Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study

world heritage project
1
Istanbul Project
UNESCO-WHC
Istanbul Technical University Faculty of Architecture and ITU Urban and Environmental Planning and Research Center Contract No: 700.624.0

PROJECT LEADER Nuran ZEREN GULERSOY, Prof., dipl.arch-urban planner, Istanbul Technical University (ITU) NATIONAL EXPERTS Zeynep AHUNBAY, President of ICOMOS Turkey Tulin Selmin OZDURAN, Representative of Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Turkey INTERNATIONAL EXPERTS Minja YANG, Deputy Director, UNESCO World Heritage Centre, Former Manager for EU-Funded Feasibility Study on the Rehabilitation of Fatih District, Istanbul (1998) Yves DAUGE, Senator of Indre et Loire, Mayor of Chinon, France David MICHELMORE, Building Conservationist, Chair of ICOMOS Wood Committee, UK, Project Manager of EUFunded Project on the Rehabilitation of Fatih District of Historic Peninsula of Istanbul (starting in January 2003) STUDY GROUP Azime TEZER, Assist.Prof., urban planner, ITU Reyhan YIGITER, Assist.Prof., urban planner, ITU Kerem KORAMAZ, Res.Assist., urban planner, ITU Zeynep GUNAY, Res.Assist., urban planner, ITU

Istanbul Project
Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study

Cases of Zeyrek Suleymaniye Yenikapi

By Nuran ZEREN GULERSOY (Project Leader) Azime TEZER Reyhan YIGITER Kerem KORAMAZ Zeynep GUNAY

Buket ONEM, dipl.arch-urban planner, ITU Kerem Yavuz ARSLANLI, urban planner, ITU

Taskisla – 114 34437 Taksim / Istanbul (Turkey) Tel: (+90) 212 249 28 34 Fax: (+90) 212 251 78 31 e-mail: gulersoy@itu.edu.tr web: http://atlas.cc.itu.edu.tr/~csuygar İstanbul Technical University, Faculty of Architecture
Urban and Environmental Planning and Research Center

Istanbul Project: Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study

by Nuran Zeren Gulersoy, (Project Leader) Azime Tezer, Reyhan Yigiter, Kerem Koramaz, Zeynep Gunay

a guideline for future conservation projects to be developed in Turkey. Finally. storey height. These specific issues bring the question of documentation and integrated conservation planning approaches to provide continuity in heritage. To summarize. they are unfortunately under the threat to be included in List of World Heritage in Danger because of lack of effective and continuous conservation attempts by competent institutions. It is hoped that Istanbul Project will be a successful example. it provides a comprehensive documentary of cultural assets including three-dimensional evaluation. there is an integrated approach to urban conservation and historic revitalization combining a number of actions that address environmental. at the time to be excluded from the List. these issues are lack of strategic approaches to enhance the socio-economic role of urban heritage and to consider conservation policies within planning process. At the heart. Reyhan Yigiter. land ownership. and inconsistency of belief in the use and necessity of conservation. Istanbul Project leads in this manner an integrated approach of conservation with a comprehensive documentary in World Heritage Sites. natural. Each Case Study contains a brief definition of the area and its history. AIM OF THE STUDY Molla Zeyrek Mosque Suleymaniye Mosque Church of Surp Tartios Patihiminos Yenikapi Istanbul Project Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study Cases of Zeyrek Suleymaniye Yenikapi Zeyrekhane Madrasa of Kirmasti Suleymaniye By Nuran ZEREN GULERSOY (Project Leader) Azime TEZER Reyhan YIGITER Kerem KORAMAZ Zeynep GUNAY The aim of the study is to formulate general planning determinants and to propose the conservation strategies that maintain the appropriate and contemporary development of the social and physical/environmental fabric of the chosen areas of Istanbul Historic Peninsula. The other three volumes contain detailed physical and social survey. building compatibility with the physical structure of the area. Faculty of Architecture Urban and Environmental Planning and Research Center Istanbul Project: Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study by Nuran Zeren Gulersoy. there still exist some fundamental issues in Turkish conservation system that must be considered. Zeyrek Suleymaniye Yenikapi İstanbul Technical University. In addition. and listed buildings. social and cultural aspects of the residents of the listed and non-listed buildings in the area. aesthetic and architectural perspectives. archaeological. (Project Leader) Azime Tezer. goals and objectives of the conservation and development activity. that Istanbul is as sure the most important. social and economic elements and to assure implementation and financial strategy are new attempts for the Historic Peninsula. building occupancy. construction material. Zeynep Gunay . Zeyrek and Suleymaniye all bearing importance from historical. The cases are three of the scarce historic districts where the original settlement pattern have been preserved. land use and building use. transportation and urban fabric. namely Zeyrek. ARGUMENTS AND FINDINGS OF THE STUDY Examples of Listed Civil Architecture Zeyrek Suleymaniye Yenikapi Street Views Istanbul Project is an outstanding example for conservation of cultural assets in Turkey. Secondly. it brings concrete evidence that Turkey is attempting to be active in conservation of World Cultural Heritage. Each case is complemented with implementation financial management framework. also for Turkey of building common basis within the content of European Union membership. The first volume presents a brief summary of the conservation approach to cultural assets in Turkey. insufficient tools and financial resources.Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study summary of entry 2 MAIN FRAMES OF THE STUDY Examples of Listed Monumental Architecture Cultural heritage is living evidence of past that shapes future. There are two fundamental issues being discussed throughout Europe. evaluation and conservation proposals of the case studies. but today. The evaluation of the study in dimensions of fieldwork and conservation and planning decisions related to land use and buildings. are such that those areas have been included in the List of World Heritage Sites in 1985. It also includes physical analysis as related to transportation. building condition. listed and non-listed properties and socio-cultural development considering the goal and objectives. the study comprises social studies aimed at displaying the demographic. Turkey has an important portion of cultural heritage reserve throughout centuries. METHOD OF THE STUDY The study contains four volumes. Suleymaniye and Yenikapi while preserving their historical. The need to balance physical. architectural and functional values. Though. Kerem Koramaz. One of these is the documentation of unique European Cultural Heritage and the other is the concept of conservation changing towards an understanding of revitalization which brings the issue of regaining economic value of cultural assets with the determination of spatial interventions required for use and reuse considering the socio-economic relations. social and economic concerns facing world heritage sites of universal concern.

Istanbul has been associated with major political. Kerem Koramaz. land ownership. because of the lack of effective and continuous conservation attempts by competent institutions. Survey and Analysis Survey and Analysis Physical analysis related to transportation. Zeynep Gunay . transportation. The Methodology: The study contains four volumes. townscape and landscaping imperatives are developed while taking into account the prospects for conservation and development. construction materials. including Zeyrek and Suleymaniye. Evaluation of Survey and Evaluation of Survey and Analysis Analysis Physical and social data gathered from area is reviewed according to goal and objectives and functionality in accordance with total urban fabric is evaluated. Suleymaniye and Yenikapi. social and cultural aspects of the residents. Each Case Study contains: • • • • • • a brief definition of the chosen site. listed and nonlisted properties and socio-cultural development considering the goal and objectives implementation and management framework. building conditions. and planning financial world heritage historic areas of istanbul Located on the Bosphorus Peninsula between Balkans and Anatolia. However. Suleymaniye and Yenikapi. Reyhan Yigiter. Outstanding examples of buildings illustrates signigicant stages of human history. the Black Sea and Marmara. architectural and functional values.Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study introduction to world heritage project Methodology for Istanbul Project 3 Historic Peninsula of Istanbul has always been the focal point of the Greater City of Istanbul containing city’s principal historical. the conservation of urban fabric of Zeyrek. listed lots and buildings. Social studies aimed at displaying the demographic. an outstanding example for conservation of cultural assets in Turkey of. • • • • Represents a masterpiece of human creative genious. an integrated conservation and development approach. Zeyrek. First volume presents a brief summary of the conservation approach to cultural assets in Turkey. • • • a world heritage project. Source: World Heritage Center The Aim: To formulate general planning determinants and to propose the conservation strategies that maintain the appropriate and contemporary development of the social and physical/environmental fabric of the chosen areas. this outstanding area is being threatened to be excluded from the List by UNESCO experts. By 2000s. archaeological. Exhibits an important interchange of human values. architectural and archeological sites. were included in List of World Heritage in 1985 to promote those significant surroundings. while preserving their historical. detailed survey and analysis. Identification of Identification of Implementation and Financial Implementation and Financial Management Model Management Model İstanbul Technical University. Suleymaniye and Yenikapi for future generations represents not only national but also universal responsibility. storey heights. Development of Conservation Development of Conservation and Planning Decisions and Planning Decisions Planning decisions related to land use and buildings. General Assessment of General Assessment of Conservation Approach in Conservation Approach in Turkey Turkey A brief summary of conservation approach to cultural assets in Turkey and Historic Peninsula. namely Zeyrek. religious and artistic events for more than two thousand years. Brief Definition Brief Definition A brief account of the chosen site and its history Development of Goal and Development of Goal and Objectives Objectives Appropriate and contemporary goals and objectives for modern urbanization. evaluation of survey and analysis. evaluation. Other three volumes contain detailed physical and social survey. (Project Leader) Azime Tezer. Bears a unique or exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition. a comprehensive documentary of cultural assets. Istanbul Project leads in this manner. a set of goals and objectives. natural. building compatibility. conservation decisions. Faculty of Architecture Urban and Environmental Planning and Research Center Istanbul Project: Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study by Nuran Zeren Gulersoy. Historic Areas of Peninsula. land and building use. transportation and urban fabric. building occupancy. conservation and planning decisions of the case studies.

Included in WHL in 1985. suleymaniye Suleymaniye is situated on the third hill of Historic Peninsula.Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study a world heritage project 4 zeyrek Zeyrek is situated on the fourth hill of Historic Peninsula.5 hectar Population: 9217 YENIKAPI Yenikapi is located at south shores of Historic Peninsula. Zeynep Gunay . (Project Leader) Azime Tezer. However. Conservation Planning Area: 11. Kerem Koramaz.33 hectar Population: 6000 Zeyrek. Conservation Planning Area: 4. Suleymaniye and Yenikapi are three of the historic districts of Istanbul Historic Peninsula. Yenikapi has never attracted the public attention as Zeyrek or Suleymaniye did in the sense of protection. Church of Surp Tartios Partihiminios is the only monumental structure in the area. and timber houses of Ottoman Architecture gives the unique identity to Zeyrek. One of the most significant example of Byzantion Architecture. has changed both physically and socially.7 hectar Population: 1400 İstanbul Technical University. successed in conserving its unique architectural characteristics. where the original settlement pattern have been preserved. One of the finest examples of Islamic Architecture built by Architect Sinan between 1550-1557 is Suleymaniye Mosque. Greater Municipality of Istanbul included Yenikapi in the content of Historic Area Revitalisation Projects in 2001. attempts are presently directed towards upgrading the surroundings of the Pantokrator with the intention of raising public awareness for the preservation of the area and attracting the attention of investors or sponsors. Pantokrator Monastery founded by Empress Eirene in the 12th century. Greater Municipality has initiated work towards developing a rehabilitation project that will in the long run help the area to attain its old and respectable status. In Suleymaniye. Included in WHL in 1985. Reyhan Yigiter. Conservation Planning Area: 43. Faculty of Architecture Urban and Environmental Planning and Research Center Istanbul Project: Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study by Nuran Zeren Gulersoy. After the construction of Kennedy Street through the sea shore. Until 1960s. In Zeyrek.

• The creation of new distribution network for services by supporting interventions and encouragements to raise the density of activities that provide new job opportunities. • To provide economic inputs to manage continuity in urban heritage to live. • To utilize new functions while changing the character of existing unsuitable socio-economic functions to provide continuity in economic progress while preserving the historic urban pattern. demolishing unfitting structures and harmonizing them with the character and scale of the site consistent with contemporary architecture. labor. volunteers and those of the local people to ensure optimum cost/quality ratios at every stage of planning. upgrading. • To enhance the understanding of conservation study to provide development in social structure. Zeynep Gunay Istanbul Project: Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study . historic.Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study a world heritage project PLANNING GOAL To formulate general planning determinations that maintain the appropriate and contemporary development of the environmental fabric of Urban Sites and that support economic regeneration while preserving its historical and architectural and functional values. • To assist in finding financial resources in the process of implementation. Kerem Koramaz. • To improve the architectural quality by preserving. • To promote an environmental network that puts emphasis on the influential role in the urban fabric of natural. organizations charged with implementation. • To raise public awareness on conservation of cultural heritage by providing an education milieu. İstanbul Technical University. 5 PLANNING OBJECTIVES • To emphasize the functional role in relation to the integration with other neighboring residential. Historic Peninsula and the city center of Istanbul. Functional Qualification Optimal Communications Social and Cultural Integration A Positive Environment for the Architectural and Urban Quality Zeyrek Suleymaniye Yenikapi A Positive Environment Depends on Conditions of Health and Comfort Optimum Cost and Economic Support goal and objectives Appropriate and contemporary goals and objectives for modern urbanization. while taking into account the prospects for conservation and development. • To utilize the resources of the country. • To find flexible solutions to provide opportunity to change and further development in time and space. • To emphasize the conservation. • To provide functionally sufficient and efficient places for both inhabitants and visitors. • To provide parking lots for residents and for long or short period visitors. planning and implementation process with full participation of inhabitants. monumental and civil architectural values. Reyhan Yigiter. • To create new distribution network for existing services while integrating them with new achievements. • To connect sites of various activities having importance with a hierarchy of pedestrianization. • To provide optimal conditions by climate control both indoors and outdoors. transportation. • To ensure the cleanliness of the environment by reconsidering garbage collection. • To provide optimum lighting conditions indoors and outdoors using natural and artificial light. Faculty of Architecture Urban and Environmental Planning and Research Center Flexibility and Applicability by Nuran Zeren Gulersoy. • To prevent historic urban pattern and infrastructure to be ruined and to eliminate insufficiencies. while improving living standards. • To generate new housing opportunities to constitute new social structure in the sense of conservation. parking lots and bus stops. and by placing garbage bins and containers at suitable locations. • To arrange the pedestrian routes and vehicle transportation network sufficiently for the needs of the existing and proposed activities. (Project Leader) Azime Tezer. recreational areas. and to improve detailed development plans beyond these decisions. townscape and landscaping imperatives are developed in the second stage of the study. repairing.

86% of the listed buildings. Under the pressures of other functions spreading through out the area. that 51% of them are listed. A total of 469 buildings are surveyed in the study. Kerem Koramaz. office and hotel functions. (Project Leader) Azime Tezer. Pervititch Cadastral Map Listed Structures Urban and Environmental Planning and Research Center Istanbul Project: Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study by Nuran Zeren Gulersoy.Zeyrek Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study a comprehensive documentary 6 Condition of the Building Occupancy of the Buildings Construction Material Zeyrek is one of the historical settlement areas in the city of Istanbul that has an urban fabric being worthy of preservation. and the most symbolic of it. Molla Zeyrek Mosque is one of the most important monumental structures in the region. Faculty of Architecture Land Ownership Harmony With the Architectural Character Overlapping Existing Situation to 1933 J. The Manifaturacılar Bazaar (shop district selling fabrics) is another impact of this transformation. However. the dominant residential function is being transformed to commercial. Reyhan Yigiter. most of the listed buildings are deteriorated and in bad physical condition. Zeynep Gunay . Use of Land and Building Ground Floor ZEYREK survey and analysis Zeyrek Conservation Area boundaries were first determined in 1974 and ratified by General Statute in 1987. are defined as civil architecture. İstanbul Technical University.

This stems from the increasing immigration rates from economically undeveloped settlements of Southeast or East Anatolia regions.Zeyrek Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study a comprehensive documentary 7 SOCIAL STRUCTURE ANALYSIS IN ZEYREK Changes in social structure and the lack of interest in conservation studies create more deterioration within the general framework of the Zeyrek district. The major population of residents in the planning area are housewives and self-employees. Information was gathered from households in both listed and non-listed buildings. neither green areas. İstanbul Technical University. The continuous immigration from economically undeveloped regions of Turkey creates a dynamic mobile population profile. has a true understanding of conservation area for Zeyrek. Almost half of the residents have lived in that residence for a period of less than 5 years. The number of fathers with no income is high in Zeyrek. Effective conservation and integrated conservation approaches are necessary to enhance the environs and to create better income opportunities for the people living in the area by re-functioning regulations along with residential use. Newly opened cafes as Zeyrekhane are inefficient in serving inhabitants. Building-User Relationship Most of the families are tenants in the district. the precautions to enhance environmental quality are vital. The lack of interest in conservation and lack of feeling of possession accelerate the deterioration of timber buildings. However. Multi-storey reinforced concrete buildings were built after the demolition of traditional ones resulting in a lack of harmony with the traditional urban texture. Social Communication Interaction Levels 52% of the inhabitants surveyed in the study have relatives in the same district. too. Playground in Zeyrek Social Life in Zeyrek ZEYREK social structure analysis Street Life in Zeyrek Social structure analysis covers the demographic and socio-economic aspects of the inhabitants of the planning area. their approach to urban conservation and the historical environment. (Project Leader) Azime Tezer. especially tenants. giving the evidence for active public for future conservation efforts. User’s Opinions About Urban Conservation It was determined that a small portion of residents. A higher percentage of fathers earn between 62-124 USD in Zeyrek concentrating on marginal sector. Demographic Structure Most of the families are extended families of more than 5 people in Zeyrek. One hundred questionnaires were prepared with 50 applied to each of listed and non-listed buildings. Faculty of Architecture Urban and Environmental Planning and Research Center Istanbul Project: Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study by Nuran Zeren Gulersoy. As well as restoration of listed buildings. Zeynep Gunay . Migrant families are mainly in the lowincome level. These regulations are essential for creating alive historical environments. Kerem Koramaz. This is a general issue in historic areas used as primary migration nodes. Prior users’ve been moved outwards and immigrants from Eastern and South-Eastern Anatolia settled in the area. There is a small portion of families living in the building free of charge. as well as their interactions with their environment and their expectations. Zeyrek has not much commercial potential that it is more of a housing district. the residents’ thoughts are in the direction of the preservation of listed buildings to beautify the district. There are nearly no common places for neighbourhood gatherings in Zeyrek. The willingness to participate in neighborhood beautification efforts with their neighbors is 64%. This change has been reflected in the spatial structure. Reyhan Yigiter. The social structure of the area changed completely after the 1950’s.

Faculty of Architecture Urban and Environmental Planning and Research Center land use and building functions conservation listed property of non-listed buildings Istanbul Project: Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study by Nuran Zeren Gulersoy. Zeynep Gunay . Reyhan Yigiter. the efforts are directed towards the elimination of land uses not in accordance with the traditional urban fabric of the area and the replacement of these land uses with more harmonious functions as it was envisaged in the upper-level plans. Planning decisions are considered related to: • • • • • Development Plan Evaluation Type of Proposed Action population density transportation and ZEYREK evaluation and planning decisions This stage of the Study comprises of comprehensive conservation approaches within the planning strategies help to provide the revitalisation of the district with respect to traditional urban character. Planning Decisions İstanbul Technical University.Zeyrek Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study an integrated conservation approach 8 In Zeyrek. (Project Leader) Azime Tezer. Kerem Koramaz.

Kerem Koramaz. İstanbul Technical University. Harmony with the Architectural Character in Fazılet Street In the survey and townscape analysis of Zeyrek urban historic quarter. Each townscape parameter framed on conceptual evaluation of urban space is considered on the model. Zeynep Gunay . threedimensional data is used. Reyhan Yigiter.Zeyrek Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study an integrated conservation approach 9 Three Dimensional Evaluation of Historic Townscape in Zeyrek Visual Quality in Fazilet Street Townscape Analysis of Visual Quality Townscape Analysis of Accessibility Townscape Analysis of Accessibility ZEYREK urban design project Visual potential in urban historic quarter to regain authentic architectural and urban characteristics is evaluated in this stage. Faculty of Architecture Harmony with the Architectural Character Urban and Environmental Planning and Research Center Urban Design Project Istanbul Project: Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study by Nuran Zeren Gulersoy. (Project Leader) Azime Tezer.

Kerem Koramaz. (Project Leader) Azime Tezer. with the streets of city blocks that are open to the Mosque.Zeyrek Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study an integrated conservation approach 10 Existing Uses of Zeyrek Proposed Uses of Zeyrek Urban Design Project EXISTING ZEYREK urban design project The 1/500 scale Urban Design Project is developed in the surrounding of Molla Zeyrek Mosque. Reyhan Yigiter. Faculty of Architecture Urban and Environmental Planning and Research Center PROPOSED Molla Zeyrek Mosque and Zeyrekhane Zeyrekhane Facade of Fazilet Street Istanbul Project: Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study by Nuran Zeren Gulersoy. İstanbul Technical University. Zeynep Gunay . This area forms the heart of the district.

İstanbul Technical University. there seen an important decay in the listed timber structures. 405 of total 1557 buildings in the area are listedbuildings. It is Istanbul’s one of the most important distribution node of goods and services. with the replacement of previous housing units by warehouses or manufactural units. Though. Manufaturacılar Bazaar on Atatürk Boulevard has an important impact on the development of commercial and manufactural facilities and on the type of residents.Suleymaniye Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study a comprehensive documentary 11 Condition of the Building Occupancy of the Buildings Construction Material Suleymaniye is an important node for historical townscape of Istanbul. Monumental buildings constitute an important defining role of the historic area. Use of Land and Building Ground Floor SULEYMANIYE survey and analysis Suleymaniye Conservation Area boundaries were first declared in 1977 and ratified in 1987. According to survey analysis. Zeynep Gunay . Kalenderhane and Vefa Mosque are significant examples for monumental buildings of which constitute 15.3% of the listed-buildings. The university has much effect on shaping the functional reuse of the listed structures. (Project Leader) Azime Tezer. Kerem Koramaz. Faculty of Architecture Urban and Environmental Planning and Research Center Land Ownership Harmony with the Architectural Character Historic Monuments (Muller Map) Listed Structures Istanbul Project: Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study by Nuran Zeren Gulersoy. Suleymaniye Mosque. Reyhan Yigiter.

This potential cannot be ignored when considering development in socio-cultural dimensions. religious and education. Reyhan Yigiter. because of its functional role as a tourism.1% of the mothers and 43. Bachelor dwellings which house 8 to 10 men in one room are one of the most important problems Suleymaniye faces. This stems from the increasing immigration rates from economically undeveloped settlements of Southeast or East Anatolia regions. generally from Adıyaman or Mardin. it houses the basic young labour force in its content. multi-storey building beautifies the district. 42. Majority of the fathers earn between 124-186 USD a month. manufacture or wholesale ateliers with the industrialization and development competition of Istanbul metropolis. The inhabitants mostly work in the manufacture and commercial sector and in marginal jobs. The student population brings new socio-economic functions and creates a socially active environment indirectly. User’s Opinions About Urban Conservation It was determined that a small portion of residents has a true understanding of conservation area for Suleymaniye. Thus. The continuous immigration from economically undeveloped regions of Turkey creates a dynamic mobile population profile. Kerem Koramaz. Information was gathered from 100 households equally shared in between both listed and non-listed buildings. The number of fathers with no income is rather higher in Suleymaniye compared to Zeyrek and Yenikapi. unfortunately. Building-User Relationship Most of the families are tenants.9% of the fathers in the region were born in cities of South-East Anatolia. Faculty of Architecture Urban and Environmental Planning and Research Center Istanbul Project: Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study by Nuran Zeren Gulersoy. Traditional Wedding Ceremony İstanbul Technical University. Suleymaniye is a center where most of Istanbul’s European side’s distribution of goods is supplied. Demographic Structure Most of the families are extended families of more than 5 or 7 people. The residents’ thoughts are in the direction of the replacement of the listed house with a modern. (Project Leader) Azime Tezer. Social Communication Interaction Levels There are a number of common places for neighbourhood gatherings in Suleymaniye. There is a small portion of families living in the building free of charge. in the 20th century. almost half of the residents have lived in their residences for a period of less than 5 years. as well as their interactions with the environment. therefore.Suleymaniye Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study a comprehensive documentary 12 SOCIAL STRUCTURE ANALYSIS IN SULEYMANIYE The site was a place where the rich and elegant society of Ottoman administrative class were living in 17th century. The existence of Istanbul University in the core of the planning area gives an important impact on social restructuring. Street Life in Suleymaniye Social Life in Suleymaniye SULEYMANIYE social structure analysis Social structure analysis includes the demographic and socio-economic aspects of the inhabitants of the planning area. This situation brings new discussions of gentrification in the case that the original social layout has changed competely as in Suleymaniye. Zeynep Gunay . their expectations and their perspectives in defining urban conservation and historical environment. the structures were left to worker immigrants and their families from eastern regions of Turkey in order to be used for housing.

Storey Height Use Ow nership Building Condition Harmony Listing Status Action type 8 Block No Lot No Building No Construction Mtrl.Suleymaniye Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study an integrated conservation approach 13 5 Block No Lot No Building No Construction Mtrl. Planning decisions are considered related to: • • • • • Development Plan Evaluation Type of Proposed Action urban fabric and transportation land use and building functions conservation of listed property non-listed buildings socio-cultural development Planning Decisions SULEYMANIYE evaluation and planning decisions This stage of the Study comprises of comprehensive conservation approaches within the planning strategies help to provide the revitalisation of the district with respect to traditional urban character. Reyhan Yigiter. Kerem Koramaz. Storey Height Use Ow nership Building Condition Harmony Listing Status Action type 7 Block No Lot No Building No Construction Mtrl. Storey Height Use Ow nership Building Condition Harmony Listing Status Action type 496 24-25 8-9 Exis ting Situation Concrete 3 Residential Private Partners Very Good Condition Harmonious Not Listed Listed Existing Building 3 Residential Proposal 494 10 7 Existing Situation Timber 2 Residential Private Individual Bad Condition Harmonious Listed Restoration 2 Residential Proposal 496 11 6 Exis ting Situation timber 3 Residential Private Individual Avarage Condition Harmonious Listed Restoration 3 Residential Proposal 496 16 5 Exis ting Situation Timber 3 Residential Private Partners Ruined Harmonious Listed Restoration 3 Residential Proposal Example of the Evaluation List The efforts are directed towards the prevention of the economic role of Suleymaniye as a distribution node of goods to eliminate the landuse not in accordance with the traditional urban fabric of the area and the replacement of these land uses with more harmonious functions. İstanbul Technical University. Faculty of Architecture Urban and Environmental Planning and Research Center Istanbul Project: Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study by Nuran Zeren Gulersoy. Storey Height Use Ow nership Building Condition Harmony Listing Status Action type 6 Block No Lot No Building No Construction Mtrl. (Project Leader) Azime Tezer. Zeynep Gunay .

Kerem Koramaz. Urban Design Project Interventions for Listed Buildings SULEYMANIYE urban design project Within this step of the study. İstanbul Technical University. (Project Leader) Azime Tezer. Infill applications on building forms are designed according to original structural conditions and story height of buildings. While verifying proposals for building forms. transportation system and open urban spaces are figured out in a design scheme with three dimensional interventions for listed buildings.Suleymaniye Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study an integrated conservation approach 14 Historic quarter on the south of Suleymaniye Mosque is considered as a pilot area to develop the 1/1000 scale urban design project. Zeynep Gunay . This zone is chosen for preserving the traditional architectural character and urban fabric of Suleymaniye Urban Historic Site. proposals for listed structures. Faculty of Architecture Urban and Environmental Planning and Research Center Istanbul Project: Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study by Nuran Zeren Gulersoy. Reyhan Yigiter. land and building uses. structural additions on listed buildings are firstly removed.

However.Yenikapi Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study a comprehensive documentary 15 Condition of the Building Occupancy of the Building Construction Material Yenikapi-Yali Mahallesi is a typical historic urban quarter of old Istanbul with its masonry and timber civil architecture and its cultural inheritance. Being an intersection node of main transportation modes of Anatolian and European sides of Istanbul brings a significant impact on the area for future. Such developments on main boulevards create job opportunities for residents. The church is still in use. It has always been a residential area. but does not effect the economical development of Yali Mahallesi as a whole. There is only one monumental building in the area. car repairing activities has been damaging the residential character of the traditional physical and social layout of Yali Mahallesi recently. Zeynep Gunay . Kerem Koramaz. and surrounded by newly built disharmonious structures that hide the monumental character. İstanbul Technical University. warehouses. the increasing density of manufactural sector. which is Church of Surp Tartios Partihiminios. it still manages in preserving its urban fabric with original architectural character. However. Reyhan Yigiter. Use of Land and Building Ground Floor YENIKAPI survey and analysis The boundary for the Yenikapi Conservation Area is determined to cover the historic core of Yali Mahallesi. Faculty of Architecture Urban and Environmental Planning and Research Center Land Ownership Harmony with the Architectural Character Pervititch Map Listed Structures Istanbul Project: Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study by Nuran Zeren Gulersoy. (Project Leader) Azime Tezer.

Southeast Anatolia or Black Sea regions. User’s Opinions About Urban Conservation It was determined that a small portion of residents has a true understanding of conservation area. Yenikapi-Yali Mahallesi is fortunate by the fact that green areas surrounding the settlement create breathing spaces for residents. This temporary approach causes lack of care of the buildings or surrounding. There is a small portion of families living in the building free of charge. However. mostly working in the service sector and in marginal jobs. The continuous immigration from economically undeveloped regions of Turkey creates a dynamic mobile population profile. it has changed both physically and socially. Social Life in YenikapiYali Mahallesi İstanbul Technical University. Almost half of the residents have lived in that residence for a period of less than 5 years. and housed Istanbul’s important nightclubs of high-level society till 1960s. Building-User Relationship Most of the families are tenants. The residents’ thoughts of Yenikapi-Yali Mahallesi are in the direction of the replacement of the listed house with a modern. The new families of low income groups in Yenikapi-Yali Mahallesi. Demographic Structure Most of the families are extended families of more than 5 people in Yenikapi-Yali Mahallesi. This stems from the increasing immigration rates from economically undeveloped settlements of East. Kerem Koramaz. thus rapid demolishment activities show the reality. The major population of residents in the planning areas are housewives and self-employees. with the construction of Kennedy Street through the seashore. Majority earn between more than 284 USD with the benefit of working in entertainment business. Social Communication Interaction Levels Majority of the inhabitants have relatives in near surrounding. Zeynep Gunay . After 1960s. Information was gathered from 70 households equally shared in between both listed and non-listed buildings. the low-income level of residents hardens the preservation of historic urban character of the area. The number of fathers with no income is rather high. as well as their interactions with the environment. The empty places. Playground in YenikapiYali Mahallesi Street Life in YenikapiYali Mahallesi YENIKAPI social structure analysis The survey includes the demographic and socio-economic aspects of the inhabitants of the planning area. Yenikapi-Yali Mahallesi houses the labour force working in near commercial centers and entertainment business. outdoor and indoor settings are insufficient in number. as a step in between better conditions which will be provided by higher incomes. Reyhan Yigiter. their expectations and their perspectives in defining urban conservation and historical environment. generally settle down the area in for a temporary period. the listed buildings are left to become dilapidation. multi-storey building beautifies the district. (Project Leader) Azime Tezer. When high maintenance costs added on the population who are mainly tenants. were filled by the immigrants of low income coming from the economically undeveloped regions of Turkey. Faculty of Architecture Urban and Environmental Planning and Research Center Istanbul Project: Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study by Nuran Zeren Gulersoy. generally listed buildings. Moreover. especially from Southeast and East Anatolia regions.Yenikapi Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study a comprehensive documentary 16 SOCIAL STRUCTURE ANALYSIS IN YENIKAPI-YALI MAHALLESI Yenikapi-Yali Mahallesi has been succeeded in preserving its unique architectural characteristics. The increase in non-residential activities caused Yenikapi-Yali Mahallesi’s own residents to leave the settlement.

7 5 Exis ting Situation Masonry 3 Residential Private Partners Good Condition Harmonious Listed Liberasyon 2 Residential Proposal 831 5 4 Exis ting Situation Timber+Masonry 3 Unoccupied House Private Individual Ruin Harmonious Listed Consolidation Residential Proposal 830 12 27 Exis ting Situation Timber+Masonry 3 Residential Private Partners Bad Condition Harmonious Listed Liberation Residential Proposal Example of the Evaluation List Planning efforts are directed towards the reorganization of the role of Yenikapi-Yali mahallesi to be in accordance with the traditional urban fabric of the area and to serve in its hinterland. Kerem Koramaz. Reyhan Yigiter. Storey Height Use Ow nership Building Condition Harmony Listing Status Action type Block No Lot No Building No Construction Mtrl. (Project Leader) Azime Tezer. New economic functioning is proposed to provide new job opportunities reflecting the potential to increase the income level of inhabitants.Yenikapi Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study an integrated conservation approach 17 7 Block No Lot No Building No Construction Mtrl. Zeynep Gunay . Storey Height Use Ow nership Building Condition Harmony Listing Status Action type 831 10 7 Exis ting Situation Timber 3 Residential Private Individual Good Condition Harmonious Listed Liberation Residential Proposal 831 6. Storey Height Use Ow nership Building Condition Harmony Listing Status Action type Block No Lot No Building No Construction Mtrl. İstanbul Technical University. Storey Height Use Ow nership Building Condition Harmony Listing Status Action type Block No Lot No Building No Construction Mtrl. Faculty of Architecture Urban and Environmental Planning and Research Center Istanbul Project: Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study by Nuran Zeren Gulersoy. Planning decisions are considered related to: • • • • • Development Plan Evaluation Type of Proposed Action urban fabric and transportation land use and building functions conservatıon of listed property non-listed buildings socio-cultural development Planning Decisions YENIKAPI evaluation and planning decisions This stage of the Study comprises of comprehensive conservation approaches within the planning strategies help to provide the revitalisation of the district with respect to traditional urban character.

Zeynep Gunay . 1/1000 scale urban design project is developed with proposals for both land and building levels. Urban Design Project Interventions for Listed Buildings YENIKAPI urban design project Within this step of the study. Reyhan Yigiter. Infill applications on building forms are designed according to original structural conditions and story height of buildings. land and building uses. transportation system and open urban spaces are figured out in a design scheme with three dimensional interventions for listed buildings.Yenikapi Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study an integrated conservation approach 18 In the study area. structural additions on listed buildings are firstly removed. (Project Leader) Azime Tezer. proposals for listed structures. While verifying proposals for building forms. Kerem Koramaz. Faculty of Architecture Urban and Environmental Planning and Research Center Istanbul Project: Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study by Nuran Zeren Gulersoy. İstanbul Technical University.

Suleymaniye It is recognized that the local authority could not achieve the comprehensive plan acting alone. dealing with the true functioning of the whole management scheme and operating financial resources. The secondary partners are the Project Coordinators doing the plan and the Project Consultants contributing in evaluation and decision-making processes. including local and central government. besides incentives. the project is handled with the contribution of national and especially of international partners. in particular. The district has to be successful in levering private sector investment. socio-cultural and economic dimensions. The Financial support from private entrepreneurs can be maintained in commercial corridors. so as private enterprises. In national level. involving a partnership of public and private bodies. as well as private enterprises. A self-processed funding scheme is settled inbetween national and international partners of public and private sectors to fill the capital pool. University Foundation having an effect on social development of the area is responsible for the establishment of Training Center for capacity building and dormitory opportunities for students. Sub-project groups are established under the themes of physical. The study looks for the consistent and appropriate solutions to ease the difficulties run by the scarce resources. To maintain financial support for the implementation is surely the most important problems the conservation studies face. ensure the cooperation between various sub-projects raising the profile of the historic district. European Union and UNESCO are the main international supporting organizations in the financial management scheme. A Vision Center served as a vital means of communication and publicity. cultural interests.Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study an integrated conservation approach 19 Under the roof of Conservation Study. Reyhan Yigiter. the following structures were set up to implement the plan: An expert in both national and international levels is promoted as Project Leader. community. significant investment from the service sector: private offices. tourism interests. Zeynep Gunay . Greater Municipality. a multi-partnership mechanism is set up with the contribution of Ministry of Culture and Tourism. arts. The full participation of public in evaluation and decision-making processes is supported. District Municipalities. A new approach was therefore proposed. The Ministry can support the study by funds and incentives such as tax relief and subsidies on tourist activities that are proposed on tourist-cultural facility zones. Foundations. It is important to state that public participation in the process will guarantee the continuity of efforts. Yenikapi Zeyrek implementation and financial management To provide a management process defining a cooperated participation between administrative units during the implementation process is determined in the Study. each sub-project is run by a Project Team. Local bodies of Greater Municipality and district municipalities help to restore historic buildings and provide consultancy to maintain a Community Center. restaurant and other entertainment businesses. To ease the implementation process. İstanbul Technical University. Kerem Koramaz. (Project Leader) Azime Tezer. Universities and private sector. from the Ministry of Culture and Tourism and foundations is ensured by the fact that only if the proposed project on a land is on their ownership. business and trade groups. A Monitoring Committee is proposed to be established in order to monitor the implementation process. Consultative bodies ensure the effective and efficient continuity of the study between diverse groups and organizations mentioned above. Faculty of Architecture Urban and Environmental Planning and Research Center Istanbul Project: Istanbul Historic Peninsula Conservation Study by Nuran Zeren Gulersoy. Financial aid. Because of its global role.

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