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# ~1~

RC Circuits
Gerald Reed @02662214

Partners: Charise Hardiman Tretitia Hobbs Maham Roian C

D: Measure Capacitors in parallel 1. Connect a wire between points A and B on the RC circuit board 4. Capacitors are nonlinear devices. Repeat above except for Step 4: remove jumper/wire from point A and B. Set the Battery/External power switch on the RC Circuit Board to “external” 2. the larger the amount of charge on the capacitor plates the slower it will increase its charge. In most common electronic devices. the faster the charge will decrease. Theory An RC circuit consists of a resistor and a capacitor wired in series. the rate at which they charge and discharge is a function of the amount of charge on the capacitor. RC circuits charge and discharge very quickly. We will use interface boxes attached to the lab PCs and the appropriate data monitoring program to make the voltage measurements. the more charge on the capacitor. Set the Charge/Discharge switch on the RC Circuit board to “discharge” 3. Prove addition Law for capacitors in parallel and series. These require much longer to charge and discharge.~2~ Objective of the Experiment Collect voltage-time data for a capacitor in a RC circuit and curve fit the data. connect capacitor 2 between point C and B. Leave voltage probe red to #6 and black lead to #5 . Voltage probe red lead to #6 and black lead to #4. Repeat above except for Step 4: remove jumper/wire from points A to B connect capacitor 2 between point A and B. Develop a mental image of what is happening to electrons during an RC circuit charging cycle. Some RC circuits. have capacitors with very large capacitances. Connect the red lead of a computer interface voltage probe to the positive side of the capacitor at position #6 B: Measure Capacitor 2 1. Also leave voltage probe red lead at #6 and black #4 C: Measure Capacitors in Series 1. connect capacitor 2 between point C to A. requiring a fast measuring device such as an oscilloscope. When charging. like those in power supplies. The mathematical representation that describes the charging behavior is Q(t)=Qmax(l-e-l/t) and t=RC Materials      PASCO Science Workshop computer interface RC Circuit Board Pasco Voltage Sensor w/ alligator clip leads Voltmeter Low Voltage Power Supply Procedures A: Measure Capacitor 1 1. We will then analyze the data using a spread sheet. When discharging. Repeat above except for Step 4: place jumper/wire from points A to B. Calculate the capacitance of the capacitor in a RC circuit. making it possible to use a slower measuring device.

86E-07 C 1.~3~ Calculations | | Capacitor 1 Cexp 2 Cexp Capacitor 1 Cexp 2 Cexp Capacitance Actual 5. Lastly. Percent error in this lab raised no higher than 2 percent. As expected the charge/discharge voltage is exponential in time.26E+02 1. However. An acceptable range of error was observed. with a time constant of RC.008403 -0. .14E+02 Cp Experimental 1.50934 Conclusion We have measure the charge and discharge of an RC combination. Capacitors connected in parallel have the sum of the individual capacitance. The sources of error that caused some deviation from the measured values was due to the presence of the meters themselves and the variant capacitance that might be from mechanical or technical error. capacitors.93E-07 Cp 2. and resistance. the data demonstrated how RC circuits are a highly influential aspect to understanding the relationships between capacitance.28E+02 % error 5.92E-07 C 1. it adequately showed that the relationship to the configuration of resistors highly contributes to the power consumption.66E+01 2.13E+02 Cs 5.19E-06 Cs 5.60E+01 % error 2.