You are on page 1of 42

SOCI A 327F Globalization and Social Life

The concept of globalism The advocacy of Anti-globalization movements

Globalism and globalization The ideological dimension of globalization The nature and functions of ideology Globalism is much advocated in certain powerful globalizing organizations and media The ideological claims of globalism

Globalization: the social processes of the intensification of transplanetary relationship Globalism: “an ideology that endows the concept of globalization with neoliberal values and meanings” (Steger 2003: 94)

Globalism as an ideology that supporting the unfolding of globalization process Globalism is advocated by the powerful groups that are benefited by the current patterns of globalization processes .

images that serve as guide and compass for social and political action. patterned beliefs. guiding norms and values. they help organize the tremendous complexity of human experience into fairly simple.” . but frequently distorted.Nature “An ideology can be defined as a system of widely shared ideas. and ideals accepted as truth by a particular group of people.” “In doing so.

claims to make.Functions “These simplified and distorted ideas are often employed to legitimize certain political interests or to defend dominant power structures.” “Seeking to imbue society with their preferred norms and values.” . and questions to ask. ideologists present the public with a circumscribed agenda of things to discuss.

” “ideology connects theory and practice by orienting and organizing human action in accordance with generalized claims and codes of conduct.Functions “They speak to their audience in stories and narratives that persuade. distinguish 'truths' from 'falsehoods'. praise.” (Steger 2003: 93) . and separate the 'good' from the "bad'. condemn.

The Economist. IMF Mass media: Business Week.Economic arena: leaders of MNCs like Bill Gates of Microsoft Political arena : WTO. Wall Street Journal. The Forbes. Financial Times .

Globalization is about the liberalization and global integration of markets An authoritative account of globalization The close association between liberalization and globalization Liberalization and integration of global market as a “natural” phenomenon The active role of government in promoting liberalization policy .

which are suborning the role of government. Both proponents and opponents of globalization agree that the driving force today is markets.Globalization is about the triumph of markets over governments. 13 December 1999 . Business Week.

former US Under-Secretary of State in the Clinton administration . Joan Spiro.One role [of government] is to get out of the way . and remove barriers to the free flow of goods. services.

Globalization is inevitable and irreversible Treating globalization as a natural phenomenon. treating the Anglo-American model of development as the paradigm . happening in the physical world Convincing the public and the politicians to live under and accept the burdens of this “natural phenomenon” An evolutionary perspective on social development.

but half a world away.. depends on events not only within our borders. former US President .Today we must embrace the inexorable logic of globalization . to the health of our people. Bill Clinton.that everything from the strength of our economy to the safety of our cities. Globalization is irreversible. .

it's going to happen. . it's happening. Globalization is happening. It does not matter whether you like it or not. Smith. . it‘s going to happen. Chairman and CEO of FedEx Corporation .Globalization is inevitable and inexorable and it is accelerating . Frederick W.

It is not controlled by the intention of any kind of people.Nobody is in charge of globalization The operation of the global market follows the economic law. Treating globalization as a natural evolution conceals the fact that some groups of people have far greater power in determining the operation of the globalization process and are advancing their interests within this process The transnational capitalist class aims to depoliticize the imbalance of power in globalization .

US economist . too. Paul Krugman. a reality that most Americans seem to accept as a fact of life.Many on the Left dislike the global marketplace because it epitomizes what they dislike about markets in general: the fact that nobody is in charge. The truth is that the invisible hand rules most domestic markets.

any government. The great beauty of globalization is that it is not controlled by any individual. Vice Chairman of Goldman Sachs International .The great beauty of globalization is that no one is in control. any institution. Robert Hormats.

These irregularities will be fixed by the market itself. attributing these disparities as the problem of episodic dislocation.Globalization benefits everyone It is a crucial claim to justify the continuous support to globalization Globalists ignore the economic disparities between the rich and the poor. .

There can be little doubt that the extraordinary changes in global finance on balance have been beneficial in facilitating significant improvements in economic structures and living standards throughout the world . Chairman of the US Federal Reserve Board . . . Alan Greenspan.

CEO of United Technologies Corporation . trade and investment are soaring.We are at an optimistic time in our world: the barriers between nations are down. economic liberalism is decidedly afoot and proven to be sound. and wealth generation is at record high levels. income disparities between nations are narrowing. George David. and I believe likely to remain so.

The breakdown of the Soviet bloc and the introduction of democracy in the countries inside is a solid evidence to support this claim. neglecting the democratic participation of common people in the decision-making process.Globalization furthers the spread of democracy in the world Globalists claim that free market is associated with democracy. This understanding equates democracy with voting. The developing countries with dictatorships actually achieved more trade in the global market. .

Hillary Rodham Clinton.The emergence of new businesses and shopping centers in former communist countries should be seen as the backbone of democracy. US Senator from New York .

Johns Hopkins University .The level of economic development resulting from globalization is conducive to the creation of complex civil societies with a powerful middle class. It is this class and societal structure that facilitates democracy. Francis Fukuyama.

The advocacy of the Anti-globalization movements .

Social movements challenging the existing neoliberalist globalization A collection of numerous movements pursuing a wide range of goals with different means .

Two approaches to anti-globalization movements Particularist protectionist Universal protectionist .

political and cultural arena Against the dominant cultural values of western. American origins . especially.Against the threats of globalization to a particular nation and culture in economic.

the neoliberal agenda of multinational corporations. the power of global investors. and the Americanization of the world as practices that have contributed to falling living standards and/or moral decline.denounce free trade. .

.Targeting on the “globalization loser” in one’s own country. and small farmers more concerned with the well-being of their own citizens than with the construction of a more equitable international order based on global solidarity. small business owners. including include industrial workers.

nationalist movements.g.E. JeanMarie Le Pen's French National Front and President Hugo Chavez's Venezuelan . such as Patrick Buchanan and his Reform Party in USA.

. and women‘s issues. human rights.point to the possibility of constructing a new international order based on a global redistribution of wealth and power. Aims to to establishing a more equitable relationship between the global North and South include a growing number of non-governmental organizations and transnational networks concerned with the protection of the environment. fair trade and international labour issues.

they seek to protect ordinary people all over the world from a neoliberal 'globalization from above'. .g. E. Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide's poor people's movement. the consumer advocate Ralph Nader in USA.Calling for a 'globalization from below' favouring the marginalized and poor. Green party in Germany.

human and environmental groups gathered in London challenged the G8 Economic Summit held in Cologne. 1999: Labor. German .Mass movements J18 on June 18.

50.000 people from different countries participated in an anti-WTO protests in Seattle Alliance of different social movements groups. animal right activists.40.000 . environmentalists. Particularist protectionists also participated in the protest Different strategies like violent acts and peaceful sit-in were adopted Internet and mobile phones were the major means of communications for mobilizing the participants . feminists. labor activists. ranging from universal protectionist groups like human right proponents.

notably South Korea .000-10.000 protestor from different countries.World Trade Organization Ministerial Conference of 2005 at Hong Kong 7.

9/11 attack by bin Laden .

Anti-globalization movements as an umbrella term for a wide range of movements Anti-globalization as purely oppositional movements and lacks of a positive agenda. the right-ring activists argue for the subsidies of native production sectors . Different movements have different concrete tasks and goals.The diversity of the movements and the difficulties in constituting a single movement. but these tasks and goals are often contradictory For example. while the INGOs are concerned about the fair trade.

Anti-globalizations are outside mainstream politics and thus have limited effectiveness .

Globalism as the dominant discourse on globalization advocated by powerful agents in globalization Anti-globalizations movements as an alternative to the current form of globalization .

with the goal of alternative policies in different countries.The major contribution of anti-globalization movements is cultural in nature. alerting people about the problem of neoliberal globalization and functioning only to widen the political spectrum. . The quest for real social change lies in the arena of politics.

Globalization: a Very Short Introduction. Malden: Polity. Jan Aart.Martell. The Sociology of Globalization. Manfred B. . Cambridge. 2005. Luke. 2003. Oxford : Oxford University Press.2010. Globalization: a Critical Introduction. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. Steger. Scholte.