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INFORMATION SYSTEMS INFRASTRUCTURE AND EQUIPMENT Additional instructional computer servers and related equipment must be purchased and maintained to insure the success of this project. This equipment is required beyond what is needed for the normal university Web activity, and must be in addition to the instructional servers presently available. Goal 3A. Instructional computer servers and related equipment will be purchased, implemented, and maintained to insure that the university computing infrastructure is capable of supporting the 99 additional distance education courses developed as a part of this project. Infrastructure and Equipment The following outline summarizes areas in which the OSU Department of Information Services contributed, or invested time or resources, to the Distance and Continuing Education effort at Oregon State University over the period of the project report. Local Workgroup Support. This project provided direct hardware and software support to the course development team members and their manager(s). Workgroup support was a vital function necessary to the successful operation of the workgroup. At the present time the combined workgroups (DCE and IS/CMC) currently operate approximately 30 workstations, including Macintoshes, PC desktops, NT workstations, and several UNIX workstations. Productivity software in use on these machines ranges from the standard Microsoft Office and Outlook Email software, from software used for graphic design, to advanced multimedia authoring suites, as well as digital video editing software to name a few. The workgroup support team has provided the needed maintenance to insure the development and delivery of the proposed 99 distance education courses as a part of this project. Faculty Development Support & Training. While some faculty members take advantage of the talents of the entire course production team, many, if not the majority, choose to pursue the development, production and delivery of their course materials on their own. This often leads to one-on-one consultations and tutorials, on an as-needed, when-needed, basis as they encounter difficulties or roadblocks while pursuing their individual efforts. The DCE course development team members have spent a considerable amount of time providing faculty, (and their student helpers) with these types of consultations. DCE estimates that this time amounts to approximately 20% of course development staff time. Often contact is initiated by telephone or by e-mail. In many cases problem resolution can and does occur using these communication modes as well. DCE staff has also provided training, support and assistance for courses in the CourseInfo course management system. Project staff has also participated as presenters in workshops for faculty, and as tutors to other staff when asked, creating tutorials,

the new systems were brought on-line. This process involved the migration of all user files and data. an Enterprise 450 and several Sun SPARC 20’s. These specifications also took into consideration the anticipated growth in the use of the central web systems not only by the distance students. These servers are currently housed in the machine room of the University Computing Center located in Milne Hall.). CourseInfo). The largest support task by project staff is CourseInfo.0 FTE) during the term breaks. etc. Systems Design.. The basic systems supported by this project consists of two Sun Enterprise 450 multiprocessor servers. from user support like resetting passwords.g. however the load generally increases to a full workload (1. depending on numerous factors. Project staff also developed and implemented emerging technologies in distance education course delivery including the use of databases. and adjusting configuration parameters. This was in preparation for the integration of the new systems into the production and delivery environment. Systems Maintenance. The compiling and building a variety of software packages also took place during this period. During Fall 1999. Additional resources were allocated to allow for the growth of non-instructional uses for the infrastructure. Project staff was instrumental in developing the engineering specifications for the current implementation of the central web infrastructure. and by other non-traditional students (alumni.or instructional documentation. During these times when most classes are not in session activities are oriented toward the system level maintenance procedures that would cause unacceptable downtime during the academic terms. extension. This design anticipated the growth of the web system in response to a variety of factors. Product Support. to software upgrades. and the use of course management software packages (e. During the summer months of 1999 project staff tested and implemented prototypes of the proposed configuration on the existing and test servers. streaming media. the course development and management software. Maintenance activities are an ongoing responsibility of the project support staff. Systems Integration. The amount of activity required for these tasks varies. resident students. and the cluster was placed in service in December 1999. one of the main ones being the anticipated growth of Distance and Continuing Education project over the period of time covered by the Congressionally Directed Grant. but by prospective students. Systems Implementation. including student services and support for distributed instruction to resident/oncampus students. Instructors choosing not to use CourseInfo and proceed with independent development are allowed access to . or developing course supplementary materials as needed by instructors.

The strength of streaming video is that it is a fairly ubiquitous medium available 24 hours a day seven days a week with wide boundaries.e. Appropriate applications are those where a video will enhance the message being delivered and a great deal of visual acuity is not required. bandwidth) for data to flow and enough processing power on the users end to convert the compressed data to video. Only one more step is needed to archive the video for later use for studying or making up missed classes. Streaming video requires a large pipeline (i. we are finding that steaming video can play a role. One is the use of video clips in distance education Web delivered courses and as supplemental information to campus courses. Although still considered a maturing technology. i. to the growth in the use of the Internet for instructional applications. The Communication Media Center and DCE has identified several uses for streaming media. Surveys of potential clients/students show that a majority of students now own computers with the capacity to handle streaming video. from registration and catalog information. The experimentation has not only given DCE and IS/CMC personnel the opportunity to become familiar with the technology but has also provided the opportunity to explore uses for the technology.the Central Web infrastructure.. with Distance & Continuing Education (DCE) as the major customer and client for the service. To some extent both have arrived. Computers costing as little as a thousand dollars can now handle the processing requirements of streaming media. The mission of the streaming media server is to support the entire OSU community. The growth in web usage is rather phenomenal and this growth is equally distributed across the spectrum of our users. The field of streaming media has been evolving during this reporting period. Our findings are beginning to show that streaming media is a technology that may improve the learning process. The Communication Media Center/Distance & Continuing Education has been experimenting with streaming video over this reporting period using Real Media software. The streaming media initiative has been a targeted part of this project to support on-line delivery of instructional content for both . In both cases it provides an alternate mode by which to communicate information. given a course directory and allowed to develop their own web course sites. streaming media offers a lot of promise for the instructional arena. or information being served. Any place a message needs to be conveyed by audio or video. Some courses are already transmitted and recorded as part of distributed education interactive video courses.e. Streaming Media. student services. as well as across the applications. The primary deterrent to the use of streaming video has been the need for more robust networks and for a large base of personal computers with the capability of processing the video.

Beginning fall 2001. a larger server space on which to store media. which will allow more robust delivery of media with fewer interruptions. and configuration working with Network Engineering to troubleshoot existing multicasting infrastructure creation of OSU media streaming policies the production of streaming exemplars the creation of the temporary media Website streaming systems administration media database design infrastructure roll-out the upgrade path. installation. 2000. as the original design was flawed installation of Phase II of the media infrastructure. how to design of Phase II and III of the system As of June 30th. both on and off the main OSU campus. including extension offices located around Oregon. Recommendations for the 2000-2001 year include: • • a redesign of the media database.edu/smi). what are the main technical and human issues. This included the responsibility for the following: • • • • • • • • • • • • • the creation of the overall streaming infrastructure design participating in current and future central internet systems design work equipment specification purchasing proposals and equipment purchase equipment set-up. Plans were being made pertaining to: • • • • system roll-out media production processes introduction of the OSU community to the streaming services what is the next step for the streaming project. and the ability to encode more classes and events at OSU policies concerning media copyright and project funding need to be revisited • . and what needs to be folded into Phase II? DCE expects steady growth of traffic and interest in the service through the summer of 2000. we expect to be streaming media for courses. as well as support of institutional communication needs. into the fall of 2001.orst. Phase I of the infrastructure was installed.main-campus and distance courses. For the period Dec. DCE lead the design and implementation of the current video streaming infrastructure. 1st to June 30th 2000. a very basic temporary Website had been created (http://instruct. and several examples of streaming media were on-line.

and for state and national distribution. enabling users to schedule meetings with one school or the whole Oregon State System of Higher Education. research and extension via distance education technologies. Prepares faculty and support staff by assisting and designing their traditional courses to be presented on an interactive television distance education network or Internet and WEB based courses. Four classrooms have been designed specifically for this purpose. Workshops range from 2 hours to 4 days. CMC produces satellite teleconferences for OSU departments. provides distance delivery of live classes to remote locations in the state and elsewhere in the country. The Communication Media Center. In Oregon all OUS institutions are networked with PictureTel units. CMC will assist production of domestic and international teleconference events. Interactive Television. CMC provides technical support and course development assistance for delivery over Oregon Ed-Net and other telecommunication systems. • • • • • . outside of Oregon and the world. PictureTel. Provides faculty and staff with consultation on different types of distance education technologies that allow them to reach audiences and receive programming from other institutions in Oregon. also available at CMC. through telecommunications systems. Prepares faculty and staff support in developing and producing a special event teleconferences(s) for non-credit class(es). is a digital video conferencing system that allows users to hold a video meeting worldwide with any compatible system. Develops and teaches workshops in equipped facilities on distance education methods and technology. Provides faculty and staff support with instructional design of OSU curriculum for teaching.• • • • • • media streaming for OSU should be centralized in IS/DCE QuickTime streaming needs to be evaluated as a possible streaming technology to compliment the current RealNetworks system automation for live Webcasting of current video-delivery classes need to be added to Phase II more robust support for the RealPlayer client needs to be implemented media streaming consultation and needs to be provided for faculty and staff doing institutional and course Website production the main streaming media Website needs to be designed and created. • CMC also has satellite downlink receiving equipment for teleconferencing and receiving instructional programs. The CMC television studio can support live teleconference origination and up link via satellite.

Distributes videotapes of synchronous and asynchronous distance education courses on campus and to Distance & Continuing Education students and cable television providers.• • • • Provides continuing feedback or critiques to faculty as they participate in distance education classes and special event teleconferences. Collaborates with other Information Services groups and other campus media departments on distance education programs. out-of-state and worldwide. professional development for OSU faculty. Hires student television technicians and trains them for hands-on experience operating video production equipment when producing distance education classes. Works with faculty in editing selected distance education television courses for future courses. Supports faculty productivity and student access by videotaping courses for delayed multiple broadcasts on cable systems in Corvallis and throughout Oregon. Schedules receive and origination sites for distance education programming with sites in Oregon. Assists faculty in videotape editing segments for their courses and teleconferences. Schedules and coordinates with faculty the specially equipped television classrooms and other teleconferencing rooms on the OSU campus. Faculty members are not responsible for technical switching. Schedules satellite downlinks to record and distribute programs off satellite that supports and enhances instruction. Provides faculty with television remote production support for shooting and editing videotape segments to be used in their distance education class. • • • • • • • • • . students and staff. Schedules and coordinates the appropriate technology needed to either send or receive a distance education class or teleconferences. Schedules additional audio-visual and multimedia technologies to be used. Schedules and playback of instructional television programming on Corvallis cable television channel 18.

Facilitates delivery (by The Valley Library staff) of orientation and instruction to students about doing library research as distance learners via DAD OnLine Service formally Oregon Ed-Net or other delivery methods used for classes.• Assures OSU currency in new technologies for both asynchronous and interactive video instruction. In coordination with the Distance Education Librarian. • • • • • . Researches and tracks state of the art technologies. CMC makes arrangements with Community College libraries and/or media centers for placements of videotapes of OSU courses in process for the use of students in those courses. Assists faculty in seeking copyright clearance materials for use in distance education classes and teleconferences. Communicates with Distance Education Librarian about new program and sites in order to facility timely service arrangements (both internal and external to OSU) for library support to OSU distance learners. provides orientation and information to faculty about OSU library access and services designed specifically for distance learners.