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Language Language is a city to the building of which every human being brought a stone.

(Ralph Waldo Emerson, Letters and social aims) 1. What is language 2. Knowing the language: a. Linguistic knowledge (knowledge of sounds, words and relationship between them) a. 1. Inventory of words a. 2. Knowing which sound may start a word , end a word and follow each other a. 3. Knowledge of words (the relationship between words and letters b. Having creativity c. situation 0nomatopoetic words: words like buzz, murmur that imitate the sounds associated with object or action they refer to The rooster's crows: 3. Language in society

Concept Phrases related to language Idiolect Dialect Accent Styles Slang a Pig a police officer Jargon and argot: Example: he was in his hoopty around dimday when some mud duck with a tray-eight tried to take him out of the box. Taboo or not taboo: Anglo Saxon taboo words Latinate acceptable words Cunt Vagina Cock Penis Prick penis Tits Breast Shit feces

4. Language, sex and gender The generic "He"

. . 5. Second language teaching methods: . Basic requirements . . . .

People mankind personnel manpower nurturing mothering moderator chairman firefighter fireman

Of learning a language