You are on page 1of 114

Copyright © by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is granted to reproduce the material contained herein on the condition that such material be reproduced only for classroom use; be provided to students, teachers, and families without charge; and be used solely in conjunction with California Mathematics. Any other reproduction, for use or sale, is prohibited without prior written permission of the publisher. Send all inquiries to: Macmillan/McGraw-Hill 8787 Orion Place Columbus, OH 43240 ISBN: 978-0-02-105817-4 MHID: 0-02-105817-2 Printed in the United States of America 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 ROV 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10

Teacher’s Guide to Using Chapter 2 Resources ..........................................iv Chapter 2 Graphic Organizer ................................... 1 Student Glossary .......................................................... 2 Family Letter ................................................................ 4 Family Letter Spanish ................................................. 5 Chapter 2 Anticipation Guide .................................. 6 Chapter 2 Game .......................................................... 7

Lesson 2–6 Problem-Solving Investigation: Choose a Strategy
Reteach .........................................................................33 Skills Practice ..............................................................35 Homework Practice ..................................................36 Enrich.............................................................................37

Reteach ........................................................................... 8 Skills Practice ................................................................ 9 Homework Practice ..................................................10 Problem-Solving Practice ........................................11 Enrich.............................................................................12

Reteach .........................................................................38 Skills Practice ..............................................................39 Homework Practice ..................................................40 Problem-Solving Practice ........................................41 Enrich.............................................................................42

Lesson 2–2 Problem-Solving Skill: Estimate or Exact Answer
Reteach .........................................................................13 Skills Practice ..............................................................15 Homework Practice ..................................................16 Enrich.............................................................................17

Reteach .........................................................................43 Skills Practice ..............................................................44 Homework Practice ..................................................45 Problem-Solving Practice ........................................46 Enrich.............................................................................47 Individual Progress Checklist .................................48

Lesson 2–3 Estimate Sums
Reteach .........................................................................18 Skills Practice ..............................................................19 Homework Practice ..................................................20 Problem-Solving Practice ........................................21 Enrich.............................................................................22

Chapter Tests:
Chapter Diagnostic Assessment ...........................49 Chapter Pretest ..........................................................50 Quiz 1 ............................................................................51 Quiz 2 ............................................................................52 Quiz 3 ............................................................................53 Mid-Chapter Review .................................................54 Vocabulary Test ..........................................................55 Oral Assessment ........................................................56 Chapter Project Rubric .............................................58 Foldables Rubric ........................................................59 Test Form 1 .................................................................60 Test Form 2A ...............................................................62 Test Form 2B...............................................................64 Test Form 2C...............................................................66 Test Form 2D ..............................................................68 Test Form 3 .................................................................70 Extended-Response Test .........................................72 Student Recording Sheet ....................................73 Cumulative Standardized Test Practice..............................................................74 Answer Pages ...........................................................A1

Reteach .........................................................................23 Skills Practice ..............................................................24 Homework Practice ..................................................25 Problem-Solving Practice ........................................26 Enrich.............................................................................27

Reteach .........................................................................28 Skills Practice ..............................................................29 Homework Practice ..................................................30 Problem-Solving Practice ........................................31 Enrich.............................................................................32

iii

worksheets for problem-solving lessons follow a slightly different format. learning style. Homework Practice The Homework Practice worksheet provides an opportunity for additional computational practice. The Skills Practice worksheet may be helpful in providing additional practice of the skill taught in the lesson. The Homework Practice worksheet includes word problems that address the skill taught in the lesson.Teacher’s Guide to Using the Chapter 2 Resource Masters The Chapter 2 Resource Masters includes the core materials needed for Chapter 2. Chapter Resources Graphic Organizer (page 1) This master is a tool designed to assist students with comprehension of grade-level concepts. Edition. For each Problem-Solving Strategy lesson. You can use this survey to highlight what students may or may not know about the concepts in the chapter. While the content and layout of these tools vary. In contrast. Some Enrich materials are designed to widen students’ perspectives on the mathematics they are learning. Skills Practice The Skills Practice worksheet for each lesson focuses on the computational aspect of the lesson. Anticipation Guide (page 6) This master is a survey designed for use before beginning the chapter. You may suggest that students highlight or star the terms they do not understand. their goal is to assist students by providing a visual representation from which they can learn new concepts. Game (page 7) A game is provided to reinforce chapter concepts and may be used at appropriate times throughout the chapter. to determine their progress. or modality than that used in the Student . Remind them to add these pages to their mathematics study notebooks. Give this list to students before beginning Lesson 2–1. the Reteach worksheet focuses on the same lesson content but uses a different approach. The Reteach worksheet closes with computational practice of the concept. the Problem-Solving Resources for Computational Lessons Reteach Each lesson has an associated Reteach worksheet. a two-page Reteach worksheet offers a complete model for choosing a problemsolving strategy. These materials include worksheets. These worksheets are written for use with all levels of students. All of the materials found in this booklet are included for viewing and printing on the TeacherWorks PlusTM CD-ROM. Reteach and Homework Practice worksheets offer reinforcement of the strategy taught in the Student Edition lesson. There is space for recording how well students answer the questions before they complete the chapter. extensions. Student Glossary (page 2) This master is a study tool that presents the key vocabulary terms from the chapter. Problem-Solving Practice The ProblemSolving Practice worksheet presents additional reinforcement in solving word problems that apply both the concepts of the lesson and some review concepts. You may find it helpful to interview students a second time. The answers for these pages appear at the back of this booklet. after completing the chapter. For problem-solving lessons. In general. Enrich The Enrich worksheet presents activities that extend the concepts of the lesson. Resources for Problem-Solving Strategy and Problem-Solving Investigation Lessons In recognition of the importance of problem-solving strategies. and assessment options.

Cumulative Standardized Test Practice This three-page test. Performance on the pretest can help you determine which concepts can be covered quickly and which specific concepts may need additional time. Student Recording Sheet This one-page recording sheet is for the standardized test in the Student Edition. Chapter Pretest This one-page quick check of the chapter’s concepts is useful for determining pacing. Although this assessment is designed to be used with all students. Full size line-up answer keys are provided for the Assessment Masters. the interview format focuses on assessing chapter content assimilated by ELL students. or mastered (M). offers multiple-choice questions and free-response questions. Assessment Options The assessment masters in the Chapter 2 Resource Masters offer a wide variety of assessment tools for monitoring progress as well as final assessment. Chapter Diagnostic Assessment This onepage test assesses students’ grasp of skills that are needed for success in the chapter. It is suitable for all students. It may be used as a retest for students who received additional instruction following the Form 1 test. Leveled Chapter Tests • Form 1 assesses basic chapter concepts through multiple-choice questions and is designed for use with on-level students. Individual Progress Checklist This checklist explains the chapter’s goals or objectives. The checklist includes space to record notes to parents as well as other pertinent observations. Answers The answers for the Anticipation Guide and Lesson Resources are provided as reduced pages with answers appearing in black. • Form 2B is designed for students with a below-level command of the English language. • Extended-Response Test is an extended response test for on-level students. Teachers can record whether a student’s mastery of each objective is beginning (B). • Form 2A is designed for on-level students and is primarily for those who may have missed the Form 1 test. developing (D). Vocabulary Test This one-page test focuses on chapter vocabulary. Chapter Project Rubric This one-page rubric is designed for use in assessing the chapter project. You may want to distribute copies of the rubric when you assign the project and use the rubric to record each student’s chapter project score. • Form 2C is a free-response test designed for on-level students. Foldables Rubric This one-page rubric is designed to assess the Foldables graphic organizer. Quizzes Three free-response quizzes offer quick assessment opportunities at appropriate intervals in the chapter. It includes both multiple-choice and free-response questions. v . Oral Assessment This two-page test consists of one page for teacher directions and questions and a second page for recording responses.Investigation worksheets include a model strategy on the Reteach worksheets and provide problems requiring several alternate strategies on the Homework Practice and Skills Practice worksheets. • Form 3 is a free-response test written for above-level students. Mid-Chapter Review This one-page chapter test provides an option to assess the first half of the chapter. It includes a list of vocabulary words and questions to assess students’ knowledge of the words. • Form 2D is written for students with a below-level command of the English language. The rubric is written to the students. aimed at on-level students. telling them what you will be looking for as you evaluate their completed Foldables graphic organizer.

.

2 Name Date Graphic Organizer Chapter Resources Use this graphic organizer to take notes on Chapter 2: Addition. Example 2+ = Associative Property The Associative Property of Addition states that the does not change the Example (3 + 4) + 5 . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. Example 2+4=6 +2= Identity Property The Identity Property of Addition states that the sum of any and is the . Fill in the missing information. Commutative Property The Commutative Property of Addition states that the in which numbers are does not change the . Inc. Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. 7+5 12 3 + (4 + + 12 ) Grade 3 1 Chapter 2 .

a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. Found on Page Vocabulary Term Associative Property of Addition Definition/Description/Example Commutative Property of Addition Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. Inc. As you study the chapter. decimal point estimate Grade 3 2 Chapter 2 . Remember to add the page number where you found the term. Add this page to your math study notebook to review vocabulary at the end of the chapter. complete each term’s definition or description.2 Name Date Student-Built Glossary This is an alphabetical list of new vocabulary terms you will learn in Chapter 2: Addition.

2 Name Date (continued) Chapter Resources Student-Built Glossary Vocabulary Term front-end estimation Identity Property of Addition Found on Page Definition/Description/Example regroup Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. Inc. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. Grade 3 3 Chapter 2 .

clerk and th tore clerk. ______________________ Key Vocabulary Commutative Property of Addition states that the order in which the numbers are added does not change the sum 3 + 4 = 7 and 4 + 3 = 7 Identity Property of Addition states that the sum of any number and zero is the number 4 + 0 = 4 and 0 + 4 = 4 Associative Property of Addition states that grouping the addends does not change the sum (3 + 3) + 4 = 10 and 3 + (3 + 4) = 10 regroup renaming a number using place value 10 ones = 1 ten estimate finding an answer that is close to the exact answer ound the us items ar io ke Collect var a store. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. store g as the s When actin the shopeach item write down the items s and add ill. How for pend? Ask: ney did I s ck? mo did I get ba ch change mu Activity Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. Ma and set up house s for each er price tag b e whole num acting as th Take turns item. : ddition 2 A Today my class started Chapter 2: Addition. G use paper e shopper. e shopper. Inc. per choose pper the b ive the sho up. I will learn how addition will help me every day.2 Name Date Family Letter Dear Family. Love. Books to Read The Hershey’s Kisses Addition Book by Jerry Pallotta Once Upon a Dime by Nancy Kelly Allen The M & M’s Counting Book by Barbara McGrath Grade 3 4 Chapter 2 . y Acting as th oney to pa s as play m uch and button Ask: How m the items. Here are my vocabulary words and an activity that we can do together. I will also learn how addition can help when you want to buy things.

a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. The dollar sign (\$) comes after the number. 10. You should regroup when the sum of the column is greater than 9. Use examples. STEP 1 A. 9. • Decide whether you agree (A) or disagree (D) with the statement. Grade 3 6 Chapter 2 . or NS STEP 2 A or D Statement 1. Inc. (2 + 2) + 3 and 2 + (2 + 3) have the same sum. write NS (not sure). • Write A or D in the first column OR if you are not sure whether you agree or disagree. Adding cents is like adding whole numbers except that you place the cent sign (¢) after the sum of cents. use a separate sheet of paper to explain why you disagree. Using estimation is a good way to check for the reasonableness of a sum. 8. • Did any of your opinions about the statements change from the first column? • For those statements that you mark with a D. 4. D. The Identity Property of Addition states that the sum of any number and zero is the number. it is not necessary to line up the decimal points. Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. When adding money.2 Name Date Anticipation Guide Addition Before you begin Chapter 2 STEP 1 • Read each statement. if possible. 6. Estimates are never useful. 5. In front-end estimation. The order in which numbers are added changes the sum. 7. 2. STEP 2 After you complete Chapter 2 • Reread each statement and complete the last column by entering an A (agree) or a D (disagree). you add the end-digits of the numbers. 3.

Place the cards face up between the players. Then add the numbers. 5. 4. The player with the most cards wins. the other player gets the cards.452 1. Have the player keep the cards if the prediction was correct. 3. 2. Count the cards when all the cards have been used.2 Name Date Chapter 2 Game Chapter Resources Regroup or Not? You will need: • 12 index cards • paper • marker and pencils 3. Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill.674 Write several 3.and 4-digit numbers on the index cards. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. Inc. Take turns choosing cards and adding the numbers. 1. Grade 3 7 Chapter 2 . Have the first player choose 2 number cards and tell if he or she will regroup when the numbers are added. If the prediction was incorrect.

. then you know Find each sum. Inc. If you know 3 + 6 = +3= 2. 1. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 3 + 9 = Grade 3 5. but the sum is always the same.1 You can use different strategies to help you add. 4+5=9 5+4=9 Identity Property When you add 0 to a number. 4. (2 + 4) + 6 6+6 12 Fill in the blank. 3AF1.1. 0 + 4 = Chapter 2 . then you know . then you know .2–1 Name Date Reteach Addition Properties 3NS2. 9 + 2 = 8. the sum is always that number. 3. Commutative Property You can change the order of the addends. 4 + 7 = 7. If you know (5 + 6) + 4 = 5+( + 4) = 2 + (4 + 6) 2 + 10 12 Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. 6+0=6 Associative Property You can group the addends and keep the sum the same. 7 + 5 = 9. . If you know 8 + 0 = +8= . 12 + 5 = 8 6.

A. 2 7 +3 5. 14 + 4 = 18 4+ = 18 3. 4 1 5 +6 Grade 3 9 Chapter 2 . 3AF1. =9 +( + 2) = 9 C. Fill in the missing numbers below. 220 + 0 = 2. Associative: (4 + 3) + 2 = Find each missing number. 8 + (2 + 5) + 3 = (8 + 2) + (5 + 3) = Find each sum mentally. Commutative: 4 + 3 + 2 = 2 + 4 + 3 = B. Identity: 0 + Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. 4. Identify the property shown. using each property.2–1 Name Date Skills Practice Addition Properties 3NS2. 6 8 +2 6. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.1 Chapter Resources How many pieces of fruit are pictured above? 4 +3 +2 = 9 pieces of fruit We can get the same result by using addition properties.1. Inc. 1.

592 10. Identify the property shown. 1 + (9 + 5) = (1 + 9) + 5 = Find each missing number. 4.038 Grade 3 10 Chapter 2 . 5. 3. (0 + 7) + 3 = + (7 + 3) 6. 5 + 4 = 4+5= 2.801 8. 3AF1. 6. Round to the nearest thousand. Identify the property shown. (7 + 9) + 3 = (7 + 3) + 9 = 4.192 9. 46 + 0 = 3. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.1 Find each sum.1. (Lesson 1–9) 7. 20 + 40 = 40 + Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill.2–1 Name Date Homework Practice Addition Properties 3NS2. 1. 5. Inc.

She is using 3 wooden beads. She has 7 boxes of paper. What is the total number of beads in her bracelet? 4.1 Chapter Resources Chapter 2 Solve. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. Tamika is making a bracelet. How many bags and boxes does she have? Grade 3 11 . he’s collected 9 yellow leaves. 3AF1. 2 sweaters. 4 blue beads. 5 red leaves. 2 bags of bottles. 3.1. Which property will make your addition easier? 5. Was he correct? Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. 3 long-sleeved pullovers. 1. 5 silver beads. Ryan switched the parentheses from 7 + (3 + 6) to (7 + 3) + 6. Pedro must find 20 autumn leaves. Find how many tops he has. and 1 jacket. and 3 black beads. Rita has collected items to take to her recycling center. For a science project. Inc. So far. In order to solve a math problem. How many leaves does he have so far? How many more does he need? Which addition property did you use? 2. Jose has 9 T-shirts.2–1 Name Date Problem-Solving Practice Addition Properties 3NS2. and 1 orange leaf. 5 gold beads. He told his teacher that he’d used the Commutative Property of Addition. and 1 bag of cans.

However. They have daily specials. 2. Inc. How many cake doughnuts did he use to fill the box? Complete the number sentence. It is a combination of glazed and cake. Monday’s special is 8 doughnuts. Matt puts the cake doughnuts in the box first. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. blueberry.1. 3AF1. First he put in five glazed. and cream. 1. Friday is one of a kind day. Follow the directions for each problem. Pat arranged the first box.2–1 Name Date Enrich Filling Doughnut Boxes 3NS2. 5 glazed + cake = 8 doughnuts Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. they use two boxes. glazed + cake + Grade 3 cake = 12 doughnuts glazed = 12 doughnuts 12 Chapter 2 . Here are some other things you should know: • When the daily special has more than 13 doughnuts. cake. Complete these number sentences that show how a box will be filled with either 12 glazed or 12 cake doughnuts but not both. • Pat and Matt make only four kinds of doughnuts: glazed. cake + glazed = 8 doughnuts 3. they do not always agree on the order doughnuts should go into the boxes. Complete the number sentence to show what Matt does. Then tell which property you used.1 Pat and Matt own a doughnut shop.

Inc. First. Step 2 Plan Do you need an exact answer to this question? No. about how many cards can they make? Step 1 Understand What facts do you know? • Leah makes 12 cards in an hour.5 Chapter Resources Chapter 2 Sometimes when you solve a problem you need an exact answer. When you see about. Notice that since 12 + 9 = 21. Steven can make 9 cards in the same amount of time. Leah can make 12 greeting cards.2–2 Name Date Reteach Problem-Solving Skill 3MR2. • Steven makes 9 cards in an hour. Leah 12 cards 10 cards Steven 9 cards 10 cards Now.” you know that making an estimate is the correct plan. In an hour’s time. Step 4 Check Look back at the problem. This will give you a final estimate. you know that an estimated answer is needed. Leah and Steven can make about 20 greeting cards in an hour. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. round each number. Step 3 Solve Grade 3 13 . your estimate is very close to the exact answer! Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. add both of your rounded numbers. Deciding if you need an exact answer or an estimate will help you solve the problem. Since it says “about how many. Together. Let’s try an example. Other times you need an estimate. 10 + 10 = 20 So.

a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.5 Tell whether an estimate or an exact answer is needed. About how much money would Katie need to buy the following items at the grocery store? Toy 1 Toy 2 32¢ 24¢ Grade 3 14 Chapter 2 . On Saturday. Who will earn more money? 2.2–2 Name Date Reteach Problem-Solving Skill (continued) 3MR2. 4. 5. About how much did she spend on her car? Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. Another piece was 41 inches long. Zachary’s sister works in the garden for 2 hours and earns \$5 every hour. In 3 weeks. Inc. about how many books and magazines will be received? 3. Llamas spent \$62 for gas and \$85 for repairs on her car. Then solve. One piece was 12 inches long. 1. Raul cut 2 pieces of fabric. Ms. Last week. Zachary is paid \$12. Will Raul have enough fabric for a project that needs 67 inches of fabric? Explain. For mowing the lawn. The Littleton Public Library gets 37 new magazines and books every week.

Twenty-six babies are born every day at the Pine Valley Hospital. There are 75 chairs at the concert. In all. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. Will there be enough for everyone to have one piece of fruit? Explain. 6 oranges. and 8 peaches. Then solve. Inc. 7 bananas. 1. Jasmine and Casey buy 11 apples. The head and body of Chan’s favorite dinosaur is 36 feet long. There are 34 students in their class. how long is the entire dinosaur? 2. For Exercise 2. Is estimation a good way to solve this problem? 4.5 Chapter Resources Chapter 2 Tell whether an estimate or an exact answer is needed. about how many babies will be born there? Grade 3 15 . In 2 days. Four chairs are broken. use estimation to see whether or not Jasmine and Casey will have enough fruit for the class. and the tail is 19 feet long. Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. Chan is learning about dinosaurs.2–2 Name Date Skills Practice Problem-Solving Skill 3MR2. How many people can sit on chairs at the concert? 5. Jasmine and Casey are in charge of bringing fruit for the class picnic. 3.

3. 1. The Coopertown Museum of Art has 12 sculptures and 39 pieces of pottery.2–2 Name Date Homework Practice Problem-Solving Skill 3MR2. 5 + 4 + 2 = 5+2+4= Grade 3 16 Chapter 2 .5 Tell whether an estimate or an exact answer is needed. In Mr. How many shelves are there in all? Find each sum. Ogden’s class. 12 + (3 + 4) = (12 + 3) + 4 = 5. Are there enough students entered? Explain. there are 16 shelves of novels and 21 shelves of history books. Identify the property shown. Then solve. 19 students entered the contest. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. (Lesson 2–1) 4. At Marta’s school library. 9 students entered. Inc. 2. About how many total pieces of art does the museum have? Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. The principal of Sydney Elementary School wants at least 50 students to enter the National Poetry Contest. In Miss Lee’s class.

2–2

Name

Date

Enrich
Straight Line Sums
2 7 6 5 4

3MR2.5
Chapter Resources
25
Chapter 2

3

The sum of the numbers in each straight line must be the same. Find the missing numbers. 1.

2.

25

3.

10

25

4. Explain the strategy you used to find the missing numbers.

17

2–3

Name

Date

Reteach
Estimate Sums

3NS1.4

Estimation can be a very useful tool. The Corner News Stand sold 122 newspapers on Monday and 94 newspapers on Tuesday. About how many newspapers were sold in all? Rounding will help you find the answer to this problem. Corner News Stand Actual amount Round to the nearest 100 Monday Tuesday Estimated Total 122 94 100 100 200

About 200 newspapers were sold on these two days.

Front-end estimation is another way to find an approximate sum. At the community center, 36 people are swimming and 54 people are playing golf. About how many people are there in all? Use the front digits, and change the other digits to 0. 36 30 54 50

30 + 50 = 80 So, there are about 80 people at the community center. Estimate each sum using rounding. 1. 49¢ + 23¢ 2. 59 + 32

Estimate each sum using front-end estimation. 3. \$77 + \$66 4. 26 + 59

18

Chapter 2

2–3

Name

Date

Skills Practice
Estimate Sums

3NS1.4
Chapter Resources
Chapter 2

Estimate each sum using rounding. 1. 95 + 31 3. 90 + 85 5. 42 + 61 2. 16 + 12 4. 39 + 78 6. 22 + 84

Estimate each sum using front-end estimation 7. 50 + 86 9. 98 + 81 11. 24 + 76

8. 47 + 24 10. 45 + 85 12. 83 + 31

Solve. 13. Kayla collects animal pictures. So far, she has 27 horse pictures and 12 pictures of bears. About how many pictures does she have now?

14. This week the school store sold 39 pencils and 12 folders. About how many pencils and folders did the school store sell this week?

19

38 + 45 Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. 5. 65 people worked out. Filipa wants to learn karate. and a karate suit costs \$35. Then they go to visit her aunt. 46 + 89 7. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. (Lesson 2–2) 9. Her family drives 49 miles to see her grandparents and drives 17 more miles to her aunt’s house.4 Estimate each sum using rounding. How many miles do they drive? Grade 3 20 Chapter 2 . 12 + 99 8. 54 + 86 3.2–3 Name Date Homework Practice Estimate Sums 3NS1. One month of classes costs \$55. On Sunday. Then solve. 12 + 81 2. 73 people worked out at the Ferndale Fitness Center. About how many people were at the fitness center on those two days? 6. How much will she pay? 10. Every Sunday. Tell whether an estimate or an exact answer is needed. 15 + 29 4. 28 + 76 Estimate each sum using front-end estimation. Jamila and her family visit her grandparents. Last Saturday. Inc. 1.

about how much will she pay? 2. about how much will it cost if Robert buys a hat and a shirt? 4. If Kiki buys a digital camera that costs \$73 and a book that costs \$12. Use the information below for Exercises 3 and 4. will they have enough money? Explain. and her sister Maria has saved \$13.2–3 Name Date Problem-Solving Practice Estimate Sums 3NS1. Grade 3 21 . They want to buy their mother a \$30 pair of earrings for Mothers’ Day.4 Chapter Resources Chapter 2 Solve. Inc. 1. Using front-end estimation. Estimate by rounding to find about how much their items will cost in all. The Centerville Store sells items for the following prices: Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. Two sisters are each buying a hat and a shirt. hat shirt \$12 \$17 3. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. Together. Michelle has saved \$11 from her allowance.

Lin’s class sold 215 tickets. The teachers told Ted and Jen that they think space camp will cost \$39 for the students and \$16 for the adults. About how many pounds of cans did the two classes collect? Write what Ted and Jen would estimate. Mrs. The students also sold raffle tickets to help pay for food and bus costs for the trip. lower. Are Jen’s estimates usually higher. About how many tickets did the two classes sell? Write what Ted and Jen would estimate. 1. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. or the same as Ted’s estimates? Grade 3 22 Chapter 2 . Mr. The teachers want Ted and Jen to help them make estimates. Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill.4 Ted and Jen are helping their teachers plan a field trip to space camp. Jen makes front-end estimates. Ted estimates by rounding. Inc. About how much will all of the tickets cost? Write what Ted and Jen would estimate. Rico’s class sold 150 tickets. Whose estimate is closer to the actual cost? 2. 4. One class collected 51 pounds of cans. 3. The students collected soda cans to recycle to help pay for the trip.2–3 Name Date Enrich About How Much? 3NS1. Ted and Jen have different ways of estimating. Another class collected 32 pounds.

while the digit on the right shows how many ones we have. 66 + 6 = 9. 34 + 7 = 12. Since (7 − 6 = 1). Add. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. Using your pencil.2–4 Name Date Reteach Two-Digit Addition 3NS2. Check for reasonableness.1 Chapter Resources Chapter 2 The left side of a two-digit number tells us how many tens we have. if you have 34 marbles. 77 + 3 = 11. 52 + 9 = 8. you have 3 groups of ten marbles and 4 marbles. Inc. it is easy to see that you now have 41 marbles. 37 + 2 = 2. 1. you can add 6 of them to your group of 4 marbles (4 + 6 = 10) to make another tenmarble group. 12 + 19 = 6. For example. Looking at the chart. you will have one marble left over. 41 + 6 = 4. 18 + 36 = 3. 50 + 8 = Grade 3 7. Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. 51 + 11 = 23 . 33 + 16 = 5. If a friend gives you 7 more marbles. add the marbles to the chart above. 43 + 9 = 10.

How many pieces of fruit did they buy? 16. Javier bought 18 peaches. 15. 3 + 37 = 76 9.2–4 Name Date Skills Practice Two-Digit Addition 3NS2. Alondra’s science class planted 29 zinnia seeds and 31 marigold seeds. What is the total number of seeds they planted? Grade 3 24 Chapter 2 . 38 + 16 = 2. 83 + 3 = 121 11. 0 + 46 = 96 10. 45 + 25 = 6. 1. 13. For a family picnic. 7. 32 + 12 = 4. Check for reasonableness. and his sister bought 24 apples. 6 + 54 = 150 12. 31 + 22 = 3. 11 + 6 = 97 Solve. 5 + 27 = 84 Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. 4 + 31 = 75 14.1 Add. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 29 + 50 = ALGEBRA Find each missing digit. Inc. 72 + 2 = 94 8. 12 + 17 = 5.

21 + 34 7. 92 + 44 17. There are 54 small fish and 27 big fish in a pond. 19 + 48 14. 25 + 3 8. 15. Check for reasonableness. 1. 79 + 17 Grade 3 13. How many attended in all? Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. 11. 43 + 46 Estimate each sum using front-end estimation. 32 + 6 4. How many fish are there altogether? Estimate each sum using rounding. 22 + 58 25 . 46 + 10 9. Inc. 10. 35 + 16 2. 27 girls and 25 boys attended. 19 + 49 6.2–4 Name Date Homework Practice Two-Digit Addition 3NS2. 23 + 63 3. (Lesson 2–3) 12. 44 + 13 5.1 Chapter Resources Chapter 2 Add. 14 + 76 Solve. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. At the Park School Soccer Camp. 27 + 24 16.

Fill in the chart below to find how many there are in each group. 1. Add your sums from Exercise 1 to find the total number of animals in Ripple Creek Zoo. Bears 6 brown bears 2 polar bears Monkeys 4 chimpanzees 2 baboons Deer 7 antelopes 4 gazelles Snakes 1 boa 2 pythons 2.2–4 Name Date Problem-Solving Practice Two-Digit Addition 3NS2.1 Solve. Pablo’s family went on a trip to the beach. there are four different kinds of animals. and then after lunch they drove another 45 miles. There were already 21 people in the rink when 37 Auburn Elementary School students arrived. How many people are now at the rink? Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. they drove 26 miles. 3. In the Ripple Creek Zoo. Brianna’s mother told her to do 50 minutes of homework. In all. Only 50 people at a time can skate at Brown’s Ice Skating Rink. If she does 15 minutes of math homework and 37 minutes of English. Inc. will this be enough homework time? How long has Brianna worked? 5. how far did they travel? Grade 3 26 Chapter 2 . 4. In the morning.

During their second day in the park. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. they left the campground. 1. If they traveled from Lookout Point to The Caves by the shortest route. Then they went to Deer Run Campground by the shortest route. How many miles did they travel to get to Lookout Point? 3. how many miles did they travel? Grade 3 27 . Gene said he wanted to see The Caves before going back to the campground. How many miles did they travel from the Park Entrance? 2. The family went to the Visitors’ Center after entering the park. Inc.1 Chapter Resources Lookout Point Chapter 2 Gene’s family is visiting Greenway Park for a vacation.2–4 Name Date Enrich Miles of Vacation Fun 3NS2. Visitors' Center 16 miles Old Mill Campground 15 mil es 9 miles mi le s 13 13 le mi s 9 miles The Caves 4m s ile Park Entrance 17 mi les 9 miles Deer Run Campground 7 miles Table Rock Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. Then they went to Lookout Point after stopping at Table Rock. While the family was at Lookout Point. It also shows where they can camp. This map shows the places they can stop and visit.

6. Samantha opened her piggy bank and found 75¢ inside. except that you put a cent sign (¢) after each number. If she has 8¢ in her pocket. 5.1. Here is another way to write the problem. 45¢ + 27¢ ______ \$15 + \$23 ______ 28 3. 1 Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill.08 \$0. but a dollar sign (\$) is written before each number. \$28 +\$31 _____ Grade 3 Chapter 2 . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. it is just like adding one.83 Samantha has a total of 83¢. \$0. Add. A. Use a decimal point to separate dollars and cents. Inc. Notice that 8¢ is now written \$0. how much money does she have? Add 75¢ + 8¢. Here is one way to find the sum. 1.01 + \$0. 1 75¢ 8¢ 83¢ B. \$0. Adding dollars is just the same. 3NS3.49 _______ 4.or two-digit numbers.2–5 Name Date Reteach Add Money 3NS2.75 + \$0. 12¢ + 77¢ ______ \$65 + \$16 ______ 2. because there is nothing in the tenths (dimes) place.3 When you add cents.08. Use estimation to check for reasonableness.

61¢ + 11¢ = 12.23 + \$0.33 + \$0.01 = 7. Inc. 45¢ + 45¢ = 4. \$70 + \$12 = 11.50 + \$0. Clothing Outlet Pullovers Tennis shoes Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. Alanzo wants to buy a basketball that costs \$15 and a T-shirt that costs \$14.38 = 2. 1. 83¢ + 12¢ = 3. \$0. \$0. How much would that cost? 14. How much will these cost? 15.3 Chapter Resources Chapter 2 Add. 23¢ + 26¢ = 9. \$30 + \$27 = 10. \$0. \$72 + \$14 = 5. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.2–5 Name Date Skills Practice Add Money 3NS2. How much will he spend in all? Grade 3 29 .79 = 8.27 = 6. 3NS3. \$84 + \$43 = Solve.1. Use estimation to check for reasonableness.05 + \$0. \$0. \$18 \$25 \$4 \$35 Socks Swimsuits 13. Justin is buying a pullover and a pair of socks. Lalia wants to buy a swimsuit and a pair of tennis shoes. Use the table for Exercises 13 and 14.

If she buys a book that costs \$9 and a poster costing \$4. \$68 + \$8 = 7. \$0. Use estimation to check for reasonableness.3 Add. (Lesson 2–4) 13. \$34 + \$17 = 10. \$13 + \$78 = 9. Anna has \$15. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 1.1. how much money will she have left? 12. \$12 + \$79 = 4. 25 + 7 76 + 15 14. 21. Inc. \$0.50 = 6. 41¢ + 18¢ = 3. 65 + 25 17.75 = 11. 22. Add. what will she pay in all? Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill.39 + \$0.2–5 Name Date Homework Practice Add Money 3NS2.08 + \$0. 16 + 25 19. 3NS3.15 + \$0. 41 + 9 47 + 15 18. 19 + 29 16. If Yolanda buys a birthday card for 36¢ and a thank-you card for 46¢. \$21 + \$33 = 8. \$46 + \$89 = 2. 55 + 32 15.76 = 5. Grade 3 30 Chapter 2 . \$0. Check for reasonableness. 34 + 8 29 + 46 20.

Pia has to buy a ruler that costs 42¢ and a compass that costs 49¢. Inc. 3NS3. In all.16 on Tuesday.25 at the beach on Monday and \$0. Melons cost \$2 each. The food will cost \$63 and the decorations will cost \$17. how much money did he find? 2. How much did her family’s dinner cost? 5.05 and got \$0. Find the Error Javan added \$0. The spaghetti cost \$45 and the dessert cost \$25.29 + \$0. 3. For math class. How much will he spend altogether? 6.79 for his total. How much money will she spend? Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill.3 Chapter Resources Chapter 2 1. Find the correct answer. how much will she pay? Grade 3 31 . Brian found \$0.1. Ryan is inviting friends to his party. Mei Ling bought dinner for her family. If Monica buys 3 melons and \$28 worth of seafood.2–5 Name Date Problem-Solving Practice Add Money 3NS2. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. and explain Javan’s error. 4.

3 Read the clues for each problem. She has twice as many nickels as pennies. 3NS3. write \$1. Then add the value of the coins. One is a quarter. nickels. if the total is 34 cents write 34¢.34 for 1 dollar and 34 cents. Tell what each coin is worth by writing the amount on a circle. He has 4 more pennies than nickels.1. He has twice as many nickels as dimes. How much money does Pete have? = 2. nickels. use a cent sign (¢).2–5 Name Date Enrich Mystery Money 3NS2. and dimes. use a \$ and a decimal point. and pennies. Inc. His coin with the greatest value is a quarter. How much money does she have? = Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. The rest are pennies. If the value is more than 99 cents. For example. What are the values of his coins? = Grade 3 32 Chapter 2 . If the total is 99 cents or less. 1. if the total is 134 cents. Three of his coins have the same value. His coin with the least value is a nickel. 3. Tyrone has six coins that total 60¢. She has twice as many pennies as quarters. Pete collects dimes. Misty has eight coins. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.

a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. and how many books each person has. Grade 3 33 .2–6 Name Date Reteach Problem-Solving Investigation 3MR1. all of their books will not fit. Ed has 19 books. so make a table. Step 1 Understand You know how many books each of the 3 shelves will hold. Step 4 Check Look back at the problem. Will all of their books fit on the bookshelf? There is a lot to organize and understand in this problem. 2+4=6 There is room for 5 books on Jen’s shelf. Step 2 Plan There is a lot of information. Sarah has 17 books. Shelf Shelf 1 (Sarah) Shelf 2 (Ed) Shelf 3 (Jen) Books on Shelf 15 15 10 Books left over? 2 4 0 Space on shelf? no no yes—for 5 books Sarah has 2 books left over and Ed has 4 books left over. Each shelf can hold 15 books. Inc.1 Chapter Resources Chapter 2 The bookshelf at Sarah’s house has 3 shelves. Step 3 Solve Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. Since 6 is greater than 5. Use a four-step plan. Jen has 10 books.

1 15 + 15 + 15 = bookshelf. Students were growing plants in science class. Inc. 2. Every year. . There are 15 cards in one box and 64 cards in another box. and 2 plants have 6 flowers each. Daniel’s mother volunteers about 245 hours in the hospital.2–6 Name Date Reteach Problem-Solving Investigation (continued) . There are 31 students in Miss Strom’s class and 27 students in Miss Wilson’s class. About how many students are there in all? Grade 3 34 Chapter 2 . 3. Since 46 > 45. 17 + 19 + 10 = left over. 4 plants have flowered: 2 plants have 3 flowers each. Solve. In 2 years. How many cards are there in all? 4. So far. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. one book will be 1. about how many hours of volunteer work will she do? Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. so books can fit on the 3MR1. Find the total number of flowers.

For Garrett’s birthday party. How much money do they have in all? 2. How many cookies are there in all? 3. Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. there are 22 minnows. In another aquarium. he is bringing 2 bags of cookies to school. Amanda has \$0.1 Chapter Resources Chapter 2 Solve. About how many pond animals are there? Grade 3 35 . Delmar’s school has collected money for charity. 4.2–6 Name Date Skills Practice Problem-Solving Investigation 3MR1. An apple costs \$0. In one aquarium. can they buy the apple to share? Explain. there are 27 snails. They collected \$47 from Mrs.85. Johnson’s class and \$52 from Mr.54 in her pocket. King’s class. Bill has \$0. Each bag contains 24 cookies. 1.34 in his pocket. If they combine their money. Inc.

\$28 + \$48 Grade 3 36 Chapter 2 . On Saturday morning. how many blocks did he ride? 2. 1. Al travels 75 miles on the bus to his grandparent’s house. and the Wardrobe. Inc. In all. Ernesto’s friend lives 7 blocks away from his house. 4. the Witch. (Lesson 2–5) 5. ballet dancers performed for 19 minutes and modern dancers performed for 24 minutes. About how long was the recital? Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. how many pages can they read in 2 weeks? 3. Al’s mother drives him 16 miles to the bus station.2–6 Name Date Homework Practice Problem-Solving Investigation 3MR1. Mrs. Ernesto rode his bike to his friend’s house and rode back home later on. Use estimation to check for reasonableness. and later on he rode back home. 12¢ + 77¢ 8.1 Use the four-step plan to solve each problem. 46¢ + 35¢ 6. \$55 + \$13 7. If they read 16 pages every week. How many miles does he travel in all? Add. At a dance recital. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. Shelley’s class is reading The Lion. he rode to his friend’s house again. In the afternoon. Al visits his grandparents every summer.

Example: 75 + 57 = 132. keep adding reversed numbers until you get a palindrome number. For example. What would happen if you tried to subtract rather than add numbers that were the reverse of the given numbers? Do you think you would ever get to a palindrome answer? Why? Grade 3 37 . If it is a palindrome. Add the reversed number to the given number. 58 2.2–6 Name Date Enrich Palindrome Addition 3MR1. 497 4. 77 Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. circle the sum and stop. If it is not a palindrome. Check the sum. reverse the digits of the given number. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 132 + 231 = 363 1.1 Chapter Resources Chapter 2 A palindrome number is one that reads the same forward and backward. → 171 171 ← For each problem. 3. Inc. 171 is a palindrome.

3 ones _____ 267 Think: 11 tens = + 46 1 hundred. Inc. Regroup if necessary. 146 + 29 _____ 2. Find each sum.2–7 Name Date Reteach Three-Digit Addition 3NS2. Add 267 + 46. 1 1. 1 ten _____ 267 Think: 1 hundred + + 46 2 hundreds = _____ 3 hundreds Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill.1. Step 3 Add the hundreds. 473 + 55 _____ 3. Regroup if necessary. Step 1 Add the ones. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 182 +275 _____ Grade 3 38 Chapter 2 . 3NS3.3 You can use models to add. 1 11 11 267 Think: 13 ones = + 46 1 ten. 245 +128 _____ 4. Use models to help. Regroup if necessary. Step 2 Add the tens.

661 + 99 5. 144 + 67 7. 342 + 208 Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. Inc. 4. \$7. Miranda’s sunflower plants grew 27 inches in the first month and 37 inches the second month. In February. she read a book that was 124 pages long.16 6. In March.1. 682 + 39 9. the principal has ordered 215 muffins and 155 bagels. Use estimation to check for reasonableness.2–7 Name Date Skills Practice Three-Digit Addition 3NS2. How many muffins and bagels were there in all? 2. 10. Lucinda read a book that was 98 pages long.75 + \$1. 3NS3. \$5.78 + \$7.3 Chapter Resources Chapter 2 Find each sum. For a PTA meeting at the Parkvale Elementary School. 49 + 13 3.85 Solve. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 711 + 193 8. How tall were Miranda’s sunflowers after two months? Grade 3 39 . How many pages did she read in February and March? 11. 1.

52 + \$1. A canary costs \$89. 3NS3. 29 + 66 3. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. How many miles is the entire trip to Springfield? Grade 3 40 Chapter 2 . 653 + 284 5. A truck is delivering fresh vegetables to the Springfield Grocery Store.1. and then goes 39 miles west to Springfield.3 Find each sum. Use estimation to check for reasonableness.51 + \$4. Inc. (Lesson 2–6) 7.65 2.18 4. Kevin’s family bought 2 pizzas that cost \$12 each. How much did these items cost altogether? Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill.2–7 Name Date Homework Practice Three-Digit Addition 3NS2. and a birdcage costs \$82.39 Use the four-step plan to solve each problem.45 + \$3. 178 + 99 6. About how much do the bird and cage cost altogether? 9. 1. \$6. \$3. Starting from Bealstown. 8. \$4. it goes 27 miles north to Bentley.

95 for 15 minutes. How many miles does she travel coming home and going back to college? Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill.2–7 Name Date Problem-Solving Practice Three-Digit Addition 3NS2.3 Chapter Resources Chapter 2 Find each sum. One cost \$6.1. 3NS3. How much will the rug and the sofa cost altogether? 3.25 and one cost \$3. He decides he would like 315 blue marbles and 15 green marbles. 4. Megan’s older sister goes to a college that is 197 miles from home. Jens called his family in Germany twice and talked 15 minutes each time.35. A new rug will cost \$249 and a new sofa will cost \$540. Inc. How long did she work? 2. Last week. How much did both phone calls cost? 6. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. Mrs. A long-distance phone call to Germany costs \$4. How many marbles does Anwar want in all? Grade 3 41 . This week. What was the total cost? 5. Stephanie cleaned her room for a total of 125 minutes and she watered the garden for 18 minutes. 1. Anwar wants to begin collecting marbles. The Allens are redecorating their living room. She comes home once a month. Lewis bought 2 rosebushes for her garden. Use estimation to check for reasonableness.

Inc. 1. Find a total number of stamps for the three members. Jerrad is thinking about joining and is waiting for an order of new stamps to arrive. Pedro. How many stamps do the current members have all together? Stamp Collector Stamps Collected Jean Pedro Betsy Jerrad 352 496 247 Show how you would add using regrouping.3 Jean. Betsy ordered 159 more stamps. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. Which columns needed regrouping to solve the problem? Grade 3 42 Chapter 2 . 2. The chart shows how many stamps each club member has. After her order arrives. Club members must have at least 225 stamps to join.1. add Jean’s and Pedro’s. 3NS3. First.2–7 Name Date Enrich Stamp Collecting 3NS2. and Betsy belong to a stamp collecting club. Then add their total to Betsy’s. Write a number sentence that shows how many stamps Jerrad has now. Suppose Jerrad has 136 more stamps than Pedro. will she have more or less stamps than Jean? 3. Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill.

Inc.84 3.280 → + 1. Step 3 Add the hundreds.280 feet.323 → = Now.3 Chapter Resources Chapter 2 Adding two. 3NS3. 1.1. First. 349 + 1. 0+3= Step 2 Add the tens. Step 1 Add the ones. 5.323 feet.2–8 Name Date Reteach Add Greater Numbers 3NS2. How many trees are in the park? Grade 3 43 . there are 121 maple trees and 382 oak trees. and then he hiked another 1. First. \$48. Find each sum.28 + \$31. he hiked one mile. 8+2= Regroup as a hundred. [1]+2+3 = Step 4 Add the thousands 5+1= So. Read the problem. Use estimation to check for reasonableness. At Cliffside Park.and three-digit numbers is just like adding four-digit numbers. Hunter hiked feet on the nature hike. find the exact answer. How many feet did he hike? One way to find the sum is by regrouping. Hunter went on a nature hike. One mile is equal to 5. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. estimate to the nearest thousand.223 2.

1.80 5.25 + \$27.37 10. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.93.2–8 Name Date Skills Practice Add Greater Numbers 3NS2. 933 + 1. 12. How much did she spend? 13.13 and running shoes for \$42. 231 + 8. \$57.908 3. She bought running shorts for \$29. 806 + 1. students were asked which job they would prefer. 2. In a survey.220 6.34 9. These were the results: Scientist Writer 1. \$1. 3NS3.120 minutes and mowed the lawn for 305 minutes. Use estimation to check for reasonableness.295 93 Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. 328 + 5.59 + \$22.005 Solve 11. Rachel is running in a cross-country race. 302 + 1. \$43.78 + \$12. How long did he work? Grade 3 44 Chapter 2 . 448 + 561 4. Last year.1. 1.3 Find each sum.445 7.833 + 289 8.304 Estimate how many students participated in the survey. Jake cleaned his room for 3. Inc.

\$39. Elizabeth went to the craft store to purchase supplies to make a scrapbook. How much money did she spend? 2. 356 + 1.088 + 346 = 8.10 = 6. Courtney is having a tea party. \$45. 11. \$74. 981 + 602 = 13.12 + \$23. Use estimation to check for reasonableness. 1.99 and beads for \$10. 3NS3. \$50.091 + 238 = 3. Use estimation to check for reasonableness.99 = 4. 578 + 333 = 15.16 + \$24.45.45 + \$49. 4. How much money did she spend? Find each sum.2–8 Name Date Homework Practice Add Greater Numbers 3NS2.15. 2.1.866 + 727 = 10.209 = 5.18 = 9. 132 + 78 = Grade 3 45 . Inc.3 Chapter Resources Chapter 2 Find each sum. She bought some stamps for \$19.63 + \$72. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 3.20 = Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. She bought a teapot for \$25. \$44.67 = 7.02 + \$54. (Lesson 2–7) 12.35 and cookies for \$6. 708 + 221 = 14.

3 Solve. Lee’s mother had to go on two trips last year.2–8 Name Date Problem-Solving Practice Add Greater Numbers 3NS2. How many hours did he work in all? Grade 3 46 Chapter 2 . Mr. Last year. This year.97 for a bat and \$80.404 hours.080 hours. How much will both vacation packages cost? 2. Cheyenne is going to Philadelphia for her summer vacation. How much did he pay? 4. Paulita bought jewelry when she went to New Mexico. 3NS3. She bought a beaded necklace that cost \$23. Landry worked 2. Her friend James is going to Miami. he worked 2. Travel Agency Deluxe Package Prices: Philadelphia Miami Baltimore Kansas City \$3.12 for his uniform. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 3.99.990 \$2.56 and a bracelet that cost \$14.994 1.503 \$1. She went to Baltimore and Kansas City.501 \$2. Carlos paid \$39. What was the total cost of her vacation packages? Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. What was the total price she paid? 5.1. Inc.

(Hint: Try using sticky notes with the numbers on them to guess and check your choices. 1. Remember to regroup when adding.000.2–8 Name Date Enrich Magic Grid Addition 3NS2. 997. The numbers in each row and in each column must add together to equal 3. Use each number only once. 999. One square in the grid is done for you.001 Grade 3 47 Chapter 2 . 1. Inc. 1. 998.1. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.001. 1.000. 3NS3.004 Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill.3 Chapter Resources Use the Puzzle Numbers below to complete the Magic Grid.002.003. 1. 1.) Puzzle Numbers 996.

Inc.2 Name Date Individual Progress Checklist D M Goal use the properties of addition add money estimate sums add two-digit. Grade 3 48 Chapter 2 . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. three-digit. and four-digit numbers decide whether an estimate or an exact answer is needed Progress B Notes Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill.

8. 3. is the addition property that states that the order in which the numbers are added does not change the sum. 1. 10. 9. called Find each sum. 49 . 4. 8. Emma sold 24 cups of lemonade and 19 cups of water. 79 Solve. 3. Assessment Chapter 2 2. How many cups did she sell in all? 14. 18 11. Last year 80 flowers were sold. 11. 3 + 8 = 6. 9 + 6 = Round to the nearest ten. Were more or less flowers sold this year? Grade 3 9. To find an answer that is close to the exact answer is . 4 + 7 = 7. 6. Inc. Renaming a number using place value is called . 1. 42 10. and 6 orchids were sold. 6 + 2 = 5. 54 roses.2 Name Date Chapter Diagnostic Assessment Choose the best word to complete the sentence. 46 12. 5. During the flower sale. 2. 13. 23 irises. 14. 3 + 5 = Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 12. 13. 7. 4.

(2 + 3) + 6 2 + (3 + 6) Tell whether you need to regroup.333 50 Chapter 2 . 2 + 3 3+2 3. 4 + 0 2.00. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 6. 4.99 11.09 Grade 3 9. 43 + 6 5. Cookies Bananas Fruit Juice \$1. Mrs. About how many magazines is Mrs. 72 + 19 Tell whether you need an estimate or an exact answer. 592 + 54 10. 4.05 7. Tell which property you used.444 + 3.29 + 7. Hwan expecting to get in the mail over the two days? Find each sum. \$1. \$0. Hwan is expecting 37 magazines to arrive in the mail on Tuesday and 12 magazines on Wednesday.06 + \$4. 8. Does she have enough money to buy all of the items in the table? Explain. \$31.39 \$1. Use estimation to check for reasonableness.50 Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill.2 Name Date Chapter Pretest Find each sum. Inc. 1. Aisha has \$3. Then find each sum.

a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 11.2 Name Date (Lessons 2–1 through 2–3) Quiz 1 Find each sum. 82 + 47 5. 1. 1. 6 + (6 + 8) = (6 + 6) + 8 = Estimate each sum using rounding. How many toys does he have in all? 11. 19 + 61 Estimate each sum using front-end estimation. 9. 2. 12. Together. Grade 3 51 . 5. and Vicki paid \$17. 10. 5 + 6 = 6+5= 3. Identify the property shown. 7. 8. Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. Assessment Chapter 2 4. how many colors do they have? 12. 39 + 54 8. and 5 toy airplanes. 56 + 58 Solve. Inc. 12 + 68 9. 3. Sharise bought a box of crayons with 36 different colors. 10. 4. Her friend Vicki bought a box of crayons containing 27 different colors. Tomas has 6 toy cars. 26 + 55 6. About how much was the total cost? 7. 6. 3 toy trains. 59 + 0 2. Sharise paid \$19 for her crayons.

There are 15 students in the chess club and 22 students in the painting club. Use the four-step plan to solve each problem. 3. 48 + 3 = 2. 1. Miranda bought a magazine for \$6 and a book for \$16. 4. 11. Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. \$0. A month of drum lessons costs \$68. 10. One box of dog biscuits costs \$13. About how much will a month of both lessons cost? 11. \$22 + \$58 = 6. Grade 3 52 Chapter 2 . 35¢ + 55¢ = 4. Inc. 52 students play soccer and 46 students play basketball. If the Geary family buys 2 boxes of dog biscuits and 2 boxes of cat treats. 7. 6.04 = 5. Check for reasonableness. 9. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. \$16 + \$19 = 1.68 + \$0. 5. In the third grade.2 Name Date (Lessons 2–4 through 2–6) Quiz 2 Add. 8. how much will all 4 boxes cost? 9. How much did she spend in all? 7. How many students are in the clubs in all? 8. What is the total number of students who play these sports? 10. Tell which strategy you used. 2. and one box of cat treats costs \$22. and a month of guitar lessons costs \$53. 19 + 20 = 3.

Grade 3 53 .25. a plate of macaroni and cheese costs \$4. \$824 + \$190 = 2. 13. Lindsey is buying a tent that costs \$56 and a sleeping bag that costs \$39.497 = 9. \$27. Use estimation to check for reasonableness.99 and a dinner salad costs \$4. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. what will be the mileage for both trips? 14. 8. 9. Jessica lives 117 miles from the beach. 10. 5. and a new table for \$69. 74¢ + 17¢ = 1.371 + 1. Inc. Solve. How much will she pay? 14.15 + \$23. What is the total price? 12. Use estimation to check for reasonableness. 78 + 19 = 5.36 + \$71.616 = 8.2 Name Date (Lessons 2–7 through 2–8) Quiz 3 Find each sum. At the Peachtree Diner.11 = Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. If her family drives to the beach Saturday morning and drives home on Sunday night.35 = 10. 11. 2. 12. 3. \$62. 4.86 = 3. 7.18.25 + \$2. 11. How much do both cost? 13. 5. 205 + 815 = 6. The school library bought a new bookshelf for \$85. 7. 1. 4. \$4. Assessment Chapter 2 Fill in the missing numbers. For a camping trip.15.621 + 3. 6. \$53 + \$17 = 4.

8. Use estimation or an exact answer to solve. \$86 G. 1. \$100 H. 16 + 0 2. \$90 J. 5. (9 + 5) + 5 9 + (5 + 5) 3. 7. and on Sunday he made \$42. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. On Saturday Jeffrey made \$39 at his lemonade stand. Tell whether you need to regroup. About \$75 C. Inc. About how much money did he make? A. Tell which property you used. \$83 8. Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. Juan’s wristwatch cost \$55.36 6. Grade 3 54 Chapter 2 . 16 + 25 4. 9. 4. 8 + 3 3+8 2. \$76 9.49 + \$0. 3. Find each sum. 6. About \$80 D. How much is the total cost? F. \$81 B. and his best friend’s wristwatch cost \$31. 79 + 20 5.2 Name Date (Lessons 2–1 through 2–5) Mid-Chapter Review Find each sum. 1. \$0. 75¢ + 23¢ 7. Then find each sum.

The goes before the sum of dollars. 1. The states that the order in which the numbers are added does not change the sum. you find the . 9. 55 Chapter 2 Assessment cents sign (¢) front-end estimation . you . you add the value of the front-digits of the 8. goes after the sum of cents. The goes before the cents. decimal point estimate Identity Property of Addition regroup 4. 6. 10. 7. The Grade 3 9. Inc. The states that the sum of any number and zero is the number. 6. you rename a number using place 10. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. In number. 5. complete each sentence by writing the correct word or words in the blank. The states that grouping the addends does not change the sum. 4. Associative Property of Addition Commutative Property of Addition 2.2 Name Date Vocabulary Test Using the word bank below. When you value. 5. 3. dollar sign (\$) sum 3. 8. Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. When you add two numbers. 2. 1. To find an answer that is close to the exact answer. 7.

5. how much money will I spend? Grade 3 56 Chapter 2 . Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. If I buy a drink for \$1. If I combine these five objects with these three objects. 7. Tell how you got your answer. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. How many objects do we have? 2. Read each question aloud to the student.50 and a sandwich for \$2. How many will I have if I add two more objects? 4. Tell how you got your answer. how many objects will I have? 3. how many will we have left? 6. If we take two away.50. Inc. 1.2 Name Date Oral Assessment Arrange a selection of small objects. Then write the student’s answers on the lines below the question. Include 5 of each object.

Why or why not? Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. 12.2 Name Date (continued) Oral Assessment 8. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.30. Inc. If I buy two apples for \$0. Grade 3 57 . Where do we place the decimal point? Assessment Chapter 2 10. how much money did I spend? 13. Tell how you got your answer. How many ways can we write this amount? 14. Do we place a cents sign on the amount? 11. Where do we place the dollar sign? 9.

Student demonstrated appropriate use of chapter information in completing the chapter project. Grade 3 58 Chapter 2 . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. Student demonstrated very little appropriate use of chapter information in completing the chapter project. Inc.2 Name Date Chapter Project Rubric Score 3 Explanation Student successfully completed the chapter project. Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. Student demonstrated inappropriate use of chapter information in completing the chapter project. Student partially demonstrated appropriate use of chapter information in completing the chapter project. 1 Student did not complete the chapter project or completed it with little success. 0 Student did not complete the chapter project. 2 Student completed the chapter project with partial success.

Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. Student recorded only some information related to the chapter in the manner directed by the Foldables graphic organizer. 2 Student exhibited partial understanding of proper Foldables graphic organizer assembly. Inc. Student recorded information related to the chapter in the manner directed by the Foldables graphic organizer. 1 Student showed little understanding of proper Foldables graphic organizer assembly. Student used the Foldables graphic organizer as a study guide and organizational tool. Grade 3 59 Chapter 2 Assessment . Student demonstrated little use of the Foldables graphic organizer as a study guide and organizational tool. Student recorded most but not all information related to the chapter in the manner directed by the Foldables graphic organizer. Student recorded little or no information related to the chapter in the manner directed by the Foldables graphic organizer. 0 Student did not assemble Foldables graphic organizer according to instructions. Student demonstrated partial use of the Foldables graphic organizer as a study guide and organizational tool.2 Name Date Foldables Rubric Addition Four-Door Book Foldable Score 3 Explanation Student properly assembled Foldables graphic organizer according to instructions. Student did not use the Foldables graphic organizer as a study guide and organizational tool.

7. 125. 19. 99 G. 181 4. Eva saved \$29 in May and \$32 in June.61 60 D. 1. 29. 57¢ + 27¢ A.46 + \$0. No.72 6. Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. Yes. commutative 2.2 Name Date Chapter Test. Tell which property you used. 80¢ D. B. 19. identity D. Yes. 99 H. 130. 74¢ 5. B. 6 + (4 + 9) (6 + 4) + 9 F. 125. Write your answer on the line provided. \$0. How much money did she save? A. No. Yes. 88 + 11 F. associative C. commutative J. 50 C. \$0. Grade 3 Chapter 2 . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 90¢ 6. \$60 7. 39 3. No. 34 + 6 A. Find each sum. associative G. 84¢ C. \$71 B. \$0. 3. Tell whether you need to regroup.66 H. 100 J. identity 1.61 G. 40 4. \$0. 135. 34. \$61 C. Inc. \$0. associative H. \$0. Find each sum. Form 1 Read each question carefully. commutative 2. Yes. B. 0 + 125 A. 40 D. and then find each sum.71 J.25 F. 5. No.

Samantha can do 22 math problems and Eric can do 26. 14. 145¢ D. Look at the number pattern below. .800 13. About 110¢ 9. 34. The basketball team raised \$2. 8. \$4. About 50 G. 90 J. 49 H. \$9. About 60 H. Estimate the sum using rounding. 101¢ C. F.2 Name Date (continued) Chapter Test. \$5. 75 G. 45 J. 60 B. Find each sum. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 88 H. \$9. 38 G. 13.805. \$9. Estimate the sum using front-end estimation. 45 12. 77 + 11 F. 29. 10. \$8. \$9. 36. What will the next two numbers be? 9. Solve. 12. Form 1 Use estimation or an exact answer to solve each problem. 27.500 14. Choose a strategy. 65 8.010 C.000 Grade 3 G. The football team raised \$2. . A. \$5.280 61 J. 29 + 13 Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. Check for reasonableness. Assessment Chapter 2 9. How much money did the two teams raise in all? F. 30 11. \$6. If Miguel came to school with 56¢ and Carlotta came to school with 45¢.000 B. 100 10. 40 D. how much money do they have together? A.575 for a charity event. 18. 92¢ B.205 + \$815 A. In 15 minutes. Inc. 50 C.020 D.380 H. 11. 48 J. 38. About how many problems can they do together? F.

\$85 H. No. 36 + 0 A.72 5. and then find each sum. Inc. Find each sum.54 + \$0. \$0. \$82 C. commutative D. Yes. 36. 5. 22 G. \$0.00 6. 13. 38. No. Find each sum. 22¢ + 39¢ A. Tell what property you used. \$80 6. Yes. Yes.2 Name Date Chapter Test. 31 + 10 A. 41 3. Tell whether you had to regroup. Write your answer on the line provided. 72¢ 7. associative 2. 1. \$35 + \$45 F. 20 J. 13. 3. associative H. Yes. associative J. 41 4. Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill.82 D. identity 1. 360. B. 12 + 8 F.28 A. 35 C. identity C. 62¢ D. \$70 J. commutative G. 36. 15. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 40 D. 20 4. No. 12. 60¢ B. 61¢ C. 8 + (2 + 3) (8 + 2) + 3 F. \$90 7. 21 H. \$1. B. \$0. G. commutative 2. Grade 3 62 Chapter 2 . No. B. Form 2A Read each question carefully.

Carlos saved \$73 in August. \$97 B. 8. \$9. 10. 66 + 19 A. Assessment Chapter 2 9. 125 + 206 F. Use estimation to check for reasonableness. 80 11. 13. \$61. Bill bought dog food for \$49. 80 C. How much did Bill spend in all? F. Grade 3 63 . 72 H.61 C.61 B. Find each sum. 60 9. 79 G.2 Name Date (continued) Chapter Test. \$74. 331 H. 82 J. \$8. 79 + 9 F. How many minutes was that in all? F. A. Terry bought a camera for \$45. \$96.59 H. 401 15. 76 B. \$88 C.60 D. \$9. 12.00 C. \$3. Solve.59 G. \$86 D. and \$15 in September. \$70. 70 D.20 + \$5.90 A. 88 J.59 J. \$85.61 13. 330 14. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 80 H.10 D.99. 321 J. \$71. How much money does he have? Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. \$8. How much did he spend altogether? A.10 B. 11.99 and cat food for \$35. 14. \$51.00 15. \$84. G. Madelyn walked her dog for 46 minutes on Saturday.59 12. Choose a strategy. 70 G.62 and a camera case for \$15. Form 2A Estimate the sum using rounding. Estimate the sum using front-end estimation. 90 8. and for 36 minutes on Sunday. 106 10. Inc.60.

B. 360. commutative 2. 3. identity C. 20 H. 22¢ + 39¢ A. \$0. Add. associative H. Then add. No. 1. 12 + 8 F. 41 3. B. 40 4.00 6. B. \$80 H. 8 + (2 + 3) (8 + 2) + 3 F.2 Name Date Chapter Test. 61¢ C. \$0. 5. Tell whether you need to regroup. No. 13. associative 1.28 A. 20 4. Form 2B Read each question carefully. 22 G. G. No. \$90 7. Add. \$82 C. Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. Inc. Grade 3 64 Chapter 2 . No.54 + \$0. 36 + 0 A. \$70 6. \$35 + \$45 F. 36. \$1. Tell what rule you used. Yes. 41 C. Yes. associative G. Write your answer on the line provided. 31 + 10 A. 36.82 5. 72¢ 7. 12. 13. identity 2. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 60¢ B.

125 + 206 F. 70 G. \$8.10 B. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 13.99 and cat food for \$35. A.00 G. \$84. 9. \$9. 106 10.20 + \$5. If there are 25 yogurts in one box and 15 containers in the other. Bill bought dog food for \$49. Assessment Chapter 2 Solve. 40 C. \$70.61 Add. Choose a strategy. How many minutes did she walk her dog? F. 82 H. 14. 76 B. 80 9.60. How much did Bill spend in all? F. 79 G. 12. \$85. Terry bought a camera for \$45. 321 15. \$61. 331 B. 15. 11. Form 2B Estimate the sum using rounding.90 A. 10.62 and a camera case for \$15. About 35 11. Madelyn walked her dog for 46 minutes on Saturday and 36 minutes on Sunday. About 50 B. \$3. 330 H. 14. 8.59 H. Inc. 66 + 19 A. How much did he spend altogether? A.61 C.59 12. \$74. Estimate the sum using front-estimation. about how many yogurts are there in all? Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. 90 8.60 13. \$9. 80 H.99. 79 + 9 F.2 Name Date (continued) Chapter Test. 70 C. Grade 3 65 . \$51.00 C.59 G.

Tell what property you used.2 Name Date Chapter Test. 3. Grade 3 66 Chapter 2 . 9. 2. \$0. 6. 4. 5. Inc.28 7. 8 + (2 + 3) (8 + 2) + 3 Find the missing digit. \$35 + \$45 8. and then find each sum. 12 + 8 Find each sum. 18 + 2 Find each sum. 8. 31 + 10 2. 36 + 0 4. = 40 5. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 3.54 + \$0. 22¢ + 39¢ Estimate the sum using rounding. Form 2C Read each question carefully. 7. 1. Write your answer on the line provided. Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. 1. 6. Tell whether you had to regroup. 79 + 9 9.

20 + \$5. 15. Use estimation to check for reasonableness. \$3. Carlos saved \$73 in August. The grocery store has 2 boxes of yogurt. Bill bought dog food for \$49. 66 + 19 Use estimation or an exact answer to solve. 18. 12. How much money does he have? 13. 17. about how long will he have studied in all? 14. The Health Center sold 38 bottles of carrot juice.90 Choose a strategy and solve. Form 2C Estimate the sum using front-end estimation. Madelyn walked her dog for 46 minutes on Saturday. 15.99 and cat food for \$35. and 7 bottles were still on the shelf.60. 11. 125 + 206 16. Grade 3 67 . 13. If Jefferson studies for 37 minutes in the morning and 42 minutes in the evening. 16. If there are 25 containers of yogurt in one box and 15 containers in the other. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. and for 36 minutes on Sunday. Assessment Chapter 2 10. How much did Bill spend in all? 18. about how many containers are there in all? Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. 11. How many bottles were there originally? 17. and \$15 in September. Inc. How many minutes was that in all? 12.2 Name Date (continued) Chapter Test. Find each sum. 10. 14.

8 + (2 + 3) (8 + 2) + 3 1.28 7. Grade 3 9. Only 7 bottles were left on the shelf at the end of the day. Inc. 22¢ + 39¢ 6. 5. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. \$0. 36 + 0 2. Tell what rule you used.2 Name Date Chapter Test. Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. \$35 + \$45 8. 9. Form 2D Read each question carefully. 1. 8. How many bottles were there in the morning? 10. Choose a strategy and solve.99 and cat food for \$35. 12 + 8 4. Bill bought dog food for \$49. Add. 7. The Health Center sold 38 bottles of carrot juice. 31 + 10 5. Then add. Find the missing number. 68 Chapter 2 . How much did Bill spend in all? 10. 18 + 2 = 40 3. 2. 6. Add. Tell whether you need to regroup. Write your answer on the line provided.60. 4. 3.54 + \$0.

66 + 19 13.99. 17.20 + \$5. If Taro studies for 37 minutes in the morning and 42 minutes in the evening. Estimate the sum using rounding. Madelyn walked her dog for 46 minutes on Saturday and 36 minutes on Sunday. 19.62 and a camera case for \$15. 125 + 206 19. Use estimation or an exact answer to solve. 14. Grade 3 69 . How much did he spend altogether? 11. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. How much money does he have? 16. 18. 15. Estimate the sum using front-end estimation.90 18. 14. 79 + 9 12. 13. Terry bought a camera for \$45. about how many yogurts are there in all? Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. Carlos saved \$73 in August and \$15 in September. \$3. Assessment Chapter 2 12.2 Name Date (continued) Chapter Test Form 2D 11. If there are 25 yogurts in one box and 15 yogurt containers in the other. about how long will he have studied in all? 17. Find each sum. Use estimation to check for reasonableness. Inc. 16. How many minutes did she walk her dog? 15.

7. Find each sum. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 31 + 10 7.54 + \$0. Find each sum. 1.28 2. Tell what property you used. 4. Form 3 Read each question carefully. 2.2 Name Date Chapter Test. 3. \$0. Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. Inc. Tell whether you had to regroup. 6. 36 + 0 5. Write your answer on the line provided. 5. \$35 + \$45 3. 8. and then find each sum. Grade 3 70 Chapter 2 . 18 + 2 = 40 8. 22¢ + 39¢ 1. 12 + 8 6. 8 + (2 + 3) (8 + 2) + 3 4. Find the missing digit.

79 + 9 Estimate the sum using front-end estimation. Terry bought a camera for \$45. 46 minutes on Saturday. Carlos managed to save \$73 of his \$100. How much did he spend altogether? Find each sum. 66 + 19 Choose a strategy and solve. . 16.60. How many bottles of carrot juice were there originally? 12. 125 + 206 15. he saved \$15.20 + \$5. 9. 9. 14. How many minutes did Madelyn walk her dog? 17. 11. and for 36 minutes on Sunday. 17. \$3. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.99 and cat food for \$35. 13.62 and a camera case for \$15. 14.90 Use estimation or an exact answer to solve.2 Name Date (continued) Chapter Test. Carlos earns \$100 a month. 15. How much did Bill spend in all? Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. The Health Center sold 38 bottles of carrot juice. 16. Inc. 13. 11. Bill bought dog food for \$49. How much money did he save in both months? 12. and 7 bottles were still on the shelf.99. Grade 3 71 Chapter 2 Assessment 10. 10. Form 3 Estimate the sum using rounding. Use estimation to check for reasonableness. Madelyn walked her dog for 52 minutes on Thursday. The Health Center also sold 44 bottles of apple juice and 16 bottles of cranberry juice. In August. In September.

2

Name

Date

Chapter Extended-Response Test

Demonstrate your knowledge by giving a clear, concise solution to each problem. Be sure to include all relevant drawings and justify your answers. You may show your solution in more than one way or investigate beyond the requirements of the problem. If necessary, record your answer on another piece of paper. 1. Explain in your own words the meaning of addition. a. Explain the Commutative Property of Addition and provide an example. b. Explain the Identity Property of Addition and provide an example. c. Explain the Associative Property of Addition and provide an example. 2. Sam is at the food court and wants to order a ham sandwich and fruit salad for lunch. How much will it cost?

Food Item ham sandwich turkey sandwich fruit salad tossed salad apple wedges pretzel sticks

Price \$2.15 \$2.50 \$3.40 \$1.95 \$1.50 \$1.00

a. Jill wants to order a tossed salad and pretzel sticks. How much will it cost? b. Bianca wants to order a turkey sandwich and apple wedges. How much will it cost? c. What is the total cost of Jill and Bianca’s order?

72

Chapter 2

2

Name

Date

Student Recording Sheet

Use this recording sheet with pages 102–103 of the Student Edition. Read each question. Then fill in the correct answer. 1. A
B C D
Assessment

2.

3. A

B

C

D

4.

5. A

B

C

D

6.

7. A

B

C

D

8.

9. A

B

C

D

10.

73

Chapter 2

2

Name

Date

Cumulative Standardized Test Practice

Test Example Makya bought running shoes for \$89.67 and a pack of athletic socks for \$5.99. How much did he spend in all?

A. \$ 85.66 C. \$ 94.56

B. \$ 85.68 D. \$ 95.66

Read the Question You need to add to find out the amount spent.

Solve the Question To help eliminate answer choices, estimate the 2 amounts. Round the price of the items to the nearest dollar. \$89.67 +\$5.99 \$90.00 +6.00 \$96.00

You can eliminate answer choices A and B. Choice C rounded to the nearest dollar is \$95. Choice D rounded to the nearest dollar is \$96. So, the answer is D.

74

Chapter 2

\$8. Grade 3 75 Chapter 2 Assessment . What was the total cost of the two items? A. Which of these equals 683? A. 600 + 80 + 3 B. 170 3. T 6. \$7. \$6. 3 G. 6. Which number makes this number sentence true? 3+4+7=3+7+ F. 7 J. 6. 6. 1. Suri bought a book that cost \$6.541 school calendars.99 1.98 B. Ciana and her cousin have 683 marbles. What is the sum of 34 + 149 rounded to the nearest ten? A. Write your answer on the line provided. R H. The Sunnyview School sold 2. 6 + 8 + 3 D. 190 B. 183 C. The Riverside School sold 4.98 D. Which point on the number line names 173? Q R 150 160 S 170 180 T 190 F. 6.000 H. How many calendars were sold in all? Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. 14 2.2 Name Date (continued) Cumulative Standardized Test Practice Read each question carefully.000 G. F.428 school calendars. 4. 180 D.969 J. 5. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 6 + 80 + 3 C. Q G. 3. Inc.99. 2.98 C.99 and a red pen for \$1. 5. \$9. S J.970 4. 600 + 8 + 3 5. 4 H.

200 D. Marta has 322 stamps. 14. 8. 2. 10.255 D. What is 2. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 2.2 Name Date (continued) Cumulative Standardized Test Practice 7. 5. 10. 3.461 J.552 B.267 rounded to the nearest thousand? A. What is 7.261? 11.164 8.522 C. 2. About how many seeds did Lisa and Kara plant in all? Grade 3 76 Chapter 2 . Kara planted 73 seeds. What number has a 6 in the tens place and a 1 in the hundreds place? F.450 written in word form? 12. 5. 2. How is two thousand. What is the value of the digit 6 in 5.000 C. 2.252 9.000 7. Inc. What is the sum of 497 + 328? 15. 5. 13. Write 322 in expanded form. 9.641 G. How is 3.431 rounded to the nearest thousand? Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. 5. 2.614 H. two hundred fifty-five written in standard form? A. 3.500 B. Lisa planted 172 seeds this year.

a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 6 8 +2 7. 9 + 2 = 11 17 4 12 2 7 +3 5. 220. but the sum is always the same.1 Name Reteach Addition Properties 2–1 Skills Practice Name Date Addition Properties You can use different strategies to help you add. then you know . identity 14 = 18 8 15 . 6. 3AF1. Identity: 0 + Associative Property You can group the addends and keep the sum the same. Fill in the missing numbers below. then you know 2. 4+5=9 5+4=9 How many pieces of fruit are pictured above? 4 +3 +2 = 9 pieces of fruit Identity Property When you add 0 to a number. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. Find each sum. .1. (2 + 4) + 6 9 =9 6+6 12 2 + (4 + 6) 2 + 10 12 9 C.1. If you know 3 + 6 = 6 +3= 9 4+ 9 Find each missing number. . Chapter 2 Grade 3 Chapter Resources Grade 3 Date 2–1 3NS2. 4. A2 . 3.Commutative Property You can change the order of the addends. A. 3AF1. 12 + 5 = 12 Chapter 2 Grade 3 16 9 4 1 5 +6 16 Chapter 2 Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. 8 + (2 + 5) + 3 = (8 + 2) + (5 + 3) = Find each sum mentally. If you know 8 + 0 = 0 +8= 8 . 4. 0 + 4 = 5. 4 + 7 = 11 6. Inc. associative 5+( 6 + 4) = 15 Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. Identify the property shown. Commutative: 4 + 3 + 2 = 2 + 4 + 3 = B. If you know (5 + 6) + 4 = 18. 220 + 0 = Answers (Lesson 2–1) 1. commutative 3. 14 + 4 = 18 2. Inc. then you know 1. using each property. 6+0=6 We can get the same result by using addition properties. 7 + 5 = 9. the sum is always that number.1 3NS2. Associative: (4 + 3) + 2 = 4 +( 3 + 2) = 9 Fill in the blank. 3 + 9 = 8 12 8.

Answers will vary depending on the strategy the student used. 3 5 4 The sum of the numbers in each straight line must be the same.5 3MR2. associative Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. 10 25 Find each sum. A6 . In Mr. bottom 80 25 Answers (Lesson 2– 2) Exact. Chapter 2 16 Grade 3 Chapter 2 Grade 3 17 Chapter 2 Chapter Resources Grade 3 Date 2–2 3MR2. right side 6 Estimate. Find the missing numbers. 16 + 21 = 37 shelves 3. 9 students entered. Then solve. 20 + 10 = 30 students 2. 5 + 4 + 2 = 5+2+4= 11. 1. 12 + (3 + 4) = sum of sides = 75. no. 19.5 Name Homework Practice Straight Line Sums 2 7 6 2–2 Enrich Name Date Problem-Solving Skill Tell whether an estimate or an exact answer is needed. Identify the property shown. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. How many shelves are there in all? sum of sides = 140. bottom 10 4. missing numbers: left side 40. missing numbers: right side 90. The principal of Sydney Elementary School wants at least 50 students to enter the National Poetry Contest. Explain the strategy you used to find the missing numbers. 10 + 40 = 50 pieces of art 3. commutative 40 10 25 4. sum of sides = 18.1. At Marta’s school library. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. Estimate. 19 students entered the contest. there are 16 shelves of novels and 21 shelves of history books. Inc. In Miss Lee’s class. Are there enough students entered? Explain. The Coopertown Museum of Art has 12 sculptures and 39 pieces of pottery. (Lesson 2–1) 5. (12 + 3) + 4 = Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. Ogden’s class. missing numbers: left side 2. Inc. About how many total pieces of art does the museum have? 2.

Looking at the chart. you have 3 groups of ten marbles and 4 marbles. Using your pencil. 2–4 3NS2. Ted: \$40 + \$20 = \$60. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 77 + 3 = 11. 12 + 19 = 6. The students collected soda cans to recycle to help pay for the trip. Jen makes front-end estimates. if you have 34 marbles. Jen: 200 + 100 = 300 Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. you will have one marble left over. For example. Ted and Jen have different ways of estimating. 41 + 6 = 4.4 Name Enrich Reteach Two-Digit Addition The left side of a two-digit number tells us how many tens we have. Inc. Lin’s class sold 215 tickets. The teachers told Ted and Jen that they think space camp will cost \$39 for the students and \$16 for the adults. Mr.1 Name Date About How Much? A9 . Another class collected 32 pounds. Since (7 − 6 = 1). 52 + 9 = 8. About how much will all of the tickets cost? Write what Ted and Jen would estimate. Ted: 50 + 30 = 80. 37 + 2 = 2. Jen: 50 + 30 = 80 Answers (Lessons 2–3 and 2– 4) 3. 4. Are Jen’s estimates usually higher. Ted estimates by rounding. 33 + 16 = 5. Jen: \$30 + \$10 = \$40 Whose estimate is closer to the actual cost? Ted If a friend gives you 7 more marbles. The teachers want Ted and Jen to help them make estimates. The students also sold raffle tickets to help pay for food and bus costs for the trip. 1. Ted and Jen are helping their teachers plan a field trip to space camp. Mrs. One class collected 51 pounds of cans. it is easy to see that you now have 41 marbles. add the marbles to the chart above. or the same as Ted’s estimates? lower Chapter 2 Grade 3 Answers Chapter Resources Grade 3 Date 2–3 3NS1. Inc. About how many pounds of cans did the two classes collect? Write what Ted and Jen would estimate. 43 + 9 = 10. About how many tickets did the two classes sell? Write what Ted and Jen would estimate. Add. 50 + 8 = 22 Chapter 2 Grade 3 2. 66 + 6 = 9. 18 + 36 = 3. Rico’s class sold 150 tickets. 51 + 11 = 23 61 72 52 80 41 62 Chapter 2 Ted: 200 + 200 = 400.Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. Check for reasonableness. while the digit on the right shows how many ones we have. 34 + 7 = 12. you can add 6 of them to your group of 4 marbles (4 + 6 = 10) to make another tenmarble group. 1. lower. 39 54 47 49 31 58 7.

How many pieces of fruit did they buy? 70 90 13. 79 + 17 Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill.4. 3 + 37 = 76 7. 25 + 3 54 6. 23 + 63 9. 27 + 24 16. 32 + 12 = 1. 32 + 6 2. 38 + 16 = 4. Alondra’s science class planted 29 zinnia seeds and 31 marigold seeds. 45 + 25 = 2. 4 + 31 = 75 4 81 fish Solve. 43 + 46 11. 92 + 44 17. 2–4 Name Date Two-Digit Addition Add. 31 + 22 = 53 79 55 28 6. 27 girls and 25 boys attended. 90 2 10.1 3NS2. 19 + 48 14. 15. 22 + 58 80 42 pieces of fruit Estimate each sum using front-end estimation. 83 + 3 = 121 9 8 12. 11 + 6 = 97 10. 8.1 Name Skills Practice Homework Practice Two-Digit Addition Add. 1. 21 + 34 7. 35 + 16 8. 29 + 50 = 5. 5. How many attended in all? Answers (Lesson 2– 4) Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. Check for reasonableness. Inc. 5 + 27 = 84 9. What is the total number of seeds they planted? 40 130 80 60 seeds Chapter 2 24 Grade 3 Chapter 2 Grade 3 25 Chapter 2 Chapter Resources Grade 3 Date 2–4 3NS2. At the Park School Soccer Camp. How many fish are there altogether? 9 13. 44 + 13 44 3. 46 + 10 14 + 76 56 ALGEBRA Find each missing digit. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 16. Javier bought 18 peaches. (Lesson 2–3) 15. Estimate each sum using rounding. 72 + 2 = 94 51 86 Solve. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. Check for reasonableness. 6 + 54 = 150 52 attended 11. 12 + 17 = 29 70 38 3. 0 + 46 = 96 5 7 14. and his sister bought 24 apples. There are 54 small fish and 27 big fish in a pond. 19 + 49 57 68 . Inc. For a family picnic. A10 8 12.

Brianna’s mother told her to do 50 minutes of homework. will this be enough homework time? How long has Brianna worked? Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. Only 50 people at a time can skate at Brown’s Ice Skating Rink. Gene said he wanted to see The Caves before going back to the campground. It also shows where they can camp. 1. The family went to the Visitors’ Center after entering the park. During their second day in the park. there are four different kinds of animals. Pablo’s family went on a trip to the beach. If she does 15 minutes of math homework and 37 minutes of English. Then they went to Lookout Point after stopping at Table Rock. In the Ripple Creek Zoo. If they traveled from Lookout Point to The Caves by the shortest route. Inc. While the family was at Lookout Point. they drove 26 miles. Deer 7 antelopes 16 miles Bears 6 brown bears 4 gazelles s Monkeys 4 chimpanzees 2 pythons 9 miles 13 mi le 13 le mi s 9 miles Snakes 1 boa Visitors' Center Old Mill Campground 15 mil es 2 polar bears 2 baboons Lookout Point 8 11 4m s ile 6 3 Park Entrance 9 miles The Caves 17 les mi 2. Add your sums from Exercise 1 to find the total number of animals in Ripple Creek Zoo. Then they went to Deer Run Campground by the shortest route.1 Name Problem-Solving Practice Miles of Vacation Fun Gene’s family is visiting Greenway Park for a vacation. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. A11 . In the morning. How many miles did they travel from the Park Entrance? Answers (Lesson 2– 4) 58 people 22 miles 2. they left the campground. There were already 21 people in the rink when 37 Auburn Elementary School students arrived. how far did they travel? 71 miles 26 Chapter 2 21 miles Grade 3 Chapter 2 Grade 3 27 Chapter 2 Answers Chapter Resources Grade 3 Date 2–4 3NS2. how many miles did they travel? 5. This map shows the places they can stop and visit. Inc. 2–4 Enrich 3NS2. and then after lunch they drove another 45 miles. How many people are now at the rink? 1. Fill in the chart below to find how many there are in each group. How many miles did they travel to get to Lookout Point? 4. In all. 28 animals Deer Run Campground 7 miles Table Rock 3. 15 + 37 = 52 minutes 24 miles 3. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. yes.1 Name Date Two-Digit Addition Solve.Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill.

\$0. \$13 + \$78 = \$91 9.84 5.3 Name Homework Practice Problem-Solving Practice Add Money 1. \$6 + \$28 = \$34 62 Chapter 2 Grade 3 Grade 3 31 Chapter 2 Answers Chapter Resources Grade 3 Date 2–5 3NS2. what will she pay in all? 82¢ 4. 2. 41 + 9 18. \$12 + \$79 = \$91 4. How much did her family’s dinner cost? \$45 + \$25 = \$70 5. Find the correct answer. Check for reasonableness. 3NS3. The spaghetti cost \$45 and the dessert cost \$25. For math class. \$0. If Monica buys 3 melons and \$28 worth of seafood. If she buys a book that costs \$9 and a poster costing \$4.Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. \$0. Find the Error Javan added \$0. how much money did he find? 2–5 Name Date 3NS2. 91¢ 12. 65 + 25 87 90 48 41 \$63 + \$17 = \$80 6. 55 + 32 15. and explain Javan’s error.08 + \$0. If Yolanda buys a birthday card for 36¢ and a thank-you card for 46¢.16 = \$0. Use estimation to check for reasonableness.29 + \$0. 20. 41¢ + 18¢ = 59¢ 3. How much will he spend altogether? Answers (Lesson 2– 5) Add. how much will she pay? 17. He should have added 9 + 5 on the right side.76 = \$0. Ryan is inviting friends to his party. \$68 + \$8 = \$76 7. \$46 + \$89 = \$135 \$51 10. 34 + 8 13. Melons cost \$2 each. Pia has to buy a ruler that costs 42¢ and a compass that costs 49¢.3 Add Money Add.05 and got \$0. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.16 on Tuesday. 29 + 46 32 91 30 42 75 Chapter 2 Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.39 + \$0. 1.89 6.41 A13 . How much money will she spend? \$0. 50 76 + 15 22.34.25 + \$0. Inc. Mei Ling bought dinner for her family. The food will cost \$63 and the decorations will cost \$17. \$2 + \$2 + \$2 = \$6. 3NS3. Anna has \$15. how much money will she have left? \$2 3.1.1. \$34 + \$17 = 11.25 at the beach on Monday and \$0. Brian found \$0. 47 + 15 21. In all.90 8. \$21 + \$33 = \$54 2. Inc.15 + \$0.50 = \$0. \$0. 19 + 29 16.79 for his total.75 = \$0. (Lesson 2–4) 14. 16 + 25 25 + 7 19.

For example. write \$1. Then add the value of the coins. His coin with the greatest value is a quarter. Pete collects dimes.3 Name Enrich 3MR1. Tyrone has six coins that total 60¢. 25 10 = 5 5 5 10 There is room for 5 books on Jen’s shelf. How much money does she have? 25 5 5 = 10 1 1 5 5 Answers (Lessons 2– 5 and 2– 6) 57¢ 3. use a \$ and a decimal point. Inc. What are the values of his coins? Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. Jen has 10 books.1 2–6 Reteach Problem-Solving Investigation Name Date Mystery Money A14 . 2+4=6 There is a lot to organize and understand in this problem.Read the clues for each problem. The bookshelf at Sarah’s house has 3 shelves. His coin with the least value is a nickel. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. use a cent sign (¢). so make a table. Misty has eight coins. The rest are pennies. Tell what each coin is worth by writing the amount on a circle. 1. Three of his coins have the same value. nickels. Will all of their books fit on the bookshelf? Step 1 Understand You know how many books each of the 3 shelves will hold. He has twice as many nickels as dimes.1. Sarah has 17 books. and pennies. She has twice as many pennies as quarters. 60¢ 32 Chapter 2 Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. and how many books each person has. Step 2 Plan There is a lot of information. if the total is 34 cents write 34¢. all of their books will not fit. She has twice as many nickels as pennies.34 for 1 dollar and 34 cents. if the total is 134 cents. How much money does Pete have? 10 1 1 1 1 5 5 1 1 = 26¢ 2. If the total is 99 cents or less. Step 3 Solve Shelf Shelf 1 (Sarah) Shelf 2 (Ed) Shelf 3 (Jen) Books on Shelf 15 15 10 Books left over? 2 4 0 Space on shelf? no no yes—for 5 books Sarah has 2 books left over and Ed has 4 books left over. If the value is more than 99 cents. He has 4 more pennies than nickels. and dimes. One is a quarter. 3NS3. Since 6 is greater than 5. Each shelf can hold 15 books. nickels. Use a four-step plan. Chapter 2 Grade 3 Grade 3 33 Chapter 2 Chapter Resources Grade 3 Date 2–5 3NS2. Inc. Step 4 Check Look back at the problem. Ed has 19 books.

4 plants have flowered: 2 plants have 3 flowers each. In one aquarium. Inc. Each bag contains 24 cookies. \$0. In another aquarium. \$47 + \$52 = \$99 2. Amanda has \$0.85. 2. 30 + 30 = 60 students Chapter 2 34 Grade 3 Chapter 2 Grade 3 35 Chapter 2 Answers Chapter Resources Grade 3 Date 2–6 3MR1.1 Name Date Problem-Solving Investigation 15 + 15 + 15 = bookshelf.54 = \$0. there are 22 minnows.88. 45 books can fit on the .88 > \$0.Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. \$0. About how many pond animals are there? 4. How many cookies are there in all? 1.34 in his pocket. Every year. Inc. An apple costs \$0. he is bringing 2 bags of cookies to school. Students were growing plants in science class. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. So far. They collected \$47 from Mrs.34 + \$0. If they combine their money. 18 flowers 24 + 24 = 48 3. Delmar’s school has collected money for charity. For Garrett’s birthday party. 2–6 Skills Practice Problem-Solving Investigation 3MR1. Since 46 > 45. Johnson’s class and \$52 from Mr. Bill has \$0. there are 27 snails. How many cards are there in all? yes. so 45 46 . one book will be A15 . There are 31 students in Miss Strom’s class and 27 students in Miss Wilson’s class. How much money do they have in all? Solve. King’s class. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. can they buy the apple to share? Explain. and 2 plants have 6 flowers each. about how many hours of volunteer work will she do? Sample answer: 200 + 200 = 400 hours 3. In 2 years. 1. About how many students are there in all? 20 + 30 = 50 pond animals Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill.1 Name Reteach (continued) Solve.85 Answers (Lesson 2– 6) 15 + 64 = 79 cards 4.54 in her pocket. Find the total number of flowers. Daniel’s mother volunteers about 245 hours in the hospital. 17 + 19 + 10 = left over. There are 15 cards in one box and 64 cards in another box.

Regroup if necessary.1. Miranda’s sunflower plants grew 27 inches in the first month and 37 inches the second month. 146 + 29 _____ 1 175 528 222 pages 11. How many muffins and bagels were there in all? Find each sum.75 + \$1. 1. Step 1 Solve.94 211 904 721 1 11 267 Think: 13 ones = + 46 _____ 1 ten. Regroup if necessary. How tall were Miranda’s sunflowers after two months? Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. 4. Inc. For a PTA meeting at the Parkvale Elementary School.3 Name Reteach Skills Practice Three-Digit Addition Find each sum. \$5.Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. Lucinda read a book that was 98 pages long. Add 267 + 46. In March. 370 muffins and bagels 10. 760 \$14. 3 ones Answers (Lesson 2– 7) A17 2.85\$7. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 62 3. 3NS3. 473 + 55 _____ 3 267 Think: 11 tens = + 46 _____ 1 hundred. Regroup if necessary. Use models to help. 711 + 193 11 Step 2 Add the hundreds.78 + \$7. How many pages did she read in February and March? 1. \$7. 3. Step 3 Add the ones. Inc. 144 + 67 7. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.1. 682 + 39 9. Add the tens.3 Three-Digit Addition You can use models to add. she read a book that was 124 pages long. 661 + 99 5. In February.60 2. 457 182 +275 _____ 64 inches Chapter 2 38 Grade 3 Chapter 2 Grade 3 39 Chapter 2 Answers Chapter Resources Grade 3 Date 2–7 3NS2. the principal has ordered 215 muffins and 155 bagels. 49 + 13 2–7 Name Date 3NS2. 373 245 +128 _____ 4. 3NS3.16 6. 342 + 208 550 . Use estimation to check for reasonableness. 1 ten 13 267 Think: 1 hundred + + 46 _____ 2 hundreds = 313 3 hundreds 8.

16 . \$6. What was the total cost? 8. Anwar wants to begin collecting marbles.2. Jens called his family in Germany twice and talked 15 minutes each time. He decides he would like 315 blue marbles and 15 green marbles. How much did these items cost altogether? 394 miles 4. A long-distance phone call to Germany costs \$4. Kevin’s family bought 2 pizzas that cost \$12 each. A new rug will cost \$249 and a new sofa will cost \$540.45 + \$3. How many marbles does Anwar want in all? 66 miles 330 marbles 40 Chapter 2 Grade 3 Chapter 2 Grade 3 41 Chapter 2 Chapter Resources Grade 3 Date 2–7 3NS2. 3NS3.18 \$7. The Allens are redecorating their living room.63 4. About how much do the bird and cage cost altogether? \$9. Use estimation to check for reasonableness. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. How much did both phone calls cost? about \$170 9.25 and one cost \$3.52 + \$1. How many miles does she travel coming home and going back to college? 7.1. One cost \$6. How much will the rug and the sofa cost altogether? 6.51 + \$4. and a birdcage costs \$82. Stephanie cleaned her room for a total of 125 minutes and she watered the garden for 18 minutes. \$3. A canary costs \$89. She comes home once a month.60 5. Starting from Bealstown. How long did she work? 3.1.65 \$8. 653 + 284 937 5.39 \$7. Inc. Lewis bought 2 rosebushes for her garden. How many miles is the entire trip to Springfield? \$9. Inc. Use the four-step plan to solve each problem. Last week.91 Answers (Lesson 2– 7) Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. 3NS3. Use estimation to check for reasonableness. and then goes 39 miles west to Springfield. This week. A truck is delivering fresh vegetables to the Springfield Grocery Store.95 for 15 minutes.35.3 2–7 Problem-Solving Practice Three-Digit Addition Find each sum. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. Megan’s older sister goes to a college that is 197 miles from home. 29 + 66 95 143 minutes 1. it goes 27 miles north to Bentley.3 Name Homework Practice 3NS2. (Lesson 2–6) 3. Name Date Three-Digit Addition Find each sum. \$4. Mrs. 178 + 99 277 \$789 2.90 6. 1. A18 \$24 Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill.

236 3.026 6. \$44.12 9. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.05 5. How much did she spend? Find each sum.535 8.747 7.1.37 \$23. 1.67 = 7.96 10. 981 + 602 = Scientist Writer Estimate how many students participated in the survey. 3NS3. 578 + 333 = 15.02 + \$54. Inc. 933 + 1. Jake cleaned his room for 3.13 and running shoes for \$42.45 + \$49.12 + \$23.866 + 727 = 1. Use estimation to check for reasonableness. 3. She bought running shorts for \$29.009 4.304 8.425 minutes Chapter 2 44 Grade 3 Chapter 2 Grade 3 45 Chapter 2 Chapter Resources Grade 3 Date 2–8 3NS2. How much money did she spend? Answers (Lesson 2– 8) Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill.22 1.10 = \$116.295 93 10.120 + 305 = 3. In a survey. Courtney is having a tea party. Sample answer: 1.434 \$99.090 students \$30.35 and cookies for \$6. \$50. \$45.06 929 1.3. students were asked which job they would prefer.938 1. How much money did she spend? \$31.15.329 2. \$74.59 + \$22. Use estimation to check for reasonableness.3 2–8 Homework Practice Add Greater Numbers Find each sum.73 2.80 \$85.44 12.005 1.99 = \$100. A20 12. \$57.25 + \$27.45.93.16 + \$24. \$43.34 4.34 \$56. 13.583 13. 708 + 221 = 14.220 2.445 1. 356 + 1.120 minutes and mowed the lawn for 305 minutes.833 + 289 2.79 \$98. 3NS3. \$1. 132 + 78 = 911 210 Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill.091 + 238 = 2. Use estimation to check for reasonableness. \$39. Elizabeth went to the craft store to purchase supplies to make a scrapbook. These were the results: 1. 4.3 Name Skills Practice 3NS2.20 = Solve 11.1.908 6. 448 + 561 1.000 + 90 = 1.44 . Last year.209 = 5.088 + 346 = 4. 2.122 8.593 6.78 + \$12. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 4.99 and beads for \$10.63 + \$72. Rachel is running in a cross-country race.50 11. How long did he work? 3. Inc. 302 + 1. 231 + 8. 806 + 1. Name Date Add Greater Numbers Find each sum. 328 + 5. She bought a teapot for \$25.18 = 9.565 \$62. She bought some stamps for \$19. (Lesson 2–7) \$72.

Lee’s mother had to go on two trips last year. Landry worked 2.002.497 Answers (Lesson 2– 8) 3. Cheyenne is going to Philadelphia for her summer vacation. Use the Puzzle Numbers below to complete the Magic Grid. 1. Carlos paid \$39. How much will both vacation packages cost? \$6.990 \$2.003.99. Last year. Her friend James is going to Miami.1.001. 3NS3. She went to Baltimore and Kansas City. 998. What was the total price she paid? Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill.56 and a bracelet that cost \$14. Paulita bought jewelry when she went to New Mexico.503 \$1. 1. 997.080 hours.3 Name Problem-Solving Practice Enrich Magic Grid Addition 2–8 Name Date 3NS2.004 997 999 5.3 Add Greater Numbers Solve. \$38. Use each number only once.09 4. he worked 2.404 hours.000.Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. 1.) Philadelphia Miami Baltimore Kansas City Puzzle Numbers \$3.97 for a bat and \$80. 1.1. Mr. Inc. This year. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. What was the total cost of her vacation packages? \$4. 3NS3.000. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. She bought a beaded necklace that cost \$23.12 for his uniform. (Hint: Try using sticky notes with the numbers on them to guess and check your choices. The numbers in each row and in each column must add together to equal 3.55 1. Remember to regroup when adding. How many hours did he work in all? 4. Travel Agency Deluxe Package Prices: A21 .491 1000 1002 998 2. One square in the grid is done for you. 999.501 \$2.994 996.001 1003 \$120. Inc. 1. How much did he pay? 996 1.004 1.484 hours 46 Chapter 2 Grade 3 Chapter 2 Grade 3 47 Chapter 2 Answers Chapter Resources Grade 3 Date 2–8 3NS2.

Inc.60 or 60¢ Grade 3 57 Chapter 2 Grade 3 A23 Chapter 2 Answers . a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. \$0. If I buy two apples for \$0. how much money did I spend? Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. Where do we place the decimal point? between the dollar amount and cent amount 10. 14. Why or why not? Assessment answers will vary Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill.Answers (Oral Assessment) 2 Name Date (continued) Oral Assessment 8. How many ways can we write this amount? We can write this amount two ways.60 13. we can write \$0.30. Inc. Where do we place the dollar sign? to the left of the dollar amount 9. Tell how you got your answer. Do we place a cents sign on the amount? no 11. 12.

8. 7. 11 No. commutative. 4 2. 8 11 11 8 15 5.Chapter 2 Assessment Answer Key Chapter Diagnostic Assessment Page 49 Chapter Pretest Page 50 Quiz 1 (2–1 through 2–3) Page 51 1. 49 Yes. Yes. identity 11. 4. 6. 9. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 5. 5 3.38 7. 3.777 10.05 \$38. About 50 magazines 646 \$6. 6. 91 Exact answer. 14 toys 13. 43 cups 11. 130 90 80 4. 5. 10. 12. 3. 59. 1. 4. 10. 7. 8. 9. 11. commutative 20. associative. 63 colors About \$40 14. 40 20 50 80 9. 2. 6. identity. 2. 80 70 100 Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. 8. 12. 7. Inc. associative commutative regrouping estimation 1.94 Estimate. she only needs \$2. more Grade 3 A24 Chapter 2 . 11.

4. four-step plan Yes. 10. 99 7. 3. 98¢ \$0. 5. fourstep plan 11.26 \$154. Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill.11 \$70 97 1. commutative 4.43 \$9. 6. 41 . 3. 5. 8. 2. No. identity 1. 13. H Grade 3 A25 Chapter 2 Answers 37 students. 51 39 90¢ \$0.020 \$1. 7. 2. 14. Inc. B 11. 4. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 98 students.85 8.Chapter 2 Assessment Answer Key Quiz 2 (2–4 through 2–6) Page 52 Quiz 3 (2–7 through 2–8) Page 53 1. four-step plan \$22.14 234 miles \$95 7. \$70. 8. 3. 12. Mid-Chapter Review Page 54 1.72 \$80 \$35 \$7. 2. 5. 6.987 8. 9. 6. 9. associative 11.four-step plan About \$120.118 19.014 91¢ 6.71 \$85. 16. 10. \$98. fourstep plan 9.

B H B 14. 7. 4. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. G 3. C J B 6. 4. Inc. D Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. 1. F B 1. B 9. J 5. C 6. 7. H 2. C G 11. D 3. 13. J 12. H 10. 5. D 2.Chapter 2 Assessment Answer Key Chapter Test Form 1 Page 60 Page 61 Chapter Test Form 2A Page 62 8. G (continued on the next page) Grade 3 A26 Chapter 2 .

H 12. J C 8. C 13. B 5. Grade 3 A27 Chapter 2 Answers 10. 9. H A 15. 12. B 6. B 3. G . G B 14. F 10. G 7. A 15. C 1.Chapter 2 Assessment Answer Key Chapter Test Form 2A Page 63 Chapter Test Form 2B Page 64 Page 65 8. 14. H 9. H 2. C G 11. B 11. A 4. H 13.

No. 8. \$80 61¢ 9. associative 82 \$88 About 80 13. No. 45 10. 331 \$9. Inc. 36. 41 1.Chapter 2 Assessment Answer Key Chapter Test Form 2C Page 66 Page 67 Chapter Test Form 2D Page 68 10. 4. 41 5. 8. 3.82 \$80 61¢ 15. 11. 20 Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. 2. \$0.59 (continued on the next page) Grade 3 A28 Chapter 2 . 3. 16. 7.82 7. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. \$85. 4.Yes. 45 18. Yes. 90 17.59 9. identity 13. 70 36. 2 14. 13.10 6. 6. 20 2. identity 1. associative 2 About 50 5. \$0. 12. \$85.

82 \$88 No. 5. 41 6. 331 \$9. 70 4. About 80 About 50 17. 19. 13. 14.Chapter 2 Assessment Answer Key Chapter Test Form 2D Page 69 Chapter Test Form 3 Page 70 Page 71 11.61 1. 90 2. 12. 8. 17. Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. 45 13. 331 \$9.10 2 134 minutes 18. identity 11. 15. Yes. 9.10 16.82 \$80 61¢ 10. 36. Inc.59 14. 16. 70 13.61 15. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. \$61. \$61. \$88 Grade 3 A29 Chapter 2 Answers . associative 12. 20 7. 3. 90 \$0. \$85.

or faulty interpretations of results. The response exhibits many errors or may be incomplete. and provided clear and complete explanations and interpretations. misuse of mathematical procedures. The response contains errors related to misunderstanding important aspects of the task.Chapter 2 Assessment Answer Key Page 72. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. used mathematically sound procedures. The response may contain minor flaws that do not detract from the demonstration of a thorough understanding. Inc. The student has demonstrated a very limited understanding of the mathematics concepts and/or procedures embodied in the task. 3 2 Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. The student has responded correctly to the task. Extended-Response Test Scoring Rubric Level 4 Specific Criteria The student demonstrates a thorough understanding of the mathematics concepts and/or procedures embodied in the task. The student has demonstrated only a partial understanding of the mathematics concepts and/or procedures embodied in the task. The response may contain minor errors that reflect inattentive execution of the mathematical procedures or indications of some misunderstanding of the underlying mathematics concepts and/or procedures. Although the student may have used the correct approach to obtaining a solution or may have provided a correct solution. The student has provided a completely incorrect solution or uninterpretable response. The student demonstrates an understanding of the mathematics concepts and/or procedures embodied in the task. The student’s response to the task is incomplete and exhibits many flaws. or no response at all. the student’s work lacks an essential understanding of the underlying mathematical concepts. The student’s response to the task is essentially correct with the mathematical procedures used and the explanations and interpretations provided demonstrating an essential but less than thorough understanding. the student reached an inadequate conclusion and/or provided reasoning that was faulty or incomplete. Although the student has addressed some of the conditions of the task. 1 0 Grade 3 A30 Chapter 2 .

2. The Commutative Property of Addition states that the order in which the numbers are added does not change the sum. b. c. The Identity Property of Addition states that the sum of any number and zero is the number. Extended-Response Test Sample Answers In addition to the scoring rubric found on page A30. \$4 Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. Example: (9 + 2) + 3 = 14 and 9 + (2 + 3) = 14. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.95 b. the following sample answers may be used as guidance in evaluating open-ended assessment items. a. \$5.55 a. 1. Example: 4 + 0 = 4 and 7 + 0 = 7. Example: 4 + 6 = 10 and 6 + 4 = 10. Addition is when you add two or more numbers together. c. \$2. \$6. The Associative Property of Addition states that grouping the addends does not change the sum. Inc.Chapter 2 Assessment Answer Key Page 72.95 Grade 3 A31 Chapter 2 Answers .

H 7. 2. seeds. C 13. 9. B G C 8. 10. Inc. 300 + 20 + 2 825 14.Chapter 2 Assessment Answer Key Cumulative Standardized Test Practice Page 75 Page 76 7. thousand four hundred fifty 12. Sample estimates given. a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies. 6. 5. A32 Chapter 2 Grade 3 . 4.000 Copyright © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. H 200 + 70 = 270 15. three 11. Accept all reasonable estimates. 3. D J C 60 1.