You are on page 1of 303

G

e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
Brief historical data and memories of my boyhood days in Nantucket,
by Joseph E.C. Farnham.
Farnham, |oseph E. C. (|oseph Eííís Coffee), 1849-1933.
|Provídence, Snow & Farnham Company, 1915|
http://hdl.handle.net/2027/nnc1.0112045675
Public Domain, Google-digitized
http://w w w .hathi tr u s t.o r g /acces s _ u s e# pd- g o o g le
Thís work ís ín the Pubííc Domaín, meaníng
that ít ís not sub|ect to copyríght. Users are
free to copy, use, and redístríbute the work
ín part or ín whoíe. It ís possíbíe that heírs
or the estate of the authors of índívíduaí portíons
of the work, such as íííustratíons, assert copyríghts
over these portíons. Dependíng on the nature
of subsequent use that ís made, addítíonaí
ríghts may need to be obtaíned índependentíy
of anythíng we can address. The dígítaí ímages
and 0CP of thís work were produced by Googíe,
Inc. (índícated by a watermark on each page
ín the PageTurner). Googíe requests that
the ímages and 0CP not be re-hosted, redístríbuted
or used commercíaííy. The ímages are províded
for educatíonaí, schoíaríy, non-commercíaí
purposes.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
z
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
|faBcmafíhg tt vfam
11 oíí|
aíanb ,3n mí|e ea
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
|Petrospecít1nt 3ís 31n&ítutg
. nb
Psfíerfíntt ,3b 3htap0Tttg
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF
IST0PIC D T
D
MEM0PIES 0F
M
B0 00D D S
I TUC ET
B
|0SEP E. C. F P M
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
.
fí . S/S
4 3
|-fzí-íf
Snow & Farnham Company
|anuary Fínt, íneteen Fífteen
Provídence, Phode Isíand
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
00 Far round the bíeak and stormy Cape
C The venturous Macy passed,
rt € ” nd on antucket s natíve ísíe
_|r Drew up hís boat at íast.
en
nd how, ín íog-buíít cabín,
cn They braved the rough sea-weather;
- | nd there, ín peace and quíetness,
ent down íífe s vaíe together.
- C ow others drew around them,
nd how theír físhíng sped,
Untíí to every wínd of heaven
antucket s saíís were spread.
ow paíe ant aíternated
íth Píenty s goíden smííe;
Behoíd, ís ít not wrítten
In the annaís of the ísíe
nd yet that ísíe remaíneth
refuge of the free,
s when true-hearted Macy
Beheíd ít from the sea.
God bíess the sea-beat ísíand
nd grant forevermore.
That charíty and freedom dweíí
s now upon her shore.
From ttíer . The Erín.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e

G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
tEo ,| g ,ffíaíííer
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
PPEF CE.
y 0 one whose eyes peruse these prínted pages apprecíates
4 S1 more fuííy than does the wríter that the makíng of thís
book was unnecessary. Its pubíícatíon ís not born of pre-
medítated desígn, nor díd ít spríng from a preconceíved or a weíí-
defíned pían. íke Topsy ín arríet Beecher Stowe s story of
Uncíe Tom s Cabín, ít |ust growed.
Its orígín was on thís wíse:
The Inquírer and Mírror, the weekíy newspaper pubííshed ín
my natíve town of antucket, íssued a Chrístmas-Souvenír number
ín 1912. It was a weíí-gotten up, magazíne-síze of newspaper, had
a number of artícíes of specíaí attractíon bearíng on events of
forty, fífty and more years back, and ít contaíned sundry íííustra-
tíons of antucket scenes as I personaííy knew them ín my boy-
hood.
0ne of those píctures partícuíaríy appeaíed to me, because ít
agaín brought to my mentaí vísíon, and revíved memory ín, some
of the oíd shops and theír propríetors wíth whích and wíth whom I
had been so famíííar ín my earíy youth. Inspíred by íts appear-
ance I wrote for the paper whích had brought ít to my attentíon
a remíníscent artícíe bearíng the títíe Bygone Days Fraught wíth
aícyon Memoríes. That artícíe produced much favorabíe com-
ment, ímmedíateíy foííowíng íts pubíícatíon, from a number of
contríbutors to the same paper. Uníversaííy they suggested that I
wríte more, as I had struck a veín whích provoked hearty co-
operatíve personaí ínterest. Foííowíng such suggestíons, I wrote
a number of artícíes bearíng on my boyhood, one appearíng nearíy
every week for severaí successíve weeks, uítímateíy íapsíng ínto
months.
ater, numerous fríends urged me to preserve those artícíes ín
more permanent and accessíbíe form than scattered through the
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
íí PPEF C .
fííes of a weekíy country newspaper, € ” aíbeít, ín my |udgment, that
wouíd have been a suffícíent abídíng píace for them.
íeídíng to the pressure of these fríends I have permítted thís
semí-pubííc pubíícatíon. 0níy a íímíted number of copíes have
been prínted, not for saíe, but rather for quíet dístríbutíon among
fríends.
Modestíy I present thís book to them, and to such others as may
possíbíy care to read íts pages. I am satísfíed that there are but
few peopíe, comparatíveíy, who wííí be specíaííy entertaíned by ít, € ”
such beíng men and women once boys and gírís wíth me ín the
town of whích ít treats. For ít I cíaím no specíaí ííterary merít.
If ít proves of the sííghtest ínterest to any one, then wííí I be
satísfíed that ít ís íssued.
The foííowíng íetter to the Inquírer and Mírror ís presented
as íííustratíve of the ínterest manífested by correspondents ín the
severaí artícíes contríbuted by me to that newspaper, as they
successíveíy appeared. Its author ís íe ander Starbuck, edítor of
The aítham |Massachusetts| Free Press-Tríbune, a antucket
boy some years back of my tíme. e ís an author and hístorían of
consíderabíe repute. e says:
Edítor of the Inquírer and Mírror:
There ís a contínuaí fund of ínterest ín the remíníscences you
have been pubííshíng. ou are practícaííy fortunate ín havíng cor-
respondents who are wííííng and abíe to suppíy them. There ísn t
a newspaper ín the State, urban or suburban, but wouíd |ump at
the chance to get such communícatíons as a hungry trout wouíd
|ump for a fíy. It ís a good work, too, hístorícaííy, for ít bríngs up
many questíons that can better be settíed now, whííe those who
recoííect the círcumstances are aííve, than they can when they
e íst oníy as tradítíons.
antucket, |r.
The wríter of these Memoríes reaíízes the aímost ímmodest
personaí character of them. Many tímes whííe wrítíng them he
has resoíved to destroy that aíready wrítten, and wríte no more.
Fríends have the more persístentíy urged theír permanent pubííca-
tíon. In pursuíng thís boyhood story I have tríed to be as ímper-
sonaí as possíbíe, but ít couíd not be wrítten and entíreíy eíímínate
seíf. Memoríes are ínevítabíy personaí, € ” a fact patent and
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
PPEF CE. ííí
uníversaííy known, yet íts ímport ís aíí too often crítícaííy over-
íooked and forgotten. Pemíníscences and not hístory ís the ín-
tended basís of thís book.
The ísíand of antucket, wíth the quaínt town of the same name
popuíated upon ít, ís cheríshed by many who were born there, and
who have gone forth seekíng a broader envíronment and a wíder
opportuníty to achíeve ín íífe. Many of the natíves of that ísoíated
ísíand town have made good records ín íocaíítíes whích they have
chosen for a home and busíness íífe, and have refíected credít upon
the town of theír bírth.
0ur separatíon, socíaííy, from aíí communítíes but our own, as
we ííved ín our segregated town, thírty mííes out ín the sea, gave
us pecuííar condítíons of near reíatíonshíp, whích produced e perí-
ences unusuaííy uníque, and ís, I cíaím, a becomíng e cuse for thís
remíníscent narratíve. índíy overíook, then, íts ínevítabíe € ” to
me € ” too promínent personaí character.
The wríter, therefore, agaín courteousíy asks that thís pubííca-
tíon be receíved ín the same unassumíng spírít ín whích ít ís
put forth. 0veríook, píease, and forgíve errors, € ” many there may
be, € ” and gíve an encouragíng and kínd word for anythíng wíthín
the book whích may prove heípfuí or píeasíng.
In gratefuí apprecíatíon I return thanks to Mr. Poíand B. ussey
and to Mr. arry B. Turner, of antucket, for e amínatíon of
proofs; to Messrs. G. P. Putnam s Sons, ew ork, to Mr. enry S.
yer, and to the Inquírer and Mírror, antucket, and to the ad-
vertísíng department of the ew ork, ew aven and artford
Paííroad, for haíf-tone píates from whích many of the íííustratíons
ín thís book are prínted; to Messrs. . Storrs & Bement Company,
and Mr. |oseph . Phínney, of the merícan Type Founders
Company, Boston; to the P. . Greene Paper Company, the
Crahan Engravíng Company, the awes Engravíng Company, and
to . . Gardner and Sons, Provídence, each for specíaí favors.
Provídence, P. I.,
0ctober 1, 1914.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
C0 TE TS.
ístoríc Foreword I
Dívísíonaí antucket II
otabíe 0íd Structures 19
Socíaí Characterístícs 2
ncestry and Famííy 29
Schooí Day 40
Earíy Boyhood E períences 51
Isaíah íchoíson and ís Fíyíng- orses 58
Characters once the Butt of 0ur Fun 1
Smaíí Shops of My Boyhood 9
Díversífíed Sports 0
Físhíng and Físhermen 98
Impressíve Boyhood Pemembrances 102
Fíre-Engínes and Fíre Facts Fífty ears and More go 10
antucket Commercíaí ffaírs ín My Boyhood 114
Bakeríes of My Boyhood 130
Pesídents of Guínea ín My Earíy ífe 138
Uníque Socíaí Condítíons 143
The 0íd-Tíme antucket Círcíe 15
eavíng Pag Carpets 1 2
Then and ow 1 5
Memorabíe reck on antucket 1 5
0íd-Tíme antucket Meat uctíons and Físh Saíes 184
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
C0 TE TS. ví
Strange Fascínatíon 190
Merchants and Professíonaí Men of Fífty ears and More go 194
Schooís and Churches 210
Boy on a Poípís Farm 213
Earíy E períences at the Príntíng-Trade 22
Famííy Pecord 240
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
| , ít s a snug ííttíe 3íBíanb
rtgí|í ííttk, gífí íatíc Bíanb.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
IST0PIC F0PE 0PD.
fí T TUC ET, famed ín íegend, hístory, story and poetry, en-
4- | |oys an attractíve present as one of the most noted ew
„ Engíand seasíde resorts. Pícturesque and beautífuí, as ít
reposes amíd íts envíronment of open seas washíng íts shores on íts
every síde, ít ís dístínctíveíy entrancíng, and ís a rare charm to the
íover of ídeaíístíc nature. Popuíar as ít now ís, ít yet has a hís-
toríc past whích has enshríned ít ín the affectíon of aíí searchers
and íovers of the wonderfuííy effectíve taíes of earíy ew Engíand.
That ísíe of the sea, once so commercíaííy busy, but now gíven
over quíte entíreíy to the summer vísítors, was díscovered ín 1 o2
by Captaín Barthoíomew Gosnoíd. e was an Engííshman, who
saííed from Engíand ín a smaíí barque wíth thírty-two persons on
board, bound for írgínía, ín search of a desírabíe seat for a pían-
tatíon. Sankaty (or Sankoty) ead, a stríkíng bíuff on the south
east of the ísíand, was the fírst íand díscovered. The Indían popu-
íatíon on the ísíand at that tíme was about fífteen hundred.
aríous storíes as to the orígín of the name antucket are cur-
rent . It ís quíte generaííy accepted, I thínk, that antícon, known
to ancíent maríners, and antucket are synonymous. In 1 41 the
ísíand was deeded to Thomas Mayhew and hís son, Thomas, |r.,
by ííííam, Earí of Sterííng. In 1 59 Thomas Mayhew deeded
the ísíand, wíth the e ceptíon of one tenth whích he reserved for
hímseíf, to the so-caííed ten orígínaí purchasers. The compensa-
tíon therefor, as mutuaííy agreed wíth Thomas Macy, theír chíef,
was thírty pounds and two beaver hats, one for myseíf and one
for my wífe. Thomas Macy and Trístam Coffín, together wíth
theír baníshed assocíates, ten ín number, were the fírst reaí whíte
settíers on the ísíand.
From íts earííest settíement untíí the year 1 93 antucket was a
part of the State of ew ork, when, at the request of the pro-
príetors, ít became and has ever sínce been a vaíued ad|unct of
the State of Massachusetts. By order of Francís oveíace, Gov-
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
2 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
ernor of ew ork, príí 18, 1 3, the town was caííed Sherborne,
whích contínued to be íts name untíí 1 95, when ít was changed to
antucket. There ís much of vaíuabíe hístory and record appear-
íng under the town name of Sherburne (or Sherborne) € ” ít ís speííed
sí dífferent ways ín earíy town records, € ” whích was íts name for
one hundred and twenty-one years. From 1 95 the name of the
town has been the same as that of the ísíand on whích ít ís íocated.
|ohn Greeníeaf híttíer, the famous uaker bard, has ím-
mortaíízed the ísíand of antucket ín hís renowned poem, The
E ííes. The íncídent upon whích that poem ís founded occurred
about the year 1 o, and those verses are vívíd word píctures of
one of the many stríkíng events of our earíy Coíoníaí hístory.
ítaíízíng and cíearíy the poet, ín íengthy, entertaíníng narratíve,
depícts the enactment of bígotry and persecutíon whích character-
ízed some of the earíy settíers of southeastern Massachusetts.
Thomas Macy ís the basaí hero of the poem, who suffered ostracísm
and baníshment from the Bay-State Coíony, I thínk from the town
of Saíísbury, for no greater críme than harboríng ín hís home ín-
nocent uakers overtaken ín a terrífíc tempest of thunder, ííght-
níng and raín. Fíeeíng before hís persecutors, wíth hís ííttíe band
of adherents, they took passage ín an open boat, crossíng the wííd
wastes of waters, down and around Cape Cod, across the open sea
of antucket Sound, fínaííy íandíng and drawíng up theír boat on
the sandy wííds of the then barren ísíand of antucket. There
they effected a settíement, quíte heroícaííy undaunted by the crueí
períís whích had beset them. t that tíme there were numerous
Indían resídents occupyíng the ísíand, many of whom ííved untíí
comparatíveíy recent dates, the íast of whom was bram uary, a
geníaí, peaceabíe and much íoved red man, a ííneaí bíooded de-
scendant of the denízens of the forest. e was born |anuary
3o, 1 2, and díed ovember 25, 1854, aged eíghty-two years and
ten months. faíthfuí ííkeness of that oíd Indían ís among the
coííectíon of the antucket ístorícaí ssocíatíon.
Thomas Macy and hís devoted aíííes began at once to buííd rude
huts or humbíe houses, to tííí the soíí, and físh ín the waters about
the ísíand. umerous edíbíe kínds of físh were ín abundance,
game roamed ín the then íímíted forests, succuíent roots and herbs
grew wííd, and from those and other restrícted sources, they mart-
aged prímítíveíy to eke out an e ístence amíd most tryíng hard-
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P --PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 3
shíps. The rígors of íncíement weather were patíentíy endured,
and the aíternatíng warmer seasons and the ínvígoratíng sunshínes
stímuíated them to earnest and persístent endeavor ín buíídíng
theír new coíony. grícuíture engaged theír ímmedíate attentíon,
and from carefuííy píanted and weíí cuítívated fíeíds they were
soon garneríng varíous products, and were gaíníng aíí the whííe as
a permanent, peacefuí and servíceabíe communíty of whíte settíers.
Thís earíy story, gaíned from readíng varíous taíes of orígínaí
antucket, ís fascínatíng, hoídíng ínfíe íbíe ínterest; but íts pro-
tracted pursuance ís not the purpose of thís book. It ís aíready
captívatíngíy wrítten ín índeííbíe hístory by dífferent authors.
Macy and hís band graduaííy grew ín numbers, ín ínfíuence and
popuíaríty. umerous famíííes and branches of famíííes íncreased
and e tended, untíí the ííttíe settíement, modestíy, at íeast, became
an ínterestíng factor of ew Engíand íífe. o more charmíng
story of foík-íore can be found ín any of the many books descríp-
tíve of earíy Coíoníaí days, than obtaín ín the far-back narratíves
of antucket actíve and passíve e períences. From these orígínaí
settíers have sprung famíííes of renown, and certaín of theír names
are írrevocabíe fí tures of prímítíve days. Descendants, by ínter-
marríage, by íocaí habítatíon, and by re-íocatíon, have strengthened
the town of antucket, have energízed numerous sectíons of cíví-
íízed íands, and natíves of that ancíent town or theír offspríng are
found everywhere about the cívííízed woríd.
Conspícuous are the orígínaí antucket famííy names, as de-
scended from Thomas Macy and hís píoneer band. Trístam Coffín,
one of Macy s assocíates and aíííes, was the fírst son of Peter
Coffín, who was born ín Brí ton, Engíand, ín 1 o5, and ín 1 42, at
the age of thírty-seven years, emígrated to thís country. e was
the fírst of hís name ín meríca, and the entíre Coffín famííy, wíth
íts varíous branches, throughout our country fínd theír ancestry ín
hím. e was one of the ten orígínaí purchasers of antucket
Isíand, and settíed here about 1 58- o. t one tíme he and hís
three sons owned one-fourth part of antucket and aíí of Tucker-
nuck Isíand. Thís íatter ís a smaíí ísíand northwest of and beíong-
íng to antucket . Trístam Coffín was the fírst chíef magístrate of
the ísíand of antucket, havíng been commíssíoned such by ord
oveíace |une 29, 1 1. e, wíth Thomas Mayhew, who was the
fírst chíef magístrate of the ísíand of Martha s íneyard, together
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
4 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
wíth two assocíates from each of those ísíands, constítuted the
fírst Generaí Court. They framed and put ín actíve operatíon the
fírst prohíbítory ííquor íaw of whích there ís any known record.
Thís íaw ís saíd to have been very rígíd, and prohíbíted the free
use of aícohoííc ííquors to the Indíans oníy, who are reported to
have been very víoíent under íts effects. Trístam Coffín díed ín
antucket 0ctober 2, 1 81, aged seventy-sí years. There ís ín
thís town a schooí or academy, known far beyond the íímíts of thís
ísíand by what ít has aíready accompííshed ín educatíonaí deveíop-
ment, caííed the Coffín Schooí. Thís academy was founded by
Sír dmíraí Isaac Coffín, of the Brítísh avy, who was born ín
Boston, Mass., May 1 , 1 5 , and was a son of athaníeí Coffín.
It was fírst pro|ected ín 1825, but was not estabííshed untíí 182 -8,
and duríng the ínterím between these dates the pubííc schooís
came ínto operatíon, and so sííghtíy antedate thís ínstítutíon.
dmíraí Coffín was moved to found thís schooí upon fíndíng so
many of hís famííy name resídent on the ísíand on the occasíon of
an offícíaí vísít here, as índeed, aíso, that so many were ííneaí
Coffín descendants.
From Macy, Coffín and theír assocíates have come many famíííes
who constítute a potent part of antucket hístory. Popuíar and
wídeíy known have these famííy names become. The foííowíng
verses, ín píeasant and wíthaí seríous veín, purport to set forth
the characterístícs of these severaí famíííes. hether these stanzas
are the whoíe of the orígínaí poem I do not know. The author ís
reputed to be Phíneas Fanníng Esq., an attorney who settíed ín
antucket earíy ín the eíghteenth century, and there, on príí 5,
1 , marríed the daughter of |ohn and ezíah Coffín. e díed ín
December, 1 98, hís wídow ín 182o. The íínes run as foííows:
The Pays and Pusseís coopers are;
The knowíng Foígers íazy;
íearned Coíeman very rare;
nd scarce an honest ussey.
The Coffíns noísy, boísterous, íoud;
The sííent Gardners píottíng;
The Mítcheíís good, the Barkers proud;
The Macys eat the puddíng.
The Swaíns are swínísh, cíownísh caííed;
The Barnards very cívíí;
The Starbucks they are íoud to bawí;
The Pínkhams beat the devíí.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 5
Certaíníy a saííy of íevíty, |ocose and gracíousíy píeasíng, be-
cause of íts humorous and dírect ínterest . The fact yet remaíns,
however, that notwíthstandíng that ííttíe thrust of wít, the names
con|ured wíth are those of the representatíve famíííes, theír aíííed
branches and ancestry, from whom have sprung hardy men and
women through the years sínce, coííectíveíy comprísíng an honor-
abíe and servíceabíe cítízenshíp. Such are not aíone confíned
wíthín the restrícted íímíts of the smaíí town of antucket, but
ín íarge numbers e tend ínto every part of the popuíated woríd.
Peter Fouíger € ” a name now wrítten Foíger € ” moved to the ísíand
ín 1 3. s a teacher and a man of generaí pubííc affaírs he
was sígnaííy a factor ín the communíty, commandíng respect and
wínníng esteem. ís youngest daughter, bíah, marríed |osíah
Frankíín, thus becomíng hís second wífe. By that íssue was born
Ben|amín Frankíín, a sígner of the Decíaratíon of Independence,
ambassador, statesman, sage, phííosopher, prínter, and one of the
most ínfíuentíaí men of pubííc affaírs recorded ín merícan hístory.
Thus Frankíín s mother was a daughter of quaínt antucket.
bout a mííe or thereabouts from the westeríy ííne of the compact
part of the town ís a drínkíng fountaín for man and beast, suppííed
wíth cíear, refreshíng water, gurgííng and fíowíng from a near-by
spríng. Besíde ít ís an ímpressíve bronze tabíet bearíng the foííow-
íng ínscríptíon:
Thís tabíet ís erected by the Commonweaíth of Massachusetts
ín commemoratíon of bíah Foíger Frankíín, daughter of Peter
Foíger, wífe of |osíah Frankíín, and mother of Ben|amín Frankíín.
She was born ugust 15, 1 , ín a house whích stood two hundred
and twenty-fíve feet north, fífty-two degrees west from thís spot,
and díed ín Boston ín 1 52.
Thís fountaín was gíven to the town of antucket by the bíah
Foíger Frankíín Chapter, Daughters of the merícan Pevoíutíon.
ery much of vítaí earíy hístory, ínterestíng and ínformíng,
centers ín ísoíated antucket.
The oídest house ín the town, buíít ín 1 8 , ís now one of the
haunts of the vísítor, because of íts raríty and the good condítíon
ín whích ít now ís after so many years e ístence.
The oíd orth Congregatíonaí Church edífíce, ín the rear of and
ad|oíníng the modern structure, was erected ín 1 11, It ís stííí ín
use for Sunday-schooí, socíaí and eveníng servíces. hen oríg-
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
ínaííy constructed ít was some two mííes or more west from where
ít now stands, at a spot now ruraí and spacíous, surrounded by and
e tendíng ínto mííes of unoccupíed mooríands. Its fírst erectíon
marks the síte where the town of Sherburne was prímítíveíy begun,
but where ít never grew to any consíderabíe síze. íarge, taíí
graníte monument, suítabíy ínscríbed, gívíng facts of the erectíon
of that buíídíng, names of the orígínaí settíers of the ísíand, and
other ínformatíon, memoríaíízes the píace where ít fírst stood. It
was moved ín to the eastward ín the year 1 5, and occupíed the
íand whereon now stands the present church buíídíng on Centre
Street, and was for many years the house of worshíp of that so-
cíety. In 1834 ít was moved backward, the new buíídíng was
erected, and the two were |oíned together wíth doorway connectíng
them. íthín the church ís a tabíet gívíng data of the dístín-
guíshed e ístence of that ancíent edífíce. It ís a rare reííc of a
far-back past, and attractíveíy reposes where ít has now for so
many years been hístorícaííy conspícuous. It ís an oíd wooden
buíídíng, substantíaííy framed and wrought from soííd oak tímber
grown on the ísíand. 0f such growth of tímber there has been
none there for more than a hundred and fífty years.
Partícuíaríy engagíng and hístorícaííy effectíve ís a buíídíng of
bríck and wood, standíng ín the so-caííed íower square, € ” the
easteríy end of Maín Street, € ” whích was erected ín 1 2. For
a íong tíme ít was famíííaríy known as the 0íd Potch Market,
and ít ís at present owned by the Pacífíc Cíub. The Captaíns
Poom ís quartered on íts íower fíoor. That was the one-tíme and
for many years conspícuous rendezvous of captaíns of whaíe-shíps,
at home on vacatíons between voyages, as aíso for master sea-
dogs who had retíred from that servíce. There were many such
occupants through a íong seríes of years who used to socíaííy meet
ín that room, rehearse taíes of the sea and theír e cítíng e perí-
ences; but now, aías that type of antucket cítízen ís entíreíy
gone. That honored room, however, ís yet maíntaíned under íts
orígínaí name, and ís much ín evídence as a socíaí tryst for many
resídents and vísítors.
In that ancíent buíídíng the Uníted States government maíntaíned
íts Custom ouse for many years, untíí íts recent díscontínuance,
and the atíonaí eather Bureau was for a íong tíme ín and upon
ít. síde from the dístínctíons mentíoned, that oíd buíídíng has a
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES.
very.decísíve cíaím to aímost unparaííeíed Coíoníaí hístory. íthín
ít the charters or manífests were drawn, descríbíng cargo and íts
consígnment, and aíí other necessary provísíons and condítíons,
for the equípment and saíííng of two antucket whaíe-shíps, the
Dartmouth and the Beaver, freíghted wíth whaíe-oíís and
whaíebone for a voyage to ondon. 0n theír homeward return
each of those craft brought a cargo of tea, on whích was píaced an
e actíng ta or assessment by our Engíísh cousíns whích the
Coíonísts absoíuteíy refused to honor. ístory faíthfuííy records
the e cítíng scenes íncídent to that remarkabíe act of commerce.
Every boy and gírí from the schooí te t-book has íearned of the
resuítant tea party ín Boston harbor, heíd amíd armed and crueí
strífe, bítterness and bíoodshed.
n e tensíve trade for the tíme was then carríed on ín whaíe-oíís
and whaíebones between antucket and Brítísh merchants. The
maríne communícatíon was of such ímportance and was so dírect
that many merchants and vísítors from dífferent parts of the
coíoníes sought antucket to take passage on those out-goíng shíps.
From the days of the earíy settíement of antucket by whíte
peopíe and on through the years sínce, many from that ísoíated
town have estabííshed resídences eísewhere, a consíderabíe number
of whom have proved more or íess íííustríous ín cívíc, mercantííe
and professíonaí íífe. íthín the períod of índívíduaí memoríes
I recaíí quíte a number, whííe others are promínentíy mentíoned
ín the pages of hístory.
Tímothy Gardner Coffín, an emínent member of the Massachu-
setts bar, a íawyer renowned ín some íínes as aímost wíthout a
peer ín |urísprudence, a contemporary wíth Daníeí ebster and
Pufus Choate, wíth each of whom he often quíte matchíessíy con-
tended ín hís professíon, and who, ín brííííant eíoquence, was a
weíí-nígh equaí wíth eíther of those two hístorícaííy noted barrís-
ters and orators, was an íííustríous antucket son.
Captaín George . Coffín, and many years íater, Seth M.
ckíey, who rose to the posítíon of a Pear dmíraí, each ren-
dered dístínguíshed navaí servíce, and honored not aíone the
natíon whích they represented, but the remote town of theír bírth
as weíí.
ucretía Mott, the geníaí uakeress, € ” wífe of |ames, € ” whose
espousaí of the ensíaved bíack race gave her a woríd-wíde reputa-
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
8 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
tíon as an uncompromísíng aboíítíoníst, abídes ín memory as a
revered daughter of the ísíand town.
The on. Charíes |. Foíger, Secretary of the Treasury ín the
Cabínet of Presídent Chester . rthur, who, whííe occupyíng that
posítíon, was made the nomínee of the Pepubíícan party ín 1882
for Governor of ew ork, was defeated by Grover Cíeveíand,
and who was so wídeíy known, and was so socíaííy and poíítícaííy
popuíar, was a natíve of that remote town.
nother ín a dífferent sphere equaííy renowned was Prof. María
Mítcheíí, the noted astronomer, and who for many years occupíed
the ímportant chaír of stronomy at assar Coííege. Deference to
the memory of that honored woman abídes ín an organízatíon
known as The antucket María Mítcheíí ssocíatíon. Embraced
wíthín íts membershíp are some two hundred men and women ín
every sectíon of the country, emínent ín varíous íínes of vocatíonaí
íífe. The ob|ect of the ssocíatíon was to purchase |some few
years ago accompííshed| and preserve the bírthpíace of María
Mítcheíí as a memoríaí museum for scíentífíc purposes. ence
her home where she was born ís now one of the attractíve píaces
of ínterest, and ís vísíted, especíaííy ín the vacatíon season, by a
íarge number of tourísts.
The Pev. (Mrs.) Phebe nn (Coffín) anaford has been for a
number of years promínent ín the puípít of dífferent Uníversaííst
churches, a íecturer of renown, and a humanítarían actíveíy en-
gaged ín meríted pubííc reforms. She affectíonateíy cheríshes her
antucket bírth.
The Pev. (Míss) ouíse S. Baker was an esteemed daughter of
antucket. She díed comparatíveíy young, but ín her bríef aduít
íífe was conspícuous and engagíng as an orthodo Congregatíonaí
míníster. She was a íady of rare ííterary abíííty, and wrote much
choíce verse and prose. bronze memoríaí tabíet, wíth an ín-
scríptíon teíííng of her íífe and work, ís on the síde waíí of the Fírst
Congregatíonaí Church of antucket, of whích she was a popuíar
preacher and pastor.
The Pev. |ohn D. hítney, an aííy of my boyhood, brought up ín
the orthodo Congregatíonaí faíth (wíth hím, as a boy, I have often
been ín Sunday-schooí), ín manhood turned to the Poman Catho-
ííc Church, and ís and for many years has been a weíí known
preíate of that sect.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 9
ífred C. íckerson, a píayfeííow and schooímate wíth me at
the oíd South Schooí, ín after íífe for years has been and ís a weíí
known Unítarían cíergyman.
Many another, ín dífferentíatíng íínes of professíonaí and busí-
ness actívíty, I couíd weíí mentíon, but ít ís not necessary. These
few named are typícaí of sturdy natíve antucketers who, by
honoríng themseíves ín usefuí ííves, have refíected honor upon the
smaíí town whích gave them bírth.
The antucket of to-day ís píeasíngíy attractíve ín íts oíd-fash-
íoned by-ways, íanes and streets, many of whích are e tremeíy nar-
row and írreguíar. It nevertheíess has some very fíne thorough-
fares.
Its archítecturaí make-up ís entrancíng, and combínes, ín aíterna-
tíon, the ancíent and the new houses and buíídíngs ín píeasíng díf-
ferentíatíng contrast.
eatness and order are stríkíngíy apparent about the oíd town.
cordíaí weícome and a gracíous hospítaííty awaíts and ís uní-
versaííy e tended to the touríst; a generaí make-yourseíf-at-home
ís at once feít by aíí comers, be they strangers or once natíves and
resídents returníng home for a vísít.
antucket town, so remote ín íts sítuatíon, ís charmíngíy socíaí,
ís gracíous ín íts greetíngs, and dístínctíveíy en|oys a wíde popuíar
reputatíon as an ídeaí resort for a summer or other season-of-the-
year vísít.
s known, usuaííy mentíoned, and uníversaííy accepted, an-
tucket ís rated as an ísíand índívíduaí and aíone ín íts sea-settíng
sítuatíon. The reaí fact, however, ís that ít ís the íarger of a
smaíí archípeíago or íímíted group of ísíands. d|acent to ít ís
the ísíand of Tuckemuck, of quíte e tended area, and ít ís popu-
íated by some sí or eíght famíííes. It ís separated from Smíth s
Poínt, the northwest e tensíon of antucket, by a portíon of
antucket Sound, perhaps a hundred yards wíde. short dístance
northwest of Tuckernuck ís Muskeget, a smaíí ísíand prívateíy
owned, íargeíy by non-resídents, and so príncípaííy occupíed by
them ín summer tíme ín theír aíternatíng píaín and ornate attrac-
tíve cottage or bungaíow homes. 0n that ísíand the Uníted States
Government maíntaíns one of íts promínent and servíceabíe ífe
Savíng Statíons. Two smaííer ísíands, one known as Graveííy and
the other as Swyíes, each unoccupíed, are near-by neíghbors, to-
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
10 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
gether wíth yet smaííer ísíands or ísíets, some amountíng to but
ííttíe more than shoaís, whích are nearíy or quíte submerged at
hígh water.
The shores of antucket and scattered out-íyíng shoaís about ít
are menacíngíy dangerous to the maríner ín fog and ín storm.
Many vesseís and ííves have been sacrífíced to those condítíons.
To reduce to a mínímum such dangers and prevent such maríne
dísasters, the Uníted States Government now safeguards those
shores by four of the best equípped and maíntaíned ífe Savíng
Statíons, wíth hardy and fearíess crews of sympathetíc and daríng
saííors, anywhere to be found.
The terrítoríaí area of antucket, íncíudíng íts íímíted ínsuíar
possessíons, and íts naturaí segregatíon from the maíníand, € ” an
ísíand, as ít maíníy ís, thírty mííes out ín the sea, € ” necessarííy pro-
duce condítíons whích crucíaííy affect íts popuíatíon commercíaííy
and socíaííy. Thís was more pronouncedíy true ín the days when I
ííved there a boy, and through the prevíous years, than ít ís now.
n ísíand wíth a town on ít by the same name, embraced wíthín and
embracíng a county of the same name, ít ís rareíy uníque, as ít hís-
torícaííy and practícaííy e ísts as a unít aíí wíthín íts combíned
segregated seíf.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
DI ISI0 TUC ET.
– T E ísíand of antucket ís fífteen mííes íong; íts greatest
I I wídth ís seven mííes; íts narrowest wídth ís three and one-
haíf mííes, and from mídway of íts narrowest sectíon the
broad, roíííng ocean can be seen on the one síde and the pacífíc
waters of the ínner harbor on the other. Its círcumference em-
braces about fífty square mííes. The contour of the ísíand ís se-
vereíy írreguíar, wíth severaí narrow portíons and pro|ectíng
poínts. The town of antucket ís on íts ínner or míddííng easteríy
síde of íts western sectíon, facíng upon and overíookíng an ínner
and nearíy íandíocked harbor of comparatíveíy e tensíve area.
The ríppííng waters of that attractíve harbor, cíear and unpoííuted,
shímmer and gíísten ín the sunííght and moonííght rays, formíng
a restfuí maríne basín, on the surface of whích often fíoat grace-
fuííy-ííned yachts ín índívíduaí repose or moored ín organíc cíub-
íífe assocíatíon. The buíít-up portíon of the town ítseíf occupíes
but a comparatíveíy smaíí portíon of the ísíand.
E tensíve fíat íands, comprísíng hundreds of attractíve acres,
covered over wíth short, scraggy shrub and bush growth, are e -
quísíteíy bedecked ín season. Choíce wííd fíora, ín weíí-nígh endíess
varíety, e tend ín wíde stretches of mííes on eíther síde, formíng
entrancíng píaíns, sííghtíy unduíatíng and modífíed by occasíonaí
hííís. There ís no very hígh íand, comparatíveíy, on the ísíand,
aíbeít some portíons are materíaííy eíevated above the sea-íeveí.
The traíííng arbutus or so-caííed Mayfíower bíossoms earíy, whííe
the wííd rose, wííd aster, wííd azaíea, and other varíegated tínted
bíooms, each ín íts season, ornament by theír matchíess naturaí
beauty the píaíns and the hííís, and the aír ís charmíngíy baímy
wíth theír redoíent odors. By such fíora, ín íts varíety, the píaíns
for mííes, íocaííy íaconícaííy known and caííed the commons, are
profuseíy carpeted and gorgeousíy bedecked practícaííy from frost
to frost.
Farmíng íands, wíth a ííght, fertííe soíí, whích ís abundantíy
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
12 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
fructífyíng, ampíy rewards the tíííer for hís faíthfuí servíce per-
formed upon ít.
The farmers and others ínterested ín soíí products and do-
mestíc índustríes are, and for many years have been, unífíed ín a
servíceabíe íocaí organízatíon known as the antucket grícuíturaí
Socíety. It was organízed ín 185 , and has, I thínk wíthout ínter-
ruptíon, heíd annuaí e híbíts sínce that tíme. They have spacíous
grounds of broad acreage, a ííttíe more than a mííe south from the
center of the town, wíth a racetrack, racks, staíís and a number
of buíídíngs, ín combínatíon provídíng e ceííent facííítíes for the
varíed uses demanded by an e híbítíon. Some very fíne specímens
of stock, pouítry, fíne horses, and competítíve racíng are e híbíted
to a íarge company of ínterested patrons. egetabíes, fruíts and
artícíes of domestíc índustry are shown at the theneum haíí ín
the town to an equaííy ínterested cíass of vísítors. These híghíy
credítabíe annuaí e híbítíons gíven by that socíety are acceíerated
and emphasízed when, upon refíectíon, ít ís consídered that they
are absoíuteíy dependent upon íocaí condítíons and e híbítors, be-
cause as a town and a county they are aíone, € ” antucket town ís
the oníy town ín antucket county.
The ocean-síde beaches of antucket, e tendíng from Great
Poínt at the e treme northeast, aíong the east, south and west
outíínes of the ísíand to Smíth s Poínt at the far northwest, are of
entrancíngíy wínsome character. 0íd ocean, índeed, for many
mííes washes those shores, and ín íts peacefuí mood, as the sun
shínes upon íts surface, ít gíítters and sparkíes, refíectíng combíned
prístíne grandeur, producíng an entrancíng pícture admírabíe to
behoíd. gaín, when the wínds bíow tumuítuousíy and the sea ís
thereby íashed ínto awe-ínspíríng fury, ín íts anger ít presents a
síght deíectabíe and fearfuííy grand, reveaííng appaíííng and ma-
|estíc nature, as ít, for a íong dístance off shore, turns over and over
ín mountaín-hígh breakers, and dashes ítseíf ín spent waves for
hundreds of feet, as ít unceasíngíy makes ín upon and recedes from
those gracefuííy síopíng mííes of matchíess ocean beach.
Píscatoríaí sport at íts best, ín a varíety of kínds of denízens of
the deep, ís had ín the waters about antucket, and ís an ínter-
estíng and e cítíng e períence to those who deííght ín that cíass
of díversíon. Such sport at quíet anchor, or saíííng over gracefuííy
smooth seas, or agaín amíd the turbuíent waters whích roíí and
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P -PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 13
tumbíe across the shoaís and ríps, ís afforded to those who reveí ín
deííght aboard smart saíííng craft ín a stíff breeze under the nervy
guídíng-hand of an oíd saít-sea skípper. n ínner harbor, sheí-
tered, smooth and ínvítíng, stretches away a dístance of about sí
mííes to the eastward from the end of the wharves. Saíííng up
that harbor, Pocomo ead ís passed and auwínet ís reached.
bout two mííes dístant, on the shore of Sesachacha Pond, ís the
hamíet of uídnet.
There are two promínent penínsuías e tendíng theír modestíy
íong arms ínto the sea, one known as Great Poínt at the north-
east, and the other known as Smíth s Poínt at the northwest. 0ne
of the most famous and ímportant ííghthouses on the coast, from
whích emanates the rays of a far-reachíng ííght from wíthín íts
conspícuous whíte tower, ís íocated at Great Poínt . It ís a beacon
and a ííght to the maríner to an apprecíated degree, dírectíng the
course of vesseís ín eíther dírectíon as they saíí the e panse of
waters of antucket and íneyard sounds. n e ceííent house
províded as a home for the keeper and hís famííy, ís cíoseíy asso-
cíated wíth the ííghthouse. Each constructed of bríck, and paínted
whíte, those buíídíngs standíng aíone, ten mííes or more out on the
end of barren Great Poínt, are a stríkíng ob|ect as they ríse from
the deep whííe one ís saíííng to or by antucket.
Sankaty ead íght ís another of the íocaí vítaí coast guídes to
those whose vocatíon ís upon the hígh seas. It ís a dístínctíveíy
sígnífícant ííght wíthín a commandíng tower of soííd stone and
masonry. house for the keepers and theír famíííes, ad|acent to
the ííghthouse, ís an ímposíng dweíííng of símííar soííd buííd.
In combínatíon, thís wíse provísíon of the atíonaí Government
ín the ínterests of the hardy maríner ís one of the most promínent
ín the servíce. Those buíídíngs stand on a conspícuous bíuff of
íand nínety feet above the surface of the sea íavíng the shore be-
íow, are removed two or three hundred feet back from the edge of
the bíuff, quíte aíone ín theír settíement, no dweíííngs beíng wíthín
a haíf mííe of them. ísítors to that spot are numerous, and
those who vísít the víííage of Sconset ínvaríabíy contínue theír
tríp to the ííghthouse, whích ís dístant northeríy, by a sííght
easteríy defíectíon, about two mííes. From the ground to the ío-
catíon of the ííght ít ís seventy-fíve feet . Thus that powerfuí
íumínary ís one hundred and sí ty-fíve feet above sea-íeveí. o-
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
14 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
cated at the e treme southeast of the ísíand, ít ís famous among
maríners as a fíashíng ííght of ímmense radíatíon. It ís one of
the most ceíebrated and effectíve maíntaíned by the Uníted States
Government . The mechanísm of that ííght ís of e quísíte desígn
and fínísh, was made ín France, and was presented many years
ago by that government to the Uníted States. Its íenses and
prísms are a feast to the eye, so deíícateíy, yet so substantíaííy are
they constructed, and by them the rays of that vítaí maríner s
guíde are respíendent ín cíear weather for many mííes across the
bosom of the deep.
s at present operated, that ííght burns from a kerosene vapor
íamp, wíth a materíaííy íncreased power over that ít fírst possessed.
Its fíash ís 22o,ooo candíe-power; íts fí ed ííght ís 2 ,o0o candíe-
power. Its refíectant ííght ís frequentíy seen ín the heavens as far
south as the South Shoaí íghtshíp, some forty-three mííes dístant,
and steamers have occasíonaííy reported íts beams notíceabíe ín the
heavens (not the ííght ítseíf, oníy íts shímmeríng beams) farther
dístant than that. Its generaííy accepted range ís níneteen mííes;
a fruít steamer reports havíng seen ít at a range of thírty mííes.
These resuíts depend absoíuteíy upon atmospheríc condítíons. It
ís, beyond questíon, a most powerfuí ííght.
Thís emínent ííghthouse was buíít ín 1849; the íamp was fírst
ííghted and sent íts cheeríng rays over the sea ín February, 185o.
Its usefuíness to those who do busíness on the great waters ís
paramount. Thís ííghthouse, wíth íts penetratíng ííght, ís of dís-
tínct sígnífícance. By ít pass, at a dístance of ten or tweíve mííes
from shore, fruít steamers from the tropícaí ísíands and other
southern poínts, as aíso coíííers from mídway and southern ports.
ííghthouse, cíaímed by some hístoríans to be the oídest ín
the Uníted States, orígínaííy prívateíy erected and maíntaíned as
earíy as 1 4 , at a tíme when antucket had much commercíaí
trade wíth ondon by whaíe-shíps, marks the entrance for aíí craft
dírectíy ínto the harbor of that ancíent town. It stands on Brant
Poínt, a short pro|ectíon of íand at the ímmedíate ínner harbor
ííne. s soon as rounded, that quaínt oíd town, whích, whííe saíííng
towards ít, has been graduaííy becomíng more ín evídence, now
íooms ínto fuíí víew, and ít ís a saíí ín the steamboat of but two or
three mínutes from the Poínt to the íandíng.
The town of antucket reached íts popuíatíon zeníth ín 1845,
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 15
when ít was nearíy or quíte ten thousand. dísastrous fíre ín
184 destroyed practícaííy haíf of the buíídíngs ín íts cíoseíy settíed
part, nearíy eíímínatíng that oíd town from the map. That dísaster
proved the fataí forerunner of a materíaííy marked decííne ín
popuíace. Pecoveríng, as ít díd, from that dread scourge, rebuííd-
íng and agaín assumíng a cíose and substantíaí settíement, yet
never agaín has the town had such a fuíí standard of popuíatíon.
The steady and quíte rapíd decííne of the whaííng índustry, once
the vítaí and reííed-upon busíness, was another ínevítabíe factor ín
the numerícaí decííne of the town. Duríng the fírst fífteen years
of my íífe, 1849-18 4, whííe I ííved there as a boy, the resídents
numbered from fíve to sí thousand.
There are numerous outíyíng víííages on the ísíand. Some are
smaíí, and are reaííy scattered groups of farms. Síasconset, íocaííy
íaconícaííy abbrevíated to Sconset, ís a consíderabíe settíement
seven and a haíf mííes a ííttíe south of east from the town. s
known to me when a boy, ít was practícaííy a físhíng hamíet, yet
many famíííes then there made ít theír permanent home. t that
tíme ít covered a moderateíy íarge area, and had, as for a number
of years before, a hoteí of consíderabíe síze, conducted on the
famííy order, and known as the tíantíc ouse. That hoteí ís
stííí maíntaíned. The archítecture of the orígínaí houses ín that
víííage, and whích are now nearíy aíí standíng, many of them beíng
very oíd, ís uníque to the uttermost. They are smaíí dweíííngs
wíth ape roof, and ín many cases those roofs are so íow that they
can be touched by the hand at the íowest pítch of the eaves whííe
one stands upon the ground. The streets are narrow and írreg-
uíar, deepíy rutted, severaí of them surfaced wíth seasheíís, whích
have broken and puíverízed beneath the wheeís of vehícíes, makíng
a good, hard road. Those odd features of that quaínt víííage stííí
remaíníng are engagíngíy ínterestíng. Duríng the past few years
numerous modern buíídíngs have been erected, the e tent of the
víííage as ít now appears havíng e panded ínto practícaííy doubíe
or more íts e tent as I ín boyhood knew ít. It has íts own íocaí
commercíaí make-up of a varíety of stores, íarge and commodíous
hoteís, post offíce, and other pubííc or semí-pubííc buíídíngs.
That attractíve summer resort, sítuated on a hígh bíuff, sííghtíy
back from oíd ocean s front, ís as heaíthfuí and attractíve a settíe-
ment as ít ís uníque, restfuí and wínsome. 0íd ocean, sometímes
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
1 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
píacíd, sometímes tragíc, makes ín upon and washes the shores be-
neath the víííage bíuff, and as ít ceaseíessíy fíows and ebbs ín íts
fascínatíng ma|esty, ít síngs a captívatíng íuííaby to tíred and
píeasure-seekíng humaníty.
That víííage ís now the adored summer retreat of theatrícaí and
aíííed professíonaí peopíe. ctors and actresses are there ín íarge
numbers, ín the vacatíon períod, ín that revered oíd víííage, and
ít ís to them a recuperatíng and fascínatíng tryst. íarge, fíne
casíno buíídíng, quíte uníímítedíy equípped for athíetíc píeasures, of
comparatíveíy recent erectíon, ís the popuíar center of díversífíed so-
cíaí functíons throughout the summer months. íthín the attractíve
grounds about ít are spacíous and eíaborate tennís-courts, of the
most modern íay-out and of the best make, upon whích are píayed
many vígorousíy contested amateur games.
Goíf ís as popuíar there as ít ís uníversaííy, and ís en|oyed by
íovers of that sport throughout the season. Grounds of wíde
acreage, of the very best character for a goíf fíeíd, are íaíd out and
are kept ín the híghest state of perfectíon, the píayers about them
on a bríght day presentíng an aííuríng company of nattííy attíred
peopíe.
Surf-bathíng at Sconset, amíd and through hígh-roíííng breakers,
ís an e cítíng pastíme whích ís ííberaííy patronízed and hugeíy en-
|oyed. It ís an anímatíng e ercíse, and to the on-íooker, at íeast,
seems at tímes fraught wíth a consíderabíe eíement of períí.
Beach scenes, wíth the charmíng gowns of the íady vísítors, the
natty costumes of the bathers, and aíí the so weíí known socíaí ac-
cessoríes, are daínty, fascínatíng píctures. Bathers constantíy com-
íng and goíng, takíng a díp ín oíd ocean wíth evídent froíícsome
deííght, are captívatíng to a merry company of spectators aíways
ín evídence for about two hours ín the míddíe of the day. íí ís
care free, and the combínatíon ís a don t worry, but have a good
tíme. The ínward roíííng waves, wíth theír whíte-crested combers,
tumbíe over and over one another ín rapíd successíon, foííowíng for
mííes aíong shore, ín an ever pícturesque sea-panorama. The e -
tended stretch of ímmacuíate beach ís an enchantment as rare as ít
ís ímposíng.
Uníque, catchy, orígínaí and forcefuííy cute títíes have been gíven
by present owners and occupants to many of the oíd houses once
possessed and occupíed as homes by a hardy fanner and físherman
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P -PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 1
peopíe of days íong agone. Símííar títíes, by ínvítíng, daínty íetter-
íng, aíso grace the e teríor of many of the modern buíít dweíííngs.
íí are scrupuíousíy neat and pretty, and the names gíven to them
add aííuríng charm.
0f those appeííatíons I have record of the foííowíng: Takítezíe,
In and 0ut, atetoquítít, Bígenough, onetoobíg, ígh Tíde,
ouse of ords, Seídomín, Castíe Bandbo , 0cean Spray, Come
board, oafaíot, Soííd Comfort, The Pííot ouse, The Deck
ouse, The fter Cabín, Mízzen Top, ípantucket, Cap n s Cabín,
Fo castíe, Doubíedecker, The Breezes, Daísy Cot, outícon odge,
híck hack, aídorf storía, |r., The nchorage, Fíagshíp,
Cosey Corner, Sea Sheíí, Cap n s Gíg, Thímbíe Castíe, Bíg Sun-
fíower, Beehíve, aíe of Pest, Castíe ííííam, íberty aíí, ííí
Top, Martín Bo , Coíumbía Cottage, Bíue Bírd, Posemary, The
Manor, Bíuff íew, Eagíe Cottage.
That many of these títíes are aptíy apropos ís stríkíngíy evídent
on perusaí; the oíd ísíand and íts once hardy dweííers, ín days agone
so cíoseíy dependent upon maríne affaírs, are ín that ííne of servíce,
notabíy memoríaíízed by severaí of them.
Because of the rare combíned aggregatíon of theatrícaí and
musícaí taíent at Sconset ín the summer season, some e ceptíonaí
treats are gíven ín the víííage and ín the town of antucket by
pubííc entertaínment. Príces range hígh, capacíty of haíís ís aí-
together too íímíted, and such píays and concerts are usuaííy gíven
that profíts may be used for betteríng the varíous sectíons and
grounds of the víííage of Sconset as are taken over to the generaí
use and en|oyment of the summer coíony.
hard, broad State híghway, of macadam constructíon, wíth oíí
surface, seven and a haíf mííes íong, connects the town of an-
tucket and the víííage of Sconset ín a straíght-away dríve through
0range Street, contínuíng nearíy southeast from the one-mííe
corner at the íower end of that thoroughfare.
bout a haíf mííe at the íeft of the State híghway, and about a
mííe and a haíf from Sconset, a cranberry bog, advertísed to be the
íargest ín the woríd, has been estabííshed wíthín the íast haíf-dozen
years. It ís sítuated and buííded on the íowíands of so-caííed Gíbbs
Swamp, and ít has deveíoped ínto a most materíU índustry. The
cranberríes there grown are of rare síze and e ceííence, some beíng
quíte as íarge as cherríes, and they fínd an unusuaííy quíck market.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
18 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
round that cranberry bog has grown up a settíement comprísíng
many homes occupíed by the manager and empíoyees there, and ít
ís a compact víííage whích has assumed stríkíng proportíons. The
whoíe make-up ís a vaíued índustríaí asset to íocaí condítíons, and
ít ís controííed by a stock company wíth offícíaí headquarters at
Boston. It ís íocaííy known as Cranberry Center.
auwínet ís comparatíveíy a new summer víííage, whích has
attaíned quíte formídabíe síze and far-reachíng popuíar apprecíatíon.
It ís deííghtfuííy sítuated sííghtíy to the ríght and near the head of
the ínner harbor, fíve or sí mííes east from the town. an-
tucketers and myríads of summer tourísts reveí ín thís as an
aííuríng seasíde abode, wíth an envíronment of píctoríaí harbor and
sea víew, nestííng amíd sand dunes and far-away stretches of íeveí
píaíns whích are fíecked wíth dífferentíatíng shrubs and fíora.
There has been erected a hoteí and numerous bungaíows, and other
ornate types of ocean-síde summer homes. It ís as restfuí, heaíth-
fuí and charmíng a whííe-away-care vacatíon center as can weíí be
found. ísítors to ít come from nearíy every sectíon of the coun-
try, however remote.
Deííghtfuí dríves aíong ruraí rutted roads, many of them covered
wíth entwíníng, over-spreadíng vínes, eíímínatíng them nearíy from
víew, dot and dart ín every dírectíon across the far-spreadíng moors
of the ísíand, severaí reachíng to oíd ocean at varíous píaces, skírt-
íng the bíuS aíong the ocean sídes of the ísíand, aíí, ín happy, en-
trancíng combínatíon, affordíng carríage dríves and routes for íeí-
sureíy stroíí, aííuríngíy wííd and captívatíng.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
0T B E 0 D STPUCTUPES.
m
p ancíent structures, charmíngíy attractíve ín theír an-
tíquíty, and fascínatíngíy ínterestíng, now ín good preser-
vatíon, as they have through many years wíthstood the
storms and wastíng atmospheríc eíements, are shrínes to whích
hundreds constantíy make píígrímages ín quest of the quaínt and
hístorícaííy engagíng.
Most conspícuous of these ís the 0íd Potch Market, of whích
mentíon has been made ín a precedíng sectíon of thís book.
otabíe among those oíd structures ís the now so-caííed 0íd
Mííí, crowníng the e treme aítítude of the hígh íands where ít
promínentíy stands. It ís the íast one of four mííís of símííar char-
acter whích, through many years, were near neíghbors, gracíng each
other and the íocaííty whích they occupíed, known as the Mííí
ííís. Buíít ín 1 4 , ít ís a monument to the honest work of íts
buííders so many years ago, evídenced by the admírabíe condítíon
whích ít now maíntaíns. It has íong sínce outííved íts neíghbors,
and for many years has heíd the dístínctíon of beíng the oníy wínd-
mííí íeft on the ísíand. Baskíng ín the sunshíne of so many summers,
wíthstandíng the hostííe eíements of the many rígorous wínters, as ít
remaíns aíí by ítseíf ín íts eíevated sítuatíon ín the open, no other
buíídíng beíng ín very cíose pro ímíty to ít, ít has proved ítseíf an
ínterestíng resort, and has been vísíted by thousands of tourísts.
It stríkíngíy gíorífíes ítseíf, as ít remaíns a forcefuí hístorícaí íand-
mark ín an unusuaííy hístorícaí town.
Thís oíd mííí was ín actíve operatíon ín my boyhood, daííy grínd-
íng grísts of corn taken to ít by the farmer or other patron. Two
íarge, círcuíar graníte gríndstones, íyíng fíat agaínst each other, re-
voívíng ín opposíte dírectíons, reduced the graín to meaí, deííveríng
ít through a íong wooden chute, narrowed at íts e treme end, by
whích ít was conveyed ínto the cíoth sack or bag hung on the end
thereof to receíve ít. Mentaííy I can now íook ínto that oíd chute
and see the wíde, fíat paddíe whích aíways stood wíthín ít for the
purpose of forcíng aíong ínto the bag the heap of meaí whích ín-
varíabíy formed as ít passed down from the gríndíng. I aímost
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
20 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
fancy, too, that I can feeí the warmth of that meaí caused by the
fríctíon of the mííístones as ít was transformed from the corn.
The e teríor of the mííí ís octagon-shaped, wíth a revoívíng
ape ed top, to whích are attached by a huge wooden shaft four
vanes, each thírty feet íong, e tendíng from near the top of the
structure and |ust grazíng the ground. 0n these, when the mííí
was doíng busíness, were canvas saíís to catch the wínd and put the
combíned mechanísm ín operatíon. That vane shaft ís connected
wíth a rude but effectíve constructíon wíthín the mííí, coupíed to
the mííístones. Thus, by the wínd, was that oíd mííí kept at íts
actíve work of gríndíng graín. The movabíe top ís attached to a
íong, round wooden shaft, secured wíthín ít, and e tendíng on an
íncííne, the further end of that shaft € ” ít ís fífty feet íong and tweíve
ínches ín díameter € ” ís ínserted and secured wíthín the hub of a
soííd wooden wheeí, símííar ín make to such as ís used on a heavy
van or truck, whích rests on the ground. By that combíned ar-
rangement the top was revoíved, as occasíon requíred, to bríng
those canvas-covered vanes ínto ríght íínes for the actíon of the
wínd upon them to set the mííí ín operatíon. íthough not for
many years used for the work whích ít once so effectíveíy accom-
pííshed, thís oíd mííí yet stands, as ít has stood, ín íts compíete
constructíon, from the tíme when ít was orígínaííy buíít.
Pough, uncouth and weírdíy símpíe as thís bríefíy descríbed ar-
rangement ís, yet ín my boyhood and for many years before and
for some tíme sínce, ít was usefuííy potent, and thís oíd mííí was
much empíoyed and was the oníy píace on the ísíand where resí-
dents couíd have theír graín reduced to meaí. Its former gíory
passed, íts practícaí servíce gone, ít ís now and for many years has
been an ob|ect of curíosíty, attractíng síght-seeíng tourísts.
Thís oíd mííí ís now owned by the antucket ístorícaí sso-
cíatíon, to whom ít came as a gíft ín 189 , ín order that ít míght
be preserved as a íandmark, from Míss Caroííne . . French, of
Boston. suítabíy ínscríbed tabíet wíthín the mííí reads:
Thís mííí, Buíít 1 4 ,
was bought and presented
to the antucket
ístorícaí ssocíatíon
ín 189 by
Míss Caroííne . . French
of Boston, Mass.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 21
In. my boyhood at antucket I recaíí another mííí of símííar
character, íocated at the north of the town near the orth Buríaí
Ground, and near the, as I remember, so-caííed Mííí Pond. I
have heard that ít was famousíy known as |oe Chase s Mííí. It
was buíít by Captaín |oseph Chase ín 1802 for gríndíng corn, díd
good servíce for many years, and was torn down ín 18 3, níne
years after my removaí from antucket. If memory ís ríght, ít
was not used for many years príor to íts removaí. It was fa-
míííaríy caííed the Pound Top Mííí, because of the shape of that
part of ít to whích íts four íong vanes were attached. To revoíve
that top and bríng íts vanes ínto the course of the wínd there was
an endíess chaín passíng over an íron wheeí, about tweíve feet ín
díameter, near the top of the mííí, whích was operated by hand.
That was the íast wíndmííí buíít at antucket.
nother mecca, sought and admíred for íts antíquíty by hundreds
of íocaí íovers of the past, and by myríads more who vísít the town
and ruraííze ín íts ancíent reíícs, ís the oídest house on the ísíand.
It was buíít ín 1 8 . ístorícaííy ít ís known as the |ethro Coffín
ouse, and aíso as the orseshoe ouse. It hoíds a command-
íng posítíon at the north of the town, and overíooks the outer
harbor and the e tensíve waters of antucket Sound. frame
wooden buíídíng, ít has a íong ape roof, the pítch of whích on íts
south síde ís consíderabíy deeper than íts counterpart on the north.
It ís shíngíed on íts four sídes and roof, and besíde ít, at the east,
ís the oíd-fashíoned weíí-sweep from whích swíngs, íf not the
orígínaí, yet an oíd oaken bucket. Enchantíngíy ít endures as an
emínent memoríaí of the píaín and practícaí archítecture and the
mechanícaí skííí of those who conceíved and constructed ít two
hundred and twenty-seven years ago. It ís a far-famed heíríoom,
antedatíng the merícan Pevoíutíon by nearíy a hundred years, and
ít ís vísíted by hundreds who manífest for ít a devotíon weíí-nígh
borderíng on the sacred.
The Unítarían Church edífíce ís a promínent wooden structure,
ímposíng and engagíng, upwards of one hundred years oíd. Stand-
íng on 0range Street, dírectíy facíng Stone ííey, ít hoíds a dís-
tínct reíatíon ín quaínt oíd antucket. It was buíít ín 18o9. n
ordínary pítch-roof buíídíng, endwíse to the street, ít ís faced wíth
a square tower, surmounted by a round-dome tower, on top of
whích ís a íarge, attractíve and much-reííed upon weather-vane. It
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
2 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
ís one hundred and níne feet, fíve and one haíf ínches from the
sídewaík to the e treme heíght of the vane. In combínatíon íts
archítecture ís severeíy píaín, yet ít nevertheíess savors of the or-
nate, and ít ís an ímpressíve buíídíng. íthín íts upper tower,
back of each of the four íarge wooden díaís on íts four sídes, each
covered over wíth numeraís, markíng off the hours and the mínutes
of the day, ís the so-caííed Town Cíock. The town has maín-
taíned ít aíí through the years of íts e ístence. Seekers of tíme can
dístínguísh the numeraís on those díaís from a íong dístance, and
ít dígnífíedíy hoíds reverence as the most servíceabíe íocaí íand-
mark. huge brass beíí, of ímperíshabíe hístory, swíngs and
sways ín the íower tower of that oíd church buíídíng, respondíng
to the measured puíí of the beííman on the fíoor beíow, as he grasps
and aíternateíy draws down and then reía es hís hoíd upon the
íong rope attached to ít . ot aíone does that beíí by íts cíaríon
tones summon reíígíous worshípers. By ít the morníng hour of
seven, ímmedíateíy upon the íast stroke of the cíock índícatíng that
hour, ís toííed through and across the town for a períod of fíve
mínutes; the noon-hour of tweíve ís símííaríy heraíded to the pop-
uíace, whííe at níne o cíock ín the eveníng the oíd ew Engíand
curfew, as ít ríngs out cíear and fuíí for a ííke space of tíme upon
the resoundíng aír, remínds the town € ” effectíveíy so when I was
there a boy resídent € ” that ít ís tíme to cover the embers and
go to bed.
antucketers are |ustífíabíy proud of that oíd beíí, and theír
vaníty ís unquestíonabíy warranted. It ís reputed by traveíers to
be one of the fínest, íf not the fínest, toned ín the country. Captaín
Charíes Cíasby purchased ít ín ísbon, where ít was cast ín 1812.
It was orígínaííy desígned as one of a chíme of sí . It was con-
veyed to antucket by Captaín Thomas Cary ín the schooner
ííííam and ancy, owned by Samueí Cary, and when íanded at
antucket ít was píaced ín the ceííar of the home of the íatter,
where ít remaíned untíí 1815. ííttíe whííe subsequent to that
tíme ít was purchased for fíve hundred doííars, and shortíy after-
wards píaced ín the posítíon from whích ít has ever sínce sounded
íts meíodíous caíí upon the resonant aír. The beíí weíghs 1,5 5
pounds. It was rung for the fírst tíme on December 18, 1815. It
ís reíated that from the start ít so ímpressíveíy popuíarízed ítseíf
that agents of the 0íd South Church ín Boston attempted íts pur-
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 23
chase. antucket peopíe have through the years wíth regaí príde
re|oíced ín the fact that the íocaí Unítarían Socíety wouíd not con-
sent then or sínce to íts saíe and transfer.
Inscríbed on íts outer surface ís a conspícuous ornate atín cross,
raísed ín bas-reííef; above ít and around the upper part of the beíí
ín boíd raísed íetters ís a Portuguese ínscríptíon. Transíated ít
reads:
To the Good |esus of the Mountaín the devotees of ísbon
dírect theír prayers, offeríng ím one compíete set of sí beíís, to
caíí the peopíe and adore ím ín ís sanctuary. |ose Domíngos
da Costa has done ít ín ísbon ín the year 181o.
The front one of the two combíned buíídíngs of the antucket
ístorícaí Socíety, at the corner of Faír Street and Pay s Court, ís
of dístínct hístoríc renown. It was erected ín 1838, and was oríg-
ínaííy the uaker schooí, as weíí € ” or, perhaps better € ” known as
|ohnníe Boodíe s schooí. Some years after íts díscontínuance as
a schooí ít was, ín 18 4, obtaíned for a meetíng-house by the then
quíte reduced uaker sect, who, ín the more prosperous days of
theír reíígíous faíth had occupíed a much íarger buíídíng standíng
south of the one here mentíoned. Interíoríy thís íatter buíídíng
remaíns quíte the same as when used as a uaker church, the same
generaí arrangement as when so occupíed by that píaín, but e act
reíígíous cuít, beíng preserved. The oíd-fashíoned desk € ” ít wouíd
be ííí-becomíng to caíí ít a puípít € ” on the raísed píatform, the stíff-
backed, píaín, unpaínted and ííghtíy constructed benches, wíth backs
of two narrow stríps of board runníng íengthwíse, and the barren
fíoor, emphatícaííy betoken the uaker characterístícs. E teríoríy
the buíídíng carríes íts former and orígínaí quíet appearance. ow
owned by the antucket ístorícaí Socíety, ít ís preserved ín íts
absoíuteíy símpíe make-up and modesty, as when reíígíousíy used,
and now serves the purpose of meetíngs and other gatheríngs of
that socíety. ttached to ít, corner-wíse at the back, ís a fíreproof
buíídíng erected ín recent years by íts present owners. n e -
tensíve coííectíon of hístoríc materíaí of great vaíue ís there
guardedíy preserved.
antucket peopíe have ever been noted for theír ííterary tastes,
aíso as íovers of good books. Thís has been remarkabíy true ín
notabíe ínstances. Such covetíng has been stímuíated and en-
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
24 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
couraged by the famous antucket theneum, whích, ín íater years,
has become the Pubííc íbrary of the town. Thís ís another of
the potent agencíes for human upííft comíng down from a far-back
past, the years covered havíng been to íocaí resídents fruítfuí by
the use of the varíed and hígh-cíass ííterature whích that theneum
has províded. It was organízed ín 1820. Its home ís one of the
ímposíng pubííc buíídíngs of the town. 0f attractíve and command-
íng appearance, ít occupíes the northeast corner of Federaí and
íower Pearí streets. It ís a frame buíídíng of ancíent Coíoníaí pat-
tern, wíth íarge, ímpressíve, fíuted coíumns at íts sííghtíy recessed
entrance. The fírst fíoor ís maíníy occupíed by the ííbrary, and
above ít on the second fíoor ís a haíí of spacíous dímensíons, wíth
píatform, síde rooms, and other accessoríes, makíng ít advanta-
geousíy adaptabíe for drama, íecture, concert, and símííar forms of
empíoyment. Standíng weíí back from Pearí Street, on whích ít
faces, ít has grounds as a frontage whích are quíte spacíous, píanted
to shrubs and fíora, on eíther síde of the wíde, bríck maín waík
íeadíng to ít. bout ít are a number of ínvítíng and íu uríant shade
trees of many years growth. íthín the ííbrary of the theneum,
asíde from prínted works of every phase of ííterature, aíí of heaíthy
and carefuí seíectíon, there ís a vast amount of hístoríc materíaí of
wíde range, the whoíe coííectíon beíng one of rare assembííng. To
ít ís constantíy added worthy pubíícatíons of fíctíon, hístory, bíog-
raphy, and every phase of ínformíng and saíutary readíng. It wouíd
be díffícuít to fínd anywhere a more benefícíaí ínstítutíon of íts
character than the antucket theneum. It educatíonaííy and so-
cíaííy promotes the townspeopíe by íts ííberaí suppíy of ííterature.
E ceptíonaí and dístínct, quíte wíthout a paraííeí, ís the an-
tucket |aíí and ouse of Correctíon. These ín combínatíon consíst
of two píaín, € ” stríkíngíy píaín, € ” wooden frame buíídíngs, cíose to
each other. They were buíít ín 18o5. Pemoved quíte a dístance ín
the rear of the home of the keeper, they are surrounded by a hígh
board fence, the scaííng of whích couíd be accompííshed wíth but
ííttíe díffícuíty. The |aíí has two fíoors, and ís reached on íts
second fíoor by most rudeíy constructed wooden steps, ascendíng
to a wíde píatform at the second story, on the outsíde of the buííd-
íng, around whích ís a ííght, narrow board raíííng. The wíndows
are covered over wíth crossed íron bars, but they are so un-
formídabíe that but sííght effort wouíd put them to the bad.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P - PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 35
The ouse of Correctíon has two fíoors, and ís a consíderabíy
íarger buíídíng than the |aíí. Some noted prísoners, notwíthstand-
íng the íneffícíent protectíon from breaks, have been confíned ín
that ouse of Correctíon. Duríng my young boyhood, Patíence
Cooper, a negress, whom I so weíí remember as the murderess of
Phebe Fuííer, was there íncarcerated. That murder was the earííest
tragíc act ín my memory, and occurred ín the modest home-store
of the unfortunate víctím, whích was but sííghtíy removed from
my home.
That reformatory make-up, ín effect, ís weírd and grotesque,
and remínds one, upon seeíng ít, of a modern príson of steeí and
masonry, an e ceedíng strong and weíí guarded reformatory, be-
cause ít ís so díametrícaííy dífferent.
prísoner ín that oíd |aíí may, at hís píeasure, open the door,
one whích ís seídom íocked, and pass ínto the narrow envíronment
of courtyard about ít, or sít on the píatform whích forms the upper
íandíng of the steps, bask ín the sunshíne or ídíe hís tíme at wííí,
and at níght cíose the door upon hímseíf and retíre to hís unín-
vítíng rest. There ís no occasíon to íock the door after hím, for he
ís confídentíy sure that no one wííí dísturb hís síumbers, uníess,
possíbíy, ít míght be a íoathsome rodent, preyíng about the unín-
vítíng and not over-comfortabíe bunk whereon the prísoner ííes
down to síeep.
In a day íong sínce past, when many sheep were kept upon the
ísíand, roamíng about wíthout defíníte restríctíon, when sheep-
shearíng was a pronounced annuaí festívaí of great popuíaríty, ít
was currentíy saíd that a prísoner then ín that oíd ouse of Cor-
rectíon ínformed the authorítíes that uníess they kept the sheep
out and away from dísturbíng hím, he wouíd quít hís quarters.
Thís combíned easy penítentíary ís accounted for, ín a way, from
the fact that a prísoner wouíd fínd díffícuíty, wíth freedom steaíthííy
obtaíned, ín makíng hís escape from the ísíand. Such a happeníng,
however, has occasíonaííy occurred, due to a fríend or confederate,
ín connívance, havíng píanned for and píaced a boat conveníent of
íocatíon by whích a fugítíve míght fíee from the west and sparseíy
settíed part of the ísíand, row out to and board a vesseí passíng
through antucket Sound.
otwíthstandíng these untoward condítíons, many notoríous
prísoners have been temporarííy heíd wíthín those ínstítutíons,
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
2 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
awaítíng transportatíon to the maíníand for tríaí before a hígh
court, or for píacement ín reform schooí or príson. Some, too, for
quíte heínous crímes have been, for íong terms, confíned wíthín,
one or the other of these rude íocaí ínstítutíons.
Many other matters of hístoríc and Coíoníaí ínterest wíth regard
to peopíe, buíídíngs and events, couíd be chronícíed ín beguíííng
veín. Forbearance, however, ís ímperatíve, íest these hístorícaí
foreword chapters overshadow the Memoríes, the reaí desígn of
thís book.
evertheíess, much of thís hístorícaí matter, comíng down, as ít
has, a bequest to íater resídents, ís emínentíy personaí to me, as I
ííved the fírst fífteen years of my íífe ín the en|oyment of and amíd
íts benefícent ínfíuence and practícaí benefít.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
S0CI C P CTEPISTICS.
TUC ET S fíuctuatíng communíty has ever been one
T- | cíoseíy aíííed ín socíaí and domestíc affaírs. Practícaííy aíí
spríngíng from the same íntermarríed famíííes, thus becom-
íng essentíaííy and emphatícaííy country cousíns, has, necessarííy,
ímposed those ímpressíve condítíons. ocatíon, ísoíated envíron-
ment, and every feature of daííy affaírs, unavoídabíy brought aíí the
peopíe ínto fríendíy, companíonabíe reíatíons. E períencíng those
festíve prívííeges ín my boyhood there, my young íífe was by them
made píeasurabíy ínterestíng, and transpíríng events fastened them-
seíves fírmíy and índeííbíy ín my memory. íí practícaííy, from one
generatíon to another, ín that compact town neíghborhood, knew
each other íntímateíy; famíííaríy íntermíngíed ín deííghtfuí assocía-
tíon, young men and young women, to say nothíng of the eíders,
constítuted a companíonabíe group ín whích they found and en-
|oyed specífícaííy for themseíves a common ground of affíííatíon,
whííe the boys and gírís as schooí píaymates, conspíred ín reíatíons
of agreeabíe and bountífuí comradeshíp, as they daííy met ín schooí
or at píay.
nd so the peopíe íívíng at antucket, from íts earíy Coíoníaí
settíement on through the years, because of the naturaí and un-
changeabíe geographícaí restríctíons whích surround them, have
been and are geníaí and cíose knítted to an unusuaííy íntímate and
heípfuí degree. Such condítíons were never more vívífyíng than I
e períenced them ín my boyhood. The smaíí shops, of whích
there were so many, and where we spent our occasíonaí and hard
obtaíned oíd copper cent; by the eveníng festíve home partíes,
whích were so frequent; by the faíí and wínter socíabíe dance; the
varíous out-of-door attractíons and pastímes, and by our forced
separatíon from news of happeníngs on the maíníand, because of
no teíegraphíc connectíon, € ” aíí, ín a heaíthy, vítaíízíng combínatíon,
to a rare e tent afforded us an attractíve and happy communíty íífe.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
28 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
ow at my once ísíand home condítíons are entíreíy changed.
Twíce a day communícatíon wíth theír outíyíng woríd by fírst-
cíass steamboat servíce; teíegraphíc íntercourse wíth aíí parts of
the íand; domestíc use to the fuíí, wíthín the town, of the quíte
índíspensabíe teíephone, € ” ísoíated and íímíted envíronment are, by
these modern conveníences, reduced to the mínímum, and the pop-
uíace of antucket are thus more cíoseíy conversant and are ín
vítaí reíatíon wíth peopíes everywhere.
Gayety, fashíon and absoíute abandon obtaín throughout the
months from the íate Spríng to the earíy Faíí, as tourísts from aíí
over the íand fíock to thís famous oíd town, and for the tíme
doubíe, or more than doubíe, íts settíed popuíatíon.
Thus, ín bríef, ís an outííned word-pícture of antucket, past and
present, an ísíand and a town affectíonateíy enshríned ín the hearts
of íts íoyaí natíve resídents, as aíso íovíngíy abídíng wíth many of
her equaííy íoyaí sons and daughters who have gone out ínto and
ííved and íabored ín and among broader spheres of daííy doíng and
personaí e períences.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
CESTP D F MI .
(
í UP famííy ís descended from the Coffín and Foíger íínes. My
grandmother was Puth Coffín. She was the daughter of
Eííhu Coffín, and was born at Saíem, Mass., September 18,
1 82; she díed ín antucket, December 22, 1859. She marríed |ona-
than Parker, 0ctober 9, 1 98. e was born September g, 1 3. e
díed September 1 , 18 1, at the home of my parents, my mother
kíndíy caríng for hím and mínísteríng to hís needs ín hís advanced
feebíe years. My grandfather at the tíme of hís marríage was
twenty-fíve years oíd, and grandmother was sí teen. e was a
íarge man, of powerfuí frame and physíque, a soídíer ín the war of
1812; grandmother was the reverse ín physícaí stature, and I feeí
confídent ín sayíng that she never ín her íífe weíghed to e ceed
one hundred pounds. Thírteen chíídren, aíí evídencíng the rugged
paternaí characterístícs, were born to them, my mother havíng the
dístínctíon of beíng the center of the group, there beíng sí chíí-
dren oíder and sí younger than she. Mother was born ugust 28,
1814. 0ne oníy of that íarge famííy of my grandparents ís now
(0ctober, 1914,) íívíng as I wríte thís record, € ” Mrs. Caroííne |.
oímes, who was nínety-one years oíd May 1 , 1914, a revered and
much-íoved oíd íady, actíve and aíert, wíth a cíear, íogícaí mínd,
íívíng ín her natíve town, where she has been a resídent throughout
her íong íífe.
My father was born ín Boston, September 5, 18o5, not far from
the íocatíon of the hístoríc 0íd South Church, on ashíngton
Street, ín whích neíghborhood hís youth was spent. In that cíty he
acquíred hís íímíted educatíon, earíy engaged ín sea-servíce on
smaíí vesseís, afterwards ín Boston enteríng upon an apprentíce-
shíp and obtaíníng a trade. e marríed Emeííne Dunn, a young
Boston woman, |anuary 21, 183o, and hís fírst chííd, my oídest
síster, was born ín that cíty. avíng íearned the trade of a
pump and bíock-maker, he removed to antucket about 1831 or
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
30 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
1832, the híghíy prosperous whaííng índustry of that ísíand appeaí-
íng to hím as affordíng a young mechaníc promísíng opportuníty to
enter upon hís trade as a master. e ímmedíateíy estabííshed a
busíness for hímseíf ín hís adopted town, whích he contínuousíy
conducted for a ííttíe more than thírty years. fter takíng up hís
resídence there, two chíídren were born to hím. ís wífe díed
|une 23, 1835, íeavíng hím a young busíness man wíth three young
chíídren, the eídest of whom was íess than sí years of age. e
marríed September 25, 183 , ydía ussey Parker, of antucket,
who bore hím níne chíídren, of whích I am one. My mother en-
tered tenderíy upon the care of my father s motheríess chíídren at
the tíme of her marríage to hím, íovíngíy cared for them, and e -
cept that we were toíd that there were two mothers, no dífference
of reíatíon, as chíídren, ever appeaíed to us. aíf-brother or haíf-
síster wíth us was símpíy a statement, and not an e períence.
My two oídest brothers, Charíes and Powíand, became sea-faríng
young men, begínníng ín that sacrífícíng servíce when they were
mere íads. Each had made two voyages at sea, the voyages averag-
íng about four years, wíth an íntervaí at home of but a few
weeks between them, and each entered upon a thírd whích proved
fatefuí and destructíve. The períod of tíme covered by those fírst
two voyages, wíth the bríef íntervaí at home between them was
wíth one brother ten years, wíth the other eíght years.
Both of those brothers were shípwrecked on theír thírd voyage,
one havíng been absent from home not quíte a year, and the
other íess than a week.
My brother Charíes saííed on hís fírst voyage on ugust 2 , 1849,
ín the shíp avígator, of antucket, commanded by Captaín
George Paímer. e then íacked a month of sí teen and a haíf
years of age. That was a voyage of nearíy fíve years, the shíp re-
turníng to her home port on |une 19, 1854.
0n the thírd of |uíy foííowíng, havíng been at home íess than a
month, he saííed on the Spartan, another íocaí shíp, under com-
mand of Eííhu F. Turner, makíng a voyage of not quíte four years,
the shíp reachíng home agaín on |une 21, 1858.
ess than four months at home, he saííed agaín on 0ctober 12th,
on hís thírd voyage, as a boat-steerer, ín the bark Twíííght, of
ew Bedford, wíth Captaín Syívester athaway as master, who, as
mate of the Spartan, was wíth my brother Charíes on hís pre-
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 31
víous voyage. e was an íntímate ín our home, aímost ííke a
brother, where he ííved between voyages. That thírd voyage of my
brother, ín íess than a year, proved one of fatefuí dísaster.
The fírst voyage of my brother Powíand was ín the shíp
Ganges, of antucket, Captaín Thomas Coffín, 2d, ín command;
he saííed September 12, 1849. e was then three months íess than
fífteen years oíd. That was a voyage sííghtíy under four years; the
shíp returned home |uíy 2o, 1853.
ome but a short tíme, he agaín saííed on 0ctober 18, 1853, as
thírd mate of the shíp enry, of antucket, wíth Captaín Davíd
Bunker, 2d. ís fírst caííed, as índeed ít was, a poor voyage,
thís second one was even more dírefuí. It was the íast voyage of
that shíp, whích was condemned and soíd at Taícahuano, Chííe, ín
1858. I do not remember and have no knowíedge as to how my
brother arríved home from that ííí-fated voyage; I do know, how-
ever, that he was home ín the summer of 1858. Undoubtedíy hís
return was by some other whaíe-shíp.
s second mate of the bark Montezuma, of ew Bedford, wíth
Captaín Shubaeí S. Spooner, he saííed 0ctober 19, 1858, on hís
thírd voyage.
0n the 24th, fíve days from the home port, thís bark was spoken
by the bark Spíendíd, of Edgartown, returníng dísabíed to her
home port, as on the western edge of the Guíf Stream íaboríng
hard ín a hígh sea. terríbíe gaíe aíí aíong the tíantíc coast
was on that day reported. In aíí probabíííty the bark Montezuma
foundered and my brother and hís shíp assocíates were íost ín that
fíerce storm. Thís meager report of beíng ín the Guíf Stream on
0ctober 24th was aíí that was ever known of that bark after saíííng
from ew Bedford. 0wners of the vesseí and members of the famí-
ííes and fríends of the crew heíd on to hope of further word from the
craft through many íong, weary months. The name of that vesseí,
the name of her captaín, the date of her saíííng, and the date of
the one and oníy report from her, after embarkíng on the un-
fortunate voyage, were carríed ín the weekíy tabuíated reports of
the varíous ew Engíand whaíe-shíps and shíppíng ínterests pub-
ííshed for a fuíí year afterward ín the ew Bedford haíemen s
Shíppíng íst and Merchants Transcrípt. Then aíí was eíímínated
from that ííst reíatíve to that vesseí. 0wners reíuctantíy yíeíded to
the opíníon that she was íost, and wouíd never agaín be heard from.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
82 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
It proved hope agaínst hope, encouraged by hope, and aíí ínter-
ested ín that craft whích had been, wíthout doubt, íost for a year or
more, fínaííy abandoned aíí hope.
o person survíved that ííí-fated wreck to teíí the story of íts
untímeíy dísaster; neíther was a body or any ob|ect found to síg-
nífy the fríghtfuí fate of that appaíííng sea tragedy. t hís death
that brother íacked two months of beíng twenty-four years oíd.
Captaín Coffín, wíth whom he saííed hís second voyage, spoke of
hím as an apt student ín sea-study, and yet, for aíí he was so
young, Captaín Coffín further saíd of hím that he was a skíífuí naví-
gator, wíth whom the shíp couíd be safeíy entrusted under saíí.
símpíe, yet ínterestíng íncídent occurred to that same
brother between hís fírst and second voyages whích, aíthough I
was but a smaíí boy, I have never forgotten, € ” ít ís e tremeíy dís-
tínct ín my memory, € ” ít was ín the autumn of 1853. e saííed on
hís second voyage 0ctober 18th, of that year. In the earíy forenoon
of the day of hís saíííng, arrangements for hís goíng havíng been
compíeted and hís sea-chest packed, he was awaítíng the comíng of
the horse and spríng cart wíth dríver, from the store of Bates,
Cook & Company, the ín-fítters and out-fítters, who aíways
províded for the requírements and íocaí transportatíon of the
saííors. That íong-ago morníng my brother had a new, ordínary
cíay pípe, had cut and meííowed tobacco wíth whích he had fíííed
ít, and wíth match ín hand was about to ííght ít at the same ínstant
as they drove up after hím. íthout ííghtíng ít, he íaíd the match
and pípe down, heíped píace hís sea-chest ín the cart, kíssed and
bade hís parents, brothers and sísters good-bye, and íeft home for
the wharf to |oín hís shíp. Soon after he had gone my mother dís-
covered the fíííed and unííghted pípe wíth the match besíde ít, where
my brother had so hurríedíy íeft them. She carefuííy íaíd them
away together as a memoríaí of hís goíng. bout four years
eíapsed before he agaín reached hís home. Soon after hís weícome
my mother handed hím the pípe and the match whích he had íaíd
down and íeft behínd hím when he departed four years before. e
struck the match, ííghted the tobacco, and en|oyed the smokíng of
that pípe, keeníy apprecíatíng the fact that ít had been kept íntact
for hím through those íong, tedíous years at sea.
nother íncídent, worthy of note, happened to that brother whííe
at home after hís second voyage, and |ust before he saííed on the
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 33
ne t, whích proved hís fataííy tragíc one. e was at home but a
short tíme between those two voyages. ews was receíved ín the
íate summer of 1858 of the íayíng of the tíantíc Cabíe by the
steamer Great Eastern, whích woríd-wíde notabíe event had then
|ust occurred. íth |oseph E. Pay, a near neíghbor saííor fríend,
a young man aíso home from a whaííng voyage, they mutuaííy de-
cíded to do a ííttíe prívate ceíebratíng on theír own account. Each
had a pístoí whích they used for that famous occasíon. The one
whích my brother had was of pecuííar constructíon, requíríng a
sííght puíí on the trígger to raíse the hammer ín order to píace the
percussíon cap. Great care was necessary ín that act, because íf
raísed too far, an eccentríc was passed, the hammer feíí, e píodíng
the cap, and the weapon was díscharged. e had performed that
operatíon on that afternoon many tímes, and had píaced ín the
pístoí the íast charge of ammunítíon that he had, € ” he díd not use
cartrídges. That íast charge proved most unfortunate. e over
raísed the hammer of that oíd pístoí, the eccentríc was passed, the
hammer feíí, and the cap whííe he was píacíng ít on the tube, was
e píoded and the weapon went off. s that fatefuí charge
fíashed from the pístoí ít struck the outer edge of the íeft hand
of my brother, and íts whoíe ínteríor or paím was bíown ín píeces
and hung ín mangíed shreds. The famííy doctor, ínstantíy sum-
moned, íaíd that torn and bíeedíng fíesh back ín píace, securíng ít
wíth twenty-two separate thread stítches, and by skííí and carefuí
nursíng, that maímed hand, after a few weeks, was faíríy weíí
restored. It was yet ín bandages when he íeft hís home to saíí hís
íast voyage, 0ctober 19, 1858.
Soon after the sad fate of my brother Powíand by shípwreck and
íoss of hís íífe, my brother Charíes, who had saííed from the same
port on 0ctober 12th, oníy a week prevíous, as one of the boat-
steerers of the bark Twíííght, of ew Bedford, wíth hís saííor
companíons was shípwrecked on |une 1, 1859, on ívaoa, one of
the desert ísíands of the Marquesas group of the ustraíasían
rchípeíago ín the South Pacífíc 0cean. The unfortunate cause
of that dísaster was a mísunderstandíng of an order gíven
by the captaín. It was faír weather wíth a comparatíveíy smooth
sea when ít occurred. Theír sítuatíon was at once desperate, and
as soon as they had íanded ít became more tense and aíarmíng.
íí haste for abandoníng the shíp was made as soon as she struck,
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
34 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
and quíckíy they gathered what provísíons and needed effects
they couíd, for ít was evídent that the doomed vesseí must uí-
tímateíy and quíckíy go to píeces on the huge rocks on whích she
was poundíng, and by whích she was heíd and surrounded.
0ffícers and crew busíed themseíves ín that servíce, and food,
saíís, and dífferent utensíís, embracíng materíaís possíbíe for
maíntaíníng íífe on the barren waste íoomíng up before them, were
píaced ín one of the shíp s boats, and they rowed to the shore to
awaít theír fate. nd thus ín open boats they gaíned the shore,
and proceeded to make themseíves as comfortabíe as possíbíe
under the gíoomy círcumstances. From the saíícíoths they erected
a rough tent for sheíter and a home. Barren íand, of an entíreíy
untoward character, was theír forced habítatíon. atíves ínstantíy
díscovered theír comíng, and they were soon besíeged by a tríbe
of hostííe ínhabítants, and the ííves of those unfortunateíy shíp-
wrecked maríners were savageíy assaííed. Fortunate, índeed, was
ít that, íncíuded ín the effects taken ashore from that wrecked shíp,
was a smaíí howítzer or short cannon and some ammunítíon. That
proved to be decísíve protectíon, and probabíy theír oníy protec-
tíon, from those uncívííízed denízens. hen díscharged, the beích-
íng of fíre terrorízed those natíves and heíd them at bay.
t those ísíands at that tíme was a míssíon statíon ín charge of
a míssíonary by the name of Bíckneíí. e heard of the dísaster
whích had overtaken the whaíe-shíp, and aíthough ít was tweíve
mííes dístant from hís statíon, he hastííy speeded to the wreck.
The crew of that ííí-fated craft had no e pectatíon of seeíng a
cívííízed whíte man at that ínhospítabíe píace, and hís comíng and
hís presence cheered and encouraged them. e possessed a sort
of magíc speíí over those natíves, and by hís kíndííness to them
and hís consístent manner of íífe, he heíd them ín marked restraínt.
ís presence and hís humane ínterference on behaíf of that dís-
heartened crew, measurabíy caímed the víoíence of those natíves,
and brought about at íeast a temporary changed aspect of affaírs.
Provísíoned but for a short tíme, the condítíon of the shípwrecked
was seríous. nowíng, as these ímperííed saííors díd, that there
was cívííízatíon at one or more of that group of ustraíasían
ísíands, though dístantíy removed from them, ín a day or two,
when the seas had somewhat abated, a boat was manned and made
passage to ít, seekíng heíp.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 35
That boat was díspatched to the ísíand of ukahíva, to see íf
there were any shíps or other craft there. Soon after ít had íeft,
a cry of Saíí, 0 aroused aíí hands, and a vesseí was seen ín the
far offíng passíng the ísíand. Mr. Bíckneíí, the míssíonary, there
wíth that despondent crew, thought ít míght be the Morníng
Star, e pected about that tíme, and he returned to hís home to
ascertaín íf such was the fact. It proved to be so. The míssíonary
shíp had arríved at a crítícaííy needfuí tíme. Captaín Brown, of
that craft, ínformed of the shípwreck, díd not waít to díscharge hís
vesseí, but made aíí speed to the scene of the dísaster. íth
many passengers on board, and a íarge quantíty of freíght, they
nevertheíess took on those stranded maríners and whatever
wrecked goods there was then remaíníng.
Peíatíve to that íncídent, my brother íater wrote for pubíícatíon
ín The Fríend, of onoíuíu:
0wíng to the crowded state of the Morníng Star, ít took us
three days to get our thíngs on board, but the nobíe bríg, ííke the
hearts of her company, seemed to e pand for our specíaí accommo-
datíon; and on the fífteenth of |une |they were wrecked on the
fírst| everythíng was on board, and we embarked ourseíves. e
were receíved wíth the greatest kíndness, and everythíng that íay
ín the power of captaín and offícers was done, wííííngíy, for our
comfort. e had a píeasant passage to onoíuíu, rendered doubíy
so by the uníform kíndness we have receíved sínce we came on
board.
nd thus by that míssíonary vesseí those shípwrecked men were
saved and taken to onoíuíu. fter many months they severaííy
reached home.
Speakíng of Mr. Bíckneíí, the míssíonary, ín The Fríend, my
brother saíd that he was one of ature s nobíemen, and a man of
the greatest seíf-deníaí, and on behaíf of hís shípwrecked com-
paníons returned to hím síncerest gratítude.
Thankfuí for the kíndness of Mr. Bíckneíí, Captaín athaway
of the Twíííght tríed to make to hím a suítabíe tangíbíe return;
ít was, however, wíth the greatest díffícuíty that he couíd be per-
suaded to take some comparatíveíy worthíess savíng from the
wreck. To Captaín Brown of the Morníng Star Captaín ath-
away presented the chronometer of the Twíííght.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
3 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
It was some months after the wreck, the doomed Twíííght
meanwhííe hoídíng fírmíy on the rocks here she foundered, that
a severe gaíe from the north broke her ín píeces, when a íarge
amount of provísíons, ín a good state of preservatíon, was obtaíned
by the natíves.
It was a twíííght of ííí-forebodíng and dísmaí dísaster when the
shíp Twíííght struck and heíd upon the rocks and uítímateíy
found sepuícher far from home ín a maríne graveyard ín the South
Pacífíc 0cean. It was a tragedy, however, foííowed by a gíoríous
dawníng, foreteíííng a bríghter daybreak when the Morníng Star
appeared and gave reííef, succor and fínaí rescue to that dís-
heartened and weíí-nígh hopeíess band of shípwrecked maríners.
hen I was a smaíí boy, the chíídren aíí over the country were
soíícíted to take penníes to Sunday-schooí to create a fund to
buííd, equíp and put ínto servíce a míssíonary shíp. It proved a
successfuí undertakíng, and such a míssíonary shíp was ín that way
províded, and was named the Morníng Star, and ít was thís one
to whích I have aííuded ín thís tragedy of the sea. That vesseí was
constructed under the dírectíon of and was commíssíoned ín ser-
více by the merícan Board of Commíssíoners for Foreígn
Míssíons of the Congregatíonaí Church. n account of the shíp-
wreck of the Twíííght, wíth a rude woodcut pícture of that
doomed vesseí on the rocks ín the heavy seas, was pubííshed by
the merícan Tract Socíety, Boston, ín 18 o, the year after the oc-
currence of the dísaster. It appeared ín a book whích gave an ac-
count of the raísíng of the fund, buíídíng, equíppíng, commíssíon-
íng and use of the Morníng Star as a míssíonary vesseí. In ít
ís quíte a graphíc account of the wreck of the shíp Twíííght,
speakíng partícuíaríy of my brother and of an account whích he
wrote of that tragíc dísaster, whích was pubííshed ín The Fríend,
the newspaper pubííshed at onoíuíu ín the Sandwích Isíands, now
known as the awaíían Isíands.
Two míssíonary shíps were buíít, each named the Morníng
Star, the second, one to take the píace of the fírst, whích was
wrecked. The word shíp hardíy appííes to eíther of these vesseís.
If I místake not, the fírst one, at íeast, was a two-masted craft,
square rígged on the foremast, and was reaííy a bríg. owever
that may be, that vesseí has an abídíng apprecíatíon ín my memory.
My brother Charíes, on hís way home from that dísastrous
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 8
voyage, reached onoíuíu, and there remaíned for a consíderabíe
períod, íater goíng to San Francísco, where he practícaííy took up
a temporary resídence. It was, as I remember, some two or three
years before he returned to hís home.
Duríng hís stay ín onoíuíu he wrote a fuííer story of that
thrííííng shípwreck for The Fríend, then and contínuousíy sínce,
the newspaper of that famous port ín those tropícaí ísíands, then
caííed the Sandwích Isíands. My brother was much gíven to the
muses, and ín hís íeísure tíme at home and aboard shíp wrote con-
síderabíe poetry. hííe I cíaím for hím no specíaííy dístínctíve
ííterary taíent ín that ííne, yet to hís memory I apprecíatíveíy say
that he wrote much credítabíe verse, and many of hís poems have
appeared ín dífferent pubíícatíons. In connectíon wíth hís report
of the shípwreck contríbuted to The Fríend, he wrote a poem
on that caíamíty whích was pubííshed about the same tíme ín that
far-away ísíand newspaper. To me, at íeast, ít ís ímpressíve be-
cause of the affectíng story whích ít narrates, and íts reproductíon
here ís ín honor of my brother, the author, who suffered rígor and
hardshíp, ín ampíífíed form, at the tíme of that shípwreck, whích,
míídíy at íeast, contínued throughout the remaínder of the com-
paratíveíy few years of hís íífe. e was never agaín a weíí man
after that e cítíng e períence. ís poem foííows:
0SS 0F T E T I IG T.
Twas eve, the saííor s cheerfuí song fíoats gaííy down the bay,
s wíth the wíndíass rhythmíc cííck they tímed theír tunefuí íay.
0ur anchor íeaves íts coraí bed, the saíís drop ííghtíy down,
The Twíííght from her mooríngs freed, agaín ís outward bound.
From Domíníca s spícy groves, the perfume-íaden breeze
Bore to our ears the sea-bírd s cry and rustííng of the trees,
Commíngíed wíth those sweeter notes, the maídens partíng síghs,
s from the gííst níng coraí beach they waved theír sad good-byes.
The spícy breezes fíííed our saíís, and ííke some warríor steed,
0ur gaííant bark wíth tossíng head does o er the waters speed;
ow prancíng o er some sweíííng wave, now cíeavíng one ín twaín,
hííst neath our bows the waters roar ííke gíants fíerce ín paín.
But hark what sound ís that whích grates so harshíy on the ear,
nd causes ev ry heart to quake, each face to bíanch wíth fear
Fuíí soon the fearfuí truth we íearn, for round our fated bark
The breakers ííke íoud thunders roar as gaínst her sídes they dart.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
88 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
0ne moment sínce, our gaííant bark oíd eptune s power dísdaíned;
ow, on her shattered, heípíess huík hís angry bíows are raíned;
The |agged rocks, ííke gíant s teeth, crash through her quív ríng
síde,
The tap ríng masts, ííke bríttíe reeds, sínk neath the surgíng tíde.
o more our gaííant bark shaíí brave the Storm íng s míghty
power,
For conquered, now her huíí must ííe on Domíníca s shore.
0 form of beauty, fíeet of wíng 0 shíp, so staunch and true
e íoved thee dearíy ín thy príde; now wrecked, we mourn thee
too.
t íength, wíth sad yet thankfuí hearts our crew aíí safeíy íand;
nd soon around us cíoseíy press a wííd and warííke band;
More eageríy they gather round and gaze wíth íongíng eyes,
For e en the ííttíe we have saved they deem a íawfuí príze.
nd as theír band ín numbers sweíí, more warííke yet they grow,
Tííí to our arms we have recourse and fírm resístance show;
But when they found us aíí prepared, they suííeníy wíthdrew,
To waít a more auspícíous tíme the contest to renew.
whííe one íng protectíon gave, oíd fríendshíp to requíte;
E en here where mortaís bííndíy grope ín error dark as níght;
et even here, twas not ín vaín that fríendíy seed was sown,
For to thís nobíe Chíef we oft some kíndíy act had shown.
whííe thís nobíe heathen íng our fríend and safeguard proved,
Untíí by deep and subtíe arts he from hís course was moved.
Then when theír rage and savage threats he couíd no more defy,
Each tríbe uníted, and they doomed our ííttíe band to díe.
hen dark despaír fíííed ev ry heart and hope had fíed afar,
From out the cíouds that o er us hung appeared the Morníng
Star.
gíadsome peaí of hope and |oy was borne aíong the vaíe,
The crags and rocks catch up the cry and echo back saíí
The Morníng Star ne er bríghter shone, ne er shed more cheer-
íng ííght,
Than that whích gíowed through aíí our hearts when fírst she hove
ín síght;
The cíouds uprose, hope dawned agaín, the darkness passed away;
nd from that dark and gíoomy níght burst forth a gíadsome day.
The Morníng Star safe gathered us wíthín her peacefuí breast,
er nobíe hearts wíth weícome warm our hands ín kíndness
pressed.
Thy deeds of íove, oh fríendíy souís, wííí shed a bríghter gíeam,
round thy Morníng Star s faír fame a purer ííght shaíí beam.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 3
nd now, wíth proudíy sweíííng saíís, the Morníng Star, set
free,
Skíms ííghtíy ííke the dove of yore across the deep bíue sea;
messenger of peace and íove, the oííve branch she bore,
nd sprínkíed seed of gospeí truth on many a heathen shore.
In years to come, those heathen tongues shaíí teíí wíth pure deííght
0f how the Morníng Star s bríght rays píerced through dark
error s níght,
nd shed the ííght of |esus íove throughout those South Sea ísíes,
here nature, ín rích verdure dressed, díspíays her bríghtest
smííes.
God bíess thy brave and nobíe crew God bíess the Morníng
Star
ong may thy pure and hoíy rays shíne o er the woríd afar,
Untíí the gospeí s ííght shaíí bathe the woríd from poíe to poíe,
nd gíve God s boon of peace and íove to each beníghted souí.
I have narrated these events ín the careers of my two oíder
brothers because theír ííves were so pathetíc and sacrífícíaí.
Shípped on whaííng voyages, each contínuíng for four years and
upwards, the íífe of each brother at sea began when he was but a
boy. To theír memory, as young heroes, I wríte thís story, ín
thís way índícatíng my esteem, apprecíatíon and remembered íove
for them. I was níne years oíd when Powíand met death by shíp-
wreck, and ten when Charíes suffered a símííar, but not fataí,
e períence.
íarge famííy of chíídren, none other had such a thrííííng ad-
venture to record. 0n the contrary, we each have had, asíde from
what I have wrítten of those oíder brothers, a measure of the
common happeníngs of the ordínary cívííían íífe. My brother
enry was a voíunteer ín the Cívíí ar of 18 1-18 5. servíng wíth
the rmy of the Potomac from ugust 12, 1S 2, untíí hís honorabíe
díscharge, ugust 1, 18 4.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
SC 00 D S.
schooí days ín antucket ended earíy ín 18 2, probabíy
coveríng about ten years. 0f aíí the schooís that I have
known, and I have through the years had a knowíedge of
many of them, the Cent Schooí of antucket occupíes pre-emí-
nent posítíon. Cíose anaíysís and descríptíon emphasízes ít as a
uníque ínstítutíon. I do not know whether my natíve town now
has a schooí of that character, but ín my young íífe such was an
ímportant factor. Certaíníy ít was a bíessíng apprecíated by moth-
ers of young chíídren. I was too young to now remember when I
began attendance upon such a schooí, but I thínk that I couíd not
have been more than three years of age, and perhaps was a ííttíe
younger. There we chíídren receíved the fírst ínstructíon, outsíde
of the home, ín our , B, C s, and íearned to síng tra-ía-ía.
hen on vísíts to my natíve town I aímost ínvaríabíy go to the
Prospect ííí cemetery and roam over that cíty of the dead. By
sííent testímony ínscríbed on marbíe I díscover to myseíf that
there are buríed a íarge number of those whom I knew ín my
younger days. There are two graves besíde whích I have often
ííngered. I take off my hat, and wíth reverence to those who ííe
beneath that, to me, sacred sod, I go back ín thought over the
years. In one of those graves many years ago was píaced aíí that
was mortaí of ancy B. Swaín, and ín the one besíde ít that of her
síster, Mary Eííza.
Most gracíousíy and apprecíatíveíy I remember those two
maíden íadíes. Each was then ín míddíe íífe. They were women
ín the deepest sígnífícance of that tender appeííatíon. They were
my teachers, or, I míght more forcefuííy say, guardíans of my
earíy youth. ancy B., that smaíí, síender, hump-backed, soreíy
tríed, but aíways patíent woman, was the príncípaí of our Cent
Schooí, and her síster, Mary Eííza, younger, ruddy, more perfectíy
formed and of íarger physíque, was her assístant.
oyaí to and devotedíy carefuí were they of every weífare of
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P - PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 41
the young boys and gírís who constítuted theír schooí. They gave
the best whích they had at command ín kíndness, patíence and ín-
structíon, and theír ííves were consecrated ín sacrífícíaí servíce to
the ííttíe tots píaced ín theír charge. Men and women of after
years, who have achíeved weíí ín socíety, ín busíness and ín the
varíed vocatíons of íífe, owe unspeakabíe gratítude to those two
humbíe women for theír e ampíe, precept and teachíng.
0n the northeast corner of Píne and yons Streets stííí stands
the house ín the basement of whích I went to cent schooí. That
house ís índeííbíe ín my memory, and as I wríte I can mentaííy see
the door open dírect ínto ít from yons Street, can see that room
wíth íts barren fíoor where schooí was kept, and the rude benches
on whích we chíídren sat. 0n a tabíe, over ín the corner, I can
aíso see that oíd gíass showcase, orígínaííy desígned for candíes or
other materíaís on saíe ín a store, whích contaíned the few books,
síates, toys and other accessoríes used by the chíídren. That show-
case, € ” our bookcase, € ” wíth síantíng top, set wíth a dozen or more
ííghts of gíass, hínged at one síde, ííftíng íts entíre íength and
wídth, I can now, after so many years, mentaííy íook ínto.
0ur mothers, theír tíme needed for home dutíes, passed the care
of us ííttíe chíídren over to and upon those amíabíe mortaís (I do
not recaíí that I ever saw one of them angry), and they effectíveíy
moíded our young ííves ín fundamentaís íeadíng up to practícaí
educatíon. Two sessíons were heíd each day, one ín the morníng,
and one ín the afternoon, wíth bríef íntervaí between when we went
home to dínner. 0ur dísmíssaí at the end of each sessíon wííí
never by me be forgotten. e chíídren were requíred to form a
círcíe, facíng outward, wíth arms and cíasped hands behínd us. To
one had been gíven (sometímes to one and agaín to another, € ” we aíí
coveted the honor,) an ordínary brass pín, and no one but the chííd
who heíd ít knew ín whose hand ít was. e couíd not be dísmíssed
untíí we heard the pín drop. hííe thus standíng, awaítíng the
sígnaí, so weíí had we been traíned that ínstínctíveíy we at once
quíeted down to a deathííke stíííness, when he or she who heíd the
pín wouíd íet ít drop on that bare fíoor. Instantíy we caught the
sound of íts faíí the círcíe was broken, we got our thíngs and
started for home.
I cannot recaíí how many schoíars we averaged ín that schooí.
Suffíce ít to say our numbers were never íarge. hy the name of
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
42 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
Cent Schooí Because for each sessíon a cent was paíd for each
chííd. Thínk of the remuneratíon to those faíthfuí, patíence-tríed
and tíreíess teachers. I do not beííeve that for aíí the ardent ser-
více, so unstíntedíy rendered, they couíd have receíved more than
thírty or forty cents a day. The antucket Cent Schooí whích
I attended so many years ago ís tenderíy cheríshed ín my memory,
and for íts teachers there abídes wíth me a heartfeít affectíon
whích tíme can never efface. I repeat that the antucket Cent
Schooí was uníque, that ít was ín a cíass aíí by ítseíf, and I am
sure that there are men and women yet íívíng, who were chíídren
wíth me ín attendance upon ít, who apprecíatíveíy feeí that to ít
they owe a debt of gratítude beyond human canceíatíon.
In my natíve town, when a boy, we had but few stone síde-
waíks, € ” íaíd ín squares, we knew them as fíagstone sídewaíks.
The cracks between these squares of stone we chíídren aíways
avoíded by steppíng over them, as we, ín our ínnocent honest be-
ííef, used to say íf we step on the cracks we wííí míss our
íessons. It was aíí a bít of chíídísh sííííness. That earíy ím-
pressíons are íastíng, íf síncereíy e períenced, I have ever and
agaín proved ín after íífe, as thoughtíessíy and unwíttíngíy, ín pass-
íng over símííar waíks, I have often díscovered to myseíf that I
was avoídíng steppíng on the cracks.
0f the antucket schooís of to-day I have no specífíc knowíedge.
I beííeve, however, that the town maíntaíns good schooís. In my
day the schooí standard was hígh, and ít was admítted that none
better were anywhere to be found ín the oíd Bay State, of whích
we were a part. I ííved ín the dístríct of the oíd South Schooí on
0range Street. There the greater number of my pubííc schooí
days were passed. I remember the then so-caííed Infant Schooí,
wíth Saííy Smíth as príncípaí, entrance to whích was on the east
síde of the buíídíng by the south door. Such a schooí, wíth the
fuíí equípment províded, wouíd now be caííed a kíndergarten.
Then there was the prímary department, entrance by the south
door at the corner, on the west or 0range Street síde of the buííd-
íng, over whích Míss ydía B. Swaín presíded, wíth Míss Mary |ane
Coíeman as assístant. There I attended through that grade, e cept
for a short períod when I was at the est Schooí, under Míss
Deborah Brown. fterward returníng to the South Prímary, I
was subsequentíy graduated to the grammar department on the
fíoor above.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 43
That oíd buíídíng ís perfectíy famíííar to me now. The entrance
to the grammar schooí was by the north door on the west síde of
the buíídíng, at the farther corner from the entrance to the prímary
department. I can now mentaííy see the wíde staírs íeadíng to the
upper fíoor, up whích we were arbítrarííy compeííed to go ín
síngíe fííe at the far síde, especíaííy after recess. In the íower
grade schooís I had been somewhat íncííned to truancy, and prac-
tíced ít too often. Upon enteríng the grammar schooí I tríed to
maíntaín a hígher dígníty. My fírst grammar príncípaí was |ohn M.
Píce, and wíth hím I had some e períences píeasant, and some
whích were quíte the reverse.
e was a somewhat under-sízed man, of a fíoríd compíe íon, rosy
cheeks, was fíne appearíng, fauítíessíy attíred, but he was harsh ín
government, and was a terror to aíí of the boys. e beííeved ín
the rod, wíeíded ít vígorousíy, and upon refíectíon, I beííeve now,
as I díd then, that he thoroughíy en|oyed doíng ít. e wore gíasses
wíth very thíck, heavy íenses, whích, on occasíon, ín an aítercatíon
wíth a boy, were knocked from hís nose, whích gratífíed on-íookíng
pupíís. Sometímes we got from hím what we deserved, and aíí
too often that whích we díd not. ís manner and dísposítíon ín
deaííng díscípíínarííy wíth hís schooí provoked much of the troubíe
whích he had wíth ít.
Succeedíng Mr. Píce as príncípaí came Seymour . Mead € ” he
wíth the goíd-bowed gíasses. hat a forcíbíe character he was
Sííghtíy íame, of íarge physíque, ever neatíy dressed ín bíack, he
had a way of wrínkííng up hís face and brow whích gave hím a
pecuííar facíaí e pressíon € ” thís, I now, upon refíectíon, thínk must
have been due to weak eyesíght. e, too, beííeved ín whíppíng, but
was not so brutaí and unreasonabíe ín íts practíce as was hís ím-
medíate predecessor. evertheíess, by íts use, he ínvoked the dís-
ííke of hís schooí, especíaííy the boys. eíther Mr. Píce nor Mr.
Mead, as I now recaíí, had a íong tarry as príncípaí of the South
Grammar Schooí. Mr. Mead resígned to assume the príncípaíshíp
of the Coffín Schooí cademy.
fter Mr. Mead came Daríus M. Bííss, a man of fíne personaííty,
of erect fígure, ímmacuíate ín dress, a dígnífíed gentíeman, and a
schoíaríy teacher. e contínued, as I remember, very much íonger
as príncípaí than díd eíther of the two I have named. Fíoggíng,
as we caííed ít, was more popuíar ín pubííc schooís ín the days of
I
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
44 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
whích I wríte than ít now ís, and Mr. Bííss was an adept ín íts
practíce.
íbeít these three men under whom I attended that grammar
schooí were good ínstructors, and íf, as índeed was true, the díscí-
pííne was maíntaíned under fear, we boys and gírís ín that schooí
nevertheíess had good educatíonaí traíníng. These men had asso-
cíated wíth them e ceííent assístant teachers, of whom I remember
Míss Mary Frank Swaín, Míss |udíth |. Derríck, especíaííy beíoved
because of her amíabíe quaíítíes, Míss Deíía Upham and Míss Mary
|ane Coíeman. s before mentíoned, the íatter was my teacher on
the fíoor beíow ín the prímary department . Míss Coíeman was
aíso much ííked by the pupíís, not that I dísparage the others as
beíng especíaííy dísííked.
Mr. Bííss as príncípaí teacher and I as a pupíí utteríy faííed to
agree, and as a naturaí resuít we had numerous unpíeasant díffer-
ences. I want to be absoíuteíy faír to hís memory. Upon refíec-
tíon I wííí admít that he had some reasons for hís attítude toward
me. evertheíess, I am sure that aíí too often he was arbítrary and
unfaír ín díscípííne. íth hím I came under the bírch fre-
quentíy € ” not that I was ever maíícíous or bad, but I was rather
gíven to much good-natured boyísh míschíef. 0ne mean traít wíth
hím, íf he had a ííttíe ííí feeííng wíth one of hís schooíboys, € ” whích
was aíí too often, € ” was to pass down the aísíe, push hís hand up
ínto and fírmíy grasp the haír of such a boy and gíve hím an un-
mercífuí shakíng of the head. It was unmercífuí ín íts fuííest sense.
e wouíd then return to hís desk wíth a compíacent míen and a
sardoníc smííe, as íf he had performed a gíoríous act. íí the boys
had a repugnance for hím.
whíppíng by Mr. Bííss for a cause of whích I was not guííty
set me agaínst hím, and I vowed that when I had grown bíg enough
I wouíd baíance up wíth hím. t maturíty, however, both as to
physíque and mínd, |udgment had grown the whííe, and I concíuded
that my vow was better broken than kept. Puníshíng me, as he
díd, when I was ínnocent, I am yet wííííng to testífy that I got
by on some undetected míschíevous acts, and so I thínk that on
the whoíe matters were faíríy evened up.
e schoíars ín the oíd South Grammar Schooí had two asso-
cíated wíth us whom we caííed |ohn Cíean and Edmund Dírty.
|ohn was he who ís now a respected and successfuí merchant ín hís
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 45
natíve town, foííowíng a protracted maríne e períence, untíí he was
at íts head, € ” Captaín |ohn íííen; and the other was Edmund
Doherty. 0f the íatter I have known nothíng sínce we were
schooíboys together.
In my schooí days, especíaííy ín the grammar grade, there was
dístínctíveíy two sídes to the room, € ” or, ín better paríance, a de-
císíve arrangement as to the seatíng of pupíís. Schooí desks, as
ordínarííy píaced at conveníent dístance apart from each other,
were separated by a very broad aísíe as each group was sectíonízed,
one on one síde of the room and one on the other. In the group at
the ríght, as faced by the príncípaí of the schooí, sat the boys, and
ín the group at the íeft sat the gírís. Such order was observed
wíth reíígíous care, and so heíd by unyíeídíng íaw. It was a strík-
íng separatíon. owever, there was not ínfrequent occasíon when
such order was by the príncípaí arbítrarííy overruíed. For matters
of díscípííne, a refractory boy was set over, for a períod of tíme, at
the píeasure of the príncípaí, on the gírís síde, or, ín reverse, for
ííke reason, a gírí wouíd be set over on the boys síde. I can now,
even, feeí how such an e períence wouíd hurt, and keeníy remem-
ber how severeíy humíííatíng such practíces were. To be so píaced
€ ” I wouíd better say mís-píaced € ” ín schooí, as a matter of punísh-
ment, as we boys and gírís víewed ít, was most e actíng and de-
gradíng. It was aíí too often a more severe puníshment than a then
so-caííed fíoggíng wouíd have been.
0ur schooí week comprísed the usuaí schooí hours embraced
wíthín fíve days, as ís customary ín most communítíes, yet an e cep-
tíon wíth us was that we went to schooí every week day. Instead
of havíng the whoíe of Saturday, as ís now quíte uníversaí, we at-
tended schooí ín the forenoon of that day, as índeed we díd the
forenoon of ednesday, but we had the afternoon of each of
those two days out of schooí, so that wíth us ednesday and
Saturday were known as one-schooí days.
Because Mr. Bííss and I faííed to agree, I íeft the South Grammar
Schooí and went to the Coffín Schooí. Thís was then a prívate
academy. ífred Macy was príncípaí a part of the tíme I attended
there, and was foííowed, upon hís resígnatíon, by Seymour . Mead,
who for a whííe was príncípaí of the South Grammar, where I
attended for a bríef tíme under hím, as I have prevíousíy men-
tíoned. The two men were of entíreíy dífferent traíts of schooí-
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
4 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
keepíng character. Míss Susan arrís Coíeman was the quíet,
kínd, heípfuí and profícíent assístant, who, whííe I was yet a boy
at antucket, became the wífe of the Pev. Samueí D. osmer, who
was then míníster at the íocaí orth Congregatíonaí Church.
My attendance at the Coffín Schooí was at the tíme of the Cívíí
ar, whích was beíng waged wíth crueíty and devastatíon. Prín-
cípaí Macy was then a young man of fíne presence, of ímmacuíate
dress, aíways a gentíeman, a cuítured schoíar, an e ceííent ínstruc-
tor, ever faír wíth hís students, and he was beíoved by aíí.
number of the boys ín schooí soreíy tríed hís patíence and hís tem-
per. I remember that the Barker brothers, ííííam and enry,
myseíf and some others often kept hím guessíng.
nother boy € ” and I may name hím wíthout personaí refíectíon
or harm € ” was ewís P. Tracy. e was never bad, but he was
aíways up to trícks. Many of them he díd whííe seated at the
ordínary schooí desk. 0ccasíonaííy ífred wouíd catch hím.
Fínaííy, every resourcefuí e pedíent e ercísed ín hís behaíf to cor-
rect hím havíng faííed, he was gíven a seat on a settee at the síde
of the room, where he for a íong tíme daííy sat and where what he
was up to couíd more readííy be seen. I remember one day that
Mr. Macy díscovered somethíng suspended over the back of that
settee. e saíd: ewís, what have you there othíng, was
the repíy. eíí, bríng ít to me, saíd Mr. Macy. Peíuctantíy re-
movíng the ob|ect of the coííoquy, ewís, hís manner evídencíng a
caught cuíprít, stepped forward to the príncípaí s desk and handed
the ob|ect to hím. It proved to be two human fígures rudeíy cut
from paper; one was íabeíed Mason the other Síídeíí, wíth a
thread around the neck of each by whích they were hung over
the back of the settee. Those two men, now famous ín hístory as
Confederate Commíssíoners € ” at the tíme we regarded them as
spíes € ” ín the Cívíí ar, had |ust been apprehended. The act of
the patríotíc, yet troubíesome, student |ust mentíoned was a mís-
chíevous one, but ínvoíved on hís part a íoyaí príncípíe, and he had
mereíy antícípated what he regarded as proper actíon for the
federaí authorítíes.
ífred Macy was a vaíuabíe man ín ímpartíng practícaí ínforma-
tíon to the students of hís schooí. Frequentíy he gave us taíks
on ínterestíng sub|ects. 0ne I cíearíy remember. e spoke to
us of the oft-heard e pressíon Mínd your Ps and s. e toíd
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 4
us that íts orígín was ín the oíd Engíísh aíehouses where there
was aíways tacked up or conveníentíy píaced a faír-sízed bíack-
board. hen a customer came ín for hís potíon and got ít on
tíck, the charge was recorded on that bíackboard € ” P for pínt and
for quart. 0ften the propríetor, thínkíng that the account was
beíng overworked, wouíd say to such a customer wíth a wave of
hís hand toward the bíackboard, Mínd your Ps and s.
e had at that academy a íaboratory, wíth what then seemed to
me quíte an equípment € ” I fear the reaí fact ís that ít was consíd-
erabíy íímíted. owever, Mr. Macy performed some ínterestíng
stunts by that means, whích were educatíonaííy practícaí and
píeasíng to hís students. I remember of hís teíííng the schooí one
day, that he wouíd tíe a knot ín a bone. That caught me at once,
and ít was an entíreíy unsoívabíe mystery to my mínd how such
couíd be done. evertheíess he díd ít, and when done the mystery
faííed of the ímpress whích I had conceíved. íong, síender ríb
bone from some anímaí was put ín a chemícaí soíutíon for a num-
ber of days, by the actíon of whích ít became soft and fíe íbíe, and
the promísed knot was then tíed ín ít.
nother never-to-be-forgotten personaí íncídent at the Coffín
Schooí was thís: The cíass ín speíííng of whích I was a member,
was dívíded ínto two dívísíons, those ín the fírst dívísíon beíng
sííghtíy ín advance of those ín the second. I was ín the second
and feít that I shouíd be promoted to the fírst, so I appeaíed to
Mr. Macy. e ímmedíateíy ínstítuted a speíííng bee wíth me
as the oníy member. Severaí words were gíven me and I success-
fuííy mastered theír speíííng. Fínaííy the word separate proved
my undoíng. I píaced an e ínstead of an a as the míddíe
syííabíe of that word. 0n that rock I foundered, and I was for a
tíme separated from promotíon to that coveted fírst dívísíon of that
cíass ín speíííng. íbeít the íesson then receíved was saíutary and
effectíve, and from that tíme on the word separate has never been
mísspeííed by me.
Many of the students wíth me ín the Coffín Schooí, both boys
and gírís, have achíeved weíí ín after íífe, an honor to theír town,
a credít to íts schooís, and they have gaíned fame for themseíves.
0ne of them, Seth M. ckíey, ín navaí affaírs, where he proved
most effícíent, had an emínent natíonaí, íf not an ínternatíonaí,
reputatíon, passíng through varíous offícíaí posítíons, and was
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
48 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
a Pear- dmíraí of the Uníted States avy, retíred, at the tíme of
hís death, but a few years ago. e díed a comparatíveíy young
man.
Dírectíy ín the rear of the schooíyard at the Coffín Schooí was a
íarge open íot, whereon stood a rectanguíar buíídíng, whích was
the observatory of ííííam Mítcheíí, contaíníng a teíescope of
consíderabíe síze and power. e students at recess were príví-
íeged, on occasíon, to go wíthín that buíídíng and take a íook at
the steííar woríd through that teíescope. It was a favor as rare
as ít was gracíous, was gratefuííy apprecíated, and the víew by
those far-penetratíng íenses was one such as ís afforded but few
academíc schooí students. Mr. Mítcheíí was the father of Professor
María Mítcheíí, one of antucket s dístínguíshed daughters, and ín
after íífe she was the famous Professor of stronomy for many
years at assar Coííege.
From the Coffín Schooí I went to the orth Grammar ín the
then new buíídíng on cademy ííí. There I fíníshed my career
as a schooí pupíí wíth the fírst cíass ín the wínter of 18 1-18 2.
|ames M. Bunker was the príncípaí, and a good one he was ín
every respect. ís díscípííne was sometímes by the ferruíe, yet
he used ít wíth due díscretíon and care. e was never arbítrary, € ”
was a man honored and honorabíe, € ” and was one of antucket s
best and most usefuí cítízens. e was not aíone an effectíve
schooímaster, but he was a cívíí engíneer and surveyor, a |ustíce
of the peace, and professíonaí to a marked degree ín the knowíedge
and practíce of statutory íaw. ssocíated wíth hím was an abíe
corps of femaíe assístant teachers. They were Míss Mary C.
híppey, Míss vís C. Swíft and Míss Martha . Macy, aíí young
women ín my boyhood, and they were each of geníaí dísposítíon,
and devotedíy heípfuí to theír pupíís.
The eíghteenth of each recurríng |anuary ís my nataí anníversary.
It has aíways been a day specíaí and píeasant throughout the years,
but none more so than the íast three or four of my resídence ín my
natíve town. Captaín George ííey, who was then ín the coaí
busíness, had an offíce at the head of the 0íd South harf, corner
of Saíem and haíe Streets, whích was near the shop of my father,
where he frequentíy vísíted. Síttíng around the stove ín father s
shop one day, as was a weíí-used custom, severaí of the men of
neíghboríng shops, and other conversatíonaíísts, the whííe they
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 49
smoked the then reguíatíon T. D. cíay pípe, were cussíng and dís-
cussíng town topícs and current events. Captaín ííey chanced to
remark, To-day ís my bírthday. My father, ín effect, repííed,
I want to know I have a boy whose bírthday ís to-day. Saíd
Captaín ííey, Is that so I aíways have a specíaí dínner at my
home on my bírthday; send hím up. nd I was sent, and I
contínued to go there on repeated ínvítatíons for the foííowíng
two or three years. Each tíme I had an e ceííent dínner and a fíne
socíaí tíme wíth that famííy. They ííved on ussey Street, and
besídes Captaín and Mrs. ííey, there were two sons, then ín young
manhood, eander F. and Ferdínand C. They were e ceííent
young men, and proved themseíves good fríends to me. eander
íater dístínguíshed hímseíf as a soídíer ín the Cívíí ar, attaíníng
to a ííeutenancy ín the Twentíeth Massachusetts Pegíment, wíth
the rmy of the Potomac.
0n |anuary 18, 18 2, wíth other members of the fírst cíass of
the orth Grammar Schooí, I tríed for the ígh Schooí. Those
e ams píaced before me ín the forenoon of that day, € ” unííke any
other on the caíendar to me, € ” requíríng specíaí tíme and attentíon,
and a bírthday dínner awaítíng me at the home of Captaín ííey
at noon, made a sítuatíon tryíng ín the e treme. I must get
through that schooí work or íose that temptíng dínner, and so, I
fear, I hurríed wíth that whích shouíd have taken my most carefuí
thought and attentíon. Suffíce ít to say, whatever my schooí work
of the morníng, I was on hand for that dínner € ” an e ceííent one
whích I fuííy en|oyed, as oníy a growíng boy wíth a good appetíte
couíd. So, under those tryíng círcumstances, as narrated, the
thírteenth anníversary of my bírth proved to be my íast day ín
schooí as a pupíí.
íong ín the íate afternoon of that day, after I had returned home,
my e ceííent dínner was weíí dígested and my mínd very nat-
uraííy reverted to the e períences of the morníng. In constantíy
deepeníng thought I began to wonder as to the resuíts of my morn-
íng tussíe wíth those e ams. bout eíght o cíock ín the eveníng
the returns came ín, and I íearned that I had not passed. n
an íous waítíng was ínstantíy broken, dísappoíntment seízed me,
and the tears fíowed copíousíy. That gríef, however, has íong
sínce been assuaged, and those unbídden tears have been dríed for
many years. ow, ín the rípened e períence of thought ín these
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
50 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
after years, I can but feeí that ít was a hard posítíon ín whích to
píace a boy of thírteen years € ” numerous e amínatíon papers set
before hím, upon the soíutíon of whích depended admíssíon to the
ígh Schooí, and a sumptuous turkey dínner, wíth aíí the fí ín s,
to be served at tweíve o cíock (the oíd-fashíoned dínner hour) € ” and
e pect hím to make good wíth both.
I am not sure that, wíthout that aííuríng dínner, I wouíd have
been successfuí at that tríaí for admíssíon to the antucket ígh
Schooí, but I am of the mature opíníon that ít was unfortunate for
me that the struggíe occurred upon, to me, such a crucíaí day.
In the íapse of the years sínce, I have en|oyed to the fuíí every
recurríng eíghteenth day of |anuary, markíng anníversary mííe-
stones ín my earthíy career. Each has been a deííght, wíth e -
ceííent fríends aíí about me, yet none has had for me the e períence
and ííí íuck as that one on whích I had to choose between advance-
ment ín schooí and a bírthday dínner. The dínner was good, but
gettíng íeft then, whích has sometímes happened sínce, I have
never en|oyed.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
E P B0 00D E PEPIE CES.
í I I G, as I díd, the fírst eíeven years of my íífe, near the foot
I| 1 of Píne Street, ín the house where I was born, I was cíassed
as a ew-Towner. In fact, aíí who resíded north of Maín
Street were reckoned as orth-Shorers, and those south of that
thoroughfare as ew-Towners. beííígerent spírít weíí-nígh
akín to ínternatíonaí warfare seemed to e íst between the boys of
these two sectíons of the town, and wíth a íoyaíty and feaíty to
that part where he ííved each was personaííy zeaíous to defend the
dígníty of hís íocaííty, even unto strífe.
Thus, ín my young boyhood we used to frequentíy hear that
the orth-Shorers are comíng down thís eveníng to fíght the
ew-Towners, or the reverse, € ” that the íatter were goíng up to
fíght the former. In retrospect thís now appears to me weírd and
absurd, when I consíder that we were a communíty so smaíí that
aímost, forsooth, aíí knew one another faíríy íntímateíy; each was
fond of hís natíve heath, and mutuaííy we aíí íoved the ísíand town
where we were born. Suffíce ít to say, however, that I never knew
of a very severe battíe.
e assocíated ew-Town boys, ín schooí and at píay € ” what a
company we were eíghbors, pestered by our míschíevous and
díaboíícaí pranks, caííed us, oh how profaneíy, that gang of boys.
In my mature years, as I have refíected on my boyhood and ín
vísíon íooked the boys over wíth whom I used to assocíate ín
schooí and at píay, there has never been doubt ín my mínd of the
fact that we were a vígorous íf not an írrepressíbíe set. e made
matters ííveíy; aíbeít we were not vícíous, yet when we were out on
our own unrestraíned wííí there sureíy was somethíng doíng aíí the
tíme. Gííp Swaín was our ínvaríabíe ríngíeader, and he certaíníy
díd íead us ínto many petty scrapes, from whích we narrowíy
escaped. If we were ever overtaken ín troubíe of our own makíng,
as we aíí too frequentíy were, he aíways managed to get out of the
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
52 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
way, and then come sneakíng up and start a ííne of ínquíry as to
what was the matter, as íf he were as ínnocentíy unknowíng to the
affaír as an unborn babe. owever, we were boys, actíve and pro-
gressíve, and were possessed of characterístícs ínseparabíe from the
reaí boy.
In my íater íífe, as a member of the Schooí Commíttee of the
cíty of Provídence, and subsequentíy of the town of East Proví-
dence, and for four years Superíntendent of Schooís of that town,
afterwards as a Park Commíssíoner of Provídence, and a member
of the Summer Pecreatíon Board of that cíty, ín aíí coveríng many
years of such pubííc servíce, opportuníty has thus been afforded me
to have much to do wíth young boy and gírí íífe. I personaííy
know of theír míschíef, theír escapades, and theír ve íng annoy-
ances, and I emphatícaííy state that I wouíd gíve but ííttíe for a boy
or a gírí who díd not possess and manífest a spírít of vítaííty com-
mensurate wíth hís or her years. íth such I am aíways ín hearty
sympathy, gíad to recogníze the fact that I was once an actíve boy,
and made my presence known ín the ííttíe communíty where my
aíí too bríef boy íífe was passed. I never had any use for an aduít
who, ín deaííng wíth young, wíde-awake natures, forgot that he
hímseíf was once a boy. man born thírty years oíd to me ís an
anomaíy, and does not beíong ín reaí íífe. et there are many such
ín conduct, as evídenced by theír absoíute deníaí to growíng boys
and gírís that whích ís theírs by naturaí ínherítance.
Díscípííne and ríght controí of the voícaníc, dynamíc e píosíon
íncídent to and ííabíe at any tíme to come from wíthín the boy, ís
what shouíd consístentíy govern the eíder ín deaííng wíth such a
nature. Cívíc díscípííne over our crowd of assocíated boys was e -
tremeíy easy; ít was weíí-nígh a |oke. poííceman, such as he
shouíd reaííy be, was unknown to us. e díd have the so-caííed
watchman, usuaííy on duty from after supper untíí after the
níne o cíock curfew. Such an offícer, as I reaííy knew hím, was
generaííy a physícaííy dísabíed man, superannuated from actíve
servíce ín some other caíííng, and no fear whatsoever of hím act-
uated us boys. If he ever put after us, but sííght spríntíng on our
part enabíed us to eíude hím. The one offícer of that character
whom I most vívídíy remember was Captaín |oseph ambíen; I
have a vague recoííectíon of others. rmed wíth a staff much re-
sembííng an oíd-fashíoned shepherd s crook, wíth a hook or turned
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 53
sectíon at the upper end of ít, íed us boys to caíí such a guardían
of peace the hooker, and by that appeííatíon aíone díd we know
hím.
0ften ín íater years, thínkíng over my boy assocíates, have I tríed
to recaíí them by name, and mentaííy íook ínto theír faces. I can
enumerate some of them. I remember Thomas ugustus (Gus)
Coffín and Cíarence U. Coffín, sons of Captaín Thomas; Charíes
íbert Swaín, known to us as Gííp, son of Frankíín; ííííam E.
(Bííí) orn, son of Captaín ííííam; ííííam . and Charíes F.
Perry, sons of Captaín ííííam; Poíand B. ussey, son of Samueí S.;
enry |. Pobínson, son of enry D.; |ames ííííam Cathcart, son
of ííííam; Samueí C, Charíes M. and íbert E. Crocker, sons of
Caívín; Ben|amín Frankíín Cíeveíand, son of Captaín enry;
ííííam . and Samueí E. Peynoíds, theír mother a wídow, grand-
sons of hím whom everybody knew and caííed Uncíe Físh ; íí-
ííam B. Stevens, son of George; |ohn P. and íbert M. ínckíey,
who ííved wíth theír wídowed mother on Uníon Street; Charíes Pay
ííen and Edgar oveíí ííen (of hím further on), sons of Captaín
George; auríston Bunker, the present town cíerk of antucket,
son of Captaín Davíd; Charíes . Bunker, son of |ames; Edward
. ( ed) Baker, son of rvín; ífred C. íckerson, son of Frank-
íín; ífred C. and íbert S. Pay, sons of Captaín Ben|amín; Fred-
eríck . Marvín, ííííam G. Marvín, Samueí S. Brííí, my brother
Daníeí, and others of us who, as boys once so íntímate, ín after íífe
became wídeíy separated. Many of them have passed to the Great
Beyond.
Píchard Gardner Eíkíns ís one of the best remembered of my
once boy assocíates, aíthough I was not so often wíth hím as wíth
most of the others I have named. e was of a very ííkabíe díspo-
sítíon, aíways a geníaí and vaíued fríend. For hím, from my quíte
sííght affíííatíon wíth hím ín boyhood, and my knowíedge of hím ín
young manhood, I entertaín píeasíng esteem.
ííen Bacon was another of the boys frequentíy wíth us, but of
hís parentage and famííy I never knew. e ííved, as a sort of
generaí utíííty boy, wíth Isaac and nníe ustín on Uníon Street
.
e was a soídíer ín the Cívíí ar, as I remember, and íost hís
íífe ín that servíce. It ís not to be consídered that the boys whom
I have enumerated were aíways assocíated as a company, but they,
for the most part, comprísed boys of a íocaí sectíon of our home
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
54 BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES.
town, and we were frequentíy together. Sureíy most of us for a
tíme were schooímates and píayfeííows at the oíd South Schooí.
Cíarence U. Coffín, whom I have mentíoned, ín íater íífe ííved for a
number of years ín ewport. e was agent there for the steamer
Generaí, píyíng between that cíty and íckford, and connectíng
wíth the ew ork traíns. e feíí from a smaíí boat goíng down
the Provídence Píver on ovember 3, 19o1, and was drowned.
The boys whom I have named were of a cíass as to age, or wíthín
two or three years of each other. There were oíder ones whom I
píeasantíy remember, our town ín my day havíng a íarge number
of chíídren of both se es, constítutíng a more than average schooí
popuíatíon for a smaíí communíty. In aduít íífe many of these
have achíeved posítíons of note and honor.
There ís but one |ustífíabíe reason for mentíoníng them and
our unusuaííy míschíevous doíngs, a haíf century and more ago,
and that ís because our communíty was so engagíngíy uníque.
E ceptíonaííy segregated, no car or traín by whích to take passage
to another íocaííty, absoíuteíy dependent upon ourseíves, our socíaí
íífe was necessarííy dístínct, and we found vent for our pent-up
and ínevítabíe desíres for the deveíopment of such íífe ín a way
pecuííaríy sub|ect to our e ceptíonaí envíronment.
In combínatíon we were a tantaíízíng crowd of boys. Certaíníy
so thought the dweííers ín the íocaíítíes whích we so actíveíy fre-
quented. 0ften have I thought of them, and wondered how many
are yet aííve. Severaí I know have díed. s píayfeííows and asso-
cíates we never commítted any overt act, but we díd make thíngs
ííveíy after schooí, on one-schooí days, and ín the earíy eveníng.
e used to scaíe fences, encroach upon prívate yards, descend
upon growíng fruíts, vísít gardens for rípe tomatoes and meíons € ”
and sometímes before they were rípe, € ” and ín a varíety of ways,
I am sure, upon refíectíon, we were often a terror to peacefuí resí-
dents.
e used to meet under the hííí, as we then caííed ít . It was
our uníversaííy understood tryst. It was an open way € ” afterwards
cíosed € ” whích íay at the ríght of Faír Street, where that street ends,
and contínued through to 0range Street. Píght there, frontíng on
0range Street, was the cobbíer shop of |ohnníe Gray, and ín that
shop I was a frequent vísítor. e boys aíí ííked hím; he was
good to us, and I have naught but píeasant memoríes of hím. e
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 55
was a geníaí Irísh-Scotchman € ” an e otíc transpíanted to an-
tucket. e was íoyaí to the town of hís adoptíon, where he ííved
for many years untíí hís death, was a usefuí cítízen, and was uní-
versaííy esteemed.
0n the south síde of Eagíe ane, ne t to the corner of Faír
Street, ííved the famííy of George . Pay on the íower fíoor, and
Mrs. Eíízabeth B. aíí, the wídow of |onathan, the aunt of Mrs.
Pay, ííved ín the chambers.
unt aíí, as we caííed thís eíderíy íady, was certaíníy dís-
turbed by us boys; at any rate she thought she was sureíy and
contínuaííy put upon by us, and many scraps were the naturaí
sequence. Because ít was so easy to dísturb her mentaí poíse, we
were the more deííghted to tantaííze her, and díd so to the fuíí.
0n aíí such occasíons she wouíd quíckíy appear at the front door
of her home, gíve us a scathíng caíí-down, to whích we, ín our
boyísh míschíef, wouíd make spíríted repíy, the whííe we kept at
safe dístance.
Eagíe ane, a narrow thoroughfare, wíthout suffícíent space for
two teams to pass abreast, yet boasted a bríck pavement ín front
of unt aíí s. 0f thís the oíd íady was |ustíy proud, and woe
betíde hím who mísused ít. If such happened from one of us boys
she wouíd ímmedíateíy present herseíf ín the open and gíve us a
severe reprímand and a vírííe dressíng down. She was especíaííy
opposed to the trundííng of a wheeíbarrow over that pavement.
To push a wheeíbarrow was the deííght of a Crocker boy as soon
as he was bíg enough to do so. 0nce on the pavement wíth one
the oíd íady was on hand, and she, wíth dísquíetíng ínvectíve, used
to say, whííe she scoíded: I beeíeeve ívery dívíí a one o those
Crocker boys was born wíth a wheeíbarrer ín hís hand. Poor oíd
Mrs. aíí, ít was índeed wícked for us boys to so upset her tran-
quííííty by our perverse conduct, € ” but íf she had oníy known not
to have been so víndíctíve ít wouíd not have been such rare fun
for us to so earnestíy torment her.
The íast three or four years of my resídence on antucket our
home was on Uníon Street. 0f the boys ín that sectíon I weíí re-
caíí Thomas S. Sayer, |r., now a Baptíst míníster, Thomas ( Tom )
evíns, |ohn íernan, |ames íernan, |ohn P. Conway, now a re-
tíred shíp captaín, Sueí C. ínn, |ohn Poach, |ames Poach, ín
íater íífe a Cathoííc príest, |ohn íííen, Charíes E. Pratt, |ohn .
1
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
5 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
Pratt, |ames ervey Bríggs, |r., whom we aíways caííed |uníor
Bríggs, and enry írk híte Geary. The íatter I was very ín-
tímate wíth as an agreeabíe píayfeííow, and I was often wíth hím
at hís home. e was the son of ííííam . Geary, one of the
príncípaí busíness men on Maín Street fífty-fíve years and more ago.
Many tímes sínce manhood have I spoken of írk Geary, and have
wondered íf he ís now íívíng.
There were other acts of boyísh devíítry whích I shaíí never
forget, and I am of the opíníon that there are former assocíates
of míne yet íívíng who wííí aíso remember them. 0n Sííver
Street, díagonaííy back of my then home, was the house and home
of Daníeí Dunham, known generaííy as Dan Dunham, ín the
basement of whích he kept a grog-shop. Prímítíve, ín comparíson
wíth the modern so-caííed saíoon, € ” and I opíne íess harmfuí, € ” yet
ít was, nevertheíess, a píace where spírítuous ííquors were on tap,
and ít was a haunt of debauchery to many patrons.
mong them was Daníeí B. Coffín, aíways caííed and spoken of
as Dan Coffín, a dweííer at Madaket, or ín that vícíníty, where he
had a smaíí farm and home. e frequentíy drove to town, and
hís cart and the smaíí bíack horse whích he drove were famíííar
ob|ects ín the days of my boyhood. ís errands done, hís busí-
ness attended to, he wouíd start for home, not, however, wíthout
fírst stoppíng at Dan Dunham s. e wouíd usuaííy stríke there
earíy ín the afternoon and make a protracted stay. e boys were
on to hím, antícípated hís vísít for the fun we shouíd get at hís
e pense, and were on the íookout for hís comíng.
Takíng advantage of our opportuníty whííe he was ín that base-
ment groggery, we boys aíways had a |oke to put up on hím.
favoríte one was to unsnap the end of the reíns from the bít
ríng at the brídíe and snap them ínto the ríngs of the hames. That
accompííshed, at a safe dístance we wouíd awaít resuíts. fter a
whííe 0íd Dan Coffín € ” that was our íaconíc for hím € ” wouíd come
from the (shaíí I caíí ít ) saíoon, beíng quíte thoroughíy muííed,
get ínto hís cart and attempt to start hís horse.
Físhíng, |erk, |erk, |erk, wíth reía íng puíís on the reíns, ít
wouíd be a íong tíme, because of hís condítíon, before he reaíízed
what was the troubíe. Then he wouíd stagger down from the
cart to ínvestígate, fumbíe around and fínaííy get onto what he
was up agaínst. hííe read|ustíng matters, ín hís drunken stupor,
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 5
he wouíd heap íncoherent profane anathemas on us boys, to our
very great deííght. 0ther ways we had of tangííng up the
harness, or otherwíse causíng hím more or íess € ” usuaííy more than
íess € ” annoyance, aíí of whích was to us e hííaratíng sport. It
mattered not how often we practíced our trícks on hím, he was
never, because of hís condítíon, up to them, untíí, after repeated
effort, he had díscovered that hís faíthfuí ííttíe bíack horse faííed
to start upon hís urgíng hím to do so.
0nce under way, he made for and fínaííy reached hís quíte far-
away home. ís ínto ícated pííght mítígated agaínst a speedy
|ourney there, hís ííttíe bíack horse, havíng hís own way, íeísureíy
stroíííng at hís own free wííí. owever, but for that same ííttíe
bíack horse, ít ís unquestíonabíy sure that home wouíd not have
been so easííy reached, or untíí oíd Dan had become suffícíentíy
sobered to dírect hím thíther. orse, man s faíthfuí fríend, keen ín
an unspoken, yet I am sure understood, ínteííect, aíways knows
the way home, no matter how obstructed the way or how heavííy
may have faííen the darkness across the e panses of the traveíed
road. nd so, as I thínk of that man, so personaííy unfortunate ín
hís habíts, that ííttíe bíack horse whích was so íoyaí to hím, aíí
now so far back across the years, yet aíí so acute ín my memory,
ít ís but faír to say, that we boys were cuípabíy wrong ín our pes-
teríng conduct. The sub|ect of our fun was an apt one, we feared
no poííce díscípííne, and we símpíy e ercísed what was to us a
rare chance to have a |oke on the other feííow, aíbeít he was an
aduít and we símpíy míschíevous boys.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
IS I IC 0 S0 D IS F I G- 0PSES.
9
E of the grotesqueíy pícturesque characters of antucket ín
my boyhood was Isaíah íchoíson € ” and a decídedíy oríg-
ínaí character he was. e represented a type dístínctíve
and unquestíonabíy aíí hís own. ís home was on the west síde of
Píeasant Street, nearíy opposíte the end of Sííver Street, at the
foot of the eastern síope of the mííí hííís, dírectíy under the
shadow of the oíd mííí. ís píace was weíí known, and was often
frequented by the boys of the neíghborhood, and, ín fact, from
aíí over town. e was an agrícuíturíst, at íeast to a íímíted
degree, and cuítívated íands about hís home and across the way, a
number of the íots beíng híred and occupíed by hím for raísíng
garden truck. 0n one of those fíeíds he grew muskmeíons, toward
whích we had desígns.
0f thís I have íastíng and ímpressíve cause to remember. 0n a
beautífuí faíí afternoon, € ” how weíí I recaíí ít, € ” ín company wíth
ífred C. Pay, I vísíted that meíon patch. 0f course, ít couíd not be
surmísed why we were there € ” but there we were. Isaíah díscov-
ered us and síyíy stoíe down upon us, and, shíeíded by a house,
around whích he síunk, he was dírectíy upon us before we had any
knowíedge of hís comíng. e boys were barefooted, and ífred,
who eíther got a gíímpse of hím fírst or was fíeeter of foot than
I, made a sprínt and gaíned hís freedom; but Isaíah overtook me,
or at íeast the íong whípíash attached to the stock whích he
carríed ín hís hand overtook me, and the resuít was that wíth ít
he nearíy severed my ííttíe toe from my foot. Confronted by
Isaíah, at a safe dístance to whích we had fíed, we heíd quíte a
vígorous argument, he damníng us as íntruders upon hís growíng
fruíts. e retorted, and stoutíy maíntaíned that we were makíng
a short cut across íots, but Isaíah decíared we were there to steaí
hís meíons. Díd I thínk I was teíííng the truth as to my presence
there that day Perhaps I díd then, or, ín my feígned boyísh ín-
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 59
nocence, tríed to thínk so; but I rather opíne, upon refíectíon, that
Isaíah was ríght ín hís concíusíon.
That erratíc man, severe on occasíon, was sometímes kíndíy of
heart, and we boys had many favors from hím, and he gave me,
as he díd others of the boys, many rídes ín hís oíd spríng-cart.
e kept quíte a number of cows, and we boys were often about
hís premíses and hís barns. If we became too famíííar ín hís
affaírs, and frequentíy we díd, he wouíd remínd us of ít ín hís own
harsh e pressíons, ínterspersed wíth profaníty, ín the use of whích
he was no novíce. 0ften, when he nervousíy regarded us nearer
hís cows than we shouíd have been, € ” steaíthííy we were up to
some míschíef, premedítated or otherwíse, € ” he was apt to shout at
us, Gít out a there, yew woosted head, and íet the keows aíone
eeníy refíectíng, I can, wíth a cíear mentaí vísíon, see hís oíd-
fashíoned fíyíng-horses. s I mentíon thís sub|ect I am sure that
many men and women, boys and gírís fífty-fíve years and more
ago, wííí remember Isaíah íchoíson s Fíyíng- orses down on
Píeasant Street. cross the years sínce passed a vívíd mínd pícture
ís now wíth me of that uncouth make-up € ” that centraí poíe on the
top of whích revoíved that frame of e tended arms, from each one
of whích was suspended a fíyíng-horse. They were íegíess
anímaís € ” ín fact they were ob|ects made ín the shape of the body
of a horse, sawed fíat across the bottom, and a íong íron rod e -
tended down from the arm above, to whích ít was attached, passed
through the body sííghtíy back of the neck, and was fastened
wíth a nut beneath. That affaír, aíí ín the open, was e posed to
the eíements, but under proper weather condítíons was íongíngíy
attractíve, and was a rare treat to us chíídren íf we couíd obtaín
the príce for a ríde on one of those horses. It had a good patron-
age, and on píeasant days was kept ín aímost constant operatíon.
Its propuísíon was by a set of íron geared wheeís, wíth a man at an
íron crank furníshíng the motíve power.
The Carouseís and Merry-Go-Pounds of the present day, wíth
theír skíífuííy made and equípped mechanísm, and theír carved and
adorned ímítatíons of varíous anímaís ín strong contrast to the
crude combínatíon of frame, arms and rudeíy constructed fíyíng-
horses whích I have descríbed, never afforded more prízed pastíme
to chíídren than we obtaíned from rídíng on the homeíy outfít whích
Isaíah íchoíson set up for us on the green ne t to hís home.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
0 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
The oíd mííí beneath whose shadow Isaíah ííved, the mííí hííís,
portíons of whích he tíííed, are stííí there; but hís home and hís
fíyíng-horses, as aíso the men and women of hís day, aías are
gone. I fear, too, that there are comparatíveíy few who were
chíídren of the days of whích I wríte (now men and women) who
are yet íeft to read and apprecíate thís story, because of theír ín-
duígence and actíve partícípatíon once ín the píeasure of a ríde,
fíyíng through space, on one of those oíd wooden horses.
oung peopíe of to-day, who may read thís bríef story of those
fíyíng-horses, whích furníshed such apprecíated en|oyment to me
and my assocíated píaymates, ought to deríve therefrom an especíaí
ínterest, because of the decíded dífference between that tíme and
the present. Certaíníy to aíí, and especíaííy to the youth, have
come ín these íater days unbounded opportuníty for píeasure to the
fuíí. Every facíííty, advantage and occasíon, by devíce, conveníence
and free use, are now so abundant that ín aíí píeasurabíe íínes
there ís a surfeít ever and aíways at command. Peadíng of the
past, wíth íts íímítatíons, and refíectíng on the present, wíth íts am-
píítude, the contrast ís sureíy ímpressíveíy evídent
.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
C P CTEPS 0 CE T E BUTT 0F 0UP FU .
– T E foííowíng doggereí ís no reaí part of my wrítten memoríes,
4 because íts author ís another. It ís a |íngíe, wíth no specífíc
ííterary merít, yet ít ís a sígnífícant word pícture of cur-
rent events to many who were boys and gírís ín the smaíí town of
antucket ín the mídway years of the past century. It was wrítten
by Edgar oveíí ííen, ín the os, when a student ín the ígh
Schooí of our natíve town. hííe ít ís not dístínctíveíy a part of my
memoríes as to compííatíon, ít nevertheíess vítaíízes my memory
because of the characters depícted ín íts most commonpíace stanzas.
Many of the índívíduaís satíred ín thís |íngíe were known to me
ín my boyhood, and the mentíon of them bríngs to my mentaí
vísíon many epísodes of |eer, cat-caíí and |oííy ín whích I was a
youthfuí partícípant; sometímes, wíth other boys, occasíonaííy over-
taken at our game, but the more frequentíy escapíng the resuít
of our pesteríng conduct. Those mentíoned ín the doggereí, for
the most part, were ínoffensíve, and undeservíng the annoyances
whích we boys gave them. Eccentríc, weak of ínteííect, or be-
cause of some stríkíng or untoward círcumstance, they each thus
became a favored butt for our specíaí fun, and we vísíted ínfííctíons
upon those unfortunate sub|ects, whích, ín the ííght of mature re-
víew, were not oníy unkínd, but reprehensíbíe. et we were boys,
íívíng ín a smaíí communíty, € ” a vítaí fact whích contríbuted to
make those persons specíaííy conspícuous, € ” we were unrestraíned
by proper poííce díscípííne, and our conduct was more thought-
íessíy míschíevous than ít was íntentíonaííy wícked.
ed ííen was one of my boys, € ” an assocíate, a píaymate, a
schooímate, and through aíí the years of hís too bríef íífe an ap-
precíated and true fríend. ís death, ín far-away Caíífornía, was
wíthín a comparatíveíy few years, and, from our human stand-
poínt, was untímeíy. e was geníaí, companíonabíe and heípfuí,
and many there are, now men and women, once boys and gírís
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
2 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
wíth me, who feeííngíy regret hís earíy passíng. ere are hís
verses:
0TED ME 0F 0UP T0 .
Each town boasts of íts noted men.
I cíaím a few for míne, sír,
íthough theír worth may ne er be known,
I íí píace them ín a rhyme, sír.
There s íec Egg who burnt the beans,
nd Sammy Manter, too, sír,
Stííí vends hís eeís, whííe, as of oíd,
The boys chase Daddy Boo, sír.
Sam oímes as ever stííí en|oys
ís cíassíc name of Cat, sír € ”
hííe o er hís eyes young rascaís puíí
Poor oíd Bííí ussey s hat, sír.
ap azard makes hís wooden spoons
nd gathers herbs for saíe, sír.
Fred oeg dríves the herd stííí, o er
The sand banks, hííís and daíes, sír.
Dan Coffín s íast horse díed for want
0f barreí staves to eat, sír.
Fred Parker keeps hís hermítage,
nd George Gíbbs peddíes meat, sír.
Peub aídron thought he d borrow ducks
nd stow them ín hís síack, sír;
But ducks wííí yeíí, and evermore
eíí bear the name of uack, sír.
Peub Pamsdeíí keeps hís shanty now
Upon the Sconset bank, sír.
Bííí Bowen ííves ín Cachacha
íth ancy near hís fíank, sír.
íec Bunker thínks ít hard to fínd
íth Gríff, the Poípís track, sír.
fter they ve had a spree ín town
Bííí enry dríves them back, sír.
ííííe Foíger charges fífty cents
For sawíng wood per cord, sír.
George Físher Cíark a mason ís
nd trots around a hod, sír.
There s ííííam Chadwíck, often caííed
By hís ancíent name of Char, sír.
|ohn 0íín, ííííe Foíger híres
nd pays ín cent cígars, sír.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 3
nd Charííe Gardner físhes ít
Upon Coatue shoaís, sír.
hííe Gardner amb steaís down the dock
nd íugs off Perry s coaí, sír.
Bííí Cíark seíís Boston eraíds yet,
Frank Coffín peddíes soap, sír.
nd Tow-ííne T. a carman ís,
nd osíer buys oíd rope, sír.
There s 0bed Cottíe and Punk oímes,
They ve íeft theír ísíand home, sír,
nd Caíífornía, Mr. oímes
as taken for hís home, sír.
There s Peter Paymond, often caííed
Tom Pepper Teíí-a-feííow,
hííe ydía Chadwíck traíns aíong,
nd Dobbín S. must foííow.
There s Byron Beekman, Uncíe Snow,
nd others of theír strípe, sír.
ang round the town, and ín a crowd
ou íí see the form of Types, sír.
e couíd fííí a sheet of other names,
0f thís I have no doubt, sír.
e íí íeave them now for somethíng eíse,
The sub|ect ís píayed out, sír.
word of comment reíatíve to some of those mentíoned ín thís
homeíy poem wííí gíve to the unínformed knowíedge of the whys
and wherefores of these íínes, and wííí add spíce to íts readíng by
those who never knew aíí or any of those persons. It ís a matter
of but símpíe |ustíce to do thís, as the verses have been pubíícíy
prínted a number of tímes, íeavíng the reader to guess as to theír
sígnífícance.
But one of the characters mentíoned ís now íívíng, and that one
ís Bííí Bowen. ííííam B. Bowen was born ín antucket, De-
cember , 183o, ís stííí a resídent there, and ís now ín hís eíghty-
fourth year. In hís advanced íífe he ís weíí known to summer
tourísts, especíaííy at Sconset, where hís home now ís.
Sammy Manter € ” Samueí ong Manter € ” was a famíííar per-
sonage on the street, notabíy so wíth a basket of eeís on hís arm,
whích he offered for saíe, cryíng forth hís wares ín hís own ín-
ímícabíe vernacuíar. ís make-up, hís dímínutíve stature and bís
pecuííar caíí for customers, stamped hím an ob|ect for rídícuíe
and annoyance, whích the boys fuííy recognízed.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
4 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
Daddy Boo, a cross-eyed oíd gentíeman, who deserved better
than we boys € ” and I may weíí say gírís, too, € ” meted out to htm.
ís name was Baríow, and hís appeííatíon, wíth whích we so tor-
mented hím, orgínated wíth a grandchííd, who, unabíe ín the be-
gínníng of speech to say Grandpa Baríow, ínnocentíy and easííy
coíned Daddy Boo. It got ínto the open, and by unkínd caíí to
and at hím, was forever ímpressed upon and cíung to that un-
offendíng oíd man.
Samueí oímes, € ” we never got further than Sam on the Samueí,
€ ” I recaíí as a man of medíum stature, quíte rotund physícaííy,
aíert, and aíso cross-eyed. here or how he got hís sobríquet
by whích we boys so famíííaríy knew hím I know not. Most em-
phatícaííy I do know that íf he ever íoomed up to the vísíon of a
boy or boys of my day, Cat, Cat, Meow, Meow, was resonant on
the aír, and íf we were ín síght he vígorousíy put after us, and
woe betíde a boy íf he got caught, € ” but we díd not permít such to
happen; we were too fíeet for hím.
ííííam C. ussey, € ” Poor 0íd Bííí ussey, € ” a man of advanced
years, had no greater fauít than the every-day wearíng of a tííe of
far ancíent days. Steaíthííy makíng up behínd hím, a boy wouíd
grab that seedy píug hat by each síde of íts brím and gíve ít a
vígorous downward puíí, coveríng the vísage of that ínnocent oíd
man, to hís very great annoyance. 0ften, oh, how often, we boys
practíced that tríck
Frederíck F. € ” Fred € ” Parker was a man of a íarge and respected
famííy. e came ínto the oted Men of 0ur Town símpíy as
the resuít of an unfortunate marríage. Faíííng to agree, he and
hís wífe separated, but neíther sought dívorce. They ííved apart
for many years and untíí theír deaths. e seíected a remote,
desoíate sectíon at the eastern part of the ísíand, near the ocean,
and there constructed a rude home whereín he ííved the íífe of a
hermít or recíuse for many years. hen oíd age overtook hím,
he was cared for by the town untíí hís death, at the age of seventy-
níne years. e was comparatíveíy a young man when he voíun-
tarííy separated hímseíf from famííy and fríends and sought íífe
for hímseíf ín hís ísoíated home. e was a man of keen ínteííí-
gence, a good conversatíonaííst, and through the years of hís se-
cíuded íífe receíved hundreds of vísítors who deííghted ín hís
knowíedge, and gaíned heíp from íntervíews wíth hím. The pres-
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 5
ent prosperous country víííage of uídnet now surrounds hís íong
ago íone home.
Peub aídron was none other than hímseíf, € ” orígínaí to the
uttermost. ot of broad ínteííectuaí capacíty, but of e treme
physícaí proportíons. e used to wear pantaíoons of ampíe síze,
such as we boys saíd were cut out wíth a círcuíar saw; so when he
stoíe ducks, as he actuaííy díd, he found space wíthín them to con-
ceaí them from síght; but ít was ínsuffícíent to restraín the naturaí
caíí of the web-footed bírd. It was quack € ” and uack became
the caíí by whích he ever after was known.
Charíes Gardner, a físherman who knew how to físh success-
fuííy, and who, perhaps, knew ííttíe eíse, € ” who, of my day, as a boy
ín my natíve town, can ever forget hím e used often to speak
of the untoward íuck of the físherman. Charííe Gardner was em-
phatícaííy íncomparabíe ín human estímate.
Frank Coffín, the soap peddíer, síttíng on the front of that oíd
soap wagon, as he drove ít about the town, buyíng soap-grease
and seíííng soap, dírty, repuísíve and an ínvítíng índívíduaí for
a |ab, a |íbe or a |oke, was írresístíbíe to us boys for the over-
much míschíef whích we frequentíy vísíted upon hím.
Tow-ííne T., aímost among the forgotten by me untíí re-
freshed ín my memory as he ís mentíoned ín the |íngíe. e was
a so-caííed carman, of whích there were many ín my boyhood at
antucket, the term símpíy meaníng one who, wíth hís horse and
íocaííy typícaí cart, conveyed for híre varíous kínds of merchandíse
or commodítíes about town. ís name was George M. Swaín. ís
personaí appearance was such as to at once provoke the ready
tantaíízíng spírít of the boys, and we certaíníy díd torment hím.
e wouíd resent our conduct, scoíd and |abber at us, to our very
great deííght, the whííe he heíd ín hís hand hís huge whíp-stock
wíth íong íeather íash, vígorousíy shakíng ít ín our dírectíon, and
as he díd so repeatíng over and over the threat that he wouíd gíve
us a dose of Tow-ííne T. Suffíce ít to say, we boys, ín our sport
wíth hím, kept at a safe dístance.
Descríptíon of the pecuííarítíes of some of those named char-
acters, as I have presented them, ís suffícíent to convey the reason
for the wrítíng of that homeíy poem herewíth íntroduced. I wííí
speak of but one more. In the so-caííed íower square on Maín
Street, ín front of the oíd Mírror offíce, I can now mentaííy see
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
one who was ín reaí truth a serene and harmíess character. Be-
íow ordínary heíght, round-shouídered, stoopíng frame, wíth hands
cíasped behínd hís bent form, venerabíe ín years, an oíd, very oíd,
taíí hat on hís head, seemíngíy wíth no care, and wíth very much
apparent don t care, he bore the name of ussey. ís Chrístían
name was braham, but ít was rareíy used; he was uníversaííy
known as Types ussey. ow, when or where he ever ob-
taíned that cíassíc, e pressíve and wíde-meaníng front name ís be-
yond me. Certaín ít ís that he bore that títíe, and we boys knew
ít, often to hís díscomfort. I never can forget hím.
There was one notabíe whom ed ííen has omítted from hís
íínes; I cannot understand why. I thínk ít was unwíttíngíy done;
I am sure that he símpíy was ínadvertentíy overíooked. I wííí
píace hím wíth those named, € ” a cíass to whích he so sureíy be-
íongs. ads and íassíes of my day, go back over the years and
íook over the worthíes about town, whom we so unthínkíngíy
too often pestered and annoyed, € ” íook carefuííy Do you díscover
the form of ndrew ayden € ” he who used to seíí íozenges for
two cents a roíí I, ín mentaí vísíon, can see hím now, wíth
hís taíí síík hat (whích had very íong before seen íts best days),
ín hís íameness and weakness, dístorted apparentíy wíth rheuma-
tísm or símííar dísease, wíth hís crook-handíe cane, shuffííng
through the streets, hís íong bony fíngers e tended at íength, and
over whích he seemíngíy had but ííttíe controí. I can as cíearíy see
hís wooden bo ín whích hís íozenges were carríed, wíth síídíng
cover, and a íeather strap tacked to eíther síde of that bo , form-
íng a íoop to hang over hís arm, so that he couíd conveníentíy
carry ít.
h poor ndrew hat a weíí known, but ínnocent character
you were e thoughtíess, wícked boys made your íífe aíí too bur-
densome, coupíed wíth your physícaí aííment. ou were soreíy
annoyed, your name was a |oke on the thoughtíess tongue, and
you were much sínned agaínst. armíess and good-natured, you
were never, as I recaíí, angry or unkínd.
For many years ayden was a ward of the town, and ííved and
díed at what antucketers are now píeased to caíí 0ur Isíand
ome.
Thís homeíy rhyme of ed ííen has often been pubííshed and
wídeíy círcuíated. Its descríptíon of characters ís vívíd, and the
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES.
story of those mentíoned posítíveíy true. one but those who
were contemporaneous wíth the tímes and the persons noted can
have a |ust apprecíatíon of the sígnífícance of these íínes. The
oíd of that day have passed on, the then young are now beyond
míddíe íífe, and to them a refíectíon upon thís poetíc story, wíth
aíí that ít anímates and vívífíes, ís pecuííaríy ínterestíng. Many,
undoubtedíy, who have read these íínes, and many who wííí yet
read them, naturaííy eageríy ask what kínd of peopíe were they,
and what sort of a communíty was ít ín whích they dweít. Those
peopíe, eccentríc and dístínctíve, were no dífferent than such as
have been and are to be found ín any communíty. Possíbíy we
had an unusuaííy íarge number of them. or was the communíty
of antucket díssímííar e cept for the fact that ít was smaíí, cívíc
díscípíínary condítíons were easy, and thereby young íífe had every
opportuníty to know and taboo such a cíass as ís presented ín thís
símpíe versífíed revíew.
My anaíysís of thís doggereí ís símpíy to show íts reaí díssected
truth, whích cannot be gaíned by the unknowíng upon a casuaí
readíng of ít. My comment ís but an e píanatíon of the facts en-
víroníng certaín of the presented personages and may, possíbíy, ín
a way, serve as a víndícatíon of the posítíon of some, at íeast, of
the condítíons ín whích those unfortunates were unwíttíngíy píaced.
most remarkabíe epísode of my very earíy boyhood abídes
vagueíy ín my memory. It was an íncídent stríkíng ín íts effect,
quíckíy became communíty news, and provoked, íocaííy speakíng,
uníversaí gossíp. It ínvoíved a character of whom I have no pres-
ent knowíedge, and who she was or of what famííy ís beyond my
recaíí. My memory ís that she was a muíatto, of weak mentaííty,
and she bore the name of |enníe |ames. 0ne day the town íearned
that she had swaííowed a paper of needíes. Sureíy ít was an e -
cítíng story, wíth many poínts, and ít proved to be as true as
steeí. Doctor Eíísha Pope Fearíng, one of the íocaí physícíans,
was caííed to the case. s to hís professíonaí connectíon wíth ít,
and as to íts uítímate outcome, memory compíeteíy faíís me. I do
remember, however, that some one ímmedíateíy came ínto the ííme-
ííght wíth an orígínaí doggereí, set to a then popuíar aír, and soon
ít was ín the mínd and on the tongue of the townspeopíe generaííy.
s I remember that verse ít ran thus:
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
8 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
Díd you ever hear of |enníe |ames
The woman who swaííowed the needíes
Dr. Fearíng had the |ob, € ”
Pop, goes the weaseí.
otwíthstandíng that remarkabíe príckíy e períence, paínfuí
and e crucíatíng as ít was, that unfortunate sub|ect ííved for many
years after ít. Current report was that for a íong tíme subsequent
to the occurrence of thís probabíy unequaíed e períence not ínfre-
quentíy a needíe wouíd protrude through the skín and be drawn out
from her body.
eírd and unseemíy as thís revíew certaíníy ís, ít yet has an ín-
tense ínterest to those who were so famíííar wíth íts actuaí happen-
íngs as affectíng the personages mentíoned. Then, too, ít ís hís-
torícaí, € ” a hístory that míght, perhaps, weíí be forgotten; but hís-
tory wííí not down, and ít has, at íeast, some vaíue ín íts narra-
tíon. Earíy Coíoníaí íífe, ín íts wítchcraft, persecutíon of the
uakers, and símííar unfríendíy acts, has been depícted, and by the
prínted page brought to the knowíedge of peopíes through subse-
quent years, and ís a hístory whích wííí abíde for aíí tíme. So, too,
thís rehearsaí of characters once the butt of our fun, whííe seem-
íngíy grotesque, nevertheíess has a píace ín the hístorícaí annaís of
antucket ín the mídway years of the níneteenth century.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
SM S 0PS 0F M B0 00D.
MID the busíness strength and honorabíe dígníty of the
commercíaí houses, the conspícuous stores, and the varíed
marts of dífferentíatíng trades, aíí of a stabíe and notabíe
character, antucket, ín my boyhood there, had an unusuaííy íarge
number of smaíí shops for so íímíted a communíty. Scattered aíí
over the town, many of them were dístínctíveíy ínterestíng because
of the commodítíes they had on saíe, and they certaíníy are en-
tertaíníng ín harkíng back over more than fífty years when, as a
boy, I knew them, and ín a very íímíted way was one of theír oc-
casíonaí patrons. Severaí of those stores were kept ín smaíí buííd-
íngs, varíousíy íocated, whííe a not ínconsíderabíe number of
them were € ” íf I may coín the phrase € ” dweíííng-stores, occupyíng,
for the most part, the front room of many a home. The front
door of such a home ín some cases opened dírectíy ínto the shop,
whííe ín others there was a smaíí entry or passage-way between.
Sígnaí of entrance was ímmedíate upon openíng the front door, by
a |íngíe beíí, € ” an ordínary cone-shaped beíí wíth swíngíng tongue,
perhaps sí or seven ínches ín íength, and about three or four
ínches across at íts base. It was attached to a thín, fíat stríp of
íron, made ín coíí of three or four turns, whích was secured to the
door, and was so arranged as to stríke agaínst a short, narrow
íength of íron fastened to the door-frame, causíng the beíí to sway
íts tongue and |íngíe ít on íts ríder, thus gívíng warníng of the ap-
proach of a prospectíve customer. Pefíectíon upon boyhood days
bríngs to my mínd vívíd memoríes of those oíd-tíme smaíí shops
of antucket. íth great deííght díd we, as chíídren, íf we had a
penny, híe to one of them for the varíed, temptíng wares there on
saíe. shop of the modern day, wíth íts fínísh, aííurements and
deíícacíes, ís entíreíy outcíassed by those oíd shops as I so ap-
precíatíveíy recaíí them. They are ííke the popuíar songs of the
present day compared wíth the songs my mother used to síng.
0f those oíd shops I mentaííy go back over the years, and as a
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
0 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
boy, drop ín to that of |ohn . 0íín. Shades of mbrosíaí ectar € ”
what vítaí e períences, born of revíved memory. The propríetor
of that shop was a corpuíent man, short of stature, wíth a |oííy
round face, and hís personaííty was quíte as wínsome as hís shop.
e had bíack haír, sííghtíy íncííned to curí, and he was a man
weíí and favorabíy known to aíí the boys. There was a sííght
cross-cast to hís eyes, ín fact, he was cock-eyed. Because of that
fact, he gaíned a dístínguíshíng títíe, and was uníversaííy known as
Cock 0íín. Sureíy we were then, as boys, not oíd enough to re-
gard that cognomen as anythíng but respectfuí, and now, after the
íapse of more than fífty years, as I speak of ít, I am sure that I
have oníy respect and reverence for the man who ran that store
wíth íts temptíng sweets and íts rare deííghts. penny € ” a cent,
ín those days mostíy one of the íarge, oíd-fashíoned copper kínd € ”
hard índeed was ít for a boy of my day to secure one. The smaíí-
sízed cent, fírst coíned, I thínk, ín 185 , soon gaíned generaí
círcuíatíon. Possessed of one, eíther of the oíd or new coínage, € ”
we wouíd íabor hard to obtaín one, € ” each of us, as a boy, was a
Croesus, and we were not content untíí we had separated ourseíves
from ít by a transfer to us of some commodíty at Cock 0íín s.
ís barreí of tamarínds € ” men now, but boys of my day, wííí, ín the
mínd s eye, readííy recaíí ít € ” ah how entícíng those tamarínds were
íth the cent ín hís hand, € ” he aíways ínsísted on takíng ít before
deííveríng any of hís wares, € ” Mr. 0íín wouíd at once tear off a sec-
tíon of the then uníversaííy used oíd-fashíoned, rough, yeííow-
brown straw paper, síze about four or fíve ínches across, and íay ít
over the paím of hís íeft hand; wíth hís ríght he wouíd remove the
cover from that barreí of íuscíousness, € ” my, how our eyes stared
and our stomachs yearned € ” push the ííttíe fíat paddíe down ínto
the tamarínds, so, as we then thought, e quísíteíy done-up ín
moíasses, remove ít and wípe ít across that píece of coarse yeííow
paper. e wouíd then hand ít to the eageríy awaítíng boy pur-
chaser, who ímmedíateíy wouíd carry ít to hís mouth and proceed
to en|oy hís bríef feast of that toothsome deíícacy.
cross the years sínce then, wíth aíí the íu uríes they have
brought to me, there has never been to me anythíng equaí to an
occasíonaí penny purchase of those deíícíous tamarínds.
nd then hís mead. 0h nectar of the Gods was there ever
anythíng ííke a gíass of Cock 0íín s mead To obtaín that príme
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 1
ínvígorator and gratífyíng thírst-quencher we had to have two
cents € ” what a fortune 0ccasíonaííy from runníng an errand, or
píckíng up oíd íron naíís or other símííar |unk and seíííng ít for a
smaíí sum, I had the príce, and then I had the mead.
I can now, ín mentaí vísíon, see that oíd, attractíve earthen |ar
or crock whích contaíned the coíd water. From a bottíe Mr.
0íín shook a ííttíe soda, or other ííke materíaí, ínto a gíass, fíííed
ít to wíthín a thírd of the top wíth the coíd water, then takíng a
round-turned stíck about fíve or sí ínches íong, he ínserted ít
ínto the ííquíd and began to stír. The soda ínstantíy got busy,
commenced to seethe and ríse, and |ohn wouíd say, ere she
comes quíckíy handíng the foamíng beverage to the eageríy
awaítíng boy, who wouíd ardentíy drínk ít whííe ít was stííí effer-
vescíng.
e boys deííghted to ape our eíders ín theír dígnífíed habíts, as
we then regarded them. Manííness seemed to come rapídíy, íf we
couíd overcome the aíways e períenced nausea, and íearn to smoke.
Cock 0íín sureíy furníshed us wíth one proper requísíte to that
standard ín hís popuíar one-cent cígars. íth íaudabíe aír the
average boy of my day en|oyed struttíng around wíth one of them
crushed by hís teeth and protrudíng from between hís ííps. Cock
0íín and hís wares certaíníy meant everythíng to us once an-
tucket boys.
h what memoríes That ííttíe shed-ííke structure on South
ater Street, ín front of and a part of the maín buíídíng ín the
rear, ís now stríkíngíy cíear ín my memory. In the warmer sea-
sons, the front beíng taken down ín sectíons, there was a fuíí, open
díspíay of the deíectabíe goods, as we boys íongíngíy regarded
them, that were there for saíe.
Mr. 0íín kept a varíety of goods ín the fruít and símííar íínes.
Príces díffered, due to quaííty. tmospheríc effect caused decay
to fruít, and such was soíd at cut príces. specked appíe,
peach or pear, as the case míght be, was the usuaí kínd whích
best fítted the amount of cash each of us as a boy usuaííy had to
spend. Dates, whích were partícuíaríy aííuríng ín those days, came
ín a bundíe about two feet across, three feet íong and eíght ínches
thíck, encíosed ín a woven sack of wíde grass or símííar growth, and
was of ovaí shape at each end. The practíce then was to cut the
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
2 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
sack aíí around ín the center, break the bundíe of dates ín two,
and píace one sectíon on top of the other. Unprotected, that bunch
of sweetness was a rendezvous for fííes, who swarmed about, íodged
upon, and freeíy partook of ít . Purchasíng a cent s worth, |ohn
wouíd díg the dates off wíth an oíd íron píck, fírst drívíng off the
fííes, who were ín fuíí possessíon. That the fííes got there fírst díd
not troubíe us boys, possessed, as we were, wíth íongíng appetíte
and good dígestíon. Such descríptíon covers the príncípaí and at-
tractíve stock of deíícacíes whích were to be found ín that oíd
store. Fííes and settííng dust troubíed us not, € ” those fruíts were to
us, ín combínatíon, a thíng of beauty íf not a |oy forever.
Certaín ít ís, that, ín retrospect, ít ís a charm to íook back upon and
mentaííy revíew the boy e períences as once connected wíth Cock
0íín s store.
Conspícuous of the home shops was that of rtemas and Sarah
Davís. Theír Chrístían names, however weíí known, were seídom
used. e spoke of them as Pa and Ma Davís, and Pa and Ma
they were to everybody. They were a coupíe uníque and e cep-
tíonaííy índescríbabíe. Eccentríc ín manner, each a personaííty aí-
íuríng the young to practíce míschíef upon them, they were aíí too
often the ínnocent sub|ects of unmeríted índígníty, and yet were,
wíthaí, peopíe of e ceííent reputatíon, and were esteemed ín the
communíty. Mr. Davís couíd certaíníy have fíííed a sphere far
above the humbíe roíe of a smaíí shopkeeper. e was a rare
schoíar, an aríthmetícaí geníus, and hís meníaí vocatíon was aíí
too far beíow that whích he merítedíy míght have successfuííy pur-
sued. Theír store was on 0range Street, |ust north of the Town
Cíock. They kept for saíe a varíed stock, and there couíd be
found, íf my memory ís ríght, worsteds, artícíes for fancy work,
rag and paper doíís for the chíídren, schooí suppííes, toys and
numerous smaíí artícíes ín domestíc wares. consíderabíe portíon
of the trade at theír store was of the penny kínd, and schooí chíí-
dren were an essentíaí part of theír patrons. Stíck candy of the
oíd-fashíoned sort, bíack íícoríce, íícoríce root, píckíed íímes, € ” ah
what a varíety of attractíons for the chííd mínd and stomach.
Candy, aíways popuíar wíth the young ídea, was to be had ín
íemon, peppermínt, sassafras, wíntergreen, and other fíavors, ín
those € ” to us then € ” íong stícks, ín attractíve coíors and varyíng
strípes. I have never sínce chíídhood seen anythíng ííke them.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 3
ícoríce root found great favor, a cent s worth was a whoíe íot,
and we used to chew ít and spít out the |uíce, the whííe we as-
sumed a sort of maníy attítude as we aped our eíders ín theír
use of tobacco. Píckíed íímes brought ín by the shíps returned
from whaííng voyages, were to be found ín the smaíí shops whích
chíídren patronízed.
Those, too, we had ín our homes, quíte píentífuííy suppííed by a
member of the famííy home from sea. They were of íarge síze,
shaped and íooked much ííke a íemon. Domestícaííy treated, they
were made especíaííy paíatabíe by boíííng them untíí quíte soft,
and then preservíng them ín a prepared syrup of moíasses, weíí
spíced and seasoned. s so prepared they were on saíe ín what I
am now píeased to caíí the smaíí fruít and candy shops of my natíve
town. nother íu ury, soíd ín the store of Pa and Ma Davís, was
the preserved banana. Those aíso came from sea ín the returned
whaíe-shíps. I thínk they were obtaíned when a shíp, homeward
bound, stopped for water or other provísíons at the ísíands ín the
tropícaí seas. |ust how they were done up I cannot say. I re-
member them as dívested of skín, strípped ínto thín fíat píeces,
and preserved ín moíasses. They were bíack, and not over ínvítíng
ín appearance, yet were a uníversaí favoríte wíth oíd and young.
I refer to them as a íu ury, and they were ín an e treme sense.
The rípe banana was a rare fruít then on saíe, quíte ín contrast
wíth the abundance of them whích, after the many years from the
tíme of whích I wríte, are now so píentífuí ín the fruít market, and
whích are obtaínabíe at so reasonabíe a cost.
0ther smaíí shops, wíth practícaííy the same íínes of saíabíe
wares, were aíí over town.
The store of George Cíark was a ííttíe south on 0range Street
from the Pa and Ma Davís store. Its propríetor was a gentíe
and affabíe man, whom we boys, I never knew why, caííed Sam
Shaw.
Stííí further south, on 0range Street, nearíy opposíte Muíberry
Street, was the basement shop of Mrs. ydía G. Pínkham, wídow
of Peuben. There on saíe were varíous deíícacíes, pupíís of the
oíd South Schooí beíng the príncípaí patrons. Partícuíaríy attrac-
tíve were Míss Pínkham s macaroníes. Those were nearíy ob-
íong, about two and a haíf or three ínches across, perhaps a quar-
ter of an ínch thíck, made of boííed moíasses, wíth quíte a ííberaí
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
4 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
sprínkííng of peanuts. That mí ture was run ínto and cooíed ín
greased papers, fíanged up around on the four edges and pínched
ín at the corners.
They were appeaííngíy good, notwíthstandíng the fact that the
papers aíí too frequentíy were cut from the íeaves of the wrítíng
or copy books whích had been used by the schooí chíídren. Ink on
those íeaves Beyond any doubt or peradventure, and generaííy
a íarge quantíty of ít. hat díd we care That was to us boys and
gírís a trívíaí matter. The sweetness and íuscíousness of that
product was what chíefíy concerned us. Mícrobes and germs were
then to us unknown.
The resuít of an íncídent ín connectíon wíth those macaroníes
has been wíth me sínce I was a boy about eíght or níne years oíd.
It wííí ever abíde as a physícaí remínder. I was empíoyed one af-
ternoon by Mrs. Pínkham to do a ííttíe work ín her woodshed, one
of those unequaíed macaroníes beíng offered as pay for that servíce.
eartííy, yea, antícípatíngíy, íongíngíy, I entered upon that task of
cuttíng up some kíndííngs. I had been at work but a short tíme
when, wíth a stríp of wood on the fíoor, the far end íyíng on a íow
bíock, my bare ríght foot píaced upon and hoídíng that stríp, I íet
faíí the a e whích I was hoídíng ín aír over my ríght shouíder.
s ít feíí I never knew whether ít struck that stríp of wood or not,
but I do know that ít struck my bíg toe, and at once I had sí
toes where oníy an ínstant before I had but fíve. The bíood fíowed,
and I screamed. Captaín ííííam orn, a shípmaster, then at
home from a whaííng voyage, heard me and hurríedíy came to my
reííef. In hís posítíon on board shíp he was a needs-be surgeon,
and hís servíces to me that day were especíaííy vaíuabíe. e
dressed and bound that severed toe, and together wíth my mother,
nursed and cared for ít untíí ít was weíí and whoíe agaín. That
eíongated scar, however, ís evídence of how I tríed to earn one of
Míss Pínkham s macaroníes, but sadíy faííed ín the attempt.
gaín, contínuíng down 0range Street, near ork Street, was
the home-store of Poíand Coíeman, who, together wíth hís estím-
abíe wífe, ííved ín the south haíf of the house, the store occupyíng
the front of the north haíf. They were among the geníaí and re-
spected cítízen smaíí shopkeepers of the town at that tíme.
The store of Isaac and nníe ustín, ín the corner of theír
dweíííng on the east síde of Uníon Street, |ust beíow the resídence
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 5
of Thomas S. Sayer, € ” no boy once famíííar wíth ít, can ever forget.
nníe s píckíed beans Memoríes vítaí of the best that íífe ever
afforded Boys of fífty and more years ago, weren t they deíícíous
That coupíe of far-away days, ín connectíon wíth theír store, kept
cows and soíd míík. Díd you, one tíme píayfeííow wíth me, ever
cut grass, wherever you couíd fínd ít, for nníe s cows I have
many tímes, and for such íabor some of those píckíed beans was
the pay I receíved each tíme for the servíce performed.
íth a bíg basket I have dííígentíy íabored aíí-the-afternoon
on ednesday or Saturday, € ” one-schooí days, € ” puíííng and cuttíng
grass and píacíng ít ín that basket. Fuíí 0f course ít was fuíí
In my mínd there was no doubt of ít. I wouíd take ít ínto the
store to nníe, who wouíd open her hand out fíat, píace ít on that
grass, crowd ít down wíth aímost hydrauííc pressure, and say,
hy, your basket ísn t a thírd fuíí. íth that díctum, from whích
there was no appeaí, I wouíd go forth to further effort. Two or
three tímes, and perhaps, oftener, such happened before the basket
was passed as fuíí and I got those píckíed beans. But then I díd
get them fínaííy, and my how good they were nníe ustín s
orígínaí and oníy píckíed stríng beans.
In the yard, near the cow-sheds, was a hennery, wíth a íarge fíock
of domestíc fowí. They requíred care, and servíce ín theír behaíf
was sought from the boys. nníe had demonstrated that smashed-
up horse-feet made good feed for the fowí, and so we used to secure
them for her. 0ften, wíth roííed-up trousers, I have waded ín the
shaííow waters about the westeríy shore of the íower antucket
harbor, € ” a most deííghtfuí spot ín summer weather, € ” searchíng for
those curíous, cíumsy denízens of the sea. They were quíte nu-
merousíy found. Beíongíng to the crustacea famííy, cíassed ín
zooíogy as a horseshoe crab, a horsefoot ís an ungaíníy and
nearíy worthíess specímen of anímate e ístence. In form ít ís a
haíf-round bíack sheíí, taperíng to a square end at whích ís a hínge.
íthín the hoííow of that sheíí ís the abdomen of the creature,
whích ís crowded over wíth many íegs. It crawís about on the
bottom of shaííow saít water shores, and ís an easííy captured víc-
tím. 0n eíther síde of the hard sheíí, wíthín whích that uncomeíy
ob|ect ííves, ís a conspícuous protrudíng eye, and at the narrow end
of the sheíí, beíow the hínge, ís a íong, thín bony taíí, by
whích we boys seízed and secured those ínnocent sea roamers.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
t íts best ít ís an ugíy and awkward íookíng specímen of wander-
íng íífe, aíthough ít ís absoíuteíy docííe and harmíess. hen a
boy, I caught many of them, and I never knew of any partícuíar
use for them e cept to mash them up and throw them ínto the
henyard. For that purpose we boys hunted them, and took them
to nníe ustín as food for her hens; she rewarded our efforts by
gívíng us a íímíted portíon of her ínímítabíe píckíed stríng beans.
There were many more such ínterestíng shops ín antucket that I
knew as a boy. 0n Maín Street, |ust above the Pacífíc Bank, ín
what was caííed the odge buíídíng, were two, kept by brothers € ”
fírst, the one of Moses Mítcheíí, and ne t to ít that of Edward, € ” two
weíí-known, upríght, respected, ínoffensíve and ínnocent uakers.
et the boys díd them frequent and dastardíy míschíef, especíaííy
tormentíng the íífe of the caím and good Edward. e kept for
saíe varíous penny attractíons, especíaííy temptíng to schooí chíí-
dren, and hís easy, quíet demeanor proved aíí too often a chance
for the boys, who took advantage of hís easy dísposítíon. Theír
conduct was not, however, víndíctíve, but rather ít was wíth them
píeasurabíe míschíef. e soíd schooí books, síates, pencíís and
other kíndred schooí suppííes. ís store was one generousíy pat-
ronízed ín a smaíí way.
e boys and gírís used to trade there for schooí suppííes,
candíes, bíack íícoríce, íícoríce root, etc. ís wrappíng paper íay
at hand on the counter; hís stríng for tyíng packages, as ít came
ín the baíí, was suspended from the ceíííng, where ít was píaced
on a wooden reeí for hoídíng ít, the end íet down and e tendíng
to the counter for conveníence ín use, and the scíssors were cíose
by for sníppíng the stríng after the package was tíed.
Ideaí arrangement es, índeed aughty boys, usuaííy ín
paírs, wouíd go ín for a purchase; one wouíd engage the attentíon
of the unsuspectíng Edward, whííe the other wouíd catch the end
of the suspended stríng, start through the open doorway and ínto
the street wíth the ííne a-runníng ; before Edward wouíd díscover
the act, and not beíng mentaííy quíck enough to grasp hís scíssors
and cut the stríng, he wouíd stand gapíng at ít as ít unwound,
and before he fuííy grasped the sítuatíon, the entíre baíí wouíd be
eíongated € ” e tendíng up Maín Street, or possíbíy through Faír
Street, whích was ríght opposíte hís store. s that stríng was so
run out the boys wouíd hoííer, et ííne, Edward; wet ííne.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES.
Díaboíícaí practíce ít sureíy was, yet ít afforded apprecíated merrí-
ment.
nother never-to-be-forgotten smaíí home-shop € ” many wííí re-
member ít wíth me € ” was that of Phebe Fuííer on Sííver Street.
Boys and gírís of my day certaíníy wííí mentaííy see ít, wíth íts nu-
merous domestíc wares. The propríetor was a woman past míddíe
íífe, who by that varíety store of hers gaíned for herseíf a ííveíí-
hood. It wííí be pathetícaííy recaííed that she was most crueííy and
brutaííy murdered by Patíence Cooper, a negress. That maíevoíent
índívíduaí steaíthííy entered the store wíth a cíub conceaíed beneath
her shawí, wíth whích she struck her víctím on the head, kííííng her
aímost ínstantíy. The fíend was Patíence by name, but evídentíy
for some une píaínabíe reason was ímpatíent wíth poor oíd Phebe
Fuííer, as her wícked act fuííy testífíes. It was one of the most
atrocíous murders ever commítted wíthín the town, occurríng
when I was about eíght years oíd. I remember ít vívídíy, and
the revengefuí e cítement whích ít created. It happened ín the
earíy eveníng.
Euníce B. Paddock, a prím, quíet and poííte uakeress, had a very
popuíar domestíc smaíí wares shop. Símpíy dressed ín píaín
uaker garb, she kept for saíe goods of gay and attractíve coíors,
whích she weíí knew how to píace and recommend ín trade to her
íess e actíng sísters. There mother used to frequentíy send us on
errands. er store was up Maín Street, ín a smaíí one-room
buíídíng, and there she soíd aípackers, gíngums, cotton cíoth
and prínts by the yard, and other íínes of dry goods. It was a
varíety store of merít, and there couíd be found thread, needíes,
píns, and smaíí wares ín generaí € ” ín fact aíí those ííttíe thíngs so
much needed ín the home, and whích mother knew so weíí how to
use. Euníce Paddock was the íast resídent Fríend or uaker ín
antucket.
annah Fosdíck was another of the home shopkeepers. She was
a íarge woman of pecuííar and dístínctíve characterístícs. íth
her son 0ííver, who was an assocíate of míne at schooí, she ííved ín
her dweíííng ín the rear of her store, nearíy opposíte the oíd South
schooíhouse. She was índeed a stríkíng character, was a shrewd
busíness woman, and credítabíy maíntaíned her home from her
store saíes. In íater íífe the son became a saííor, rísíng to the
honorabíe posítíon of captaín of a shíp, and was respected, esteemed
and wídeíy known ín that servíce.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
8 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
E tensíveíy reputed as a físhíng town, antucket, among íts
smaíí shops, maíntaíned the so-caííed chowder paríor, often the
scene of a specíaííy attractíve socíaí functíon. Mrs. 0bed Cottíe and
Mrs. |udíth ye each made and soíd such commodítíes ín varíety
at theír homes, and an eveníng chowder party was quíte a dístínc-
tíve and weíí patronízed affaír.
0f aíí the shops to be remembered by antucket boys was the
one known for so many years as osíer s. ímíted íínes of smaíí
hardware, cordage, twínes and físhíng tackíe couíd aíways be found
there. I remember ít fírst as kept by Píchard € ” Díck € ” osíer,
and upon hís death by hís brother ííííam. e boys deííghted ín
físhíng for wharf-físh, as we used to caíí them. e used to sít on
the cap-íog of the wharf, wíth feet and íegs hangíng over ín space
above the water, and físh. My, what a paradíse of píeasure It
was a fascínatíng sport, en|oyed to the fuíí. ever míner searched
more íntentíy ín the hííís and earth for hídden ore than we boys
dííígentíy scanned the streets about the carpenter, boat and other
shops, or, ín fact, wherever we couíd fínd oíd naíís or íron |unk to
take to osíer s shop to trade ín e change for ííne and físhhooks,
to go físhíng. smaíí can of angíe worms, whích we had dígged
from the ground, was our baít. Feíícítous e períences íí the
boys found theír way to osíer s to seíí oíd |unk, not aíways for
íínes and físhhooks, but that we míght have capítaí for other ím-
portant ínvestments.
I have wrítten of these severaí shops of my boyhood, because
now, as I recaíí them, ín comparíson wíth smaíí shops of the pres-
ent day, they appear so quaínt, queer and dífferent. I couíd name
many more, but I must forbear. I couíd go on aímost índefíníteíy
ín símííar straín.
Those home and smaíí shops of oíd antucket € ” vívíd they now
are ín my memory These recoííectíons cover the years of the íate
5os and earíy os. few years ago the íate onorabíe Charíes C.
an andt, of ewport, a former governor of Phode Isíand, pub-
ííshed a voíume of íocaí verse. 0ne of the poems, entítíed Poííy
Tíííey s Shop, had for me a pecuííar enchantment, not that I
knew the shop, or her who kept ít, but rather because ít so ampíy
typífíed severaí shops of antucket ín my boyhood. It was ad-
dressed to hís fríend Tom. I couíd paraphrase ít and aptíy use
ít ín pícturíng the antucket shops whích I have mentíoned € ” such
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 9
wouíd be entíreíy unbecomíng. I wííí gíve, however, an e cerpt
from ít, |ust as ít was pubííshed. change from Poííy Tíííey
to the name of any one of many antucket shopkeepers fífty and
more years ago, and the verses wííí fuííy befít íts adapted use.
I see ít now, the ííttíe shop, € ”
So queer and oíd and quaínt, € ”
The íron íatch, where eager hands
ad rubbed off aíí the paínt,
The door, wíth gíass ín upper haíf,
That |arred and rang a beíí;
The ííttíe counter, wíth a raíí,
That we remember weíí;
It was as bríght as hoííy íeaves,
nd on íts daínty top
The goíden candy rested sweet,
In Poííy Tíííey s shop.
The ííttíe sheíves were fíííed wíth bowís
0f herbs, and aíí the ííís
That Godfrey s Cordíaí íeft, were cured
By Dean s Pheumatíc Pííís;
Some huckíeberríes, bathed ín gín,
nd other doctor s stuff, € ”
íth two fat uaker-coíored |ars
0f Scotch and eííow Snuff;
modest case of brass-knobbed drawers,
íí decked ín íívíng green,
ere íabeíed utmegs, Cíoves and Spíce,
Too precíous to be seen € ”
nd when the beíí began to ríng,
0ut Betsey Staníey d pop,
íth cíean checked apron, to attend
0n Poííy Tíííey s shop.
There peppermínt and sassafras
nd fragrant wíntergreen,
nd íemon, wíth a tawny strípe,
Deíícíousíy were seen; € ”
In shaííow pans of unctuous tín,
orked wíth the tenderest care,
Moíasses candy, fía en íínks,
Gíeamed ííke Godíva s haír.
0h Tom, thís dízzy chase for fame
nd goíd, we d better drop: € ”
hííe memory poínts wíth ííngeríng íove
To Poííy Tíííey s shop.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
DI EPSIFIED SP0PTS.
í TE SI E opportunítíes, uníímíted prívííeges, easy poííce
Tp díscípííne, were the entícíng condítíons under whích an-
tucket boys of my day índuíged theír freedom ín díversífíed
sports. ever a communíty, I freeíy opíne, where thís was so
íargeíy true. Unrestraíned, we vígorousíy entered ínto the en|oy-
ment of such sports wíth a zest and an ínterest whích brought to
us rare deííght, and whích gave to us an ínvígoratíon and heaíthfuí
physícaí deveíopment whích grew and buííded for us bodíes suíted
to such rígorous e períences as awaíted us as we advanced ínto
manhood. There was a sartoríaí abandonment, and a free e er-
císe of personaí dress € ” most frequentíy necessarííy due to parentaí
fínancíaí círcumstances € ” whích gave us a boyhood as uníque as ít
was hardy. From earíy spríng untíí ínto the faíí our feet and íegs
were attíred ín bírthday equípment, the average boy scarce
ever knowíng boots, shoes or stockíngs, e cept as he wore them
wíth hís best cíothes, whích were ínvaríabíy and carefuííy íaíd
asíde for Sunday dress-up. The íate, bítíng spríng frosts and those
of the earíy faíí often gave us quíckeníng díscomfíture, yet amíd
ít aíí we were heaíthy, and by ít I am sure we wa ed strong.
Foremost of our díversíons was our e hííaratíng practíce of the
prívííege of swímmíng, whích ín these íater days, ín aíí íts de-
ííghtfuí varíety at varíous seasíde resorts, ís uníversaííy cíassed as
bathíng.
Bathíng at antucket ís and ever has been a rare summer pas-
tíme, entered ínto and en|oyed by thousands. Swímmíng, as we
caííed ít € ” we boys were wont to say goín -ín-swímmín € ” was en-
|oyed to the fuíí. o restríctíon of íts free and boundíess practíce
was ímposed upon us. Bathíng costumes were unknown, at íeast
not requíred, no fear of ínterference by the cop dísturbed us,
and every sítuatíon was perfect. ater about the shores and
wharves of antucket ís and ever was of the purest sea-water
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 81
anywhere to be found. e never caííed thís sport anythíng but
swímmíng, for begínníng to wade as smaíí boys, we soon íearned
to swím, and to deííght ín ít. antucket boys were skíííed swím-
mers, a truth current when I was a boy, and ít was saíd that they
were not e ceííed by the south-sea ísíanders, who had a woríd-
wíde fame for profícíency ín thís art.
0ur favoríte swímmíng resort was at the Creek, € ” cross the
crícks, we used to say. To reach there we went nearíy to the
end of the south beach of the harbor and then waded across to
the Shímmo shore, over towards what ís now caííed Monomoy.
ever a better beach or a more beauteous spot. In my boyhood
the entíre stretch of that westeríy beach of antucket harbor was
an unparaííeíed sea attractíon. The ebbíng waves ríppíed fas-
cínatíngíy ín upon the shore, and the envíronment ín íts every
aspect, on shore and across the water, was charmíng. It was an
ímmacuíate shore, cíean and unusuaííy attractíve. o rubbísh was
permítted to defííe that beautífuí naturaí beach and water pícture.
Its every condítíon was entrancíngíy ídeaí. e who were boys
there fífty years and more ago regret beyond e pressíon the un-
síghtíy appearance ín these íater days of that once aííuríng síte,
due to the dumpíng there of refuse and other despoíííng features
whích aíí too evídentíy have been unrestraínedíy permítted. I am
sure that there are scores who |oín wíth me ín vígorous protest
agaínst ít. The water at the Creek was suffícíentíy deep for shaí-
íow |umpíng and dívíng, but never over your head, e cept at the
pot. The boys of my day, I feeí confídent, and perhaps those
sínce then, wííí recaíí that round, deep hoíe whích we caííed the
pot. There, at hígh tíde, the water was over your head, and ít
was fuííy apprecíated by the e pert díver and swímmer. Pefíectíng
on the píeasant hours I so frequentíy spent there I have often won-
dered íf the boys now use and en|oy that spot as we once díd.
0n the ríght, nearíy opposíte where we waded across to the
Creek, was another resort for swímmíng, whích we caííed the
Mash. 0n occasíon, at hígh tíde, we went there to swím, but
not so often, as ít was not nearíy so desírabíe as cross the crícks.
There, at the marsh, however, because ít was an even bottom, wíth
water about waíst deep, many of the boys íearned to take theír fírst
strokes ín swímmíng.
But swímmíng ín my tíme at antucket was not aíone at the
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
82 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
Creek or at the Marsh. In fact, those were the píaces most
frequented when we were íearníng to master that gracefuí art.
0nce confídentíy acquíred, we chose the deeper water and wíder
area, nearer at hand, whích we found anywhere about the many
wharves of those days wherever we chose to go. To swím about
and around the wharves, across docks, far out ínto the harbor, was
an e hííaratíng pastíme and a great deííght to us boys. Those
wharves, so many of them, ín good repaír, and teemíng wíth ma-
ríne busíness, where are they now I wonder íf the younger resí-
dents at antucket have any conceptíon of the changes whích have
taken píace aíong the harbor water front. I am sure that they have
no adequate reaíízatíon of the íonesome feeííng whích possesses
one who was a boy there upward of fífty years ago, as he now
íooks over that íocaííty.
Begínníng at the south, there was the Fírst or Commercíaí
harf, foííowed ín order by the 0íd South, the Straíght, the
0íd orth, and the ew orth, or Steamboat. Those were
the wharves of my boyhood days. Each was íong, broad, and e -
tended a consíderabíe dístance ínto the harbor, wíth T e tensíons
runníng out varíousíy from eíther síde of them. ot one of those
wharves at that tíme but was a híve of índustry, where, upon or
near them, there were íocated many shops of the dífferent íínes of
mechanícs then demanded by the generaí íínes of busíness of the
town, especíaííy ín connectíon wíth the fíttíng of whaíe-shíps for
sea.
0n the 0íd South was the pump and bíock-makíng busíness of
my father, and cíose neíghbors to ít were fíve bíacksmíth shops; the
oíd rope-waík, under the dírectíon of Pobert Patííff, where rope
and cordage were spun; over ít the saíí-íoft, where thousands of
yards of canvas were fashíoned ínto saíís; at the head of the dock
the íumberyard and buíídíngs of Isaíah Pobínson and Peíeg Macy,
besídes numerous smaííer shops ín dífferent trades.
Each wharf was símííaríy condítíoned as the one I have specífíed.
The Straíght harf, as íong as |oseph B. Macy ííved, the man
who was domínant ín íts care and upkeep, had an e tensíve com-
mercíaí busíness. Many vesseís, íncíudíng the appíe merchant,
whích we boys aíways deííghted to have arríve, the wood coaster,
and aíí kínds of craft, up to the ma|estíc shíp, found mooríngs there.
Those wharves, once so busy, now so ruínousíy restrícted, materíaí
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 83
portíons gone, are far and affectíngíy dífferent ín every essentíaí
respect than when I used to frequent and roam about them.
The ew orth or Steamboat harf ís the oníy one whích now,
ín any reaí sense, retaíns a sembíance of íts former past. Thís ís
true because of the fact that the ew Bedford, Martha s íneyard
and antucket Steamboat Company controís and uses thís wharf
for íts termínaí. et ít ís not so e tended or so much occupíed
as ít was ín years past.
íí of those wharves ín my boyhood, wíth theír many T e ten-
síons, had moored ín the basíns about them numerous whaíe-shíps
and other craft. esseís were constantíy comíng and goíng, dís-
chargíng cargoes, takíng on and conveyíng away merchandíse, índí-
catíng an ínspíríng and vítaíízíng ííne of ínterchangíng commerce.
The whaíe-físhery, however, was then on the decííne, yet there was
a consíderabíe number of shíps stííí engaged ín that índustry. Some
were íyíng ídíy at the wharf, whííe others were fíttíng for sea.
Fíoatíng besíde an out-fíttíng shíp, or secured at varíous píaces
about the wharves, was the stage used as a píatform and workshop
by the mechanícs engaged upon the shíp. íí prívííeges were ours
for theír use, and we boys found them ídeaí spots from whích to
go ín swímmíng.
íth water aíí about of great depth, |umpíng and dívíng from
them was e hííaratíng díversíon. The most profícíent of the boy
swímmers and the more venturesome of them € ” and such constí-
tuted the ma|or cíass € ” en|oyed to the fuíí thís ííberty.
n oíd whaíe-shíp íyíng ín baííast at the wharf, sat hígh upon the
water, her síde and taffraíí beíng, I shouíd |udge, twenty-fíve or
thírty feet above íts surface, and so furníshed opportuníty for hígh
|umpíng and dívíng, whích was fuííy utííízed. Indeed, many of the
boys seekíng hígher aítítudes for thís sport, wouíd cíímb ínto the
ríggíng, run up the masts of the shíp, even up to the cross-trees,
and from those varyíng posítíons wouíd píunge feet fírst or head
fírst, as they chose, ínto the water. ever better facííítíes € ” I thínk
scarceíy ever equaíed € ” than was afforded antucket boys ín my
day for summer water sports. Swímmíng was aííowed ín that
pure ocean water anywhere we chose to go about those oíd an-
tucket wharves € ” vaíued prívííeges granted us wíthout moíestatíon.
e índuíged thís, too, ín the nude, beíng unencumbered by the
sííghtest vestíge of cíothíng.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
84 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
Those wharves, nearíy every one of them, were at that tíme de-
posítoríes for scores of hogsheads of oíí, brought ín by the shíps,
stored there waítíng for a favorabíe market. Stacked cíoseíy
together, íyíng íengthwíse on the bííge, bung up, íncíosed wíth
rough boardíng, covered over wíth seaweed, there they remaíned
for months, sometímes for years, before beíng soíd. Such síghts,
most famíííar to me ín retrospect, I |udge are, to the present
younger peopíe of antucket, quíte unknown, but oíí stored ín
thís way may yet be seen on some of the wharves of the nearby
cíty of ew Bedford.
The whaíe-físhery was on the wane, as I have saíd, ín the days
whích I am revíewíng, yet many shíps were then haíííng and saíí-
íng from antucket, and I can recaíí the names of a number of
them. 0f these were the Spartan, Edward Cary, oung
ero, Three Brothers, Peru, Phení , avígator, Pían-
ter, Constítutíon, arvest, 0hío, antucket, Potomac
Montíceíío, Catawba, Isíander, e íngton, P. . Bars-
tow, the schooners Euníce . dams, Eííza |ane and atch-
man, and numerous others, the names of whích are a ííttíe vague
ín memory. In theír day those oíd whaííng craft were reckoned
as staunch vesseís ín theír search for those monsters of the sea.
Certaíníy they pursued and captured many of them € ” the sperm
whaíe ín the Southern ocean, and the ríght whaíe ín the rctíc.
Many of the antucket whaíe-shíps at sea duríng the Cívíí ar
were captured and sent to Davy |ones íocker by southern
prívateers.
In the aíways e cítíng capture of whaíes ít not ínfrequentíy hap-
pens that a boat and íts crew suffers e treme hardshíp. 0ften a
boat ís smashed by a wounded íevíathan of the deep, the crew
thrown ínto the sea, and a íífe or ííves are íost. hen a whaíe ís
síghted, eíther aíone or ín a schooí, a boat ís íowered from the
shíp, manned by a crew under the dírectíon of one of the shíp s of-
fícers, and pursuít ís made. ear the tub oarsman of the boat
ís íaíd a íong rope, ín coíí, íeadíng between the rowers to the
harp neer ín the bow, to whích a harpoon ít attached. íth that ín-
strument ín upíífted hand the boat-steerer stands, and when suffí-
cíentíy cíose to an unsuspectíng whaíe, he thrusts ít ínto that un-
fortunate mammaí. Immedíateíy passíng to the stern of the boat
he takes the steeríng oar, íayíng the course of the boat ín dírectíon
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 85
as the wounded whaíe may go, the rope attached to the harpoon
beíng run out around the íoggerhead, fathom after fathom, as that
ínfuríated monster rapídíy traveís. Thís contínues untíí, by íoss of
bíood, or death, the whaíe ís forced to surrender; the boat may then
íay to, secure theír príze and tow hím to the shíp. Usuaííy a
whaíe when attacked wííí run swíftíy; sometímes, ín retaííatíon, he
wííí turn and attack the boat wíth íts pursuíng crew.
I weíí remember Captaín Charíes Poííard, an honored retíred
shípmaster, íívíng at antucket when I was a boy, who had a
most pathetíc e períence ín the shíp Esse , of whích he was
captaín, and ín whích he and hís shípmates mutuaííy suffered from
the destructíon of the vesseí and the íoss of severaí ííves from
beíng struck by an ínfuríated whaíe. The sufferíngs and hardshíps
endured by that band of antucket men are matters of hístorícaí
record too pathetíc and unnervíng for detaííed narratíon.
The whaíe whích destroyed the shíp Esse , after an attack by
a boat s crew, as I remember to have heard the story, proved un-
usuaííy ugíy, was oníy wounded and not captured. e contínued
ín the vícíníty of the shíp for a number of hours. s a fínaí
revenge he returned to that ííí-fated craft, settííng beneath
her, and struck her a tremendous bíow wíth hís fíuke € ” the taíí. e
then went off, apparentíy satísfíed, and compíeteíy dísappeared.
hen struck that craft shívered from stem to stern, was totaííy de-
stroyed, and soon sank beneath the waves of the sea. In open
boats, to whích they quíckíy fíed, those dístressfuí maríners drífted
for many days on the open ocean before rescue. hen so rescued
theír number was sadíy depíeted by death.
Fíttíng shíps for sea at antucket was a matter of fascínatíng
ínterest. 0ne feature was partícuíaríy so to us boys. From the
keeí of the vesseí to |ust above the water ííne the entíre broadsíde
was sheathed over wíth a thín coveríng of wood, over whích was
skíífuííy íaíd a fínísh of thín, overíappíng copper píates, naííed
fírmíy ín píace. The síde of a shíp, wíth a new coatíng of copper,
was dazzííngíy brííííant as ít refíected the rays of the sun. n out-
fíttíng shíp, íyíng at the wharf, to be coppered had to be careened
to a sharp angíe. That was done by bíocks wíth a faíí attached to
the mast and to the wharf by means of whích the shíp was drawn
down and over. That gave fuíí opportuníty to conveníentíy ac-
compíísh the work. Shíps, upon the return from sea, after a three
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
3

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
8 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
to fíve-year voyage, were consíderabíy encrusted wíth barnacíes.
The oíd copper, too, on the sídes was broken and torn and had to
be removed before new couíd be píaced.
That oíd copper was an e ceííent seííer for |unk, and was care-
fuííy saved for that purpose. Some of ít, despíte aíí care, went, as
we boys used to say, ínto the drínk and íodged at the bottom of
the water. Such íoss was a rích míne for the e pert swímmer to
e píore. To the seeker beíonged the spoíís wíthout any questíon.
Deep under-water míníng was e ecuted by severaí of the boys
wíth great fínancíaí success, by dívíng down, crawííng around on
the bottom and, píckíng up the sunken copper, bríngíng ít to the
surface, whence ít was píaced ín a bag whích the boy had brought
wíth hím when he came down to go ín swímmíng. Eyesíght
as I have proved by e períence, serves a person weíí ín cíear water,
as the eyes can be opened wíthout any ín|ury to them when swím-
míng beneath ít. There was oníy one thíng for the boy to do wíth
oíd sheet copper rescued from the bottom of the harbor, and that
was to take ít to osíer s |unk shop on Federaí Street, where there
was aíways a ready buyer at the smaííest possíbíe príce. Smaíí
change, however, servíng many boy uses, was obtaíned ín thís way.
ashíngton Street, wíth íts íntersectíng streets as outíets, run-
níng down to and between the Straíght, 0íd South and Commer-
cíaí ( ew South) wharves was, ín my boyhood, ííteraííy ííned wíth
shops engaged ín the varyíng íínes of mechanícs demanded by
the maríne ínterests. South of Commercíaí harf, wíth e tensíons
ínto and borderíng upon the water front, those shops were píc-
turesqueíy sítuated, as, from the rear of them, they overíooked the
weíí-nígh matchíess e panse of antucket harbor. The shop at
the e treme south was that of Ben|amín Fíeíd, the brass founder,
a busíness whích was contínued, as I remember, íong after many
of those once busy actívítíes had ceased to e íst. ot oníy wíth
the shíps, but wíth the íocaí fíre engínes, and ín other connectíons,
Mr. Fíeíd díd an e tensíve busíness, yet through many of hís íast
years ít was constantíy yet sureíy waníng, and before hís death
ít was an índustry smaíí ín comparíson wíth íts once busy past.
e contínued ín busíness after I moved from the ísíand.
South of the Fíeíd brass foundry, e tendíng, as I píace ít from
memory, about a mííe on the east síde, was a shore and beach that
was weíí-nígh perfect ín íts whíte beauty aríd cíeanííness, roundíng
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 8
ín at íts southeríy end, and then makíng to the north on the west-
eríy síde tíde-fíowed, marshy, saít íands. The whoíe envíronment € ”
beach, marsh and water € ” was a naturaí deííght, and ín the warm
season was sought and occupíed by us boys for use and dísportíng
ín varíous íínes of ídíe píay. There we often went, and wíth our
trousers roííed up as hígh as possíbíe, we used to wade ín those
cíean, síívery, ríppííng waters, en|oyíng ourseíves to our hearts
content. Many denízens of the water engaged our attentíon: cíams,
ííttíe-necks and íarge quahaugs € ” pooquaws we boys caííed them
€ ” were obtaíned ín ííberaí quantíty. ííttíe shore crab, ín hun-
dreds, ran about those beaches and waters, € ” I thínk I couíd truth-
fuííy say ín thousands; they are stííí abundant there and are now,
as then, caííed fíddíers. They are a round, píump specíes, wíth
severaí íegs, and a paír of keen cíaws whích they e tend and operate
at wííí, but whích, when quíet and unmoíested, they foíd íength-
wíse neatíy at theír síde, the openíng parts poíntíng towards each
other. They were funny ííttíe creatures, as they traveíed aíí over
those shores, and theír píace of safety when moíested was, as they
índívíduaííy rapídíy dísappeared, a ííttíe round hoíe, wíth whích
those shores were fíecked aíí about, and ín whích they quíckíy
sought refuge. e used to capture many of those ííttíe crabs, and
appíy them ín a number of míschíevous ways. 0ne partícuíar ín-
stance I weíí remember. Captaín Thomas Coffín and hís wífe, at
theír home at the foot of Faír Street, as ít faces that thoroughfare at
íts dead end, were startíed ín the sma wee hours one morníng
by a pecuííar ííght cíatteríng noíse on theír attíc staírs. Captaín
Coffín arose and ínvestígated. Upon openíng the attíc door he
found scores of those ííttíe two-cíawed crabs faíííng over each
other and down those staírs. Upon ínvestígatíon ít proved that
hís son Gus on the afternoon before had pícked up those crabs
aíong shore, and had píaced them ín the attíc at hís home, des.
tíned for some íater purpose. Somehow they got out of the (I
opíne) not over secure íncíosure ín whích they had been píaced,
and, írrespectíve of hours or síeepers, had |ourneyed forth on an
e pedítíon. The sequeí was such as a whaííng captaín weíí
knew how to admíníster.
Pítchíng penny sheíís I thínk ís dístínctíy pecuííar and entíreíy
orígínaí to antucket. Possíbíy ít may have been a practíce eíse-
where, but íf so, I never heard of ít. Sureíy ít was one of the boy
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
88 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
píays ín whích I índuíged many years ago wíth my young asso-
cíates. Penny sheíís were, and presumabíy now are, abundant
about the ocean-washed shores of antucket. Many a day ín boy-
hood have I roamed about the south shore gatheríng and fííííng
my pockets wíth them. They are símpíy the sheíís of a smaíí sea
anímaí, símííar ín shape to the quahaug or ííttíe-neck, varyíng ín
síze from about the dímensíons of one of the oíd-fashíoned copper
cents and graduatíng down to about haíf that síze. íways found
ín separated sectíons, dísíodged at the hínge, washed to an ímmac-
uíate whíteness by the sea, they sígnífy that they were once tenanted
by one of the moííusca. Those ííttíe sheíífísh undoubtedíy occupy
the bottom of the ocean, and castíng off the house whích has sheí-
tered them, the sheíís, thus tenantíess, are torn and tossed from
theír surroundíngs, and by the actíon of the waves are thrown up
ín thousands aíong the beach. They are washed, scoured and
bíeached by the waves and sand, oníy a sííght bíack or brownísh
díscoíoratíon appearíng on the outer síde of some of them. Such
were our penny sheíís. íth a knífe-bíade stuck ín the ground
at a fence, or símííar background, we used to pítch those sheíís at
that knífe as a goaí, after the manner of pítchíng penníes. e
aíso empíoyed them by tossíng ín the aír and íettíng them faíí to
the ground on the heads I wín and taíís you íose order. eads
was the outsíde of the sheíí; taíís the ínner síde. Símpíe games,
wíth no vaíue at stake, we certaíníy deríved píeasure by theír use.
Píscatoríaí sport was a-píenty at antucket. For quíet físhíng
from a boat at anchor up under ong ííí, scup ín íarge numbers
was and now ís the usuaí reward for the tíme spent. Saíííng
Great Poínt Píp, wíth a good skípper at the heím, ín one of the
fíne cat-rígged boats of the town, bíuefísh were and are now caught,
and ís one of the most enchantíng of that e cítíng sport. 0ff Brant
Poínt, swíngíng the draíí round and round the head, then throw-
íng far out ínto the water, graspíng the ííne and vígorousíy puíííng
ít ín, was often rewarded wíth a píump bíuefísh caught ín the
mouth by the hook of the draíí. Such sport was aíso índuíged ín
at the South shore.
Eveníng díversíon, often bríngíng commercíaí resuíts, but not
ínfrequentíy províng of no íuck, was íobsteríng from the end of
eíther of the Straíght, 0íd South, or the Commercíaí wharves. t
the Commercíaí I thínk I spent more eveníngs than at eíther oí
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES.
89
the others, seekíng those eíegant specímens of the crustacean sea
tríbes. e used for the purpose an ordínary steeí hoop, such as
we young peopíe trundíed ín píay about the town. It was tíghtíy
wound aíí about wíth strípped cotton cíoth, and knítted to ít and
hangíng from ít was quíte a fuíí net of strong cotton cord. rope
attached at four sectíons of that hoop was ape ed to a síngíe íong
ííne by whích we raísed and íowered the net. Three or four físh
heads secured to and suspended from those ape ed íínes served as
baít. oweríng the net to the bottom from the end of the wharf,
we wouíd íeave ít for quíte a whííe, then draw ít up far enough to
íook ínto ít. If a íobster was ín evídence ít was drawn to the
wharf and the catch cared for; otherwíse down agaín ít went,
another íntervaí of waítíng, and then once more drawn up. 0ver
and over agaín for hours, aíthough a young boy, have I, ín com-
pany wíth others, índuíged ín that píeasure. The deííght antící-
pated, and whích sometímes came, was the frequent catchíng of
íobsters.
0ur uníímíted prívííeges for sport and píay were not e ceeded
by the freedom of occupancy as we chose, at our píeasure, any of
the open spaces or streets of the town.
op-scotch was wíth us a fascínatíng sport. That oíd-fashíoned
game we píayed wíth a stone kícked about from one to another of
separated spaces, whích ín entírety constítuted
a fuíí díagram whích we boys rudeíy sketched
out upon the ground. íth the íeft íeg bent
at the knee, we hopped around on the ríght
foot and kícked the stone, sometímes success,
fuííy, but often not, from one numbered sec-
tíon to another, begínníng at one and endíng
at ten. That díagram, obíong ín shape, square
at one end and rounded at the other, contaíned
ten separate spaces, the íast beíng at the
rounded end, whích we caííed the pot. um-
ber one was an obíong sectíon made by draw-
íng a síngíe ííne across the square end of the
díagram; numbers two and three constítuted a símííar sectíon
dívíded horízontaííy ín the center; numbers four, fíve, sí and
seven, each constítuted one of four sectíons made by drawíng
íínes, begínníng at four corners of the outer edge of the díagram
/ 10
8
9
z
3
1
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
90 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
and crossíng them at the center; numbers eíght and níne constítuted
sectíons made e actíy ííke two and three, whííe number ten com-
prísed the rounded or pot end of the díagram.
Thís game ís not entíreíy obsoíete or forgotten. Both boys and
gírís of the present day íímítedíy, at íeast, use ít as a píeasurabíe
díversíon. It ís not, however, as popuíar or as much used for a
fascínatíng sport now as ít was by chíídren of my day. In season
ít was wíth us a favoríte, and was frequentíy píayed. It was one
upon whích we entered wíth zest and spírít.
Baíí píayíng was another of our attractíve sports. Basebaíí, as
now so popuíaríy píayed by the many strong íocaí, natíonaí and
ínternatíonaí nínes, was quíte unheard of ín my boyhood. Cer-
taín ít ís that ít had not deveíoped to the stage such as now,
whereby ít attracts crowds of thousands to wítness íts píayíng;
the drawíng of such ímmense throngs as stand for hours ín pubííc
thoroughfares watchíng the scores as they are uníversaííy buííe-
tíned at newspaper and other promínent busíness píaces, nor the
engrossíng and hoídíng of so many pages of the metropoíítan news-
papers where such scores are prínted, pubííshed and círcuíated to
an eageríy waítíng muítítude of readers. To us, íf íess restrícted,
and the resuíts not pubíícíy heraíded, the píayíng of two oíd cat
was as vítaí, ínterestíng and captívatíng as the present so-weíí-
caííed atíonaí Game. ever díd a professíonaí baíí píayer of íater
days enter wíth more spírít ínto the game than we boys fífty and
more years ago entered ínto ours, as we píayed ít ín íts more hum-
bíe and íímíted form. Many there are, I presume, who know of
and possíbíy píay our oíd game of two oíd cat. hííe grantíng
the truth of thís, I am yet of the opíníon that the vast ma|oríty of
the boys do not know the game, even by name. Four boys made
the compíement for that game. avíng drawn on the ground
two íarge círcíes, dístant about ten or twevíe feet from each other
ín a straíght ííne, a boy wíth a bat € ” or cat-stíck, as ít was caííed € ”
ín hand stood wíthín each of those círcíes; back of each of those
boys was another boy, who aíternateíy was a pítcher and catcher,
dependíng upon whích bat the baíí was pítched to or batted from.
If a baíí was struck and dríven for more or íess dístance, then the
game was for the boys ín the círcíes to run from one to the other
a gíven number of tímes, uníess the boy who was facíng the batter
shouíd catch the baíí, or runníng after ít, shouíd secure ít, and,
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 91
returníng, píace ít wíthín one of those círcíes before the prescríbed
number of tímes for runníng from one to the other had been accom-
pííshed; or, íf a baíí when struck was caught on the fíy at cíose
range, then that wouíd put a síde out. The boys, as I have píaced
them ín twos at that oíd baíí game, were caííed a síde, and when a
síde at the bat was díspíaced, as I have e píaíned, then the other
two boys took theír posítíons wíthín the círcíes. It was a popuíar
game wíth us, and we en|oyed ít wíth aíí the gusto and purpose as
does the professíonaí baíí píayer of these íater days, ín the one and
oníy ímproved and acknowíedged game of baíí.
I have eníarged upon these boy games of days íong ago símpíy
to emphasíze the díssímííaríty of the amateur and the professíonaí
píayer, and aíso to show that boys of my generatíon knew how to
fuííy use and en|oy boyísh sports. Each, the oíd and the new, re-
mínds me of the other because ít ís so dífferent.
0f the varíous sectíons whích we as boys traversed for píay and
mutuaí díversíon, none was more fascínatíng or more frequented
than the so-caííed Mííí ííís. Such embraced the terrítory íeadíng
up to the oíd mííí, as ít ís so wídeíy known ín modern days, e -
tendíng from ít to the south and west, coveríng an e tensíve area,
broadeníng ínto many acres of enchantíng open íands, and grace-
fuííy síopíng to the eastward from that oíd mííí down to and end-
íng at Píeasant Street. Mídway of those beautífuí, sííghtíy unduíat-
íng píaíns, southwest from the mííí, was a sííght depressíon whích
bore the rather uncanny name of Dead orse aííey. It ís a
fact, as I remember, that íts name was no mísnomer; for there
many a dead horse was taken and permítted to decompose and emít
stench, the whííe the crows and other scavenger bírds sat and
feasted upon ít
.
eaíth and sanítatíon were not as cíoseíy watched and conserved
as now, eíse such dísposítíon of a dead anímaí wouíd not have been
toíerated. evertheíess, ours was a smaíí, heaíthy communíty, and
we were not materíaííy unpíeasantíy affected by such íne cusabíe
offícíaí negíect.
Dead orse aííey, so weíí known to me ín boyhood € ” how
many of the oíd píugs, after years of steady puíí and hard work,
found a peacefuí restíng-píace there Peacefuí es, índeed, ín
íts most forcefuí meaníng, for many of those poor creatures found
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
92 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
ííttíe daííy peace, especíaííy after a few years of earíy íífe, and íat-
teríy e ísted oníy to work. Team horses, horses on the farm, and
ín other e actíng servíces for man, ín most cases kíndíy treated,
are ííteraííy used up from hard work. Theír oníy satísfactíon ín
íífe ís to eat, possíbíy occasíonaííy to roam ín a pasture, and no
anímaí ís ever more devotedíy and heípfuííy man s fríend than the
horse.
antucket horses aíí píugs h far from ít Some of the fínest
horses I have ever seen were there. otabíe among them were
those owned and dríven by many of the gentíemen merchants
and busíness men of the town. I remember so weíí the Starbuck
famííy € ” |oseph, the father, and the three sons, George, Matthew
and ííííam; ín combínatíon a materíaí part of the whaííng índus-
try of the town. The father ííved on ew Doííar ane, € ” now caííed
Písdaíe Street, € ” whííe the three brothers occupíed the yet re-
maíníng three bríck mansíons on Maín Street, nearíy opposíte
Píeasant Street. hat a beauty was the cíípper whaíe-shíp,
Three Brothers, named for those three sons, and whích I most
dístínctíy remember. That Starbuck famííy, father and sons, íong
sínce passed to the Great Beyond, ín my boyhood constítuted a
íeadíng and respected part of the eííte of the town. The three
brothers were aíí fond of, and most carefuííy cared for, the horse.
Each had one or more of a dístínctíveíy fíne grade, none anywhere
superíor. Matthew, who ííved ín the míddíe of the three bríck
houses, was a horse fancíer to a rare degree. e was partícuíaríy
fond of a carríage horse of beauty and rapíd gaít, and drove such
wíth evídent príde and deííght. Boys of my day wííí, wíth me,
píeasantíy recaíí what we then knew as Matt Starbuck s racer.
n anímaí of fíne íínes, gracefuí ín manner, attractíveíy caparí-
soned, and íf not makíng a mííe ín two mínutes, or thereabouts,
as híghíy bred horses ín these íater days do, yet he was fíeet of
foot, and Mr. Starbuck thoroughíy en|oyed rídíng behínd that
quíck-movíng trotter. Indívíduaííy, ít was Mr. Starbuck s sport,
yet ít was sport for us boys, as we often wítnessed and appre-
cíatíveíy ín that way entered ínto ít. Matt Starbuck s ebster € ”
I feeí confídent that those once boys wíth me wííí agree that never
before or sínce was there ever such a fast horse € ” at íeast as we
then comprehended ít wíth our boy ínteííect.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 93
Due to íts tropícaí íocatíon, antucket ís famous for íts very
equabíe cíímate. Seasons are reguíar, equínoctíaí changes are uní-
form, and there ís not that drastíc change ín temperature e perí-
enced ín other sectíons of the country, at the north and at the
south. Summers are píeasurabíy comfortabíe, and wínters are not
severe. ígh wínds, bíown ín from across the open tíantíc 0cean,
not ínfrequentíy produce hígh surf, and as they sweep over the
ocean-píanted ísíand, sometímes cause more or íess damage, yet
even such condítíons are not fraught wíth any apprehensíon. Fogs
often enveíop the ísíand, íntensífyíng the care and an íety of the
maríner as he saíís about íts coast, and cause a dampeníng and
wítheríng effect wíthín the town. et these varyíng condítíons do
not seríousíy mar the usuaííy uníform cíímate. Throughout the
greater part of the year our boyísh sports ín the open were fuííy
índuíged. ínters wíth us were mostíy mííd € ” snow and íce were
not much ín evídence € ” and sports íncídent to coíd weather were
consequentíy restrícted. There are e ceptíons to aíí ruíes, how-
ever, and there were tímes ín the coíder season when oíd Boreas
vísíted us ín hís bítíng, congeaííng and whíteníng gíory. Then we
had íce, good and píenty; we had snow that barrícaded the waíks
and dríves, and gracefuííy covered the síopíng hííísídes. Under
condítíons, as they dífferentíated, by coíd and by storm, we had our
skatíng and our coastíng. e made good wíth these, and appre-
cíatíveíy en|oyed each whííe ít íasted.
I saíd coastíng, but ín my boyhood that was an unknown term
to us; we caííed ít síídíng down hííí. e had no very steep or
decíded hííí síopes, or any of very great e tent, but such as we had
we fuííy utííízed. Pose |enkíns ane, € ” now caííed Fíora Street, € ”
a short street from 0range Street to Uníon Street, was one of the
favored resorts. Dífferent sectíons of the Mííí ííís aíso gave us
opportuníty to e ercíse that fascínatíng píeasure. Sam Meader s
ííí, as we knew and used ít, whích was the easteríy síope of the
mííí hííís towards Píeasant Street, was an e ceííent píace to
sííde. Samueí Meader, a man weíí remembered by me, fond of
horses and a good cítízen, ííved at the northwest corner of Píne
and yons streets, and for hím that hííí was named. It comprísed
the quíte wíde and gracefuííy síopíng easteríy bíuff of the mííí hííís,
makíng down to Píeasant Street.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
94 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
Síídíng down hííí to us boys was e hííaratíng pastíme, and we
utííízed aíí the tíme after schooí, on one-schooí days, and ín the
eveníng when snow was on the ground.
Skatíng, that rare wínter sport, so common wíth many boys and
gírís, due to contínuous coíd weather where they are domícííed,
was occasíonaí wíth us at antucket. hen we had the íce we
made the most of ít for sportíve and festíve e ercíse. There were
many retreats for skatíng, a number of whích do not now e íst.
o Bottom Pond, the Goose Pond, the Cíay Píts, the ííy Pond
and Mítcheíí s Dítch were frequentíy sought and crowded wíth
merry skaters ín my boyhood. There was much e pert work e e-
cuted by both boys and gírís, as aíso by theír eíders, aíí mutuaííy
en|oyíng the fun, and there were many who were unusuaííy e pert
and gracefuí ín movements on the íce. The skates that we had
when a boy remínd me stríkíngíy of the skates of to-day, because
they are so essentíaííy unííke each other. Cíumsy and heavy, ín
comparíson wíth modern skates, yet to us they proved aíí that was
requíred to en|oy the sport. fíat wooden sectíon, shaped ííke the
foot, wíth a steeí runner beneath, the end of whích curved artís-
tícaííy up over the toe, surmounted wíth a brass acorn, whííe others
of those runners were cut short, wíth oníy a sííght píece of metaí
turn at the toe, € ” such were the skates as we used them. The íat-
ter were caííed stub-toes. t the heeí, fastened at the top of the
fíat wood on whích the foot rested, was a steeí spur pro|ectíng up-
ward haíf an ínch or more, for fasteníng ínto the heeí of the shoe.
To make use of that spur ít was needfuí for íts ínsertíon to make
a hoíe wíth a gímíet ín the heeí of the shoe. The bottom of the
runner was grooved sharpíy out, íeavíng a sííght sharp edge at íts
eíther síde. To produce that a rat-taíí fííe was índíspensabíe. eep-
íng the skates thus sharp we boys regarded as entíreíy ímperatíve.
nd then those skates were secured to the shoes and to the boys
feet wíth great íength of straps, passíng through the wooden sec-
tíon of the skate, and severaí tímes across the feet, drawn severeíy
tíght and fastened, renderíng the wearíng and hoídíng them on the
feet very uncomfortabíe, and nearíy stoppíng aíí círcuíatíon. et
we boys díd not mínd that; ít was buííy fun to go skatín , and go
we díd, whenever we had the chance.
But skatíng was not our oníy fun on the íce of the ponds, € ” far
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 95
from ít. Punníng benders h what sport that was hen the
weather íoosened up, the atmosphere mííd, and the íce gívíng way,
then ít was that we had our ínníngs at that sport. Takíng hoíd of
hands, two, three, four or more boys, and sometímes goíng ít aíone,
we used to run and tríp across that rotten and decomposíng íce to
our very great deííght. That softeníng íce wouíd yíeíd and bend
as we crossed ít, often gívíng way and spííííng one or more boys
ínto the water, yet I do not recaíí for the most part a síngíe per-
sonaí accídent beyond wet feet and íegs. 0ccasíonaííy a boy wouíd
get ín, but we wouíd get hím out, and beyond a good coíd soak-
íng, and a possíbíe whíppíng after reachíng home, nothíng other-
wíse eventfuí happened. I íook back fífty years and more to when
I ran benders, and even now mentaííy partake of íts e cítabíe
gratífícatíon.
Skatíng on o Bottom Pond ín Grove ane, at the Cíay Píts,
on the ííy Pond, on Mítcheíí s Dítch, and many other símííar
resorts € ” aías, memoríes come ín a fíood. In íater years, when vís-
ítíng my natíve heath, I have wondered what has become of many
of the frozen over water spaces whích we boys so frequentíy vís-
íted. The pond at the Cíay Píts was íocated at the íower part of
the town, off from 0range Street, at the ríght goíng south, and
|ust south of Bear Street. schooíhouse íocated on that street,
known as the Bear Street Schooí, I have often heard of, but ít
had ceased to e íst as an ínstítute of íearníng duríng the memory
of my pubííc schooí days.
The ííy Pond, on the west of ííy Street, at or near where that
street íntersects wíth íberty Street, ís another of the ponds now
apparentíy gone. hat has become of those ponds 0n vísíts to
my ísíand home ín these after years I have faííed to fínd eíther of
them as of yore.
here once was íocated each of those open water spaces, there
ís now but a growth of fíags and rushes, and hardíy that, as memo-
ríaíízíng theír e ístence. nowíng them ín theír e tent and eví-
dence as ponds once weíí known and popuíar, ít seems unbeííev-
abíe, aímost, that they are now quíte dríed up and swarded over.
The Goose Pond, another good skatíng retreat ín wínter, was ío-
cated |ust south of Consue, between 0range Street and the harbor.
In buíídíng the now € ” for many reasons € ” famous narrow-gauge
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
9 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
raííroad from town to Sconset, that once spacíous water surface
was dívíded and destroyed by fííííng for a basís on whích the raíí-
road rests as ít passes over ít.
favoríte retreat for skatíng, runníng benders, and símííar
wínter pastímes was Mítcheíí s Dítch. ow many of the bygones € ”
as boys € ” now remember that resort It was íocated sííghtíy east
of Uníon Street, about mídway the íength of that street, and was
near a buíídíng whích I vagueíy remember as Mítcheíí s oíí works,
or candíe factory, or símííar busíness. I am very cíear ín memory
that, when a smaíí boy, a whaíe whích was captured off the south
shore was cut up and tríed out ín the buíídíng to whích I refer.
Mítcheíí s Dítch was a narrow waterway, e tendíng to the east-
ward towards ashíngton Street, a consíderabíe dístance from íts
begínníng, and then makíng a dírect ríght angíe, and contínuíng for
a number of feet north. The boys íívíng ín the resídentíaí sectíon
of so-caííed ew-Town found ít a fascínatíng spot for wínter íce
sports.
There was another pond, as I remember, whereon, when ít was
frozen over, we índuíged and en|oyed our numerous wínter sports.
It bore the cíassíc name of the Cow Pond, € ” I know not íts
derívatíon. It was íocated over at the southwest |ust beyond the
oíd South Buryíng Ground. Many ínterestíng and e cítabíe scenes,
ín the afternoon and ín the eveníng, by a consíderabíe company of
boys and gírís, were enacted on the theater of íts surface.
0n rare occasíon, when the íce kíng vísíted us ín severíty, we
had the vast e panse of the ínner harbor as a skatíng fíeíd. Such
presented unusuaí opportuníty, as e períenced anywhere, for wín-
ter sports. íth keen boyhood memory I recaíí one or two
freeze-ups and freeze-íns, when we were ííteraííy shut off from
aíí outer woríd e períences. ívídíy I remember the one of 1859-
18 o. Duríng that períod my brother arry, then íívíng wíth Cap-
taín ííííam S. híppey, a retíred antucket whaííng-master, ín
Pootstown, 0hío, díed there. hen the boat fínaííy made her home
port, after so íong a tíme, bríngíng more than a month s maíí, we
got the news aíí at once of hís síckness, death and buríaí, so far
away from hís home.
In such freeze-ups, not oníy the wíde acreage of smooth íce ín
the ínner harbor, but the outer harbor for mííes, e tendíng ínto the
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 9
broad antucket Sound, wouíd be heíd for weeks ímpregnabíe by
soííd, unreíentíng íce.
Under those condítíons the ínner harbor presented a uníque wín-
ter scene, graphícaííy emphasízed by the many síeíghs, ínnumerabíe
company of skaters, and boys and gírís ín great numbers wíth síeds
of varyíng síze and kínd.
Passíng back over the years to my boyhood I mentaííy asso-
cíate myseíf wíth the boys who índívíduaííy and together so com-
píeteíy and mutuaííy en|oyed the díversífíed sports whích were ours.
Terrítoríaííy restrícted, unusuaííy envíroned and segregated € ” so
often narrated ín these memoríes € ” íntensífíed every feature of our
daííy íífe. ííttíe woríd quíte aíone and unto ourseíves, every ííne
of domestíc and socíaí actívíty unífíed ínto a common whoíe, ín
whích nearíy aíí of about equaí years constantíy míngíed. There
was a set to whích the eíders beíonged; another embracíng young
manhood and womanhood, whííe the tríníty was rendered compíete
by the boys and gírís, as a cíass by themseíves, who entered wíth
zest and ínterest ínto the games and vívacíty whích the more prop-
eríy corresponded wíth theír years. nd so, ín thís revíew of our
boyhood díversífíed sports, I am now, ín mature íífe, pecuííaríy ím-
pressed wíth theír vaíue to us as we assocíated and píayed together.
True ít ís, separated from boys and gírís of other towns and com-
munítíes for mutuaííy engagíng ín pastímes, we nevertheíess en-
|oyed to the fuíí the prívííeges whích were ours ín our smaíí town,
and we had a bríght and píeasant and ííveíy boy and gírí e períence
ín varíous forms of chíídísh amusement.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
FIS I G D FIS EPME .
™ IS I G at antucket ín my boyhood, ín some respects at
T|í íeast, was a radícaííy dífferent pursuít than what ít now ís.
That deííghtfuí oíd town, then unknown, practícaííy, as a
summer resort, aíbeít so popuíar as such as ít now ís, aíí energíes
then were necessarííy bent ín hardy utííítarían dírectíon. ow
íargeíy a pastíme, físhíng ín those far-back days was essentíaííy a
pureíy busíness enterpríse. It was, as I knew ít, pursued for profít,
and as a means for a ííveííhood. Sturdy, índeed, were the físhermen
then, and they had no need to teíí the físh storíes so often díscred-
íted, because those men caught and had the goods, and such were
índísputabíe evídence to substantíate the facts.
Sea food, of e ceííent and íarge varíety, ín crustacea and verte-
brate denízens of the deep, rewarded the físhermen ín theír caíííng.
Each kínd ín íts season, fresh físh ín íts purest appetízíng reaííty
was aíways to be had. Swordfísh, that fíghtíng monster wíth íts
íong sword runníng out from íts nose, were captured not many
mííes off shore, and the takíng of one aíways produced gíaddeníng
fíínancíaí returns. Bíuefísh, scup, tautaug, € ” or, as we caííed them,
rock bass € ” codfísh, poííock, haddock, and other varíetíes, were
caught and soíd at smaíí príces. íí kínds of sheíífísh abounded
about the bottom of the harbor waters at the shores, and at deep-
dredgíng dístances, and were taken at wííí for food purposes. Cod-
físh, together wíth poííock and haddock, whích apparentíy assocíate
ín schooís, the cod beíng the most numerous, were an ever-to-be-
reííed-upon físh, aímost constantíy on saíe ín the íocaí market.
Those were taken ín íarge numbers, some were corned, and many
more were saíted, fíaked and dríed ín the sun, and were wídeíy mar-
keted as so-caííed saít-físh. antucket saít-físh were everywhere
especíaííy prízed. The físhermen who caught and prepared them
weíí knew the correct knack of theír preparatíon. Those físh were
cíeansed, saíted and dríed ín a thoroughíy artístíc manner, and
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 99
when ready for the market presented a whíte and attractíve appear-
ance, beíng especíaííy famous because so cíear and whíte.
n ínterestíng íncídent of cod físhíng, íf not wíthout precedent,
ís yet, I am sure, rare, and ít ís índeííbíy ímpressed on my memory.
I cannot name aíí the men who were connected wíth ít, yet I never
can forget the fact . Captaín enry Cíeveíand, ímrí Cíeveíand,
|ohn G. 0rpín and others assocíated wíth them, used to go-a-físh-
íng and go snooks on the catch. íth a horse and the typícaí
antucket cart they drove to the south shore, about two mííes
south of the town. Unharnessed and unbrídíed, the horse was tíed
to the cart and íeft wíth a quantíty of hay to munch whííe the
brawny físhermen went ín pursuít of a catch.
aunchíng theír doríes and deftíy crossíng the breakers aíways
makíng ín on the shore, they proceeded severaí mííes out across
the e pansíve ocean, goíng to the southeast, to the codfíshíng
grounds, dropped anchor and awaíted íuck. fter severaí hours
of físhíng they weíghed anchor and made for the shore. They e -
períenced varyíng success; sometímes the fare wouíd be íarge,
sometímes smaíí, and there were occasíons when for aíí theír ríg-
orous servíce there wouíd be no catch of any kínd, € ” uníess, as was
usuaí, an ínevítabíe catch of wet and coíd. Undísmayed, however,
by such e períences, they courageousíy and confídentíy heíd to
theír caíííng. Two, perhaps three, boats made up the fíeet.
It not ínfrequentíy happened that whííe those men were at the
físhíng grounds the breakers íavíng the shore had íncreased ín voí-
ume, due to shíftíng wínds. Under such condítíons íandíng was
often díffícuít; but, aíways antícípated, precautíon was taken agaínst
possíbíe accídent. The físh were strung through the head, past the
gííís and out of the mouth, and were fastened to the boat, to pre-
vent theír íoss shouíd the boat capsíze ín makíng the shore across
the restíess surf. Many tímes I have seen those boats, |ust back of
those hígh-roíííng breakers or ínward tossíng, whíte-crested waves,
awaítíng favorabíe condítíons for íandíng € ” aíways more or íess rísky.
Those e pert físhermen, each at an oar, ready to gíve a íong puíí,
a strong puíí, and a puíí aíí together, when they rose on the crest
of a comber whích appeared to them a favorabíe one on whích to
íand, energetícaííy bent themseíves to the oars and ín they came.
Sometímes they wouíd íand safeíy and ríght síde up, but frequentíy,
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
100 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
by a míscaícuíatíon as to the actíon of the waves, the boat wouíd
be upset and the men wouíd be thrown ínto the shaííow surf. t-
tíred ín hígh-top rubber boots, they were prepared for such a hap-
peníng, and quíckíy recoveríng themseíves, they wouíd grab and
ríght theír boat, puíí ít up on to the beach, and the fare of físh
wouíd be saved because they had been strung and fírmíy secured
to a thwart or to the gunwaíe of the boat.
oss of oars, íínes, baít-baskets, and other materíaí, was aíso pro-
víded agaínst ín case of an upset of the boat, by each beíng me-
thodícaííy and carefuííy tíed to the boat before íeavíng the físhíng
grounds. Upon íandíng the físh were at once transferred to the
cart, the boats were drawn up to a píace of safety, aíí movabíe ma-
teríaí was taken from them and íocked wíthín the físh house at the
beach, the horse was harnessed and a start made for town.
Usuaííy that coteríe of físhermen wouíd bríng up at the home of
Captaín enry Cíeveíand, opposíte where I ííved on Eagíe ane.
The bíg gate was thrown open, they drove ín, and the catch of
físh was dumped upon the ground. Then came the dívísíon. It
was an ínterestíng process to wítness. ssorted ínto as many pííes
as there were físhermen ín the party, the físh were as equaííy dí-
víded as the |udgment of those men couíd determíne; then foííowed
the unusuaí and aítogether orígínaí assígnment.
0ne man wíth back turned on those pííes of físh, as they were
íaíd out upon the ground, wouíd be asked by another, poíntíng to a
pííe, ho íí have thís one The man wíth back turned wouíd re-
píy enry, and then foííowed ín ííke manner, the same questíon.
Pesponse wouíd be ímrí, |ohn, Charíes, I wííí have that,
ííííam, and so on, untíí each pííe had been thus desígnated for
ownershíp. Sureíy a faír and most equítabíe dívísíon, and one to
whích none couíd reasonabíy take e ceptíon. It sometímes occurred
that a day s físhíng, ín addítíon to the cod, poííock and haddock usu-
aííy taken, wouíd be rewarded wíth the capture of a sporty haíí-
but. Such was aíways regarded as a streak of especíaííy good íuck.
Dívísíon of that prízed físh was aíways by equaííy portíoníng the
cash for whích ít soíd.
Those físh, € ” how e ceííent they were Those físhermen, € ” how
weíí they knew theír busíness Fresh codfísh ín antucket was aí-
ways deíectabíe. h the corned físh € ” how admírabíy weíí those
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 101
men knew how to cíean, spíít, saít and corn físh antucket
corned físh dínner, wíth pork díp € ” was there ever anythíng
quíte so satísfyíng to the appetíte Sureíy when a boy I regarded
ít as a dísh ín whích a kíng míght take deííght; ít ís an apprecíated
memory fact that we of humbíer statíon certaíníy díd en|oy ít. It
has been many years sínce I have had one, and I am skeptícaí
whether ít wouíd now regaíe present appetíte as ít díd that of a
growíng boy.
Thínkíng of those men and the hardy vocatíon whích they pur-
sued for a ííveííhood forces refíectíons whích are pecuííaríy síg-
nífícant. nowíng them so íntímateíy as I díd, when I was a boy,
often seeíng them crossíng over the breakers en route to the
físhíng-grounds; or, ín return therefrom, agaín rídíng those díffer-
entíatíng combers, as those sturdy físhermen sought a íandíng, I
was not then very strongíy ímpressed wíth what ít aíí meant. ow,
íookíng back across more than fífty years, I forcefuííy reaííze the
rígorous servíce whích they performed. Cíad ín theír oíí-skín suíts,
hígh boots and tarpauííns € ” sou westers we used to caíí them € ” they
íoom promínentíy to my mentaí vísíon. They were físhermen as a
busíness pursuít; they were outwardíy rough and sea-scarred; yet
they each had a warm heart and a íoyaí purpose actuated for the
ríght and the best they couíd do. They were men respected and
esteemed, and gave to the smaíí communíty whereín they ííved, for
smaíí fínancíaí return, a varíed ííne of edíbíe sea food of most e -
ceííent quaííty. íí now have passed on, but memory of them
e haíes an odor of píeasurabíe acquaíntanceshíp and stímuíates an
apprecíatíon of theír sterííng traíts of true manhood.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
fMPPESSI E B0 00D PEMEMBP CES.
M0ST ímpressíve remembrance of my boyhood was the
burníng of the shíp Píanter on Brant Poínt. Thís shíp
had íaín ín port for a íong tíme, when owners and agents
decíded to send her to sea. 0ver on Brant Poínt, |ust ínsíde of
the ííghthouse then íocated there, before the present one was buíít,
was the shípyard of Eíísha Smíth. The ííghthouse of my day at
antucket was the bríck tower wíth the keeper s house attached,
whích was sííghtíy ín from the poínt, facíng south, or, perhaps, a
ííttíe southeast, on the ínner harbor shore. It ís stííí there, but
not used as a beacon. Those of us who were chíídren ín the fíf-
tíes and sí tíes, and some who were then mature ín íífe and who
have been gracíousíy spared, wííí remember the íayout on the Poínt
as ít then was.
Mr. Smíth and hís shípyard I weíí remember. e ííved down on
íower 0range Street, and was for many years one of the príncípaí
busíness men of the town ín connectíon wíth maríne affaírs. e
occupíed a comparatíveíy íarge area ín hís busíness, wíth boat-buííd-
íng structure and other buíídíngs, a shípyard wíth needed acces-
soríes, and a raííway and cradíe ínto whích íarge shíps were
fíoated and then drawn up hígh and dry.
It was ín decídedíy marked contrast to the present coveríng of
that spot. ow ít ís a makeup of summer houses and cottages,
maíníy occupíed by vísítors to the ísíand. ot a vestíge of the oíd
shípyard remaíns € ” ít oníy abídes ín the memory of some of us who
were famíííar wíth ít. The shíp Píanter had been drawn up by
the maríne raííway ínto that one-tíme cradíe, and had íaín there
for many weeks. Shíp carpenters and other artísans had fíníshed
renderíng her huíí ready for sea, and she was soon to be íaunched,
to be píaced ín the hands of the ríggers for fínaí equípment.
s I remember, she íay ín the cradíe at the Poínt compíeteíy
dísmantíed, aíí her ríggíng and masts havíng been removed. bout
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 103
mídníght on Fríday, 0ctober 28, 1859, the síeepíng communíty was
awakened by the dread cry of fíre It was soon díscovered that
ít was over on Brant Poínt and that ít was the shíp Píanter. í-
most ínstantíy from the fírst aíarm she was a seethíng, roaríng fur-
nace of fíame. I shaíí never forget what a spectacíe that burníng
huík made that níght; ít was a síght ever to be memorabíe to me.
I am sure, too, that ít made íastíng ímpress whích yet abídes ín the
thought of many antucketers scattered wídeíy from the town
whence ít happened.
I was then íívíng on Uníon Street, ín what we caííed the Eíísha
Starbuck house, € ” íong sínce razed, € ” on the east síde of Uníon
Street, ne t to the corner of Coffín Street. I was soundíy síeepíng
when that dísastrous fíre reveaíed ítseíf, but my mother awoke me,
and wíth her I víewed that enchantíng, yet ruínous, síght from the
open scuttíe at the rídge of the house.
day ín antucket memorabíe to me and to many was ovem-
ber 1, 18 o. 0n that day occurred three remarkabíe events whích
caused more than usuaí ínterest and comment. It was a day ídeaí
ín every cíímatíc essentíaí. The sun was bríght, the aír baímy, the
atmosphere remarkabíy cíear, and the temperature nearíy as hígh
as ít had been on many of the days of the prevíous summer, € ” the
offícíaí regístry was 4 degrees at noon, accordíng to a prívate
|ournaí. Captaín Israeí Mowry, then a resídent of a farm at the
southwest of the ísíand, |ust beyond the Prospect ííí Cemetery,
drove to town that morníng, and was ín apparent good heaíth. e
went, as was hís custom, to the store and offíce of |oseph B. Macy,
wharfínger, at the head of the Straíght harf. hííe there, at
about noon, as I recaíí, he suffered a shock and was at once ren-
dered unconscíous. I do not remember whether he díed there or
whether death came after removaí to hís home. Before eveníng he
had passed away, and he was buríed ín the cemetery |ust mentíoned.
For a number of years, perhaps even now, an oíd-fashíoned ambro-
type pícture of hím was recessed ín the monument whích marks hís
grave.
nother of the quíte out of the ordínary occurrences of that day
so íate ín the faíí was the fact that, because of íts warmth, the boys
were ín swímmíng about the wharves and other of the resorts of
that tíme for thís sport.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
104 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
The íast of the three notabíe affaírs of that e traordínary faíí day
was one whích I regard as the most wícked and crueí of anythíng
I ever knew occurríng at antucket ín my boyhood. Earíy ín the
eveníng the cry of fíre startíed the entíre communíty. ímost ím-
medíateíy upon the aíarm ít was quíte generaííy known that the fíre
was enveíopíng the íarge barn on the farm of Charíes C. Foíger.
Thís was dístant from the town, or head of Maín Street, some two
or three mííes, and sítuated sííghtíy southwest off from the maín
or Madaket road.
The fíre broke out wíth great víoíence aíí at once, every part of
that buíídíng beíng a soííd mass of smoke and fíame. hy thís
was so, cíearíy appears ín revíew. stríkíng brííííancy overspread
the entíre western sky. íí attentíon was drawn to ít, and every-
body, apparentíy, started out on foot, by cart or by carríage, to
reach ít. s I remember that eveníng and íts consequent e cíte-
ment, ít appears, ín retrospect, as though the entíre popuíatíon of
the town proper was at that fíre. It was one whích presented a
síght grand, attractíve and ímpressíve, yet ít was nevertheíess one
whích was pathetíc, awfuí and víííaínous beyond the fancy of the
most proíífíc ímagínatíon.
ow such a terríbíe fíre couíd obtaín such compíete headway
and mastery before manífestíng ítseíf was the surpríse of every-
body at the tíme, but such surpríse was of but bríef duratíon.
0ne of the fírst and most ínterested at the scene was he whom I
remember as Dan art € ” the boy who ííved wíth Mr. Foíger.
0n that Thursday eveníng, after compíetíng hís chores about the
farm, he had gone to town.
nowíng, as he aíone knew, what was goíng to happen, ít ím-
peííed hím to make an earíy start for home, and e píaíns why he
was there about as soon as the fíre was díscovered. Upon refíec-
tíon, I am quíte sure, that due to hís personaí guííty knowíedge, he
started for home before the aíarm of fíre was raísed. ís con-
scíence, íf índeed he had one, got the better of hís |udgment. hy
that fíre was not known untíí the structure was aíí abíaze was be-
cause of the fact that every door and other openíng ínto ít or out
of ít had been cíosed and fastened. That, too, on such a warm
eveníng, foííowíng a day of such hígh temperature as that fírst day
of ovember had been.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 105
Mr. Foíger was one of the progressíve farmers of hís day. e
had about hís farm home, wíth íts varíous buíídíngs, many acres of
íand, íarge sectíons of whích, ín season, were under cuítívatíon,
and hís vegetabíe products were abundant. íde acres of meadow
and upíand yíeíded an e ceííent hay crop. e had a number of
horses and a íarge herd of cattíe. The barn destroyed by fíre that
unusuaí faíí eveníng was a buíídíng of consíderabíe síze. íthín ít
was a rích assembííng of farm truck, píaced there wíth care and by
hard work, and the horses and cattíe were ímprísoned ín theír staíís.
ot aíone so, but the young stock, of whích there were many,
and whích had been for the summer, on through the successíve
days, íeft out ín the pasture over níght, were, on that eveníng, every
one of them put up ín the barn. Evídence of guíít ímmedíateíy
unmístakabíy poínted to and concíusíveíy fastened ítseíf upon art
as the cuíprít. In addítíon to the horses and cattíe, so crueííy cre-
mated ín that burned barn, there was aíso the totaí íoss of fuíí
mows of hay, wagons, carts, farmíng utensíís, etc., whích were
housed wíthín ít.
Thís weíí-nígh heartíess young man, art, after fuíí e amínatíon
and an ímpartíaí tríaí, was convícted of that fearfuí críme and on
|une s, 18 1, was sentenced for ten years to the Massachusetts
State Príson. e was twenty years oíd at that tíme. e was dís-
charged from príson ovember 13, 18 9.
So, índeed, was Thursday, ovember 1, 18 o, a day stríkíngíy
eventfuí ín antucket annaís.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
FIPE-E GI ES D FIPE F CTS FIFT E PS D
M0PE G0.
í f E oíunteer Fíre Department of antucket fífty years ago
III and more was one for whích the town had every reason to
– be gratefuí. In fact, I thínk the cítízens of that day fuííy
apprecíated that servíce, and ín numerous ínstances reaíízed íts
paramount usefuíness as the men at the brakes, by hard, sacrífíc-
íng and íoyaí effort, successfuííy combated and stayed a seríous
confíagratíon, aíded by the hosemen at the nozzíe carefuííy guídíng
the stream, and by the hosemen whose busíness ít was to attend
to the water suppíy at the weíí, the cístern, or at the harbor, as the
case míght have been, to see that the suctíon hose was ín píace and
that ít was workíng properíy. Those hardy men, too, unífíed ín
theír work, were under the guídance and |udgment of effícíent cap-
taíns. nd íet ít not be forgotten that ít was a voíunteer servíce.
0ne of the earííest seríous fíres ín my young íífe was the de-
structíon, on |uíy 8, 1852, of the oíd est Grammar Schooí buííd-
íng. I was a very smaíí boy, yet I dístínctíy recaíí my vísít to that
scene the morníng after íts occurrence. My brother George, who
was a pupíí ín the schooí at that tíme, took me there to see ít. í-
though so many years have sínce passed, I can yet aímost feeí the
handcíasp of that oíder brother on that memorabíe morníng.
seríous and, for a tíme, at íeast, mysteríous epídemíc of íncen-
díary fíres caused consternatíon throughout the town ín the year
18 o. uíte reguíaríy, twíce a week, for severaí weeks, about seven
or eíght o cíock ín the eveníng, an aíarm of fíre wouíd startíe the
popuíace. I do not recaíí how íong thís contínued, or how many
were the fíres, some seríous, others of smaíí account. I thínk, how-
ever, ít covered a períod of two or three weeks. I defíníteíy re-
member the fact of thís e cítíng e períence.
The most ímportant of those fíres, so cíoseíy foííowíng the prob-
abíy íncendíary fíre of the shíp Píanter on Brant Poínt ín the
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 10
prevíous faíí, was the destructíon of the cooper shop of Davíd Foí-
ger, on ííy Street, Monday eveníng, March 12, 18 o. That was
one of the worst síngíe fíres ever e períenced by the town, and ít
occurred at a tíme when that shop was very busy. Severaí work-
men were there empíoyed, and to them and to the town that fíre
was a severe bíow. So compíete had been the weíí-píanned work
of the fírebugs that when fírst díscovered the buíídíng was a soííd
sheet of fíame. Everythíng wíthín ít of stock, tooís and fí tures
was destroyed, and the buíídíng razed to the ground, nothíng what-
soever beíng saved. E cítement ran hígh; that varíous desígned
and premedítated fíres were beíng reguíaríy set was apparent, and
the vítaí query was, ho are the cuípríts for ít was feít that more
than one person was responsíbíe for such dastardíy destructíon of
property.
It was a fearfuí scourge of fíres that the town was then e perí-
encíng, but pubííc opíníon was that the guííty partíes wouíd eventu-
aííy be díscovered. Theír apprehensíon was more speedy than was
at that tíme antícípated. 0n Fríday eveníng, March 1 th, occurred
another of those wícked seríes of fíres, foííowed by another on
Tuesday eveníng, príí 3d. eíther of these was seríous, but by
the íast one the partíes so wíckedíy responsíbíe for that reígn of
terror were detected and píaced under arrest. The fíre whích
brought them to bay was an attempt to burn the oíí sheds of
|oseph Starbuck. It ís regrettabíe that those uníntentíonaí crímí-
naís proved to be antucket boys, € ” and boys índeed they were.
Theír names are Frankíín B. Chace and enry C. Stackpoíe.
speedy tríaí foííowed, testímony of guíít was beyond doubt, con-
víctíon was ímmedíate, and each was gíven a íífe sentence ín the
Massachusetts State Príson at Charíestown. t that tíme Chace
was sí teen years oíd, and Stackpoíe was seventeen. íthough gíven
íífe sentences, the príson career of each of them was bríef. Stack-
poíe was pardoned |anuary 21, 18 3. I very weíí remember that
fact when ít occurred. e returned to hís home a consumptíve,
and ííved but a short tíme thereafter. e díed May 28, 18 3. Chace
was pardoned ugust 1o, 18 4.
0ften ín íater íífe have I thought of those young men, and re-
caííed theír aímost unthínkabíe conduct. s grossíy wícked as was
theír deeds, I yet feeí, upon mature refíectíon, that they were more
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
108 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
fascínatíngíy míschíevous than desígnedíy crímínaí. It was attrac-
tíve to them to see those buíídíngs burn.
The data reíatíve to them at the Massachusetts State Príson has
been gíven me by Mr. . . Darííng, cíerk of that ínstítutíon, ín
repíy to personaí íetters to the príson.
The oíd hand engínes € ” tubs we were wont to caíí them € ” íoy-
aííy manned, were vítaí ín the protectíon, safeguardíng and savíng
of property ín my natíve town ín my boyhood. The names and
numbers of many of them I remember. Some I had forgotten,
but a true son and fríend of antucket has stímuíated my memory
by namíng such to me.
Down on ork Street was housed the oíd oíunteer, o. 2.
She was offícered and manned by a fíne band of coíored men,
aíways reííant and trusty cítízens € ” at any rate they were em-
phatícaííy so ín the days of my revíew. The ctíve, o. 3, was
íocated on íberty Street; the oíd Deíuge, o. 4, € ” she wíth the two
sets of brakes, one above the other, to operate whích one set of men
stood on the ground and another set on the tub herseíf (we aíways
caííed her the Doubíe-Decker ), € ” was housed ín the center of
three houses on Centre Street, at the corner of uínce Street; the
antucket, o. 5, whích I faíí to caíí dístínctíy to my mínd, was,
as I have been ínformed, once housed on Uníon Street; the Cata-
ract, o. , housed ín two or three dífferent píaces, as I remember,
once ín a court off from the south síde of Maín Street, |ust above
Faír Street, afterwards on Maín Street, but íastíy on the west síde
of 0range Street, not far from Maín Street, € ” of her a word further
on; the Torrent, o. , housed ín the north of the three houses on
Centre Street; the Fountaín, o. 8, housed on the east síde of
Centre Street, |ust north of Maín, and aíways manned by one
of the crack and ííveííest companíes ín the town, whích maíntaíned
a popuíar and ínfíuentíaí socíaí organízatíon ín the bríck buíídíng
at the northeast corner of Maín and Federaí streets. I can, as I
wríte, mentaííy see and read o. 8 eadquarters, ín carved, raísed
íetters ín fínísh of goíd, as they appeared on that buíídíng ín my
boyhood. |ames € ” |ímmy € ” Dunham, son of arríson Gray 0tís
Dunham, ís the íast survívor of that company, known ín generaí to
me when a boy, as I wríte thís memory. 0f the 0cean, o. 9, I
have but a vague recoííectíon, but am ínformed that her house was
once on sh Street, |ust off from Centre; the íagara, o. 1o, ís
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 109
most cíear ín my memory. She was íocated ín more than one píace.
I remember her ín the buíídíng at the rear of the court, facíng
0range Street, at the south síde of the South Schooí; that buíídíng
was afterwards moved to 0range Street, near |ohnníe Gray s
cobbíer shop, and nearíy opposíte Muíberry Street, where she was
housed the greater tíme of my recoííectíon, and untíí I íeft my
natíve town. The Píoneer, o. n, a smaíí affaír, was an engíne
manned by boys, € ” wíth whích I had actíve connectíon for a bríef
períod |ust before íeavíng my natíve town for a home eísewhere, € ”
and occupíed space ín the southeríy of the three houses on Centre
Street
.
Speakíng specífícaííy of the o. company and of the o. 8
company, ít ís a píeasure, from memory, to emphatícaííy say that
an ardent, fearíess, íoyaí and faíthfuí band of fíre-fíghters was at-
tached to each of those oíd fíre-tubs. The town receíved from them
a free servíce, at the tíme fuííy recognízed and duíy apprecíated.
It ís a prívííege, from memory, to here renew commendatíon of ít
.
I am sure that hundreds of íoyaí antucketers, famíííar wíth the
days embraced wíthín these memoríes, wííí, ín backward thought,
índorse my statement.
Those oíd tubs € ” how theír ímportance and the servíce whích
they rendered so many years ago now to me often íoom ín retro-
spect. Some of the buíídíngs then used for housíng those hand
fíre-engínes are even now so occupíed.
To keep the pumps ín good workíng order, the hose ín proper
condítíon, and to be sure that everythíng pertaíníng to those fíre-
fíghters was aíí ríght, tríaís or tests of them were frequentíy made.
0ften ín boyhood I have heard: The o. 1o ís comíng out to-
níght ; or ít míght be the o. 8, the Doubíe-Decker, the o. ,
or any of the other of those oíd hand fíre-engínes. Such an an-
nouncement was aíways píeasíng to us boys, and we were on hand
when the event occurred.
The oíd cístern, then on the north síde of íower Maín Street, op-
posíte the end of Uníon Street, was where the fíre-engíne wouíd
quíte ínvaríabíy go for practíce. rríved at the spot, the oíd bíack
suctíon hose wouíd be taken from the síde of the tub, and strung
out ín two, three or more íengths, secured by the brass coupííngs at
the ends of the sectíons; the oíd stone cover, by íts íron ríng ín the
center, havíng been íífted from íts píace over the cístern, the suctíon
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
110 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
hose was íowered carefuííy ínto the water and secured by coupííng
to the síde of the engíne íeadíng dírectíy ínto íts tank.
In the meantíme the hose through whích the water passed to the
nozzíe had been unroííed from the oíd-fashíoned hose-reeí € ” whích
was on two wheeís, wíth an íron handíe or tongue wíth cross-
píece at the end for draggíng ít about, and whích ín goíng to and
from the engíne-house was aíways attached to and dragged behínd
the fíre-engíne. íth thís hose e tended ín íong íengths, wíth
nozzíe screwed on at íts end, ít was ín readíness for actíon.
Everythíng prepared, wíth the men at the brakes, two men at the
nozzíe, € ” caííed pípemen, € ” the suctíon hosemen at the cístern, the
captaín gave the word, and the fun was on. h what rare fun ít
was to us boys I recaíí nothíng more drawíng, more írresístíbíe,
more tenseíy temptíng, whích heíd us more cíoseíy, than díd that
e hííaratíng e períence, on many an occasíon, ín my few actíve
boyhood years at home.
To run under € ” oh, my that was the reaí sport ow many are
there now, I wonder, once boys wíth me ín antucket so íong ago,
who remember how we índuíged ín such boyísh pranks To the
unínítíated the nautraí ínquíry ís hat was that specíaí ííne of
fun It was símpíy to run under, back and forth, the sprayíng drops
€ ” yea, nearer than ín the spray € ” the fuíí faíííng drops whích were
forced from the end of that stream of water deíívered from that
fírmíy heíd nozzíe. Get wet Díd we eíí, yes, beyond any
doubt or questíon Because of ít there were ínevítabíe after con-
sequences as a sequeí. Mother sureíy got busy. But then, we
thoroughíy en|oyed the fírst part of the story, and the fínísh was
forgotten before the day another of those oíd fíre-tubs was an-
nounced for símííar practíce.
But, oh, the Cataract, o. . ow dear to my heart are the
scenes of my chíídhood € ” and that oíd tub ís specíaííy dear to me
as I wíthdraw the curtaín coveríng those now íong past years.
That once prízed fíre-fíghter, ímmense ín síze to my boyísh vísíon,
often shopped and repaínted, was the íast tíme so put ín gaía
attíre by ííííam enry Coffín, as he decked her ín cream coíor
paínt, and ín goíd íeaf gave her the fínaí touches and ornamenta-
tíons.
ow I can now mentaííy see that oíd fíre-engíne € ” to my víew a
thíng of beauty and a |oy forever, or at íeast ít was then so, and
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. I
I thought ít was aíways goíng to be so. Mr. Coffín I weíí remem-
ber as one of the crew of the Cataract, a man a ííttíe under
stature, sííghtíy bow-íegged, but wíthaí a geníaí man and aíways
a gentíeman. s descríbed, I am quíte confídent that ít was the
íast paíntíng and decoratíng that oíd tub had.
I famíííaríy knew and apprecíated more than I couíd then or can
now e press, the one-tíme actíve Cataract, o. . hy my ín-
tense personaí ínterest Is that the questíon eíí, such ís most
easííy answered. My father was captaín of that oíd tub for more
than eíghteen consecutíve years.
But, aías for former gíory and honor That fíre-engíne, uníím-
bered, and íyíng on the fíoor € ” the oíd hose reeí whích beíonged
to and whích has foííowed her on so many tríps for servíce and for
píay € ” the oíd rope, wíth the turned cross-píeces of oak wood woven
ínto ít, e tendíng sí or eíght ínches from eíther síde, each so often
opposíteíy cíasped by a faíthfuí hand of her one-tíme crew, and
by whích she was so frequentíy drawn from píace to píace ín those
far-back days ín my natíve town, now íyíng ín coíí € ” aías, aíí former
fame gone, but píeasant recoííectíons remaíníng, and, I verííy
beííeve, not faded € ” aíí that ís íeft ín combínatíon of materíaís con-
stítutíng that oíd make-up now íngíoríousíy and quíetíy repose ín
the rooms of the antucket ístorícaí Socíety on Faír Street and
Pay s Court.
Those beíís on top of that oíd tub, whích used to |íngíe, cíang
and resound, are forever stíííed, the oíd íeather fíre-buckets, each
wíth a fígure on ít, three suspended on eíther síde of that once
honored hand fíre-engíne, swíng no more to the víbratíon of the
movements of that oíd tub, as aíí once díd ín proud combínatíon,
when, fífty years and more ago, that fíre-fíghter was íeísureíy drawn
or hustíed through the streets of my natíve town, and the usefuí
actívítíes of that once admíred engíne are forever past. ot of
much ímport, perhaps, to some peopíe, but powerfuííy refíectíve
vísíons have come to me as I have occasíonaííy beheíd those re-
maíns where they are now so carefuííy as a matter of past hístory
preserved.
In my adopted cíty of Provídence, where I have ííved for fífty
years, as aíso ín many of the cítíes and towns of thís country and
ín Canada, aíí through those years, I have seen varíous kínds of
fíre-fíghtíng apparatus, effectíve, ínvaíuabíe and aímost human ín
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
112 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
actíon when copíng wíth seríous confíagratíons; yet, comparatíveíy,
I never have seen anythíng that ín any essentíaí sense, as I recaíí
my boyísh íove, príde and enthusíasm, ever measured up to the
grace, power and servíceabíe resuíts of that oíd fíre-tub, the Cata-
ract, o. .
o matter what was the capacíty, the servíce, the effect, or any
other consíderatíon attachíng to or affectíng the other hand fíre-
engínes of antucket ín my boyhood, ín my then estímatíon € ” and
I confess that, íoyaí ín retrospect, I now hoíd quíte the same víew € ”
that ííttíe oíd míghty Cataract (what a momentous name ) out-
díd them aíí. Severaí tímes, I repeat, I have gazed wíth reverent
admíratíon on that oíd tub where she now ííes. ow íarge she
once íooked to me ow dímínutíve aíí that ís íeft now appear
to me Díffícuít, índeed, ís ít for me now, as I behoíd her, to reaííze
that she ís, after aíí, reaííy so smaíí. It seems to me, ín the íapse
of the years sínce the days of her actívíty, that she has actuaííy
shrunk.
My father and the men assocíated wíth hím ín that voíunteer fíre
servíce have aíí, presumabíy, passed to the great assíze of hu-
maníty. I cannot recaíí the names of those vaííant and heroíc men
who run wíth that engíne, but I do recaíí that |ohn endeíí
Macy was the cíerk.
Memory ís precíous; events ín revíew are entertaíníng; but that
fíre-engíne Cataract, o. , € ” my father as her captaín, and the
íoyaí band who served wíth hím € ” are índeed píeasíngíy esteemed
ín my remíníscent thought. onor to theír once gaííant íabors;
peace to them ín theír weíí meríted rest.
Pefíectíng on my memory revíews of the town of antucket ít
appeaís strongíy to my convíctíon that that town has been e -
tremeíy fortunate as to fíre dísasters. It ís true, that ít has had a
number of seríous fíres. The so-caííed great fíre of 184 nearíy
eíímínated the town from the map. Its speedy recovery, however,
from that díre event, was at the tíme, and has been through the
years sínce, a matter of apprecíated congratuíatíon and of supreme
surpríse. Thírty mííes away from other peopíes and communítíes,
aíone by ítseíf out ín the sea, ít ís one of the noted towns of the
0íd Bay State ín varíous hístorícaí respects. Its rehabííítatíon
after that seríous fíre, as the town ís condítíoned, was certaíníy
marveíous. Círcumstances then and now are, ín every respect,
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 113
essentíaííy unequaííed. Practícaííy aíí of íts buíídíngs are con-
structed of wood, € ” there are but few e ceptíons. et, year after
year, and through contínuous years, that sea-surrounded town has
been íargeíy ímmune from seríous confíagratíons. Such a remark-
abíe fact emphasízes, to an unusuaí degree, the effícíent servíce of
the oíd hand fíre-engínes, or tubs, as we used to caíí them.
stríctíy voíunteer servíce, unstíntedíy rendered, the men wíth those
oíd fíre-fíghters gave to the town patríotíc and íoyaí íabors. To
men and to fíre-tubs the town ís índísputabíy índebted, and may
weíí congratuíate ítseíf on such e ceííent and effectíve fíre servíce.
In íater years, begínníng soon after my removaí from my natíve
town, a new poíícy has been progressíveíy foííowed by íts offícíaís
as to fíre fíghtíng and fíre protectíon. n organízatíon, under au-
thoríty of the seíectmen of the town, has been effected, and modern
fíre apparatus has been from tíme to tíme added to the servíce.
gaínst a fíre ravage the town ís absoíuteíy dependent upon íts
own equípment, as before heíp from away couíd be obtaíned, fíre
míght destroy practícaííy aíí of the buíídíngs of the town, € ” thírty
to fífty mííes of dístance across sometímes a peacefuí and often-
tímes rough waters of an open sound ímposes a seríous handícap
agaínst fríendíy aíd ín tíme of fíre dísaster.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
TUC ET C0MMEPCI FF IPS I M
B0 00D.
w
fIT due íímítatíon ít may yet be forcefuííy saíd that an-
tucket once maíntaíned a consíderabíe merchant maríne.
For a íong períod príor to fífty years ago, and on through
contínuous years, such was emphatícaííy true. The whaíe-físhery,
successfuííy domínant for so many years as the príncípaí commer-
cíaí índustry of the town, was the promoter and naturaí stímuíant
of other íínes of trade. Because of that, many and varíed actívítíes
ín traffíc were conducted wíthín the town. Those brought an ínter-
change of trade reíatíons not aíone at home, but aíso e tendíng
abroad.
Pevíewíng boyhood recoííectíons, there comes to me a renewed
knowíedge of ínter-domestíc and ínter-state traffíc whích was once
of consíderabíe voíume. Such was conducted by a reguíar packet
servíce, quíte a number of antucket vesseís beíng so empíoyed,
and ín addítíon there were many other saíííng craft reguíaríy ín
commíssíon to and from the port, bríngíng wood, coaí, íumber,
graín, fruíts and other products, and carryíng away ín trade e -
change íocaí mísceííaneous freíghts. That packet servíce comprísed
vesseís once so famíííar to me as to now represent themseíves from
the tabíet of memory.
The schooner Pobert B. Smíth, Captaín athan eííy, made
tríps, maíntaíned as near to scheduíe as weather condítíons wouíd
permít, reguíaríy to and from íbany, . ., conveyíng íarge car-
goes of varíed merchandíse. íeadíng part of such cargoes was
whaíe oíís, whaíebones and candíes. I am not entíreíy cíear ín my
mínd as to that íbany trade ín íts contínuance. It was, as I re-
member, evídentíy a successfuí busíness, and much more so príor to
the tíme of my personaí recoííectíons. The whaííng índustry, wíth
íts dírect and by-products, was the basís of that once so prosperous
ínter-commerce.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 115
0ther íínes of that weíí-remembered maríne e change was by
the oíd síoop Tryaíí, the schooner Euníce . dams and the
schooner ííííam F. Burden. Each of those craft, ín contínuance
and ín the order named, were under the command of Captaín ewís
. dams. I do not remember the specífíc servíce as to ports, and
feeí quíte sure that ít was not aíways to the same port, but rather
to varíous trade centers. good busíness, however, was carríed
on under that skíííed master and by those vesseís for many years.
Captaín dams marríed Míss Sarah |ane Coíeman, a former teacher
of míne at the South Schooí. Soon after I came to Provídence to
ííve, whích was ín the summer of 18 4, Captaín and Mrs. dams
changed theír resídence to that cíty. The schooner ííííam F.
Burden was transferred to Provídence, haííed from there, and,
under ownershíp and command of Captaín dams, contínued a
commercíaí busíness for a few years. resídent of the cíty, the
advent of that craft seemed to me ííke the comíng of an oíd fríend.
Captaín and Mrs. dams made theír home ín Provídence for a num-
ber of years, where each díed, she on 0ctober 18, 19o4, and he on
|uíy 2o, 19o .
nother of those packets was the schooner Enterpríse, under
the command of Captaín enry C. Pínkham, wíth an e ceííent
commerce to and from Boston. Before I íeft antucket the
schooner ííííam 0. ettíeton, under the same management,
wíth símííar trade, and over the same route, had succeeded the
schooner Enterpríse. The effícíent mate, ín contínuous servíce
on these two vesseís, was Ben|amín Brown, one of the oíd-schooí
successfuí maríners, and he was often ín command ín the absence
of Captaín Pínkham.
et another of those packet-craft was the síoop Tawtemeo,
Captaín |ohn Pay, píyíng to and from ew Bedford, ín íocaí ín-
terchangeabíe commerce wíth that famous whaííng cíty. íí of
these craft were weíí known to antucketers through many years.
The Tawtemeo, I thínk, was the íast reguíar ín the servíce nar-
rated.
Many other craft, wíth dífferíng freíghts, found antucket an e -
ceííent píace wíth whích to engage ín trade. 0ne of the most fre-
quent arrívaís noted ín the maríne coíumn of the íocaí papers ín
the days under revíew was the síoop Charíes Everson, Captaín
Marston, haíííng from Cotuít, on the Cape. She brought cord wood
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
11 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
for fueí reguíaríy through a great many years. íí of us boys knew
that wood-coaster ríght weíí. She was a smaíí vesseí, and aíways
made her íandíng at the Straíght harf. 0n thís wharf ín those
days íong pííes of cord fíre-wood were aíways ín evídence. From
earíy spríng to íate faíí that vesseí was ín port every few days.
0ccasíonaííy there arríved a vesseí wíth appíes € ” an appíe mer-
chant we caííed her. Then, too, quíte frequentíy ín season, there
wouíd arríve a vesseí wíth watermeíons. It ís needíess to say that
such craft were a keen magnet for the boys. e vísíted them
often, and we were about them as íongíngíy as the proverbíaí fííes
around a moíasses hogshead.
nother schooner frequentíy ín port, by me weíí remembered, was
the Caroííne, Captaín Dyer, whích had a good trade to and from
Faíí Píver. íth no vesseí vísítíng antucket was I more famíííar.
The captaín, wíth hís famííy, ííved aboard. Besíde hím and hís
wífe there were two smaíí boys and a young daughter, and I had a
íímíted acquaíntance wíth them. The two boys were Fred and
Charíes, and after the íapse of many years I came ín contact wíth
them and deveíoped a further and more íntímate acquaíntance.
I have met them scores of tímes, as men, ín my adopted home of
Provídence, and have had píeasant socíaí íntímacy wíth them. 0ur
homes, for many years, were near each other, and wíth those once
boys wíth me, and theír famíííes, ín íater íífe I was íntímateíy as-
socíated ín church reíatíons. For many years on the Provídence
Píver, under the íncorporated name of the Dyer Transportatíon
Company, a íarge busíness has been conducted by those brothers
between Provídence, Faíí Píver and nearby towns. The daughter,
a gírí when on board the schooner Caroííne on tríps to an-
tucket so many years ago, for a number of years has heíd and stííí
hoíds the posítíon of matron ín one of the promínent hospítaís ín
Provídence.
The reííed upon and dependabíe ínterchangeabíe commercíaí ser-
více of antucket wíth the maíníand for many years has been by
steamboat. Such servíce was íntermíttent and unreííabíe from the
summer of 1818, when the fírst steamboat € ” the Eagíe € ” crossed
antucket Sound to antucket, down to about 1842. Spasmodíc
and occasíonaí servíce occurred wíthín and between those years.
It was oníy about the tíme of my advent, possíbíy two or three
years príor, that such servíce assumed anythíng appro ímatíng regu-
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 11
íaríty. I feeí no fear of successfuí díspute ín the statement that
contínuous and reííabíe steamboat servíce wíth the maíníand reaííy
began when I was a boy sí years oíd, wíth the comíng of the new
boat, the Isíand ome, buíít ín ew ork for the route, arrívíng
on ednesday, September 5, 1855. íthough but a smaíí boy, I
weíí remember that event.
t the tíme there were three other steamboats ín antucket
servíce, € ” the Teíegraph, the Massachusetts and the Eagíe s
íng, € ” the íatter haíííng from ew Bedford. 0n the day the new
steamboat, the Isíand ome, arríved, two of the others, the
Massachusetts and the Eagíe s íng, aíso arríved, makíng quíte
a steamboat event at that tíme for one day. Personaííy I oníy re-
member the arrívaí of the Isíand ome ; the other fact ís pureíy
hístorícaí.
Up to that tíme, 1855, there had been for a few years a more
or íess € ” especíaííy íess € ” passenger and freíght servíce by steam-
boats, wíth aíternatíng termínaís, as the boats were scheduíed by
theír operatíng companíes. It ís, I thínk, an índísputabíe fact that
reaí servíce by those boats was quíte as much ín renderíng reííef
and saívage to wrecked vesseís about the ísíand, puíííng them off
of shoaís when possíbíe, and ín towíng shíps and other craft ínto
the harbor or out of port ínto the open sound, or across to the
maíníand. In the earíy years of the new Isíand ome that steam-
boat was very frequentíy so empíoyed. hen servíce of that char-
acter was demanded, freíght and passenger consíderatíons were
regarded as secondary and had to gíve way.
The Isíand ome entered ímmedíateíy ínto commíssíon be-
tween antucket and yannís, ín connectíon wíth the branch raíí-
road up to armouth, where ít |oíned the maín ííne to Boston. The
Eagíe s íng for some tíme afterwards was contínued ín servíce
between antucket and ew Bedford. From that tíme on reguíar
connectíon wíth the maíníand, wíth occasíonaí varíatíon of route,
has been contínued, severaí new steamboats have been especíaííy
buíít for that traffíc, each successíve one beíng an íntended ím-
provement over predecessors ín modeí, tonnage, equípment and
conveníence.
My earííest recoííectíon of that commerce centers ín the steam-
boats Massachusetts and the Teíegraph. The íast one couíd as
weíí have been caííed the ebraska, for that boat had the dís-
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
118 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
tínctíon of two names, € ” ebraska on the stern and Teíegraph
on the síde, at the paddíe-bo . I remember those oíd boats dís-
tínctíy. In fancy I can now see each of them, as I so often díd,
reposedíy moored at what we then caííed, as now, the Steamboat
harf, € ” the ew orth, € ” the Teíegraph ín the sííp headed
south, and the Massachusetts at the síde, headed toward the
harbor.
The Massachusetts had quíte a remarkabíe hístory for forty
years or more. She was buíít for the antucket Steamboat Com-
pany ín 1842. I do not know the date of arrívaí on her maíden
tríp, but ít was ín the summer of that year. Mr. arry B. Turner,
now edítor of the antucket Inquírer and Mírror, has wrítten ín-
terestíngíy and fuííy of that once admíred boat ín hís The Story of
the Isíand Steamers. Magnífícence ítseíf, wíth ampíe compíete-
ness, fínísh, and aíí needed accommodatíons, was the uníversaí ver-
díct when that craft fírst entered ínto servíce; she was then ín every
way regarded as the fínest steamboat ín ew Engíand waters. In
the record of her constructíon ít ís stated that she cost, ín e act
fígures, 39,13 .o1, € ” whích was then consídered a munífícent sum.
Comparíson, after seventy-two years of steamboat buíídíng and
servíce ín and about ew Engíand, emphasízes the magnífícence
of the oíd steamboat Massachusetts, because of the radícaí ad-
vance whích has been made ín every feature of that ííne of con-
structíon and servíce.
0n our natíon s nataí day, |uíy 4, 1842, the steamer Massachu-
setts, Captaín ot Phínney, made her ínítíaí tríp. It was an e -
cursíon to ew Bedford; two hundred and thírty passengers were
taken to and from that then emphatícaííy promínent whaííng cíty.
For sí teen years that once admíred steamboat díd servíce ín
and about the waters of antucket, and made more or íess frequent
communícatíon wíth the nearby shores of the ísíands and maíníand
of Massachusetts.
In 1858, wíth her oíd companíon, the Teíegraph, she was soíd
by the antucket and ew Bedford Steamboat Company to a Cap-
taín Emerson, of eyport, ew |ersey. 0n Monday morníng,
|uíy 5th of that year, the Massachusetts steamed out of an-
tucket harbor wíth the Teíegraph ín tow. That was the fareweíí
of both of those oíd boats to that ísíand town, € ” |ust sí teen years
after the maíden advent of the Massachusetts.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 119
The Teíegraph, practícaííy out of effectíve servíce at that tíme,
probabíy soon went to the scrap heap. It ís possíbíe that she míght
have done towíng or símííar ííght empíoyment for a whííe. íth
the Massachusetts, however, the reverse was true. Duríng the
Cívíí ar she was used as a díspatch boat at Fortress Monroe, ír-
gínía. t that tíme her orígínaí name was stííí ín evídence on her
stern, but on the paddíe-bo ít had been changed to |ohn . D.
Pentz. fter the war the former name was fuííy restored, and for
a number of years that same steamer Massachusetts was a pas-
senger boat on the Chesapeake Bay, runníng from Baítímore. She
had then been fítted wíth staterooms, and had been otherwíse re-
modeíed and rebuíít . s far down as ínto the eíghtíes that oíd
boat was stííí ín actíve passenger servíce about Maryíand. In aíí
probabíííty she ís now oníy a hístorícaí memory and fact.
It ís a íong hark back, yet I cíearíy see, ín my mentaí vísíon,
those two oíd steamboats, the Teíegraph and Massachusetts,
€ ” the memory of them now an ínspíríng remíníscence of very earíy
boyhood.
The steamer Eagíe s íng ís as índeííbíy ímpressed ín my
memory as ís those two oíder boats. I personaííy recaíí her ín
reguíar servíce, under command of Captaín Ben|amín C. Cromweíí,
to and from ew Bedford, as aíso íater ín specíaí servíce, makíng
occasíonaí e cursíon tríps from that cíty and dífferent Cape Cod
towns to antucket. fter becomíng a resídent of Provídence, € ”
|une 2, 18 4, € ” and becomíng famíííar wíth steamboat servíce on
the Provídence Píver, I frequentíy heard mentíon of the Eagíe s
íng ín e cursíons on that waterway. The famíííaríty of the
name of that oíd boat was ííke an echo from my ísíand home, € ”
whích I had but recentíy íeft. I aíso soon after íearned of the
tragíc fate of that steamboat. Saíííng up the Provídence Píver, ín
the summer of 18 1, wíth an e cursíon party on board, she entered
ínto a fríendíy race wíth the steamboat Perry, of the ewport
ííne. It ís saíd that the smokestack of the Eagíe s íng at the
tíme was red hot. From that e cítíng tríp she caught fíre, was
beached at Indía Street, near South Maín, became a totaí íoss, burn-
íng to the water s edge. eft a bíackened and ruíned huík, ít was
to my youthfuí mínd € ” as I vívídíy remembered that oíd boat € ” a sad
and pathetíc taíe. From that dísaster no íoss of íífe resuíted.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
120 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
The fírst arrívaí of the Isíand ome was, and ever sínce has
been, an event to me of more than passíng ínterest. I was then a
boy a ííttíe more than sí and a haíf years oíd. I was a pupíí ín
the prímary schooí ín the South Grammar schooí buíídíng on
0range Street, ín the southwest room on the fírst fíoor. Míss ydía
B. Swaín was my teacher. hen the new boat whístíed, when
roundíng Brant Poínt, makíng her fírst tríp to antucket, Míss
Swaín dísmíssed her schooí chíídren to the schooíyard on the east
of the buíídíng, overíookíng the harbor, and we had a fíne víew of
the Isíand ome as she made her debut ín antucket waters,
círcííng the harbor two or three tímes, and then gracefuííy makíng
a íandíng at the steamboat wharf. Gaííy decked wíth fíags, the
new boat presented a very ímpressíve appearance. íastíng re-
membrance was píaced on my youthfuí mínd that earíy faíí morn-
íng, now so íong ago, and I was most gratefuí to our gracíous
teacher for her thoughtfuí act, € ” a gratítude whích I have ever sínce
cheríshed, and wííí never forget. To her memory I have many
tímes reíated the unusuaí círcumstances of that íncídent.
rríved at antucket on her gaía maíden tríp, bedecked wíth
streamíng fíags and buntíng, the Isíand ome presented a pe-
cuííaríy fascínatíng appearance, and created an unusuaí ínterest.
Captaín Thomas Brown, who had been a pííot and ín other offícíaí
posítíons on the steamers Massachusetts and Eagíe s íng, was
ín command. For a bríef tíme he contínued as captaín, when he
was succeeded by athan . Manter, mate of the Isíand ome,
whose command unínterruptedíy contínued for thírty-sí years.
ever a steamboat and her captaín whích gaíned such uníversaí
favor wíth the cítízens of antucket as díd the Isíand ome
and athan . Manter. That oíd boat ís sacredíy revered ín
memory by them.
fter faíthfuííy and successfuííy píoughíng the waters of an-
tucket Sound, the íneyard Sound and other outsíde waters, € ”
províng ín aíí her servíce a most e ceííent sea-boat, € ” she had a
rather ígnomíníous end after so nobíe a career. In 1895 she was
soíd to the P. E. íttíe Coaí Company, of Provídence, was con-
verted ínto a barge, and for a whííe was ín the coaí transportatíon
trade. That boat, too, wíth varíed commercíaí career, abídes now
aíone ín memory.
0f actíve affaírs at antucket ín my boyhood days so rooted ín
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 121
personaí memory, none appeaís to me more strongíy than the va-
ríed íínes of índustríes then pursued. They especíaííy emphasíze
themseíves to me because of the fact that aíí are now nearíy or
quíte e tínct and unknown to the present younger resídents.
Those índustríes embraced practícaííy every vocatíon íncídentaí to
the buíídíng, ríggíng and equíppíng of the whaíe-shíps, of the maín-
tenance of them ín theír caíííng, and of the saíe of the oíís and by-
products produced from the whaíe-físhery busíness. 0f those sev-
eraí índustríes I retaín a generaí recoííectíon. I cannot, from mem-
ory, specífy mínuteíy as to some of them, yet others are most vívíd
ín my mínd.
Up Maín Street, |ust beyond the ííne of the compact part of the
town, I recaíí the oíd ropewaík. s I remember, ít was íocated on
the south síde of the street, west of and near to the Fríends Bury-
íng-ground. 0f ít I retaín but a vague memory. Its actívítíes had
reaííy passed ín my earíy days, and I símpíy recaíí ít as a íong
buíídíng, I thínk wíth an ape or síantíng roof on eíther síde run-
níng from the rídge. It was very much out of repaír, as I recaíí
ít, € ” ín fact, ít seemed quíte ready to tumbíe down. I used to
frequentíy hear that ít was once a very materíaí commercíaí enter-
príse of the town. Pope and cordage, accordíng to íocaí hístory,
were made there ín íarge quantítíes. It stood íengthwíse wíth
Maín Street.
Sewíng straw, or makíng hats from straw braíd, € ” mostíy for
íadíes wear, I thínk, € ” gave empíoyment to quíte a number of peo-
píe ín antucket duríng a portíon of my boyhood there. ow íong
an e ístence ít had I do not know, but am sure ít fíouríshed more
or íess prosperousíy for a number of years. It was conducted
wíthín a buíídíng íocated ín a court |ust off from the south síde of
Maín Street, sííghtíy west from Faír Street, under the name of the
tíantíc Straw orks. It stood on the southwest corner of Maín
Street and the court, a short dístance back from the street, on a
síte but a few feet above the street íeveí, wíth quíte a spacíous
yard ín front. Many gírís, as I remember, were there empíoyed,
and aíso there were a íímíted number of maíe empíoyees.
That busíness went by the boards, and was fínaííy cíosed out.
Standíng empty for quíte a whííe, that buíídíng was taken down ín
sectíons, transferred to the outer harbor síde of Brant Poínt, and
was reconstructed ínto a hoteí caííed The antucket. fter va-
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
122 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
ryíng fortune ín that ííne, that busíness was díscontínued, and agaín
the buíídíng was sectíonízed and was transported back to the com-
pact part of the town and converted ínto the now Ped Men s aíí
on South ater Street. Captaín ííííam T. Swaín, for a number
of years íater a successfuí merchant of antucket, buíít and occu-
píed a house on the síte once occupíed by the tíantíc Straw
orks.
Bíacksmíths shops, of whích there were many, pump and bíock
makíng shops, spar makíng yards, saíí íofts, ríg íofts, and other aí-
ííed trades, cooper shops € ” aías, upon refíectíon, so many of them
whích, ín the aggregate, a haíf century and more ago, gave to the
ísoíated town of antucket an envíabíe prestíge and materíaí stand-
íng ín busíness matters. Some of those trades, to some degree, at
íeast, are yet e tant, but the fíouríshíng íength at whích they were
once maíntaíned ís forever gone.
antucket, an ídeaí summer resort, besíeged and admíred by sum-
mer tourísts from far and near, ís, ín every busíness essentíaí, and
I may aíso say socíaííy, quíte the antíthesís of íts past. In my boy-
hood tíme there, mechaníc and artísan, ín the trades whích I have
mentíoned, víed and co-operated each wíth the other ín the produc-
tíon of theír output. It ís unnecessary to note specífícaííy those
once fíouríshíng índustríes, and then, too, ít wouíd make too íong
a story.
I thínk, perhaps, that a bríef revíew of the busíness so íong car-
ríed on by my father may be of ínterest, because ít ís now so radí-
caííy dífferent than when he pursued ít. bout 1831 or 1832, then
a young man, wíth a famííy of wífe and one chííd, he íeft hís natíve
cíty of Boston, and moved to antucket. íth a trade íearned, hís
then new home appeaíed to hím as a íocaííty offeríng superíor ín-
ducements for a young man to engage ín busíness, ín víew of the
then very prosperous whaíe-físhery índustry of the town. e con-
tínued ín busíness there for thírty years or thereabouts.
e was a pump and bíock maker. To any one famíííar wíth that
trade íts dependence upon actíve shíppíng ínterests ís at once ap-
parent. ís fíníshed products were worked from carefuííy seíected
whíte-oak stock and íígnum-vítae íogs. Those íogs, as I keeníy
remember, were kept ín a cíosed-ín compartment beneath hís shop,
buíít of boards wíth wíde openíngs between, ínto whích the tíde-
water ebbed and fíowed.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 123
Those íogs, as ís generaííy weíí known, are a very hard wood.
From them were made the dead-eyes, whích were fírmíy secured
by íron standards to the sídes of a vesseí, ínto whích the shrouds
were fastened and carríed to a further fasteníng weíí up the mast,
and drawn taut and secure ín píace. ow weíí I can now mentaííy
see them, quíte formídabíe ín síze, artístícaííy shaped, wíth hoíes
through them, each of about an ínch and a haíf to two ínches ín
díameter, fíneíy bored and smoothíy fashíoned, ín every respect
work of fírst-cíass mechanísm.
My father was an e ceííent mechaníc, and no one ín hís empíoy
was permítted ín the íeast degree to sííght hís work. From whíte-
oak were wrought the bíocks, each wíth the wíthín roíííng sheave,
made from íígnum-vítae, revoívíng on a centraí metaí pín, and over
whích operated the rope whích constítuted the faíí. Each sheave
had a brass center. ater I remember that a new brass bushíng
was devísed for the center of those sheaves, whích comprísed a
seríes of three or four smaíí roíííng wheeís, whích proved a much
better scheme for the quíck movement of the sheave as the rope
passed around and over ít. Practícaííy aíí that ííne of work ís now
wrought from metaís.
n ímportant feature of the busíness of my father was pump
makíng. Some of them for the shíps, but more of them for use
about the town. The shíp pump was crude compared wíth that of
the more dígnífíed pump made for famííy use ín the town. Those
pumps were manufactured from íogs about tweíve to fífteen ínches
ín díameter and about twenty to twenty-fíve feet íong. I do not
remember the kínd of wood from whích they were constructed, but
ít was hard stock, and each was hand-bored through the center, the
hoíe beíng four to sí ínches ín díameter, as I now |udge.
pump consísted of two, three, and sometímes, perhaps, four
íogs, dependíng on the depth of the weíí where píaced. In one of
the íower íogs was a so-caííed íower bo . The upper íog, stand-
íng four or fíve feet above the casement about a weíí, and through
whích ít passed, contaíned the upper bo , whích was attached to
a íong íron rod, at the upper end of whích was the pump brake op-
eratíng on an íron pín passíng through the íog near the top, a
groove or síot to receíve ít beíng fashíoned on the síde of the íog,
e tendíng from the top down for about two feet, thus gívíng free
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
124 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
access for the movement of the brake, wíth a spout for deííveríng
the water on the opposíte síde from the brake.
Those pumps worked by suctíon, and they were most famíííar ob-
|ects about the town € ” a few stííí remaín ín píace, and aíthough
nearíy or quíte aíí of them have faííen ínto dísuse, they yet shadow
an actíve and usefuí past.
Boríng those pump íogs, very awkward ín retrospect, was then
an ínterestíng process. 0ne íog was about the íength of father s
shop. Píaced on íts síde for boríng, ít was needfuí, wíth open
doorway and men across to the far síde of the street, to thus be.-
gín. The augur on the end of a íong íron rod, wíth cross-bar about
three or four feet íong at the opposíte end, was operated by two men.
It was síow work, and for quíte a períod of tíme forced traffíc on
to another paraííeí street. 0nce started, the augur penetrated
síowíy, further and further, the men foííowíng ít up step by step,
aíí the whííe the round hoíe was beíng cut through that íog, untíí
fínaííy the men were wíthín the shop and the task was done. Those
sectíonaí íog pumps were ín use uníversaííy ín the town at the tíme
of whích I wríte, the water suppíy then beíng, e cept for a few
spríngs, from weíís.
The íength of one of those pumps, naturaííy, depended upon the
depth of the weíí. In some parts of the town water was reached
from a hígher íeveí than ín others. The two, three or four íogs,
as the case míght be, were píaced one above the other € ” not dove-
taííed together, but rather set ínto each other. The íog whích
rested on the one beneath ít was fashíoned down to an ape whích
fítted ínto the bored hoíe of the under íog. Thus the contínuíty of
those oíd pumps was fírmíy and eveníy ad|usted.
In the varíous íínes whích constítuted my father s busíness he
was at one tíme constantíy busy and very successfuí. íth the de-
cííne of the whaíe-físhery began the decadence of hís busíness, and
ít advanced rapídíy ín that dírectíon. ís trade was fínaííy reduced
to a ííttíe repaíríng for smaíí saíííng craft of antucket, and ín
makíng and repaíríng the pumps about the town.
Through the years, ín antícípatíon of comíng trade, ít was cus-
tomary ín duíí tímes to make up parts ín readíness for demand.
Dead-eyes, bíocks, sheaves, pump-bo es, and other artícíes were
made ready for quíck use, and each kínd, índívíduaííy grouped, were
strung together and hung aíí about the ceíííng of the shop. very
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 125
materíaí make-up, of fírst-cíass constructíon, these parts uítímateíy
proved worthíess from íack of demand, and íngíoríousíy became
fíre-wood. My father ceased to do busíness ín 18 3, the íast year
of my resídence ín my natíve town.
nother quíte materíaí busíness, on the síde, at the shop of my
father, € ” índuíged ín for píeasure rather than for profít, € ” was basket
makíng. That was done mostíy ín the coíder seasons of the year.
That ííttíe íron cyíínder stove, radíatíng íts comfortíng heat, was
a magnet around whích a number of men used to sít and índuíge ín
that occupatíon. 0f them I weíí recaíí the geníaí Captaín George
|oy, and the aíways píeasant and agreeabíe Mr. Charíes Coggeshaíí.
Each of them worked whííe puíííng upon one of the then so popu-
íar T. D. cíay pípes, evídentíy fuííy en|oyíng the smoke deríved
therefrom. I deííghted to sít and íísten to theír entertaíníng con-
versatíon and story-teíííng. boy then ten to tweíve years of age,
I soon íearned, under theír tuteíage, the art of makíng those bas-
kets, € ” for art ít reaííy was, € ” and I now possess one whích I made
so many years ago. The basket work done by those men was truíy
of a superíor cíass, and theír product was píeasíngíy attractíve.
e caííed them rattan baskets. They were made ín varyíng sízes,
from very smaíí up to about the capacíty of a peck. In sííght grad-
uatíon from about a quart ín síze up through fíve or sí sízes those
baskets were píaced one wíthín the other ín so-caííed nests. s
so arranged they made a most ínvítíng appearance. ork-bas-
kets for the íadíes were made quíte íarge over and were woven
about sí or eíght ínches hígh, wíth a woven cover, hínged at the
síde, and they were certaíníy very neat and pretty. I díd not then,
because so young and the síght so famíííar to me, thínk of that
píeasurabíe e ercíse, wíth íts utííítarían resuít, as I do now ín retro-
spect. Those men, some of them retíred from servíce at sea on a
whaíe-shíp, others temporarííy ídíe, most profítabíy empíoyed theír
spare hours ín the manner narrated.
Those baskets were made príncípaííy of rattan, or cane, such
as ís used for chaír seats. Fírst, a wooden bottom of adaptabíe
síze to the basket to be made, was turned ín a íathe, wíth a síot or
groove cut ín aíí around at íts outer edge ín whích to ínsert the
ríbs ; those ríbs were fashíoned from íarge spíít cane, carryíng the
round edge on the outer síde, wíth the fíat surface on the ínner;
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
12 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
concaved and thínned at the íower end, they were píaced quíte
cíoseíy together ín the groove of the wooden bottom; then, wíth
the ríbs standíng straíght out aíí around, the whoíe was píaced over
an empty paíí or símííar vesseí of proper síze. íth a sponge of
boíííng hot water those ríbs were quíte thoroughíy soaked, and
were then forced down ínto the paíí, causíng them to íncííne up-
ward, a stríng was tíed around them ín that form, and then aíí was
set away to dry for a few hours, usuaííy over níght; when taken
from the paíí and reíeased from the stríng the ríbs wouíd be some-
what íncííned ín the dírectíon requíred, and upon them the weavíng
of the basket was begun, usíng the fíne rattan cane, by ínsertíng
one end ín besíde one of those ríbs, and then carryíng ít over and
under them, back and forth, drawíng ít taut, aíí the whííe shapíng
and formíng that basket, a fírm fínísh and symmetry was attaíned;
the ne t process was the bíndíng off at the top, whích was done wíth
thín outer and ínner hoops, each fashíoned round on one síde and
fíat on the other, made from whíte-oak, and secured ín píace by the
same materíaí of whích the basket was constructed críss-crossed
around and about them; at opposíte sídes of the basket was an
ear run down between the hoops, foííowíng one of the ríbs on
each síde and wíthín the weavíng, each ear beíng fastened to the
hoops wíth a brass rívet; a níceíy smoothed haíf-rounded swíngíng
baíí was attached to each of the two ears by a brass rívet, € ” the
ears and the baíí were aíso wrought from whíte-oak; a thín coat of
ííght varnísh gave the fíníshíng touch. Sureíy those baskets, made,
as descríbed, so many years ago, were of rare workmanshíp. They
were usefuí and were híghíy prízed.
To some e tent, possíbíy, such baskets were and are made ín
other íocaíítíes. I am quíte sure, however, that such are not now
made as a síde íssue by men ín shops, símííar to the shop of my
father, as I have narrated. 0n board the antucket South Shoaí
íghtshíp, and amíd símííar cíose envíronment, baskets of the char-
acter named are now quíte píentífuííy and artístícaííy made for
profít by the crew of such an ísoíated vesseí, € ” hence the name
ííghtshíp baskets now gíven them. It ís now a number of years
sínce a antucket man has been one of the crew of South Shoaís,
so aíí of the baskets offered for saíe ín the antucket shops duríng
the summer months are made by a haíf dozen men who devote
theír spare tíme to makíng the baskets, the art havíng been handed
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 12
down from generatíon to generatíon. The baskets are stííí made ín
nests, and are on saíe ín the shops of antucket. Summer tour-
ísts to the ísíand town apprecíate and buy them as souvenírs of
theír vísít.
nd so, too, other busíness waned, as díd that of my father, ín
many íínes whích were once very successfuí. 0níy a remembrance
of them now e ísts. Some, perchance, ín a íímíted way, are stííí
pursued. íong ashíngton Street, south of the Commercíaí
harf, were many buíídíngs, each a shop ín actíve operatíon. I
cannot defíníteíy remember each of them, nor the specífíc trades
conducted wíthín them. The íast one on the east síde of ashíng-
ton Street was the brass foundry of Ben|amín Fíeíd, whích con-
tínued much íonger than many of the others. The rear of those
severaí shops was at the water s edge of the íower, ínner harbor,
overíookíng that attractíve sheet of water. ear these, on con-
tíguous streets, were other buíídíngs wíthín whích were pursued
varíed usefuí trades.
The ropewaík, the cordage factory, the saíí-íoft, the cooper shop,
aíí aíííes of the whaíe-físhíng busíness, and many other índustríes
whích míght be named, are practícaííy no íonger ín actíve evídence.
Davíd Foíger, whose death was quíte recent, and who ín hís íater
íífe was an ínsurance agent, fífty years and more ago had a íarge
cooperage. I thínk that I am not místaken ín sayíng that he was
the íast ín that vocatíon ín antucket. Two of hís shops I weíí re-
member € ” one on ííy Street, near íts íntersectíon wíth orth íb-
erty Street, destroyed by íncendíary fíre, and the other € ” he at once
re-estabííshíng hímseíf ín busíness € ” was near the head of the Com-
mercíaí harf, a ííttíe back from the corner of ashíngton and
Candíe streets.
e was successfuí for many years. Comparatíveíy, he was but a
short tíme ín the íast íocatíon named, and I am quíte sure that that
buíídíng wíth hís stock and entíre shop equípment was aíso de-
stroyed by fíre. íth the passíng of that íatter shop ended that
ííne of trade. In each of hís shops, aíthough but a smaíí boy, I
occasíonaííy worked ín out-of-schooí hours. hat I díd was
caííed cuíííng staves. I do not wíth any defíníteness recaíí the
process. It was a sort of seíectíng and píacíng of staves ín paírs
as they e ísted ín the rough materíaí. Perhaps ít míght be caííed
sízíng them up.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
128 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
In those cooper shops were made the casks, spíendídíy fashíoned,
whích were sent to sea on the shíps as receptacíes for the oíí whích
míght be taken on a voyage. Those casks, so carefuííy made, wíth
fíaggíng between the staves to make them posítíveíy tíght, secureíy
bound wíth heavy íron hoops, were, many of them, agaín taken
down and shooked for economy of space ín stowage on the ves-
seí. hen needed they were agaín put together on board shíp, an
ímportant person of the crew of such a vesseí beíng the cooper.
Some went to sea whoíe, and contaíned the shíp bread for use
when far away from home. That shíp bread, or íarge crackers,
was deftíy packed ín those casks € ” a fact whích at once suggests a
contínued story.
sííght dígressíon from commercíaíísm, aíthough not entíreíy
separated from ít, embodyíng a personaííty whích ís a vítaí memory,
may not be amíss here. Besídes beíng a thorough busíness man,
and one of the best ín hís vocatíon, Davíd Foíger was aíso an agrí-
cuíturíst and daíryman of íocaí promínence. t the west of the
town he had quíte e tensíve íand areas, where he raísed garden
truck and other vegetabíes. Chíef among them was the whíte or
mangeí-wurzeí sugar beet. Those he harvested ín íarge quantíty,
hís grounds havíng been prepared and fertííízed wíth prodígíous
care to ínsure theír growth, and they attaíned a very íarge síze.
ís home was on the west síde of Gardner Street, hís íand and
buíídíngs e tendíng back to a narrow shed on an aííey whích íed
out to Maín Street. In two íarge barns at the rear of hís home he
kept a íarge herd of most e ceííent cows. They were the síeekest,
the cíeanest, and of the best anywhere to be seen.
Mr. Foíger was a past master ín care and neatness and hís barns
were aíways scrupuíousíy spíck and span. e, too, knew to per-
fectíon the art of producíng the ríchest cream and the purest míík.
Under hís dírectíon fuííy as much care was e ercísed ín the feedíng
of hís stock as was gíven to caríng for hís famííy. The sugar beets,
whích he raísed ín such profusíon, were an ímportant part of the
díet for hís cows. Mrs. Foíger was as deft as was he ín daíry work.
She gave her cíose attentíon to the preparatíon of the míík, and
the separatíon of míík and cream for saíe. Each of those products
as soíd was of a ríchness and puríty whích gave to them a specíaí
market vaíue. The daíry, whích was sweet and ímmacuíate, was
ín the basement of the house, frontíng on Gardner Street. s a
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 129
schooíboy, for quíte a whííe, I was ín Mr. Foíger s empíoy. I used
to dríve those choíce cows to pasture some dístance out beyond and
on the ríght of what we, ín those days, caííed the Fríends Buryíng-
ground.
Drívíng those cows to pasture I was requíred to stop en route at
the home of ííííam Foíger, on Maín Street, father of Davíd, and
hís one cow was added to my herd. t eveníng, after schooí, I
drove the cows home. For that servíce I receíved fífty cents a
week. But, my dídn t I thínk that some saíary It was the fírst
money that I ever earned ín stípuíated amount for a fí ed períod of
tíme. In sundry other ways I had earned other money, but that
was reaííy my fírst contract servíce.
student then at the Coffín Schooí under the príncípaíshíp of,
to me, the beíoved ífred Macy, I paíd my tuítíon there from that
íncome. It beíng a prívate academy, oníy a nomínaí charge was
made to a student, suffícíent to dístínguísh ít as separate from the
reguíar free pubííc schooí system of the town. hííe attendíng
that academy I weíí recaíí Míss ydía M. Foíger, a daughter of
Davíd, as a student there, ín a cíass aíí by herseíf. Thís ís ííteraííy
true, and I can see her now, mentaííy, as she came forward to re-
cíte, and took a seat aíone on the settee, she beíng the oníy student
then ín the cíassícs. In after years she was a teacher ín that
same academy.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
B EPIES 0F M B0 00D.
€ E EP shaíí I forget the bake-shop of |ames estgate and
4- | íts attractíve product of shíp-bread. Those íarge round
„ crackers € ” how deíícíous they were 0r at íeast that was
my unyíeídíng convíctíon when I was a boy often around that oíd
bakery, and to obtaín one was my oft-repeated purpose. That víew
and aím, too, were shared to the fuíí by other boys of my day.
The bake-shop was ín a basement of a house whích stood on the
west síde of Uníon Street near the corner of Stone ííey. The
house was then occupíed, íf I místake not, by a wídow by the name
of estgate, and, as I recaíí, she was a síster-ín-íaw of |ames. She
had two sons oíder than I, one of whom I weíí remember as Matt
estgate, a pupíí wíth me, but ín an advanced grade, at the South
Schooí.
That oíd basement bakery hat entrancíng vísíons far back
over the years mentaííy reappear to me. 0ften on one-schooí
days € ” ednesdays and Saturdays € ” I have for an hour or more un-
tíríngíy thrown wood from the yard ín the rear through the open
wíndow ínto that basement bake-shop, that I míght receíve, as re-
muneratíon therefor, one of those deíícíous crackers, or shíp-bread,
as ít came fresh and warm from the oven.
That product ín íarge quantítíes was sent to sea ín new casks € ”
íarge hogsheads € ” desígned uítímateíy as receptacíes for oíí taken
on the voyage. Mr. estgate, as propríetor and manager of that
bakery, had some three or four men who assísted hím ín that em-
píoyment.
That oíd, íong kneadíng-trough € ” how keeníy I now mentaííy
see ít Into ít, for mí íng a batch of dough, wouíd be dumped a
fuíí barreí of fíour. My what a quantíty that then seemed to me
íth water carefuííy and |udícíousíy poured ín, a ííttíe at a tíme,
the mí íng process was begun. 0ne man wíth skííífuí € ” yes, ít was
skííífuí € ” and faíthfuí actíon, worked that mass over and over, and
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P -PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 131
brought ít to a íarge, perfect íump of dough ready to be roííed ínto
a sheet from whence to cut crackers.
Puttíng on the fíníshíng touches of hís íabors he wouíd cíose
hís hands, and wíth hís físts thus cíenched and tenseíy drawn, he
wouíd punch and mauí that dough ínto a weíí-nígh fauítíess styíe
of fínísh. By a íarge knífe ít was separated ínto hunks of conven-
íent síze, and each ín turn was píaced ín the fíat chute of the roíí-
íng-out machíne, íeadíng down to the roííers whích fíattened ít to
the proper thíckness for cuttíng out.
The roíííng-machíne consísted of two cyíínder brass roííers, op-
erated by a crank, ad|ustabíe for thíckness of dough by thumb-
screws, a wíde, fíat, íncííned chute íeadíng down to the roííers. The
chute, over and agaín, was strewn wíth dry fíour to keep the dough
from stíckíng to ít . Each batch of dough was roííed through the
machíne a number of tímes untíí ít was brought to a proper thíck-
ness.
The ríght thíckness attaíned, ít then passed to the cuttíng-out
machíne. That machíne aíso had a wíde, fíat chute whích íed down
to the cyíínder whích cut out the crackers. The cyíínder of the
machíne was quíte íarge; from memory I shouíd say that ít was
two feet or more ín díameter and about four feet wíde. It was
made of brass, had aíí over ít movabíe dísks ín the form of a round
cracker operatíng on brass concave-shaped poínts, graduated from
the outer edge ínward so that the dísks were retaíned ín píace.
s the cyíínder revoíved, operated by a man at the crank, the
shíp-bread was cut ín form, the brass píns, on whích the dísks feíí
sííghtíy back and forth as the machíne was operated, makíng ín-
dentures or smaíí hoíes on the face of each cracker. The cut-out
shíp-bread was then removed from the cuttíngs or trímmíngs
surroundíng them, and those scraps were |ammed ínto a mass and
agaín put through for further cuttíng of crackers, untíí the fuíí
batch of dough was thus worked out ready to be transferred to the
oven for bakíng.
hííe the dough was beíng thus prepared the ovens were beíng
heated. That was accompííshed by a fíre of burníng wood wíthín
the oven ítseíf. I do not remember |ust the kínd of wood used, but
ít was soft, cut about two feet íong and measurabíy fíne, and ít
made a very hot fíre. The ovens by thís means were heated
quíckíy and to a very hígh degree.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
132 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
In heatíng an oven the wood was dístríbuted aíí over íts surface
or bottom and then set on fíre. hen the wood was burned prac-
tícaííy to ashes, the oven becomíng suffícíentíy heated, the stííí
smokíng embers were carefuííy removed and the oven cíeaned.
There were two of those ovens at the north end of the bakery.
Each, I shouíd |udge, was appro ímateíy twenty or twenty-fíve feet
across, nearíy square, aíthough sííghtíy curved at the corners, and
had an openíng ínto ít by a smaíí íron door. The door, hínged at
the end, was about fífteen ínches íong and ten or tweíve wíde. íí
ín readíness, those raw crackers havíng been arranged ín pííes on a
tabíe, the tabíe was moved up before the doorway ínto the oven.
Mr. estgate aíways personaííy píaced the crackers ín the oven.
e was an e pert ín that servíce, € ” ín fact, had ít down to a scíence,
€ ” and every partícíe of space was utííízed, as he íanded each one of
those raw, moíded-to-shape píeces of dough over the surface of
those ovens. For that work he used a fíat paddíe, about sí or
eíght ínches across, on the end of a íong handíe, suffícíent ín íength
to reach the further sectíons of the ovens. It was necessary to do
that work rapídíy, so as not to íose the heat of the oven by keep-
íng the door open too íong. nd do ít quíckíy he díd; such was an
art wíth Mr. estgate.
íth hís ríght hand graspíng the handíe, wíth hís íeft he wouíd
ííft one of the raw crackers from the tabíe, throw ít on to the pad-
díe, ínstantíy thrust ít ínto the oven and píace the cracker, wíth-
drawíng the paddíe for another, and then another, untíí the sur-
face was aíí covered over. s I now recaíí how that work was
done, ít seems aímost íncredíbíe that Mr. estgate couíd so deftíy
throw, never míssíng, and so ínstantíy píace that shíp-bread for
bakíng.
e wouíd then cíose the oven door, and keep guard on the bak-
íng. s those crackers became graduaííy cooked, he wouíd, wíth
that same paddíe, turn them over, and stír them up, untíí they had
attaíned a perfectíon ín cookíng, and wouíd be removed from the
oven eíegantíy crísp and done to a beautífuí brown. My how
good they íooked to my boy eyes as he wíthdrew them Food, I
then thought, fít for a kíng; but, as a matter of fact, they had been
baked and were to be further prepared for the use of the hardy
maríner who took íong voyages on the antucket whaíe-shíps so
many years ago. Those were sureíy a pure water cracker, for
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 133
nothíng but fíour and water entered ínto theír composítíon, save,
possíbíy, a sííght seasoníng of saít. hííe they were yet fresh and
crísp, they were carefuííy packed ín new casks, the casks headed
up, and then sent to sea. Símííar casks were aíso used for car-
ryíng suppííes of fresh water for the saííors.
That oíd basement bake-shop, as I personaííy knew ít, years ago,
has gone; but the fragrance of the fíour and water shíp-bread there
made yet remaíns, as a deíectabíe memory of how good such used
to taste as ít came hot from the oven. The southeríy sectíon of
that oíd house ís stííí standíng, but the northeríy sectíon, under
whích was the bakery, ís gone € ” possíbíy the whoíe has been
changed. s I remember seeíng ít on my occasíonaí vísíts home,
I have díscovered that the basement, at íeast, ís changed from what
ít once was. |ames estgate then ííved at the southeast corner
of Uníon and Coffín Streets.
nother bakery of my boyhood days ín antucket was that of
Chase & Cook € ” and a ríght good one ít was. E tremeíy popuíar
wíth aíí the peopíe, and entíreíy domestíc, íts varíed products were
eageríy sought and daííy used throughout the town. It was ío-
cated on ower Pearí Street, ne t to the corner of South ater
Street. If I místake not, the buíídíng ís stííí there, ís símííaríy
used, but not to the e tent of íts earííer tíme. Cookíes and con-
fectíonery, possíbíy other sweets, are now soíd there.
I remember Tímothy M. Chase, of that fírm, as a man unmarríed,
who made hís home, or at íeast had hís íodgíngs, on the second
fíoor of the buíídíng, over the store € ” that store wíth íts showcase
whereín were díspíayed those choíce íínes of pastry. ís assocíate
was |ohn . Cook, now an actíve man at over eíghty years of age,
daííy engaged ín another vocatíon. They constítuted an enter-
prísíng busíness fírm. Every appearance ín connectíon wíth them
and theír busíness gave evídence of thríft, and they were regarded
as a prosperous concern.
They made and díspensed e ceííent edíbíes ín great varíety, and
soíd daííy dírect to the homes ín every sectíon of the town. Mov-
íng backward ín thought over the years, how píaíníy I can see the
bake-cart, or rather wagon, from the Chase & Cook bakery
on íts daííy rounds. That conveyance, ín that specífíc traffíc, was
quíte dífferent ín constructíon than ís ordínarííy seen € ” runníng gear
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
134 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
of four wheeís, wíth cross-spríngs, as used under the one-and-
oníy type of antucket bo -wagon, a fíat píatform e tendíng
íengthways over and secured to the spríngs, at each end of whích
was buíít a nearíy square compartment. Between those compart-
ments a narrow space was íeft for the dríver of the horse to stand.
Each compartment had a círcuíar top, dívíded and hínged ín the
center, thus makíng two openíngs, or a cover over each haíf.
The covers of both compartments, openíng at the same tíme, wouíd
rest agaínst each other, runníng íengthways of the wagon. Each of
those compartments, I thínk, was dívíded ín the center, each cover
as descríbed coveríng a haíf sectíon.
In the compartments was conveyed for saíe every varíety of
bread and pastry. So reguíar was that bake-cart to daííy
scheduíe that ín any gíven sectíon of the town ít couíd be counted
on aímost to the mínute. 0ne of the níce thíngs díspensed there-
from was seed-cakes € ” sugar cookíes, wíth a ííberaí suppíy of
caraway-seeds. Poííed thín, deíícateíy baked, crísp, attractíveíy
browned, those were uníversaííy popuíar. So much depended upon
for íts varíed products ín pastry was thís bakery ín my boyhood
that scarceíy a antucket housewífe reaííy feít that she couíd
successfuííy keep house wíthout ít.
Theír gíngerbread was as popuíar as theír seed-cakes. Stapíe of
the varíed products was theír íarge, round crackers, as íarge as the
ordínary shíp-bread, and uníversaííy and favorabíy known as pííot
bread. My father used to thínk there was nothíng ííke ít. ís
favoríte preparatíon of one of those crackers was to soak ít ín coíd
water, butter ít, and then to hím, ít especíaííy reííshed. I weíí re-
member the so-caííed quart bowí, about two thírds fuíí of coíd
water, that used to be píaced besíde hís píate at the supper tabíe.
Doughnuts € ” díd they make them 0h, yes But wonders € ”
antucket wonders Those were a prízed artícíe for dessert
food. I am wonderíng, as I wríte thís, íf they now hoíd so strong
a píace ín pubííc esteem as they díd then. hat were they Sím-
píy doughnuts made ín a certaín prescríbed reguíatíon form € ” cut
out round, |agged across and separated at the center two or three
tímes, but not cut through to the edge; made ín that way the fat,
whííe they were fryíng, passed between those |agged cuts, wíth
the resuít of a crísp, deíícíousíy browned cross-píece, so that the
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 185
wonder easí y broke ínto such separate sectíons, or bars, and was
pecuííaríy appetízíng.
onders My how good they were The ordínary ríng
doughnut, wíth hoíe ín the center, ín íuscíousness couíd ín no wíse
appro ímate unto them. Sureíy the wonder was € ” may I not say
ís € ” the kíng of doughnuts. I have often ín these íater years won-
dered íf the wonder was known as a wonder anywhere but at
antucket. I am íncííned to thínk that ít ís a name for a doughnut
soíeíy índígenous to my natíve town. ere ín my adopted cíty of
Provídence I have produced occasíonaí merríment by caíííng a
doughnut, no matter the form ín whích ít was made, a wonder.
The name ís a quaínt beíongíng e cíusíveíy to the town where
ít ís used, ís a íaconíc of íts ínhabítants, and ís of íore e cíu-
síveíy theír own € ” at íeast, I beííeve so.
The |agger-knífe by whích those wonders were scored may
be more or íess known; but such as was used, and are used ín my
natíve town, I thínk are e cíusíve to íocaíítíes from whence haííed
and saííed the whaíe-shíp. Uníque ín constructíon they sureíy are.
They were made aboard-shíp from ívory, and were deftíy
wrought from the tooth of the sperm whaíe. Each consísted of a
revoívíng wheeí set ínto a síot or groove at the end of a handíe.
The handíe, sometímes made straíght, sometímes sííghtíy círcuíar
ín form, was about fíve or sí ínches ín íength, and the wheeí about
an ínch or an ínch and a haíf ín díameter.
Those wheeís, fashíoned smooth and round, had an edge cut ííke
a frííí so as to get the |agged effect when used for scoríng dough.
Each sectíon or part of thís pecuííar knífe, made at sea, was ar-
tístícaííy e ecuted. The wheeí revoíved on a metaí pín, fastened at
each end outsíde of the síot ín the handíe to hoíd ít ín píace. íth
much tíme on theír hands whííe at sea, no whaíes ín síght, saííors
were nevertheíess busy, and many artícíes made by them on shíp-
board manífested rare skííí and workmanshíp, and these |agger-
kníves represent such to a marked degree, for the varyíng geníus
of the saííor-mechaníc was aptíy shown ín theír constructíon.
In dífferent artístíc shapes have I seen them, and I couíd mínuteíy
descríbe the make of many of them. |ust one by way of íííustra-
tíon. The handíe of one I have ín mínd was deíícateíy smoothed,
concaved from the center to represent the arm of a chííd, the end
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
13 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
fíníshed ín a cíosed hand or cíosed físt, and the fíngers were deíí-
cateíy and perfectíy formed; dríííed ín sííghtíy from each síde of
that cíosed hand a hoíe was made ín whích was píaced a neatíy
made ríng, aíso of ívor.y, sprung ín, whích swung a ííttíe rígídíy ín
íts píace. I have tríed to mínuteíy descríbe the saííor-made |ag-
ger-knífe, not that natíve antucketers requíre any such descríp-
tíon, but rather because some eyes may read thís sketch who never
heard of such an affaír.
The Chase & Cook bakery, as I for a íong tíme íntímateíy knew
ít more than fífty years ago, was a vaíued domestíc ínstítutíon. Its
products were of the best; ít was aíways neat and cíean, and ít was
ín every way popuíar. The bake-wagon, whích I have tríed to
descríbe, and whích went forth every afternoon wíth íts wares to
every part of the town, was eageríy íooked for and fuííy apprecí-
ated by every housekeeper. Its very appearance appeaíed to pa-
trons, and ít ís vívíd ín my mínd s eye as I go back to the days
when I was personaííy famíííar wíth ít. The horse drawíng that
wagon was aíways síeek, rotund and weíí groomed; was attractíveíy
attíred ín a cíeaníy harness, and an essentíaí feature of ít was a
stríng of smaíí síeígh-beíís of soft, meííow tone, a famíííar and
píeasíng sound to the ears of the peopíe. Mr. Cook aíways com-
manded and drove that team. e was then a young man € ” geníaí,
obíígíng, and aíways a gentíeman. I can mentaííy see hím now,
standíng ín the center of that one-tíme wagon, between the de-
scríbed compartments, as he daííy drove about and soíícíted and
obtaíned a generous trade.
Those two men assocíated ín that bakíng busíness were quíte
young when I personaííy knew them, and ín theír chosen voca-
tíon were a strong busíness aíííance. Everybody wíthín the town
knew them íntímateíy, and I used to hear my eíders say, as they
míght on occasíon have referred to eíther one or the other of them,
Tím Chase, or |ohnníe Cook. hether those men orígínaííy
estabííshed the busíness whích they so íong conducted I do not
know; neíther do I know whether eíther of them was the son of a
baker, and thus took naturaííy to theír trade. I do know, however,
that I have often heard from my eíders ín píeasantry € ” and never
spoken e cept as a píeasantry € ” the foííowíng ííttíe |íngíe re-
ferríng to one of the men of that fírm:
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 13
|ohnníe Cook, the baker s son,
earned to bake whííe he was young;
nd aíí the cake that he couíd bake
as rye and In|un |ohnníe cake.
There ís one posítíve fact of my own knowíedge, not íearned
from the eíders, and that ís that the above verse narrates not the
truth. The fact ís that Mr. Cook was an e pert ín hís busíness, and
no kínd of pastry, the makíng of whích requíred nícety and skííí,
was unknown to hím. 0ver and agaín I have proven thís by per-
sonaí contact wíth hís toothsome and appetízíng products. Mr.
Cook was born ín ewburyport, Massachusetts, but has ííved ín
antucket sínce he was four years of age. e ís and throughout
hís íong íífe has been one of the most respected cítízens of the
town.
Change ís the ínevítabíe order of human e períence. Progress
has constantíy produced a new commercíaíísm and busíness en-
deavor. íth fuíí apprecíatíon of such facts ít ís yet heípfuí to
refíect on the past and revíew the methods pursued by our fathers.
íth far íess of ínventíon and appííance to aíd them ín theír voca-
tíons they yet wrought weíí agaínst the íímítatíons whích en-
víroned them. To recaíí theír efforts, consíder theír successes,
and anaíyze theír opportunítíes, certaíníy stímuíates to hígher and
better personaí and combíned endeavor.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
PESIDE TS 0F GUI E I M E P IFE.
f the íower sectíon of antucket, east from 0range Street
11 and south from Sííver Street, fífty years and more ago, there
- was a íocaíízed communíty of coíored resídents. I know not
how ít ís now. I say íocaíízed, because there at that tíme prac-
tícaííy aíí of that cíass of peopíe ííved. For the most part they
were quíet, peaceabíe cítízens. est from 0range Street, south
from Sííver Street, and east of Píeasant Street, the sectíon was
then caííed Guínea, whííe to the northwest from the westeríy end
of ork Street and west from Píeasant Street, on the ííttíe hííí
there, ít was caííed ew Guínea. I most píeasantíy recaíí a num-
ber of those resídent coíored peopíe. Space and tíme forbíd spe-
cíaí mentíon of aíí of them, but ít ís ínterestíng to speak of some
of the more promínent.
0n Sííver Street, at the foot of Píne Street, ííved Uncíe |acob
|ones, a geníaí, quíet, unostentatíous and venerabíe coíored man.
ís vocatíon was that of a chímney-sweep, a servíce whích he per-
formed ín many homes, and hís gentíemaníy conduct won for hím
uníversaí respect. e was weíí advanced ín years at the tíme of
whích I wríte. ís bíack face, aíways wreathed ín a smííe, hís hígh,
íustrous brow, hís bíack, crínkíy, curíy haír, mí ed wíth gray across
the back and sídes of hís head, and íyíng quíte thíckíy over hís
ears, made hím an ímpressíve personage. 0n errands, or pursuíng
hís usuaí ííne of daííy busíness, he used to draw about a ííttíe
four-wheeíed wagon, whích even now I can mentaííy see, hís wíth-
ered hand cíaspíng one síde of the cross-píece at the end of the
tongue as he trudged aíong drawíng ít after hím. Uncíe |acob
€ ” for as such we aíí respected hím € ” used to go to the wharves and
about the coaí yards and gather up coaí dust, whích he took to hís
home. By a ííquefíed píastíc process of hís own, he worked thís
dust over ínto coaí baíís, whích hardened when dríed, and he
then used them for fueí. I am sure that ín securíng the materíaí
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 139
for that purpose ít was aíways by permíssíon, for thís respected
and esteemed oíd coíored cítízen was absoíuteíy true and honest,
en|oyíng the confídence of the entíre communíty.
|ames Poss was a coíored man, and an upríght and vaíued
cítízen. íways a gentíeman ín conduct, hís coíor díd not bar hím
from apprecíated feííowshíp ín our smaíí communíty.
antucketers of my day, and scores, both young and oíd, for
many years sínce, apprecíatíveíy remember Pev. |ames E. Craw-
ford. e prayed and preached on Sundays, and shaved and cut haír
on week days. Under hís mínísteríaí íeadíng, and by hís messages
presented, hís Baptíst chapeí on ork Street proved índeed a betheí
to many seekíng Chrístían consoíatíon and ethícaí upííft. e not
ínfrequentíy preached for the whíte peopíe ín the Summer Street
Baptíst Church. Brother Crawford, as he was so reverentíy
known, was a man of the muíatto type, wíth a broad, open, smíííng
face, a ííttíe under average heíght, thíck-set and rotund. e was as
faíthfuí, síncere and heípfuí ín hís mínísteríaí íabors as he was neat,
fíníshed and e pert ín hís tonsoríaí art . ís was aíways a popuíar
barber-shop. The Pev. |ames E. Crawford was a man honored
and honorabíe ín antucket, where he so íong ííved, and was íoved
and respected by both whíte and coíored cítízens. e wouíd have
graced and dígnífíed any peopíe among whom hís íífe míght have
been spent. e beíonged to the coíored race, was íoyaí to hís
kínd, and ín nowíse ostracízed hímseíf from them or theír ínterests.
That coíored cítízenshíp then íívíng over ín Guínea, íímítedíy, at
íeast, had shops and stores of theír own for communíty trade. Im-
portant of them was the grocery store of Stephen D. Pompey. e,
too, aíthough of bíack skín, was honored and weíí ííked by aíí for
hís busíness probíty and íntegríty.
t the oíd South Schooí on 0range Street there were many ías-
síes whom boys of my tíme admíred and respected. Severaí of
them came from the coíored communíty of íocaí Guínea. 0f them
I retaín an apprecíatíve and respectfuí memory of the two Undíy
sísters, íctoríne and Edouína, gírís of good standíng ín schoíar-
shíp and schooí ethícs. nother, respectfuííy recaííed, was Míss
nníe ahar. She was oíder than I, and was ín the Grammar
Schooí whííe I was ín the Prímary. To one unacquaínted she
wouíd, unquestíonabíy, have passed for a whíte gírí, so ííght and
cíear was her face and attractíve her features. She had a fíne com-
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
140 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
píe íon, beautífuí bíack haír, and bríght, sparkííng eyes € ” yet she
was of frícan parentage, was true to and dweít wíth the coíored
peopíe. She was a young woman of rare character and attrac-
tíveness.
nother who comes before me ín my backward thought ís Tom
Boston, a weíí matured young man whííe I was comparatíveíy a
smaíí boy, yet I dístínctíy and dístínctíveíy remember hím. e
took especíaí príde ín hís personaí appearance, was a dandy, but not
a fop, and was ever fauítíess and neat ín hís dress. e was weíí
ííked by the schooí and socíaí assocíates of hís age, and respected
by aíí of hís feííow cítízens. Most keeníy díd he rue the fate that
nature had born hím bíack. 0ften he used to say, ín effect, that
íf ít wouíd make hím whíte he wouíd be wííííng to be skínned aííve.
e had a bíack skín, but beneath ít there throbbed a heart of puríty
and kíndíy purpose to aíí whom he couíd ín any way benefít.
nother of those coíored sub|ects appears stríkíngíy to me ín
memory. She, wíth her husband, rthur, were once southern síaves
€ ” refugees who had found a haven at antucket, where they ííved
many years untíí death. I refer to oíd ucy Cooper, thín and wan,
one who had suffered an earíy íífe and hístory of servítude and
wícked oppressíon. Mentaííy, I can now see her, wíth the conspíc-
uous bunch of grapes whích was branded on her forehead. er
íífe was índeed sad and pathetíc, yet her years passed at antucket
were so quíet and tranquíí that the e períences of them píeasantíy
meííowed and materíaííy softened recoííectíons of her earíy íífe.
antucket peopíe, oíd and young, had naught but kínd regard and
píty for her.
The story of the escape from servíííty of rthur and ucy
Cooper, of theír reachíng antucket, and of the hídíng and protec-
tíon of them by patríotíc cítízens, whííe desígníng and houndíng
síave offícers scoured the town ín pursuít of them, ís one of the af-
fectíng and entrancíng storíes recorded ín antucket annaís. t
the tíme those síave authorítíes were so dííígentíy searchíng for
those escaped síaves they were ín safe hídíng ín the attíc of the
home of ríeí Coffín, at the corner of Faír and Farmer Streets. unt
ucy as she was so generaííy caííed, was ferventíy reíígíous. 0n the
hííí ín the western part of Guínea was a Methodíst chapeí, known
as íon Church, where she was an ardent devotee. Frequentíy a
whíte míníster wouíd hoíd servíce and preach to a smaíí congrega-
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 141
tíon. It requíred but ordínary oratory and sííght enthusíasm to re-
íígíousíy fíre unt ucy. Enteríng ínto the spírít of such a servíce,
cíappíng her hands, and by other physícaí manífestatíons, she wouíd
over and agaín e cíaím, Preach de wurd, brudder; preach de
wurd.
Then there was ííttíe |ane aíentíne, that dímínutíve darky gírí,
aíbeít she was quíte mature as to years, when I was a boy. I am
of the opíníon that there are yet some who wííí remember her. She
was vívacíous, an ínterestíng índívíduaí, and was comícaí ín íífe
and conduct so pecuííar to her race.
s I wríte, many of those coíored peopíe contínue to reappear
and possess my memory. But I must forbear to name them.
There ís one more, however, of whom I wííí partícuíaríze bríefíy.
Up ín ew Guínea ííved esíey Berry. If memory ís true to me he
was a carman. t any rate he had hís own team, and I now, ín
mentaí vísíon, see hím seated on the corner of the front € ” fore-buck,
we caííed ít € ” of hís typícaí antucket típ-cart, and ímagíne that I
can agaín hear hís Get-ap as he urged on hís horse. e was
of íarge, powerfuí frame and fígure, and one of the bíackest of the
negro race. e was ííteraííy a bíack Berry € ” one of the kínd ín
coíor on whom, my father used to say, charcoaí wouíd make a
whíte mark.
For the once boys and gírís, whom I so weíí remember, I cannot
forbear a reference to the eccentríc Tommy Day, the son of
Prudy. Prudence Day and her ínímítabíe son were weíí known
characters ín antucket ín my boyhood. That, at íeast partíaííy,
demented coíored boy was the butt of |íbe, |oke and torment by
the whíte boys of hís day. 0ften, and over agaín, we got hím to
síng to us ín hís erratíc way, and I am sure there are many who
wííí recaíí hís grotesque rendítíon of € ”
|uba thís, and |uba that,
|uba ín a kettíe of fat.
It ís aíí too true that we boys took advantage of hís weak ínteí-
íect and unfaíríy and teasíngíy worríed hím; yet he was aíways of
caím and ínoffensíve dísposítíon. The íast I knew of hím he went
on a voyage ín the whaíe-shíp B. F. Coícord, wíth Captaín Ed-
ward McCíeave. I am quíte sure that he ís not now íívíng.
There were many other boys and gírís of coíored parentage
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
142 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
who were schooímates wíth us at the oíd South Schooí. They
were assocíated wíth us ín our studíes and ín our cíasses; they
míngíed wíth us ín our recreatíon ín the schooíyard at recess; they
|oíned us ín our pastímes and ín our sports. It ís a memory píeas-
ure to recaíí many of them for theír schoíarshíp and for theír
good characters. In after íífe, whííe I have not specífícaííy known
of them as to theír future careers, yet I know of some who have
achíeved weíí ín daííy caíííng, and I doubt not that others of them
made good careers for themseíves, and wíeíded a heaíthfuí, moraí
ínfíuence.
These respected coíored peopíe of the past, segregated ín resí-
dence ín my natíve town so many years ago, I presume have
mostíy passed on to the great assíze. Doubtíess there are descend-
ants of some of them who are íívíng. Such may weíí refíect upon
theír íocaí ancestry wíth assuríng príde and gratefuí apprecíatíon.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
U I UE S0CI C0 DITI0 S.
|T E ísíand of antucket, set ííke a |eweí ín the sea, because
III of íts ísoíatíon from the maíníand by thírty mííes of water
area, necessarííy ímposes upon the resídents of the town
thereon uníque socíaí condítíons. n ísíand, € ” together wíth íts few
neíghboríng smaíí ísíands, € ” a town, a county, each bearíng the
same name, and mutuaííy and dístínctíveíy embraced wíthín each
other, ís a geographícaí feature probabíy wíthout paraííeí. Because
of these condítíons, € ” and markedíy so ín my boyhood, € ” seíf-depend-
ence and seíf-íntímacy, íntermíngííng among the peopíe there, are
essentíaís whích absoíuteíy formuíate themseíves.
In domestíc, schooí, church, commercíaí and aíí reíatíons íncídent
to everyday íífe ín recíprocaí ínterchange, there ís estabííshed a
fríendííness and an acquaíntanceshíp whích, perforce, bríngs resí-
dents cíoseíy together. Independent and ínterdependent, born of
the envíronment of the íocaííty, the ínterests of each, ín a generaí
way, at íeast, are specíaííy recíprocaí.
o communícatíon wíth the maíníand e cept by a steamboat
weekíy, semí-weekíy or trí-weekíy, as the case, due to seasons,
míght be, or by the occasíonaí arrívíng of a saíííng vesseí, € ” often
whoííy ísoíated ín wínter by íce bíockade íastíng weeks, € ” círcum-
stances of íocaí dependence were e períenced whích were essen-
tíaííy pecuííar, fífty and more years ago; so that ín my natíve town
we weíí nígh knew one another íntímateíy to the íast resídent € ” and
ít couíd not have been otherwíse.
Pecuííaríy fríendíy we were, due to the restríctíons cíted. s we
daííy met and íntermíngíed, we freeíy greeted and addressed one
another ín cíose acquaíntance € ” a sínguíar feature of whích was, ín
aímost every ínstance, the use of the míddíe íetter or name of a
person ín connectíon wíth the Chrístían name.
Such was the state of affaírs as I recaíí them duríng the few years
of my boyhood ín my natíve town. Teíegraphíc communícatíon
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
144 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
wíth the maíníand, teíephone conversatíon wíthín the town € ” such
were then unknown, the íatter usefuí pubííc servíce then not even
beíng conceíved. I very weíí remember the day when our íocaí
steamboat arríved ín the íate summer or earíy faíí of the year 1858,
€ ” the e act date I cannot gíve, € ” bríngíng the news of the fírst suc-
cessfuí píantíng of the tíantíc cabíe by the steamer Great East-
ern, connectíng the contínents of Europe and meríca. I remem-
ber, too, that that cabíe servíce proved bríef ín íts operatíon, for ít
was unfortunateíy soon broken; and was not agaín píaced on the
bed of the ocean and made faíríy permanentíy successfuí untíí
about four years íater, the work beíng done by the same vesseí.
The occurrence of aíí such matters came to us at antucket sím-
píy as ítems of news, but the practícaí e períence of them by
resídents was then but a pípe-dream. o communícatíon, noth-
íng but steam and saíííng craft connectíon wíth the maíníand, such
brought to us accounts of these practícaí utííítíes, so apparentíy ín-
díspensabíe to successfuí busíness and domestíc íífe. owever, íso-
íated as we were, and wíthout those conveníences, we were happy;
separated from the woríd, we yet had our bííssfuí e períences,
and aítogether, índuced by the naturaí restríctíons surroundíng us,
we were feíícítous, prosperous and uncompíaíníng.
Every e períence of famííy connectíon and acquaíntance; the
smaíí shop € ” many of them ín homes; trade at the stores wíth theír
varyíng íínes of commodítíes; the oíd-tíme dance; the eveníng par-
tíes of píeasurabíe character, the varíous out-of-doors attractíons
and pastímes, ín season and out, € ” by aíí of these manífoíd agencíes,
ín combínatíon, we necessarííy became a peopíe geníaí, companíon-
abíe and socíaííy heípfuí to the uttermost degree. The smaíí shops
have aíready been mentíoned ín these memoríes. They were an
ímportant socíaí factor, each of them.
0f eveníng díversíons the hídíng candy froííc was perhaps one
of the most noted, because of íts uníqueness. I never heard of
such e cept at antucket. rrangements made for the event,
ttíe young women, or rather the gírís, of the party, ín cíose as-
sembííng wouíd híde ín some home or píace of theír choosíng, and
there waít whííe the opposíte se searched to díscover where they
were so secreted.
íth that rare tact of woman, when she essays to use ít, those
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 145
gírís of hídíng candy froííc days so íong past were keen ín seek-
íng a píace of conceaíment weíí nígh undíscoverabíe. Carefuííy cau-
tíous, vígííantíy shy, they píanned and found a safe sheíter of cover
ín most every case. Equaííy keen of wít, the boys started forth on
theír hunt, fortífíed wíth a determínatíon that the quest shouíd be
theírs. It was a stubborn case of Greek tryíng to outwít Greek.
If the seekers had the sííghtest suspícíon, or the íeast ínkííng, of
the píace where those gírís were hídíng, they made a boíd search
and brooked no obstacíe to díscover íf they were there. caíí at
a house where ít was thought they míght be secreted, a request to
enter and make a search for them was aímost ín the nature of a re-
spectfuí demand. So popuíar was that one-tíme socíaí custom that
everybody entered ínto íts spírít, and houses were free to the soíící-
tatíon of the híders. The foíks generaííy were courteous and ac-
commodatíng to both sídes of the adventure and, on permíssíon for
the purpose, permítted search of theír homes from ceííar to at-
tíc ín a vígorous endeavor to fínd those wííy gírís. In many ín-
stances píaces sought for hídíng were such as oníy bríght and dar-
íng gírís wouíd possíbíy thínk of enteríng. íímít of tíme was
fí ed by set eveníng hour, after whích the gírís were free to fíee to
the open. Certaíníy the hídíng candy froííc was a píeasant íand
uníversaííy apprecíated socíaí custom, a rare sport ín the oíden
days, and I know not whether such ís now there practíced. If theír
hídíng-píace was perchance díscovered, then the gírís had to stand
treat for the candy froííc on an eveníng subsequentíy arranged
for ít. If not found, then the young men or boys of the party had
to províde the set-up. 0ccasíonaííy the hídíng-píace of the gírís
wouíd be díscovered, but such was very rare. Sometímes, possíbíy,
the gaííantry of the pursuers índuced them to be not too strenuous
ín theír search. In the decíded ma|oríty of cases the wít of the
gírís won, and they were feted as boys of my day ín antucket so
weíí knew how to do.
Many such ínterestíng eveníng companíes have I known ín my
young íífe ín antucket. 0ther eveníng festívítíes, dístínctíveíy
socíaí, materíaííy dífferíng ín símííar íínes from those gíven ín the
íarger centers, then prevaííed, and I presume such do now.
Ice cream at antucket was ever heíd as one of the deíectabíe
íu uríes. e used to thínk € ” perhaps we were too arrogant € ” that
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
14 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
the so-caííed antucket íce cream was a ííttíe better than that
anywhere eíse obtaínabíe. For an eveníng treat of specíaí e ceí-
íence, eíther by patronízíng the weícomíng quarters where ít was
for saíe, or wíth ít daíntííy arranged and served, wíth íts acces-
soríes, from the díníng-room tabíe ín the home, ít aíways heíd fírst
rank ín the opíníon of those who cíaímed to know what was the
thíng on such occasíons.
Ice Cream Paríors were numerous, ín homes and ín smaíí
shops where that uníversaí íu ury was offered for saíe. Mrs. Cot-
tíe s paríors on the north síde and about mídway of íberty Street,
and Mrs. eene s, on the west síde of 0range Street, nearíy oppo-
síte the oíd South Schooí buíídíng, were two weíí known to me ín
my youth. In each of those, on occasíon, when I had the príce,
have I sat wíth companíons at one of those ííttíe oíd round tabíes
and en|oyed a three-cent gíass of vanííía € ” the generaí favoríte.
By runníng errands, píckíng up oíd |unk and cashíng ít ín at
osíer s, and ín sundry other ways, have I earned the few penníes
€ ” to me then a consíderabíe sum € ” to gratífy my íongíng for that
prízed deíícacy. 0n the center of the same tabíe where we were
served the íce cream, there wouíd most aíways be a píate of smaíí
cakes € ” how weíí I remember them € ” known to us as hearts and
rounds. antucket name, too, I thínk, coíned from the shapes
ín whích they were cut and baked. They were e ceííent, or íooked
to be; but, aías, we couíd not afford one of them wíth our three-
cent gíass.
Temptíng, we couíd not íet them aíone e sometímes had
one, or a portíon of one, by heípíng ourseíves. íone ín the
room whííe partakíng of our cream, we wouíd reduce those shapeíy
cakes to mere sheíís, yet íeave them ín appearance quíte as faír as
when they came from the oven. íth the spoon we wouíd díg
the cakes out, very deftíy, from the under síde, and then return
them ríght síde up to the píate from whence we had taken them.
They then presented a good, but aías, a deceptíve appearance.
Deprecatíng, as I most certaíníy do, such cowardíy behavíor, now
as I revíew ít wíth a mature |udgment, I am sure that, as boys,
whííe we were oíd enough to fuííy reaííze what we were doíng, yet
I do not thínk that we íntended to be maíícíous or crímínaí ín our
conduct; ít was símpíy míschíevousíy thoughtíess, yet very wícked,
youthfuí deportment.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 14
Suffíce ít to say we díd not do such a tríck often; íf we had we
wouíd have been nearíy as often caught. apses of tíme must nec-
essarííy íntervene to get by ín such rascaííy work. 0ccasíonaííy
we were overtaken ín our mísdeeds. eíí for us that those gentíe-
natured and whoíe-souíed íadíes, at whose home íce cream paríors
we were so ungratefuí, were more gentíe and patíent than míght
have been the case. Pebukíng us for our mean acts, and gívíng us
no uncertaín understandíng of theír fuíí apprecíatíon of the ín|ury
done them, they wouíd íet us go under promíse to make good
íater. Under the círcumstances we couíd not do íess than keep
our promíse, and we wouíd ín some way earn the few cents neces-
sary to make restítutíon. I know that I never got reported at
home for such despícabíe conduct; had I, there ís no doubt ín my
mínd, even at thís íate day, what the after consequences wouíd
have been.
ooper s Ice Cream was popuíaríy known by oíd and young
throughout the town. The saíoon of ínus . ooper, on Centre
Street, nearíy opposíte the Methodíst Church, so gracefuííy pre-
síded over by the aíways geníaí, smíííng Mrs. ooper, wíth íts íong
counters on eíther síde of the entrance, those aííuríng gíass |ars
on the síde sheíves back of the counters, contaíníng choíce varíetíes
of candíes, the toys and other accessoríes whích added to the com-
modítíes there offered for saíe, ín assocíatíon made one of the most
attractíve stores ín the town. It was a fascínatíng píace, ííberaííy
patronízed, a specíaí feature, most ínvítíng, beíng the íce cream
paríors ín the room at the rear of the store, and separated there-
from by draped curtaíns drawn across a wíde doorway.
It was a notíceabíe fact, currentíy admítted, that on Sundays
purchases couíd there be made. ot so conspícuous as on week-
days, yet on the fírst day of the week the door to that store was
aíways a|ar, and we couíd, had we the penníes, get what we wanted.
That open door, suggestíng a weícome, entíced some of us chíídren
on the sacred day of the week to enter ít, and there, I fear € ” and I
opíne there ís no doubt of ít € ” smaíí sums gíven us for contríbu-
tíon ín Sunday Schooí were díverted to the ooper tííí.
t common, every-day € ” to use a homeíy quaíífíer € ” partíes I
spent very many píeasant hours of my young íífe at antucket
.
Especíaííy was that true duríng the íast two years of my resídence
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
148 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
there. En|oyabíe occasíons índeed they were, as we engagd ín
the oíd ííne of games popuíar at such gatheríngs. oung peopíe
resídent now ín my natíve town, I doubt not, have theír socíaí
eveníng functíons. Envíronment naturaííy bríngs the antucket
communíty, so íargeíy dependent upon ítseíf for íts píeasures, cíose
together socíaííy.
But apprecíatíng to the fuíí, as I do, present condítíons, I am
sure that never was socíaí íífe more íargeíy en|oyed by resídents
of my natíve town, both young and oíd, than ín my short acquaínt-
ance wíth ít as a boy. Educatíonaí and heípfuí were my then e -
períences, and en|oyabíe to a rare degree, and I íook back upon
them as moraííy benefícíaí and upííftíng.
The dance haíí has ever been a promínent companíonabíe attrac-
tíon. Under proper dírectíon ít affords a ííne of socíaí deveíop-
ment whích stímuíates becomíng etíquette and promotes gracefuí
personaí manners. The oíd-fashíoned dances of fífty years ago
were pretty, ín the fuííest sígnífícance of that word, and attractíve
because of the beauty of movement, and they were socíaííy effec-
tíve. The turkey trot, bunny hug, the tango, and other so-
caííed modern dances had not then been conceíved. ow eíevat-
íng, ín contrast, was the spríghtíy írgínía Peeí, the |oyous
Money Musk, the fascínatíng ancíers, the píeasíng ua-
dríííe, the attractíve Schottísche, the enchantíng Poíka, the
gracefuí aítz, and the aíways popuíar Portíand Fancy.
oung peopíe and theír eíders |udícíousíy engaged ín and en-
|oyed those oíd-tíme so-caííed Socíaís, gíven at antucket on
stated faíí and wínter eveníngs. Indeed, so popuíar were they that
often they were contínued through the spríng and weíí ínto warm
weather. Personaííy I díd not very fuííy engage ín them, because
I was of the especíaííy younger set. But I was often present as a
vísítor, and díd, ín the years 18 2 and 18 3 € ” my íast two as a resí-
dent of the town € ” have íímíted partícípatíon ín the partícuíaríy
attractíve square dances.
Many engagíng memoríes and retrospectíve assocíatíons cíuster
about the oíd Pantheon aíí € ” the favoríte dance assembíy rooms.
They were íocated on the north síde of Maín Street, nearíy oppo-
síte 0range Street, and were up one fííght of staírs. Píaíníy ín
memory I can íook ínto them and díscover them to my mínd as I
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 149
so íong ago famíííaríy knew them. Caívert andy and hís oíd vío-
íín cannot be dísassocíated wíth that one-tíme famous socíaí center,
e ít was who, wíth hís voíce ín caíííng off and wíth hís fíddíe
and hís bow, vítaíízed ít and made ít the fascínatíon whích ít was.
0ther víoíínísts there were; other socíaí trysts there were; but
there was oníy one Caívert andy and oníy one Pantheon aíí.
The dancers were by that socíaí aíííance drawn together, and the
vísítors ín consíderabíe numbers were aíways present, and there
was mutuaí en|oyment for aíí. I feeí very posítíve that there are
yet very many, once young peopíe ín antucket, to whom a recítaí
of the píeasures of those oíd socíaís ís revertíngíy ínspíríng. Mr.
andy had two sons, € ” one stííí resídent ín hís natíve town, € ” and
the three musícíans furníshed the ínspíríng straíns to whích the
terpsíchoreans gaííy trípped. Mr. andy seníor píayed fírst víoíín;
Caívert |uníor second víoíín, and Edmund the bass víoí: a trío of
musícaí e ceííence íocaííy prízed, and merry companíes trípped to
ít now so many years ago. More cíassícaííy traíned musícaí artísts
ín these íater days, and the fascínatíng fíníshed symphony orchestras
of modern tímes, are, as antucketers then apprecíated that oíd-
tíme andy musícaí combínatíon, not eíther of them quíte equaí
to ít.
scendíng the narrow staírs to that oíd haíí, aíí ímmedíateíy
ímbíbed a fervíd weícome, as the atmosphere of those rooms was
cheerííy redoíent wíth ít. Those socíaís of whích I wríte were ap-
precíatíveíy acceptabíe as to company and theír nomínaí cost.
They brought together an amíabíe group of peopíe. In my earííest
knowíedge of that haíí there was quíte a sízabíe píatform at the far
síde, opposíte the entrance. I remember when the haíí was reno-
vated, the oíd píatform removed, the fíoor reíaíd, and the entíre
space rendered avaííabíe for the dancers. t that tíme provísíon
was made for the musícíans by buíídíng an ornate compartment or
baícony, attached to the síde waíí, over where the píatform had
formeríy been, whích was suspended for addítíonaí support by rods
runníng up through the ceíííng and attached to the tímbers above.
t one end there was an openíng for the admíssíon of the mus-
ícíans, covered by a hínged door. To reach the píatform wíthín
and formíng the fíoor of that compartment, whereon were the seats
for the musícíans, an ordínary íadder was províded, and after they
had ascended theír throne ít was removed.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
150 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
There they were, wíth theír víoííns € ” ín those days we saíd fíddíe
€ ” and bass víoí, hung up on the síde waíí. Pecuííar, índeed, such
appears to me now, as I thínk of ít. íne o cíock was the pre-
scríbed eveníng hour for the dance. Promptíy to scheduíe, a merry
mí ed company had assembíed, and a fírst-rate tíme they had un-
tíí mídníght or a ííttíe past. I fancy that I can now hear the cíaríon
voíce of Mr. andy as he caííed off the varíous changes ín the
dances. 0íd-fashíoned musíc, homeíy and quíte commonpíace, yet
ít was pecuííaríy satísfyíng and e hííaratíng to those who engaged
ín those oíd terpsíchorean sports.
That musíc, together wíth the fact that the musícíans were ín
theír pen, and must there stay untíí the íadder was píaced for
theír descent, appears to me now most uncanny and quaínt. nd
so ít was; but, on refíectíon, I am sure that never a dance € ” as
those affaírs were caííed € ” under the more dígnífíed modern name
of a socíaí, ever gave more satísfactíon or proved more en|oyabíe
than díd the wínter seríes by Mr. andy ín the oíd Pantheon aíí,
ín antucket, and a heaíthy, geníaí ínfíuence radíated from those
assembííes.
n e ceptíonaí socíaí feature of days íong agone was the annuaí
antucket Sheep-Shearíng. 0ften have I heard the affaír spoken
of, and ít ís a matter of unusuaííy ínterestíng antucket hístory.
owever, as the narratíons presented ín thís pubíícatíon are íargeíy
remíníscent memoríes, thís sheep-shearíng story ís gíven much as
ít ís remembered by me from hearsay. mere frínge of that rare
festívaí ís to me reaí, and that ís my quíte vague memory of Bíínd
Frank, the fíddíer. I knew of hím ín earíy boyhood, as he ínfre-
quentíy vísíted antucket wíth hís oíd, very oíd, víoíín, € ” nay,
fíddíe.
umerous fíocks of sheep, varíousíy owned, once roamed at wííí
the vast e panse of moors, open for mííes across the sííghtíy eíe-
vated hííís, the equaííy depressed vaííeys and the píaíns of the ís-
íand ín the sea. or díd these roamers confíne themseíves to the
broad e tent of wíde-spreadíng acres wíthout and about the town.
0n the contrary, they made themseíves unduíy famíííar wíthín the
town, aíí too often províng a verítabíe nuísance and a sub|ect of
aímost índefíníte compíaínt. gate unwíttíngíy or careíessíy íeft
open or a|ar, or any other means of íngress appearíng, sheep found
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 151
theír way to prívate yards, weíí-kept íawns, and other prívate
grounds and íncíosures, to the quíte unbearabíe annoyance of
peaceabíe resídents, and often commítted díaboíícaí míschíef.
Each sheep bore a prívate mark of ownershíp, by whích they
were segregated and grouped when they were corraííed for the an-
nuaí shearíng. ow ownershíp of young íambs couíd be deter-
míned, wíth these vast fíocks of sheep roamíng and grazíng to-
gether, ís to me a mystery.
The annuaí sheep-shearíng was íooked forward to and antící-
pated wíth sínguíar píeasure. The festívaí, as I have aíways un-
derstood, contínued throughout three days ín the month of |une.
Fírst, there was the assembííng of aíí the sheep, and then the sep-
aratíng ínto fíocks as índívíduaííy owned; then foííowed the wash-
íng, € ” aíways an e cítíng, íudícrous, íaughabíe and en|oyabíe affaír;
fínaííy, the shearíng. Unmarked sheep or íambs were gíven an
owner s specífíc mark, then aíí were freed, to contínue theír undís-
turbed rambííng and browsíng.
here the sheep-shearín was heíd I know not from personaí
e períence or memory. I have an ínkííng that, on occasíon, at íeast,
ít was so heíd sííghtíy west from the present town, near where the
píantíng of the fírst or orígínaí town of Sherburne began. The
present water works of the town, as ís weíí known, obtaíns the
water suppíy from the pond, near where so conspícuousíy stands
the water-tower, now known as annacomet Pond € ” annacomet
ater Company beíng the name of that effectíve, and vítaííy ím-
portant, and híghíy usefuí town enterpríse. s a boy I knew that
pond as the ashíng Pond, because of the fact, as I was fre-
quentíy toíd, and have aíways understood, that there the sheep
were washed preparatory to the annuaí shearíng. Mr. Fred Eíí|ah
Coffín, a former antucket boy, and whose memory goes back to a
personaí knowíedge of the one-tíme sheep-shearín , ín recent
correspondence to the Inquírer and Mírror, says that thís annuaí
|ubííee occurred near the Míacomet Pond, due south of the town,
not far from the South Shore. I do not questíon but that he ís
ríght, yet I cannot forego my memory, as comíng down to me from
my eíders, that on occasíon, or at some tíme or tímes, ít was heíd
at or near the once weíí known, by name at íeast, ashíng Pond.
s I have repeatedíy heard the story of thís once so engagíng,
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
152 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
uníque and aítogether stríkíng ceíebratíon wíth the sheep, I have
aíso heard that thousands of them, ín one íarge fíock, once roamed
at íeísure and quíte undísturbed across the broad acres of an-
tucket s open íands.
n ímpressíve feature and ímposíng counterpart of that famous
annuaí anníversary was the bíg tent, erected for the occasíon,
whereín was heíd the ecstatíc festívítíes íncídent to and ínseparabíe
from that oíd-fashíoned and quíte forgotten, e ceptíonaí, once-a-
year ceíebratíon.
Unbounded froííc, heaíthfuí good-cheer, fascínatíng dancíng, and
an aíí-round good tíme, unquestíonabíy obtaíned, and ít was a
marked event ín and to the communíty where ít was once so con-
spícuous. Musíc was the essentíaí and captívatíng attractíon. ow
much there was of ít I never knew, but beyond questíon Bíínd
Frank and hís oíd fíddíe heíd the center of the stage. Pemember-
íng hím, as I do, ín my quíte earíy boyhood, hís vocatíon was then
forever passed as to sheep-shearín . e was an off-ísíander,
where from I know not, but I thínk from the Cape, and ín my
boyhood he was a cordíaííy weícomed occasíonaí vísítor at an-
tucket. That he was but a part of the sheep-shearín musíc ís
patent to my mínd; there must have been a harper, € ” as suggested
ín the foííowíng poem. It was wrítten ín 1844, by Charíes F.
Bríggs € ” I know not who he was. It was dedícated to and vítaííy
hoíds an essentíaí aíííed hístoríc part of the ancíent observance
wíth whích ít ís so sígnífícantíy and orígínaííy connected. The fírst
verse of that oíd poem has been índeííbíe ín my memory from
earííest recoííectíon. ere ís the poem ín fuíí:
T E PPEP.
0íd 0cean s stormy barríer passed,
The arper gaíned the beach at íast;
e seízed hís harp, he íeaped ashore;
e píayed hís wííd refraín once more;
The same oíd sí pence, tu and tu,
Echoed the shores of bíeak Coatue;
Twas tu I can t, and tu I can,
íí the way to shearíng pen.
0nward, but not unheeded, went
The arper oíd; hís form was bent,
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 153
ís doubíet wooí, hís hose were tow,
ís pantaíoons were cut so-so;
The peopíe gazed, the coofs admíred,
nd many stranger thíngs transpíred;
Coppers from many a hand were wrung,
s, wadíng through the sand, he sung, € ”
Tís tu I can t, and tu I can,
íí the way to shearíng pen.
Twas |ust mídway of aíí the year,
hen fíowers and fíeeces fírst appear,
hen grass ís grown, when sheep are sheared;
hen ííííes, ííke a íady s hand,
Theír scented petaís fírst e pand;
hen fíowery |une was ín her teens,
The arper, míd hís favoríte scenes,
Píayed tu I can t, and tu I can,
íí the way to shearíng pen.
The streets are passed, the píaín ís reached,
hose uníqueness was ne er ímpeached,
Dearer to hím than Marathon,
0r any píaín beneath the sun;
Dearer by far than hymns or psaíms,
The bíeatíngs of those new-shorn íambs;
Dearer than aíí that homespun straín
The arper wíídíy síngs amaín, € ”
Tís tu I can t, and tu I can,
íí the way to shearíng pen.
The arper seats hím neath a tent,
Made of a maínsaíí, patched and rent;
The curíous foík, of every hue,
ooked on as though they d íook hím through;
e sígnífíes hís caím íntent
To drínk € ” of the ííquíd eíement;
e eats a íarge three-cornered bun,
nd then, hís sííght refectíon done,
e takes hís harp, and píays agaín
The same mysteríous, wííd refraín, € ”
Tís tu I can t, and tu I can,
íí the way to shearíng pen.
Soon as the arper oíd appeared,
ríng was formed, a space was cíeared;
€ resídent of Cape Cod.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
54 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
-
Three íadíes, cíad ín spotíess whíte,
Three gentíemen, aíí dandíes quíte,
Impatíent for the dance, are seen
0n the brown-sward, some caíí ít green.
o ííght fantastíc toes beíong
To any of the |oyous throng.
They re aíí prepared to reeí ít strong;
The arper rosíns weíí hís bow, € ”
ís very catgut s ín a gíow,
íth tu I can t, and tu I can,
íí the way to shearíng pen.
The sheep are sheared, the reeí ís done,
The arper back to Coofdom gone;
My íay ís cíosed, you íí thínk ít meet;
Píeasures are aíways short when sweet;
Twas so when fírst the woríd began,
Twííí be so when the woríd ís done.
ho was the arper what hís straín
aít tííí you hear hím píay agaín, € ”
Tís tu I can t, and tu I can,
íí the way to shearíng pen.
ho the oíd harper was, íf there was one, or where he came
from, ís unknown to me. The poem íntímates hís ídentíty. Sure
ít ís that sheep-shearín , a memory ín my boyhood, was a uní-
versaííy entered ínto and rapturousíy en|oyed hoííday com-
memoratíon.
The sound of the approachíng beííwether, wíth hís prodígíous
foííowíng, aíí too often omínousíy breakíng the stíííness of the
síeepíng hours, as ín theír rude maraudíngs they unínvítedíy ín-
vaded and despoííed prívate property, ís a weíí-nígh obííterated
personaí memory back across the years to a now íong-dístant past.
Pecaíííng Bíínd Frank, the fíddíer, bríngs vívíd to memory
another of whom I knew somewhat ín boyhood. Eccentríc, dís-
tínctíve, and quíte síngíe ín cíass, I remember hím as contem-
poraneous wíth Bíínd Frank, and íf not an aííy, yet he was to
hím an assocíate or síde-partner. e was Barney Gouíd, the
pedestrían. n off-ísíander, haíííng from somewhere on Cape
Cod, € ” I forget specífícaííy, € ” he had, uníess memory faíís me, reía-
tíves at antucket, where he vísíted quíte frequentíy. ís specíaí
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 155
fame was as a pedestrían, and a-foot, he was, ín hís day, hardíy
outcíassed.
Many tímes I have heard my father, ín effect, teíí thís story of
hím. The schooner Pobert B. Smíth, Captaín athan eííey, a
packet between antucket and íbany for may years, fífty-fíve
and more years ago, was about castíng off from the wharf to start
on a tríp when Barney Gouíd appeared and asked Captaín eííey
for a free passage to íbany. posítíve, fíat refusaí resuíted.
Gracíousíy acceptíng the ínevítabíe, Barney píeasantíy repííed,
íí ríght; I íí be on the wharf at íbany and take your ííne when
you throw ít ashore. Equaí to hís promíse, he was there at the
wharf when the schooner Pobert B. Smíth was about to make a
íandíng. In some way securíng passage to the maíníand, Barney
ímmedíateíy started to tramp ít to íbany, reachíng there ahead of
the vesseí on whích he sought free passage. Probabíy ííght wínds
and other unfavorabíe weather condítíons unduíy protracted the
íength of that partícuíar voyage.
Barney Gouíd was índeed a character whoííy combíned wíthín
an unusuaííy personaííy made up seíf.
The recítaí of these socíaí affaírs, and mentíon of the personages
ín assocíatíon wíth them, ín combínatíon ís e ceptíonaííy íííumínat-
íng, as showíng condítíons rareíy dístínctíve. antucket ís caííed
and throughout many years has been hístorícaííy known as quaínt,
€ ” meaníng, perchance, curíous and fancífuí; odd, antíque. That,
too, ís generaííy accepted as appíyíng to the earíy píantíng and e -
períences of the town. E traordínary círcumstances, because of
unusuaí ísoíatíon, more reaí ín the past than at the present tíme,
gíves ímpressíve emphasís to the truth of that fact, € ” for fact ít
sureíy ís. But, such beíng true, ít ís unnecessary, as I show by
narratíon, to go back of my boyhood knowíedge of that town s
affaírs, fífty to sí ty years ago, to díscover events and íncídents
specíaííy índígenous and forcefuííy engagíng.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
T E 0 D-TIME TUC ET CIPC E.
k 0T EP never-to-be-forgotten remembrance of my an-
T tucket boyhood ís the círcíe. I do not aííude to the
w famííy círcíe, but to a círcíe embracíng the heads of severaí
famíííes. 0rganízed, or perhaps I had better say assocíated, € ” for
ít was símpíy a píeasant voíuntary comíng together, € ” the círcíe
used to meet aíternateíy at the home of one of íts members. There
were a number of such, as I recaíí, when a boy. I partícuíaríy re-
member the one wíth whích my father and mother were connected.
0nce a week, usuaííy on ednesday, they met ín the eveníng, and
for two or three hours had an en|oyabíe tíme.
The women each brought theír índívíduaí sewíng, kníttíng,
or patchwork, wíth whích they busíed themseíves as they socíaííy
mutuaííy deííghted ín each other s company. The men, as good
íookers-on, heíped ín the conversatíonaí part of the eveníng s
píeasures, and en|oyed together theír socíaí smoke.
Upon assembííng, as each came, greetíngs and weícomíngs were
spontaneous and recíprocaííy gratífyíng. Then the íadíes wouíd
get down to theír sewíng or kníttíng, aíí the whííe ínteríardíng theír
work wíth vígorous and constant taíkíng. If they accompííshed
much wíth theír work, as they most sureíy díd, they certaíníy díd
not íag nor íack for topícs of neíghboríy and fríendíy chat.
It wouíd be refíectíveíy ungratefuí for me to now say that to the
íatter they gave the greater amount of tíme € ” certaín ít ís, however,
they found much to taík about. I remember, from the other
room € ” for chíídren ín those days were ostracízed from the com-
pany of theír eíders € ” I have heard much that was píeasíng and ín-
terestíng; but not íate ínto the eveníng, for chíídren then were un-
der specíaí díscípííne and had to go to bed earíy.
Gossíp, díd they es, I must admít that they díd, íímítedíy at
íeast € ” for such has been, ís and evermore wííí be, a dístínctíve so-
cíaí feature of íocaí gatheríngs everywhere. The círcíe was,
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P -hPEPS0 MEM0PIES. 15
nevertheíess, a dígnífíed, companíonabíe and materíaí heíp ín neígh-
borhood íífe, and ít was an effectíve and usefuí functíon ín our
smaíí ísoíated communíty. hííe usuaííy each of the íadíes
brought her own sewíng or other work wíth her, they on occasíon
worked mutuaííy, each for aíí and aíí for each, as they co-op-
erated ín the fínaí productíon of an oíd-fashíoned comforter or
comfortabíe, € ” I do not know |ust whích name ís ríght, but eíther,
I guess, ís good enough.
I weíí recaíí those hand-made bedquííts of my boyhood. Theír
comfort, warmth and nícety fastened upon me such a íove for them
that I have never been a reaí fríend to, but rather have tabooed, the
more conventíonaí wooíen bíanket. n oíd-fashíoned town, oíd-
fashíoned methods and empíoyments, ín theír ínfíuence upon the
susceptíbíe períod of young íífe, wín one to homeíy doíngs and pro-
ductíons, and most certaíníy ímpress one wíth and íead one to
a devotíon to the quaínt and the restfuí. I wouíd not be under-
stood as not en|oyíng the new and the progressíve, for I most cer-
taíníy do; nevertheíess, chíídhood days, wíth theír íess of íu ury
and fínísh ín busíness, commercíaí and domestíc affaírs, have for
me a veneratíon and a never-forget.
nd so, wíth príde, I recaíí how I once watched the íadíes of the
círcíe as they skííífuííy fashíoned those warmíng bed-covers,
un er whích we síept ín coíd rooms up-staírs or ín the attíc. I
remember how the íadíes used to patíentíy sew together stríps and
píeces of caííco and other símííar materíaí, írreguíar ín síze, coíor
and pattern, but e pertíy fíníshed ín perfect squares, uítímateíy
sewed together, thus fashíoníng a síde of the comforter. For
the opposíte síde a seíectíon of artístícaííy fígured caííco, chíntz, or
símííar ííne of goods, was used. ence one síde of the comforter
was harmoníous ín íts fígure or pattern, whííe the reverse was va-
ríegated, írreguíar and íackíng ín contínuíty, yet aíways constítuted
because of the personaí íabor of our mothers, íts partícuíaríy at-
tractíve sectíon.
The sídes of a comforter compíeted, then came the co-opera-
tíve work by the círcíe. Meetíng at a home of one of the asso-
cíated company, ít wouíd aíways be prearranged to have the quíít-
íng-bars ready for servíce. Those bars ín píace, one síde of the
to be comforter was stretched smooth and tíght across them,
then ín íayers was carefuííy píaced the sheet-waddíng, € ” cotton-
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
158 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
battíng we used to caíí ít, € ” deftíy íaíd and ín suffícíent quantíty to
produce a warm quíít when fíníshed, and then the other síde of the
comforter was as carefuííy píaced over ít.
Then began the assocíated efforts of the íadíes. They aíí set to,
ínterweavíng theír work wíth theír socíaí conversatíon, the whííe
they were wíth needíe and thread knottíng here and there, regu-
íaríy and ín order, through from one síde of the comforter to the
other, secureíy fasteníng, tyíng and hoídíng ín posítíon the ma-
teríaís whích comprísed ít. s they gaíned on theír work the
comforter wouíd be now and then roííed around on one of those
quíítíng-bars, the bar pegged and heíd rígíd ín píace, the work
graduaííy proceedíng, as I have tríed to narrate, then further roííed
up, untíí ít was concíuded.
t that stage of the process the comforter wouíd be taken from
the quíítíng-bars, neatíy and artístícaííy the íadíes wouíd bínd wíth
braíd the four edges, secureíy sewed to stay ín píace, and the fín-
íshed comforter was the resuít. hat a fíne píece of work ít was
€ ” fít for a kíng, yet not too níce for a íaborer to síeep beneath.
To me there was a gíory about such home productíons that
ímbued them wíth a charm forever. The kínd mother used to
make, often by |ocose remark rendered apparentíy humbíe, yet
many artícíes so produced ín the home forever carry ín memory a
memoríaíízíng deííght. To-day, at the store, we can buy the bed
puffs, whích are símííar ín appearance as to sídes and knottíng,
and consíderabíy more artístíc do such appear; but attractíve, use-
fuí, and comfortabíe, as they are, yet they are not ín ít wíth
those comforters whích I have so often seen made ín my boy-
hood, and whích I have cíung to wíth apprecíatíve esteem through-
out the days sínce. The comforter ííke mother and her fríends
made has ever been the reííabíe good enough for me.
Those oíd-tíme quíítíng bars were a set of frames, restíng on
crossed íegs on the fíoor, wíth a fíat píece at eíther end, on whích
the bar rested whííe ín use, and ín whích were dríííed many hoíes.
The bars, wíth a stríp of canvas tacked on theír entíre íength and
to whích the comforter was attached ín the makíng, were round,
and aíso had hoíes dríííed ín them; on one of those bars as the
work proceeded, the comforter was from tíme to tíme roííed, thus
renderíng work upon ít easy and accessíbíe for the workers; an íron
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 159
pín was used for ínsertíon through the hoíes ín the bar, at eíther
end, ínto the descríbed fíat píece, ín order to gíve tensíon and
smoothness to the work ín process.
Suffícíentíy íarge for the purpose for whích they were desígned,
ít took a consíderabíe space for those oíd quíítíng bars ín a home
when ín use. Comparatíveíy few famíííes owned them, and they
were íoaned around. Generous ís a smaíí neíghboríy communíty;
borrowíng and íoaníng ís quíte uníversaí. Such was common ín
antucket ín my boyhood. In season quíítíng bars were kept on
the move. I recaíí a famííy who owned a paír of them; they aíso
had a deaf daughter. caíí to the front door on a certaín occasíon
was answered by the deaf one. The party at the door had some-
thíng to seíí, aíthough the wares were not vísíbíe, and she made
known her busíness by askíng a questíon reíatíve to a saíe. ot see-
íng the wares and not hearíng the questíon, but because of the quíte
uníversaí custom, presumíng as to the errand, she wíth the physícaí
defect ínstínctíveíy repííed by ínterrogatíve and posítíve remark:
The quíítíng bars o, they are íent. Confusíon and mísunder-
standíng was the resuít, but such was the íncídent.
Musíng upon the ardent toíí of those nímbíe-fíngered women of
so many years ago, I am now ímpressed, as I was not then, wíth
the seríous handícap under whích they so patíentíy íabored. rtí-
fícíaí íííumínatíon, to counteract the deepeníng, dark shades of
eveníng, was then at a íow state of perfectíon. The oíd-fashíoned
whaíe-oíí ííght was the depended upon íumínary. s those women
throughout the eveníng hours íoyaííy devoted themseíves to theír
co-operatíve íabors, here and there, to the number of a haíf dozen,
more or íess, standíng about on that tíghtíy drawn comforter ín
process, stood the dímínutíve tín so-caííed pettícoat íamp.
0n the manteí, € ” the hígh sheíf, ín the vernacuíar of those
days, € ” or at other conveníent íocatíons, stood other types of the
then ordínary whaíe-oíí ííghted íamps. íí, ín combínatíon, pro-
duced what wouíd now be regarded as a díscouragíng eveníng artí-
fícíaí íííumínatíon. The rays from those assocíated ííghts radíated
but dímíy across the íow-studded room, and a gíance toward the
ceíííng reveaíed an aímost ímpenetrabíe darkness.
een, ín mentaí retrospect, such now appears to me, and I mar-
veí at the fact that by the duíí and ímperfect rays of those ííghts
those weíí-nígh tíreíess toííers couíd achíeve, as they so weíí díd,
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
1 0 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
and produce such skíííed and fíneíy-fashíoned work. Memory
gratefuííy renders them a tríbute of weíí-meríted gratítude for
that whích they so successfuííy and neatíy accompííshed under such
unfavorabíe condítíons.
nother ííne of domestíc scíence, ardentíy pursued by the
mothers ín my boyhood days, was kníttíng. t the gatheríngs of
the círcíe and ín the homes such was a most actíveíy pursued
índustry. The oíd-fashíoned, íong, ííght-weíght, steeí kníttíng
needíes, as so deftíy handíed by those untíríng women, wíth the
quíte heavy wooíen yarn íooped ín upon and knítted on and
by them, gave to us then our stockíngs and our míttens. In
coíor, príncípaííy of bíue or of gray, practícaííy aíí the men and
boys wore those home-made products. Símííar work for the
women and gírís was ííkewíse produced from whíte yarn.
stockíng ín those now far-back days of any other coíor than whíte
for mother or síster was aítogether unknown. Such wearíng ap-
pareí, perhaps a ííttíe heavy and cumbersome, was nevertheíess of
the best hand-made goods, and was uníversaííy prízed.
The process of constructíon was by castíng on a few íoops of
yarn on one of those oíd-tíme steeí kníttíng needíes, and then
contínuíng untíí aíí. four needíes were ín servíce, and the stockíng
or the mítten, as the case míght be, quíte quíckíy progressed to
the fínísh. The thumb for the mítten and the heeí for the stock-
íng were deftíy knítted ín píace, whííe each compíeted artícíe was
níceíy fashíoned and fíníshed at the end. Such home products
were of a hígh order and were warm and comfortabíe.
The days under revíew most cíear ín my thought embraced the
four years of the Cívíí ar. Economy was absoíute; yea, ín-
evítabíy essentíaí. Fíour by the bag then came ín cotton sacks.
Such cotton was of an unbíeached, ííght-weíght materíaí. Pre-
empted of íts contents, that cotton cíoth was cíeansed and utííízed
for garments for the boys and the gírís. Every scrap was made use
of so far as ít was possíbíe to do so. Shírts for the boys and nether
cíothes for the gírís were wrought from ít.
s ít came ín sacks, that cotton on íts surface carríed the name
of the brand of fíour and other ínformatíon ín píaín prínted íetter-
íng. uíte índeííbíe was that príntíng, and garments, perforce,
were washed many tímes before ít fínaííy faded, íf, índeed, ít ever
was fuííy eíímínated before such cíoth was worn out. ence ít
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 1 1
was not unusuaí to fínd across one of such garments as I have
named, íf not ín perfect aíígnment, due to the cuttíng out, yet
suffícíentíy ín evídence so that one míght read ew Bedford
Fíour Mííís, or such other brand as a fíour míght happen to be as
contaíned ín one of those cotton sacks of a ííttíe more than fífty
years ago. udícrous, ín a way, yet the facts as I here state them
are a matter íncídent to war-tíme hístory between the orth and
the South.
The círcíe, combíníng the heads of severaí famíííes as I knew
ít when a boy, was a dístínctíve socíaí functíon of my natíve town;
I shaíí never forget ít; neíther wííí I forget that when ít broke up
ín the íate eveníng hours, the query was raísed and usuaííy settíed,
here shaíí we meet ne t ednesday eveníng
Condítíons fífty and more years ago, affectíng the cítízenshíp of
antucket, constítuted an unusuaí, íf not, índeed, an unequaíed en-
víronment. Pestrícted to índívíduaíísm as a communíty, ín fríendíy
ínterchange, € ” due to íocatíon and absoíute íack of teíegraphíc com-
munícatíon, steamboat servíce írreguíar and ínfrequent, no other
peopíes to run ín upon and vísít, € ” íocaí companíonabíe íntímacy
was therefore necessarííy stímuíated, and amíd such e períences
the one-tíme weekíy meet of the so-caííed Círcíe was a potent
socíaí functíon.
The fathers and mothers of bygone days, as they, by the Círcíe,
mutuaííy en|oyed each other s companíonabíe co-operatíon and con-
versatíon, rounded out and made more compíete a communíty íífe
of e traordínary restríctíon. The means of socíaí deveíopment wíth
them was a dependence and an ínter-dependence wíthín the íímíts
of theír own smaíí town. Because of the Círcíe prívííeges they
deríved a benefít whích made of them good and aíí the whííe better
cítízens. They now ííve ín memory aíone, and e haíe an ethícaí ín-
fíuence fragrant ín íts far-reachíng and contínuous upííftíng effect.
-
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
E I G P G C PPETS.
índustry ín antucket at the tíme of my boyhood, the once
e ístence of whích, I thínk, ís possíbíy unknown to the
younger peopíe now there, I can never forget. That was
weavíng carpets by hand íoom. The proverbíaí rag-bag was ín eví-
dence then, as ít ís now, and every scrap of cotton, wooíen píeces
or trímmíngs € ” rags € ” was economícaííy saved. There were, how-
ever, rags, and there were other rags. There was a dístínctíon wíth
a very decíded dífference.
I weíí remember how carefuííy certaín kínds were seíected wíth
a defíníte purpose as to theír uítímate use. 0íd, cast asíde, and
weíí-worn garments, as aíso fragments of wooíen cíoth, cotton and
wooí, and even of aíí cotton, were most scrupuíousíy preserved.
Torn ínto narrow stríps ín the home, sewed together at the ends,
and strung out yard after yard, these were then roííed ínto íarge
baíís, and ímmedíateíy were gíven the dígnífíed títíe of carpet
rags. They embraced every hue, shade and coíor, írrespectíve of
contínuíty.
hen a suffícíent quantíty of these had accumuíated € ” and ít re-
quíred a very consíderabíe quantíty for the desígned purpose € ” they
were sent, usuaííy by a member of the househoíd, to be woven
ínto a carpet, and I, as a boy, often carríed such to be so utííízed.
íe ander ussey, at hís shop on Gardner Street, was the
weaver. I most vívídíy remember that crude and to me then ínter-
estíng índustry. Cíaímíng my attentíon then, ít ís vítaííy of greater
moment to me now, as I recaíí ít and mentaííy íook back upon ít.
In fancy I can, even now, íook ínto that ííttíe oíd shop, and see the
work underway. That cíumsy hand íoom, whích I saw and knew
of ín my earíy íífe, now many years ago, quíte baffíes cíear descríp-
tíon. Set for use, the cotton warp, runníng íengthwíse ín front of
the weaver as he operated the íoom, was drawn to a tíght tensíon.
The carpet rags, as receíved ín round baíís at the íoom, were re-
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 1 3
wound on the spíndíe wíthín the shuttíe, whích the operator threw,
ríght and íeft, back and forth, as the weavíng proceeded. s he sat
at the íoom, each foot rested on a smaíí but quíte íengthy strínger
whích he aíternateíy pressed down and reíeased, thus reversíng the
warp and bíndíng secureíy the woof € ” the carpet rags € ” as he
síowíy wove the carpet. Dírectíy ín front of hím, suspended from
the top of the íoom, was a swíngíng frame, the íower sectíon of
whích was a cross-bar € ” the beam of the íoom € ” whích he wouíd
grasp and wíth ít bang hard, two or three tímes, the woven fab-
ríc, thus compactíy fasteníng and íntertwíníng the woof wíth the
crossed warp, makíng cíose and fírm the carpet whích was ín
weavíng.
I do not now remember whether he banged that síowíy íncreas-
íng carpet each tíme after throwíng the shuttíe carryíng the woof
through the warp, but I do remember that such actíon was frequent,
and by ít the fírmness of the work was attaíned. The warp, drawn
tíght, was attached to a roííer at the end of the íoom opposíte the
weaver, and as the carpet grew ín íength he wouíd wínd ít up on
that roííer, keepíng and securíng ít tíght thereon, the roíí growíng
síowíy but sureíy ín síze. nd, aíthough but síowíy constructed by
that oíd hand íoom, ít wouíd nevertheíess attaín a very materíaí
síze, as the many yards of woven carpet were roííed upon ít.
It was a crude process, that oíd system of hand weavíng, € ” but ít
was apprecíatíveíy effectíve ín the thought of the housewíves of my
natíve town. Many tímes I have watched the work ín progress,
whích I have aíí too pooríy descríbed. It was the fírst weavíng that
I ever saw. In the years sínce I have watched much símííar work
by modern processes ín dífferent íarge mííís, but never was any so
engagíng to me as that of my youthfuí days € ” and especíaííy so now,
because, from my present víewpoínt, ít was so awkward.
h such carpets as those were, made fífty years and more ago ín
antucket To my mínd € ” at íeast, my boyhood mínd € ” there was
never anythíng ííke them. That, too, was a uníversaí opíníon |eaí-
ousíy heíd by the grown-ups. ntícípatíngíy those carpets were
prízed above aíí other kínds. new body Brusseís, ín a home of
to-day, faíís ín satísfyíng as díd then one of those oíd rag carpets.
brand new hít-or-míss was haííed wíth uníversaí favor.
ít-or-míss, índeed ít was, and ít was more míss than hít; aíí
shades and coíors were ín evídence ín the fíníshed product, wíth an
1
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
1 4 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
utter íack of harmony, contínuíty or arrangement. et a new car-
pet of such rude make-up was weícomed to the home wíth a gratefuí
príde, and was used wíth aímost sacred care.
That oíd styíe of carpet makíng was weavíng and nothíng íess.
It was not rags strípped up, sewed together, and braíded by hand
ínto íong íengths, and as so braíded agaín sewed together on the
sídes and made ínto rag mats. 0ne attaíned a dígníty whích the
other had not nor does ít yet have € ” for I beííeve rag mats are made
ín these modern tímes, but the oíd hít-or-míss carpet ís a fragrant
memory of days now far agone.
Many and varíed were the índustríes ín my natíve ísíand town
when I was a boy. Such, wíth but rare e ceptíon, are there now
quíte obsoíete. Mentíon of them stímuíates memory, and bríngs
vítaííy to mentaí víew those actívítíes and the men and women
once so dííígent ín theír pursuít. It ís refreshíng, índeed, to dís-
cover upon refíectíon how numerous artícíes for domestíc use were
wrought by patíent, e actíng toíí and absoíuteíy hand íabor. síde
from the oíd íoom on whích the hít-or-míss rag carpet was once
made, there was no geníus or power appííed to íts operatíon, e cept
personaí thought and weíí-dírected hard work by the operator of ít.
Throughout íong, tedíous hours, the weaver devotedíy and patíentíy
e ercísed hímseíf wíth hís índísputabíy onerous task. It was often
a píeasure for me, when a boy, to íoíter ín the smaíí shop of
Mr. ussey and about hís oíd íoom, and watch hím as he so de -
terousíy wove a rag carpet. s I go back over the years by
memory, I thoughtfuííy apprecíate the obíígatíon whích I, as a boy,
wíth my eíders, owe to the men and women who accompííshed so
weíí for us, not aíone ín the weavíng of a rag carpet, but ín many
avenues of economíc and heípfuí advantage, gívíng us e ceííent
utííítarían artícíes for the homes and for the housekeepers.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
T E D 0 .
ínterestíng matter of domestíc economy uníversaííy prac-
tíced by antucket househoíders fífty years ago was the
conservíng and utííízíng of the faíííng raíns. Paín-water
was one thíng and drínkíng-water was quíte another; there was a
recognízed, radícaí dífference between them. o pubííc or semí-
pubííc water system had then been estabííshed; each home was for
ítseíf as to raín-water, whííe severaí famíííes obtaíned drínkíng-wa-
ter from the same suppíy. eíís, wíth the oíd-fashíoned wooden
íog-pump, were generaííy ín mutuaí use. ot every home-estate,
however, had such an equípment, but there was a neíghboríy com-
muníty of ínterest wíth regard to the índíspensabíe so-caííed drínk-
íng-water, whích was used as íts name índícates, and ít was aíso
used for aíí cuíínary purposes.
weíí wíth pump was ín the yard of many a kíndíy neíghbor, and
the use of ít by other neíghbors, for a water suppíy, was generousíy
permítted, usuaííy at the nomínaí cost of one doííar per year for
the prívííege. I speak of thís from a practícaí personaí e períence,
for one of my frequent commíssíons when a boy, under dírect order,
was to take the paíí and go and get some water. Thís was a
somewhat, as I then víewed ít, onerous task whích I was often com-
peííed to perform. That paíí was the oíd-fashíoned wooden bucket,
known and ordínarííy caííed the Boston bucket.
Paín-water € ” that ís quíte another sub|ect € ” a matter of vítaí
concern to every housekeeper. Practícaííy every home ín my boy-
hood had íts raín-barreí € ” usuaííy an oíd hogshead whích once had
a commercíaí vaíue as ít was soíd fíííed wíth sperm or whaíe oíí.
fterwards obtaíned by the head of the famííy, ít was cíeansed
and put ínto servíce as the raín-barreí. Píaced at the corner of
a house, on the back stoop, or other conveníent posítíon, a íeader
from the gutter at the edge of the roof of the house was connected
dírectíy ínto ít . nd so, when the torrents raged, or the softíy faíí-
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
1 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
íng raín descended from the over-spreadíng cíouds, the water there-
from was corraííed and found a íodgment ín the raín-barreí.
For many domestíc uses such water was apprecíated. In seasons
of sometímes protracted drought, the water, gettíng íower and stííí
íower ín the raín-barreí, ít became a matter of seríous domestíc
concern; such condítíons, too, aíso graveíy affected the weíís and
threatened the drínkíng-water suppíy.
Dístínctíy I recaíí the oíd raín-barreís. hen about haíf fuíí, or
even íess, we chíídren used to ííke to stand on some eíevatíon whích
permítted us to sííghtíy bend our bodíes over and baíance ourseíves
on the edge of such a barreí and hoííer down ínto ít to catch the
pecuííar returníng echo whích aíways resuíted. Men and women
now, boys and gírís wíth me, do you remember how you used to
hoííer down the raín-barreí Great chíídísh sport, wasn t ít
ow often we practíced ít, over and over agaín, píeased wíth the
reverberatíon and the resoundíng repíy to our caíí. hat a píace,
too, the raín-barreí was for wríggíers, who aíí too soon pestered
us as fuíí-fíedged mosquítoes. I wríte thís, not because the raín-
barreí ís no more, for I recogníze that they are now used ín many
píaces, and the faíííng raíndrops are conserved and thereín stored
for utííítarían purposes. The use of such a barreí, however, ís
nevertheíess íímíted, and ít ís very nearíy obsoíete, aíthough ín the
ruraí sectíons ít may yet be found on duty.
I feeí quíte sure that a hogshead returned from sea, emptíed of
the oíí whích ít obtaíned on the voyage, cíeansed and put ínto
commíssíon as a raín-barreí, ís now nearíy or quíte unknown ín the
town of antucket. semí-pubííc water system, of good, pure
water from the annacomet Pond € ” ashíng Pond, as I used to
know ít, € ” íed by contínuous maíns ínto nearíy or quíte every home,
store and busíness house, ín these íater days, and for severaí dec-
ades past, has certaíníy píaced the raín-barreí ín the memory cíass
ín my natíve town.
Present day ííghtíng systems seem to me to be weíí-nígh perfect
there. Conveníent, brííííant and effectíve, we faíí to vaíue these
matters because such are so easííy obtaíned. Eíectrícíty and gas ín
the home, store, offíce, and factory, for íííumínatíng purposes, trans-
form the shades of eveníng and níght aímost ínto dayííght. Strong
ín contrast are such conveníences, as I refíect, upon personaí knowí-
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 1
edge, of íííumínatíon ín my father s home ín my boyhood. The day
of the taííow díp and the cheap made candíe had, perhaps, passed,
but the oíí íamp and íts duíí ííght was wíth us.
Those oíd-fashíoned oíí íamps, then so uníversaííy used, and for
many years back of that tíme, are a permanent fí ture ín my
memory. They were varíous ín styíe, made of tín and of tín and
gíass. doubíe tín tube passed through a cap or cover and was
screwed secureíy ín píace to a metaí fínísh at the top of the íamp.
Through those tubes were passed soft cotton wícks, íyíng quíte fuíí
ín the íamp, whích graduaííy absorbed the sperm or whaíe oíí con-
taíned thereín. 0íí was a commodíty of whích there was a íarge
quantíty ín antucket when I was a boy.
In each of those tubes, |ust above the íamp, were síots for ínser-
tíon of a pín or símííar artícíe to píck up the wícks as the bríí-
ííancy of the ííght dímíníshed, whích was a frequent occurrence, due
to a burned crust whích formed on the top of the wíck and whích
had to be snuffed off príor to the píckíng-up process.
The pettícoat íamp, whích wííí fínd a famíííar píace ín many a
memory as ít ís presented for thought, was to be found ín practí-
caííy every home. It was four or fíve ínches íong, was made of
tín, the upper part beíng a buíb-shaped íamp, the íower part beíng
a skírt or pettícoat, on whích ít rested as ít stood ín use or ready
for use; on the síde was soídered a haíf-círcuíar íoop or stríp of tín
€ ” a handíe, whích served as a means of conveyíng ít about.
Most vívídíy I can now íook ínto my father s home and see
ranged ín a row on the hígh manteí € ” ín the vernacuíar of that day
I shouíd say sheíf € ” the row of íamps prepared ready for eveníng
servíce. 0ne of the essentíaí househoíd dutíes every morníng was
to fííí and trím those oíd oíí íamps. The ííght radíatíng from one
was very íímíted, and I have often heard the remark made that ít
needed one ííghted íamp to see íf another was burníng. Pestrícted
íííumínatíon, sureíy, and young peopíe of to-day know not how
bíessed they are ín thís matter ín contrast wíth the e períence of
theír parents and grandparents.
Foííowíng the use of the whaíe oíís for íííumínatíon came the
burníng fíuíd. That was a pure whíte ííquíd, íookíng very much ííke
water, and was híghíy e píosíve. earíy every househoíder was
afraíd of ít, and íts use was not e tensíve. It was burned by wícks
ín a íamp símííar to the oíí íamp. It was dangerous to e tínguísh
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
1 8 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
ít by bíowíng out, as we díd the oíí íamp, but such was done by
píacíng over the top of each tube contaíníng the wíck a metaí cap
whích was attached to the tube by a fíne chaín. Two tubes were ín
both the oíí and the fíuíd íamps, beíng cíose together on the for-
mer, but spread apart at the top and standíng at an outward angíe
from each other on the íatter.
The fíuíd íamp had a comparatíveíy bríef career, .whííe the oíí
íamp was the depended upon íííumínator through a íong term of
years. bout 1854 or 1855 petroíeum or crude oíí was díscovered
ín western Pennsyívanía. It was some few years íater before a
weíí of much depth had been bored, and the practícaí utíííty of that
product became evídent. From ít the popuíar whíte paraffíne candíe
ís made. In 1858, or possíbíy a year or two íater, kerosene oíí, an
aííy or bí-product of petroíeum, was díscovered and put ínto use for
íííumínatíng purposes.
íth the íntroductíon of the kerosene ííght the uníversaí opíníon
was that for brííííancy ít couíd hardíy be e ceííed. eíí do I re-
member the fírst ííght of that kínd ín our home. Comment upon
íts hígh íumínous power was apprecíatíveíy pronounced, and one
such ííght was regarded as equaí to a haíf dozen of the formeríy
used whaíe-oíí ííghts. That was the day of íts ínceptíon; íamps
were smaíí and hoíd a dímínutíve contrast wíth those of present day
use. erosene, € ” remembered by me when fírst utííízed as an íí-
íumínator ín the home, € ” by the ever íncreasíng síze and ímprove-
ment of íamps ín whích to burn ít, by the portabíe stoves used for
heatíng purposes ín the home, as aíso ín varíed commercíaí uses,
has proven one of the greatest boons to mankínd ever díscovered.
earíy, or quíte símuítaneous wíth the díscovery and íntroductíon
of kerosene, € ” perhaps ít míght have been a ííttíe earííer, € ” came íí-
íumínatíng gas, e tracted from bítumínous coaí, and ín a compara-
tíveíy short tíme the homes of the weíí-to-do were furníshed wíth
ít, the íayíng of street maíns and pípíng of houses through whích to
conduct ít foííowíng quíte rapídíy upon íts díscovery. 0níy the
weaíthy, however, couíd afford to use ít when I was a boy. I re-
member the buíídíng of the antucket Gas orks, and so through
the years have known of the rapíd growth, advance and varíous
uses to whích burníng gas has been appííed, € ” upon refíectíon, ít
ís notabíe ín contrast wíth my youthfuí knowíedge of ít.
0f the íntroductíon and use of eíectríc ííghts I refraín from com-
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 1 9
ment, because such are so recent that everybody, comparatíveíy,
knows about them and the wonderfuí varíed uses of that woríd
force.
I mentíon these severaí kínds of íííumínatíng ííghts símpíy to em-
phasíze, ín thought, the brííííancy and beauty of those to-day used
ín comparíson wíth the whaíe-oíí ííght of my boyhood.
To be sure, I am wrítíng remíníscences, yet I am far from regard-
íng myseíf as one far advanced ín years, beííevíng that there ís yet
much to be unfoíded whích ís comíng as a bíessíng and a boon to
humaníty, ín the use and apprecíatíon of whích I shaíí partícípate.
It ís a prívííege to present these matters to younger readers, that
they may díscover to themseíves and apprecíate the changes whích
have come and the rích ínherítance whích they so freeíy and abun-
dantíy use and en|oy.
ístorícaííy memorabíe ís the spríng of 18 1. Cívíí unrest, po-
íítícaí hatred, and cíass opíníon was then íntensífíed to the utter-
most. The natíonaí congress was a hotbed of bítter díscussíon, and
mutuaí personaí abuse of statesmen by the most vehement íanguage
characterízed íts sessíons. The síave questíon, whích had produced
a word wrangíe unequaíed ín hístory, was uppermost ín the mínds
of aíí pubííc men, whííe the common peopíe, íess actíve, perhaps, ín
íts consíderatíon, were equaííy aroused. Sectíonízed, the country
was weíí-nígh rent asunder, as the orth víewed and forcefuííy
spoke of that questíon, whííe the South, equaííy pronounced, con-
sídered and spoke of ít from an entíreíy opposíte víewpoínt.
For months such had been the fearfuí state of affaírs e ístíng
wíth the peopíe popuíatíng the federated states of the Uníon, whích
for patríotísm, íoyaíty and devotíon to unífíed ínterests had a
woríd-wíde reputatíon outsíde of that one díssentíng íssue. I was
then a boy tweíve years oíd, and ít was a períod ín my íífe never to
be forgotten. If, as was true, my eíders best understood and
dreaded the possíbíe outcome of that then natíon-wíde díssensíon,
yet I was not so young but that I understood and reaíízed the ter-
ror whích was ímmínent.
Those were days when the dístant ísoíatíon of antucket from
the maíníand was most seríousíy feít, € ” a dístance, not of mííes, but
of íack of communícatíon, e cept by some kínd of a saíííng craft.
There were no peopíe more íoyaí to home, fríends and country than
the cítízens of my natíve town at that tíme. Eager for news of the
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
1 0 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
burníng questíons natíonaííy dísturbíng, they had no opportuníty
for receívíng such e cept upon arrívaí of the steamboat, then the
Isíand ome, runníng to and from yannís. There was then no
cabíe connectíon by whích ínformatíon míght be transmítted, and
I weíí remember the suspense due to that cause, and how íong and
tedíous the hours and days then seemed, as we aíí awaíted the com-
íng of our reííed upon messenger € ” the boat € ” wíth the knowíedge
we so much craved.
It was a custom then, whích had obtaíned through many years,
that an unusuaí happeníng wouíd be índícated by a specíaí sígnaí
by the boat as she approached her ísíand home, whích was aí-
ways gíven by the settíng of a fíag ín a dístínctíve way on her
stern fíagstaff.
príí, 18 1, € ” the date whích marks hístory, foííowed ín four years
to a successfuí cuímínatíon of a seríous and bíoody cívíí war, € ” ís the
specífíc tíme whích I have ín mínd as I wríte. hether the boat
was then makíng daííy, trí-weekíy or semí-weekíy tríps I cannot
now teíí. I do know that on a certaín príí day I happened to be
on íower Maín Street, opposíte the oíd Potch Market buíídíng,
known to me as the Government buíídíng. Captaín |oseph am-
bíen, who then kept quíte a íarge íívery stabíe ríght near there, ín a
buíídíng bounded by ashíngton, Spríng, Candíe and Saíem streets,
as I recaíí those streets, was, wíth upward gaze, taíkíng to a man
on top of the Government buíídíng. I aíways remembered that
bríef coííoquy, because of íts then essentíaí sígnífícance.
I do not know or remember who was the man taíkíng to Captaín
ambíen, but I do know that he caííed from the top of that buííd-
íng, sayíng that he had síghted the boat comíng, and that she had
a specíaí sígnaí set. fter days of an íous e pectancy ít was
easy to dívíne the cause of that sígnaí. I heard Captaín ambíen
caíí back, as the fact of the specíaí sígnaí was made known to
hím: I guess they have fíred the fírst shot. Sure enough, when
the boat arríved, that was the ímportant ítem of news.
The fíríng on the steamer Star of the East, whííe carryíng sup-
pííes to Ma|or Pobert nderson at Fort Sumter ín Charíeston ar-
bor, on príí 12, 18 1, was the horror-ínspíríng message whích we
that day receíved. hether ít was a day or more after the hap-
peníng of that hístoríc event that we were appraísed of ít I do not
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 1 1
know, but I shaíí never forget where and by whom I fírst íearned
of the openíng shot ín the Cívíí ar.
That startííng ínformatíon produced a sensatíon the country over,
but not more so anywhere than ín the smaíí, ísoíated, yet íoyaí and
patríotíc communíty of antucket. íarmíng events muítípííed
fast. caíí to duty was quíte unnecessary, for voíunteers ímme-
díateíy offered themseíves ín íarge numbers to defend the fíag and
uníty of our country. In antucket, I recaíí the feaíty, devotíon
and vaíor of the men who sacrífíced home, íoved ones, busíness, € ”
yes, everythíng, € ” eníísted as soídíers, and went to war, many
never to return. Eníísted men es; but ín numerous cases they
were mere boys. I couíd name scores of them: ít ís not needfuí
that I shouíd.
síngíe ínstance, whích, ín íater days, has profoundíy ímpressed
me. In the Prospect ííí cemetery ís a grave before whích, through
years sínce, I have often paused and read on the headstone thís ín-
scríptíon: rthur M. Pívers. Díed ín Saíísbury, | . C| of wounds
receíved at Gettysburg, Dec. 21, 18 4.. |E. 1 . e rests from hís
íabors. Peaííy, he íacked sí months of seventeen years. e was
born |une 19, 1848, and eníísted ín the Uníon rmy ugust 13, 18 2,
beíng then but a ííttíe over fourteen years of age. e was a mem-
ber of Company I, Twentíeth Massachusetts Pegíment . I have a
copy of the offícíaí hístory of that regíment, whích, ín the record
of hím says that he díed a prísoner of war, |une 5, 18 5, € ” ín dírect
confííct wíth the record on the headstone at hís grave. e had a
ííttíe over two years of rígorous war servíce wíth the rmy of the
Potomac. Peaí sígnífícance attaches to the ínscríptíon on hís head-
stone, € ” e rests from hís íabors. Certaíníy ít was servíce e act-
íng and severe for one of hís tender years, from whích he índeed
honorabíy rests. In hístory and enshríned ín the memory of hís
famííy and fríends he was a hero and a nobíe boy. I remember hím
as a schooímate at the orth Grammar Schooí.
oyaí to the uttermost, antucket voíunteers numbered hun-
dreds, and ín proportíon to síze of communíty that famous oíd
town furníshed a íarge number ín e cess of íts quota, € ” I thínk e -
ceeded any other town ín Massachusetts. ot oníy the common
soídíer, aímost ínvaríabíy a hero, but the town was famous and
|ustíy proud of the íeaders ín effícíent offícíaí servíce whích ít fur-
níshed.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
1 2 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
0f them I dístínctíy remember Generaí George eíson Macy,
Coíoneí |ohn . Summerhayes, Ma|or íbert B. oímes, Captaín
Ben|amín B. Pease (my cousín), Fírst íeutenant eander F. ííey,
Sergeant-Ma|or Ben|amín . hítford, Sergeant-Ma|or Charíes
. Baker, Sergeant ííííam P. eííy, Sergeant |osíah F. Murphey,
Corporaí George C. Pratt, Corporaí Edward P. Green and Corporaí
Edward . Pandaíí. 0ne, at íeast, of those honored, and weíí-mer-
íted honorabíe, men ís now íívíng ín hís natíve town, € ” |osíah F.
Murphey.
George Gídeon orth, son of |ames T. and Euníce orth, a
cousín of míne, eníísted |uíy 18, 18 1, and three months íater, 0cto-
ber 21, 18 1, was shot to hís death whííe swímmíng the Potomac
Píver, ín the Uníon retreat whích foííowed the terríbíe battíe of
Baíí s Bíuff.
íí of those named were ín Company I of the Twentíeth Massa-
chusetts regíment, ín whích there were many antucket boys,
my brother enry beíng one of them. There were many ín other
regíments € ” especíaííy the Forty-fífth Massachusetts, whích díd
vaííant servíce ín orth Caroíína, but íf any such were ín offícíaí
rank I do not now recaíí theír names. Duríng that períod of na-
tíonaí struggíe, íoyaíty was everywhere apparent at home. I recaíí
the then so-caííed ome Guard, composed of men unabíe to do
rígorous servíce ín the fíeíd, who yet devotedíy díd patríotíc duty
at home. |ohn Frankíín Brown, a young man, taíí and síender,
havíng somethíng of a consumptíve appearance, a son of Captaín
Thomas Brown, of íocaí steamboat fame, was the rankíng offícer
of that home mííítary body. The íadíes, too, vaííant ín servíce, were
organízed ín behaíf of the boys ín the fíeíd, and by theír needíes,
theír cookery, and ín varíous other ways, províded artícíes of need,
of comfort, of food and deíícacíes, € ” many a bo contaíníng such
beíng on frequent occasíon sent to the brave soídíer boys ín camp
or ín the fíeíd.
íí through the four years of that awfuí Cívíí ar the resídents
of my natíve town awaíted news, day after day, from the front.
Peeríng ínto the dístance across the waters of antucket Sound
were turned many vígííant eyes seekíng for the specíaí sígnaí set
by the boat as she approached the ísíand ín the sea. ías, aíí too
often came the terríbíe news of the síayíng of one or more nobíe
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. . 1 3
antucket voíunteers, hundreds beíng shot ín the fíeíd, and many
dyíng ín the hospítaís or ín príson.
The cíty daíííes, as they were brought € ” |ohn P. ussey was then
the great news agent and dístríbutor of papers ín the town € ” were
eageríy awaíted, quíckíy bought, and an íousíy scanned for the at-
tractíve but awe-ínspíríng war news. ííííam D. Cíark, for many
years afterwards famous as a vendor of newspapers and as a town
críer, was then a boy empíoyed by Mr. ussey ín the saíe of the
cíty daííy newspapers.
Foííowíng the war, ííííam D. Cíark, as Town Críer, made hím-
seíf uníversaííy famous. 0f humbíe bírth, he yet, as a young man
and contínuous through many years, rendered a servíce ín that posí-
tíon whích made hím one of the best known personages ín town.
Trampíng through the streets, ever and anon stoppíng and ríngíng
a íarge, cíear brass beíí, he wouíd announce, ín the fuííest tones
whích he couíd command, every ítem of ímportant news, notíce of
specíaí arrívaí of boats, íectures or entertaínments to be heíd, and,
ín fact, every cíass and kínd of pubííc notíce. e thus became a
weíí-known character, not oníy to natíve antucketers, but equaííy
popuíarízed hímseíf wíth the summer vísítors. ís occasíonaí an-
nouncement, after vígorousíy ríngíng hís beíí, great surf at the
south shore, or, ít míght be, very heavy, hígh-roíííng surf and
breakers at Surfsíde, was especíaííy noted by the íatter cíass, who
gíadíy took advantage of a vísít to see ín actíon that aíways ínter-
estíng and wonderfuí maríne panoramíc pícture. In that servíce
Cíark gave the best there was ín hím, and to ít he aíso gave a once
heavy voíce, whích became, before he quít such servíce, broken and
aímost ínaudíbíe. e were neíghborhood chíídren, he and I, born
wíthín a stone s throw of each other, and our ages díffered but
ííttíe. íth hím I was assocíated ín píay and at schooí.
hat a decíded contrast between then and now. The arrívaí
of the boat to obtaín news so eageríy awaíted duríng those e cítíng
war years, was then our dependence; now by cabíe connectíon wíth
the maíníand ítems of news of every character are as promptíy re-
ceíved at antucket as ín other sectíons of the country, despíte íts
ísoíatíon from the maíníand. Then, as I remember, we gíadíy ap-
precíated the íímíted servíce whích brought us, after due waítíng, ín
touch wíth other sectíons of the country and íearned of íts happen-
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
1 4 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
íngs; bíessed now ís the prívííege of ímmedíate knowíedge of such
matters fíashed over the wíres and through the maríne cabíe. I
wonder íf the younger generatíon fuííy apprecíates these stríkíng
heípfuí changes. Sureíy there ís a marked progressíve advance be-
tween then and now.
sííght dígressíon to cíte a connectíonaí hístorícaí fact:
The estabííshment or constructíon of new busíness enterpríses
at antucket at the tíme of my boyhood there was conspícuousíy
absent. Instead of buíídíng new, the oíd was ín a state of decad-
ence, resuítíng ín a graduaííy dímíníshíng popuíatíon, as artísans,
mechanícs and íaborers were obííged to seek means for a ííveíí-
hood at theír vocatíons ín towns and cítíes on the maíníand.
There are, however, e ceptíons to aíí ruíes, and there was a memor-
abíe e ceptíon to the aíí-too-true fact |ust noted. There was, at
that períod, one new busíness enterpríse sígnaííy ímportant to the
híghest weífare of the town, and from íts erectíon on through aíí
the years sínce, ít has been and stííí ís of great advantage to íts
cítízens. In the íater years of íts operatíon ít has been most
notabíe ín íts benefíts, because of íts cheapened product, bríngíng
the possíbíííty of íts use to practícaííy aíí the marts of trade and
homes wíthín the town.
The enterpríse referred to ís the organízatíon and buíídíng of the
works of the antucket Gas Company. That was ín 1854. I was
then fíve years oíd. My father was ínterested ín the progress of
that work, and ít was near hís píace of busíness. 0n Sunday after-
noon, or after supper, he frequentíy took a waík. 0n more than
one such occasíon, wíth my smaíí hand cíasped wíthín hís, he took
me wíth hím, and the scene of that constructíve undertakíng ís one
of the remembered píaces where we stroííed.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
MEM0P B E PEC 0 TUC ET.
event wítnessed ín my earíy boyhood can never be effaced
from memory, and vívídíy I now recaíí ít, wíth aíí íts anímat-
íng features, aíthough ít stretches far back over the years.
Presumabíy no comparatíve change at antucket ís more progres-
síveíy ímportant ín the protectíon and safety of human íífe than ís
that whích provídes for the rescue of shípwrecked maríners. Dan-
ger ever íurks about those who go down to the sea ín shíps to do
busíness on the great waters. The many treacherous shoaís, sand-
bars and fíats ín the waters about the ísíand of antucket, as aíso,
occasíonaííy, the e posed shores of the ísíand ítseíf, íyíng out ín
the sea, constítute condítíons menacíng to the hardy saííor. In
tímes of fog, víoíent gaíes and hígh-roíííng surf, such condítíons
are vastíy augmented. E pert natíonaí government provísíon, how-
ever, has reduced dangers by such to the mínímum.
Seríousíy true ís ít that my natíve ísíand has aíí too often proven
a maríne graveyard; the sea about ít has enguífed scores of shíp-
wrecked maríners, and the íífeíess bodíes of many saííors, from
tíme to tíme, have been recovered from the angry sea, as they have
been cast up on antucket shores. ovíng sympathy, tender píty
and benevoíent charíty have never been íackíng on the part of resí-
dents, and Chrístían sepuícher has been gracíousíy bestowed upon
many unknown.
Duríng my short boyhood ín antucket I wítnessed a number of
severe maríne dísasters. In the breakers, and far ín shore, some-
tímes quíte ínsíde of the breakers, on the ocean síde of the ísíand,
I have seen many stranded craft, heípíess ín the teeth of a south-
easter or a south-wester, as aíso I have seen some whích have
been wrecked on the shores aímost wíthín the ínner harbor, where
they have been dríven and íanded by a fíerce north-easter or
north-wester.
The wreck now most vívíd ín my memory, because of aíí the e -
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
1 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
cítíng e períences whích accompaníed ít, occurred at ow Beach.
I am abíe to estabíísh the date of ít because an artícíe bearíng
sííght aííusíon to ít was pubííshed, as I recaíí, some tíme ín 1913, ín
the Inquírer and Mírror of antucket. .
In the dawníng ííght of the morníng of December 2, 18 1, a wreck
was díscovered on the south síde of the ísíand, weíí towards the
eastward. I cíearíy recaíí that memorabíe morníng. s I íeft my
home on Uníon Street for schooí I saw the apparatus of the Massa-
chusetts umane Socíety passíng aíong that thoroughfare. I at
once íearned that there was a wreck at the south síde, and that
thís apparatus and quíte a foííowíng crowd were aíí on the way
to ít.
I ran back ínto my home, toíd my mother of the wreck, that the
crew were ín the ríggíng, and asked her íf I míght go out to ít.
To my |oyous surpríse she gave her consent. Punníng back ínto
the street and hurryíng aíong after them, I soon overtook the
crowd and the íífe-savíng apparatus, and wíth them went to the
scene of that dísaster. That two or three-mííe waík on that coíd
wínter morníng, under the aííuríng círcumstances, seemed but a
short dístance.
I weíí remember the buíídíng whereín was kept that one-tíme ap-
paratus of the Massachusetts umane Socíety, wíth the name ín
goíd íetteríng over the íarge doorway entrance to ít. It was on the
east síde of South ater Street, a short dístance from Broad Street,
and opposíte the home estate of Frederíck C. Sanford. It ís there
now, where ít has been for so many years, a memoríaí of a once
usefuí servíce. The apparatus comprísed a íífeboat, a breeches-
buoy, a two-wheeíed gun carríage on whích was mounted a short-
bore howítzer or cannon, a cannon-baíí ín whích was fírmíy secured
a ríng-boít, and to whích was attached a short íength of chaín.
hen ín servíce a ííne was attached to the chaín, the baíí píaced
ín the bore of the cannon, and then wíth a charge of powder back
of ít, ít was fíred over and across a stranded vesseí, thus gettíng
a smaíí ííne to shípwrecked saííors.
To that ííne such unfortunates wouíd attach a íarger ííne, whích
wouíd be drawn ashore, the crew fírmíy fasteníng theír end to the
ríggíng or other part of the wreck, whííe the rescuíng party wouíd
as fírmíy secure the shore end. Thus a íífe-ííne was ín píace, con-
nectíng wreck and shore. The íífeboat was íaunched, the paínter
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 1
thrown around the íífe-ííne and heíd ín íoop by one of the men,
whííe the others of hís assocíates ín the íífe-savíng crew carefuííy,
wíth theír oars, worked the boat over the hígh-roíííng bíííows and
angrííy tossíng seas out to the wreck € ” aíways a hazardous pro-
ceedíng.
In such a way and ín such heavy surf the íífeboat couíd not get
nearer than fífty feet, more or íess, to the ííí-fated craft. Then ít
was that each of the crew, one at a tíme, wouíd grasp the íífe-ííne
wíth hís hands, throw hís íegs over ít, and through the seethíng
seas work hís way to the íífeboat. It was takíng a desperate
chance, one whích, due to the fearfuííy weakened and benumbed
condítíon ín whích a wrecked maríner was sure to be, too often re-
suíted ín hís beíng washed away and drowned.
Sometímes by the ííne shot across the wrecked vesseí two íífe-
íínes wouíd be fínaííy gotten ín fírm píace, secured at each end, and
these separated suffícíentíy to work thereon the breeches-buoy.
The breeches-buoy had a ríng attachment on each síde through
whích was reeved the íífe-ííne, or, ín some ínstances two íengths
of íífe-ííne. Thus, practícaííy, was arranged a boson s chaír. It
was so constructed that a man couíd get wíthín ít and puíí down
over and around hím a top or coveríng whích was made of fíe íbíe
materíaí. Thus he was compíeteíy shut ín as he was puííed ashore
from a wreck. ííght-weíght ííne runníng from the vesseí was at-
tached to the breeches-buoy and another to the shore, and by them
that íífe-savíng devíce was puííed back and forth untíí the íast man
was saved.
s I have descríbed ít, such was the íífe-savíng apparatus that I
saw en route to that wreck on that íong-ago morníng. I do not
presume that such servíce ís now maíntaíned at antucket by the
Massachusetts umane Socíety. The Uníted States Government
has díspíaced ít by the substítutíon of the e ceííent íífe-savíng ser-
více, housed ín buíídíngs píaced at dífferent danger poínts aíong
the shores, whereín hardy, brave men ííve and sacrífícíaííy devote
theír ííves to the protectíon and savíng of the ímperííed saííors.
In ííeu of the breeches-buoy whích I have mentíoned and de-
scríbed, there was sometímes used for savíng shípwrecked men a
paír of ordínary horse hames, made of whíte-oak, banded around
wíth íron, and constructed for use about the coííar of a horse when
hítched to an oíd-fashíoned antucket típ-cart. The íífe-ííne, on
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
1 8 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
eíther síde, was passed through the ríng of the hames, ordínarííy
used for reevíng the reíns. Thus those hames, strapped together at
the bottom, as they aíways were for reguíar servíce, furníshed a
rude seat for a stranded saííor, who heíd on to the sídes wíth hís
hands, and ín that way was puííed ashore and rescued.
The servíce províded by the atíonaí Government ís most e ceí-
íent ín equípment, ís thoroughíy weíí manned wíth captaíns and
crews, dríííed and traíned for theír e actíng dutíes. Its system of
patroí aíong bíeak shores, and íts code of sígnaís by whích vesseís
out of course, due to fog or other cause, are warned off shore and
away from danger, ís scíentífíc ín conceptíon and humaneíy heípfuí
ín practíce. In combínatíon ít ís a servíce of heroísm, and íts suc-
cess ín íts mercífuííy courageous work ís a woríd-wíde story of ap-
precíated successfuí efforts by íts íntrepíd and fearíess íífe-savíng
crews. I have dígressed sííghtíy to speak of thís modern íífe-sav-
íng servíce because of íts ímportance, wíth íts three equípped buííd-
íngs, at varíous íocatíons on the ofttímes bíeak shores of antucket,
so effectíveíy saíutary as compared wíth the íífe-savíng apparatus
once províded by the State.
But to return to my story of the ííí-fated craft. hen we arríved
at the wreck on that wínter morníng we wítnessed a thrííííng píc-
ture of dístress, and an íety was depícted ín the countenances of
the many wouíd-be rescuers and the íarge company of spectators
who were assembíed there. The wreck proved to be the bríg May
ueen, stranded near ow Beach, and she had been dríven weíí
ín shore € ” as I remember, wíthín about two hundred or two hundred
and fífty feet from the beach.
The men who were there to try to effect a rescue of those shíp-
wrecked maríners tríed not ín vaín. In the very teeth of the break-
ers íay the unfortunate craft; the crew were índeed ín the ríg-
gíng, cííngíng to the shrouds, where they had been for many
hours, theír cíothíng practícaííy frozen to them and saturated wíth
the furíous, ícy waters, whích, ín heavy roíííng seas, were constantíy
breakíng over the vesseí; they were benumbed, were outwardíy
more dead than aííve, and couíd have endured theír rígorous e -
períences but a short tíme íonger. They presented a pathetíc síght,
and I can never forget ít. fíerce wínd was bíowíng, and ít was
sufferíngíy coíd to us on shore.
Upon arrívaí at the wreck there was no need of the íífe-savíng
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 1 9
apparatus of the Massachusetts umane Socíety, whích had made
but síow progress to the scene. Two íínes were aíready stretched
and secured between the shore and the wreck. The successfuí píac-
íng of those íínes had been accompííshed by the adroítness of íí-
ííam |. Eííís, one of the then ew-Town boys, whom I most
píeasantíy remember. e was consíderabíy oíder than I, and was
a young man known by everybody ín town.
0f hím I boídíy state, wíthout fear of proven contradíctíon, that
he couíd throw a draíí attached to the end of a bíuefísh ííne fur-
ther than any man of hís day, and aíso, I as fírmíy beííeve, before
or sínce. íth such a ííne secure at the shore, he wouíd take a
bíte between hís fíngers of about one or one and a haíf fathoms
from the draíí, and círcííng the íatter around and around hís head
to gaín and gíve to ít momentum, graduaííy quíckeníng íts speed,
he obtaíned wíth ít a tremendous veíocíty and then wouíd throw ít
far out over the sea, often straíghteníng out a ííne of from sí ty
to sí ty-fíve fathoms before the draíí wouíd stríke the water.
By thís means he had reached the wrecked craft, and by that
bíuefísh ííne those íífe-íínes had been gotten to and from the vesseí.
Mr. Eííís made two or three unsuccessfuí attempts ín throwíng the
draíí on that morníng agaínst the terríbíe gaíe whích was ragíng,
fínaííy breakíng ít. Immedíateíy he took a píece of íron, I thínk
from off a típ-cart near by, and fasteníng that to hís ííne, he suc-
ceeded ín throwíng ít over and across the wreck. The two ropes
reachíng to the shore were drawn from the vesseí after they had
been fastened on to the bíuefísh ííne by the wrecked crew. The
feat of ííííam |. Eííís ín throwíng the bíuefísh ííne was íoudíy
praísed by the íocaí press at that tíme, for by ít the ííves of aíí
seven men were saved.
It ís a íong memory dístance back to the morníng of that tragíc
dísaster. It ís a boy memory, too, on whích I am reíyíng. Graph-
ícaííy rememberíng, ín generaí, what then occurred, yet as to each
specífíc detaíí I am not entíreíy certaín. My memory was that
those shípwrecked maríners were brought ashore ín the horse
names taken from the neck of an anímaí as he stood there that
morníng. fríend, to whom I presented the matter, has corrected
me by referríng to the prínted account appearíng at that tíme ín
the íocaí paper, the Inquírer. That account states that the rescue
was effected by a íífeboat, under command of Captaín íe ander
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
180 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
B. Dunham, and a fearíess crew of assocíates. Sínce my attentíon
was so dírected, I have a vague memory of that íífeboat. I cannot
dísabuse my mínd, however, of the fírm ímpressíon that those ím-
perííed men were drawn from that vesseí ín those horse hames.
It may be that ín them they were drawn to that íífeboat, ínstead of
síídíng aíong the íífe-ííne, as I have descríbed. The fact ís, that the
apparatus of the Massachusetts umane Socíety, taken to the shore
that morníng, was not used at that wreck. The ímportant factor
ís that aíí those endangered men were saved.
Captaín Dunham was one of the sons of George. e was a wa-
ter-dog of heroísm and daríng. Intrepíd and vaíorous, but not
fooíhardy, no obstacíe of wínd, wave or storm daunted hím when
human íífe was at stake. Uníversaííy known and as wídeíy es-
teemed, íec Dunham, as he was aíways caííed, was a rare type
of the sturdy and the reííabíe. íec Dunham and hís boat for-
ever ííve ín poetíc verse, whích has been quíte wídeíy pubííshed.
That poem refers to hís boat ín whích he used to take out saíííng
and físhíng partíes, or aíí too often used for the more rígorous,
venturesome and humane servíce of íífe savíng from wrecked craft
on the hídden shoaís or surf-swept shores of antucket. In aíí
such caíííngs he was a gaííant adept. e was most híghíy regarded
for hís cordíaííty and hís aíways geníaí bearíng.
0n the morníng of that now far-away wreck he and the vaííant
men wíth hím accompííshed a hercuíean humane act. number
of brave efforts were made by that courageous crew ín theír íífe-
boat over mountaín-roíííng surf, to reach that stranded vesseí, but
ín vaín. fter the íífe-ííne was ashore and secured, wíth the
paínter of theír boat about ít, by that combíned means they
graduaííy and successfuííy worked theír way out towards the
wreck, as evídenced by the record of the report prínted at that
tíme.
The rescuíng party comprísed Captaín íe ander B. Dun-
ham, Captaín Davíd G. Patterson, Davíd Bowen, Edward ustín,
Davíd B- ndrews, George . Dunham and orín . Dunham.
The íast two were brothers to the captaín. s I wríte thís story,
fífty-two years after íts tragíc happeníngs, orín . Dunham ís the
íone survívor of that dauntíess crew. Each of those men was
resoíute and fearíess, and the heroíc deed accompííshed by them, as
here toíd as a memoríaí, ís a sígnaí one of many símííar whích gave
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 181
them dístínctíon and generaí favor. Captaín Davíd G. Patterson,
of that crew, was one of the most skííífuí and wídeíy known
pííots of the waters about southeastern ew Engíand and ew
ork.
s each man, one at a tíme, ín turn, grasped wíth hís hands the
íífe-ííne, amíd períí and díffícuíty, he síowíy moved towards and
was fínaííy íanded ín that íífeboat as she tossed on those tempest-
uous seas. 0ver and agaín duríng the process, each was hídden
from víew, submerged by the hígh-roíííng waves. Fínaííy aíí were
safeíy brought to the beach, and the tensíon of e cítement under
whích each of that crowd was heíd, as watchers en the shore, was
broken, and hearty píaudíts greeted those sturdy rescuers. rapped
ín heavy bíankets, or símííar artícíes, for protectíon, each, ímmedí-
ateíy upon rescue, was taken by wagon, carríage or by spríng-
cart to town, the best speed urged from the horse whích couíd be
obtaíned.
So benumbed wíth coíd, wet and weíí-nígh compíeteíy e hausted
was each of those unfortunate men that, duríng the tríp to town, ít
was necessary to keep up vígorous e ercíse upon them, amountíng
aímost to poundíng, that they shouíd not íapse ínto a drowse or
síeep before they couíd be recíothed, warmed and put ín condítíon
for bed, where each was so píaced as soon as they were fít. os-
pítabíe homes awaíted theír comíng; sympathetíc hands and hearts
mínístered to theír comfort; hot, stímuíatíng drínks were gíven
them, and, as I recaíí, each was fínaííy restored to a normaí condí-
tíon, not a death resuítíng from those terríbíe e períences of hours
of torturíng e posure.
The crew ín that íífeboat, too, after theír heroíc and successfuí
efforts, were weíí-nígh e hausted, and requíred spíríted and care-
fuí attentíon ín símííar ways as díd the men whom they had so gaí-
íantíy saved.
That morníng, wíth aíí íts e cítement, as I have here tríed to nar-
rate ít, wííí never fade from my memory. That vesseí, íess for-
tunate than her seríousíy ímperííed crew, proved a totaí íoss, break-
íng up quíte quíckíy, and ín íarge and smaíí remnants washed up
on the shore near and far from where she orígínaííy grounded. She
saííed from some port ín the est Indíes, and was íaden wíth mo-
íasses, ín íarge casks or hogsheads, much of whích afterwards
washed out of her ínto the sea and was recovered at scattered dís-
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
182 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
tances aíong the shore. I do not remember where she was bound
wíth her consígned cargo.
So vívíd ín my mínd now, that terríbíe wreck, wíth aíí íts attend-
ant círcumstances and períís, ís one of the most affectíng remem-
bered events of my earíy boyhood.
hííe the foííowíng poem ís no part of the story of that
Memorabíe reck, yet ít ís sígnífícantíy germane to ít. íec
Dunham, the gone but remembered hero ín the poem, was, as
narrated, the chívaírous skípper of the íífeboat by whích those shíp-
wrecked maríners were saved.
The poem beíongs to a íater date, and memoríaíízes the popuíar
master and hís saííboat, who were for many years famíííar and
famous ín antucket waters, because of unnumbered píeasure
tríps carryíng partíes who en|oyed saíííng; or, agaín and agaín, as
that boat and íts humane captaín, ín heavy servíce, gave effectíve
aíd to marooned and ímperííed saííors. It was wrítten by Mr.
Charíes enry ebb, and ít sígnaís the passíng of the once brave,
never knowíng fear, uníversaííy beíoved, and so weíí known Cap-
taín íe ander B. Dunham; he díed ovember 8, 1884, aged fífty-
sí years and three months. t the tíme he so undauntedíy, ín the
face of great períí, and so successfuííy guíded and controííed that
íífeboat ín the rescue of those saííors from that terríbíe wreck,
of whích I have wrítten from personaí knowíedge, he was but
thírty-three years and four months oíd.
EC DU M S B0 T.
There she ííes at her mooríngs,
The ííttíe two-master,
nsweríng not now
The caíí of dísaster.
oose swíngs the rudder,
Unshípped the tíííer € ”
Crossíng the Bar so
0ne sea wouíd fííí her.
Foresaíí and maínsaíí
In íoose foíds are íyíng;
aked the mastheads are € ”
o pennon fíyíng;
Seaweed and wreck
ííke may dríft past her;
ere ííes the pííot-boat € ”
here ís her master
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 183
antern at Great Poínt,
Bríghtíy ít burnetíí;
Beacon on Brant Poínt
The sígnaí returneth;
Far out to sea
Sankaty fíashes € ”
híte on the shore
The crested wave dashes.
Strídent northeaster
nd smoky sou wester € ”
Caíí for the pííot-boat,
Eager to test her,
nd a shíp on the Bar,
|ust where the waves cast her
Moored ííes the pííot-boat € ”
here ís her master
0h, barque dríftíng ín,
God send that you íee get
Past Tuckernuck shoaís,
The reefs of Muskeget.
There go mínute guns;
ow faster and faster € ”
But no more to theír aíd
Fííes the ííttíe two-master.
For the pííot one níght
eft hís boat as you see her € ”
íght moored, that íf sígnaí came
e ready míght free her;
But not from her mooríngs
Díd the pííot s hand cast her,
Though a sígnaí he answered € ”
0ne set by the Master.
Gone, say you, and whíther
ou ask me whích way
ent good pííot as ever
Brought shíp ínto bay
ho shaíí say how he cast off,
If to starboard or íarboard
But of one thíng I m sure € ”
The pííot s safe harbored.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
0 D-TIME TUC ET ME T UCTI0 S D
FIS S ES.
|f USI ESS ínterchange índísputabíy promotes and íntensífíes
ííw socíaííty. Cíose fríendshíps, heípfuí and enduríng, grow
out of daííy store trade. Such undeníabíy ís true, as a
ruíe, but of course ít has íts e ceptíons, as aíí ruíes have. In a
smaíí communíty thís truth ís more emphatíc than eísewhere, and
ít was sígnífícantíy so ín my boyhood days ín antucket. Two
íínes of traffíc there were at that tíme whích forcefuííy íííustrated
thís fact. Those were the meat auctíons and the saíe of fresh
físh € ” íf not orígínaí, as there and then conducted, they were
sureíy uníque.
I doubt íf a antucket meat auctíon had íts counterpart any-
where. E ceptíonaí, aííuríng, ínterestíng and drawíng € ” ít ín-
varíabíy caught a crowd. Socíaííty and profít combíned ín those
one-tíme trade e changes. The auctíons were heíd on the íower
square on the north síde of Maín Street € ” the sectíon about oppo-
síte the end of Uníon Street. Tabíes were píaced on cross-
horses, and on those tabíes was díspíayed a great varíety of fresh
and saít meats, arranged ín pííes, or assembíed ín communíty,
for choíce by the aíways-on-hand buyer.
s each so arranged pííe awaíted íts saíe and transportatíon ít
was usuaííy heíd together by a skewer thrust through ít, the
íarger end of whích for about two ínches of íts íength had been
fíattened, and on the fíat surface the íot number and the weíght
of the meat whích ít heíd together were wrítten ín pounds and
ounces. Ten o cíock was the appoínted hour to begín the auctíon,
and a few mínutes príor to that tíme, Tímothy . Píddeíí, the then
auctíoneer, wouíd íeísureíy waík about ín the vícíníty of the píace
of saíe, vígorousíy ríngíng hís íarge brass hand-beíí, wíth swíngíng
tongue € ” a sound famíííar to the ears of the prospectíve buyers and
to the curíous. Immedíateíy aíí began to faíí ín and surround
the tabíes spread over wíth the dífferentíatíng íots of meat.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 185
The auctíoneer, ín hís own ínímítabíe vernacuíar € ” Mr. Píddeíí
was an e pert at ít € ” wouíd state the condítíons and the terms of
saíe. In that statement ít was ínvaríabíy saíd that the meats of-
fered were |ust as good as couíd be had at any market ín town.
s he taíked he wouíd ínter|ect hís apt humorous e pressíons,
crackíng or tryíng to crack |okes aíí the whííe. e wouíd
then caíí for bíds wíth choíce of seíectíon, as each íot was spe-
cíaíízed by number. The crowd ímmedíateíy got busy, bíddíng
was spíríted, and fínaííy the entíre stock was soíd; yes, soíd, € ” the
meats and some of the purchasers. It was an unconceaíed fact that,
under condítíons as narrated, príces often ran hígher than for sím-
ííar goods at the market.
Before the saíe was fínaííy concíuded, many íots of meat were on
the way to homes ín dífferent parts of the town, the buyer deftíy
carryíng them on the skewer. íí saíes were stríctíy for cash,
and the purchaser was requíred to at once settíe wíth the cashíer.
ow sínguíar an oíd-tíme antucket meat auctíon now appears
to me. Possíbíy they are now conducted there; íf so, I seríousíy
doubt íf aíí the fí íns as of oíd accompany them. fter so many
years resídence ín a broader and entíreíy dífferent envíronment, a
revíew of that pecuííar custom, wíth whích I was once so famíííar,
ís to me as entertaíníng as ít ís ínterestíng.
0rdínarííy the stock for the meat auctíon came from Dunham s
market. arríson Grey 0tís Dunham, the father, and Charíes .
Dunham, son, were the propríetors. I thínk at one tíme they were
so assocíated together, and I thínk, too, that the father was the
orígínaí ín the busíness. In the íater years, as I knew ít, Charíes
was aíone propríetor. Both were respected and esteemed cítízens
and busíness men ín the town.
The eíder I weíí remember, sterííng ín character, an ímpressíve
personage, wíth íarge physíque, commandíng because of these
traíts, and I famíííaríy recaíí hím, and mentaííy now see hís íarge
round face, hís mí ed gray haír and whískers. e was possessed
of characterístícs whích, especíaííy at a meat auctíon, were hu-
morous and píeasíng. hen he assumed the roíe of auctíoneer,
as he frequentíy díd, they were often absurd. ís own vernacuíar,
on such an occasíon, wouíd not aíone entertaín the crowd, but
equaííy so Mr. Píddeíí, who heíd the íegaí commíssíon.
ny word, and the most unused and unordínary íong one, that
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
18 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
Mr. Dunham caught from any source, wouíd be brought ín, fít or
mísfít, to hís auctíoneer taík as he soíícíted bíds. I have often
heard thís saíd of hím, as, índeed, I have heard from hís ííps pub-
íícíy, the use of such íncongruous and out-of-harmony Engíísh.
There were those who saíd that he used to study and e ercíse hím-
seíf to get hoíd of such words. The bígger the word, and the
more unpronounceabíe, evídentíy best suíted hím, and hís pronun-
cíatíons were certaíníy, at tímes, íudícrous and íaughabíe.
Funny, pecuííaríy funny, was the meat auctíon of my boyhood
at antucket. Mr. Píddeíí, the auctíoneer, Mr. Dunham, the some-
tímes auctíoneer, the buyers of those meats now so many years
ago, are, I thínk, aíí gone to theír fathers, and míne and many
another memory ínhaíe a fragrance of thought as each píeasíngíy
refíects € ” and he can refíect ín no other way € ” on those pecuííar
marts of trade whích I have tríed to descríbe.
Then the saíes of fresh físh. gaín, ín refíectíon, we are wíth
the tabíes on the íower square, ín about the same íocaííty as the
meat auctíon. The físh tabíes were smaííer than those used for
the saíe of meats, about four or fíve feet íong and two or two and
a haíf feet wíde. |ust píaín wooden portabíe tabíes, supported by
a íeg at each of the four corners. From them was offered for saíe,
aímost daííy ín good weather, € ” usuaííy ín the afternoon, € ” fresh físh,
each ín íts season. Scup ríght from the water, fíve cents a pound
whoíe; seven cents spíít. hoíe was a mísnomer, for those físh
so soíd were not whoíe, but were most carefuííy dressed and
cíeaned. Scaíes, heads, entraíís, aíí were removed; pure, cíean
water then rendered them perfect to take home. Spíít, each síde
was cut off and away from the bone, ín fínest fashíon, to brown ín
fryíng; no bones e cept the few short ones of the nape. 0ther
spríng físh there were, royaí and deíectabíe, íncíudíng the bíue,
the tautog or bíack bass, whííe the aíí-the-year-round cod
was aíways ín the market, and was ín constant demand, fresh,
corned, or saíted.
Then agaín, and quíte often, those hardy físhermen wouíd obtaín
a íarge prízed swordfísh. Píaced on the tabíes ín íarge sectíons,
there you couíd get ít € ” sí cents a pound for the body; eíght cents
for nape. Because a ííttíe fatter, the nape aíways commanded
the hígher príce.
ere once more the skewer was ín evídence. Meats soíd at
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 18
auctíon, or fresh físh from the tabíes on the íower square € ” wrap
up such to take home o, never That wouíd have been a
breach of tradítíon and íocaí practíce. But after purchase, whích-
ever of the commodítíes named, ít wouíd be strung on a skewer,
and wíth the íarge end ín hís hand, and carríed on a sííght upper
íncííne to prevent píeces from sííppíng off, the purchaser wouíd
thus take ít home.
If a codfísh was soíd whoíe, after thorough cíeaníng, a stríng
wouíd be tíed around the taíí, then passed through the head by the
mouth, drawn quíte tense, causíng a curve ín the shape of the físh,
and ín that way deíívered to be taken home. 0rígínaí, yet practí-
caí, antucketers were never abashed ín thus conveyíng theír pur-
chases.
skewer € ” known to everybody ín a físh town (anyway ín my
natíve town) € ” may be unfamíííar to some readíng thís story.
Bríefíy descríbed ít was € ” or ís, for I presume such are now used € ” a
smaíí stíck cut from soft wood and rounded, about eíght or ten
ínches íong, haíf an ínch or thereabouts ín díameter, concaved two
thírds of íts íength to a sharp poínt. Pushed through and thus
stríngíng together severaí píeces of meat or físh, quíte a ííttíe quan-
títy can be conveyed by ít.
Those staíwart físhermen, how weíí I remember some of them € ”
they are not as I wríte thís remíníscence. onor and peace- to
theír memory. atson Burgess and hís son ííííam were two of
them, and they were known to every one at antucket ín theír day.
The father was a íarge man, and the son was aíso of good síze;
we aíí haííed and spoke of the íatter as Bíííy Burgess. Then,
too, there was George Dunham, taíí, spare and hardy. ívídíy I
now see hím, wíth hís cíay pípe, wíth stem broken off about haíf-
way to the bowí, tíghtíy cíenched ín hís teeth, aímost ínvaríabíy
upsíde down, and the short, quíck puffs of smoke bíown from hís
mouth, as he puííed upon that oíd dudeen. e and the Burgesses
were emínentíy typícaí oíd-schooí físhermen.
Mr. Dunham was a character ínterestíng. Severaí sons were
born to hím € ” we used to say the thousand Dunhams; yet theír
famííy was no more proíífíc than many another íocaí one at that
tíme. hííe of the same name, yet I thínk he was not reíated to
the Dunhams spoken of ín connectíon wíth the meat auctíons.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
188 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
The sons of George Dunham were weíí known € ” one or more are
stííí íívíng. íe ander € ” íec € ” was a most popuíar man wíth hís
boat on íocaí waters; Tímothy M. and orín . were aíso weíí and
favorabíy known. The youngest son was |ohn oward, and he
was hís own ínímítabíe seíf € ” a taíí, spare, gawky make-up of a
young man, and everybody ín town knew hím. Físh havíng been
soíd by the father under promíse of deíívery to the home of the
purchaser, he wouíd dírect thís partícuíar son to take them there.
Thís ís a sampíe of what was usuaííy the coííoquy:
Father € ” |ohn oward, take these físh up to Captaín Smíth.
Son € ” I won t.
Father € ” Then I íí teíí your mother.
umorous, índeed; but then often such happened.
íí weíí known, yet of those Dunham boys Captaín ííííam C.
had, perhaps, the wídest reputatíon; young and oíd aííke knew Bííí
Dunham. ís brother |ohn oward a character, Bííí was sureíy
that to a very eníarged degree. e was, nevertheíess, a bríght,
ínteííígent and usefuí cítízen ín many ways, and at one tíme, and
quíte abíy and íoyaííy, he represented hís natíve town as a member
of the august egísíature, known as the Generaí Court of Massa-
chusetts.
t the State ouse, as Pepresentatíve, he made hímseíf servíce-
abíy feít, and he was ínfíuentíaí ín many acts of State íegísíatíon,
benefítíng hís town.
e was a rare |oker, fuíí of ínterestíng trícks, and was a haíe
feííow weíí met. I cannot, because of too íong a story, speak of
many of hís e píoíts. 0ne I wííí note, however. Many tímes I
have seen hím take an ordínary brass pín, and, baríng the arm,
push ít ínto the fíesh down to the head, not hurtíng ín the íeast
the party who was wííííng to furnísh the arm. e knew how to
so píace that pín between certaín muscíes or íígaments that no
harm or ín|ury resuíted.
ever shaíí I forget my earííest knowíedge of hím € ” he then a
young man, I a boy of about seven or eíght years. The antucket
grícuíturaí Socíety, upon íts organízatíon, heíd íts Cattíe Show
ín a íot on the same síde wíth and |ust beíow the ímshouse € ” now
íocaííy caííed the Isíand ome € ” near the 0ne-mííe or Dougías
corner. I can t say that ít was the very fírst show of that socíety,
but ít was one of the fírst. ttractíons had been píanned, ímpor-
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 189
tant of whích was the síushíng or greasíng of a píg, who, after
such preparatíon, was to be freed for runníng.
It was thought that the anímaí heíd and so sub|ected wouíd be-
come thoroughíy fríghtened and wouíd start on a quíck run as soon
as ííberated. Then the crowd was to after hím, and the one who
grabbed and succeeded ín hoídíng hím was to have hím as a príze.
Thoroughíy prepared was the píg for the performance, and grease
was used ín unsparíng quantíty, to make ít quíte ímpossíbíe to
hoíd the anímaí upon hís beíng caught. gaín and agaín, ít had
been thought, that he wouíd so sííp away, and great fun was
íooked for.
Bííí Dunham was chosen to grease that píg, and, apprecíatíng
the fuíí ímport of hís |ob, he díd not sííght ít ín any partícuíar.
Severaí starters watched the process, eager for the pursuít, and
awaíted ít aímost wíth bated breath. The greasíng done, the
síusher freed the anímaí, but aías, he díd not scamper. Pun he
wouídn t, and run he dídn t, ín spíte of aíí possíbíe persuasíon and
urgíng. So compíeteíy cade and domestíc was he that he símpíy
ííngered, gruntíng ín hís píg íanguage, socíaííy amíd and wíth the
crowd.
From that íudícrous íncídent came the famíííar ínterrogatíve
íocaí íaconíc: ho greased the píg íí through the years sínce,
antucketers and many non-resídents íearned and never forgot that
event, and as íong as he ííved Bííí Dunham s ears ever and anon
heard that humorous query. íways ín good nature díd he take ít.
Captaín ííííam C. Dunham was a man weíí known ín antucket
through many years; e cept for short períods away, hís entíre íífe
was passed there, and hís death was comparatíveíy recent. e was
aíways geníaí, ever ready to gíve and take a |oke, and en|oyed as
much as any other person the sequeí whích foííowed hís greasíng
of that certaín píg, now so many years ago.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
STP GE F SCI TI0 .
BEF0PE-SC 00 píeasure € ” that s what ít was, píeasure
€ ” to us boys fífty years and more ago, most frequent ín
the faíí of the year, was a vísít to see them stíck pígs.
Boys from the South Schooí found theír way to the síaughter house
of Barrett Baírd, ín the rear of hís home on the east síde of 0range
Street, nearíy opposíte Darííng Street, whííe the boys of the est
and orth schooís wouíd go to that of Coffín Macy on the east
síde of Gardner Street, a short dístance ín from Maín Street.
It was great fun to us boys to see such síaughteríng of the ín-
nocents. íke the boys ín the story of the stones and the frogs, ít
was fun to the boys and death to the frogs; so ít was fun to us
boys, but death to the pígs. It was, however, a great attractíon,
quíte resístíess, and I have been many a tíme to wítness such pro-
cedure. The pígs, or rather hogs, (an unsettíed íegaí questíon ís,
hen does a píg become a hog ) € ” for many of them were of
íarge síze, € ” beíonged to and had been raísed by famíííes ín va-
ríous sectíons of the town, and they were síaughtered, dressed, cut
up, and sent to theír índívíduaí owners.
ery many of the resídents of antucket carefuííy píanned and
successfuííy accompííshed the raísíng of theír own pork € ” my fa-
ther was one of them. Possíbíy such ís true there now. e aí-
ways had a good porker ín the pen ín the faíí, grown from a
spríng píg. There was quíte a ííttíe rívaíry among the resídents,
each tryíng, by attentíon ín feedíng and by the way ín whích the
anímaí was kept, to outdo hís neíghbor ín the weíght to whích the
píg couíd be brought for faíí síaughter. 0ne year my father had
a príme porker whích weíghed dressed, on the morníng after
kííííng, four hundred and sí ty-four pounds.
In the matter of stíckíng pígs, ííííam P. Coffín, who worked
wíth Barrett Baírd, was an adept. e used to ííke to watch hím
at hís crueí trade. e, too, was a man recognízed ín our ííttíe com-
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 191
muníty as a naturaí bone setter, an e pert whose servíces were
most frequentíy sought. In reducíng fractures and caríng for kín-
dred physícaí aííments, he had as íarge íf not a íarger foííowíng
and practíce than díd a reguíar practítíoner.
t the two síaughter houses whích I have named many hogs were
kíííed yearíy. There were varíous píaces for the same servíce ín
other parts of the town. I wííí gíve a sampíe advertísement from
an oíd copy of The antucket eekíy Mírror, whích recentíy
came ínto my possessíon:
otíce. € ” s the tíme for síaughteríng hogs has arríved, the sub-
scríber wouíd say to those who wísh to have theír hogs kíííed, and
handsomeíy dressed, that he ís now prepared to attend to them.
íí orders íeft at the store of P. Chase & Son wííí be promptíy at-
tended to. Shubaeí M. ínsíow.
Frederíck C. Sanford, under hís carríage house and stabíe at the
corner of Federaí and South ater streets, whích was ín the rear
of hís home, ín my boyhood raísed the íargest hog that I ever saw.
I do not recaíí how íong he kept hím, but I thínk untíí the anímaí
was about two years oíd; neíther do I remember how much he
weíghed when síaughtered, but I know that he was some hog.
e grew so íarge as to be unabíe to stand, and my unyíeídíng ím-
pressíon ís that he weíghed upwards of eíght hundred pounds
dressed. Charíes . ííen € ” Charííe, we caííed hím € ” was Mr.
Sanford s aíí-round man and care-taker. e ííved over the carríage
house and stabíe. Under hís dírectíon that ímmense hog was
raísed.
Perhaps thís whoíe hog narratíve míght have been omítted, but
ít ís narrated because of íts uníque character, € ” ít ís hístory, never-
theíess. It was, sureíy, quíte a antucket Domestíc Industry ín
my boyhood there. I reíate ít wíth the opíníon that famíííes now
ín my natíve town do not so generaííy províde for theír own pork
by keepíng a píg ín the pen from the spríng for kííííng ín the faíí.
nother retreat for us boys was the síaughter house of Charíes
Dunham, ín the rear of hís market on the north síde of the thor-
oughfare runníng down to the oíd orth harf, and ne t to the
corner of South ater Street. e aíí knew Peter € ” Pete € ” Cush-
man, the athíetíc staíwart of that abattoír. 0f gíant stature, pow-
erfuí ín muscíe, dírect ín aím, we took píeasure ín the crueí sport
of seeíng hím mauí the poor creatures whích furníshed beef
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
192 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
foods, or stíck the ínnocent pígs from whence came the pork prod-
ucts. íke e períences, too, were wítnessed at the hands of Char-
íey Foíger, at the |ohn ínn síaughter house on ashíngton
Street, near the head of the Commercíaí harf. Uncanny, unat-
tractíve, and possíbíy repuísíve as such practíces may appear, yet
for us boys, because of our pecuííar envíronment, they had for us a
weírd fascínatíon. Few ruraí towns furníshed condítíons so dís-
tínctíve as came wíth the ísoíatíon of our íocaííty. Pítííess acts, € ”
a mere matter of busíness, € ” yet because of the men who enacted
them, they proved a magnet weíí-nígh írresístíbíe.
hííe ít was most decídedíy more crude, yet the now popuíar coí-
íegíate game of footbaíí ís net more enthusíastícaííy apprecíated
than such a game was by us assocíated boys more than fífty years
ago, aíbeít ít was wíth us not oníy a more íímíted enthusíasm, but ít
was, perforce, a more uníque and quíte orígínaí pastíme. 0ur sport
was, as we caííed ít, to kíck poke. íth us ít certaíníy was a great
game. e díd not have the reguíatíon baíí, but most essentíaííy
a far dífferent one, because we used a hog s bíadder. So many hogs
were kíííed ín the town, especíaííy ín the faíí, for numerous cítízens,
that a píea for a bíadder by a boy at the síaughter house was usu-
aííy gracíousíy granted. Thus many of the boys each had such an
unseemíy footbaíí whích, wíth hís feííows, aíí en|oyed kíckíng.
0ne of those bíadders obtaíned, we wouíd break the stem from an
ordínary cíay pípe, ínsert ít ínto the orífíce at the neck of the bíad-
der and bíow ít up. In that homeíy way we got a prodígíous baíí,
as to síze and ííghtness, and wíth ít ín the open had many hours of
e hííaratíng pastíme. In the bíowíng up process great care was
necessary íest ít be overdone and the bíadder be e píoded. e be-
came e perts ín that art, for art ít was wíth us boys, and we
brought such a rude footbaíí to a deíícacy of shape and a nícety of
tensíon whích made ít as remarkabíe, as ít was, to us boys, appre-
cíabíe.
The boy bíowíng up the bíadder ínvaríabíy had an ínterested
companíon cíose by, hoídíng ín hís hand a píece of stout stríng wíth
whích to tíe about íts orífíce to keep the aír wíthín ít. s that
bíadder was ínfíated, the boy engaged ín the process, wíth aíí the
íung force whích he couíd command, wíth both of hís cheeks round
and buígíng, wíth a face íntenseíy reddened by hís vígorous efforts,
when he had bíown aíí the aír he couíd ínto ít, hoídíng on wíth aíí
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 193
hís powers, wouíd forcefuííy stamp the ground wíth hís ríght foot,
whích was the unaíterabíe sígnaí for the boy wíth the stríng to get
ímmedíateíy busy and tíe ít about íts orífíce, tíghtíy and fírmíy,
|ust beíow the ínserted pípestem used to dístend ít. Pecuííaríy
crude and uncanny ín revíew, yet ít was of the greatest ímport to
us boys that that partícuíar |ob shouíd be most carefuííy and ríghtíy
done, € ” nothíng by way of e períence ín after íífe whích was quíte
equaí to ít.
number of the more deft of the boys made a quíte níceíy fín-
íshed coveríng wíthín whích the bíadder was ínserted and íaced,
thus preservíng ít for more e tended actíve servíce. íth that ín-
eíegant accompííshment we obtaíned many hours of e cítíng recrea-
tíon and physícaííy heaíthfuí, deveíopíng e ercíse. Boys of my day,
who now ííve as men, refíectíng on the past, cannot faíí to remem-
ber the rude game of footbaíí, or poke, wíth a hog s bíadder, and
I beííeve wííí freeíy acknowíedge that none of us ín after íífe were
anythíng but the better because of such uncouth yet to us most
píeasurabíe practíces.
To índuíge that game we had practícaííy uníímíted open spaces,
varíousíy íocated. 0n the mííí hííís, to the south and south-
west of the oíd mííí € ” 0íd Mííí ít hístorícaííy now ís, but then an
actíve daííy índustry, € ” were broad acres at the command of us
boys for the game of poke, or any other game that we desíred to
píay there. Sureíy many píeasant hours were there spent by us ín
absoíute abandon and care free.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
MEPC TS D PP0FESSI0 ME 0F FIFT
E PS D M0PE G0.
rí 0 memory of my boyhood ís more ímpressíve than a revíew
4- | of the merchants, storekeepers and professíonaí men of
„ that tíme. Maín Street ín antucket, from the Pacífíc
Bank, € ” now the Pacífíc atíonaí, € ” on the west, to the Pacífíc Cíub
ín the oíd Potch buíídíng, on the east, ís one that manor of our
modern cítíes may weíí envy for wídth and generaí íay-out. That
partícuíar sectíon ís and aíways has been compíeteíy gíven to busí-
ness. est of the bank homes and an occasíonaí shop íntermíngíe,
whííe east of the Pacífíc Cíub buíídíng the street has, as ít most
emphatícaííy had ín the days of the whaíe-físhíng índustry, íts
commercíaí houses, wíth ímportant trade reíatíons aíong the water
front, as the street e tends to the end of Straíght harf.
Severaí of the íntersectíng streets € ” Maín Street beíng the príncí-
paí busíness artery of the town € ” are, and through many past years
have been, more or íess centers of trade actívíty. The busíness
men wíth whom I was once so famíííar were such as gave a díg-
nífíed and heaíthy stamína to dífferentíatíng íínes of traffíc.
s I have, on occasíon, vísíted my natíve town duríng the years
sínce I was a boy resídent there, I have ínstínctíveíy notíced the
ever-varyíng busíness panorama coveríng the íocaííty whích I have
named. From tíme to tíme a new sígn, wíth change of índívíduaí
or fírm name, and ín some ínstances a radícaí change ín busíness,
have characterízed the stores once so weíí known to me. 0n a
vísít ín 19.13 but one busíness sígn remaíned as ín my boyhood.
That was Charíes oveíí on Maín Street. The same sígn was
there and the same busíness was carríed on, yet Charíes the father
and Charíes the son had both díed, and others had entered upon
theír daííy pursuíts.
The foííowíng year, whííe on a vísít there, I díscovered that, aías,
that one, too, had gone, thus makíng a compíete change of person-
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 195
neí ín that maín busíness thoroughfare, as I, ín my young íífe, knew
ít. 0n the north síde of Maín Street, the sectíon makíng dírectíy
down to the Straíght harf, there ís paínted over one of the once
íarge commercíaí warehouses the names Thaín & íng, a fírm
e tínct for nearíy or quíte sí ty years.
n affaír of materíaí commercíaíísm through many years, vítaí
ín antucket town affaírs fífty and more years ago, was the
0cean ouse, the oníy hosteíry then ín town. I cíearíy remem-
ber from boyhood that oíd hoteí and íts conspícuous bearíng at
that tíme. It was then, and for a number of years prevíous had
been, íosíng ín íts busíness gríp, yet was nevertheíess then profít-
abíy conducted ín the ínterests of numerous patrons, embracíng
many traveííng merchants and transítory guests. s I knew ít,
|arvís Pobínson was íts manager. e was the father of enry D.
Pobínson, who, assocíated wíth Samueí S. ussey, as ussey &
Pobínson, then pubííshed the antucket eekíy Mírror. Cov-
eríng many years of successfuí e períences wíth the domínant
whaíe-físhery busíness at antucket, the 0cean ouse was an ím-
posíng affaír from every víewpoínt. n e ceííent bríck buíídíng of
commandíng archítecture, sítuated at the confíu of severaí streets,
ít stands at the head of Broad Street, dírectíy up from the steam-
boat íandíng, faces down Centre Street, reposes upon grounds about
ít of materíaí e tent whích gracefuííy round ínto and up aíong up-
per Centre Street. hen antucket had, as ít once so conspícu-
ousíy díd have, dírect trade by íts many whaíe-shíps wíth the Eu-
ropean markets, especíaííy wíth those of Engíand, numerous mer-
chants and busíness men, aíííed ín that then promínent índustry,
made that oíd town port the one sought ín caríng for and conserv-
íng theír varíed ínterests, as, índeed, from there, by that same cíass
of shíps, they made theír ínternatíonaí tríps, € ” combíníng píeasure
and profít . Then ít was that the 0cean ouse dígnífíedí.y maín-
taíned ítseíf as one of the noted promínent hoteís known ín earíy
ew Engíand hístory. In these íater days, for a number of years
and down to the present tíme, ít ís stííí emínentíy actíve. Its ser-
více now, however, ís most radícaííy changed, and ít hoíds the repu-
tatíon of beíng one of the íeadíng hoteís amíd the severaí whích
now entertaín such hordes of summer tourísts at that dístínguíshed,
restfuí and deííghtfuííy maríne-envíroned ew Engíand summer
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
19 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
resort. Partíaííy rebuíít, e tensíveíy renovated, € ” aíthough the
quaínt and the oíd styíe are stííí manífestíy conspícuous ín íts con-
structíon, € ” províded wíth aíí modern ímprovements, open oníy
throughout the so-caííed summer season, ít, by íts present píeas-
urabíe and heaíthfuí condítíons, savors of and effectíveíy memo-
ríaíízes an honorabíe record of an unusuaííy ínterestíng past, € ” a
past whích made a certaín ííne of specíaííy orígínaí hístory never to
be re-enacted.
In mercantííe affaírs, ín those far-back days, whííe measurabíy
íímíted, yet antucket couíd weíí boast and be proud of her then
representatíves ín varíous such íínes. It ís píeasíng, ínterestíng
and stímuíatíng to recaíí the once fathers of índustríes and speak of
theír numerous actívítíes. It ís true, beyond successfuí contradíc-
tíon, that ín the days under revíew there was íess of busíness faíí-
ure and commercíaí reverse than ín these íater days, when greater
ventures, by íarge combínatíons, wíth íess carefuí pían and opera-
tíon, are undertaken. The days of whích I wríte were those of the
smaíí store and a síngíe busíness to such store. I cannot recaíí aíí
of the wíde-awake merchants whom I once knew or knew of ín
my boyhood at antucket, but many of them I remember, and note
severaí of the more promínent ones.
adwen & Barney was a fírm weíí-known, € ” ííííam adwen
and athaníeí Barney, € ” each a man of respected and dígnífíed ín-
fíuence. For years sínce thís fírm has passed from busíness and
íts members have díed, and up to a vísít at antucket so recent as
1914, I saw the fírm name as ít for many years has appeared on a
buíídíng on the north síde of Broad Street, nearíy opposíte the
end of South ater Street. Theírs was an oíí and aíííed busíness.
0ne of the oíd reííabíe, and for many years prosperous houses
of oíí merchants was that of |oseph Starbuck, íater partícípated ín
by hís sons, George, Matthew and ííííam, as |oseph Starbuck &
Sons, and contínued for many years afterwards by the sons as
Starbuck Brothers.
Charíes G. & enry Coffín was a staunch and reííabíe commer-
cíaí house ín the oíí trade, and theír quíte ímpressíve buíídíng, as
I remember ít, was íocated sííghtíy back from the south síde of
Coffín Street, between Uníon and ashíngton streets. In the íast
of my boyhood days that same buíídíng was occupíed, whoííy or ín
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 19
part, by two who, as assocíated ín busíness, were known as Pyder
Brothers. 0ut ín the hííís of Pennsyívanía prospectors had struck
oíí € ” not sperm: or whaíe, but crude, bíack petroíeum. Some of
that product soon found íts way to antucket . The Pyder Brothers
used ít ín the deveíopment of a new trade, and from that repuísíve
appearíng materíaí, by varíous processes, were obtaíned saíes artí-
cíes, specíaí of whích were the pure, ímmacuíate, whíte and popuíar
paraffíne candíes. These are now made and e tensíveíy used, but
then ít was a new índustry for íííumínatíng purposes. uíte a íarge
candíe busíness was done by those Pyder brothers. Many an hour
I have spent ín that once prosperous factory, and seen those can-
díes, hand poured, taken from the moíds.
Promínent ín the oíí busíness and ín the out-fíttíng of whaíe-
shíps, were Isaac and Phíííp Macy, assocíated wíth theír father,
Thomas, and to whose busíness they succeeded. I do not remem-
ber the father, but weíí recaíí the sons, who were, as to themseíves,
unusuaííy companíonabíe; they were men uníversaííy esteemed and
were entertaíníngíy socíaí.
ííííam P. Easton, wíth hís whíte haír and beard, was a man of
ímpressíve personaííty, a hístorían and wríter of some note, and
was one of the most successfuí busíness men, and I thínk, too, that
ít was ín oíís and símííar products. ís form was erect, and he
was known as beíng straíght as an arrow ín every way.
If I místake not, there was a consíderabíe sectíon of bríck oíí
sheds, wíth severaí contínuous haíf-círcíe roofs, íocated at the cor-
ner of ashíngton and Coffín Streets, at the head of the Commer-
cíaí harf. hose those were I do not remember. 0íí, however,
was stored and soíd from there ín íarge quantítíes through many
years.
These severaí oíí merchants were, I thínk, owners, to a greater
or íesser degree, ín the whaíe shíps, and were the agents under
whích such severaííy saííed.
0ther staíwarts ín índustríaí and commercíaí íífe, whom I weíí
remember, are enas . dams, grocer; Freeman E. dams, hay
and graín; |ohn . Barrett & Sons, assocíated wíth whom was
Peuben . aííett, oíís and candíes; Frederíck . Mítcheíí,
merchant, and |ohn . Shaw, oíís and candíes. My ímpres-
síon now ís that, dírectíy or índírectíy, aíí these mentíoned were
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
198 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
commercíaííy assocíated wíth the then prosperous shíppíng and
maríne ínterests íncídentaí to the whaííng busíness.
e regarded those men as arístocrats, the moneyed men of the
town, yet they were aíí geníaí and democratíc, and were híghíy re-
spected, prosperous cítízens who gave, by theír íntegríty, a hígh
standard to antucket busíness affaírs. one of them then pos-
sessed what ín these days ís consídered a moderate fortune.
I remember the homes where many of them ííved. Upper Maín
Street was the cíassy resídentíaí sectíon. |oseph Starbuck ííved
on ew Doííar ane, now caííed Písdaíe Street; hís three sons ín
the three bríck houses ne t to one another on Maín Street, nearíy
opposíte the end of Píeasant Street. If I místake not, two at íeast
of these bríck houses are now owned and occupíed by descendants
of the famííy, ownershíp havíng never passed therefrom.
0n the corner of Maín and Píeasant Streets, ne t to each other
and facíng Maín Street, are two wooden frame houses, of ímposíng
Coíoníaí archítecture, whích were the homes of Messrs. adwen
and Barney.
Isaac Macy ííved on Píeasant Street, hís estate stííí beíng owned
by hís sons. Phíííp Macy ííved on Summer Street untíí after hís
father s death, when he moved ínto the íatter s house on Maín
Street.
|oseph S. Barney, son of athaníeí Barney, was a notabíe busí-
ness cítízen, and for many years was the íocaí agent of the steam-
boat company. ís home was on the west síde of Maín Street, on
the east corner of Píeasant.
The home of ííííam P. Easton was on the west síde of orth
ater Street, a short dístance ín from Broad Street.
To mentíon the oíí merchants and not speak of the oíí truck-
age wíthín the town ís quíte equívaíent to the story of amíet
wíth amíet omítted. Those oíd-fashíoned síngíe-team trucks
are vívíd ín my memory € ” was there ever anythíng ííke them They
were made of two íong sectíons of fíat wood, presumabíy of oak,
about fífteen or eíghteen ínches wíde; at one end each of the sídes
was rounded, concaved and shaped so that when ín posítíon oppo-
síte each other, they constítuted the shafts for the horse; the rest
of theír íength € ” about two thírds of ít € ” was fíat, rested on and
was attached to a set of wheeís, |ust back of the horse.
If I remember aríght, those sectíons were framed across and heíd
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 199
at íntervaís by wooden stríps or íron rods. wíndíass sat ín front
of the wheeís, around whích passed two íengths of an endíess chaín.
Backíng the oíd truck up to a hogshead of oíí, one of those chaíns
wouíd be píaced around each end of the hogshead, |ust ín from the
chíme; the truckman, by the crank of the wíndíass, wouíd turn ít
over and over, and by ít aíí the whííe the hogshead or cask of oíí
was beíng drawn up on to the truck. If more than one was to be
transported, the fírst was secured ín píace by a wooden bíock or
wedge píaced under each síde of the cask as ít íay on the bííge.
The chaíns, then reíeased, were píaced around another cask, ít was
símííaríy íanded and secured on the truck, and so on untíí the íoad
was compíete. Four or more, as I remember, were so conveyed at
one tíme.
I thínk that I am ríght ín memory when I say that the fíat sec-
tíon of the truck had hoíes bored at reguíar íntervaís; that there
were íron píns whích set thereín, píaced back of the fínaí hogshead
on a íoad to hoíd aíí ín píace. The chaíns aíso were íeft ín posítíon,
encírcííng the whoíe íoad. 0ften have I seen oíí commercíaííy
transported about town ín the manner whích I have tríed to de-
scríbe. If my |udgment ís correct, those oíd trucks were about
twenty or twenty-fíve feet íong, and, as hung for servíce, wíth the
wheeís weíí ín front, they attaíned an angíe when ín use of about
forty-fíve degrees, one end by harness restíng on the back of the
horse and the other nearíy or quíte scrapíng the ground. I wonder
íf a síngíe one of those oíd oíí-transportíng trucks yet remaín ín
my revered home town. It ís possíbíe that there ís.
0f the storekeepers and the merchants of íocaí traffíc I retaín a
quíte keen and a fuííy apprecíatíve memory. Píeasíngíy ínterest-
íng, mutuaííy, ít seems to me, wííí be a word pícture of them.
promínent Maín Street store was that of Bates, Cook & Com-
pany, € ” ííííam M. Bates and Charíes Cook. It was on íower Maín
Street, corner of Uníon, ín the bríck bíock now partíaííy occupíed
by Mooers auctíon mart. It had a íong and honorabíe career.
Príncípaííy ídentífíed wíth the whaíe-shíps and theír crews, that
fírm was caííed outfítters and ínfítters, seíííng cíothíng, sea-
chests, trunks and other accessoríes to the hardy seamen when
about to saíí on a voyage, and agaín suppíyíng them wíth requíred
home needs upon theír return home. Charíes S. Cathcart, for
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
200 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
many years afterwards a promínent antucket merchant, was a
cíerk ín the Bates, Cook & Company store. I am quíte sure, too,
that he was a busíness assocíate ín the company. My oíder brother,
enry, was empíoyed by that fírm for quíte a íong tíme.
Dírectíy opposíte, at the corner of Maín and Uníon Streets, where
the post offíce now ís, and ín the same bíock, then a one-story
buíídíng, was the grocery store of Tímothy . Caíder, one of the
best ín town. My brother George was for a íong tíme a cíerk ín
that store.
|ust east of 0range Street, on the south síde of Maín, was the
cíothíng and gentíemen s furníshíngs store of Eíí|ah . ííey, who
was succeeded ín that busíness, I thínk ín the earíy sí tíes, by
enry C. Burdíck, whose chíef cíerk was hís brother, ashíng-
ton I. The Burdíck brothers were saíesmen ín the ííey store.
ííííam . Geary, Maín Street, was a taííor, and deaít aíso ín
gentíemen s furníshíngs. ís name ís one vítaííy remembered
ín antucket hístory because of the fact that the Great Fíre of
184 orígínated from a sííght cause € ” an overheated taííor s goose
€ ” ín hís store. In 18 2 he advertísed, ín the Mírror, cíosíng out
saíes ín hís busíness, as aíso hís home estate on Uníon Street, de-
fíníng mínuteíy íts desírabíe features, as he was about to remove
from the ísíand. I do not remember |ust when he moved away.
George endeíí Macy had a hardware store ín the wooden, gran-
íte-coíored buíídíng on the south síde of íower Maín Street, e tend-
íng from Uníon to ashíngton Streets. ater he removed hís
busíness to a store on the opposíte síde of Maín Street, nearíy fac-
íng 0range Street. fter Mr. Macy, ín the graníte-coíored buíídíng,
came ndrew M. Myríck, who there estabííshed an auctíon mart.
Mr. Myríck I remember weíí as a farmer on a farm two or three
mííes straíght out beíow the grounds of the antucket grícuíturaí
Socíety s grounds, whích farm, before hím, was that of hís father,
Captaín George Myríck.
George . |enks manufactured harnesses and conducted quíte a
generaí kíndred and íeather busíness, where the offíce of the an-
nacomet ater Company now ís. I have a faínt memory of the
tíme when that buíídíng was erected and of Mr. |enks removíng
to ít from another íocaííty, from whence I cannot now defíníteíy
name. ís son, Dr. rthur Eíweíí |enks, dentíst, ís and íong has
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 201
been one of antucket s respected cítízens, aíthough for a number
of years he was an off-ísíander, practícíng hís professíon and
deííveríng íectures.
Bovey & Coffín € ” |ohn M. Bovey and Charíes Edward Coffín € ”
had for theír tíme a íarge and up-to-date store ín generaí íínes of
goods for íadíes, mísses and chíídren. It was weíí stocked, pro-
gressíve and popuíar.
The Uníon Store and the store of Peuben Chase & Son, both on
Maín Street, were e ceííent groceríes, and each had a good trade.
Ezekíeí . Parker, wíth hís brother George as hís chíef cíerk and
saíesman, succeeded to the busíness of P. Chase & Son, and con-
ducted ít for many years.
The Uníon Store, as íts name sígnífíes, was co-operatíve ín íts
management, and was owned ín shares by many assocíates. Charíes
. Baííey was the manager, and hís energetíc assístant, practícaííy
hís fírst mate, was 0bed Gíídden. Together wíth a number of
other cíerks, they cared for a íarge and popuíar trade. Mr. Gííd-
den, after many years retírement from busíness, díed but a com-
paratíveíy few years ago, at a rípe oíd age, beíng weíí over nínety.
The grocery busíness ín the days of whích I wríte was radícaííy
dífferent from our modern stores. The day of canned goods, of
preserved fruíts, of |eíííes and ííke products ín tumbíers and |ars,
and many other príme íínes of deíícatessen goods ín seaíed pack-
ages, had not arríved. Sugar was soíd ín a vast varíety of kínds € ”
brown, dark brown, ííght brown, coffee, crushed and many others.
The e ceííent appearíng granuíated sugar of the present tíme, ín
buík and ín cubes, was conspícuous by íts absence.
ard then came ín íarge tíerces, € ” íarger than an ordínary barreí
and smaííer than a hogshead, € ” the sanítary ídea of puttíng ít up ín
neat three and fíve-pound tín paíís, as now, not havíng been
thought of. It was soíd by the pound, or ín any amount as de-
síred, and was transferred to a receptacíe brought to the store by a
purchaser. Mentaííy I can now íook ínto one of those ancíent
barreís of íard, and see wíthín ít the oíd fíat paddíe by whích
the íard was removed therefrom. Sureíy, now, an oíd-fashíoned
process.
Posítíveíy not so neat then as now, as to the saíes of the enumerated
products; the pure food íaw had not been enacted and there was
no specífíc íaw ín the case to be rígídíy enforced, yet we had
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
202 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
cíeaníy goods, and íarge famíííes, heaíthy, strong and robust, were
the ruíe, and we aíí fíouríshed weíí.
Trafton & Barraííy, € ” enry Trafton and Thomas . Barraííy, € ”
on Centre Street, Charíes . Starbuck, Charíes oveíí & Son € ”
Charíes € ” and |ones & art, on Maín Street, were each ín the boot
and shoe busíness. In those days men and boys quíte generaííy
wore the íong-íegged íeather boots. From íate spríng to earíy faíí
most of the boys were bare íegged and bare footed.
|ones & art made boots and shoes, as weíí as deaííng ín them.
I remember that fírm, ín my boyhood days, ín the Post 0ffíce bíock,
and íater ín a ííttíe narrow buíídíng on the south síde of Maín
Street, nearíy opposíte Federaí Street. It was haíf círcuíar ín form
above the entrance. n advertísement of theírs at the tíme of the
Cívíí ar I remember weíí; I never forgot the fírst verse. Pe-
centíy I came across a copy, and here present ít as a noveíty of íts
tíme, and aíso because of íts patríotíc sentíment:
To |ones & art s at once repaír,
nd you wííí fínd them abíe
To make you boots and shoes to wear
In paíace or ín stabíe.
The píace you cannot faíí to fínd,
For aíí the foíks are teíííng
That boots and shoes of the ríght kínd
t |ones & art s are seíííng.
o matter what theír rívaís say,
They are artístíc men;
They mean at once to íead the way € ”
Come beat them, those who can.
t o. 1, Post 0ffíce Bíock, Maín Street,
Fíags ín the breeze are wavíng;
smíííng crowd wíthín you íí meet € ”
Theír money there they re savíng.
nd now, before you get too oíd,
Go try them, and remember
That they wííí not be undersoíd
hííe be says no surrender.
sa C. |ones, of that oíd fírm, a man fuíí of years and honors, ís
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 203
now an esteemed cítízen of antucket, and at the advanced age of
eíghty-fíve stííí conducts a shop and cobbíes shoes for hís
townspeopíe. The foííowíng advertísement, from the antucket
Inquírer and Mírror of September 2 , 1914, teíís íts own story:
STI 0 T E |0B
Pepaíríng Men s, omen s and
Chíídren s Boots and Shoes. Pub-
ber eeís a specíaíty.
S C. |0 ES,
35 0range Street
.
Pecr of . C. atch s Grocery.
n e traordínary e períence whích sees hím stííí on the |ob at
hís great age; unusuaííy vígorous, both ín mínd and body, the pros-
pect ís that for many years yet he wííí contínue to repaír the un-
derstandíngs of hís feííow cítízens.
Charíes . |aggar, on Centre Street, was a íeadíng druggíst of
the town. ís store was neat, attractíve and fragrant as a fírst-
cíass drug store ínvaríabíy ís.
Uríah G. Tuck, wíth stoves, tínware and símííar goods as mer-
chandíse, and I thínk íocated on Federaí Street, was an enterprísíng
busíness man.
Peíeg Mítcheíí and |ames ustín € ” Mítcheíí & ustín € ” were
merchants ín the same ííne, wíth a consíderabíe sízed saíes store on
Maín Street, nearíy opposíte Federaí Street, wíth a íarge work-
shop ín the rear.
ndrew hítney and hís brother Daníeí, cíose assocíates ín socíaí
and busíness affaírs, I remember weíí. ndrew was, under Presídent
íncoín, postmaster, hís brother Daníeí beíng hís chíef cíerk. I
have a vague recoííectíon, too, that príor to that they were mutuaííy
ínterested ín the ínsurance busíness.
ííííam . eston, eander Cobb and very T. ííen I recaíí
as drapers and taííors; ndrew and George Príor Coíeman, as
Coíeman Brothers, were the íocaí e press messengers and agents;
Phíííp . Foíger, Charíes Murphey, and Tímothy . Píddeíí were
auctíoneers; the fírst two named were aíso town críers. Mr.
Murphey traveíed the streets of the town, heraídíng íocaí notíces,
the corníng of the círcus, and other pubííc events. Mr. Charíes .
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
204 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
Chase was for a number of years a town críer, renderíng símííar
servíce.
|ames Thompson was an e ceedíngíy vaíuabíe and enterprísíng
busíness man. e íntroduced kníttíng machínes to the town, by
whích the íeg sectíon of a stockíng was produced ín íong stríps.
Cut ínto proper íength for a stockíng, such had then knítted on to
them a sectíon for the toes, and, cut on the síde at measured
íengths, had knítted ínto them the weíí-formed heeí. The íatter por-
tíons of the work were done by hand, wíth the íong ordínary steeí
kníttíng needíes, and furníshed empíoyment to many ín the homes
about the town. níttíng míttens was aíso a part of hís busíness.
e kept a generaí store on Maín Street, known as Thompson s
E change, and deaít ín hosíery, gíoves, yarns, worsteds, kníttíng
cottons, síík, twíst, spooí cotton, and símííar smaíí wares. e was
aíso an agent for the saíe of sewíng and kníttíng machínes.
Símííaríy, |ohn . aííett conducted a very materíaí coat busí-
ness ín ííght weíght goods. Thís, too, furníshed home índustry to
many ín the town, ín the makíng of buttonhoíes and other features
of that work. e conducted hís busíness ín a buíídíng on ussey
Street, whích was moved there from Faír Street, where ít was
orígínaííy known as the epsey ussey schooí buíídíng.
|ames Thompson ííved on the east síde of orth ater Street,
nearíy opposíte sh ane. ís home estate, not íarge, v/as yet one
of the most attractíve ín town. e was quíte a stock fancíer, and
had a smaíí, but fíne herd, I thínk, of |erseys.
|ohn . aííett and very T. ííen were each popuíar as pubííc
síngers. For many years Mr. aííett was promínent ín the choír
of the orth Congregatíonaí Church, and, íf I místake not, was the
musícaí dírector. Mr. ííen was a concert sínger of consíderabíe
íocaí repute. e frequentíy wíth hís vocaí powers entertaíned and
deííghted numerous eveníng audíences.
I weíí recaíí a baííad whích he sang, to whích was a refraín, one
ííne beíng, at the end of each verse, repeated a number of tímes.
That one ííne I have never forgotten. It ímpressed and strangeíy
perpíe ed my young mínd as I heard Mr. ííen síng ít. s I then
understood, ít was, nd shave hím wíth the bíísur. hat ín the
woríd a bíísur was my young mínd couíd not comprehend. ot
untíí years after, refíectíng upon that símpíe and íudícrous matter,
and the mystery wíth whích ít cíouded my young mínd, díd ít occur
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 205
to me that the ííne reaííy was, nd shave hím wíth the bííí, sír.
Mr. ííen díd not artícuíate suffícíentíy cíear for me to grasp ít.
In bankíng ínstítutíons antucket has a proud and honorabíe
record. The Pacífíc Bank, wíth ííííam Mítcheíí as cashíer, was
one of the most reííabíe and fínancíaííy sound ín the country. It
was effectíve, not because of íts íarge capítaí, but rather because of
íts ever sagacíous and honest busíness management.
The antucket Instítutíon for Savíngs, another of the bankíng
ínstítutíons of unímpeachabíe íntegríty, has a hístory of rare repute.
Matthew Barney, quíet, taíí, ímpressíve, trustworthy, and ever a
gentíeman, was íts esteemed treasurer. Both of those once weíí-
known men were uakers. The quíet gray garb of that sect, ín-
cíudíng the taíí hat, € ” the coíor uníversaííy worn by them, € ” I can
now mentaííy see ín íts fauítíess fít upon Matthew. ííííam
ííved ín a fíne bríck house on Maín Street, attached to the bank.
I weíí remember, despíte my tender years at the tíme of whích I
wríte, of the íntegríty and stabíííty of those two trusted fínancíaí
deposítoríes. Foííowíng the cíose of the Cívíí ar the Pacífíc
Bank became the Pacífíc atíonaí. To-day, each sound and re-
ííabíe, they are conducted wíth safety and probíty, and are maín-
taíned at a good profít.
eaíth was conserved, dísease stayed, broken bones set, and
other human physícaí ííís sympathetícaííy and professíonaííy cared
for by physícíans of skííí and heípfuí e períence. I recaíí Drs.
Eíísha P. Fearíng, Charíes F. Pobínson, |ohn B. íng, and |oseph
P. eííey.
The home of Dr. Fearíng was on the southeast corner of Centre
and Chestnut Streets, now owned and occupíed by Píchard E.
Congdon, a íocaí druggíst; Dr. Pobínson ííved on the west síde of
Centre, ne t to the corner of Pearí Street, and Dr. íng on the
west síde of Uníon Street, near Maín, where the sígn bearíng hís
name ís stííí as ít was ín my boyhood.
Dr. ugustus E. Frankíín, íong a resídent physícían, came to the
town whííe I was a young boy, and, assocíated wíth a Dr. Ma-
comber, estabííshed hímseíf on Broad Street, nearíy opposíte
Federaí Street. 0f Dr. Macomber I have no further memory, but
Dr. Frankíín for many years afterwards and untíí hís death was a
popuíar physícían under the name of Dr. Frankíín . Eííís.
From earíy boyhood I recaíí Dr. Metcaíf, a dentíst at the north-
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
20 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
east corner of Centre and Chestnut Streets. I used to go there for
attentíon to an occasíonaí achíng tooth, and I vagueíy remember,
from a very smaíí boy, the doctor as a píeasant and heípfuí prac-
títíoner.
0f íegaí ííghts my memory faíís to reveaí many of my day. I
recaíí ífred Macy and |ames M. Bunker, each of whom was a
counseííor at íaw and notary pubííc. Both were schooí teach-
ers, Mr. Bunker príncípaí of the est Grammar Schooí ín the earíy
fíftíes, and íater príncípaí of the orth Grammar, and Mr. Macy
príncípaí of the Coffín Schoo Mr. Bunker was quíte an aíí
round man. I most píeasantíy remember hím as my schooí prín-
cípaí; I aíso vívídíy recoííect hím as a cívíí engíneer and surveyor.
nother professíonaí of my boyhood memory ín antucket ís
Edward M. Gardner. e, too, practíced íaw and taught schooí.
In the rear of the antucket eekíy Mírror offíce on Cambrídge
Street, ín my boyhood, stood a smaíí one-story bríck buíídíng, ín
whích Mr. Gardner had hís offíce. s a schooí teacher and as a
íawyer he ís weíí and favorabíy remembered. Dígnífíed ín manner,
esteemed by hís feííow cítízens, he yet was quíte uníversaííy
known as ed ínepence. s I remember to have heard the
story, he, on a socíaí occasíon, ín hís gaííantry, asked a young íady
íf he míght waík home wíth her. She refused. So desírous was
he of so accompanyíng her that he offered a nínepence for the
prívííege, € ” as to the resuít of the offer I do not know. owever,
that níckname, through years, he bore to the generaí knowíedge of
hís feííow cítízens.
íways a gentíeman, he yet was of a somewhat eccentríc char-
acter. I remember to have heard thís story of hím: 0n goíng to
hís home one day at noon for hís dínner, he saíd to hís wífe ín
effect, ucy, I bought a horse thís morníng. Díd you she
responded. es, I díd, he saíd, and you can t guess what I
gave for hím. es, I can; repííed hís wífe, you gave your
note. eíí, he answered, I díd.
I weíí remember a son, aíter, a companíon and píayfeííow of
míne, who ín íater íífe became an Epíscopaí cíergyman. e díed
quíte young, and, from a human standpoínt, aíí too soon, severíng
a íífe and an ínfíuence of great good and of far-reachíng e tent.
ííííam C. Foíger was promínentíy known as a notary pubííc.
e was, as I remember, a íand conveyancer, a mathematícían of
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 20
rare abíííty, and a heípfuí cítízen ín many usefuí ways. ís was a
quíet practíce of busíness, wíth headquarters at home, he havíng
no professíonaí offíce down street.
In combínatíon, the merchants, storekeepers and professíonaí
men whom I have mentíoned constítuted an ínfíuentíaí cítízenshíp
sígnífícantíy effectíve because of the envíronments and condítíons
under whích they ííved and wrought ín the ísoíated communíty
whích separated them from the great commercíaí and professíonaí
woríd whích íay out beyond them. Integríty, veracíty, honor and
busíness ínteííígence emanated from them, and the records prove
that each, wíth but sííght e ceptíon, was true to vocatíon and sacred
trust.
The wísdom of retrospect of these severaí cítízens and ínterests
may, at fírst thought, appear unnecessary, and the questíon may be
asked, hy thís specíaí mentíon of them There are a number of
|ustífíabíe reasons for thís revíew, especíaííy wíth regard to the
merchants and storekeepers. They were ídentífíed wíth trade re-
íatíons, notabíy the whaííng índustry, ín íts most potent years,
whích beíonged to an age and an envíronment whích were entíreíy
díssímííar to present-day commercíaí transactíons. few, and a
very few, comparatíveíy, vesseís yet pursue and capture the whaíe,
and bríng to market the oíís and bones whích he suppííes. There ís,
however, yet a consíderabíe trade ín whaíebone, obtaíned from the
|aws of the ríght whaíe, a habítat of the rctíc or northern ocean.
But the gíory, grandeur and heroísm of the once combíned whaííng
índustry ís an attractíve memory of a now far-away past.
The merchants and storekeepers whom I have named were busí-
ness men at a tíme and under condítíons whích wííí probabíy never
agaín e íst. The so-caííed department store was then unknown
and unthought of, and each store had íts specífíc and índívíduaí
ííne of cíassífíed trade. Dry goods, míííínery, furníshíngs for
gentíemen, boots and shoes, hats and caps, trunks and traveííng
bags, meats, groceríes, and many other íínes whích míght be men-
tíoned, can now be found under one roof, ownershíp and manage-
ment ín many of the íarger towns and ín most of the cítíes of the
progressíve woríd. ot so anywhere at the tíme of whích I wríte.
Then, too, the merchants and busíness men whom I have men-
tíoned were such at an era and crísís unííke any other known before
or sínce ín thís country. The uncertaín and agítatíng condítíons
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
208 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
whích affected trade affaírs for years príor to the Cívíí ar, and
the bíoody carnage and strífe ragíng at the tíme of that war, were
the years and the condítíons obtaíníng duríng theír busíness careers.
Money was unstabíe, currency was deprecíated, was fínaííy wíth-
drawn, and postage stamps were círcuíated as a medíum of fínan-
cíaí e change ín aíí commercíaí transactíons. Thís was at the tíme
of the war between the States, and |ust príor thereto matters were
but ííttíe better. fter the use of the postage stamps came the
shín-píasters, íssued by the government ín three, fíve, ten, twenty-
fíve and fífty-cent denomínatíons, € ” ííteraííy smaíí paper bííís.
More than thís, acceíeratíng unrest, causíng íack of confídence
and uníversaí doubt, was the fact that aíí banks were of State char-
ter, wíthout rígíd offícíaí e amínatíon, and theír fínancíaí strength
and standíng aíí too often was dísappoíntíngíy precaríous.
Sent to the store on an errand, as I frequentíy was when a boy,
to purchase groceríes or other artícíes for the home, I have been
gíven a State bank bííí wíth whích to pay for such purchases.
Before any change was forthcomíng, or that bííí wouíd be accepted
as íegaí tender, the Bank ote Peporter, aíways hangíng ín the
store conveníent for reference, was taken down and a carefuí com-
paríson and e amínatíon of that bííí was made, and the recorded
condítíon of the bank íssuíng ít was most faíthfuííy studíed.
That Bank ote Peporter was a smaíí quarto pamphíet whích
contaíned a prínted píate ín fac-símííe of each of the bííís, ín theír
varíous denomínatíons, íssued by the severaí banks, and under such
prínted píate was gíven an account of the assets, fínancíaí condí-
tíon, and other ítems pertínent to the strength and standíng of such
bank. 0n the ínformatíon so recorded a merchant decíded whether
or not to accept the bííí for íts stated face vaíue ín e change for
goods soíd.
I do not recaíí where, how often, or by whom that reííed-upon
pamphíet was pubííshed; I do know from personaí e períence, as
I bríng ít from boyhood s memory, that ít was the reííant guíde
upon whích the storekeeper depended to assure hím of the vaíue or
worthíessness of a State bank bííí. ow strange aíí thís now ap-
pears ín retrospect. ot untíí after the reconstructíon days foí-
íowíng the Cívíí ar, díd our banks become natíonaí ín character,
and wíth assured ampíe capítaí and sound management, were gíven
the guarantee of the Uníted States government, and became sub|ect
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 209
to carefuí e amínatíon by the reguíaríy constítuted atíonaí Bank
E amíner.
dvertísíng by the merchants and storekeepers ín the íocaí an-
tucket papers ín the days of whích I wríte ís an ínterestíng and
noveí study. The varíetíes of goods offered for saíe were pre-
sented to the housekeeper by the newspapers. Instead of groupíng
such ín one íarge advertísement, as present-day merchants do, each
índívíduaí kínd was pubííshed ín two, three or four-ííne notíces, as
the case míght be. To e ceed sí íínes was rare. Such advertísíng
notíces wouíd be scattered aíí about ín a newspaper. s an íííus-
tratíon I mentíon the store of Bovey & Coffín, the representatíve
store ín dry goods and accessoríes, and one whích, for íts tíme,
carríed a consíderabíe stock of goods. I have a copy of the an-
tucket eekíy Mírror, pubííshed Saturday, ovember 1 , 18 1.
In ít I counted twenty-four advertísements of that store, scattered
over three pages € ” no advertísements ín those days ever appeared
on the second page of that paper. The second page of the paper
whích I have ís devoted to mísceííaneous readíng, much of whích
pertaíns to the Cívíí ar then ín progress, and there are severaí
personaí íetters from antucket soídíer boys then at the front.
For a store of the character whích I have named to now adver-
tíse íts commodítíes scattered around on three pages of a news-
paper, each kínd by ítseíf, wouíd be regarded as an act of foííy.
Then ít was thought to be wíse. In these days, the íarge ads,
runníng often to fuíí pages ín the newspapers, enumeratíng ín at-
tractíve, íííustrated form the wares offered for saíe, ís the correct
and effectíve method empíoyed by the successfuí and progressíve
busíness house. Stríkíng, índeed, ís the contrast between what
was regarded as catchy advertísíng by newspapers fífty years and
more ago, and such as ís now empíoyed for that practícaí purpose.
It ís ínterestíng to consíder ít ín íts díametrícaí comparíson.
Thís revíew ís an echo back to a now quíte dístant day. In
wrítíng ít I have reííed maíníy upon memory, and I may err as to
names of some of the one-tíme commercíaí men of antucket, and
the íocatíon of some of the stores and marts of trade, but maíníy,
I thínk, the word pícture, ín revíew, ís quíte nearíy correct.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
SC 00 S D C UPC ES.
C 00 S as I attended them at antucket were maíntaíned
at a hígh standard. For years they heíd popuíar ín gen-
eraí esteem at home and abroad, and the oíd town of an-
tucket possessed an envíabíe schooí reputatíon. o town or cíty
ín Massachusetts outranked ít.
arge churches, as to buíídíngs, wíth equaííy íarge membershíps
and congregatíons, were ín evídence, especíaííy so wíth the Metho-
díst and the orth Congregatíonaí. Each had a far-reachíng, rec-
ognízed and apprecíated ethícaí upííft ín the communíty.
The Fríends or uakers, once hoídíng quíte a materíaí re-
íígíous ínfíuence ín the town, were growíng íess ín my boyhood,
yet I recaíí quíte a company of them hoídíng servíce ín theír smaíí,
píaín meetíng-house on the east síde of Centre Street, near the
corner of míddíe Pearí Street. That buíídíng ín íater years has
been attached to and ís now a part of the Poberts ouse, a sum-
mer hoteí, at the corner of the two streets mentíoned.
The Baptíst church on Summer Street, the orth Congregatíonaí
on Centre Street, wíth íts ancíent edífíce ín the rear, and the
Methodíst church on Centre Street, each then worshíped ín the
same buíídíng as now.
t the corner of Faír and yons Streets was once a Methodíst
church, € ” the second to be estabííshed ín antucket, € ” a waníng ín-
stítutíon when I knew ít as a boy. I feeí sure that servíces were
díscontínued there ín my earíy boyhood, but I cannot name the
year.
The Pev. Edward íímíngton Dunbar, a man of e ceedíng
eccentrícíty, who was famíííaríy spoken of by aímost everybody ín
town as Brother Dunbar, was íts pastor ín 1855 and 185 , when
I was sí and seven years oíd. That church was known as the
Teazer Meetíng- ouse, because of the fact that on the day of
dedícatíon there was fíoated from the fíagstaff at the peak of the
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 211
buíídíng a fíag beíongíng to the síoop of that name, wíth that word
on ít ín conspícuous íetters. The church buíídíng was a píaín
frame buíídíng, wíth pítch or ape roof, and ít ran íengthwíse wíth
yons Street, frontíng on Faír Street.
I have no data as to the begínníng and endíng of thís church.
I have a cíear and dístínct remembrance, however, that íts career
was short. It never wa ed very strong, and but a comparatíveíy
few years covered the períod of íts e ístence. The edífíce was re-
moved, as I remember fífty years or more ago.
The Methodíst church, on the corner of Centre and íberty
Streets, íooks to-day as ít díd as I famíííaríy knew ít so many
years ago, ííttíe íf any change havíng been made ín íts e teríor ap-
pearance. It stands endwíse to Centre Street, has íarge wooden
round coíumns, of the Coíoníaí order, and a sííghtíy recessed en-
trance reached by severaí steps runníng fuíí íength across íts end.
hen a boy I knew more of that church than any other. I remem-
ber beíng at servíce there one Sunday afternoon when I was quíte
young, ín company wíth the íate Edgar oveíí ííen and one or
two other boys. e sat ín the south gaííery, and, as I remember,
there were not many ín that part of the church wíth us on that par-
tícuíar afternoon. For some reason, € ” of course we díd not know
why, € ” we saw that ímrí Cíeaveíand, one of the church offícíaís,
from hís pew beíow, was keepíng an occasíonaí eye on us. Fínaííy
he íeft hís seat and turned toward the door ínto the vestíbuíe, from
whence went the staírs to the gaííery. e dívíned at once that he
was after us, so made a break for ííberty, and aíí but myseíf made
good theír escape, but I was caught and taken ínto a pew on the
íower fíoor, where I remaíned, a more quíet íf not a more ínterested
attendant to the cíose of the servíce. Father heard of that íncídent
and settíed wíth me íater.
That church popuíaríy gaíned a íarge membershíp and an aímost
equaííy íarge congregatíon through many years. It was a church
of reíígíous strength and of great ínfíuence ín the communíty.
Many of the most popuíar mínísters of íts denomínatíon fíííed íts
puípít. It was regarded as one of the íeadíng churches of íts
creed ín southeastern ew Engíand.
0f íts pastors, |oshua Souíe, who served ít ín the year 18o3, was
eíected and consecrated a Bíshop of the Methodíst Epíscopaí
Church ín May, 1824. hen, ín the íate 4os, the Methodíst Epís-
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
212 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
copaí Church dívíded on the then bítter síave questíon, and the
southern representatíves, ín 1848, wíthdrew from the Generaí Con-
ference of that reíígíous body, ímmedíateíy organízíng the Metho-
díst Church South, whích has ever sínce contínued, Bíshop Souíe,
aíthough a ew Engíand man by bírth, € ” Brístoí, Maíne, ugust 1,
1 81, € ” espoused the cause of the southern branch, and at once be-
came íts seníor Bíshop. íth that arm of Methodísm he con-
tínued fervent and íoyaí untíí hís death ín ashvíííe, Tennessee,
March , 18 .
Eíí|ah eddíng was pastor of the antucket church ín 1812. e,
too, was eíected and consecrated a Bíshop, ín May, 1824, servíng
untíí hís death, on príí 9, 1852.
nother of the promínent mínísters of that church was the Pev.
Mícah |. Taíbot, D.D., ín 1853-55, now € ” 1914 € ” íívíng, a vígorous
man, at the age of nearíy nínety-four, and possessíng a strong,
keen, ínteííectuaí mínd. e ís, and íong has been, a member of
the Mathewson Street Methodíst Epíscopaí Church ín Provídence.
For the past few years he has resíded wíth hís son at Dorchester,
Masaschusetts.
t the tíme of whích I wríte, the antucket Methodíst Church
was one of the foremost ín the Provídence Conference, ín whích ít
has ever had íts affíííatíon, the name havíng been changed to íts
present one of the ew Engíand Southern Conference.
íth the churches of my boyhood days ín antucket mentíon
shouíd be made of the Baptíst Chapeí on ork Street, and the
íon Methodíst Church on the hííí ín the southwestern part of the
town, whích we then caííed ew Guínea, I forget the name of the
street on whích íon church was sítuated. Both of these churches
were íocated ín the sectíon of the town occupíed by the so-caííed
coíored peopíe, and both are spoken of ín a precedíng sectíon of
these remíníscences. ttended by peopíe of frícan descent quíte
e cíusíveíy, each of these churches was a spírítuaí heíp and moraí
upííft to the sectíon of the communíty whích they served.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
B0 0 P0 PIS F PM.
/ the íatter part of |anuary, 18 2, |ust after compíetíng my
T schooí íífe, I went to East Brídgewater to stay wíth my
€ ” síster whííe her husband, Captaín Charíes E. ííen, was
absent on a sí months voyage, as master of the merchant shíp
Píchard Mítcheíí, to Montevídeo and Buenos íres ín South
meríca.
Captaín ííen, antucket born, a son of Captaín aíter ííen, was
one of the weíí-known and successfuí captaíns of whaíe-shíps saíí-
íng from antucket and ew Bedford. Begínníng at the bottom,
he steadííy gaíned untíí he reached the top, and he had made many
voyages at sea. Tíríng of that íífe, he thought, as many another
místakeníy had, that he wouíd ííke to forsake ít and devote hís
remaíníng years to farmíng. e bought a farm at East Brídge-
water, and wíth hís famííy moved there to tííí ít.
In a very short tíme he díscovered to hímseíf, born of e períence,
that he couíd command and navígate a shíp across the deep seas and
around the woríd, but that he couíd not cuítívate a smaíí part of
the woríd sectíonízed as a farm. So the merchant voyage, as men-
tíoned, was arranged and entered upon. I had been ín East Brídge-
water but a short tíme, € ” Captaín ííen had saííed on hís voyage, € ”
when I íearned of a pían to whích I was a party, but reíatíve to
whích I had not been consuíted.
Father had arranged wíth Captaín ííen for me to go wíth hím
on that voyage, and the father and mother of Captaín ííen were
to go to East Brídgewater to stay wíth my síster. I never íearned
why the pían faííed, but |ust before the tíme for saíííng the oíder
ííens decíded they couíd not do as had been determíned, so I was
sent ín theír stead.
Fortunateíy for me that those weíí íaíd píans feíí through, for
I had a decíded aversíon to a sea íífe, and to have been an unwííííng
green saííor on that voyage wouíd have been to me a most seríous
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
214 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
affaír. ot knowíng of that preconceíved arrangement untíí after
the shíp had saííed, I was gíad beyond e pressíon that ít had not
been perfected. I had been ín East Brídgewater but three weeks
when Grandpa and Grandma ííen, as we caííed them, decíded
that they wouíd go there to remaín untíí the return of Captaín
ííen from the voyage, whích they díd, and upon theír arrívaí I was
sent back home.
Two or three weeks after my return to antucket I íearned that
Captaín Charíes Swaín wanted a boy to ííve wíth hím on hís farm
at Poípís. It was oníy for a short engagement. enry McCann
was my ínformant, € ” a boy who had ííved wíth Captaín Swaín, € ” and
to me he saíd that the posítíon had been offered hím, but that he
díd not want ít. e took occasíon to teíí me that Captaín Swaín
was rather a hard man to work for, but yet suggested to me that
perhaps I wouíd ííke the |ob, and I was ínstantíy sure that I wouíd.
e saíd that the servíce was for a week, and that for compensatíon
a bag of fíour wouíd be gíven.
I was an íous to go to work, and that prospect was to me as
temptíng as ít was antícípated. I was then íess than two months
past my thírteenth bírthday. I ímmedíateíy went home, toíd mother
of the proposítíon and asked her íf I míght accept ít. She not oníy
gave her consent, but heartííy encouraged me ín my purpose, and
toíd me that íf I went and was obedíent to Captaín Swaín that I
wouíd get aíong aíí ríght.
That day was Captaín Swaín s reguíar one for comíng to town,
and I hurríed to íower 0range Street, near Consue, to awaít hím.
I sought that partícuíar íocaííty so as to catch hím as he came
drívíng by, whether he kept straíght up 0range Street or turned
through Consue. For an hour or more I patíentíy ííngered, and
then I saw hím comíng. I caííed to hím my errand as he passed;
he díd not stop, but gave an encouragíng wave wíth hís hand.
I knew that he put up hís horse and got hís míd-day íunch at the
home of Mrs. Pauíína íchoíson, on Píeasant Street, and there I
went, met hím and concíuded the bargaín. Servíce for a week, a
bag of fíour for pay To my boy mínd that was an ímportant con-
tract, as ít was my fírst bargaín ín engagíng ín empíoyment for
myseíf. The reason for that partícuíar cíass of remuneratíon was
that Captaín Swaín took hís farm products to the store, receívíng
groceríes ín e change.
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
BPIEF IST0P € ” PEPS0 MEM0PIES. 215
Captaín Swaín had a faíthfuí oíd horse € ” gracíousíy I remember
Doííy € ” whích he was accustomed to harness to a íoaded cart of
peat or of garden truck at the farm and send her off aíone to town;
upon return she wouíd be símííaríy sent home. She was a síeek,
handsome anímaí. t the Dougías corner, one mííe from town,
where the road turns ínto íower 0range Street, some one, as pre-
arranged, was there to meet the horse wíth her íoad and deííver ít
as had been dírected. Thís had happened on the day of whích I
wríte, and that partícuíar horse and cart were ín town and was at
the íchoíson home when I went there. George íchoíson, a
brother, who ííved wíth hís síster Pauíína, had a shop ín the yard,
where he díd carríage, cart and símííar repaíríng. e was to make
repaírs to the cart on that day before the faíthfuí horse shouíd be
headed homeward.
fter I had engaged my servíces to Captaín Swaín, he toíd me
that he must return home ríght after dínner, and he dírected me,
when the repaírs to the cart had been made and the horse har-
nessed, to |ust get ín, íet the horse aíone, and she wouíd go dí-
rectíy home. n ídeaí pían, sureíy, as I recaíí ít, € ” certaíníy I then
thought ít was posítíveíy perfect. Four o cíock was the hour
named when aíí wouíd be done and ín readíness for me to start for
the farm, so home I went, and toíd my mother of the trade whích I
had perfected. She fí ed a ííttíe bundíe of beíongíngs for me,
and I was back at the íchoíson home before four o cíock; but ít
was íong after fíve before that cart was ready, the team harnessed,
and I started for a new home whích I had never seen nor knew not
as to íts íocatíon. I fuííy remembered the admonítíon to íet the
horse aíone and she wouíd take me to the farm. But thírteen
years of age, my ímmature |udgment was that, as dírected, I must
íet the horse aíone ín íts fuííest sense, and I díd not dare to even
urge her out of a waík, coveríng that seven mííes of dístance, íest I
shouíd unduíy ínterfere wíth her and she wouíd íose her way. It
was the fírst of March, € ” I thínk the second day, € ” the days were
íengtheníng; nevertheíess, the shades came earíy, and ít was bíack
dark, and I aíone on that íonesome road, before I reached my un-
known destínatíon, about eíght o cíock.
The farm of Captaín Swaín was about ín the míddíe of Poípís,
sítuated a short dístance ín from the maín road on the east síde of
a íane nearíy opposíte the schooíhouse. I do not know, guess I
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
e
d

f
o
r

C
o
í
e
t
t
e

G
r
a
c
e

|
e
a
n
n
e
a
u

(
B
o
s
t
o
n

U
n
í
v
e
r
s
í
t
y
)

o
n

2
0
1
1
-
1
1
-
1
0

0
3
:
2
4

G
M
T


/


P
u
b
í
í
c

D
o
m
a
í
n
,

G
o
o
g
í
e
-
d
í
g
í
t
í
z
e
d


/


h
t
t
p
:
/
/
w
w
w
.
h
a
t
h
í
t
r
u
s
t
.
o
r
g
/
a
c
c
e
s
s
_
u
s
e
#
p
d
-
g
o
o
g
í
e
21 U I T 0 D IS D 0F TUC ET.
never díd know, the acreage of the farm. It was quíte e tensíve,
however, wíth outíyíng íots south and east of the home píot, and a
wooded íot, whích we caííed the west íot, somewhat removed from
ít. e t to our farm up the hííí was the then unoccupíed farm
of Gardner Coffín, whííe stííí further on, down a sííght descent and
on the opposíte síde of the íane, was the farm of Edward Chase, € ”
afterwards purchased by Frederíck C. Sanford, who renovated and
ímproved ít, gívíng ít an ímposíng appearance, and to ít he gave the
name of Spotswood.
0n the Swaín farm, where I went so earíy to ííve, there was a
íarge house, a commodíous barn, and numerous other farm buííd-
íngs. The ííve stock was a herd of ten or tweíve cows, three
horses, wíth pígs ín the pen, and a íarge fíock of roamíng pouítry.
I was ímmedíateíy ínítíated ínto farm work, and soon became quíte
profícíent ín íts performance. I started ín, foííowíng my fírst
níght s síeep ín that ííttíe attíc chamber where I afterwards passed
so many níghts, tíred wíth each recurríng day s work, íuííed quíckíy
to- síeep by the swayíng boughs of the wíííow tree whích swept
across the roof above me.
The week for whích I had engaged myseíf beíng up, and my work
havíng proven satísfactory, Captaín Swaín asked me to stay through
the season. e agreed to pay me three doííars and a haíf a month,
whích I couíd have ín produce from the farm to send to my par-
ents home ín town. I agreed to stay and díd stay; the bag of fíour
I never got, as my wages at the príce |ust named were