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WAJA MATEMATIK TAHUN 4

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2) Convert units of volume from l to ml ml to l l and ml to l l and ml to ml Read and write measurement of volume of liquid in liters and milliliters.

VOLUME OF LIQUID
Learning Outcomes

3) Add volume of liquid involving conversion of units in liter, milliliter, liter and milliliter 4) Subtract volume of liquid involving conversion of units in litre, milliltre, liter and milliler.

5) Multiply volume of liquid involving conversion of units by a one-digit number 10, 100, 1000 6) Divide volume of liquid involving conversion of units by a) a one-digit number b) 10, 100, 1000 7) Solve problems involving volume of liquids

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WAJA MATEMATIK TAHUN 4

1. Read and write measurement of volume of liquid in litres and milliliters.

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VOCABULARY Meniscus Record Capacity Measuring Cylinder Water level Beaker Measuring jug divisions

POINTS TO NOTE Capacity is the amount of substance a container can hold The correct reading for measurement of liquid is where the scale is line with the bottom of the meniscus meniscus Gradation is the space between two lines. 2 lines = 1 gradation

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EXAMPLE 1 : Read and write the measurement shown in the diagram.

1l

Step 1 : Note the capacity of the beaker. 1 litre Step 2 : Count the number of gradations on the beaker 5 gradations So each gradation is 0.2l Step 3 : Note the meniscus line of the liquid The meniscus line is the third line. So 3 0.2 l = 0.6 l

1l

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1 )

1l 1l

3 )

4 ) 1l
1l

5 )

6 )

1l 1l

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2. Convert units of volume from a) l to ml b) ml to l

c) d)

l and ml to l l and ml to ml

.
l 0 0 0 ml

EXAMPLE 1 5.3 l = _______ ml

Step 1 : Draw the T-Line
POINTS TO NOTE If the question given is the front unit, fill in from the front. If the question given is the back unit, fill in starting from the last digit of the back unit.

. l 0 0 0 ml
Step 2 : Note the unit of the question given. Fill in from the front. . l 0 0 0 ml 5 3 Step 3: Fill in the empty places after the digit 3 . l 0 0 0 ml Answer : 5300 ml 5 300

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EXAMPLE 2 25m = _______ l l

Step 1 : Draw the T- line and note the unit of the question given. Fill in from the back. . l 000m l 25 Step 2: Fill in the empty places before the digit 2 . l 000m l 0 025
POINTS TO NOTE If the question given is the front unit, fill in from the front. If the question given is the back unit, fill in starting from the last digit of the back unit.

0.025 l EXAMPLE 3 3 l 70 m = ______ l l = ______ m l Step 1 : Draw the T- line and fill in appropriately. . l 000m l 3 70 Step 2: Fill in the empty places before the digit 2 . l 000m l 3 070 Answer : 3070 m l

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___ l

____ ml
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WAJA MATEMATIK TAHUN 4

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Lembaran 2 Tukarkan unit bagi semua soalan berikut. 1) 1350ml = _________l 2) 6.750 l = ________ml

3)

4 l 415 ml = ________ml

4) 7 l 205 ml = ________l

5)

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WAJA MATEMATIK TAHUN 4

JPN PERAK

3. Add volume of liquid involving conversion of units in litre, milliliter, liter and milliliter

EXAMPLE 1: 2.25 l + 4.68 l = ______ ml Step 1 : Convert l to ml first 2250 ml + 4680 ml Step 2 : Arrange in vertical form and total up. 2250 ml + 4680 ml 6930 ml HOW TO CONVERT Use T-Line method

.
l 000 ml 2 250 4 680

EXAMPLE 2 5 l 340 ml + 4 l 68 ml = ______ l Step 1 : Convert l to ml first 5.340 l + 4.068 l Step 2 : Arrange in vertical form and total up. 5.340 l + 4.068 l 9.408 l HOW TO CONVERT Use T-Line method

.
l 000 ml 5 340 4 068

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TRY THESE QUESTIONS a) 4.05 l + 6.93 l = ______ ml

4 0 5 0 ml ml 1 0 9 8 0 ml

.
l 000 ml

Which number can be filled in the box, 6930 or 693?

b) 75 ml + 426 ml = ______ l

0.075 l l 0.501 l

Convert using T-Line

c) 5 l 340 ml + 4 l 68 ml = ______ l

l
+ l

10.020 l

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WAJA MATEMATIK TAHUN 4

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4. Subtract volume of liquid involving conversion of units in litre, milliliter, liter and milliliter.

EXAMPLE 1: 10.25 l 4.68 l = ______ ml Step 1 : Convert l to ml first 10250 ml 4680 ml Step 2 : Arrange in vertical form and total up. 10250 ml 4680 ml 5570 ml HOW TO CONVERT Use T-Line method

.
l 000 ml 10 250 4 680

EXAMPLE 2 7 l 430 ml 3 l 94 ml = ______ l Step 1 : Convert l to ml first 7.430 l 3.094 l Step 2 : Arrange in vertical form and total up. 7.430 l 3.094 l 4.336 l HOW TO CONVERT Use T-Line method

.
l 7 3 000 ml 430 094

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ml 3 1 2 0 ml

.
l 000 ml

b) 751 ml 402 ml = ______ l

0.751 l l 0.349 l

Convert using T-Line

c) 12 l 404 ml 9 l 53 ml = ______ l

l
+ l

3.351

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WAJA MATEMATIK TAHUN 4

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5. Multiply volume of liquid involving conversion of units by : a) b) a one-digit number 10, 100, 1000

EXAMPLE 1: 5 2.6 l = _______ ml Step 1 : Convert l to ml 5 2600ml Step 2 : Multiply in vertical form 2600 ml 5 13000 ml POINTS TO NOTE Convert using T-Line

EXAMPLE 2 53 ml 100 = _______ l Step 1 : Convert l to ml 0.053 l 100 Step 2 : Multiply in vertical form 0.053l 100 5. 3 0 0 l POINTS TO NOTE Convert using T-Line

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c) 1000 96 ml = ______ l 1000 l 1000 l

d) 10 2 l 560 ml = _______ l l l

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Lembaran 5 Selesaikan. 1) 4 39 l = = ________ ml

2 )

9 70 ml = = ________ l

3)

1000 32 ml = ______ l

4 )

100 0.42 l = ________ ml

5)

10 5 l 175 ml = ________ ml

6 )

6 8 l 200 ml = ______ l

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WAJA MATEMATIK TAHUN 4

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6. Division volume of liquid involving conversion of units by : c) a one-digit number d) 10, 100, 1000

EXAMPLE 1: 1200 ml 4 = _______ l Step 1 : Convert ml to l 1.2 l 4 Step 2 : Divide in vertical form 0.3l 1.2l 0 1 2 1 2 0 0
POINTS TO NOTE Limit division without remainders Convert using T-Line When dividing by a one digit number use the vertical form

EXAMPLE 2 94.2 l 10 = _______ ml Step 1 : Convert l to ml 94200 ml 10

POINTS TO NOTE Convert using T-Line When dividing by 10, 100 or 1000, use the fraction method as shown in the example

.
=9420 0 1 0 = 9420.0 ml

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WAJA MATEMATIK TAHUN 4

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TRY THESE QUESTIONS 4800 ml 6 = _____ l 4.8 l 6 6 4.8l 4 0 8 0 POINTS TO NOTE b) 80.3 l 100 = ______ ml ml 100 = 100 = ml Use the fraction method when dividing by powers of 10

c) 25 l 300 ml 10 = ______ ml ml 10 = 10 = ml

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Lembaran 6 Selesaikan. 1) 6 l 570 ml 5 = ________ l

2 )

4.2 l 7 = ________ ml

3)

72.33 l 10 = ________ ml

4 )

5)

24400 ml 1000 = ________ l

6 )

1 l 450 ml 10 = ________ l

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7 Solve problems involving money of up to RM10 000.

Minus + Subtract Add Remainder Plus Left Sum Less than * Altogether More than *Total VOCABULARY TO BE LEARNED (question) More than Poured out (Story) Spilt Pour in

Multiply Times Product *Total (key word different) *Altogether (kword different)

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WAJA MATEMATIK TAHUN 4 EXAMPLE 1 EXAMPLES

HOW TO SOLVE

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A water tank contains 300 l water. If 121.3 l of water is used, how much water is left in the water tank in litres? u Step 1 : Read and understand question. As you read underline the key words. A water tank contains 300 l water. If 121.3 l of water is used, how much water is left in the water tank in mililitres? m Step 2 : Write the operation / formula the keywords signify. A water tank contains 300 l water. If 121.3 l of water ( ) is used, how much water is left in the water tank in mililitres?

Step 3 : Convert first using T-Line

Step 4 : Minus
300000 ml 121300 ml 178700 ml

.
l 0 0 0 ml 300 000 121 300

Note : + and are on the same scale. So calculate as in the order given. Step 2: RM8000 + RM1254 Step 3: RM9254 RM5555
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WAJA MATEMATIK TAHUN 4 EXAMPLES

EXAMPLE 2

HOW TO SOLVE

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A car uses 180 ml of petrol to travel 1 km. How much l and ml of petrol does it use altogether to travel 6 km? Step 1 : Read and understand question. As you read underline the key words. A car uses 180 ml of petrol to travel 1 km. How much l and ml of petrol does it use altogether to travel 6 km? ? Step 2 : Write the operation / formula the keywords signify. A car uses 180 ml of petrol to travel 1 km. How much l and ml of petrol does it use altogether to travel 6 km? ?
Step 3 : Convert first Step 4 : Keywords different so do 0 l 1 8 0 ml 6 km 1 l 0 8 0 ml 1l 0 ml 8

.
l 0 0 0 ml 0 180 0 l 1 8 0 ml

Note : + and are on the same scale. So calculate as in the order given. Step 2: RM8000 + RM1254 RM9254 Step 3: RM9254 RM5555 204 RM3699

WAJA MATEMATIK TAHUN 4

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Lembaran 7 Selesaikan setiap soalan yang berikut. 1) Abang minum 30 ml ubat setiap hari. Hitung jumlah ubat, dalam l, yang diambil oleh abang dalam masa seminggu.

2) Aminah menuang 75.5 l air sama banyak ke dalam 10 biji botol. Berapakah jumlah isipadu air, dalam ml, bagi setiap botol ?

3) Puan Lee membancuh minuman bagi tetamunya. Dia menggunakan 4.81 l air dan 490 ml sirap. Kira isipadu air yang dibancuhnya, dalam ml, bagi menyediakan minuman tersebut ?

4) Rajah di bawah menunjukkan sebuah bekas yang boleh diisi dengan kapasiti cecair sebanyak 8.2 l.

1.4 l Bekas itu telah diisi dengan 1.4 l air, berapakah isipadu air, dalam l dan ml, yang perlu ditambah supaya dapat mengisi separuh daripada kapasiti bekas tersebut ?

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