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Theatre Arts

Theatre Art is a moving art, such as acting or drama, something that you would see in the theatre. Most commonly plays, or musicals. (such as Phantom of the Opera, Rent, or a play by William Shakephere) Theatre is a collaborative form of fine art that uses live performers to present the experience of a real or imagined event before a live audience in a specific place. The performers may communicate this experience to the audience through combinations of gesture, speech, song, music or dance. Elements of design and stagecraft are used to enhance the physicality, presence and immediacy of the experience. The specific place of the performance is also named by the word "theatre" as derived from the Ancient Greek (thatron, a place for viewing) and (theomai, to see", "to watch", "to observe). Modern Western theatre derives in large measure from ancient Greek drama, from which it borrows technical terminology, classification into genres, and many of its themes, stock characters, and plot elements. Theatre scholar Patrice Pavis defines theatricality, theatrical language, stage writing, and the specificity of theatre as synonymous expressions that differentiate theatre from the other performing arts, literature, and the arts in general. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theatre)

chanted than spoken. The chorus performed in the "orchestra", not on a raised stage. The use of masks to represent characters and highsoled boots worn to add height to the players limited the movement of the actors. Indeed, the concept of "actors" themselves was not originally a part of Greek theatre, but was developed as a consequence of certain playwrights of particular genius. Roman Theatre The decline of Greek government and society coincided with the rise of the Roman Republic and subsequent empire. The Romans borrowed extensively from Greek theatre. Although Roman theatre may not be held in the same high esteem as that of the Greeks, we have inherited much from the influence of the Roman Theatre, including the word "play" itself, which derives from a literal translation of the Latin word ludus, which means recreation or play. Roman theatre took two forms: Fabula Palliata and Fabula Togata. Fabula Palliata were primarily translations of Greek plays into Latin, although the term is also applied to the original works of Roman playwrights based upon Greek plays. We are familiar with the latter from the works of Terence (190-159 B.C.), who introduced the concept of a subplot, enabling us to contrast the reactions of different sets of characters to the same events or circumstances. The Fabula Togata were of native origin, and were based on more broadly farcical situations and humor of a physical nature. An author of some of the better examples of this type of drama is Plautus (c.250-184 B.C.). Renaissance and Reformation The Renaissance, while having a major impact on the other arts, had less influence on theatre in England than in Italy, where classic Roman plays were revived for performance. Of greater impact was the Protestant Reformation and the

History of Theatre
Greek Theatre Greek theatre took place in large (the largest ultimately held twenty thousand people) hillside ampitheatres. The players included a chorus and their leader, and the "lines" were more

movement toward nationalism which accompanied the Reformation. The rediscovery of the classics did influence the development of the stage -- first in Italy, then in France and England and the rest of Europe. It was in Italy that the first steps were taken toward the development of the proscenium, or "picture frame", stage with which we are so familiar today. Elizabethan Theatre and Shakespeare It was in this world that William Shakespeare (1564-1616) wrote and acted in his plays in the late 16th and early 17th Centuries. Elizabethan and Jacobean theatre produced a number of notable playwrights, including Christopher Marlowe and Ben Jonson; but Shakespeare towers above them (http://www.tctwebstage.com)

2) Audience The essence of theater is the interaction between the performer and audience. Theater needs to be experienced live. There is a "call and response" atmosphere that can not be witnessed in a movie theater. ~ In a live theater experience, when the audience laughs out loud, or cries, then the actors respond to that energy. ~ In a movie, there is no connection between the actors and audience, only reactions from the audience.

Elements of Theatre
The following are the major elements of theater: 1) Performers 2) Audience 3) Director 4) Theater Space 5) Design Aspects (scenery, costume, lighting, and sound) 6) Text (which includes focus, purpose, point of view, dramatic structure, and dramatic characters) 1) Performers People onstage presenting characters in dramatic action. The audience is coming to see a performer pretend to be someone else. When the actor/actress is on stage, they must be believable as the character they are portraying. If they are not believable, then the audience will be less interested in the production.

3) Director The director makes certain that the performers understand the text and deliver the script excitingly and appropriately. The director also makes sure the blocking, costume designs, set designs and other aspects of the show blend together to make a production that works together. All the aspects of theater should compliment each other, and the director oversees all these things.

4) Theater Space Another necessary element of theater is the space in which performers or audiences come together. It is essential to have a stage, or some equivalent area, where actors and actresses can perform. It is also essential to have a place for audience members to sit or stand. 5) Design Aspects Visual Aspects - costumes, lighting, and some form of scenic background Nonvisual Aspect - sound. 6) Text A final element essential to theater is the text that is performed, and it must be present for theater to occur. Another name for the text is script. One key element for writing is CONFLICT. The characters should have a goal to reach, but to reach that goal they must go through a series

of conflicts. Without conflict the story would be bland and boring. (https://sites.google.com/a/penncharter.co m/roche-website/7th-grade-drama/aspectsof-theater) Honorata "Atang" Dela Rama Queen of
Zarzuela

As Queen of Zarzuela, she starred in more than 50 zarzuelas. Started her career at age seven after being cast in Spanish zarzuelas such as "Mascota", "Sueo de un Vals" and "Marina". She starred in several veladas, a literary musical program. Acted in the very first Filipino/Tagalog film, Dalagang bukid (1919). In 1919 the young Atang sang "Nabasag ang Banga" ("The Clay Pot Broke") in the stage play "Dalagang Bukid" ("Country Maiden") by Hermogenes Ilagan and Leon Ignacio. When Jose Nepomuceno, who historians of the Filipino film industry have called "Father of Philippine Movies", decided to make a bigscreen version of the popular stage play as his first production venture, he tapped Atang. Since sound had not yet been incorporated into motion pictures in 1919, Nepomuceno had to resort to what must have been quite a novelty at the time--during screenings of the movie, Atang stood behind the screen to sing the theme song to the accompaniment of a threeman band consisting of a violinist, a trumpet player and a pianist. It paid off, however, and the movie became a hit. In 1979 (age 74), Atang was formally honored as the Queen of Kundiman. National Artist of the Phiippines for Theater and Music. She was the Philippines' most celebrated vaudeville actress