1. Why is there are stronger effect of gravity on the North Pole than anywhere else in the world?

Because the earth is very slightly flattened at the poles, so the North and South Poles are a bit closer to the center of the Earth than land on the Equator. And the South Pole is in Antarctica, which is a very high plateau, so the gravity there would be a bit less than that at the North Pole, which is in the middle of a deep ocean. The South Pole is colder than the North precisely because of this high elevation.

2. Gravitational constant

The gravitational constant, symbolized G, is a physical constant that appears in the equation for Newton's law of gravitation. Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727), the English mathematician, quantified the behavior of the force of gravity. He noticed that the gravitational force between two objects is proportional to the product of their masses, and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between their centers.

According to Newton's law, given any two objects having mass m_1 and m_2 (in kilograms) whose centers of mass are separated by a distance r (in meters), there exists an attractive gravitational force F (in newtons) between the objects, such that:

F = G m_1 m_2 / r^2

The value of G in this equation is approximately equal to 6.67 x 10^-11 newton meters squared per kilogram squared (N x m^2 x kg^-2).

So if the distance r decreases, the force F will increase. The Earth is not a perfect sphere. It is more of a flattened sphere. 3. Hi. I'm M--- S----, a seventh grade student in Washington. I had this question: The earth is spinning, so there is more centrifugal force towards the equator of the earth than the north pole, because the middle of the earth is spinning faster. So if you lived on the

equator wouldn't you weigh less than some one who lived on the north pole,beacause there is more force trying to pull you away from earth? Thanks for your time and effort. I really appreciate it. You are right, that because of centripetal acceleration you will weigh a tiny amount less at the equator than at the poles. Try not to think of centripetal acceleration as a force though; what's really going on is that objects which are in motion like to go in a straight line and so it takes some force to make them go round in a circle. So some of the force of gravity is being used to make you go round in a circle at the equator (instead of flying off into space) while at the pole this is not needed. The centripetal acceleration at the equator is given by 4 times pi squared times the radius of the Earth divided by the period of rotation squared (4*pi2*r/T2). The period of rotation is 24 hours (or 86400 seconds) and the radius of the Earth is about 6400 km. This means that the centripetal acceletation at the equator is about 0.03 m/s2 (metres per seconds squared). Compare this to the acceleration due to gravity which is about 10 m/s2 and you can see how tiny an effect this is - you would weigh about 0.3% less at the equator than at the poles! There is an additional effect due to the oblateness of the Earth. The Earth is not exactly spherical but rather is a little bit like a "squashed" sphere, with the radius at the equator slightly larger than the radius at the poles (this shape can be explained by the effect of centripetal acceleration on the material that makes up the Earth, exactly as described above). This has the effect of slightly increasing your weight at the poles (since you are close to the centre of the Earth and the gravitational force depends on distance) and slightly decreasing it at the equator. Taking into account both of the above effects, the gravitational acceleration is 9.78 m/s2 at the equator and 9.83 m/s2 at the poles, so you weigh about 0.5% more at the poles than at the equator.

Why is the gravity stronger at the poles than at the equator? Does the earth's magnetic field affect it? According to a source, this is because of the magnetic field. Another source says that it's because of the centrifugal force. Are they right? 1. The diameter of earth at poles are less than that of equator. They are12714 at poles and12756 at equator. So distance to center is less and gravity is more there. Figures in kilometers. 2. More or less it's a centrifugal force of the earth's rotation; though centrifugal force is a term rarely used in modern physics. There's also a mild effect due to the earth not exactly being spherical; it's slightly bulged toward the equator which reduces the effect of gravity slightly because it is a bit further from the earth's center of mass.

Is gravity "stronger" at the poles? Because of centrifugal force, does gravity at the equator (where the crust is farthest from the Earth's axis and thus moving faster) have a weaker net pull than at the poles? On earth, gravity is stronger at the poles and at sea level.

The earth spins around an imaginary line that connects the north and the south poles. Near these poles are the magnetic poles. These poles acts just as a bar magnet. The north magnetic pole is on Ellef Ringnes Island in N. Canada. The south magnetic pole is off the coast of Wilkes Land, a part of Antarctica. It is believed that magnetism comes from the "circulation of molten rock in the earth's outer core." Magnetic force is present in the magnetosphere, a region shaped like a teardrop. This magnetosphere acts on electrons and protons that move throughout space and shields the earth from them. Yes. At the equator the centrifugal force cancels gravity (by a fraction of a percent). And yes, this is why the earth is fatter in the middle. And yes, that further reduces gravity by a tiny bit.

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