Guidelines for Academic Writing Prof.

Silva The discourse used in academic writing is formal, objective, precise, and free of errors. Remember that your audience will be educated individuals. As graduate students, it is assumed that you have already mastered the art of writing academically. In the pursuit of a higher degree in English, you have the responsibility to be proficient in Academic English.

Some traits of academic writing are the following: • • • • • • • • • • • High degrees of formality Sophisticated vocabulary Impersonal discourse Objective Logical Clear Grammatically correct Free of spelling errors Free of Assumptions Consistent APA style-based

What to avoid: • • • • • Colloquialisms Phrasal verbs Ambiguity Wordiness Redundancy

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Needless Qualification Contractions and abbreviations Sexism Passive voice Self-reference Weak Openings Vague language Clichés Jargon Slangs Jokes Overgeneralization Misplaced modifiers

Run-on sentences Incorrect mechanics Incorrect grammar Incorrect style

Pay attention to: • • • • • Introductions and conclusions Subject-verb agreement Mixed verb tenses Number agreement Pronoun shift

• • • •

Ambiguous reference Faulty Comparison Misuse of Adjective or Adverb Double negative

Note: Do not trust your self-editing. Before you submit an assignment, ask someone proficient in Academic English to read it and give you some feedback. Do not take your instructor’s comments on your paper personally. He is only fulfilling his duty adhering to the guidelines set by GCU standards. Web Resources with detailed information about the items listed above: 1. http://www.uni-magdeburg.de/sprz/migalk/academic_writing.htm 2. http://www.bhsu.edu/writingcenter/WritingCenterHome/ForConsultants/Comm onErrorsinStudentWriting/tabid/3653/Default.aspx 3. http://www.paulhensel.org/teachprob.html 4. http://my.ilstu.edu/~jhkahn/writing.html 5. http://leo.stcloudstate.edu/ 6. http://www.dcs.napier.ac.uk/~hazelh/gen_ho/rules_conv.htm 7. http://mrbraiman.home.att.net/page6.html

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