2/27/13

Tractor India, Tractor in India, Tractor Industry in India, Indian Tractor Industry

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INDIAN TRACTOR INDUSTRY

Tractor market in India is about Rs 6000 crore. On Size of the Industry an average around 400000 tractors are produced and their sale is 260000 Geographical distribution Output per annum The tractor markets of Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, and Gujarat are growing ~ 50%. Domestic sales - 350,000 units p.a. and Exports 60,000 units p.a Percentage in world market Market capitalization About 20% of world tractor production is carried out in India CAGR in volumes @ 10 % over past four decades with seasonal variations.

History

Indian Tractor Industry developed in 1945 to 1960 because of the War surplus tractors and bulldozers were imported for land reclamation and cultivation in mid 1940's. In 1947 Central and State Tractor Organizations were set up to develop and promote the supply and use of tractors in agriculture and up to 1960, the demand

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Today India's gross cropped area is next only to United States of America and Russia and along with fragmented land holdings which has helped the country to become the largest Tractor Market in the world. The tractors between the 31-40 horse power and 31-40 hp range dominate the market . M&M are the major tractor manufacturers. Tractor is a highly versatile piece of machinery having a multitude of uses.S. Tractor Industry has played a vital role in the development. Annual production exceeded 75000 units by 1985 and reached 140000 in 1990 when the total in use was about 1. The arable land in India is high as 12% of the total arable land in the world. Asian Tractors. A higher availability of credit will lead to a higher demand for tractors. the demand was met entirely through imports.S. Local production began with five manufacturers in 1961 producing a total of 880 units per year.4 and 32. By advancement in manufacturing of tractors there's possibility that could lead India to another green revolution. UK and Western and Eastern Europe towards India where growth in the number of producers and the total volume in recent years have been impressive.com/indian-industries/tractor. Tractors form an integral part of the farm mechanization and have a crucial role to play in increasing agricultural productivity. Others were HMT and PTL (SWARAJ) Total production climbed steadily to 33000 in 1975 reaching 71000 by 1980. Tractor in India. in electricity generation. It is to be noted that while the overall automobile industry is facing recession the tractor industry is growing at 9%. U. In the year 1970 annual production had exceeded 20000 units with over 146000 units working in the country. It has now become an integral part of farm structure . the industry has grown at a phenomenal pace in the last five decades to achieve a record production of over three lakh units per year. In 1961 since tractor manufacturing in India started. Eicher.2/27/13 Tractor India.The problems of farmers has been erased by the application of tractor for agricultural activities which swept India during the last twenty years . Haryana and Uttar Pradesh have plenty of alluvial soil which does not require deep tilling.R. During 1965 this had increased to over 5000 units per year and the total in use had risen to over 52000. In India.. Market capitalization www. About 20% of world tractor production is carried out in our country only. only 3% of total tractors used all over the world .a net importer up to the mid-seventies . Lately it is visualised that higher hp segment has the maximum growth potential. VST Tillers) manufacturers began production during this period but only last one survived in the increasingly competitive market place. and only a few Western European countries exceed the current production of tractors. As per the global spotlight on tractors manufacturers in terms of volume seems to be swinging away from the USA. India's growth is unmatched even with countries of long history of Tractor manufacturing. Tractors are capital intensive. Escorts Ltd began local manufacture of Ford tractors in 1971 in collaboration with Ford. Then India . since purchase of tractor involves a big investment its demand is affected by the availability and easiness of credit. In 1951 there were 8. Haryana Tractors. Tractor Industry in India. By 1997 annual production exceeded 255000 units and the national tractor park had passed the two million mark. labour displaying used as a mode of transport. 1981 to 1990 A further five (Auto Tractors.1 in developed countries. From 1971 to 1980 six new manufacturers were well established during this period although three companies (Kirloskar Tractors. TAFE. comparatively young by world standards has expanded at a spectacular pace during the last four decades.became an exporter in the 80's mainly to countries in Africa between 1991 to 1997.000 in 1955 and 37.html 2/4 . Credit facilities for farmers continued to improve and the tractor market expanded rapidly with the total in use passing the half million mark by 1980. world average of 17. Indian Tractor Industry promote the supply and use of tractors in agriculture and up to 1960.2 million.000 by 1960.500 tractors in use. Since 1992 it has not been necessary to obtain an industrial license for tractor manufacture in India. Saturation achieved in Punjab with tractor density as high as 82 per 1000 ha against Indian average of 12. UK.A.indianmirror.S. United Auto Tractors.The reason for medium horse power tractors being more popular are that the major tractor demanding states like Punjab. It is a typical industry where both imported technology and indigenous developed technology have developed towards meeting the overall national requirements of the country. used in agriculture both for land reclamation and for carrying out various crop cultivation and also employed for carrying out various operations connected with raising the crops by attaching suitable implements and to provide the necessary energy for performing various crop production operations involved in the production of agricultural crops specially in India where the major occupation is Agricultrue. But it drops to eight position in terms of total Tractor in use in the country when compared to international figures. Intense competition has led to rapid advances in design and quality. Harsha Tractors and Pittie Tractors) did not survive. Consequently it now occupies a place of pride in India's Automobile Industry also. In Farm Mechanization there are two major contribution one higher productivity and greater output. India has now emerged as one of the world leaders in wheeled tractor production. The Indian Tractor Industry's spectacular achievement reflects the maturity and dynamism of tractor manufacturers and the various policies adopted by the government to enable it to effectively meet the demand. 20. Indian tractor market has to be viewed considering its position in the world with respect to key parameters as given below: According to a study conducted by PHD Chamber of Commerce and Industry. Escorts. in construction industry and for haulage operation. Gujarat Tractors. U. Brief Introduction Tractors are an integral part of mechanization and have a crucial role to play in increasing agricultural productivity. Higher horse powered tractors will be the future requirement with the government intention to encourage contract farming through the leasing in and leasing out of farm lands. Indian Tractor Industry.4.

West Germany Motokov Praha.A However study reveals that exports from India are going down in the recent years . but predominantly to Srilanka .R but also the potential export markets can be explored by India in the future. U. Credit is extended by commercial banks. Tractor Industry in India.html 3/4 . Romania Own know how Own know how Own know how John Deere.com/indian-industries/tractor. Mechanized operations are preferred to eliminate drudgery and delay. Irrigation facilities reduce reliance on the monsoon and allow for quick yielding varieties of food grain . Czechoslovakia Latest developments Today in India there is an increase in awareness among the farmers for the need of farm mechanization and are keen to acquire tractor with the help of credit facilities from financial institutions. Agronomists believe that there is need for more tilling due to depletion of moisture and repeated cultivation of land . Czechoslovakia Messey Ferguson.The cost of a finished tractor here is as much as the cost of gear box in developed countries. Italy YEAR 1961 1963 1961 1965 1971 1971 1974 1974 1974 1975 1981 1983 1983 1986 1989 1987 1998 1999 1999 1999 Moloimport Arazawa Zaklady Mechaniczne . state land development banks and regional rural banks.S. With Employment of 28000 people directly and 150000 people indirectly the Tractor population is 3000000 compared to 900000 in China. On an average around 400000 tractors are produced and their sale is 260000.U. The Total Turn Over is 10000 crore and the Total investment is 8000 crore. Japan Uzina Tractorul.Uttar Pradesh is the largest tractor market in our country.It is precisely for this reason that the demand for tractors was well maintained even during a drought period. Top leading Companies MANUFACTURER Eicher Tractors Ltd Gujarat Tractors Ltd TAFE Escorts Ltd Mahindra And Mahindra +Escorts Tractor Ltd Kirloskar Tractors Lmt Punjab Tractor Limited Pittie Tractor Limited Harsha Tractor Ltd *Auto Tractor Ltd Pratap Steel Rolling Mill Vst Tillers United Auto Tractor Ltd Asian Tractor Ltd Bajaj Tempo Ltd International Tractors Larsen And Tourbo Ltd New Holland Tractor Greaves Ltd COLLABORATOR Gebr.K. Philippines and Bangladesh. More farmers are opting for multiple cropping over last decade.2/27/13 Tractor India. UK Ford . One third of world's Tractor production is in India. UK International Harvestor. Hence there exists tremendous scope for exports.indianmirror.7%.The major reason for the decline in exports of tractors from India is being the failure to find an extensive market overseas. Eicher Tractor. also labour shortage during harvesting increased the use of tractor.Italy Same Deutz Fahr.K. Domestic and Export Share Regarding exports India has been exporting tractors to a number of countries. USA New Holland Tractors .INDIA Own know how Moto Import. Animal power available is too inadequate to meet power demand of our farmers.Ursus Poland 1964 Hindustan Machine Tools Motokov Praha. Russia British Leyland.S.S. Klochner Humboldt Deutz. Country's net cropped area had remain virtually stagnant while gross cropped area increased by about 4. Own knowhow Mitsubishi. This indicate the increased popularity of multiple cropping 95% of tractor sales are on credit. Cost of tractors in India is the cheapest in world .This reduces the www. One out of every four tractor is being purchased here. Germany CMERI. Indian Tractor Industry Tractor market in India is about Rs 6000 crore. comparatively cheaper imports of second hand tractors by South East Asian countries from developed countries and the disintegration of erstwhile U. Tractor in India. deteriorating foreign exchange situation in African countries and their poor buying capacity. Since Indian tractors has the international standards by virtue of their foreign collaboration it is possible for India to export to more tractors to the rice and wheat growing countries like Canada.Nepal and U.

Power industry. Printing industry. Food Processing industry.indianmirror. Steel industry. IT industry. Reduced cropping cycle require deep tilling which translates into higher demand for tractors. Soap industry. Hotel industry. Zinc industry Automobile industry. Aviation industry. Construction industry. Health care industry. Film industry. Coir industry. Tabacco industry. Cotton industry. Railway industry.com www. Chocolate industry. Rubber industry. Garment industry. Biscuit industry. Pearl industry. Furniture industry. Indian Tractor Industry INDIAN T RACT OR INDUST RY AT A GLANCE IN 2011 . Textile industry. Poultry industry. Insurance industry.Horoscope Home || Tell a Friend || Book Mark || Back || Sitemap || Contact us || Advertise with us || Like 191 || 11 All rights reserved © 1999 . Paper industry. Shipping industry. Paint industry. Tractor in India. Plastic industry. Silk industry. Music industry.html 4/4 . Cottage industry. Dairy industry.2012 Indian Industries Aluminium industry. Jewellery industry. Jute industry.indianmirror. Real estate industry. Fashion industry. Sugar industry. Tractor India. Solar industry Classified under RED category Classified under ORANGE category Classified under GREEN category INDIAN INDUSTRIES Alphabetical List of Industries Enivornmental List of Industries Sectoral List of Industries Industrial Associations of India Submit Free press release Astrology .com/indian-industries/tractor. Tractor industry.This reduces the cropping cycle to 3-4 months from the traditional 5-6 months. Diamond industry. Oil industry. Leather industry. Granite industry. Weaving industry Advertising industry. Cement industry. Copper industry. Fertilizer industry. Pharmaceutical industry.2013 www. Mutual fund industry. Mining industry. Cosmetic industry.2/27/13 Irrigation facilities reduce reliance on the monsoon and allow for quick yielding varieties of food grain . Banking industry. Agricultural industry. Electronic industry. Biotechnology industry. Tractor Industry in India.