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Scribd (pronounced /ˈskrɪbd/) is a document-sharing website that allows users to post documents of various formats, and embed

them into a web page using its iPaper format. Scribd was founded by Trip Adler, Tikhon Bernstam, and Jared Friedman in 2006.[2] Scribd's major competitors are Docstoc, edocr, WePapers, Issuu[3]. Contents [hide] 1 History 2 Awards/recognition 3 Timeline 4 Financials 5 Technology 6 Reception 7 Criticism 8 Controversy 9 Supported file formats 10 See also 11 References 12 External links [edit]History

The idea for Scribd was originally inspired when Trip Adler was at Harvard and had a conversation with his father, John R. Adler, about the difficulties of publishing academic papers. He teamed up with cofounders Jared Friedman and Tikhon Bernstam and they attended Y Combinator in Cambridge in the summer of 2006.[citation needed] Scribd was launched from a San Francisco apartment in March 2007 and quickly grew in traffic. In 2008, it ranked as one of the top 20 social media sites according to Comscore.[4] In June 2009, Scribd launched Scribd Store,[5] and shortly thereafter closed a deal with Simon & Schuster to sell ebooks on Scribd.[6] Over 150 publishers including Random House, Wiley, Workman, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Pearson, Harvard University Press and Stanford University Press are now associated with Scribd. ProQuest began publishing dissertations and theses on Scribd in December 2009. In October 2009, Scribd launched its branded reader for media companies with The New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Chicago Tribune, The Huffington Post, TechCrunch and MediaBistro. [7] Over 100 media

Time Magazine named Scribd one of the “10 Start-Ups that Will Change Your Life”.[20] [edit]Financials The company was initially funded with US$12. 2010. . where he is responsible for the product and strategic direction of the company. Forbes named Scribd one of its “10 Hot Startups”.[8] [edit]Awards/recognition In September 2009. Adler is currently the CEO of Scribd. “the social network for reading”.[18] Also in April 2010. BusinessWeek named Adler one of the “Best Young Tech Entrepreneurs 2010”. 2010 to become.[13][14] After the World Economic Forum Technology Pioneer Award. former Bebo COO and managing director of Organic Inc.[12] On September 1. led by Charles River Ventures with reinvestment from Redpoint Ventures and Kinsey Hills Group.[21][22] In December 2008.[11] In May 2010.[9] In December 2009. In August 2010.[23] Consagra left Scribd and became CEO of Good Guide in August 2010. and received over US$3.[17] which allows automatic sharing of documents on Facebook and Twitter. [16] In April 2010 Scribd launched a new feature called "Readcast". news stories began to break and documents and books began to go viral on Scribd including the overturned Prop 8 and HP’s lawsuit against Mark Hurd’s move to Oracle Corporation. according to TechCrunch. BusinessWeek named Scribd one the “World’s Most Intriguing Startups”. and hired as president George Consagra. Scribd unveiled its first mobile plans for e-readers and smartphones.[15] [edit]Timeline In February 2010. Scribd was recognized as one of the “2010 Hottest San Francisco Companies” by Lead411.[10] Fast Company named Scribd “One of its Top 10 Most Innovative Media Companies” in February 2010. the World Economic Forum announced the company as a Technology Pioneer for 2011. the company raised US$9 million in a second round of funding.000 from Y Combinator.7 million in June 2007 from Redpoint Ventures and The Kinsey Hills Group.companies now use Scribd’s branded reader to embed source material into their stories. Scribd announced its integration of Facebook social plugins at the Facebook f8 Developer Conference.[19] Scribd rolled-out a re-design on September 13.

[31] On May 5. Scribd allows published documents to either be private or open to the larger Scribd community. Now any document can become a Web page. All Things D Reporter . [32] TechCrunch reported that Scribd is migrating away from Flash to HTML5. OpenOffice.'"[33] In July 2010 Publishers Weekly wrote a cover story on Scribd entitled “Betting the House on HTML5. Scribd launched the largest implementation of HTML5 to date at the Web 2.[36] former California gubernatorial candidate Meg Whitman.[30] If the requirements are not met. PowerPoint presentations. as long as the reader has Flash installed (although Scribd has announced non-Flash support for the iPhone).org XML documents. However. in July 2010 as its SVP of business development and opened a New York office. Scribd hired Robert Macdonald. the white or gray display area is simply blank. there is no message. which is the default setting in Flash.”[34] [edit]Reception Scribd has been praised by several newspapers[which?] and has been dubbed as the potential "YouTube for documents".0 Conference in San Francisco. PDFs. OpenDocument documents. Scribd raised its largest round in January 2011 bringing in an additional $13M.[29] All major document types can be formatted into iPaper including Word docs. former PayPal COO and founder of Yammer and Geni. 2010. and PostScript files. Scribd iPaper requires Flash cookies to be enabled. former head of media and publisher partnerships at Google. [27] [edit]Technology Scribd used iPaper.[26] In August 2010 it began beta testing premium services.[28] iPaper was built with Adobe Flash. joined Scribd’s board of directors in January 2010.[24] Scribd also utilizes Google Advertisements for revenue generation. All iPaper documents are hosted on Scribd.David O.[35] Notable users of Scribd include Virginia senator Mark Warner.[25] It also makes revenue from Scribd Store sales. which is a rich document format similar to PDF built for the web. The latest round was led by MLC Investments of Australia and SVB Capital and included several previous investors. only a few applications use this API. Mac OS. New York Times DealBook reporter Andrew Ross Sorkin. and Linux) without conversion. which allows users to embed documents into a web page. Sacks. Scribd launched its own API to power external/third-party applications. making it simple to embed documents in their original layout regardless of file format. "Scribd co-founder and chief technology officer Jared Friedman tells me: 'We are scrapping three years of Flash development and betting the company on HTML5 because we believe HTML5 is a dramatically better reading experience than Flash. allowing it to be viewed the same across different operating systems (Windows. The iPaper document viewer is also embeddable in any website or blog.

The passwords were later removed when the news was published by The New York Times. it was promptly taken down per Sony’s DMCA request. but on 8 January. 2013."[40][41] On May 11. Ford Motor Company. 2009. Sibley Camara filed a class action lawsuit against Scribd. the U. Samsung and the Living Torah. Steven Saylor. American author Elaine Scott alleged that Scribd "shamelessly profits from the stolen copyrighted works of innumerable authors. Scribd has currently more than 50 million users and it hosts more than tens of millions of documents.[43][44] In 2007. notified Scribd of 17 unauthorized uploads of his copyrighted work.[46] [edit]Controversy In March 2009.[38] In September 2009. Scribd had been served with 25 DMCA take down notices. Le Guin. Federal Communications Commission (FCC). The New York Times reported in May 2009 that Scribd hosted pirated works by authors such as Ursula K.8 million searches are conducted on Scribd's website everyday. World Economic Forum.[50] .[42] The suit was dropped in July 2010. The World Bank. Motoko Rich. one year after its inception."[39] Her attorneys Joe Sibley and Kiwi Camara sought class action status in their efforts to win damages from Scribd for allegedly "egregious copyright infringement. UNICEF.[47][48][49] In July 2010. the passwords of several Comcast customers were leaked on Scribd. In March 2009.[37] [edit]Criticism Scribd has often been accused of copyright infringement. Scribd launched a copyright management system and has made upgrades to the system including the addition of OCR. accusing it of calculated copyright infringement for profit. GigaOM reported that the script of The Social Network movie was uploaded and leaked on Scribd.Kara Swisher.[45] It is not known how many DMCA notices have been served up to now. Red Cross. a single author. writing in the New York Times. HewlettPackard. Scribd's documents are embedded more than 10 million times across the web and more than 1. reported on Scribd's hosting of pirated works. United Nations Economic Commission for Europe.S.