. and use materials that will minimise any noise pollution Identify contaminated land and implement sufficient mitigation Be based on air quality impact assessments to maintain the air quality within acceptable limits Maximise sound insulation. to ensure that they will meet the needs of most households Ensure that new development is located and designed to minimise odour nuisance to occupiers from existing and potential sources of odours. 15 of 17 . and suitably located.• • • • • • • • • • • • Ensure that new external lighting provides a secure environment whilst avoiding the nuisance of light pollution Ensure that the layout and design of new buildings maximises natural light within the building Provide appropriate. design and insulation measures of new buildings minimises potential noise disturbance to future occupiers Encourage community involvement and participation in the development process Include new highways designed to encourage speed restraint and safe opportunities for pedestrians and cyclists. which can be a nuisance to neighbouring residents Ensure that housing is built to ‘Lifetime Homes’ standards. open space and amenity space to provide for a range of users Ensure that the layout.

uk/construction/sustain/ Building Research Establishment (BRE) Centre for Sustainable Design. The Energy Savings SW1H DEFRA Sustainable Construction Team. Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems (SUDS): On site solutions to reduce surface water run-off and provide alternative foul water treatment. the UK Programme – www. EcoHomes Assessment: An environmental assessment method created by the Building Research Establishment (BRE). BRE. Renewable Energy: energy generated from readily Centre for Sustainable 21 Dartmouth Centre for Alternative Technology. 16 of 17 . www. Sustainable Development: Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own and water (rather than from finite supplies of fossil fuels). wind. www. London.htm. www. Environmental footprint: An assessment of the environmental impact of a person/town/activity. www.bre.cfsd. www. 15 Further information and advice Association for Environment Conscious Building.dti. Sone 3/J1. Climate www. November 1994) Building a Better Quality of Life – www. WD2 7JR.defra. www. Tel: 01923 664258. usually measured in terms of the land area required to support their use of natural resources. SW1E Bressenden Embodied energy: the energy used to harvest and/or manufacture a material or product. non polluting sources such as Glossary CHP (Combined Heat and Power): waste heat from power generation is used for local heating/cooling or for reuse in power generation – improves energy efficiency and minimises The British Wind Energy Association. It also indicates the level of carbon dioxide and other related emissions. Tel: 020 (includes Best Practice Guidelines for Wind Energy Eland House.

Bressenden Revised Deposit Draft Local Plan Review Sustainable Drainage: Sustainable Homes. www. 17 of 17 .htm The Housing www. tel: 0161 226 7303.thameswater. Eland The European Union. Rethinking Construction. Sustainable Construction Team. Tel: 020 7944 3000.English Thames Water. The Egan Report – South East England Regional The Environment Agency. M15 5RF. Sustainability 41 Old Birley Street. www. Manchester. SW1E www.