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RENR3278 August 1998

FLUID POWER SYMBOLS
BASIC COMPONENT SYMBOLS
MAIN AUX.

PUMP or MOTOR

FLUID CONDITIONER

SPRING

CONTROL VALVES

RESTRICTION

LINE RESTRICTION (FIXED)

2-SECTION PUMP

PUMP: VARIABLE and PRESSURE COMPENSATED

VARIABILITY

SPRING (ADJUSTABLE)

LINE RESTRICTION (VARIABLE)

PRESSURE COMPENSATION

HYDRAULIC PNEUMATIC ENERGY TRIANGLES

LINE RESTRICTION
VARIABLE and PRESSURE COMPENSATED

ATTACHMENT

VALVE ENVELOPES

VALVES

VALVE PORTS

ONE POSITION

TWO POSITION

THREE POSITION

TWO-WAY

THREE-WAY

FOUR-WAY

CONTROL VALVES
AB AB

CHECK VALVES

P T NORMAL POSITION

P T SHIFTED POSITION

INFINITE POSITION

BASIC SYMBOL

SPRING LOADED

SHUTTLE

PILOT CONTROLLED

FLUID STORAGE RESERVOIRS

VENTED

PRESSURIZED

RETURN ABOVE FLUID LEVEL

RETURN BELOW FLUID LEVEL

320B, 322B and 325B Excavator Hydraulic System
320B: 1XS1-UP 7JR1-UP 2AS1-UP 9WS1-UP 5MS1-UP 6LW1-UP 3YZ1-UP 322B: 2ES1-UP 1ZS1-UP 325B: 6DN1-UP 8FN1-UP 4DS1-UP 5BS1-UP

MEASUREMENT

ROTATING SHAFTS

PRESSURE

TEMPERATURE

FLOW

UNIDIRECTIONAL

BIDIRECTIONAL

COMBINATION CONTROLS

SOLENOID

SOLENOID or MANUAL

SOLENOID and PILOT

SOLENOID and PILOT or MANUAL

SERVO

THERMAL

DETENT

MANUAL CONTROL SYMBOLS

PUSH-PULL LEVER

MANUAL SHUTOFF

GENERAL MANUAL

PUSH BUTTON

PEDAL

SPRING

RELEASED PRESSURE

PILOT CONTROL SYMBOLS

REMOTE SUPPLY PRESSURE

EXTERNAL RETURN

INTERNAL RETURN

SIMPLIFIED

COMPLETE

INTERNAL SUPPLY PRESSURE

ACCUMULATORS

CROSSING AND JOINING LINES

HYDRAULIC AND PNEUMATIC CYLINDERS

SPRING LOADED

GAS CHARGED

LINES CROSSING

LINES JOINING

SINGLE ACTING

DOUBLE ACTING

HYDRAULIC PUMPS
FIXED DISPLACEMENT VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT NON-COMPENSATED

HYDRAULIC MOTORS
FIXED DISPLACEMENT VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT NON-COMPENSATED

INTERNAL PASSAGEWAYS
INFINITE POSITIONING THREE POSITION TWO POSITION

UNIDIRECTIONAL

UNIDIRECTIONAL

VA Boom

BIDIRECTIONAL

BIDIRECTIONAL

FLOW IN ONE DIRECTION

PARALLEL FLOW

CROSS FLOW

FLOW ALLOWED IN EITHER DIRECTION

© 1998 Caterpillar All Rights Reserved

Printed in U.S.A.

Electrical Symbols Table
Hydraulic Symbols (Electrical)

G
Transducer (Fluid) Transducer (Gas / Air) Generator

M
Electric Motor

Electrical Symbols (Electrical)

T

Pressure Symbol

Temperature Symbol

Level Symbol

Flow Symbol

Wire Number Identification Codes

Electrical Schematic Example
Current Standard
Harness identification code This example indicates wire 135 in harness "AG". Wire

Hydraulic Schematic Example
Current Standard

RENR3278

Pressure Switch

Pressure Switch (Adjustable)

Temperature Switch

Electrical Wire

Circuit Number Identification

Wire Color

325-AG135 PK-14 325-PK
Circuit Identification Number Wire Color Wire Gauge

Previous Standard
Wire Wire Color

325-PK-14
B
Circuit Number Identification Wire Gauge
(EXAMPLE VALVE)

A

16 Page,

(Dimensions: 34 inches x 24 inches)

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E

E

D

D

C

C

(Dimensions: 34 inches x 24 inches)

16 Page, Color 2,

RENR3278

B

B

A

A

THIS SCHEMATIC IS FOR THE 320B, 322B AND 325B EXCAVATORS
PART NUMBER: 149-2310
Components are shown installed on a fully operable machine. Refer to the appropriate Service Manual for Troubleshooting, Specifications and Systems Operations.

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