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Name: Monika Gawai Roll No: 85019 Title of seminar topic: Green Computing Name of the Journal

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  S.V.S.S. Lakshmi, Ms. I Sri Lalita Sarwani, M.Nalini Tuveera / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 Vol. 2, Issue4, July-August 2012, pp.1282-1285 IEEE ―Computer Society‖ Carl E. Landwehr, "Green Computing," IEEE Security & Privacy, vol. 3, no. 6, p. 3, November/December, 2005

Introduction:
Green computing refers to environmentally sustainable computing or IT. The field of green computing can be defined as "the study and practice of designing, manufacturing, using, and disposing of computers, servers, and associated subsystems—such as monitors, printers, storage devices, and networking and communications systems — efficiently and effectively with minimal or no impact on the environment." The goals of green computing are similar to green chemistry; reduce the use of hazardous materials, maximize energy efficiency during the product's lifetime, and promote the recyclability or biodegradability of defunct products and factory waste. Many corporate IT department have Green Computing initiatives to reduce the environmental impacts of their IT operations. Research continues into key areas such as making the use of computers as energy-efficient as possible, and designing algorithms and systems for efficiency-related computer technologies. The field of "green technology‖ encompasses a broad range of subjects — from new energy-generation techniques to the study of advanced materials to be used in our daily life. Green technology focuses on reducing the environmental impact of industrial processes and innovative technologies caused by the Earth’s growing population. It has taken upon itself the goal to provide society’s needs in ways that do not damage the natural resources. this means creating fully recyclable products, reducing pollution, proposing alternative technologies in various fields, and creating a center of economic activity around technologies that benefit the environment. The huge amount of computing manufactured worldwide has a direct impact on environment issues, and scientists are conducting numerous studies in order to reduce the negative impact of computing technology on our natural resources. A central point of research is testing and applying alternative nonhazardous materials in the products’ manufacturing process.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Green Computing Advantages:
- Energy saving - Environmentally Friendly - Cost-effective ( pays over time ) - Save more money per year - can give you a tax right off

Disadvantages:
- High start up cost - Not readily available - Still in experimental stages - Sacrifice performance for battery life - Not for everyone

The Future of Green Computing
Global warming and environmental change have become big issues with governments, corporations and your average Joe alike all seeking out new ways to green up their daily activities. Computers certainly make up a large part of many peoples lives and traditionally A Canadian company, Userful Inc. (www.userful.com) have come up with a solution that turns 1 computer into 10 – Discover Station. Quickly becoming the standard for green computing worldwide, DiscoverStation leverages the unused computing power of modern PC’s to create an environmentally efficient alternative to traditional desktop computing. Multiple users can work on a single computer by simply attaching up to 10 monitors, mice and keyboards. This makes it possible to reduce CO2 emissions by up to 15 tons per year per system and reduce electronic waste by up to 80%. Userful has recently stated that in the last year their software has saved over 13,250* tons of CO2 emissions, the equivalent of taking 2,300 cars off the road. Energy saved on computer hardware and computing will equate tonnes of carbon emissions saved per year.The plan towards green IT should include newelectronic products and services with optimumefficiency and all possible options towards energy savings.