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4 Holt Algebra 2

All rights reserved.

Name Date Class

LESSON

9-1

Practice B

Multiple Representations of Functions

Match each situation to its corresponding graph. Sketch a possible

graph of the situation if it does not match any of the given graphs.

X

Graph A

Y

X

Graph B

Y

X

Graph C

Y

X

Graph D

Y

1. A train is approaching its destination.

C

2. The temperature on an autumn day increases until late afternoon

and then drops dramatically by late evening.

D

3. A helium balloon is released by a running child on a calm day.

B

4. A golf ball hit by a golfer flies over the trees and disappears into

the woods.

A

Solve.

5. A bicyclist leaves a rest stop at 1:00 and heads

directly for home at a constant rate. The table

shows how far, d, he is from home in miles as a

function of time, t. Create a graph and an equation

to predict the time he will arrive home.

t 1:00 1:10 1:20 1:30 1:40

d 18.5 16.0 13.5 11.0 8.5

d 0.25t 17.5

6. New members at a fitness club pay $200 to start

and then $20 per month for life. Create a table, a

graph, and an equation that represent the total

cost of enrollment, c, as a function of months, m,

of participation.

m

1 2 3

c

220 240 260

c 20m 200

X

Time (min)

D

i

s

t

a

n

c

e

(

m

i

)

0 10 20

2

4

6

8

10

12

14

16

18

20

30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100

Y

X

Time (months)

C

o

s

t

(

$

)

0 2 4

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20

Y

a207c09-1_pr.indd 4 1/4/06 6:58:02 PM

Process Black

Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

5 Holt Algebra 2

All rights reserved.

Name Date Class

LESSON

Practice C

Multiple Representations of Functions

9-1

Match each situation to its corresponding graph. Sketch a possible

graph of the situation if it does not match any of the given graphs.

X

Graph A

Y

X

Graph B

Y

X

'RAPH#

Y

X

Graph D

Y

1. A pendulum swings back and forth.

C

2. A new subdivision is built near an elementary school and

families with children begin moving in.

B

3. Joan throws a paper airplane into the air.

D

4. Sandy is riding the roller coaster at the amusement park.

A

Solve.

5. The table shows the balance, b, in dollars in a savings account

at the end of each month. Create a graph and an equation

to represent the balance after m months.

m 1 2 3 4 5 6

b 38 46 54 62 70 78

b 8m 30

6. A fireworks projectile is launched at 20 meters per second from a 60-meter

bridge. The table shows the distance, d, in meters the projectile is above the

river after t seconds. Create a graph and an equation to determine how long

after the launch the projectile reaches the ground.

t 0 1 2 3 4 5

d 60 75 80 75 60 35

d 5 t

2

20t 60

X

Time (months)

B

a

l

a

n

c

e

(

$

)

0 1 2

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Y

X

Time (min)

D

i

s

t

a

n

c

e

(

m

)

0 1 2

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Y

a207c09-1_pr.indd 5 1/5/06 5:41:39 PM

Process Black

Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

12 Holt Algebra 2

All rights reserved.

Name Date Class

LESSON

9-2

Practice B

Piecewise Functions

Evaluate each piecewise function for x 8 and x 5.

1. f

{

2x if x 0

0 if x 0

2. g

{

2 x if x 5

x

2

if 5 x 8

6 if 8 x

16, 0

10, 3

3. h

{

2x 4 if x 8

1 if 8 x 5

x

2

if 5 x

4. k

{

15 if x 5

x if 5 x 1

7

x

__

2

if 1 x

12, 25

15, 4

1

__

2

Graph each function.

5. f

{

6 if x 2

3x if 2 x

6. g

{

12 x if x 5

x 2 if 5 x

X

Y

X

Solve.

7. An airport parking garage costs $20 per day for the first week. After that,

the cost decreases to $17 per day.

a. Write a piecewise function for the cost of

parking a car for x days.

f

{

20x if x 7

17x 21 if x 7

b. What is the cost to park for 10 days?

$191

c. Ms. Anderson went on two trips. On the first, she

parked at the garage for 5 days; on the second,

she parked at the garage for 8 days. What was

the difference in the cost of parking between the

two trips?

$57

a207c09-2_pr.indd 12 1/4/06 6:58:23 PM

Process Black

!"#$%&'()*( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( +',$-------------------------------.&-------(

/0)(12$3$425$(678392:85( ( ( (

(

;&'<=($'3=(>78392:80(

(

?0( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( )0( (

(

(

(

(

(

@0( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( A0( (

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

B0( (

Chapter 9 Properties and Attributes of Functions

Exercses

Exercses

CUIDED PRACTICE

6V>L> How ure sIep IuncIIons reIuIed Io pIecewIse IuncIIons

Create a tahIe and a verhaI description to represent each graph.

SLL LXAMPLL 1

p. 662

{

Admission Prices

*

V

i

}i

{ n

{

n

Iopsoil Prices

P

r

i

c

e

r

a

I

e

(

$

l

y

d

3

)

VoIume (yd

3

)

SLL LXAMPLL 2

p. 663

EvaIuate each piecewise function for X 6 and X 3.

{ FX

8

0

b

II

II

II

X b

b X b

X b

x GX

bX 9

4 X

2

II

II

X 2

X 2

SLL LXAMPLL J

p. 663

Graph each function.

FX

7

2

II

II

X 2

X 2

GX

2X 8 II X 4

1

_

2

X II X 4

SLL LXAMPLL 4

p. 665

n The cosI oI renIIng u cunoe Is $20 Ior Ihe IIrsI 4 hours und $3 per hour Ior uddIIIonuI

hours. SkeIch u gruph oI Ihe cosI oI renIIng u cunoe Irom 0 Io 8 hours. Then wrIIe u

pIecewIse IuncIIon Ior Ihe gruph.

PRACTICE AND PROBLEm SOLVINC

for See

Lxercises LxampIe

9-10 1

11-12 2

13-14 3

15 4

)NDEPENDENT0RACTICE Create a tahIe and a verhaI description to represent each graph.

vvi*Vi

*

V

i

}i

{

n

{ n

n

Average 5alary by

Years of Experience

{ n

A

v

e

r

a

g

e

s

a

I

a

r

y

(

I

h

o

u

s

a

n

d

$

)

Experience (yr)

EvaIuate each piecewise function for X 2, X 2, and X 6.

GX

9X 2

X

2

3

b

II

II

II

X 3

3 X 1

X 1

FX

12 9X

X

2

3X

4

X

II

II

II

X 0

0 X 3

X 3

9-2

+%97/2$ M87 ParehI

+%97/2$ M87 9-2

SkiIIs Practice p. S20

AppIication Practice p. S40

%XTRA0RACTICE

a207se_c09l02_0662_0669.indd 666 11/3/05 5:21:56 PM

Chapter 9 Properties and Attributes of Functions

Exercses Exercses

CUIDED PRACTICE

6V>L> How ure sIep IuncIIons reIuIed Io pIecewIse IuncIIons

Create a tahIe and a verhaI description to represent each graph.

SLL LXAMPLL 1

p. 662

{

Admission Prices

*

V

i

}i

{ n

{

n

Iopsoil Prices

P

r

i

c

e

r

a

I

e

(

$

l

y

d

3

)

VoIume (yd

3

)

SLL LXAMPLL 2

p. 663

EvaIuate each piecewise function for X 6 and X 3.

{ FX

8

0

b

II

II

II

X b

b X b

X b

x GX

bX 9

4 X

2

II

II

X 2

X 2

SLL LXAMPLL J

p. 663

Graph each function.

FX

7

2

II

II

X 2

X 2

GX

2X 8 II X 4

1

_

2

X II X 4

SLL LXAMPLL 4

p. 665

n The cosI oI renIIng u cunoe Is $20 Ior Ihe IIrsI 4 hours und $3 per hour Ior uddIIIonuI

hours. SkeIch u gruph oI Ihe cosI oI renIIng u cunoe Irom 0 Io 8 hours. Then wrIIe u

pIecewIse IuncIIon Ior Ihe gruph.

PRACTICE AND PROBLEm SOLVINC

for See

Lxercises LxampIe

9-10 1

11-12 2

13-14 3

15 4

)NDEPENDENT0RACTICE Create a tahIe and a verhaI description to represent each graph.

vvi*Vi

*

V

i

}i

{

n

{ n

n

Average 5alary by

Years of Experience

{ n

A

v

e

r

a

g

e

s

a

I

a

r

y

(

I

h

o

u

s

a

n

d

$

)

Experience (yr)

EvaIuate each piecewise function for X 2, X 2, and X 6.

GX

9X 2

X

2

3

b

II

II

II

X 3

3 X 1

X 1

FX

12 9X

X

2

3X

4

X

II

II

II

X 0

0 X 3

X 3

9-2

+%97/2$ M87 ParehI

+%97/2$ M87 9-2

SkiIIs Practice p. S20

AppIication Practice p. S40

%XTRA0RACTICE

a207se_c09l02_0662_0669.indd 666 11/3/05 5:21:56 PM

9- 2 Piecewise Functions 667

0o |oor|u |s a

$2 b||||ou |udus|, |u

|e uu|ed 'aes. !|e|e

|s e.|deuce |a |e|e

we|e do|oor|u

pa||o|s |u f|auce as

ea||, as |e 1700s.

G\kj

'RAPHEACHFUNCTION

13. FX

3

_

4

X 1 II X 4

3

_

4

X 2 II X 4

14. GX

2X b

X

2

3

II

II

X 2

X 2

15. Pets A dog groomer churges

dIIIerenI prIces bused on Ihe

weIghI oI Ihe dog. SkeIch u

gruph oI Ihe cosI oI groomIng

u dog Irom 0 Io 100 pounds.

Then wrIIe u pIecewIse

IuncIIon Ior Ihe gruph.

7RITEAPIECEWISEFUNCTIONFOREACHGRAPH

16.

n { n {

n

n

17.

n { n {

{

n

n

18.

n { n {

{

{

n

n

19. Parking A purkIng guruge churges $6 un hour Ior Ihe IIrsI 4 hours IhuI u cur Is

purked In Ihe IoI. AIIer IhuI, Ihe guruge churges un uddIIIonuI $3 un hour. WrIIe u

pIecewIse IuncIIon Ior Ihe cosI oI purkIng u cur In IhIs guruge Ior X hours.

Grooming Prices

WeighI (Ib) Price ($)

x>``i

"ix>`x x

"ix x

G\kj

13.

G\kj

13.

G\kj

13.

7RITEEACHABSOLUTEVALUEFUNCTIONASAPIECEWISEFUNCTION

21. FX X 22. GX X4 23. HX 2 X 4

24. Shipping An overnIghI deIIvery servIce churges $11 Ior u puckuge IhuI weIghs

2 pounds or Iess. The deIIvery servIce churges $3 Ior euch uddIIIonuI pound. SkeIch

u gruph oI Ihe cosI oI shIppIng u puckuge Irom 0 Io 8 pounds. Then wrIIe u pIecewIse

IuncIIon Ior Ihe gruph.

'RAPHEACHFUNCTION

25. HX

1

_

2

X

2

2

X

4

2X 2

II X 0

II 0 X 3

II X 3

26. HX

3

3

X

4

II

II

X 0

X 0

20. Travel Derek und hIs IrIends drove Irom

Sun IruncIsco Io Luke Tuhoe Io go skIIng.

The uveruge speed IhuI Ihey IruveIed

durIng euch Ieg oI Ihe IrIp Is shown on Ihe

mup. They drove 30 mIn In Ihe cIIy, 3 h on

Ihe hIghwuy, und 30 mIn up Ihe mounIuIn.

a. WrIIe u pIecewIse IuncIIon Io

represenI Ihe dIsIunce IhuI Derek

IruveIed durIng hIs 4 h IrIp.

b. Gruph Ihe IuncIIon.

c. What if...7 How much Ionger wouId

Ihe IrIp huve Iuken II Derek hud

uveruged b0 mIIh on Ihe hIghwuy

30 mi/h

60 mi/h 45 mi/h

Average 5peed

City

highway Mountain

a207se_c09l02_0662_0669.indd 667 11/3/05 5:22:00 PM

9- 2 Piecewise Functions 667

0o |oor|u |s a

$2 b||||ou |udus|, |u

|e uu|ed 'aes. !|e|e

|s e.|deuce |a |e|e

we|e do|oor|u

pa||o|s |u f|auce as

ea||, as |e 1700s.

G\kj

'RAPHEACHFUNCTION

13. FX

3

_

4

X 1 II X 4

3

_

4

X 2 II X 4

14. GX

2X b

X

2

3

II

II

X 2

X 2

15. Pets A dog groomer churges

dIIIerenI prIces bused on Ihe

weIghI oI Ihe dog. SkeIch u

gruph oI Ihe cosI oI groomIng

u dog Irom 0 Io 100 pounds.

Then wrIIe u pIecewIse

IuncIIon Ior Ihe gruph.

7RITEAPIECEWISEFUNCTIONFOREACHGRAPH

16.

n { n {

n

n

17.

n { n {

{

n

n

18.

n { n {

{

{

n

n

19. Parking A purkIng guruge churges $6 un hour Ior Ihe IIrsI 4 hours IhuI u cur Is

purked In Ihe IoI. AIIer IhuI, Ihe guruge churges un uddIIIonuI $3 un hour. WrIIe u

pIecewIse IuncIIon Ior Ihe cosI oI purkIng u cur In IhIs guruge Ior X hours.

Grooming Prices

WeighI (Ib) Price ($)

x>``i

"ix>`x x

"ix x

G\kj

13.

G\kj

13.

G\kj

13.

7RITEEACHABSOLUTEVALUEFUNCTIONASAPIECEWISEFUNCTION

21. FX X 22. GX X4 23. HX 2 X 4

24. Shipping An overnIghI deIIvery servIce churges $11 Ior u puckuge IhuI weIghs

2 pounds or Iess. The deIIvery servIce churges $3 Ior euch uddIIIonuI pound. SkeIch

u gruph oI Ihe cosI oI shIppIng u puckuge Irom 0 Io 8 pounds. Then wrIIe u pIecewIse

IuncIIon Ior Ihe gruph.

'RAPHEACHFUNCTION

25. HX

1

_

2

X

2

2

X

4

2X 2

II X 0

II 0 X 3

II X 3

26. HX

3

3

X

4

II

II

X 0

X 0

20. Travel Derek und hIs IrIends drove Irom

Sun IruncIsco Io Luke Tuhoe Io go skIIng.

The uveruge speed IhuI Ihey IruveIed

durIng euch Ieg oI Ihe IrIp Is shown on Ihe

mup. They drove 30 mIn In Ihe cIIy, 3 h on

Ihe hIghwuy, und 30 mIn up Ihe mounIuIn.

a. WrIIe u pIecewIse IuncIIon Io

represenI Ihe dIsIunce IhuI Derek

IruveIed durIng hIs 4 h IrIp.

b. Gruph Ihe IuncIIon.

c. What if...7 How much Ionger wouId

Ihe IrIp huve Iuken II Derek hud

uveruged b0 mIIh on Ihe hIghwuy

30 mi/h

60 mi/h 45 mi/h

Average 5peed

City

highway Mountain

a207se_c09l02_0662_0669.indd 667 11/3/05 5:22:00 PM

9- 2 Piecewise Functions 667

0o |oor|u |s a

$2 b||||ou |udus|, |u

|e uu|ed 'aes. !|e|e

|s e.|deuce |a |e|e

we|e do|oor|u

pa||o|s |u f|auce as

ea||, as |e 1700s.

G\kj

'RAPHEACHFUNCTION

13. FX

3

_

4

X 1 II X 4

3

_

4

X 2 II X 4

14. GX

2X b

X

2

3

II

II

X 2

X 2

15. Pets A dog groomer churges

dIIIerenI prIces bused on Ihe

weIghI oI Ihe dog. SkeIch u

gruph oI Ihe cosI oI groomIng

u dog Irom 0 Io 100 pounds.

Then wrIIe u pIecewIse

IuncIIon Ior Ihe gruph.

7RITEAPIECEWISEFUNCTIONFOREACHGRAPH

16.

n { n {

n

n

17.

n { n {

{

n

n

18.

n { n {

{

{

n

n

19. Parking A purkIng guruge churges $6 un hour Ior Ihe IIrsI 4 hours IhuI u cur Is

purked In Ihe IoI. AIIer IhuI, Ihe guruge churges un uddIIIonuI $3 un hour. WrIIe u

pIecewIse IuncIIon Ior Ihe cosI oI purkIng u cur In IhIs guruge Ior X hours.

Grooming Prices

WeighI (Ib) Price ($)

x>``i

"ix>`x x

"ix x

G\kj

13.

G\kj

13.

G\kj

13.

7RITEEACHABSOLUTEVALUEFUNCTIONASAPIECEWISEFUNCTION

21. FX X 22. GX X4 23. HX 2 X 4

24. Shipping An overnIghI deIIvery servIce churges $11 Ior u puckuge IhuI weIghs

2 pounds or Iess. The deIIvery servIce churges $3 Ior euch uddIIIonuI pound. SkeIch

u gruph oI Ihe cosI oI shIppIng u puckuge Irom 0 Io 8 pounds. Then wrIIe u pIecewIse

IuncIIon Ior Ihe gruph.

'RAPHEACHFUNCTION

25. HX

1

_

2

X

2

2

X

4

2X 2

II X 0

II 0 X 3

II X 3

26. HX

3

3

X

4

II

II

X 0

X 0

20. Travel Derek und hIs IrIends drove Irom

Sun IruncIsco Io Luke Tuhoe Io go skIIng.

The uveruge speed IhuI Ihey IruveIed

durIng euch Ieg oI Ihe IrIp Is shown on Ihe

mup. They drove 30 mIn In Ihe cIIy, 3 h on

Ihe hIghwuy, und 30 mIn up Ihe mounIuIn.

a. WrIIe u pIecewIse IuncIIon Io

represenI Ihe dIsIunce IhuI Derek

IruveIed durIng hIs 4 h IrIp.

b. Gruph Ihe IuncIIon.

c. What if...7 How much Ionger wouId

Ihe IrIp huve Iuken II Derek hud

uveruged b0 mIIh on Ihe hIghwuy

30 mi/h

60 mi/h 45 mi/h

Average 5peed

City

highway Mountain

a207se_c09l02_0662_0669.indd 667 11/3/05 5:22:00 PM

Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

28 Holt Algebra 2

All rights reserved.

Name Date Class

LESSON

9-4

Practice B

Operations with Functions

Use the following functions for Exercises 118.

f

1

___

2x

g

x

2

h

x 8 k

x

Find each function.

1. gk

2. g h

3. g h

x

2

x

x

2

x 8

x

2

x 8

4. fg

5. gh

6.

f

__

g

x

__

2

x

3

8 x

2

1

____

2 x

3

Find each value.

7. g k

8. h g

9. g h

9

1

121

10. k h

12

11. f g

12. f h

2

1

___

32

1

___

14

Write each composite function. State the domain of each.

13. f g

14. h g

15. h k

1

____

2 x

2

;

{x | x 0}

h g

x

2

8;

{x | x is a real

number}

h k

x 8;

{x | x 0}

16. f k

17. k g

18. k h

f k

x

___

2x

;

{x | x 0}

k g

x ;

{x | x is a real

number}

k h

x 8 ;

{x | x 8}

Solve.

19. A retail shoe store manager sets the price of shoes at twice his cost. The shoe

store is now offering a 40% discount on all shoes.

a. Write a composite function for the price of a pair

of shoes after the discount.

f g

1.2x

b. If a pair of shoes cost the manager $25, what is

the sale price?

$30

a207c09-4_pr.indd 28 1/4/06 6:57:00 PM

Process Black

Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

38 Holt Algebra 2

All rights reserved.

Name Date Class

Reteach

Functions and Their Inverses

9-5

LESSON

Not all relations are functions and not all relations have inverse functions. To decide whether

the inverse of a relation is a function, use the horizontal-line test.

If any horizontal line passes through more than one point on the graph of a relation, the

inverse of the relation is not a function.

X

Y

X

Y

relation is a function.

1.

X

Y

2.

X

Y

Not a function

Function

3.

X

Y

4.

X

Y

Function

Not a function

Can you draw a horizontal line that

passes through more than one point

on the graph?

No. So the inverse of the relation is a

function.

Can you draw a horizontal line that passes

through more than one point on the graph?

Yes. So the inverse of the relation is

NOT a function.

a207c09-5_rt.indd 38 1/4/06 7:05:48 PM

Process Black

Name Date Class

LESSON

Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

39 Holt Algebra 2

All rights reserved.

Name Date Class

Reteach

Functions and Their Inverses (continued)

9-5

The inverse of a function, f

, is denoted f

1

.

To find the inverse of a function f

, write y f

equation for y.

Find the inverse of f

x

2

1.

Step 1 Write y f

.

y x

2

1

Step 2 Switch x and y.

x y

2

1

Step 3 Solve for y.

x y

2

1

x 1 y

2

x 1

y

2

x 1 y

Because y could have 2 different x-values,

x 1 and

a function. Check by graphing the original function on a graphing calculator and use the

horizontal-line test.

The domain of the inverse is the range of f

:

{

x | x 1

}

.

The range of the inverse is the domain of f

Find the inverse of each function and state its domain and range.

5. f

x 3 6. f

2x 1

y

x 3

y 2x 1

x

y 3

x 2y 1

x 3

y x 1 2y

f

1

x 3

2

f

1

x 1

_____

2

domain: all real numbers x such that

x 3; range: nonnegative real numbers

domain: all real numbers;

range: all real numbers

Isolate the variable, y.

Take the square root of both sides.

The domain is {x | x 1}.

Remember,

a207c09-5_rt.indd 39 1/4/06 7:05:54 PM

Process Black

Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

36 Holt Algebra 2

All rights reserved.

Name Date Class

LESSON

9-5

Practice B

Functions and Their Inverses

Find the inverse of each function. Determine whether the inverse is a

function and state its domain and range.

1. k

10x 5 2. d

6 2x

k

1

x 5

_____

10

; function

domain: ,

range: ,

d

1

x

__

2

3; function

domain: ,

range: ,

3. f

x 5

2

4. g

4 x

_____

2

y 5

x ; not a function

domain: ,

range: [0, )

g

1

2x 4; function

domain: ,

range: ,

5. h

x

2

9 6. b

2log x

h

1

x

2

9 ; not a function

domain: [0, )

range: (, 3] and [3, )

b

1

log

1

x

__

2

or b

1

1 0

x

__

2

; function; domain: ,

range: [0, )

Determine by composition whether each pair of functions are

inverses.

7. q

x 4 8. s

2

_____

x 2

and t

!

x 2

"""""

!

2

!

and r

x

2

4 for x 0

No

No

9. u

!

x

2

!

!

__

4

! 1 for x 1 10. A

log

x 1

4

and v

! 2!

x 1 and B

1 lo!g

1

!!

x

__

4

!

Yes

Yes

Solve.

11. So far, Rhonda has saved $3000 for her college expenses. She plans to

save $30 each month. Her college fund can be represented by the function

f

30x 3000.

a. Find the inverse of f

.

f

1

1

___

30

x 100

b. What does the inverse represent?

Number of months she has saved

c. When will the fund reach $3990?

33 months

d. How long will it take her to reach her goal

of $4800?

5 years

a207c09-5_pr.indd Sec1:36 1/4/06 7:00:30 PM

Process Black

Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

43 Holt Algebra 2

All rights reserved.

Name Date Class

LESSON

9-6

Practice A

Modeling Real-World Data

Determine which parent function would best model the given data set.

Choose among linear, quadratic, exponential, and square root.

1. a. Look at the table at right. Are the

data for one variable evenly spaced?

Yes, the y-values

b. Look at the data for the other variable.

Which differences, if any, are constant?

Second differences

c. Which parent function best models the data?

Square root function

2.

x y

2 84

4 72

6 52

8 24

10 12

12 56

3.

x y

8 26

16 2

24 22

32 46

40 70

4.

x y

1 2

2 4

3 8

4 16

5 32

6 64

Quadratic

Linear

Exponential

Write a function that models the given data.

5. Use a graphing calculator to make a

scatter plot. Then use the regression

feature to find the function that best

represents the data.

f

0.5 x

2

10

Solve.

6. The table shows the number of sport utility vehicles sold in the United States

from 1997 to 2003. Write a function that models the data.

Years after 1996 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

SUVs (millions) 2.3 2.8 3.1 3.2 3.8 4.0 4.3

f

0.33x 2.06

x y

5 1

8 2

13 3

20 4

29 5

40 6

x 2 0 2 4 6

y 8 10 8 2 8

a207c09-6_pr.indd 43 1/4/06 6:57:18 PM

Process Black

Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

49 Holt Algebra 2

All rights reserved.

Name Date Class

LESSON

5. Which function best models the given

data?

A y 101.9x 932.1

B y 3.1 x

2

77.0x 969.6

C y 996.6 x

0.233

D y 974.9

1.08

x

6. Predict the population of Lincoln Valley in

2012.

F 2270

G 2450

H 2650

J 2860

Problem Solving

Modeling Real-World Data

9-6

The table shows the population of Lincoln Valley over the last

7 years. The town council is developing long range plans and is

considering how the population might grow in the future if the

current trend continues.

Lincoln Valley Population 20002006

Year 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Population 1049 1137 1229 1326 1434 1542 1662

1. What is the independent variable? What is the dependent variable? Assign x or y to

each variable.

The independent variable

is the population.

2. Make a scatter plot of the data. Do the data form a linear pattern? For

this to be true, explain what must be true about finite differences.

Possible answer: The first few points appear to be linear, but the later

points start a curve upward. For the data to be linear, the first

differences must be constant.

3. Use the table of data.

a. Find the first differences.

88, 92, 97, 108, 108, 120

b. Find the second differences.

4, 5, 11, 0, 12

c. Find the third differences.

1, 6, 11, 12

d. Find the ratios between y-values.

All ratios round to 1.08.

4. What kind of function will best describe the data? Justify your conclusion.

Exponential function, because the ratios between y-values are

almost constant

Choose the letter for the best answer.

X

Y

1800

1700

1600

1500

1400

P

o

p

u

l

a

t

i

o

n

1300

1200

1100

1000

900

0 1 2 3

Year

4 5 6 7 8 9 10

a207c09-6_ps.indd 49 1/4/06 7:01:19 PM

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