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Management has Universality and Transferability

Universality of Management
The universality of management is an important concept to consider in modern management thought. When describing management as universal, we refer to the widespread practice of management in all types of organizations. As noted before, one cannot bring a group of people together, regardless of the nature of the endeavor, and expect them to accomplish objectives unless their efforts are coordinated. Among other things, plans must be outlined, task identified, authority relationship specified, lines of communication established, and leadership exercised. Management, therefore, is required before any organization can expect to be effective. Although management is universal, we should not assume that all managers are the same; if, for no other reason, differences exist because no two individuals are alike. However, all managers perform broad groups of duties that are similar. These groups of duties are the functions of planning, organizing, actuating, and controlling. Managers perform essentially the same functions irrespective of their level in the organization, industry or country . Universality of management suggests that the manager uses the same managerial skills and principles in each managerial position held in various organizations. Accordingly an industrial manager could manage a philanthropic organization, a retired army general could manage a university, a civil servant could manage an industrial organization, and so on. There are certain principles in management which are universally applicable, these are the principles of departmentation, principles of division of labor, principle of span of control, the scalar principle, principle of unity of command, etc. Managing is found in all types, functions, levels and sizes of organizations. The fact that managers regularly move from public to private sector organizations bears ample testimony to the fact that management concepts are universal across organizational types. All the management functions are the same functions performed in a organization but the main difference is how to apply these functions. Management is universal but the styles of management is not. The universal nature of management also implies that managerial skills are transferable from one type of organization to another. Universality never means that one particular job should be performed by every manager. But it means that all jobs have principles in common that must be followed by every type of manager. Since the management functions must be performed to some degree in order to achieve desired goals, we can say that there is, indeed, a universality of management.

shop. Transferability of management skill. functions and techniques are profitably and productively applied. Some experts argue that the most successful international mangers are transformational leaders. Germany and Singapore. profitable or non-profitable organization. place or job to another. . One with management skill can do a job almost anywhere because of the universality of management. transferring their management system overseas and process can be done through the process of universal management. styles. The Transferability of management is very crucial because it can determine the needs what to be transferred and what skills are transferable to other organization or to other fields. All these management practices are equally practicable and applicable everywhere in the world irrespective of the nature of the job. pointing out its success in places as diverse as Israel. Transformational leadership can be defined as leadership that creates a bond between the leader and the follower inspiring intense loyalty and outstanding performance. The universal nature of management also implies that managerial skills are transferable from one type of organization to another. Although proven performance in one management position is no guarantee of success in another. various issues should still be explored. techniques. habits and social laws. Again the Universality of management refers to the transferability of its principle. It also implies that management can be moved from one organization to another. functions and skills from one time. management principles. educational. Managerial functions and techniques can be practiced in every organized effort.Transferability of Management Transferability means that the ability or skill of management is transferable in other organization. industry. country or other source of job fields. Whether it is a business. One of the success stories of transformational leadership is that of Nissan CEO Carlos Ghoson in transforming a struggling Nissan in Japan. Another reason is that the transferability of management is occurring because it is needed and can be used everywhere. company or area to another. A successful manager of a company or a field can be equally successful in the other. social. industry. Transferability of these skills are very important and that is one of the reasons why western countries are improving rapidly and covering the world market with their skills. That is why a manger of a company can be safely transferred from one department. differences in customs. Management is a universal process and its skills and understanding are transferable from one company to another and from one culture to another. techniques. government office.

Sec-B Submission Date : 28/01/2013 .An Assignment On : “Universality and Transferability of Management” Submitted to : Md. Wahidud Jaman Tusher Roll-147. Mesbah Uddin Lecturer Comparative Management (MGT-402) Department Of Management Studies University of Dhaka Submitted by : Md.

plans must be outlined. When describing management as universal. requires an ability to understand the overall nature of an organization's operations. However. in turn. and control. but a person who must plan. this does not overlook the need for technical information in the decision-making process. a manager should expect to experience few problems in moving from one industry to another. how well they perform the management functions in meeting their responsibilities. managers at all material resources. authority relationship specified. The universal nature of management also implies that managerial skills are transferable from one type of organization to another. we can say that there is. differences exist because no two individuals are alike. organizing. If this is the case. actuating. Again. we refer to the widespread practice of management in all types of organizations. lines of communication established. Although the responsibilities associated with performing the functions vary among levels of authority. One has to remember that manager is not a narrow technical specialist. task identified. and expect them to accomplish objectives unless their efforts are coordinated. a universality of management. indeed. we should not assume that all managers are the same. . Management.that is. actuate. if. political. managers must recognize the importance of balancing the needs and goals various organizational members. one cannot bring a group of people together. from business to government. and economic factors must be considered in most decisions. from the military to business. or from one department to another within the same organization. is required before any organization can expect to be effective. therefore. from education to business. Technological. for no other reason. social. As noted before. Among other things. regardless of the nature of the endeavor.Management has Universality and Transferability Universality of Management The universality of management is an important concept to consider in modern management thought. Since the management functions must be performed to some degree in order to achieve desired goals. and controlling. Although management is universal. all managers perform broad groups of duties that are similar. At the same time. First. Although proven performance in one management position is no guarantee of success in another. These groups of duties are the functions of planning. This. managerial success depends on how well managers do their jobs . organize. and leadership exercised. various issues should still be explored.

All these management practices are equally practicable and applicable everywhere in the world irrespective of the nature of the job. New age management has come up with ways to promote cross-cultural leadership. habits and social laws. organizing. from business to government. or from one department to another within the same organization. Using practical examples. . If this is the case. “management is a universal process and its skills and understanding are transferable from one company to another and from one culture to another. Transformational leadership can be defined as leadership that creates a bond between the leader and the follower inspiring intense loyalty and outstanding performance. The basic aspects of management that is. He is seen as revolutionary leader who inspired all who worked with him. staffing. differences in customs. planning and cooperating transcend all cultural and organizational boundaries. Germany and Singapore.Transferability of Management Universality of management refers to the transferability of its principle. Questions have been raised as to whether one type of management style can be effectively and efficiently transferred from one company to another while maintaining optimum performance. fundamental differences in the manner in which these activities are carried out. There are. from the military to business. directing. Some experts argue that the most successful international mangers are transformational leaders. coordinating. outline the argument for the statement. One of the success stories of transformational leadership is that of Nissan CEO Carlos Ghoson in transforming a struggling Nissan in Japan. techniques. Transferability of these skills are very important and that is one of the reasons why western countries are improving rapidly and covering the world market with their skills. functions and skills from one time. from education to business. however. A new method of management has come up to battle the problems associated with cross cultural management. a manager should expect to experience few problems in moving from one industry to another.” Management is a broad and intrinsic aspect of business. place or job to another. pointing out its success in places as diverse as Israel.

An Assignment On : “Universality and Transferability of Management” Submitted to : Md. Sec-B Submission Date : 28/01/2013 . Miraj Hossan Roll-134. Mesbah Uddin Lecturer Comparative Management (MGT-402) Department Of Management Studies University of Dhaka Submitted by : Md.