You are on page 1of 10

# Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

4 Holt Algebra 2
Name Date Class
LESSON
9-1
Practice B
Multiple Representations of Functions
Match each situation to its corresponding graph. Sketch a possible
graph of the situation if it does not match any of the given graphs.

X
Graph A
Y

X
Graph B
Y

X
Graph C
Y

X
Graph D
Y
1. A train is approaching its destination.
C
2. The temperature on an autumn day increases until late afternoon
and then drops dramatically by late evening.
D
3. A helium balloon is released by a running child on a calm day.
B
4. A golf ball hit by a golfer flies over the trees and disappears into
the woods.
A
Solve.
5. A bicyclist leaves a rest stop at 1:00 and heads
directly for home at a constant rate. The table
shows how far, d, he is from home in miles as a
function of time, t. Create a graph and an equation
to predict the time he will arrive home.
t 1:00 1:10 1:20 1:30 1:40
d 18.5 16.0 13.5 11.0 8.5

d 0.25t 17.5
6. New members at a fitness club pay \$200 to start
and then \$20 per month for life. Create a table, a
graph, and an equation that represent the total
cost of enrollment, c, as a function of months, m,
of participation.
m
1 2 3
c
220 240 260

c 20m 200
X
Time (min)
D
i
s
t
a
n
c
e

(
m
i
)
0 10 20
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
Y
X
Time (months)
C
o
s
t

(
\$
)
0 2 4
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20
Y
a207c09-1_pr.indd 4 1/4/06 6:58:02 PM
Process Black
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
5 Holt Algebra 2
Name Date Class
LESSON
Practice C
Multiple Representations of Functions
9-1
Match each situation to its corresponding graph. Sketch a possible
graph of the situation if it does not match any of the given graphs.

X
Graph A
Y

X
Graph B
Y

X
'RAPH#
Y

X
Graph D
Y
1. A pendulum swings back and forth.
C
2. A new subdivision is built near an elementary school and
families with children begin moving in.
B
3. Joan throws a paper airplane into the air.
D
4. Sandy is riding the roller coaster at the amusement park.
A
Solve.
5. The table shows the balance, b, in dollars in a savings account
at the end of each month. Create a graph and an equation
to represent the balance after m months.
m 1 2 3 4 5 6
b 38 46 54 62 70 78

b 8m 30
6. A fireworks projectile is launched at 20 meters per second from a 60-meter
bridge. The table shows the distance, d, in meters the projectile is above the
river after t seconds. Create a graph and an equation to determine how long
after the launch the projectile reaches the ground.
t 0 1 2 3 4 5
d 60 75 80 75 60 35

d 5 t
2
20t 60
X
Time (months)
B
a
l
a
n
c
e

(
\$
)
0 1 2
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Y
X
Time (min)
D
i
s
t
a
n
c
e

(
m
)
0 1 2
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Y
a207c09-1_pr.indd 5 1/5/06 5:41:39 PM
Process Black
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
12 Holt Algebra 2
Name Date Class
LESSON
9-2
Practice B
Piecewise Functions
Evaluate each piecewise function for x 8 and x 5.
1. f

{

2x if x 0

0 if x 0
2. g

{

2 x if x 5

x
2
if 5 x 8

6 if 8 x

16, 0

10, 3
3. h

{

2x 4 if x 8

1 if 8 x 5

x
2
if 5 x
4. k

{

15 if x 5

x if 5 x 1

7
x

__

2
if 1 x

12, 25

15, 4
1

__

2

Graph each function.
5. f

{

6 if x 2

3x if 2 x
6. g

{

12 x if x 5

x 2 if 5 x

X
Y

X

Solve.
7. An airport parking garage costs \$20 per day for the first week. After that,
the cost decreases to \$17 per day.
a. Write a piecewise function for the cost of
parking a car for x days.
f

{

20x if x 7

17x 21 if x 7

b. What is the cost to park for 10 days?
\$191
c. Ms. Anderson went on two trips. On the first, she
parked at the garage for 5 days; on the second,
she parked at the garage for 8 days. What was
the difference in the cost of parking between the
two trips?
\$57
a207c09-2_pr.indd 12 1/4/06 6:58:23 PM
Process Black
!"#\$%&'()*( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( +',\$-------------------------------.&-------(
/0)(12\$3\$425\$(678392:85( ( ( (
(
;&'<=(\$'3=(>78392:80(
(
?0( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( )0( (
(
(
(
(
(
@0( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( A0( (
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
B0( (
Chapter 9 Properties and Attributes of Functions
Exercses
Exercses
CUIDED PRACTICE
6V>L> How ure sIep IuncIIons reIuIed Io pIecewIse IuncIIons
Create a tahIe and a verhaI description to represent each graph.
SLL LXAMPLL 1
p. 662

{
*

V
i

}i
{ n

{
n
Iopsoil Prices

P
r
i
c
e

r
a
I
e

(
\$
l
y
d
3
)
VoIume (yd
3
)
SLL LXAMPLL 2
p. 663
EvaIuate each piecewise function for X 6 and X 3.
{ FX

8

0

b

II

II

II

X b

b X b

X b
x GX

bX 9

4 X
2

II

II

X 2

X 2

SLL LXAMPLL J
p. 663
Graph each function.
FX

7

2

II

II

X 2

X 2
GX

2X 8 II X 4

1

_

2
X II X 4

SLL LXAMPLL 4
p. 665
n The cosI oI renIIng u cunoe Is \$20 Ior Ihe IIrsI 4 hours und \$3 per hour Ior uddIIIonuI
hours. SkeIch u gruph oI Ihe cosI oI renIIng u cunoe Irom 0 Io 8 hours. Then wrIIe u
pIecewIse IuncIIon Ior Ihe gruph.
PRACTICE AND PROBLEm SOLVINC
for See
Lxercises LxampIe
9-10 1
11-12 2
13-14 3
15 4
)NDEPENDENT0RACTICE Create a tahIe and a verhaI description to represent each graph.

vvi*Vi
*

V
i

}i
{

n
{ n

n
Average 5alary by
Years of Experience
{ n

A
v
e
r
a
g
e

s
a
I
a
r
y
(
I
h
o
u
s
a
n
d

\$
)
Experience (yr)
EvaIuate each piecewise function for X 2, X 2, and X 6.
GX

9X 2

X
2
3

b

II

II

II

X 3

3 X 1

X 1
FX

12 9X

X
2
3X

4
X

II

II

II

X 0

0 X 3

X 3

9-2
+%97/2\$ M87 ParehI
+%97/2\$ M87 9-2
SkiIIs Practice p. S20
AppIication Practice p. S40
%XTRA0RACTICE
a207se_c09l02_0662_0669.indd 666 11/3/05 5:21:56 PM
Chapter 9 Properties and Attributes of Functions
Exercses Exercses
CUIDED PRACTICE
6V>L> How ure sIep IuncIIons reIuIed Io pIecewIse IuncIIons
Create a tahIe and a verhaI description to represent each graph.
SLL LXAMPLL 1
p. 662

{
*

V
i

}i
{ n

{
n
Iopsoil Prices

P
r
i
c
e

r
a
I
e

(
\$
l
y
d
3
)
VoIume (yd
3
)
SLL LXAMPLL 2
p. 663
EvaIuate each piecewise function for X 6 and X 3.
{ FX

8

0

b

II

II

II

X b

b X b

X b
x GX

bX 9

4 X
2

II

II

X 2

X 2

SLL LXAMPLL J
p. 663
Graph each function.
FX

7

2

II

II

X 2

X 2
GX

2X 8 II X 4

1

_

2
X II X 4

SLL LXAMPLL 4
p. 665
n The cosI oI renIIng u cunoe Is \$20 Ior Ihe IIrsI 4 hours und \$3 per hour Ior uddIIIonuI
hours. SkeIch u gruph oI Ihe cosI oI renIIng u cunoe Irom 0 Io 8 hours. Then wrIIe u
pIecewIse IuncIIon Ior Ihe gruph.
PRACTICE AND PROBLEm SOLVINC
for See
Lxercises LxampIe
9-10 1
11-12 2
13-14 3
15 4
)NDEPENDENT0RACTICE Create a tahIe and a verhaI description to represent each graph.

vvi*Vi
*

V
i

}i
{

n
{ n

n
Average 5alary by
Years of Experience
{ n

A
v
e
r
a
g
e

s
a
I
a
r
y
(
I
h
o
u
s
a
n
d

\$
)
Experience (yr)
EvaIuate each piecewise function for X 2, X 2, and X 6.
GX

9X 2

X
2
3

b

II

II

II

X 3

3 X 1

X 1
FX

12 9X

X
2
3X

4
X

II

II

II

X 0

0 X 3

X 3

9-2
+%97/2\$ M87 ParehI
+%97/2\$ M87 9-2
SkiIIs Practice p. S20
AppIication Practice p. S40
%XTRA0RACTICE
a207se_c09l02_0662_0669.indd 666 11/3/05 5:21:56 PM
9- 2 Piecewise Functions 667
0o |oor|u |s a
\$2 b||||ou |udus|, |u
|e uu|ed 'aes. !|e|e
|s e.|deuce |a |e|e
we|e do|oor|u
pa||o|s |u f|auce as
ea||, as |e 1700s.
G\kj
'RAPHEACHFUNCTION
13. FX

3

_

4
X 1 II X 4

3

_

4
X 2 II X 4
14. GX

2X b

X
2
3
II

II
X 2

X 2
15. Pets A dog groomer churges
dIIIerenI prIces bused on Ihe
weIghI oI Ihe dog. SkeIch u
gruph oI Ihe cosI oI groomIng
u dog Irom 0 Io 100 pounds.
Then wrIIe u pIecewIse
IuncIIon Ior Ihe gruph.
7RITEAPIECEWISEFUNCTIONFOREACHGRAPH
16.
n { n {
n
n

17.
n { n {
{
n
n

18.
n { n {
{
{
n
n

19. Parking A purkIng guruge churges \$6 un hour Ior Ihe IIrsI 4 hours IhuI u cur Is
purked In Ihe IoI. AIIer IhuI, Ihe guruge churges un uddIIIonuI \$3 un hour. WrIIe u
pIecewIse IuncIIon Ior Ihe cosI oI purkIng u cur In IhIs guruge Ior X hours.
Grooming Prices
WeighI (Ib) Price (\$)
x>``i
"ix>`x x
"ix x
G\kj
13.
G\kj
13.
G\kj
13.
7RITEEACHABSOLUTEVALUEFUNCTIONASAPIECEWISEFUNCTION
21. FX X 22. GX X4 23. HX 2 X 4
24. Shipping An overnIghI deIIvery servIce churges \$11 Ior u puckuge IhuI weIghs
2 pounds or Iess. The deIIvery servIce churges \$3 Ior euch uddIIIonuI pound. SkeIch
u gruph oI Ihe cosI oI shIppIng u puckuge Irom 0 Io 8 pounds. Then wrIIe u pIecewIse
IuncIIon Ior Ihe gruph.
'RAPHEACHFUNCTION
25. HX

1

_

2
X
2

2
X
4

2X 2

II X 0

II 0 X 3

II X 3
26. HX

3

3
X
4
II

II
X 0

X 0
20. Travel Derek und hIs IrIends drove Irom
Sun IruncIsco Io Luke Tuhoe Io go skIIng.
The uveruge speed IhuI Ihey IruveIed
durIng euch Ieg oI Ihe IrIp Is shown on Ihe
mup. They drove 30 mIn In Ihe cIIy, 3 h on
Ihe hIghwuy, und 30 mIn up Ihe mounIuIn.
a. WrIIe u pIecewIse IuncIIon Io
represenI Ihe dIsIunce IhuI Derek
IruveIed durIng hIs 4 h IrIp.
b. Gruph Ihe IuncIIon.
c. What if...7 How much Ionger wouId
Ihe IrIp huve Iuken II Derek hud
uveruged b0 mIIh on Ihe hIghwuy
30 mi/h
60 mi/h 45 mi/h
Average 5peed
City
highway Mountain
a207se_c09l02_0662_0669.indd 667 11/3/05 5:22:00 PM
9- 2 Piecewise Functions 667
0o |oor|u |s a
\$2 b||||ou |udus|, |u
|e uu|ed 'aes. !|e|e
|s e.|deuce |a |e|e
we|e do|oor|u
pa||o|s |u f|auce as
ea||, as |e 1700s.
G\kj
'RAPHEACHFUNCTION
13. FX

3

_

4
X 1 II X 4

3

_

4
X 2 II X 4
14. GX

2X b

X
2
3
II

II
X 2

X 2
15. Pets A dog groomer churges
dIIIerenI prIces bused on Ihe
weIghI oI Ihe dog. SkeIch u
gruph oI Ihe cosI oI groomIng
u dog Irom 0 Io 100 pounds.
Then wrIIe u pIecewIse
IuncIIon Ior Ihe gruph.
7RITEAPIECEWISEFUNCTIONFOREACHGRAPH
16.
n { n {
n
n

17.
n { n {
{
n
n

18.
n { n {
{
{
n
n

19. Parking A purkIng guruge churges \$6 un hour Ior Ihe IIrsI 4 hours IhuI u cur Is
purked In Ihe IoI. AIIer IhuI, Ihe guruge churges un uddIIIonuI \$3 un hour. WrIIe u
pIecewIse IuncIIon Ior Ihe cosI oI purkIng u cur In IhIs guruge Ior X hours.
Grooming Prices
WeighI (Ib) Price (\$)
x>``i
"ix>`x x
"ix x
G\kj
13.
G\kj
13.
G\kj
13.
7RITEEACHABSOLUTEVALUEFUNCTIONASAPIECEWISEFUNCTION
21. FX X 22. GX X4 23. HX 2 X 4
24. Shipping An overnIghI deIIvery servIce churges \$11 Ior u puckuge IhuI weIghs
2 pounds or Iess. The deIIvery servIce churges \$3 Ior euch uddIIIonuI pound. SkeIch
u gruph oI Ihe cosI oI shIppIng u puckuge Irom 0 Io 8 pounds. Then wrIIe u pIecewIse
IuncIIon Ior Ihe gruph.
'RAPHEACHFUNCTION
25. HX

1

_

2
X
2

2
X
4

2X 2

II X 0

II 0 X 3

II X 3
26. HX

3

3
X
4
II

II
X 0

X 0
20. Travel Derek und hIs IrIends drove Irom
Sun IruncIsco Io Luke Tuhoe Io go skIIng.
The uveruge speed IhuI Ihey IruveIed
durIng euch Ieg oI Ihe IrIp Is shown on Ihe
mup. They drove 30 mIn In Ihe cIIy, 3 h on
Ihe hIghwuy, und 30 mIn up Ihe mounIuIn.
a. WrIIe u pIecewIse IuncIIon Io
represenI Ihe dIsIunce IhuI Derek
IruveIed durIng hIs 4 h IrIp.
b. Gruph Ihe IuncIIon.
c. What if...7 How much Ionger wouId
Ihe IrIp huve Iuken II Derek hud
uveruged b0 mIIh on Ihe hIghwuy
30 mi/h
60 mi/h 45 mi/h
Average 5peed
City
highway Mountain
a207se_c09l02_0662_0669.indd 667 11/3/05 5:22:00 PM
9- 2 Piecewise Functions 667
0o |oor|u |s a
\$2 b||||ou |udus|, |u
|e uu|ed 'aes. !|e|e
|s e.|deuce |a |e|e
we|e do|oor|u
pa||o|s |u f|auce as
ea||, as |e 1700s.
G\kj
'RAPHEACHFUNCTION
13. FX

3

_

4
X 1 II X 4

3

_

4
X 2 II X 4
14. GX

2X b

X
2
3
II

II
X 2

X 2
15. Pets A dog groomer churges
dIIIerenI prIces bused on Ihe
weIghI oI Ihe dog. SkeIch u
gruph oI Ihe cosI oI groomIng
u dog Irom 0 Io 100 pounds.
Then wrIIe u pIecewIse
IuncIIon Ior Ihe gruph.
7RITEAPIECEWISEFUNCTIONFOREACHGRAPH
16.
n { n {
n
n

17.
n { n {
{
n
n

18.
n { n {
{
{
n
n

19. Parking A purkIng guruge churges \$6 un hour Ior Ihe IIrsI 4 hours IhuI u cur Is
purked In Ihe IoI. AIIer IhuI, Ihe guruge churges un uddIIIonuI \$3 un hour. WrIIe u
pIecewIse IuncIIon Ior Ihe cosI oI purkIng u cur In IhIs guruge Ior X hours.
Grooming Prices
WeighI (Ib) Price (\$)
x>``i
"ix>`x x
"ix x
G\kj
13.
G\kj
13.
G\kj
13.
7RITEEACHABSOLUTEVALUEFUNCTIONASAPIECEWISEFUNCTION
21. FX X 22. GX X4 23. HX 2 X 4
24. Shipping An overnIghI deIIvery servIce churges \$11 Ior u puckuge IhuI weIghs
2 pounds or Iess. The deIIvery servIce churges \$3 Ior euch uddIIIonuI pound. SkeIch
u gruph oI Ihe cosI oI shIppIng u puckuge Irom 0 Io 8 pounds. Then wrIIe u pIecewIse
IuncIIon Ior Ihe gruph.
'RAPHEACHFUNCTION
25. HX

1

_

2
X
2

2
X
4

2X 2

II X 0

II 0 X 3

II X 3
26. HX

3

3
X
4
II

II
X 0

X 0
20. Travel Derek und hIs IrIends drove Irom
Sun IruncIsco Io Luke Tuhoe Io go skIIng.
The uveruge speed IhuI Ihey IruveIed
durIng euch Ieg oI Ihe IrIp Is shown on Ihe
mup. They drove 30 mIn In Ihe cIIy, 3 h on
Ihe hIghwuy, und 30 mIn up Ihe mounIuIn.
a. WrIIe u pIecewIse IuncIIon Io
represenI Ihe dIsIunce IhuI Derek
IruveIed durIng hIs 4 h IrIp.
b. Gruph Ihe IuncIIon.
c. What if...7 How much Ionger wouId
Ihe IrIp huve Iuken II Derek hud
uveruged b0 mIIh on Ihe hIghwuy
30 mi/h
60 mi/h 45 mi/h
Average 5peed
City
highway Mountain
a207se_c09l02_0662_0669.indd 667 11/3/05 5:22:00 PM
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
28 Holt Algebra 2
Name Date Class
LESSON
9-4
Practice B
Operations with Functions
Use the following functions for Exercises 118.
f

1

___

2x
g

x
2
h

x 8 k

x
Find each function.
1. gk

2. g h

3. g h

x
2

x

x
2
x 8

x
2
x 8
4. fg

5. gh

6.

f

__

g

x

__

2

x
3
8 x
2

1

____

2 x
3

Find each value.
7. g k

8. h g

9. g h

9

1

121
10. k h

12

11. f g

12. f h

2

1

___

32

1

___

14

Write each composite function. State the domain of each.
13. f g

14. h g

15. h k

1

____

2 x
2

;
{x | x 0}

h g

x
2
8;
{x | x is a real
number}

h k

x 8;
{x | x 0}
16. f k

17. k g

18. k h

f k

x

___

2x
;
{x | x 0}

k g

x ;
{x | x is a real
number}

k h

x 8 ;
{x | x 8}
Solve.
19. A retail shoe store manager sets the price of shoes at twice his cost. The shoe
store is now offering a 40% discount on all shoes.
a. Write a composite function for the price of a pair
of shoes after the discount.
f g

1.2x
b. If a pair of shoes cost the manager \$25, what is
the sale price?
\$30
a207c09-4_pr.indd 28 1/4/06 6:57:00 PM
Process Black
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
38 Holt Algebra 2
Name Date Class
Reteach
Functions and Their Inverses
9-5
LESSON
Not all relations are functions and not all relations have inverse functions. To decide whether
the inverse of a relation is a function, use the horizontal-line test.
If any horizontal line passes through more than one point on the graph of a relation, the
inverse of the relation is not a function.
X
Y

X
Y

## Use the horizontal-line test to determine whether the inverse of each

relation is a function.
1.
X
Y

2.
X
Y

Not a function

Function
3.
X
Y

4.
X
Y

Function

Not a function
Can you draw a horizontal line that
passes through more than one point
on the graph?
No. So the inverse of the relation is a
function.
Can you draw a horizontal line that passes
through more than one point on the graph?
Yes. So the inverse of the relation is
NOT a function.
a207c09-5_rt.indd 38 1/4/06 7:05:48 PM
Process Black
Name Date Class
LESSON
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
39 Holt Algebra 2
Name Date Class
Reteach
Functions and Their Inverses (continued)
9-5
The inverse of a function, f

, is denoted f
1

.
To find the inverse of a function f

, write y f

## . Then switch x and y and solve the

equation for y.
Find the inverse of f

x
2
1.
Step 1 Write y f

.
y x
2
1
Step 2 Switch x and y.
x y
2
1
Step 3 Solve for y.
x y
2
1
x 1 y
2

x 1

y
2

x 1 y
Because y could have 2 different x-values,

x 1 and

## x 1 , this inverse is not

a function. Check by graphing the original function on a graphing calculator and use the
horizontal-line test.
The domain of the inverse is the range of f

:
{
x | x 1
}
.
The range of the inverse is the domain of f

## : all real numbers.

Find the inverse of each function and state its domain and range.
5. f

x 3 6. f

2x 1
y

x 3
y 2x 1
x

y 3
x 2y 1

x 3

y x 1 2y
f
1

x 3

2

f
1

x 1

_____

2

domain: all real numbers x such that
x 3; range: nonnegative real numbers

domain: all real numbers;
range: all real numbers
Isolate the variable, y.
Take the square root of both sides.
The domain is {x | x 1}.
Remember,

## x 1 can be either positive or negative.

a207c09-5_rt.indd 39 1/4/06 7:05:54 PM
Process Black
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
36 Holt Algebra 2
Name Date Class
LESSON
9-5
Practice B
Functions and Their Inverses
Find the inverse of each function. Determine whether the inverse is a
function and state its domain and range.
1. k

10x 5 2. d

6 2x

k
1

x 5

_____

10
; function
domain: ,
range: ,

d
1

x

__

2
3; function
domain: ,
range: ,
3. f

x 5

2
4. g

4 x

_____

2

y 5

x ; not a function
domain: ,
range: [0, )

g
1

2x 4; function
domain: ,
range: ,
5. h

x
2
9 6. b

2log x

h
1

x
2
9 ; not a function
domain: [0, )
range: (, 3] and [3, )

b
1

log
1

x

__

2
or b
1

1 0
x

__

2

; function; domain: ,
range: [0, )
Determine by composition whether each pair of functions are
inverses.
7. q

x 4 8. s

2

_____

x 2
and t

!
x 2

"""""
!
2
!
and r

x
2
4 for x 0

No

No
9. u

!
x
2
!
!
__

4
! 1 for x 1 10. A

log

x 1

4

and v

! 2!

x 1 and B

1 lo!g
1
!!

x

__

4

!

Yes

Yes
Solve.
11. So far, Rhonda has saved \$3000 for her college expenses. She plans to
save \$30 each month. Her college fund can be represented by the function
f

30x 3000.
a. Find the inverse of f

.
f
1

1

___

30
x 100
b. What does the inverse represent?
Number of months she has saved
c. When will the fund reach \$3990?
33 months
d. How long will it take her to reach her goal
of \$4800?
5 years
a207c09-5_pr.indd Sec1:36 1/4/06 7:00:30 PM
Process Black
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
43 Holt Algebra 2
Name Date Class
LESSON
9-6
Practice A
Modeling Real-World Data
Determine which parent function would best model the given data set.
Choose among linear, quadratic, exponential, and square root.
1. a. Look at the table at right. Are the
data for one variable evenly spaced?

Yes, the y-values
b. Look at the data for the other variable.
Which differences, if any, are constant?

Second differences
c. Which parent function best models the data?

Square root function
2.
x y
2 84
4 72
6 52
8 24
10 12
12 56
3.
x y
8 26
16 2
24 22
32 46
40 70
4.
x y
1 2
2 4
3 8
4 16
5 32
6 64

Linear

Exponential
Write a function that models the given data.
5. Use a graphing calculator to make a
scatter plot. Then use the regression
feature to find the function that best
represents the data.

f

0.5 x
2
10
Solve.
6. The table shows the number of sport utility vehicles sold in the United States
from 1997 to 2003. Write a function that models the data.
Years after 1996 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
SUVs (millions) 2.3 2.8 3.1 3.2 3.8 4.0 4.3

f

0.33x 2.06
x y
5 1
8 2
13 3
20 4
29 5
40 6
x 2 0 2 4 6
y 8 10 8 2 8
a207c09-6_pr.indd 43 1/4/06 6:57:18 PM
Process Black
Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
49 Holt Algebra 2
Name Date Class
LESSON
5. Which function best models the given
data?
A y 101.9x 932.1
B y 3.1 x
2
77.0x 969.6
C y 996.6 x
0.233

D y 974.9

1.08

x

6. Predict the population of Lincoln Valley in
2012.
F 2270
G 2450
H 2650
J 2860
Problem Solving
Modeling Real-World Data
9-6
The table shows the population of Lincoln Valley over the last
7 years. The town council is developing long range plans and is
considering how the population might grow in the future if the
current trend continues.
Lincoln Valley Population 20002006
Year 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Population 1049 1137 1229 1326 1434 1542 1662
1. What is the independent variable? What is the dependent variable? Assign x or y to
each variable.

The independent variable

## is the year. The dependent variable

is the population.
2. Make a scatter plot of the data. Do the data form a linear pattern? For
this to be true, explain what must be true about finite differences.

Possible answer: The first few points appear to be linear, but the later
points start a curve upward. For the data to be linear, the first
differences must be constant.
3. Use the table of data.
a. Find the first differences.

88, 92, 97, 108, 108, 120
b. Find the second differences.

4, 5, 11, 0, 12
c. Find the third differences.

1, 6, 11, 12
d. Find the ratios between y-values.

All ratios round to 1.08.
4. What kind of function will best describe the data? Justify your conclusion.

Exponential function, because the ratios between y-values are
almost constant
Choose the letter for the best answer.
X
Y
1800
1700
1600
1500
1400
P
o
p
u
l
a
t
i
o
n
1300
1200
1100
1000
900
0 1 2 3
Year
4 5 6 7 8 9 10
a207c09-6_ps.indd 49 1/4/06 7:01:19 PM
Process Black