THE BURDENS BAROMETER 2010 £88.

3
The figures in the table are compiled from the Impact Assessments (IAs) produced by government departments, and downloaded into the British Chambers of Commerce IA Database. All government departments are required to complete IAs that evaluate the positive and negative effects of state interventions that have an impact on business. The figures show the government’s own estimates of the compliance costs of a series of regulations affecting business up to 1 July 2010. Half of all IAs claim that new regulations provide benefits to businesses, consumers or the environment. However, historically these benefits are only quantified in the minority of cases. As a result it is difficult to calculate the total value of the benefits that it is claimed justify the costs.

The Burdens Barometer has been updated from 2009, and the total net cost of the major regulations to business, approved since 1998 is now:

bn

Tax and Regulation Campaign

Burdens Barometer

Burden by Region
Scotland

The BCC’s Tax and Regulation Campaign aims to free business from the burden of red tape to enable them to create jobs and growth. It also seeks to ensure that future tax rises do not stifle the business community’s ability to drive economic recovery. See website: www.britishchambers.org.uk/taxandregulation The British Chambers of Commerce is the national body for a powerful and influential Network of Accredited Chambers of Commerce across the UK; a Network that directly serves not only its member businesses, but the wider business community. Representing 100,000 businesses who together employ more than 5 million employees, the British Chambers of Commerce is The Ultimate Business Network. Every Chamber sits at the very heart of its local community working with businesses to grow and develop by sharing opportunities, knowledge and know-how. No other organisation makes such a difference to business as the British Chambers of Commerce. If you would like to find out more about our views on a range of business issues please visit our web site at – www.britishchambers.org.uk or contact British Chambers of Commerce, 65 Petty France, London, SW1H 9EU Tel Fax Email + 44 (0) 20 7654 5800 + 44 (0) 20 7654 5819 info@britishchambers.org.uk

Cumulative costs of regulation since 1998
76.81bn 65.99bn

88.34bn

North East

£5.95bn
Northern Ireland

£2.52bn
Yorkshire & the Humber

£2.34bn
North West

£6.39bn
East Midlands

55.66bn 50.27bn

£8.38bn
West Midlands

£5.90bn
East of England

38.9bn 30.0bn

£6.73bn
Wales

£9.02bn
London

20.6bn 15.0bn 10.0bn

£3.72bn
South West

£14.78bn
South East

2001

2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

2010

£8.43bn

£14.20bn

List of Regulations
EU EU EU EU EU UK UK EU 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 The Data Protection Bill (Implementing the Data Protection Directive) The Groundwater Regulations 1998 Employment Relations Act The Working Time Regulations 1999 The Fire Precautions (Workplace) (Amendment) Regulations 1999 National Insurance: Service Provision through Intermediaries (IR 35) The Tax Credits Act 1999 and Accompanying Regulations (Working Families Tax Credit) The Transnational Information and Consultation of Employees Regulation 1999 (European Works Councils) The Education (Student Loans) (Repayment) Regulations 2000 The Part-time Workers (Prevention of Less Favourable Treatment) Regulations 2000 The Stakeholder Pension Schemes Regulations 2000 and 2005 The Wireless Telegraphy (License Charges) (Amendment) Regulations 2000 The Regulation of Investigatory Powers Bill: Parts 1 and 3 The Vehicle Excise Duty (Reduced Pollution) (Amendment) Regulations 2000 (EU Pollution Directive 98/69/EC) The Water Supply (Water Quality) Regulations 2000 The Criminal Justice and Police Bill - Police Powers to close Disorderly Licensed Premises The Pesticides (Maximum Residue Levels in Crops, Food and Feeding Stuffs) (England and Wales) (Amendment) Regulations 2000 The Biocidal Products Regulations 2001 The Processed Animal Proteins (England) Regulations 2001 The Disability Discrimination (Providers of Services) (Adjustments of Premises) Regulations 2001 Proceeds of Crime Act The Maternity and Parental Leave (Amendment) Regulations 2001 The Building (Amendment) Regulations 2001 and the Building (Approved Inspectors etc) (Amendment) Regulations 2001 The Electricity and Gas (Energy Efficiency Obligations) Order 2001 The Undertakings on Supermarket / Supplier Relations (Code of Practice) The Public Service Vehicles (Conditions of Fitness, Equipment, Use and Certification) (Amendment) Regulations 2002 The Occupational Pension Schemes (Minimum Funding Requirement and Miscellaneous Amendments) Regulations 2002 The Industrial Training Levy (Construction Board) Order 2002 The Aggregates Levy (General) Regulations 2002 Employment Act 2002 Control of Asbestos at Work Regulations 2002 The Flexible Working (Procedural Requirements) Regulations 2002 Dangerous Substances and Explosives Atmospheres Regulations 2002 The Sale and Supply of Goods to Consumers Regulations 2002 The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (Amendment) Regulations 2003 The Animal By-Products Regulations 2003 Regulating Insurance Mediation Regulating Mortgages The Additives for Use in Animal Nutrition (England) Regulations 2003 The Building (Amendment) Regulations 2003 The End-of-Life Vehicles Regulations 2003 The Money Laundering Regulations 2003 Child Trust Fund Act The Water Environment (Water Framework Directive) (England and Wales) Regulations 2003 Fuel Quality Directive - Maximum Sulphur content/Review of volatility The Occupational Pension Schemes (Winding Up and Deficiency on Winding Up etc.) (Amendment) Regulations 2004 The Carriage of Dangerous Goods and Use of Transportable Pressure Equipment Regulations 2004 Energy Act The Consumer Credit Regulations 2004 The Building (Amendment No 2) Regulations 2004 The Non-Road Mobile Machinery (Emission of Gaseous and Particulate Pollutants) (Amendment) Regulations 2004 The Genetically Modified Organisms (Traceability And Labelling) (England) Regulations 2004 Employment Relations Act - October 2004 Proposal to Amend The Air Navigation Order 2000 Directive to establish a general framework for informing and consulting employees in the UK Food Labelling (Amendment) (England) (No 2) Disability Discrimination Act 2004 and 2005 The Electricity and Gas (Energy Efficiency Obligations) Order 2004 Occupation Exposure Limit - Framework Revision The Occupational Pension Schemes (Winding Up and Deficiency on Winding Up etc.) (Amendment) Regulations 2005 Operating and Financial Review (OFR) and Directors’ Report Regulations Town and Country Planning (Fees for Applications and Deemed Applications) (Amendment) (England) Regulations 2005 SI 2005/843 Private Security Industry Act 2001: Door Supervisors & Wheel Clampers The End of Life Vehicles (Producer Responsibility) Regulations 2005 Directive 2002/15/EC on the Working Time of Persons Performing Mobile and Road Transport Activities Work at Height Regulations Control of Vibration at Work Regulations Control of Noise at Work Regulations 2005 The Food Hygiene (England) Regulations 2005 The Carriage of Dangerous Goods and the Use of Transportable Pressure Equipment (Amendment) Regulations 2005
Department for Department Education and Skills for Health Department for Department Innovation, Universities for Transport and Skills *

Department

IA Date

Regulation Introduction

One-off cost £m

Recurring cost £m

Total by July 2010 £m

Notes

List of Regulations
EU EU UK UK UK UK UK UK EU UK EU EU UK UK UK UK UK UK UK EU UK UK UK UK UK UK UK UK UK EU UK EU EU UK EU EU UK UK UK UK 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 The Detergents Regulations 2005 SI 2005/2469 The Restriction of the use of Certain Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment in the UK Work and Families Act: Choice and Flexibility 2005 The Disability Discrimination (Transport Vehicles) Regulations 2005 Amendment to The Building and Approved Inspectors (Amendment) Regulations 2006 New edition of Approved Document F Simplifying the Taxation of Pensions – Update Fire Regulatory Reform Order The Electricity Safety, Quality & Continuity (Amendment) Regulation 2006 Implementing Measures for Standby and Off-Mode Losses Corporate Manslaughter and Corporate Homicide Act Emission standards for new heavy-duty vehicles The Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Regulations 2006 (WEEE) Tax Law Rewrite: the Income Tax Act Companies Act 2006 The Smoke-free Regulations 2007 Managed Service Companies Increasing Use of On-line Services The Street Works (Registers, Notices, Directions and Designations) (England) Regulations 2007 The Street Works (Fixed Penalty) (England) Regulations 2007 Food Standards Agency Guidance Notes on Articles 14, 16, 18, 19 of the General Food Law Regulation (EC) 178/2002 The Introduction of Picture Warning on Tobacco Packs The Water Supply (Water Quality) Regulations 2000 (Amendment) Regulations 2007. SI 2007/2734 The Renewable Transport Fuel Obligations Order 2007 Energy Performance of Buildings (Amendment No.2) The Civil Aviation (Contributions to the Air Travel Trust) Regulations 2007 Increasing Income Tax Self Assessment (ITSA) Payment on Account (POA) Threshold Tenant Led Stock Options Provision of Passenger, Service and Crew Data by Carriers to the UK Border Agencies The Electricity and Gas (Energy Efficiency Obligations) Order 2008 The Motor Vehicles (EC Type Approval) (Amendment No.2) Regulations 2007 Local Transport Act The Small Companies and Groups (Accounts + Directors Report) Regulations 2008 The Fluorinated Greenhouse Gases Regulations 2008. SI 2008/41 Reduction of Administrative Burden of Stamp Duty Land Tax The Merchant Shipping (Liner Conferences) Act 1982 (Repeal) Regulations 2008 Implementing the EU Mining Waste Directive in England and Wales Employment Act 2008 Reduction of Administrative Burden of Stamp Duty The Planning (Amendment) Regulations 2008 Standard Application Form Amendment to the Town and Country Planning (General Development Procedure) Order 1995 (GDPO) etc. New Validation Procedures Capital allowances changes announced in Budget 2007 The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Consequential Amendments) Order 2008 Points Based System for Immigration Tier 2 Regulatory Enforcement and Sanctions Act Parts 1,2,3 and 4 Increasing Renewables Deployment in the UK and Banding of the Renewables Obligation (RO) (IMPACT ASSESSMENT FOR THE ENERGY ACT) Points Based System for Immigration Tier 5 Improving regulatory framework for offshore natural gas storage and offshore LNG unloading consents (IMPACT ASSESSMENT FOR THE ENERGY ACT) Changes to statutory fees for VOSA services in 2008 Consumer Credit(Information Requirements & Duration of Licences and Charges) (Amendment) Regulations Proposals to Revise the Nitrates Action Programme and Extend the Nitrate Vulnerable Zones (NVZs) Enabling Electronic Communication of Building Control Documents Marine Act Changes to the standard rate of VAT Euro 5 and 6 Light Duty Vehicle Emission Standards Fluorinated Greenhouse Gases Regulations 2009 Mandatory Rating Against the Code The Merchant Shipping (Prevention of Air Pollution from Ships) Regulations 2008 Introduction of a Statutory Scheme to Control the Price of Branded Medicines The Companies (Company Records) Regulations 2008 Repealing Notification and Record Keeping Requirements for Factories, Offices and Shops Climate Change Act – Powers to require charges for single use carrier bags TSE responsibility and cost sharing proposals Community Infrastructure Levy Unit Trusts (Electronic Communications) Order 2009 and Open-Ended Investment Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2009 Street Works (Charges for Unreasonably Prolonged Occupation of the Highway) (England) Regulation Earned Citizenship: Fund to Managed Transitional Impacts of Migration Deregulatory Review - The Occupational, Personal and Stakeholder Pensions (Miscellaneous Amendments) Regulations 2009 Amendment to Empty Property Relief Retrofitting of Mirrors to Increase the Field of indirect Vision (Blind Spot) of Goods Vehicles Statutory Instruments Implementing the Primary Authority Scheme VOSA Fees revision for 2009/10 Amendments to the Education (Independent Schools Standards) (England) Regulations Promotion of Apprenticeships in Construction Procurement The Work And Families (Increase Of Maximum Amount) Order 2009
Health and Safety Executive Inland Revenue Office of the Deputy Prime Minister Department for Children, Schools and Families Department of Energy and Climate Change

Department

IA Date

Regulation Introduction

One-off cost £m

Recurring cost £m

Total by July 2010 £m

Notes

DTI DEFRA DTI DTI HO IR IR DTI DfES DTI DWP DTI HO DfT DEFRA HO DEFRA HSE DEFRA DWP HO DTI ODPM DEFRA DTI DfT DWP DfES HMCE DTI HSE DTI HSE DTI HSE DEFRA HMT HMT FSA ODPM DTI HMT IR DEFRA DfT DWP DfT DTI DTI ODPM DfT DEFRA DTI DfT DTI FSA DWP DEFRA HSE DWP DTI DCLG HO DTI DfT HSE HSE HSE FSA DfT

Nov-98 Nov-98 Feb-99 Jul-99 Jul-99 Oct-99 Dec-99 Dec-99 Mar-00 May-00 May-00 Jun-00 Jul-00 Dec-00 Dec-00 Jan-01 Mar-01 Mar-01 Jul-01 Sep-01 Oct-01 Oct-01 Oct-01 Nov-01 Dec-01 Feb-02 Feb-02 Feb-02 Mar-02 Jul-02 Nov-02 Nov-02 Dec-02 Dec-02 Mar-03 Jun-03 Jun-03 Jun-03 Oct-03 Oct-03 Oct-03 Oct-03 Nov-03 Dec-03 Dec-03 Feb-04 Apr-04 May-04 Jun-04 Jul-04 Aug-04 Sep-04 Oct-04 Nov-04 Nov-04 Nov-04 Nov-04 Dec-04 Dec-04 Jan-05 Jan-05 Jan-05 Feb-05 Feb-05 Mar-05 Mar-01 Apr-05 Jun-05 Jul-05 Jul-05

Dec-98 Dec-98 Jan-00 Aug-99 Aug-99 Apr-00 Apr-00 Jan-00 Apr-00 Jun-00 Apr-01 Jul-00 Aug-00 Jan-01 Jan-01 Jun-01 Dec-00 Apr-01 Aug-01 Oct-99 Aug-02 Nov-01 Nov-01 Apr-02 Jan-02 Mar-02 Apr-02 Apr-02 Apr-02 Aug-02 Dec-02 Apr-03 Dec-02 Apr-03 May-03 Jul-03 Jan-05 Jan-05 Sep-04 Dec-03 Nov-03 Mar-04 May-04 Jan-04 Dec-03 Apr-04 May-04 Jul-04 May-05 Jul-04 Jul-04 Apr-04 Oct-04 Jan-05 Apr-05 Nov-05 Nov-04 Apr-05 Jan-05 Apr-05 Apr-05 Apr-05 Feb-05 Feb-05 Mar-05 Apr-05 Apr-05 Apr-06 Jan-06 Jul-05
Food Standards Agency

956 76 2 0 0 17 40 7 64 0 107 0 0 0 490 0 0 107 20 203 0 5 62 0 7 760 0 74 0 115 1359 34 200 0 137 40 60 145 0 0 0 13 165 0 0 0 44 38 343 0 0 0 39 18 39 75 49 0 43 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 160 36 39

667 11 60 1795 15 6 100 15 17 27 78 75 20 1225 22 31 18 8 34 189 54 5 32 0 22 124 50 0 63 219 13 296 15 285 17 100 90 120 76 167 101 106 0 47 117 70 35 19 102 44 134 97 33 0 33 0 123 0 0 20 96 68 78 75 423 45 230 67 -63 14

8015 192 570 17800 150 73 965 149 221 245 738 675 178 10412 677 251 107 172 289 1910 382 100 308 486 173 1669 362 74 456 1521 1443 1884 299 1781 239 640 465 685 367 932 572 578 165 255 653 368 225 133 783 220 670 509 196 18 178 75 612 1401 43 85 408 289 345 331 1833 191 978 378 11 95
H M Treasury Home Office

1998

DEFRA DTI DTI DfT DCLG HMRC DCLG DTI DEFRA HO DfT DTI HMRC BERR DH HMRC HMRC DfT DfT FSA DH DEFRA DfT DCLG DfT HMRC DCLG HO DEFRA DfT DfT BERR DEFRA HMRC DfT DCLG BERR HMRC DCLG DCLG HMRC HMT HO BERR BERR HO BERR DfT BERR DEFRA DCLG DEFRA HMT DfT DEFRA DCLG DfT DH BIS HSE DECC DEFRA DCLG HMT DfT HO DWP DCLG DfT BERR DfT DCSF DIUS BIS

Sep-05 Sep-05 Oct-05 Nov-05 Mar-06 Mar-06 Jun-05 Jun-06 Jun-06 Aug-06 Sep-06 Dec-06 Dec-06 Jan-07 Mar-07 Mar-07 Mar-07 Jul-07 Jul-07 Jul-07 Aug-07 Sep-07 Oct-07 Oct-07 Oct-07 Oct-07 Oct-07 Nov-07 Nov-07 Nov-07 Nov-07 Dec-07 Jan-08 Jan-08 Jan-08 Jan-08 Feb-08 Feb-08 Feb-08 Feb-08 Mar-08 Mar-08 Apr-08 May-08 May-08 May-08 May-08 Jun-08 Jul-08 Aug-08 Sep-08 Oct-08 Nov-08 Nov-08 Nov-08 Nov-08 Nov-08 Nov-08 Nov-08 Nov-08 Nov-08 Dec-08 Dec-08 Jan-09 Feb-09 Feb-09 Feb-09 Feb-09 Feb-09 Mar-09 Mar-09 Mar-09 Apr-09 Jun-09

Oct-05 Jul-06 Apr-07 Dec-06 Apr-06 Apr-06 Oct-06 Oct-06 Jan-10 Jul-07 Nov-06 Jan-07 Apr-07 Oct-07 Jul-07 Jan-08 Apr-08 Apr-08 Apr-08 Jul-07 Oct-09 Jan-08 Apr-08 Oct-08 Apr-08 Apr-09 Jul-09 Jan-08 Apr-08 Jun-09 Nov-08 Apr-08 Jul-08 Mar-08 Oct-08 May-08 Apr-09 Mar-08 Apr-08 Apr-08 Apr-08 Apr-08 May-08 Dec-08 Apr-09 May-08 Feb-09 May-08 Oct-08 Jan-09 Oct-08 Jul-09 Dec-08 Jan-09 Feb-09 Apr-08 Dec-08 Feb-09 Oct-09 Apr-09 Nov-08 Sep-08 Oct-09 Mar-09 Apr-09 Feb-09 Apr-09 Apr-09 Mar-09 Apr-09 Apr-09 Mar-09 Nov-08 Oct-09 £ 27,570 60,766 88,336

44 0 21 39 10 200 77 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 9 31 81 0 4 4

0 150 53 107 1203 -90 -82 16 54 18 16 203 -45 -238 -112 11 -35 41 36 -16 38 -16 382 0 -29 -47 -22 23 938 42 -10 -33 32 -18 -17 8 -177 -16 -59 -27 -16 0 -28 -58 108 -61 -40 -20 -5 49 -24 41 0 989 -55 21 29 225 -29 -21 0 25 457 -180 -52 32 -250 0 1 -32 -21 -18 -51 94

44
2005

1999

450 140 315 3920 -92 -149 45 27 36 43 407 -101 -416 -221 26 -47 132 45 -28 32

UK 9 EU 10 UK 11 UK 12 EU 13 EU 14 EU UK EU EU EU UK UK EU UK UK UK UK UK UK UK UK EU UK EU EU EU EU EU UK EU UK EU EU UK EU EU UK EU 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47

2006

see note 78

see note 11

2000

see note 82

see note 85

see note 88 see above

see note 19

2001

see note 20 see note 21 see note 22

2007

see note 24

see note 36

252 -26 0 0 0 0 0 0 30 0 0 0 0 21 0 0 0 0 0 -275 0 0 0 0 1 0 -47 0 0 0 300 0 130 0 0 0 0 0 20 0 0 5 0 0 0 -185 63 3 0 0 0 2 % 31.2 68.8 100

-24 714 -26 -37 -58 -22 34 1172 43 14 -41 32 -23 -12 38 -44 -20 -73 -33 -20 -275 -61 -33 134 -132

see note 99

2002

see note 39

2003

UK 111 UK 112 UK 113 UK 114 UK 115 UK UK UK UK 116 117 118 119

2008

-55 -42 -55 73 -41 41 300 1483 -16 48 46 319 -19 -26 20 47 304 -235 -65 46 -313 -185 64 -37 -26 -24 -34 73

UK 48 UK 49 UK 50 EU 51
2004

EU EU UK EU

52 53 54 55

EU 56 UK 57 UK 58 UK 59 UK 60 EU UK 61 62

see note 58

UK 120 UK 121 UK 122 UK 123 EU 124 EU 125 UK 126 EU 127 UK 128 UK 129 UK 130 UK 131 UK 132 UK 133 UK 134 UK UK UK UK EU UK UK UK UK UK
H M Revenues and Customs

see note 121

see note 125

135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144

2005

UK 63 EU 64 EU 65 EU EU EU EU EU 66 67 68 69 70

2009

see note 69

Department for Communities and Local Government

Department for the Environment Food and Rural Affairs

Department of Department of Business, Innovation Work and Pensions and Skills **

H M Customs and Excise

Regulations origin UK IAs EU IAs Total

DCLG

DEFRA

DFES

DH

DIUS

DfT

DTI/BERR/BIS

DWP

FSA

HMCE

HMT

HO

HMRC

HSE

IR

ODPM

DCSF

DECC

88,336
IAs are sorted by publication date. The total figure excludes the costs to business of the National Minimum Wage Regulations 1999 and subsequent amendments to the rate. Two Legislative Reform Orders, in respect of the Consumer Credit Order 2006, that jointly offer one-off savings of £126m and recurring savings of £50m, have been excluded from the Barometer. The reason for exclusion is that both of these Orders amend regulations that came into force in 2008, but the Impact Assessment did not anticipate the costs now claimed as saved. The Barometer assigns IAs to the department under which they were created. This means that some departments which may have been superseded by machinery of government changes will remain in the Barometer. * Now subsumed into BIS

Barometer Notes
11 At 30 June 2006 the May 2000 RIA had cumulative costs of £499m, comprising £100m one off costs and £76m of recurring costs. A new final RIA was published in April 2005, which introduced additional one-off costs of £6.5m, and ongoing costs, net of £1m of benefits, amounting to £2m. From April 2008, annual benefits rose to £13m. 19 The 2001 Regulation was replaced by/incorporated into the TSE (England) Regulations 2002, which were also replaced, and are now embodied in the Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (No.2) Regulations Jan 2006. However, Defra states in the 2006 RIA that costs should remain the same. 20 This Regulation came into force in two Parts, stage one in October 1999 and stage two in October 2004 although the RIA was prepared in 2001. Recurring costs for the first five years were £162m p.a. and from October 2004 these became £189m p.a. 21 £9.4m was added by the Terrorism Act 2000 and Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (Amendment) Regulations 2007 starting in December 2008, as a one-off cost. 22 The Maternity and Parental Leave (Amendment) Regulations 2001. In the first three years of this RIA costs are £24m and then in the fourth year costs reduce to £5m p.a. 24 The Electricity and Gas (Energy Efficiency Obligations) Order 2001. This RIA was replaced in Apr-05, when costs ceased accumulating (see Barometer item 58 for the replacement RIA). 36 The 2003 Regulations have been superceded by the 2005 Animal By-Products Regulation 2005. DEFRA states the costs are virtually the same. 39 This was an interim RIA developed while EC Regulation 1831/2003 was under negotiation. These Regulations have been consolidated in the Feeding Stuffs Regulations 2005. In the final Regualtory Impact Assessment Food SA state that the costs should not change. 58 This regulation expired in March 2008 (see Barometer item 94 for the replacement IA). 69 The Food Hygiene (England) Regulations 2005. One-off costs and recurring costs are fixed at £36m and £96m, but benefits vary every year as follows: Year one £45m; year two £90m; year three £136m; year four £181m; years five to ten £262m. In time the cumulative benefits are estimated to cover the costs. 78 Electricity Safety, Quality, Continuity 2006. Net costs in year one are £16.88m. These decline by approx £0.5m per annum until 2025. 82 Net costs amount to £104m in 2007, £200m in 2008, £206m in 2009, £260m in 2013, £302m in 2017. 85 The recurring cost of the smokefree regulations has altered since 2008 following a re-evaluation of the stated costs to business in the relevant Impact Assessment. 88 The allocation of costs and benefits in this and the subsequent IA were unclear. 99 This regulation expires in March 2011. There is a one-off cost of £2.8bn distributed through the three years the Order will be enacted, plus a recurrent cost of £5m per year. 121 Cash flow for business £175m (Dec 2008), £125m (Dec 2009). 125 One-off costs are spread over the first three years.

Technical Notes
The costs to business identified in the IAs above are net of the benefits that accrue to business. The Barometer is compiled each year from the data included in IAs produced by government departments up to the prior 30 June, with the net costs extended to include the year in which the report appears, i.e. 30 June 2010 in this case. Regulations with IA dates before this period can be included if new documentation is published, highlighting further business costs. These will be included within the latest year’s total. IAs that reported a net impact on the cost to businesses by July 2010 of above £15m or below £-15m were included. New regulations that modify the net impact of existing regulations by less than £15m are included in the existing regulation, with a note added to it. New regulations that modify the net impact of existing regulations by more than £15m are added as new entries in the Barometer. New regulations that supercede existing regulations are added as new entries in the Barometer, for example item 94. The recurring cost of the previous regulation (item 59) is changed to £0 with effect from the date of the new regulation, and a note is added linking to the new regulation. Where IAs give a range of costs the Barometer has taken the mid-point figure. In those cases where certain provisions come into force later than the regulation itself, the reduction in compliance costs has been ignored. Only those regulations with significant burdens net of benefits to business are included. The criteria for inclusion have not changed. Thus the Barometer is purely a matter of arithmetic, totalling the major business costs created by departments and agencies. The Barometer itself offers no judgement on government policy. Some of the references are to RIAs (Regulatory Impact Assessments), the name of IAs prior to 2008.

** Formerly Trade and Industry and Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform

www.britishchambers.org.uk