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TERMS OF REFERENCE For the Scope and Contents of the EIA Report of Investment Proposal for Construction of Transit Gas Pipeline NABUCCO Project on the Territory of the Republic of Bulgaria Nabucco Gas Pipeline International GmbH

Principal: Nabucco Gas Pipeline Bulgaria Ltd.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
LIST OF ANNEXES ....................................................................................................................5 ABBREVIATIONS AND NAMES..............................................................................................6 INTRODUCTION........................................................................................................................8 1. PROJECT OVERVIEW.........................................................................................................10
1.1. DESCRIPTION
OF THE PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE INVESTMENT PROPOSAL AND REQUIRED LAND AREA (AS UTILIZED AREA, FARM LAND, FOREST LAND) DURING THE CONSTRUCTION PHASE AND THE OPERATION PHASE............................................11

1.1.1. Description of the project..............................................................................................................................11 1.1.1.1.1. Sector 1 - from km 0+000 to km 80+000 – 80 km.........................................................................14 1.1.1.1.2. Sector 2 - from km 80+000 to km 102+870 – 22.870 km..............................................................16 1.1.1.1.3. Sector 3 - from km 102+870 to km 120+844 –17.974 km.............................................................16 1.1.1.1.4. Sector 4 - from km 120+844 to km 192+513 – 71.669 km............................................................17 1.1.1.1.5. Sector 5 - from km 192+513 to km 325+417 – 132.904 km..........................................................18 1.1.1.1.6. Sector 6 - from km 325+417 to km 412+285 – 86.868 km............................................................19 1.1.2. Required areas...............................................................................................................................................26 1.1.3. Crossings of natural and engineering obstacles............................................................................................32 1.2. DESCRIPTION OF THE MAIN CHARACTERISTICS OF THE PRODUCTION PROCESS; TYPE AND QUANTITY OF MAIN RAW RESOURCES AND MATERIALS................................................................................................................................................................39 1.2.1. During construction.......................................................................................................................................39 1.2.2. During operation...........................................................................................................................................50 1.3. IDENTIFICATION OF THE TYPE AND QUANTITY OF THE EXPECTED WASTE AND EMISSIONS AS A RESULT OF THE OPERATION OF THE INVESTMENT PROPOSAL...............................................................................................................................................51 1.3.1. Waste..............................................................................................................................................................51 Water pollution........................................................................................................................................................53 1.3.3. Air pollution...................................................................................................................................................54 1.3.4. Soil contamination.........................................................................................................................................56 1.3.5. Harmful physical factors...............................................................................................................................57

2. 2. ALTERNATIVES FOR IMPLEMENTING THE INVESTMENT PROPOSAL.........59
2.1. NULL ALTERNATIVE (EXISTING SITUATION)..................................................................................................................59 2.2. LOCATION ALTERNATIVES AND TECHNOLOGICAL PECULIARITIES OF THE INVESTMENT PROPOSAL.......................................59 2.2.1. Location alternatives.....................................................................................................................................59 2.2.1.1.1. Option 1A (east) - from km 76+600 to km 223+195 – length 146.595 km....................................61 2.2.1.1.2. Option 2A (west) – from km 76+600 to km 206+788 –the length is 130.188 km .........................62 2.2.1.2.1. Option 1B (east) - from km 325+400 to km 397+960 – length 72.560 km....................................63 2.2.1.2.2. Option 2B (west) - from km 309+000 to km 398+775 – length 89.775 km...................................64 2.2.2. Alternatives per technological peculiarities of the construction ..................................................................66

3. 3. CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ENVIRONMENT, IN WHICH THE INVESTMENT PROPOSAL IS TO BE REALIZED, AN IMPACT FORECAST..........................................67
3.1. AMBIENT AIR AND CLIMATE.......................................................................................................................................67 3.1.1. Climate...........................................................................................................................................................67 3.1.2. Quality of the ambient air..............................................................................................................................69 3.2. WATER...................................................................................................................................................................69 3.2.1. Surface water.................................................................................................................................................69 3.2.2. Groundwater..................................................................................................................................................72 3.2.3. Protection zones according Art. 119a of Water Act......................................................................................74 3.3. LAND AND SOIL........................................................................................................................................................74 3.4. GEOLOGICAL BASEMENT...........................................................................................................................................76 3.5. BIODIVERSITY..........................................................................................................................................................78 3.5.1. Flora..............................................................................................................................................................78 3.5.2. Fauna.............................................................................................................................................................79 3.5.3. Protected areas..............................................................................................................................................82 3.6. LANDSCAPE AND VISUAL IMPACT................................................................................................................................83 3.7. CULTURAL, ARCHITECTURAL, HISTORICAL AND ARCHAEOLOGICAL HERITAGE..................................................................84 3.8. HARMFUL PHYSICAL FACTORS ...................................................................................................................................86 3.9. HEALTH AND HYGIENE ASPECTS................................................................................................................................87 3.10. SOCIAL ASPECTS AND LAND USE...............................................................................................................................88

4. 4. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS, IDENTIFICATION OF THE INEVITABLE AND PERMANENT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS BY THE CONSTRUCTION AND THE OPERATION OF THE INVESTMENT PROPOSAL, WHICH CAN PROVE TO BE IMPORTANT AND SHOULD BE TREATED IN DETAIL IN THE EIA REPORT................................................................................................................92
4.1. CHARACTER OF THE IMPACTS....................................................................................................................................92 4.1.1. During construction.......................................................................................................................................93 4.1.2. During operation...........................................................................................................................................94 4.1.3. Accidents........................................................................................................................................................94 4.2. ASSESSMENT OF THE POTENTIAL IMPACTS...................................................................................................................94 4.3. ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN......................................................................................................................94 4.3.1. Measures for averting or reducing the significant environmental impacts...................................................94 4.3.2. Monitoring plan.............................................................................................................................................96

5. 5. PROPOSAL FOR THE STRUCTURE OF THE EIA REPORT...................................97 7. 6. CONSULTATIONS WITH STAKEHOLDERS (CONCERNED ORGANIZATIONS AND PERSONS)........................................................................................................................107 NON-TECHNICAL SUMMARY ...........................................................................................107

Annex 5 Copies of the correspondence and of the written opinions. protected territories. sources of drinking water. Ramsar zones. Annex 4 List in table format presenting the coordinates of the axis of the 500-meter corridor of the gas pipeline route. ОВОСУ-7720/01.2009 of the Ministry of Environment and Water (MOEW). Annex 3 Letters No.LIST OF ANNEXES Annex 1 Map of the route with administrative division units – settlements and land (1:200 000) – 3 sheets.09. Annex 2 Map of the internationally protected areas (Natura 2000 – SPAs and SCIs. Important Bird Areas). ОВОСУ-7720/02. and is subject to an evaluation as regards it compatibility with the subject and protection purposes of the protected zones of Natura 2000. . deposits of natural resources (1:200 000) – 3 sheets.07. according to which the Nabucco Gas Pipeline Project is subject to mandatory Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA). sanitary-protection zones.2009 and No.

Non-Government Organizations .barg (bar-gauge) means reading pressure by gauge .Nominal Diameter .Gas Metering Stations .Underground Gas Storage .Above Ground Installations .a dispatching system for control. .Nominal Diameter measured in millimetres .Sites of Community Interest .Engineer of the Owner of the Gas Pipeline ESD F&G SCADA .Compressor Stations .Project pressure .Sub Control Centre .Personal Protective Equipment .Main Control Center .Supervisory control and data acquisition .ABBREVIATIONS AND NAMES Companies: Nabucco Gas Pipeline International GmbH Nabucco Gas Pipeline Bulgaria Ltd.Principals together of the Nabucco Gas Pipeline .Fire and Gas Detection System . .Construction and installation works .Internal Combustion Engines .Special protected areas . monitoring.Pigging Stations .Input/Output .In-Country Control Centre .Off-take Stations .Comprehensive Development Plan .Emergency Shut Down System for shutting down the gas flow .bara (bar-absolute) means pressure including atmospheric pressure (bara = barg + atmospheric pressure). PENSPEN Limited In Latin AGIs BVS CDP СIW CS DN DP GMS ICE ICCC I/O MCC NGO OS PPE PS SCC SCI SPA UGS DN DP Basic descrioptions barg bara .Design pressure .Block Valve Station .

Companies: distant control and distant signalling of a territorially decentralized network. .

the conducted consultations . The investment proposal is a subject of mandatory ESIA as it comes under the provisions of Annex 1 of Bulgarian Environmental Protection Act (EPA). was prepared in compliance with the requirements of Art. In addition the requirements for impacts in trans-border context (Espoo Convention) will be observed. entry Ref No.95 of the Environmental Protection Act (EPA. to the Ministry of Environment and Water (MOEW) (Letter Ref.07.2009 .2002.09.2009 and answers of the MOEW (Ref. the LFE Chimcomplect focuses also on the social significance of the gas pipeline.09.Project on the Territory of the Republic of Bulgaria”. this ToR takes into account the comments and proposals received from the stakeholders.2009 and Ref.2009).Chapter 6 of this ToR.07.No.2009) with presented additional information to the Notification with letter Ref. The ToR for determining the scope. ОВОСУ-7720/04. amended and complemented in Official Gazette 103/ 29.04. For that reason the principal intends to present a broader in its scope Environmental and Social Impact Assessment . ОВОСУ7720/01. which support the Equator principles and the policy of the World Bank).No. ОВОСУ-7720/02. par. Competent authority for deciding on the EIA is the Minister of Environment and Water – Annex 3.No.06.No. the contents and the form of the EIA Report for investment proposal Nabucco Gas Pipeline was worked out on the grounds of the answer of MOEW to the Notification of the project submitted by the principal. НГПБ-04-00-12/03. amended and complemented with Directive 97/11/EC and Directive 2003/35/EC.12. amended and complemented in Official Gazette 29/ 16. promulgated in Official Gazette 91/ 25. NGOs and the public during the consultations held on the scope and content of the EIA.INTRODUCTION This TERMS OF REFERENCE for the ESIA scope and contents of the investment proposal „Construction of NABUCCO Transit Gas Pipeline .2009) and the requirements of Art. As required by the aforementioned regulations and EIA documents and in accordance with the answer of MOEW to the Notification. . including everything related to trans-border impact). 3 of the Ordinance on the terms and procedures for carrying out an Environmental Impact Assessment (Official Gazette 3/2006.ESIA. 10.06. The pipeline route is considered within a 500-meter wide corridor. As long as the Bulgarian law requires the performance only of an EIA.2010). НГПБ-04-00-30/14. as well as the requirements of the European legislation (and more specifically Directive 85/337/EEC. as well as on the best international practice (especially the requirements of IFC (International Financial Corporation).

bg Contact person Project Manager – Dimitar Donchev.eng. +43 (1) 27777-240 Fax: Fax +43 (1) 27777-5240 e-mail: request@nabucco-pipeline. Stamboliiski Blvd.com Web page: www. Mobile phone +359 888 657 111 Fax +(359 2) 920 37 94 e-mail: donchev@chimcomplect-eng. Sofia 1000 Contact person Managing Director .Data about the project design company Company: Chimcomplect Engineering PLC Address: 205 Al. Floor-5.bg Media & Press Contact Contact person Gabriele Egatner Phone: Tel.chimcomplect-eng.bg Data about the principal Company: Nabucco Gas Pipeline International GmbH Address: Floridsdorfer Hauptstraße 1 City: 1210 Vienna State: Austria E-mail: info@nabucco-pipeline.temelkov@nabucco-pipeline.bg E-mail: headoffice@chimcomplect-eng.com . City: Sofia Post code: 1309 Municipality: Sofia Phone: +(359 2) 822 34 60 Fax +(359 2) 920 14 81 Web page: www. Office-3.nabucco-pipeline. Dipl..com Data of the principal Company Nabucco gas pipeline Bulgaria Ltd Address: 15A Aksakov str.Kiril Temelkov Phone/Fax: +(359 2) 421 98 33 E-mail: kiril.

Nabucco project was declared the subject of national importance on the territory of Bulgaria (Decree № 616). OMV and RWE.2009. Bulgaria. MOL. The Project will be designed and constructed in Stages leading up to a High Flow Case of 31bNcm/yr. The aim is to create a pipeline system for natural gas transmission from different sources in the Caspian Sea Region and the Middle East to Central Europe. PROJECT OVERVIEW The Nabucco natural gas pipeline constitutes a dedicated gas transit and transportation pipeline from Turkey to Austria via Bulgaria.1. On the territory of Turkey. which on behalf of the company are principals for the project NABUCCO in each of these countries. The Nabucco natural gas pipeline off-takes for national gas grid and underground gas storage will be provided to the national gas grid in the five transit countries involved and can further be connected to underground gas storage along the route either directly or via national gas transportation networks. is subsidiary 100% owned by Nabucco Gas Pipeline International GmbH. The Nabucco Gas Pipeline International GmbH is owned by the national gas transmission companies such as BOTAS. Bulgargaz Holding. although aspects of the design such as the overall hydraulics design will consider all stages. wide and in forrest areas – 30 m .07. On 14. developed in a 500-meter corridor within territory of Bulgaria. Romania and Hungary. This ToR refers to the design of the route. with an easement and working stripe projected to be 36 m. Transgaz. Romania. On the territory of Bulgaria Nabucco Gas Pipeline Bulgaria Ltd. This current FEED study is concerned with Curent stage of the Project. within which will be situated the pipeline route. Hungary and Austria Nabucco Gas Pipeline International GmbH has established local companies.

with the selection of a new preferred route. Description of the physical characteristics of the investment proposal and required land area (as utilized area.To pass in possibly the most of its length adjacent to the easements of the existing pipeline infrastructure of the country. in the light of the new legal framework in Bulgaria regarding the protected areas of Natura 2000. .1.1.To exert. and because of the readiness for realization of the project on part of the Principal. unstable geological areas. To avoid localities of archeological importance. .To minimize the risk for safety when the pipeline crosses the area of NPP Kozloduy in the crossing of the Danube River. . It should be noted. farm land. . and where crosses them. 2006. and its entry and exit points were coordinated with Turkey and with Romania.1. mining and underground workings. . . as practically possible. To minimize the risk for the gas pipeline safety and the safety of the populated areas. irrigation. Design sectors of the preferred gas pipeline route In 2004. and in conformity with the environmental legislation. which is in conformity with the report „Simulation of emergency events with main gas pipeline in the area of the Danube River”. areas with marked erosion and other risky areas. with Employer CBI John Brown Limited. . the so-called TFS route. and at the stage of technical feasibility study.To pass on the crests of the hilly and mountainous areas.To avoid or to pass at admissible distance form protected areas.1. forest land) during the construction phase and the operation phase 1. .To go around the wooded and rocky areas. The following main criteria for the pipeline route were observed in the choice of the project sectors: To provoke minimum impact on the environmental and social environment. water catchment areas. Description of the project 1. civil and special objects and their surrounding infrastructure. a study was carried out for selecting a route for the Nabucco gas pipeline on the territory of Bulgaria.1.1. in order to minimize the necessary construction measures. especially on orchards and vineyards. landslide areas. to look for the optimal – form ecological point of view – route.To pass along the relatively shortest way between its entry and exit points in Bulgaria. natural landmarks. minimum impact on farming.1. that the Natura 2000 European network did not exist in the years of this study. . prepared by Risk Engineering PLC. . To minimize the total cost of the project. In 2009 a review of the TFS route was started. drainage fields. etc. while avoiding the steep terrains with large transverse and longitudinal gradients.To avoid settlements. quarries. This study marked the general direction of the Nabucco gas pipeline.To cross the Eastern Balkan Mountains in the easiest possible and engineering feasible way. studied and concession areas of minerals. Natura 2000 zones.

The location of the proposed gas pipeline route is shown in the attached maps (3 sheets).Annex 2. . The total length of the design gas pipeline route through the Republic of Bulgaria is 412 km.1.1-1). prepared on Administrative map in scale M 1:200 000 – Annex 1 and maps (3 sheets) of the protected areas of Natura 2000 in scale М1:200 000 . out of which 208 km are along existing gas pipelines and 204 km are in a standalone route (Figure 1.1.

1-1 Preferred route – the red line ( ). (The light green lines show the routes of the existing gas pipelines – National northern ring and transit pipeline for Turkey) page 13 of 158 .Nabucco Gas Pipeline International GmbH Figure 1.1.1.

and 5÷10 gullies with seasonal runoff.1. The sector crosses 13 water courses from 5 to 30 m wide.1.1. From km 60+000 to km 75+000 the relief is flat with elevation 250÷150. including for the rest of the pipeline sections. The route follows a northwest direction.from km 0+000 to km 80+000 – 80 km This sector includes the route from the state border with Turkey till the existing compressor station CS Lozenets (4 km after it – in Krasta Locality). After km 75+000 and to km 80+000 the route ascends to elevation 430 in a mountainous sector. The location point of entry was coordinated with the Turkish party in 2004 and was confirmed in October 2009. Sector 1 . There are no swampy territories in this sector. and the coordinates of the peaks of the gas pipeline in Coordinate system 1970 are presented in Annex 4. The sector crosses Natura 2000 protected areas with total length of about 28 km.1. 1. In this sector the route passes parallel to the existing two transit gas pipelines to the Republic of Turkey.from km to km Sector 1 km 0+000÷km 80+000 Sector 2 km 80+000÷km 102+870 Sector 3 km 102+870÷km 120+844 Sector 4 km 120+844÷km 192+513 Sector 5 km 192+513÷km 325+417 Sector 6 km 325+417÷km 412+285 Description From the state border with Turkey to CS Lozenets (in Krasta Locality) Parallel to the transit gas pipeline to Turkey Approach from the south to the Balkan mountain (at a road junction after the Luda Kamchia River) Crossing of the Balkan mountain From the Balkan mountain to the National gas pipeline – Northern ring Parallel to the National gas pipeline – Northern ring From the detour to the border with Romania at the Danube River Branching from the route of the existing National gas pipeline The length of the sectors is determined as per the topographic peculiarities of the terrain and the presence of an existing gas pipeline infrastructure.1-1. For all these areas. From km 0+000 to km 60+000 the route descends the northern slopes of Strandzha Mountain with elevation 500÷250 m.1. It is located at about 1.1. crossing in succession Yambol District through the municipalities of Bolyarovo and Straldzha.5 km east of the village of Strandzha. affecting the trench. and Burgas district through the municipalities of Sungurlare and Sredets. where an existing draining system could be find. 17 courses up to 5 m wide. will be determined an optimal route with minimum impacts and will be provided mitigation measures in the phase of project implementation. which cannot be avoided.1.1. and the number of crossed village community land in the sector is 17. and 50 m east of the existing transit gas pipeline to Turkey.1-1 Division of the gas pipeline route in sectors Sector.The description of the route follows the sectors described in Table 1. Table 1. High level of groundwater. can be expected only in the area of the greater rivers and in the sector of km 70+000÷75+000. Kilometer 0+000 is the starting point of the gas pipeline on the territory of Bulgaria at the state border with Turkey. and the route touches the east end of the Thracian lowland. page 14 of 158 .

In the considered sector the route crosses several above ground high-voltage power lines (20кV). Passage .1979 regarding wild bird protection (79/409/EEC). Till km 58+000 the gas pipelines are two of DN 1000 and pressure 55 barg. 56-58. three main roads and nine secondary roads. it goes around the big populated areas (the towns) at a distance about 5÷10 km away from them.The greatest uninterrupted sector with Natura 2000 protected areas starts from the border with Turkey and has a length of 25 830 m. On the average. and the villages – at a distance between 0. This detour leads to increasing the gas pipe length with about 5÷6 km. At km 76+484 the gas pipeline crosses the National gas pipeline – Southern ring DN 700. It includes the protected areas BG 000219 Dervent heights 2 and BG 0002066 West Strandzha as per the two Directives for Natura 2000 network. which cannot be bypassed. The remaining part. All crossings of motorways are planned to be completed via a trenchless method. At km 9+380 the route crosses the existing gas pipelines and passes onwards on their left (of the gas flow direction).protected area Mochuritsa River. Crossings of above ground facilities In the considered sector the gas pipeline crosses one motor highway – Trakya (to be constructed in the future). 17-18. which is still not subject of concession. as per the Directive on Habitats. Belt I of the water source at km 18 is located into the 500 m corridor of the pipeline route (at distance of 155 m to the central line). is at the crossing of Mochuritsa River at km 65 . 58-59 and 76-78.04. as per the EU Directive of 02. and at km 70 there is the protected area Straldzha. Crossings of underground facilities In the considered sector. The proposed route does not pass though urbanized territories. The crossing is planned to be trenchless. In the sector at km 69+495 the route crosses the main two-way electrified railway Plovdiv-Burgas. where the Nabucco route leaves the corridor of the existing gas pipelines and deviates from them at about 1÷2 km distance.2 and 3÷4 km. about 26 and 28. Till km 9+380 the route passes on the right (as per the direction of the gas flow) of the existing gas pipelines. the gas pipeline will cross roads with permanent pavement every 6 km of its length. about 2 km. and the type of crossing will be specified after a detailed geotechnical report. It this sector the route crosses 8 sanitary-protective belts (belts II and III) of water sources for potable water supply at km: 0-1. from km 0+000 to km 75+000 the route passes adjacent to the underground transit gas pipelines to Turkey. At km 74+700 the gas pipeline crosses a transit gas pipeline to Greece and Macedonia DN 700. in some locations this distance is up to 500 m because of topographic peculiarities and the distance from the cleaning facilities of the existing gas pipelines at CS Strandzha. There are two examples of going around (bypassing) Natura 2000 areas in this sector – at km 35÷47 – BG 0000513 Voinishki Bakadzhik and km 71÷75 and BG 0002028 Straldzha Complex. At km 35+600 and km 45+565 the route again crosses twice the existing gas pipelines and remains on the left of the gas flow direction. at 35 m distance from them. At km 65 the central line of the pipeline is located at distance of 104 m from Koyadzhika deposit of aggregate minerals. At km 73+560 the gas pipeline crosses an oil products pipeline (products pipeline) DN 300. 36-37.

and at km 102+800 – protected zone Reka Gorna Luda Kamchia (Upper Luda Kamchia River). All crossings are planned to be trenchless. The number of crossed village community land in the sector is 4. in the crossing of the two rivers at km 88+100 – protected zone Reka Mochurista (Mochuritsa River). Four options were in succession developed. No additional access roads are envisaged for this sector. steeply descends to elevation 400 at km 114+000 of Echemishka River.870 km This sector comprises the route from compressor station CS Lozenets (4 km after it. and for about 10 km medium accessible – in the border zone and at the crossings of some gullies.974 km This sector comprises the route that crosses the Balkan mountain. then there is a steep ascent to elevation 600. The route gradually ascends to its highest point on Bulgarian territory – Alaborun peak with elevation 769.70 at km 111+000. Crossings of above ground facilities In the considered sector the gas pipeline crosses three secondary roads. The direction of the route is to the north. The sector crosses: Mochuritsa River at km 88+100.1. The route crosses several high voltage above ground power lines of 20кV. compared and inspected on site. from where it starts to rise. ascent to elevation 550 and descent to elevation 380 at km 120+844.The sector is easily approached. 1. and 5÷6 gullies with seasonal runoff.3. The direction of the route is to the north and it crosses Burgas District through Sungurlare municipality.1. Passage The sector is easily approached. in the Krasta locaty) till the road village Vezenkovo – village Velislav. No railway lines are crossed in this sector. Crossings of underground facilities At the present stage there is information about the crossing of a major water supply pipeline at km 90+000. at the crossing of Luda Kamchia River. descent to elevation 400 at km 118+000 at Ravna River.1.1. The route crosses Natura 2000 areas with total length of about 900 m. Luda Kamchia River at km 102+800. The number of crossed village community land in the sector is 5. The connection of the construction strip to the existing road network will be done in the crossing locations –every 5÷6 km in average. passage along a narrow crest till elevation 680 at km 116+500. At the end of the sector is the line of the southern outskirts of the Balkan mountain. No additional access roads are envisaged. Then the route passes along a narrow crest till elevation 700 at km 113+000. it crosses in succession Burgas District through Sungurlare municipality and Shumen District through Varbitsa municipality. The gas pipeline will cross roads with permanent pavement every 7 km on the average. For this sector and for parts of the adjacent sectors the maximum effort was made to select a suitable route. . 3 canals with width of up to 5 m. Detailed data about the water-conduit will be provided in the technical design.1.from km 80+000 to km 102+870 – 22.2. With this the route crosses the Balkan mountain. The elevation above sea level is 450÷200 m. 1. Sector 2 . The most important considerations for the choice of the route were the topography of the sector and the minimization of crossing Natura 2000 zones. The connection of the construction strip to the existing road network will be done in the crossing locations –every 5÷6 km in average. Sector 3 .1.from km 102+870 to km 120+844 –17.

5 km. which cannot be bypassed. The number of crossed community lands in the sector is 26. Sector 4 . Crossings of underground facilities There are no crossings of underground infrastructure in the considered sector. not granted for concession).1. and the municipalities Varbitsa. crossing in succession Shumen District and Targovishte District. Crossings of (above) ground facilities In this sector the route crosses 3 main roads and 11 secondary roads. In the considered sector the route goes around and does not cross protected territories in the sense of the Act on Protected Territories – the reserve Orlitsata and the protected locality Medvenski karst. The territory occupies arable land – cornfields. For this and for the previous sector 3 the maximum effort was made to select the suitable route. About km 187 the central line of the route is at distance of 1600 m to Karierata-Popovo deposit of aggregate minerals.1.1.In this sector the route crosses: two rivers with width from 5 to 30 m and seasonal gullies with seasonal water.4. Targovishte and Popovo. Four options were in succession developed. The route follows a northwest direction. The crossing is planned to be trenchless. At km 183+515 the route crosses the main two-way electrified railway Sofia-Varna. Leading considerations for the choice of the route were the topography of the sector and the minimization of crossing Natura 2000 zones. 1. At the beginning of the sector the route crosses a Natura 2000 area for a length of about 11. Roads with stone pavement can be used to access the route from the west with length of about 6 km and from northeast with length of about 10 km. It is the protected area Kotlenska Mountain as per the Birds Directive. At km 105-106 in the 500 m corridor Aat a distance of 180 m to the central line of the pipeline route) is located belt I of the sanitary-protective zone of a water source for potable water supply. Crossings of above ground facilities There are no roads of the national road network in the considered sector. The route in this sector does not cross protected areas of Natura 2000. and on the south – at km 103+000. At km 189 the pipeline route crosses belts II and III of the sanitary-protective zone of water source for potable water supply. The two roads meet in the middle of the considered sector. The route also crosses 14 water courses with width from 5 to 30 m. In this sector the route crosses two of the bigger rivers: Golyama Kamchia River at km 132+750 and Popovska River at km 188+625. Omurtag. . Passage The sector is hard to access. From there the access for the construction machines can be secured only along the construction strip. At km 160-162 the central line of the route is at a distance of 40-450 m to Tsvetnitsa deposit of aggregate minerals (free deposit.from km 120+844 to km 192+513 – 71. subject to granted concession. the nearest road on the north is at km 124+000.669 km This is the sector of the route from the Balkan mountain to the national gas pipeline – Northern ring. compared and inspected on site.

5. Crossings of underground facilities . From the beginning of the sector till km 234+680 the route passes south of the National gas pipeline. The route crosses the National gas pipeline in another two locations . and at km 283+415 – the single railway Troyan-Belovo. The number of crossed community lands is 30. Only from km 220+000 to km 226+200 it deviates at average 800 m south of the National gas pipeline route in order to go around (by pass) Natura 2000 zones. These crossings are caused by the necessity to conform to the legal provisions about the distance of gas pipelines from settlements. Crossings of (above) ground facilities In the considered sector the route crosses 3 main roads and 17 secondary roads. Veliko Tarnovo District through municipalities Strazhitsa. and Lovech District through municipalities Letnitsa. Pordim and Lovech. Its elevation is from 350 to 100 m. 33 courses with width up to 5 m. Pleven District through municipalities Pleven and Levski. Passage The sector is easily approached.1. No additional access roads are envisaged.at km 245+935 and km 249+650. In the considered sector the route crosses several air powerlines of 20 kV. The rivers will be crossed using the open cut method. Ruse District through Byala municipality. At km 325+417 the route deviates to the north as a standalone route. In the sector the route crosses two major rivers with width over 30 m – Yantra River at km 234+250 and Osam River at km 279+800. In the considered sector the route passes under several 20kV above ground powerlines. the exact location of which will be specified in the next stages of the project. after the crossing of Yantra River. 1. at a 100-meter distance from the central line of the route. At km 277+500 and km 323+000 the route crosses Natura 2000 areas with total length of about 2. 6 water courses with width from 5 to 30 m. at km 271+400 – the major electrified double railway Sofia-Varna. At km 234+680. Polski Trambesh and Pavlikeni. Sector 5 .1. Trenchless crossing is envisaged. going around the compressor station Polski Senovets.Along the entire length the route crosses multiple air powerlines. the route crosses the National gas pipeline and passes on its northern side. The route crosses 3 railway lines: at km 236+005 – electrified single railway RusePodkova. crossing in succession Targovishte District through the municipality of Popovo.from km 192+513 to km 325+417 – 132. At km 224-225 and km 225-227 the route crosses belts II and III of sanitary-protective zones of water sources for potable water supply. Protected locality (PL) Taraklaka is in the 500-meter corridor.8 km. Along its entire length Nabucco gas pipeline route passes parallel to and in the immediate vicinity of the National gas pipeline route.904 km This sector includes the route that passes in a common corridor with the route of the existing National gas pipeline – Northern ring.1. located perpendicular to the route. The route follows a direction to the west. so they cannot be bypassed. and 12 seasonal gullies with water. At km 280-282 the central line of the route crosses Gaslika deposit of aggregate minerals (still not subject of concession).

Iskar River at km 372+250.970 km.1. and Vratsa District through the municipality of Oryahovo. Vit River. and is coordinated twice with Romania – in 2004 and 2009. In this sector the route crosses four big rivers over 30 m wide – Vit River at km 341+200.1. 1.868 km This is the sector of the route that branches from the common corridor with the National gas pipeline (west of the village of Nikolaevo) and passes to the northwest to the Danube River and the border with Romania. The crossing is planned to be trenchless. km 245+935 and km 249+650. Along its entire length the gas pipeline follows a standalone route beside dirt roads. Dolna Mitropolia. The route crosses in succession Pleven District through the municipalities Pleven. Dolni Dabnik. and the type of crossing will be specified after a detailed geotechnical report for the specific crossing location. Detailed information about other crossings will be provided with the Technical design. Passage . The minimum distance of 35 m between the nearest existing pipeline and Nabucco pipeline has been coordinated with the owner of the transit gas pipelines Bulgartransgaz PLC. No additional access roads are envisaged. and Ogosta River – using a trenchless method (HDD). The connection of the construction strip with the existing road network will be realized at the locations of the crossings – every 5÷6 km in average. Passage The sector is easily approached.from km 325+417 to km 412+285 – 86. All road crossings are planned to be trenchless. 13 of them with width of 5÷30 m and two up to 5 m wide.at km 234+680. Iskar. Iskar River and Ogosta River. Crossings of underground facilities No crossings of underground facilities are studied at this stage. In the considered sector the route crosses several 20kV above ground powerlines. Sector 6 . Crossings of (above) ground facilities In the considered sector the gas pipeline crosses three main roads and nine secondary roads.6. The number of crossed community lands is 14. km 412+285 is at the border with Romania. From km 341+500 to km 364+000 the route passes through irrigated fields with a multitude of irrigation canals (reveted and non-reveted). Gostilya River at km 377+190 and Ogosta River at km 411+200. These are the protected zones of the Directive on Habitats – Studenets (which is also under the Directive on Birds). At km 352+195 the route crosses the main electrified double railway line Sofia-Varna. The last zone cannot be bypassed because it is connected with the location of crossing the Danube River. The rivers Vit. this location is chosen in view of the avoiding crossing active landslides in the region. The gas pipeline will cross permanent pavement roads every 6 km on the average. The route crosses Natura 2000 zones for a total length of about 4. At km 411+680 the route reaches the bank of the Danube River at medium water level. At this stage there is no data about the crossing of other underground communications. In this sector the route crosses 3 times the National gas pipeline .1.In the whole sector the route passes in immediate vicinity along the existing underground National gas pipeline. which is in the riverbed. Iskar and Gostilya will be crossed with open cut method.

Second GMS one with a smaller capacity will be set up near the existing compressor station CS Lozenets from the transit system to Turkey.Functional requirements. The crossing of the Danube River is envisioned for design in the Romanian part of the Nabucco project. 1. Stop valves (Valve stations) According to the requirements of the Ordinance for the construction and safe operation of the transport and distribution gas pipelines. which will be combined with the gas metering station in the land of Oryahovo municipality. At present stage will be constructed the respective block valve facility only. The main Nabucco gas metering station of the flow of natural gas passing through Bulgarian territory will be located in the land of Oryahovo municipality. which is the level of the protective dyke of the river in this area. flooding all adjacent terrains. No additional access roads are envisaged. The block valve stations will be located along the pipeline dividing it in sections (at a maximum distance of 30 km from each other).2. of the facilities. The bank of the Danube River is at elevation of about 25. Some of the technological facilities are united on common sites in order to combine the servicing. Almost every year during high water the river reaches a water level of about 31. Off-take station (OS) – 1 unit. the security and the use of one common infrastructure. installations and apparatuses for natural gas. equipped with devices for automatic closure in case of accident. • • • The location of the separate technological facilities for the gas pipeline is identified in the overall scheme of its entire development on the territories of the countries that it will cross. the gas pipeline is divided into sections via stop valve units (block valve stations) with guaranteed physical protection by fencing.1.00m. Block valve stations (BVS) – 14 units. Therefore. One OS is planned to be built near the existing CS Lozenets of the transit gas pipeline to Turkey. all future facilities related to the gas pipeline will be constructed at 32. The plans are to construct a technological road and a bridge over Ogosta River in the initial stage of construction for the requirements of the horizontal directional drilling (HDD) of the Danube crossing. Facilities related to the gas transporting system in present stage In order to support the functioning of the gas pipeline. The stations will have Pig launchers/Reciver installations. .The sector is easily approached. as well as of BSS EN1594 “Systems for gas supply. Pipelines for maximum operating pressure over16 bar .00m level. The connection of the construction strip with the existing road network will be realized at the locations of the crossings – every 5÷6 km on the average.1. Gas pipeline pigging stations (PS) – 2 units. Greece and Macedonia.00m. The project envisions the set up one station for cleaning the gas pipeline on the territories of Omurtag town and second one. There is a problematic location in the considered sector – at the bank of the Danube River. the following technological items and facilities are planned to be set up on Bulgarian territory: • Gas metering stations (GMS) – 2 units. It represents block valve facility with gas metering station.

The distance between the block valve stations cannot be greater than 30 km. Blow-off pipes At the two ends of the gas pipeline section. as per the provisions of the Ordinance for the construction and safe operation of the transport and distribution gas pipelines. The movement mechanism of the block valve is normally hydro-pneumatic with pneumatic control.1-1 Pigging station Figure 1. via a SCADA system. terrain conditions – earthquake zone. The devices for automatic closure of the valve should secure closure in 1 to 3 min in the case of a drop in the pipeline pressure of 1015% from the operational pressure.1. namely: pressure and diameter.1. At every block valve station a system of a bypassing installation is envisaged. At the beginning the off-take station near Lozenets (integrated within the site) . The block valve stations dividing the pipeline in sections are planned to have underground shaftless installation. The system of execution and management of the linear block valve stations provides safety against environmental risk and operation conditions in which no disruption is allowed in the gas pipeline operation. at a distance not less than 15 m of the block valve inforcement. blow-off pipes are mounted for the blow-through of the gas pipeline.1. installations and apparatuses for natural gas.1. with above ground controls of the valve and a device for automatic closure in case of accident of the specific section. of the facilities. At the same time the option is envisioned for distant control and gathering of telemetric information (P. Additional linear block valve stations Additional linear block valve stations along the gas pipeline. the time necessary for reaching the location of the block valve stations and the need of block valves for operational purposes. landslide areas. as well as a pipeline for leading the gas through a blow-off pipe. as per the Ordinance for the construction and safe operation of the transport and distribution gas pipelines. class of location of the pipeline with regard to settlements.Figure 1. before and after the block valve stations. of the facilities. residential areas and standalone items.1-2 Gas metering station The distance between the block valve stations is defined as per the operating conditions of the pipeline. installations and apparatuses for natural gas are envisaged in the following cases: • • On the two river banks at the crossing of the Danube River. ∆ T °C). P.

A unit for collecting and leading out the products of the gas pipeline cleaning. 1. etc. The gas emitted in the air is lighter than air and is easily dispersed in the air space. Signalling devices (Pig passage indicators) for the passage of the PIG cleaning and inteligent device. Sites for Pigging stations are planned to be set up along the gas pipeline where there is a gas metering station (in the area of Oryahovo).3-1. moving and setting in place the PIG cleaning device in the PIG launcher/receiver. 1. financial and investment analyses.1. respectively. The minimum and maximum project temperature is –30°С and +50°С.1. The approximate volume of the gas emitted in the air during the blow-through of a launcher/receiver chamber is 5000 Nm3 for the time of the procedure. Gas pipeline Pigging stations. Design data It is planned to use steel pipe with diameter Ø1422 mm (56”) for the gas pipeline.1. To the gas cleaning stations are mounted blow-off pipes with the same operating conditions as for the block valve stations.g. the so-called “fuel switch” analyses – determining the amount of carbon emissions saved when switching to natural gas fuel. Pipelings. The unit for receiving the products of the gas pipeline cleaning is a separate underground pipeline collector with a maximum volume of 500 m3. The collector unit for receiving the products of cleaning the gas pipeline is provided with the possibility for leading away the liquid phase and the slime for secondary use or for burning. . depending on the pollution of the gas and the established cycle of cleaning the gas pipeline. e. 70223-EG-DAT-PR-0001) provided the following two characteristics and properties of the natural gas . The characteristics of the composition (1) are used in all design purposes and (2) – in the so called gas sensitivity analysis.The gas pipelines and the block valve stations under pressure – bypasses. Design pressure DP = 100 barg. The maximum design speed of the gas flow in the pipeline will be 12 m/s.1.1. Characteristics of the natural gas The survey conducted (Doc No. Table 1. It is mandatory to provide access only to the mechanism for moving the stoppage inforcement.1. blow-off pipes lines and connections. separating and diagnostic devices. The activities for cleaning the gas pipeline are executed without polluting the adjacent terrains.4. the analysis of the types of costs for the gas transport.1. Mechanisms for taking out.3. For the underground pipelines and facilities the calculations will be based on 0°С preliminary minimum project temperature.3-2. valves and Blow-off pipes. are constructed and installed underground with valves for shaft-less installation. At these sites there will be facilities for Pig launchers/Receiver installations for PIG cleaning. The Pigging stations will include:       Pig launchers/Receiver installations. Local and/or remote control panel.Table 1.1.

907 1.0865 0.1.1.0190 0.0000 0.17°C (at 31.0675 0.Table 1.0700 0.2600 0.4 bara) 2 39.3-2 Natural gas properties Свойства Gas High Calorific Value (MJ/Nm³) Low Calorific Value (MJ/Nm³) Superior Wobbe Index Relative density Molecular weight Maximum Hydrocarbon dew point (°C) Supphur content (mg/Nm ) Hydrogen sulphide Mercaptans Total Sulphur (including H2S) (*) 3 (*) Състав на газа 1 39.2086 0.01325 bar.0828 0.80 46.268 0. and town gas and is frequently defined in the specifications of gas supply and transport utilities.1.0 The mole fraction is not temperature or pressure dependent characteristics. liquified petroleum gas (LPG). Safety measures for the gas pipeline 1.2968 0.1.11°C (at 30.1954 100.063 0.8900 3.0400 0.14 -12.5942 17.0023 0.0047 0.5.80 35.5929 17. Table 1.18 -22.68 35.7894 3.1477 0.3(max) 102 0.0600 0. 1.1.5.0500 1.0142 0.3-1 Natural gas composition Composition Methane Ethane Propane i-Butane n-Butane i-Pentane n-Pentane Hexane Heptane Octane Oxygen Nitrogen Carbon Dioxide CH4 C2H6 C3H8 i-C4H10 n-C4H10 i-C5H12 n-C5H12 C6H14 C7H16 n-C8 O2 N2 CO2 Total (mol %) mol % 1 94. but the rest properties of the gas (Table 1.605 Wobbe Index (WI) is an indicator of the interchangeability of fuel gases such as natural gas.90 46.0000 0.1900 0.1(max) 15.1.2100 100.1.1.3-2) were determined under temperature of 0°C and atmospheric pressure of 1.1.49 0.1900 0.8 bara) (MJ/Nm³) 5.0 2 94.0069 0. Tensions in the pipe .1.58 0.1.1120 0.

Loads from anchoring or landfilling the gas pipeline. of the facilities. or above the surface. as per items 7. All possible cases of additional loads are considered and accounted for. stable against the water current. . well compacted soil. Mechanic protection The pipeline crossing of railway lines and motor roads is executed by placing the pipeline in a protective coat of steel pipe. depending on the terrain. Loads from landslide processes.2. will be checked for enduring forces of:          Internal pressure. The calculation comprise analysis of the loads and shifts.The gas pipeline. Seismic pressure for the respective region.1. The type of analysis and the weight of each of the above factors depend on the complexity of the project and the physical parameters of the gas pipeline sector. with length and depth of laying complying with the Ordinance for the construction and safe operation of the transport and distribution gas pipelines. The gas pipeline is placed in strong. The gas pipeline is fortified.1. installations and apparatuses for natural gas. and crossing of railroads and motor roads in their landfill trapezium is not allowed. When passing through landslide areas the gas pipeline is laid under the sliding plain of the earth mass. and from the traffic. as well as analysis of the tensions/strains and deformations which can occur. ensuring proper dissipation of eventual gas leakages.3 of BSS EN1594 “Systems for gas supply. When the pipeline crosses a river. installation and operation conditions. As a result of the performed analyses and calculations. Pushing force against floating up of the pipeline to the surface.2 and 7.Functional requirements.5. with mass calculated to counter the pushing up force of the water. Pipelines for maximum operating pressure over16 bar. on pillars with foundations below the sliding plain. and at minimum width of the flooded (during high waters) riverside strip. one should comply with the requirement to avoid landslide areas. Heat expansion. When selecting a route. Soil erosion. to which the pipeline will be subjected during its operation. the thickness of the gas pipeline wall is determined so as to take the tensions of the inner pressure of the gas and the expected external loads and tensions. depending on the specific conditions of the gas pipeline sectors along the route. anchored and the trench backfilled in such a way that it does not change its position during operation. the location of crossing is selected on straight sectors of the river. A ventilation pipe (vent) is mounted on one end of the protective coat. This is done with weights of reinforced concrete. with sloping banks that do not wash away. The vent is brought out at least 5 m above the level of the terrain. Loads during test of the gas pipeline and loads from the mass of water. When the gas pipeline is laid underwater the sectors within the flooded strip and those crossing swamps and high groundwater are secured against floating up. Elastic bending.” 1. with the exception of the admissible shifts from loads and temperature expansions.

connected to a direct current source (cathode station).6. Austria. External organic insulation for protection from corrosion of underground or underwater steel pipelines.3.1. be resistant to biological impacts and provide electric insulation. It should connect firmly to the pipe.1. The control system will be independent of the ESD and F&G systems. Management and control The general control system will be based on the control of the gas pressure and the flow in the pipeline system. A backup of MCC for monitoring and control of the whole gas pipeline system Sub Control Center (SCC) will be located in Baumgarten. In-Country Control Centres (ICCC) will be located in Bulgaria. issues online warnings and hard copy reports. Ribbons and shrinking materials”. The measurement facilities will be installed in the preliminary identified locations along the pipeline. displays abnormal or alarm conditions.1. The anti-corrosion protection of the gas pipeline should have good mechanic and electric properties with regard to the environment (the type of soil) and the operating conditions. SCADA system The primary function of the SCADA system is to provide the operational interface to support the operation of the complete gas pipeline system.1. Cathode protection The underground and underwater parts of steel gas pipelines are protected via an anticorrosion coating. The section of the pipeline with cathode protection should be electrically uninterrupted and should have adequate longitudinal conductivity. 1. Romania and Hungary.6. for external coatings and active electro-chemical protection (cathode protection). The electro-chemical protection is performed by the “cathode-anode” system.1.1. remotely controls their status. The SCADA system shall acquire operation conditions of the pipeline and the above ground facilities related to the gas transporting system. The electro-chemical protection provides resistance to the impacts of eventual high-voltage cabels which may happen to be in the vicinity of the pipeline. Although the SCADA system will be designed for remote operation.1. A remote control terminal will be installed with every local center for maintenance of the equipment. 1. performed in factory conditions in compliance with the requirements of BSS EN 12068-1 „Cathode protection. local conventional control tools will also be provided.5. located in Turkey. . SCADA (supervisory control and data acquisition) and Telecommunications Systems will be installed to support the operation and control of the complete pipeline. used together with cathode protection. with the purpose of securing the safe operation of the gas transporting system when the communication with the MCC is interrupted. with the facilities for monitoring the pipeline system within that Country. The pipeline and the system will be monitored and controlled by the main control center (MCC). The necessary amounts of gas in the pipeline system will be determined in advance following procedures of orders from the customers as per their purchase agreements.1.

1. fax. All air intakes will include gas detectors. Ultra Violet and combined IR/UV) Manual Alarm Call Points. with dedicated I/O will interface with the local SCADA system through dual redundant communication links. Fire and Gas Detection System (F&G) Fire and Gas systems will be installed at gas metering stations. video-surveillance against vehicle/pedestrian site entry of in the protected zones. The local SCADA system will react to all alarm handling. Emergency shut down system (ESD) ESD systems will be installed at the metering stations to implement safe and emergency shutdown of the process and associated equipment under upset conditions.1. 1.1.1.2.4.6.2. This includes data traffic for the SCADA system.2. The fire and gas detection system shell include:        Gas detectors.1. Required areas 1.1.1.3. 1.1. e-mail capability and closed circuit TV signals.1. etc. including intruder detection.1. Smoke detectors (ionisation and optical). both in normal and emergency situations. ESD resets. allowing the operator to initiate the appropriate fire protection and process shutdown. 1. Visual alarm – flashing light in noisy areas. ESD valves shall be installed on the incoming (inlet) and outgoing (outlet) section at each metering station.6.1. Alarm signals will be transmitted to the SCADA system.6.1-1 and Table 1. Block valve equipment enclosures will be provided with fire/smoke detection. and.2.1. 1. Heat detectors (electric) Flame detectors (Infra Red. Telecommunications The telecommunication system shall provide all necessary communications to and from the metering stations and control centers. respectively by land category and method of permanent use. Sound alarm.6.1-2 show the balance of farm land. voice communication. The ESD system shall be stand alone. Security system All above ground stations of the gas pipeline will be equipped with security systems.2. Balances by category and permanent use of farm and forest areas Further below Table 1.1.1.5. .

2.4 19.8 1055.0 14.1. 2.2 351. (attached to the Development plan) Table 1.2 9.6 Table 1.1 2.4 14.1 Territories with special regime of preventive and development protection L*400*0.2 4.2-4 Balance of the entire territory for the linear part of the gas pipeline № 1.0 72.1.2 4. km I 0.5 0.1 5. 0 VII I 15.1 2. 9 VII 10.0 Table 1.1.1-3 shows the balance of forest territories.1-2 Balance by method of permanent use of the farm land along the gas pipeline route Industrial cropsSowed areas and Pastures and bushes Abandoned terrains Other territories 16 Areas for forestry needs 10. 6 X 14. km 1.6 293. km 272.7 24.1.2 58.6 210.4 Area of the construction strip L*36(30)*0.1 ha 1 265.0 ha 14 064.2.2.0 Grass fields Method of permanent use Length. and Table 1.Table 1.2-3 Balance of forest territories along the gas pipeline route vegetationPermanent forest speciesLow-stemmed forest Clearings and pastures Wood-processing areas Afforested territories Coniferous species Deciduous species Forest territories Length.0 2 II 13.8 IX 7.5 Total length Cornfields Vineyards Meadows Orchards Pastures . 4 Total length 351.2.6 4.6 Table 1.4 1. 3 IV 83 V 4 2 VI 27.1.1-1 Balance by land category of the farm land along the gas pipeline route Category Length.1. 2.7 0.6 3.0 - % 85 - Total length 43.2 Name of the territorial element Urbanized territories Farm land territories -arable land -non-arable land Length km 351.9 1.2 % 86.1-4 shows the balance of the entire territory for the linear part of the gas pipeline. 5 III 137.

0 52.0 49.2-1 Balance of Natura 2000 protected areas crossed by the gas pipeline Sectors Sector 1 (*) .1 ha 130.0 95.4 1.1 2.0 0.1 Territories with special regime of preventive and development protection L*400*0. installations and apparatuses for natural gas.0 16.0 96. In compliance with the requirements of the Ordinance for the construction and safe operation of the transport and distribution gas pipelines. Requirements to the laying of the gas pipeline. A regime of preventive development protection is established in this strip in the meaning of Art.500 In this sector the areas related to the two directives overlap and the total length of the route crossing the affected Natura 2000 areas is 48 km: L = (37.1.830 11.0 % 11.1.830 0.330 Directive on Habitats Km 27.3. of the facilities.3 15.km 0+000÷km 80+000 Sector 2 . A 200-meter wide territory on both sides of the notional axis of the pipeline is allocated for transport gas pipelines with pressure above 1. when crossing water courses. Table 1.0 5.830) + 36.km 120+844÷km 192+513 Sector 5 . 3.3 4. the minimum depth of laying underground gas pipelines with diameter greater than 1000 mm is 1 m to the upper surface of the pipe. 6.00 km 1.2.№ 3.km 192+513÷km 325+417 Sector 6 .0 ha 1 740.5 27.6 МРа (16 bar).2 Name of the territorial element Forest territories -forests -forest land Length km 43.0 3. This depth can be increased for considerations of observing the normative requirements for crossing other engineering facilities.330 .km 102+870÷km 120+844 Sector 4 .6 0.0 6.1 3. 5.2.970 36.km 325+417÷km 412+285 Total (*) Directive on Birds km 25.800 4.2.0 1.3 Area of the construction strip L*36(30)*0.km 80+000÷km 102+870 Sector 3 . with preserving the actual use of the land while limiting housing construction on it. Total farm land and forest land territories (item 2+item 3) Territories occupied by water and water areas Territories for transport infrastructure 1 396.1.1. etc.5 81.500 = 48.25.2. in swampy or irrigated areas.0 0. 10 of the Territory Development Act (TDA).5 395. Balance of the Natura 2000 zones crossed by the pipeline route Table 1. in areas subject to erosion.5 1. The minimum distance of single buildings and other items to the gas pipeline .500 37.5 % 9.2.900 2.2-1 presents the balance of length of the route crossing Natura 2000 zones.

study area.3-1 and 1. Figure 1.1. At such manner also the affected land (construction/easement) is minimized due to overlapping.1. with width of 36 m (12 m + 24 m) in farm land and 30 m (15 m + 15 m) in forest land.2. The minimum distance of the axes to an operating underground gas pipeline in forest land and in farm land terrains is respectively 18 m and 32 m (legal constraints) (Figures 1.2.is 125 m.2.3-3). An easement is established within the 500 m. The easement coincides with the construction strip whose dimensions provide proper construction / repair works.1. In the case of parallel laying of a pipeline beside existing gas pipelines.3-1 Scheme for gas pipeline construction in farm land . the approved minimum distance between the axes is 35 m (additional requirement of the Bulgarian operator).

Figure 1.2.3-2 Scheme for gas pipeline construction strip in forest land .1.

5. Gas metering stations (GMS) The site of the main gas metering station.1.2.5 m distance of the gas pipeline axis with displayed direction to it.5. Labels and signs are set displaying the gas. when carrying out excavation and repair works the gas pipelines are marked with signal plastic marking tape. .5. Above ground marking The gas pipeline route is marked with metal or steel-concrete poles (benchmarks) set at distances providing direct visibility from one another. The minimum height of the benchmarks is 1. and at railway line crossings – at 800 m of the gas pipeline axis. The poles are set at 2. blast. they are coloured at even length with yellow and black stripes. 1.5.2.2. and fire risk of the surface facilities of the pipeline and of the technological telecommunication system.1.5 m. located in the land of Oryahovo municipality has approximate dimensions 120 x 100 m . with the text “Attention! High Pressure Gas Pipeline!” or other sign corresponding to the requirements for operation of the railways.2. Figure 1.1-1 Development plan of GMG at Oryahovo town.1.1.Fig. 1. In the locations where the gas pipeline crosses motor roads roadsigns are set at 150 m distance of the gas pipeline axis on both directions of the road.1-1. Marking of the route Underground marking In order to avoid unintentional damage of the underground gas pipelines.2.1. laid at least 30 cm above the upper surface of the pipe.1.1.4. Sites of the facilities related to the gas pipeline for the present stage 1.

2.3.5. The crossing is perpendicular to the dynamic axis of the river with admissible decrease (slanting) up to 60º.2.5.Fig. beside preventing floating design and increasing the depth of laying of the pipeline there are additional measures against bottom and bank erosion such as: placing rocks. 1. As regards the gullies and small streams.1.5 m lower than the profile of the widening (flooding) of the riverbed forecast for a period of 25 years. 1.1. providing the opportunity for drainage of surface water.1. Crossings of natural and engineering obstacles.3.5.2. dams.2. 1.4. .3-1 Development plan of PS near Omurtag town.2. or corrected sectors of the river. Crossings through natural obstacles.1.1. and covered with gravel. The block valve station sites are aligned.5-meter high fireproof fence. Off-take stations (OS) The selected site for the envisaged for this stage inter-system connection has approximate dimensions 120 x 100 m and is located in vicinity to the existing compressor station CS Lozenets of the transit gas pipeline to Turkey. Pigging stations (PS) The Pigging (PS) Stations (2 items) 58 x 94m (for Oriahovo including metering facilities) will serve for pipe cleaning and inspection .3. bottom sills.1. the selected locations are at straight stable sectors of the water course.3-1. The natural obstacles crossed by the gas pipeline are gullies.5. 1.2. but not less than 1 m below the level of the river bottom. Figure 1. As regards the river crossings (see Figure 1.5. grassing and afforesting of the banks. Block valve stations The block valve stations dividing the pipeline in sections are mounted in locations approached for service and protected from damage and intrusion. In the passage the upper surface of the gas pipeline is 0.1-1). small streams and rivers.1. 1.1.3. The allocated sites for the block valve stations have approximate sizes of 60 x 65 m and are surrounded by a 2.1.1.

The method of crossing via HDD (Horizontal Directional Drilling) can be applied eventually in the crossing of Ogosta and Danube rivers. by anchoring devices or by wrapping the gas pipeline with continuous about 120 mm thick reinforced concrete coating.1-1 Pipeline crossing a river The sectors of underwater laid pipelines.1. with bank protection. Figure 1.3. For crossings with accelerated flooding (expanding) profile the design envisages concrete bottom sills after the gas pipeline. the parts within the high water levels are secured against floating up by mounting reinforced concrete weights on the pipe at specific distances. The exact crossing method will be approved after conducting additional geotechnical surveys. .

1. The rivers are 27 not counting the Danube River. the width of the riverbed and the flooded terrace. Table 1.3.1-1 Crossings of rivers S e c to r (km) 0+000÷76+000 Crossing location (km) 22+200 33+300 47+200 48+500 65+600 70 70+000÷75+000 88+100 93+5005 102+800 113 114+000 118+100 132+750 163+400. the Danube River crossing will be assessed in the ESIA report. neither ground drainage canals.Table 1. The table does not include the small water streams and seasonal gullies. 325+400÷412+000 76+000÷192+500 .6 units Mochuritsa River Reveted irrigation canal a/b/h Luda Kamchia River Eleshnitsa River Echemishka River Ravna River Golyama Kamchia River Cherni Lom River (m) 15 10 15 15 15 10 4 4 15 15 15 15 20 10 Flooded terrace (m) 10 4 corrected 12 10 4 150 100 - Baninski Lom River 15 Yantra River 60 corrected 300 Canal 8 Eliiska River 8 Canal 8 Lom River 8 Osam River 30 corrected 160 Chernyalka 10 Vit River 50 200 Reveted irrigation canal a/b/h 4 10 4 Iskar River 70 180 Gostilya River 10 100 Ogosta River 20 Danube River* (till the border with 412+000 600 1100 Romania ) (*) The survey of Danube River crossing and the crossing itself is not included in the scope of work of the Bulgarian LFE and will be realized by other party. 171+000 217 234+200 247+700 249+300 260+900 268+600 279+800 322+ 341+200 355+900 372+300 377+200 411+200 Width of the crossing Name riverbed Parakyoiska River Golyama/Sredetska River Voynishka River Voynishka River (tributary) Mochuritsa River Marash Reveted irrigation canals a/b/h .1-1 lists the crossed rivers with a description of the kilometers along the gas pipeline route.1. Despite of this.3.

04/6 of 25 November 2004 on the technical rules and norms for the design.1. storage. The crossings of above ground power lines (PL) are coordinated with the owners of the network.12.1. and performed with crossing angle at least 65º and providing the necessary clearing distance. at an angle of at least 60º (Figure 1. 1. The crossing of underground power cables and cables of the technological telecommunication network with the transit gas pipeline is at 90º angle towards the gas pipeline axis. are coordinated with the owner of the network. observing the requirements of Ordinance No.2010) and Ordinance on the construction of electric power facilities and power distribution lines (Official Gazette 90 and 91 of 2004). water pipelines. . and are restored to their initial status. Crossings through engineering obstacles.3. The bigger reveted irrigation and drainage canals are crossed with horizontal drilling and casing (mantle). irrigation and drainage systems etc. construction and use is items and facilities for transport.2009. and use of the items and facilities for transiting. storage and supply of natural gas.3. as per the requirements of Ordinance No. and the minimum distance of the gas pipeline to the foundation of the pole at crossing and at parallel laying is from 5 m to 15 m respectively for 20 kV and 400 kV power lines. cabels.3. the ends of which are at least 5 m away from the gas pipeline axis.. enforced since 05.06.2. Crossings of motor roads All crossings of the national roads should be done via a trenchless method and coordinated with the National Agency “Road Infrastructure”. The angle of crossing will be at least 60º. Ordinance No. 04/6 of 25 November on the technical rules and norms for the design.1.3-1). construction.3. The crossings of technical infrastructure items – gas pipelines.1. The cables are placed in a steel pipe. distribution and supply of natural gas. Із-1971 of 29 October 2009 on the construction-technical rules and norms for securing fire safety (Promulgated in the Official Gazette 96 of 04. and the smaller ones – using the open cut method.

Figure 1.1.3.3-1 Pipeline crossing a road

The crossing locations are selected in sectors of small embankment and soil thickness. This is particularly valid for highways and roads of class I and class II, so that the crossing is done by horizontal directional drilling without stopping the traffic. Where this is not possible, the crossing is done with the open cut method with detours or temporary re-direction of the traffic along an alternative route, with coordination and development of a plan for “Temporary traffic organization”. The crossing is signalled with the respective road signs. The depth of laying the road pavement to the upper surface of the protective mantle is 2.0 m, and to the bottom of the draining ditch is 0.5 m. Table 1.1.3.3-1 lists the crossed roads (a total of 62) with a description of the kilometer along the pipeline route and the width of the road itself. For the planned new highways are used data submitted by the National agency “Road Infrastructure”.
Table 1.1.3.3-1 Crossings of motor roads
S e c to r km Crossing location km 9+580 17+150 25+840 33+040 36+500 42+330 45+000 52+635 60+300 63+880 68+120 75+150 75+880 89+930 93+530 95+200 102+870 124+180 127+300 129+060 130+905 136+570 141+670 144+500 153+570 161+740 171+205 178+830 182+760 186+010 188+870 197+450 Name Width of the roadway m 6 10 6 8 6 10 6 8 10 30 8 15 6 8 6 6 6 6 10 8 6 6 6 6 12 6 8 6 6 8 10 6

Gorska Polyana-Zhelyazkovo Elhovo – Burgas (II class-79) Denitsa-Omon Polyana - Alexandrovo Alexandrovo - Parvenets Yambol – Sredets ( II class-53) Alexandrovo - Parvenets Nedyalsko - Lyulin Palauzovo - Nedyalsko Thacia highway (in design stage) Straldzha - Malenovo I class 6 – Е773 Sofia – Burgas (Common European corridor No.8 ) Lozenets – CS Lozenets Slavyantsi - Sungurlare To Skala village Beronovo - Sungurlare Vezenkovo - Velislav Varbitsa – Nova Byala Reka I class 7 Varbitsa – Veliki Preslav Stanyantsi - Varbitsa Velichka – Mengishevo Tserovishte – Dolna Ratlina Obitel - Ugledno Ugledno - Omurtag I class 4 – Е772 Sofia - Varna Gorno Kitino - Tsvetnitsa Konak – Aprilovo Zvezda - Svetlen Slavyanovo - Seyachi Medovina - Popovo Byala – Popovo (II class-51) Kovachevets – Gradishte

80+000÷192+500

0+000÷80+000

S e c to r 192+500÷325+400

Crossing location 200+500 201+760 209+700 210+300 219+740 235+940 236+080 243+490 246+160 249+490 261+610 271+450 282+450 286+020 292+820 301+950 306+550 318+540 322+880 329+240 336+740 342+370 346+865 349+180 356+775 369+910 377+250 394+730 405+720 411+050

Name Voditsa – Tsar Asen Voditsa – Osikovo Byala – Popovo (II class-51) Byala – Nova Varbovka Vinograd - Dryanovets I class 5 – Е85 – Veliko Tarnovo - Ruse (Common European corridor No. 9) Polski Senovets - Byala Ivancha – Stefan Stambolovo Obedinenie – Stefan Stambolovo Obedinenie – Dolna Lipnitsa Patresh - Batak Butovo - Gradishte Asenovtsi - Letnitsa Letnitsa - Kamenets Borislav - Alexandrovo Valchi tryn - Drenovo Pelishat - Vladinya Pleven – Lovech (II class-35) Laskar - Nikolaevo Gortalovo - Beglezh Barkach - Petarnitsa Sadovets - Krushovitsa Gorni dabnik - Krushovo I class 3 – Е83 Byala - Pleven Pleven – Pleven (II class -13) Iskar - Staroseltsi Gostilya – Knezha Knezha - Selanovtsi Mizia – Oryahovo (II class-15) Mizia – Oryahovo ferryboat Oryahovo - Bechet

Width of the roadway 6 6 10 6 7 8 6 8 8 7 8 8 7 7 6 6 5 10 7 6 6 6 6 12 12 6 6 6 9 10

1.1.3.4.

325+300÷412+000

192+500÷325+400

Crossings of railway lines

The railway lines will be crossed via a trenchless method, and the crossings will be coordinated with Executive Agency “Railway Infrastructure” at an angle at least 70º (Figure 1.1.3.4-1). The crossing locations are selected in sectors with small embankment and soil layer in order to carry out the crossing with a horizontal drilling without stopping the traffic. The depth of laying from the foot of the rail till the upper surface of the protective mantle of the pipeline is 2 m, and to the bottom of the draining ditch - 0.5 m. The crossing of railway lines, highways and motor roads till class III inclusive is done with a protective mantle of a steel pipe with diameter at least 200 mm greater than the nominal diameter of the gas pipeline. The ends of the protective mantle are brought out at a distance at least:   25 m of the axis of the end railway track of the railway infrastructure, 15 m from the axis of industrial railway line branches; 10 m of the edge of the roadway, but not less than 2 m of the base of the embankment.

Figure 1.1.3.4-1 Pipeline crossing a railroad

In order to provide hermetic tightness of the space between the casing and the gas pipeline, the ends of the protective mantle are fitted with cuffs. On the higher end of the protective mantle of the gas pipeline is mounted a venting pipe which is brought out at least 5 m above the terrain level and is placed at a horizontal distance:   At least 40 m of the axis of the end track of railway lines of the railroad infrastructure; At least 25 m of the axis of railway lines of industrial railway branches and of the base of the embankment of a motor way.

Table 1.1.3.4-1 lists the crossed railway lines (a total of 6) with a description of the kilometers along the gas pipeline and the width of the railway.
Table 1.1.3.4-1 Crossings of railway lines
Kilometer of the gas pipeline km 0+000÷80+000 80+000÷192+000 Crossing location km 69+495 183+515 236+005 192+000÷325+000 271+400 283+415 325+000÷412+000 352+195 Name Electrified double railway line Plovdiv - Burgas Electrified double railway line Sofia - Varna Electrified railway line Ruse - Podkova Electrified double railway line Sofia - Varna Railway line Troyan-Belovo Electrified double railway line Sofia - Varna Width of the railway m 20 15 12 15 6 15

which after the installation of the gas pipeline will be reinstated on the surface. The locations with possible risk of erosion processes will be precisely established. Construction in areas with forest vegetation When passing through forest vegetation. During construction 1. . Construction of underwater gas pipeline The crossing of river terraces and riverbeds will be in conformity with Ordinance for the construction and safe operation of the transport and distribution gas pipelines.1. placing rock materials.1. stripping and using the humus layer. in the brown forestsoils and the chromic podzollic soils the humus layer can be 0. when constructing the gas pipeline along the so selected route there will not be substantial changes in the environmental components: air. water. stems. On a 15 m strip (Ordinance No.1.2. No. No. 46 of 2007. etc. 40 and 93 of 2006. of the facilities. In the biological recultivation stage. before the excavation of the trench. For example. 78 of 2005. The technical recultivation includes includes reverse infilling the trench. landscape. After completing the construction of the pipeline.1. No. different vegetation will be planted. -see Figure 1. animal species. If necessary.25 m thick. The construction strip will be carefully cleared of chunks. the cuttings will be carefully chosen and designed with possibly smallest number of terraces and slopes.1.1. Description of the main characteristics of the production process. preserving the thickness of the layer established for the specific soil variety (see Figure 1.5 of 2010). The order of performing this activity is described in the Environmental Protection Act and in Ordinance No.2. measures will be taken so as to allow to a maximum extent to restore the disturbed terrain in the area of construction and to improve the landscape of the locality. the humus layer will be stripped. improvement of poorly fertile land.20(1). Above ground and underground construction Construction in areas with arable and farm land The greater part of the Nabucco gas pipeline route will pass through arable land and land with farm use. Art.3-1). No. type and quantity of main raw resources and materials 1. item 9) on both sides of the gas pipeline it is forbidden to plant trees with a deep root system because of a risk of damaging the pipe and the respective communication cables.16 on the easements of power items. 32. the area will be plowed and plented with suitable grass vegetation.2. According to preliminary assessments. vegetation. and anti-erosion measures will be conducted with constructing small size and large size fortifying facilities and draining ditches. In order to protect the humus soil layer it is envisaged. the deposited next to the trench humus layer should be reinstated in its clean condition on the area from which it was removed. amended and complemented in No. with observing specific technological schemes. 26 for recultivation of disturbed terrains. The impaired soil and vegetation cover can successfully and in a relatively short time frame be restored by applying specific recultivation measures.2. the return of the humus layer and the process of ploughing of the reinstated soil and humus layer on the working strip.3-2.171 of 2004 (promulgated in Official Gazette 67 of 2004. soil. installations and apparatuses for natural gas – Ordinance of the Council of Ministers No. 79 of 2008.2. to carry out selective stripping of the humus soil horizon. etc. branches and roots of the cut trees.

7. After laying the pipes along the trench. 100% control using ultrasonic equipment of the welded connections (according additional instructions) or gamma-ray flow detection 17. Before laying the pipeline in the trench in such terrain the bottom of the trench will be backfilled with 10cm thick soil layer in order to protect the pipeline insulation from damaging. Fencing off of the construction strip. 10. The width of the trench is determined as a function of the depth and type of the soil. 13. Providing water taking and water supplying facilities to the locations where water will be used and the locations of hydraulic tests of the gas pipeline. collecting the earth masses on a landfill. Development of the trench with a single bucket excavator. according to respective scheme of shaping up the construction strip. Preparation of terraces and slopes for providing the necessary construction strip – 36 m in land with farm use. there will be blasting works.1. 8.2. 11. 15. etc. facing elements. 9. 16. 1. Welding is done with internal centering devices and several layers of welding as per the envisioned welding technology. 6.The expected difficulties when constructing the gas pipeline are when crossing some gullies with steep banks and steep mountain slopes.. Marking of the site. 2. The width and thickness of the humus layer is determined depending on the type of terrain and soil. Removing trees. Welding works (welding by a welding machine or by hand of the pipes to one another).2. etc. Stringing of the pipeline next to the trench on padding (timbers not less than 150mm x 100mm) 14. Setting up of temporary roads to the construction site and approaches to the gas pipeline route. Transporting pipes. 12. Detail of linepipe weld joints to be coated in the field is to be adjusted in the purchase order. according to the attached scheme of the construction strip. 5.. 4. Execution is planned to be done with a bulldozer with longitudinal-slantwise movement of the machine along the pipeline route. Separation of the humus top soil layer with storing at landfills. When the gas pipeline route passes through rocky terrains. there will be saddle/supports placed on the side of the trench to order and stabilize the pipes in place after their placing along the route. knees and facing parts along the length of the route (the sector for mounting the gas pipeline). bushes. 100% visual control of the welded connections. and 30 m in forest terrains or other constraints. Providing intermediate sites for storage and installation of pipes. An acceptable method is described below: . in order to avoid instability of the trench. 3. Construction and installation activities for the gas pipeline The following activities are planned for the construction of the gas pipeline: 1.

27. railway lines. 22. and after its cleaning and the hydrotest.Field weld joints shall be protected by polyol-isocianate coating (70223-EG-SPC-CP0011-RE-1). Laying the welded sector of the gas pipeline in the trench with a column of pipe laying machines (Sidebooms). The crossing of the pipeline through roads. 19.top soil layer. 24. laid in advance by the trenchless method (Figure 1. The technologies developed for shaping up the slopes. Placing signalling signs for marking the gas pipeline route at 2. Final backfill of the trench (signal tape is placed durrind this operation). geological and hydro-geological conditions along the gas pipeline route. Conducting anti-erosion measures – draining ditches. 23. anti-erosion green fences with suitable grass and bushes. 21. meadows and forest areas. Compacting of the soil layer.1. Transporting the remaining earth mass away from the construction strip to landfills set for the purpose. the linearity and the available drilling and loading technique. 25. 26. Reinstatement and spreading of the stripped humus. then follows: 20. The distance between the pipe-laying machines is established in advance. After the pipeline is laid in the trench. Spreading fertilizers and laying grass with grass mixtures on the construction strip in pastures. Checking the quality of the gas pipeline insulation with a sparkle defectoscope along the entire length of the sector. the presence of items and facilities subject to blastingseismic protection. the terraces and the trench of the gas pipeline will comply with the engineering-gelogical. For coating repairs a brushable grade of the same coating type may be used. or other engineering equipment is executed by placing it in a protective mantle. The passage through natural or artificial barriers and facilities is executed in the according to the respective technological instructions for the trenchless method. 18. Plowing of the construction strip.5 m on the right of its axis in the direction of movement of the gas flow.2-1).The coating (two pack designed for underground service) shall be applied by an automatic airless spray system on the prepared surface and appropriate/controlled environment to a min dry film thickness 1 500 microns. in order to protect the pipeline from creating additional tensions in the pipes. .2.

.2-1 Cross section of a trench Cleaning the interior of the gas pipeline The cleaning of the interior of the gas pipeline from soil.2. the length of the sector cannot be greater than the length between two block valves. Blowing through with air and passing of special pistons (cleaning pigs.preferred method) After completing the cleaning. When the cleaning is done by blowing through with air. in both ends of the cleaned sector are mounted temporary closing caps. water or some construction debris that have eventually entered can be performed by one of the two methods (or both sequently): • • Washing out with water. and the water is transferred via orifices from one sector to the other. The filling of the sector with water and its throwing out is done at locations prepared in advance.1. The washing out of the gas pipeline with water is done in sectors.Figure 1.

label with the signs and signals used at the construction site. containers for instruments. Blasting works Blasting works are to be performed in all sectors where rocks are identified as had to very hard. and will be equipped with loading/unloading facilities. office for the management of the sector. The water sources (rivers or other) for water abstraction as well as the water recipients of the discharged hydrotest water will be determined and assessed accordingly in the ESIA report. 1. bathrooms and WC. and the temperature at which the relative humidity reaches 100% and condensing occurs is called “dew point” . 1 When the air is cooled.3 ha.5 ha.1.2.1.3-1). Temporary camps They are constructed for setting up vans (Figure 1. the “extra” moisture is separated from it by condensing. according to the envisaged term for completing the gas pipeline sector. If necessary the hydrotest water will be treated prior to discharging depending on the specifics of the water recipient and according to the legislation in force and the authority requirements if any. in order to avert eventual risks to the personnel and the environment. with changing rooms and worker canteens. Construction camps and sites The gas pipeline route is planned to be divided in 50 km sectors with the purpose of optimizing the construction-mounting works (CMW) In each sector 2 storage sites will be set up (at 25 km distance) and one temporary camp (Figure 1. storage areas for construction materials. there are warning signs forbidding the entry on that zone. and their minimum area is 0. depending on the rented terrains and an expert identification of an average staff number for executing the construction. Storage sites They are intended for storing pipes of different sizes and fittings.1. the sectors are dried by blowing through with dry and oil-free air and special pistons. which are in greater density in the rocky areas. The proper safety measures are taken during the test. and coordinated with the Employer. coordinated with the respective authorities. While the water pressure in the tested sector is being increased. with water being transferred via orifices from one sector to the other. containers for construction and household waste. The location of the sites along the route and the final areas will be presented at the stage of Final CDP (Comprehensive Development Plan) – approval. They will be located near motor roads or railways. After the successful execution of the hydrotest and the emptying of the pipeline of the water. if the drilled boreholes prove that the rocks are strongly weathered.Hydraulic test The hydraulic test is performed in compliance with a prepared in advance technological instruction on a ready backfilled sector of the pipeline. It is possible to have a significant reduction of the uses of this method.3-1). no unauthorized person is allowed to enter the test zone – beside fences.2. The final size of the sites depends on the choice of Contractor and his forecasts as regards the organization for the execution of the construction works. The data of the latter have to be confirmed after the completion of the envisioned drilling works.2. The minimum area is 0. The dried sector is hermetically closed till its handing over for operation. The discharge of the water from the hydrotest is done into a chosen in advance water body. The blowing through continues till the air coming out of the gas pipeline reaches the dew point1 minus 20°С at pressure of 1 bar. They will have a 2 m tall fence.3. first aid room with the necessary sanitary dressing materials and a litter. cabinet for hand-held firefighting tools.

2.3-1 Site of a temporary camp with area 3 000 m2.Figure 1. .1.

the temporary camps and sites: Table 1.2-1 Type and quantity Type RESOURCES Areas of land for the pipeline and the related facilities (roads. m3 Explosives. From bases located in the vicinity 15 000 3 500 3 500 Wood material. From bases located in the vicinity From bases located in the vicinity 700 700 1 500 . m2 Potable water for the construction workers. m3 Water MATERIALS Concrete. kg 10 000 1 000 From concrete plants in the area Temporary camps and storage sites RESOURCES Crushed stone. m3 Aggregates .1. Resources and materials used in construction The following natural resources will be used for the construction of the gas pipeline. on which the pipes will be laid when mounted in sections. m3 Aggregates -Sand. access roads. it will be supplied from the quarries near to the construction area.2. it will be supplied from the quarries near to the construction area.Gravel. m3 Water for the hydraulic tests of the pipes. m3 Crushed stone. m 3 Total Quantity Note Construction of the pipeline route 5 000 600 000 The water will be taken from the settlement water supply pipeline (if available nearby). m3 2 000 From concrete plants in the area 15 000 The crushed stone will be used for pavement of the terrain planned for construction of the camps and sites. m3 -Gravel.1.3. m3 MATERIALS Concrete. a close water source or supply of mineral water from a licensed The water will be taken from a suitable water source with a permit The crushed stone will be used for pavement of the envisaged access roads and for pavement or bedding of pavements in the sites.1.Sand. m3 .2. sites. including construction and easement zone) .1.

5-1 Transport vehicles for construction Motor car 4x4 Mini van Bus with 40 seats Car van Light truck Tip-lorry Trailer Pipe carrier Tug Truck for diesel fuel Motor crane 25 and 30t Motor crane 40t 1.6-1 Construction equipment Equipment Crew cab pickup track Bus Microbus Tipper lorry 10т Tipper lorry 20т Truck with bodywork Truck wagon Truck with welding equipment Pipe carrier truck Tug truck Water truck Fuel truck Sideboom Sideboom Buldozer welding Auger boring equipment Example Models Number Toyota 4X4Hilux MAN FORD Tranzit MAN TGM 4x4 MAN TGS 6x4 MAN TGM 4x4 MAN TGM 4x4 ГАЗ Урал MAN TGS 8x8 MAN TGM 4x4 MAN TGM 4x4 Caterpillar Caterpillar Caterpillar Robbins Thissen Krupp Bautechnik DMI internatinal Caterpillar Caterpillar 20 2 15 6 10 4 4 20 12 4 2 2 10 20 10 2 Engine power (kW) 126 206 103 206 294 206 206 85 155 353 206 206 259 294 112 187 Work hours Per day 100 16 60 30 50 24 32 80 72 28 16 16 50 50 35 16 Per year 260 260 240 140 140 120 220 240 120 40 240 240 220 220 220 60 Euro-IV Euro-IV Euro-IV EU 80/1269 EU 80/1269 EU 80/1269 97/68EG EPA/CARB Tier3 97/68EG EPA/CARB Tier3 97/68EG EPA/CARB Tier3 EU 80/1269 EU 80/1269 Standard Euro-IV Euro-IV Euro-IV Euro-IV Euro-IV Euro-IV Euro-IV Vertikal boring equipment 2 147 16 60 Bending machines Buldozer track loader Buldozer 2 6 2 187 196 306 16 48 16 200 160 120 .2.2. Work schedule The time envisaged for construction of one 50 km sector is approximately 6 months.2.1.2.The rest of the construction materials are commercial products. 1.2.1.1.1. 1.6. Transport vehicles for construction For each of the construction camps the transport vehicles will be: Table 1.1.5. Construction equipment The large diameter pipe construction equipment for each 100 km construction sector of the gas pipeline will consist of: Table 1.4.

From bases located in the vicinity From bases located in the vicinity From a nearby located water source/ water supply pipeline Total quantity. 2 gas pipeline Pigging stations (PS) and 14 block valve stations (BVS).7. 1. 1 Off-take station (OS). Resources and materials used The following aggregate minerals. construction materials and water will be necessary for the construction of these facilities: Table 1. m3 Note . and be supplied from the quarries near to the construction area.7.Tractor with equipment for Caterpillar FOC Graders Caterpillar Vibro rollers Bomag Stone crusher Trio Eng 2 2 2 1 71 137 190 2x220 16 12 12 8 130 50 50 60 EU 80/1269 EU 80/1269 Tracked Excavator Ditch excavator Crawler crane Lorry mounted Compressor Compressor Pressure tester Liquid filling machine Power generation Caterpillar ЕТР-254 Liebherr Liebherr Ingersoll Rand Ingersoll Rand АО-161 АН-501 АД-100 6 1 2 2 4 4 2 2 20 140 221 450 370 132 265 66 331 118 48 8 8 8 16 16 8 8 80 100 50 120 120 30 30 20 20 240 EU 80/1269 97/68EG EPA/CARB Tier3 97/68EG EPA/CARB Tier3 The above-mentioned equipment will need 1 617.7-1 Type and quantity Type RESOURCES Crushed stone Sand Gravel Water MATERIALS 31 000 2 000 2 000 3 000 The crushed stone will be used for pavement of the terrain planned for construction of the camps and sites.1.2.1. In the EIA report will be assessed its emissions impact on the environment. 1.6 tons of diesel fuel. Main above ground facilities The main above ground facilities include: 2 gas metering stations (GMS).2.1.2.1.

of the facilities. water and other articles which by chance might have entered the pipeline. Minimum pressure in the existing system for gas supply.hydrotest According to the Ordinance for the construction and safe operation of the transport and distribution gas pipelines.2. Testing environment. the national legislation. Admissible pressure. The hydrotests are to be performed when the earth and water temperatures are at least +2°С. Before the tests. The discharge of the water in a water body will be with such location as not to cause erosion of the bank. The cleaning of the pipeline is done after it is laid in the trench and the trench is backfilled. The discharge into a running water body will be performed in accord with obtained approvals.Type Concrete Total quantity. m3 6 000 Note From concrete plants in the area 1. The testing pressure. The tests will be carried by sections limited by linear reinforcement or caps. After cleaning the interior of the gas pipeline by blowing or washing. The testing of the gas pipelines. .8. to BDS EN 12327 and following the construction – technology instruction after completing the mounting and the preliminary cleaning of the inner surface of the linear elements of the network for the separate sectors.1. Removal of the water. After carrying out the hydraulic test the water will be led to a suitable water recipient. of the facilities and installations for natural gas is performed acc. washing out and residual sedimentation. in order to prevent movement when the water is being let out. Criteria for approval. Methods for detecting defects. When cleaning the pipeline it is not permitted to allow cleaning components and various pollutants to enter the linear fittings. The instruction is provided by the constructor and is approved by the head of the comisioners. the inside of the pipeline will be cleaned from production scale and also of soil. Pressure testing and procedure for commissioning. Functional requirements” the pressure testing procedures are carried out by an authorized person and according to approved technological instruction. standards and/or practical rules for determining the:           Method of testing. taking into account the local conditions. Testing and commissioning Pressure testing . Releasing of the testing environment. The pressure test is not performed with closed valves. All drainage lines will be properly fortified. installations and apparatuses for natural gas and BSS EN 12327 “Systems for gas supply. on the edges of purified section are mounted temporary inventory bottoms (caps). Period of the tests.

Resources used The hydrotest will require: Table 1. the ends of the pipeline system are connected with suitable PIG launchers/receivers installations. a certain amount of water will be reused by transferring to the next section for its hydraulic test. water bodies) where the water is withdrawn and rivers or water bodies where the water is discharged would be made in hydrological research and in the EIA report would be described.2. 1. reaching the dew point of –20°С at pressure of 1 bar. The method/procedure of removing the water will be presented in written form.6-1 Type and quantity Type Quantity.2.1. filled with dry air with minimum 1 bar pressure. The final drying of the gas pipeline is done by passing foam pistons with high density. The used compressed air must be degreased and dry.8. if possible.1. When the necessary drying level is reached. When carrying out hydraulic tests. the gas pipeline will be divided in sections.In case of difficulties in the inserting and eventually removing the water from the pipeline system. Pinpointing sources (rivers.1. m3 Note The quoted amount is the volume of the pipe for the whole Bulgarian sector. and maintained till its commissioning. the sector is packed and closed. Water 615 000 . propelled by compressed air through the section to be dried. and.

3.2. A similar station with smaller capacity will be located on the site of the inter-system connection Off-Take (OT). serving for controlled release of natural gas.2.2. situated close to the existing CS Lozentes Off-take Stations (OS) Only one off-take station will be built at present Stage. Facilities related to the gas pipeline Gas Metering Stations (GMS) The main gas metering station of the gas flow passing the territory of Republic of Bulgaria will be located on the land of Oryahovo municipality at km 405. Production processes and installations 1. the capacity of the gas pipeline will reach 8.2. Blow-off pipes for natural gas release These are components of the above ground site sub-items.2. During operation 1. Gas pipeline The transported natural gas will be held in one closed system (pipeline) under high pressure without any contact with the environment.1.2. Type and amount of the resources During the operation only electric power and water are used. Gas pipeline Pigging stations (PS).2.1. near the existing CS Lozenets. Block valve stations (BVS) Along the gas pipeline route are envisioned sectioning block valve stations (at maximum distance of 30 km from one another).5 billion m3 of natural gas per year (could be increased if required up to 31 billion m3 by a hydraulic improvement – additional CS-future stages). a block valve station with a GMS.2.2. in case of need.2.1.1.1. equipped with devices for automatic closure in case of emergency. 1.2. Below there is data on the forecast water consumption . The project envisages the construction of two pigging stations during this stage. Water The necessary amount of water in the site sub-items (GMS and ISC) will be provided by the settlement water supply network of the respective municipalities based on a contract signed with the Water Supply and Sewerage Ltd.2. 1.2.2. Capacity After the realization of the investment proposal on present Stage. as well as to lead away the launched natural gas from the safety valves. 1.

1. Waste Construction of the pipeline route Code Total quantity t/y Note . year. 1.2. m3/y 2 000 300 Total Electricity 2 300 At the time of operation the project will use electricity supplied via the existing electric power distribution network owned by the respective regional power distribution companies.1. During construction During construction the generated waste is expected to be in small quantities of nonhazardous waste from the temporary construction sites and construction works. Work schedule The work regime during operation is without interruption – 24 hours a day. showers. Waste 1.3. 365 days a Identification of the type and quantity of the expected waste and emissions as a result of the operation of the investment proposal.3.4.1.Water consumption For fire-fighting needs For potable water–household needs Quantity. m3/y 2 000 300 Note Sinks.2. rest rooms The total amount of potable water needed for the project after its implementation is estimated at: Water consumption for initial stage For fire-fighting needs For potable water–household needs Quantities. the table below gives information about its consumption: Electricity Consumption MWh/y 2 520 1 680 4 200 Installation Electricity for industry Electricity for lighting (household needs) Total 1.3. 1.

but stored temporarily parallel to the trench.waste Grinding disk s .waste Fluorescent tubes and other waste containing mercury (1) 20 03 01 25 13 01 10* 13 02 05* 16 06 01* 12 01 13 12 01 21 20 01 21* 50 Will be stored in a specially labelled warehouse and will be transferred to licensed companies as per signed contracts Under individual tracing Under individual tracing Will be stored in specially marked storage and will be delivered to the licensed companies by contract 15 The excavated earth mass from the trench is not deposited. mineral-based Disused batteries Welding rods . as part of the technical recultivation. m3/у 17 05 04 12 400 Mixed household waste Hazardous Non-chlorinated hydraulic oils. After laying the pipe and its testing this mass is backfilled. the project provides different ways of their treatment: • • Disposal in landfills for construction waste. m3 Top soil Earth mass Top soil Earth mass Code Total quantity t/y 5 000 000 3 000 000 36 000 5 000 10 10 15 Note The top soil is stripped and stored parallel to the trench for biological recultivation (1) 17 05 06 Construction of the surface facilities related to the gas pipeline 17 05 06 15 01 01 15 01 02 15 01 06 19 10 01 The top soil is stripped and stored for biological recultivation Before the start of the construction works there will be allocated sites with vessels for separate collection of the waste and delivering to licensed companies Delivering to licensed companies Before the start of the construction works there will be allocated sites for temporary storage of the construction waste. located near a section of pipeline. − Building dikes. − Soil capping of landfills. The waste can be used for restoring the relief. . mineral-based Non-chlorinated engine. lubricating and gear oils. m3 Excavated earth mass. Use of excess earth mass for: − Fill other excavations near the pipeline. * Note: According to the Regulation on waste classification hazardous waste are marked with a symbol (*) Due to the significant amount of excess spoils and the maximum length of the pipeline.Waste Excavated earth mass. for landfills on the site territory or secondary use in construction Will be deposited in licensed landfills Paper and cardboard packaging Plastic packaging Mixed packaging Waste of iron and steel Soil and stones different than the mentioned in 17 05 05.

2.2.1. Water pollution 1. Mixed household waste during operation of the gas pipeline Waste Mixed household waste Code 20 03 01 Quantity. During operation The waste generated during operation of the Nabucco gas pipeline comprises the following types: Production waste during operation of the pipeline Waste Paper and cardboard Plastics Other sorts of wastes Waste of iron and steel Code 15 01 01 15 01 02 19 12 12 19 10 01 Quantity. During construction . The collected hazardous waste (sediments) will be temporarily stored in the tanks and transported away and deposited on hazardous waste landfills by licensed companies.− Strengthen banks and others similar activities All treatment activities of excess spoil will be coordinated with the municipal administrations. t/y 1 1 2 Hazardous waste during operation of the gas pipeline Waste Processed lubricants Disused batteries Fluorescent tubes and other waste containing mercury Sediments from pipeline cleaning (1) Code * 16 06 01* 20 01 21* Quantity. t/y 200 After the implementation of the project the waste will be transferred to licensed companies as per signed contract. t/y 5 1 1(1) * Note: According to the Regulation on waste classification hazardous waste are marked with a symbol (*) The presented quantity is for monitoring period of about 8 years. depending on specific conditions and techno-economic environment. 1. Prepare a plan for waste management and especially the excess spoil.1.3.3. The cleaning and inspection facilities on the sites near Omurtag and Oryahovo will be supplied with underground tanks for storage of the waste sediments.

is expected: • • • Exhaust gases from the internal combustion engines of the equipment used in the construction works. scraping and removal of particulate matters. Internal combustion engines emissions Evaluation of the impact on air during the construction phase will be done on information given on the numbers. The emission levels of exhaust gases for one day of 8 hours work of appropriate to construction phase diesel machinery (1 excavator-60kW. the water will be polluted secondarily (as sequence) for a short period of time. the process subsides.2. 1. Air pollution 1. Wind erosion from open storage piles or operational areas. Groundwater No pollution of the groundwater is expected during operation of the gas pipeline.1. 1. caused by a large number of emissions-generating operations and processes. for which local facilities will be provided (chemical toilets or excavated pits).3. such as bulldozing. Such pollution can be caused only by accidental spills of fuel and lubricants from construction machinery within the range of the construction activities at the sites or indirectly when polluted surface and rain water reaches the groundwater. as well as their working days and hours in the year. The household-sewage waste water will be collected in chemical toilets or excavated pits. an increase of the emissions of certain noxious atmospheric pollutants. categories and power output of the construction equipment. 2009. Chapter 1. Groundwater No pollution of the groundwater is expected during construction when observing the regulations and the technological requirements.3.Surface water For short time during construction it can be expected to have an increase in the river water turbidity due to the crossing of the rivers via the open cut method. which will be cleaned regularly with specialized trucks of licensed companies for those purpose. SNAP code 0808.3.2. particulate matter (PM) and other pollutants. During construction During the construction period. If the river sediments in the points of crossing are contaminated with harmful substances. Material handling operations. When the river water passes onwards to the next sectors. 1 caterpillar excavator with a mechanic .3.3. During operation Surface water During operation the waste water will be mainly household-sewage water.A. The cleaning will be done by licensed companies as per signed contract. Estimates of the gaseous emissions from construction machinery will be based on the methodology of EMEP/CORINAIR Atmospheric Emission Inventory Guidebook. as well also as result of suspended matter sedimentation.4 Other Mobile.

Dust entertainment from heavy construction machines traffic on temporary unpaved roads. 2.US EPA. 1 heavy truck for transportation of suppliers and etc. and other earth excavation works.shovel (60 kW).1-1. 4. Wind erosion from an open dust storage operational areas (depots for earth masses).01 Construction techniques The above emission quantities will be released directly in the air from the exhausts of machines with internal combustion engines.03 Basic and specific pollutants SOX 0. Table 1. i.74 PM10 3. scraping. Dust emissions Dust emissions calculations are based on the following activities: 1. conforming with the meteorological conditions.3.85 NOx 76.epa.02 CH4 0. the construction period is limited and the additional emissions will have no significant impact on the air quality.13 CO 17.09 NH3 0.3. In general. it is recommended to temporarily stop the construction works and let disperse the pollution. Emission factors AP-421.3. In order to avoid the risk of pollution one has to keep exact schedule of the construction works.html . to allow the natural capacity of the atmosphere to self purify.68 NMVOC 7.e. The emission levels are mitigated by the natural process of precipitation. However. Emission estimates for the above operations are based on the emission factors of the American Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for working in open dusty areas: Construction and Aggregate Processing and Fugitive Dust Open Sources . (300 kW) and 1 mobile crane (240 kW) are given in Table 1. 1 http://www. bulldozing. 3.26 N2O 1. Dust material handling (loading and unloading) operations of earth masses.3.1-1 Emission levels from construction equipment Emissions [kg] Activities Greenhouse gases CO2 4 292. grading. or if the construction areas are spying during dry conditions. Clearing.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/index. during calm conditions and the air is much polluted.

1.3.3.2.

During operation

In general, fugitive emissions from the project may be attributed to the Pipeline System on the whole, including all associated surface facilities. While methane (CH4) is the predominant type of greenhouse gas emitted as a fugitive emission in the gas sector, emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) to a much lesser extent may also occur. CO2 is present as a natural constituent of all focill hydrocarbon streams – see gas composition on Table 1.1.1.3-1. Natural gas pipeline transportation The IPCC document Good Practice Guidance and Uncertainty Management in National Greenhouse Gas Inventories is used to calculate methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from pipeline gas transport (Table 1.3.3-3) per 412 km of transmission over Bulgarian territory1. The global warming amount of greenhouse gas (tCO2eq) is calculated, too.
Table 1.3.3-3 Amounts of emissions from natural gas transport. pollutant Emission factor Gg per km of transmission pipeline km 412 CH4
3.4E-03

CO2
1.3E-05

CO2-eq.

1 400.8

tons per year 5.4

29 4222.2

For completeness of the inventory, indicative border reference values (benchmarks) were developed for the methane losses per year. The reference values for lowest and highest emission (loss) of methane in the transport of gas along main (trunk) gas pipeline are respectively between 50 and 5 000 tons per year for the Nabucco route of 412 km on Bulgarian territory. As shown in the above table, the methane emissions are in the range of these values. Emissions from maintenance activities There are no potential emission sources on the territory of Bulgaria at initial stage. The design of the facility requires planning measures for not allowing unorganized emissions from the maintenance stations. 1.3.4. Soil contamination 1.3.4.1. During construction

It is possible to have insignificant soil contamination from atmospheric precipitation, generated by the described above air pollution during construction. It is possible also to have insignificant contamination with oil products in the work processes of building the gas transporting system and its facilities, using construction, transport and mounting machines, with eventual accidents related to the machines during construction. A potential, but removable pollutant of the soil is the construction and households waste generated in the process of construction of the pipeline.

1

When take place activities on pipe cleaning, for example, there is leakage of gas, even if the pipe system is encapsulated.

1.3.4.2.

During operation

No additional pollutions, similar to those described for the construction phase, are expected, except for accidents occurred during operation and the actions in response to these accidents. 1.3.5. Harmful physical factors 1.3.5.1. During construction

Noise A source of noise emissions in the environment will be the used construction and mounting equipment for executing the various works – excavation, backfilling/landfilling, mounting, welding, concrete, transport, etc. The main units of machines and equipment are: excavator, bulldozer, motor crane, front loader, trenchless drilling probe, horizontal directional drilling equipment (when crossing roads, railways, rivers), trucks, etc. The levels of noise emitted by them are within 80-105 dBA. The EIA report will provide specific noise level values for the separate machines used: an assessment will be given of the expected equivalent noise level on the construction site during operation of the respective piece of equipment. The sites used as temporary storage of pipeline components (pipes, etc.), necessary construction and other materials, as well as the transport of these components to the storage sites and from there to the construction strip will also be considered as sources of noise. As a source of noise will be considered also the eventual detonations made during crossing sections of the pipeline route with hard rocks The EIA report will define and evaluate the expected equivalent noise level reaching areas with regulated noise regime (settlements) close to the construction strip. The assessment will be made according to the requirements of the Bulgarian law. If other source(s) is/are present along the pipeline route, beside the effect of the construction works an estimation will be made of the cumulative effect of the action of all noise sources located near areas of impact1. Vibrations The main sources of vibration are: • • • Vibrations caused by breaking hard (rocky) sections with pneumatic hammers, rippling and blasting works; Vibrations caused by moving transport vehicles and construction machinery – tugs, pipe carriers, tip Lorries, excavators, cranes etc. Vibrations caused by the moving parts of compressors, machines and big engines.

From the above vibration sources should be distinguished the blasting works, the most significant (microseismic), but short-lived source of oscillations. The other sources are with limited (pneumatic hammers) to negligible impact (construction compressors). Physical factors 1. Illumination The most significant sources are the electric arc in welding works and gas flame in gas flame cutting.
1

The first stage of the gas pipeline construction does not envision setting up compressor stations on the territory of Bulgaria, therefore they will not be considered in the PEIA as potential source of nouse. Beside the gas pipe the system will include the the following ground facilities: stop valves, gas measuring stations, cleaning stations, intersystem connections, etc..

The welding is mainly automatic (GMAW) in a protective gas media, and because of the technology the process is limited to chambers (tents) and is performed by qualified operators, who are not in the immediate vicinity during the welding itself. The welding in the open (mainly SMAW- shielded metal arc welding – manual metal arc) is done by qualified and certified arc welders, duly equipped with individual protective means (masks, gloves, overalls). Lighting of construction camps and storage sites will be conventional and it is not considered like harmful radiation. Its impact on the environment will be minimal and will be evaluated in ESIA. 2. Heat radiation It occurs in:   Electrical induction heating, which takes place in the weld area before welding. The temperature of the heated area reaches around and above 150°C; When welding at over 3100°C in the area of arc welding, the heat is dissipated by the welding components and air convection.

For individual protection one should wear suitable clothing, masks, gloves (see illumination-welding) 3. Electromagnetic radiation Gamma rays are emitted in one of the methods for control of the welding joints and the insulation – X-ray defectoscopy. With this method the survey are performed in strips of 20 cm around the weld (20 discrete images / gamma lightings / per seam, with about 55÷90 seams per kilometer of pipeline). The non-destructive testing (NDT) of the welding seams along the pipeline is executed by a control body accredited by the Executive Agency - “ Bulgarian Acreditation Office” 4. Sound waves Ultrasonic waves are transmitted when using ultrasonic defectoscopy, which is the preferred survey method (for practices see API 1104 ; DNV-OS-F101; ASTM E 1961 ; ASTM E 164) The impact of the adverse radiation on the environment is negligible. Their impact is mainly on the working environment. Therefore, for now only personal protection means are indicated primarily. In ESIA report will be assessed in detail the expected impacts. 1.3.5.2. During operation

In the present stage of the project, in normal operation, the gas transporting system is not expected to be a source of noise and harmful physical radiations in the environment. Environmental impact of conventional lighting from above ground installations (Block Valve Station, Pigging Stations, Gas Metering Stations, etc.) will be minimal and will be assessed in the EIA.

The construction solutions chosen by the design team for building the route are the optimal ones from the viewpoint of the already existing infrastructure. or overcoming topographic obstacles.1. . Location alternatives and technological peculiarities of the investment proposal 2. These sectors are from km 0+000 to km 76+600 – beside the existing transit gas pipelines to Turkey. and in separate locations with 1-2 km length it passes at a greater distance for bypassing Natura 2000 protected areas.2. ALTERNATIVES FOR IMPLEMENTING THE INVESTMENT PROPOSAL On the territory of Bulgaria there is a network of transit and national gas pipelines. the pipeline route can be divided in two basic types: Type 1 – along existing gas pipelines. The selected general direction of the gas pipeline route from southeast (the border with Turkey) to northwest (near the town of Oryahovo.Track following a survey. and from km 223+195 to km 325+400 – beside the existing National gas pipeline. In this context. built mainly in the period 1970 ÷ 1990. 2. 2. The adoption of a “Null alternative” would mean not to execute an international investment project of high priority for the European community.2.1. In these sectors the gas pipeline passes at a minimum distance from the existing gas pipelines. called TFS – parallel to the existing gas pipeline. In the sectors beside the existing gas pipelines only one optimal version is developed. Location alternatives Two main location alternatives have been developed for the realization of the investment proposal (Figure 2. The engineering design for the Construction of NABUCCO transit gas pipeline on the territory of Bulgaria corresponds to the best practice in the industry.2. Type 2 – in a standalone route. as well as the crossing of rivers and infrastructure items. at the border with Romania) crosses diagonally the territory of Bulgaria and some of the existing gas pipelines. conducted in 2004.2. There are two versions developed for the sectors of the standalone route – in the crossing of the Balkan mountain from km 76+600 to km 223+195 and in the crossing of the existing National gas pipeline in northern direction towards the Danube from km 325+400 to km 397+960. Null alternative (existing situation) “Null alternative” is connected with the decision not to perform the project. the Natura 2000 protected zones. There are no legal prerequisites or reasons relating to environmental hazards and human health that would lead to "Null alternative". 2. The main aim in selecting a route for the proposed gas pipeline is to use to a maximum extent the routes of the existing gas pipelines.1-1): .

Nabucco Gas Pipeline International GmbH Figure 2.2. (The lines in light green show the routes of existing gas pipelines – the National north ring and a transit gas pipeline to Turkey) page 60 of 158 .1-1 Route after TFS ( ) and alternative routes – west ( ) and east ( ) options.

in a sector with length of about 20 km.1. and keeps the direction till km 223+195.. km 188+875. the terrain is hilly. After km 192+500. After this point the route takes a west direction. with small convex and concave terrain forms. From km 103+000 to km 121+000 the gas pipeline crosses the Balkan mountain. 2. with altitude 450÷200 m. Passage The route crosses roads with permanent pavement every 5÷7 km. The route crosses the electrified double railway line SofiaVarna at km 183+500. crossing the districts of Burgas. km 209+680. Shumen and Targovishte. the detours and minimum crossings of Natura 2000 zones and the optimal length. Popovska River at km 188+630 and about 30 smaller streams and gullies. A – crossing of the Balkan mountain 2. The end of the sector touches the line of the south outskirts of the Balkan mountain.2.1. the nearest road to the north is at km 124+000. and 4 options for a suitable route have been discussed for it.1. After crossing the Balkan mountain till km 192+500 the gas pipeline continues its northwest direction. In this sector the route ascends to the highest point on Bulgarian territory – Alaborun peak with elevation 769.2 alternative routes – at the beginning (crossing the Balkan mountain) and the end of the route (branching of the gas pipeline from the route of the existing National gas pipeline). km 153+568. intersected by many gullies with seasonal water discharge. This is the most difficult for construction sector.5 km of the route length passes through protected zone BG 0002029 Kotlenska Mountain classified as such by the Directive for wild bird protection (79/409/EEC).595 km The direction of the corridor is to the northwest. from where it starts to rise. Difficulties in the future building of the pipeline in view of the approach are expected only in the area of the Balkan mountain. the Balkan mountain is crossed at km 120+844. where this option ends. Crossings of above ground facilities The route crosses four main roads – at km 124+185. Around 11. The option crosses four greater rivers: Luda Kamchia River at km 102+815. which provide access to it. Most important for the choice proved to be the topography of the sector.from km 76+600 to km 223+195 – length 146.70 at km 111+000. Crossings of underground facilities At this stage no crossings of underground communications have been studied. the gas pipeline shares a common route with the existing National gas pipeline. and on the south – at km 103+000. page 61 of 158 . Topoklidere at km 121+575.1. These roads have a stone pavement and in some sectors need improvement. Option 1A (east) . From km 76+600 to km 103+000 the terrain is hilly.1. The area is hard to access. After several steep descents and ascents. Golyama Kamchia River at km 132+740. and 19 secondary roads.2. This is the main advantage of this option – shorter crossing of a Natura 2000 area in order to preserve the biological diversity.

Passage The route passes mainly dirt roads.2. Sliven and Veliko Tarnovo. about 50 m wide and with a flooded terrace at high water – 150 m wide. private farm land – fields and pastures. The route crosses roads with permanent pavement every 5÷7 km.1-1 as per the above criteria. There are no motor roads. Luda Kamchia River km 97+200.04.2. In this sector it crosses the first bigger river on Bulgarian territory – Luda Kamchia River. crossing the districts of Burgas.1. At km 184+260 the route crosses the Sofia-Varna electrified double railway line. This option of the route crosses three bigger rivers: Mochuritsa River at km 89+255. There are no settlements in this part of the mountain. According data obtained from MOEW at km 115-116 the pipeline route corridor passes at distance 10-30 m the deposit Lahama (with granted concession) and deposit Trite Vyatara (with probably expected concession procedure).1. and forest (dirt) roads are rare. ascending and descending multiple gullies with no water for the greater part of the year. with frequent change of the slopes. and these roads provide the access to it. BG 0000136 Upper Luda Kamchia River.188 km The direction of the route is to the northwest. Crossings of above ground facilities The route crosses one 1st class main road at km 168+850 19 secondary roads.2. the advantages are marked with (+). BG 0000139 Luda Kamchia River. About 54 km of the route’s length passes through Natura 2000 protected areas – BG 0000196 Mochuritsa River. Table 2.1. and BG 0002029 Kotlenska Mountain Directive of the Council dated 02. A comparison of the routes is presented in Table 2. An exception is the crossing of the Balkan mountain.2. the mountain slopes are densely forested and access to the route is very difficult. Crossings of underground facilities At this stage there is no data regarding the crossing of underground communications. BG 0000117 Kotlenska Mountain – Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on conservation of natural habitats and wild flora and fauna. gradually descending the northern slopes of the Balkan mountain.2. From km 80+000 to km 103+000 the route passes through a hilly terrain with altitude from 200 to 500 m. From km 148+000 to km 206+000 the route passes through a hilly terrain with altitude from 200 to 400 m. most of them used in the past for lumber transport. Option 2A (west) – from km 76+600 to km 206+788 –the length is 130. From km 103+000 to km 148+000 the pipeline route crosses the East Balkan mountain through one of its parts – Kotlenska Mountain. gradually ascending the southern slopes of the Balkan mountain. the disadvantages – with (-) and the equivalence – with (0).1-1 page 62 of 158 . Kara Dere River at km 162+120 and about 40 smaller rivers and gullies.1979 on wild birds protection (79/409/EEC). where access to the route is very difficult.1.

0 113. The gas pipeline passes mainly along the option selected in the survey of 2004 (Figure. B – deviation of the gas pipeline from the route of the existing National gas pipeline 2. 12 of them with a width of 5÷30 m and two with a width up to 5 m.0 76.5 89.main 12 Crossings of motor roads .Assessment of the options for crossing the Balkan mountain Comparative table between Option 1A and Option 2A Comparative characteristics 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Length of the route Sections of the route passing through even terrain Sections of the route passing through hilly terrain Sections of the route passing through mountain terrain Sections of the route passing through farm land Sections of the route passing through forest land Sections of the route passing through NATURA 2000 areas – as per Directive on Habitats Sections of the route passing through NATURA 2000 areas – as per Directive on Birds Crossings of rivers with a width of 5 ÷ 30 m km km km km km km km km number number number number number unit Option 1A (east) from km 76+600 to km 223+195 +/146.0 25.560 km This is the sector of the gas pipeline.2. The option crosses 3 big rivers: Vit River at km 341+200.1-1). crossing in succession district Pleven through the municipalities Pleven. page 63 of 158 .secondary 13 Crossings of railway lines 0 0 7 4 After analyzing the options and considering their advantages and disadvantages. From km 341+500 to km 364+000 the route passes through irrigated fields with many irrigation canals (lined and earth).5 21 4 4 19 1 Σ+ = Σ= Option 2A (west) from km 76+600 to km 206+788 +/130. and district Vratsa through the municipality of Oryahovo.from km 325+400 to km 397+960 – length 72.1. Gostilya River at km 377+190. Dolna Mitropolia. The direction of the route is to the northwest. Iskar River at km 372+250.0 22. Dolni Dabnik. the selected preferred gas pipeline route crossing the Balkan mountain became Option 1 A (east). The route in this sector passes through an even terrain (plain) with altitude from 150 to 300 m.2. Option 1B (east) .0 45.0 47.0 Does not cross such areas 11.0 44 44+10 25 3 1 19 1 Σ+ = Σ= + + + + + + + + + + + 0 0 4 7 10 Crossings of rivers with a width > 30 m 11 Crossings of motor roads . Iskar.0 62.2.188 23.2. which deviates from the common corridor with the National gas pipeline (west of the village of Nikolaevo) and passes further in northwest direction to the Danube River and the border with Romania. 2.1. The number of crossed community lands is 14.595 35.2.1. 2.

1979 (79/409/EEC) – BG 0000240 Studenets. and 1. Iskar River at km 358+130 and about 20 smaller streams and gullies.05 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and wild flora and fauna . Along its length this option of the route crosses the districts Pleven.6 km through areas as per the Directive 92/43/EEC on the conservation of natural habitats and wild flora and fauna . and 1. as an alternative to the survey made in 2004 г. The sector is easily approached. Crossings of underground facilities At this stage no crossings of underground communications have been studied. passing parallel and close to the existing National gas pipeline – the northern ring.BG 0000240 Studenets.775 km. (TFS). and 13 secondary roads.2. The option crosses two bigger rivers: Vit River at km 332+200.BG 0000240 Studenets. At km 352+205 the route crosses the Sofia-Varna electrified double railway line.2.About 3 km of the route’s length crosses Natura 2000 protected areas. and an electrified double railway line at km 349+000. Its length is 89.2.from km 309+000 to km 398+775 – length 89. No additional access roads are envisaged.2 km – as per Directive 92/43/EEC OF 21.04. After km 333+300 the route’s direction is to the northwest. BG 0002095 Gorni Dabnik Telish. 17.775 km This option was developed with the present survey.1.6 km of which are under the Directive for protection of wild birds (79/409/EEC) . 2. Option 2B (west) .8 km of its length the route crosses Natura 2000 areas. Crossings of above ground facilities In this sector the gas pipeline crosses 2 main roads and 8 secondary roads. Passage For the whole of its length the gas pipeline passes in a standalone route. Lovech and Vratsa. For about 18. The connection of the construction strip to the existing road network will be in the crossing locations – every 5 – 6 km on the average. page 64 of 158 . Crossings of above ground facilities The route crosses one main road at km 347+000. 1.4 km of which – through an area as per the Directive of the Council on wild birds protection. dated 02. keeping in this direction till km 398+775. beside dirt roads. where this option ends. BG 0000181 Vit River and BG 0000613 Iskar River.BG 0000240 Studenets and BG 0000613 Iskar River. Crossings of underground facilities At this stage no crossings of underground communications have been studied. from km 309+000 to km 333+300 the direction of the route is to the west.

Passage The route passes mainly along dirt roads and private farm land – fields.main 12. 7.1.560 60. 5. 8.6 Does not cross such areas 70.2-1. For its entire length the option crosses roads with permanent pavement at every 5-6 km.1.9 1.2 2.2-1 Assessment of the options for deviation of the route from the existing National gas pipeline Comparative table Between Option 1 and Option 2 Comparative characteristics 1.0 1. page 65 of 158 .4 14 3 2 8 = = + + 17. Table 2. Length of the route km km km km km km km unit Option 1B (east) from km 325+400 to km 397+960 +/72.3 Does not cross such areas 81. Sections of the route passing through even terrain (plain) 3. A comparison of the options is presented in Table 2. Crossings of motor roads .775 65. which provide easy access to it. 10. 6.6 + 0 + 0 0 + 0 89.5 24.2 0. Crossings of motor roads .2 7.6 20 2 1 13 1 Σ+ Σ= = + + 9.2. the selected preferred gas pipeline route deviating from the existing National gas pipeline became Option 1B (east). Crossings of rivers with a width > 30 m 11.1 12.2. 4.secondary + 0 6 2 0 2 6 13 Crossings of railway lines After comparing the options and considering their advantages and disadvantages. the disadvantages – with (-) and the equivalence – with (0). Sections of the route passing through hilly terrain Sections of the route passing through mountain terrain Sections of the route passing through farm land Sections of the route passing through forest land Sections of the route passing through NATURA 2000 areas – as per Directive on Habitats Sections of the route passing through NATURA 2000 areas – as per Directive on Birds Crossings of rivers with a width of 5 ÷ 30 m Option 2B (west) from km 309+000 to km 398+775 +/- 0 0 0 0 km number number number number number 1 Σ+ Σ- 1. the advantages are marked with (+).

2.2. Alternatives per technological peculiarities of the construction No alternatives per technological peculiarities were considered. page 66 of 158 .2. as when building the NABUCCO gas pipeline through 5 states it is mandatory to implement European and international standards and methods. In ESIA report different methods for crossing of rovers. roads and other infrastructures will be discussed as alternatives and part of the approved technology for building the project.

1. passing through Middle and Western Danube Plain with Moderate Continental (MC) climate.8°С • Region-3 – Popovo (Strazhitsa)–Oryahovo covers a flat and hilly relief with altitude from 50 m to 300 m. Climate The route of the Nabucco pipeline (from village Strandja to Oryahovo) falls in different geographic regions of Bulgaria.7°C with maximum in July (about 23-24°C) and minimum in January . with mean annual value of 11.2°С with maximum in July . According to the climatic classification of Bulgaria this region has a Continental-Mediterranean (CM) climate. East Balkan mountain) the annual mean temperature is about 10. Characteristics of groundwater.1. 3. plains and hilly areas of eastern Thrace and low-mountain and hilly areas of the East Balkan mountain. The average air temperature in the region is about 12. Characteristics of the land in result of engineering and geological survey. etc. the level and nature of groundwater obtained from the engineering-geological survey. information from official sources available in Internet. The gas pipeline route crosses parts of the East Balkan mountain and East Fore-Balkan with Transitional Continental (TC) climate.7°С.about 22. Furthermore. Physicochemical parameters of the geological basement resulting from the engineering and geological survey.5°C. fauna and protected areas. Ambient air and climate 3. CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ENVIRONMENT. This includes parts of the eastern slopes of Strandzha Mountain. 3. namely: • Region-1 – Strandzha–Sungurlare covers a flat and hilly relief with altitude between 100 and 400m. and minimum in January – about 2°С. data on sensitive areas. the state of flora. IN WHICH THE INVESTMENT PROPOSAL IS TO BE REALIZED. While conducting field observations. In the highest part of the Nabucco route (the area near Kotel. AN IMPACT FORECAST In paragraph 3 for each component are described available sources of data to be done assess of its current state as an object of the impact of the investment proposal –gas pipeline Nabucco (Climatic Reference book.0°С with maximum page 67 of 158 .5-11. and other components on the route of the pipeline will be collected.1.3.about 23°С. Ministry of Environment and Basin Directorates Bulletins and specialized literature. The annual mean temperature in the region is about 12. characterized by different topography and climate. Active faults and seismic risk evaluation. The monthly mean air temperature amplitude varies between 7°С and 13°С with annual mean value of 9. availability of water sources for drinking water. The monthly mean air temperature amplitude varies between 8°С and 15°С with minimum in January and maximum in summer. • Region-2 – Sungurlare–Popovo covers a low-mountain hilly and low-valley relief with altitude between 200 and 700 m. in developing the EIA report. publications of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. actual data from special conducted observations and research will be used: • • • • • Hydrological and hydro-geomorphologic characteristics of rivers in areas of passing the pipeline.

and in the area of the town of Mizia reaches up to 15°С.10. The Continental-Mediterranean climate according to the Köppen classification is Cfа – moderate warm climate with hot summer.in north Bulgaria.in July . page 68 of 158 . while in the MC climate region – about 40 days. reaching 3.5°С.2°С The annual amount of precipitation for the entire outside-the-mountain pipeline route part is between 550 and 650 mm.2°С. In the region of East Fore Balkan (Kotel-Popovo) the annual mean temperature is the same . while in MC climate region – in the spring-summer period. with annual mean value of 10.5° to 12. Typical of the snow cover along the pipeline route is it’s repeating several times formation during the four cold months – from the middle of November up to middle of March. followed by northeast. Figure 3.1-1 Wind roses over the Bulgarian Nabucco pipeline route.Tarnovo-Pleven-Lom) the annual mean air temperature if from 11. In the region of the Danube Plain (Popovo-V.0°С.5 m/s with maximum in spring (March-May) and minimum – in summer and autumn. semiarid. and in the winter season . The monthly mean temperature amplitude varies between 6. In parts of the East Balkan mountain the number of days with snow cover is 50 The monthly mean and annual mean wind speed in the outside-the-mountain pipeline route part is from 2 to 2. The predominant wind direction is west-northwest.21°С and minimum in January – about 0°С. and according Thornthwaite the climate is warm.5°С and 13.5-11. 3. with maximum in July (around and above 23°С) and minimum in January – about 0°С.1-1). In parts of the East Balkan mountain and Fore-Balkan there is enhanced frequency of south winds (Fig. The total number of days with snow cover in the CM and TC climate regions is between 10 and 20 annually. Only in the East Balkan mountain part (with altitude of 600-700 m) the precipitation is up to 700 mm. In CM climate region the maximum is in the autumn-winter period.5 m/s in same inter-annual course. Only in the East Balkan mountain part the mean wind velocity is bigger. The minimum amounts of precipitation are in the summer-autumn period in south Bulgaria.

ammonia. sub-humid (dry with insufficient moisture).2. too. In emergency situations: In the operation stations will be installed blow-through pipes for reaction in case of emergency situations. Therefore. where the industry is better developed than in Gorna Oryahovitsa. etc.2. he makes no difference between Transitional-Continental and ModerateContinental climate.1. i. the harmful substances emissions during construction. The comparison shows that the levels of sulphur and nitrogen oxides are greater for Pleven. i.e. Quality of the ambient air Along the Bulgarian part of the Nabucco gas pipeline route there are only 2 areas for ambient air quality assessment and management (AAAQAM). According Thornthwaite the climate is moderately warm.1. The assessment on air quality in these areas is prepared based on data from Annual Reports on the Status and Protection of the Environment (emissions and measured concentrations for a period of four years (2003 ÷ 2006). No negative impact on the climate is expected during the construction or operation of the Nabucco gas pipeline. According Thornthwaite the climate is dry.The Transitional-Continental climate region according Köppen is Cfа. During operation: No change in the quality of the ambient air is expected during the operation of Nabucco gas pipeline. By the implementation of the project the following impacts are anticipated During construction From the construction activities dust and harmful gases emissions are to be expected. drysubhumid. On risk will be exposed the personnel involved in the respective emergency operations only. 3.2. The Moderate-Continental climate according Köppen is Cfb type – moderately warm moist climate with warm summer. Surface water . non-methane volatile organic compounds. according Directive 96/62/EC.Gorna Oryahovitsa and Pleven. The expected impacts will be limited in the construction area. are very low. where it is mandatory to control emissions and concentrations in the air . the motor vehicles movements and the engines of the construction and supporting technique. as well during operational phase will be generated in case of fire accident (intentional or unintentional). in result of the operations of earth masses. specified by the Minister of Environment and Waters. will be temporary and reversible after the end of the construction works. In case of emergency situations. methane. the Nabucco gas pipeline route passes mainly through open countryside areas far from major urban or industrial areas.e. The average volume of the gas released into the atmosphere when blowing-through one chamber is about 5000 Nm3 for the time of the blow-through procedure. the levels of contamination with basic or specific pollutants: sulphur and nitrogen oxides. Water page 69 of 158 3. from its duration and from the amount of substance involved in the accident. Basically. 3. The quantity of emission will depend of the size of the accident.

There are micro-dams set up on many of the smaller rivers and gullies. The observations on precipitation have been performed for many years. tributaries and gullies along the gas pipeline route are characterized by great irregularity both for the different years and for the different seasons in the year. which leads to insufficient or excessive moisture. It also varies a lot for the different years. It passes through physical-geographic regions (Geography of Bulgaria. with many of the stations starting to operate around 1930. According to regulations. page 70 of 158 . and the smaller streams and gullies dry up. The precipitation is distributed irregularly. and there is the risk of serious damage to gas pipeline facilities located in the neighborhood and/or of the very pipeline. 2002) with their own specific climate. The greater part of the annual discharge (65-75%) takes place in the winter and spring seasons. character of precipitation. located nearest to the pipeline route. and they are calculated for high water with repetition frequency 1 in 100 years. relief and runoff/discharge features. The peculiarities in the distribution of precipitation are narrowly connected with air circulation over Bulgaria. The discharges of rivers. which in separate areas is significantly influenced by the orographic peculiarities. The running water quantities seriously drop in the dry seasons of the year. [mm] 700 600 Seasonal and annual mean precipitation 500 400 Fall Summer 300 200 Spring Winter Ticha Dolna Lipnitsa Byala Byala Slatina Suhindol Slatina Dolni Dabnik Varbitsa Sadovo Lukovit Pordim Kotel Knezha Yambol Levski Elena Dolna Mitropoliya Popovo Omurtag Polski Trambesh Lovech Elhovo Aleksandrovo Targovishte Veliko Tarnovo Oryahovo Gradets Pavlikeni Sliven 100 0 Sredets Sungurlare Pleven Figure 3. These stations are located irregularly depending on the hydrologic conditions in the specific areas.2-1 Precipitation measured in the stations located from south to north. was used for characterizing the precipitation regime. and the remaining part are in the drier seasons (summer and autumn).The hydrologic conditions have been surveyed on the basis of available information and literature. The micro-dam walls are primarily from landfill earth mass with a height of up to 10-15 m. used mostly for irrigation of watering of livestock. A general characteristic is presented about the hydrological peculiarities of the areas crossed by the gas pipeline route. both along the gas pipeline route and throughout the year. their operation term is 50 years. Partial or complete destruction of the overflow facilities of the dams is also possible. There is the possibility for the passage of higher water with low repeatability than the calculated one. The number of stations and the duration of the observations provide sufficient data for characterizing the precipitation along the gas pipeline route. Data from 32 stations.

There are big dams located at considerable distance from the pipeline route. They are perennial equalizers with big retention volumes, calculated for conducting high water with repetition rate 1 in 10,000 years, and will not pose any risk to the gas pipeline operation. The main rivers (10 rivers with a width greater than 30 m), which will be crossed by the pipeline, are estimated as “water body at risk” in the meaning of the Water Framework Directive. In the sectors of crossings with the pipeline the rivers take the following categories: Ogosta River – ІІІ; Iskar River – ІІІ; Vit River – ІІ; Osam River – ІІ; Yantra River – ІІІ; Sredetska River till the first settlement – І, and till its mouth into Mandra dam – ІІ. The quality of the river water along the pipeline route depends on the location and the amount of the untreated waste water that is discharged into them, coming from the urban sewerage systems, from poorly operating local treatment facilities for technical waste water, from directly discharged technical waste water. The rest of the water courses crossed by the corridor of the gas pipeline are: about 49 running water bodies with a width between 5 and 30 m, around 57 water courses up to 5 m wide, and about 73 seasonal ditches. The water in the project region belongs to the territories of three basin directorates – the Black Sea, the Danube and the East Aegean basin directorates. The waste water management during construction will be considered as per the following criteria: • • • • • quality; Possibilities for connecting to a sewerage system. The EIA will evaluate the impact on water quality both from a hydro-chemical and from a hydro-biological viewpoint. The hydro-biological assessment will be based on the conducted field tests on the ichthyofauna, the aquatic invertebrates and the aquatic vegetation. The hydrochemical parameters will be based on the operational monitoring of the Basin Directorates. Microbiological samples will be additionally taken from the rivers feeding dams used for drinking water supply (the Luda Kamchia River and the Golyama Kamchia River). The crossing of the pipeline through the rivers is planned to be performed in the period of low water. In the winter-spring season the whole river network has considerable amounts of water. By the implementation of the project the following potential impacts are anticipated: During construction Depending on the selected method of crossing the rivers, the impacts will differ. The main methods of crossing are the open cut one and the horizontal directional drilling (HDD). It is possible to cause local impacts on the environment in the period of the construction works in the crossing locations: disturbance and corrections of rivers, protective dykes on the river banks, incorrectly executed recultivation of damages, unclean riverbeds from earth masses and debris from the temporary facilities for deviation of the water from the riverbed. On doing construction activities with appropriate technique and in respecting of all the requirements of the developed detailed emergency action plan, the possible impacts of the gas pipeline from the crossing of river watercourse will be minimal. During operation
page 71 of 158

Methods of waste water treatment; Sources, quantity and composition of the waste water; Design of facilities for waste water treatment and storage; Potential environmental impacts from waste water depending on its quantity and

No significant impacts are expected in the crossing locations of the gas pipeline with the rivers during operation of the gas pipeline. Impacts can be expected in case of accidents with the pipeline, as a result of the activity of a third party, of poor maintenance of the constructed protective facilities. These impacts can be controlled with strict observance of counter-accident requirements for operation of the facilities in the respective crossing location of the riverbed with the pipeline. When the drilling works are carried out with appropriate equipment and in compliance with all requirements of a detailed emergency action plan, the possible impacts of the gas pipeline when crossing riverbeds will be minimal. In emergency situations Impacts are possible if there is accidents with the gas pipeline provoked by third parties or in case of inappropriate support of the built protection facilities. These impacts are controlled if all accidental requirements for facility operation at the respective site of river crossing. The design aims at minimizing the impact of the gas pipeline on the water environment in case of accidents by taking special measures, such as the automatic closure of the block valves, which isolates the damaged pipeline section. 3.2.2. Groundwater According to the hydro-geological division of Bulgaria, the proposed Nabucco gas pipeline crosses two of the three main regions into which the country’s territory is divided – the Intermediate and the Lower-Danube Artesian regions (Figure 3.2-2). The intermediate region occupies the territory of Bulgaria between the ridge of the Balkan mountain and the northern slopes of the Rhodopes. It is characterized by a complex geological structure, which is the reason for the varying hydro-geological conditions. The gas pipeline route passes through 3 areas: Strandzha, Burgas and East Balkan areas. The Lower-Danube region represents a typical artesian basin with wide area distribution of aquifers located in floors, sinking to the north. The design routes cross the so-called North Bulgarian artesian basin. It is divided in 3 subregions according to bigger structures in the Moessian Plate – Silistra, Svishtov and Lom, but most of the water bodies pass from one subregion to another.

page 72 of 158

Figure 3.2-2 Hydro-geological regional division of Bulgaria with location of the design routes ( ) of Nabucco gas pipeline

By the implementation of the project the following impacts on groundwater are anticipated During construction Direct impact of the pipeline on sectors with ground water with depth up to 2 m is possible. Probably pumping out of groundwater from the trench in the low elevated sectors will be necessary, as well in the sectors of crossing alluvial water bearing sediments of river terraces. It can be expected that these waters are not contaminated and can be discharged in the water bodies. The impact is temporary, in limited area and reversible. During operation During normal operation no impacts on the quality and quantity of ground water is envisaged. During emergency situations Worsening of groundwater quality can be expected only in case of existing waterbearing layer in the location of the accident and eventual pollution due to release of contaminants during the repair works.

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According to the obtained until the present moment data with coordinates of the sanitary-protection zones and of the water sources. 289-290). Ticha and Yastrebino. 36-37. irrigation purposes and generation of hydro-electric power.3. at a distance from the central line of the pipeline route corridor of 155 m. For the time being the expected Ordinance according Art. 119a of Water Act Sanitary-protection zones of potable water sources Regarding the potable water sources and their sanitary-protection zones official letters with request for relevant information were sent to the following Basin Directorates: East Aegean. 3. For these water sources the sanitary-protection zones are still not established. Protected territories and Natura 2000 zones. These dam lakes.2. At km 18. 76-78. Land and soil page 74 of 158 . Protection zones according Art. Zones in which the waters are sensitive to biogenic elements. All of them are included in Annex 3 of the Water Act as complex and important dam lakes. 135. 224-225 and225-227 (Annex 2). At the moment these issues are subject to additional checks. According data obtained from the regional water supply company for Shumen region until the present moment for Ticha Dam Lake there is no determined sanitaryprotection zone according the requirements of Ordinance 3/2000.3. 56-58. Four water sources are located within of the 500 m corridor of the route (at km 103 and 128) or in the construction strip (at km 197-198. in which the maintenance and improvement of the state of the waters is important factor for their protection. Sanitary-protection zones of potable water sources – dam lakes The performed studies established that the pipeline route passes in vicinity of 3 dam lakes: Kamchia. about 26 and 28. These territories and zones are shown in Annex 2. including their basin and water catchment areas are public state property and are used for potable water supply. item 6 of the Water Act for determination of the protection zones of water designed for potable water supply and respectively for issuing the respective orders for determination of the sanitary-protection zones is still not accepted. about 189. as well at km 105-106 at a distance of 180 m are located belts I of the sanitary-protection zones of water sources for potable water supply. 58-59. It is supposed that the pipeline route may cross belt III of the 3 of the mentioned dam lakes. Nabucco gas pipeline will not release any biogenic elements into the water bodies. The protected territories and Natura 2000 zones are subject of assessment in the EIA report. Other protected water bodies On the base of the obtained until the present moment data in vicinity of the pipeline route corridor were not identified: Zones for recreation and bathing in rivers and other water basins. as well to the respective regional and local water supply companies. 18-19. the 500 m corridor of the pipeline route crosses in 11 locations belts II and III of the sanitary-protection zones: at km 0-1. Black Sea and Danube River. Most probably for the remaining two dams there is no prepared design and established sanitary-protection zone. crossed by the pipeline route.3.

4 Category Percent 1 0.005 During the implementation of the project the following impacts on soils are anticipated: During construction • Stripping of the soil cover (humus layer) on the complete width of the construction strip and temporary stockpiling for subsequent recultivation. fuels and construction waste. Rendzinas.4 20. acidification. They represent the following groups of soils (according to the taxonomic systems of Bulgaria and of FAO): Alluvial soils (FLUVISOLS. LV).). (LEPTOSOLS. Rankers. secondary compaction. LP).0 10. will have temporary character and will be reversible after conducting the respective recultivation activities.8 2. with varying sensitivity to degradation processes like erosion. destruction of the humus layer.5 3. Soil compaction by the construction machines. 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 3. Deluvial soils (COLLUVIOSOLS). • Soil contamination due to eventual spills of lubricants. Pseudo-podzollic soils (PLANOSOLS.3-1. technogenic pollution.Along the Nabucco gas pipeline route it can be encountered a considerable part of the soil varieties forming the soil diversity of Bulgaria.3-1 Affected land along the route of the Nabucco gas pipeline as per quality category. Chernozems (CHERNOZEMS. Among them are found soils with normally formed and with shallow profiles.8 13. Maroon forest soils (LUVISOLS. Table 3. Smolnitsy (VERTISOLS. • • • • Disturbance of the soil profile.4 2. Disturbance of soil fertility. oil products. The listed negative impacts on soils will be limited only for the area of construction activities. GL).0 34. VR). Phaeozems (PHAEOZEMS. page 75 of 158 . with various fertility and potential as regards the main ecosystem function of the soils. The most fertile soils of 1st and 2nd category of quality are insignificantly affected (see Table 3. PH). Brown forest soils (CAMBISOLS). CH). PL). FL). During operation No impact on soils is expected during the operational phase.0 6. Soil erosion. Gleyic soils (GLEYSOLS. Most affected (in terms of area) will be the farm land of quality category 3 and 4.

siltstone. and on the northern slopes of the Fore-Balkan. clay. calcoshale.4 suits and 4 formations. diorite quartzdiorite. Oman. They outcrop between the villages Alexandrovo. Gorska Polyana and Ruzhitsa plutons. Rakita and Barkach in North Bulgaria. Srem. and gabbropyroxenite. The Neogene in South Bulgaria consists of continental deposits – gravel. clayey marl. clay and coal layers. diabase. and between the villages Padarevo. sandstone. Mesozoic The Triassic is represented by the Iskar Carbonate Group. north of Oman. They outcrop east of the village of Atolovo. Nikolaevo. Sadovo and Medven in South Bulgara. Geological basement In the areas along the Nabucco gas pipeline route there outcrop rocks of wide age range – from Pre-Cambrian to Quaternary. and north of the village of Oman. They have wide area distribution between the villages Mokren. Dragana and Uglen. It outcrops south and southwest of the village of Oman. They outcrop around the village of Denitsa. Palauzovo. gabbro. They outcrop between Kotel and Popovo. They outcrop east of the village of Stefan Karadzhovo. To the Lower Cretaceous belong also the Zhelyazkovo. and prevalence of the carbonate component – in the upper parts. They outcrop between the villages of Vladinya. Lyulin. Nedyalsko. page 76 of 158 . built of granite. siltstone. around Obedinenie and around Nikolaevo. marbleized and clayey limestone. east of the village of Valchi izvor. The Mediterranean type of sediments are represented by terrigenous-carbonate. The Lower-Cretaceous rocks are also represented by sedimentary rocks – conglomerate. united in lithostratigraphic units (formations). Sungurlare. south of the village of Kraygortsi. northeast of the town of Kotel. around the village of Terziysko. Bezhanovo. Voinika. Chubra. They occupy small areas west of Sadovo and north of Lozenets. clay and poorly cemented sandstone.4. grandiorite. The continental sediments are represented by the versicolored molassic formation built of conglomerate. divided in 7 lithostratigraphic units. etc. volcanic and volcanic-sedimentary rocks. In North Bulgaria it is represented by the marine sediments of the Pre-Carpathian basin. which consist of sandstone. The Upper Cretaceous is represented by Mediterranean and North European type of sediments. These sediments are divided in 6 formations. Sungurlare and Grozden. Parvenets. They outcrop east of the village of Valchi izvor and west of the village of Granitets. The Undivided Pre-Cambrian is built of metamorphic rocks.and Upper-Jurassic materials are represented by sedimentary rocks – clayey shale. The North European type of sediments consists of terrigenous-carbonate rocks with prevalence of the terrigenous component in the lower parts. argillite and sandstone. The Paleozoic consists of slightly metamorphic sedimentary rocks. and in smaller outcrops around the villages Uglen.3. Beglezh. The Middle. metagabbroids with batches of amphibolite. sand. The Paleogene consists mostly of marine sediments. near the village of Momina Tsarkva. Iglichina. sandstone. marl and various types of limestone. It outcrops along the northwest slopes of Strandzha Mountain from the village of Strandzha to the Village of Golyamo Krushevo. gabbrodiorite. built entirely of dolomite. sandy limestone. Granitovo-Chernozem. granitoid. which are divided in 8 lithostratigraphic units . as well as north of Sadovo and Medven.

The karst processes and phenomena are expressed in the Triassic and Upper Cretaceous carbonate sediments. which are registered in the National balance of reserves and resources. In tectonic aspect the Nabucco gas pipeline route passes through 3 structural zones – East Sredna Gora. The deposits bare located as follows: Deposit Koyadzhka Tsvetnitsa Gaslika Km of the route 65 160÷ 162 280÷ 282 Distance from the central line 104 m 5 sectors . Two of the deposits of aggregate minerals are subject of granted concessions and are located respectively at distances 1. Balkan tectonic zone and Moessian platform. and the natural and technogenic factors influencing it. and 5 are deposits of oil and gas. as one of them is crossed by the route. determining their considerable macro-pore nature and their subsiding properties.sand and gravel. Along the route there is a relatively wide distribution of marl and clayey rocks. . . . The following physical-geographic phenomena and processes are demonstrated along the gas pipeline route: .Subsiding of the loess. with seismicity coefficient (Cs) of 0.The landslide processes and phenomena are driven by the natural characteristics of the geological environment near the surface. which. From the remaining deposits 3 deposits are located within the 500 m corridor. is divided into typical. Deventsi and Enitsa. hollows and suffosion gaps. sandy and clayey loess. which on their part consist of other tectonic units of lower order. The Quaternary is represented by sediments various in genesis: elluvial-alluvial. .10-0. According to the geological hazards map of Bulgaria the gas pipeline route passes through the three types of loess materials – clayey. which pose a potential risk of a development of landslide processes.15. Of these. The loess and the loess-like sediments are characterized by the presence of corridors.The erosion processes are more strongly expressed mainly in the crossing of the Balkan mountain. A consequence of these processes is the various surface and underground karst forms. the region belongs to zones of VІІ and VІІІ degree of intensity (I) on the MedvedevSponheuer-Karnik scale. where the route cuts through a more developed river-ravine network. as well as of oil and gas. eolian. Outcrops of these rocks are established around the villages Vladinya. depending on the content of the sandy component.Seismicity According to the map of seismic division of Bulgaria for a period of 1000 years.6 and 24 km from the central line of the route. Related to the eolian formations is the loess complex. Medium or strong areal erosion is observed in this part. 12 are deposits of construction and facing rock materials (Annex 2). proluvial and alluvial formations. In the area of the route there are established deposits of aggregate minerals and facing rock materials.40÷ 450 m Crossed by the route During the implementation of the project the following impacts are anticipated During construction page 77 of 158 . typical and sandy loess.

Quercus cerris.5. with the participation of Fraxinus ornus and Acer campestre. 3. Tundzha hilly plain. Juncus inflexus.In the construction strip will be excavated a trench with depth of about 2. It is composed of Salix аlba. Typha sp. On the territory of this floristic region the route crosses arable farm land with wheat. Mentha longifolia. Hordeum bulbosum. The forest spots in the region are edificators of the species Quercus sp. In the section of the route passing through the Tundzha hilly plain the grass vegetation again is represented by habitat 6220 * Pseudo-steppes with cereal and annual plants of class Thero-Brachypodietea. Carpinus betulus. In the lower areas. Lagurus ovatus. Butomus umbellatus. In emergency situations The potential impacts in a case of emergency situations will depend on the character and magnitude of the accident and the volume and character of the necessary repair works. Additional excavation works will be carried out on the sites of the above ground facilities for the foundation of the respective buildings and other facilities. Orchis mascula. Edificators in the forests of this floristic region are Fagus orientalis and Quercus polycarpa in combination with Rosa canina. In East Balkan mountain the grass communities crossed by the route belong to habitat 6210 Semi-natural dry grass and bush associations on limestone rocks (Festuco-Brometalia). The forest territories are represented by Habitat 9150 Thermophyllic beech forests (CephalantheroFagion). Moenchia erecta. Poa bulbosa.1. Sillene. Nigella etc. tanks. Flora On Bulgarian territory the gas pipeline route crosses four floristic regions. as well during eventual decommissioning of the pipeline. Cynodon dactilon etc. Orlaya grandiflora. Papaver. From south to north these are: Strandzha. Hydrophyllic vegetation is strongly developed along the valley of Mochuritsa River. and on the sunny slopes – secondary forest page 78 of 158 . The listed impacts are unavoidable and irreversible. etc. Typical of the communities are annual species of genera such as Adonis. Typical for the region of Strandzha crossed by the route are the habitats 6210 Seminatural dry grass and bush associations on limestone rocks (Festuco-Brometalia).5 m. The bush floor is well developed. During operation No negative impacts on geological basement are expected at the operational stage.5. sunflower and vineyards. Habitat 6220 is composed of Poa pratensis. etc. Cynosuros echinatus. in the xerothermic forest ecosystems. The species building habitat 6210 in the area are: Festuca valesiaca. East Balkan mountain and Danube plain. Hordeum murinum. The low parts of the relief and the humid areas are occupied by hygrophyllic species like Glyceria fluitans. Аlnus glutinosa. Agrimonia eupatoria etc. there dominate mixed forests of oak and Quercus. Poa trivialis. And a bush floor represented by Paliurus spina-christi and Rosa canina. Biodiversity 3. etc. (*important habitats of orchids) and 6220 *Pseudo-steppes with cereal and annual plants of class TheroBrachypodietea. Trifolium striatum. Quercus frainetto. Typical of the tree floor are the species Fagus sylvatica.

During the implementation of the project the following impacts on vegetation are anticipated During construction The vegetation in the construction strip will be completely destroyed. The species composing it are: Artemisia santonicum. Salicion albae). which belong to habitat 91М0 Balkan Pannonian oak (Quercus Cerris) / Chinkapin Oak (Quercus muehlenbergii). Brahipodium pinnatum. Fauna page 79 of 158 . sunflower and peas. Ulmus minor. Lathyrus niger. as they will be fully recovered for a short period of time.). The open areas along the route are occupied by habitat 6210 Semi-natural dry grass and bush associations on limestone rocks (Festuco-Brometalia). etc. During operation No impacts are expected on the grassy communities.. 3. Ulmus minor. The impact on the forest communities in the construction strip will be permanent and adverse.2. The impacts on vegetation will be limited up to minimum via application of relevant mitigation measures. In this floristic region there develop sub-continental xerothermic oak forests with prevailing Quercus cerris and Q. Taraxacum bessarabicum. Alnion incanae. wheat. Most of the forests in this region are planted (acacia. Beside the rivers. pine. The grass floor is composed of Poa nemoralis. Along the rivers there are Salix alba. after destroying the root vegetation in the construction strip some invasive plant species to find favourable living conditions. Juncus gerardi. In case of accidents during the construction phase some limited pollution with oil products from the construction and transport machines can be expected. Cynodon dactylon. There are areas occupied by vineyards. Camphorosma monspeliaca. but there are natural forests as well.Mentha pulegium etc. frainetto. echinatum. The arable land crossed by the route in this area are sown with alfalfa. Plantago tenuiflora.. The fires represent the main risk for the vegetation (especially – the forest vegetation). Habitat 1530 * Pannonian salty steppe and salty swamps is encountered on the flooded lowlands in locations with spring floodings alongside the bigger rivers in the region. (*important habitats of orchids) and habitat 6250 *Pannonian loess steppe grassland communities. etc. on periodically flooded alluvial soils there develop 91Е0 * Alluvial forests with Alnus glutinosa and Fraxinus excelsior (Alno-Padion. T.ecosystems of Oriental Hornbeam (Carpinus orientalis). Today the greater part of its territory is arable land. Mycelis muralis. It is quite possible. In the forest sectors of the route the negative impact will have permanent character in the easement strip with width 30 m in which the wood and bush vegetation will be regularly cleaned. Trifolium fragiferum. Acer campestre. for the grassy communities – temporary and reversible.5. The prevailing species are Alnus glutinosa and/or Alnus incana. Crataegus monogyna and Rosa caninа. In the past the Danube plain floristic region was occupied by xerothermic oak (Quercus) forests. Ruscus sp. Populus nigra. Carpinus betulus. Limonium spp. The dominating species in the forest areas are Pinus sp.

For avoiding the disturbance of the different animal species in various periods of their life cycle. Triturus karelinii. Misgurnus fossilis. They include the species of Annexes 2 and 4 of the Directive on Habitats (92/43/ЕС). A. M. Hieraaetus pennatus. L. Numenius tenuirostris.Aquila heliaca. nests. A.A. garzetta. L. Ardea cinerea. Silurus glanis. C. Lucanus cervus. Zamenis longissimus. R. aeruginosus. Lanius collurio. Ixobrychus minutus. Coracias garrulus. Austropotamobius torrentium. Pelecanus crispus. E. Pernis apivorus. stellatus. related to avoiding works during the mating/breeding and hibernation periods.Anas querquedula. Osmoderma eremita. hollows. Nycticorax nycticorax. Benthophilus stellatus. B. L. Aythya ferina. Hippolais icterina.Dryocopus martius. G.Chlidonias hybridus. nigra. Carassius carassius. A. Testudo graeca. Sander volgensis. C. the teams will identify the risks and will suggest mitigation measures for minimizing the impact on the animal world. elongatoides. Z. the species included in Annexes 2. T. 3 and 4 of the Biological Diversity Act (BDA).Circaetus gallicus. Anguilla anguilla. Paracaloptenus caloptenoides. After conducting terrain inspections and evaluation of the species diversity along the route. conforms to the peculiarities of the wild fauns in the region. C. F. subbuteo. Alburnus chalcoides (Chalcalburnus chalcoides). D. Dendrocopos medius. Pelobates fuscus. etc. Falco cherrug.hermanni. Botaurus stellaris. pomarina.Clamator glandarius. Mauremys caspica. B. C. Burhinus oedicnemus. Typhlops vermicularis. Anthus campestris. Lullula arborea. C. Phalacrocorax pygmeus. Pungitius platygaster. S. E.Circus macrourus. uranoscopus. A. as well as the construction activities. Calandrella brachydactyla. Ciconia ciconia. Platalea leucorodia. sauromates.A. Aspius aspius. Philomachus pugnax. For every faunistic group there are lists of priority and valuable species. colonies. Coenagrion ornatum. Ardeola ralloides. pygargus. Emberiza hortulana. Petroleuciscus borysthenicus. A. Priority species of the invertebrate fauna along the pipeline route are: Bolbelasmus unicornis. C. petenyi. as well as the species included in the Red Book of Bulgaria and IUCN. Huso huso. circumvention of shelters. trilineata. Natrix tessellata. Podarcis muralis. Pandion haliaetus. Ophiogomphus cecilia.A. Pelobates syriacus balcanicus. syriacus. tauricus. nisus. Melanocorypha calandra. Cygnus cygnus. Bufo bufo. as priority species along the pipeline are identified: Bombina bombina. strumicae. tauricus. Branta ruficollis. Barbus barbus. strepera. milvus. Bubo bubo. bulgarica.Alcedo atthis. olivetorum. there will be restrictions when building the route. cyclolepis. The priority bird species along the pipeline route are: Accipiter brevipes. As priority species of class Reptilia along the pipeline are approved: Anguis fragilis. F. Odontopodisma rubripes. viridis. Sabanejewia balcanica. Vertigo angustior. Emys orbicularis. schraetzer. Pseudepidalea viridis. Chondrostoma nasus. Of class Amphibia. ruthenus. Eudontomyzon mariae. zingel. Lota lota. nyroca. Hyla arborea. Сrex crex. Cottus gobio. H. Malpolon insignitus. Alosa caspia. Pseudopus apodus. Plegadis page 80 of 158 . R. Elaphe quatuorlineata. minor. Triturus dobrogicus. Neophron percnopterus. Unio crassus. Columba livia. cyaneus. Theodoxus transversalis. Cettia cetti. F. Gymnocephalus baloni. B. nipalensis. Dolichophis caspius. Rhodeus amarus. niger. Milvus migrans. Charadrius dubius. Lycaena dispar.Aquila chrysaetos.Egretta alba. kesslerii. Ficedula semitorquata. C. A. Morimus funereus. Rosalia alpina. Romanogobio albipinnatus. Alectoris chukar. C. Рicus canus.The final version of the route. P. Bombina variegata. Zingel streber. Phoenicurus phoenicurus. Buteo rufinus. pontica. Lacerta agilis. vespertinus. Vipera ammodytes. Eryx jaculus. Lissotriton vulgaris. Vertigo moulinsiana. Caprimulgus europaeus. columbarius. Platyceps najadum. oenas. nubicus. L.A. gentilis. Coronella austriaca. purpurea. Pelecus cultratus. As priority species of fish in the rivers crossed by the pipeline are identified: Acipenser gueldenstaedtii . Mediodactylus kotschyi. Cobitis elongata. Cerambyx cerdo. Argironeta aquatica.

Most of these impacts will be localized and bound with the working area and where facilities are located. loss or fragmentation of habitats. Suncus etruscus. resting and wintering) of different animal species. After cessation of construction activities most of the habitats will be restored. Ursus arctos. reptiles. Sterna albifrons. Hydrobionts will be temporary chased from the area they inhabit due to disturbance caused by the increased turbidity during construction. nesting or observation substrate for the birds along the pipeline route will have a negative impact on ornitofauna. Temporary fragmentized of all habitat types is expected during construction of the pipeline. Destruction of nests and mortality of youngsters of birds during construction is possible. small mammals and birds are especially sensitive during the breeding season to this type of impact. The only expected disturbance at this period is the clearing of the safety strip. Disturbance of animals is expected due to construction equipment. Mesocricetus newtoni. lighting at night. Tringa glareola. In forest areas the fragmentation will be temporary due to permanent deforestation of the safety strip. After cessation of the construction activities they will be fully restored. Loss of individuals of hydrobionts is expected during the river crossings. Sylvia hortensis. S. Tyto alba. Dryomys nitedula. A deterioration of riparian vegetation and macrophits is expected during the activities on river and wetland crossings. loss of individuals. During operation Habitat fragmentation will be less pronounced because no obstacles on the route are expected. small mammals etc. Porzana parva.falcinellus. Tringa ochropus. Remiz pendulinus. expulsion of individuals from their habitats until their restoration. hirundo. Cricetus cricetus. propagating. traffic. Cricetulus migratorius. For the open areas the loss of habitats will be temporary and reversible. human presence. Mustela lutreola. Mustela nivalis. breeding or nesting territory. Martes martes. This may chase away some of the animals from their feeding. Tetrao urogallus. Muscardinus avellanarius. Puffinus yelkouan. P. porzana. amphibians. Vormela peregusna. reptiles and small mammals occurring in the area to cross the construction strip.) trapped in the construction trench is possible as well. Sturnus roseus. Sylvia nisoria. Canis lupus. During an accident Accidents will cause pollution of the environment. disturbance of animals. etc. Mustela eversmanni. change in nutrition resources. Myomimus roachi. The project aims by the use of appropriate mitigation measures to minimize the impacts during construction. Cutting of old trees which could be resting. S. caspia. P. Fragmentation will be stronger in the forest habitats. The impact will be permanent for wood and rocky habitats and along the safety strip. resting. River crossing activities will temporary fragment the aquatic habitats. The impact will be short term and temporary. Felis silvestris. and the noise and vibrations produced by them. Tachybaptus ruficollis. Amphibians. Loss of individuals (turtles. pussilla. Lutra lutra. It will be impossible for youngsters of ground nesting birds. This impact is particularly dangerous during migrations and the breeding season. Priority species of mammals encountered along the Nabucco gas pipeline route are: Spermophilus citellus. Construction of river barrages the fragmentation will be permanent and will interrupt hydrobiont’s migrations. Most affected will be ground and bush nesting birds. By the implementation of the project the following impacts are anticipated During construction The construction activities on Nabucco gas-pipeline will cause deterioration and loss of habitats (feeding. page 81 of 158 .

The Table 3. Targovishte. Sliven.41 10 748.27 27 946.00 1 253. included in the list of Natura 2000 protected areas.98 2 275. The AA report will represent an additional annex to the ESIA report and will access the potential impact of the project to the protected zones of Natura 2000 network. Yambol Burgas. Lovech Pleven Pleven Vratsa Straldzha complex (BG0000198) Upper Luda Kamchia River (BG0000136) Kotlenska mountain (BG0002029) Belenska Gora (BG0000231) Yantra River (BG0000610) Obnova – Karamandol (BG0000239) Studenets (BG0000240) Studenets (BG0000240) Vit River (BG0000181) Iskar River (BG0000613) Ogosta River (BG0000614) The total length of the route crossing Natura 2000 protected areas is 48 km or 11.11 28 72. Protected areas The corridor selection report avoid crossing of some Natura 2000 zones and minimizes the length of the section crossing the zone. Shumen Veliko Tarnovo. Veliko Tarnovo.60 Burgas. Ruse.21 13 900.67 28 057. For the crossing of Natura 2000 zones the project team will develop a detailed route corridor and will select and plan suitable time periods and methods of construction in order to prevent and minimize any impact on Natura 2000 zones. the species and habitats subject to protection in these zones. Lovech Pleven.10 99 299.07 5 717. Ruse Veliko Tarnovo. Yambol Burgas.5.24 Burgas. Sliven Burgas. The AA report will analyse each one Natura 2000 zone separately and will contain: page 82 of 158 . Pleven Pleven.83 9 458. Yambol # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 PA of Natura 2000 Dervent heights 2 (BG0000219) West Strandzha (BG0002066) Sredets River (BG0000198) Mochuritsa River (BG0000205) Straldzha (BG0000196) Type ` SPA SCI SCI SCI SPA SCI SPA SCI SCI SCI SCI SPA SCI SCI SCI Area. ha 54 990.22 Burgas. Sliven.65% of its total length (412 km). Gabrovo Veliko Tarnovo.77 7 312.3-1 presents the protected areas for conservation of natural habitats and of the wild flora and fauna.3-1 Protected areas Location (district) Burgas.3. Yambol 707.3. affected or crossed by the gas pipeline route. In accord with the national and European environmental legislation the expert team will prepare an Appropriate Assessment (AA) report in the frames of the EIA procedure.48 53 816.5.30 Burgas.5. Yambol 69 05. Yambol 881. Table 3. when such zone is crossed by gas pipeline elements.

the publications of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (BAS) on Bulgarian geography. • Assessment of the baseline conditions of the protected zone. urban. 11 subregions and 22 areas: A.6. map sheets and publications in specialized literature was used. climate and vegetation. mesoclimatic and phytogeographic features. Coastal-Balkan sub-region .5 areas VIII. Bakadzhik-Hissar sub-region .1 area XXIII. East Balkan sub-region . kettle and mountainous landscapes. Balkan mountain region VI.2 areas B. Measures for preventing or mitigation of the harmful impacts during project Review of project alternatives. The page 83 of 158 .e. Southern Danube plain sub-region – 4 areas IV. according to the typological classification system of landscapes in Bulgaria. Burhas-Aitos sub-region .1 area XXII.1 area VII. Central Balkan sub-region . Inter-mountain zonal region of South Bulgarian lowlands and low mountains XIX. Landscape and visual impact The main factor for the landscape differentiation of the territory is in the interaction of relief. i.2 areas XXI. Assessment and analysis of the potential impacts to species and habitats.• • • realization. The infrastructure construction also contributes to the anthropogenization of the landscapes. Popovo-Shumen-Frangen sub-region . the biggest changes on the initial landscapes have been caused by the farming activities. with priority of the relief. Sakar-Dervent sub-region . Strandzha sub-region . This is most valid for the natural complexes. As a result of the economic activity of man. built on geomorphological. those considered conditionally unchanged by anthropogenic activity. In the considered area. Upper Thracian sub-region .1 area XXIV.1 area In the considered region there are 20 groups of landscapes of the four classes: plain. The various economic and other human activities have caused considerable anthropogenic impact on the nature landscapes. a part of the natural landscapes have been transformed. North Bulgarian zonal region of the Danube plain І. inter-mountain plain-lowland landscapes. Northern Danube plain sub-region – 3 areas ІІ. 3. The natural landscapes in the urban areas have turned to anthropogenic. According to the landscape regional division of Bulgaria (1989) the route of Nabucco gas pipeline passes through 3 regions. When describing the existing condition of the landscape in the affected territory.1 area C.

the disturbances will be limited in the frame of several months for a given sector of the pipeline route. architectural. the vegetation in the zone of the impact of the construction works will recover relatively fast after carrying out the respective recultivation measures. The character of the investment initiative requires studying a narrow zone. − Disturbance of the existing land use. as well from the computer information system “Archaeological map of Bulgaria”. passing through areas of quite different geographic characteristics. 3. During the implementation of the project the following impacts are anticipated: During construction − Disturbance of the relief due to the excavation works and creation of temporary negative forms (trench for the pipeline) and positive forms (from the temporary stockpiling of the humus soil layer and soil sublayer). − Some manifestations of erosional processes I the hilly and mountainous sectors of the pipeline route can be expected. from specialized publications and Internet. have acquired technogenic character. After recultivation of the built pipeline route − In case of correctly conducted recultivation activities and their conformity with the character of the respective damages maximum approach to the natural landscape can be expected.areas where mining of mineral resources is developed.7. − Despite of the recultivation measures. The survey of the status of the cultural heritage items along the optional routes for the Nabucco transit gas pipeline is based on information taken from the registers of the National Institute of the Immovable Cultural Heritage (NIICH). − Disturbance of the natural vegetation cover and habitats. the forest vegetation in the construction strip will be damaged during construction. on information gathered from the National Institute of the Cultural Monuments for corridor of 4 km (two kilometer strip from each side of the central line of the pipeline route). Cultural. The cultivation of various farm crops has turned the landscapes in the respective areas into agrarian. During operation No impacts to landscape are expected during the operational phase of the project. as well as their type and chronological diversity. The mitigation measures and recultivation activities will be part of the recultivation plan. As the construction site of the pipeline moves forward relatively fast. crossing Bulgaria from southeast to northwest. The level of knowledge of the separate areas is different. the cuts in the forest areas will remain also during the operational phase of the project. historical and archaeological heritage The analysis of the status of the cultural heritage items along the optional routes for the Nabucco transit gas pipeline requires a specific approach in the work on gathering and processing of information. This determines the lower concentration of the items which came to be famous in certain districts. A part of the page 84 of 158 .

to carry out detailed archaeological surveys (total inspection) along the identified preferred route. In order to prevent or minimize the risk of affecting these archaeological items. page 85 of 158 . As a result of the processing of the available information it was established that in 4 km corridor of the Nabucco transit gas pipeline can be affected potentially and to a different extent 143 items of archaeological immovable cultural valuables. it is envisaged during the design studies. In case of accidents No adverse impacts to cultural and archeological monuments are expected. as well to discover unknown potential cultural monuments. on the grounds of which the final route of the 500-meter corridor will be defined.items have been identified after a detailed inspection of the topographic maps. During operation During the operational phase no adverse impacts to the cultural and archeological monuments are expected. according the Law on Cultural heritage (Art. The prepared ortho-photographies of the terrain along the whole gas pipeline route have been analysed. item 1). 161. During the implementation of the project the following impacts are anticipated During construction Specific terrain archeological observation and study will be carried out in order to localize the immovable cultural valuables in the borders of the construction strip and to prevent any impact to archeological objects.

at night– 45 dBA. evening and night . are the transport flows on the main roads of the Republican road network: • • • Highway Trakia (Thrace) (LOT 3 in a project) and „Hemus” (in project). The noise limit values of the various areas and town planning zones (the hygiene norms) are stated in Ordinance No. The background noise in the contact sectors of the route’s crossings of motor and railway lines is determined by the noise emitted from the vehicles on them. The settlements are mostly villages. II-51 VoditsaPopovo.8. І–4 Sevlievo-Targovishte. SofiaVarna. Official Gazette No. І–5 Veliko Tarnovo – Ruse. Their housing areas are at various distances away from the gas pipeline route – from 200 m to 2250 m. The pipeline route also crosses sectors of three main railway lines: Sofia-Burgas. in the evening – 50 dBA. І–6 Sofia-Burgas и І–7 Shumen-Elhovo Second class roads: II-11 Mizia-Oryahovo. the methods for evaluation of the noise parameters and the harmful effects of noise on public health – Ministry of Health. First class roads: І–3 Sofia – Pleven. Ministry of Environment and Water. According to this regulation the limit values for noise in residential areas are: in daytime – 55 dBA. page 86 of 158 . through which the route of the future gas pipeline is passing. without negative effects to population. taking into account the degree of discomfort during the different hours of the day. II-35 Pleven-Lovech.70 dBA. The gas pipeline route does not cross of the regulated (allocated for construction as under the law) areas of the settlements.3. 6 on the noise parameters in the environment. the noise limit values. and for the industrial-storage areas – daytime. In the remaining sectors of the gas pipeline. the noise background is the natural background of the environment. only during the working hours of the day. II-53 Voynika-Sredets and II-79 Bolyarovo-Sredets. During the implementation of the project the following impacts are anticipated: During construction During the contraction phase carious technique with specific noise characteristic of the machines and equipment will be used. 58/2006. and Gorna Oryahovitsa-Ruse. as required by regulations Near the route of the future gas pipeline and along all of its length (in both options) there are areas with regulated requirements regarding noise – housing and industrial-storage areas of settlements. Relatively low impact of the noise to the environment is expected. It is possible that during digging the trench to be used detonation works. Harmful physical factors Noise The sources of noise in the territory. Areas with noise limit values. where there are no noise sources. The industrial-storage areas are small in number and located at distances from 180 m to 1 400 m from the route.

because they quieten down at very short distances from their sources. Vibrations light. According to preliminary data the requirements on the minimum distance are fulfilled.exhaust gases from internal combustion engines (mainly during construction). one inter-system connection. . Usually the machines generating increased noise levels are also sources of vibrations. thermal. The construction and operation of the gas pipeline are not expected to enforce a hygiene protection status on residential areas. The preliminary survey established that near the pipeline route and its facilities there are no zones and/or items of specific hygiene protection status. two Pigging stations and 14 block valve stations. amended and complemented in 2000) has no requirements as regards the hygiene-protection area of a pipeline or its related facilities. which are factors of the working environment. heat.noise: from the use of various equipment with specific characteristics. page 87 of 158 . electromagnetic and sound emissions The main sources of these physical impacts are active during the construction phase. It is expected the level of the generated by these facilities noise to be in the frames of the admissible norms. electromagnetic and noise emissions. For the natural environment they do not affect. of the facilities. During the implementation of the project the following impacts are anticipated: During construction . 67/2004) the minimum distance to urban areas and sites is 200 m. It is not expected the construction and operation of the gas pipeline to enforce hygieneprotection status of the residential areas.During operation In case of normal operation of the linear parts of the pipeline no noise will be generated and no impacts to population and environment are expected. 3. Health and Hygiene aspects Ordinance No. As a whole the gas pipeline avoids settlements and residential areas. or subject to health protection. The project envisages construction of the following above ground facilities located in special buildings: two gas metering stations.9.7 on the hygiene requirements for health protection of the urban environment (promulgated in 1994. These impacts are expected to be relatively low. only during working hours and without affecting the urban areas. In the Ordinance on the construction and safe operation of the transport and distribution gas pipelines.dust in the air (mainly during construction). The emissions of the above harmful factors are expected to be within the requirements of the respective regulations and the protection from them is expected to be limited to the personal protection equipment (PPE). . installations and devices for natural gas (promulgated in Official Gazette No.

Levski. North Central (Veliko Tarnovo – municipalities Gorna Oryahovitsa. Knezha. In the secondary sector several specialized industries form over 90% of the industrial production . In the remaining three regions the values are similar – 68-69% of farm land and 22-24% of forest. 3. The designed gas pipeline route crosses districts and municipalities of various socialeconomic characters. The town of Popovo with population 15548 is the biggest settlement. Polski Trambesh and Strazhitsa. beverages.During operation During normal operation of the gas pipeline and the related facilities no noise is expected to be generated.2. Dolni Dabnik.10-1 Annual GDP in BG leva as per development regions (*) North Central Northwest Veliko Ruse Pleven Lovech Vratsa Tarnovo 4 568 5 146 4 251 4 741 5 305 Southeast Burgas 6 323 (*) Northeast Shumen 4 330 Targovishte 4 355 Yambol 3 752 Source: National Statistics Institute (NSI). Pavlikeni. Pordim. In the Southeast planning region the farm land occupy 57%. the land of which is crossed by the designed gas pipeline route. and Yambol – municipalities Straldzha. Iskar. chemical products and fibers. and the forest land – about 34% of the territory. Letnitsa.1. and Vratsa – municipalities Oryahovo. Popovo and Targovishte). Social aspects and land use The proposed 500-meter corridor crosses the territory of nine districts. metal products and machinery. The GDP per person in currency (BG leva) for each of the nine districts is quoted in the table below: Table 3. crosses by the gas pipeline route are indicated in section 1. but the route of the designed gas pipeline crosses the land mostly of villages with small exceptions. page 88 of 158 . and further growing industrial crops and perennial crops. which could exert any impact on the environment and the urban areas. textiles and knitwear. manufacture of transport equipment. tobacco products. Sredets. recreation and tourism. which are within the boundaries of four out of the six national planning regions – Southeast (Burgas – municipalities Sungurlare.the production of oil products. More detailed information about the category balance and the method of lasting use of the lands. Bolyarovo). The generated vibration will impact the working environment only. Northeast (Shumen – municipality Varbitsa. and Targovishte – municipalities Antonovo. agriculture stands out with grain and livestock specialization. food. The bigger towns are also the very district centers. The performed preliminary study established that there are no zones and/or objects located close to the pipeline route with specific hygiene-protection status or subject of health protection. Lovech – municipalities Lovech. The nine districts are relatively sparsely populated. 2007 The sectoral economic profile of the Southeast region shows that in the primary sector. In the services sector prominent position take transport. Pleven. Mizia).10. and Northwest (Pleven – municipalities Dolna Mitropolia. and Ruse – municipality Byala). Omurtag.

Of all areas/districts. Without changes.9 9 (*) Source: NSI. beverages and tobacco . education. only Burgas has a mechanical positive population growth (12.3 %).8 23. the number of employees and average monthly wages for the different areas in the planning regions are outlined in the attached table: Table 3.4 290 589 60 178 480 8.9 Southeast Burgas Yambol Northeast Shumen Targovishte Population 422 319 138 429 194 090 129 675 275 395 Employee in labour contract 110 373 28 948 41 928 26 766 71 373 Average monthly wage of employees in labour contract 571 473 527 461 505 Unemployment /in %/ 3.9 8. with a certain share for industrial crops. The secondary sector marks a long period of decline. In the others the mechanical rate is negative. as well as of industrial minerals.1 151 153 36 373 471 13. From the branches of the secondary sector the leading position is for power generation.In the Northeast region the primary sector is also grain-livestock oriented.7%. It is concentrated in the big towns and in the municipal centers.1 9. in Veliko Tarnovo and Ruse reaching 15%. products from industrial minerals and energy. education and transport. textiles and knitwear.5% and is slightly larger than that in the country. Leading specialized industries are food.over 45%.Burgas and Yambol – belong to the same planning region.2 196 829 40 751 691 7. The number of the two biggest minorities – ethnic Turkish and gipsies (Roma) population . especially in branches such as public health. Pleven and Vratsa . which reflects the strongest also on the tertiary sector.30%. The proportion of men is 48. etc. with grain and industrial crops strongly dominating. trade. The tertiary sector is well developed with a significant share of transport. metal products and machinery. communications and tourism In the North Central region agriculture and forestry form the primary sector. According to current data. as well as food production. and in Targovishte. 2009 The population of the nine areas accounts for 27 percent of Bulgaria's population. production of industrial minerals. beverages and tobacco products. followed by the production of metal products and machinery. thus the areas at the two end of list . Lovech and Yambol . the primary sector of the Northwest region is also dominated by agriculture with grain-livestock orientation.10-2 page 89 of 158 .10-2 Current data per planning regions (*) North Central Northwest Veliko Ruse Pleven Lovech Vratsa Tarnovo 249 144 69 280 521 5. chemical products and fibers.is presented in the table below: Table 3. The highest proportion in the secondary sector take the production of food. beverages and tobacco. in Shumen. chemical products and fibers. The proportion of minorities varies in the different areas. The Northwest region is economically the most backward of all six in the country. The area with the highest negative mechanical rate is Yambol with 53. gas and water supply. In the tertiary sector of greatest economic importance are public health.

planting of vegetation with a developed root system at less than 15 m from the pipeline axis. vineyards. etc. Forests and bushes. built-up areas. cultivation (plowing) of soil to a depth greater than 0. it is planned to have a permanent easement area around the gas pipeline with the following width: • • For agricultural land .1 35. installations and devices for natural gas.1 Lovech 5 3.36 m.1 Turkish minority /in % of the total population/ 13. After written consent of the holder of easement rights. etc. with a regime of preventive protection of the facilities as under Art.9 Roma minority / in % of the total population / 4. kindling of fire. In the easement strip is not permitted to perform construction. The operator will be entitled to permanent access to the facilities and equipment for inspection and maintenance.).9 3. The owners of these lands will be compensated for long term losses and lost profits during construction and operation of the pipeline.6 Pleven 5. environmental infrastructure.2 8 7. while the land. and the route corridor directly above the pipeline will be protected with easement. rivers. It passes through areas with the following characteristics of land use: • • • • Agricultural land (fields. The land for the sites of the above ground facilities (block valve stations.7 2. gas metering stations.7 29. 10 of the Spatial Planning Act (SPA). intersecting or parallel to the pipeline.4 3.1 Ruse 13.8 2. The minimum distance from single buildings and other items to the pipeline will be 125 m. During the implementation of the project the following impacts are anticipated During construction page 90 of 158 .7 Vratsa 0.Current data per planning regions (*) Burgas Yambol Shumen Targovishte Veliko Tarnovo 7. For security reasons and in accordance with the requirements of the Ordinance on the construction and safe operation of the transport and distribution gas pipelines. 2001 The 500-meter corridor crosses Bulgaria from southeast to northwest. followed by the part occupied by forests and bushes.8 6. Other (roads. A protected area will be established on both sides of the pipeline system. will remain property of their owners. Meadows and pastures.5 m.) will be acquired by Nabucco Gas Pipeline Bulgaria EOOD. • • Width of the protection zone of 400 m (200 m on each side of the pipeline). orchards. of the facilities. where it will be allowed to sow only annual crops. Forest – 18-32 m.6 6. which is crossed by the pipeline.1 (*) Source: NSI. limited construction activities are allowed for other linear items. as per legal provisions and the market environment.) Most of the land is for agricultural use. etc.

repair-maintenance teams. • Temporary limitation of the land use rights on the land in the 36 m construction strip. page 91 of 158 . realization of a diversification of the gas supply to Europe (including Bulgaria). Some positive potential impacts can be identified – for example creation of long term working places (in the metering stations. gas metering stations. pigging stations. Temporary traffic increase of the roads leading to and from construction camps and construction yards. During operation No considerable negative impacts to the social-economic environment are expected. • • Temporary overloading or interruption of infrastructural elements. etc.• • Employment of local work force. • Lost of crops in the agricultural lands in the 36 m construction strip. etc. • Increase of the qualification of the local workers occupied during the construction of Nabucco gas pipeline. Increase of demand of resources and procurement of goods and services in the nearest settlements to the construction camps.).

Degree (significance) of the impact in 6 grades: 0 – null. transboundary. 2. regional. Characteristics of the impact. It takes into account: 1. 4. The impacts on the environmental components and the human health in the realization of the investment project will be determined in the EIA report. Cumulative action . local. Character of the impacts In determining the impact a common methodology will be applied. 4 – high.very high degree. national.local. 5.permanent. Reversibility of the impact – reversible. It includes the following:    Frequency . 3 – medium. Accumulated (accrued) . 2 – low. 6. WHICH CAN PROVE TO BE IMPORTANT AND SHOULD BE TREATED IN DETAIL IN THE EIA REPORT The impact assessment is a logical and consistent (step-by-step) process. 3. IDENTIFICATION OF THE INEVITABLE AND PERMANENT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS BY THE CONSTRUCTION AND THE OPERATION OF THE INVESTMENT PROPOSAL. page 92 of 158 .Data on the type and quantity of the generated waste and emissions as a result of the realization of the investment proposal. so that the follow-up control could minimize this impact. Summed . Its main objective is to calculate and foresee the consequences of the activities related to a given project.impacts that act together and affect one and the same environmental component or receiver. Probability of the occurrence of impact – expected. Interactive – impacts.1. b. 1 . c. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS. Type of impact . implemented or forthcoming in the foreseeable future. Sensitivity of the receptor (host environment) . which meets the requirements of the Bulgarian legislation and the good international practices for assessing the environmental and social impacts. the easement strip.positive / negative and direct / indirect. 7.4. acting or capable of acting on each other.impact with the background of the impacts of other projects.very low. based on: . 4. by identifying also the specific mitigation measures to combat the harmful impacts. 5 . . temporary. international. long term. not expected. 4. Duration – short term. irreversible. They are: a. Territorial scope of the impact – within the trench.Recent data on the status of the environmental components. primary and secondary. the construction site.effects of different components on one host environment.

HARMFUL PHYSICAL FACTORS – the impacts of the physical factors are short term and reversible. When performing detailed archaeological surveys (with a total detour) and. long term (during the period of construction of the pipeline). by taking into account their specifics. of the gas pigging stations – 2 x 7. direct. The area of the gas metering stations is expected to be 1. direct. CULTURAL HERITAGE – a significant number of cultural heritage items – mainly archaeological. permanent and temporary. and that of the temporary camps – 5. reversible for a certain period after recultivation. SURFACE WATER – when crossing rivers and other water bodies (with proven feasibility) the impacts are partially reversible in strict compliance with the technological requirements of the respective method of laying the pipes. of rescue excavations. reducing or compensating the anticipated negative impacts on the environmental components. FLORA and FAUNA – the impacts are permanent (in the cases of loss of trees and nests in the places of permanent above ground facilities). and partially reversible after recultivation. when crossing Natura 2000 protected areas in case of proved feasibility: the impacts are inevitable and partially reversible after recultivation.negative. can potentially be affected during construction of the pipeline.. AMBIENT AIR – the impacts are limited.and long-term.5 ha. . temporary. reversible after the period of construction. 4. when needed. passing through the territory of these items and their protection zones. the degree of impact from high becomes very low. short. degree of impact – from low to medium. direct. During construction Expected impact on the following components: • • GEOLOGICAL BASEMENT . Special attention will be given to the measures for preventing. degree of impact – low. The scope of impact is within the easement of the gas pipeline. degree of impact (or significance) – low. SOIL – the impacts are negative. when observing the legal requirements and envisioned measures.0 ha. NOISE – the impacts are limited.Social aspects.1.1. page 93 of 158 . LANDSCAPE – the impacts are negative. permanent. when observing the legal requirements and envisioned measures.Health aspects of the expected impact.2 ha. .Expected changes in the environmental components and factors during the realization of the investment proposal. WASTE – all types of waste will be delivered to licensed companies and no impact of waste to the components of environment are expected. reversible in a long period of time after recultivation. The EIA report will study the scope of the environmental and social impact. reversible after the construction of the gas pipeline system. Their significance is limited by the used personal protective equipment (PPE) • • • • • • • • The main scope of impact is an area with length of about 412 кm and width from 30 m to 36 m.

1. the water sources for drinking water. 4. remotely controls their status. Incidents such as ruptures.2.2.3. shows abnormal or emergency conditions and issues online warnings. fire-fighting plans. including Bulgaria. Different measures will be implemented at various stages of realization and operation of the project. which secures the isolation of separate gas pipeline sections and in this way increases the safety of the facility and reduces the environmental risk in operating conditions. the protected natural sites. for control of the gas pressure and flow in the pipeline system. Assessment of the potential impacts The EIA report will make an evaluation of the potential impacts on each of the environmental components and the human health.1. plan in cases of terrorist attacks. and other similar restrictions. the choice of route takes into account the urban areas.1. During operation No negative impacts are expected. Linear block valve stations (stop valves) and a system for their control. page 94 of 158 . and a reserve one in Baumgarten. SCADA is independent on the system for emergency shut down of the gas flow and the fire & gas safety system. The SCADA control system processes the data from the operational work of the pipeline and the above ground facilities. and have been caused by third parties. Along the route are identified the environmentally sensitive areas and for them the project will envisage additional measures for mitigating the impacts during construction and operation. All potential emergency situations are controllable from the overall SCADA system. Austria. etc. programs. The gas pipeline project envisions facilities. construction and operation the pipeline. which will reduce the environmental risk from the project’s realization: 1.3. activities and procedures related to reducing the negative environmental impacts and preventing the emergency situations. 4.4. 2. Environmental Management Plan 4. Main command center. Measures for averting or reducing the significant environmental impacts In ESIA report will be developed a proposal for environmental and social environment management and monitoring plan. There will be intermediate centers in all of the transit countries. when observing all the technological and engineering requirements and performing the envisioned measures for eliminating or limiting the harmful influences. The Nabucco gas pipeline system includes the following elements. 4. Turkey. 3. located in Ahoboz. and subsequent leaks and fires have been established only in the consumer gas distribution networks or their facilities. Even at the design stage. which will include a program for implementing the measures and monitoring during the various stages (activities in the feasibility studies for the design. The project includes the preparation of safety plans. Accidents No risk of potential accidents such as breakthrough of gas pipelines is expected.3.

). • • • • • • • • • The negative environmental impacts are anticipated during construction. which correspond to the requirements of the Bulgarian laws and European regulations. special insulation in the form of a protective mantle of the pipes. as well as local safety measures. etc. which will be respected in the construction and operation of pipelines and facilities thereto. It is believed that during the operation of pipeline in compliance with all technology and technical requirements negative impacts will be insignificant. 6.). The results of these inspections will be entered in the SCADA. which will process them and in the event of problems the operator will receive an early warning for potential problematic sections of the pipe (e. Careful planning and coordination with the responsible national and local authorities of eventual cuts and disturbances of the local infrastructure (crossing roads. system. anti-corrosion and conductive insulation. Work with machines and equipment in good technical condition. Develop a special plan for mitigation measures and subsequent monitoring. which move inside the gas pipeline and check its mechanic condition. with special construction of the pipes capable of withstanding the high tensions. 5. disturbed and bare terrains with developed erosion or high risk of erosion. An Emergency Response Plan will be developed for the operational phase of the project. page 95 of 158 . Implementation of trenchless methods of crossing infrastructure items. protected natural sites. plumbing.g. services and materials. Boring surveys in designed sectors. Use of local work force. etc. Technical and biological recultivation of the construction strip immediately after completing the construction activities.4. for which even a peripheral disturbance can lead to their discredit and impossibility for their further protection. Supervision by archeologists during the implementation of the excavation works for archeological objects located close to the construction strip. etc. Passive measures are also envisaged for preventing of / reducing the risk of accidents with the gas pipeline – by using pipes made of high quality steel. Special measures for preserving and storing the humus soil layer and restoring the soil fertility. When blasting works are required. The inner surface of the gas pipeline will be inspected in regular periods via Pipeline inspection gauges (PIG). For the construction phase the designer envisages the following measures for reducing the negative environmental impacts: • Work in a construction strip with reduced width (30 m) when passing through environmentally sensitive areas (forests. to use an environmentally sparing method – the method of micro-charges. Additional measures for prevention and mitigation will be proposed in EIA report . but out of the range of the planned excavation works. Develop a special plan for mitigation measures and follow-up monitoring (if required one). Anti-erosion measures when crossing rivers. power lines. sectors with observed corrosion). rescue excavations in the frames of the easement strip and complete archeological research for objects like tumuli.

including air. Monitoring plan The monitoring plan will include the most vulnerable components of the environment. water.4.2. page 96 of 158 . etc.3. biodiversity.

4. programs.2.4. In Country Corporate Requirements 4. Routeing process 4. activities and technologies.3. Design Options (e. The EIA report will be formed as one single document in accordance with Art. block valves. Impact Assessment Methodology 3. Logistics options (e.3. transport of pipe to site) 4.4. pipeline diameter and wall thickness) page 97 of 158 .g. camp location. Standards and Guidelines 3. JUSTIFICATION OF ROUTE SELECTION AND DISCUSSION OF CONSIDERED ALTERNATIVES 4. PROPOSAL FOR THE STRUCTURE OF THE EIA REPORT The scope of the EIA report will include a description of the status of the environmental components.1.Data Management 2. Stakeholder Consultation and Disclosure 2. Standards and Guidelines 3. Scoping 2. Funding Agency/Bank Standards and Guidelines 3. Baseline Data Collection 2. Purpose and Scope of the ESIA Document 1. access roads. The factors that pollute or damage the environment will be identified.2.Laboratory Use and Verification 2. no and location of metering stations. with pointing out the ways of reducing or preventing the negative impacts.1.2. Description of Country Project 1. Overview of the project across 5 countries 1. 12 of the Regulation on the Conditions.3.5. 5. National Legislation.1.3. International (including IGA) Legislation. 5 of Environmental Protection Act and estimate of the project’s impact on each one of them. 4 and Art. as per Art. projects and investment proposals with the scope and purposes of protected areas conservation. IMPACT ASSESSMENT APPROACH AND METHODOLOGY 2.g.2.1. REGULATORY.1.5. power generation. INTRODUCTION 1. as provided by the Biological Diversity Act and the Regulation on procedures for appropriate assessment of plans. Country Introduction 1. No development option 4.5. Together with EIA report will be submitted the conformity assessment. Nabucco Structure: Roles and Responsibilities 2. Contents of EIA report (proposal 1) 1.4.4. Procedure and Methods for Environmental Assessment of Plans and Programs for investment proposals for construction. Nabucco Project Standards 3.5.4. POLICY AND INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK 3. ESIA process 2. 6.2.

Anticipated impacts from Construction/Commissioning/Operations and related activities 7.Monitoring Requirements 7.1.4.Results from surveys and collation of existing data.1.Monitoring Requirements 7.Vibration 6. Unplanned events 7.2.1.2.Monitoring Requirements 7. Anticipated use of Resources and Infrastructure (including quarries) 6.1.1.4.7.Anticipated impacts from Construction/Commissioning/Operations and related activities 7.1.4.Control and Mitigation of impacts 7.2. Control and Maintenance 6.4.Discharges to water 6.Anticipated impacts from Construction/Commissioning/Operations and related activities 7.Noise 6.Blasting 6.Control and Mitigation of impacts 7.4.1.1. Geology and Seismology 7. Design basis 5.1.2.5. defining of Key Issues 7. Anticipated sources of Pollution.2.4. Reinstatement and Erosion Control 5.1. Soils (including Erosion and Slope Stability) 7.Anticipated impacts from Construction/Commissioning/Operations and related activities 7.Waste generation 6. quantity predicted for project 6.3.1. Testing and Commissioning 5.3.1. Air Quality 7.5.Control and Mitigation of impacts 7. ASSESSMENT OF PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT 7.2.1.Results from surveys and collation of existing data. defining of Key Issues 7. Overview 5.8.3.Emissions to air (including Dust) 6.2.3. Landscape page 98 of 158 .3.Results from surveys and collation of existing data.1.Results from surveys and collation of existing data.8.4.1. Climate (includes Meteorological data) 7.3. defining of Key Issues 7.2.1.Light 6.Control and Mitigation of impacts 7.5.Monitoring Requirements 7.3. Schedulе 5.2.1.3.6.1. COMMISSIONING.4.3.2.2.3. Operation.3. PROJECT DESCRIPTION 5.2. OPERATIONS AND RELATED ACTIVITIES 6.1.5.3.6.Traffic 6.4.7. defining of Key Issues 7. Outline of the system and associated facilities 5.1. Description of construction process 5.4. IMPACTS FROM CONSTRUCTION.4.

2.9.Control and Mitigation of impacts 7. Vegetation Aquatic 8.6.3.2.3.8.4.4.1. defining of Key Issues 8. defining of Key Issues 8. defining of Key Issues 7.2.2.1.1.5.3.4.Monitoring Requirements 7.6. Marine and coastal 7.1.1.Results from surveys and collation of existing data.Results from surveys and collation of existing data.Results from surveys and collation of existing data.Anticipated impacts from Construction/Commissioning/Operations and related activities 8.4.1. defining of Key Issues 8.2.4.2.2.Results from surveys and collation of existing data.3.Results from surveys and collation of existing data.Results from surveys and collation of existing data.3.Monitoring Requirements 8. ASSESSMENT OF BIOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT 8.3. defining of Key Issues 8.Anticipated impacts from Construction/Commissioning/Operations and related activities 7.4.Results from surveys and collation of existing data.Monitoring Requirements 7.Anticipated impacts from Construction/Commissioning/Operations and related activities 7.3.Control and Mitigation of impacts 7.2.9.2.8. Surface water (includes Drainage basin properties) 7.Monitoring Requirements 8.7.1. defining of Key Issues 7.7.6. defining of Key Issues 7.2.Control and Mitigation of impacts 8.4.8.8.8.Anticipated impacts from Construction/Commissioning/Operations and related activities 7. Contamination (includes Ordnance) 7.Control and Mitigation of impacts 7.Monitoring Requirements 8.2.6.4.Control and Mitigation of impacts 7. Vegetation Terrestrial 8.2.3.7.2.2.5.1.Control and Mitigation of impacts 8.Monitoring Requirements 8.3.Monitoring Requirements 7.Results from surveys and collation of existing data. Protected and Sensitive Habitats 8.5.Control and Mitigation of impacts 8.1.7.5. Groundwater 7.Results from surveys and collation of existing data.Anticipated impacts from Construction/Commissioning/Operations and related activities 8.9.3.Anticipated impacts from Construction/Commissioning/Operations and related activities 8.4. defining of Key Issues 7.Monitoring Requirements 7.1.7.1. defining of Key Issues 7.4.Anticipated impacts from Construction/Commissioning/Operations and related activities 7.1.1. Birds 8.7.9.6.Anticipated impacts from Construction/Commissioning/Operations and related activities page 99 of 158 .Anticipated impacts from Construction/Commissioning/Operations and related activities 7.1.3.9.3.Control and Mitigation of impacts 7.4.3.

1.Monitoring Requirements 8.Anticipated impacts from Construction/Commissioning/Operations and related activities 9.Control and Mitigation of impacts 8.3.1. Results from surveys and collation of existing data.8.2.2.Anticipated impacts from Construction/Commissioning/Operations and related activities 8.7.1.1. Infrastructure (including Transportation) 9.2.7.1.Control and Mitigation of impacts 9.Anticipated impacts from Construction/Commissioning/Operations and related activities 8. defining of Key Issues 8.2.5.1.4.4.3.5.1. Mammals 8.8.6.Monitoring Requirements 8.10. Reptiles 8.6.Control and Mitigation of impacts 8.3. Monitoring Requirements 8.3. defining of Key Issues 8.7.1.Results from surveys and collation of existing data.Control and Mitigation of impacts 8. defining of Key Issues 8.2.10.6.7.2.9.4.4. defining of Key Issues 8.5.10.9.9.1.Results from surveys and collation of existing data.8.3. Marine and Coastal 8.Results from surveys and collation of existing data.8. Control and Mitigation of impacts 8.3.1.11.11. ASSESSMENT OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT 9.Anticipated impacts from Construction/Commissioning/Operations and related activities 8.11.4.9.Monitoring Requirements page 100 of 158 .4.11.1.Results from surveys and collation of existing data. defining of Key Issues 8.3. Results from surveys and collation of existing data.4.4.7. defining of Key Issues 9.2.Control and Mitigation of impacts 8.Results from surveys and collation of existing data.3.4.Control and Mitigation of impacts 8.Anticipated impacts from Construction/Commissioning/Operations and related activities 8.1. Control and Mitigation of impacts 8.11. Anticipated impacts from Construction/Commissioning/Operations and related activities 8.6.5. Fish Freshwater 8.Monitoring Requirements 8. Terrestrial Invertebrates 8. Monitoring Requirements 9. defining of Key Issues 8.Anticipated impacts from Construction/Commissioning/Operations and related activities 8.Monitoring Requirements 8.4. Amphibians 8. Anticipated impacts from Construction/Commissioning/Operations and related activities 8. defining of Key Issues 8.1.Monitoring Requirements 8.5.3.2.Monitoring Requirements 8.4.8.10.6.Control and Mitigation of impacts 8.9.10. Aquatic Invertebrates 8.Results from surveys and collation of existing data.8.

5.4.2.8.3. Employment 9.4.Results from surveys and collation of existing data.3.6.2. Construction and Operations Phase Monitoring 13. Socio-Economic conditions 9. Demography 9.5. defining of Key Issues 9.7.4.Control and Mitigation of impacts 9.Monitoring Requirements 9.Control and Mitigation of impacts 9.1.Anticipated impacts from Construction/Commissioning/Operations and related activities 9.3. Industry 9.3.4.Monitoring Requirements 10.4. defining of Key Issues 9.8.7.1. defining of Key Issues 9.4.3. defining of Key Issues 9.Control and Mitigation of impacts 9.4.2.8.2. Cultural Heritage and Archaeology 9.4.Anticipated impacts from Construction/Commissioning/Operations and related activities 9.3.Anticipated impacts from Construction/Commissioning/Operations and related activities 9.Results from surveys and collation of existing data.5.2.9. defining of Key Issues 9.2.2.3.1.3.1.2.4.Monitoring Requirements 9.Results from surveys and collation of existing data.Anticipated impacts from Construction/Commissioning/Operations and related activities 9.6.Control and Mitigation of impacts 9. defining of Key Issues 9.4. defining of Key Issues 9.Anticipated impacts from Construction/Commissioning/Operations and related activities 9. Environmental and Social Management System 12.1.2.Monitoring Requirements 9.Monitoring Requirements 9.2.3.Results from surveys and collation of existing data.1. ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL MANAGEMENT 12.5.Anticipated impacts from Construction/Commissioning/Operations and related activities 9.6.Control and Mitigation of impacts 9. CONCLUSIONS page 101 of 158 . Health (including health facilities) 9.8.4.Monitoring Requirements 9.1.6.3.Control and Mitigation of impacts 9.7. Environmental and Social Management Plans (List plans here that have come out of mitigations) 12.Control and Mitigation of impacts 9.3.5.6.3.Anticipated impacts from Construction/Commissioning/Operations and related activities 9. CUMULATIVE AND TRANSBOUNDARY IMPACTS 12.7.7.1.Results from surveys and collation of existing data. DISCUSSION OF RESIDUAL IMPACTS 11.2.Results from surveys and collation of existing data.Results from surveys and collation of existing data.2.3.4. Land Use and Agriculture 9.2.8.Monitoring Requirements 9.

Separation protocol.3. C.1. page 102 of 158 . relation to other plans and projects. • Sketches of the properties affected by the investment proposal. • Test protocols of samples taken to check the quality of the separate environmental components). Procedure requirements in connection with the investment proposal (permits.) according to the Bulgarian law. Environmental legislation.4. H.3. Appropriate Assessment of the affected Natura 2000 areas Annexes A. the Convention for EIA in transboundary context of the Economic Commission of the UN for Europe.g.INTRODUCTION 1. Objectives and scope of the EIA report document for the investment proposal in the Republic of Bulgaria 1. B. archaeology. • Overview map of the area. related to the preparation of EIA. Information for contacts with the Designer and the Employer 2. LEGAL FRAMEWORK 2. botany. K etc Baseline Reports (e. 2.1. Review of the project in the 5 country 1. G. 2. Copies of certificates on the professional competences of the experts.2. • Diagrams of the technological process. hydrogeological and hydrological maps of the area. Administrative framework and policy (strategy) for environmental protection. zoology. J.4. • Geological. D. • Copies of minutes of meetings and written opinions of authorities and stakeholders. E. social etc) Contents of EIA report (proposal 2) 1. List of Constraints Maps Impacts Register Commitment Register Sensitive Location Register Complaints Register Consultation Register Controlled Records Register Photographic Archive and Catalogue uploaded to database I. etc. groundwater.2. • Corrected ToR for the scope and contents of the EIA report. 2. F. Statements of independence of the experts. Nabucco structure: roles and responsibilities 1. Legal Framework for the Environmental Impact Assessment in Bulgaria.NONTECHNICAL SUMMARY APPENDICIES TO THE EIA REPORT Copies of letters on the procedure for the EIA Report. Regulatory provisions for transboundary impacts.

Geological environment 5.2. Stages of realization of the investment proposal.2.1.1.1. Type and characteristics.1. harmful radiation. page 103 of 158 . 3.6. protected natural areas. Presence of dominant and endangered species. OF THE MATERIAL AND CULTURAL HERITAGE. areas. Waste .5.1.2.6. main raw resources and materials (including hazardous resources and materials). 3. infrastructure.2.7.1.3.2.2. AND MOTIVES FOR THE SELECTION TO BE SURVEYED.7.3.5. Capacity.2. Brief description of the geological environment. quantity and classification of the generated waste .1. Emissions in the ambient air (including dust) – type.4.3. description of the construction process and recultivation.Type. Quantity and quality characteristics of the water sources in the area of the facility and category of the water in the water bodies.2. SURVEYED BY THE EMPLOYER OF THE INVESTMENT PROPOSAL. Expected waste and emissions as a result of the investment proposal realization: 3. Quantity and composition of waste water per streams – technical.7. Characteristics of the water sources and water consumption for the facility.3.System for management of the waste as considered in the investment proposal. vibrations.1. AS WELL AS THE INTERACTION BETWEEN THEM 5. 5. Presence of dominant and endangered species. INCLUDING “NULL” ALTERNATIVE. 5. Area required for the realization of the investment proposal 5. 5.4 Pollutants from energy sources – noise. considered in the investment proposal. Characteristics of the hydrological conditions and factors.1. Biological diversity. Nabucco standards for the project 2. 5. 5.5. work regime. 5.2.1. Waste water. 5. Characteristics of the flora in the area. Description of the design sectors of the gas pipeline Design sectors of the gas pipeline route in a 500-meter corridor. WHICH WILL BE AFFECTED TO A GREAT EXTENT BY THE INVESTMENT PROPOSAL. HAVING IN MIND THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT. Characteristics of the fauna in the area.1. Land and soil 5. Assessment of the quality of the ambient air. Short characteristics and analysis of the climatic and meteorological factors. treatment facilities.2.2.5. which are related to the specific impact and the quality of the ambient air 5. householdsewerage and rainwater. International standards and guidelines – comparison to BREF documents 3. 5. 5. 3. which influence the quantity and the quality of the ground water.1.2.4.6. Groundwater. Characteristics of the hydrogeological and hydrological conditions and factors.2.1. 5. risk of accidents.3. natural resources and power sources. Characteristics of the condition of soil in the area of realization of the investment proposal and the activities which can impact them.2. 5.2. DESCRIPTION OF THE INVESTMENT PROPOSAL 3. Landscape 5. distances to the nearest villages and protected areas. 3. Treatment facilities. which influence the quantity and the quality of the surface and ground water. Climate and ambient air 5. Main characteristics of the investment proposal.2. Brief description of the main features of the structure and functioning of landscape 5.4. DESCRIPTION AND ANALYSES OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL COMPONENTS AND FACTORS.3. Danube river crossing 5. Surface water on the onshore 5.3. ALTERNATIVES FOR LOCATIONS AND/OR ALTERNATIVES FOR TECHNOLOGIES. sources. technological processes and technological scheme.3.3. 4. 5. Underground natural resources. logistics 3. 5. Surface water.2.

1. Hygiene Protection Zone (HPZ) of the site.1.2.3. In land surface water 7. During construction page 104 of 158 .2.1.4. During construction 7. Measures 7.2. Groundwater Prognosis and assessment of the impact on the status of groundwater 7.2.3.3.4.2 During operation 7.10.8.3. 5.3.1. Employment 6. ANALYSIS AND ASSESSMENT OF THE EXPECTED SIGNIFICANT IMPACTS ON THE POPULATION AND ON THE ENVIRONMENT AS A RESULT OF THE REALIZATION OF THE INVESTMENT PROPOSAL. 7. During construction 7. Cultural heritage Description of the items of cultural heritage in the area of the investment proposal 5. Identification of the risk factors for the workers’ health. IMPACT ASSESSMENT – APPROACH AND METHODOLOGY 6. Methodology for assessing the environmental impact 7. 5.Transboundary River Prognosis and assessment of the impact of the activities envisioned for the investment proposal on the regime of the surface water bodies 7.2 During operation 7.4.1. water and soil. Monitoring requirement Significance of the impact.2 During operation 7. Ambient air Assessment of the impact of ambient air pollution 7.3. Monitoring requirement Significance of the impact.2.1.5. 7. Cumulative and transboundary impact.4.3. Protected territories. The process of EIA report 6.1.4.2. Geological environment Prognosis and assessment of the expected changes in the geological environment from the realization of the investment proposal. Danube River crossing. 7. Measures 7.4.10.9. GENERATION OF WASTE AND CREATION OF DISCOMFORT 7.2. 5.9.2.10.10.1. Description of the potentially affected population and of the sites with specific hygieneprotection status. Social aspects of the environment 5.10.1. 7. 5. Consultations with stakeholders and disclosure 6.4. Surface water 7. Infrastructure (including transport) 5.3. USE OF NATURAL RESOURCES AND EMISSIONS OF HARMFUL SUBSTANCES IN NORMAL OPERATION AND IN EMERGENCIES. Monitoring requirement Significance of the impact.5. Health and Hygiene aspects of the environment 5.7.2.4.1. Social-economic condition 5. Hygiene–health assessment of the forecasts for pollution of the ambient air.6. Measures 7.3.9.3. Protected areas as per Natura 2000 5.10.2.10.2. Hygiene–health assessment of the impact of noise on population.4.9.7. During construction 7.1. Description of collected data for an existing status 6.3. Farming and land use 5. Industry 5.3.2. 5.1.3.2.1. DESCRIPTION.9. Identifying the scope 6.3.5. Demographic characteristics of the population 5.

7.7.7.9.4.8. Monitoring requirement Significance of the impact. Land use of the areas adjacent to the facility and assessment of the eventual impact 7.1 During construction 7.2.2 During operation 7.6.2.1.9. Monitoring requirement 7.1.1.3. During construction 7.Assessment of the investment proposal impact on soil fertility of the neighboring land. Monitoring requirement Significance of the impact.2 During operation 7. Measures 7.2 During operation 7.4.4.7.9.2.5. 7.3.7.8.6.2 During operation 7.1 During construction 7.1.7.1.5. Measures 7.4.1.7.3.3.4.7. Prognosis and assessment of the impact on the soil of the facility site and the bordering land by degree and zones of impact.3.3. Land and soil 7.4.9.8.6.7.1. Monitoring requirement Significance of the impact.5.7. Biological diversity.3. Prognosis assessment of the impact of generated waste on environment and human health. 7.6.10.1. Assessment of the envisioned recultivation activities. Protected areas. During construction 7.2.3.3.4. Measures 7. Measures 7.9. 7.4. Measures 7.3.5.2 During operation 7. Monitoring requirement Significance of the impact. 7.7. 7. 7.6.3. Monitoring requirement Significance of the impact. 7.2. 7. During construction 7.2 During operation 7. 7. 7.1. 7.7. During construction 7.1.2.9.2. Prognosis and assessment of the impact on plant species in the site area. Measures 7. 7.8.7. Monitoring requirement Significance of the impact.6.3. Prognosis and assessment of the impact on the fauna in the area of the investment proposal. Prognosis and assessment of the impact on the items of cultural heritage in the area of the investment proposal.1.8. Measures 7.2 During operation 7.1. Monitoring requirement Significance of the impact.6. Harmful physical factors page 105 of 158 .4. Measures 7.7.2.5. 7.3.1.1.2.4.3.6. 7.1.7.1 During construction 7. 7.2. Landscape Prognosis and assessment of the expected disturbances of the landscapes.7.6.7.2 During operation 7. Waste 7. 7.3. Prognosis and assessment of the impact on the protected areas. 7.4.

12. Significance of the impact of the identified risk factors on the health of the population in the area and the workers with the realization of the investment proposal 7. . . DESCRIPTION OF THE DIFFICULTIES ENCOUNTERED WHEN COLLECTING INFORMATION FOR PREPARING THE EISA REPORT. NONTECHNICAL SUMMARY APPENDICIES TO THE EIA REPORT .1.2 During operation 7.1.Environmental legislation.1. Accidents and emergencies Assessment of the security of the investment proposal against accidental releases of hazardous and harmful substances in the environment. 9.1.1. CONCLUSION IN COMPLIANCE WITH THE PROVISIONS OF ART. OF THE COMPETENT AUTHORITIES FOR TAKING A DECISION ON EIA.1.12. TO STOP THE SIGNIFICANT HARMFUL IMPACTS ON THE ENVIRONMENT. Monitoring requirement 7.Copies of letters on the procedure for the EIA Report. Transboundary impacts Assessment of the transboundary impacts.10. Plan for environmental management 10.3 OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ACT (EPA). AND OF OTHER SPECIALIZED AGENCIES. .10.1. 7. AS WELL AS AN ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT AND MONITORING PLAN. 8.11.10. AS A RESULT OF THE CONDUCTED CONSULTATIONS 11. TO REDUCE.12. if there are such.2 During operation 7.1. PAR. Measures 7. OR.4. Heat.13. 12.3 Measures 7.4.12.3. 1 During construction 7. 7. 7.Statements of independence of the experts.11. WHERE POSSIBLE.1. 7.10.4. Monitoring requirement Significance of the impact.Copies of certificates on the professional competences of the experts.10. if there are such.7. During construction 7.11.1.1 Impact assessment of the sources of harmful physical factors (Noise. 83. Measures 7.2 During operation 7. Light) on environment and human health.1. .11. During construction 7. Vibrations. Cumulative impact Assessment of the cumulative impacts.3.14. INFORMATION ABOUT THE USED METHODOLOGY FOR PROGNOSIS AND ASSESSMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF THE INVESTMENT PROPOSAL 9.15.1.11.Separation protocol.11. Monitoring requirement Significance of the impact: 7. DESCRIPTION OF THE MEASURES ENVISAGED TO PREVENT. Social aspects of the impact of the investment proposal on the population and the workers on the site Assessment of the social economic impact 7.12. page 106 of 158 . OPINIONS AND COMMENTS OF THE CONCERNED PUBLIC. Health-Hygiene aspects of the impact of the investment proposal on the population and the workers on the site 7.

. . and with whom consultations have been held regarding the investment proposal. paragraph 2 of the Environmental Protection Act (EPA) and the Regulation on the terms and conditions for carrying out Environmental Impact Assessment. hydrogeological and hydrological maps of the area. 6. and has also published an announcement in the local newspapers for notifying the residents of the municipalities. 95. received until now. . from which responses to the notification letters have been received.Copies of minutes of meetings and written opinions of authorities and stakeholders. . CONSULTATIONS WITH STAKEHOLDERS (CONCERNED ORGANIZATIONS AND PERSONS) The Employer has sent notification letters about the investment proposal. The Non-technical summary should also contain a brief description of the assessment approach. which the gas pipeline route is planned to cross.Test protocols of samples taken to check the quality of the separate environmental components). Its volume should be not less than 10% of the volume of the Report and should contain the necessary illustrative materials (maps. the recommendations will be taken into account and answers will be provided to the questions that arose during the conducted consultations. The same tables systematize the received responses and give motivated information on the accepted and not accepted recommendations and comments. details and scientific discussions. with avoiding technical terms.Overview map of the area. The statements and opinions made during the consultations will be commented in item 9 of the EIA report. received so far. NON-TECHNICAL SUMMARY The Non-technical summary of the EIA report is formed as a separate standalone annex to the EIA report. When preparing the EIA report of the investment proposal. It should give a brief description of the investment proposal. Annex 5 of the ToR includes copies of the correspondence and written opinions.Corrected ToR for the scope and contents of the EIA report. page 107 of 158 . The information in the non-technical summary should be presented in a language simple and easy to understand by the public. the impacts of the proposal on the environment and the proposed measures to reduce these impacts. in accordance with the requirements of Art. . In table 6 present the organizations and persons. diagrams). In Appendix 5 of Terms of Reference are attached copies of the correspondence and written opinions.Diagrams of the technological process..Sketches of the properties affected by the investment proposal.Geological. . . photos.Appropriate Assessment of the affected Natura 2000 areas 7. the environmental components and factors. related to the preparation of EIA.

format dwg and shp. Letter/ APIA -213/29. no coordinates available for SPZ of Yastrebino dam Ref.09.49-00-120 П/14.06.Shumen – expressed readiness for consultations on an option of ToR for EIA Our Letter 49-00-12/2.No.09 .presented coordinates of SPZ along the whole route 2. with opinion after submitting ToR for EIA page 108 of 158 The communicated list of NIMC will be taken into consideration when preparing the EIA report 6 .10 – the route crosses 2 points of (BD). Borders and list of protection of Natura 2000 protected areas .11.49-00-121/23. CD-picture.No.05.Danube region Pleven Annotation Ref. Directorate "National office Natura 2000 areas for the Responses: Letter 26-00-1310/09. for the request for information on archaeological sites. ДИ-292/25.09 presented detailed information: 1. presented picture of the area with the route on CD Ref.09 from RIEW .06.submitted route with options. Letter/ Access to Public Information Act (APIA) -178/02. protected localities.09-map and coordinates of water sources without SPZ Information on accepted and not accepted remarks/comments The information will be used when preparing information on the current status of groundwater and an assessment of the impact on it 3 Basin DirectorateEast Aegean region Plovdiv Basin DirectorateBlack sea region Varna MOEW- The information will be used when preparing information on the current status of groundwater and an assessment of the impact on it 4 The information will be used when preparing information on the current status of groundwater and an assessment of the impact on it 5 Ref.11.07.No. national parks.05.09 – addes PA Chiflikova Niva National Institute Ref. №49-00-116/23.49-00-008/22.6km distance of Yastrebino dam and at 10.05.7 .49-00-008/22.Danube region and passes at 13.06.05.09 and Ref.02.09 . Response.09/ entered Sanitary Protection Zones and water sources with permit.11.01.Letter No.09.09. Borders and list of protected territories in nature " format zem and dwg on CD.49-00-120/23.09 and РД-09-169/4. nature parks.No.there are no fishery and fish-breeding zones.09 and Ref.09 and Ref.No.01.No.submitted route with options.10 – pointed out as affected PA Kotlenska planina. and maybe maintained reservation Momingrad.2010 with new route and request for assistance on ToR for EIA.49-00-008/22.No. they don’t have borders of water-sources.09 and Ref. request for coordinates of 3rd belt of the Sanitary Protection Zones (SPZ) Responses:1.11. world cultural heritage Monuments of Responses: Letter 1361/15.09 and 49-00-118/23.12. 2.12.05.05.11. request for information on reservations. request for coordinates of 3rd belt of SPZ Responses: ДИ 292-169/04.2. and 49-00-116 A/30.11.49-00-008/22.No. natural sights.submitted route with options.# 2 Organization Basin Directorate (BD).No. request for coordinates of 3rd belt of SPZ Responses: РД-09-169/26.10 – submitted route with options.49-00-008/22.7km distance of the wall.06.640/17. and Letter 26-00-1310/04.submitted route with options.09 additional info on probable sites along the alternative route RIEW Shumen Letter 3773/22.09 .09 probability to affect 142 items along the route within a span of Culture 2 km on both sides of the pipeline axis.

approved by Decision No.Vratsa Letter Ref. item 4 it is quoted – Connection of Nabucco gas pipeline with Chiren underground gas storage. Provide clarification and take into consideration in the future ToR for EIA. the terms and procedures for making conformity assessments of plans. par. programs.07. This connection will be realized at a much later stage. A part of the pipeline route on the territory of Vratsa district. 2.09 to RIEW Pleven – investment intention – discussion of EIA.10=49-00-012-2/22.09 – to add PAs Sedlarkata and Dolni Dabnik dam. and Letter 547/17. including the gas measuring station.03. From the Technical design – general information on page 3 "Main components". there are no affected protected areas and Response: Letter 269/17.2.02.10 –special attention on protected territories and zones page 109 of 158 . On the grounds of Art.02. according to the submitted information. and is included in the list of protected areas.2010 with a new route and request for cooperation on ToR for EIA Responses: Letter 1223/24. item 1 and 2 of BDA on protection of the natural habitats and the wild flora and fauna. Vratsa municipality. “waste”.1 of BDA and as per Art. to work out the sections “air”.2007/ the investment proposal is subject to a procedure for conformity assessment with the scope and objectives of the protected areas .2010 with new route and request for assistance on ToR for EIA Responses: Letter 2947/22.2007 of the Council of Ministers. 2. whether the connection of Nabucco gas pipeline with Chiren underground gas storage will be considered.2 of the Ordinance on the environment.2. in which the connection to the Chiren UGS is not envisioned.Vratsa – investment intention – discussion of EIA and letter 49-00-12/2. and Letter 49-00-12/2.02. 49-00-041/15.8 RIEW . respectively in the EIA Report.07. 6.No. par.07. To point out the route of the gas pipeline connection for every land of the villages.09 to RIEW . Mizia and Oryahovo. In both the ToR and the EIA report there will be map sheets presenting which land the gas pipeline is passing through. 9 RIEW Pleven Letter 49-00-041 А/16. It is necessary to: 1. 122/02.07. Chiren underground gas storage is in the land of the village of Chiren. passes through protected area “Ogosta River” with ID code ВС0000614.2. 1. item 1 and par. when the gas pipeline system will have been built and the flow of gas will have reached its maximum capacity.1. protected area Ogosta River – EIA report should envisage measures not to allow damage/harm to the habitats and species. The EIA report considers present stage of the construction of Nabucco gas pipeline. in order for us to inform you whether it passes through protected areas or protected territories.1. par.09.10 II. projects with the scope and objectives of the protected areas /promulgated in Official Gazette 73 / 11.31. III.09 – pointed out affected municipalities –Byala Slatina. The protected area is identified as per Art.

with limiting its impact as a greenhouse gas. stored and transferred for treatment in compliance with the Waste Management Act and the respective secondary legislation.864 x10^6 of cubic meters. Regarding component "Waste": 3. All locations of crossing water bodies – one should keep in mind the necessity to get permits for the use of water bodies. The quantity in case of accident for a 20-km section is 2. ventilation of the section/ there is the probability to contaminate the air in these areas with gas. the whole quantity up to the previous stop valve will be emitted in the air. The Household waste should be managed in compliance with Art. The Construction waste should be managed in compliance with the Waste Management Act (Art. The gas emitted in the air is lighter than air and dissipates in the air space. The sectioning through stop valves has the purpose. Taken into account 2. Regarding component “Ambient air": Along the route passing through the territory of RIEW Pleven.I. according to the requirements of the Waste Management Act (WMA) (Official Gazette 86/2003) and Ordinance No. Regarding component "Soil": page 110 of 158 4. It is not clear what quantities of gas can be expected to be released in the air. Taken into account 1. The generated waste should be collected. on which the facilities for treatment of household waste water will be installed. and to what degree this would impact the air quality. In specific circumstances /accidents. due to which release of methane can be expected. Regarding component "Water": The EIA report should treat with attention: 1. Taken into account .16 of the Waste Management Act. One should keep in mind that:    IV. to limit (by the stop valves) the leaking of gas from the section where accident has occurred. Sites. 6 and Art. The activities for cleaning the gas pipeline are carried out without polluting the surrounding terrain. which otherwise would flow out of the rupture and. It is necessary to define the conditions for using the stop valve units when ventilating the pipelines or in an accident. the project envisions to mount 4 stop valve units /option of the route /. Taken into account 1. III. which will be generated by the activity. in case of accidents. 2. including waste generated during repair works and maintenance of the facility (including waste of packaging of products necessary for its service and maintenance).18 of WMA). To identify all kinds of waste. if there are no sections.3 on classification of waste. II.

Order No. which will be used during construction and operation" .06. РД718/10.2003 of MOEW. РД . PL " Taraklaka" is in the 500-meter corridor. " Parnika" are at over 1000 m distance away from the 500meter corridor of the preferred route. When précising on the final option for the gas pipeline route.12. 1799/30.77 of the Committee for Environmental Protection (CEP). 278/05. РД .06.80 of CEP.06. We would like to draw your attention to the fact that the mining of natural resources is done under the provisions of the NRA and the regulatory base related to acquisition of right for mining natural resources.75 of the Ministry of Forests and Environmental Protection (MFEP).725/10. Order No. which relate to construction materials as per Art. Order No.2003 of MOEW. 278/05. Official Gazette 60/2003 PA Rock bridge “Sedlarkata” in locality “Ezeroto ": Order No.72 of the MFEP Official Gazette 59/1972.737/10. and 100m distance of the pipeline axis. 1. it should be described from where the sand and rubble will be supplied and/or mined. Official Gazette 60/2003 PA"Peshtera Gornia Parnik”: Order No. V1. V.2003 of MOEW. In item 5. The EIA report will make an assessment of the impact on them. The EIA report will evaluate in detail the impact during construction and during operation of the gas pipeline PL. 3. PA Sedlarkata and PA Gorni Dabnik Dam do not cross one another PA on Natura 2000 for protection of wild birds.06.02. Official Gazette 8/ 1981. par. РД . Official Gazette 12/1966. " Ormana ".01.1964 of the Committee on Forests and Forest Industry (CFFI). " Pozhara ". The following Protected areas are affected by the realization of the project : page 111 of 158 . which are crossed by the gas pipeline are.1964 of CFFI. which are crossed by the gas pipeline route. land of the village of Gradishte. PL " Peshtera Gornia Parnik ". which is subject to EIA report.Regarding component "Control of protected territories and biodiversity ": 1.2003 of MOEW. Official Gazette 60/2003 PL "Pozhara": Order No. PT Goren Dabnik – Telish is not crossed. 4526/17.1. Official Gazette 23/1999. Official Gazette 6/1978г.1.726/10. " Peshtera Dolnia Parnik" and PA Rock bridge “Sedlarkata” are at much more than 1000 meter distance from the 500meter corridor of the preferred route. which is subject to EIA report. PA"Peshtera Dolnia Parnik ": Order No.06. Official Gazette 6/1964..1. of CFFI. The realization of the facility will affect and will have direct impact on the following protected territories:  Protected locality (PL) “Taraklaka (Century-old oaks forest). Order No. the protected territories and their borders should not be disturbed. 1.        PA in Natura 2000 for the protection of habitats and the wild flora and fauna. of the presented information: "Natural resources. Studenets and Iskar River.02. Official Gazette 22/1980. 2122/21.64.01. are: Obnova-Karaman dol. 22/08. with all amendments and complements).11. 104/14. PL "Parnika": Order No. “Peshterite”. Official Gazette 60/2003 PL "Peshterite": Order No.2.81 of CEP. Official Gazette 98/1975. The requirements of the NRA and the secondary legislation will be complied with. 468/30. Official Gazette 12/1966. PL “Ormana": Order No. It is necessary to underline the necessity to comply with the provisions of the Law on Soil (Official Gazette 89/2007) on the use and protection of soil. PA Karlukovo. 2. Regarding component "Geological Basement ": 5.02. Levski municipality: Order No. item 5 of the Natural Resources Act (NRA.

municipality Pleven. When preparing the assessment (Annex of the EIA report) of conformity with the scope and objectives of protected area conservation. page 112 of 158 .Protected areas for conservation of habitats and protection of wild flora and fauna:         Obnova-Karaman dol ВG0000239 Studenets ВG0000240 Iskar River ВG0000613 Karlukovo ВG0001014 Sedlarkata ВG0000591 Gorni Dabnik dam ВG0000611 Studenets ВG0000240 Gorni Dabnik – Telish ВG0002095 The EIA report should evaluate in detail the impacts on them by the gas pipeline system during construction and during operation of the gas pipeline. PL "Ornitsite" village of Bohot. municipality Dolni Dabnik. PL "Dalgata bara " village of Beglezh. Protected areas for wild birds protection: When preparing the ToR and the EIA report. you can have it as under the Access to Public Information Act (APIA). adequate measures should be provided for reducing the impact of construction and operation of the project on the species and their habitats. Because of the large scale. it cannot be precisely defined whether the pipeline route affects the protected territories. municipality Pleven and PL "Ormana" village of Staroseltsi. village of Petarnitsa. We recommend that the route does not cross protected territories. PL "Taraklaka" village of Gradishte. municipality Levski. municipality Iskar. special attention should be paid as to how the installation and operation of the pipeline will influence the nearest located protected territories: Protected locality (PL) "Peshterite". If you need further and detailed information about the protected territories.

07.02.3. to provide specific solutions for recultivation according to the peculiarities of the local landscape.03. the EIA report will contain detailed map information on the mentioned items.10 from RIEW Ruse – Protected area Belenska River. which is in the PA Belenska forest of the environmental network 11 12 12а RIEW Veliko Tarnovo Letter 49-00-041 A /16.No.03.No. 140/22. to point out measures by construction stages.03. and the existing linear infrastructure.10 from the Regional History Museum –Shumen: request for more information about the route and the cooperation Response: Our Ref.10 – request for presenting methodology on field surveys Response: Their Ref.2.10 RIEW Burgas RIEW Stara Zagora RIEW Ruse Letter 49-00-041 A /16.No. and to add PA Golyama River.03.04. which are performed before the construction works. It is not connected with the surveys for preparing the section „Cultural Heritage” in the EIA report Map sheets will be presented (of the restored property) 15 .02.2. For the construction phase – to envisage an assessment of the dust and noise emissions and their impact on urban areas.No.044/22.04.2010 with new route and request for assistance on the ToR for EIA Responses: none Letter 49-00-041 A /16. and Letter 49-00-12/2.07.2010 with new route and request for assistance on the ToR for EIA Response: Ref.07. to specify whether the land of the village of Dryanovets has been affected.10-presented methodology and steps for carrying out field surveys -3 phases E-mail: 12. And Letter No.No. To take measures for minimum impact on the available forest fund.09 to RIEW Veliko Tarnovo . 49-00.10=49-00-048/ 12. PA Studena River.669/10.09 to RIEW Burgas – investment intention – discussion of EIA.2010 with new route and request for assistance on the ToR for EIA Responses: Ref.09 to RIEW Stara Zagora . When passing through forest localities.10 from RHM Veliko Tarnovo: request for more page 113 of 158 14 This methodology refers to archaeological surveys. and Letter 49-00-12/2.1716/29. 215/26. and Letter 49-00-12/2.07. and Letter 49-00-12/2.2.07.10 to RHM-Shumen Our Ref. the easement zone is reduced to 30 m Yes. 13 Regional History Museum -Shumen National Archeaological Institute with museum-Sofia Regional Letter Ref.10=49-00-044-1/29.2.investment intention – discussion of EIA.investment intention – discussion of EIA.2010 from RIEW Veliko Tarnovo: PA Dryanovska cave is over 30 km of the 500-meter corridor of the preferred route Minimum impact on the available forest fund is one of the main criteria for selecting the route.2009 from RIEW Veliko Tarnovo – affected protected areas of Natura 2000 – Golyama River.1716/12.No. Belenska River and Yantra River – significant impact on the habitats and species in the areas is not expected. 49-00-033-1/9. bio-areas.investment intention – discussion of EIA. The dust and noise emissions during construction will be estimated in view of their nearness to urban areas Field surveys will be carried out before the design The ToR should include detailed information on the crossed water bodies.2010 with new route and request for assistance on the ToR for EIA Responses: none Letter 49-00-041 A /16.09 to RIEW Ruse . Suggestion – to drop Nature Area (NA) Dryanivska cave.

09 – no incoming opinions and objections.09 – Notification of investment intention – text and CD Our Letter 90-00-004/20.09 – Notification of investment intention – text and CD Our Letter 90-00-004/20. 49-00-048а/9.Oryahovitsa Our Letter 90-00-004/20.00-164/22.5.09 – Notification of investment intention – text and CD Response: Letter 25.5.5. waiting for comments from the owners Our Letter 90-00-004/20.05.09 – Notification of investment intention – text and CD Our Letter 90-00-004/20.09 – Notification of investment intention – text and CD Our Letter 90-00-004/20.5.5.5.09 – Notification of investment intention – text and CD Our Letter 90-00-004/20.5.No.5.5.5.09 – Notification of investment intention – text and CD and field surveys before the design 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 page 114 of 158 .10 to RHM Veliko Tarnovo Veliko Tarnovo 16 17 18 19 20 21 Municipality Varbitsa Municipality Levski Municipality Dolni Dabnik Municipality Iskar Municipality Mizia Municipality Oryahovo Municipality Antonovo Municipality Omurtag Municipality Popovo Municipality Bolyarovo Municipality Straldzha Municipality Sredets Municipality Sungurlare Municipality Strazhitsa Municipality G.09 – Notification of investment intention – text and CD Our Letter 90-00-004/20.09 – Notification of investment intention – text and CD Our Letter 90-00-004/20.History information about the route and the cooperation Museum Response: Our Ref.09 – Notification of investment intention – text and CD Our Letter 90-00-004/20.5.09 – Notification of investment intention – text and CD Our Letter 90-00-004/20.09 – Notification of investment intention – text and CD Our Letter 90-00-004/20.5.5.5.5.03.09 – Notification of investment intention – text and CD Our Letter 90-00-004/20.09 – Notification of investment intention – text and CD Our Letter 90-00-004/20.09 – Notification of investment intention – text and CD Our Letter 90-00-004/20.

consultations Response: meeting held on 15.09 – Notification of investment intention – text and CD Our Letter 90-00-004/20.at what distance from it and the SPZ belts 2 and 3 Krassimira Maneva („W&S” .2010 preparation of ToR for EIA . 35 District Governor Burgas Our Letter 49-00-038/06. „Chimcomplect Engineering PLC as design engineer requested and purchased detailed information on the type of affected forests.09.D. Statistics shows that up to 70% of the accidents are due to page 115 of 158 .10 – received signed protocol .2010 preparation of ToR for EIA Report .02. At the moment there are no coordinates available for the belts around the dam.10 What are the risks that the gas pipeline creates? The probability of risk or accident is minimal (0.Notification of investment intention – text and CD Our Letter 49-00-011/03.31 Municipality Polski Trambesh Municipality Pavlikeni Municipality Byala/Ruse District Governor Shumen Our Letter 90-00-004/20.07.Notification of investment intention – text and CD Our Letter 49-00-011/03. The route does not cross century old and valuable forests.49-00-011-8/25. It is expected that belt 3 is 25km.02.03.5.02.consultations Response: meeting held on 19.Shumen): • Waiting for reply from „Irrigation systems”- Sofia and Basin Directorate Black Sea region Varna. The strict compliance with the legislation and the safety requirements brings the risk of accidents to almost zero.10 M. and “Irrigation systems” Shumen is the owner of Ticha Dam Ivan Ivanov (Municipality Varbitsa): • When the route passes through forest.09 – Notification of investment intention – text and CD 32 33 34 Our Letter 90-00-004/20.49-00-011-6/08.5. The project has envisioned all the necessary systems for safety and monitoring during operation. there is a scheduled project for making measurements and establishing coordinates of belts 2 and 3.10 – received signed protocol .09 – Notification of investment intention – text and CD Our Letter 49-00-038/06.03. who grants the permit for passage • The Executive Forest Agency issues a permit for change of the use of the forest.056% per year). Chankova (Regional Inspection for Protection and Control of Public Health .RIPCPH Shumen): • The project route passes close to Ticha Dam .09. • The pipeline route is in belt 3 of the sanitary protection zone (SPZ) of Ticha Dam.07.5.03.

03.2010 preparation of ToR for EIA . 36 District Governor . Chimcomplect is collecting information from the municipalities about suitable locations.09. There will be complete mutual exchange of information with Road Infrastructure Agency -This problem is taken into account and it will be seriously treated in the design and preparation of the ESIA report.Yambol Our Letter 49-00-038/06. The Nabucco project engineers will fully conform to the existing infrastructure.Notification of investment intention – text and CD Our Letter 49-00-011/03. including the depositing of the excess excavated material.49-00-011-12/07. 37 District Governor – Our Letter 49-00-038/06.02. The recultivation of the disturbed terrains is an important part of the construction phase – a separate project will be developed for it. . How will the soil be restored after construction? Part of the excavated earth mass should be removed so that no landfills are formed – where will it be collected? -Rumen Zhelev.10 – signed minutes of meeting .09.Notification of investment intention – text and CD page 116 of 158 .04.The set terms for construction of the gas pipeline coincide with the construction of Trakya highway. about which we ask the municipalities for their cooperation. Municipality Bolyarovo In Golyamo Krushovo and Oman there are investment proposals. This is an important question.The Plan for Organization and Execution of Construction (POEC) should take into account the movement of heavy equipment and comply with the existing road network and local infrastructure.07. One of the tasks of these meetings is to discuss the problematic issues and to seek the best solution.consultations Response: meeting held on 16 .07. The Head project designer Penspen will follow closely especially the execution of this part.unauthorized (not permitted) construction and excavation works.10 Hristo Hristov. areas? What is the minimum admissible distance of the high pressure gas pipeline to urban The minimum distance from single buildings and other items to the gas pipeline is 125 m. The plans for movement of the heavy machines should be coordinated with municipalities. Regional Forest Directorate – We appreciate positively the alternative options with regard to the environment and the measures for preserving the protected areas. which will be clarified and information will be submitted further on. . The design route of Nabucco gas pipeline passes at considerably greater distance from urban areas.

Regional Road Department – Pleven 1. The pipeline route crosses in several locations the republican road network. and – to go round them during construction.Will a public discussion be held in all municipalities? 40 District Governor Our Letter 49-00-038/06.10 – signed minutes of meeting .03.received signed minutes of meeting .07.Notification of investment intention – text and CD Our Letter 49-00-011/03. The crossing of the republican network will not create problems for the rehabilitation of the road network.Notification of investment intention – text and CD page 117 of 158 . How will this affect the current and future plans for rehabilitation of the road network? 2.10 .10 -received signed minutes of meeting .10 District Road Department – Lovech The gas pipeline will cross republican roads.2010 preparation of ToR for EIA report . areas. We work in cooperation with the project engineers of Hemus and the two projects conform with one another – No protected areas are affected The attention to Natura 2000 areas is appreciated with approval. Lovech Drilling is forthcoming.consultations Response: meeting held on 11. The design of Hemus highway coincides with the pipeline route. how will the drilling works be performed and how will the road crossing be executed? Where will be the locations of the stop valve units? Is there information whether there will be blasting works in the area of Letnitsa.02.49-00-01110/30. 1.04. for determining the depth of the horizontal drilling. The stop valve units will be away from urban A check up will be done and the information will be further submitted Yes .07.Ivaylo Denchev. 39 District Governor -Lovech Our Letter 49-00-038/06. Which protected areas/localities will be affected in total? A request from RIEW – to present to them the exact coordinates of the protected areas.02.09.Pleven 3.consultations Response: meeting held on 18. which are expected to be affected by the route.2010 preparation of ToR for EIA report .07.02.49-00-011-11/07.03.Notification of investment intention – text and CD Our Letter 49-00-011/03. In what way will this influence the two projects? Will this not affect the Hemus project? Borislav Benev.03.03.10 No questions on EIA were discussed Our Letter 49-00-038/06.consultations Response: meeting held on 10.49-00-0117/25.03. 2.09.10 .2010 preparation of ToR for EIA report .09.Veliko Tarnovo 38 District Governor -Pleven Our Letter 49-00-011/03. RIEW.

. defined as per the law on protected territories.consultations Response: meeting held on 11.Municipality Oryahovo In the easement zone of the pipeline there might be 55 wind power generators Municipality Mizia -All investment items will be localized and entered on the maps with the cooperation of the respective agencies and administrations. and this to be done for the benefit of the public. Drilling is mandatory when crossing first class and second class roads of the republican road network. . all the measures required by the respective law will be taken to preserve it.The drilling works will be performed by Geotechnica.received signed minutes of meeting . and an estimation will be made as to how they will be preserved. . for determining the density of the earth mass along the route? If a given archaeological site is at risk. Constant monitoring will be performed in coordination with the local and national concerned institutions.No.We are not worried about the project development. The information about their schedule will be coordinated with the municipality mayor.02. District administration Vratsa: What will be the procedure in case of discovery of an archaeological finding? .03.10 . the currently selected corridor affects no protected territories.-Vratsa Our Letter 49-00-011/03.The principles which the investor and the head project engineers keep to.2010 preparation of ToR for EIA report . are to clarify all social aspects even at the design stage. page 118 of 158 .even at the design stage we will survey the corridor for the presence of immovable cultural valuables.03. but we hole that it will help in discovering significant archaeological findings such as Malak Kochan – an ancient settlement and mound in our land. Does the route affect protected territories? What will be the depth of drilling.49-00-0119/25. .10 .

02.Notification of investment intention – text and CD Letter 90-00-004/07.2010 .received signed minutes of meeting .07.02. bird nests during construction and their reinstatement after completing the construction of the pipeline. and the area „Golyama River”? • No.09 . 42 District Governor -Ruse Municipality Pleven Municipality Letnitsa Municipality Knezha Municipality Pordim Municipality Targovishte Municipality Our Letter 49-00-038/06.Notification of investment intention – text and CD Letter 49-00-010/26.07. .Notification of investment intention – text and CD Our Letter 49-00-011/03.Notification of investment intention – text and CD Letter 90-00-004/07. the project concerns only one municipality in a very small section of the route.09 .Violina Todorova (Municipality Popovo) Does the route cross Natura 2000 areas in the municipalities of District Targovishte.09 .41 District Governor -Targovishte Our Letter 49-00-038/06.09. The plans for biodiversity protection envisage saving of turtles.Razgrad): Coordinates of belts 2 and 3 of the SPZs are not available.07.2010 preparation of ToR for EIA report .10 .02.03.02.2010 preparation of ToR for EIA report .Notification of investment intention – text and CD page 119 of 158 43 44 45 46 47 48 .07.Notification of investment intention – text and CD Letter 90-00-004/07.consultations Response: Letter 5300-162-109/24. in order to avoid as much as possible the crossing of Natura 2000 areas.09 .07.49-00-0115/08. Moreover.consultations Response: meeting held on 18.01.07.10 – rejected invitation for a meeting. the map sheets show how the route “evades” the protected areas.Notification of investment intention – text and CD Our Letter 49-00-011/03. the route does not affect Golyama River protected area.Notification of investment intention – text and CD Letter 49-00-010А/26.01. Letter 90-00-004/07. because of them we made it longer – from 397 to 412 km.10 EoN – Varna (representative): It is necessary to coordinate the project also with new investment intentions – wind farms and photovoltaic parks -Tatyana Marinova (Water supply Danube .09.10 .

developed in cooperation with and approved by MOEW. in order to avoid affecting priority natural habitats. (Ref. ЗДОИД-8752 (26. and if necessary (exceeding the percentage of affected habitats by over 1% of the area in the zone) to seek new alternative routes with a joint expert team . Due to of lack of benchmarks in some cases. The field surveys comprise 2 seasonal inspections – autumn and spring. which served to prepare the borders and assessment of the completeness of the Natura 2000 network.2009). The guide is available in electronic form and can be submitted to the team responsible for preparing the assessment. it won’t be able to take some of the criteria in to account. and the crossing is only in places. The remark will be taken into account . With regard to this. 5.10. about the size of the population and area of the habitats with regard to the reference value in each affected area and the size of affected habitats and populations. 1. An assessment of the priority species and habitats will be worked out. Have been used [GIS layers] 3. The remarks will be taken into account. and for every parameter. 4.Lovech 49 а Response: Letter 4Т/439-11. the „Guide for assessing the favourable conservation status of habitat types and species in Natura 2000 in Bulgaria " has not been officially confirmed by the Minister of Environment and Water. habitats) will be used during the field surveys and in the assessment of the impacts and in the elaboration of the monitoring program. We have the „Guide for assessing the favourable conservation status of habitat types and species in Natura 2000 in Bulgaria " and we are familiar with the methodological approach suggested in it.No. 1. The gas pipeline route should be studied with special attention. 2. It is necessary to allow at least one active season for the experts’ field surveys. The applicable criteria for each specific issue (species.09. although these have been officially submitted to MOEW.02. 4. For determining the reference values one should use at least all available GIS layers. 5.08. Information and Е-mail: 49-00-068/11. The same approach should be undertaken when eventually affecting the following page 120 of 158 6. 3.request for proposals regarding the ToR for EIA training center on ecology Response: Letter 59/7. and with minimum impact on the wild flora and fauna. for which it is not possible to go around. The initial version of the route has been changed in order to reduce to a minimum the crossing of Natura 2000 areas.2009 from the Information and training center on ecology I. Regarding the protected areas of Natura 2000 The evaluation of conformity report should be based on the parameters pointed out in the „Guide for assessing the favourable conservation status of habitat types and species in Natura 2000 in Bulgaria ".experts on conformity assessment and engineers.10 published announcement in the municipality and the mayoralties According to a response from MOEW to a Chimcomplect request for allowing access to public information. The report should give an assessment for every species and habitat. we are ready to present all layers used for the purpose and available with us.09 . 2.

The rest of the proposals will be taken into account. because of the fact that it considers page 121 of 158 . 8. as well as a GIS expert to support the team in the assessments. we recommend that the above are treated in detail in the EIA report. 8. acquisition of land for the project’s needs. alternatives in energy efficiency and renewable energy sources are not a subject of EIA report. experts in invertebrate fauna. whose professional objectivity is questionable – such experts. Distances from nests of birds of prey (impact during the construction phase) Distances from rock massifs and narrow river valleys (not to allow direct damage and crossing of those sites) Passing parallel to rivers (to ensure a distance of minimum 200 meters from them) To prevent harm to isolated colonies of ground squirrel and deposits of invertebrates. The recultivation will be performed with other species suitable for the purpose.09 . Such a large scale project requires the hiring of a team of experts. Such seeds cannot be provided in the necessary quantities. For all areas where the subject of protection is land turtles. 7. 7.08.09 from the Institute for Green Policy – presented proposals TIONS The project does not envisage any resettlement activities of the local population along the pipeline route. 1. who have worked out too many assessments in a short period of time. ornithologists and experts in mammals.especially sensitive and unable to be compensated components: • • • • 6. II.No. To plan recultivation of the route with seeds of grass species. settling the possible evacuation of citizens. who in the last year have prepared assessments without taking into account the „Guide for assessing the favourable conservation status for habitat types and species in Natura 2000 in Bulgaria " and also such experts. with an experienced expert for each main group of organisms. ichthyologists. We do not recommend hiring experts.Given the commitments undertaken by Bulgaria in implementing the Nabucco pipeline. 49 b FEDERATION Е-mail: 49-00-068/11. For the assessment of the project’s impact on the wild flora and fauna a large team of experts has been hired. as well as GIS experts. as the route does not cross settlements. Regarding the social points of conflict Because of the lack of texts in the Inter-govenrmental agreement. typical of the natural grass ecosystems for the respective region.request for proposals on the ToR for EIA OF NATURE CONSERVATION ASSOCIA.09.Response: Ref. and compensation for damages caused by construction and operation of the project. to provide during the construction phase temporary collection of the turtles from the route strip and to place them back in the locations where they were found after completion of construction. and in various aspects: phytocenologists. herpetologists.49-00-087/09.

which would produce the same effects. The assessment of the impacts on the environmental components should be done separately for each of the stages of construction and operation of the gas pipeline. 1 The EIA report should include and analyse the Nabucco alternatives for reaching the same targets. supposes also other significant for Bulgaria problems of political and geopolitical character. who will work out the report. to evaluate the climatic effect of the use of gas from Nabucco for Bulgaria. 4. The investor is currently developing the options for decommissioning of the pipeline. soil. We would like to underline expressly that IGP does not consider as an alternative to Nabucco the proposed by Russia project South Stream. whether a similar effect will be evaluated on an international level for the whole project. For the moment there is no information what amounts of natural gas will be supplied to Bulgaria via the pipeline. terrorist attack). With regard to this. The hazards and the possible way of action to eliminate or minimize them should be stated explicitly. possible evacuation of citizens. which Bulgaria has set itself. We suppose that a similar problem is facing also the EIA experts. and compensations for damages caused by the construction page 122 of 158 . We suggest analysing with priority the alternatives “energy efficiency” and “renewable energy sources”. factors and hazards: • • • • • • flora and fauna. after reaching the full capacity of the gas flow through the pipeline – after realization of final stage. 2. acquisition of land and other changes of property for the needs of the project. Also. as provided by the Bulgarian law. energy and the environment. as long as this project. This is the contents of every EIA report. which Bulgaria will use for its own purposes. More specifically. separately for each of the countries. Therefore it is totally impossible for the citizen organizations working on the problems of climate. explosions. risks of accidents (natural disasters which could affect the pipeline. we would like to receive information whether a similar climatic effect is planned to be evaluated by Chimcomplect Engineering PLC.„GREEN BALKANS” and recommendations – in the assessment of the environmental components for each stage of construction to use the Guide for assessment on Natura 2000 only first stage of the system construction. to evaluate what are the energy alternatives of the amounts of gas. to make deep detailed assessment of the following components. 3. or by other Bulgarian or international experts. It is most likely that the way of decommissioning will be coordinated with each of the states of the common gas pipeline. beside the common energy source (natural gas). surface and ground water. The assessment of the climate effects will be done by projects for common execution. More specifically. 3. 2. landscape.

В: Regarding protected areas of Natura 2000 1. to request from the investor to prepare and propose a plan of mobilizing the necessary financing for this purpose.10.2009). impact on agriculture (social and economic effects). If such information is missing. the „Guide for assessing the favourable conservation status of habitat types and species in Natura 2000 in Bulgaria " has not been officially confirmed by the Minister of Environment and Water.No. transitions and crossings. To evaluate the impact of the decommissioning stage and recultivation of the terrains. It is not important when in the future this stage will happen.and operation of the facility. (Ref. ЗДОИД-8752 (26. 4. We have the „Guide for assessing the favourable conservation status of habitat types and species in Natura 2000 in Bulgaria " and we are page 123 of 158 .According to a response from MOEW to a Chimcomplect request for allowing access to public information.

it won’t be able to take some of the criteria in to account. 2. 3. The initial version of the route has been changed in order to reduce to a minimum the crossing of Natura 2000 areas. Such seeds cannot be provided in the necessary . to use at least all available GIS layers serving to prepare the borders and assessment of the completeness of the NATURA 2000 network. At the moment a second field survey by the respective experts is being conducted 4. with regard to the reference value in each affected area. The same approach should be undertaken when eventually affecting the following especially sensitive and unable to be compensated components: • • • Distances from nests of birds of prey (impact during the construction phase) Distances from rock massifs and narrow river valleys (not to allow direct damage and crossing of those sites) Passing parallel to rivers (to ensure a distance of minimum 200 meters from them) page 124 of 158 7. For determining the reference values. and if necessary (exceeding the percentage of affected habitats by over 1% of the area in the zone) to seek new alternative routes with a joint expert team . 6. in order to avoid affecting priority natural habitats. The Guide is available in electronic form and may be granted to the team responsible for preparing the evaluation.experts on conformity assessment and engineers. 5. for which it is not possible to go around. 5. and the crossing is only in places. In this regard we are ready to provide all layers used for the purpose and available to us.The remark will be taken into account 8. and with minimum impact on the wild flora and fauna. The remark will be taken into account. The AAR should provide estimates for each species and habitat per each parameter about the population size and area of habitats. The applicable criteria for each specific issue (species. We are thankful for the expressed readiness. and the size of affected populations and habitats. It is necessary to allow at least one active season for the experts field surveys. habitats) will be used during the field surveys and in the assessment of the impacts and in the elaboration of the monitoring program.Unless otherwise stated. 2. The gas pipeline route should be studied with special attention. and will take advantage of it. 3. 6. 4. In this connection. Due to of lack of benchmarks in some cases. if needed. although they have been officially submitted to MOEW. developed in cooperation with and approved by MOEW. we recommend: 1. familiar with the methodological approach suggested in it. The field surveys comprise 2 seasonal inspections – autumn and spring. The Appropriate Assessment report (AAR) should be based on the parameters listed in "Guide for assessing the favourable conservation status of habitat types and species in Natura 2000 in Bulgaria". An assessment of the priority species and habitats is in a development phase. we expect the Appropriate Assessment report to be part of the EIA procedure.

For the assessment of the project’s impact on the wild flora and fauna a qualified team of experts has been hired. We do not recommend hiring experts. to provide during the construction phase a temporary collection of the turtles from the route strip and to place them back in the locations where they were found after completion of construction. quantities.08. 8.request for proposals on the ToR for EIA Response: none 51 Е-mail: 49-00-068/11. herpetologists. 9. as well as GIS experts. Such a large scale project requires the hiring of a team of experts. To plan recultivation of the route with seeds of grass species. ornithologists and experts in mammals. The recultivation will be performed with other species suitable for the purpose.09 . 50 ENVIRONMENTAL ASSOCIATION “ZA ZEMIATA” (FOR THE EARTH) BULGARIAN FOUNDATION “BIODIVERSITY” ASSOCIATION “BORROWED NATURE” Е-mail: 49-00-068/11. who have worked out too many assessments in a short period of time.09 . who in the last year have prepared assessments without taking into account the „Guide for assessing the favourable conservation status for habitat types and species in Natura 2000 in Bulgaria " and also such experts. whose professional objectivity is questionable – such experts. typical of the natural grass ecosystems for the respective region. The rest of the proposals will be taken into account.08.• To prevent harm to isolated colonies of ground squirrel and deposits of invertebrates. For all areas where the subject of protection is land turtles.08.request for proposals on the ToR for EIA Response: none page 125 of 158 . with an experienced expert for each main group of organisms.09 . in various aspects: phytocenologists. as well as a GIS expert to support the team in the assessments. experts in invertebrate fauna. 9. 7. ichthyologists.request for proposals on the ToR for EIA Response: none 52 Е-mail: 49-00-068/11.

10. forthcoming ToR for EIA – request for proposals Response: none Е-mail: 49-00-068/11.No. 49-00-005/28. forthcoming ToR for EIA – request Fund for Nature for proposals Response: none MOEW Directory Bowels of the Earth and Underground Resources Ref No.09 .1. 49-00-005/28. 49-00-005/28.2010 about investment intention.2010 about investment intention.1.info on geological phenomena in the 500-meter corridor with maps and coordinates Response: Ref.request for proposals on the ToR for EIA Response: none 55 Bulgarian Letter No. 26-00-1009/23.2010 about investment intention.2010 about investment intention. 49-00-035/15. forthcoming ToR for EIA – request for proposals Response: none 56 57 World Wide Letter No.04. 49-00-005/28.ASSOCIATION PARKS IN BULGARIA 53 Civil association “Public Barometer” Bulgarian association on water 54 Bulgarian Geological Society Letter No.1.1.10 from MOEW – no geological phenomena present along the route The information will be included in items on Bowels of the Earth and Landscape 58 page 126 of 158 . forthcoming ToR for EIA – request foundation for proposals “Environmental Response: none partnership” Association for the wild nature „BALKANS” Letter No.03.08.

10 from ExEA – there is no register Agency (ExEA) PARI daily newspaper Posrednik newspaper Chance News newspaper Slivensko delo newspaper Targovishki novini newspaper Chernomosrki far newspaper Borba newspaper Utro newspaper Shumenska zaria newspaper Executive Environment Agency Е-mail: 90-00-005/21. 49-00-054/22.No. diagnosis and prognosis 2010-2025.09 09 –cost and possibility for 3 publications Publications on 26.09 Decision No.09 – cost and possibility for 3 publications Publications on 25.05.05.08.09 and ЦЛ1297-1244/28. invoice and clippings Е-mail: 90-00-005/21.28.05. 37-00-689/05.05.05. invoice and clippings Е-mail: 90-00-005/21.09 09 –cost and possibility for 3 publications Publications on 25 May.No. 27 and 29 May. 49-00-053/22.09 – requested info on transport load. ЦЛ-1055-1000/18.07.granted Protocols of tests No.08. 70/7.09 –cost and possibility for 3 publications Publications on 25 May. 49-00-052/22. invoice and clippings Е-mail: 90-00-005/21.09.05.No.07. 26-00-1692/1.No.No. invoice and clippings Е-mail: 90-00-005/21.09 – requested number and type of train compositions – Railways (BDZ) passenger and freight – for noise impacts Response: Ref.05. 27 and 29 May. fax 49-00-091/14.10 – Public register for polluted soil –with doubts and proven Environment Response: Ref.09 for access .09 –cost and possibility for 3 publications Publications on 25.07.No.26-00-4192/07.05.09 presented load by sectors Central Lab roads and bridges Letter Ref. invoice and clippings Е-mail: 90-00-005/21. invoice and clippings Е-mail: 90-00-005/21.59 Executive Ref No.09.08.09 – cost and possibility for 3 publications Publications on 25.. 27 and 29 May.09 presented data page 127 of 158 71 .04.08.09 09 –cost and possibility for 3 publications Publications on 25 May. invoice and clippings Е-mail: 90-00-005/21. 49-00-036/15.06.No. 27 and 29 May. invoice and clippings Letter Ref. invoice and clippings Е-mail: 90-00-005/21.09 to Central Lab of Roads for additional info on roads Responses: Ref.05.243/2008 and 787/2008 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 Bulgarian Letter Ref.09 – cost and possibility for 3 publications Publications on 25.03.05 and 2.09 –cost and possibility for 3 publications Publications on 25. 27 and 29 May.09 – requested protocols for ambient air emissions Response: Ref.

736/28.No.12.12.No. Response: Such studies are performed in the periods in which the land is not cultivated and in the presence of the municipal committee.2009 and ЗНПБ-7843/02.2009 requested coordinates of SPZ belts II and III Response: Ref.12. with coordinates (of belt I) Letter Ref.No.2009 requested coordinates of SPZ belts II and III –for Omurtag area Response: Ref.No.2009-requested information on underground resources. Letter Ref.No.5 pcs.2010 – presented plan with entered water sources and data on their location.11.12.09 – presented sketches with water sources -4 pcs.No. After completion of drilling the drilling crew must restore damaged areas to its original condition.15 pcs Letters Ref.No. 49-00-026/15.hydrogeological studies. 49-00-121А/14. -Еmail=49-00-139/16. 49-00-121А/07. 49-00-043/9.12. given coordinates.No.07. For growers.09 – presented sketch of water sources without coordinates.2010 requested coordinates of SPZ belts II and III Response: Ref. ІІ and ІІІ of water sources of municipalities Bolyarovo and Straldzha .06. 955/22. ІІ and ІІІ of water sources – maps and sketches. for which no SPZs are regulated. can the route be deviated from their parcels? page 128 of 158 Will be used when preparing the section: Status of groundwater and assessment of the impact on it Will be used when preparing the section: Status of groundwater and assessment of the impact on it Will be used when preparing the section: Status of groundwater and assessment of the impact on it The information will be included in sections: Bowels of the earth and Landscape Will be used when preparing the section: Status of groundwater and assessment of the impact on it Will be used when preparing the section: Status of groundwater and assessment of the impact on it Will be used when preparing the section: Status of groundwater and assessment of the impact on it Will be used when preparing the section: Status of groundwater and assessment of the impact on it 73 Water and Sewerage Plc Burgas 74 Water and Sewerage LtdShumen 75 Water and Sewerage Targovishte 76 Water supply Danube Ltd -Razgrad 77 Water and Sewerage Ltd Sliven 78 Water and Sewerage Ltd – Yambol 79 MOEW Directorate „Bowels of the Earth and Underground Resources” Participant in technical meeting from Lovech municipality Participant in 80 81 .09 requested coordinates of SPZ belts II and III Response: Ref.diagnosis for 2005 and prognosis for 2010-2025 72 Water and Sewerage Ltd Targovishte Letter Ref.No.06.09 – presented sketches with water sources – 22 pcs.07. 49-00-043/9. -02-70/1.2009 requested coordinates of SPZ belts II and III Response: Ref. Note for attention to the nearness of Ticha Dam. with coordinates (of belt I) Letter Ref.1.2009 – given coordinate registers of belt І. mentioned project for Bratan dam .2009.2010 – presented sketches with water sources .No.No.1. -045/18.2009 requested coordinates of SPZ belts II and III Response: Ref. and digital models and information on lack of deposits within the 2 km corridor of the route per options.04.2009 and 49-00-117/23. candidating on EU programs.No.No.09 requested coordinates of SPZ belts II and III Response: Ref.07.12. 49-00-121В/8. Letter Ref. Preliminary studies.2009 .No.12. 49-00-121А/07.No.performed check-up and presented information – maps with data on deposits.given coordinate registers of belt І. with coordinates (of belt I) Letter Ref.07.No. /22. 10097/11. deposits along the route for 2 options Responses: Ref. 49-00-120 Р/14.are likely to cause damage to property of different owners. village of Bratan Letter Ref. ЗНПБ-7843/26.12.

For the perennial is the same. For how long must the information materials for informational spots in the settlements be maintained? Response: Before and during construction in the municipality 83 84 Participant in technical meeting from Lovech municipality Participant in technical meeting from Lovech municipality Participant in technical meeting from Lovech municipality Participant in technical meeting from Letnitsa municipality Participant in technical When the gas pipeline passes through the land of people. The land of the people will not be bought up (except for about 300 acres for surface facilities). The restrictions on use should not affect the map material Response: The restrictions will be duly noted. Question of study are the relationships between the farmers and the European financial institutions and how they can avoid penalties from them. how will the compensations be negotiated? Response: The compensation will be based on current market prices. how they will be compensated? At the moment the price of land reaches 600 BGN/acre in a growing interest. In deep plowing. 85 86 There are plans to build gas charging stations (near Slavyani for example) near the old pipeline. Response: Nabuco Bulgaria has nothing to do with these stations of private owners but their coordinates are a mandatory subject to clarification and consideration when planning. The minimal depth spoken of is 1m. Where does the pipeline enter in Bulgaria? Response: The pipeline enters Bulgaria near the village of Strandzha on the Bulgarian-Turkish border. administrative? What power will consume compressor page 129 of 158 .technical meeting from Lovech municipality 82 Participant in technical meeting from Lovech municipality Participant in technical meeting from Lovech municipality Response: There will be compensations for the annual crops. The planned depth of 1m is minimal and is sufficient to prevent the risks of deep plowing. 87 88 When is anticipated the construction of compressor stations? Is it possible not to build any? Where do you build such a station. Individual when planning the pipeline is designed to avoid perennial agricultural fields. Finally the soil is recovered and returned to the owner in the presence of competent authorities and with delivery-acceptance protocol.they will be compensated because the pipeline passes under their land and because during construction will have no harvest. which could be between it and Nabucco.60cm aren’t you posing a risk and isn’t it better to lay the pipeline at greater depth? Response: At the moment there are power cables under agricultural land which is processed without problem.

meeting from Letnitsa municipality 89 Participant in technical meeting from Letnitsa municipality Participant in technical meeting from Letnitsa municipality Participant in technical meeting from Letnitsa municipality Participant in technical meeting from Letnitsa municipality station? Response: 1) It depends on the completion of the “open season”.for preserving the materials.5m and the land cover above the pipeline is minimum 1m. including BTC. after approval of their location in the SPP. 3) Again depends on the technological requirements. 3) There will be no subsidence and collapsing because of the tamping.uncultivated areas. former cooperatives and etc. Heavy tracks that will move will only be used for runway construction because the road surface cannot carry their load. which can serve as warehouses and camps. The cables can’t be mapped but the posts are registered. 94 Representative Are there some new objects on or around the project pipeline route? page 130 of 158 . Are the places for storage of materials and the routes for the movement of the materials (and the heavy vehicles) defined? What is expected to be commitment of the municipality? Response: 1) Sites are needed for temporary construction camps. Response: There is no easement for 400m It is about 36m asymmetrically construction strip (12+26m from trench). 2) The technique to be used is unique. The designer is interested in renting such sites from the municipalities. the zone of 400m is the restriction of construction. 90 91 92 93 Participant in technical meeting from Letnitsa municipality After covering the trench and the pipeline what will you do with the redundant soil? Will be there laying of inert materials? Will there be a collapse of soil above the pipeline? Response: 1) Soil will be transported and disposed on specially designated areas. where worker are housed. In the 400m easement zone probably falls a large number of facilities of CEZ. 2) With rock mass are laid 10-15cm backfilling and 10 cm ductile soil but at areas with regular soil (as at Letnitsa) there will be no backfilling – the same soil will be used and recultivation of the humus layer. Depending on the ongoing electricity are applied various measures to ensure security of the power lines. Ahead is the making of detailed management plan for transport. At what depth will the pipeline be buried? Response: The depth of the trench is minimum 2.there might be a slight embankment over the pipeline which will subside quickly after plowing and rain. 2) Its unlikely and depends on the estimates of the studies but its possible not to build a compressor station near the municipality. as well as sites for storage yards. 220 and 400 KW) and investment companies (for power lines with voltage 20 KW) for all lines in the area of the pipeline route and are mapped. due to lack of information from the investment companies. 4) About 800 KW but will be used mainly gas from the pipeline. These sites are approved in the SPP (Spatial Parcel Plan) which must be approved by the competent authorities. CEZ (and other investment companies) should be able to react promptly and provide electricity to camps and warehouses. How will the power lines be intersected? Response: Received data from NEC (for power lines with voltage 110.

MOEW. For smaller wind farms we recommend to contact municipality services Agriculture which must have data on land use. meeting from Response: The easement of Nabucco does not fall within the easement area of the existing Byala pipeline. this is the Espoo convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a transboundary context. In what period of time will be able to use this resource? Response: The concluded agreement and political support is for a period of 50 years but it is quite possible that this period will be extended. 98 99 100 What can the municipal council do for the Nabucco project? Can you provide a map of the project and the passing through the land? Do you think the municipal administration can contribute on the issue of people’s property? Response: 1) We rely on the assistance of the municipality in all matters of local importance and competence. Depending on the needs. comments and questions. The mayors will disseminate information on their settlements Response: Thank you for your involvement and we rely on active cooperation with local authorities. a P. 3)A SPP plan is prepared which will be accessible to all stakeholders. The plan is the two pipelines to be positioned close to each other and to have separate municipality easement areas but a common security zone. each company may request access to the capacity of the supplies of Nabucco. As a potential the whole consumption of the country may be provided by Nabucco but that depends on the preferences of users and providers.we recommend to connect with NEC about realised major project in 3 phases x Chimcomplect 75 turbines.95 of Response: CEZ. Participant in It is good that in the municipality the gas pipeline follows the easement of the existing gas technical pipeline which contributes for the positive attitude to the Nabucco pipeline.O. total 225 turbines in the agriculture area Miziya. 96 97 What part of the transported gas we will be able to use? Response: As one of the shareholders together with the other we participate for up to 50% of the amount of transported gas. 2) Map will be presented on the municipal information board. 101 Agriculture is major branch of the economy and the planned recultivation is page 131 of 158 . NEC has the data about the large investment companies.box is installed as well for making post. The park is quite large and may affect the planned route. Participant in technical meeting from Byala municipality Participant in technical meeting from Byala municipality Participant in technical meeting from Byala municipality Participant in technical meeting from Oryahovo municipality Participant in technical meeting from Oryahovo municipality Participant in technical Is there common to all countries transboundary environmental impact assessment? Response: Yes. It is regulated by the national competent authority.there must be registered data.

Response: The owners through whose land the pipeline passes will be compensated for the period of construction and after completion of construction the land will be recultivated and used again by the owner with easement restrictions. page 132 of 158 . They will also be marked on the maps which will be provided to you. What plants could be sown? Response: Only long standing and the owners will be compensated.preliminary project the entire route has been photographed and a 500m corridor prepared. Response: That is right. which will be coordinated. Response: Of course. And for their safety maximum level of security will be ensured. this is an obligatory measure. In these 500m the route can vary and changes can be made. How can I find out where the route of the pipeline will pass? Response: The municipalities are provided with maps of the pipeline route. part of the materials that we present to You in relation with the providing of information is also map material with the pipeline route. 108 People are interested in the issue of compensation for their lands. 104 105 106 107 When are the DDP expected to be ready? Response: By the end of the year. Of course these changes will be promptly announced. We assume that valve stations will be built? We recommend ensuring their safety and security. Forthcoming is the entering the route of DDP . 103 If the pipeline route is changed will we be informed promptly? Response: Within the DDP. Is there a mapped route of the pipeline on the territory of Knezha? Response: Yes.preliminary plan.meeting from Oryahovo municipality 102 Participant in technical meeting from Oryahovo municipality Participant in technical meeting from Oryahovo municipality Participant in technical meeting from Knezha municipality Participant in technical meeting from Knezha municipality Participant in technical meeting from Iskar municipality Participant in technical meeting from Iskar municipality Participant in technical meeting from Iskar municipality calming.

guards etc. What is planned to provide an emergency safety? Response: Very high safety level of the equipment is planned according to high standards and safety requirements with continuous monitoring. On the other hand we rely on the mayors to provide information about the possibility of building a temporary construction camps and storage sites that you can send to Chimcomplect. The European community however. Response: In order to recover the areas in their previous condition additional resources will be page 133 of 158 113 114 115 Participant in technical meeting from Bolyarovo . This possibility has been considered when the ESIA report was prepared as a measure to mitigate any negative impact and to encourage the local economy. In the design process are taken maximal security measures. 110 Participant in technical meeting from Iskar municipality Participant in technical meeting from Iskar municipality Participant in technical meeting from Iskar municipality Participant in technical meeting from Bolyarovo municipality Participant in technical meeting from Bolyarovo municipality 111 112 When the property is not divided how will the legatees be compensated. which can be implemented by local residents.109 Participant in technical meeting from Iskar municipality Can local workers be used for construction of the pipeline? Response: Specialised equipment will be used for the construction which requires specific qualifications. Isn’t the distance between the block valves too big (20-30km) we recommend that you visit the site of a recent accident with caused damage in diameter 300m Response: Taking into account the recent accident near the settlement the apprehensions of the representatives of the community are understandable. has very high demands on safety and those requirements were transposed in the Bulgarian legislation. But there will be a non-specialised activities as drivers. When will the construction work take place? Response: The construction will be performed in the period 2012-2015 and after the approval of the schedules they will be presented to municipalities and authorities. Are any compensations provided for the 400m security zone? Response: The law requires the presence of such a zone and there are no compensations for it. The cluster of construction equipment and machines leads to trampling and soil pollution and creates worries among the population. taking into account that there are some that live abroad? And what is the role of tenants? Response: Because the project was declared of national importance we rely on cooperation with local authorities to solve this and other problems.

for instance for community centres? Response: As the project is international it does not have a purpose to stimulate the local community. This is part of the project planning. The actual restoration of the environment is a term taken into consideration in the planning of the project and in the ESIA report.municipality 116 Participant in technical meeting from Bolyarovo municipality Participant in technical meeting from Bolyarovo municipality provided and included in the budget. Will you hire local workers? Response: Specialised equipment will be used for the construction which requires specific qualifications. How far will be the Nabucco pipeline from the existing gas pipeline and on which side? Response: On recommendation of the designer Penspen the new pipeline will be located 100m away from the existing pipeline. Are any funds for the local community foreseen. all the wastes will be transported and processed. Response: The ambition of the designers is the Nabucco project to set standards for future projects with its measures to restore the used infrastructure. where 6800 pipes will be stored. Basically there will be two central warehouses. So the use of local work force will be limited.in Sliven and Pleven.when entering Bulgaria is on the right and at Lozenets passes left of the existing pipeline. Separately at an interval of 25km will be sites for accommodation of the workers and for storage of the pipes. Will there be delivery/acceptance protocol for the performance of the reinstatement activities in the construction strip? Will there be delivery and acceptance for the issue of land in the form in which they were works? Response: Yes. with the exception of the demand for non-specialised workers. The draft ESIA report includes various measures including restoration of road infrastructure due to damage caused by the project. the project will be seeking cooperation and signature from representatives of page 134 of 158 117 118 Participant in technical meeting from Bolyarovo municipality Participant in technical meeting from Bolyarovo municipality Participant in technical meeting from Bolyarovo municipality Participant in technical meeting from Bolyarovo municipality 119 120 121 . The opportunity for financing the local community as a mitigation measure will be discussed and the outcome of the discussion will be brought to the attention of the local administration. Will there remain wastes and obsolete equipment around the trenches after construction? We ask this question because we had such problems with the construction of previous projects in the municipality. Response: No. A serious problem will be the damage to road infrastructure.

Response: We must not forget that Nabucco is international project that has international and national significance and in smaller extend – local significance. as the existing power is not high? Response: Up to 1 kilowatt for the valve stations. In what way the control over the pipeline’s work will be realized. Near Losenets it will be built Gas Measuring Station. Currently we don’t have a map with precise coordinates therefore we can not give correct data. Response: Unfortunately gaspipeline’s troubles are a fact. We understand that the only thing that will be done is to recover the construction’s consequences. In what state it gas is transported – liquidity or gaseous? 20 – 30 km is seen as too big distance for the valve stations – it is recommended to be constructed also manual valve stations. It’s purpose is clearly expressed during meeting as the meeting today It is not clear what is the security of the gaspipeline and what are the measures in case of emergency situations. Where will be a compressor station built. where will be the sites for workers and pipes. Compressor station. needs around 800 – 1000 kilowatts. Indeed the pipeline route is shifted by 100m from the existing security zone and it is not expected to significantly affect the existing infrastructure or planned investment proposals. but on a yearly basis it’s a very small page 135 of 158 123 124 Participant in technical meeting from Bolyarovo municipality Participant in technical meeting from Bolyarovo municipality Participant in technical meeting from Bolyarovo municipality Participant in technical meeting from Sredets municipality 125 126 127 . if such will be built in the municipality? Response: On latest information one compressor station is expected to be built in municipality Omurtag and one in municipality Oryahovo. It is not cleared what is the distance from the existing pipeline. In short it is important to know what damage we can expect. Also the water and electricity supply. We want it to be specified what would be the benefits for the population from the realization of the project Response: Thank you for this question which will be carefully discussed What is the necessary power for the facilities – valve stations and so on. in comparison. These locations however can be changed and are not considered as definitive. We want to tell us clearly that the local community will gain nothing for the project. as currently we are at the stage of preliminary draft. Municipalities will participate in the coordination of these plans. Response: A DDP-preliminary and DDP.122 Participant in technical meeting from Bolyarovo municipality Participant in technical meeting from Bolyarovo municipality local authorities and the settlements for acceptance of the land after the construction. which power consumption will not be more that 50 to 100 kilowatts.final project is worked out. the temporary roads etc. For us it is important to understand where exactly the route passes. It is recommended during community meetings to explain what the safety of the facility is.

Construction is conformed to the periods when animal species and their habitats will not be disturbed. local suppliers of goods and services and to connect pipeline’s construction with potential possibilities for the local communities. is there any ESIA report common for the 5 countries? Response: ESIA report for Bulgaria is separate document. The construction itself is expected to continue year and a half – two years. as the use is page 136 of 158 131 132 . Construction strip – what kind of activities are you going to do there – I suppose that compensation for the landowner will be noted. On municipality base it has to finish for several months along with the landowner’s compensations. including detonate activity. but in order to avoid damages on existing pipelines during construction. Response: Construction is fully conformed to circumstances and conditions on the places. because transporting in liquid state requires supporting of permanent temperature of 169°С. During design phase the materials as well as the work are under the control of very high European and international safety standards. Emergency plans and groups for emergency reactions will be created. The gas is transported in gaseous state. Is the ESIA for Bulgaria a separate report. Permanent monitoring and control of the facilities is provided. Response: The recommendation and the identified sensitive question are going to be taken into consideration. What are the benefits of the local community from realizing the project? Response: The aim of this international project is not developing the local community. On the territory of Yambol and Burgas municipality are not planned construction of compressor stations. on central level fire department delegated preparation of there measures to the designer. but there are some places. I see that you’ve tried to avoid Natura 2000 sites. As regards to safety. where this problem was indicated as sensitive for the local authorities. 130 What timeframes has the construction phase? It is important for the Natura zones. After the end of the repair works on the gas pipeline there are ruts and unrecovered pedestrian terrains – do you consider this as important. this distance is increased to 100 m. where you didn’t manage to do it – how you are going to work there. the project has international and national dimension. But we have to underline that this analysis and measures are prepared as a part of an investment business project. and subsequently discussion of these measurement will be conducted. which social impact is not of primary significance. How the landowners will be compensated. Briefly Nabucco gaspipeline provides unprecedented for Bulgaria safety measures – permanent video monitoring and remote control. respectively for the local community. Subject of the impacts on the social environment study is the way by which the project could engage local work force. Recommendation of the mayor prior to the meeting opening: careful recultivation and cleaning of the construction strip from wastes and materials after the end of construction.128 Participant in technical meeting from Sredets municipality Participant in technical meeting from Sredets municipality Participant in technical meeting from Sredets municipality Participant in technical meeting from Sredets municipality Participant in technical meeting from Straldzha municipality 129 percent that is constantly reducing. The minimum distance recommended between two gaspipelines is 35 m. This was pointed out also in Bolyarovo municipality. but at this moment the route is still under specification. at the end a common document for the 5 countries crossed by the gaspipeline will be prepared.

Voynishki Bakardjik is Natura 2000 zone. Compensation themselves are conformed to different factors – not only land’s prise. For its avoiding a few kilometres were added to the pipeline’s route. are a sort of “virtual” zone that do not concern any reglamentation or systematisation and is made for use by the designer. Municipality land fund – Much of the lands are ceded for management to private persons. will be compensated based on market prises. There are possibility construction terms of Nabucco to coincide with the construction of the highway – this could highly limit moving into the zone of its construction. Response: Following these meetings and this question. If the highway is constructed first one.133 Participant in technical meeting from Straldza municipality Participant in technical meeting from Straldza municipality Participant in technical meeting from Straldza municipality Participant in technical meeting from Straldza municipality Participant in technical meeting from Straldza municipality 134 limited in respect to perennial crops and so on? Response: Landowners. Response: Construction of the two objects is not going to coincide. this will not affect the highway construction. All this is an object of strict procedure. In some cases the designer is obliged to come out of the zone. This zone is designated for design’s comfort – in case of construction of wind farms and other projects or restrictions. whose lands are crosses by the Nabucco route. it was sent a letter to the Ministry of Agriculture and in the beginning of October we expect a meeting with the Minister of page 137 of 158 135 136 137 . What is expected in such cases. For the gaspipeline the consequences will not be serous. In case of infrastructure’s affection emergency repair works are made and affected parts are compensated. And if the gaspipeline is constructed first. many baseline studies are made. On the territory of the municipality. What exactly is going to be done in the 500 meter corridor – what activities and restriction are planned for this zone? Response: These 500 m. because the object is buried and do not divide land or fragmentation of the protected zones. aiming to be conformed to the project. the designer could plan rerouting in the 500-meter zone. At the moment the additional shooting and studies. when the route passes through such lands? The question is very serious. which rely on subsidies. Mayor’s questionnaires – require much time and information – we want if it is possible representative of the company that develops ESIA to visit the mayors and to explain and help the mayors to fill the questionnaire. regulatory authority and investment companies – for Water supply systems as well as for the electricity networks. as the infringement of the landowner’s obligations is followed by very serious fines and termination of the subsidies. I order to realize the project. but also sown crops. in the scope of the planned route of the gaspipeline there are existing Water supply systems – what you are going to do with them? Response: Data for the existing infrastructural objects and facilities are collected from the respective companies. Nature zones with protected status are different and these are not only Natura 2000 zones. a sort of mantle will be made and the gaspipeline will be put through. Response: This recommendation has been noted in the minute of the meeting. Protection of the protected zones is respected in maximum possible extend during design phase.

page 138 of 158 142 . in order to protect roads. 13 September – accident. It is determined also a strict procedure for communication between stakeholders and investor after the construction as well. With regard to what happened here. We are worried that changes round the river and dikes. until now the practice was to transport two or three pipes at the same time. During the past gaspipeline construction rocks were piled on a private land. On the existing gaspipeline’s route recultivation was not made and consequently these lands were excluded from subsidies. The capacity of the roads to take the traffic. as well as the possibility for creating temporary roads for access to the construction strip are estimated and measures for recovering of the damaged roads are planned. it is a responsibility to the local authorities to require compensation. Nabucco Bulgaria regard to this question very serious and we are going to ensure information and cooperation procedure with such landowners. Their opinion is very important for avoiding of such dangers. consolation and discussion. We are obliged to represent detailed plan in front of financial institutions for communication. For comparison. It is recommended valve stations to be located on comfortable and short distances. it is planned transport of only one pipe at the same time. That is why we rely on cooperation with local mayors to avoid all types of unwanted from the two side’s activities. River Marash is situated in the south part of the complex Straldza next to village Atolovo. for clear representation of the activities and expected consequences for the settlements and their citizens. later this land was drained without owner’s agreement and knowledge. to which the planned construction activities are relevant. connected to the construction could lead to floods.road network condition and existing traffic. Very severe measures are taken for land restoration – recultivation. This is a serous restriction for the landowners and creates negative attitudes among people. a slight shaft that is going to flatten with the first rains or plowing and so on. For Nabucco gaspipeline. Response: All planned measures will be presented to the local authorities and to the relevant experts. bridges and so on. These measures continue after the construction.138 Participant in technical meeting from Straldza municipality 139 Participant in technical meeting from Straldza municipality Participant in technical meeting from Straldza municipality 140 141 Participant in technical meeting from Straldza municipality Participant in technical Agriculture and Food to clarify this question. How such situations are going to be avoided during construction of Nabucco? Response: Intern and dug material will be deposed only with the knowledge of the mayor and with his order. Thank you very much for this note. The land recultivation itself is connected with establishment of expert commission with the participation of municipality and mayors of the settlements to observe the recultivation and recovery of the land. Response: We suppose that such approach – meetings and consultations also was not applied on previous gaspipeline projects. Plan for traffic organization during construction – when and how we are going to have such? How the roads are going to be recovered and it is possible municipality roads which now are in bad condition to be also recovered? Response: Aiming studding of the consequences of the construction on the traffic network. a full set of data is analysed .

As a respect to the risks of reaching the pipe. to invest in the settlement. On the places with valve stations is planned video monitoring in order to avoid not only accidents. page 139 of 158 144 145 146 147 148 .3 m. The note is made on the base of regions. Landowners will be compensated based on market prises once for the time of the construction and second time for the right of way. How exactly the social assessment will be made – there were cases when vineyards’ prises were increased or decreased? How the construction strip will be recovered and how are going to be avoided malicious activities from the part of the workers – for example a worker could take a shortcut through crops? Response: In respect to the compensation procedure – clearly and openly we point out our contacts and we seek conversation with all stakeholders. We doubt that it is necessary to be organized discussions with the local population as people could disagree gaspipeline’s crossing through their lands. But we can declare that during Nabucco construction very severe and unprecedented safety and security measures will be observed during construction and operation of the facility. By this system the whole gaspipeline route is monitored and controlled 24 hours a day from distance. The project is conformed also with the possibilities of stimulation of the local economy – work force. On a minimum depth of 1 m. depth? Response: 1 m. Also they will have the possibility to direct their recommendations and questions to us anytime. they asked the local people what to do for them. areas for worker’s camps and construction materials yards. suppliers of goods and services. but what compensation they are going to receive. for example deep plowing on 70 – 80 sm.2 – 1. As a whole the expected distance is 1. but also intentional malicious acts. and are located mainly in agricultural lands. what would happen are few landowners declaring that they refuse to give their lands? Response: Project status and national legislation exclude the question if the gaspipeline is going to cross their lands or not. Nabucco is a national project. from 70’s till now there is no such case with the existing gaspipelines that measures to 2600 km. is the minimum distance from the upper side of the pipe to the surface. Citizens must be and they will be informed. For the first time in Bulgaria SCADA system will be applied by optical cabel. Response: The project is very big and it is impossible to make note for each one person. and the second – construction of underground facility with minimum impact on the settlements after the construction phase.meeting from Straldza municipality 143 Participant in technical meeting from Straldza municipality Participant in technical meeting from Sungurlare municipality Participant in technical meeting from Sungurlare municipality Participant in technical meeting from Sungurlare municipality Participant in technical meeting from Sungurlare municipality Participant in technical meeting from Sungurlare municipality Response: As a whole valve station are located on each 20 – 25 km. People are interested what the benefits are for them personally. Response: The projects themselves are from different type – the first case supposes permanent settlement and presence. It is recommended money to be given for ennoblement of the settlements. Response: Of course it is necessary to be organized such meetings. the agricultural activities may be affected. When in Novo selo was built US military camp. The right of way itself comes only after compensation payment.

We’ve planned a period of three months for finishing of the formal procedures connected to the land ownership. We rely on the cooperation of the municipality during preparation of the land assessment. The so called SCADA system will be integrated for permanent monitoring and control of the facility. as this a necessary condition for entering into forces the right of way. Compensation is owed regardless land ownership. Are there any staffs on the stations for increasing the pressure? Response: The station near by will be remote-controlled. What is the coefficient of protection of the system and what are the safety measures? Response: Gaspipeline is tested on 140 atmospheres. scale and aims of the two studies. even if one valve station do not function. but also for the citizens. From the other hand. lands and so on? Response: Compensation does not concern only use of the land during construction. Specification from a municipality page 140 of 158 . During the third quarter (vacation’s period) of 2012 the procedures for right of way and right of construction are going to be underway. the methane is light and is dispersing in the air. The high standards for safety and security are a basis for high confidence in gaspipeline’s safety. but also restriction for the owners form the right of way. Is there any attempts and simulations for emergency action made for example in a case of system crash? Response: It is not a coincidence that the route is projected on a significant distance from the urbanised zones.149 Participant in technical meeting from Sungurlare municipality Participant in technical meeting from Sungurlare municipality Participant in technical meeting from Sungurlare municipality Participant in technical meeting from Targovishte municipality Compensation depends on the cultivated crops. and pipes have also internal anti-corrosion coating. Response: We’ve planned in the end of this year to have already identified the gaspipeline route and to give way to the formal procedure. In respect to the recultivation – all roads and measures are marked in the project. the next one will be used. Fencing of the construction strip restricts also the possibility malicious workers to take short cuts through agricultural lands with heavy machinery. This restriction will be also calculated in the compensations that will be defined on market prises. In a face to face conversation after the meeting was explained the difference between evaluation of agricultural lands and social impact assessment – difference in essence. 150 151 152 153 Participant in technical meeting from Targovishte municipality The compensation that landowners are going to receive will be for the time of construction. and is affected by the cultivated crops and other objective factors. I suppose? Is it planned compensation for municipality lands – pastures. This is a request from our part of course. All landowners will be compensated. Given the hard procedure it is recommended the documents to be provided on a maximum early stage in order not to slower the procedure. including as regards to recultivation. The possibilities for communication for us are also many – not only for the local authority. We’re establishing a communication register for stakeholders. The market prises are an object if procedure and study.

the construction and land occupation is a question of specifying. Response: Of course. as the landowners who do not live in Varbitsa have to be informed. but the recommendation of the deputy mayor is the documents to be presented as soon as possible in order not to slower the formal procedures. This 25 km that pass through the municipality – we suppose that they are going to be occupied during the whole construction period. roads on which heavy trucks pass going to be recovered? There are people that say: “What you have now. Are there some stations – compressor. control or measuring – that are going to be built. This concerns also sites for construction camps and site for storing the materials. Population is interested in the social part – what is going to win and what is going to lose. We are going to inform the population in details soon – brochures. Who is going to give the building right? Response: It is issued by the Minister – one building permission for the whole project. You said that it is being prepared preliminary and final DDP – do you know when they are going to be ready. public discussions will be held. you’ve mentioned two years? Response: On this early stage. Building of constructions camps and sites will contribute with rents and supplies for the local community. at least in their initial condition. But we can affirm that the municipalities will be crossed in up to one season in order not to have open trench on the territory of the whole country. but we will fully recover affected lands and roads. Of course all depends on the local conditions and possibilities. is this related with new page 141 of 158 . Are the places. We are available for all types of questions and commentaries during all the time and we are going to be responsive to all stakeholders. to ensure bigger support among the population? Response: This is one of the purposes of the social study – to collect detailed information about how the project could benefit the local communities and how we can avoid adverse impact. Internet site for those who use Internet.154 Participant in technical meeting from Targovishte municipality Participant in technical meeting from Targovishte municipality Participant in technical meeting from Targovishte municipality Participant in technical meeting from Targovishte municipality 155 employee: There are statutory periods. you’ll lose it later”. because we expect that it is going to have supporters as well as opponents of the project and it would be nice if we can tell more concrete things to support the project. This meeting and the materials are very useful for all of us in getting known with the project. Response: That is why we undertake such meetings and we inform the community and stakeholders – to know what is going to pass here. It is not possible to avoid adverse impacts. One plus for the advantage of being informed – in Sungurlare the mayor asked how a strip of 500 m will be dig and how the people’s land will be expropriated – as you can see such thing do not exist. that were mentioned during presentation. To avoid the possibility to gamble with people’s opinion we first of all undertake series of such informative meetings and create information corners. During the sociological study we hope to understand informative assessment and citizen’s attitude. our desire is to cooperate effectively and our request is to work in a maximum short terms where it is possible to avoid delay. 156 157 158 Participant in technical meeting from Varbitsa What is the significance of this project for the population on a local basis.

In respect to the works force hiring – the subject of the social study is the possibility for local development. preliminary location next to Omurtag. The libretto of the opera itself wasn’t a coincidence as well – Nabucco tells about the meeting between East and West and the gaspipeline Nabucco is such energy meeting. To avoid in maximum stage the infringement of the road network and the bridge facilities only one pipe will be transported on one run. the better. Are there any indications for rerouting or for negative attude towards the project in any municipality? Response: We have already made more than 10 meetings in municipalities and we do not have such cases. The designers if all the countries gave the name “Nabucco” by the name of the opera which they had visited the previous night. and they are going to be the least possible. instead of two or three pipes on a run. they are going to be careful planned. but as soon as the location is finally defined. this could affect the available local work force. This procedure is a necessary condition for receiving building permission.municipality 159 Participant in technical meeting from Varbitsa municipality Participant in technical meeting from Varbitsa municipality Participant in technical meeting from Varbitsa municipality Participant in technical meeting from work places? In respect to the new temporary roads – is their location at maps final? And a little bit funny question – what is the history of the name Nabucco? Response: DDP are presented for coordination to all municipalities and we hope that soon they will be cleared.5 on the Richter scale? page 142 of 158 160 161 162 . and the more qualified it is. Mainly the transport is going to be made in the construction strip. which will be engaged during construction period. There is conversation for construction of the road I-7 (Silistra-Varbitsa-to Greek border-Lesovo) and if the two projects coincide. We are not the first municipality where such meeting take place. In respect of the landowners a procedure for their identifying is underway aiming payment of compensations for gaspipeline’s crossing through their lands. Until now it is defined orientation. In a respect to the temporary roads. Donchev: do you mean that the municipality is located in a seismic zone and that a few years ago it was an epicenter of earthquake with magnitude around 3. between Beloslavtsi. On this stage it is not planned building of compressor station in the municipality. On the contrary. In respect of the roads. Again for road I-7 – are the two projects conformed? Response: There are no way the two projects to exclude one another and realization of the one of them to damage the other. everywhere we are facing acceptance of the aims and necessity of the project realisation. the project is coordinated wit Traffic Police and Ministry of Transport. Information Technology and Communication and conformed to local conditions. Question towards Mr. Tapchileshtovo and Prezviter Cosma. but we expect technical parameters on which base the locations of the stations will be defined. including hiring of local work force. And without coordination of the project there is no way the project to receive building permition. the information will be presented to the municipalities. Response: The two projects will be conformed and we do not expect their realization to create conflicts or the work force to be insufficient.

In respect of Nabucco. The system is completely hermetic and if there are disorders they are immediately detected and eliminated. The sanitary protection zone of the dam is an object of regulation. There was similar question in Sungurlare municipality. without saying a concrete coefficient that would be adjustable. that is insignificant in comparison with the damages after harvest for example although the ban for lighting the stubble. Response: European legislation excludes every unacceptable environmental risk. We want at the moment of the meeting to be officially noted that the municipality want the route to be moved with 850 – 900 m north. And according to the legislation building of pipelines for oil and other toxic products is forbidden in such zones. Nabucco passes through 10 seismic zones. Future fault’s activity and material’s reliability are carefully analysed and conformed. Response: Your wish will be noted. as we are planning in future construction of collector and differentiation of industrial zone. The gaspipeline is on 1. Gaspipeline is fully consistent with the normative base and real position of the place. The regulation is about oil and toxic products – if’s an object of specifying is the gas is a part of this list – the gas is light and it disperse in the air. The measures for testing the safety of the facility prior to operation and the measures for support. Ticha Dam is managed by Irrigation Systems. I surely claim that the planned gaspipeline is many times safer than the existing pipelines. the European requirements for the project are so severe and strict that. It is planned. is going to be resolved together with the municipality. What does it mean third sanitary protected zone of the dam? Response: Second zone is up to 500 m and then it’s third zone (note by municipality employee). which in not cleared. because territorially the town could develop itself only in northern direction. On approval of such zone the gaspipeline will be in conflict with the law. for first time in Bulgaria. This is valid for building permission as well as for the funding of the project. the valve station has worked at time and the situation has been under control. but we want to receive by the municipality concrete dimensions of the recommended rerouting. hasn’t been made until now. that are fully known and studies by BAS. accident near village Gorska Polyana? Response: The mention accident is the first one since 30 years and there is no precedent. How much exactly is more reliable Nabucco than gaspipelines built until now? Recently there was a detonation. Fortunately the accident hadn’t serous consequences and the affected zone. The question for coincidence with third zone of Tucha dam. but since now there is no such zone although the dam is a source of potable water. as the change of the route is connected with serious design work. but on concrete clarification of the restrictions we realized that the gaspipeline do not interfere the municipality’s plans.5 km from the dam and is designed at the biggest possible distance from it and from town of Varbitsa. During the accident itself.Varbitsa municipality 163 Participant in technical meeting from Varbitsa municipality 164 Participant in technical meeting from Varbitsa municipality 165 Participant in technical meeting from Varbitsa municipality Participant in technical meeting from Varbitsa municipality Response: Risk assessment as this one made for Nabucco. made to each 8 years are also very severe and tested. And page 143 of 158 166 .Shoumen and it is the main water source for two municipalities. to be integrated the technology SCADA for permanent monitoring and remote control on the facility.

the roads will be completely accessible and the traffic will not be restricted. some of them are abroad. 174 Can we expect problems with the livestock owners due to the restriction connected to the fences? Response: It’s an object of study and additional information to learn which places have to be page 144 of 158 . soon the final project will be done. Is it expected the terms for the construction to be respected? Response: This is our wish. It was explained that during construction there will be fences around the construction strip – is this concern also the roads? Response: No.167 Participant in technical meeting from Varbitsa municipality Participant in technical meeting from Varbitsa municipality Participant in technical meeting from Antonovo municipality Participant in technical meeting from Antonovo municipality Participant in technical meeting from Antonovo municipality Participant in technical meeting from Antonovo municipality Participant in technical meeting from Antonovo municipality Participant in technical we want to dispute this on the basis of concrete intentions and DDP plans. Close to Popovo we pass through reserve Orlitsa. phones. but many meetings as a part of the procedure for communication and cooperation. Which one Natura 2000 zones he first one variant of the route crossed? I’m interested particularly if there are zones affected next to Popovo. On establishing the Natura 2000 zones and other protected zones. You can turn directly to Vienna as well. We count on support from the local authorities on this point. Response: It has been made DDP – preliminary project. Is it planned a gasification of Varbitsa and local villages or it’s just a transit gaspipeline? Response: Gaspipeline Nabucco has only one point of connection to the national gaspipeline supplying system. Moreover there are many ways to connect with us – informational corner. when it will be held? Response: There will be not one. Maybe it would be economically more practically municipality to connect itself with the national gaspipeline system and not to build facilities in the municipalities and regions. address and e-mail. We’re preparing procedure for identification of all landowners and their information. Is the DDP already done? We’re asking because it is necessary to inform all landowners. You’ve mentioned that there will be another one meeting. 168 169 170 171 172 173 Is there any ground facilities on the municipal territory except of the linear part? Response: It is possible to have one valve station on a site with dimensions around 30-40 m. Response: According to the first one plans we passes for example through the Kotlenski Balkan and zones for recreation. it doesn’t. these corrections were made.

meeting from Antonovo municipality 175 Participant in technical meeting from Antonovo municipality Participant in technical meeting from Antonovo municipality Participant in technical meeting from Pleven municipality Participant in technical meeting from Pleven municipality ensured so the livestock to pass without problems without restriction of the it’s move. In case of damages and accidents. etc. Response: We follow strictly the procedure and maps are actually a large scale. What about the underground cadastre? Response: At the moment in DDP are laid down all communication to all stakeholders plumbing.to have in Lozenets.in the municipalities Sliven and Pleven with size about 150-200 acres for the deployment of 6800 pipes and other materials. This is a very delicate issue and until it is cleared we can not fully evaluate what will be the impact on the settlements. which are going to be passed during construction. Is there more information about the sites for disposal and storage of pipes and construction materials? Response: We would like to have more of these sites. The data for the inquiry were taken mainly from official sources and the mayor basically. How long will the construction continue? Response: Our aim is to pass maximum fast and the construction cycle to be closed. located in the 500 m corridor. Is there some information for the sites around the track? Response: A ground site object is expected. For the purpose of the design is used and analysed 500m corridor. It is planned the construction to be made in section of around 50 km. Beside them there will be sites for the valve stations at intervals of 20-25km. electricity lines. Studies for positioning of two compressor stations on the territory of municipality Omurtag and Oryahovo are made. 176 177 178 179 Participant in technical meeting from Dolna Mitropoliya municipality Participant in technical meeting from Dolna Mitropoliya 180 page 145 of 158 . The main designer recommends planning two sites.interconnection with the national gas grid. At least it is not profitable for us to support a long channel. Response by municipal employees: We are interested in particular whose are the properties. Dimitar Donchev comment from RIEW: You have oriented right and we endorse the use of existing infrastructure instead of changing the status of agricultural land. optical cable and others. There are also foreseen two alternative sites which will be submitted for approval in the Ministry of Regional Development and Public Works. Contacts are established with Plama Pleven and Ministry of Defence but for now we don’t have concrete proposals. we will repair and pay compensations for the damages. something that we’re trying to evade. The presentation was very interesting but the presented several months ago DDP couldn’t help us to identify the properties and their respective owners. Response: Indeed we expect to obtain accurate data exactly for settlement and municipality level. When the DDP is finalised it will be duly submitted to the municipalities and citizens of the settlements.

Special roads will be created for the livestock as well. Participant in I heard that agricultural land will be taken by the individuals through sales? technical meeting from Response: The gaspipeline is buried. 185 Deputy Mayor Pipeline’s route will be fenced. internet. I guess that is a subject of analysis.these are spheres which if are reinstated will be assessed very positively. In our municipality only the village of Gostilya is affected. Deputy Mayor Are the municipality routes going to be reorganized during the construction? of Pvlikeni Municipality Response: All the reorganization of the route infrastructure will be coordinated with the local authorities. 183 Most of the land is cultivated by tenants. also it can increase the employment of labour. Hopefully local workers will be hired. this means that workers would pass through the borders of page 146 of 158 186 187 188 . the fence will be present only during the construction. which will be compensated then? Response: This is a matter to be carefully studied and the results will be brought to the attention of stakeholders. The communications are mainly through mobile phones. Response: We already have information and the protected areas are avoided in the design.municipality 181 Participant in technical meeting from Dolna Mitropoliya municipality Participant in technical meeting from Dolna Mitropoliya municipality Participant in technical meeting from Dolna Mitropoliya municipality Participant in technical meeting from Dolna Mitropoliya municipality Roads. We will assist completely in the further work. communications. 184 I’m not mislead that there might be some greater effect for the population. 182 We will send information as well for protected areas if needed. Response: We appreciate your cooperation. Deputy Mayor What about 3rd class routes (dirt roads) used by agricultural machinery? of Pvlikeni Municipality Response: Special roads will be created to enable agricultural machinery to pass through the construction strip. Is this fence staying only during the construction? of Pvlikeni Municipality Response: Yes. Response: We observe carefully these reasons and they will be considered.

Pavlikeni municipality 189 190 191 192 the land only during the construction. defined by the municipality. No building is allowed. The useless soil that could not be unfilled will be disposed on places. it will be 100% paid. This land will be bought on market prises. After the construction the land will be again agricultural. It concerns not only the gaspipeline. this will be done without infringement of their rights. the EPC contractor will hire page 147 of 158 193 194 195 . Deputy mayor Construction has to start in 2012. Nabucco is a project of national significance. In each 20-30 km along the pipeline’s route will be located valve stations in area of 30-40 m. the Pavlikeni owner has the right of easer line. as unqualified personnel? Response: Having in mind the extremely specific activity. fire. when it will finish? of Pavlikeni municipality Response: In 2015. therefore owners will be forced to allow pipeline’s crossing. The landowners will be compensated and the land will be recovered. Deputy mayor Is there any other restriction in the easement area except of cultivation of perennials? of Pavlikeni municipality Response: Any construction will be forbidden. All other agricultural activities are allowed. Participant in technical meeting from Pavlikeni There are many unemployed in the municipality. If there is such case. The practice is: a shaft remains after the infilling of the trench. This point will be described in the project. Participant in Who will be responsible to monitor against violations? technical meeting from Response: Only the owner of the facility. so a part of the dug soil will remain. municipality According the Energy Law. as well as hunting. dug during the construction? Where the unnecessary soil of Pavlikeni will be disposed? Is this going to be coordinated with the municipality? municipality Response: The terrain will be recovered. With coming into force of DDP – Parcel plan. The diameter of the pipe is big enough. It municipality will be the same situation as with Bulgartransgas. Deputy mayor There will be 50 000 m³ of soil remained. The exact location of these parcels is not defined yet. Only the land for above ground facilities will be bought. but all types of Pavlikeni infrastructural projects. Participant in What if an owner doesn’t want the pipeline to cross his land? technical meeting from Response: Such possibility exists. the procedure according Law on Spatial is followed. Is it possible part of them to be employed. shooting. Deputy mayor What will happen with the piles of soil. but with the time it flattens. It will be in his own interest to monitor against violations. If there is damaged production. but this concerns just Lozenets village. The network’s operator monitors for violations and for troubles and ensures security. This will be done by the DDP – Parcel plan. Certainly. Who will pay for the disposing? of Pavlikeni municipality Response: Certainly the investor.

By the end of the year the DDP – Pracel plan will be done. Gaspipeline’s route passes next to the route of the existing pipeline? Response: Yes. Mainly the above ground facilities will be serviced.municipality 196 Participant in technical meeting from Gorna Oryahovitsa municipality specialists. What are the long-term benefits for the municipality? Response: It is not defined yet what exactly will be the scope of the needed services. Response: The project is of national significance. This will be defined later. then the tenants will be compensated. the rate of the qualification. During construction we expect that local work force will be hired. what is the rate of unemployed.and longterm plan. to create good jobs. But we hope that during the two years of construction local people would be hired for services. we have worked with ESIA. Deputy mayor Is it possible new jobs related to the valve station to be created? of Gorna Oryahovitsa Response: Not exactly. This is the purpose of the social study – to define specifics of the local live and to propose measures to mitigate the adverse impacts and to discover how to contribute to the region. But we hope that during construction there will have such possibility. but this would be possible only with the support of the local authorities. and we are ready to cooperate with the project’s team. If there are specialists here. it is. but on a local level we are concerned not to disturbed the population if it is possible. municipality Ecologist of Strajitsa municipality We are aware of the project. The social study will show us what is the condition of this work force. municipality Deputy mayor When construction is going to start and to finish? of Gorna Oryahovitsa Response: It is going to start in 2012 and finish in 2015. There will be inserted municipality all details about the landowners and they will be compensated. If there are tenants. What will be the benefit for the local population? Response: In this stage we can say that it is sure the project will contribute is short. 197 198 Deputy mayor There will be harvest compensations just for one season? of Gorna Oryahovitsa Response: Yes. page 148 of 158 199 200 201 Participant in technical meeting from Omurtag municipality 202 Participant in technical meeting from Omurtag . Is it possible in the area of the municipality to be built one valve station? This means that around 35-40 m² will be bought.

But especially for the main pipeline. so it would be too expensive to be built local branches. I con not answer this question. All the communication of the third parties will be marked on the map of our situation and on the 500-meters color illustration. all problem communications are under review. Representative Is the project consistent with the main pipeline? We are not informed. but we have conformed the route to the existing infrastructure. This was already done for the power poles. It’s a project of national significance. They are coordinated with Irrigation Systems. we are going to ask all the companies for exact coordinates of the infrastructural elements. The gaspipeline is mainly transit. Basin Directorates. But the biggest part of the gaspipeline is lying next to the existing pipeline. It was sent for coordination to all companies. So.municipality 203 Participant in technical meeting from Omurtag municipality then there is a possibility for a long-term job. it is an object of the social study. We are going to ask all gas companies to give us the coordinates of the gas communications and to mark them on our maps. as well as in a long-term. By this branch the gaspipeline will be connected indirectly with the population. after the construction phase there are no benefits for us at all? Response: It is not sure. The place will remain agricultural. 204 Participant in technical meeting from Omurtag municipality Participant in technical meeting from Omurtag municipality Participant in technical meeting from Omurtag municipality 205 205 Half of the gaspipeline’s route in the area of our municipality crosses irrigation field. Now we are collecting the information. To all the municipalities was presented DDP – Preliminary project. Participant in It is possible the affected landowner to have questions. It’s your place and you can do what you want with it. we are going just to pass under it. if you have such. What will Bulgaria receive? Response: Bulgaria has 16. but directly – not. Are you aware of this? 206 207 Response: Yes.7% . There will have no change. The gaspipeline is under high pressure. this means that it could impact in a short-term. we have the information.absolutely equal rights as the other countries – participants. At this stage there is one branch planned – close to Lozenets village that will connect the gaspipeline to the local gaspipeline network. The aim of this meeting is to share any general considerations. Social study will show us what type of specialist you have here. except of the restriction of orchards. Are you going to organize meetings in page 149 of 158 . Can we use the gas from the pipeline? Response: Gasification along the pipeline’s route is not planned. Do you have any of Overgas information about our infrastructure elements? Nord Response: We still do not have such information.

What is the depth of the gaspipeline? Response: Minimum of 1 meter coverage. so the landowners will be compensated once for the right of way. What is the guarantee for our security? Response: Investment of the international financial institutions. be we have always to be careful.20-1. they are going to require service personnel. What is the distance between the existing pipeline and the future pipeline? Response: The minimum distance. 100% test of the weld. Is there any possibility for hiring of local personnel? Response: Having in mind the extremely specific activity. What about the fences? Are they going to stay permanently? Response: The fences are going to stay only during the construction. All security measures are taken. We consider that such personnel will be required. we are going to have bigger coverage of the gaspipeline. the guarantee is high. it will be defined exactly where the route passes. as well as hydrotest – all this things assure safe exploitation. is 35 m. But still there is need of work force – these specialists are going to eat. On many sites we had to take away the pipes. sleep here. as well as for the lost harvest during the construction. on the sites where potentially is going to have detonations – 100 m. As the diameter is big. According to Bulgarian legislation the minimum distance in agricultural areas is 32 m. but the minimum that has to be observed is 1 m. This requirement is made by Penspen. harmonization of our standards with the European ones. What is the significance of the ordinary people’s opinion for page 150 of 158 209 210 211 212 213 . But we can not tell you exactly how many and what personnel. Until now in such projects there was no requirement for fences. After that they will be removed. the distance is 50 m. but we have conformed the distance to Bulgartransgas’ request – 35 m. 24-hour monitoring of the above ground facilities. coordinated with Bulgartransgas. Gaspipeline is buried. pipes’ width.30 m. specialists are required. You are speaking for social study. I suppose that we are going to go down to 1. Practice shows that incidents with gaspipelines are prorogued by third parties. On the sites where pipes are crossing. Our idea is the smallest possible infringement of the rights of landowners. The aim is to ensure maximum security.technical meeting from Polski Trambesh municipality 208 Participant in technical meeting from Polski Trambesh municipality Participant in technical meeting from Polski Trambesh municipality Participant in technical meeting from Polski Trambesh municipality Participant in technical meeting from Polski Trambesh municipality Participant in technical meeting from Polski Trambesh municipality Participant in the affected settlements? Response: When the final project is done.

but we have also to ensure control and normal crossing of the gaspipeline. Agricultural technique and livestock are going to cross without problems the gaspipeline. How much people and technique do you expect on the route during construction? Response: We are doing the calculations right now. We expect that it is going to be quite dynamic. because he does not pay the seeds). The banks want to protect their own financial interest from all possible aspects. we are going to give him 100 lv. If there is sown wheat and the landuser will gain 100 lv. but our aim is to finish the cycle as fast as possible. that service the route in different ways – supplies. thanks to the fencing there is no way to enter or go out of the construction strip without permission. Do you expect a compressor station in our municipality? Response: We are still doing calculations. (actually he wins. we do not expect. 214 Participant in technical meeting from Polski Trambesh municipality 215 Participant in technical meeting from Polski Trambesh municipality Participant in technical meeting from Polski Trambesh municipality Participant in technical meeting from Polski Trambesh municipality Participant in technical meeting from Polski Trambesh municipality Participant in 216 217 Where the construction technique will pass? Response: Only in the construction strip. from its sell. There are also trucks – 10-15. 218 How the assessment of the compensation will be made? Response: The assessment will be expert. And what if the landowner and the landuser are not the same person? page 151 of 158 219 . It is possible on the area of your municipality to be located one sectional valve station. Compensations are going to be only for the construction strip? Response: Yes. security and crossing of roads. personnel transport and so on. only for the 36 m. made by the construction. We expect around 10 heavy trucks. 5 excavators and around 10-12 pipeline layers which lay down the pipe into the trench. Moreover he will ne paid once right of way. but according to the preliminary data – no. They are trying to evaluate risks in maximum extend. on 30-40 m area – one important facility that has to be secured. to know that the project won’t change their lifestyle.technical meeting from you? Response: The European institutions want people to be informed. based on the real damages. I have already spoken about compensation.

Particularly Danube river – we have three crossings of Danube river that are discussed at the moment. At the moment the methods of crossing are being specified – if it is page 152 of 158 224 225 . We expect that some jobs will be opened for local work force. For this project we have applied high risk assessment due to the bank requirements that will finance the project. I expect the project to be performed by a European company that has the needed construction technique. there will have no need of local servicing personnel. In Provadia there is a compression station of the existing pipeline that also was built by us. These are my expectations.technical meeting from Polski Trambesh municipality 220 Participant in technical meeting from Polski Trambesh municipality Participant in technical meeting from Podrim municipality Participant in technical meeting from Podrim municipality Participant in technical meeting from Podrim municipality Participant in technical meeting from Podrim municipality Participant in technical meeting from Podrim municipality Response: Then the landuser will be compensated. I suppose that the construction technique and the constructor will come from abroad. Are the contractors the same from the beginning to the end of the project? Response: This unique project and the construction technique needed are unique as well. But this does not mean that in using foreign EPC contractor. 221 222 Why the name Nabucco was chosen? Response: The name comes from the opera “Nabucco” – with nice content and good end. During the earthquake recently there was no problem. that foreign construction companies will win the auction. They do not want to risk. But it is logical unqualified personnel to be hired from the local population – it’s cheaper. In case of earthquakes or natural disasters are the expected activities on the valve stations coordinated with the local authorities? Response: All the valve stations and facilities are tested for seismic activity. How the pipeline will cross the Bosphorus and Danube river? Response: The pipe crosses Marmara Sea close to Dardanelle. How many kilometers from the gaspipeline’s route exactly pass through our municipality? Response: We have not calculated this. it will pass offshore. 223 Is there any possibility local work force to be hired? Response: It is not chosen an EPC contractor yet. We don’t have such technique in Bulgaria. this means on the seabed.

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going to be open cut method or HDD method – one expensive, but applicable method. Is this project an alternative and concurrence of South Stream or not? Response: In the society, thanks to the media that likes to make scandals, the projects are seen as concurrence. But we do not consider that South Stream is a concurrence, but another one possibility for gas supply from Russia. In Bulgaria this topic is politicized. And have to be considered as something ordinary, like going to the supermarket for example, because the gas is ecological, pure and easy for use fuel. That is why we do not consider South Stream as a concurrence. Is this project 100% private? Response: According to us, the project could be considered as 100% stated-owned, because it is made by the national companies of the countries. From where the gas will come? You have mentioned Egypt. Response: Gas will come mainly from the Caspian region. There is possibility for Egypt – the gas could be liquefied and transported in containers. There is also such variant. How exactly you are negotiating gas from Turkmenistan when there is no gaspipelines in this country? Response: We are currently working exactly on this scheme – together with the preparations of the project are made also the trade negotiations. The aim is when the projects are finished in 2015, to start functioning immediately. In our municipality there are active hunters. What about the 500-meter zone in 2012 when the construction starts? Response: In the construction strip it is forbidden to shoot. The reorganizations of the roads are going to be coordinated with the municipality, aren’t they? Response: Yes, of course. Our wish is not to close roads.

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What if your construction machines damage our municipality roads? Who will pay for the repair? Response: Each one damaged elements will be restored. The roads will be specially adjusted for page 153 of 158

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heavy machinery transport. This will be coordinated with you. How the project construction will affect positively the existing infrastructure? Response: We are going to create transport scheme for the heavy machinery transport. They will be transported with special platforms, with rubber wheels and will be placed directly to the construction strip. There is a railway. Is it possible the railway to be used for the transport? Response: The transport plan for the pipelines will be developed when we know on which port they are going to arrive. There are variants for main pipeline yards at Yambol, Sliven and Pleven. At the municipalities there are smaller yards. Where exactly the pipeline will pass next to our villages, now the existing pipeline is passing here. Are you sure that the pipeline will not cross the villages? Response: The gaspipeline crosses on three places the existing pipeline. You can be sure that the gaspipeline will not cross the villages. The minimum distance between the existing pipeline and the new one is 35 m. There is a rent for land use during the construction and not expropriation of the land, isn’t it? Response: There is expropriation only for the above ground facilities. It is possible on the territory of your municipality to be built just one valve station. For the whole route it would be paid once right of way and for the harvest the owner or the landuser will be compensated. What will be the depth of the gaspipeline? Response: Minimum 1 m from the upper end of the pipe.

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It is forbidden for perennial at all, isn’t it? Response: Just in the construction strip.

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Is there an option local construction companies to participate as subcontractors? Response: The project is at very high technological level, a special technique will be required. But there is a work together with the pipeline. For example possible areas for temporary pipe yards, for organizing worker’s camps. My expectation is that we can rely for unqualified work. It will be necessary the local people to work for the project – I don’t know if it will be whole company or separated jobs, but people for security, shops, trade will be required. page 154 of 158

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Is it possible local companies to use the gas from the gaspipeline? Response: In only one place – at village Losenets is planned connection of the existing pipeline with Nabucco. If separate villages want to be gasified, the gaspipeline already exists. In our gaspipelines there is a great potential. And Nabucco is a guarantee that can protect our needs in a crisis, as the one from the last year. We need the exact coordinates in villages land in order to be useful for you. Response: During the project development you are going to receive the exact coordinates of the route, as well as owner’s register. This will be one long procedure and you will be permanently informed for it. In some cases it’s only you that can give us the necessary information. In regard to above ground objects – in Dolnik Dabnik’s area are not expected special facilities. There is possibility for one valve station, the land for which will be bought, but it’s only around 1 dka. When and how will we begin to reconcile future investment proposals with the Nabucco project? Response: In the beginning of the last year you had this possibility. The material was presented to us and we’ve analysed it. But if you have skipped something, I can calm you: if there is such proposal, you will not be able to accomplish it. The distance between out pipeline and the existing gaspipeline is 35 m. It is a preventive zone in which construction is forbidden. The purpose of the agricultural land could not be changed. You are in the scope of the preventive zone of the existing pipeline, so it does not depend of Nabucco. Is there any assessment on the percentage of the arable land, which will be affected by the construction of the gas pipeline? And accordingly is there division on categories of the arable land, irrigated arable land, etc.? We have been informed by the geodesists, working on the surveys, which no irrigation channels, hydromelioration or siphons were taken into consideration. Response: Arable lands are included in the DDP – Detailed Development Plan and will be presented to the municipal authorities. Geodesists implement their strict duties and are not aware of the research and analysis work, which has been completed in addition to theirs. In regard to your concerns about the siphons – there is restriction on crossing them during construction and if yet there is such crossing the gas pipeline route will be conformed to the siphons and dislocated.

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Is the project conformed to other projects, which are at an early stage of research and approval by the respective authorities? We are left with the impression that no such activity has been undertaken. Response: One of the most important considerations during project planning is the presence of investment proposals from third parties. This leads to ongoing correction and reassessment of the gas pipeline route. It should be clear, that if there are any projects at a very early stage of their development, when it comes to their development they have to be confirmed to the Project Nabucco. Previous year was issued a questionnaire to the affected municipalities for investment proposals. page 155 of 158

. 245 Participant in technical meeting from Popovo municipality Participant in technical meeting from Popovo municipality What is the distance between the existing and the planned gas pipelines? Response: The minimum allowed distance between existing and new gas pipelines is 35 m. side of the construction strip. corridor could be made changes of the route and we would like to invite the respective authorities to contact us with maps. which will be used temporary in return of compensations for the owners Volume 4 – list-register of all land owners within the 500 m corridor. alongside the existing gas pipeline will be situated the shorter 12 m. It is true that the leading principle first on time first on site. which is coordinated with the current owner of the existing national gas pipeline system – Bulgartransgas (Regulation 16 on servitude area). North of Kovachevets is planned wind farms to be build. Regarding the sensitive issue about the dam at the Cherni Lom River. nevertheless there are obstacles and delays in receiving the above page 156 of 158 246 247 Participant in technical meeting from Popovo municipality Participant in technical 248 . so that the municipality may finish the dam project as soon as it is able and willing to do so. As our experience shows. organised as follows: Volume 1 – Detailed Development Plan – the gas pipeline route is plotted over coordinate plans – topography maps form 1970 Volume 2 – all above ground installations (about 15 valve stations and other above ground installations) Volume 3 – all the lands. Response: We are willing to confirm all investment proposals and see no obstacles for conforming Nabucco to such wind farm projects. the projector has required preparation of a so called offshore project implementation at the affected area. All of the owners will be compensated for the period of construction and exploitation of the gas pipeline. but there are limited physical locations. The DDP – Detailed Development Plan contains four volumes with comprehensive data. which are most appropriate for such investment proposals. due to the development of the project.The DDP – Detailed Development Plan is also in preparation phase. Response: The plans for building the Project will be presented to all of the affected parties. so that we could compare the investment proposals and see if there is any conflict between them at all. In addition. Unfortunately we expect to have problems with the same land owners and users for the servitude area. It is important to stress out that within the 500 m.

Response: The project is subdued to many strict requirements and such problems will be carefully avoided with the use of corresponding measures and monitoring forms the international financing bodies. page 157 of 158 .meeting from Popovo municipality mentioned compensations and apart from that lands and crops are trampled after the construction.

page 158 of 158 .