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W?O?ÐË—Ë_« W?O?{u?H?*« f?O?z— ¨tOAO²¹dÐ ÊUł ∫©U d¹ —U Liberating our
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åe1Uð Àu¹ò ‰« v≈ Àbײ¹ UN½ Mentalities

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P. 13
What happens after
the Tawjihi?

å«—ôUOÐò »U³A« —Ëœ qOFHðË …œUOIK WOMODKH« W¾ON« ¡UCŽ√ s W³½


w?*U?F?« Âu?O?« W³ÝUM* ¨…dýU³ ¡«uN« vKŽ ¨UO½u¹eHKð U−U½dÐ ÊubI¹
ƉUHÞ_« Z«dÐ Y³
π≠∏ W×H lUÞ

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Our Right to Dignity,


åe1Uð Àu¹ò ‰« Y¹bŠ

ÆÆÈdš√ »dŠ w¼
Peace and Security …—u?B?«Ë W?L?K?J?U?Ð q?Ð ¨…d?*« Ác?¼ …—U?−?(U?Ð X?O UNMJË ¨Èdš√ »dŠ w¼ U0—

By Saleem Habash ambiguity of the Oslo Accord and 194, which calls for the right of re- Î UUŽ µ≤ s? d?¦?√ cML ÆÆUNF wÞUF²«Ë À«bŠ_« WODGð UNöš s r²¹ w²« WI¹dD«Ë

TYT Reporter other agreements that delayed the turn. ¨b¹dA²«Ë q²I«Ë ¨dš_« uKð qOJM²«Ë ¨Èdš_« uKð WFHB« q³I²¹ wMODKH« UM³FýË
Israeli withdrawal from Palestinian On the issue of security, the US s? œd? qJÐ jO% X«“ UË X½U w²« …U½UF*« r−Š Êu—b¹ s jI WKË ÆÆÊUd(«Ë
“We are not looking for a pre- areas during the interim period. proposed that an international pres-
·dF¹ ô s b& s U0— qÐUI*« w Æd−N*« w Ë√ qš«b« w wMODKH« VFA« œ«d√
text to say no, we are looking for In general, Clinton’s ‘formula’ ence guarantee the implementation
Æ5¹“UM« Íb¹√ vKŽ œuNO« UN ÷dFð w²« Wd;« Ë√ ¨XÝuuuN« sŽ
a reason to proceed. We are not in has fallen far short of fulfilling Pal- of the agreement and that the Is-
estinian national interests concern- raeli withdrawal be carried out over ¨d?šü« v?K?Ž d?O?ŁQ?²?« w? …uI« pK1 ÂöŽù«  UOMIð pK1 sL W×{«Ë WœUF UN½≈
a hurry to say no, but we cannot
yet say yes. This should be a fi- ing the establishment of an inde- a three-year period, with the inter- ¨Íb?¹_« w?u?²?J? v?I?³?½ q?¼ s?J? ¨‰U(« WFO³DÐ dš_« ·dD« W×KB w VBð Ác¼Ë

nal, permanent deal we can live pendent Palestinian in the areas oc- national forces being phased out on ÆÆUMEŠ »bM½Ë

with and it has to be very clear.” cupied by Israel in 1967 in accord- a gradual basis. At the end of the w ÎU?ÐU?ý ‰ö²Šô«  «u XK² ¨w½U¦« Êu½U ±≤ W?F?L'« Âu¹ b¹bײUÐË ¨ÂU¹√ q³
Hassan Abdel Rahman ance with UN Resolutions 242 and three-year period, an Israeli mili-
·Ëd)U Ád−Ð «uU qÐ ¨tK² w œuM'« n²J¹ r ÆÆÎUŠöÝ qL×¹ ÊU t½√ 5Žb ¨qOK)«
Palestinian representative 338. In fact, the first point of the tary presence would be allowed to
œuM'« ÊU ÆÆÆWO½U½≈ dŽUA W¹_ …UŽ«d v½œ√ ÊËœ ¨XKHÝ_« vKŽ dDI¹ tœË ¨ŒuK*«
to Washington proposal gives Israel the right to an- remain in the Jordan Valley for an-
nex 4-6 percent of the West Bank other three years, under the author- Ÿ—U?Ý 5?Š w? ¨¢W?B?O?šd?«¢ U?M?Š«Ë—√ s? ÊËd???¹ «u?½U?Ë ¨U?M?zU?œ v?K?Ž Êu?J?×?C¹
“The government under my
authority will not accept any and then ‘compensate’ the Pales- ity of the international force. °°rNFOM vKŽ rN …QUJ ¨W1d'« w³Jðd vKŽ ÈuK(« l¹“uð v≈ ÊuMÞu²*«

agreement in any form that will tinians through a ‘land swap’. As Meanwhile, Israel would be per- Í—U?³?š≈ d?¹d?Ið sL{ UN²¦ÐË ¨Î«d?O?¦? b?¼U?A*« ÁcNÐ WOÐdF« ÂöŽù« qzUÝË r²Nð r

recognize the right of return. Pe- for the settlements, the proposal mitted to maintain three early bL× qHD« œUNA²Ý« bNA s WŽUAÐ d¦√ ÊuJð U0— b¼UA*« Ác¼ Ê√ rž— ¨ÍœUŽ wu¹
riod. I do not intend to sign any recommends that a final map be warning stations for at least ten
v≈ tŠË—  bF Ê√ bFÐ ¨tKFH¹ U W¹b fO bONA«Ë ¨…bU¼ W¦−Ð qOJMð «cN ÆÆ…—b«
document that will transfer sov- drawn in a manner that would place years and would be given the right
v?K?F? ¨—b?½ U? ô≈ b?¼U?A?*« Ác¼ v≈ WOÐdG« ÂöŽù« qzUÝË ‚dD²ð r 5Š w ÆÆ¡UL«
ereignty over the Temple Mount to 80 percent of Israeli settlers in an- to deploy its forces in Palestinian
nexed settle- areas during “a …—uB« Ác¼ —bB²ð Ê√ lu²½ UM ¨WOJ¹d_« W¹—U³šù« ¢Ê≈ÆÊ≈ÆwÝ¢ WJ³A ’U)« lu*«
the Palestinians.”
Ehud Barak - Former ment blocs; national state of jO% WOKOz«dÝ≈ W¹dJŽ …—UO …—u lu*« —bBð qÐUI*« w qÐ ¨sJð r UNMJ ¨lu*«

Israeli Prime Minister something emergency”. q?Ý«d Ê√ rž— ¨ÎU?Lz«œ ÊËb²F*« r¼ 5OMODKH« Ê√ v≈ W×{«Ë …—Uý≈ w Ê«dOM« UNÐ
that would “... what they are dis- I can only °°tK²Ið Ê√  œU wKOz«dÝ≈ tOKŽ UNIKÞ√ WUdÐ VO√ b W¹—U³šù« WJ³A« Ác¼
contradict hope, along

B
efore leaving office, cussing and deciding to-  UÝR*« ÈbŠ≈ XU bI ÆÆœuIM« pK/ »dF UMMJ ¨ÎUOöŽ≈ UM Èu√ rN½√ `O×
President Clinton came the two pre- with many oth-
day will shape the tomor- U?N?O?  d?A?½Ë W?Ëd?F?*«  ö?:« Èb?Š≈ w? W×H ¡«dAÐ …bײ*«  U¹ôu« w WOÐdF«
up with a formula with viously men- ers, that our de-
rows of two different na- cision makers, sÞ«u*« VÞU¹ oOKFðË ¨Áb«Ë sCŠ w …—b« bL× œUNA²Ý« …—u vKŽ Íu²×¹ U½öŽ≈
which he hoped to put an end to tioned reso-
lutions. tions...” who have out- UNMJ ÆƉU:« Ác¼ w …bOł …uDš X½U °°rJ³z«d{ ‰«u√ tKFHð U «c¼ ∫ÎözU wJ¹d_«
the Israeli-Palestinian conflict,
something he had hoped to do Regard- lined the short- ÆWOU XO

since being elected as President of ing the issue comings of such


qzUÝË iFÐ ¡«œ√ vKŽË wöŽù« U½¡«œ√ vKŽ √dÞ Íc« sײ« dJM½ Ê√ lOD²½ ô
the United States. Not surpris- of Jerusalem, a proposal, will
t?²?u?1œË Á¡U?I?Ð q?ł√ s? q?{U?M?¹ V?F?A? UMOHJ¹ ô «c¼ Ê√ ô≈ ÆUC¹√ WO³Mł_« ÂöŽù«
ingly, the ‘Clinton Formula’ dealt the proposal declares that “Arab think very, very carefully before
U «–≈ ULOÝ ô ¨U½UG²³ v≈ qB½ b œuN'« s b¹e0 sJË ÆWuCN*« tuIŠË t²«dË
with many major issues including areas are Palestinian and Jewish ar- agreeing to the signing of any
borders and settlements, security, eas Israeli” and suggests giving agreement, especially one based on ‰u?u?K? ¨ ôUBðô«Ë ÂöŽù« ‰U− w WKUF« WOK¼_«Ë WOuJ(«  UÝR*« X½ËUFð

Jerusalem and the refugees. Also Palestinians sovereignty over Al- this proposal. I say this bearing in t¹uM²« s bÐ ô ‰U:« «c¼ wË ÆÆw¼ UL …—uB« ‰UB¹≈ u¼Ë ô√ ¨œuAM*« ·bN« v≈

not surprisingly, it didn’t take long Haram Al-Shareef and Israel sov- mind that what they are discussing ¨…—uD²*« ÂöŽù«  UOMIð vKŽ t³¹—bð vKŽ qLF«Ë ¨b¹b'« qO'UÐ ÂUL²¼ô« W¹—Ëd{ v≈
for Israel to respond positively to ereignty over the Western Wall. and deciding today will shape the
ÆÆ¡UCO³« W¹«d« ÊËœ ÃËd)«Ë ¨WKI² »dŠ W¬ ÷uš vKŽ «—œU
Î UOöŽ≈ UAOł
Î q¼R½ w
the proposal. The Palestinian Au- Moving on to the issue of the Pal- tomorrows of two different nations
ÆqU;« s dO¦J« w »dF« UNOKŽ œU²Ž« w²« W¹«d« pKð
thority, however, represented by estinian refugees, the proposal does and that in determining the way we
away with the idea of the right of live, they could also be determin- W?¹U?Žb?«Ë Âö?Žù« W?N?ÐU?: W?K?U?ý W?O?M?ÞË W?O?−?O?ð«d?²?Ý« ÃU?N?²?½ô Xu« ÊUŠ bI
President Arafat, said that it sup-
ported the proposal as a basis for return to Israel only and instead, ing IF we live at all. Ÿ«bÐù« ôË  «—UN*« ôË  «—bI« ö ÆrUF« ¡U×½√ WU w UNuLÝ Y³ð w²« WOKOz«dÝù«

peace negotiations with Israel but comes up with a list of five possi- We, the Palestinians, have en- Ê«Ëb?F?«Ë œU?N?D?{ô«Ë U?M?U?C?M? W?O?I?OI(« …—uB« dAMË WËUI*«Ë ÍbײK UMBIM¹
that certain changes would have ble final homes for the refugees. dured terrible suffering since Israel ÆUN ÷dF²½ w²« …U½UF*«Ë
to be made before it could give it These are, the State of Palestine, occupied our land and throughout
wMODKH« d−(« ŸUD²Ý« ULJ ¨WKOײ XO ÎUC¹√ UNMJ ¨WKNÝ XO WLN*«
its full approval. areas in Israel that are to be trans- that suffering, we have continued
v?K?Ž ¡U?C?I?« W?O?MODKH« …—uB«Ë WLKJ« lOD²ð U0— ¨qOz«dÝ≈ WËœ ÊU—√ eN¹ Ê√
The Palestinians, obviously, ferred to Palestine in the ‘land to demand the full implementation
swap’, the countries currently host- of the relevant UN resolutions. The U? …œU?Ž w?²?« ¨…—u?B« pKð fJŽ w ÕU−M« q_« vKŽ Ë√ ¨Îö?³?I?² ÊUJ*« «c¼ ÊU—√
are far from happy concerning the
contents of the proposal, which is ing the refugees, third countries implementation of UN resolutions ÆÎUËeN ¨ÎUOÐU¼—≈ wÐdF« UNO ÊuJ¹

vague and lacks detail. This is a (i.e., taking the refugees from their is the least Palestinians can settle
major cause for concern, espe- host countries and resettling them for to ensure a future whereby Pal-
cially as Palestinian negotiators elsewhere), and Israel. Again, this estinians can live in peace, dignity —UDO« UOU-
have long been suffering from the contradicts with UN Resolution and security. dd%(« WOz—

wOzd« dI*« Hania Bitar Editor-in-Chief


—UDO³« UO½U¼ ∫d¹dײ« WOz—
±≤r— WIý ¨lЫd« oÐUD« ¨w½ôu'« …—ULŽ ¨Â«d«
Hamdi Hamamreh Managing Editor & Layout
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W¹dNý WOÐU³ý WOMODK WHO×
e-mail: youthtimes@pyalara.org Marianne Albina Public Relations
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Zainab Al-Kurd English Language Editor
¨rOKF²«Ë WOÐd²« …—«“Ë ¨n¹dA« ÊULF½ l ‰UBðô« ∫…ež ±ππ∏ ÂUŽ XÝQð
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∞∑≠≤∏≤µ±±≥ ∫…œU×ý uÐ√ ‚—UÞ Ë√ ∞∑≠≤∏≤≤µ∞π ∫ÊuHKð «—ôUOÐ ∫dýUM«
wUI¦« UU¹ ed ≠tK«dB½ dOOð l ‰UBðô« ∫fKÐU½
Yousef Al-Shayeb Arabic Language Editor
»U³A« —Ëœ qOFHðË …œUOIK WOMODKH« W¾ON« V¹UA« nÝu¹ ∫WOÐdF« WGK« —d×
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Palestinian Youth Association for Leadership And Rights Activation
X?O?ÐØ5?U?F?LK ÂUF« œU%ù« ≠WFOЗ qO³½ l ‰UBðô« ∫r?( XOÐ Young Editorial Board WOÐU³A« d¹dײ« W¾O¼

∞µ≤≠π∑∞µ¥∂ ∫ÊuHKÐ ∞≤≠≤∑∑≤¥≤∑ ∫ÊuHKð —uŠUÝ ÂU¹_« lÐUD w l³Dð g³Š rOKÝ ØwUDÐ œ«d ØUDŽ uÐ√ s¹b½ Ø…œU×ý uÐ√ ‚—UÞØ`U ÕULÝ
≥ UMFL(89 w# ≤∞∞± wU ÊuU /≤∞∞∞ ‰Ë√ ÊuU e1U* Àu ‰«

Liberating our ¢d−×Ð tLłdOK8 W¾ODš öÐ rJM3 ÊUe s3¢


øøWOËR=*« lIð s3 vKŽ
Mentalities
WHK²  U×¹dBðË  «—U³Ž  √bÐË bMŽ tÐ UU qLŽ ‰Ë√ sJ 5OÞdA« - U «dO¦ t½√ ÎU?uBšË qLŁ t½√
WHOD u√ lO—
‚U?Iײݫ —d s rNM ÆÊUJ*« ú9 ÆŸ s???Þ«u??*« q??— ÊU?? U??L??N??u??Ë ÂU??¹_« w?? v??H??A??²??L?K? Á—U?C?Š≈

t ‰uð Íc« sÞ«u*« «c¼ q¦ q² Æ«œb−


Î ÆV³« fHMË WIÐU«
åe1U* Àuò ‰« q3«d9
ÊUC— dNý w dL)« »dý tH½ q??d??« s??Ž U??{U??F?²?Ý√ r?Ł s? q?łd?« p?–  U?šd? X?HKð r

U?³?U?D? Œd? s? r?N?MË ¨qOCH« sÞ«u*« ldÐ ULNUO ¡UMŁ√ rzU²AUÐ U? vKŽ XÒd?Š qÐ ¨ÍbŠu w¼U³²½« Âu??¹ ¡U???? t??ðb?¼U?ý ÀœU?Š
ÆtÐ W√dUÐ U?L?≠ v?H?A?²??*« q?š«œ v?≈ Ác?š_ s? q?š«œ w? U??M?U?
Î ÎU??¾??O?ý Ëb?³?¹ w????? ¨≤∞∞∞ر±Ø≤∏ ¨¡U?????Łö?????¦?????«
v??≈ W??¹—Ëb??« …—U??O??Ý X??K??Ë bFÐ X—œ√ sJ ≠W¹«b³« w  bI²Ž« ÆW??ŽU????« p??K?ð w? „U?M?¼ «Ëb?ł«u?ð —U?Ł√ w?u?J?(« t?K« «— vHA²

Photo: Ayed Salem U?N?I?zU?Ý b?¼U?ý UbMŽË ¨vHA²*« t?O?—Ë Ác?š_ «Ë¡U?ł r?N?½√  U?E?( …œ—U³« W¹Ë«e« pKð ÁU&UÐ «udײ w?²?«  ôƒU??²?« s? d?O?¦?J?« Íb
…bŽ
Ò tL²ý W¹—e*« sÞ«u*« p– WUŠ ÆU¼—«uÝ√ ×Uš ¨ÁËb?ŽU?¹ Ê√ «uËUŠ Îö?FË …—cI« ¨…b?Š«Ë W?I?O?IŠ v≈ UNFOLł œuIð
W?¹—Ëb?« w tFC¹ Ê√ i—Ë  «d Áb???I??√ Íc??« q??łd??« „«– —U??Ý «Ëœ«—√ w?²« rzU²A«Ë  ödUÐ sJ s? W?D?Ыd?²? o?zUIŠ …Òb?Ž U?0— Ë√
 —œUž Îö?FË ÆUNKš«œ QOI²¹ ô v²Š ‰Òu?ŠË t?K?IŽ dL)« t??E??u??ð Ê√ U??N?M? ÆrJ UNdðQÝ sJË UNMŽ Àb%√
v?K?Ž Èu?K?²¹ qłd« ‰«“ ôË W¹—Ëb« œ—U????³????« f???I???D???« ¨t??O??ŽË œd??²????O?? W?ÝœU« WŽU« w«uŠ wH
ÆÆÆÁb?ŽU??¹ s? b?−¹ Ê√ ÊËœ ÷—_« ¨w³Aš ÕuK Ábł r?N?ðbŽU X½UJ ¨Âu??O??« p??– ¡U??? s? n?B?M?«Ë
A group of PYALARA members
W?M?U?¦?« W?ŽU??« v?²?Š p?– dL²Ý« l?Ë v?K?Ž ö??U?¦?²?
Î Íd??B??Ð X??N?łË Ê√ U?Ë¢ q?O?JM²« v≈ »d√ r?? q?šb? b?M?Ž Íb?ł«u?ð ¡UMŁ√Ë
ôË v?H?A?²*«  —œUž UbMŽ «¡U
Î Ê√ v???≈ r???zU???²??A??« X¹√— v²Š WLKE*« W¹Ë«e« pK² Æ…bŽU*« v≈ UNM ¨t?K?« «— v?H?A?²?? w? ∆—«uD«
By Nisreen Abu-Ata ourselves certain questions. ÆsÞ«u*« pc U¼bFÐ Èdł U Í—œ√ W??Ыu??Ð s?? »d??²??« ¢÷—_« vKŽ …UIK ¢W¦ł¢
Ò t??½√ b??I?²?Ž√ ô ÆŒd?B?¹Ë s¾¹ qł—  u wM¾łU
Rosary Sisters School,
For example, how would you ÆŸÆŸ s?Þ«u?*« W?B? p?Kð X½U r? w?²?« v?HA²*« p?????K?????²?????Ð d?????F????ý
Jerusalem ÈbŠ≈ s ×Uš  uB« Ê√  bI²Ž«
react if you were to see a
Âd?×?
Ò ¡w?ý v?KŽ Âb√Ë QDš√ Íc« U??¼“ËU?& l?D?²??¹ Ê≈ v²ŠË ¨ öd« dOž ÊU d_« sJ ¨vHA²*« c«u½

I
njustice is something woman driving a bus or truck?
ÁQDš sJ ÆUOŽUL²ł«
Î ÷udË UOM¹œ
ΠΫd???L??????²?? n??u?? b??Ð ö?? U?N?Ð d?F?ý Æp–
that most people have to Would your initial reaction not
‰UJý_« s qJý ÍQÐ ôË —d³¹ ô «c¼ s? ÊU? U?L? Æ„U?M¼ ΫdO¦ t*Rð r UN½√ w? «Ëb?ł«u?ð s?2  dH²Ý«
face at some point in be one of shock? “I see no
U?M q VOBMð ‰Òb?¹ ô√ Æt Èdł U t?²³— s …uIÐ t³×Ý Ê√ ô≈ r¼bŠ√ ÊU YOŠ bL−²
Ò t³ý ÊU Ábł Ê_  u??B??« p??– W??I??O?I?Š s?Ž ÊU?J?*«
their lives. The good news is point in a woman driving a
b?Š«Ë ʬ w «œöłË
Î ÎU?O?{U? tHM rDð—«Ë ÁdNþ vKŽ jI nK)« v≈ W?E?×?K?« p?K?ð v?²?Š t?O?K?Ž vC b Èb???Š≈ v???≈ «Ë—U??ýQ?? ¨Á—b??B??Ë
that in many cases they can train,” a friend told me the
—uBŽ  UOKIFÐ dJH½ UM“ U UM½√ vKŽ w?M½√ Wł—b nMFÐ ÷—_« w tÝ√— v?I?K? u?¼Ë  UŽUÝ fL)« w«uŠ pK² ÍdBÐ XNłË Ê√ UË ÆU¹«Ëe«
defend themselves and de- other day, going on to express
U???N???F??? d???Łb???½«Ë  d???Łb???½« …d???ÐU??ž v??≈ Z??A??O??Ý t??½√ X?F?u?ð X?F?u?ð Æ„«dŠ ÊËœ ÷—_« vKŽ ¢W?Ò¦?ł¢ X?¹√— v?²?Š WLKE*« W¹Ë«e«
mand their rights. Unfortu- the belief that any woman who
 U????ÝR?? b??łu??¹ ô√ øU??N?ÐU?×?√ Æ5HB½ w?B?I?ð s? W?ŽU?Ý n?B?½ b?F?Ð q?O?d?Ð U?N?½Q?Ë ÷—_« v?KŽ …UIK
nately, however, it would ap- would want to would merely
w??M??b?*  ôU?(« Ác?¼ q?¦? W?¹U?Žd? «c¼ Ê√ lOL−K bÒ√ ◊uI« «c¼ XdŽ Íc« qłd« p– ‰uŠ ozUI(« ÆÁU³²½« Í√ wŽd²¹ ô WUL
pear that there is one injus- be trying to act like a man. Ò
Although there has been a W?łU?×?Ð v?{d? r?¼ s?¹c?« ‰u?×J« vA Ê≈Ë v²Š wŽuK bU sÞ«u*« d?L?F?« s? m?U?³« ÆŸ ÆŸ sÞ«u*« t½√ ¢W??¦??'«¢ p?K?²? w?N?łu?ð q?³?
tice that very few have been
unable to overcome until change in the role of women, ø»UIF ô ÃöF j?ÐU?{ s? ÊU? U?L? ¨—U?²?√ WFC³ «— W?I?D?M Èd ÈbŠ≈ s U?UŽ
Î ¥∏ Ê√ X?L?K?F? U?N²B sŽ  dH²Ý«

now, namely, the way in it was not deep enough to af- s??J??1  ôƒU??²?« s? d?O?¦?J?« U0— Ë√ ¨tþUI¹≈ ‰ËUŠ Ê√ ô≈ WÞdA« tuŠ «u½U s ŸUM≈ WËU×Ë ¨tK« t?ðd?CŠ√ qł— ‰uŠ —Ëb¹ Y¹b(«

which women are regarded fect our traditional beliefs and ÁUM9√ U ¨Ÿu{u*« «c¼ ‰uŠ UNŠdÞ t??L???ł v?≈ ¡v?b?« i?F?Ð ‰U?šœ≈ s? t?Ð Êu?uI¹ U WO¦³ŽË WOAŠuÐ v?≈ ≠W?O?½b? U?0— Ë√≠ s?√ …—UOÝ

and treated. misconceptions. The fact that 5?ËR*« v≈ WBI« Ác¼ qBð Ê√ s? »d?²I¹ tÐ «–S Æ„dײ¹ Ê√ vŽ ¡U?ł U?¼b?M?Ž ¨q?łd?« o?Š w qOJMð bŠ√ w tOKŽ d¦Ž Ê√ bFÐ vHA²*«
True, people may say that men have been driving trucks r?N?¼U?³?²?½« XHKð Ê√ vŽ 5OMF*«Ë v?K?Ž t?ð—U?−?O??Ð t?¹u?J?¹Ë s?Þ«u?*« U??L??¼b??Š√ ÊU??Ë ÊU??J??L?K? 5?O?Þd?ý w??«u??Š w?? q??L??Ł u??¼Ë Ÿ—«u?A?«
they are not sexist, and that for a very long time does not q³ ÊuËR r¼ w²«  «u−H« v≈ ÆÁb¹ d¼Uþ ÆUDÐU{
Î s??J?? ÆΫd???N???þ W???O??½U??¦??« W??ŽU????«
women are ‘equal’ to men in make truck driving a ‘manly’ ÆU¼œułË sŽ r¼dOž b??N??A??*« ‰u??Š ”U?M?« d?N?L?& s¹c¼ l ¡Uł Ã
Ó dH«
Ó Ê√  bI²Ž« W?−?×?Ð t?U³I²Ý« i— vHA²*«
every field. It is claimed that job! The same thing applies to
they have the right to do any- all kinds of fields, including
politics. True, we have women
thing men do. In fact, the
world is said to be so fair that
if you were to bring up the
involved in politics, but why
are more of them not running
Do Customs Make Sense?
issue of sexism, people in the elections? Opinions to-
would look down at you! I wards certain issues concern- exist is for the groom’s fam-
By Suha Kheir
was once told, “What Sex- ing women have not really ily to place a piece of dough
Greek Catholic Patriarchate
ism? Name one thing that changed, which is why I truly School / Beit Sahour on the door of his house and
you, as women, aren’t al- doubt that we are ready to see for the bride, upon entering
lowed to do! On the contrary, a woman run the country. it for the first time, to press

C
ustoms and tradi-
it is men who should be ask- In the past, the struggle her hand , covered by that
tions are an impor-
ing for their rights!” was visible and hence, it was of the groom, into the
tant part of any cul-
Women have indeed easier to achieve victories, dough. One explanation for
ture, though discovering
come a long way. Not so very some minor, some major. this custom is the belief that
Nowadays, however, it has
their sources, especially if
long ago they could not be- it will result in the couple
come doctors, engineers, ac- moved to a higher level, a they are particularly strange,
having many children,
tors, football players, journal- level relating to the way we is often difficult. This is no
though no one is sure of its
ists, or teachers or join the think, which makes fighting it less true in Palestine than it source.
military. They had no free- all the more difficult. in addi- is in any other country. Many The point is that al-
dom of thought, and were tion, our struggle, nowadays, customs and traditions TYT Archieve
though people are not al-
forbidden from voting, being is multilayered. Our self per- which are associated with formance or mimic someone him with his new pair of ways sure why or how a
forced to amuse themselves ception and our own belief in wedding cermonies in Pales- present, the condition being shoes, something that was custom was born, they like
by sitting and waiting for the our own role and rights are in- tine don’t always make sense that he was not allowed to repeated as he entered his to honor it and keep it alive.
‘legendary’ prince to come trinsic elements of our strug- or else come from unknown refuse! Unfortunately, this house with the bride follow- As a result, many Palestin-
and sweep them off their feet. gle. Consequently, the ques-
sources. In the past, one cus- particular custom, which of- ing the wedding. The origins ian customs seem destined
However, as the new age tion does not concern what
tom was for the guests to ten resulted in a lot of laugh- of both these customs are to continue to be passed
began, the story changed. women are allowed or not al-
give the groom gifts of ter, no longer exists. Another unknown, yet they were from generation to genera-
Women actually began to ex- lowed to do. The question is,
press themselves and exercise how much have our mentali- money at the same time as custom was to shave the popular all over Palestine for tion, thereby contributing to
their right to equality. Never- ties and way of thinking actu- they asked another guest to groom’s chin two days be- many years. the unique Palestinian cul-
theless, we still have to ask ally changed? give a short theatrical per- fore the wedding then hit A custom that does still ture.
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Suad Ghazal ... Between The Dream and Reality


By Marianne Albina told us that there were two signifi- dure head-
TYT Reporter cant factors. Apparently the family aches, a se-
owns a piece of land near Sebastia, a vere cough,
place that they visit when they need and a urinary

I
t was 6 October, and I literally to get away from the trials and tribu- tract infection that leaves her in
had to force myself to stop lis- lations of their daily life, and, upon agony. There is more. Last winter,
tening to the news on the radio hearing that Israel was planning to for example, the prison authorities
and go to bed. When I did finally confiscate some of the land in the gave the prisoners in Suad’s cell a
fall asleep, I dreamt of 17-year-old immediate area, Suad had feared that heater that did not work, which
Suad Ghazal, who, in my mind, will her family’s safe haven was about to meant that they were forced to go
always remain 15 years of age, as it be lost. In addition, she was having through an entire winter without
was at age 15 that she was detained problems at school, and the father heating. As if this were not enough,
and then denied a proper trial by the suggested that perhaps she thought they made it practically impossible
Israeli Government. At first, I that by carrying out the attack, she for Suad’s family to provide her
couldn’t understand why I had would be able to put an end to all with suitable clothing, which re-
dreamt of Suad that night, but then, her problems. sulted in her spending the winter in
whilst sitting at my desk the next Can we really blame a ninth- nothing but a light blouse.
morning, it hit me: the previous seen it, approximately a month ago, her ability to marry well, have chil- grader for being scared or for not be-
night, I had been trying to recall the when I visited Suad’s family with - dren, and live a normal life. His fears ing mature enough to find the appro- Democracy
various violations committed by Is- a colleague of mine, Murad Bustami may prove to be justified if no one priate means to guarantee her fami- Israel, despite all its violations
rael against the Palestinian people, to interview her for TYT. comes to Suad’s rescue in the very ly’s security, as well as her own? Is of the Palestinians’ human rights, is
especially Palestinian children. It near future, and Suad may find her- it right that Suad should be put in still regarded as an honorable state.
Fears
appears, therefore, that even my sub- self spending the rest of a life pay- solitary confinement, then moved to It amazes me that the world can con-
conscious could not ignore the suf- At that time, it was the face of a ing an awful price for a mistake she a prison where she is surrounded by sider it so when Suad Ghazal re-
fering of Suad, who was beaten by mother who was trying to sleep at committed whilst still a child. After older prisoners, deprived of her mains in prison along with other
Israeli settlers and then arrested af- night knowing that her child was be- all, the settler that accused Suad of physical and psychological integrity, Palestinians whose human rights are
ter a female settler from the settle- ing subjected to psychological and attacking her was not even seriously forbidden family visits and from being violated on a daily basis. I am
ment of Shavei Shomron claimed physical abuse. Now, however, as she hurt because Suad used a small studying, and confined for two years also amazed by the fact that the in-
that Suad had tried to stab her. held that same child to her breast, it kitchen life and the settler was wear- without ever being sentenced? Is it ternational community does not in-
really seemed as if the ban on fam- ing thick winter clothes. Do not get morally justifiable to steal a child’s sist that investigations be carried out
ÒThe Dream ily visits and the solitary confinement me wrong. I am not attempting to childhood simply because she made in regard to arbitrary detentions and
In my dream, Suad had just been that Suad had endured had rapidly justify what Suad did, I merely want a single misguided decision? the ill treatment of Palestinian pris-
released from prison and had asked become distant memories. you to decide for yourselves if the Suad is entitled under Interna- oners. Just imagine that an Israeli
me to accompany her to her home- Yes, it was a lovely dream. The punishment to which she is being tional Law to receive proper care and child was being treated this way!
town, Sebastia, near Nablus, where problem is, I know that when Suad subjected is appropriate. attention for the duration of her stay Would the world remain silent then?
she intended to surprise her parents is eventually released, her reality will in prison. Israel, however, does not I think not.
by turning up unannounced. When be hard to bear. Whilst visiting her Curiosity seem to agree. It has already deprived Suad Ghazal did something
we reached her house, I thought how parents, I listened to her father ex- When we visited Suad’s family, her of much-needed medication, in- wrong...but the punishment handed
much more relaxed her mother’s press his fears for his daughter: fears we were curious to discover the mo- sisting that she does not need it. In out to her was immoral and unjust,
face appeared than when I had last about her education, her mental state, tives behind the attack. Suad’s father the meantime, Suad is forced to en- no matter which way you look at it.
µ °°° bK U Á¬ ≤∞∞± wU ÊuU /≤∞∞∞ ‰

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Ó U½bKÓÓТ sŽ r¼dO³ q³ wzUdNJ« UNd# ÂU9√ rOF Â√
w¼Ë ¨rOF½ Â√ tMŽ XŁb% U ‰Ë√ ÊU
ržd« vKŽ rNðUN√
Ò s UN³Š «uF{—Ë UNÐ Y??O??Š ¨—u??ŠU??Ý X??O??Ð X?K?ð w?²?« W?D?;« bK³« œuNO« qšœ wU²« ÂuO« W×O³ w¢ ¢ÆÆ·u)« w?zU?Ðd?N?J«
Ò UN½d ‚u e³)« nOž— VKIð
Ò
ÆΫbÐ√ UN²¹ƒdÐ rN½uOŽ «uK×
= ÓJ¹ r rN½√
Ò s
q?L?Ž  «u?M?Ý l??² UNO WKzUF«  dI²Ý« r??¼b??¼U??ý U??b??M??ŽË ¨W??ÒD??;« w?? s??×??½Ë n?B?I« Èœ√¢ ∫W?K?zU? r?OF½ Â√ XFÐUðË
Ò rO
Ò w szUJ« dOGB« UN²OÐ w dOGB«
w?ð«u?K?« U?N?ð«b?O?H?Š s?Ý d?G rž—Ë
s?J? ÆW?H?K²  ôU− w …dÝ_« »—
Ò U?NO ÆW?ËU?I W¹√
Ò ÊËœ «Ëd?
Ò »d?F?« Êu¹dJF« ¡U??M?« ¨¡U?M?¦?²Ý« ÊËœ lOL'« »Ëd¼ v≈ ∫WKzU W¹dI« wU¼√Ë U¼dO−Nð WB ¨U¹bMK
W?O?½U?¦«Ë WU)« 5Ð s¼—ULŽ√ XŠË«dð
q?L?F?« d?u?ð Âb?ŽË „UM¼ ·ËdE« WÐuF ÊU??J??*« „d?ð Èu?Ý U?M?U?√ s?J?¹ r? U?¼b?M?Ž «u?½U? s¹c« ‰Ułd«Ë bK³« w Òs? wð«uK« qÐUM WŁöŁ W¹œuNO«  «dzUD« ÈbŠ≈ XI√¢
X?M ULMOÐ UNuŠ s sFL²ł« bI ¨…dAŽ
WNłË œU−¹≈ v≈ …dÝ_UÐ lœ bO'«Ë
Ò rz«b« b{
Ò œuNO«  UL−¼ œ«b²ý« bFÐ UuBšË
Î ‘«d?Š_« v?≈ U?F?O?Lł «uÐd¼ ¨œUB(« w ÂËR??A??*« Âu?O?« p?– ÕU?³? W?¹d?I?« v?K?Ž
Y???¹b???(« v??≈ s??Ðc??$«Ë U??N??F?? Àb??%√
w  dI²Ý« YOŠ ¨…dOš_« q³ X½U Èdš√ «u½U wÐdŽ
Ò Í√ vKŽ —UM« rNöÞ≈Ë ¨»dF« s? d?O?¦?J?« «Ëb?I? r¼—«d ¡UMŁ√Ë …—ËU:«  b??ð—«Ë
Ò U?M?e?M? n?I?Ý U?¼«b?Š≈ X?ÐU?√
…d?
Ò s? d?¦?√ t?O? sKšb?ð
Ò q?Ð ô ¨ÂU?L?²¼UÐ
X?C?√ w?²?« ¢…d?O?³«¢ w ¢ŸuU³«¢ WIDM ¢Æ‰uI(« w t½Ëb¼UA¹ U?N?K?L?Š «u?ËU?Š w?²?« W?¹—Ëd?C?« ¡UOý_« Ê√ ÊËœ s?J? ¨‰e?M?*« —«u?−?Ð …dHŠ V³²
s?Ž —b?B?¹ Ê√ lu²¹
Ô ô ÎU?U?L?²¼«  «dNE
rO
Ò v≈ U¼bFÐ qI²M²  «uMÝ ÀöŁ UNO UNM W½uJ*«
Ò rOF½ Â√ WKzUŽ WNłË X½U —UDI« WD× w p– bFÐ «uFÒL&Ë ÆrNF W??¹d??I??« ·b?N?²?Ý« n?B?I?« p?– Æd?−?H?M?ð
ÆlO{«u*« Ác¼ q¦ ÁU& ‰UHÞ√
ÆV¹dI« ¢U¹bMKÓ¢
Ó m?K?Ð w?²?« …d?O?G?B?« U?N?²MÐ«Ë UNłË“ sË „«c?½¬ U?NO bł«u²¹ ÊU w²«Ë UÒM? W³¹dI« w Ÿ—e« ÊËbB×¹ «u½U s¹c« 5ŠöH«Ë
sJ¹ s v≈ WUÝ— p– qÒJA¹ U0d
d?O?uð s …dÝ_« XMJ9 ¢U¹bMK¢ wË W¹d v≈ …bŠ«Ë WMÝ Xu« p– w U¼dLŽ ¢Æ»dŽ Êu¹dJŽ s? r?E?F ÊU 5Š w Æ…—ËU:« rNuIŠ
r?ÒO?? w? 5?F?ÐU?I?« ¨‰U?H?Þ_« ¡ôR¼ W¹d
‰«“ ô ÎU?²?OÐ UNOKŽ XMÐ …dOG ÷—√ WFD U?NO WKOK ÎU?U¹√ «uC√ w²« ¢ÚnO²?
Ò Ó½ XOТ U?L? ¨»d?F?« Êu?¹d?J??F?« ¡ôR¼ VKÞ s?FMB¹ Òs? wð«uK« ¡UM« s W¹dI« w
ÊQ?Ð 5?KOz«dÝù« s¹dLF²*« s ¨5¾łö
ÆÊü« v²Š «œułu
Î «uNłuð rŁ ÆrNH½QÐ ÁuMÐ dOG sJ w t?²I«d rOF½ uÐ√ UNłË“ s rOF½ Â√ ‰uIð ÆÂUFD«
t?M?J?¹ Íc« XO³«Ë UNK²×¹ w²« ÷—_«
w²«Ë qOK)« ¡UC ¢‰u×KÓŠ¢ v≈ p– bFÐ q?ÐU?M?I?« pKð ÈbŠ≈ «ËdC×¹ w bK³« v≈
r?N?½_ «u?ðu?1 s?Ë ¨b?FÐ tÐU×√ X1 r wU¼_ U¹dOB
Î UHDFM
Î ÂuO« p– qJý
Ò
¢U¹bMKÓI¢Ë
Ó ¢WŽÓdÚÓ ¢ «u?F?ÐUð v²Š ö?¹uÞ
Î ÎU?²?Ë U?N?O «uC1 r WЫœ vKŽ p–Ë ¨d−HMð Ê√ ÊËœ XDIÝ w²« v?KŽ tðULBÐ „d²¹ ‰«e¹ ô Íc«Ë ¢WŽ
p?c?Ë ÆÁb?FÐ wðQ¹ s* q W½U_« ÊuLK¹
Ò Ò Ó d
Ú ¢
Ó
W?¹d?I?« 5?Ð W?A?OF*« w ‚dH« sŽ U√
Ò ¡U?C? ¨—u?ŠU?Ý X?OÐ v≈ W¹dI« rN²KŠ— ÆUNJK1 ÊU
Uu¹ wN²M¹ Ê√ bÐ ô d√ dLF²*« ¡UIÐ ÊS d¦√ —Ëd bFÐ Í√ ¨ÂuO« «c¼ v²Š rNðUOŠ
t½√ sŽ rOF½ Â√ XÐdŽQ ¡u−K« rOË Â_« »—U?I?¹ U? „U?M?¼ «u?C?√ Y?O?Š ¨r?( X?OÐ —U?C?Š≈ - W?ÒI?A?Ë ¡U?M?Ž b?F?Ð ö?F?Ë
Î
ÆU p?– w? r?N½Qý ¨WŁ—UJ« vKŽ U?UŽ
Î µ≤ s
”UM« UNAOF¹ W¹bł
Ò WŠ«— s Ëb³¹ U rž— ÆdNA« …d? W¹dIK  bOŽ√ Ê√ X¦³ U w²« WK³MI«
±∞ ¨¡U??Žœ ¨r??O?F?½ Â√ …b?O?H?Š w?¼ U?N? Ò s «Ëd−¼ s¹c« 5OMODKH« 5¹ö ÊQý

«–≈ q?LF« ·Ëdþ ·ö²š« rJ×Ð rO<« w X?½U? t?K?« «— ¡U?C ¢Õö
Ó u?Ð√¢ W?¹d U?¼d?O−Hð r²¹ w? Èdš√
v??≈ …œu?F?U?Ð r?K?% U?N?½√ ‰u?I?ð ¨ «u?M?Ý Ò Æ5¾łö «uAOF¹ Ê√ rNOKŽ ÷dË r¼«d

w? W?¹d?I?« …U?O?×Ð X½—u U p– lM1 Ê√ vŽ „UM¼


«ułd¹ Ê√ s¹dLF²*« s VKDðË ¢WŽ
Ó d
Ú ¢
Ó

d?O?³?F?²?« w? œœd²ð rË U¼uKšœ UL UNM


vKŽ X{d w²«Ë ¨Xu« p– °W¹dIK œuNO« ‰ö²Š«
nBI« »UIŽ√ w8
≠U?¼d?O³Fð bŠ vKŽ≠‰U²IK U¼œ«bF²Ý« sŽ W??O??A??O?F?
Ò ÎU??ÞU??/√ ÊU???½ù« a¹—U²« d³Ž ¢WŽÓdÚÓ ¢ U?½b?ýd¹ Ë√ UMNłu¹ s „UM¼ b$ r¢

ÆUNIŠ ŸUłd²Ýô w?? q??L??Ž Y??O??×??Ð W??H?K?²??


¡u−K« WKŠ— ô≈ r?K?Ž√ r? ¨ÂËU?I½ Ë√ W¹dI« w vI³½ w
Ò
r?ÝU?Ð X?d?ŽË ¨w?½U?F?M?J« ¢WÓŽd?
Ú Ô¢ l?u? v?K?Ž ¢WŽ
Ó d
Ú Ó¢ Âu?I?ð
s?Ž r?N?ð¡«d³Ð ‰UHÞ_« Àbײ¹ UbMF  U?½«u?O?(« W?O?Ðd?ðË W?Ž«—e« U??ÒL??Ž ‰«R????« b??M?Ž sJ wЗU√ bŠ√ l …bŠ«Ë WÒObMÐ œułuÐ
Î U/Ëœ ¥π∂∑ UN²ŠU Ì÷«—√ ¢WŽd¢ W¹dIË ÆÊUËd« ÂU¹√
Ò ¢Saara¢
Íc?« ‰ö?²?Šô« «c?¼ W?ŽU?A?Ð „—b?½ ‰U?²?I?« W?¾?O?Ð l? r?K?Q?²?« tOKŽ ÊUË Â√  b?ÒN? ¨p– bFÐ Èdł ÂU?√ W?O?b?M?³?« Ác?¼ q?F?H?ð Ê√ s?J?1 «–U?
¢5ÝuÝ XOТ Èd UNO{«—QÐ jO×¹Ë ÆUNM ±±µ w Êu²¹e« ”dž
¨«—UG
ΠΫ—«uŁ «uu?×?²?O rN²uHÞ rN³KÝ U???N???O??? d???u???²???ð ô W???³???F?? t²ýUŽ U* UN²¹«Ëd rOF½
Ò ÆÆWDO;« W¹œuNO«
Ò  «dLF²*« w WOFb*«
Æ¢Ÿu 
Ó Úý≈¢Ë ¢ÊUЬ d¹œ¢Ë ¢ U«— d¹œ¢Ë ¢U¹—Ë√ dH¢Ë ¢5K
Ú Ž¢Ë
t?O? Êu?L?F?M?¹ q?³?I?²??0 q?_« r?N²ObMÐ ‰U?(« t?O?K?Ž U?L?  ö?«u*« …b?O?N?M?²?Ð …d²H« pKð w ≠5O«dF«Ë 5O½œ—_« 5¹dJF« Ê√
Ò qÐ ô
Z?¹—U?N?Ë s?b?K? d?zU?G? vKŽ Íu²×¹ ÒÍd?Ł√ l?u? ¢WŽd¢Ë
ÆW¹d(UÐ W¾OK rO<« …UOŠ Ê√ ô≈ ¨Êü« W?U??²?Ы U?N?Ð X?łe?²« s¹c« ≠j³CUÐ rNðUOMł s …bQ²
Î X
v≈ ÍœR*« dL*« »dIÐ ÎU×ÐcË dLK Î…dBFË dB« w …—uH×
WU²ÐUÐ rNðUÝQ —U³ž ÊuK¹e¹ —«uŁ T??łö??« Ê_ W??½U??N?*«Ë ‰c?U?Ð t??³??A??K? U?0— W??¹d???Ý
Ò bMŽ «Ëd
Ò ¢W¹dI«¢ bK³« w rNCFÐ bł«uð
Æ¢·uðdŽ¢
Ó W¹d
p?K?ð s?Ž Êu?Łb?ײ¹ UbMŽ rN¼UHý VŽ«bð gOF« b¹d¹ ô ÊUJ w gOF¹ w? Àb?Š U? 5?Ð d?O³J« b?I? ÆÆ5?¹œU?F?« ”U?M« q³ nBI« ŸuË
«uU√Ë ±π¥∏ ÂUŽ UNMŽ UN½UJÝ «Ëd−
Ò ¼Ë
Ó W¹dI« Ác¼ œuNO« d
Ó œ
Ò
r?N?K?¼√ œu?NO« œdÞ w²« WM¹b*« Ë√ W¹dI« …U??½U??F??*« v??≈ W??U??{≈ Æt??O??
Æ ¢Tsor‘a¢ …dLF² UN½UJ Êü« Àb?×?¹ UË ¢WŽd¢ r? ÆÆn?BI« p– ¡«dł b¹bý dŽcÐ UM³√
ÆÕö« …uIÐ
Ò UNM V³Ð UNNł«u¹ w²« WOuO« ∫X?ÐU?łQ? Æ5?D??K w …b?ý
Ò s? U?N?M?O?Š w?½U p¹d% vKŽ u?√
Ó
∂ vIO3u9Ë s# ≤∞∞± wU ÊuU /≤∞∞∞ ‰Ë√ ÊuU e1U* Àu ‰«
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A Proud Palestinian Bagpiper 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678901212345678901
‰UHÞ_«  U3uÝd ÷dF3
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a breath and wants to ensure that there is 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678901212345678901

no pause in the music. The pipes have three


r( XO³Ð Âö=« eed3 w8
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drones, which come out of the top of the
bag and produce a constant sound, and a
single chanter.
However, the Highland pipes are only
one of over 30 different kinds of bagpipes
that have appeared throughout the world.
The Spanish, French, Italian, Germans,
Hungarians, Czechoslovakians, Tunisians,
Indians, Greeks, and a myriad of other
nations have developed bagpipes of their
own, some of which have up to eight
drones coming out of the top, bottom, or

gY rOK3 ∫duB*


side of the bag. Among the more famous
bagpipes outside the British Isles are the
Spanish Galicia, which is similar to the
Scottish bagpipes as far as the bag and air
wH%B« d9R*« ‰öX ‰UHT_« s9 œb l9 d&U UMYË ÕU& qOAO9 „ddD« WD[
supply are concerned, but which only has
one drone, the French Musette, which has r??N??ö??Š√ s??ŽË U??N?½u?A?O?F?¹ w?²?« W?O?d?¹d?D?³?« ∫w¼Ë WHK² ”—«b
keys on the changer and a billow to keep åe1U* Àuò ‰« rSUT ∫ddI*
ÆÆÆUNIOI% v≈ ÊuF¹ w²« W¾¹d³« W?O?d¹dD³« ¨ôUł XOÐ w WOMOðö«
the bag full, and the Zampongno from W?O?K? ¨—u?ŠU?Ý X?O?Ð w? W?O?M?O?ðö?«
v≈ ‰UHÞ_« Wšd q¦9  UuÝdU
Italy, which has twelve chanters. W????9U??? Ê«u???Q???Ð  U???u???Ý—¢
v≈ UNöš s Êu³UD¹ w²«Ë rUF« W??O??K??J??« ¨r??( X??O??Ð w?? U??D?M?Ýd?ð
When bagpipes first showed up in …—d?J?²? —u? ÆÆÆ W?HO¦Ë WIOLŽË
WOK¼_« WOKJ« ¨”bI« w WOLO¼«dÐù«
Scotland approximately 600 years ago, w?²?«  U?²?ö?«Ë ÆÆÆW?«b?F?« oOI%
WUËË ¨tK« «— w tK« «— —u– Ë ÆÆÆt?A?O?F?½ Íc?« ÍËUÝQ*« l{uK
By Afif Tweimeh they rapidly became a part of everyday life o?OI% v≈ VUDð w²«Ë UN½uFd¹
ÆU¹bMK w ÀuG« ¢W?ŁU?G?²Ý« Wšd UNłu²ð —uË
Terra Sancta School/ Bethlehem there. Every town would hire a bagpiper, ¨W?¹U?L?(« V?K?ÞË Âö??«Ë W?«b?F?«
W?D?³?ž s? Îq? ÷d?F?*« `?²?²?« Ãd¹ w²«  UŽU³D½ù« w¼ Ác¼ ÆÆÆ
who was usually paid for out of the spe- t??M?? d??¦??√ w??½U??½≈ v?M?F? q?L?%
‰UHÞ_«  UuÝ— ÷dF* dz«e« UNÐ

A
lthough I have often told people that I cial taxes collected from wealthy families UMŠ bO«Ë ÕU³ qOAO „d¹dD³«
Æ¢wÝUOÝ
play the bagpipes, I have never been in the area, to pipe for the townspeople on —uC×Ð r( XOÐ W¹bKÐ fOz— dU½ Íc«Ë r( XOÐ w Âö« ed w
Àu?¹¢ ‰« W?H?O?×? X?—U?ý bI
asked which kind of bagpipes I play, various special occasions. Worthy of note 5?O?U?×B«Ë ‰UHÞ_« s dO³ œbŽ wMH« d¹uD²K s¹dÐU Wd t²LE½
which just goes to show that when it comes to this is the fact that in some places, the bag- ‰ö?š s? ŸËd?A?*« «c¼ w ¢e1Uð
ÆÆÆ5MF*«Ë W?O?d?¹d?D³« ”—«b l ÊËUF²UÐ
particular musical instrument, the vast majority of pipes were so popular that the piper would 5?²?G?K?U?Ð W?O?Ðœ√ U?u?B?½ U?N{dŽ
Ø≤¥ ≠ ±≤Ø≤± 5?Ð U? W?O?M?O?ðö?«
w??H??d??¹d?D?³?« W?D?³?ž ‰U? b?Ë
people are ignorant. Consequently, as a proud Pal- even replace the organist in churches. »ö?Þ U?N?D?š W?¹e?O?K$ù«Ë WOÐdF«
‰U??H??Þ_« ¡ôR??¼ b??łË b??I?¢ ∫t?²?L?K? Æ≤∞∞∞ر≤
estinian bagpiper, I now feel obliged to provide As for the history of the bagpipes in
 —u×9 …b¹bŽ ”—«b s  U³UÞË W?ŠUð≈ v≈ ÷dF*« «c¼ ·b¼
·Ëd??þ q?þ w? Êu?A?O?F?¹ r?N??H?½√
our readers with a little information concerning Palestine, they have been widely used by
f??J??F??ð W??H??K??²?? l?O?{«u? ‰u?Š Íc???« n???B???I???« V???³?????Ð W??³??Žd?? s?Ž d?O?³F²K ‰UHÞ_« ÂU√ WdH«
this marvelous instrument. scout groups and traditional dance groups
for the past 25 years or so. I hope that now U?N?K?þ w? Êu?A?O?F?¹ w?²?« ·Ëd?E« wŽUL'« »UIF«Ë ÎöO t Êu{dF²¹ ¨r???N???ðU???łU???O???²???Š« ¨r???¼d???ŽU???A??
The pipes with which most people are famil-
iar are the Scottish Highland bagpipes, easily dis- you know a little more about them, you d?O?J?Hð qGAð w²« W×K*« U¹UCI«Ë Èu?Ý «Ëb?−?¹ r? w?U?²UÐË ÆÆ«—U?N½
Î s??∫r?N?N?ł«u?ð w?²?«  U?¹b?×?²?«Ë

tinguished by their sheep or elk skin bag, which will make a point of paying them more ÷d??Ž v??≈ W??U??{≈ ¨r?N?M? b?¹b?F?« s? Êu?FOD²¹ WKOÝu  UuÝd« s???L???C???²???¹Ë Æ U??u??Ýd??« ‰ö??š

the piper presses with his arm whenever he takes attention next time you see them in use. ÆWO«dGðuH« —uB« s WŽuL− ◊U?³?Šù« W?U?Š s?Ž d?O?³?F²« UNöš s? q?L?Ž  U?ý—u? ÃU?²?½ ÷d?F*«

X¹dÐË_«  ULKe iFÐ


d−(« X¹dÐË√
dD Íb¹ w WLOž Íd−Š
Íbł Íd−Š
ÍdL Íd−Š
WOMž√ Íd−Š

’Ud« ÊQÐ qHÞ rK×¹Ë


U×L `³B²Ý
wMGð ô …—uHBŽ …—U−(« Ê√Ë

÷—ù« vKŽ XDIÝ 5ŠË


‚uý WMł
l«bð ô U¹—UŽ wœ XO½ Ê«b“ `9U3
vMŽË tMŽ
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European Commission Representative, Jean Breteche Talks to TYT Journalists

“It is the Role of Palestinain Youth to Make Their Voice Heard”


temporary building in Ramallah.
Interview conducted by: Saleem
When I asked about this, the Presi-
Habash, Nora Kahalili, Murad
dent replied that the building could
Bustami and Dima Yaser
only be of a temporary nature since
the Palestinians would eventually
Please introduce yourself. want to build a second, permanent
I originate from France, but I building in the city of Jerusalem.
have been working for the Euro- One of our current tasks in-
pean Commission for 30 years, volves helping spread democracy,
working in Brussels, Syria, Tuni- partly through strengthening the
sia, Egypt and many other coun- PLC, and creating a good civil so-
tries. At present, I am the Repre- ciety, our belief being that the civil
sentative of the European Commis- society is as important as the gov-
sion for the West Bank and Gaza ernment.
Strip. The reason behind my work-
ing here in Palestine is that I have Kindly tell us a little about the
always been very interested in the Commission’s involvement in im-
Photo: Nadia Bandak

Middle East Peace Process, as well plementing the Euro-Med Herit-


as in assisting the Palestinians in age Program and, if possible,
building both their economy and about its other projects and pro-
their independent state. Our work grams related to culture.
covers many fields, including in- In implementing the Barcelona
dustry, trade, the economy, human Declaration with its call for cultural
rights, civil society, the judiciary, EC Representative, Jean Breteteche & EC Press and Information Officer, Nadia Nahas surrounded by TYT journalists. exchange and cooperation, the Eu-
ropean Commission, for several
and assisting in the elections, and table and rebuild the bridges of co- How do you see the role of youth derstanding and communication, of years, cosponsored many cultural
our current projects are mainly con- operation between the various coun- in Palestine? bonding and solidarity and of sup- events in Jerusalem and elsewhere
centrated on trying to finance the tries of the Middle East, including, The role of youth is one of great port and humanity. Unfortunately, in Palestine.
building of the state and activating of course, Israel. It’s imperative that importance, which is why it is ex- however, our efforts to promote co- I am proud to say that we have
the various sectors. Of course, we the peoples, nations and leaders of tremely important that young Pales- existence and increase awareness been involved in the following cul-
work with various ministries and the region work together in order to tinians make sure that they get a concerning the importance of dia- tural activities, as well as many oth-
governmental offices as well as strengthen the relations between the good education and the appropriate logue are being severely hampered ers:
various organizations, including countries of the Middle East. training. They must work as hard as due to the ongoing clashes. - The Jerusalem Musical Festival,
NGOs. Amongst other things, we must work they can in order to reach their goals organized by Yabous for Art Pro-
together to build and enrich the and they must be consistent and cou- After coordinating with the Min- duction
Some European countries have economies of the region, especially rageous in making their voice heard. istry of Higher Education, the Eu- - The Jerusalem Basketball Festi-
displayed indifference in regard the Palestinian and help the various ropean Commission provided val (Palestine and Jordan)
to commenting on the recent countries to develop, although I have What is the European Union do- funding to Palestinian universities - The Kids’ Film Festival, involv-
clashes. As a union gathering to admit that the efforts in that re- ing to help Palestinian young- and colleges amounting to some ing the screening of films in the
many European countries under gard are becoming more and more sters? 53 million Euro, yet they are still refugee camps
one umbrella, how does the Eu- complicated these days due to the We are mainly involved in help- suffering from some very severe fi- - Art galleries (e.g. Yousef Rajabi)
ropean Union view the new difficult political situation and the ing the educational sector because nancial problems. How would you - Two books of photography by
Intifada? fact that there is barely any commu- we believe that it is important that comment? children/youth expressing the pho-
We are extremely concerned. nication between the PNA and Is- the people of a newly created state Higher education is extremely tographers’ feelings and views con-
Obviously, we would like to see the rael. are well educated, cultured, and important in regard to the building cerning the environment around
parties reach an agreement con- aware of what is going on in else- and developing of the State of Pal- them.
cerning Jerusalem and the refugees How do you regard the Palestin- where in the world. Consequently, estine because a good higher educa-
etc., and it makes us sad to see them ian economy, and how do you re- we emphasize the importance of ba- tion system will help in improving What is the European Union’s
moving further and further away gard the formation of a Palestin- sic education and try to improve the capacity-building potential of the message to the youngsters of the
from doing that, in spite of our own ian state on the economic level? standards through workshops and world in general and to those of
Palestinian society. My advice to
efforts to be of assistance. The en- One of our main concerns is the various projects. In short, our aim is Palestine in particular?
university and college students is
tire future of this region and the fu- alarming rate at which the Palestin- to upgrade the level of education Our message is that they should
that they should try to be more ac-
ture generations is directly con- ian population is growing right now, here, whether we are talking about get to know each other better and
tive and to make sure that their
nected to the achieving of peace, namely by four percent per annum. help facilitate dialogue between
schools or universities, which is why voices are always heard.
which is why everybody needs to In order to help alleviate the prob- people of different cultures etc.,
we also provide vocational training
work together in order to ensure lems caused by this high increase, putting an emphasis on learning to
to educators working in higher edu- The European Commission has
that future generations live in peace we are involving ourselves in cross- understand one another and the dif-
cation. promised to provide a 5 million
and lead peaceful, active, and ‘nor- national projects and working hand ferences and similarities between
Concerning youth programs in Euro to fund the construction of
mal’ lives. in hand with the private sector in cre- them. They should also attempt to
general, we are interested in creat- the PLC’s chambers and another
ating small companies, the aim be- create strong links and networks
ing possibilities for people from dif- a 3 million Euro in the form of
The former Israeli Prime Minis- ing to improve the external trade sec- and find new ways to communicate
ferent countries, backgrounds and technical assistance and equip- and interact. Finally, we would like
ter, Shimon Peres, talked about tor and thereby secure Palestine a cultures to meet, interact and try to ment. In what way do you believe
a ‘New Middle East’ and a model place in the global market. It is clear to see the youngsters of the world -
make a difference in the world in the strengthening of the PLC will who are the leaders of tomorrow -
similar to the European one. In to everyone, I believe, that the Pal- which they live, which is why we help in benefiting the Palestinian work together closely in making
light of the recent events, how do estinians need to rely on their own conduct youth camps and work- society? sure that the future of their children
you regard this vision? production instead of that of Israel shops and volunteer exchange pro- When I met with president will be one that is promising and
In order to realize this vision on and other countries, which means grams. We foresee the formation of Yasser Arafat in May, I was amazed bright, a future in which war has
the ground, the parties to the con- that they are obliged to improve their a communal language as a result of to hear that the PLC is asking for no place and peace is given the
flict must return to the negotiation industrial sector. these activities - a language of un- funding for the construction of a maximum opportunity to prevail.

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Ê√ q???H??D??K?? s? W?¹U?u?« U?N?Ë√ ¨5?²OÝUÝ√ 5²OŠU½ vKŽ


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Æ”UM« s WMOF WOŽu½ VŽu²ð X½U pc ¨ö¦


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Mobile Phones...Not Just for Talking!


Listening to music whilst ‘on erators, equipment
the go’ using various types of de- manufacturers and
vices has for a long time been a music providers will ∫ U3uKF*«  U3bš X½d²½ô« …QA½
popular activity. Says Pascal begin offering differ- uLM« t lu²*« Ë√ bŽ«u« ¡e'« d³²F¹
Negre, chief executive officer at ent services next s?Ž  U?u?K?F?*« d?O?u?ð r?²¹ ÂuOU Æl¹d«
W¦U¦« WIK(«
Universal Music France, “I be- year”. For the time
 UbšË ¡U³½_«  ôUË s dO³ œbŽ o¹dÞ X½d²½ù« sŽ UMŁb% oÐU« œbF« w
lieve there will be several new being, listening to
ÆWOuO« n×B«Ë  UuKF*« pMÐ  U?d?A?« X?ðU?Ð n?O?Ë ¨W?O?½Ëd²J≈ ‚u
types of usage for mobile music. music still requires
qOBײРÊü« ÂuIð  Ub)« Ác¼ iFÐ WOKŽUHÐ WL¼U*« —ULž ÷uš vKŽ oÐU²ð
For example, you might decide wires, but the era of
U? U?L?MOÐ ¨U¼duð w²«  UuKF*« vKŽ dł√
that you want to listen to the lat- short-range wirless net- dO¦J«  «eOL*« s UN w²« ¨‚u« Ác¼ w

working appears close, espe- Æ»—U−²« WKŠd w ÊËdš¬ ‰«e¹


est U2 album while jogging, have sŽ d³√ qOBH²Ð Àbײ½ œbF« «c¼ wË ÆÆ

it streamed to your mobile phone cially as in June 2000, Nokia —u_« s ÊuJ²Ý w²« ¨‚u« Ác¼  UOMIð
and pay a small fee for that. I am and RealNetworks announced a ∫W¹u½U¦«  U3b)« ÆÆ q³I²*« w WOÝUÝ_«
confident that within two or three deal to incorporate streaming me- ULMOÐ ÆÊü« v²Š ÂUL²¼ô« s ÎöOK XU½

years, you will be able to dia software into future mobile de-  U??ŽU??D??I??« d??¦?√ ¨ÂU?Ž q?J?A?ÐË ¨X?×?³?√ :ONLINE ÊöŽù«
download songs to your mobile vices. …dO¦J«  ôËU×LK W−O²½ ¨ÎUŠU$ W¹—U−²« X½d²½ù« w W¹—U−²« ¡«eł_« ŸdÝ√ u¼
and listen to them whenever you At last, mobile phone users W?FÝ«Ë W¹—U& WJ³ý v≈ X½d²½ù« q¹uײ …—Ëd?{ X?²?³?Ł√ W?O?Ë_« »—U?−²«Ë ÆÆ «u?/
Î
want and that there will be sev- will be able to enjoy things U??√ ¨…d??O??³??J?«  U?d?A?« V?D?I?²??ð X?ðU?Ð Ë V?ÝUM²ð ¨o¹u²K …b¹bł qzUÝË œU−¹≈
eral different types of similar serv- other than voice communi-
‚U?D?½ l?O?Ýu?² vF² …dOGB«  UdA«  U??½ö?ŽùU? ¨j?Ýu?K? W?K?ŽU?H?²?*« W?F?O?³?D?«
ices.” cation over the phone...one
l?O?Ð Z?«dÐ ‰öš s ¨‰U:« «c¼ w UNKLŽ s? ÎU?U?9 W?{u?d? W?Šu?×K«Ë WO½«ËbF«
Meanwhile, an NTT DoCoMo can only imagine what other
d?³?Ž o?¹u²K wKOBHð qOK% ¨WBB² ÆX½d²½ù« wb²
spokesperson says, “Network op- things we can expect in the future!
W?O?Ý«—b?«  «—Ëb« bIŽ Ë√ rOEMð ¨X½d²½ù«

ÆÆ WO³¹—b²« Ë√
:ONLINE o¹u=²«
... tes et

ÎU?Žu?{u? f?O? X?½d?²?½ù« d?¹u?D?ð Ê≈


... tes et

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Si ern

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v??K?Ž ÎU??C??¹√ w??G??³??M?¹ q?Ð j?I? U??¹œU??B?²?«


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Î
lI«u3 ∫‰U¦*« qO³Ý vKŽ UNMË
‰«e¹ ô X½d²½ù« ‰öš s ÍuM«  UFO³*«

ÆUOJ¹d√
ΠΫ—ôËœ ÊuOK ±∞∞ s q√ UOUŠ
Î
 UF³ð qL% q¹uD« Èb*« vKŽ sJ1 q¼ ≠  U?dA« s «dO³
ΠΫœbŽ ÊS p– lË

X½d²½ô« www.excite.com/horoscopes
WOðUuKF*« WOMI²« bOF vKŽ WLzUI« …uN«

ø‰Ëb« nK² 5Ð
 UFO³*« r−Š qB¹ Ê√ w …dO³ ÎôU¬ bIFð

o¹dÞ sŽ p–Ë ¨—ôËœ ÊuOKÐ µ≥ w«uŠ v≈


…b?¹b?ł W?O?ö?š√ W?¹d?E?½ v?≈ ÃU²×½ q¼ ≠ TV Shopping Êu????¹e????H????K????²????«  «u???M???
www.ziad-rahbani.com ¨X?½d?²?½ù« l? q?UF²« w ‰UHÞ_« …bŽU* ÆChannels
¨W?O?ö?š_« U?MLO l VÝUM²¹ Íc« qJAUÐ d?O?³? œb?Ž »d?Ž√ Í√dK ŸöD²Ý« wË
l???u???*« «c???¼ h???B????²??¹ Includes daily and Chinese horo-
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Áœö?Ð V??²?M? œU? Ê√ b?F?Ð ¨≤∞∞∞ ÂU?F?K? tЗU& sŽ tO Àbײ¹ Íc« ¢uGO¹œ U½√¢ Ê«uMFÐ
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Schools Online
Effective Access to Educational Resources

C( «
« s ∫WKzUF
«
the kids who need help. Just - the principal, two teachers in order to create a more har-
By Hamdi Hamamreh and a student - have to partici- monious world. I believe that
visit iEARN’s website

8«b
(www.iearn.org) There are pate in a workshop conducted the Internet, when used by

 ¡v
While surfing the Internet re- many examples of online col- by World Links. As for equip- teachers, can serve as an ex-
cently, I came across a laborative projects involving ment, each school has a com- tremely powerful tool in

Ðú
website called ‘Schools teachers from over 90 coun- puter lab with Pentium-class achieving this goal.”

¡UM
Online’ and discovered that tries and the use of 30 lan- PCs and leased-line access to In order to hear the point
a considerable number of guages! It’s really up to teach- the Internet. As a result, many of view of the general techni- UO(9 ÊUOK WLKF*«
Palestinian schools are ben- ers and students to decide how Palestinian teachers have cal department at the Palestin- UMOMY XO - ddH« W3—b9
efiting from it. In order to far they want to go.” learned the basics of the ian Ministry of Education,
shed some light on the pur- Talking about how teach- Internet and how to integrate which is in charge of imple-
it into the curriculum.” menting the project in Pales- Ær?¼œôË√ W?O?Ðdð w dO³J« —Ëb« q¼ú Ê√ pý ô
pose of the site I contacted ers and students can benefit
the president of ‘Schools from this project and the way Rahimi went on to say, tine, we contacted Amjad Al- t?O? ¨W?K?H?Þ Ë√ q?H?Þ q?J? v?Ë_« W?Ý—b?*« u?¼ XO³U
Online’, Mr. Touraj Rahimi. in which it helps in develop- “We started with ten schools, Masri, head of the computer ŒU?M?*«Ë W?¾?O?³?« t?  duð uK ¨QAM¹Ë qHD« ŸdŽd²¹
“Our mission is to help ing education techniques, and things went very well, department at the ministry.
ΫœËe …UO(« v≈ Ãd)Ë WMŠ Ϋ—ULŁ vDŽ_ 5“ö«
all teachers and students Rahimi said, “The Internet is thanks to the direct participa- “Currently, ten Palestinian
tion of the Ministry of Educa- schools are involved in this —Ëœ w??ðQ??¹ r?Ł ¨b?O?'« „u?K??«Ë …b?O?L?(« ‚ö?š_U?Ð
have effective access to the an amazing resource. The
communication and educa- world’s libraries are at the dis- tion. In fact, things went so project” said Al-Masri, “but ÆUIŠô U¼d– vKŽ wðQMÝ w²« WÝ—b*«
tional resources of the posal of teachers and students; well that during my last meet- the number will be increased r??¼œôË√ …b??ŽU???? w?? r?N?*« —Ëb?« s?¹u?Ðú? Ê≈
Internet,” said Rahimi “One the latest research material is ing with the Ministry, we de- to include another 40
q«uŽ …bŽ „UMN ÆWUŽ Èdš√ —uQÐË WUš WÝ«—bUÐ
of the things that we do in available; museums are on cided to increase the number schools.”
order to achieve this goal is display; experts are available of schools to 50. Assuming the Added Al-Masri,“The ¨¡Ëb?N?« d?O?u?ð ∫q?¦? ÕU?−?M?« w«d?O?³?
ΠΫ—Ëœ V?F?K?ð

to build successful models online...in short, all this amaz- current crisis is resolved, it is Schools Online project …d² WUšË ÊUJ*« W¾ON𠨻«dA« ¨ÂUFD« ¨—«dI²Ýô«
and showcase the results. It ing reference material is now our intention to increase the doesn’t provide schools with
t?³?³??ð U? Èb ÎU?U?9 „—b?¹ l?O?L?'U? ¨ U?½Uײô«
is not our mission to go into accessible to even the remot- number even further. Schools computer sets, but it provides
will be selected in cooperation them with the internet net- »öDK Ë√ q¼ú ¡«uÝ »UBŽú dðuð s  U½Uײô«
a country and change its edu- est school in the world. Now,
cation system but rather to for example, there are online with our partners iEARN and work. So any school to be a WŠ«d«Ë VÝUM*« u'« duð ÊS «c Æ5LKFLK v²ŠË
encourage officials to study communities of teachers with World Links as well as the member of this project should b?¹b?F?U Æd¦Q d¦√ tzUDŽ s b¹e¹ VUDK WOHM«
our examples.” special interests and collabo- Ministry of Education, the have computers. This project
»uKÝ_ ÊËR−K¹ YOŠ r¼œôË√ o×Ð Êu¾D¹ ¡UÐü« s
In response to a question rative projects in which teach- goal being to make it possible will enable Palestinian
ers from all over the world can to have Palestinian schools schools to implement various Ê«d?O?'« ¡U?M?Ð√ Ë√ r?F?« ¡UMÐ√ Ë√ ¨…uš_« 5Ð W½—UI*«
concerning whether or not
any school can become a participate. This is just an ex- work with other schools all projects such as whilst giving ‚uH²ð Ê√ „b¹—√ Ë√ ¨v–√Ë pM qC√ „uš√ ∫rNuIÐ
part of this project, Rahimi ample; the list goes on and over the world.” students the opportunity to °ÆÆÆô≈Ë tM qC√  UöŽ vKŽ qB%Ë pLŽ sЫ vKŽ
said, “We generally select on.” Rahimi concluded by say- communicate with other stu-
dents both in Palestine and d?E?½« ¡w?A? `?K?B?ð ô X½√¢ ∫t ÊuuI¹ U½UOŠ√Ë
schools with limited or no Commenting on the Pales- ing, “I believe in the basic
technology. At the same tinian participation in this concept that we humans are abroad.”  UN_« UN²¹√Ë ¡UÐü« UN¹√ «cNÐ ¢ÆÆÊöŽ v≈Ë Êö v≈

time, schools must meet cer- project, Rahimi said, “Ten finally coming together as one r?N?ÞU?³?Š≈ v?≈ ÊuKLFðË W¹UNM« v≈ rJzUMÐQÐ ÊËœuð
tain minimum requirements Palestinian Authority schools race, but with many varia-
«uł
Î ÊuIKð »uKÝ_« «cNÐË rNH½QÐ rN²IŁ r¼œUI≈Ë
in terms of having the basic were selected, five from the tions, taking into account the
fact that there are more simi- bŠ«u« rJKOCH²Ð rF« ¡UMÐ√Ë …ušô« 5Ð WO¼«dJ« s
infrastructure (electricity, West Bank and five from For more information , visit
phone lines, a secure room, Gaza, taking into considera- larities than differences ¡UÐü« wz«eŽ√ «uMð ôË ¨«c¼ qJ wŽ«œ ô Ædšü« vKŽ
etc.) tion the gender balance and amongst us. Our job is to www.schoolsonline.org
¨¡U?c« w  ËUHðË ¡UMÐ_« 5Ð W¹œd ÎUËd „UM¼ ÊQÐ
Said Rahimi, “Quite of- geographic diversity. At least showcase these similarities or contact Amjad Al-Masri
W?u?N??Ð d?šü« vKŽ ‚uH²¹ Ê√ bŠ«u« lOD²¹ ô –≈
ten it is the teachers and not four people from each school and work on our differences at: gdimedia@hally.net
…bIF« „bu V³ð W½—UI*« »uKÝQÐ ÆœËb× Á¡U– Ê_

q?√ t?½QÐ dFAO ¨…UO(« Èb t“ö²Ý w²« WOHM«

ÆÆÆÁdOž Ë√ tOš√ s U½Qý


Î
Palestinian Identity: The Construction of øUMðUMÐË UMzUMÐ√ vKŽ kU×½ ô «–U* øwz«eŽ√ U¹ «–U*

Modern National Consciousness bI Â_« UN²¹√ X½√Ë ¨…uÐ_« WLF½ »_« UN¹√ p³¼Ë tKU

r?—Ëb?Ð ÊU?M?(« «c?¼ «u?³?N ¨ÊUM(« WLF½ tK« p³¼Ë

Book Reviewed by and several of their compatri- Arab World catalyzed attitudes ¨r?N? ¡U?b?√ «u?½u? ¨t?Ð r?N?OKŽ «uK³ð ôË rJzUMÐ_
Marianne Albina ots. toward Zionism while at the v≈ ÊËR−K¹Ë —u_« ÂU“ XKHð ô w rNLN «uËUŠ
TYT Reporter In the book, Khalidi pays same time shaping ideas of
BOOK REVIEW

ô «c? ¨n?D?F?«Ë ÊU?M?(« t?O? Êu??L?K?¹ s?CŠ »d√


a great deal of attention to the identity, making it clear that
sЫ qJ «uDŽ√ ¨rJHDŽË rJ½UM×Ð r¼ËœË“Ë r¼Ëdð
tian, Islamic, Arab, and Otto- role of Zionism, the non-elite the Palestinian identity was not
primarily a response to Zion- i?F?Ð b?$ U½UOŠ√ ÆU?F?O{—
Î Îö?H?Þ ÊU? u? v²Š tIŠ
man as well as the family and subaltern elements of Palestin-
ism. Êu??D??K??²????¹ ôË r??N????H??½√ v?K?Ž 5?¹u?D?M? »ö?D?«
tribal identities. ian society, and the Arab press
The author then shows in the period between 1908 and Finally, the author retraces  U?ł—b?« v?K?Ž√ q?O?B%Ë WÝ«—b« WOGÐ rNzUbQÐ

how the Palestinian narrative 1914. He attentively discusses the ‘disappearance’ and the re- «c¼ tłU²×¹ Íc« VFK«Ë WOŽUL²łô« …UO(« 5KLN

the three to explain how they birth of Palestinian nationalism


intersects with other narratives, YNK¹Ë Íd−¹Ë Íd−¹ ¨Xu« WKOÞ tÐU² “ö¹ –≈ qHD«
after the creation of the State
Rashid Khalidi deals with both religious and national, represented an important fac- X³¦O Ë√ tK¼√ ¡U{—≈ WOGÐ ÁdOž vKŽ ‚uH²¹ w U½UOŠ√
Î
of Israel. Amongst other
the emergence of Palestinian which focus on Palestine and tor in regard to the emergence t½_ qK*« tJKL²¹ Ê√ bÐ ô W¹UNM« wH ¨ÊuŽb¹ U fJŽ
things, he explains why the
nationalism from the end of Jerusalem. He specifically of a Palestinian identity. For
successive failures - the expul- Âö?J?« Ë√ »U?I?F?« ‰U?MOÝ Â“ö« ÕU−M« oI×¹ r Ê≈
the Ottoman rule to the first deals with the crucial first example, he recognizes the
sion of 1948, the departure ÆÆÆÆÕ—U'«
decade of the British Man- years of the British control of role played by Jewish coloni-
from Beirut in 1982 etc. - were v?K?Ž r?¡U?M?Ð√ «u?Žœ  U?N?_« U?N?²?¹√Ë ¡UÐü« UN¹√
date. In his book he does not Palestine and focuses on the zation in affirming Palestinian transformed by the Palestin-
only show that Palestinian na- shift from the Arab-Ottoman nationalism, most notably w? Ϋd?O?¦? «u?K?šb?²?ð ôË ¨b?O?FÐ s r¼u³«— ÆrN²Š«—
ians into a heroic story that
tionalism is constructed, but identity to the Palestinian- around Jerusalem. Concerning v?K?Ž q?B×¹ Ê√ rbu qC_U ¨WOBA« r¼—u√
overlooks certain errors, most
also that it is difficult to per- Arab identity. Moreover, he the peasants, it was they, ac- notably the ones made by the W?ö?Ž v?K?Ž qB×¹ Ê√ s ÁœuN−0 WDÝu² WöŽ
ceive the uniqueness of Pal- clarifies the issue of the over- cording to Khalidi, who en- PLO. ôË ÊU?J?ù« —b?I?Ð r?¼u?F?−?ý Æt?K?¼√ œu?N?−?0 W?K?U?
estinian nationalism because lapping loyalties in Ottoman couraged the urban intellectu- The book is an asset to Æ«ubMð ô w r¼uD³%
of the way in which the Pal- Jerusalem and the shifting of als to play a prominent role in each Palestinian home and is  U??N??_« U??N??²??¹√Ë ¡U??Ðü« U??N??¹√ r??J?Žœ√ «d??O??š√Ë
Î
estinian identity has con- identities in Palestine by dis- opposing Zionism. In talking worth reading and understand-
r¡UMÐ√ «ucð ôË ŸUD²*« —bIÐ ÁuLJŠ ≠rdOLC
stantly been intermingled cussing the lives of two indi- about the Arab press, Khalidi ing. You can get it in the book-
Æq³I²*« …UMÐË ‰Uł— rN
with other identities. Such viduals - Yusuf Diya’ Al- focuses on how newspapers in stores of Palestine for the price
identities include the Chris- Khalidi and Ruhi Al-Khalidi - Palestine and other parts of the of 90 NIS.
±≥ »U …UOY ≤∞∞± wU ÊuU /≤∞∞∞ ‰Ë√ ÊuU e1U* Àu ‰«

What happens after the ŸuD²K wËb« ÂUF« sýbð WÐUA« bŽ«u=« s3 WŽuL−3
Tawjihi? W??¹u??Žu??²??« ‰U??L?Ž_« r?O?E?M?ð U?N?I?ðU?Ž v?K?Ž
Æ¢WOŽuD²«Ë
 U??ÞU??A?½ d?¹b? ¨ U?I?¹d?Ž r?ÝU?Ð ‰U?Ë
tion to which, unless they are very Ê≈¢ rOKF²«Ë WOÐd²« …—«“Ë w W³KD« ÊËRý
fortunate, they probably have no …d?B?²?I dOž wŽuD²« qLF« «c¼  UOUF
idea of the types of degrees that are nOC¹Ë ¢W¹«b³« WDI½ w¼ qÐ bŠ«Ë Âu¹ vKŽ
currently in demand. In addition, »u?łË v?K?Ž r?O?KF²«Ë WOÐd²« …—«“Ë bRð¢

in most cases they have not been q? w wŽuD²« qLFUÐ vMFð WM' qOJAð
‰U?L?Ž_« s?Ž W?ËR?? Êu?J?ð Y?O×Ð WÝ—b
provided with an opportunity to
w? Ë√ W?Ý—b?*« q?š«œ w? ¡«u?Ý W?O?Žu?D²«
‘experiment’ in different fields with
Æ¢wK;« lL²:«
a view to seeing which particular
w? w?ŽU?L?ł —UDSÐ ÂuO« «c¼ r²š bI
field they find of interest. W?O?K? W?ŽU w ÊUłdNË œôË_« —«œ WÝ—b

…d9ULY ÍbLY ∫duB*


Suppose a student decides what q?B?O? b?O??« v?I?√ b?Ë Æw?M?O??(« b?M?¼
he or she wants to study, and for w? W?L?K? ”b?I?« n?K? ‰ËR?? w?MO(«

the right reasons. Even then, the v?K?Ž Íd?−?¹ U? v?≈ U?N?O? ‚d?D?ð ÊU?łdN*«

nightmare is not over, because now »d?(« Ác?¼ Ê√ Ϋb?R? W?O?M?ODKH« ÷—_«
‰Ëb?« WU≈Ë ‰ö²Šô« ‰«Ë“ v²Š dL²²Ý
he/she has to ask himself/herself GUuD(*« s9 WuL89
n?¹d?A?« ”b?I?« U?N?²?L?U?ŽË W?OMODKH«
some more questions, such as
Æ…b?¹b?ł  ô“U?M?ð „UM¼ ÊuJð s t½√ U?HOC
Î
“What college should I apply to? WOKOz«dÝù«  «uI« »U×½« …—ËdCÐ VUÞË
Æa« ÆÆWHý—√ ¨¡öÞ …d9ULY ÍbLY ∫ddI*
By Nisreen Abu-Ata Should I study locally or abroad?” l  «¡UI …bŽ ¢e1Uð Àu¹¢‰«  dł√ bI
t?²?Ëœ W?U≈ s wMODKH« VFA« 5JL²
Rosary Sisters’ School œb?Ž l? w?Žu?D?²« ÂuO« «c¼ vKŽ 5dA*« Âu¹ WÐUýË »Uý ≥∞∞ s d¦√ bA²Š«
etc. Of course, many students, Æ”bI« UN²LUŽË WKI²*«
Jerusalem Æ5—UA*« s X??O??Т W??ŠU??Ý w? ≤∞∞∞ر≤ص ¡U??Łö??¦?«
mainly for financial reasons, have ’U)« q¦L*« q“Ë— wðuLOð vI√ bË
q?L?F?« …d?z«œ d?¹b ¨W½uŠ wKŽ ‰uI¹ ŸuD²« Âu¹ w W—UALK ”bIUÐ ¢‚dA«
no choice but to study inside the d?J?ý W?L?K? w?zU/ù« …bײ*« 3_« ZU½d³
·bN¹¢ WOK¼_«  ULEM*« …—«“Ë w wŽuD²«  d³²Ž«Ë …bײ*« 3_« tðd√ Íc« wËb«

Y
ou’ve finished your sen- country, but what about those who WDK«Ë œ«d_«Ë  UÝR*«Ë  ULEM*« UNO
—U?³?²?Žô« …œU?Ž≈ v?≈ Âu?O?« w?ŽuD²« qLF« Æ5ŽuD²LK wËb« ÂUF« ≤∞∞± ÂUŽ tO
ior year in high school, ÂU?√ W?d?H?« W?ŠU?ðù W?OMODKH« WOMÞu«
do have a choice? Will they opt to XO UN½√ ULKŽ
Î ¨5DK w wŽuD²« qLFK s? b?¹b?F?« Âu?O?« «c?¼ w? „—Uý bI
W??N??ł«u?Ë r?N?F?L?²?−? W?b?) 5?Žu?D?²?*«
the past 12 years of hard study in the States, for instance, …—«“Ë U?N?ML{ s WOMODKH«  UÝR*«
Æ U¹bײ« ÆÆÆw?M?O?D??K?H« lL²:« w …b¹bł …d¼UEÐ
labor now safely behind you, and simply because they have friends w?Žu?D?²« qLFK WöD½« ÂuO« «c¼ qJA¹Ë …—«“Ë ¨‚d??A??« X??O??Ð ¨W?O?K?¼_«  U?L?E?M?*«
w? r?N?²?³?ž— s?Ž Êu?Žu?D?²?*« d?³?Ž b?I
you’re now looking forward to or family there? uÐ√ w½U½ ‰uIð ÆÆÆ wŽuD²« qLF« WK«u Æ¢ÂUF« —«b vKŽ dL²OÝ Íc«  U?L?E?M?*« s? b?¹b?F?«Ë r?OKF²«Ë WOÐd²«
starting college. You have so There are even more questions –≈ U?N?²?b?šË Íb?K?Ð WOLM² ŸuDð« U½√ ∫UDŽ WOLMð …dz«œ d¹b ¨Íd³F'« Ê“U ‰uI¹Ë q?L?F?« «c?¼ Èd?ł b?Ë W?O?ÐU?³?A?« W?OK¼_«

many hopes and wishes that you ¢ ¨Ê«b?K?³?« q?L?ł√ s? 5?DK È—√ Ê√ VŠ√ 3_«  d?³?²?Ž« b?I?¢ ‚dA« XOÐ w »U³A« …b?×?²?*« 3_« Z?U?½d?Ð W?¹U?Žd?Ð w?ŽuD²«
that a new high school graduate has
are waiting to fulfill once you en- Ê√ ÊU??½ù« v?KŽ ∫Ê«bLŠ uÐ√ ÍœUM¼ ‰uIðË u?¼ Âu?O«Ë ÆŸuD²« ÂUŽ ≤∞∞± ÂU?Ž …bײ*« s? d?O?³?J?« œb?F?« «c?N Ϋd?E?½Ë Æw?zU?/ù«
to deal with. How does he/she ob- e«d …bŽ vKŽ rNF¹“uð - bI 5ŽuD²*«
ter college...But wait, hold your v?K?Ž V?þ«u?½ Ê√ UMOKŽË ÁbKÐ ÂbO ŸuD²¹ WOŽuD²«  UÞUAM« ¡bÐ sŽ ÊöŽù« WÐU¦0
tain the application forms for in-  UÝR*« iFÐ …bŽU v≈ WœUN« …ed*« ¨lKD*« vHA² ¨bUI*« vHA² UNM
∫—uLG¹ bLŠ√ ‰uI¹ 5Š w Æ¢wŽuD²« qLF«
dreams and hopes right there, be- stitutes of higher learning? How s×½ UM¹bË ÆÆÆÍbKÐ ‰UHÞ√ Wb) ŸuDð√ U½√¢ ¢Æa« ÆÆWHý—_«Ë nOEM²«  UOKLŽ ‰öš s —«œ ¨”b?I?« W?F?U?ł ¨W?L?Ð …dO_« ed
cause the road in front of you should he/she word the letter ac- vB_« b−*« v≈ WU{≈ wÐdF« qHD«
Wb) UNöG²Ý« UMOKŽ …dO³  UUÞ »U³A« q?L?F?« «c?¼ Ãu?²?O?Ý¢ ‰u?I?U?Ð Ê“U? lÐU²¹Ë
might not be as easy as you think. companying his/her application? Æ¢WOŽuD²« ‰ULŽ_« Ác¼ q¦ ‰öš s U½bKÐ cšQ² wŽuD²« qLFK ”bI« WM' qOJA²Ð ¨n?O?EMð WOKLŽ wŽuD²« qLF« qLý bË
Before even arriving for your How is he/she to know which col-
first day at college, you have a lege offers the best courses in law,
long way to go. In fact, you could for example? How does one obtain
be on the verge of entering a a scholarship? These are only sam-
°° p=Ðö3 s3 p²OB‡ý ·dŽ«
nightmare, a nightmare that could ples of the numerous questions
ruin your whole future. What I with which a would-be college or ÍdB*« ÂUN3
am talking about here is the phase university student must deal, ques- WuUf« tK« «— W3—b9
between the end of your final year tions for which a wrong answer
at high school and the beginning Ê√ V?% q?¼ øp?²?O?B??ý Ÿu½ u¼ U
could result in the student kissing ·dF²« s sJL²²Ý Êü« ød¦√ UNOKŽ ·dF²ð
of the new academic year. It may his or her first year of college good- p??Ðö? Ê«u?√Ë r?O?U?Bð ‰öš s UNOKŽ
be relatively short in terms of bye and waiting a whole year to p?M VKD²ð ô WI¹dD« ÁcN ÆUN¹bðdð w²«
time, but when it comes to the apply again. ¡U?I?²?½« w? p?ÐuKÝ√ u¼ U ·dFð Ê√ ÈuÝ
process of actually guaranteeing The truth of the matter is sim- f??J??F??¹ Íc??« d??_« ¨p????Ðö?? —U??O?²?š«Ë
a place at college and the steps œd? q?J? ÆpðUdBðË ¨pŽU³ÞË ¨p²OBý
ple. The vast majority of our stu-
you must take to get there, it could ∫t??Ðö? —U?O?²?š« w t²I¹dÞ tË ¨tË– t
dents are neither prepared for life qJÐ WIKF²*« tð«œUŽË t²OBý t œd qË
seem like an eternity.
—uYœ .d9 ∫duB*

after school in general nor, more W??U??)« —u?_« Ác?¼ s?Ë ¨t?B??¹ ¡w?ý
Like most students, you prob-
specifically, given any help what- ÆÆfÐö*«
ably aren’t even aware right now  U?O?B??A?« ÷d?F?²??½ Êü« U?½u?Žœ
soever in making the right deci-
of how difficult the process is. ∫fÐö*« —UO²š« sŽ WJFM*«
sions regarding their academic fu- WHO%B« nO—√ s9
Most students focus on finishing f?Ðö?*« ¡«b?ð—« Êu?³×¹ s2 XM «–≈
school, and it is only when they ture, and unless students are lucky p¾Ë√ s «uO WOBA« Ác¼ q¦ »U×√ ÆÆW?œU?Ë ¨W?¹u?H?Ž ¨W?×?{«Ë ¨W?D?O?Ð ¨…dŠ Ê«Ë_«  «–Ë W??I??O??½_« W??O??L??Ýd??« r?I?Þ_«Ë

have done that that they start to and have someone to help and Æs¹dšü« vKŽ ÊËbI×¹Ë Êu¼dJ¹ s¹c« Êu?½u?J?¹ U? …œU?Ž W?O?B??A?« Ác¼ »U×√ s? p?½√ f?J?F¹ «cN …bŠu*« Ë√ WIÝUM²*«

ask themselves questions such as, guide them, they stand a very good ÊËœ r?N?Ðö ÊË—U²¹ s2 XM «–≈Ë ¨ U?I?³D« VKž√ l rNðUöŽ wž 5OŽUL²ł« ¨r???N???ðU???d??B??ð w?? 5??¹b??'« ’U????ý_«

chance of finding themselves in “«dÞ X% fÐö*« Ác¼ X½U «–≈ U ÂUL²¼ô« Êu?¼d?J?¹ U?L? ¨ U?¹u²*« v≈ ÂUL²¼ô« ÊËœ w? 5?B?K?<«Ë ¨r?¼d?O?J?H?ð w? 5?I?DM*«Ë
“What next? What happens after
vKŽ f³K« qCHð p½√ Ë√ ¨sJð r Ë√ W{u*« ‰uu« qł√ s WOUH²ô« ‚dD« v≈ ¡u−K« 5ŠuLD«Ë ¨rNðUOŠ w 5OF«u«Ë ¨rNKLŽ
the Tawjihi? What subject do I places they don’t want to be. It is
r¼√ sL ÆÆ p– p ‚«— «–≈ W{u*« Ë√ “«dD« r?N?Ždð ÆÆ Î«b?ł 5?×?{«Ë r?N ¨r¼œ«d v≈ ’U?ý_« ¡ôR¼Ë ÆÆq³I²LK rNðdE½ w
study? Where do I go from here?” high time that special counseling r?N ¨rNUF√ w 5³zU Êu½uJ¹ U U³Už
Î
p??L?²?« ¨Ê“«u?²?« ∫W?OBA« Ác¼  «eO2 «c?¼ h?zU?I?½ r?¼√ s? r?N?²OÝUŠ U?½U?OŠ√Ë
Î
The real problem, as far as I be offered by our authority so that pc ¨q³I²*« u×½ W³U¦« …dEM«Ë ¨∆œU³*UÐ Æ UOBA« s ŸuM« ¨¡w?ý Í√ ¡«œ√ vKŽ «ubI¹ Ê√ q³ ÊËdJH¹

am concerned, is the fact that as students’ potentials are acknowl- W?Žb?³?Ë W?Šu?L?ÞË W?—b? W?O?B??A?« Ác¼ W?{u?*« ¡«—Ë Êu?¦NK¹ s2 XM «–≈ U√ u¼ ÎôU?L?ł≈ `?{«u«Ë bOŠu« rN³OŽ sJË

edged and a balance can be struck t?³?ý q?JAÐ UNÐU×√ o«d¹ q_«Ë ¨U?½UOŠ√
Î pcË ¨dOOG²« VŠË WOł«e*« fJF¹ «c¼ ÊS r?E?F w ¨tÐ rNJ9Ë rN¹√— w rN¦³Að
the end of the last year at school
Æ‚dA bGÐ ÊuMR¹ rNKF−¹ Íc« d_« ¨rz«œ …eO*« sJË ¨ÊUOŠ_« iFÐ w lMB²« fJF¹ Æ UË_«
approaches, many students still between our personal needs and the
‰UL¼ù«Ë ¨Ÿd²« ¨‰uCH« ¨œ«b³²Ýô« sJË V% UN½√ WOBA« Ác¼ w Ϋbł W×{«u« f?Ðö?*« Êu?K?C?H?¹ s?2 X?M «–≈ U√
have no real idea of what they needs of our country and the job w??ð®‡?«Ë e?M?O?'« Êu?K?D?M?³?U? ¨©—u?³?Ý®‡?«
Ác??¼ »U?×?√ »u?O?Ž V?K?ž_U?Ð w?¼ U??½U?O?Š√
Î s? ¡w?ý U?N¹b Ê√Ë UL ¨Êe(« ÁdJðË Õd*«
want to do in the future, in addi- market. ÆWOBA« Ê√ v?K?Ž ‰b?¹ Íc?«Ë ¨UNðUdBð w WOzUIK²« W?O?B?ý VŠU p½√ rKŽU ¨Îö?¦ © dOý
±¥ rN9öSQ ≤∞∞± wU ÊuU /≤∞∞∞ ‰Ë√ ÊuU e1U* Àu ‰«

The Cry °øW U)«  UłUO²Šô« ÍË– s3 s×½ s¹√


By Bashar Dudin
ÍuOF'« Ê«bLY
Greek Catholic School
Beit Sahour
r( XO/ WAO-b« rOH9

°V²J¹ «–U rKI« —U²Š«


»UFB« «Ëb% s2 r¼bŠ√ UNÐ d WÐd& sŽ Â√ ¨ÂUŽ qJAÐ lL²:« w WU)«  UłUO²Šô« ÍË– sŽ V²J¹√

I address this to an eye that can see, to an ear 3 w 8 Ær¼dOž s q√ ÎUÝU½√ rNKF& ÊQÐ UN «u×L¹ rË
s? œu?łË Âb?Ž W?K?G?²?? ¨h??A?UÐ œdH²ðË ¨WŽUAÐ d¦√ …—uBÐË —«dL²Ýô« vKŽ dBð »UFB« Ác¼ sJ
that can hear, to a mind that can think, and to a
heart that can feel...
w 3UM Ác¼ øÁœ«d√Ë tðUÝR0 lL²:« …d«– s¼— WU)«  UłUO²Šô« ËË– vI³OÝ v² v≈ ÆÆ tðUłUO²Š« rNH²¹Ë tLŽb¹
°øÊUOŠ_« VKž√ r¼UMð UN½√ qÐ ¨ÎU½UOŠ√ rN t³M²ð b w²« …d«c«
wUM w
Suddenly, in my dreams, a child appeared in rN½_ ¨‰UJý_« s qJý ÍQÐ ôË rNMŽ ¡UMG²Ýô« V−¹ ôË ¨tMË lL²:« w W¾ r¼ WU)«  UłUO²Šô« ÍË–
front of me. His face was turned to the wall, and ¢ÆÆÆUO¼ô XOÐ vKŽ nB¢
øWIOI(« Ác¼ ¨UNF lL²:«Ë ¨UNðeNł√Ë UNðUÝR0 WËb« „—bð qN ÆÆÆV−¹ UL XHþË Ê≈ WLOEŽ W¹dAÐ WUÞ
he was covering his eyes with his hands. I looked ô U?¹e—
Î ÎU?¾?Oý t½u ÈbF²¹ ôË ¨dc¹ ô œUJ¹ WU)«  UłUO²Šô« ÍËcÐ WËb« ÂUL²¼« Ê√ ¨nÝ√ qJÐË UNu√
wUM w X¹√— «cJ¼
closely and could see that he was crying. As I ÆŸuł s sL¹ ôË ¨QLþ s ÍËd¹
approached him, I noticed that his eyes were red weM ×Uš XM v?I?K?²?¹ ÊU? Íc?«Ë ¨w?M?F?*« h??A?UÐ wMDÐdð w²« W«bB« WöŽ rJ×Ð UNOKŽ XFKÞ« WÐd& sŽ Àb%QÝ
and that tears were streaming down his cheeks.
U?¼—Ëb?Ð WÝR*« Ác¼Ë ¨WU)«  UłUO²Šô« ÍËcÐ WOMF*«  UÝR*« ÈbŠ≈ s dNý q W¹«bÐ l WOU …bŽU
Between the fingers of one of the boy’s gen- ÆÆÆwMOŽ¬ Ê«dOM« X³NU
ÆWO³Mł√ WÝR s rŽb« vIK²ð
tle hands, I saw a photograph of a woman, and
wMJ ”bI« q?B?% Íc?« r?Žb?« Ê√ W−×Ð ¨tMŽ …bŽU*« lDIÐ w{UI« WÝR*« —«dIÐ o¹bB« «c¼ QłUHð ÂU¹_« bŠ√ w
on his angelic face, I found her name...Mother.
¨W?O?M?O?D??K?H?« W?DK« w WB²<«  UN'« v≈ WK¹u% - b ¨5MF*« ’Uýú tUB¹SÐ ÂuI² WÝR*« WOKŽ
In his other hand, the boy held a teddy. I tried to weM s UO¼ô XOÐ X¹√— Ê√ ÊU nOJ
ÆUNM …bŽU*« vIK²¹ w  UN'« Ác¼ lł«d¹ Ê√ tžöÐ√ - pcË
hold the child between my arms, but it was hard
ŒdBðË nBI« …QÞË X% `½d²ð œuF¹ Ê√ vKŽ t²¾³F²Ð ÂuIO ÎUł–u/ wDŽ√ ¨5Fł«d*« s ÁdOG ¨q¹uÞ —UE²½« bFÐË ¨WOMF*« WN'« v≈ V¼–¢
because he kept trying to run away, just like a
nË  «—U³F« ÁcNÐ °° ¢5MÝË dNý√ v≈ ‰u% YOŠ V¹dž Ÿu³Ý√ s t U¹Ë ¨Ÿu³Ý√ bFÐ œUŽ ÎöFË ÆŸu³Ý√ bFÐ
frightened animal, scared of becoming lost in the
UMöŠ√ w¼ W³O−Ž Æ…d¹d*« t²Ðd& wI¹b
jungle.
Wanting to comfort the boy and help, in some ÊËœ p– ‰u×¹ sË ¨rK²¹ s t½√ WIŁ qJÐ »UłQ ¨tðU¹uMF s j×¹Ë ÎU³KÝ tOKŽ dŁROÝ p– ÊU Ê≈ t²QÝ
U½—UJ√ w¼ W³¹džË
small way, in lightening the heavy burden that ÆtÞUA½Ë td%

he seemed to be carrying, I started to tell him a —UNM« `{Ë w U½¬ dBU  UłUO²Šô« ÍËc fO ¨Èc²×¹ ôU¦ ÊuJ¹ Ê_ `KB¹ Íc« nI¦*« jOAM« ÊU½ù« «c¼ Ê√ ÎUOBý U½√ bI²Ž√Ë

story: a story about myself, me life, my dreams, Æ¡wý tIu¹ sË ÕU−MÐ tI¹dÞ oAOÝ ¨”UM« lOL' qÐ ¨jI WU)«
qL²×¹ r w³K sJ
my hopes. He eventually appeared calmer and ø…bŽUË rŽœ q UM ”UM« ¡ôR¼ q¦ oײ¹ ô√ p– s ržd« vKŽ sJ
more relaxed, and it was then that I decided to wUM a¹—«uB« ‚d²ð Ê√ øU¹UCI« Ác¼ q¦ s w¼ s¹Q ¨WU)«  UłUO²Šô« ÍË– W¹UŽd XLO√ w²«  UÝR*« pKð ’uBÐË U√
ask him about himself, hoping to be able to do
more to help him. He began to answer my ques- ÆÍ—UJ√Ë wKIŽ nBIUÐ ZF¹ Ê√Ë

tions, but within moments, the tears began flow-


ing once more, and with his tiny hand, he pointed
to the other side of the street.
When I looked in the direction in which he
—UDO« U1œ
”bI« You Used to Be
was pointing, all I could see were ruins...the ru- Rawan Haddad
ins of a house. I imagined how the big blocks Denmark
scattered all around had once constituted its walls, Death came sneaking upon you
how the pieces of shattered glass on the ground And you were not aware
had once made up its windows. Then, suddenly,
I realized. My God! I was looking at the ruins of
W¹u×½ …bŽUI You were diving in flowers
You were singing with angels,
fu ÂUA-
the house that had been shelled the previous You were laughing with joy itself
WOdF« dB9 W—uNLJ You were filled with hope and dreams
night! Unable to control my emotions, I clung to
the child - the only survivor of the shelling - as But death came sneaking up on you
wÐ√ U¹ ÊËd cM
my own tears began to flow. ‘d?F?« v?K?Ž Ÿu?d? t?Ð ‰u?FH And you were not aware
·Ëd(« w¼ ·Ëd(«Ë Ê«—b'« vKŽ »uBM qŽUH«Ë Wherever you went you took smiles with you
Suddenly, we heard shots, and grabbing the
‰c« X% b¹bł ô ÊUÞË_« w w q× ô U½√Ë Whatever you said you made hearts beat
boy’s hand, I began to run. I ran faster than I had However you looked,
qJ« œu¹ VBM« ‰«“ ôË ÊuQ h qŽUH« VzU½
ever run before, the will to survive, to live, help- you were nothing less than pretty
VzUš lL'«Ë V«d vM¦*« ”√d« w ÎULz«œ WײH«
ing me gain speed. But then, just as I was trying Whenever you were sad, the skies cried for you
Ê«uMF« w¼ YO½Q²« ¡UðË ÊuJ« w W³žd« pcË
to think of somewhere where the boy and I could But death came sneaking up on you
ÊUŽu'« bK³« «c¼ …—UC(
take refuge, I felt something hit me so hard that WL−L'« w ÎU½UOŠ√ …dJ«Ë And you were not aware
it made me fall to the ground, and I knew right dc*« UNOKŽ qšœ «–≈Ë Wd− Ϋ—UJ√ qL% UN½_ Now you are a body floating in an endless sea
away that a bomb must have gone off nearby. I ÎUŠUHÝ XKLŠ —bB« ÂUEŽ w U½UOŠ√Ë
Î A soul flying in an endless sky
guess it must have been a few minutes before I —bIË UËc× öŽU
Î —bG« iFÐ qL×¹ t½_ And a heart searching for divinity
regained consciousness ...Immediately upon d_UÐ dš√ √b²³ s¹b« WM¼«u« Ÿ«—c« w U0—Ë
You used to be, and now you are not
opening my eyes, I began to search for my little dł teK¹ ÷U qF sÞu«Ë You used to be the beautiful part of me
WMðU Âö_« Ê_
friend, and within seconds, I saw him close by. –UA« u×M« «c¼ vKŽË
But now you are gone
…bOI*« ‚U« w Ë√
Like me, he was unable to move, but whereas I Death has taken you away from me
…bŽUI« s ¡UM¦²Ý« ô qOŠd« w dJHð b UN½_ And I blindly gave you to him
was unable to move due to fear, he was unable to …bŠ«Ë WKLł w rJK …bŽUI« sŽ ÃËd)«Ë Death came sneaking up on you,
move for another reason, one that was far more Êe(« Ê“Ë vKŽ VFA«Ë ¡U ÕU³ …bA« And I was not aware
tragic - my friend, an innocent child, was dead. …U×M« q U¹ I gave you to death, for death was not an enemy
œ«bŽ_« UMzUMÐ√ »—U¼—ù
The story I have just told you is untrue. It is ¡UI³« …bŽU pKð Death was what gave you life
÷ud bOu²«Ë
the product of my imagination, an imagination But has now taken your life again
‰bÐ öÐ ‰U(« vI³¹Ë VOG« rKŽ w VFA« Ê_
that is never short of material due to the terrible Death was the one you loved
…bŽUI« w ÊUJ ôË tOKŽ ·uÝQ*« l³²ð WHB«Ë
things that are happening to my people on a daily Death came sneaking up on you,
rO²F²« ‰u√ VŠ ·dB« s ŸuM2 qJ«Ë
basis. Believe me when I tell you, as horrific as it And I was not aware
rOd²«  UöF
is, it is nothing in comparison to the atrocities nuG« VŽö s wN²M½ v²Š Death was the one you loved
ÂöJ« U¼UOŽ√ w²« qL'« q U¹ The one you’ll always love
that are actually taking place here almost every ‰U(« u¼ ‰U(«Ë
day. It is for that reason, amongst others, that I dc²½ v² ‰UuB« v≈ œ«bGÐ s Now I lack my better half
beg those of you who can see, hear, think and rOdð  UöŽ UO½b« Ê√ dD« X% UMK
I’m half alive, but I feel mostly dead
feel to help those who can’t - or won’t - before ÂUNH²Ý« WöŽË V−Fð UNO Death came sneaking up on us,
dBF« ·Ëd( UIË
And we were not aware
it’s really too late for us all.
±µ WA#d# ≤∞∞± wU ÊuU /≤∞∞∞ ‰Ë√ ÊuU e1U* Àu ‰«

BACKSTREET BOYS, Âu−M«Ë X½√


Who are the ‘boys?!! ŸU{Ë√ l rKQ²« v≈ dDCð YOŠ ¨…d²H« Ác¼ w ‰ULŽ_«Ë ÂuLN« pOKŽ b¹eð

qL(«
Æ UÐUŠ ÊËœ s W“U:« qL(« UN¹√ —cŠ≈ Æ…–Uš_« pð«—UN …bŽU0 …b¹bł
W?³?zU?B?«  —«d?I?« c²ð YOŠ …“eF fHMUÐ p²IŁË WFHðd pðU¹uMF vI³ð
They got together in 1993, in
¨UOHÞUŽ ÆXŽ—“ U —ULŁ nDI² p r²³¹ WÞU³Ð q³I²*« ÆpuŠ s dN³ðË
Orlando, where high school
v?Ë_« …dEM« s «dG« qF−¹ ¡UI r²¹ ¨„dOB dOGð WLOLŠ WöŽ bu²ð bË b¹dð U vIK²ð
students A.J. McLean and ÆôUOš fOË UF«Ë
Howie Dorough, and junior
high student Nick Carter fre-

—u¦«
ÍuMF lł«d²Ð dFAð U0— sJ Æ5ÐdI*« iFÐ rŽbðË p²¹dŠ dNA« «c¼ ”—U9
quently ran into each other at p?A?¼b?ð Æ…b?O?F??« —U?³?š_« d?N?A?« «c?¼ p? q?L?×¹ p– l ÆwHÞUŽ Êe×Ð Ë√
acting auditions. They began w ôUF «—Ëœ dNA« «c¼ vM³²ð ÆW¾¹d'«  «—œU³*«Ë UNÐ ÂuIð w²«  «“U$ù«
hanging out, started singing, ¨UOHÞUŽ ÆWO×B« qUA*« Ë√ ÕËd'« v≈ WU{ùUÐ ¨5ŽœU)«Ë 5—U« —cŠ≈ Æ”UŠ ‰U−
and eventually brought in two ÆpöŠ√Ë »ËU−²¹ hAÐ wI²Kð Ë√ ULKŠ gOFð
additional members, Kevin

¡«“u'«
—UJ_« œdÞ vKŽ …—œU p²¹uOŠ sJ ¨oKI«  UË√ iFÐ p VK−¹ dNA« Ê√ l
Richardson and his cousin,
l pUBð« q³Ý qNðË ¨pF bOÐ «b¹ k(« UOMN Æ◊U³Šù« WËUIË ¡«œu«
Brian Littrell.
rt vIK²ð ÆWŁ—U p V³¹ b U2 5U²;« WO×{ Ÿuu« —–UŠ Æwł—U)« jO;«

ea ÆW*UŠ UðUË√ gOFðË WOHÞUF« pðUOŠ ‚dAð ¨UOHÞUŽ ÆdHÐ ÂuIð Ë√ …QłUH

MyH Lookin’ back on the things I’ve done


I was tryin’ to be someone bË lOL'« vKŽ „d×Ý ”—U9 ÆWOŽUL²ł«Ë WOBý WöŽ s …œUFÝ oI%

Of

∫ÊUÞd=«
I played my part, kept you in the dark b?¹b?'« W?M?« ÂËb l ÆÂöŠ_« qł— Ë√ …U² œU−¹≈ w «—Ëœ p²OЖUł VFKð

p e Now let me show you the shape of my heart «—c?Š s? Æ‚u?H?²«Ë ¡UDF«Ë WËUI*« vKŽ «—œU ¨W¹uO(UÐ ULFH pH½ b&

ha
U?0— Ë√ À—≈ Ë√ W?³?¼ Ë√ U?ŠU?З√ v?IK²ð ¨…bÝUH« W¹cž_«Ë …œU(«  «Ëœ_« s
I’m here with my confession
S Got nothing to hide no more
ÆÆÆÍdŁ VO³Š s W¹b¼

I dont know where to start


Hmm, yeah, yeah But to show you the shape of my heart Ê√ s —cŠ≈ sJ dO³ ◊UAMÐ dFAð ÆWLOJŠ  «—«d c²ðË —u_« pU√ `C²ð

bÝ_«
Baby, please try to forgive me ◊UAM«Ë Wd(« V% ULz«œ p½√ YOŠ ¨«bł öGAM ÊuJð ÆÈ–_« pHM V³ð
Stay here don’t put out the glow I’m lookin’ back on things I’ve done v≈ Q'«Ë ¨tOłu²« Ë√ jGCK a{dð ô Æ U¹uMF*« lHðdðË ÕU−M« “d% Æ«c¼
Hold me now don’t bother if every minute it makes I never wanna play the same old part b?I? ¨d?c?²« Ë√ W³¹d«Ë pA« s qþ p²öŽ vKŽ rO¹ ¨UOHÞUŽ Æp½QLD¹ s
me weaker I’ll keep you in the dark —–U?Š Æ…d?O?G?  «u?H?¼ v?K?Ž  U?E?Šö*« Íb³ð Æ—u_« rC² ¨pMŽ wK²«Ë ‰UL¼ùUÐ dFAð
You can save me from the man that I’ve become, Now let me show you the shape of my heart Æp²FLÝ v≈ t³²½«Ë W³d²*« WM_«
oh yeah
Lookin’ back on the things I’ve done
W?L?J?(« X?³?? p?cÐË ¨UNKUAË UN³ŽUB l WM« Ác¼ XODð bI rF½

¡«—cF«
Lookin’ back on the things I’ve done I was tryin’ to be someone
o?I?% Æ5?¹œU?OË 5ËR l ‰UBð« bIF W³ÝUM …d²H« Æ…bŽU XOIKðË
I was tryin’ to be someone I played my part, kept you in the dark
p?K?U?A?* ôu?KŠ b& Æ…b¹bł  U«b bIFð bË ¨¡Ub_« …bŽU0 UŽËdA
I played my part, kept you in the dark Now let me show you the shape of my heart
g?O?Fð ¨UOHÞUŽ ÆpuŠ s »U−Ž≈ ‰UM² q³I²LK jDðË pð—u s%Ë
Now let me show you the shape of my heart
Lookin’ back on the things I’ve done ‰u?³?I? d?D?C?ð b? ¨U?N? U?³?³?Ý ·dFð ô w²«  UCUM²« v≈ WU{ùUÐ ¨œb&Ë WÝULŠ ¡«uł√

Send in this beautiful loneliness that’s tragic I was tryin’ to be someone «bOFÝ ÊUOŠ_« iFÐ w ÊuJð ÆWU)« pðUO×Ð hý qšb² ¡U²ð Ë√ pMŽ U³Bž ŸU{Ë√

So help me I can’t win this war, oh no I played my part, kept you in the dark Æ◊U³Šù«Ë Êe(« pJKL²¹ Èdš√ ÊUOŠ√ wË ¨ULײ

Touch me now don’t bother if every second it Now let me show you the shape of my heart
makes me weaker œU?J?ðË ¨W?O?«d)« hBI« t³Að WO½UË—Ë WOHÞUŽ …UO×Ð dNA« «c¼ „bF¹

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You can save me from the man I’ve become Show you the shape of my heart Æd−CK U²Ë b& ôË lOL'« VDI²ð p½√Ë pÐ ÊudG ”UM« q Ê√ lM²Ið
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