/aɪ/ /θɪŋk/ /əˈbaʊt/ /jʊ/ /aɪ/ /ɔːt/ /tə/ /biː/ /ˈwɜː.

kɪŋ/ /bət/ /aɪ/ /kɑːnt/ /ˈkɒntsəntreɪt/ /ɔːt/ /tə/ /biː/ /sliːpɪŋ/ /ˈsted əv/ /steɪɪŋ/ /ʌp/ /leɪt/ /wen/ /ɔːt/ /tə/ /biː/ /ˈduːɪŋ/ /ɔːl/ /ðə/ /θɪŋs/ /aɪ/ /ʃəd/ /du/ /aɪ/ /θɪŋk/ /əˈbaʊt/ /jʊ/ /aɪ/ /ɔːt/ /tə/ /biː/ /ˈraɪtɪŋ/ /bət/ /aɪ/ /kɑːnt/ /faɪnd/ /ðə/ /sɒŋ/ /dʒʌst/ /ˈsɪt.ɪŋ/ /hɪr/ /drɪftɪŋ/ /drɪftɪŋ/ /əˈlɒŋ/ /ðers/ /ˈəʊnli/ /wʌn/ /θɪŋ/ /ðæt/ /aɪ/ /wɒnt/ /tə/ /du/ / ə nd/ /ðæts/ /θɪŋk/ /əˈbaʊt/ /jʊ/ /aɪ/ /θɪŋk/ /əˈbaʊt/ /jʊ/ /aɪ/ /kɑːnt/ /ɡet/ /noʊ/ /rest/ /aɪ/ /θɪŋk/ /əˈbaʊt/ /jʊ/ /ðer/ /eɪnt/ /noʊ/ /wʌn/ /els/ /ɪts/ /ɔl/ /aɪ/ /kən/ /du/ /aɪ/ /kɑːnt/ /help/ /maɪˈself/ /jə/ /aɪ/ /θɪŋk/ /əˈbaʊt/ /jʊ/ /aɪ/ /kʊd/ /ɡoʊ/ /kruzɪŋ/ /bət/ /aɪv/ /həd/ /ɪˈnʌf/ /aɪ/ /kʊd/ /ɡoʊ/ /ˈdrɪŋkɪŋ/ /bət/ /aɪ/ /kɑːnt/ /stænd/ /ðə/ /stʌf/ /ɪt/ /dʒʌst/ /doʊnt/ /du/ /mi/ /laɪk/ /ɪt/ /dʒʌst/ /juzd/ /tə/ /du/ /aɪd/ /ˈræðər/ /θɪŋk/ /əˈbaʊt/ /jʊ/ I oughta be workin' but I can't concentrate (ought to be) I oughta be sleepin' 'steada stayin' up late (instead of) When oughta be doing all the things that I should do I think about you I oughta be writing but I can`t find the song Just sitting here drifting, drifting along There`s only one thing that I want to do And that`s think about you I think about you I can`t get no rest I think about you there ain’t no one else It’s all I can do I can’t help myself Ya I think about you I could go cruising but I’ve had enough I could go drinking but I can’t stand the stuff It just don’t do me like it just used to do I’d rather think about you

I think about you (Bryan Adams) I oughta be workin' but I can't concentrate I oughta be sleepin' 'steada stayin' up late When I oughta be doing all the things I should do I think about you I oughta be writin' but I can't find the song Just sittin' here driftin' driftin' along There's only one thing that I want to do And that's think about you I think about you I can't get no rest I think about you there ain't no one else It's all I can do I can't help myself Ya I think about you I could go cruisin' but I've had enough I could go drinkin' but I can't stand the stuff It just don't do me like it used ta do I'd rather think about you .

Phonetics Phonetics is strictly about audible sounds and the things that happen in your mouth. the middle of your tongue comes up so that the sides meet your back teeth while the tip of your tongue stays down. What a vast difference a muscle makes! This is the biggest distinction between phonetics and phonology. If you are a native speaker of English. For example. is both physical and meaningful. Finally. we don’t need a physical description of everything required to make those three sounds. Say the word “pop-up. All the while. Next. If they still sound like more or less the same thing. It’s true. Similarly. you might not be able to put your finger on the problem. and if you were to hear the wrong pronunciation. words in which multiple variations can exist versus those in which variations are considered incorrect. It has nothing to do with meaning. The air then escapes through your lips as they part suddenly. throat. in order to produce the word “bed. if there were a word in any other language pronounced the same way.” the vocal chords stop vibrating so that sound is a result only of the placement of the tongue behind the teeth and the flow of air. and lungs to make those sounds. which results in a B sound. The only difference is that at the end of “bet. the phonetic spelling would be the same regardless of meaning. air from your lungs is rushing out. They also examine variations on single letter pronunciations. This stops the flow of air and results in a D sound as long as those vocal chords are still going. and the phonological “grammar” of languages. which begin to vibrate and make noise. Phonology Phonology. In fact. The difference between phonetics and phonology is that phonetics deals with the physical production of these sounds while phonology is the study of sound patterns and their meanings both within and across languages. the meanings of the two words are not related in the least. It’s strictly physical. it’s a description of how most Americans pronounce the word “cat.” It has nothing to do with a furry house pet. but you do. although phonologists analyze a lot more than just the obvious differences. the word “bet” is very similar to the word “bed” in terms of the physical manifestation of sounds. on the other hand. keeping your lips open. It explores the differences between sounds that change the meaning of an utterance. read on. We’ll discuss each one individually and then compare them side by side. It’s only a description. However.” you start out with your lips together. air from your lungs is forced over your vocal chords. We simply understand what to do in order to make them. Again. the tip of your tongue comes up to the hard palate just behind your teeth. phoneticists simply understand that when they see /kæt/. adult speakers of the English language.” . which should clear things up. and your vocal chords are vibrating. nasal and sinus cavities. For example.The Difference between Phonetics and Phonology Phonetics and phonology are the two fields dedicated to the study of human speech sounds and sound structures. There’s your E sound. you pronounce the letter P three different ways. it’s not about meaning. Then. but you would think it sounded really weird. As literate. You may not realize it.

right? That’s because the aspirated P (with air) sound is not “grammatically” correct at the end of an English word. Phonology makes very detailed descriptions of sounds. which makes it very difficult for Spanish-speakers who are learning English to say words like “school. but if you need one more way to remember the difference between phonetics and phonology.” “speak” and “strict. “Does this sound go here or not?” Phonology asks. is more of a science. Phonetic ends the same way as kinetic. here’s a little side-by-side comparison to help you out:    Phonetics is strictly physical while phonology also pays attention to the function or meaning of a sound. . Spanish words do not begin with an “s” sound followed by a consonant. Both are purely physical.” Phonologists study things like that. and the last one is barely pronounced at all. look at the word endings. but it doesn’t have much air in it.The first P has more air behind it than the others. like any other -ology. See? Weird. Similarly. exploring the hows and whys of the physical. “Does the meaning change if I put this sound here instead of that one?” Phonetics makes a pretty general description of sounds and can be used to describe sounds in any language. The word just sort of ends there when your lips close. which refers to movement. the second is very similar to the first. Side-by-Side Differences Between Phonetics and Phonology If you’re still confused about which is which. Hopefully that clears things up. Now. Phonology. but put a lot of air in the final P. say it again. Phonetics only asks. so each language has its own unique set of symbols (because no two languages use all of the exact same sounds).


How did you feel when you listened to JC clip? The more you practice English the better The more you listen to authentic materials the better The more positive attitude you have…the more progress you will have.Jim Carey The Power of Intention 2009 What´s Intention? Disposition/Will/Willingness of doing sth Intention must be created Feeling to do sth Nothing happens in this planet without intention To be worth Her life was worth sth ´cause she gave birth to so who´s worth sth I was sittin there 1. 2. the easier the English learning process will be. 4. the better you will be Stuntman So what´s your intention today or tomorrow??? . 3.