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Linde Engineering

Hydrogen Production Technology Portfolio
Tehran, September 26th 2005 Bernd Kandziora Linde Engineering
26th September 2005 1 Kandziora / HV / z3639.ppt

Hydrogen Production Technology Portfolio

Linde Engineering

— Organization — Economics — Technology — Project Implementation

26th September 2005

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Kandziora / HV / z3639.ppt

Linde Engineering Division Company Organization
Operational Board
Business Segment Linde Gas and Engineering Belloni · Goedl · Stocks Denoke · Schwarzmeier Raab Sales

Linde Engineering

Board of Directors
Linde Engineering Division Ziegler Project Execution Schwarzmeier Controlling QSEManagement

Olefin Plants

Natural Gas Plants

Hydrogen and Synthesis Gas Plants Sales Hydrogen and Synthesis Gas Plants Concept. Design Hydrogen and Synthesis Gas Plants Project Execution Hydrogen and Synthesis Gas Plants

Air Separation Plants

Adsorption Plants

Engineering Services

Contract Management

Research and Development

Plants Schalchen and Hoellriegelskreuth Plate Fin Heat Exchangers

Sales Olefin Plants

Sales Natural Gas Plants Conceptual Design Natural Gas Plants Project Execution Natural Gas Plants

Sales Air Separation Plants Conceptual Design Air Separation Plants Project Execution Air Separation Plants

Sales Adsorption Plants Conceptual Design Adsorption Plants Project Execution Adsorption Plants

Plant Components and Safety

Finance and Controlling

Information Technology

Conceptual Design Olefin Plants Project Execution Olefin Plants

Plant Design

Procurement

Plant MAPAG Horgau

Standardized Equipment

Automation, Instrumentation and Electrical Engineering

Human Resources

Cold Boxes

Construction

Organization and Facility Management

Human Resources Schalchen

Special Equipment Sales Plant Components and Commercial Services

Legal Department

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Product Line Hydrogen and Synthesis Gas Product Range Linde Engineering Hydrogen Plants Gas Removal Processes H2/CO Plants Gas Separation Processes Product Line Hydrogen & Synthesis Gas CO-Plants Methanol Plants Ammonia Plants 26th September 2005 4 Syngas Plants Kandziora / HV / z3639.ppt .

ppt .Engineering Operations & Sales Offices Linde Engineering Tulsa Atlanta Blue Bell Gothenburg Aldershot Dresden Paris Munich Pfungen Rome Tehran Abu Dhabi Riyadh Baroda Beijing Dalian Seoul Hangzhou Bangkok Kuala Lumpur Johannesburg Sydney Engineering operations Sales offices 26th September 2005 5 Kandziora / HV / z3639.

Product Line Hydrogen & Synthesis Gas Plants Global Business Linde Engineering Munich Product Management Center of Competence Linde Engineering Linde Engineering Munich Marketing/ Sales Project Execution Worldwide except NAFTA Linde BOC Process Plants Inc. Tulsa Marketing/ Sales Project Execution NAFTA Countries Atlanta Standard H2 Plants Tulsa Custom Plants 26th September 2005 6 Kandziora / HV / z3639.ppt .

Product Line Hydrogen & Synthesis Gas Plants Technologies Linde Engineering All Technologies offered for the production and recovery of H2. CO and Syngas are in the majority based on In-house Technology In- Supported by licenses or supply from 3rd parties. where ever necessary to offer the complete range of technologies: Partial Oxidation Pre-Reforming Tandem Reforming aMDEA GE (Texaco/Chevron) Davy Process Technology GIAP BASF 26th September 2005 7 Kandziora / HV / z3639.ppt .

Optimum Conditions for Low Cost Production of H2 Linde Engineering n High Syngas Production Capacity and Utilization Low Cost of Feed Stock Availability of Feed Stocks from which a Crude Synthesis Gas can be obtained with exactly the required Ratio H2 / By-Products High Synergy by Co-production of Crude Synthesis Gas or Utilities for other Consumers n n n 26th September 2005 8 Kandziora / HV / z3639.ppt .

Linde Engineering Hydrogen Production Costs H2 Production Costs Steam Reforming of Natural Gas Partial Oxidation of Petroleum Coke H2 Recovery Plant Capacity 26th September 2005 9 Kandziora / HV / z3639.ppt .

ppt .Process schemes for the Production of Hydrogen Linde Engineering 4 4 4 4 4 4 Production of H2 from Light Hydrocarbons Production of H2 from Heavy Hydrocarbons Recovery of H2 from Hydrogen Rich Offgases Production of H2 from Methanol (Methanol Cracking) Production of H2 from Ammonia (Ammonia Dissociation) Production of H2 from Water (Electrolysis) 26th September 2005 Kandziora / HV / z3639.

LPG Butane Naphtha (up to 30% Aromatics. FBP > 200°C) Kandziora / HV / z3639.Feedstock Alternatives for Hydrogen Production Linde Engineering Typical Light Hydrocarbon Feedstocks are: 4 4 4 4 4 4 Natural Gas Associated Gas Refinery Gases Propane.ppt 26th September 2005 .

Air n High Temp.Temp. Shift isoth. Shift Low Temp. Med.Wat. Preheating of Combust.ppt . Shift Med.Temp.H2 Production from light Hydrocarbons Oxygen Steam Feed Fuel Feed Feed PretreatPretreatment ment HydroHydrocarbon carbon Conversion Conversion Heat Heat Recovery Recovery CO CO Conversion Conversion Linde Engineering Steam H2 H2 Purification Purification Hydrogen CO2 n Hydrogenation Desulphurization Dechlorination Demetallization n Steam Reforming Tandem Reforming Partial Oxidation n Generation of Steam Evaporation / Preheating of feed Preheating of BFW and Demin. Shift adiab. n n n n n Pressure Swing Adsorption (PSA) Membrane Separation Cryogenic Separation CO2-Removal+ Methanation CO2-Removal+ PSA n n n n n n n n n n n 26th September 2005 Kandziora / HV / z3639.

Water Waste Waste Heat Heat Recovery Recovery H2-Recycle Export Steam Feed Feed Feed PretreatPretreatment ment Steam Steam Reforming Reforming CO-Shift CO-Shift Conversion Conversion Pressure Pressure Swing Swing Adsorption Adsorption Hydrogen Purgegas Fuel 26th September 2005 Kandziora / HV / z3639.H2 Prod. from light Hydrocarbons Steam Reforming based Hydrogen Plant Basic Scheme: Linde Engineering Process Steam Demin.ppt .

HT-Shift.99 mol-% Scope LSTK Start-up 2002 26th September 2005 Kandziora / HV / z3639.000 Nm3/h 31.Steam Reforming based Hydrogen Plant for the Gas Industry in Germany Customer Linde Gas Linde Engineering Location Leuna Germany Steam Reforming. PSA 35.ppt .4 mmscfd Process Capacity Feedstock Natural Gas Purity 99.

Steam Reforming based Hydrogen Plant for a Refinery in India Customer Linde Engineering RELIANCE PETOLEUM Jamnagar India Steam Reforming.ppt .500 Nm3/h 2 x 75 mmscfd LPG.9 mol-% Location Process Capacity Feedstock Purity Scope Engineering Supply 1998/ 1999 Start-up 26th September 2005 Kandziora / HV / z3639. HT-Shift. Naphtha Refinery Offgas 99. PSA 2 x 83.

500 Nm3/h 2 x 75 mmscfd LPG.9 mol-% Location Process Capacity Feedstock Purity Scope Engineering Supply 1998/ 1999 Start-up 26th September 2005 Kandziora / HV / z3639. Naphtha Refinery Offgas 99.ppt . PSA 2 x 83.Steam Reforming based Hydrogen Plant for a Refinery in India Customer Linde Engineering RELIANCE PETOLEUM Jamnagar India Steam Reforming. HT-Shift.

ppt .Steam Reforming based Hydrogen-Plant Flexibility in Plant Design Linde Engineering 4 4 4 4 4 4 26th September 2005 Pre-Reforming (CRG) Gas Heated Reactor (Post-Reforming) Isothermal Shift Conversion Integration of H2-Rich Offgas Streams Integration of a CO2-Removal System Integration of a Gas Turbine Kandziora / HV / z3639.

Steam Reforming based Hydrogen Plant Integration of a Pre-Reformer (CRG) Demin.Water Process Steam Waste Waste Heat Heat Recovery Recovery H2-Recycle Linde Engineering Export Steam Feed Feed Feed PretreatPretreatment ment PrePreReformer Reformer Steam Steam Reforming Reforming CO-Shift CO-Shift Conversion Conversion Pressure Pressure Swing Swing Adsorption Adsorption Hydrogen Purgegas Fuel TC FC Steam FC Feed Ref.Gas New Equipment 26th September 2005 18 Pre-Reformer Kandziora / HV / z3639.ppt .

Supply. PSA 111. Steam Reforming.ppt . CO2Removal.9 mol-% Location Process Capacity Feedstock Purity Scope Engineering.Steam Reforming based Hydrogen Plant for the Fertilizer Industry in India Customer Linde Engineering Gujarat State Fertilizer Baroda India Pre-Reforming. ISO-Shift.000 Nm3/h 100 mmscfd Natural Gas Naphtha 99. Supervision 1998 Start-up 26th September 2005 Kandziora / HV / z3639.

0 360.0 200.0 280.0 320.0 440.0 Inlet Temperature <°C> 26th September 2005 Kandziora / HV / z3639.0 240.Steam Reforming based Hydrogen Plants Isothermal Shift Conversion Typical exit CO-levels for different CO-Shift arrangements: 6 Linde Engineering LTS 5 exit CO-content <mol-% dry> MTS HTS 4 3 2 1 0 160.ppt .0 400.

ppt .Steam Reforming based Hydrogen Plants Isothermal Shift Conversion Steam Circulating Water Linde Engineering Boiler Feed Water Gas Entry Circulating Water 26th September 2005 Gas Exit Kandziora / HV / z3639.

ppt . by Steam Reforming Integration of H2-Rich Offgases .Separate PSA Linde Engineering Steam Reformer PSA Feedgas Compression 26th September 2005 H2S-Removal Offgas-PSA Purgegas Compression Kandziora / HV / z3639.Hydrogen Prod.

Naphtha Refinery Offgas 99.300 Nm3/h 52.A.ppt . Sines Refinery Sines Portugal Steam Reforming. H2S-Removal Offgas PSA 58.Steam Reforming based Hydrogen Plant for a Refinery in Portugal Customer Linde Engineering PETROGAL S. HT-Shift.5 mol-% Location Process Capacity Feedstock Purity Scope LSTK Start-up 2001/ 2002 26th September 2005 Kandziora / HV / z3639. PSA.2 mmscfd Natural Gas LPG.

Feedstock Alternatives for Hydrogen Production Typical Heavy Hydrocarbon Feedstocks are: Linde Engineering 4 4 4 4 4 4 Fuel Oil Vacuum Tar Asphalt Pitch Coal Petroleum Coke 26th September 2005 Kandziora / HV / z3639.ppt .

Generation of HP and/ or LP Steam n n n n Selective Absorption of CO2.COS Removal Removal Linde Engineering Sulfur Steam H2 H2 Purification Purification Hydrogen Fuel CO2 n Milling and Slurry Preparation of solid feed Preheating of liquid feed n Partial Oxidation n CO-Shift with sulfur resistant catalyst Preheating of BFW and Demin. CO2. Methanol) n Pressure Swing Adsorption (PSA) Membrane Separation Cryogenic Separation Methanation n n n 26th September 2005 Kandziora / HV / z3639.Wat.COS H2S.Linde Hydrogen Technology H2 Production from Heavy Hydrocarbons Oxygen Steam Feed Feed Feed Preparation Preparation HydroHydrocarbon carbon Conversion Conversion CO-Shift/ CO-Shift/ Heat Heat Recovery Recovery CO2.g. H2S.ppt . H2S and COS by a polar scrubbing agent( e.

Linde Hydrogen Technology H2 Production from Heavy Hydrocarbons Air Air Separation Separation Linde Engineering Air Oxygen Steam LP Steam Sulfur Fraction CO2 Gasification Gasification with with Quench Quench CO-Shift CO-Shift Heat Heat Recovery Recovery Sour Gas Sour Gas Removal Removal Pressure Pressure Swing Swing Adsorption Adsorption Feed Hydrogen Soot Water Soot Water Handling Handling Steam Steam Generator Generator Fuelgas Demin. Water 26th September 2005 Kandziora / HV / z3639.ppt .

ppt .200 Nm3/h H2 14. H2-PSA CO 11. MDEA Wash Cryogenic CO-Sep.Partial Oxidation based Syngas Plant for the Chemical Industry in Korea Customer Linde Engineering Samsung BP Chemicals Ltd Ulsan Korea Partial Oxidation.700 Nm3/h Naphtha Location Process Capacity Feedstock Purity CO 99.6 mol-% H2 99.999 mol-% LSTK Scope Start-up 1997 26th September 2005 Kandziora / HV / z3639.

Partial Oxidation based Ammonia Plant for the Fertilizer Industry in China Customer Linde Engineering Jilin Chemical Industrial Group Jilin P. China Partial Oxidation. Supervision 2003 Start-up 26th September 2005 28 Kandziora / HV / z3639.ppt . Supply. HT-Shift Rectisol Wash Nitrogen Wash NH3 1000 mtpd (80.000 Nm3/h H2) Heavy Fuel Oil Location Process Capacity Feedstock Purity Scope Engineering.R.

Alternative Project Execution Structures Option A CLIENT H2 Plant Contractor • • • • • • • • • Basic Engineering Detail Engineering Procurement Supply Civil Works Erection Construction Supervision Commissioning Start-Up Supervision Linde Engineering Option B CLIENT H2 Technology Contractor • Basic Engineering • Proprietary Supply • Start-Up Supervision Option C CLIENT H2 Technology Contractor • Basic Engineering • Proprietary Supply • Start-Up Supervision EPC Contractor • • • • • • • Detail Engineering Procurement Supply Civil Works Erection Construction Supervision Commissioning Engineering Contractor • Detail Engineering • Procurement Client • Purchasing • Supply Civil Contractor • Civil Works Erection Contractors • Erection Works Client • Commissioning 26th September 2005 29 Kandziora / HV / z3639.ppt .

Linde Engineering Project Implementation Conditions for an optimum structure: § § § Keep the work flow of design and construction simple. contracts) Divide the work between the participants of the project according to their capabilities Allocate responsibilities and risks to the participants only to the extent they are able to control 26th September 2005 Kandziora / HV / z3639. i.ppt .g. with a minimum of interfaces (e.e.

Linde Engineering Plant Operation LINDE ENGINEERING DESIGNS & BUILDS LINDE GAS OPERATES AND MAINTAINS EXPERIENCE 26th September 2005 Kandziora / HV / z3639.ppt .

Linde Engineering Linde Hydrogen Technology LINDE IS THE ONLY COMPANY IN THE WORLD THAT 4 DESIGNS 4 BUILDS 4 OPERATES HYDROGEN FACILITIES USING THEIR OWN „IN-HOUSE TECHNOLOGY“ 26th September 2005 32 Kandziora / HV / z3639.ppt .

26th September 2005 33 Kandziora / HV / z3639.ppt .Linde Engineering Thank you for your Attention.