# 1. Why is there are stronger effect of gravity on the North Pole than anywhere else in the world?

Because the earth is very slightly flattened at the poles, so the North and South Poles are a bit closer to the center of the Earth than land on the Equator. And the South Pole is in Antarctica, which is a very high plateau, so the gravity there would be a bit less than that at the North Pole, which is in the middle of a deep ocean. The South Pole is colder than the North precisely because of this high elevation.

2. Gravitational constant

The gravitational constant, symbolized G, is a physical constant that appears in the equation for Newton's law of gravitation. Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727), the English mathematician, quantified the behavior of the force of gravity. He noticed that the gravitational force between two objects is proportional to the product of their masses, and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between their centers.

According to Newton's law, given any two objects having mass m_1 and m_2 (in kilograms) whose centers of mass are separated by a distance r (in meters), there exists an attractive gravitational force F (in newtons) between the objects, such that:

F = G m_1 m_2 / r^2

The value of G in this equation is approximately equal to 6.67 x 10^-11 newton meters squared per kilogram squared (N x m^2 x kg^-2).

So if the distance r decreases, the force F will increase. The Earth is not a perfect sphere. It is more of a flattened sphere. 3. Hi. I'm M--- S----, a seventh grade student in Washington. I had this question: The earth is spinning, so there is more centrifugal force towards the equator of the earth than the north pole, because the middle of the earth is spinning faster. So if you lived on the